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Biodivers/city

An Urban Design and Landscape Architecture vision by Marco Capitanio and Eleonore Harmel supervised by Nishat Awan and Katrin Bohn | TU Berlin | SS 2011

Architecture vision by Marco Capitanio and Eleonore Harmel supervised by Nishat Awan and Katrin Bohn |
FIRST COLLAGES PRODUCTIVE URBAN LANDSCAPE AS URBAN JUNGLE

FIRST COLLAGES

PRODUCTIVE URBAN LANDSCAPE AS URBAN JUNGLE

FIRST COLLAGES PRODUCTIVE URBAN LANDSCAPE AS PROCESS

FIRST COLLAGES

PRODUCTIVE URBAN LANDSCAPE AS PROCESS

QUESTION

The first man on earth started building huts in order to escape from nature’s dangers; his constructions devel- oped into houses and cities. Looking back from the XXI Century we ask ourselves: is it possible to design spaces for nature in a man-made environment like a city? Our idea of productive landscape foresees an interaction be- tween men, flora and fauna enhancing local biodiversity.

Source: WWF, Living Planet Report 2010
Source: WWF, Living
Planet Report 2010

“In Ehrenfeld wurde in den letzten 10- 15 Jahren soviel an natur- nahen Flächen versiegelt und bebaut, daß hier in absehbarer Zeit von “Natur” nicht mehr viel übrig sein wird. Gerade durch die “Baulückenschließung in der Innenstadt” gingen sehr viele ehemalige Brachflächen verloren. Wo vor einigen Jahren noch Bahndämme mit Wildpflanzen und Schre- bergärten mit alten Obstbäumen standen, finden Sie heute z.B. einen BAHR-Baumarkt. Unzählige ehemals “grüne” Innen- und Hinterhöfe sind mittlerweile bebaut. Durch Abriss oder Renovier- ung ehemaliger kleinerer Fabriken und Werkshallen und die Sanierung von Fassaden und Dächern gingen zahlreiche Quar- tiere für Fledermäuse und Vögel endgültig verloren. Auf Melaten wurden 1985 noch 47 Vogelarten registriert, heute “freut” man sich über 35. Ich empfehle jedem Menschen mit Naturliebe, aus Ehrenfeld schnellstmöglich zu flüchten.”

Claus Walter - NABU Köln und seit 44 Jahren Ehrenfelder

Nachtigall/Nightingale Bird of the Year 1995 brushwood Mauersegler/Swift Bird of the Year 2003 niches in

Nachtigall/Nightingale

Bird of the Year 1995 brushwood

Nachtigall/Nightingale Bird of the Year 1995 brushwood Mauersegler/Swift Bird of the Year 2003 niches in buildings

Mauersegler/Swift

Bird of the Year 2003 niches in buildings

Mauersegler/Swift Bird of the Year 2003 niches in buildings Turmfalke/Kestrel Bird of the Year 2007 rocks

Turmfalke/Kestrel

Bird of the Year 2007 rocks and trees, open landscape with low vegetation for hunting

and trees, open landscape with low vegetation for hunting Feldlerche/Skylark Bird of the Year 1998 open

Feldlerche/Skylark

Bird of the Year 1998 open terrain

Feldlerche/Skylark Bird of the Year 1998 open terrain Goldammer/Yellowhammer Bird of the Year 1999 fallow fields

Goldammer/Yellowhammer

Bird of the Year 1999 fallow fields

Goldammer/Yellowhammer Bird of the Year 1999 fallow fields Kuckuck/Cuckoo Bird of the Year 2008 landscape with
Goldammer/Yellowhammer Bird of the Year 1999 fallow fields Kuckuck/Cuckoo Bird of the Year 2008 landscape with

Kuckuck/Cuckoo

Bird of the Year 2008 landscape with trees, hedges, shrubs

Gartenrotschwanz/Common

Redstart

Bird of the Year 2011 orchards and gardens

Redstart Bird of the Year 2011 orchards and gardens Rotkehlchen/European Robin Bird of the Year 1992
Redstart Bird of the Year 2011 orchards and gardens Rotkehlchen/European Robin Bird of the Year 1992
Redstart Bird of the Year 2011 orchards and gardens Rotkehlchen/European Robin Bird of the Year 1992

Rotkehlchen/European Robin

Bird of the Year 1992 forest with brush wood, hedges

Eisvogel/Common Kingfisher

Bird of the Year 2009 natural lakes and creeks with clean water

Kormoran/Cormorant

Bird of the Year 2010 lakes and rivers

STRATEGY

Köln’s urban form is characterized by two radial green belts around its center on the left Rhine bank, that divide built land from open spaces. Since a fundamental condition for biodiversity is the continuity of green corridors, our strategy focused on the creation of an east-west corridor connecting the inner and the outer ring.

of green corridors, our strategy focused on the creation of an east-west corridor connecting the inner
SITE Even though factories in Ehrenfeld are disappearing, its industrial past is very much visible:
SITE
Even though factories in Ehrenfeld are disappearing, its
industrial past is very much visible: as a piece of our strategy
we convert a former railway track into a space for wilderness
that men can experience but not occupy, where nature is
not taken care of.

ABOVE

Look down from the elevated pedestrian and cyclists catwalk

ABOVE Look down from the elevated pedestrian and cyclists catwalk

BELOW

BELOW A “flying meadow” will gradually transform todays car park

A “flying meadow” will gradually transform todays car park

THROUGH

Pass-by the urban forest a few centimeters above ground

View towards south
View towards south

View towards east

TRANSFORM WHAT IS THERE Post-industrial leftovers may transform into a mixed residential area with a

TRANSFORM WHAT IS THERE

Post-industrial leftovers may transform into a mixed residential area with a linear urban jungle in the future

IS THERE Post-industrial leftovers may transform into a mixed residential area with a linear urban jungle
ENHANCE WHAT IS THERE

ENHANCE WHAT IS THERE