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Gwangju News International Magazine for Gwangju and Jeollanam-do August 2007 Volume 7, Issue 8
Gwangju News
International Magazine for Gwangju and Jeollanam-do
August 2007
Volume 7, Issue 8


August has traditionally been a period of transition in the ESL community, when old contracts expire and new ones commence. Most ESL instructors come to Korea for a year, while some stay on seduced by all things Hangook , most return to the fold. To be an expatriate is to enter a time capsule. In a certain level time slows down; one gets used to the languid pace of life in Korea, while the world full of taxes, mortgages and upgrades rushes by back home. Friends and colleagues “on the outside” carry on the relentless march to outwit, outlast, and outplay while we look on, slightly bemused. If the whole world is a stage, this is a reality show viewed over email, Facebook and Skype. On the other hand, time does seem to speed up. Meaningful relationships are formed and dissolved in record time, friends for life are acquired in the blink of an eye, life changing decisions are made at breakneck speed. The realization that everything has a twelve month shelf life create a sense of urgency in every sphere of life.

life create a sense of urgency in every sphere of life. The rain must come after

The rain must come after the sunshine. Two doyennes of the Gwangju News family are stepping down after many selfless years of service to the community. Kammy Benham, our illustrious Editor-in-Chief changed the face of Gwangju News and codified the mission statement for the magazine. Her clarity of vision and sense of purpose has steered the magazine through times of transition. Tracey Knihnitski has volunteered in various capacities at GIC over the years. She has been an invaluable help in sourcing stories and liaising with the larger community. It is with great sadness we bid them good bye.

Harsha Goonewardana, Editor

“The GIC and Gwangju News would like to express our deep shock and sympathy for

“The GIC and Gwangju News would like to express our deep shock and sympathy for the families of the South Korean humanitarian workers kidnapped in Afghanistan. We pray for their safe and speedy return.”


Contributors August 2007, Volume 7, Issue 8 Publisher: Dr. Yoon Janghyun Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Shin Gyonggu Editor:

August 2007, Volume 7, Issue 8

Publisher: Dr. Yoon Janghyun

Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Shin Gyonggu

Editor: Harsha Goonewardana

Copy Editors: Jon Ozelton, Daniel Lister

Article Content Editor: Tracey Knihnitski, Mark Brown,

Allyson Saperstein, William Matthew Reyland,

Harsha Goonewardana, Daniel Lister

Technical Advisor: Chris Benham

Coordinator: Kim Minsu

Layout and Design: Kim Minsu, Jang Suyeon

Proofreading: Daniel Lister, Vanessa Berry, Tracey Knihnitski,

Harsha Goonewardana, Mark Brown, Jon Ozelton, Bernice Ang

Printed by: Hana Printing

Brown, Jon Ozelton, Bernice Ang Printed by: Hana Printing Cover Photo: Annie Sirgey was born in

Cover Photo: Annie Sirgey was born in Gwangju and raised in New York and Florida. Apart from teaching, she enjoys writing, backpacking, and people-watching.

The Photo: Movement at the 2007 Boryeong Mudfest.

The Photo: Movement at the 2007 Boryeong Mudfest. Special thanks to the City of Gwangju and

Special thanks to the City of Gwangju and all of our sponsors.

Copyright by the Gwangju International Center. All rights reserved. No part of this publication covered by this copyright may be reproduced in any form or by any means - graphic, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise - without the written consent of the publishers.

Gwangju News welcomes letters to the editor ( regarding articles and issues. All correspondence may be edited for reasons of clarity or space.

09, 57, 45, 518 56, 07, 09, 45, 52, 53, 56, 57, 518 51, 58,
57, 45,
518 56,
07, 09, 45, 52,
53, 56, 57, 518
51, 58, 80, 82
55, 59, 61,
1187, 1000
55, 59, 61,
1187, 1000







Mr Edward J. Baker: An Expert Opinion of Korean


By Bernice Ang

Moving mountains with the 5 in 5 challenge By Daniel Lister

You say I am a dreamer, but I am not the only one By Carlee Keeler

What makes a man a man? - Whale Hunting By Kim Donghun

Is Cultural Revolution Stil Possible in South Korea? By Jeong Ja Yeon

12 2007 World Women’s Peace Forum Gwangju By Tracey Knihnitski


A Korean Wrapper

By Niki Perkins



Social Responsibility & Korea Current Adoption Practices By Annie Sirgey

Take a Load Off Your Mind

By Kim Knight

19 Excerpt Three

By William Matthew Reyland


Enjoying Summer - Boryeong Mud Festival














Illegal Teaching in Korea Part 2 - My Story By Tracey Knihnitsky

A Foreign Language High School in Gwangju By Choi YoungHoon

Bharatanatyam - Classical dance form of India By Shilpa Ramesh

Meet the Gwangju International Center Interns By Tracey Knihnitski

The May 18 Memorial Foundation and the New International


By Tracey Knihnitski

KONA HOMESTAY: Place for Culture and Language Exchange By Steve Kuria Kiarie

The Hapdong Colt. 45 Mk IV replica BB gun

This Day in History

By Ryan Miller

Compiled by Erin McGrail

August Festival Preview

By Daniel Lister

Lower Back Pain

By Austin Kwon

Dry Eye Syndrome

By Ju Jong-dae

Restaurant Review: Ko Rea Jo

By Bernice Ang

Recipe: Bossam

By Karina Prananto

Gwangju News August 2007



Korean Punk Band, Opealia

By Heloise Sales


Mr Edward J. Baker: An Expert Opinion of Korean Democratization

O n June 25th 2007, the Gwangju International Center and Chonnam National University’s Institute of Politics and Elections Department co-hosted and sponsored a workshop entitled

“Korean Democratization: An Exterior Viewpoint” with Mr Edward J. Baker, a consultant to the Harvard-Yenching Institute.

Brief Background of Mr Edward J. Baker:

Mr Baker’s interest in Korea began with the Peace Corps service as an English teacher at the College of Education of Seoul National University from 1966 through to 1968. He has lived in Korea for more than 5 years and has traveled widely in Asia. He has a B.A. from Colby College, a J.D. from Yale Law School and an M.A. from Harvard University. He was a staff member of the Sub-committee on International Organizations of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on International Relations during its Investigation of Korean-American Relations in 1977-1978. He frequently writes and speaks on Korean affairs, particularly politics and human rights. He has been a board member of Asia Watch since its foundation in 1985.

Apart from relating his personal viewpoints on the political progress of Korea from 1948 through the 1980s, Mr Baker spent much of his speech sharing his knowledge and understanding of the United States’ role in the 5.18 Gwangju Uprising in 1980, the massive student street demonstrations throughout Korea in 1987, as well as the special position Mr Kim Dae Jung had amidst Korea’s political turmoil until he subsequently became president in 2000. Given that these issues are the heart of Korean political history, the audience was proactive in asking Mr Baker questions to gain a deeper insight on his personal opinions on US policy and the different types of “democracies” seen in Asia.

On the nature of student activism in Korea:

Q: In your opinion, what do you think is the difference between the Korean students of the 1980s and 2007?

A: Most certainly, Korean students of the 1980s displayed a high level of student activism; many of them were especially interested in the political direction and future of Korea. Through my close interaction with my students in Sadae, I remember that they were rational in their political views and very much wanted to see some form of social change in their country. The students of this

Mr. Baker is the fourth from left
Mr. Baker is the fourth from left

generation are too concerned with grades and they are overly studious, in my opinion. Although they may not be politically active, I think many students are more interested in environmental and consumer rights activism.

On the direction of the Iraq War:

Q: What are your thoughts on the current Bush administration’s “war on terrorism” and the Iraq war?

A: Personally, I believe that the Iraq war is a complete blunder and miscalculation of the Bush administration; they went into Iraq with their policies focused on the ideological battle against terrorism. They definitely failed to understand the complex relationship between the Iraqis and the Kurds, as well as the fragile unity amongst the Sunni and Shia Muslim community that has resulted in the sectarian conflict we see today. America is now in a quagmire - we cannot withdraw and yet we cannot stay put. With 17 military bases in Iraq now, perhaps the Bush administration is trying to implement “Korean” Style democracy as we saw in history. As an American, I am sad to say that I am gradually losing my respect for the functionality of “American” democracy.

On Korean history and democracy:

Q: Can you clarify the US’s role in Korea’s 5.18 uprising?

A: I understand that there were rumours of the involvement of the CIA in assisting Chun Doo Hwan to

stop the student protests, but to my knowledge the CIA never had any form of connections of communication with the South Korean government at that time. Nonetheless, I would not be surprised that anti-American sentiment was running at an all time high especially since both the Park and Chun governments were extremely repressive in nature; but CIA played no role in the uprising, and there would be no US navy ship arriving in Pusan with American troops helping the Korean students.

Q: Koreans have a different style of democracy from America. Please explain the differences between Korean democracy and American democracy.

A: Each country will definitely have its own “style” of democracy that involves not only political freedoms of expression and speech, but also economic and social freedoms. Korean democracy emerged from the struggle of the Korean people and to some extent American democracy often has the view that it can be imposed, or the American presence (eg: military bases) in the country might help energize the process. If I actually look back into Korea’s history in the 1940s, it was still very uncertain whether South Korea would become a democracy, but certainly from 1987 onwards, one can be optimistic that South Korea has moved, and will continue to move in the right direction.

On the future of South Korea and the Region at large:

hand, Japan sees herself as having moved in almost similar paths as South Korea, except that they deem themselves as more successful.

Q: With the rise of China, what are your opinions on the future of South Korea?

A: The South Korean government is definitely cautious about China’s economic power. It used to be the 2nd economic power in the region, but in a short time of two years, it will become the 3rd power in the order of China, Japan and South Korea. Also, the unresolved issue of Taiwan and China will destabilize the region somewhat, as there is an uncertainty of a possible outbreak of war between the two countries. Also, all three countries have yet to address the issue of pollution and environmental policies, even as analysts have reported that China is the top producer of greenhouse gases in the world, overtaking the US.

Q: Lastly, do you have thoughts on the possibilities of seeing North and South Korea reconcile?

A: As we all know, North Korea is not as isolated a country if one compares it to the fall of the Berlin Wall and opening of Eastern Europe to the world. Having said that, North Korean politics is currently in a highly unpredictable and messy state as there has been no officially nominated successor to Kim Jong I , his sons have never been appointed to assume official posts in his government. Nobody knows whether reunification is possible in the near future, but given that South Korea is a highly economically stable country with a larger population than North Korea, it may have an easier time that Germany did in the 1990s.

Q: Has the “Korean” style democracy influenced the region in any way? A: The Chinese
Q: Has the “Korean” style democracy influenced the
region in any way?
A: The Chinese government seems to be most impressed
with South Korea’s economic success and the
organizational management and leadership style of the
South Korean government. However, China still remains
highly cautious on moving to become a democracy,
preferring to concentrate on building economic success
first. Vietnam, another up-and-coming Southeast Asian
country, seems more interested in following the Chinese
model of economic, then political changes. On the other
By Bernice Ang
Bernice is a 3rd year undergraduate at the University of
British Columbia from Singapore. Currently, she is doing a
short two month internship with the GIC and this is her first
visit to Korea.
Gwangju News August 2007
Poster by Cassie Wood 6 Gwangju News August 2007
Poster by Cassie Wood
6 Gwangju News August 2007


Moving mountains with the 5 in 5 challenge


What: The challenge is simple, designed as a

Only 8 of the orphans from Sunbin have been to

concept to help raise money for Sungbin Orphanage.

University in the last 10 years.


Where: The task is to climb the five highest

82.1% is the amount of the rest of the country’s

mountains in Korea in five day: Hala-san (1,950 meters), Jiri-san (1,915 meters), Deogyu-san (1,614 meters), Seorak-san (1,708) and Gyebang-san (1,577 meters). All peaks must be climbed within five days for the challenge to be successful.

Why: To raise money through sponsorship to assist

citizens in the age group that went to university in


7 million won is the average cost of tuition for students

at Korean Universities.


45% is the amount of national University students

who get scholarships.

a worthy cause – the Sungbin Orphanage Endowment

Last year 2006 was on a much smaller scale than this year’s effort. In fact there were only 2 and a half climbers (one person for only 3 mountains). It was successful in raising 4 million won , though unfortunately due to the adverse weather conditions the fifth mountain Mudengsan was substituted for Deogyusan.

This year there will be two major differences between


Sungbin is one of the biggest orphanages in

Gwangju, and is located near Chonnam University Hospital.

It houses approximately 70 young ladies, with many living off-campus in group homes (which provide a more home-like atmosphere for them). The age range at the orphanage varies from just months old upto around 18. The orphanage currently part-funded by the church and the government.

2006 and 2007. First, that all five mountains will be



Secondly, that the amount raised eclipses

last year’s.

There is a small army of volunteers who seek out to make life better at Sungbin. They include teachers of

various subjects Art, Math, Science and a few foreign English teachers that help out on Saturdays.

A worthy cause: The sponsorship will mostly go to helping the children beyond their orphanage years, after they have turned 18 and have to look after themselves. It will also go towards addressing current problems, though it’s primary goal will be to help build better futures.

Who are the climbers: Currently five

members of the Gwangju community have stepped forward to take the challenge. They include three Canadians, one British and a Korean. Adam Forrest, who is approaching the end of his twelve month stint in Gwangju; Chris O’Meara currently working at Chonnam University; one half of the Mike and Dave partnership, Dave Martin. Daniel Lister, a veteran of the 2006

of the 70 orphans at Sungbin still have

parents or relatives though have been abandoned, the majority have no idea where their parents are

None of the girls are currently attending second


effort, represents the British Isles, while GIC’s own Kim Tae Hyeong is flying the flag for Korea. Anybody is

welcome to come join the revolution though time is ticking.

How to sponsor: If moving mountains is not quite your cup of tea, there are numerous ways to sponsor the event. The easiest way would be to pop into the GIC, Speakeasy or The Underground Grocers and sign a sponsorship form. Alternatively check the website to make a pledge online. Please contact Daniel Lister at for further information.

or third grades in High School.

In the last 10 years only 20% of those old enough

to go from Sungbin have made it to High School.

However 99.8% percent of the Korean public at

High School age went in 2006.


By Daniel (Mountain Goat) Lister


Gwangju News August 2007



You say I am a dreamer, but I am not the only one

Making Change

As tired eyes gaze up at me when I enter the classroom, I am filled with a desire bigger than teaching a language. I’m here to teach a purpose, here to inspire dreams in those that have not had the time to know what dreams are. You can’t teach someone how to know him or herself, but you can tell them that whatever they decide to do, or whoever they want to be, it is possible. I have asked the same question to all 200 of my students. “Why are YOU here?” Even at a young age I expect some kind of an answer. Unfortunately, the typical answer is as blank as their eyes when I first enter the room. Or sometimes I get a response like “Because my mom says so”.

Thinking back to my own childhood, the time after school was used to absorb the information I took in that day. To hold on to what was relevant to me and to discard anything that was useless or negatively charged. This was the time when I could unwind, socialize, exercise, and most importantly, take in all that my family had to offer. My parents have always been my best friends and my biggest inspiration. My opinions maybe biased, but without this time in the evening to discuss, reflect, and eat together, children are becoming more disconnected from themselves, where they are from, and most importantly where they are going.

Teaching here is a much greater responsibility than many perceive it to be. With all the freedom that hagwons offer in the choice of content, you can truly teach what YOU are passionate about. Accordingly, you teach them to find and follow their own passion in life, freeing them from the stress of being at the ‘top of the class’. “Why?” is often the hardest question for these children to answer. In their minds education is only important for making “many money,” for “my mother and father”, or “to be the best”, “the prettiest”, or “the richest”. All of which are unfulfilling, empty dreams, lacking the true substance that makes up human existence. How will these children feel significant in this world?


When I first asked them about their dreams, they laughed, became withdrawn, even nervous. One 11 year old boy said “I want to be the President” and I followed up his remark and the children’s laughter

and I followed up his remark and the children’s laughter “Take a break sometimes and give

“Take a break sometimes and give them the gift of believing in themselves, and having something to be truly excited about.”

with, “Then you WILL be.” Now I do not know if anyone had ever told him he can be anything and everything he wanted to be, or any of the other

students, but they listened that day. I felt the energy in the classroom shift and their eyes really began to look into me. I asked everyone to look at him. “He is your next President.” I said. I told him how lucky I felt to meet him and how proud I was of him to take on such

a big responsibility, and how I knew what amazing job

he will do. He thanked me, and I think I saw a change in him that day, a sense of pride and purpose.

I wrote everyone’s dreams on the board that day and

told them that what they believe with feeling will

become their reality. I told them to look at their dream,

not just glance at it

students were laughing a bit at the idealistic Canadian in front of them, I felt they relished the moment and

began to see me as someone dimensional.

was no longer one

focus on it. Although my


I am asking other teachers not to tip-toe with the

calculated footsteps. Take huge messy steps into the mud, off the path, and have fun discovering yourself, while having an enormous impact on a new generation. Inspire their minds. Don’t read one of the thirteen books in their academy bags, they can read those themselves. Take a break sometimes and give them the gift of believing in themselves, and having something to be truly excited about.

By Carlee Keeler Carlee is an elementary school teacher from Canada and has spent time voluntereering as a teacher in Africa. She currently lives in Gwangju and enjoys the freedom that it brings.

8ball Column

What makes a man a man? – Whale Hunting

W hen I was in my 6th grade at elementary school, we often talked about manhood among friends and it was believed that

getting proper circumcision surgery was the best way to achieve our goal. Soon after, I’ve talked my mother’s ear off telling her that I should get circumcised for sanitary reasons and I can also be a true man and finally I convinced her.

In Korea it is often said that we go whale hunting instead of saying ‘circumcision surgery’ directly, because these two words in Korea are homonyms – ‘Po-Gyoung.’ So I went on a medical cruise to the clinic nearby with my merry band of brothers. It wasn’t like ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’, but we felt like a group of brave-hearted heroes ready for the sacrifice.

I was the last one to get the surgery and I was so scared that I thought I was going to lose my mind. Every time kids entered the operating room, I could hear the horrible scream in 5 minutes and it made my hair stand on end. In retrospect I felt like I was at a place where animals were butchered or slaughtered and my fear grew bigger and bigger as the clock ticked on.

Finally it was my turn to face the music and I took one reluctant step after another toward the den of no return. The doctor and the nurse greeted me with a cheery smile, no sign of any instruments of torment. But soon I could find out the reason why kids ahead of me screamed so bad.

To anaesthetize the patient before the surgery, the syringe was shot right on the foreskin. They gave me the first shot, which was a very painful, burning sensation, but I didn’t either cry or scream. And then the doctor poked me on the area that needed to be anaesthetized with some sharp object and asked me if I could feel anything. I said ‘yes’ and the doctor gave me the second shot, bewildered by my prowers of tolerance. And then he poked me on the same area and asked me the same question and I nodded in affirmation. He gave me the third shot totally puzzled. On his third try I still felt something, so I said ‘yes’ and he just gave up with the whole injection idea and proceeded to butcher my privates.

Immobile more by shock and fear than any pharmaceutical, I just stared at the ceiling and

By Jacques Daret
By Jacques Daret

It wasn’t like ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’, but we felt like a group of brave- hearted heroes ready for the sacrifice.

counting the number of tiles on the ceiling one by one. When the surgery was almost at its end, I could feel something on the operating area and I could feel the needle in and out when they stitched me up. Luckily my surgery ended up fine without any medical failure or disaster, but my agony had just started.

As soon as I arrived home, I burst into tears. My unbearable physical pain was matched by abject mortification every time an Ajumma stopped by and checked up on me, wanting to poke me with a stick. I was much like a monkey in the zoo. I couldn’t wear pants properly till it was perfectly healed and I even had to put my one hand into the pocket making a bulge on the front part of the pants, just to walk around. Walking to the toilet was the easy part; controlling the flow was harder than Edward Scissorhands doing origami. It went everywhere, randomly, so unpredictable.

Hindsight is indeed twenty-twenty. Less is definitely not more. Kids do not try this at home, or anywhere else for that matter. If you want to feel like a man, mutilating the most sensitive part of your anatomy is not the answer. Just go read Moby Dick.

By Kim Donghun

Gwangju News August 2007


GIC Talk

Is Cultural Revolution Still Possible in South Korea?

A culture critic, also called culture gun-dal, King Beaksu and an anarchist, J.Scott Burgeson

(At GIG talk; "Is Cultural Revolution Still Possible in South Korea?" – Saturday, July 7)

Still Possible in South Korea?" – Saturday, July 7) Q: Do you have any thoughts on

Q: Do you have any thoughts on the lecture you gave at GIC just now?

A: There are different types of revolutions and I want a cultural revolution in Korea. I like anarchy. The point of my lecture is to spread anarchy. This society is too controlled so anarchy is a way of redistributing power to ordinary people. Right now, the power is controlled at the top of the society. Anarchy is the giving of power to ordinary people.

Q: You’re lived in Korea for more than 10 years. What is your favorite and worst thing about Korea?

A: My favorite thing is Korean and foreign friends I’ve made here. That’s the main reason I stayed, because

of my friends. I don’t like the Korean society, because it’s too materialistic and shallow. What I hate is that if I shop and speak Korean, people answer in English so I’m tired of being treated like a tourist having stayed in Korea for 11 years. Many Korean people just see international residents as outsiders or tourists, so I’m tired of feeling like an outsider. That’s what I don’t like now. Because if you go to China, they always speak Chinese, it’s very refreshing. In Japan, they always speak Japanese. But in Korea, everyone wants to practice English.

Q: You’re visited Gwangju 5 times. What’s your impression of Gwangju?

A: Most foreigners, the first time they hear of Gwangju, they think of May 18th, the uprising, so it has the image as the birthplace of Korean democratization. My image is that it has good restaurants and Jeolla province has many farms so they have good side dishes. There are friendlier and outgoing people, I know some friends in Seoul who are from Gwangju and they seem to be more friendly and more outgoing compared to Seoul people. The last thing is the Gwangju Biennale. Gwangju is famous for art.

Q: You lived both in Japan and Korea. What’s the main difference between Korea and Japan?

A: Basically, Japan has been open to external culture for at least 100 years longer than Korea. Japan is definitely more cosmopolitan and international, and has become very westernized and modernized. Korea is quite closed in many ways. When you compare the Korean society and Japanese society, many of these problems were experienced in Japan at a much earlier stage than Korea. That’s the main difference.

The Japanese society also offers a diversity of entertainment and culture, especially pop music and underground music. Korean pop music sounds very similar to me. Japan is much bigger than Korea, the population is around 130million. That’s a lot of people and there are huge cities such as Tokyo and Osaka

that offer differing cultures and creativity. In Korea, Seoul is a big city, but everything is so similar, also the population of Korea is about 50million, that’s much smaller than Japan.

Moreover, Japan experienced capitalism for a couple of 100 years and the economic development of Japan goes way back in the early 19th century. Korea did not adopt capitalism until much later, and even when it did, the nature of capitalism was not as dynamic as Japan’s.

Q: What are you most interested in?

A: I’m interested in everything. Especially, I’m interested in books, magazines and writing. I’m interested in reading books, but I read many different kinds of books about philosophy and history. I don’t watch many movies. In Korea, I’m interested in street culture; I’m not interested in the high-profile culture or events. I’m interested in walking around the city, observing the way people behave, street fashion, just street culture.

Q: You talked about American globalization, is Korea becoming more like the USA?

A: I’m American so it means that it becomes boring to me if other countries imitate my culture. Does it sound interesting to you if Americans want to imitate Korean culture? The originality in Korean culture is gradually dying.

For instance, I don’t like the movies shown at Korean cinemas, they’re too materialistic and mainstream. I guess it’s okay to see a Bruce Wills show sometimes, but there are a lot of independent and good movies

but there are a lot of independent and good movies from the US that are never

from the US that are never imported because they don’t make money. I find it very hard to buy good books as they import only popular and bestselling authors. I would prefer it if there was a wider variety of entertainment and the arts.

Q: Who’s the most impressive person you’ve met in Korea?

A: I interviewed a ‘gisaeng.’(*A gisaeng is a Korean woman who is specially trained in music, dancing, and the art of conversation. Her job is to entertain men.). She died in 1998 or 1999. She was a famous gisaeng. I interviewed her just before she died. At that time she was eighty-two years old. I felt she was the last gisaeng. After she died, I felt like gisaeng, a part of Korean traditional culture, was gone.

Q: What’s your next plan?

A: I want to write a novel next year. But I have one more semester to teach at Hongik University on my contract. I think I might do ‘Balch'ikhan Han'guk-hak ("Nasty Korean Studies") Vol.2’.

Q: (I’m a university student majoring in English Literature.) Would you recommend some books for me?

A: ‘Lord Jim’, ‘Heart of darkness’ by Joseph Conrad ‘On the road’ by Jack Kerouac.

by Joseph Conrad ‘On the road’ by Jack Kerouac. Interviewed by Jeong Ja Yeon The author

Interviewed by Jeong Ja Yeon The author is a student at Chonnam National University majoring in English Literature and one of the summer interns at the GIC.

University majoring in English Literature and one of the summer interns at the GIC. Gwangju News
Event W omen’s Rights and Culture June 26 – 28, 2007 "There has always been a

Women’s Rights and Culture June 26 – 28, 2007

"There has always been a longing in the human heart for a more just, free, loving and creative society. But it was never before possible to fulfill these aspirations, because we had neither the evolutionary drivers, nor the global crises to force us to change, nor did we have the scientific and technological powers that can free us from the limitations of scarcity, poverty, disease, and ignorance. This is the time of awakening for the social potential movement." Barbara Marx Hubbard

Throughout history, women have been subjected to violence, discrimination, inequality and the denial of basic human rights. Despite all this, women show courage, make sacrifices, unite, organize, and

revolutionize, for the sake of freedom and democracy. The resilience of women demonstrates the strength of the human spirit and the risks women will take to leave old conformities behind and to move forward.

Democratic-minded, peace and justice-loving women gathered together for Gwangju's first World Women's Peace Forum. The forum attracted feminists, scholars, leaders and human rights activists from around the globe. Their mission: to form a united front against tyranny and misogynist rule (Malalai Joya).

The conference theme was 'Women's Rights and Culture'. From the discussions emerged an

theme was 'Women's Rights and Culture'. From the discussions emerged an 12 Gwangju News August 2007
with Mukhtar Mai (Pakistan)
with Mukhtar Mai (Pakistan)
WWPFG Dinner
WWPFG Dinner

international exchange of ideas on such topics as multiculturalism, globalization, human rights, violence against women, and the empowerment of women and peace networks.

Participants honored the past by paying tribute at the National Cemetery to the participants and events of the May 18 Democratic Movement 27 years ago. Participants looked to the future as they formed and signed the Gwangju Declaration on Women's Peace.

Participants from Korea included Yoon Hyung Sook, an Anthropology professor at Mokpo National University and President of the Korean Association of Women's Studies, Kim Hyun-Mee, Sociology professor at Yeonsei University,Yoon Mee-Hyang, representative of the Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan, and Chang Pil-Wha a Professor of Women's Studies at Ehwa University and former president of the Korean Association of Women's Studies.

Former First Lady, Lee Hee-Ho (wife of Kim Dae Jung, former president and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate), extended a warm welcome to all those attending. In her role as Honorary Chair, she

acknowledged the perseverance and passionate spirit of women in their dedication to promoting equality and human rights.

Malalai Joya is a member of the Afghan parliament and received the Gwangju Human Rights Award for 2005. From Pakistan, Mukhtar Mai, President of the

Mukhtar Mai Welfare Organization, represented the plight of the common woman in Pakistan. Takaka Doi from Japan, the former leader of the Social Democratic Party and the

first female speaker of the Diet, spoke about empowering women for democracy.

All of these women shared a passion for peace and democracy and demonstrated their roles in striving for and promoting women's rights.

Gwangju Mayor, Park Gwang-Tae,

and Kim Pill-Sick, representative of the Women of Gwangju, co-chaired the conference. Park Gwang-Tae stressed the importance of women "developing leadership and competency while pursuing harmony through solidarity." Kim Pill-Sick believed that "women's solidarity will strengthen and progress with renewed spirit and significance."

Ada E. Yonath and Ruchama Marton from Israel are Nobel Peace Prize candidates, and spoke about the legacies of women in science and women's health rights respectively.

All of these women shared a passion for peace and democracy and demonstrated their roles in striving for and promoting women's rights.

Together they felt that hosting events in Gwangju such as the Asian Women's Peace Forum in 2005 and the 2006 Summit of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, will promote the city as a "world-class City of Democracy, Human Rights, and Peace."

Among the honored female activists were Korean nationals and foreign guests who took the opportunity
Among the honored female activists were Korean
nationals and foreign guests who took the opportunity
to celebrate women's solidarity and empowerment.
As women we accomplish much and as we
acknowledge and recognize the past hurts and
hardships, we can celebrate today knowing that it's not
all for naught – we are changing the future for the
By Tracey Knihnitski
Gwangju News August 2007


A Korean Wrapper
A Korean Wrapper

I am a foreigner in Korea. Like other foreigners, I am frustrated when elderly Koreans cut in front of me in line. I am amused by the fashion and impracticality of wobbling around in sequined silver stilettos on crooked cobblestone sidewalks. I have difficulty communicating in a language I don’t speak fluently. Store clerks shoot looks of frustration and dismay at me when I pull out my Korean phrasebook. Locals ask me where I am from and we have a few moments of confusion as we try to work through the language barrier.

The difference between other foreigners and I? am Korean.


“So, if you’re a foreigner reading this, there might be someone in your midst who is really an American in a Korean wrapper.”

I’m a Korean-American adoptee and often forget that I look Asian. It’s hard to explain the startled

feeling when I catch a glimpse of my reflection in the elevator, surrounded by people that look similar. I’m not used to seeing many Asians. I grew up in the American Midwest

where many people are a hybrid of British or German stock, including my adopted family. My parents recall the day they brought me home with humor when my sister, who was six at the time, misheard the word, “Korean”. She ran excitedly throughout the neighborhood, announcing my arrival. “We’re getting a “green baby!” she shouted, which alarmed the neighbors until it was explained that my parents adopted a Korean baby, not an

alien. Still, I was something of a curiosity in our largely white-bread town.

In grade school, I was taunted with cries of “flat nose” which was more than upsetting. I didn’t see much difference between our noses. I couldn’t see any reason why I was different. I liked to play games of four square and kick-the-can, enjoyed hotdogs, pizza and all the things that make the typical American child happy. So I spent my

adolescent years feeling like an oddity and wishing I had a Caucasian face. I wanted desperately to look like everyone else.

When I went to Washington University in St. Louis, I could finally mingle with people from diverse backgrounds. I had friends who were Filipino, Taiwanese and Indian. It was refreshing to hang around others who were American but just happened to have black hair and tan skin. I liked Twinkies. They’re a delicious, cream-filled snack

but for the first time, snack words took new meaning as I heard “Twinkie”, “Banana” and “Oreo” as a reference to the disparity

between how we felt and how we looked. But after graduation, I would find myself in places where I was stared at and asked, “So, what are you?” I would reply, sarcastically, “I’m a

human being.” Them: “No, really. Where are you from? You speak good English.” Me: I’m from here.” Them: “No, I mean, what’s your nationality?” Me: “I’m American.” Them: “No, really! Where are you from?” Me (exasperated): “I was born in Korea, but lived in America since I was a baby.” This prompted discussions about every “Oriental” this person has known, how “Oriental” are nice and hardworking, and occasionally, how the mighty USA helped the Koreans in the war. I spent most of these

conversations trying to politely maneuver away. Several years ago, when I worked for The Tennessean

conversations trying to politely maneuver away.

Several years ago, when I worked for The Tennessean newspaper in Nashville, an advertiser told me, in his thick, Southern drawl, “Ah heard you was Thai or sumpthin’ but ah don’ hold that aginst ya!” I thanked him for his generous compliment. It’s funny that in Korea, I have similar conversations with locals. When I am heard speaking English, I am asked where I am from and still, they are confused because of my appearance. I imagine they are wondering, “but what IS she?” because they tell me that I look Japanese.

What am I? I’m still trying to figure that out. For years, I wanted to blend in with my surroundings. But here, I want it to be immediately obvious that I don’t speak the language fluently, don’t know where things are (having been stopped for directions numerous times), and I’d like other foreigners to notice me the way they notice my Caucasian husband. We pass by them and he is greeted with a jaunty “hello” and the head-nod that foreigners seem to give one another. Here, he is the one who is stared at. I am overlooked because I look like everyone else though culturally, there is a huge divide. So, if you’re a foreigner reading this, there might be someone in your midst who is really an American in a Korean wrapper. Don’t be surprised if she gives you a head-nod.

By Niki Perkins Niki Perkins is a Korean-American adoptee and was born in (or around?) Seoul. She is teaching English with her husband at Han’s Academy, and prior to Korea, they lived in Taiwan. In her pre-overseas life, she was a social worker and proponent of animal rights.

Useful Korean Phrases Vst! +! ( 으 ) 면 ( ! If! S-! ) !
Useful Korean Phrases
Vst! +! ( 으 ) 면 ( ! If! S-! ) !
공부하다 → 공부하면
- 면
오 다 → 오면
만나다 → 만나면
먹다 → 먹으면
- 으면
읽다 → 읽으면
A: 내일 우리 집에 놀러 오세요 .!같이 점 심 먹어
요 . ! (Naeil uri jibe noleo oseyo. Gachi jeomsim
Come by my place tomorrow. Let’s have lunch
B:!2시까지 갈게요.!그런데 어디에서 내려야 해요?
(Dusikkaji galkkeyo. Greonde eudieseo naeryuya
I will be there by 2pm. But where should I get off?
A: 롯데마트 앞에서 내리세요 .!
(Lotte mateu apeseo naeriseyo.)
Get off in front of Lotte Mart.
B: 버스에서 내리면 전화할게요 .
(Buseseo naerimyun jeonahalkkeyo.)
I will call you when I get off the bus.
1) !내일 날씨가 좋으면 같이 놀러 갈까요 ?
(Naeil nalssiga joeumyun gachi noleo galkkayo?)
How about we go on a picnic tomorrow if the
weather is good?
2) 방학이 되면 유럽 여행을 갈 거예요 .
(Banghaki deamyun yureob yeohaengeul gal
I will travel to Europe when my vacation comes.
3) !많이 아프면 병원에 가야 해요 .!
(Mani apeumyun byungwone gayaheyo.)
You should go to hospital if you are really sick.
4) !그 친구를 만나면 항상 기분이 좋아요 .
(Geu chingureul manamyun hangsang gibuni
I always feel good when I meet a friend.
By Ji Hyeyeong
Hyeyeong conducts Korean language classes at the GIC
and is graduate students of Korean at Suncheon


Social Responsibility & Korea Current Adoption Practices An overseas adoptee’s perspective.
Social Responsibility
& Korea Current
Adoption Practices
An overseas adoptee’s perspective.

citizen of another country. Growing up in the small city of Niagara Falls, New York I right away felt that my presence (and the lack of a definitive Asian community in the city) caused a bit of a sensation in the neighborhood. People took to me in different ways: friends of family praised my parents for reaching out and taking in a child from that “poor Asian country”, classmates poked fun at my small nose and almond- shaped eyes, and strangers stared, their heads slightly cocked to one side. Interestingly enough, my unwanted position as “outsider” only magnified my desire to understand human thought and behavior, which eventually led to me understanding the place I held in American society.

I t seems wherever I go in Korea, the solution nowadays to questions foreigners have concerning Korean customs and habits are often

little more than, “it’s because of their long- standing tradition of Confucianism.” The deeply entrenched view that personal honor and identity are inextricably linked to family honor can be seen within the family social structure here. Although, thousands of years of Confucian practices have helped shape Korea into the strong and resilient nation it is now, the Confucian mindset has held Korea back from establishing a social welfare system

So, by the time I came to Korea,

I was ready (or felt I was ready) for how people

would react to my status as Korean-adoptee. I had mused that the subject of adoption would make most Koreans I met uncomfortable, and I was right.

Shortly after I arrived, an elderly man working at my university’s photo shop started weeping when I told him I was adopted. In an unusual turn of events, I was the one offering him words of comfort about my situation. He expressed pity and regretted that I’d been sent away but was happy about my decision to

“While it is commendable that Korea has advanced greatly as a society in just one generation, this socioeconomic success has not reached all levels of society.”

that encompasses all of its people. It continues to this day to export thousands of its orphaned children because the Korean people refuse to accept the social responsibility of taking care of them.

This issue is of particular interest to me because at a young age I was adopted from Gwangju and made a

come back and reunite with my homeland. Although

this touched me profoundly, I found the whole thing

a bit perplexing. And recently, a professor from

Seoul with whom I was having a phone job interview

also responded with sadness and discomfort. It was an awkward moment, especially since we had just finished discussing the rather benign subject of

teaching methodologies. However, I was well- prepared for this, having already been slapped with pity

teaching methodologies. However, I was well- prepared for this, having already been slapped with pity enough times over. Thus, I assured him I was not the typically unfortunate “ibyangin” (orphan) Koreans portray us adoptees to be.

After I hung up, I sat wondering why still thousands of Korean orphans are adopted abroad if the Korean people do indeed regret this practice. Although Korea has become the tenth largest global economy in 2005, 11,447 Korean children were adopted overseas from 2001-2005. That figure, despite being much lower than before (altogether over 150,000 children have been exported), is still very high and begs the question why Koreans have still not accepted the idea of domestic adoption. I already knew that it went against Confucian norms to take in a child that wasn’t of the same bloodline. Also, according to these norms, to bear children is to honor one’s parents and to adopt is to dishonor them. From an evolutionary and historical standpoint, it makes sense; however, I wanted to understand how these societal norms translated into behavior and impacted the social infrastructure.

I found an array of facts and figures on government

and privately run sites, as well as a barrage of opinions from blogs, personal websites, and adoptee organizations. There are a few aspects of Korean society that are conducive to this practice of overseas adoption. First, unequal gender relations in a fiercely patriarchal society leads to a disproportionate number of unwanted girl babies. Second, the lack of sex education in a society where there are by far more love motels than actual tourists causes unwanted pregnancies. And last is the continuation of outdated forty-year old government policies that were implemented when poverty was the main reason for overseas adoptions.

While it is commendable that Korea has advanced greatly as a society in just one generation, this socioeconomic success has not reached all levels of society. If Korea wants to receive recognition as a fully developed nation by the international community, this practice needs to be stopped. Unfortunately, this would require the Korean government to address the issues mentioned earlier. It would also force the government to set up a sound social welfare program for Korea’s large number of orphans. Given that policymaking on this front has been slow, it is hard to foresee such a drastic action anytime soon. As long as there is demand for babies from abroad and money to be made, overseas adoptions will continue.

My view is that the nation needs to take a top-down approach with the Korean government setting an example to the nation. A good start would be to reform their adoption policy and end overseas adoptions. It is true that this would temporarily lead to an increase in the number of orphans nationwide, and the Korean people would be faced with the “problem”. No longer would the unfortunate “ibyangins” be hidden or sent away affording them the chance to ignore it. I feel, if and when this problem is made visible to the public, it will naturally lead to social reforms that promote sex education, give greater benefits to unwed mothers, and call for an increased acceptance of domestic adoptions.

By Annie Sirgey

Annie Sirgey was born in Gwangju and raised in New York and Florida. Apart from teaching, she enjoys writing, backpacking, and people-watching.

Gwangju News August 2007


Practical Tips


Take a Load off Your Mind

  6. Join a gym.

6. Join a gym.

t is quite common for ex-pats to either lose or put

on weight in their new surroundings. There are many reasons for this, as I am sure you know. The most common reasons are a complete change in lifestyle, change in daily routine and structure, and of course the inaccessibility of


7. Form a local weight loss group with others who want to

lose weight too.


Visualize the way you want to be – get a sense of what

it feels like to be that person.


Declare your weight loss plans to someone out loud.

10. Ask a buddy to hold you accountable.

11. Stop thinking about it and do it. Are you a “talker” or a

“doer”? Think about someone who always talks about what he or she is going to do, but never does. Do you want that to be you?


Promise yourself a vacation or a gift for when you

reach certain goals along your weight loss journey. Make this a unique, special and expensive celebration

foods one is used to. For the most part ex-pats complain of putting on weight rather than losing it, which adds to the stress of living in a new country.

–something you have wanted for a long, long time.


Imagine what it would feel like if you stuck to your

weight loss plan for one week and then got on the scale.



Go out for a brisk walk today or this evening and

Putting on weight does little for one’s self-esteem and confidence, and it can affect your health

understand how that makes you feel. Motivated, energetic and inspired, maybe?

too. If you have been here for a little while now and want to do something about your weight, but you just can’t seem to get motivated, maybe this article will help you to take that first step. I encourage you to not be too hard on yourself, accept the situation and understand what has brought you to this point. You have made a big change in your life by coming to live and work in a

You have made a big change in your life by coming to live and work in a foreign country, so cut yourself some slack, but stop the cycle right now and do something about it.


Clean out your kitchen cupboards

and the fridge. Get rid of all the foods

that have been sabotaging your success and take note of what this does to your mood.


Listen to a motivational speaker

online. There are tons of free telecasts out there. They are very motivational and helpful.



Identify your obstacles to losing

foreign country, so cut yourself some slack, but stop the cycle right now and do something about it.


weight. Find ways of overcoming them.


Speak to someone who has been overweight and find

I hope that one or more of these 20 motivating points will help you take that first step in taking charge of your weight and your life. Only once you decide you want to lose weight will you be able to follow through with a plan.

out what they did to lose weight. Follow the success!


Rent an inspiring and motivating movie – some of my

favourites are Jerry McGuire, Braveheart, Dead Poets

Society, Rudy, Patch Adams, Forrest Gump, What Dreams May Come, Mr. Holland’s Opus and Pay it Forward. Motivating movies or books always seem to motivate me to improve my life.

Lastly, if you have not yet watched the movie “The



Weigh yourself. Get real with yourself and stop the

denial. It is tough, but it is needed.



place you cannot avoid seeing.

Take out a photograph of someone thin and pin it in a

Secret”, do so. You can watch it for $4.95 on your

computer. Go to It is worth it.


Try on an item of clothing you used to wear a while




Close the bathroom door, stand in your underwear and

By Kim Knight Kim Knight is a lecturer, and Successful Weight Loss & Personal Life Coach. Sign up for FREE Tips at http://www.thesuccessweightlosscoach or Email Kim directly at

take a photograph of yourself in the mirror (For your eyes only).


Read an inspiring book of someone who has lost

weight or overcome a major obstacle in his or her life.


Gwangju News August 2007

I find that after some time I’ve finally begun to adapt to temple life in
I find that after some time I’ve finally begun to adapt to temple life in rural Thailand.


to adapt to temple life in rural Thailand. EXCERPT THREE T he month of December has

T he month of December has brought the monotonous heat and stillness to an abrupt halt. The stuporring heat lingering upon the Khorat plateau has been temporarily washed away and

replaced with a cool and unexpected crispness.

The transformation to the cool season invigorates and reminds me of the mid-western autumn of my youth. The first aroma of wool pulling on a sweater; the oaken wet smell of piled leaves; the comforting warmth of my Mothers hands removing wet socks, embracing cold feet. These thoughts invigorate me, and with her in mind I have a renewed sense of rightness, an unseen support that I know she is sending.

Accommodating my reflective spirit, all of the Monks, with the exception of Phra Maha, Phra Suwatt, and Luangpor, have left for a ten day retreat at the University. I'm sincerely glad. It feels good to have the temple to myself. I need this time to mentally prepare for what's coming.

Arming myself with a bamboo broom I wander through the deserted temple to sit quietly by the lake. On the way I stop briefly to glance at the bell tower girl. At the bath house I listen for the usual splash of water and slamming doors. These are ajar, the only sounds, a rank of dripping taps drumming rust spots into the calcified cisterns. Rounding the corner of the bath house I tap my stick against the cracked concrete announcing my arrival to the bitch and her now equally aggressive den of now much larger pups. She feigns an advance, but as usual quickly retreats to the other side of the lake. I'll see her again on my way back where we will repeat our

show of individual dominance.

As I walk the thin dirt path along the lake, a cool breeze sways the tops of the tamarind trees, sending slender brown pods earth bound. A moment later, the bamboo grove responds in a chorus of painful creaks and groans as the towering green pendulums gently crash and chafe into one another.

Before modern plumbing, temples were a main source of water for many of the villages so for that reason every temple has a body of water. The lake at wat Pramuenrat which is really a large pond, is not the place of reflection or beauty you might imagine a temple lake to be. The docks are crumbled and half submerged, and the water dotted with an assortment of floating and half submerged plastic food bags. In the dry season the water level drops revealing random tangles of busted furniture, twisted window panes and hundreds of mud glazed bottles.

As I walked along the thin path, I spied a turtle perched upon a jutting branch from the waters surface. Stopping along the trash strewn bank to look, I began thinking, and it occurred to me, that as far as the turtle was concerned, this lake was perfectly acceptable. The branch held him securely, the morning sun gently warmed his tarnished shell and glinted off his wet snout like a diamond.

At that moment, squatting at the waters edge full of "my" opinions, "I " was out of the equation. What I thought was of no consequence, my opinion pointless and empty.

Whenever I walk now along the lake with the crumbling docks and plastic half submerged bags, I try and not focus my mind on these but instead on the beauty of my surroundings. The creaking bamboo, the drifting tamarind pods. Turtles sunning themselves in bliss.

Maybe this is what Buddhism is all about. Living gracefully in an imperfect world, filled with crumbling docks and discarded plastic. I guess you could say; Buddhism is a turtle, perched on a branch, amidst imperfection.

By William Matthew Reyland William Reyland is from the United States and has been traveling throughout Asia for the past four years. He is currently in Gwangju working as an English teacher and freelance writer. His stories and award winnng photos have appeared in numerous publications throught Asia.

Gwangju News August 2007


Photo Contest EnjoyingEnjoying SummerSummer -Boryeong-Boryeong MudMud FestivalFestival By Annie Sirgey By Annie Sirgey
Photo Contest
EnjoyingEnjoying SummerSummer
-Boryeong-Boryeong MudMud FestivalFestival
By Annie Sirgey
By Annie Sirgey
By Shauna Lockhart
20 Gwangju News August 2007
By Shauna Lockhart By Annie Sirgey Gwangju News August 2007 21
By Shauna Lockhart
By Annie Sirgey
Gwangju News August 2007
Send us your photos of Gwangju and Jeollanam-Do!!
Send us your photos of
Gwangju and Jeollanam-Do!!
Send us your photos of Gwangju and Jeollanam-Do!! Photo Contest!! Win prizes and have your photo

Photo Contest!! Win prizes and have your photo grace the cover of the Gwangju News!

The Gwangju News would like to recognize all the lovely people out there who have a special interest in the visual beauty of Gwangju and South Jeolla Province. You do not have to be a professional photographer or have had a lot of experience in photography to take part in this contest. All you need to possess is a keen eye, desire to tell a story with your photos and a digital camera that takes high resolution photos of 300 dpi or higher.

DDeettaaiillss ooff tthhee CCoonntteesstt::

The September issue, we are specifically seeking photos in the follow theme:

“possess creative thought and/ or originality of expression”

All photos must be taken in Gwangju or South Jeolla Province.

Each person can send in up to three photos. The best photos will be featured in the magazine, so please be sure when you send them to include your name, where you live, and some brief details about the picture(s) you took. From the finalists, one will be chosen as the cover photo of the September issue of the magazine. Make sure that the height of your photos is longer than the width so that they will fit nicely if chosen for the cover. Submission deadline is August 21st. Please submit your photos to


The winner of the contest will have a lovely array of prizes to choose from which include:

1st place gets a 40,000 Won bar tab at Ambrosia Wine Bar and the choice of either free enrollment for the GIC Korean classes or a GIC tour; 2nd place gets the choice of either free enrollment for the GIC Korean classes or GIC tour;

Judges: Annie Sirgey and William Reyland will judge photos. If you have any further questions about the photo contest, please feel free to email them at


Band review

Korean Punk Band


Band review Korean Punk Band Opealia F inding punk rock music in Korea is definitely not

F inding punk rock music in Korea is definitely not as easy as finding kimchi, although once found it is hard to forget. Enter Opealia. They are a Gwangju band

that rocks it right. The group has been together since 2006, and plays a mixture of covers from Green Day to Metallica. Yet, to the surprise of many, they played two original songs at their recent gig at the Speakeasy Bar. And they blended in nicely.

Opealia is a five-piece band headed by the feisty Sysly. Most female singers in Korean bands sound cheesy, poppy, and sport disco lights. This is not the case with Opealia, however, as the vocalist is as wild as any tattooed, guitar smashing lead singer. While the band may be green in terms of performance, their energy and musicianship suggest otherwise. Steering clear of the usual cliches of other cover bands, Opealia aims to be hardcore indie. The band is currently working on original material for their upcoming demo, which could be ready by the end of the year. The band also hopes to begin touring Korea in the near future. But until then, Gwangju-ers boast the right to jump along to the sounds of what can only be described as 'kick ass!’.

By Heloise Sales Photos by Natalie Newman

to jump along to the sounds of what can only be described as 'kick ass!’. By


Illegal Teaching in Korea Part II – My Story
Illegal Teaching
in Korea Part II
– My Story


wrote Part I despite my better judgment because I felt compelled to not only inform myself, but inform others about the consequences of teaching illegally

in Korea. Everyone seemed to know, when asked, that private tutoring is illegal, but no one seemed to know what else qualified as illegal here in Korea or what happens to someone if caught.

police followed up with pictures of foreigners and the kids identified me: completely innocent.

When I arrived at the police station, they had all kinds of information on me already there, and for three hours, I was interrogated, and fingerprinted and then sent on my way. It was a nerve-wracking but pleasant experience. I was treated well and can’t really complain about anything said or done.

While at the police station, I was told by the people helping me that there were 70 police sent to Gwangju from Seoul to help look for an alleged murderer said to be last seen teaching English in a hogwan in Gwangju. While on their search for this man, they were busting all other teachers who were illegally teaching. I have not found any other evidence to confirm this story and don’t know if it is true or not. Canadian papers reported that these were routine hogwan busts and the last big sweep was in June 2005.

In addition, since that time, my research has found out that if you are hired here in Korea to work at multiple locations under the guise of one University or one main

hogwan; this is actually illegal! Immigration law states that foreigners can only work at one place and at one location. There are special cases, of course, and if your employer can prove to you that there is permission from Immigration for working at multiple locations, then you are mostly likely OK. Otherwise, you would be working illegally and are at risk for fines and deportation. The police assured me that jail time for this type of crime is somewhat of a last resort. Pardon the pun.

I have made a decision to go back to Canada regardless of the deportation result. I have voluntarily resigned from my university. The university was very supportive throughout the ordeal, for although they had every right to fire me for breaching our contract, they didn’t. My job finishes on the first week in August and I will leave shortly after that. I will be fined an undetermined amount, and if deported, I will not be able to enter Korea for two years.

The experience has been invaluable and the friends who have rallied around my case are priceless. I want to take the opportunity to thank each and every one of you for your friendship, support, legal advice, condolences, and distractions of fun. You know who you are. I thank you from the bottom of my heart.

Predictably maybe, ironically for sure, a week after Part I was published, I was in the police station being questioned about my illegal activities. When I made a decision to work outside the University, I did it with a specific purpose, with a specific time frame and with a specific monetary amount in mind. I took a risk and I got caught. Was it worth it – I can’t say! But, here is what happened.

Most people get busted on the job! That was not the case for me. I worked at the hogwan in question, for a total of ten times between April and June. Initially, I was asked to judge an English speaking contest. From there, the director of the hogwan asked if I could fill in for someone temporarily. I needed the extra cash desperately at that time and temptation took over! I was paid cash everyday after the teaching job, so I didn't have any receipts or bank account information that could be traced to me. At the time of the interrogation, I had ceased working at the hogwan for over a month.

So how did I get caught?

I’m looking forward to going home to let the dust settle, but I can honestly say that I will miss all of you and my life here in Gwangju. You’ve all impacted my life in big and small ways, and for that I am grateful. Thanks for the memories, and please keep in touch.

Till we meet again…

The kids gave me up!


From what I’ve been told, the police went into the hogwan and asked the kids, who their English teacher was. They all answered, "Tracey Teacher", then, the

By Tracey Knihnitski


Gwangju News August 2007

World Through the Eyes of a Teenager

A Foreign Language High School in Gwangju

R ecently, while looking out through the window of my parent’s car, I happened to see a placard posted by an education committee that opposed

the foundation of a foreign language high school (FLHS) in Gwangju. The education committee argues that founding an FLHS would make the children of Gwangju suffer. Though a private foundation has been organized to establish an FLHS, there is still strong opposition espousing similar viewpoints.

It’s hard to deny that a foundation of an FLHS may intensify the already harsh competition among middle school students and create a sense of inferiority in students of other high schools. As a “Gwangju child”, I'm sure they will feel deprived of better educational opportunities. I personally feel deprived of better opportunities to students of FLHSs in Seoul. Nevertheless, I firmly believe Gwangju needs a quality foreign language high school.

Recent findings regarding expenditures on private institutes in Korea were startling; Gwangju ranks among the top three provinces/cities in private education expenditures. This reveals two things. First, people in Gwangju put a very high value on education, and second, public schools fail to meet the demands necessary for a high quality education.

Another huge benefit of founding an FLHS is that it may decrease the outflow of Gwangju citizens who leave our city in search of better education. There is a popular Chinese proverb about Mencius and his very dedicated Mother, who moved three times before finding a suitable location to raise her child. Much like the proverb, the enthusiastic Korean will leave their hometown to improve their children’s high school education if the circumstances permit, while they won’t do so for university education as university students are regarded as adults. I was eager to attend an FLHS in Seoul, but because my father’s job was not transferable and my parents didn't want me to leave home at a young age, I decided not to. Contrary to my case, other families do relocate for better educational opportunities.

A good FLHS retains its student base and even attracts people from other provinces. This not only maintains the population, it also safeguards important and vital assets by keeping them in the community. Those who leave our community for the sake of education are important candidates for the future development of the community and prosperity of Gwangju.

No parents want to see their children left out. But the question is how long could they protect their children in

question is how long could they protect their children in “Establishing an FLHS in Gwangju is

“Establishing an FLHS in Gwangju is a step forward”

such a competitive world? Donga Daily recently reported that students who rank in the average students of FLHSs ranked as high as the top-ranking students of other high schools in national mock tests. Among twelve provinces/cities, Gwangju is one of the four without an FLHS, others being Gangwon, Chungnam and Ulsan. We should have had one long ago.

Establishing an FLHS in Gwangju is a step forward. We don’t have time to waste debating ‘yes' or 'no’ on a decision that's already been made. Now is the time to focus on the content, since the mere existence of an FLHS does not guarantee students of a leading level.

of an FLHS does not guarantee students of a leading level. By Choi YoungHoon The writer,

By Choi YoungHoon The writer, YoungHoon, is a second grader at Salesio High School and has won many prizes in English competitions.



Bharatanatyam -

Classical dance form of India

I was first introduced to Bharatanatyam at the age of three while attending a dance performance. The first thing that fascinated me must have been the brightly colored costumes and the quick changing expressions of the performers. I was formally introduced to this form of dance when my mother admitted me into the dance school at the age of seven.

Though I opted to perform Bharatanatyam as a hobby, to me it's more of a discipline than just an art form. My studies and the daily trips to the dance school not only taught me how to dance, but also gradually, over time, changed my personality, adding grace and spirituality to my life. Through the practice of this art form, I was able to bring the aesthetics and egalitarianism of the art world into my workspace.

"A child sings before it speaks, dances almost before it walks. Since rhythm is in our hearts from the beginning." ~Pamela Brow

I whole-heartedly agree with this quote. No matter what name we give to the dance form, the bottom line is that it is monogram for expression. In India we may choose to

what name we give to the dance form, the bottom line is that it is monogram

call it Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchupudi, or Mohiniattam, while in Korea it may be named Salpuri, Hallyangmu , Nammu, or Sungmu. Dance is a fantastic

way of portraying one's feelings without words and crosses cultural, social and language barriers. This is a short introduction to Bharatanatyam, one of the classical dance forms of India.

"A child sings before it speaks, dances almost before it walks. Since rhythm is in
"A child sings before it speaks,
dances almost before it
walks. Since rhythm is in
our hearts from the
~Pamela Brow

Bharatanatyam, a two thousand year-old art form, has had many modifications during its journey to the present day style.

The general interpretation, translated from the Sanskrit alphabet is:

BHA va (expression), RA ga (music), TA ( rhythm) and NATYAM (dance).

In a performance, all the various elements of the presentation are focused on the dancer and become unified in the performer.

There are two main categories, the masculine and the feminine. The masculine form, Nritta or abstract dance, is expressed exclusively by the feet, while the feminine form, Abhinaya, consists of more graceful expression.

Abhinaya is a medium of presentation to convey ideas


Gwangju News August 2007

and emotions, not by use of speech, but by means of mudras , which are
and emotions, not by use of speech, but by means of mudras , which are

and emotions, not by use of speech, but by means of mudras, which are hand gestures. Other ways of expression are mime, facial expression and movements of the body. It is like describing a story without uttering a word. The bhavas (emotions) that a dance depicts represent the emotions of daily life.

These emotions, in their stylized form, are hasya (humorous), karuna (fierce), satvika (peaceful), vira (heroic), bheyanaka (fearful), bibatsa (disgusted), sringara (erotic) and bhuta (wondrous). The rhythm of the piece and these emotive expressions join together in harmony to create a beautiful whole.

When learning Bharatanatyam, a student begins by learning the adavus, or basic steps. These basic first steps can be compared to learning the alphabet in a language which leads on to forming words, complete sentences and finally, compositions. Adavus steps are performed in five rhythms and at three different speeds. To perform an adavu aramandi, bending of the knees while you squat is very important.

Hand gestures (hasta) are as important as the foot work. There are 28 single and 24 double hand gestures, each with defined usage called Viniyoga.

Bharatanatyam follows dance rules from the Natyasharta, which is a treatise for all the dance forms in India, according to which the entire physical body is divided into Anga, Pratyanga and Upaanga.

Anga (gross classification of the physical body) Anganyatra shirohastau vaksha paarshwakateetatau Paadaviti shaduktaani greevamapyapare jaguh (as mentioned in Natyasatra) Head, Hands, Chest, Waist, Legs.

Pratyanga (sub-classification of the physical body) Pratyangaani twathaskandhau baahoo prushtam tathodaram ooroo janghe shadityahurapare manibandhakau jaanooneekoorparamiti trayamapyadhikam jaguhu (as

mentioned in Natyasatra) Shoulders, Arms, Stomach, Thighs, Knee.

Upaanga (finer classification of the physical body ) Drushtibhrooputatarashcha kapolau naasikaahanuhu Adharodashanaa jihwaa chubukam vadanam tatha Upaangani dwadashitaanyanyaanyangaani santi cha Paarshnee gulbautathangulyaa karayoho padayostale (as mentioned in Natyasatra) Sight, Eyebrow, Eyelids, Eyeballs, Cheeks, Nose, Gums, Lower Lip, Teeth, Tongue, Chin, Face.

According to the Natyasharta, Pratynaga and Upaangas should move along with the Angas, such as, “where the hand goes, there the eyes should follow, where the eyes go there the mind will follow, where the mind is, there emotion/mood is felt, where the mood is felt, there the flavor is experienced.”

Even though Bharatanatyam has evolved and changed through the decades, it is deeply rooted in the rich mythological heritage of India. Both male and female artists take part in modern performances. While a few practitioners are professionals, many are passionate amateurs. Whether as a hobby or a profession, Bharatanatyam requires a great deal of practice, concentration and dedication.

As the embodiment of asceticism, dancers have the power to educate their audiences, encourage them to go out and change the world and even their own lives. Through the power and beauty of dance, the eyes of many can be opened, effecting positive changes in our world. So the next time you have an opportunity to attend or watch a performance, be open and immerse yourself in the total experience.

By Shilpa Ramesh Shilpa has been in Gwangju for the past ten months, and is presently working at GIST as a researcher. She started learning Indian classical dance at the age of seven. Though she would like to call Science her passion, dance has always been her second love. She would love to learn some form of Korean classical dance during her stay here.

Gwangju News August 2007



Kim Ju Hee
Kim Ju Hee
Bae Jin-ah
Bae Jin-ah
Jung Ja Yeon
Jung Ja Yeon
Lee Ju-hyang
Lee Ju-hyang
Kim Ji Hyun
Kim Ji Hyun
Jo Hanna
Jo Hanna
Youn Mi Sun
Youn Mi Sun
Son Minsu
Son Minsu
Jang Suyeon
Jang Suyeon
Lee Seokhyun
Lee Seokhyun

Meet the Gwangju International Center Interns

S ince 2005, the Gwangju International Center (GIC) has instituted a scheme to provide summer work experience for a number of interns from the English Department at

Chonnam University .

Through this scheme, the full-time staff of GIC have an opportunity for reflection and more time for daily details, while the GIC interns gain valuable hands-on experience in an office

environment. This internship enhances social skills and provides an opportunity to practice their English language skills on a daily basis. The interns learn to

manage programs for themselves and broaden their horizons with networking and experiencing different things. The interns work as full-time staff, but instead of wages, they are granted credits towards their university programs.

At this time, there are 11 interns assisting the GIC team. They are:

Bernice Ang Rui Hsia is from Singapore and is studying political science and sociology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada and has volunteered in the USA, Thailand and East Timor. Son Minsu is a 4th year law student at Chonnam

and is on a 6-month internship with the GIC along with Lee Seokhyun, who is a Japanese Literature major as well as an avid photographer.

Lee Ju-hyang (Nicole) is interested in social and international issues and plans to major in international trade. Jung Ja-yeon is excited about tourism and marketing and is an avid hiker who plans to run a 5 km marathon. Youn Mi Sun is an English literature major and aspires to be an

English teacher. Kim Ji Hyun is interested in computer web-design and has done volunteer work with Indian and Chinese culture.

Jang Su-yeon is studying English grammar and also volunteers at a middle school teaching cooking and the Korean alphabet. Bae Jin-ah not only studies English, but is learning Spanish as well. Kim Ju Hee is studying towards a minor in psychology as well as a major in English Literature. She lived in Israel for two months earlier this year at a Kibbutz. Jo Hanna is an English Literature major and is aspiring to be a flight attendant with dreams of visiting Libya.

This summer, in addition to assisting the GIC staff with daily duties, the interns are involved in a pilot project to create a handbook for newcomers to the city. They are always happy to lend a helping hand so if you are in the neighborhood, drop by and say hello.

Never doubt that a small group of committed people can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that

ever has. -Margaret Mead

Bernice Ang
Bernice Ang

By Tracey Knihnitski


Introducing The May 18 Memorial Foundation and the New International Interns Thency Gunasekaran from Malaysia Tumenbayar

The May 18 Memorial Foundation and the New International Interns

Thency Gunasekaran from Malaysia
Thency Gunasekaran from Malaysia
New International Interns Thency Gunasekaran from Malaysia Tumenbayar Chuluubaatar from Mongolia I nternational
New International Interns Thency Gunasekaran from Malaysia Tumenbayar Chuluubaatar from Mongolia I nternational
Tumenbayar Chuluubaatar from Mongolia
Tumenbayar Chuluubaatar from Mongolia

I nternational solidarity is one of the core tasks of the May 18 Memorial Foundation which advocates peace, human rights and democracy. The Foundation is pro-actively working with

other Asian civil societies exchanging experiences and expertise; hosting and participating in international conferences; and building bridges of collective action and communication around the world.

In the age of globalization, the Foundation supports many initiatives and offers many awards to those with similar visions. The Gwangju Prize for Human Rights, Gwangju International Peace Camp, the Tour on Korean Democracy, the Recruitment of International Interns, supporting international human rights organizations, running the Gwangju Asian Human Rights Folk School, providing the Gwangju Forum for Asian Human Rights and sponsoring volunteer international internships are just a few of the projects the Foundation has initiated and maintained.

C”) from Malaysia, and Tumenbayar Chuluubaatar (“Tumee”), from Mongolia. They arrived in April 2007 and are here for 10 months. Prior to arriving in Gwangju, Thency was working as an empowerment trainer. She worked with youth and women in marginalized communities educating them about their rights, violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. Tumee earned a law degree and was working as a lawyer and program assistant combating human trafficking crimes in Mongolia. Both intend to further their education when their internship is completed.

It seems Gwangju attracts those who are pro peace and democracy. Many who come here are drawn to the political progress in place, or they soon learn about what human rights issues are and educate themselves about progress and change. In an effort to maintain democracy, peace and goodwill, the international community welcomes Thency and Tumee to the Gwangju family.

Among those offering their experience and expertise are international interns, Thency Gunasekaran (“10-

By Tracey Knihnitski



Place for Culture and Language Exchange

M y name is Rev. Steve Kuria Kiarie from Nairobi, Kenya. Currently I am pursuing a Masters in Divinity at Torch Trinity Graduate

School of Theology in Seoul while serving as a teaching pastor in Juan Presbyterian Church English Ministry in Bupyeong. Before coming to Korea, I served as a senior pastor and a lecturer at a seminary in Nairobi. It never occurred to me that I would be away from my dear family especially during the formative years of our children. However KONA Homestay that has created a home-like place that can console foreigners who miss their homes and families.

Moving to Korea was a cultural shock and I had to adjust to so many things - food, language, behavioral patterns, and other cultural norms. I didn’t know anybody or any information on what to expect in my new surroundings and I really wanted to learn the Korean language and culture in an informal setting. This dream was not possible until I met Professor Young-Im Kim of Gwangju University, and the director of KONA Storybook Center (KONA Center).

It is now one year since I visited Gwangju -the city of light. I came at the request of my American classmate, Pastor Dan, to present a paper about Kenya in Dongmyung Church. Sometime later, I came to meet Professor Kim in her English research institute, the KONA Center. Through the KONA Center, I have visited Gwangju several times. Her family introduced me to a number of places including the National May 18 Democratic Park, Dongu Welfare Center for Senior Citizens are the Gwangju International Center (GIC).

Through the KONA Homestay Program facilitated by the KONA Center, I have visited four families who have become an oasis for my Korean culture and language experience. Through this program, I have changed my initial perception towards the Korean people whom I thought were not open to foreigners.

Nahyeon’s Family

The first home I visited was Nahyeon’s family in

January, 2007.

This wonderful couple together with

family in January, 2007. This wonderful couple together with their two elementary school children hosted me

their two elementary school children hosted me for one week. I am extremely thankful that I received something I had missed for almost one year since I left my country - fellowship. I noticed their children really loved books. Storybooks were everywhere; on the living room, in the dining hall and probably in the bedroom. I silently asked myself, “Do these kids read all these books?” Then, after asking them some a few questions about the stories, they knew all of them. My goodness! Where did they get all these books? I wish some of our African children could have the same opportunities.

Hangyul and Hanul’s Family

of our African children could have the same opportunities. Hangyul and Hanul’s Family 30 Gwangju News

The second place I visited was Hangyul and Hanul’s home. These elementary children are a great asset to their parents and to the country as a whole. At that young age, the daughter is able to communicate her thoughts in English without much strain. If you have ever visited people who speak a different language to yours, you can understand that it is good to have someone whom you can communicate with. They taught me about King Sejong who developed the Korean character set. I also learnt about Admiral Yi Sunshin and many other important cultural features of

Korea. In return, I also shared with them some stories about my country, especially the African Safari - wildlife. And just like the first home, there were so many storybooks on the shelves in the living room that

I thought they were trying to make another KONA Storybook Center at home.

Yechan, Euin and Seulhyeon’s Family

Center at home. Y echan, Euin and Seulhyeon’s Family The third place I visited was Yechan,

The third place I visited was Yechan, Euin and Seulhyeon’s home. This family is owned by the leader of Kaist (A Science Institute). The couple have three wonderful children who moved me with their love and concern. Despite their busy schedule, the mother and her children took me for a walk to Mt. Mudeung near their home. I had some memorable conversations with their father who is very busy writing a science book. I was inspired by the time he spent in his office in order

to contribute to the field of sciences especially because

I was also in the process of writing a book on Christian Marriage. I amazed the family with my experience of walking barefoot from my home to my elementary school, a distance of 12 kilometers to and fro.

Sangyoung and Chanyoung’s Family

Last but not least, were Sangyoung and Chanyoung’s home. It was very interesting to find so many storybooks in the living room and the bedroom. I guess by the time the two sons finish their university education, their house will have been turned into a

library or a bookstore. We had a wonderful time together as we exchanged Korean and English language skills. The family introduced me to the

Korean vowels and consonants and by the fourth night,

I was able to recognize all of them. Today, I can read

almost all the Korean words and key phrases. It gave me a lot of motivation to study more Korean.

So why do I mention storybooks so frequently? Where

I come from, 85% of elementary kids do not have

access to these resources and I have been inspired to start a storybook center in my church back home. I am thinking of calling it “The Gwangju Storybook Center”. It will become a great well of wisdom where many children will benefit. The experience will also be a benefit for me in my Cultural Anthropology class.

Anyway, a homestay is a wonderful program that helps people exchange different cultural ideas and learn languages. It benefits both parties and breaks some of our ethnocentric extremes. For foreigners, it could be a tool to eradicate both homesickness and loneliness when one develops good relationship with native Koreans. During the KONA Homestay, you can experience a lot if you want to.

Besides KONA Homestay, KONA Storybook Center also runs KONA Volunteers. I home-stayed with the volunteers, and in this program, the volunteers go to Orphanages and Community Children Centers to teach English using storybooks every second and fourth Saturday or Sunday. For more information on getting involved in the community, see Community Board page of Gwangju News.

By Steve Kuria Kiarie

involved in the community, see Community Board page of Gwangju News. By Steve Kuria Kiarie Gwangju

Product Review

The Hapdong Colt .45 Mk IV replica BB gun

T he Hapdong Corporation Gold Cup National Match issue Colt .45 MKIV series replica BB gun with dual-

Match issue Colt .45 MKIV series replica BB gun with dual- action, under barrel slide- pump
Match issue Colt .45 MKIV series replica BB gun with dual- action, under barrel slide- pump

action, under barrel slide- pump modification, is far and away

the best firearm I have ever worked with, and I have worked with many. From the moment I confiscated it from a student in my class, I knew that this was a special breed of weapon and our destinies were intertwined. I had found my Excalibur lodged not in stone, but

in the backpack of a weeping child.

To date, no other BB pistol has

equaled the style, grace, accuracy and skin bruising power of the Colt. The Kangham Corporation’s .9mm Smith and Wesson with adjustable sight and extended

Time after time the Colt .45 has generated blood chilling screams, possible nerve damage, and threats of retaliatory physical violence from friends.

Ownership of a replica BB gun such as the Colt may, unfortunately, be relegated solely to Korea. A recent guest from the U.S. had her beloved silver .9mm with faux wood handles and custom sights confiscated by the United States customs check point at O’Hare International Airport. She was told that the gun looked too real to bring into the country. Her right to keep and bear BB arms has been trampled upon and I have taken it upon myself to make the situation right. Calls to the A.C.L.U., Charlton Heston, The N.R.A, and the John Birch Society have yet to be returned.

The Hapdong Colt .45 has a price tag of 9,700 won to 12,000 won depending on the point of purchase. Larger stores such as E Mart and Lotte Mart carry a decent selection at lower prices. Mom and Pop operations conveniently located near schools offer a better selection at slightly higher prices. Extra ammunition runs around 1,000 Won for 800 rounds, so fire away.

On a personal note, I use my weapon strictly for hunting and home security and would advise others to do the same. Remember, BB guns don’t kill people, people who get shot by BB guns kill people. Happy hunting…

By Ryan Miller The author is an American ESL teacher who is usually packin’. He has lived in Gwangju for six months in a heavily armed apartment simply dubbed, “The Embassy”.

* The margin of error for the poll was roughly +/- 35% due to the fact that most of the respondents did not speak English.


along with Mukika Industries replica Glock .36


with optional (and utterly useless) silencer were

tested next to the Colt for purposes of comparison and

fun. In numerous trials on unsuspecting friends, the


outperformed the other weapons in accuracy as


as the all important scream tests. A shot to my

friend’s legs or rear-end barely registered a yell from

the .9 mm. The Glock, while more accurate than the .9mm, was not much better in terms of pain power. Time after time the Colt .45 has generated blood chilling screams, possible nerve damage, and threats of retaliatory physical violence from friends. As a testament to the epidermal punishing power of the Colt, many of my victims have switched and bought .45’s of their own. Vengeance is theirs….

A recent poll* of 10-13 year old gun owners found the

.45 Colt to be the sidearm of choice. Roughly 80% of the respondents chose the Colt over similar handguns.

Lack of power and the problem of jamming were common concerns shared by the young experts. From my experience, these concerns were justified. The Glock and .9 mm have inherent problems with the clip

to chamber delivery system, and the heat of BB battle

is no place to find oneself with a malfunctioning

weapon. The .45 Colt has never let me down in battle. Anyone willing to test my mettle in a BB gun showdown should know that I’m a crack shot from 15 feet and totally unburdened by guilt.

August 2007

This Day in History


August 2007 This Day in History Sunday Monday Tuesday W ednesday Thursday 1831 1 1870 2


August 2007 This Day in History Sunday Monday Tuesday W ednesday Thursday 1831 1 1870 2


August 2007 This Day in History Sunday Monday Tuesday W ednesday Thursday 1831 1 1870 2







London Bridge

The world's first subway opens in London.



MTV premiers at 12:01 AM.





becomes Fuhrer

of Germany.

Compiled by Erin McGrail Friday Saturday 1492 3 1693 4 Columbus sets sail from Palos,
Compiled by Erin McGrail
Columbus sets sail
from Palos, Spain
Dom Perignon
for “Indies”.
Hurricane “Celia”
becomes the most
expensive Gulf
storm in history.
Anne Frank, 15,
is arrested by





The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island.




from Spain.



Korean Air Flight 801, crashes in





Guam on approach to airport, killing


Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan).

1953 12 Ann Davidson, 1st woman to sail solo across Atlantic,
Ann Davidson,
1st woman to sail solo

arrives in Miami .


The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon, Kamikaze, while approaching Japan.

1942 19 1,000 Canadian & British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France.
Canadian & British
soldiers killed
raiding Dieppe,


Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit (later recovered alive).







Britain begins.



Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France.

1896 20 The dial telephone patented. 1908 Congo Free State becomes the Belgian Congo.
The dial
Congo Free State
becomes the
Belgian Congo.
1991 7 World Wide Web debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.
World Wide Web
debuts as a publicly
available service on
the Internet.


Thousands of mourners file past the body of

Pope Paul VI.



International forces including US Marines enter Beijing to put down Boxer Rebellion.


First beauty contest held in Folkestone,


1927 21 4th Pan- African Congress
African Congress

meets (NYC).






Dumbarton Oaks

in Washington,






Summer Olympics open in Munich, West Germany.


Zanzibar loses to England in a the world’s shortest war (38 minutes).



declares war against Germany during





19th amendment

First flight of the Heinkel He 178, the first modern jet aircraft.

Martin Luther King Jr’s “I have a dream speech” at Lincoln


suffrage granted

(about time!).


1945 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea.
USSR establishes a
government in
North Korea.




Broadcasting bans

Beatles (Lennon's

anti-Jesus remark).

1914 15 Panama

Canal opens.







(National Day).

1910 22 Japan annexes Korea.
annexes Korea.


Mona Lisa stolen from the Louvre.



Chop Suey invented in NYC by the chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador.



vessel to arrive in SF

via Panama Canal.



1842 9 US-Canada border defined by Webster- Ashburton Treaty.
US-Canada border
defined by Webster-
Ashburton Treaty.



independence from

Malaysia (National





The first color sound cartoon, Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.


Sports Illustrated publishes it's 1st issue.

1617 23 1st one-way streets established in
1st one-way



Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed.








Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American in the United States Supreme Court.

1995 10 Oklahoma City bombing of a federal com-plex kills 168 people.
Oklahoma City
bombing of a federal
com-plex kills 168


England applies for membership in the European Common Market.

1939 17 "Wizard of Oz" opens at Loew's Capitol Theater in NY.
"Wizard of Oz"
opens at Loew's
Capitol Theater in


Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica

1891 24 Thomas Edison patents the motion
Edison patents

picture camera.


Gorbachev resigns

as head of USSR

Communist Party.

1920 31 First news radio program broadcast in Detroit, Michigan.
broadcast in Detroit,


Diana, Princess

of Wales, dies in

a car crash in


1929 11 Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs.
Babe Ruth
becomes the first
baseball player to
hit 500 home runs.


The last United States ground combat unit depart South Vietnam.



Final convoy




Salonika, Greece





Construction on






Amelia Earhart completes the first transconitinental flight by a woman.


UN security council

authorizes military action against Iraq.

council authorizes military action against Iraq. Sources used: Gwangju News August

Sources used:

Gwangju News August 2007




Festivals 34 festivals orbit around the social center of Haeundae beach, though the majority of the

festivals orbit around the social center of Haeundae beach, though the majority of the festivals will take place on many other of Busan’s white sandy beaches. This article can’t possibly do justice to all thirty festivals so be sure to make a visit to where you’re bound to find dozens of reasons to make the three hour pilgrimage to Busan.

If you have started to realize that bearded chap on the back of the 100 won coin isn’t Queen Elizabeth or a former US President the following festival maybe up your alley. Not the 100 won coin festival but The Great Battle of Hansan Festival Lee Sun-Sin (9th-12th August). The Hansan battle was the naval war in which the great admiral Lee Sun-Sin led the Korean army to defeat the Japanese. If national pride alone doesn’t prove a decisive factor in drawing a large captive audience, there is plenty more to bring in locals and foreigners alike to Tongyeong (a 3 hour bus ride via Jinju City from Gwangju). The picturesque coastal town is surrounded by hundreds of islands, and the event celebrates the legend with fireworks, exhibitions, and a great deal of water sport related fun such as rowing, wind surfing, bungee jumping, water skiing, as well as banana boat, motorboat, and canoe rides. The gift of music is also provided in forms varying from classical to pop at a wide range of concerts. Additionally the chance to be the man himself is offered as patrons get the opportunity to steer a model vessel, as well as brush up on archery skills before taking their seat to

Busan Sea Festival (1st-10th August)
Busan Sea Festival
(1st-10th August)
The Great Battle of Hansan Festival (9th-12th August)
The Great Battle of Hansan Festival
(9th-12th August)
August Festival Preview
August Festival Preview
Bongwha Sweet Fish Festival (July 29th – 5th August)
Bongwha Sweet Fish Festival (July 29th – 5th August)

A s the page closes on July’s prolific portfolio of festivals the August chapter opens with an immediate chance to cool down at the Bongwha Sweet Fish Festival (July 29th – 5th August).

No more than a 2 hour bus ride away the festival provides a wonderful opportunity to learn about the native fish of the Gyeongsangbuk province. These delicious fish will entertain the mind and satisfy the

stomach at the festival which lasts for four hours of scaly related madness per day. A ceramic art display accompanies the antics, though the potential

festival highlight includes the chance to jump in the sea and catch some wiggly friends for yourself, which will at least offer you the chance to save money on a tuna kimbap dinner, and can go some way into paying the 5,000 won entrance fee.

The aqua related festivities continue in Busan at what could potentially be the highlight of the seafarer’s calendar. The entire coastline of Korea’s answer to Miami light up for what is said to be a thirty-in-one festival extravaganza, called the Busan Sea Festival (1st-10th August). In fact, despite being under the banner of a “sea festival” there really is something for everyone. Highlights include the Busan International Rock Festival, Busan International Beach Dance Festival, Korean Sea Literature Festival, Busan Beach Game Festival and more, which only leave the problem of getting a festival overdose. The

Gwangju News August 2007

watch the reenactment of the battle itself. For more information see .

If you’re the type of person who likes to look forward instead of into the past the Daejoen Science Festival (August 8th-15th) may be a better bet – formula with less calculated probability of disappointing if you will. In its eighth year, and not much more than a two-hour bus ride away, the Expo Science Park could well be the place to be, especially with the park staying open to 11:00pm each festival night. To encourage you to make the journey to the science capital of Korea (as if that wasn’t enough), musical performances, street parades, robot shows and magic shows will be offered along with numerous events and displays such as the artic adventure and block land (possibly designed for the more younger member of the public though be sure to check out to make your own mind up.).

August’s final festival could be the chance to challenge the mindset of a nation. The Goesan Clean Pepper (23rd–26th) is the venue. The stereotype requiring a brave warrior from foreign land to step forward – “foreigners don’t like spicy food”. With a famous pepper eating competition that inspired scenes from the famous Korean movie “Don’t believe her”, highlights include the sack-of-peppers race, bare-hand fish catching, pepper- picking and pepper-slicing, apple-peeling and apple- eating which go someway to ensuring the three hour journey won’t be entirely fruitless.

So decide which one or all of these festivals would be a great opportunity for you to experience and be on your way!

By Daniel Lister

August Crossword Puzzle Solve our new crossword puzzle - you’ll find all the answers in
August Crossword Puzzle
Solve our new crossword puzzle - you’ll find all the answers in
this month’s Gwangju News - and you could be a lucky winner!
Prizes include a day trip to a mysterious destination in Korea or
seven weeks of free Korean language lessons at the GIC. Just
send in your answers for the crosswords to:!
Prize are limited, so send them in early!
Compiled by Amber Kininmont
Congratulations to Anh Jeong ah, who won last month’s
crossword. She won free Korean classes at the GIC.
July Crossword Answer

1. Annie feels these kinds of adoptions need to end as part of

Korean adoption policy reform.

4. Shilpa informs us that this kind of Indian dance is more


7. Dr Ju doesn’t recommend this kind of solution as a remedy for

dry eye syndrome.

8. Bernice tells us that Koreans believe that eating ‘hot’ foods

during summer helps to retain this.

9. The most impressive person Scott has met in Korea.


of Busan .

3. This phase of back pain generally lasts 2 or 3 days according

to Dr Kwon.

5. Opealia’s feisty lead singer.

2. Daniel suggest that Haeundae beach is the

6. Each country has it’s own ‘style’ of this, according to Edward J.


7. The orphanage being benefited by the 5 in 5 challenge.

Gwangju News August 2007


Medical Tips

Medical Tips Lower back pain B ack pain, herniated disc, strain, and sprain seem to happen

Lower back pain

B ack pain, herniated disc, strain, and sprain seem to happen in just about everyone. Amazingly, in 8 out of 10 people, these types

of pain happen and disappear without a trace. In many cases, one will never have this experience again, but some can continue to have problems.

The cause of back pain can be very complex. With lower back pain alone, numerous parts of the lumbar spine can be responsible. Many back problems are difficult to diagnose and typically involve a wide variety of treatment methods. Because of this, there are many myths and misconceptions surrounding back pain. Proper knowledge about back pain can be an effective first step towards healing process.

Here are some of the most common misconceptions I encounter:

1. If I have back pain, I should stay in bed and rest.

Not really: in an acute phase of pain, resting can be very helpful. But the acute phase generally last only two to three days. Long-term rest can cause more harm to your body by losing muscle and building up body wastes. You need to start mild physical activity adapted to your conditions. It will speed up the healing process by pumping out the wastes built-up during rest, prevent further injury by strengthening muscles and increase flexibility, and relieve depression by producing endorphins. During the first 24-48 hours of injury, it is advisable to apply ice to constrict blood vessels in painful areas. However, after 48 hours, it is advisable to apply a hot towel.

2. Because I am physically active I won’t

get back pain.

Wrong. While physical activity is one way to prevent (and heal) an injury, the balanced work of muscle groups throughout the body is key to avoid back pain. Without balanced exercise, a build-up of strength one area can cause weakness in another. Some sports are more prone to cause back pain, such as golf, volleyball, contact sports and gymnastics (including high level yoga and aerobics). In all cases, however, proper conditioning of the back can provide a stable foundation to include arm and leg workouts.

3. Only heavy laborers suffer back pain.

Being overweight doesn’t really cause back pain.

Up to 80-90% of adults experience lower back pain at some times in their lives. In addition to heavy lifting and other factors such as being overweight, sitting for long periods, driving, and smoking can cause lower back pain. Extra pounds in your belly can compress the spine and squeezes the discs, making them prone to hernias and abnormal conditions of the spine.

4. Everyone has lower back pain, so there is nothing I can do about it. I just have to learn to live with it until it becomes disabling.

As many as 6.5 million people in U.S. are treated for back pain each day.

As many as 6.5 million people in U.S. are treated for back pain each day. Each case of back pain requires an individualized solution. But in most cases, lower pain goes away within a couple of weeks without any treatment. If pain is debilitating, interferes with daily activities, and/or lasts longer than 4-6 weeks, seek professional help sooner rather than later, as this is crucial to long-term healing.

5. I have back pain so I will need surgery soon. Therefore I have to have an MRI.

Nope. Only a small percentage of people (1-2 in 1000) who suffer with back pain will undergo surgery. Only after conservative and non-invasive treatments have failed can surgery be considered as the next step. In certain cases, an MRI is needed for diagnosis; however, not everyone with back pain needs this expensive test. In general, a physical examination and medical history by a qualified profession will reveal the cause of back pain

These are the some of the questions I am often asked in my office. Certainly, severe immobilizing back pain is a terrible experience, but one must learn to listen to what one’s body is saying and accept its limitations. With diligent exercise to improve your back, most people will be able to return to their favorite activities such as hiking in beautiful Mt. Mudeung.

By Austin Kwon Dr. Kwon is a neurospine surgeon at the Saewoori Spine Hospital and presented a lecture at the GIC talk series. He is going to submit a series of article about back problems, misconceptions and remedies.

Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome Dry eye syndrome is a chronic lack of sufficient tears in the eyes,

Dry eye syndrome is a chronic lack of sufficient tears in the eyes, which are a major protective agent for the eyes. When there is a lack of tears, the eyes can feel tired, and be left with sensations of stinging, dryness and hardness.

Dry eye syndrome has many symptoms. If you suffer from dry eye syndrome, your eyes can feel persistently gritty, dry and hard. Stringy mucus may appear in or around the eyes. Patients usually expect the condition to get better after sleep, though waking up brings further problems for sufferers, who may complains that it’s hard to open their eyes in the morning. Generally, during sleep, the tears aren’t produced which leads to a deteriorating condition. This can cause severe inconvenience to daily life leading to a decreased ability to perform activities such as reading, watching TV and driving for lengthy periods of time.

The first method of treatment for dry eye syndrome is usually eye drops that act as artificial tears. Although they may offer a short-term solution, the active ingredient in artificial tears is

a saline solution, which can damage the eye

membrane at times and lead to further irritation

in the future with some patients. Surgery maybe required in some cases when eye drops fail to work.

Though surgery can offer an immediate fix, in some cases the results can lead to some side-

effects such as blurred-vision. This is usually the result of worsening weather conditions that leads

to further dryness.

A humidifier in heated rooms may help. You

should avoid overly warm spaces, hair driers and hair dyeing. When outdoors, you should wear sunglasses to reduce exposure to the sun, wind and dust. Furthermore reading, working on a computer or driving can cause the eyes to become irritated badly. So during these activities, blinking is advised to keep the eyes more comfortable and to spread the tears.

By Ju Jong-dae, Happy Eye21 doctor

Gwangju News August 2007


Restaurant Review

Ko Rea Jo 고려조 삼계탕
Ko Rea Jo 고려조 삼계탕

I have always known that Korea had four seasons, but I did not know that it is a Korean custom to choose the 3 hottest days of summer to eat especially healthy food on those days. Minsu, my colleague at the GIC, explained to me that

these three days are known as Boknals, and the first Boknal is Chobok, the second is

Jungbok and the last is Malbok. The dates of these three Boknals are selected according to the Korean lunar calendar. This year, Chobok falls on July 15th, Jungbok on July 25th and Malbok on August 14th respectively.

had already formed at the restaurant’s entrance! Having to take a queue number and sit under the hot sun with Koreans young and old certainly reminded me of Sundays in Singapore and Vancouver, where my family and I would have to

wait at restaurants to eat Dim Sum. As we patiently waited at the entrance, the

satisfied and the fortified who had just finished lunch were strolling out, gloating at the fact that they had come much earlier than us to enjoy Samgyetang.

I learnt that Koreans believe that eating Samgyetang and other “hot” foods during the summer season helps to retain stamina and cools the body.

Luckily for us, we managed to find ourselves in the restaurant within fifteen minutes of waiting. I was

awed at the grandeur of the restaurant; its decorations reminiscent of the dining settings in the palaces of a Korean or Chinese Emperor. Antique vases and old Korean calligraphy were abound, looking prominent against the brown restaurant walls. My tourist instincts kicked in, telling me to start taking pictures, but the waiters quickly ushered us to our table and did not bother bringing the menu, readily assuming that we were there to eat Samgyetang,

So, what do Koreans do on Chobok? I found my answer on
So, what do Koreans do on
Chobok? I found my answer on

an extremely hot and humid Sunday afternoon, when Minsu took me to Ko Rea Jo to enjoy Samgyetang. Although I knew that Samgyetang is ginseng chicken soup with stuffed glutinous rice, I learnt that Koreans believe that eating Samgyetang and other “hot” foods during the summer season helps to retain stamina and cools the body. We embarked on our little adventure by passing by some old buildings and crossed a deserted alleyway and lo and behold, a long queue

Grand Korean Decor
Grand Korean Decor
Passport to heaven
Passport to heaven
Eager crowd
Eager crowd

the restaurant’s specialty.

the somewhat rowdy restaurant, I noticed everyone else was already digging heartily into their black stone bowls.

Glancing quickly around

As Minsu and I chatted away, the waiters came back with two steaming and bubbling black stone bowls and I could not even see the chicken at first! Waiting impatiently for the steam to subside, we used our chopsticks to separate the chicken, revealing the glutinous rice stuffing with young ginseng shoots and jujubes. As Samgyetang must be boiled for hours, the chicken bones were extremely soft, the chicken meat was tender and the soup evidently had the strong flavour of all the ingredients in the pot. As a Chinese who enjoys the Chinese version of herbal ginseng chicken, I realised that the distinguishing feature of Samgyetang was the broth and the glutinous rice stuffing. A typical Chinese-styled ginseng chicken would usually be wrapped and steamed in aluminium foil for hours and is served dry with the absence of the rice stuffing.

My lunch partner and I happily worked on our food, agreeing that the queue and the heat we had to endure earlier was certainly well worth the wait! If you have yet to try Samgyetang during this hot summer season, I recommend that you head to Ko Rea Jo on either Jungbok and Malbok to have some ginseng chicken soup and feel fortified to beat this summer heat. However be prepared to face a long queue. The cost of Samgyetang is 11,000won per person and it’s definitely a reasonable price to enjoy some authentic Korean food and ambience all at once.

enjoy some authentic Korean food and ambience all at once. Ko Rea Jo is located just

Ko Rea Jo is located just a short walk away from the GIC upon seeing LotteTour, turn left into the dark alley lane. Upon reaching the end of the lane, turn left, you definitely will not miss the restaurant whose signboard greets everyone in green and white. This restaurant is open 365 days a year from 10am- 10pm and they have another branch in Sangmu. For more information, please call 062-224-2525 or


By Bernice Ang

Gwangju News August 2007




Recipe B B o o s s s s a a m m 보 보 쌈

If anyone has ever tried Bossam in Nolbu Bossam or Mujinju they will find that cooking Bossam itself is quite easy. It is less greasy than samgyeobsal and I think is more healthy

Cooking time: 40 minutes

Serve for 2 - 3 people


Soybean paste (dwaenjang sauce), 1 green chili, 3 garlics, 1 shot of soju, 1 tbsp of instant coffee, pork (preferably moksal, 목살 )


1. Put 1.5 tablespoon of dwaenjang sauce into a medium size saucepan, filled it with about 1000cc of water. Mix the sauce with the water before boiling. Boil it under a medium heat (fire).

When parboiling:

2. Cut the green chili in half, put into the saucepan.

3. Cut the garlics into thin slices, put them into the


4. Put 1 shot of soju into the saucepan.

5. Put 1 teaspoon of coffee powder into the saucepan.

6. Cut the pork into 0.5cm thin slices, put them all into the


7. Wait until it boils together for about 40 minutes until

the pork is soft and ingredients mix together.

8. After it is done, take out the meat only, serve with

kimchi in a plate (we won't use the rest in the saucepan) and soybean paste.

To buy pork simply go to a big supermarket like E-mart or Home Plus, they will surely sell all kinds of pork (dwaeji- gogi, 돼지고기 ). Moksal is slightly thin and has less fat than samgyeobsal.

By Karina Prananto I am Indonesian and have been living in Gwangju since Sept 2006 with my Korean husband whom I met while we were studying Chinese in Beijing and have been married to for 13 months.

Volunteering - UNESCO’s Cross Cultural Awareness Program

V olunteering - UNESCO’s Cross Cultural Awareness Program E verybody can be great because anybody can

E verybody can

be great


anybody can

serve. You don't have to have a college degree to serve. You don't have to make your subject and your verb agree to serve. You only need a heart full of grace, a soul generated by love. - Martin Luther King Jr.

Volunteering is one of the most rewarding acts of selflessness we can share. In Gwangju, we are considered the cultural capital of Asia and there are numerous organizations that welcome the gift of generosity and time.

Every semester, the Ministry of Culture and Human Resources Development sponsor UNESCO’s Cross Cultural Awareness Program which brings together volunteers from around the globe and encourages it’s participants to “Contribute to a global experience of peace and mutual understanding through cultural exchanges between Korean students and foreigners residing in the Gwangju & Jeonnam area.” Participants have an opportunity to conduct up to 3-4 classes per semester, and in return for their generous

time, they receive a small stipend for transportation and

a certificate of accomplishment.

Everyone is welcome and to date there are approximately 20 countries represented. You may be from any nationality and must have a good command of the English language. Generally there are two categories of volunteers:

1. Cultural Exchange Volunteers (CEV) who lecture in

their mother tongue.

2. Korean Interpretive Volunteers (KIV) who translate

and at this time, happen to speak in English, French, or Spanish

The next upcoming orientation and evolution meeting is in August 2007.

To register, please e-mail the application form to the Leader of CCAP Teachers Club, Lim Yeonsuk, at or call her at 011-9603-9916.

For more information see http// or feel free to contact Jinchae Park, Vice President directly

at or call 017-640-0028.

Please join us and make a difference!

By Tracey Knihnitski & Mukul Basu

Dear Dr. Ko: I've been married for 10 years. I love my husband and I

Dear Dr. Ko:

I've been married for 10 years. I love my husband and I know he loves me but we have not been intimate for 5 years. He has health problems - bad heart, overweight, bad back and says that is the reason why, but I could use some/a little affection and he can't provide that either. I am at a wits end and don't know what I should do Help!

Starving for Affection

know what I should do Help! Starving for Affection be kidding! Dear Starving: First let me

be kidding!

Dear Starving:

First let me offer my condolences. Welcome to the reality of the “for better or worse” part of the marriage vows. No intimacy for over 5 years? You have got to It can’t be worse than that!

What I suggest to you is one of two things or both. First, if you can’t beat him join him. Cuddle up to a nice big bowl of chocolate chip ice cream and see if that floats your boat. Second, get yourself a boyfriend. You don’t have to fall in love with him just get someone to knock the edge off. I know what you are thinking, how immoral. Dr. Ko is suggesting you cheat on your husband! Well… he’s been cheating on you for five whole years. Whether it is another woman or a Hershey Bar, he is not putting you first and that is cheating.

Marriage is a partnership; both parties have to participate fully to make the union meaningful. It is

obvious that your husband has serious issues that allow him to use his weight as the reason for him not being intimate with you. And you are just as bad, for allowing this behavior for five years. The two of you have to define your relationship. Is it husband and wife or brother and sister? Both relationships involve love, so it’s not just about love; it is about whether you’re still good for each other. Go to a marriage counselor and figure out what you and your husband have and if it is not worth keeping, maybe it’s time to move on.

if it is not worth keeping, maybe it’s time to move on. Dear Dr. Ko: My

Dear Dr. Ko:

My boss offered me a job promotion, but it did not include the



expected. It is an upper- management position that does not pay overtime, which would actually result in a pay cut for me. Because of the money, I am not sure whether or not I want the job. However, if I refuse, it might prove detrimental for future job promotions. What should I do?

Show Me the Money

Dear Show Me the Money:

In this economy, I can understand the concern about money, however, you must think further down the road. While you may realize a short term financial loss, look at the experience that you will gain. In this changing economy you must do what is necessary to keep yourself marketable. Any upward mobility is good for your professional growth. Take the promotion, and learn what you can. Remember value is not always measured in dollar signs.

“If money is your hope for independence you will never have it. The only real security that a man will have in this world is a reserve of knowledge, experience, and ability. “

~ Henry Ford

Do you have a problem with love, life or the lottery? Ask Dr. Ko. Dr. Ko knows all and sees all. Contact Dr. Ko at

Gwangju News August 2007


Here it comes again!

13th Gwangju International Community Day

Gwangju International Center (GIC) holds an annual international event on 15~16

September. This event started 12 years ago to promote international friendship in

Gwangju and it will be the 13th this year. We are looking for harmony and unity among

all residents in Gwangju, overcoming lingual, cultural or other barriers through food,

games, shows, contests, etc from many cultural backgrounds. This is the biggest event of

GIC over a year with help from many people, groups and also from you. A lot of events

and awards are waiting for you. Please come and join them all.

Korean Speech Contest : Participants: International Residents Topic: Free Limited time: 3 minutes Application Period:

Korean Speech Contest:

Participants: International Residents

Topic: Free

Limited time: 3 minutes

Application Period: by Fri. August 19th

*Please sign up by 19th August to arrange a pre-contest scheduled on 25th August.

*There will be a surprise present for each awardee.

International Food Court : Share your national food of beauty and taste! One booth will

International Food Court:

Share your national food of beauty and taste! One booth will be prepared to

cook and serve your food to people from all over the world. You can take your

profits without tax deduction so all you should do is make good food and

serve them well. Be ready to be rich!

*Please sign up to join in the activities by 25th August in order for us to examine the

suitability of food and rationality of the prices. GIC will offer a small amount of

expenditure and basic facilities such as gas and water.

Talent Show: Show us your entertaining talents that you’ve got e.g. folk dancing, singing, martial

Talent Show:

Show us your entertaining talents that you’ve got e.g. folk dancing, singing,

martial arts, playing musical instruments or anything you want. We all can get

to know about your country's culture, costume, language, etc. Traditional

performances and team works will be favored. We can see Michael Jackson

dancing at home anytime through Internet.

*Please sign up by 19th August to arrange a pre-contest scheduled on 25th August.

Everyone is encouraged to participate, but those who have won in the past will not be

chosen as winners two years in a row.

*There will be a surprise present for each awardee.

Flea Market: Do you want to do something good for the third world? Do you

Flea Market:

Do you want to do something good for the third world? Do you have

something you don't use? If your answers for both were yes, this is a good

chance to act. The Beautiful Store will bring all the stuff to one place and sell

them to help the third world. Sorry, Chrysler and Rolex are not acceptable for

this program.

*You can mail items in or drop them in at the GIC office by 13th September.

Mailing Address: 광주광역시 동구 금남로 1 1 번지 전일빌딩 509 호 광주국제교류

센터 (501-758)

*Website of the Beautiful Store:


Gwangju News August 2007

Volunteers needed for the 13th Annual Gwangju International Community Day

for the 13th Annual Gwangju International Community Day Gwangju International Center (GIC) is holding the 13th

Gwangju International Center (GIC) is holding the 13th Annual Gwangju

International Community Day on the 15~16 of September. This event will have

a lot more shows, food and

entertainment than before for more active cultural exchanges among all

nations in Gwangju. We need volunteers

for this event in order to make this year

successful. We are looking for your interest and participation.

Outline of the Event

-Time: 15-16 September, 2007 -Sponsorship: Gwangju City Hall, Gwangju International Center -Contents: Foreigners' talent show, World food court, Flea market

Conditions for application

-Number: Korean/Foreigner Male30/Female20 (Planning, operation, assistance, etc.) -Required Documents: Koreans- Resume and self-introduction (Korean and English) Internationals- Resume and self-introduction (Korean or English) Documents for application -Languages: Brief interview in Basic English, Chinese or Japanese -We need responsible, dedicated and social volunteers


-Email: -Office: 062) 226-1050/2734 -Fax: 0505) 227-2092 -Home Page: -Address: 광주광역시 동구 금남로 1-1!전일빌딩 5 층 광주국제교류센터

Schedule for Applicants

-Acceptance: 25th June, 2007 -9th August -Interview: 11th August 10am - 2pm -Result: 13th August -Home Page -Training and Meetings: 18th, 15th in August, 1st, 8th in September (Every Saturday morning 10- 12; Total 4 times)

in September (Every Saturday morning 10- 12; Total 4 times) If you don't participate in an

If you don't participate in an interview or training, you will not be able to join this program even though you submitted the application documents.

Gwangju News August 2007


Community Board

Sung Bin Orphanage

Kona Volunteers

Gwangju Men’s Soccer


Match team

Sept. 1st


Sept. 2nd



Sept. 1st Hyundai Sept. 2nd Hyundai 44 Volunteers are called 48 hours before the mail-out day
Sept. 1st Hyundai Sept. 2nd Hyundai 44 Volunteers are called 48 hours before the mail-out day
Volunteers are called 48 hours before the mail-out day (during the first week of each
Volunteers are called 48 hours before
the mail-out day (during the first
week of each month). GIC needs 6-8
people who can help. GIC & Gwangju
News are only as good as the
volunteers who bring it to life!
Contact GIC at 062-226-1050, 2734
Renew Your Member
Dear members,
We are sending the Gwangju News to
each of the GIC members.
Unfortunately, some members do not
receive the magazine because of the
incorrect address or no address at all.
Let us know via the information
below if you are not receiving the
Gwangju News or if you have had
your address changed.
Thank you.
Gwangju International Center
A person in charge: Min-Su Son
Phone: 062-226-1050/2734
Fax: 0505-227-2092
Fundraising is
All funds will be
used for building
an eventual self-
sustaining source of financing for
educational underpriviledged girls
- Bank account will be set up soon for
Phone: 011-9943-8066


Advance Purchase: Tel. 1588-7890

Purchase: Tel. 1588-7890 Charity raffle at Speakeasy Speakeasy is proud to present

Charity raffle at Speakeasy

Speakeasy is proud to present a grand charity raffle. Prize draw to be held downtown, with an accompanying party on October 2nd. First prize: 250,000 won, with various goods and goodies donated by local businesses for many runner- up positions. See next month’s Gwangju news for further information.

All proceeds go to the Sungbin Educational Endowment.

Gwangju News Needs You

to the Sungbin Educational Endowment. Gwangju News Needs You Due to the rapid expansion of our

Due to the rapid expansion of our

community magazine, we need more volunteers to help with the running of

the magazine. Help the community and gain new skills.

You can help in a variety of roles:







or any other way YOU can think of. Contact at

or Harsha on 010-8484-4274.

Ticket Price:

-Special Seat:Adult 20,000 won Child 10,000 won

(served drinks and light snacks)

-Reserved Seat: Adult 8,000 won Child 4,000 won -General Admission Seat:

Adult 6,000 won Hyundai Card, Samsung Card, Gwangju VISA card 3,000 won Child 1,000 won

Sung Bin Orphanage is looking for long-term volunteers. We would like you to give at least two Saturdays per month. As well as being a friend, you will be asked to teach basic English to girls aged 7 to 14. For more information please contact Mike at:

Kona Volunteers is a registered organization for helping under- privileged kids by teaching English using storybooks.

We are looking for long-term native speakers who desire to enrich their lives by volunteering.

We would like you to volunteer at least 2 Saturday mornings or Sunday afternoons per month. We help orphanage children or children of low-income families and single- parent families. If you have any picture books and storybooks, please donate them when you leave Korea.

For more information, please visit and contact Kona (Kim Young-Im) at

The Gwangju international soccer team plays regularly most weekends. If you are interested in playing, email

Help Gwangju News Magazine! Volunteer one day a month

GIC needs volunteers to mail out Gwangju News. Gwangju News, published monthly, is sent to nearly 700 addresses. Join our Gwangju News mail-out volunteers at GIC.

Join our Gwangju News mail-out volunteers at GIC. 17:00 14:00 Gwangju News August 2007 Place: Gwangju
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00
17:00 14:00



Gwangju News August 2007

Place: Gwangju Mudeung Stadium (Baseball field) 무 등 경 기 장
Place: Gwangju Mudeung Stadium
(Baseball field) 무 등 경 기 장

Trivia Questions




observed: Any man can beat any woman at any sport?


G: What vast eastern country boasted the world’s fastest-growing economy in 2002?

G: Which Canadian city’s name derives from a Mohawk word meaning poles in the water?

SL: Which Canadian city hosted the 2001 World Athletic Championships?

Bloody Hard


G: What do Puerto Ricans wriggle to ask: What’s happening?


E: Which Seinfeld character’s first name is Cosmo?

E: Who plays Oskar Schindler in the 1993 movie “Schlinder’s List’,, Trivial Pursuit, bite-size edition

H: What is the rather redundant meaning of the first D in D-Day?

H: Which Arab announced: I want a homeland even if the devil is the one to liberate it for me?

E: What did Madonna and Guy Ritchie christen their son during a 2000 ceremony at Dornoch Cathedral?

Categories G: Geography E: Entertainment H: History AL: Arts and Literature

AL: What is the number of the Beast, according to Revelations?

SN: Science and Nature SL: Sports and Leisure

AL: What Latin phrase did the Queen use to describe 1992?

H: Which Nobel Prize was instigated in 1969 by the Swedish National Bank?

By Amber Kininmont


The answers are on page 46

SN: What does PIN mean to a cash card user?

SL: Where is this year’s Rugby World Cup to take place?

SN: Which comet can be seen from Earth every 75- 76 years?

SL: Which tennis star

AL: What instrument must you play to win the Carl Flesch Award?

SN: What yummy colour does tartrazine add to


August 4 Speaker: Harsha Goonewardana (ESL Instructor) Topic: Sri Lanka, Pearl of the Indian Ocean

August 11

Speaker: Bernice



(GIC summer international intern)

Topic: Welcome Kit Project

August 18

Speaker: TBA

Topic: TBA

August 25 Speaker: AStephen Kuria Kiarie (Pastor) Topic: Kenyan Economics

*Dates and topics are subject to change.

Contact the GIC to confirm the schedule:

Phone:(062) 226-1050, 2734 Email:

All talks take place at the GIC office. Address: 5th Floor, Jeon-il Bldg, Geumnam-no, Dong-gu ( 동구 금남로 1 가 전일빌딩 5 ). Directions: The GIC office is located in the same building as the Korea Exchange Bank (KEB) in downtown Gwangju. The entrance is immediately north of the KEB on Geumnam-no street, across from the YMCA. (Subway stop: Culture Complex Bus: 07, 09, 45, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 74, 80, 82, 518, 1000, 1187 ) For more information about the GIC Talks go to

Call for Presenters: The GIC Talk series welcomes your proposals for presentations on topics of society, culture, politics, science, education, or anything of interest to the foreign community. For more information, or to submit a proposal, please contact Kim Singsing at: or call: (062)226-1050, 2734.

Gwangju News August 2007


46 Gwangju News August 2007 Trivia Answers Easy G: China E: Kramer’s H: Day AL:
46 Gwangju News August 2007
46 Gwangju News August 2007
46 Gwangju News August 2007 Trivia Answers Easy G: China E: Kramer’s H: Day AL: 666

Trivia Answers


G: China E: Kramer’s H: Day AL: 666 SN: Personal Identification Number SL: France


G: Toronto E: Liam Neeson H: Yasser Arafat AL: Annus horribilis SN: Halley’s Comet SL: John McEnroe

Bloody Hard

G: Their nose E: Rocco H: Economics AL: Violin SN: yellow SL: Edmonton

Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47
Gwangju News August 2007 47

Gwangju News August 2007


2007 GIC 5th - Korean Language Class September 3rd ~ October 27th (2 times a

2007 GIC 5th - Korean Language Class

September 3rd ~ October 27th (2 times a week for 7 weeks)

Class hours: 10:30 am -12:30 pm (2 hours)




Level 1

Tuesday & Thursday

Level 2

Monday & Thursday

Level 3

Tuesday & Thursday

Level 4

Monday & Wednesday

Level 5

Monday & Wednesday

*Dates and times subject to change.

TUITION FEE: 60,000 won

(10,000 won Membership fee included)

*The tuition fee is non-refundable after the first week.

SATURDAY CLASS (Every Saturday for 7 weeks)

10:30am ~ 12:30pm

TUITION FEE: 45,000 won

(10,000 won Membership fee included)

- Beginner Class

- Intermediate Class

GIC is located on 5th floor of the Jeon-il building, the same building as the Korean Exchange Bank, downtown. The entrance is located immediately to the north of the bank.

Contact GIC office for more information. Phone: 062) 226-2734, 1050 Email: Website:

GIC Cultural Tour

Fun In The Water Tour


08:50 Meet by the clock tower of Gwangju Bus Terminal, U-square 09:00 Depart for Mt. Baega 10:10 Arrival at Mt. Baega and strolling in the woods 12:30 Transfer to a restaurant 13:00 - 14:00 Lunch (Beef Bibimbab) 14:00 - 18:00 Water sleighing or swimming 18:00 Depart for Gwangju 19:00 Arrive in Gwangju (It could be possibly delayed, due to traffic.)

The tour includes lunch, transportation, entrances fees, group travel insurance and information in English.

Preparation: swimsuit

Please make a reservation before August 20th so we can arrange your travel insurance. Please kindly pay the tour cost by August 21st to Kwangju Bank account number 134-107-000999 (Depositor: 광주국 제교류센터 ) If you cancel 3 days in advance, 50% of the fee refund.

This tour may be canceled if less than 20 people make a reservation. To make a reservation, please contact GIC at 062-226-1050 or

We need the following Information: Your contact information (Email, Phone Number) / Your full name / Nationality / Alien registration number (77xxxx-xxxxxx)

/ Nationality / Alien registration number (77xxxx-xxxxxx) Kumho Industrial Co. kindly provides the buses for GIC

Kumho Industrial Co. kindly provides the buses for GIC Cultural Trip in 2007.

August 25th, Hwasun, Jeollanam-do

Cost: 20,000 won (GIC members 17,000 won)

The natural recreation forest of Mt. Baega

17,000 won) The natural recreation forest of Mt. Baega Baega mountain is a natural fortress where

Baega mountain is a

natural fortress where

a military force of

partisan held out in the Korean War. This mountain has a fine view that not only encampasses

Mudeung Mountain but also the Cheonwang Peak of Jiri mountain. Baega Mountain is located in the Southern part of Baegya Mountain and is forest reknown for natural recreational activities. It is being developed as a reacraetional area of

Gwangju Metropolitan City area.

The swimming pool and the water sled of Mt. Baega

area. The swimming pool and the water sled of Mt. Baega The water sled and swimming

The water sled and swimming pool takes

the purified water from

the Valley of Baega Mountain. One of the main attractions of the pool is a large water slide (80meters). This

super fast water slide was upgraded in 2007 and is a thrill seekr’s dream.