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e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.

My] Hkksiky

p;u Hkou] esu jksM ua- 1] fpukj ikdZ bZLV] Hkksiky & 462011
Qksu ua- 0755&2578801] 02] 03] 04 QSDl % 0755&2550498
bZ&esy % vyapam@mp.nic.in osclkbZV % www.vyapam.nic.in
__________________________________________________________________________________________

e/;izn's k 'kklu] iapk;r ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl


fodkl foHkkx rFkk
e/;izn's k 'kklu] uxjh; iz'kklu ,oa fodkl foHkkx ds varxZr
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ds fy, ik=rk ijh{kk&2011
ijh{kk&2011
ijh{kk lapkyu ,oa HkrhZ fu;e
vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= Hkjus dh izkjEHk frfFk

09 flrEcj] 2011

vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= Hkjus dh vafre frfFk

07 vDVwcj] 2011

ijh{kk fnukad o fnu


ijh{kk 'kqYd

27 uoEcj] 2011 jfookj


vukjf{kr o vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds fy, %&

#- 500@&

vuq-tkfr o vuq-tutkfr ds fy, %&

#- 250@&

vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= gsrq ,e-ih- vkWuykbZu dk 'kqYd :- 50@& ns; gksxkA

le; lkj.kh
ijh{kk] fnukad
,oa fnu
27-11-2011
jfookj

ijh{kk
mRrj'khV~l
izkjEHk le; forj.k le;

izkr%

izkr%

10%00 cts 10%00 cts ls


ls

iz'u&i=
mRrj'khV esa
vko';d
forj.k
tkudkfj;kWa Hkjus le;
dk le;

iz'u&i=
mRrj'khV esa
ijh{k.k dk mRrj Hkjus dk
le;
le;

izkr% 10%00 ls izkr% 10%10 izkr% 10%10 ls izkr% 10%15 ls


10%10 cts rd
cts 10%15 cts rd 12%45 cts rd
2%30 ?kaVs
10 feuV
05 feuV

fVIi.kh %&
1-

ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ijh{kk izkjEHk gksusus ds le; ls 15 feuV rd gh ijh{kk d{k esa izo's k dh vuqefr nh
tk;sxhA blds i'pkr~ ijh{kk d{k esa izo's k dh vuqefr ugha gksxhA

2-

ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ijh{kk d{k NksMu+ s ds iwoZ vks-,e,e-vkjvkj- mRrj'khV oh{kd dks vfuok;Z :i ls lkSia uk gksxkA

3-

ijh{kk d{k esa ls


ly
s qyj] eksckbZy Qksu] dsYdwyVs j] ykWx VscYl] udy ipkZ vkfn dk mi;ksx iw.kZr% oftZr
gSA

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky


_________________________________________________________________________________________

e/;izn's k 'kklu] iapk;r ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl


fodkl foHkkx rFkk
e/;izn's k 'kklu] uxjh; iz'kklu ,oa fodkl foHkkx ds varxZr
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ds fy, ik=rk ijh{kk&2011
ijh{kk&2011

fo"k; lwph
a1-

fooj.k

i`"B a-

v/;k;&1 & e/;izn's k 'kklu] iapk;r ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx

03 & 08

rFkk e/;izn's k 'kklu] uxjh; iz'kklu ,oa fodkl foHkkx ds varxZr


lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ds fy, ik=rk ijh{kk&2011 ds fy,
foHkkxh; fu;e
2-

v/;k;&2 & e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk eaMy ds ijh{kk lapkyu

09 & 12

fu;e ,oa funsZ'k


izk:i&1 & iz'u&iqfLrdk ds iz'ukssa ds lac/a k esa vH;kosnu
3-

v/;k;&3 & foLr`r ikB~;e

13
14 & 56

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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v/;k;&1
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ik=rk ijh{kk&2011
ijh{kk&2011 lac/a kh fu;e
e/;izn's k 'kklu] Ldwy f'k{kk foHkkx ds i= a-@,Q&1&32@2011@20&1] fnukad 29-07-2011 rFkk
e/;izn's k iapk;r lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd fu;kstu ,oa lafonk dh 'krsZa fu;e] 2005 ,oa e/;izn's k uxjh; fudk;
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd fu;kstu ,oa lafonk dh 'krsZa fu;e] 2005 v|ru la'kks/ku fnukad 22 ,oa 27 twu 2011 ds
vuqlkj ik=rk ijh{kk fuEu 'krksZa ds v/khu vk;ksftr gksxh%&
1-

inksa dk fooj.k %
inkas dk
dk fooj.k
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1

2-

inksa dh la[;k %
inksa dk fooj.k
inksa dh la[;k yxHkx
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1
1500
inksa dh la[;k esa deh ;k o`f) gks ldrh gS

3-

inksa dk lafonk ekuns; %


inksa dk fooj.k
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1

ekfld lafonk ikfjJfed


:- 9000 :i;s

4-

vkosnu i= dh izf;k o ijh{kk lapkyu fu;e %


vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= izLrqr djus dh izf;k o ijh{kk lapkyu fu;e ds fy, fu;eiqfLrdk dk
v/;k;&2 ns[ksAa

5-

ijh{kk dsUnz %
ik=rk ijh{kk 50 ftyk eq[;ky;ksa ij vk;ksftr dh tk,xhA vko';drk gksus ij mEehnokjksa dh la[;k ds
vk/kkj ij ftyk eq[;ky;ksa ls fHkUu LFkkuksa ij Hkh ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd, tk ldsx
a s ftldh tkudkjh
ik=rk ijh{kk ds izo's k i= ij vafdr dh tk,xhA

6-

fu/kkZfjr 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk %

7-

lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ds fy, 'kS{kf.kd ,oa f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k ;ksX;rk fuEufyf[kr vuqlkj
gksxh %&
^^lac) fo"k; esa LukrdksRrj mikf/k ds lkFk chch-,M+ ;k mlds led{kled{k-**

mijksDr ekad 1 vuqlkj i;kZIr la[;k esa f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k ;ksX;rk/kkjh O;fDr miyC/k ugha gksus
ij fu%'kqYd ,oa vfuok;Z cky f'k{kk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] 2009 ds [k.M 23 2 vuqlkj dsUnzh;
ljdkj }kjk bl lac/a k esa vf/klwpuk tkjh djus ds mijkar jkT; ljdkj ds funsZ'k ij LFkkuh;
fudk; vizf'k{kr O;fDr;ksa dks lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds in ij fu;qDr djsxhA

ik=rk ijh{kk
ijh{kk ds fy, U;wure vgZdkjh izkIrkad %
1

lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ik=rk ijh{kk esa vgZ gksus ds fy;s U;wure vadksa dk izfr'kr Js.khokj ,oa
izoxZokj fuEufyf[kr vuqlkj gksxk %&
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh
vuq0tk0@vuq0t0tk0@
vU;

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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Js.kh&1

fiNMk oxZ@
Z fu%'kDrtu
50%

60%

ik=rk ijh{kk esa U;wure vgZ vad izkIr djus okys izR;sd vH;FkhZ dks ik=rk izek.k&i= fn;k
tk,xk ftlesa ik=rk ijh{kk iz'ui= ds izR;sd Hkkx ds izkIrkadksa dk n'keyo ds nks vadksa rd
mYys[k fd;k tk,xkA

8-

ik=rk ijh{kk ds ifj.kke dh laoxZokj] fo"k;okj ,oa vkj{k.kokj esfjV lwph rS;kj dh tk;sxh]
ftlesa f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k ;ksX;rk/kkjh vH;kfFkZ;ksa dh lwph esfjV ds e esa ij nf'kZr gksxh] blds
Bhd uhps esfjV ds e esa mu vH;kfFkZ;ksa dh lwph gksxh] ftuds }kjk f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k ;ksX;rk
/kkfjr ugha dh gSA

izoxZokj ;ksX;rk lwph esa vad cjkcj gksus dh n'kk esa esfjV lwph esa izkFkfedrk vf/kd vk;q okys
vH;kFkhZ dks nh tk;sxhA

fu/kkZfjr vk;q lhek %


lafa onk 'kkyk f'k{kd dk oxhZdj.k
Js.kh&1

U;wure vk;q
21 o"kZZ

vf/kdre vk;q
35 o"kZZ

vk;q lhek esa NwV fcUnq ekad 10 ds vgZrkvksa esa mYysf[kr vuqc/a kksa ds vuqlkj gksxhA
9-

vk;q x.kuk fdl frfFk ls ekU; dh tk,xh %


U;wure ,oa vf/kdre vk;q dh x.kuk ik=rk ijh{kk ds vk;kstu ,oa ik=rk ijh{kk ifj.kke dh ?kks"k.kk ds
mijkUr fjDr inksa ds foKkfir gksus ds dSy.s Mj o"kZ ds 1 tuojh ds lanHkZ esa dh tk,xhA

1010-

vkosnd ds fy, vgZrk,a %


1
os gh vH;FkhZ lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds :i esa fu;kstu gsrq fu/kkZfjr izf;k vuqlkj vkWuykbZu
vkosnu ns ldsx
a sa ftUgksus lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ik=rk ijh{kk esa fu;e & 6 ds mi fu;e 5 ds
vuqlkj U;wure fu/kkZfjr vad izkIr fd;s gks]
2
vuqlfw pr tkfr;ks]a vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa rFkk vU; fiNM+s oxkZsZa ;k fdUghas vU; oxkZsaZ ds fy;s
mPprj vk;q lhek esa NwV] ljdkj ds ,sls fu;eksa ds vuqlkj gksxh tks fu;kstu ds le; izo`r gks]
3
efgyk vH;FkhZZ ds fy;s vU; NwV ds vfrfjDr mPprj vk;q lhek esa 10 o"kZ dh NwV jgsxh]
4
ljdkjh Ldwyksa ds fy, fu;qDr fd, x, ekulsoh f'k{kdksa rFkk O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds va'kdkfyd
f'k{kd dks 35 o"kZ dh vf/kdre vk;q lhek esa iUnzg o"kZ dh NwV nh tk,xhA
ijUrq O;kolkf;d fk{kk ds ,sls vakdkyhu fk{kd ftUgksus vakdkyhu fk{kd ds :i esa
dk;Z fd;k gS ,oa mudk dk;Z vlarks"k tud ik;s tkus ds vk/kkj ij mudh fu;qfDr lekIr dh
xbZ gks mUgsa ;g NwV izkIr ugha gksxhA
5
,sls vH;FkhZ ftUgksus lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds :i esa dk;Z fd;k gS vkSj tks lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds
fu;kstu ds fy, u, fljs ls vkosnu djsx
a ]s os mPpre vk;q esa mruh dkykof/k dh NwV ds
gdnkj gksx
s sa ftruh dkykof/k ds fy, muds }kjk iwoZ esa lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds :i esa dk;Z
fd;k x;k gks- bl vk/kkj ij ;g NwV vf/kdre uksS o"kZ ds fy, gksxh c'krsZ mudh lafonk muds
dk;Z dks vlarks"ktud ik;s tkus ij lekIr ugha dj nh xbZ gks]

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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6
7
8
9

nSfud osruHkksxh deZdkjksa dks]s tks ;k rks dk;Zjr gksa vFkok ftudh jkT; ljdkj }kjk NVuh dh
xbZ gks] muds }kjk dh xbZ lsok dh dkykof/k ds cjkcj mPprj vk;q lhek esa bl 'krZ ds
v/;/khu jgrs gq, NwV nh tk,xh] fd vH;FkhZ us 40 o"kZ dh vk;q iwjh ugha dh gSA
fo/kok vFkok rykd'kqnk vH;kFkhZ dks vf/kdre vk;q lhek es]a vU; NwV ds vfrfjDr ikap o"kZ dh
NwV jgsxhA
,sls vH;FkhZ ftUgksusa vfrfFk f'k{kd ds :i esa ljdkjh Ldwy esa U;wure rhu 'kS{kf.kd l= rd
dk;Z fd;k gS] os mPpre vk;q lhek esa ikap o"kZ dh NwV ds gdnkj gksxAsa
w h&nks ds dkWye 7 dh
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kdksa ds fu;kstu ds fy, fu;e 2005 ds vuqlp
vH;qfDr;ksa esa mfYyf[kr 'kS{kf.kd vgZrk,a lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kdksa ds vU; rRLFkkuh inksa ds fy, Hkh
Lohdk;Z gksx
sa h]

1111-

vkosnd ds fy, fujgZrk,a %


fujgZrk,a & dksbZ Hkh O;fDr lafonk kkyk fk{kd ds fy, fu;kstu gsrq gdnkj ugha gksxk &
1
;fn og Hkkjr dk ukxfjd vFkok usiky ;k HkwVku dh iztk ugha gks]
2
;fn mls dsUnz ljdkj] jkT; ljdkj] ftyk ;k tuin iapk;r ;k xzke iapk;r ;k fdlh vU;
LFkkuh; izkf/kdj.k ;k lgdkjh lkslkbVh ;k dsUnz ;k jkT; ljdkj ds fu;a=.kk/khu lkoZtfud {ks=
ds mie dh lsok ls vopkj ds dkj.k c[kkZLr fd;k x;k gS]
3
;fn mls uSfrd v/kerk ds vijk/k ds fy, fl)nks"k Bgjk;k x;k gS]
4;fn mls efgykvksa ds fo:) vijk/k ds fy, fl)nks"k Bgkjk;k x;k gS] ijUrqq tgka ,slk ekeyk
vH;FkhZ ds fo:+) U;k;ky; esa yafcr gks] rks mldh fu;qfDr dk ekeyk] vkijkf/kd ekeys dk
vafre fofu'p; gksus s rd yafcr j[kk tk,xk5
;fn mldh ,d ls vf/kd thfor iRuh gS] vkSj L=h vH;FkhZ dh nkk es]a ;fn mlus ,sls O;fDr ls
fookg fd;k gS ftldh iwoZ ls ,d thfor iRuh gS]
6
;fn mls fdlh nkafMd vijk/k ds fy, fl)nks"k Bgjk;k x;k gS ,oa nafMr fd;k x;k gS]
ijUrq ;fn fdlh O;fDr dks bl izdkj fl)nks"k Bgjk;k x;k gS fdUrq mls psrkouh nsdj NksM+
fn;k x;k gS rFkk fdlh izdkj ds n.M ls n.Mkfn"V ugha fd;k x;k gS] rks ,slh nks"kflf) dks
/;ku esa ugha fy;k tk,xk]
7
;fn og dsUnz ljdkj ;k jkT; ljdkj ;k fdlh LFkkuh; izkf/kdj.k ;k dsUnz ljdkj ;k jkT;
ljdkj ds fdlh mie ;k ljdkj }kjk lgk;rk izkIr fdlh fudk; dk deZpkjh gks rks tc rd
mlus vius fu;kstudrkZ ls vukifRr izek.k i= vfHkizkIr u dj fy;k gks vkSj mls vius
vkosnu ds lkFk izLrqr ugha fd;k gks ];k
8
,sls vH;FkhZ ftuds nks ls vf/kd thfor cPps gkas vkSj ;fn muesa ls ,d dk tUe 26@1@2001
dks ;k mlds i'pkr gqvk gks-

1212-

vkj{k.k %
lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kdksa ds inksa dk ftysokj vkj{k.k ftys ds fu/kkZfjr jksLVj ds vuqe esa ftyk
dysDVj@fu;qfDrdrkZ vf/kdkjh Lrj ij fd;k tk,xkA
vkj{k.k ls lacfa /kr Li"Vhdj.k%&

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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1313-

e/;izn's k yksd lsok vuqlfw pr tkfr;ks]a vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa vkSj vU; fiNMs oxksZa ds fy;s
vkj{k.k vf/kfu;e] 1994 ekad 21 lu~ 1994 ds mica/k] lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd ds fu;kstu ij
ykxw gksx
a se/;izn's k yksd lsok vuqlfw pr tkfr;ks]a vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa vkSj vU; fiNMs oxksZ ds fy;s
vkj{k.k vf/kfu;e] 1994 ekad 21 lu~ 1994 ds mica/kks]a lkekU; iz'kklu foHkkx }kjk mldh
vf/klwpuk ekad & ,Q&6&1@2002@vk0iz0@,d] fnukad 19 flrEcj] 2002 }kjk tkjh fd,
x, vuqn's kksa ds vuqlkj] e/;izn's k yksd lsok vuqlfw pr tkfr;ks]a vuqlfw pr tu tkfr;ksa vkSj vU;
fiNMs oxksZa ds fy, vkj{k.k fu;e] 1998 vkSj jkT; 'kklu }kjk] le; ≤ ij tkjh fd, x,
vkns'k ds vuqlj.k es]a vuqlfw pr tkfr;ks]a vuqlfw pr tutkfr;ksa vkSj vU; fiNMs oxksZ ds vH;fFkZ;ksa
ds fy;s in vkjf{kr fd, tk,ax-s
fjDr inksa ds izR;sd izoxZ ds fy;s fuEukuqlkj vkj{k.k jgsxk%&
v
efgykvksa ds fy;s 50% ;
c
fu%kDr O;fDr leku volj] vf/kdkj laj{k.k vkSj iw.kZ Hkkxhnkjh vf/kfu;e] 1995 1996
dk la- 1 dh /kkjk 33 ds ijUrq ds v/;/khu jgrs gq, fu%'kDr O;fDr;ksa ds fy;s 6%, ;Fkk
n`f"V ckf/kr ds fy;s 2% ,oa vfLFk tU; fu%'kDr ds fy;s 4%; afu%'kDrtuksa ds fy,
vkj{k.k lkekU; iz'kklu foHkkx ds ifji= ekad 380@1773@05@vk-iz-@,d fnukad
24-03-06 ds vuqlkj gksxk
l HkwriwoZ lSfudksa ds fy;s 10% ;
n
vU; fdlh ,sls izoxZ ds fy;s tks ljdkj }kjk le;≤ ij vf/klwfpr fd;k tk,xkA

fiNMh vkfne tu tkfr;


tkfr;ksa ds fy,
fy, fo'
fo'ksksks"k micU/
micU/k %
ftyk ';ksiqj] eqjSuk] nfr;k] Xokfy;j] fHk.M] f'koiqjh] xquk rFkk v'kksd uxj ds lgkfj;k tutkfr] ftyk
ckyk?kkV] e.Myk] fMaMksjh] 'kgMksy] rFkk mefj;k ds cSxk tutkfr ,oa ftyk fNanokMk esa rkfe;k
fodkl[k.M ds Hkkfj;k tutkfr dk vkosnd fofufnZ"V@fofgr dh xbZ U;wure 'kS{kf.kd vgZrk,a rFkk vU;
ik=rk j[krk gS] rks mls bu fu;eksa esa mfYyf[kr p;u izfdz;k dk vuqlj.k fd, fcuk lacfa /kr iapk;r
}kjk lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh 1@Js.kh 2@Js.kh 3 ds in ij fu;ksftr fd;k tk,xk- ;s vH;FkhZ jkT;
dh fdlh Hkh ftyk@tuin iapk;r esa bl mica/k dh izlqfo/kk vfHkizkIr djus ds fy, leFkZ gksx
a s- ,slh
fLFkfr esa tc izkIr fd;s x;s vkosnuksa dh la[;k miyC/k dqy inksa ls vf/kd gks rks p;u] U;wure
kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk ijh{kk esa vfHkizkIr vadksa ds vk/kkj ij vojksgh e esa fd;k tk,xkA

1414-

;k=k O;; dk Hkqxrku %


ik=rk ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus okys v-tk-@v-t-tk-@fu%'kDrtu@fiNM+k oxZ ,oa fdlh oxZ ds
vH;fFkZ;ksa dks ik=rk ijh{kk eas lfEefyr gksus ds fy, muds }kjk dh xbZ ;k=k ds fy, fdlh Hkh izdkj dk
;k=k O;; dk Hkqxrku ugha fd;k tk,xkA

1515-

vU; fcUnq
1fdlh Hkh izdkj dk okn mn~Hkwr gksus ij U;k; {ks= e/;izn's k mPp U;k;ky; tcyiqj gksxkA
2o"kZ 2005&06 rFkk o"kZ 2008 dh ik=rk ijh{kk esa lfEefyr ,oa blesa ik=rk izkIr vH;FkhZ ;fn u,
fljs ls lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd dh fu;qfDr gsrq bPNqd gS rks mUgsa o"kZ 2011 esa vk;ksftr dh tkus
okyh ik=rk ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksuk vfuok;Z gksxkA ik=rk ijh{kk 2011 ds iwoZ ik=rk izek.k&i=
/kkfjr vH;fFkZ;ksa ds izek.k&i=ksa dh oS/krk bl ijh{kk ds ijh{kk ifj.kke ?kksf"kr gksus ds mijkar oS/k
ugha gksxAsa

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lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kdksa dks rhu o"kZ dh lafonk fu;qfDr dky lQyrk iwoZd iw.kZ djus ds mijkar
v/;kid laoxZ esa e-iz- iapk;r v/;kid laoxZ fu;kstu ,oa lsok dh 'krsZ fu;e] 2008 rFkk e-izuxjh; fudk; v/;kid laoxZ fu;kstu ,oa lsok dh 'krsZ fu;e] 2008 ds fu;e&5 2 ds
vuqlkj v/;kid laoxZ ds fu;fer osrueku esa fu;qDr fd, tkus dh ik=rk fu;e esa fn;s x;s
izko/kku ds vuqlkj izkIr gksxhA
1616-

e-iz- lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1


kh&1 ik=rk ijh{kk&2010
ijh{kk&2010 gsrq ijh{kk
ijh{kk ;kstuk %
1lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gksx
a As
2lHkh iz'u cgqfodYih; oLrqfu"B & 4 fodYi okys gksx
a As
3ijh{kk le; 2-30 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
4bl ijh{kk gsrq ,d iz'ui= gksxkA iz'ui= lHkh ds fy, vfuok;Z gksxkA
5iz'ui= ds nks Hkkx gksx
a As Hkkx& v lHkh ds fy, vfuok;Z gksxkA Hkkx&c ds varxZr 'kkfey fo"k;ksa
esa ls ,d fo"k; dk p;u djuk gksxkA
6Hkkx&v ds ikp [k.M gksx
a ]s ftuesa vadksa dk vf/kHkkj fuEukuqlkj gksxk &
l- 1
2
3
4
5
7-

fo"k;
lkekU; ekufld ;ksX;rk
lkekU; v/;;u
'kSf{kd vfHk#fp
fgUnh
vaxzt
s h
dqy

iz'uksa dh la[;k
07 iz'u
10 iz'u
10 iz'u
15 iz'u
08 iz'u
50 iz'u

dqy vad
07 vad
10 vad
10 vad
15 vad
08 vad
50 vad

Hkkx&c 100 vad dk gksxk ,oa bl iz'ui= esa 100 cgqfodYih; iz'u iwNs tk;sx
a As iz'ui= ds
vUrxZr 15 fo"k; uhps rkfydk esa fn, vuqlkj gksx
a ]s ftlesa ls vH;FkhZ vius LukrdksRrj mikf/k
ds fo"k; esa gh ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gks ldsxkA fofHkUu fo"k;ksa esa vad foHkktu uhps rkfydk esa fn,
vuqlkj gksxk &
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

fo"k;
fgUnh
vaxzt
s h
laLr
mnwZ
xf.kr
HkkSfrd foKku
tho foKku
jlk;u foKku
x`g foKku
okf.kT;
bfrgkl
Hkwxksy

iz'uksa dh la[;k
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u

dqy
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-7

13 jktuhfr 'kkL=
14 vFkZ'kkL=
15 d`f"k

100 iz'u
100 iz'u
100 iz'u

100 vad
100 vad
100 vad

fo"k; oLrq dk Lrj %


iz'ui= ds Hkkx&v esa lkekU; ekufld ;ksX;rk] lkekU; v/;;u o 'kSf{kd vfHk:fp dh fo"k;oLrq dk
Lrj Lukrd Lrj ds Nk= ds ekufld Lrj ds led{k rFkk fgUnh o vaxzt
s h dh fo"k; oLrq dk Lrj
fefMy Ldwy ijh{kk d{kk 8 ds led{k gksxkA
iz'ui= ds Hkkx&c dh fo"k;oLrq dk Lrj Lukrd Lrj ds led{k gksxkA
foLr`r ikB~;e v/;k;&3 esa fn;k x;k gSA

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-8

v/;k; & 2

e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky


ijh{kk lapkyu fu;e ,oa funsZ'k

egRoiw.kZ %&

2 -1

bl ijh{kk gsrq dsoy vkWuykbZu vkosnu i= izkIr fd, tk;sx


a ]s ftlesa vkosnd dks fo"k; fodYi ds
lkFk ;g Hkh n'kkZuk gksxk fd mlus 'kS{kf.kd vgZrk ds varxZr fn, x, f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k izkIr fd;k gS
vFkok ughaA vkosnd }kjk vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= esa nh xbZ tkudkjh vuqlkj gh ijh{kk o ifj.kke
lac/a kh dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA

2 -2

vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= esa Hkjh xbZ tkudkjh dk lR;kiu p;u ds le; lacfa /kr foHkkx@laLFkk ;k
HkrhZ ijh{kk esa lacfa /kr foHkkx@fudk; }kjk fu;qfDr ds iwoZ fd;k tk;sxkA vr% ckn esa ;fn ;g irk
pyrk gS fd vkosnd }kjk xyr vFkok vlR; tkudkjh vFkok fdlh tkudkjh dks Nqik;k gS ,slh
fLFkfr esa fdlh Hkh le; ij laLFkk izeq[k@lacfa /kr foHkkx@e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk eaMy }kjk ijh{kk
esa izos k@p;u@fu;qfDr fujLr fd;k tk ldsxkA

2 -3

vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= ds lkFk dksbZ Hkh izek.k&i=@nLrkost layXu ugha fd;k tkuk gS] fdUrq
fu;qfDr ds iwoZ leLr izek.k&i=ks@
a nLrkostksa dk lR;kiu lacfa /kr foHkkx@fudk; ds vf/kdkfj;ksa
}kjk fd;k tk;sxk] ftlesa fdlh Hkh izdkj dh =qfV@deh n`f"Vxkspj gksus ij vH;fFkZrk fujLr le>h
tk;sxhA

2 -4

LqVuh@vkWuykbZu vkosnu&i= dk fujLrhdj.k %&


vkWuykbZu i)fr ls fu/kkZfjr vafre frfFk rd izkIr vkosnu&i=ksa dh LqVuh fuEu fcUnqvksa ij dh
tk;sxh %&
a123456789-

fooj.k
vH;FkhZ dk QksVks
vH;FkhZ ds gLRkk{kj
Js.kh
laoxZ
fyax
ewy fuoklh
tUefrfFk
fo"k; fodYi
f'k{k.k izf'k{k.k ls lacfa /kr tkudkjh

mijksDr l-a- 02 ls 09 rd dh tkudkjh ds fjDr] xyr ;k viw.kZ gksus dh fLFkfr esa vkosnu&i=
=qfViw.kZ ekurs gq, uhps mYysf[kr jsfDVfQds'ku izf;k ds ek/;e ls =qfV dk fujkdj.k djuk gksxkA
fo'ks"kdj l-a- 01 ftlesa vH;FkhZ ds vkosnu ds lkFk vH;FkhZ dk QksVks izkIr ugha gksrk gS] mldk
vkosnu&i= vekU; dj fn;k tk;sxk rFkk fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa ekU; ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
2 -5

fujLr gksus ds dkj.kksa dh lwpuk%&


1

eaMy dk;kZy; }kjk =qfViw.kZ@viw.kZ vkosnu i= ls lacfa /kr tkudkjh e.My dh osclkbZV
www.vyapam.nic.in ij viyksM dj dj nh tk;sxhA mDr =qfV lq/kkj gsrq ijh{kk iwoZ rd
,e-ih- vkWuykbZu ds vf/kd`r D;ksLd ds ek/;e ls ;k sfMV dkMZ ds ek/;e ls fu/kkZfjr =qfV
lq/kkj 'kqYd :i;s 100@& ,oa ,e-ih- vkWuykbZu izkslfs lax 'kqYd :i;s 50@& osclkbZV

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-9

www.vyapam.nic.in ;k www.mponline.gov.in ij tek dj vkWuykbZu VsLV ,MfeV dkMZ izkIr

fd;k tk ldrk gS] tks ijh{kk dsUnz ij ekU; gksxkA


2

2 -6

fu;ekuqlkj fujLr fd;s x;s vkosnu&i=ksa dh tkudkjh] fujLrhdj.k ds dkj.k lfgr eaMy
dh osclkbZV www.vyapam.nic.in ij miyC/k djk nh tkosxhA bl dk;kZy; }kjk bl lac/a k
esa i`Fkd ls lwfpr ugha fd;k tkosxkA

ijh{kk izo's k&i= (Test Admit Card) :e.My dk;kZy; eas fu;ekuqlkj ekU; vkosnu&i= ds vH;fFkZ;ksa dks izos k&i= (Test Admit Card-TAC)
tkjh fd, tk;sx
a As vH;fFkZ;ksa dks Mkd }kjk izos k&i= izfs "kr ugha fd, tk;sx
a As leLr izos k&i=
e.My dh osclkbZV www.vyapam.nic.in ij viyksM dj fn, tk;sx
a s rFkk vH;FkhZ vius vkWuykbZu
vkosnu&i= ekad dk iz;ksx djrs gq, izos k&i= MkmuyksM dj ldrs gS]a ftlds vk/kkj ij vH;FkhZ
lh/ks ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gks ldrs gSAa MkmuyksM fd, gq, izos k&i= dks lR;kfir djokus dh
vko;drk ugha gksxhA

uksV& izo's k i= tkjh gksus ds mijkar fdlh rjg dk =qfV lq/kkj ugha fd;k tk;sxk ,oa fdlh Hkh izdkj dh
=qfV n`f"Vxkspj gksus ij e.My vkWuykbzu vkosnu&i= dks jn~n@fujLr @ifjofrZr djus dk
vf/kdkj lqjf{kr j[krk gSA
2 -7

ijh{kk 'kgj]
'kgj] ijh{kk le; o ijh{kk 'kqYd %&
fyf[kr ijh{kk dk vk;kstu e/;izn's k leLr ftyk eq[;ky;ksa rFkk vko';drkuqlkj vU; LFkkuksa ij
izkr% 10%00 ls 12%45 cts rd vk;ksftr dh tk;sxhA bl ijh{kk esa vukjf{kr@fiNM+k oxZ ds fy,
jkf'k #- 500@& rFkk vuqlfw pr tkfr@vuqlfw pr tutkfr ds fy, jkf'k #- 250@& ijh{kk 'kqYd
fu/kkZfjr gSA

2 -8

ijh{kk gky esa ys tkus gsrq vko;d lkexzh %&


%&
izo's k&i=] dkyk ckWyIokbaV isuA

2 -9

bl ijh{kk esa fdlh Hkh izdkj ds Calculator mi;ksx dh eukgh gS vFkkZr~ Scientific Calculator, Mobile
Phone, Programmable Calculator, Watch Alarms, Listening Devices, Paging Devices (Beepers),
Recording Devices, Protectors, Compasses, Scales vkfn iw.kZr% oftZr gSA

2-10

2-11

ijh{kk ds iz'u&i= %&


ijh{kk esa oLrqfu"B izdkj ds 150 iz'uksa o <kbZ ?kaVs dh vof/k dk ,d iz'u&i= gksxk] ftuesa izR;sd
iz'u ds pkj laHkkfor mRrj@fodYi fn;s jgsx
a As ijh{kkFkhZ dks lgh mRrj pqudj mlls lacfa /kr xksys
dks vks-,e-vkj- mRrj'khV ij dkys ckWy IokbaV isu ls dkyk djuk gksxkA
vuqfpr lk/ku Unfair means, UFM %&
vuqfpr lk/ku ;w-,Q-,e- %& fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ Hkh f;kdyki@xfrfof/k ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk mi;ksx
esa ykus ij mls vuqfpr lk/ku ;w-,Q-,e- ds varxZr ekuk tkosxk %&
d ijh{kk d{k esa vU; ijh{kkFkhZ ls fdlh Hkh izdkj dk lEidZA
[k vius LFkku ij fdlh vU; O;fDr ls ijh{kk fnykuk ;k ijh{kkFkhZ ds LFkku ij vU; dksbZ
O;fDr mifLFkr gksukA
x
ijh{kk d{k esa vius ikl fdlh Hkh izdkj dh izfrcaf/kr lkexzh j[kukA
?k
ijh{kk ds nkSjku fpYykuk] cksyuk] dkukQwlh djuk] bZ'kkjs djuk o vU; izdkj ls laidZ
lk/kukA

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-10

M-
p
N

vU; ijh{kkFkhZ dh mRrj'khV ;k iz'uiqfLrdk ls vU; fdlh izdkj ls udy djukA


vU; ijh{kkFkhZ ds lkFk mRrj'khV ;k iz'uiqfLrdk dh vnyk&cnyh djukA
izfrcaf/kr lkexzh ik;s tkus ij ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk mls lkSia us ls badkj djuk ;k mls Lo;a u"V
djukA
t udy izd.k ls lacfa /kr nLrkostks@
a izi=ksa ij gLrk{kj djus ls euk djukA
> l{ke vf/kdkjh ds funsZ'kksa dh vogsyuk@voKk djuk ;k muds funsZ'kksa dk ikyu u djukA

l{ke vf/kdkjh ds funsZ'kkuqlkj mRrj'khV ;k vU; nLrkost okil ugha djuk ;k okil djus
ls euk djukA
V
ijh{kk dk;Z esa yxs deZpkfj;ks@
a vf/kdkfj;ksa dks ijs'kku djuk] /kedkuk ;k 'kkjhfjd pksV
igqWp
a kukA
mijksDr vuqfpr lk/kuksa rFkk vH;FkhZ ds fdlh vU; d`R; dks i;Zo{s kd@dsUnz v/kh{kd@oh{kd }kjk
vuqfpr lk/ku dh Js.kh ekuk tkrk gS] rks ml ij U;kf;d dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA vH;FkhZ dh
mRrjiqfLrdk dks vuqfpr lk/ku ds varxZr ekurs gq, ewY;kadu ugha fd;k tk;sxk rFkk mldk
vH;fFkZRo fujLr dj fn;k tk;sxkA blds vfrfjDr fdlh vU; izdkj ds vuqfpr lk/ku dk mi;ksx
fd;s tkus ij vH;FkhZ dks iqfyl dks vko';d dk;Zokgh gsrq lkSik tk;sxk vkSj mlds fo:) oS/kkfud
dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA
;fn dksbZ O;fDr fdlh vU; mEehnokj ds LFkku ij ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksrk gS rks og d`R;
ij:i/kkj.k (IMPERSONATION) dh Js.kh esa vk;sxkA ij:i/kkj.k dk d`R; fof/k ds vuqlkj
vijk/k
vijk/k gSA ,sls vijk/k ds fy, vkosnudrkZ ,ao mlds LFkku ij ijh{kk esa cSBusa okyk O;fDr fof/k ds
vuqlkj ltk ;k tqekZuk ,oa nksuksa ls nf.Mr fd;s tk ldsx
a As lkFk gh mEehnokj dk ijh{kk ifj.kke
Hkh fujLr fd;k tk;sxk A
foHkkx }kjk nLrkostksa ds ijh{k.k@lR;kiu o fu;qfDr ds le; dksbZ vkosnd ;k mlds nLrkost
QthZ ;k lafnX/k ik;s tkrs gS]a rks foHkkx }kjk mDr vH;FkhZ dh fu;qfDr fujLr djrs gq, iqfyl Fkkus
esa fjiksVZ ntZ djok dj eaMy dks voxr djk;k tk;sxk] rkfd eaMy Lrj ls lacfa /kr vH;FkhZ dk
ijh{kk ifj.kke fujLr fd;k tk ldsA
2-12

ewY;kadu i)fr %&


oLrqfu"B iz'u dk lgh mRrj vafdr djus ij 1 vad fn;k tk;sxkA xyr mRrj vafdr djus ;k ,d
ls vf/kd mRrj (Multiple marking) vafdr djus ,oa iz'uksa ds mRrj vafdr u djus ds QyLo:i
'kwU; (Zero) vad iznk; fd;k tk;sxkA _.kkRed ewY;kadu ugha fd;k tkosxkA

2-13

=qfViw.kZ iz'u] mldk fujLrhdj.k ,oa cnys esa fn;k x;k vad %&
ijh{kk mijkar eaMy }kjk fo"k; fo'k"kKksa ls iz'ui= ds izR;sd iz'u dk ijh{k.k djk;k tkrk gSA fo"k;
fo'ks"kKksa }kjk fdlh iz'u dks =qfViw.kZ ik, tkus ij ml iz'u dks fujLr dj fn;k tkrk gSA
fuEufyf[kr dkj.kksa ls iz'u fujLr fd, tk ldrs gS %&
1iz'u fu/kkZfjr ikB~;dze ls ckgj dk gksA
2iz'u dh lajpuk xyr gksA
3mRrj ds :i esa fn;s x;s fodYiksa esa ,d ls vf/kd fodYi lgh gksAa
4dksbZ Hkh fodYi lgh u gksA
5;fn iz'u&i= ds fdlh iz'u ds vaxzt
s h ,oa fgUnh vuqokn esa fHkUurk gks ftl dkj.k nksuksa ds
fHkUu&fHkUu vFkZ fudyrs gksa vkSj lgh ,d Hkh mRrj izkIr u gksrk gksA
6dksbZ vU; eqnz.k =qfV gqbZ gks ftlls lgh mRrj izkIr u gks ;k ,d ls vf/kd fodYi lgh gksA
7vU; dksbZ dkj.k] ftls fo"k; fo'ks"kK }kjk mfpr le>k tk;sA

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-11

iz'u i= fo"k; fo'ks"kK lfefr }kjk dh xbZ vuq'kalk vuqlkj ,sls fujLr fd, x, iz'uksa ds
fy, lHkh dks bl iz'u&i= esa muds }kjk vftZr vadksa ds vuqikr esa e.My vad iznku djrk
gSA Hkys gh mlus fujLr fd, x, iz'uksa dks gy fd;k gks ;k ughaA
mnkgj.k Lo:i ;fn fdlh 200 iz'uksa ds iz'u i= esa 2 iz'u fujLr fd, tkrs gSa vkSj
ewY;kadu ds ckn ;fn vH;FkhZ 198 iz'uksa esa 90 vad izkIr djrk gS]a rks mlds vadksa dh x.kuk
fuEukuqlkj gksxh] ftlesa iw.kkZd
a esa ifjorZu ds fy;s 0-5 ;k mlls vf/kd vadksa dks ,d rFkk 05 ls de vadksa dks 'kwU; fxuk tkosxkA
90 x 200
= 90.91 rounded off to 91.00
(200 2)

2-14

uksV %& lHkh x.kuk dks nks n'keyo rd jkmaMvkWQ fd;k tk;sxkA
iz'uiqfLrdk ds iz'uksa ds lac/a k esa vH;kosnu %&
iz'u&iqfLrdk esa fdlh izdkj dh =qfViw.kZ iz'uks@
a mkjksa ds lac/a k esa dsoy ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk viuh
vkifk;k fu/kkZfjr izkQ
s kekZ izk:i &1 esa vko';d vfHkys[k lfgr ijh{kk vk;kstu dh frfFk ds
mijkUr ,d lIrkg ds Hkhrj e.My dk;kZy; esa izLrqr dh tk ldrh gS A
fcUnq ekad 2-13 vuqlkj e.My }kjk iz'u&iqfLrdk esa =qfViw.kZ iz'uksa ds lkFk&lkFk ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ls
izkIr vH;kosnuksa ij fopkj mijkUr ewY;kadu gsrq vafre ^^dh** vkn'kZ mkj rS;kj dh tk;sxh A
vkn'kZ mkjksa ds lac/a k esa e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My }kjk fy;k x;k fu.kZ; vafre o
ca/kudkjh gksxkA

2-15

ijh{kk ifj.kke dk izdk'ku %&


v/;k;&1 ls 2 esa mYysf[kr fu;eksa ds vk/kkj ij e.My }kjk ik=rk ijh{kk esa vgZrk izkIr vH;fFkZ;ksa
dh izkoh.; lwph rS;kj dh tk,xhA ijh{kk ifj.kke e/;izn's k O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My dh osclkbZV
www.vyapam.nic.in ij miyC/k gksxkA ijh{kk ifj.kke ?kksf"kr gksus ds mijkUr e.My dh osclkbZV ij
ijh{kk ifj.kke ds lkFk&lkFk fo"k;okj vkn'kZ mkj Subject wise Model Answers vH;fFkZ;ksa dh
lqfo/kk ds fy;s miyC/k gksaxAs

2-16

2-17

2-18

vad lwph %
ijh{kk ifj.kke ?kksf"kr gksus ds mijkar lHkh vH;fFkZ;ksa dh vadlwph e.My dh osclkbZV
www.vyapam.nic.in ij viyksM dj nh tk;sxhA vH;FkhZ osclkbZV ls MkmuyksM dj vadlwph izkIr
dj ldrs gSAa Mkd ls vadlwph dk iz"s k.k ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk eaMy dk dk;Z izo's k ijh{kk dk lapkyu ,oa mldk ifj.kke ?kksf"kr djuk
ek= gksxk %&
ijh{kk lapkyu ls lacfa /kr lHkh uhfrxr fo"k;ksa dk fu/kkZj.k ,oa fu.kZ; ysus dk vafre vf/kdkj e.My
dk gksxkA e.My vius ikl ijh{kk lapkyu lac/a kh fu;eks@
a izf;kvksa dks la'kksf/kr djus dk vf/kdkj
lqjf{kr j[krk gS ,oa e.My }kjk fd;k x;k dksbZ Hkh ,slk la'kks/ku ca/kudkjh gksxkA vafre :i ls
ijh{kk ifj.kke ?kksf"kr gksus dh fnukad ls N% ekg i'pkr~ ijh{kk ls lacfa /kr vfHkys[k u"V dj fn,
tk;sx
a As
U;kf;d
U;kf;d {ks=kf/kdkj %&
ijh{kk lapkyu lac/a kh fu;eks@
a izf;kvksa ds fof/k lac/a kh fdlh Hkh fookn dh fLFkfr esa {ks=kf/kdkjh
(Jurisdiction) e/;izn's k ds mPp U;k;ky; rd gh lhfer jgsxkA

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-12

izk:i&1

ns[ksa fu;e 2-14

iz'u&iqfLrdk ds iz'uksas ds lac/a k esa vH;kosnu


izekf.kr djrk@djrh gwa fd eSa lafonk 'kkyk f'k{kd Js.kh&1 ik=rk ijh{kk&2011 esa vuqekad -------------------------- ls ijh{kk dsUnz------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ls lfEefyr gqvk@gqbZ gw A esjs }kjk
iz'u&iqfLrdk dksM ---------------------------------- ds lsV ekad-------------------- gy fd;k x;k gS A bl iz'u&i= ds fuEufyf[kr
iz'u mYysf[kr dkj.kksa ls =qfViw.kZ gS%a &
l00

iz'u ekad

=qfV dk fooj.k

lk{; ds :i esa izLrqr


nLrkost dk fooj.k

ly
a Xud
ekad

2mDr =qfV;ksa ls lacfa /kr vfHkys[k bl vH;kosnu ds lkFk layXu izfs "kr gS A d`i;k mDr iz'uksa ds =qfV dk
fujkdj.k djus dk d"V djsa A
vkosnd ds gLrk{kj----------------------------------vkosnd dk uke--------------------------------------ijh{kk dk uke-----------------------------------------vuqekad-------------------------------------------------ijh{kk dsUnz dk uke--------------------------------LFkku --------------------------fnukad --------------------------uksV& ;g izi= dsoy ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk gh Hkjdj fu/kkZfjr le;kof/k rd e.My dk;kZy; esa miyC/k djkus ij fopkj {ks=
esa fy;k tk ldsxk

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-13

v/;k;&3
foLr`r ikB~;dze
iz'ui= Hkkx& v

dqy vad 50

1-

lkekU; ekufld ;ksX;rk & rdZ djuk] lEcU/k ns[kuk] ,ukykth] vkafdd ;ksX;rk] vkdk'kh; lEcU/k vkfn
ds iz'u iwNs tkosx
a ]s ftuesa fo"kerk&lekurk dh igpku] v{kj o vkafdd Js.kh ds iz'u] v{kj] vad rFkk
fp=ksa }kjk lEcU/k ns[kuk] lkadfs rd Hkk"kk] Nqis fp=] oxZ ,oa vad] xf.krh; laf;k;s]a fp=ksa dk feyku] ?ku
lEcU/kh leL;k;s]a isVuZ vkfn ds lEcU/k esa iz'uA

1.

GENERAL MENTAL ABILITY Questions related to Reasoning, Finding relationship, analogies,


numerical ability and spatial relationship etc. For testing these factors the types of will asked and
include odd man out, letter and number series, relationship through letter, numbers and figures,
code language, hidden figures, magic squares, mathematical operations, matching figures, cube
problems and pattern of different kinds etc.

2-

lkekU; psruk o v/;;u & lkekU; psruk@v/;;u ds vUrxZRk lelkekf;d ?kVuk;s]a lkekU; foKku]
Hkkjrh; laLfr] vUrjjk"Vh; ,oa jk"Vh; [ksydwn] e/;izn's k dk bfrgkl] Hkwxksy] jktuhfr] Hkkjrh; lafo/kku]
e/;izn's k dk vkfFkZd o lkekftd fodkl ij vk/kkfjr iz'u iwNs tk;sx
a As

2.

GENERAL AWARENESS This will include questions based on current affairs, international
relationship, general science, Indian culture, national and international sports, history, geography,
and political science of Madhya Pradesh, Indian constitution, economic and social development of
Madhya Pradesh.

3-

'kSf{kd vfHk:fp & 'kSf{kd vfHk#fp lac/a kh iz'u] 'kSf{kd O;olk; esa #fp] vuqdy
w u dh ;ksX;rk] 'kSf{kd
O;olk; lac/a kh lwpukvks]a f'k{kk euksfoKku] f'k{kk laca/kh leL;kvks]a cky euksfoKku vkSj f'k{kd dk d{kkxr
O;ogkj ij vk/kkfjr gksx
a As

3.

TEACHING APTITUDE This will include questions based on teaching aptitude, interest in
teaching profession adaptability, information related to teaching profession, educational psychology,
problems related to education, child psychology and classroom behaviour of a teacher.

4-

fgUnh Hkk"kk
1-

2345675.

O;kogkfjd O;kdj.k ,oa fo"k; oLrq dk cks/k&


k& Loj] O;atu] okD;] laKk] loZuke] fo'ks"k.k] f;k] fojke
fpUg] dky] opu] fyax] rRle o rn~Hko 'kCn] izR;;] milxZ] lekl] laf/k] dkjd] okD; fo'ys"k.k]
okD; ds izdkj] lekukFkhZ] foykse] i;kZ;okph] eqgkojs] yksdksfDr;k] igsfy;k] vyadkj & miek] vuqizkl]
;ed] 'ys"k] vfr';ksfDr] vU;ksfDr] Nan&nksgk] jksyk] lksjBk] pkSikbZ] dqUMfy;k] jl&uo jlksa dk KkuA
fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgklA
ys[kd@dfo ifjp;A
fucU/k ys[kuA
i= ys[kuA
i=&if=dkvksa dh tkudkfj;kA
iBu&cks/k o lkjka'k ys[kuA

ENGLISH
Grammar- Numbers, gender, pronoun, adjectives, verb, adverbs, articles, preposition, conjunction,
active and passive voice, narrations, Tense.

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Vocabulary Opposites, synonyms, homophones, one word substitution, spell check, reading
comprehension.

iz'ui= Hkkx&l
izR;sd fo"k; dk foLr`r ikB~;e Lukrd ds led{k gksxkA

dqy vad 100

1- fgUnh Hkk"kk
v-

fgUnh vk/kkj ikB~;e

fgUnh dh /ofu O;oLFkk vkSj ekud fgUnh









o.kZ & Loj] O;atu] la;qDrk{kj] vuqLokj] vuqukfldA


o.kZekyk] ekudfyfiA
mPpkj.k] orZuh] 'kCn] vFkZ ,oa O;kdj.k ls lacfa /kr v'kqf);k vkSj mudk la'kks/kuA
fgUnh dk 'kCn HkaMkj
rRle] rn~Hko] ns'kt vkSj fons'kh 'kCn
'kCn jpuk &milxZ] izR;;] laf/k] lekl

fgUnh dh okD; jpuk




okD; Hksn %
o jpuk dh n`f"V ls & ljy] feJ vkSj la;qDr okD;A
o vFkZ dh n`f"V ls & fof/kokpd] fu"ks/kokpd] vkKkokpd] iz'uokpd] foLe; okpd]
langs okpd] bPNk okpd] ladsr okpdA
okD; dk :ikarj

fgUnh dh vFkZ O;oLFkk %

c-

 i;kZ;okph] foykse] ,dkFkZd] vusdkFkZd 'kCnA


 vusd ds fy, ,d 'kCnA
 ,d 'kCn ds fofHkUu iz;ksxA
 eqgkojs vkSj yksdksfDr;kA
vifBr x|ka'k] la{ksi.kA
fuca/k vkSj i= ys[kuA
fgUnh ds izeq[k ys[kd vkSj mudh fr;kA
fgUnh ds izeq[k dfo vkSj mudh fr;kA
fgUnh lkfgR;

fgUnh dkO; vkSj mldk fodkl

ohjxkFkk dky] HkfDr dky] jhfr dky] vk/kqfud dky & ukedj.k] ;qx dh lkekftd] jktuhfrd]
lkaLd`frd i`"B Hkwfe izeq[k izo`fRr;k] fofk"V jpukdkj ,oa mudh izfrfuf/k jpuk,A

fgUnh x| vkSj mldk fodkl %





fuca/k] dgkuh] miU;kl] ukVd] ,dkadh ds rRo vkSj fodklA


izeq[k x|dkj vkSj mudh fr;kA

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-15

dkO;kax foospu %

jl] Nan] vyadkj] fcac ,oa izrhd fo/kkuA

fgUnh Hkk"kk vkSj lkfgR;A







Hkk"kk] foHkk"kk] cksyh] jk"VHkk"kk dk ifjp;A


cksyh vkSj Hkk"kk esa varjA
fgUnh Hkk"kk dk fodklA
fgUnh lkfgR; dh fofHkUu fo/kk, vkSj mudh fo'ks"krk,A
iz;kstu ewyd fgUnh & fgUnh vkSj vk/kqfud tulapkj ek/;eA
&&&&&&&0&&&&&&
2. English

A.

Some questions based on use of articles, prepositions, conjunctions, verbs, modals, adverbs,
tenses, finite non finite clauses.

Some questions based on number, gender, pronouns.

Transformation of sentences

active to passive

direct to indirect narration

Some questions based on vocabulary

opposites

synonyms

one word substitution

Some questions on reading comprehension. (The questions will be asked upto graduate level),
Unseen passage.

B.
Fiction:
1.

Jane Austen

- Pride and Prejudice

Charles Dickens - A Tale of two Cities

3.

Indian: Anita Desai- Bye Bye Blackbird

Drama:
1.
Bernard Shaw - Arms and the Man
2.
William Shakespeare - The Tempest
3.
Indian: Rabindranath Tagore- The Poet and Pauper.
Poetry:
1.
P.B. Shelley - Ode to Skylark
2.
Indian: Sarojini Naidu- The Broken Wings
3.
Rabindranath Tagore- Song No. - 1 of The Gitanjali
4.
William wordsworth- The World is too much with us
5.
Robert Frost After Apple picking
6.
Robert Browning - The Last Ride Together

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-16

Prose:
1.
Francis Bacon- Of Studies, Of Friendship
2.
Charles Lamb- Dream Children
3.
Indian: Jawaharlal Nehru- Teenage, Nirad C. Chaudhuri - My Mother
Figures of speech and forms of poetry
A.

figures of speech- simile, metaphor, personification, paradox, irony

B.

forms of poetry-sonnet, ode, lyric, elegy, satire

C.

Indian writing in English

Short Story:
1.

R.K.Narayan- Swami and Friends

2.

Mulk Raj Anand - The Lost Child

&&&&&&0&&&&&&
3- laLr

1-

2-

345-

6-

O;kdj.k
v 'kCn :i &

jke] dfo] Hkkuq] yrk] fir`] unh] o/kw] ekr`] Qy] okfj] vkReu~] A
loZ] rn] ,rn~] ;r~] bne~] vLen~] ;q"en~A
c lekl &
lHkh
l lfU/k &
rhuksa Loj] O;atu] folxZ
n izR;; &
d`r izR;; % DRok] Y;i~] rqequ~] Dr] Drorq] 'kr`] 'kkup~] rO;r~] vuh;j~A
rf)r izR;; % v.k~] <d~] erqi~] br~] ry~] Bd~A
L=h izR;; & Vki~] hiA
b /kkrq:i& izeq[k ikp ydkjksa esAa
d osn] osnkax] iqjk.k] mifu"kn~ dk lkekU; ifjp;A
[k rdZ laxzg ij iz'uA
x jkek;.k ,oa egkHkkjr dk lkekU; ifjp;A
?k euqLe`frA
laLr ds izfrfuf/k :idksa dk ifjp; & Hkkl] dkfynkl] 'kwnd
z ,oa HkoHkwfr dh ukV~; fr;ksa dk
ifjp;kRed KkuA
laLd`r lkfgR; dk bfrgkl & egkdkO;] xhfr dkO;] x|dkO;] pEiw dkO;] dFkk lkfgR;A
dkO; 'kkL=
d vyadkjksa dk lkekU; ifjp; & miek] :id] n`"VkUr] foHkkouk] vFkkZUrjU;kl] mRiz{s kk] ;ed]
vuqizkl] 'ys"k] odzkfs DrA
[k NUnksa dk lkekU; ifjp; & vuq"Vqi~] mitkfr] oa'kLFk] f'k[kfj.kh] ekfyuh] nzqRrfoyfEcr]
eUnkkUrk] 'kknwZy fohfMr] bUnzotzkA
x
jlksa dk lkekU; ifjp;
v "kksM'k laLdkjksa dk ifjp;A
c dkjd ,oa foHkfDr;ksa dk lkekU; ifjp;A

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-17

1-

2-

l fgUnh okD;ksa dk laLr esa vuqokn djukA


&&&&&&0&&&&&&
4- mnwZ
x| ulj dh lHkh fo/kk,a
lokusgh gkykr & fetkZ xkfyc
[kkdk fuxkjh & e'kgwj [kkdk fuxkj
bU'kkbZ;k fuxkjh&firjl
cjokjh] fu;kt Qrsgiwjh]j'khn vgen fln~nhdh cgsfl;r bU'kkba;k fuxkj
fuxkjh
edrwc fuxkjh&
fuxkjh vcqy dyke vktkn]fetkZ xkfyc]vkSj esgnh bQknh cgsfl;r edrwc fuxkj
rUt+k&
s et+kg& ia- jruukFk lj'kkj]'kQhdqjsZgeku
rudhn & cgsfl;r rud+hn fuxkj f'kcyh]vky vgen lw#j vkSj vgrs'kke gqlSu
nkLrku & nkLrku xkS ehj vEeku
Mkek & Mkek fuxkj vkx+k g'j] gchc ruohj
vQlkuk&
vQlkuk vQlkuk fuxkj izes pan]d`".kpUnz] bdcky ethn
i| 'kk;jh

xty & fetkZ xkfyc] Mk- bdcky]ftxj eqjknkcknh] tks'k] et#g lqYrkuiqjh] rkt Hkksikyh] tka fulkj
v[rj

eluoh & ehjglu vkSj n;k'kadj ulhe cgsfl;r eluoh fuxkj

eUtwekr & cgsfl;r ute fuxkj] uthj vdcj vkcknh] c`teksgu pdcLr] Mk- bdcky tks'k eyhgkcknh]
v[rkj my bZeku etkt+ y[kuoh

d+lhnk & tkSd+ nsgyoh] eksgflu dkdksjoh cgsfl;r dlhnk xkS'kk;j

3
4-

ejklh & nchj&vuhl cgsfl;r ejfl;k xkS 'kk;j


lkfgR;dkjksa ,oa 'kk;jksa dk thou ifjp; vkSj mudh lkfgfR;d fo'ks"krk;sa
O;kdj.k
O;kdj.k dok;n& jewts vkSdkQ]gjdkr ldukr]lkcds ykgds] 'kelh vkSj dejh gq#Q rtdhj o rkuhl
r'kchg]bLrvkjk]rtuhls&
a vlukds 'kk;jh
[kqrwr vkSj vthZ uohlh
etewu fuxkjh
&&&&&&0&&&&&&

56-

5- xf.kr
1-

2-

vadxf.kr & la[;k, izkr la[;k,] iw.kZ la[;k,] iw.kkZd


a ] ifjes; o vifjes; la[;k,] okLrfod la[;k,]
lfEeJ la[;k,] ,sfdd fu;e] vkSlr] ykHk&gkfu] ljy C;kt] po`f) C;kt] yackbZ] ot+u] /kkfjrk] le;]
ljy fHkUu] n'keyo fHkUu] izfr'kr] vuqikr&lekuqikr] xq.kt o xq.ku[k.M] y?kqRre lekioR;Z ,oa egRre
lekiorZd] y?kqx.kdA
chtxf.kr & chth; O;atd o muds xq.ku[k.M] ,d o nks pj okys jSf[kd lehdj.k rFkk muds vuqi;
z ksx]
leqPp; o mu ij laf;k,]a vkaf'kd fHkUu] ;qxir lehdj.k] oxkZRed lehdj.k ds fl)kar]

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-18

3-

lkjf.kd ,oa vkO;wg & ifjHkk"kk ,oa izdkj] f=Hkqt dk {ks=Qy Kkr djuk] lkjf.kd dk vuqiz;ksx] vkO;wgksa
ij laf;k, o e fofues; vkfn fu;e] ifjorZ] lg[k.M o izfrykse vkO;wg] jsf[kd lehdj.k dk vkO;wg
}kjk gy] lhesfVDl] LD;w lhesfVDl] esfVz~DlA
4- T;kfefr & dks.k o mlds izdkj] lekarj js[kk,] lekarj js[kkvksa ij fr;Zd js[kk }kjk cuk, x, dks.k] f=Hkqt
& izdkj o xq.k/keZ] f=Hkqtksa dh lokZx
a lerk] prqHkqt
Z & izdkj o xq.k/keZ] o`Rr ds dks.k lac/a kh xq.k/keZ]
lekUrj js[kk,a] f=Hkqt] prqHkqZt o o`Rr ij vk/kkfjr ize;
s ,oa ize;
s ksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'u] T;kferh; vkfr;k]
jpuk, o xq.k/keZA
5- funsZ'kkad T;kfefr & fcUnqvksa ds funsZ'kkad] ljy js[kk] js[kk ;qXe] o`Rr ,oa o`Rr ladk;] 'kadq ifjNsn]
f=foeh; T;kfefr] xksykA
6- vfn'k o lfn'k jkf'k;k & lfn'k ds ifjek.k ,oa fn'kk] fLFkfr lfn'k] f}foeh; ,oa f=foeh; lfn'k] lfn'kksa
ds xq.kuQy ,oa muds xq.k/keZ] cy ;qXe dk vk?kw.kZ] f=foeh; T;kfefr esa lfn'k ds vuqiz;ksx] vlekUrj
vkSj vleryh; nks js[kkvksas ds chp esa U;wure nwjh lfn'k }kjkA
7- {ks=fefr & f=Hkqt o prqHkqt
Z dh ifjeki o {ks=Qy] ?ku] ?kukHk] 'kadq] xksyk] csyu vkfn ds i`"Bh; {ks=Qy
o vk;ruA
8- f=dks.kfefr & f=dks.kferh; Qyu] f=dks.kferh; loZlfedk, o lehdj.k] f=Hkqt ds xq.k o f=Hkqt ds gy]
pkbZ o nwjh] izfrykse f=dks.kferh; Qyu]
9- lkaf[;dh & ek/;] ef/;dk] cgqyd] n.M vkjs[k] ep; & lap;] izkf;drk] ekud fopyu] lglac/a k]
lekJ;.kA
10- lekUrj Js.kh] xq.kksRrj Js.kh] gjkRed Js.kh ,oa fo'ks"k Jsf.k;k] pj ?kkrkadh; o y?kqx.kdh; Js.khA
11- vodyu ,oa lekdyu & Qyu] lhek ,oa lkarR;] vodyu] mRrjksRrj vodyu] vodyu ds vuqiz;ksx]
lekdyu] lekdyu ds ewyHkwr ize;
s ] fuf'pr lekdyu] vody lehdj.kA
12- dsydqyl & ySCuht ize;
s ] eSDykWfju o Vsyj Jsf.k;ksa dk foLrkjA

vifjes; cht xf.krh; Qyuksa dk lekdyu] fjMDlu QkewZyAs

jSf[kd lehdj.k] lehdj.k ftUgsa jSf[kd :Ik esa ifjofrZr fd;k tk ldrk gS] ,DtsDVj vkody lehdj.kA

jSf[kd vody lehdj.k (with constant coefficient) le?kkrh; jSf[kd vody lehdj.k ordinary]
f}rh; vkMZj ds jSf[kd vody lehdj.kA
mPp dyu&
vuqe dh ifjHkk"kk] vuqe dh lhek ij ize;
s ] ifjc) ,oa ,dfn"V vuqe] dks'kh dk vfHklj.k] fud"kZ
v_.kkRed inksa dh Js.kh] rqyuk ijh{k.k] dks'kh dk lekdy ijh{k.k] vuqikr ijh{k.k] jkWcs ijh{k.k]
ykWxfs jFeh;] Mh ekjxu ,oa cVZjM
Sa ds ijh{k.k fcuk izek.k] ,dkUrj Js.kh] ysCuht+ dk ize;
s ] fujis{k ,oa
izfrcaf/kr vfHklj.kA
lkaRkRo ,d pkj] vuqe.kh; lkarRo] larr Qyuksa ds xq.k/keZ] ,d leku lkarR;] vodyuh;rk dk J`[a kyk
fu;e] v/;eku ize;
s ,oamudk T;kehrh; vFkZ] vodyksa ds fy, Mkjcwz dk e/;LFkrk eku ize;
s A
nks pjksa ds Qyuksa dh lhek ,oa lkarRo vkaf'kd vodyu] pjksa dk ifjorZu] le?kkr] Qyuksa ij vk;yj dk
ize;
s ] nks pjksa ds Qyuksa ds fy, Vsyj dk ize;
s ] tsdksfc;uA
,fUoyksi] ,oywVl~ nks pjksa ds Qyuksa dk mfPp"B] fufEu"B ,oa lsM
a y fcUnq] yxzkt
a ] dh xq.kkad fof/k]
vfu/kk;Z :iA
chVk ,oa xkek Qyu] f}'k ,oa f=&lekdy] Mhfj'ysV lekdy] f}'k lekdy ds e dk ifjorZuA
vody lehdj.k&

13

14-

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-19

vody lehdj.kksa dk Js.kh] gy] ?kkr] Js.kh&fof/k] csly] ystM


a j lehdj.k ,oa Qyu ,oa muds xq.k/keZ]
iqujkxeu ,oa tud&lac/a k Qyuksa dh yfEcdrk] LVeZ yqbfoys iz'u] vkbxsu Qyuksa dh yfEcdrk]
vkbxsueku dh okLrfodrkA

ykIykWl :ikUrj.k&ykiykWl :ikUrj.k dh jSf[kdrk] ykIykWl :ikUrj ds vfLrRo ize;


s ] vodyksa ,oa
lekdyksa ds ykIykWl :ikUrj] foLFkkiu ize;
s ] ize;
s :ikUrjksa dk vodyu ,oa lekdyu] izfrykse ykIykWl
Qyu] dUoyw'ku ize;
s ] vpj xq.kkadksa okys vody lehdj.k ij ykIykWl lehdj.k ds vuqiz;ksxA

izFke dksfV ds vkaf'kd vody lehdj.k] ykWxjkat dk gy] dqN fof'k"V izdkj ds lehdj.k ftUgsa ljyrk
ls O;kid fof/k ds vykok fof/k ls gy fd;k tk ldsA pkjfir dh gy dh O;kid fof/kA

f}rh; ,oa mPprj dksfV ds vkaf'kd vody lehdj.k] f}rh; dksfV ds jSf[k; vkaf'kd vody lehdj.kksa
dk oxhZdj.k] vpj xq.kkadksa ds le?kkrh ,oa vle?kkrh lehdj.k] vkaf'kd vody lehdj.k tks vpj
xq.kkadksa okys lehdj.kksa esa ifjorZuh; gSA

fopj.k dk dyu & fLFkj lhekUr okys fopj.kh; iz'u] izFke dksfV vody ,oa ,d Lora= pj dks varfoZ"V
djus okys Qyud ds fy, vk;yj dk lehdj.k] ,DLVheyl mPprj dksfV ds vodyksa ij vk/kfjr
Qyud] ,d ls vf/kd Lora= pj ij vk/kkfjr Qyud] izkpy :i esa fopj.kh; iz'u] :ikUrj.k ds v/khu
vk;yj ds lehdj.k dh vifjorZrkA
vkafdd fof/k;k & fed foHkktu fof/k] vlR; f=T;k fLFkfr fof/k] U;wVu jsiq'ku fof/k] vkaf'kd
lekdyu fof/k] Vkistks,My fu;e] flEilu dk fu;eA
xf.krh; vkxeu ,oa f}in ize;
s A
yhfu;j izkx
s zkfeaxA
cht xf.kr ,oa f=dks.kfefr

15161718

iafDr ,oa LraHk vkO;wgksa dh ,d ?kkrr% Lora=rk ,oa ijra=rk] iafDr LraHk o vkO;wg dh tkfr] iafDr o LraHk
dh tkfr rqY;rk] vkbxsueku] vkbxsu lfn'k o vkO;wg dk vfHkyk{kf.kd lehdj.k] dSys gsfeYVu ize;
s vkSj
vkO;wg dk O;qRe Kkr djus esa mldk mi;ksx

xzqi & mnkgj.k o izxq.k] lc xqzi milewg] ph; lewg] dks lsV Mh dEiksth'ku] ykxzkt
a ize;
s ] QesVZ ~l
,oa ;wylZ ize;
s ] lekdkfjrk ,oa rqY;dkfjrk] ukeZy lc xqzi] dkslVsa xzqiA

lekdkfjrk ds ewYkHkwr izes;] ep; xzqi] le vkSj fo"ke ep;] fjax] lcfjax] baVhxzy Mkseus ,oa QhYM]
fjax ds izxq.kA
19- lfn'k fo'ys"k.k ,oa T;kfefr

rhu lfn'kksa dk lfn'k o vfn'k xq.ku] lfn'kksa ds O;qRe reciprocal] lfn'k vodyu] xzfs M,aV] MkbotsZal
o dyZA

lfn'k lekdyu] xkWl] xzhu o LVksd ds ize;


s A

fn, x, vk/kkj okys 'kadq dk lehdj.k] ledks.kh; 'kadq right


mlds izxq.kA
20- LFkSfrdh

circular cone]

csyu dk lehdj.k vkSj

leryh; cyksa ds lUrqyu dk fo'ys"kkRed izfrcU/k] vkHkklh dk;Z oP;qZvy] jTtqdkA

f=foeh; cy] ikW;ulkaV e/; v{k] 'kwU; js[kk ,oa ry] LFkk;h ,oa vLFkk;h larqyuA
21- xfrdh foKku
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Page-20

f=Tth; ,oa fr;Zx[zs kk fn'kk ds ifjr% osx ,oa Roj.k] Li'khZ; ,oa vfHkyac ds ifjr% osx ,oa Roj.k] ljy
gjfefr xfr] izR;kLFk Mksfj;kaA

lery o vlery rough o ij xfr] izfrjks/kh ek/;e esa xfr] fofHkUu lagfr ds d.kksa dh xfrA

dsUnzh; d{k dsiyj ds xfr fu;e] f=foe fn'kk esa d.kksa dh xfrA
22- okLrfod fo'ys"k.k

jheku lekdyu] larr ,oa ,dfn"V Qyuksa dh lekdyuh;rk] lekdyu ds ewyHkwr ize;
s ] lekdyu ds
fy;s ek/;eku ize;
s A vkaf'kd vodyu rFkk nks pjksa ds okLrfod eku Qyuksa dh vodyuh;rkA LoktZ ,oa
;ax ize;
s ] vLi"V Qyu ize;
s A

fo"ke lekdy ,oa fo"ke lekdy dk vfHklj.k ds fy;s ijh{k.k] rqyuk ijh{k.k] vkcay ijh{k.k] fMj.ys dk
ijh{k.k] Qqykuh lekdy] izkpfyr Qyuksa ds lekdy dh larh;rk] vodyuh;rk ,oa lekdyuh;rkA
Qksfj;j Js.kh] v/kZ ,oa iw.kZ varjky ds fy;sA
23- lfEeJ fo'ys"k.k

fer ;qXe ds :Ik esa lfEeJ la[;k,a] lfEeJ la[;kvksa dh T;kferh; O;k[;k fLVfj;ksxzkfQd iz{ksi lfEeJ
Qyuksa dh larrrk ,oa vodyuh;rk] fo'ys"kd&Qyu] dks'kh&jhekWu lehdj.k] gkjeksfud QyuA ekWfc;l
:ikarj.k] fLFkj fcUnq] fr;Zd vuqikr] O;qe fcUnw rFkk kafrd izfrfp=.k] dkWuQkjey izfr fp=.kA
24- nwfjd lef"V

nwfjd lef"V dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa mnkgj.k] lkehI; fcUnq] var fcUnq] foo`r ,oa lao`Rr leqPp;] laoj.kd ,oa
vH;arj] ifjlhek fcUnw nwfjd lef"V dk mi lfef"V] dkW'kh vuqe] iw.kZrk] dsUVj loZfu"V ize;
s ] dkaVDs 'ku
fl)kUr] okLrfod la[;kvksa dk iw.kZ fer {ks=A l?ku mileqPp;] cs;j dsVxjh ize;
s ] fo?kVh; izFke ,oa
f}rh; x.kuh; lef"VA

larr Qyu] foLrkj ize;


s ,d leku larrkA

lafgrk] vuqe.kh; lafgrk] iw.kZ ifjc) lef"V] ifjfer loZfu"V o xq.k] larr Qyu ,oa lafgrk leqPp;]
lac)rkA
25- vewrZ chtxf.kr

xzqi Lokdkfjrk Lole:irk] vkarj Lokdkfjrk] Lokdkfjrk] xzqi ,oa mudh x.kuk la;qXerk dk lac/a k]
ukeZykbZtj] lsUVhykbtj x.krh; fl)kUr ,oa ifjfer xzqi dk oxZ lehdj.k] dks'kh ,oa lsyks ize;
s ] ifjfer
vkosyh ,oa vuvkosyh lewg ds fy,A

oy; fjax F;ksjh & fjax lekdkfjrk] vkbZfM;y ,oa Hkktu oy; iw.kkZd
a h; Mkses us izkardh HkkT; QhYM]
;qDyhMh;u fjax] cgqin fjax] ifjes; QhYM ij cgqin] efofue; fjax ij cgqin fjax] vf}rh; xq.ku[k.M
Mkseus A

lfn'k lef"V dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa mnkgj.k] milef"V] milef"V;ksa dk ;ksx ,oa ljy ;ksx] jSf[kd foLr`fr
jSf[k; vkfJrrk ,oa Lokra=; ,oa muds ewy xq.k/keZ] vk/kkj] ifjfer foeh; lef"V;kW]a vk/kkjksa ds vfLrRo
ize;
s ] vk/kkj leqPp; esa vo;oksa dh la[;kA vfopj.kh;rk foek] ifjfer foeh; lfn'k lef"V dh milef"V
dh iwjd milef"V dk vfLrRo] milef"V;ksa ds ;ksx dh foek] HkksT; lef"V ,oa mldh foekA

jSf[kd :ikUrj.k ,oa mudk vkO;wg fu:i.k] jSf[kd :ikUrj.kksa dk chtxf.kr] tkfr&'kwU;rk ize;
s A vk/kkj
dk ifjorZu] }Sr lef"V] f}}Sr lef"V ,oa izr rqY;dkfjrk] jSf[kd :ikUrj.k dk chth; lef"V] jSf[kd
:ikUrj.k ds vkbxsu eku ,oa vkbxsu lfn'k] fod.khZdj.k milef"V dk f}&,d?kkrh] f}?kkrh ,oa
gjfef'k;u le?kkrA

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Page-21

vkarj xq.ku lef"V&dks'kh & LoktZ vlfedk] ykfEcd lfn'k] ykfEcd iwjd] izklkekU; ykfEcd leqPp; ,oa
vk/kkj] cslYl dh vlfedk] xzkef"Vd ykfEcdrk izeA
5. MATHEMATICS

1.

Arithmetic- Numbers (natural numbers, whole numbers, integers, rational numbers, rational
numbers, irrational numbers and real numbers, complex numbers), unitary method, average, profit
& loss, simple interest, compound interest, length, mass, capacity, time, simple fractions, decimal,
percentage, ratio & proportion, multiple & factor, lowest common multiple & highest common factor,
logarithm.

2.

Algebra- Algebraic expressions & their factors, linear equations with one & two variables and their
applications, sets & operations on sets, partial fraction, simultaneous equations, quadratic
equations & their principle.

3.

Determinants and Matrices- Definition & types, area of a triangle, application of determinants
operations on matrices and commutative laws etc. transpose, co-adjacent and inverse matrix,
application of matrices for solving linear equations, Symmetric Matrix, Skew Symmetric Matrix.

4.

Geometry- Angle & their types, parallel lines. triangle types & properties, congruency of triangles,
quadrilateral types & properties, parallel lines, theorems on triangle, quadrilateral & circle and
questions based on theorems, geometrical shapes, constructions & properties.

5.

Coordinate Geometry- Coordinates of a point, line, pairs of lines, circle and family of circles, conic
section, three dimensional geometry, sphere.

6.

Scalar and Vector Quantities- Magnitude and direction of vector, position vector, two dimensional &
three dimensional vector, scalar & vector products of vector and their properties, moment of couple,
application of vectors in three dimensional geometry, to find out the distance between two skew
lines

7.

Mansuration- Area & perimeter of triangle & quadrilateral, surface area & volume of cube, cuboids,
cone, sphere, cylinder etc.

8.

Trigonometry - Trigonometrical functions, identities and equations, properties of triangle, solution of


triangles, height and distance, inverse trigonometrical functions.

9.

Statistics- Mean, Median, Mode, Bar Diagram, Standard Diviation, Corelation, Regression,
Permutation and combination, probability.

10.

Arithmetic progression, geometric progression, harmonic progression, special sense, exponential or


logarithmic series.

11.

Differentiation & Integration Function, limit and continuity, differentiation, successive


differentiation, application of derivatives, integration, fundamental theorem on integration, definite
integration differential equation.

12.

Calculus- Leibnitz theorem. Maclaurin and Taylor series expansions. Linear equations and
equations reducible to the linear form. Exact differential equations. Linear differential equations with
constant coefficients. Homogeneous linear ordinary differential equations. Linear differential
equations of second order.

13.

Advanced Calculus-

Definition of a sequence. Theorems on limits of sequences. Bounded and monotonic sequences.


Cauchys convergence criterion. Series of non-negative terms. Comparison tests. Cauchys integral
test. Ratio tests. Raabes, logarithmic, de Morgan and Bertrands tests (without proofs). Alternating
series. Leibnitzs theorem. Absolute and conditional convergence.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-22

Continuity of single variable, Sequential continuity. Properties of continuous functions. Uniform


continuity. Chain rule of differentiability. Mean value theorems and their geometrical interpretations.
Darbouxs intermediate value theorem for derivatives.

Limit and continuity of functions of two variables. Partial differentiation. Change of variables. Eulers
theorem on homogeneous functions. Taylors theorem for functions of two variables. Jacobians.

Envelopes. Evolutes. Maxima, minima and saddle points of functions of two variables. Lagranges
multiplier method. Indeterminate forms.

Beta and Gamma functions. Double and triple integrals. Dirichlets integrals. Change of order of
integration in double integrals.

14.

Differential Equations

Series solutions of differential equations- Power series method, Bessel and Legender equations,
Bessels & Legendres functions and their properties- recurrence and generating relations.
Orthogonality of functions. Sturm-Liouville problem. Orthogonality of eigen-functions. Reality of
eigen-values.

Laplace transformation- Linearity of the Laplace transformation. Existence theorem for Laplace
transforms. Laplace transforms of derivatives and integrals. Shifting theorems. Differentiation and
integration of transforms. Inverse Laplace transforms. Convolution theorem. Application of Laplace
transformation in solving linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

Partial differential equations of first order. Lagranges solution. Some special types of equations,
which can be solved easily by methods other than the general method. Charpits general method of
solution.
Partial differential equations of second & higher orders. Classification of linear partial differential
equations of second order. Homogeneous and non-homogeneous equations with constant
coefficients. Partial differential equation reducible to equations with constant coefficients.

Calculus of Variations Variational problems with fixed boundaries Eulers equation for
functionals containing first order derivative and one independent variable. Extremals. Functionals
dependent on higher order derivatives. Functionals dependent on more `than one independent
variable. Variational problems in parametric form. Invariance of Eulers equation under coordinates
transformation.

15.

Numerical Methods- Successive bisection method, false position method, Newton-Raphson's


method, numerical integration method, Trapezoadial rule, Simpson's rule.

16.

Mathematical induction & binomial theorem.

17.

Linear Programming

18.


Algebra and Trigonometry


Linear independence & dependence of row & column matrices, Row rank, column rank and rank of
a matrix, Equivalence of column and row ranks. Eigen values, eigen vectors and characteristics
equation of a matrix. Cayley Hamilton theorem and its use in finding inverse of a matrix.

Definition of a group with examples and simple properties, Sub groups, Cyclic groups, Coset
decomposition, Lagranges theorem, Fermats and Eulers theorems. Homomorphism and
isomorphism. Normal subgroups. Quotient groups.
The fudamental theorem of homomorphism. Permutation groups. Even and odd permutations,
rings, sub-rings, integral domains and fields. Characteristics of ring.


18.

Vector Analysis and Geometry

Scalar and vector product of three vectors, Reciprocal vectors, Vector differentiation. Gradient,
divergence and curl.

Vector integration. Theorems of Gauss, Green, Stokes.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-23

Equation of cone with given base, Right circular cone, Equation of cylinder and its properties.

19.

Statics

Analytical conditions of equilibrium of Coplanar forces. Virtual work. Catenary.

Force in three dimensions. Poinsots central axis. Null lines and planes. Stable and unstable
equilibrium.

20.

Dynamics

Velocities and accelerations along radial and transverse directions and along tangential and normal
directions. Simple harmonic motion. Elastic strings.

Motion on smooth and rough plane curves. Motion in a resisting medium. Motion of particle of
varying mass.

Central Orbits. Keplers laws of motion. Motion of a particle in three dimensions.

21.

Real Analysis

Riemann integral. Integrability of continuous and monotonic functions. The fundamental theorem of
integral calculus. Mean value theorems of integral calculus. Partial derivation and differentiability of
real-valued functions of two variables. Schwarz and the Youngs theorem. Implicit function theorem.

Improper integrals and their convergence. Comparison tests, Abel's and Dirichlet's tests, Frullani's
integral, integral as a function of parameter, continuity, derivability, Fourier series of half & full
intervals.

22.

Complex Analysis

Complex numbers as ordered pairs. Geometric representation of Complex numbers. Stereographic


projection.

Continuity & differentiability of Complex functions, Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations,


harmonic functions.

Mobius transformations, fixed points, cross ratio, inverse points and critical mapping, Conformal
mapping.

23.

Metric Spaces

Definition and examples of metric spaces. Neighbourhoods. Limit points. Interior points. Open and
closed sets. Closure and interior. Boundary points. Sub-space of a metric space. Cauchy
sequences. Completeness. Cantors intersection theorem. Contraction principle. Real numbers as a
complete ordered field, dense subsets, Baire Category theorem, separable, second countable and
first countable spaces.

Continuous functions, extension theorem, uniform continuity, compactness, sequential


compactness, totally bounded spaces, finite intersection property, continuous functions and
compact sets, connectedness.

24.

Abstract Algebra

Group Automorphisms, inner automorphism. Automorphism groups. Conjugacy relation and


centraliser, normaliser. counting principle and the class equation of a finite group, Cauchy's
theorem and Sylow's theorems for finite abelian groups and non abelian groups.

Ring theory- Ring homomorphism. Ideals and Quotient Rings, field of quotients of an integral
domain, Euclidean rings, polynomial rings, polynomials over the rational field, polynomial rings over
commutative rings, unique factorization domain.

Definition and examples of vector spaces. Subspaces. Sum and direct sum of subspaces. Linear
span. Linear dependence, independence and their basic properties. Basis. Finite dimensional
vector spaces, existence theorem for bases, invariance of the number of elements of a basis set,

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Page-24

dimension, existence of complementary subspace of a finite dimensional vector space, dimension


of sums of subspaces, quotient space and its dimension.


Linear transformations and their representation as matrices, the Algebra of linear transformations,
the rank nullity theorem, change of basis, dual space, bidual space and natural isomorphism,
adjoint of a linear transformation, eigen values and eigen vectors fo a linear transformation,
diagonalisation, bilinear, quadratic and Hermitian forms.

Inner product spaces- Cauchy- Schwarz inequality, orthogonal vectors, orthogonal complements,
orthonormal sets and bases, Bessel's inequality for finite dimensional spaces, Gram-Schmidt
orthogonalization process.

&&&&&0&&&&&
6- HkkSfrd foKku

1-

2-

3-

45-

6-

78-

ekiu & lfn'k ,oa vfn'k jkf'k;k] ekiu ds varjkZ"Vh; ek=d] ewy ,oa O;qRiUu ek=d] yackbZ] {ks=Qy]
vk;ru] nzO;eku] rki o le; vkfn dk ekiuA ofuZ;j dsyhilZ] Lwxt
s ] LQsjksehVj] fojke] ?kM+h] HkkSfrd
rqyk] rkiekihA foek,Wa] foeh; foys"k.k] vuqiz;ksx ,oa lhek,A
xfr ,oa cy & ,d] f} o f=foeh; xfr dk Kku rFkk nSfud thou esa mnkgj.k pky o osx] Roj.k o
eanu] xfr ds lehdj.k] U;wVu ds xfr ds fu;e] laox
s o vkosxA cy ds izdkj] ljy e'khus]a o`Rrh; o
?kw.khZ; xfr] vfHkdsUnz o vidsUnz cy] cy;qXe] cy vk?kw.kZ] tM+Ro dks.kh; osx] dks.kh; laox
s dk vo/kkj.kk]
dks.kh; laox
s laj{k.k dk fu;e ,oa mlds vuqiz;ksx] nksyu o rjax xfr] ljy vkorZ xfr] fLFkfrt o
xfrt tkZ] rjax xfr] MkIyj izHkko] Hkou /ofudh] /ofu dk lapj.kA
dk;Z vkSj tkZ & dk;Z o tkZ esa lac/a k] tkZ ds fofHkUu :Ik] tkZ ds lzksr] tkZ ds :i ifjorZu] tkZ
laj{k.k] nzO;eku&tkZ lerqY;rk] lkSj tkZ dk laxBu] lkSj tkZ dh ;qfDr;k] ukfHkdh; tkZ o mldk
fl)kUr] iou] ty o tSo tkZ] tkZ dh cpr] tkZ uohdj.kh; o vuohdj.kh; lzksrA
"ek & "ek o mlds izHkko] "ek dk lapj.k] "ekxfrdh dk izFke o f}rh; fu;e] dkuksZ p] "ek
batu] iz'khru dk fl)kUrA
izdk'k & izdk'k ds lzksr] izdk'k dk folj.k] lery o xksyh; niZ.k esa izdk'k dk ijkorZu o izfrfcEc
cuuk] xksyh; niZ.kksa ls lacfa /kr 'kCnkoyh] izdk'k dk viorZu] iw.kZ vkarfjd ijkorZu] kafrd dks.k] ySal
}kjk izfrfcEc fuekZ.k] vko/kZu {kerk] izdk'kh; ;a=] ekbksLdksi] VsyhLdksi] ekuo us=] dSejk] n`f"V nks"k o
mudk fuokj.kA izdk'k dk o.kZ fo{ksi.k] o.kZe] o.kZeekih] dks.kh; o.kZ fo{ksi.k] fo{ksi.k foghu fopyu]
fopyu foghu fo{ksi.k] kugksQj js[kk,] izdk'k dk izdh.kZuA izdk'k dh pky dk ekiu o viorZukad ls
lac/a kA fo|qr pqEcdh; nksyu] o.kZe vkSj fofdj.k fo|qr pqEcdh; rjaxksa dk bfrgkl] U;wVu dk df.kdk
fl)kUr] gkbxu dk rjax fl)kUr] izdk'k dk O;frdj.k o /kzqo.kA
pqEcdRo & izkfrd o f=e pqEcd] pqEcdRo dk vk.kfod fl)kUr] pqEcdh; xq.k] dwykWe dk fu;e]
pqEcdh; cy js[kk,] i`Foh dk pqEcd dh Hkkafr O;ogkj] pqEcdRo o fo|qr /kkjk ds e/; lac/a kA pqEcdh; {ks=
dh rhozrk] pqEcdh; vkiw.kZ] pqEcdh; f}/kzqo] pqEcdRoekih] pqEcdh;] ykSg&pqEcdh; o izfr&pqEcdh; inkFkZ]
ikfFkZo pqEcdRoA
fLFkj fo|qr & fo|qr vkos'k] vkos'kksa ds xq.k/keZ] fo|qrn'khZ] vkos'kksa dk izokg] rfM+r pkyd] dwykWe dk
fu;e] vkos'k mRifRr dk bysDVkWfud fl)kUr] vkos'k dk laj{k.kA
/kkjk fo|qr & fo|qr {ks=] foHko] izfrjks/k] ;wt] Hkw&rkj lqj{kk ;qfDr] fo|qr ds [krjs] fo|qr /kkjk vkSj mlds
lzksr] fo|qr cy js[kk,] fo|qr f}/kzqo] fo|qr yDl] xkWl ize;
s ] fo|qr {ks= dh rhozrk] foHko dks izHkkfor
djus okys dkjd] lefoHko i`"B] fo|qr /kkfjrk] la/kkfj=] vkosf'kr pkyd dh tkZ] tkZ dk iqufoZrj.k]
ijkoS|qrkad] oku&Mh&xzkQ tfu= A fo|qr /kkjk dk izokg] fo-ok-cy] foHkokUrj] fof'k"V izfrjks/k] fof'k"V
pkydrk] fdjpkWQ ds fu;e] OghVLVksu lsrq] ehVj lsrq] FkfeZLVj] dkcZu izfrjks/k] foHkoekih] foHko izo.krk]

_________________________________________________________________________________________
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Page-25

9-

10-

11-

12-

13-

lSy dk vkarfjd izfrjks/k] lSyksa dk la;kstuA fo|qr /kkjk ds izHkko & fo|qr /kkjk dk pqEcdh;] jklk;fud
o "eh; izHkkoA
fo|qr pqEcdh; izsj.k & pqEcdh; yDl] QSjkMs ds fu;e] ySt
a dk fu;e] Lo&izsj.k] vU;ksU; izsj.k] izsjdRo]
ysfeax ds nk, gkFk dk fu;e] Hkaoj /kkjk,] fn"V ,oa izR;korhZ /kkjk] vuquknh ifjiFk] fo|qr ?kaVh] Mk;ueks]
fo|qr eksVj] pksd] LVkVZjA
vk/kqfud HkkSfrdh & bysDVku ,oa izkVs kWu] de nkc ij xSlksa esa fo|qr foltZu] dSFkksM fdj.ks]a rkik;fud
mRltZu] izdk'k&vk;fud mRltZu] izdk'k fo|qr lSy] Bksl o v)Zpkyd ;qfDr;k] 'kfDr ykHk] /kkjk ykHk
vkSj izfrjks/k ykHk esa lac/a kA
xq#Rokd"kZ.k & xq#Rokd"kZ.k dk fu;e] lkoZf=d xq#Rokd"kZ.k fu;rkad] xq#Roh; Roj.k] xq#Roh; foHkoA
tM+Roh; ,oa xq#Roh; nzO;eku dh vo/kkj.kk] d{kh; ,oa iyk;u osx] f=e mixzg] rqY;dkyh mixzg] xzgksa
dh xfr lac/a kh dsiyj ds fu;eA vkisf{kdrk ds fl)kUr ds vk/kkj ij nzO;eku ,oa osx esa lac/a kA
inkFkZ ds xq.k /keZ & vUrjk.kfod nwjh ,oa vUrjk.kfod cy] izR;kLFkrk] lq?kV~;rk ,oa Hkaxqjrk] izR;kLFkrk]
izfrcy] fofr] gqd dk fu;e] ;ax ekikad] vk;ru izR;kLFkrk xq.kkad] n`<+rk xq.kkad] vi:i.k] izR;kLFkrk
lhek] izR;kLFkrk Fkdku] izR;kLFkrk mRrj izHkko] xSlksa dh izR;kLFkrk o muds lac/a kA rjy nkc] ikLdy dk
fu;e] Vksfjlsyh dk iz;ksx] ok;qe.Myh; nkc] csjksehVj ls nkc dk ekiu] i`"B tkZ] i`"B rukoA cwna vkSj
cqycqys ds vanj nkc] dsf'kdh; mUu;u }kjk nzo dk i`"B ruko Kkr djukA mRIykodrk] vkfdZfeMht dk
fl)kUrA lkrU;rk lehdj.k] cjukSyh ize;
s o blds vuqi;
z ksx] LVksd dk fu;eA
lapkj ds fl}kUr& Analogue ,oa Digital lapkj dk izkjfEHkd Kku] ekMqys ku] dh vko;drk] ekMqys ku]
vk;ke] vko`fRr rFkk iYl ekMqys ku] fM&ekMqys ku dk izkjfEHkd KkuA MsVk Vkalehku ,oa fjfVoy] QsDl
,oa eksMeA ykbu dE;quhdsku }kjk lapkj] f}ykbu rkj dE;quhdsku] dscY~l] VsyhQksu fyad] vkWfIVdy
dE;quhdsku] vkWfIVdy Qkbcj] vkWfIVdy Qkbcj ds izdkj] vkfIVdy lapkj ,oa mlds ykHkA vkfIVdy
L=ksr] LED, LASER, Diodelaser, Optical Detector, izdkk ekMqys ku ds fl}kUr dk izkjfEHkd KkuA
fuEukafdr fo"k;oLrq Lukrd Lrj dh gksxh &
1. ;kaf=dh & xfr ds fu;e rFkk funsZ'k Qze
s ] dsUnzh; laj{kh cyksa ds vUrxZr xfr] cgqd.k fudk;A
2. nksyu rFkk n`<+ fi.M xfr & n`<+ fi.M dh xfr] ljy vkorhZ nksfy=] ljy vkorhZ nksyuksa dk
v/;kjksi.k] ;qfXer nksyu rFkk voeafnr ,oa iz.kksfnr nksfy=] fo|qr rFkk pqEcdh; rFkk pqEcdh; {ks=ksa
esa vkosf'kr d.kksa dh xfrA
3. inkFkZ ds xq.k & izR;kLFkrk] xfreku rjy dh xfrrjy dh ';kurk] i`"B rukoA
4. fLFkj fo|qr & fo|qr vkos'k] cy rFkk {ks=] xkWl dk fu;e] oS|qr foHko rFkk /kkfjrk] ijkoS|qr ds
LFkwy rFkk lw{e xq.kA
5. fo|qr /kkjk, & LFkk;h rFkk izR;korhZ /kkjk,] LFkSr pqEcdRo] le; ifjorhZ {ks=] fo|qr pqEcdh; rjaxAs
6. xSlksa dk v.kqxfr fl)kUr & vkn'kZ xSl] okLrfod xSl] xSlksa dk nzo.kA
7. "ekxfrdh ds fu;e o "ekxfrdh dk lkaf[;dh; vk/kkjA
8. xSlksa esa vfHkxeu ?kVuk,] Dok.Ve lkaf[;dh esa lae.k rFkk ysljA
9. rjax HkkSfrdh] Hkou /ofudh] T;kferh; izdkf'kdh] izdk'k dk O;frdj.k ,oa Qzu
s y
s foorZu] QzkmugkQj
foorZuA
10. Dok.Ve ;kaf=dh & lkisf{kd vkSj DokaVe ;kaf=dh dk mn~Hko] rjax d.k }Srrk rFkk vfuf'prrk
fl)kUr] Mh&czkXs yh vo/kkj.kk] JksfMatj lehdj.k vkfnA
11. ijek.kq HkkSfrdh & gkbMkt
s u ijek.kq] gkbMkt
s u o.kZe] cksj fl)kUr] Mqvkus vkSj gq.M ds fu;e]
fofHkUu o.kZe vkfnA
12. vkf.od HkkSfrdh & v.kqvksa ds bysDVkfud tkZvksa ds fofo/k Lrj] tkZvksa dk DokaVhdj.k] jeu izHkko]
LisDVksLdksih rduhd vkfnA
13. ukfHkdh; HkkSfrdh & U;wVku rFkk vkosf'kr d.kksa dh nzO; ds lkFk vuqf;k] G-M x.kd] ukfHkdksa dh
ljapuk] ewy d.k] cU/ku tkZ vkfnA

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-26

14. Bksl voLFkk HkkSfrdh & fLVyh; ,oa Xyklh :i] rjy fLVy] Xykl esa :ikUrj.k] lajpuk] ca/ku]

pqEcdRo] "eh; xq.k] cS.M] lajpuk] bysDVkuksa dh xfrA


15. bysDVkWfudh & v)Zpkyd] v)Zpkyd ;qfDr;k] Mk;ksM] Vkfa tLVj] lksyj lsy] fn"Vdj.k] IC, foHko
fuxeu vkfnA Vkfa tLVj ds yk{kf.kd o] lerqY;rk ifjiFk] izkpy] vfHkefr LFkkf;Rork] rkih;
vfLFkjrk {ks= izHkko Vkfa tLVj] izo)Zd] bysDVkWfudh ifjiFkksa esa 'kksj vkfnA
&&&&&0&&&&&
6. PHYSICS
1-

Measurement- Scaler and vector quantities, International units of measurement, fundamental and
derived units, measurement of length, area, volume, mass, temperature and time. Vernier calipers,
screw gauge, spherometer, stopwatch, physical balance, Thermometer, Dimensions, dimensional
analysis, application and limitation.

2-

Motion and Force- One, two and three-dimensional motion, speed and velocity, Acceleration and
retardation, Equations of motion, Newton's laws of motion, Momentum and impulse. Types of
forces, Simple machines, Circular and rotational motion, centripetal and centrifugal force, Couple,
Torque, Inertia, angular velocity, concept of angular momentum Law of conservation of angular
momentum and its application. Oscillatory and wave motion- Simple harmonic motion, Potential and
Kinetic energy, Wave motion, Doppler's effect, Acoustics of buildings, Transmission of sound.

3-

Work and Energy- Relationship between work and energy, Different forms of energy, Sources of
energy, Transformation of energy, Conservation of energy, mass- energy equivalence, Organization
of solar energy, Devices of solar energy, Nuclear energy and its principle, Air, water and bio-mass
energy, Saving energy, Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy.

4-

Heat- Heat and its effects, Transmission of heat, First and second law of the thermodynamics,
Carnot cycle, Heat engine, Principle of refrigeration.

5-

Light- Sources of light, Diffraction of light, Reflection of light in plane and spherical mirrors and
image formation, Terms related to spherical mirrors, Refraction of light, Total internal reflection,
Critical angle, Image formation by lense, Magnifying power, Optical instruments, Microscope,
Telescope, Human eye, Camera, Defects of vision and their correction. Dispersion of light,
spectrum, spectrometer, angular dispersion, Deviation without dispersion, Dispersion without
deviation, Fraunhoffer lines, Scattering of light, Measurement of speed of light and its relationship
with refractive index. Electromagnetic oscillations, spectrum and radiation, History of
electromagnetic waves, Newton's corpuscular theory, Huygen's wave theory, Interference and
polarization of light.

6-

Magnetism- Natural and artificial magnet, Molecular principle of magnet, Properties of magnet,
Coulomb's law, Magnetic lines of forces, Earths behaviour as magnet, Relationshop between
magnetism and electric current. Intensity of magnetic field, magnetic moments, Magnetic dipole,
Magnetometer, Dia-magnetism, Para magnetism and Ferro magnetism. Terrestial magnetism.

7-

Static Electricity- Electric charge, properties of charges, Electroscope, Flow of charges, Lightening
conductor, Coulomb's law, Electronic theory of charge origin, Conservation of charge.

8-

Current Electricity- Electric field, Potential, Resistance, Fuse, Earthing- Safety devices, Hazards of
electricity, Electric current and its sources, Electric lines of force, Electric dipole, Electric flux, Guass
theorem, Intensity of electric field, Factors affecting the potential , Equi- potential surface, Capacity
of conductor, Condenser, Energy of a charged conductor, Redistribution of charges, Dielectric
constant, Van-de-graff generator. Flow of electric current, electromotive force, potential difference,
specific resistance, Kirchhoff's law, Wheatstone's bridge, Post office box, Meter bridge, Thermistor,
carbon resistance, potentiometer, potential gradient, Internal resistance of cell, combination of cell,
Effects of electric current magnetic, chemical and heat effect.

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Page-27

9-

Electro-magentic Induction- Magnetic flux, Faraday's law, Lenz's law, Self-induction, Mutual
induction, Inductance, Fleming's right hand rule, Eddy currents, Direct and alternating current,
Resonant circuit, Electric bell ,Dynamo, Electric motor, choke, Starter.

10-

Modern Physics- Electron and proton, Electric discharge through gases at low pressure, Cathode
rays, Thermo- ionic emission, Photo electric cell, Solid and semi conductor devices, relationship
among power gain, current gain and resistance gain.

11-

Gravitation- Laws of gravitation, Law of universal gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity,


Gravitational potential, concept of inertial and gravitational mass, orbital speed and escape velocity,
Artificial satellite, synchronous satellite, Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Relation between mass
and velocity on basis of relativity.

12-

Properties of Matter- Inter-molecular distance and inter-molecular force, Elasticity, Plasticity and
brittlity, Elastic stress and elastic strain, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, Modulus of
rigidity, shearing, Elastic limit, Elastic fatigue, Elastic after effect, Elasticity of gases and its relation.
Fluid pressure, Pascal's law, Torricelli's experiment, atmospheric pressure, measurement of
pressure by barometer, surface energy, surface tension. Pressure inside a drop and bubble,
capillary action, Detergent and surface tension. Buoyancy, Archimide's principle, Equation of
continuity, Bernoullis theorem and its applications, Stocks law.

13-

Principals of Communication- Elementry idea of analogue anf digital communication, need for
modulation, modulation amplitude, frequency and pulsemodulation, elementary idea of
demodulation , data transmission and retrieval, fax and MODEM, Line Communication two wire
lines, cables, telephone links, optical Communication, optical fibre, types of optical fibre,
Communication through optical fibre and its advantages, optical sources LED, LASER, DIODE
LASER, Optical Detctor, elementary idea of light modulation.

14-

Following content will be graduation level:

15-

Mechanics- Laws of motion and coordinate systems, motion under a central force, multi particle
system.

16-

Oscillations and Rigid Body Motion- Rigid body motion, simple harmonic oscillations, super position
predicate of simple harmonic motions, coupled oscillators and damped and driven oscillator, Motion
of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields.

17-

Properties of matter Elasticity, Kinematics of moving fluids, viscosity, surface tension

18-

Electrostatics- Electric charge, force and field, Gauss's law, Electric potential and capacity macro
and micro properties of dielectrics.

19-

Electric currents- steady and alternation current, Magneto statics, Time varying fields,
Electromagnetic waves.

20-

Kinetic Theory of Gases- Ideal gas, Real gas, Liquefaction of gases. Laws of thermodynamics and
statistical bases of thermodynamics. Transport Phenomena in gases, Transition to quantum
statistics and laser. Wave physics, Acoustics, geometrical optics, Interference of light and fresnnel
diffraction, Fraunhoffer diffraction.

21-

Quantum Mechanics- Relativity and origin of quantum theory, wave-particle duality and uncertainty
principle, De-Boglie's hypotheses Schrdinger's equation, etc.

22-

Atomic Physics- Hydrogen atom, Spectra of hydrogen, Bohr's theory, Duane and Hunt's law,
Different spectra, etc.

23-

Molecular Physics- Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules, quantization of energies,


Raman Effect, spectroscopic techniques.

24-

Nuclear Physics- Interaction of charged particles, and neutrons with matter, G-M counter, structure
of nuclei, Fundamental particles, Binding energy, etc.

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Page-28

25-

Solid State Physics- Crystalline and glassy forms, liquid crystals, Glass transition, structure,
Bonding, Magnetism, Thermal properties, Band structure, Motion of electrons.

26-

Electronics-Semi-conductors, Semi-conductor devices, Diodes, Transistors, solar cell, Rectification,


IC voltage regulation etc. Characteristics of transistors Equivalent circuits, h- parameters, Bias
stability, Thermal runway, Field effect transistors, Amplifiers, Noise in electronic circuits etc.

&&&&&&0&&&&&&
7- tho foKku
1-

2-

3-

4-

5-

dksfkdk rFkk dksfkdk foHkktu %


1- dksfkdk thou dh bdkbZ ds #i esa & [kkst] dksfkdk fl)kUr] izkd
s fs j;kWfVd rFkk ;wdfs j;kWfVd
dksfkdk & jpuk] ,ddksfkdh; rFkk cgqdksfkdh; tho] dksfkdkvksa dh ijklajpuk ikni rFkk tUrq
2- dksfs kdkax& jpuk rFkk dk;Z & ukfHkd] ekbVksdzkfs UM~;k] IykfLVM~l] ,UMksIykfTed jsVhdqye] xksYxh
dk;Z] jkbckslkse] lsUV~h;ksy rFkk jl/kkuhA
3- dksfkdk pdz] dksfkdk foHkktu & ifjHkk"kk] izdkj&,ekbVksfll ekbVksfll] vkSj fevkfll dk foLr`r
Kku rFkk egRo A
ikni dk;Zdh %
ewynkc] ok"iksRltZu izfdz;k] egRo] ok"iksRltZu dh fdz;k dh nj dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] jU/kzksa ds
[kqyus rFkk cUn gksus dh izfdz;k] fcUnqL=ko & ifjHkk"kk rFkk izfdz;k A
izdkk lays"k.k% egRo] i.kZgfje dh jpuk] bysDV~ku ifjogu ra=] QksVksQkWLQksfjysku pdzh; rFkk vpdzh;]
lh3 vkSj lh4 ikS/ks] izdkkh;&olu] izdkk lays"k.k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd A
Iksk"k.k fof/k;ka% Loiks"kh] fo"keiks"kh& e`rksithoh] ijthoh] lgthoh rFkk dhV Hk{kh ikS/ks
'olu% egRo 'olu dh izfdz;k &Xykbdksfyfll] dzCs l&pdz A
fdz.ou % fdz;kfof/k ,oa egRo A
fodj& xq.k] jklk;fud izd`fr] fdz;kfof/k] fdz;kfof/k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdA
foVkfeUl rFkk gkeksZUl A
ikni vkdkfjdh &
tM+] ruk rFkk iRrh dh jpuk] dk;Z vkSj #ikUrj.k A
iq"Ik rFkk iq"idze & jpuk] dk;Z rFkk izdkj A
Qy rFkk cht & izdkj]fodhj.k] cht dk vadqj.k] izdkj rFkk vko;d ifjfLFkfr;ka
Ikkni mrd& jpuk izdkj rFkk fLFkfr ,oa dk;ksZ dk v/;;u A
,d chti=h rFkk f}chti=h ikS/kksa esa tM+] ruk vkSj iRrh dh vkarfjd jpuk rFkk tM+ vkSj rus esa f}rh;d
o`f) dk v/;;u A
tUrq vkdkfjdh &
1- dsp
a qvk] dkdjksp rFkk pwgk dh ckg~; vkdkfjdh dk v/;;u A
2- tUrq rd & izdkj] jpuk] fLFkfr rFkk dk;ksZ dk v/;;u A
tUrq dk;Zdh &
1- iks"k.k % iks"k.k dh vko;drk] tUrqvksa esa isk"k.k fof/k;kW A Hkkst
s u & Hkkstu ds vo;o] dk;Z] L=ksr
laf{kIr fooj.kA euq"; ds ikpu ra= dk v/;;u & vUrxZzg.k] ikpu] vokks"k.k] Lokaxhdj.k rFkk

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-29

6-

7-

8-

9-

cfg%{ksi.kA ikpu ds gkjeksUl rFkk foVkfeu dh HkwfedkA dqiks"k.k] vYiiks"k.k rFkk iks"k.k lac/a kh
vfu;ferrk,A
2- tUrqvksa esa xssSlh; vknku iznku% dspqvk] dkdjksp rFkk euq"; Eksa 'olu vax] olu izfd;k dk v/;;u]
lkal ysuk vksSj mldk fu;eu] jDr esa xsSsalks dk ifjogu] 'olu lac/a kh lkekU; fodkj] izk.kk;ke
mipkj dh fof/k ds #i esAa
3- 'kjhj ds nzoksa dk ifjlapj.k% [kqyk rFkk can ifjlapj.k ra=] dkdjksp rFkk euq"; esa ifjlapj.k ra= dk
v/;;u] euq"; ds gzn; dh jpuk rFkk ifIiax fd;k] gzn; xfr vksSaj /kMdu g~n; xfr dh y;rk]
yfldk ra=%& yfldk rFkk mldk ifjoguA ifjlapj.k ra= lac/a kh vfu;ferk,a ,ao jksx gkbijVsUku
,Utkbuk] jDr lewg dh igpku rFkk b-lh-th-] islesdj midj.k dk Kku]jDr nkc midj.kA
4- ukbVkstuh oT;Z iznkFkks dk mRltZUk% euq"; esa ew= fuek.kZ dh izfd;k o`Dd dh vfdz;kkhyrk]
Mk,fyfll] o`Dd jksi.k euq"; ds mRltZu ra= esa ;d`r dh HkfedkA
5- ra=dh; leUo;% euq"; ds efLr"d rFkk es#jTtw dh jpuk ,oa dk;ZA rf=dk vkosx dk laogu]
izfrorhZ fd;k dh fd;kfof/kA raf=dk ra= lac/a kh fodkj%raf=dk leUo; esa /;ku ;ksx dh HkwfedkA
6- euq"; ds laons kax% us=] d.kZ] ukd] thHk rFkk Ropk dh jpuk] dk;Z rFkk fodkjA
7- EkUkq"; esa vUrL=kOkh Xkzfa Fk;k% 'kjhj esa fLFkfr] L=kfor gkjeksUa l rFkk muds dk;Z] gkjeksu] vlarqyu rFkk
muls mRiu jksx]izfrj{kk ra= Euq"; esa izfrj{kk ra= dk v/;;uA izfrj{kkRed ra= dh vfu;ferrkA
vkuqokafkdh&
1- thou dh fujarjrk] vkuqokafkdh] fofHkUurk] esM
a y ds vkuqokafkdh ds fu;e] vkuqokafkdh dk xq.klw=h;
vk/kkjA
2- xq.klw= & thok.kq xq.klw=&jpuk rFkk dk;ZA ;wdfsS j;ksfVd xq.klw=&jpuk rFkk dk;ZA thu rFkk
xq.klw= esa lekurkA fyadt
s ] dzkflaxvksoj] iqu%la;kstu] fyaxxq.klw=] nSfgd xq.klw=] fyax fu/kkZj.k]
fyax lgyXurkA
3- ekuo vkuqokafkdh & Mh0,u0,0]vkuqokafkd inkFkZ ds :i esa jpuk rFkk f}xq.ku]vkj0,u0,0 dh jpuk
rFkk izkVs hu lays"k.k esa bldh HkwfedkA
4- thu fu;eu& dSUlj thUl]thu cSd
a ]Mh0,u0,0&fQaxj fizfa Vax]thuksfeDl] fu;e rFkk vuqiz;ksxA
thou dh fofo/krk&
1- fo"kk.kq rFkk thok.kq dh jpuk rFkk egRo
2- Likbjksxkbjk]E;wdj dh ckg~; vkdfjdh rFkk thou pdz dk izkjafHkd KkuA
ikfjfLFkfrdh ,oa i;kZoj.k
1- tho vkSj mldk i;kZoj.k & i;kZoj.k dk laxBu dkjd% ok;q] e`nk] izdkk] rki] lgukhyrk dh
lhek] ikfjfLFkfrdh vuqdy
w uA
2- ikfjfLFkfrdh ra= % jpuk rFkk dk;Z] mRikndrk] tkZ izokg] ikfjfLFkfrd n{krk] fo?kVu] iks"kd
inkFkksZa dk pdzhdj.k rFkk izeq[k tSfod leqnk;ksa dk v/;;u] e/;izns k ds foks"k lanHkZ esAa >hy]ou
rFkk eSnku e:LFky dk ikfjfLFkfrd ra= ds :i esa v/;;uA
3- okrkoj.kh; izn"w k.k% fofHkUu izdkj ds izn"w k.kksa dk tSo leqnk; ij izHkko] mUgsa nwj djus ds ldkjkRed
iz;klA
thofoKku vkSj ekuo dY;k.k&
tula[;k vkSj i;kZoj.k fodkl%& tula[;k] o`f)dkjd] fu;a=.k ds o;fDrxr] lkekftd rFkk jk"Vh;
iz;klA tula[;k dk izd`fr ij izHkkoA tUenj] e`R;qnj] behxzs ku] ,ehxzs ku] fyax rFkk vk;q vuqikr dk
tula[;k o`f) esa v/;;uA

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-30

fdkksjkoLFkk dh lkekU; leL;k;s&


a iztuu LokLF;] fk{kk] [kku&iku dh vknrksa rFkk eknd inkFkksZa ds
lsou ds nq"ifj.kke] uSfrd ewY; ,oa thou dkSkyA
ekufld rFkk O;lu lac/a kh jksx& izkjafHkd Kku];ksx&mipkj ds fy;s ;ksx dk v/;;uA
10- thofoKku esa LokLF; dh vk/kqfud vo/kkj.kk rFkk ekuotkfr esa lq/kkj% Vhdkdj.k dh vk/kqfud rduhdksa dk
KkuA ,M~l];kSu jksx rFkk dSalj jksx dk vk/kqfud rduhd }kjk mipkjA
7. BIOLOGY
1:

Cell and Cell Division:


Cell as a unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Unicellular and multi cellular
Organism. Ultra structure of cell (plant and animal).
Cell organelles- Structure and functions:Nucleus, Mitochondria, Plastids, Endoplasmic reticulum,
Golgibody, Ribosomes, Lysosomes, Centriole..
Cell Division: Definition, types, various stages and significance of Amoitosis, Mitosis and Meiosis.

2.

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY:
Root pressure, Transpiration-mechanism, Importance of Transpiration, Factors affecting the Rate of
Transpiration and measuring equipments. Mechanism of opening and closing of Stomata
(potassium ion theory).Guttation- Definition and Mechanism.
Photosynthesis: Importance, site of action (functional aspect of Chlorophyll and its structure).
Photochemical and Biochemical reactions. Electron transport system. Photophosphorylation (Cyclic
and Non-cyclic), C3 and C4 plants. Photorespiration: Factors affecting the rate of photorespiration,
factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis.
Methods of Nutrition: Autotrophic,
Insectivorous plants, chemosynthesis.

Heterotrophic,

Saprophytic,

Parasitic,

Simbiosis

and

Respiration: Importance, Mechanism of respiration-Glycolysis, Krebs cycle.


Fermentation: mechanism and importance.
Enzyme: Properties, chemical nature and mechanism, Factors affecting the mechanism,
Significance of Vitamins and Hormones.
3.

Multicellularity-plants
Plant Morphology: root, stem and leaf structure, function and modifications.
Flower and Inflorescences: structure, function and types.
Fruit and Seed: types and dispersal, seed-germination-types and necessary conditions.
Plant tissues: Structure, Kinds, Location and function of various types of tissues.

4.

Muticellularity-animals
Morphology of animals: External morphology of earthworm, cockroach and rat.
Animal tissues: structure, Kinds, locations and functions of various types of animal tissues.

5.

Muticellularity-animal physiology
Nutrition: Importance of nutrition, mode of nutrition in animals, food-components of food, functions,
sources (in brief). Study the digestive system of human ingestion, digestion, absorption,
assimilation and egestion. Role of Hormones and enzymes in digestion. Malnutrition, under
nurishment and nutritional disorder.
Gaseous exchanges in animals: Respiratory rgans of Earthworm, Cockroach and Human and its
mechanism. Breathing and its regulation-transport of gases by blood. common respiratory disorderPranayam of prevention and cure.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

Page-31

Circulation of body fluid: open and close circulatory systems, study of blood circulatory system in
cockroach and Human. Structure of human heart and its pumping action. Heart pulpation and beat.
Rythemicity of heart. Lymphatic System: lymph and its circulation related disorder of circulatory
system, hypertension, angina, identification opf blood groups, ECG study of pace macker.
Excretion of nitrogenous waste product: Mechanism of urine formation in Human. Chemical
constituents of urine. role of Kidney in osmoregulation. Kidney failure and dialysis, Kidney
Transplantation. Role of liver in human excretion.
Nervous co-ordination: Structure and function of Brain and
mechanism, disorders of nervous system.

Spinal cord, reflex action and its

Sense organs of humans: structure and function and disorder of Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue and Skin.
6.

Genetics
Continuity of life: Herdiey & Variations, Mendels laws of Inheritance - chromosal basis of
inheritance.
Chromosomes: structure and function of Bacterial chromosome. Eukaryotic chromosome-structure
and function. Genome, Linkage, Crossing over, Gene mapping, Recombination, Sex chromosome,
Sex determination, Sex linkage.
Human genetics: DNA as genetic material-Its structure and DNA replication, duplication structure of
RNA and its role in protein synthesis, Gene expression.
Gene regulation: Cancer gene, cloning, gene bank, DNA finger priniting, genomics, Principles and
application.

7.

Diversity of Life
Various kinds of organisms, necessity of classification: Virus and Bacteria (monera),its place and
significance in living world.
Morphology and life cycle of Spirogyra, Mucor. (Elementary Knowledge)

8.

Ecology and environment


Organisms and its environment: Composition of environment. Factors-Air, water, soil, light,
temperature, Range of tolerance. Ecological adaptations.
Ecosystems: structure and functions, Productivity, Energy flow, Ecological efficiencies,
Decomposition and nutrient cycling. Study of major Biotic communities Lake-forest, grassland,
deserts (with reference to the state ecological point of view).
Environmental pollution:
eradicate pollution.

9.

Effect of different pollutants on biotic community and positive aspect to

Biology and human welfare:


Development of population and environment: Factors of population growth, effects of populationBirth rate, Death rate, Immigration, Amigration. Study of population in relation to sex and age ratio.
Common problems of adolescence: Elementary knowledge about sex health education.
Mental and addiction related diseases: Use of drugs, role of yoga.

10.

Modern concept of health in Biology and improvement in Human race: Knowledge of modern
techniques of Vaccination, treatment with modern techniques of AIDS, STD and Cancer immune
disorder, Cancer diseases (types, diagnosis, reasons and treatment)

&&&&&0&&&&&

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Page-32

8- jlk;u 'kkL=
v HkkSfrd jlk;u
1- izkjafHkd DokUVe ;kaf=dh % f".kdk fofdj.k] Iykad dk fofdj.k fu;e] izdk'k oS|qr izHkko] cksj dk
gkbMkt
s u ijek.kq ekWMy] dkWEiVu izHkkoA
2- vk.kfod d{kd fl)kUr & izeq[k vo/kkj.kk,] vk.kfod d{kd fuekZ.k] LCAO }kjk vk.kfod d{kd fuekZ.k]
rjax Qyu }kjk tkZ Lrjksa dh x.kuk] vkca/ku rFkk izfr vkca/ku rjax Qyuksa dk HkkSfrd fp=.k] flXek ,oa
ikbZ vkca/kh vkSj izfrvkca/kh d{kdksa dh vo/kkj.k] ladj.k] izdkj] sp, sp2, sp3 ladj.k dh fo'ks"krk,A
gkbMkt
s u ds la;kstu ca/k ekWMy dk izkjafHkd ifjp;A
3- jeu LiSDVe % /kqzo.kh;rk dh vo/kkj.kk] f}ijek.koh; v.kqvksa ds fy, fo'kq) ?kw.kZu ,oa fo'kq) daiu jeu
LiSDVl] oj.k fu;e] bysDVkWfud LiSDVe& vkca/ku ,oa izfrca/ku vk.kfod y{kdksa gsrq fLFkfrt tkZ oksa
dh vo/kkj.kk] oj.k fu;eksa dk xq.kkRed fooj.k rFkk Qzd
sa dks.Mu fl)kUrA flXek] rFkk d{kdksa vk.kfod
dk xq.kkRed fooj.k] muds tkZ Lrj rFkk rRlac/a kh lae.kA
4- izdk'k jlk;u & inkFkZ rFkk fofdj.kksa dh ikjLifjd lac)
a ] "eh; rFkk izdk'k jklk;fud f;kfof/k esa
varj] izdk'k jlk;u ds fu;e % xzkFs kl Mis j fu;e] LVkdZ&vkbUlVhu fu;e] mRrsftr voLFkkvk esa gksus
okyh fofHkUu izfof/k;ksa dks n'kkZrs gq, tsoy
s ksUldh vkjs[k] LQqjnhfIr] QkWLQksjnhfIr vfofdj.kh; f;kfof/k;k
vUrjifjorZu] varjfudk; ykW/ku kflax] Dok.Ve d{kd] izdk'klqxzkgh vfHkf;k, vkSj tkZ LFkkukarj.k
f;kfof/k;k ljy mnkgj.kA
5- HkkSfrd xq.k rFkk vk.kfod lajpuk % izdkf'k; lfdz;rk] /kzqo.k DykWfl;l&ekslksVh lehdj.k] fo|qr {ks= esa
f}/kqzoh; vfHkfoU;kl] f}/kzqoh; vk?kw.kZ] izfs jr f}/kzqoh; vk?kw.kZ] viorZu fof/k rFkk rki fof/k }kjk f}/kzqoh;
vk?kw.kZ dk ekiuA f}/kqzo vk?kw.kZ rFkk v.kqvksa dh lajpuk] pqEcdh; xq.k&ijkpqEcdh;] vuqpqEcdh; rFkk ykSg
pqEcdrRoA
6- foy;u& ruq foy;u] v.kql[a ; xq.k/keZ] vkn'kZ rFkk vukn'kZ foy;u] foy;uksa dh lkanzrk dks O;Dr djus
dh fof/k;k] lf;rk ,oa lf;rk xq.kkad A] jkmYV dk fu;e] ok"Ik nkc dk vkisf{kd voueu] v.kqHkkj
fu/kkZj.k] ijklj.k] ijklj.k nkc fu;e rFkk bldk ekiu] ijklj.k nkc }kjk v.kqHkkj fu/kkZj.k] DoFkukad esa
mUu;u rFkk fgekad eas voueu] v.kqHkkj rFkk DoFkukad mUu;u vkSj fgekad esa voueu esa lac/a k dh
"ekxfrdh; O;qRifRrA fofHkUu v.kql[a ; xq.k/keksZa dk iz;ksxkRed fof/k;ksa }kjk fu/kkZj.kA vlkekU; v.kqHkkj
okys foys; dk fo;kstuA
c vdkcZfud jlk;u
1- vEy vkSj {kkjd & vEyksa ,oa {kkjdksa dk dBksj ,oa e`nq ds :i esa oxhZdj.kA ih;lZu dh HSAB(Hard and
Soft Acid and Bases) vo/kkj.kkA vEy ,oa {kkj izcyrk] dBksjrk ,oa e`nqrkA lgthforkfleck;ksfll
lS)kfUrd vk/kkj vkSj dBksjrk ,oa e`nqrk] fo|qr _.kkRedrk] dBksjrk vkSj e`nqrkA
2- lae.k /kkrq ladqyksa esa /kkrq fyxs.M ca/k & la;kstdrk ca/k fl)kUr dh lhek;s]a fLVy {ks= fl)kUr dk
izkjafHkd Kku] v"VQydh;] prq"Qydh; ,oa oxZ leryh; ladqyksa esa fLVy {ks= izdh.kZufLIyhfVax]
fLVy {ks= ekid isjkehVj dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdA
3- /kkrq ladqyksa dh "ekxfrdh ,oa cyxfrdh vo/kkj.kk &/kkrq ladqyksa dh "ekxfrdh LFkkf;Ro dh laf{kIr
:ijs[kk ,oa LFkkf;Ro dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdA oxZ leryh; ladqyksa esa izfrLFkkiu f;k;sAa
4- lae.k /kkrq ladqyksa ds pqEcdh; xq.k % pqEcdh; O;ogkj ds izdkj] pqEcdh; lqxkzfgrk dh ekiu fof/k;kaA
5- lae.k /kkrq ladqyksa ds bysDVWkfud LisDVk % bysDVkfud lae.k ds izdkj] d-d lae.k ds fy;s p;u
fu;e] LisDVksLdksfid ewy voLFkk;s]a jklk;fud o.kZe Js.kh] d1 rFkk d9 voLFkkvksa ds fy;s vkxsZy tkZ
Lrj fp=] [Ti(H2O)6]3+ ladqy vk;u ds bysDVkfud o.kZe dk foospuA
_________________________________________________________________________________________
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Page-33

6-

tSo vdkcZfud jlk;u % tSfod izf;kvksa esa vfuok;Z ,oa lw{e rRo] gheksXyksfcu ,oa ek;ksXyksfcu dk
vk/kkjHkwr Kku] {kkj /kkrq ,oa {kkjh; e`nk /kkrq vk;uksa dk tSfod egRo fo'ks"kdj Ca+2 ds lanHkZ esa ,
ukbVkt
s u fLFkjhdj.kA
l dkcZfud jlk;u
1- dkcZ&/kkfRod ;kSfxd& xzhU;kj vfHkdeZd] fuekZ.k] lajpuk ,oa jklk;fud vfHkf;k,
dkcZftad ;kSfxd % fuekZ.k ,oa jklk;fud vfHkf;k,A dkcZfyfFk;e ;kSfxd %fuekZ.k ,oa jklk;fud
vfHkf;k,A dkcZlYQj ;kSfxd % Fkk;ksy] Fkk;ksbZFkj] lYQksfud vEy] lYQksues kbM ,oa lYQkXokfuMhu ds
cukus dh fof/k;k]jklk;fud xq.k]ukedj.k ,oa lajpukRed y{k.kA
2- la'ysf"kr cgqyd % ;ksxkRed vFkok Ja[kyk o`f) cgqyhdj.k] eqDr ewyd vkSj vk;fud okbfuy cgqyhdj.k]
thxyj&ukVk cgqyhdj.k ,oa okbfuy cgqyd] la?kuu vFkok ino`f) cgqyhdj.k] ikWyh,LVj] ikWyh,ekbM]
QhukWy QkesZfYMgkbM jsftu] ;wfj;k QkeZfYMgkbM jsftu] ,ikWDlh jsftu ,oa ikWyh;wfjFksu] izkfrd ,oa
la'ysf"kr jcjA
3- fo"keph; ;kSfxd %ifjp;] ikbjksy] ;wjku] Fkk;ksQhu ,oa fifjMhu ds vkf.od d{kd]ifjn`';],jksefs Vd
vfHky{k.k ,oa la'ys"k.k dh fof/k;k fo'ks"kr% bysDVkuLusgh izfrLFkkiubysDVkfs Qfyd lCllVhV~;'w ku ds
lanHkZ esAa fifjMhu] fiijhMhu ,oa ikbjksy dh HkkfLedrk dh rqyukA fijhMhu O;qRiUuksa esa U;wfDy;ksfQfyd
izfrLFkkiu fdz;k,A
ikp ,oa N% lnL;h la?kfur fo"keph; ;kSfxdksa dk ifjp;A bUMksy] fDouksyhu ,oa vkblks fDouksyhu ds
cukus dh fof/k;k] jklk;fud xq.k ]fQ'kj bUMksy la'ys"k.k] Lki la'ys"k.k ,oa fc'yj usfivjkYldh
la'ys"k.k ds fof'k"V lanHkZ esa bUMksy] fDouksyhu ,oa vkblks fDouksyhu esa bysDVkuLusgh izfrLFkkiu dh
fdz;kfof/kA
4- dkcksZgkbMVs & oxhZdj.k ,oa ukedj.k] eksukslSdsjkbM] vkslktksu cukus dh f;kfof/k] Xywdksl rFkk zDVksl
dk varj:ikarj.k] ,sYMkslksa esa Ja[kyk vkjksg.k vkSj Ja[kyk vojksg.k] eksuks lsdsjkbMksa dk vfHkfoU;kl]
Xyqdksl dk eSuksl esa :ikarj.kA XykbdkslkbM] bZFkj ,oa ,LVjksa ds cukus dh fof/k;kA D + Xywdksl dh
ph; lajpuk] E;wVkjksV's ku dh f;kfof/k] fjcksl ,oa MhvkWDlh fjcksl dh lajpuk] Mk;lSdsjkbM ekYVksl]
L;wksl ,oa ySDVksl ,oa ikWyhlSdsjkbM LVkpZ ,oa lsyqyksl dk ifjp;kRed v/;;u lajpuk fu/kkZj.k
NksMd
+ jA
5- olk] rsy ,oa viektZd % izkfrd olk] d [kk| ,oa vkS|ksfxd rsy dk mn~Hko] lkekU; olh; vEy]
fXyljkbM] vlar`Ir rsyksa dk gkbMkt
s uhd.k] lkcquhdj.k eku] vk;ksMhu eku] vEy eku] lkcqu] la'ysf"kr
viektZd] ,sfYdy ,oa ,sfjy lYQksuVs A
6- ,sehuks vEy] isIVkbM] izkVs hu ,oa U;wfDybd vEy % ,sehuks vEy dk oxhZdj.k lajpuk ,oa f=foe jlk;u]
vEy&{kkjd O;ogkj] lefoHko fcUnq ,oa oS|qrd.klapyu] vYQk &,ehuks] vEy ds cukus dh fof/k;k ,oa
vfHkf;k,A izkVs hu dk oxhZdj.k] isIVkbM lajpuk dk fu/kkZj.k lewg fo'ys"k.k] isIVkbM dk oj.kkRed ty
vi?kVu Dykfldy vkSj Bksl izkoLFkk isIVkbM la'ys"k.k]] isIVkbM ,oa izkVs hu dh lajpuk] izkVs hu lajpuk ds
Lrj] izkVs hu fofrdj.kA
7- U;wfDyd vEy&ifjp;] U;wfDyd vEy dk la?kVu] jkbcksU;wfDy;kslkbM ,oa jkbcksU;wfDy;ksVkbM] DNA dh
f}dqM
a fyuh lajpukA
8- la'ysf"kr jatd % jax ,oa la?kVu bysDVWkfud vo/kkj.kk] jatdksa dk oxhZdj.k] esfFky] vkWjt
sa ] dkxks jsM]
esykdkbV xzhu] fLVy ok;ysV] QhuksQFksfyu] ,syhtsfju ,oa baMhxks dk la'ys"k.k A
&&&&&&0&&&&&&

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Page-34

8. CHEMISTRY
(A)

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

1.

Elementary Quantum Mechanics: Blackbody radiation, Plank's radiation law. photoelectric effect,
heat capacity of solids, Bohr's model of hydrogen atom (no derivation) and its defects. Compton
Effect.

2.

Molecular orbital theory- basic ideas-criteria for forming M.O. from A.O., construction of M.O.'s by
LCAO-H2+ + ion, calculation of energy levels from wave functions, physical picture of bonding and
antibonding wave functions, concept of , *, , * orbitals and their characteristics. Hybrid orbitals
sp, sp2, sp3, calculation of coefficients of A.O.'s used in these hybrid orbitals. Introduction to
valence bond model of H2 .

3.

Roman spectrum: Concpet of polarizability, pure rotational and pure vibrational Raman spectra of
diatomic molecules, selection rules. Electronic Spectrum- Concept of potential energy curves for
bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals, qualitative description of selection rules and FranckCondon principle.Qualitative description of , and n M.O.their energy levels and the respective
transitions.

4.

Photo Chemistry: Interaction of radiation with matter, difference between thermal and
photochemical processes. Laws of photochemistry : Grothus-Draper law, Stark-Einstein law,
Jablonski diagram depicting various processes occurring in the excited state, qualitative description
of fluorescence, phosphorescence, non-radiative processes (internal conversion, intersystem
crossing), quantum yield. Photosensitized reactions energy transfer processes (simple examples).

5.

Physical Properties and Molecular Structure: Optical activity, polarization- (Clausius-Mossoti


equation), orientation of dipoles in an electric field, dipole moment induced dipole moment,
Measurement of dipole moment, temperature method and refractivity method, dipole moment and
structure of molecules, magnetic properties paramagnetism, diamagnetism and ferromagnetics.

6.

Solutions- Dilute solutions, colligative properties, ideal and non-ideal solution, methods of
expressing concentrations of solutions, activity and activity coefficient, dilute solution, colligetive
properties. Raoult's law, relative lowering of vapour pressure, molecular weight determination.
Osmosis, law of osmatic pressure and its measurement, determination of molecular weight from
osmatic pressure. Elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point. Thremodynamic
derivation of relation between molecular weight and elevation in boiling point and depression in
freezing point. Experimental methods for determining various colligative properties, Dissociation of
solute having abnormal molecular weight.

(B)

IN-ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

1.

Acids and Bases : Classification of acids and bases as hard and soft. Pearson's HSAB concept.
acid-base strength and hardness and softness. Symbiosis, theoretical basis & hardness and
softness, electronegativity and hardness and softness.

2.

Metal-ligand bonding in Transition Metal Complexes: Limitations of Valence bond theory. An


elementary idea of crystal-field theory. crystal field splitting in octahedral, tetrahedral and square
planar complexes, factors affecting the crystalfield parameters.

3.

Theromodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Metal Complexes: A brief outline of thermodynamic


stability of metal complexes and factors affecting the stability substitution reactions of square planar
complexes.

4.

Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Complexes: Types of magnetic behaviour, methods of


determining magnetic susceptibility.

5.

Electron Spectra of Transition Metal Complexes: Types of electronic transitions, selection rules for
d-d transitions, spectroscopic ground states, spectrochemical series. Orgel-energy level diagram for
d' and d9 states, discussion of the electronic spectrum of [Ti(H2O)6]3+ complex ion.

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Page-35

6.

Bioinorganic Chemistry: Essential and trace elements in biological processes, haemoglobin and
myoglobin. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special reference to Ca+2,
Nitrogen fixation.

(C)

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

1.

Organometallic Compounds: The Grignard reagents formation, structure and chemical


reactions.Organozinc compounds: Formation and chemical reactions. Organolithium compounds:
Formation and chemical reactions.Organo-sulphur Compounds: Nomenclature, structural feature,
methods of formation and chemical reactions of thiols, thioethers, sulphonic acids, sulphonamides
and sulphaguanidine.

2.

Synthetic Polymers: Addition or chain-growth polymerization. Free radical vinyl and ionic vinyl
polymerization, Ziegler-Natta polymerization and vinyl polymers. Condensation or step growth
polymerization. Polyesters, polyamides, phenol, formaldehyde resins. Urea formaldehyde resins,
epoxy resin, polyurethanes Natural and synthetic rubbers.

3.

Heterocyclic Compounds: Introduction: Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristics of


pyrrole, furan, thiophene and pyridine, Methods of synthesis and chemical reactions with particular
emphasis on the mechanism of electrophillic substitution. Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution
reaction in pyridine derivatives. Comparison of basicity of pyridine, piperidine and pyrrole.
Introduction to condensed five and six-membered heterocycles. Preparation and reactions of
indole, quinoline and isoquinoline with special reference to Fischer indole synthesis, Skraup
synthesis and Bischler-Napieralski synthesis. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reactions of
indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.

4.

Carbohydrates: Classfication and nomenclature. Monosaccharides, mechanism of osazone


formation, interconversion of glucose and fructose, chain lengthening and chain shortening of
aldoses. Configuration of monosaccharides. Conversion of glucose into mannose. Formation of
glycosides. ethers and esters. Cyclic structure of D (+)-glucose. Mechanism of mutarotation.
Structures of ribose and deoxyribose. An introduction to disaccharides (maltose, sucrose and
lactose) and polysaccharides(starch and cellulose) without involving structure determination.

5.

Fats, Oils and Detergents: Natural fats, edible and industrial oils of vegetable origin, common fatty
acids, glycerides. hydrogenation of unsaturated oils. Saponification value, iodine value, acid value,
Soaps, synthetic detergents, alkyl and aryl sulphonates.

6.

Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteeins and Nucleic Acids: Classification, Structure and stereochemistry
of amino acids, Acid-Base behaviour isoelectric point and electrophoresis. Preparation and
reactions of -amino acids. Structure and nomenclature of peptides and proteins. Classification of
proteins. Peptide structure determination, and group analysis, selective hydrolysis of
peptides.Classical peptide synthesis, solid-phase peptide synthesis. hydrolysis of peptides.
Structure of peptides and proteins, levels of protein structure. Protein denaturation/renaturation.

7.

Nucleic Acids: Introduction, Constituents of nucleic acids. Ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides. The
double helical structure of DNA.

8.

Synthetic Dyes: Colour and constitution (electronic concepts). Classification of dyes. Chemistry and
synthesis of Methil orange, Congo red, Malachite green, Crystal violet, Phenolphthalein, Alizarin
and Indigo.

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Page-36

9- x`g foKku
1-

x`g izc/a k %
x`g O;oLFkk x`g foKku ds {ks= esa jkstxkj ds volj

x`g izc/a k dh ifjHkk"kk & x`g O;oLFkk dh izf;k ds izeq[k lksiku & fu;kstu] fu;a=.k] ewY;kaduA rhuksa esa
lac/a k LFkkfir djuk] x`g O;oLFkk esa egRoA

ewY; y{; ,oa Lrj & ifjHkk"kk] vFkZ] izdkj] ikjLifjd lac/a k ,oa x`g O;oLFkk esa egRoA

fu.kZ; ysuk & vFkZ] egRo] izdkj ,oa izf;kA

lk/ku & vFkZ] egRo] lk/kuksa dk oxhZd.k] le; ,oa 'kfDr O;oLFkkiu] le; ,oa 'kfDr dh cpr ,oa
O;oLFkkiu esa lk/kuksa dk egRo] le; ,oa 'kfDr cpr ds lk/kuA

ikfjokfjd ctV %

vk; O;;] cpr ,oa cSfa dax & ikfjokfjd vk;] O;; ctV & vFkZ] izdkj] ykHk] ctV cukuk] ikfjokfjd vk;
dks c<+kus dk mik;A

cpr dk egRoA

2-

/ku fu;ksftr djus ds lk/ku & cSd


a ] thou chek] Mkd[kkuk bR;kfnA
vkgkj ,oa iks"k.k %

Hkkstu & egRo ,oa dk;Z & Hkkstu ds ize[q k ?kVd & izkfIr lk/ku] deh ,oa vf/kdrk ls gksus okys jksx]
dk;Z ds vk/kkj ij HkksT; inkFkksZa dk oxhZdj.kA larqfyr vkgkj&ifjHkk"kk] izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] dqiks"k.k
vFkZ] izdkj] dqiks"k.k ds dkj.k& nwj djus ds mik;A

vkgkj vk;kstu & egRo] izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] fofHkUu vk;q lewg ,oa xHkZorh L=h ds vkgkj ds
vk;kstu esa /;ku j[kus ;ksX; ckrs]a ckyd o xHkZorh L=h ds fy;s vkgkj vk;kstu djukA

HkksT; inkFkkZs dk laj{k.k & vFkZ] ifjHkk"kk] egRo] mn~n's ;] fl)kUr] {k; ds dkj.k] laj{k.k dh fof/k;k ?kjsyw
,ao O;olkf;d iks"kd rRoksa ij laj{k.k dk izHkko] HkksT; inkFkksZa ds laj{k.k dk O;kolkf;d mi;ksxA
3- 'kjhj foKku %

dksf'kdk ,oa rd & dksf'kdk dk vFkZ] izdkj] jpuk] dk;Z] tho nzO;] xq.k] rd izdkjA

vfLFk laLFkku ,oa ekl is'kh ra= & lajpuk] izdkj] dk;Z] vfLFk;ksa dh la[;k] vfLFk laf/k;k] izdkj] dkfVZyus ]
is'khrU= dh lajpuk] dk;Z] ,sfPNd ,oa vuSfPNd is'kh ,oa muds mi;ksxA

jDr ifjHkze.k laLFkku & g`n; dh lajpuk] jDr ifjHkze.k laLFkku dh lkekU; lajpuk ,oa dk;Z] jDr dh
lajpuk] jDr dk FkDdk teukA

'oklksPNokl laLFkku & lajpuk ,oa dk;Z] QsQMs dh lajpuk] Lolu dh f;k fof/kA

ikpu laLFkku & lajpuk ,oa dk;Z] ikpu f;k esa lgk;d vax] O;fDrxr vkjksX;A

mRltZu laLFkku ,oa iztuu laLFkkuA

izkFkfed mipkj & ?kk;y gksus ij] jDr lzko] tyus ,oa >qylus ij] tgjhys] dhM+ksa ds dkVus ij] Mwcus ij]
lnek yxus ij] fctyh }kjk djUV yxus ij] dqRrs ds dkVus ij] liZ na'k ij izkFkfed mipkjA

izkFkfed mipkj dk vFkZ] izkFkfed fpfdRld dh ;ksX;rk,Wa xq.k fofHkUu izdkj dh ifV~V;kW]a jDr lzko]
fofHkUu izdkj ds ncko fcUnq] /keuh ,oa f'kjk ls jDr lzko] iqfYVlA
&&&&&&&&0&&&&&&&

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Page-37

9. HOME SCIENCE
I.

Home Management-

Employment opportunity.

Definition of Home management- Main steps of home management process planning, controlling,
Evaluation, relationship among three importance in home management.

Values, Goals and Standard- Definition, meaning, types and interrelationship and importance in
home management process.

Decision Making meaning, importance types and process.

Resource Meaning, importance, classification of resources, time & power management,


importance of resources in management of time and resources, time & power saving resources.

Family Budget Income, expenditure, saving and Banking Family income, expenditure, Budget
Meaning, types, advantage and making of Budget, measures to increase family income.

Importance of saving.

Investing Money Bank, Life insurance, Post office, etc.

II.

Food and Nutrition

Food Importance and function main component of food sources, diseases caused due to
deficiency and excess.

Classification of food products according to function. Balanced Diet- definition, factors effecting
balance diet, mal nutrition, meaning, types, causes measures to remove.

Food Planning Importance, effecting factors, Points to be considered during food planning for
different age group and pregnant lady, food planning for child and pregnant.

Preservation of food Products Meaning, definition, importance, objectives, Principles, cause of


decay, methods of Preservation (Domestic and commercial), Effects of Preservation of nutrients,
commercial use of preservation of nutrients.

III.

Anatomy

Cell and Tissue- Meaning of cell, types, functions, structure, Protoplasm characteristics, types of
tissues.

Skeleton System and Muscular System structure, type's functions, number of bones, joints, types,
cartilage, structure of of muscular system, function, volentry & involantry muscles and their uses.

Blood Circulatory System Structure of heart, General structure and function of blood circulatory
system, structure of blood, blood clot formation.

Respiratory System Structure and function, structures of lungs, action & method of respiratory
system.

Digestive System Structure and function, helping parts in digetion.

Personal Hygiene- Excretion institue & production institute.

First aid injury, bleeding, burning, mild burning, poisnous insect bite, drowning, mental shock and
electric shock, dog bite, snake bite, meaning of first aid, qualities of first aid, different types of strips,
bleeding, different pressure points, bleeding of artigem veins, Pultis.

&&&&&&&0&&&&&&&
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Page-38

1010- okf.kT;
1-

O;kogkfjd vFkZ'kkL= %

vFkZ'kkL= dh ifjHkk"kk,a o egRo] vko';drk,a] mi;ksfxrk] vFkZ'kkL= ds fofHkUu fu;e] ekax dh vo/kkj.kk o
fu/kkZj.k] mRiknu ds dkjd & Hkwfe] Je o iwt
a h] tula[;k fl)kUr] cktkj o mldk oxhZdj.k] dher
ewY; fu/kkZj.k & iw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk] viw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk o ,dkf/kdkj dh voLFkk es]a C;kt o etnwjh] jk"Vh;
vk;A

eqnzk ds dk;Z o ?kVd] jktLo ds izdkj o dk;Z] Hkkjrh; cSfa dax iz.kkyh&egRo o cSd
a ks ds dk;Z] Hkkjrh;
fjtoZ cSd
a ] lk[k l`tu dh izf;kA vkfFkZd fu;kstu ,oa mnkjhdj.kA Hkkjr ds izkfrd lalk/ku] Hkkjr dh
izeq[k Qlysa o m|ksxA

vFkZO;oLFkk% lkekU; ifjp;& vFkZ] ifjHkk"kk] izdkj( vFkZO;oLFkk dh dsUnzh; leL;k, D;k vkSj dSls ,oa
fdlds fy, mRiknu ,oa mudk gy] mRiknu laHkkouk o vkSj volj ykxrA

vkfFkZd lac`)h ,oa fodkl% vkfFkZd lac`)h & vFkZ o ifjHkk"kk( vkfFkZd fodkl( lrr fodkl (Sustainable
Devlopment); fodkl ds lwpd( izfrO;fDr vk;] thou dh xq.kDrk lwpdkad dsoy lkekU; tkudkjhA

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk 1947 ds le;& Lora=rk ds le; vFkZO;oLFkk dk Lo:i & tula[;k dk O;kolkf;d
forj.k jk"Vh; vk; esa fofHkUu {ks=ksa d`f"k] m|ksx o lsok dk ;ksxnku( fodkl dh vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk
&vkfFkZd tkZ] ifjogu o lan's k okgu] lkekftd f'k{kk] LokLF; o vkoklA

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk 1947 ls 1991


& fodkl dh O;wgjpuk o"kZ 1991 rd( vkfFkZd fu;kstu &vFkZ]
izeq[k mn~n's ;] vkfFkZd uhfr;k izeq[k miyfC/k;k ,oa foQyrk, alkekU; ifjp;A

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk 1991 ds i'pkr~& vkfFkZd lq/kkj dk;Ze 1991 ls( vko';drk ,oa izeq[k fo'ks"krk,a(
mnkjhdj.k] oS'ohdj.k ,oa futhdj.kA

tula[;k o vU; leL;k,a% tula[;k dk egRo] tula[;k ds fl)kUr & ekYFkl o vuqdy
w re fl)kUr(
nksuksa esa varj( Hkkjr esa tula[;k] xjhch] xzkeh.k fodkl o csjkstxkjh dh leL;k,sa e-iz-ds fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esa A
okf.kT; ds ewy rRo %

izc/a k] fu;kstu] laxBu & vFkZ o egRo] vfHkizsj.k o foKkiu] O;kikfjd i=kpkjA O;kolkf;d laxBu ds
Lo:i&lk>snkjh o dEiuh & izdkj] va'k] _.ki=] dEiuh lHkk,aA m|ferk] m|eh dk ;ksxnkuA

O;kolkf;d lkaf[;dh & lead] dsUnzh; izo`fRr;ksa dk eki] funsZ'kkad] i;kZIrrk dh tkap] dky Js.kh dk
fo'ys"k.k] iqokZuqeku] laHkkouk ds fl)kUr o forj.kA

izc/a k % izd`fr ,oa egRo& izc/a k&vFkZ] mn~n's ; ,oa egRo; izc/a k dh izd`fr & foKku] dyk o is'kk( izc/a k
ds Lrj& 'kh"kZ] e/; Lrjh; o i;Zo{s kdh;( izc/a k ds dk;Z&fu;kstu] laxBu] fu;qfdj.k (staffing), funsZ'ku
o fu;a=.k] leUo;&izd`fr o egRoA

izc/a k ds fl)kar & vFkZ] izd`fr vkSj egRo] Qs;ksy ds lkekU; izc/a k ds fl)kar] Vsyj ds oSKkfud izc/a k ds
fl)kar vkSj rduhdA

fu;kstu & vFkZ] y{k.k o egRo% y{;] O;wgjpuk,a] mn~n's ;] uhfr;kW] dk;Z fof/k;ka] rjhds] fu;e] ctV vkSj
izkx
s zke dk vFkZ vkSj varj( fu;kstu izf;k,a] fu;kstu dh lhek,aA

lax
a Bu &vFkZ vkSj egRo] laxBu izf;k ds lksiku] laxBu <kapk dk;kZRed o izHkkxh;] vkSipkfjd o
vukSipkfjd laxBu( vf/kdkj varj.k (delegation of authority) - vFkZ egRo ,oa rRo; fodsUnzhdj.k & vFkZ
,oa egRo] varj.k vkSj fodsUnzhdj.k esa varjA

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Page-39

fu;qfdj.k &vko';drk] vFkZ] egRo vkSj ekuo lalk/ku dk ,d :i] fu;qfdj.k izf;k ds lksiku] HkrhZ
& vFkZ ,oa lzksr( p;u & vFkZ] p;u izf;k( izf'k{k.k ,oa fodkl &vko';drk] vFkZ vkSj vUrj( iz.kkfy;ka
&dk;Z cnyh] izf'k{k.kkFkhZ dk;Ze (apprenticeship), izdks"B izf'k{k.k (vestible) ,oa la;q izf'k{k.k
ifj;kstuk (Internship)A

funsZ'ku (Directing) - vFkZ( fl)kUr ,oa egRo] funs'Z ku ds rRo & v i;Zo{s k.k %& vFkZ ,oa egRo c
vfHkizsj.k vko';drk ,oa egRo( ekSfnzd o vekSfnzd izsj.kA l usr`Ro %& vFkZ] egRo ,oa izHkkoh usrk ds xq.k
n laiz"s k.k %& vFkZ ,oa egRo] vkSipkfjd o vukSipkfjd laiz"s k.k] izHkkoh liz"s k.k eas ck/kk,aAa

fu;a=.k & vFkZ] rduhd o egRo] fu;a=.k izf;k ds lksiku] fu;kstu o fu;a=.k esa lac/a kA

fokh; izc/a k & fokh; izc/a k dk vFkZ] mns~';] fokh; dk;Z] fokh; fu;kstu & vFkZ ,oa egRo] iwt
a h ljapuk
& vFkZ vkSj dkjd] LFkk;h vkSj dk;Z'khy iwt
a h & vFkZ ,oa ek=k ds fu/kkZjd rRoA

iwt
a h cktkj & vFkZ vkSj izd`fr & izkFkfed] f}rh;d eqnzk cktkj] iwt
a hcktkj vkSj eqnzk cktkj esa varj Lda/k
fofue; (Stock Exchange) & vFkZ] dk;Z] ,oa dk;Z iz.kkyh] Hkkjrh; izfrHkwfr ,oa fofue; cksMZ (SEBI) &
mn~n's ; o dk;ZA

3-

miHkksDrk laj{k.k % egRo( miHkksDrk ds vf/kdkj ,oa mkjnkf;Ro( miHkksDrk laj{k.k ds rjhdsA
ys[kkadu %

ys[kkdeZ dh /kkj.kk o vo/kkj.kk] ys[kk fu;e] udy cgh] [kkrk cgh] ryiV] lgk;d cfg;ka] jksdM+cgh]
vfUre [kkrs] lek;kstu lfgr] ewY; gzkl dh i)fr;ka] izkfIr Hkqxrku [kkrk ,oa vk; O;; [kkrk] lk>snkjh
& izo's k] fuo`fr ,oa e`R;qA dEiuh ys[ks] va'kks dk gj.k] ;kpuk o iqu% fuxZeu] vfUre [kkrs] lesfdr fpV~BkA

ykxr ys[kkadu] i)fr;ka vkSj rduhd] lkexzh dk ys[kkadu] Je ys[kkadu] mifjO;; ys[kkadu] ykxr
fu/kkZj.k] vk;dj&ewy vo/kkj.kk] osru o edku lEifRr ls vk;] dVkSfr;ka] O;fDr dh dqy vk; o dj
x.kukA dsUnzh; mRiknu 'kqYd] lhek 'kqYd] dsUnzh; fo; dj vf/kfu;e] e-iz-okf.kfT;d dj fu/kkZj.kA

iz"s k.k ys[ks % iz"s kd o iz"s k.kh dh iqLrdksa eas ys[ks iz"s k.k LdU/k] lkekU; gkfu;ka o vlkekU; gkfu chfer o
vchfer dk ewY;kadu & lkekU; ifj'kks/k o vfHkHkkoh deh'ku dh x.kukA

lk>snkjh ys[ks % lk>snkjh O;olk; o lk>snkjh lays[k] lk>snkjksa ds iwt


a h[kkrs & fLFkj o ifjorZu 'khy;
ykHk gkfu foHkktu] iwoZ lek;kstu ,oa ykHk xkjaVhA

lk>snkjh dk iquxZBu % ykHk foHkktu] vuqikr es ifjorZu] R;kx vkSj izkfIr vuqikr( laifk o nkf;Roksa ds
iquZeYw ;kadu ,ao lap; o vfoHkkftr ykHk forj.k lac/a kh ys[ks( [;kfr % izd`fr] izHkkod rRo ,oa x.kuk
fof/k;ka & vkSlr ykHk vf/kykHkA

lk>snkjh QeZ dk lekiu fo?kVu % vFkZ] dkj.k] izHkko] lekiu dh fof/k;ka]a lk>snkjksa ds iwt
a h [kkrs] olwy
w h
[kkrk fd'rks esa foHkktu] fnokfy;k] lk>snkj ,oa dEiuh dks fo; NksMd
+ jA

va'kiwt
a h ys[ks & va'k & vFkZ] izdkj ,oa izd`fr( lerk o iwokZf/kdkj va'kksa dk fuxZeu & vkosnu] vkoaVu o
;kpuk] vfr o vYi vfHknku] leewY;] cV~Vs o izzhfe;e ij va'kks dk fuxZeu] vfxze o cdk;k ;kpuk,a ,oa
mu ij C;kt] laifk ; gsrq va'k fuxZeu] va'kks dk gj.k o iquZfuxeu] dEiuh ds fpVBs esa va'kiwt
a hA

_.k i= lac/a kh ys[ks& _.k i=& vFkZ] leewY;] vf/kewY; o cs ij fuxZeu] xSj jksdM fuxZeu] _.k i=
'kks/ku% vFk]Z 'kks/ku gsrq fuf/k dh O;oLFkk &lafpr ykHk] lafpr QaM] vkSj uohu va'k fuxZeu }kjkA

dEiuh ds fokh; fooj.k& dEiuh ds vafre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e vuwlp


w h&VI Hkkx&1 izeq[k enksa dh
tkudkjhA

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fokh; fooj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k % fokh; fo'ys"k.k & vFkZ] mn~n's ;] egRo] lhek,s]a fo'ys"k.k rduhd &
rqyukRed i=d] le vkdkj (Common Size) fooj.kA ys[kkadu vuqikr & vFkZ] mn~n's ;] izdkj % rjyrk]
'kks/ku {kerkA f;k'khyrk o ykHknk;drk ds vuqikr vkSj mudh x.kukA

fokh; fLFkfr esa ifjorZu lwpd fooj.k & jksd&izokg fooj.k% vFkZ] mn~n's ;] fuekZ.k( ewY; kl] ykHkka'k] dj
o LFkk;h lEifk;ksa dk ; fo; gsrq lek;kstu( dk;Z'khy iwt
a h esa ifjorZu dh vuqlp
w hA

cSd
a lek/kku fooj.k % vFkZ] vko';drk] egRo( jksdM+ cgh o ikl cqd 'ks"k esa vUrj ds dkj.k ,oa lek/kku
gsrq cSd
a lek/kku fooj.k cukukA

fofue; foi= vkSj izfrKk i= %&vFkZ] fo'ks"krk,a] i{kdkj] izk:i o vUrj A fcy dh vof/k] ifjiDork vkSj
vuqxzg fnol] fcyksa ds izdkj] fofue; lk/;rk] cspku] vuknj.k] uskfVax ,oa LohdrkZ dk fnokfy;k gksuk]
fcy dk fuoZru o uohuhdj.k] foi= ysunsu ls lacfa /kr ys[ksAa

Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk iz.kkyh % vFkZ] fo'ks"krk,a] xq.k] nks"k izkjafHksd ys[ksa dh cfg;ka & can cgh] dPph o iDdh
jksdM+ cgh rFkk tek o uke udy cgh vaxzt
s h ys[kk i)fr ls rqyuk] vafre ys[ksak dk O;ogkfjd KkuA
&&&&&&&0&&&&&&&
10. COMMERCE

Applied Economics

Definitions of Economics & Significance of Economics, Neccesities, Utility, Different theories of


Economics, concept & Determination of Demand, Factors of Production- Land, Labour and capital,
Theory of population, Market & their classification, price determination in case of perfect
competition, Imperfect competition & Monopoly, Interest & wages, National Income.

Money- Functions & components, finance role, kinds of finance, Indian Banking system- importance
& functions, Reserve Bank of India, Process of credit creation by Banks. Economic Planning &
Liberalization, Natural Resources of India, Main crops & Industries of India, Price elasticity of
demand: meaning, measurment - percentage, total expenditure and geometric methods.

Economy - general introduction: Meaning, definition, Types, Central problems of Economy and their
solutions (what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce?). Production possibility curve
and opportunity cost.

Economic growth and development: Economic growth - Meaning defination, economic


developement, sustainable development, indicators of Development, Percapita income, Quality of
life index (Basic idea).

Indian Economy (1947) : Structure of the Indian Economy at the time of independence occupational structure, Relative contribution of sectors (agriculture, industries and service sector) to
National income, infranstructure Economic (energy, transport and communication) and Social
(education, health and housing).

Indian Economy (1947-1991) : Development strategies till - 1991 :- Economic planning - meaning,
main objectives, main features of economic policies; main achievements and failures. (General
introductory Basic idea).

Indian Economy (After 1991) : Economic Reforms


liberalisation globalisation and privatisation.

Population and other Problems: Importance of population, Theories of population - Malthusian and
Optimum Theory of Population.Difference in both, problems of population, poverty, Rural
Developement and unenployment in india (with special reference to M.P.)

since

1991-

need

and

main

features,

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Page-41

Elements of Commerce

Management, Planning & Organization- Meaning & importance, Motivation & Advertisement,
commercial correspondence, forms of commercial organization- partnership & company- its kinds,
shares, debentures, company meetings, Entrepreneurship, Role of Entrepreneur.

Business Statistics- Data, central tendency & their measures, Index, Tests of adequacy, Analysis of
Time series, forecasting, theories of probability & their distribution,

Management: Nature and Significance: Management - Meaning, objectives and importance;Nature


of Management- as a science, Art and Profession; Levels of Management- Top, Middle
and
Supervisory; Management Functions-planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling; Coordination-nature and importance.

Principles of Management: Management Theories- Meaning, nature and significance, Fayol's


principles of general Management; Taylor's Scientific Management-principles and techniques.

Planning: Meaning, Features and importance; Goals, Strategies, Objectives, Policies, Procedures,
Methods, Rules, Budget and Programmes- Meaning and distinction; Planning Process; Limitations
of Planning.

Organizing: Meaning and importance; Steps in the process of organizing; Structure of OrganizatonFunctional and divisional, formal and informal organizations; Delegation- Meaning, importance and
elements; Decentralization - meaning and importance Difference between delegation and
decentralization.

Staffing: Meaning, need and importance; Staffing as a part of human resource management; Steps
in staffing process; Recruitment- meaning and sources; Selection- Meaning and process; Training
and Development - meaning, need and distinction; Methods-Job rotations, apprenticeship,
vestibule, internship;

Directing: Meaning, principles and Importance; Elements of Direction- (a) Supervision - meaning
and importance; (b) Motivation- meaning, need and importance; Financial and non-financial
incentives (c) Leadership- meaning, importance and qualities of a good leader. (d) Communication meaning and importance, formal and informal communication, Barriers of effective communication.

Controlling: Meaning, techniques and importance; Steps in the process of control; Relationship
between planning and controlling.

Financial Management: Financial Management- Meaning, objectives and finance function; Financial
Planning- Meaning and importance; Capital Structure - Meaning and factors; Fixed andWorking
Capital- Meaning and determinant factors;

Capital Market: Meaning and nature- primary and secondary market; Money market, Distinction
between Capital market and money market; Stock Exchange- Meaning, functions and trading
procedure; SEBI - Objectives and functions.

Consumer Protection: Improtance; Consumer rights and responsibilities; Ways and means of
consumer protection.

Accountancy

Basic concepts & conventions of accounting, accounting rules, Journal, ledger, Trial Balance,
subsidiary books, cash book, final accounts with adjustments methods of depreciation, Receipt &
payment, A/C , Income & Expenditure Account. Partnership- Admission, Retirement & death,
Company Accounts- Issue, Forefeiture & Re-issue of shares, final accounts, consolidated Balance
sheet.

Cost Accounting- Methods & techniques, Accounting of Materials, Labor & overheads, cost
determination.

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Page-42

Income tax- Basic concepts, Income from salaries & House property, deductions, Total income of a
person & its computation, Assessment of central Excise Duty, custom duty, central sales Tax Act &
M.P. commercial Tax.

Consignment Account: Accounting records in the books of Consignor and Consignee. Valuation of
consignment stock, Normal and Abnormal Loss. (Insured and Uninsured). Calculation of Ordinary,
del-credre and Over-riding commison.

Accounting for Partnership: Partnership business and Partnership deed. Fixed and Fluctuating
Capital Account; Division
of Profit and Loss; Past adjustments and`gurantee of Profits,

Reconstitution of Partnership Firm: Division of profit, Change in ratio, Sacrificing and gaining Ratio,
Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities, Distribution of Reserves and Accumulated profit undistributed
Profit). Goodwill: Nature, factors affecting and Methods of valuation- Average Profit Super Profit,
Capitalisation. Accounting Treatment of Goodwill.

Dissolution of Partnership firm: Meaning, causes, effects, Methods of dissoloution, preparation of


realisation account and partners capital accounts. (excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to
company and insolvency of a partner).

Accounting for Share Capital : Share- Meaning, nature, types, issue and allotment of equity and
preferential shares- applications allotment, and calls, over and under-subscription, Issue at Par, at
Premium and at Discount, Calls in Advance, Calls in Arrears, Interest there on', rissue of shares
for purchase of assets. Forfeiture and their reissue, share capital in company's Balance sheet.

Accounting for Debentures: Debentures:- Meaning, issue at par, at discount, at premium, issue of
debentures for consideration other ther cash. Redemption of debentures: meaning, sources of
funds for redemption of debentures from the proceeds of fresh issue of shares and debentures, out
of accumulated profits and sinking fund.

Financial Statements: Final accounts of Company - Balance Sheet of a company in the prescribed
form with major Headings (only schedule VI part-I)

Analysis of Financial Statement: Meaning, Objectives, significance, limitations, tools for financial
analysis- Comparative Statements, Common size Statement. Accounting Ratios:- Meaning,
Objectives, Types of ratios-Liquidity ratio, solvency ratio, Activity Ratios,, Profitability ratios and their
calculation.

Statement of changes in Financial Position: Cash flow statement- meaning and objectives,
preparation, adjustment related to depreciation, dividend, tax, sale and purchase of non current
assets.Statement of changes in financial position.

Bank Reconcilation Statement: Meaning, Need, Importance; Causes of difference in Cash Book
and Pass Book balances and Preparation of Bank Reconcilation Statement for Reconcilation.

Bills of Exchange and Promissory Note: Meaning, Characteristics, Parties, Specimen and
Distinction; Term of bill, Date of maturity and Days of grace; Types of bill, Negotiability,
Endorsement, Dishonour, Noting and Insolvency of Acceptor, Retirement and Renewal of bill;
Accounting treatment of bill transactions.

Indian System of Accounting: Meaning, Characteristics, Merits, Demerits; Books of original EntryBand Bahi, Kacchi and Pakki Rokad Bahi , Jama and Nam Nakal Bahi, Difference between Indian
System and English System of Book Keeping; Applied Knowledge of Final Accounts.

Bank Reconcilation Statement: Meaning, Need, Importance; Causes of difference in Cash Book
and Pass Book balances and Preparation of Bank Reconcilation Statement for Reconcilation.

Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors. : (A) Trial Balance: Meaning,


Need,
Methods,
and
Preparation. (B) Errors :- Types, Errors affecting Trial Balance and Errors not affecting Trial
Balance; Detection and rectification; Suspense Account - Meaning, Utility, Preparation and
treatment of suspense account balance.

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Page-43

Bills of Exchange and Promissory Note: Meaning, Characteristics, Parties, Specimen and
Distinction; Term of bill, Date of maturity and Days of grace; Types of bill, Negotiability,
Endorsement, Dishonour, Noting and Insolvency of Acceptor, Retirement and Renewal of bill;
Accounting treatment of bill transactions.

Depreciation: Meaning, Need and Factors affecting depreciation. Methods- Fixed Instalment
Method, Diminishing Balance Method (Excluding change in method) Disposal of asset.

Provisions and Reserves: Meaning and Importance; Need for provision for doubtful debts,
provisions for doubtful debts, provision for discount on debtors. Difference between provisions and
Reserves. Types of Reserve- Revenue and capital; General and specific.

Financial Statement: Meaning, Importance, Uses, Trading account, Profit and Loss Account; Gross,
Operating and Net Profit; Balance Sheet-Marshalling of Assets and Liabilities. Adjustment in
Financial Statements- Closing Stock ,Outstanding and Prepaid Expenses, Earned and Unearned
Income, Depreciation,Bad debts, Provision for Bad debts, Provisionfor Discount on Debtors and
Creditors, Manager's Commission, Abnormal Loss, Interest on Capital and Drawings; Goods Sent
to Customers for approval and Goods in transit, Preparation of trading, profit and loss account and
Balance Sheet of sole traders.

Accounting in Non Trading Concerns- Non-Trading Concern: Meaning and examples;Receipts and
Payment account, Income and Expenditure account - Meaning, Importance and method of
preparation; Accounting of Cash and Non-cash expenses; preparation of Income and Expenditure
account and Balance Sheet on the basis of Receipts and Payment account and adjustements.

Accounts from Incomplete Records: Incomplete Records: Meaning, Uses and Limitations;
Ascertainment of Profit/Loss by statement of affairs method; preparation of Trading and Profit and
Loss Account and Balance Sheet (With Reference to missing figures in total debtors account, total
creditors account, Bills Receivable, Bills Payable, Cash book and opening statement of affairs).

Indian System of Accounting: Meaning, Characteristics, Merits, Demerits; Books of original EntryBand Bahi, Kacchi and Pakki Rokad Bahi , Jama and Nam Nakal Bahi, Difference between Indian
System and English System of Book Keeping; Applied Knowledge of Final Accounts.

1111- bfrgkl
12345678-

bfrgkl ls vk'k;] bfrgkl tkuus ds Lkzksr A


ekuo dk f'kdkjh ,oa [kk| laxzkgd thou] iqjkik"kkf.kd laLfr] e/;ik"kkf.kd laLd`fr dk fodkl ,oa
foLrkj 'kSydyk ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa A
gM+Iik ,oa mRrj gM+Iik laLfr] ykSg;qxhu laLfr;k mRrj ,oa nf{k.k Hkkjr dh egkik"kkf.kd laLfrA
/kkfeZd ,oa nk'kZfud fopkjksa dk fodkl ,oa vk/kkjHkwr v/;;u ckS)] tSu] oSfndA
jkT; ,oa x.kjkT;ksa dk mn; ,oa foLrkjA
lacfa /kr dky[k.M ds jktuhfrd bfrgkl dk Kku izkIr djukA ekS;Z] 'kaqx] if'peh {k=i] lkrokgu] dq"kk.k]
xqIr] o/kZu] ekS[kjh] psj] pksy] ik.M;] pkyqD;] iYyo vkfn jktoa'k ,oa mudk 'kklu izc/a kA
jktiwrksa dk mn;] izfrgkj] iky] pany
s ] jk"VdVw ] ijekj] dypqjh] pkSgku] xgM+oky] eqfLye vke.kA
e/;dkyhu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds Lkzksr& fnYyh lYrur dh LFkkiuk vkSj foLrkj] lYrur dkyhu lkekftd]
/kkfeZd] vkfFkZd tuthou o iz'kklfud O;oLFkk] lYrur dkyhu ize[q k ?kVuk, ,oa vkUnksyuA

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Page-44

910-

1112131414-

eqxy lkezkT; dk lqn<` +hdj.k ,oa foLrkj] eqxy'kkldks dk iz'kklu vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd thou] ukfnj'kkg
dk vke.k ,oa mldk izHkko] eqxy lkezkT; dk iruA
;wjksfi;uksa dk Hkkjr vkxeu] fcfV'k 'kklu dh LFkkiuk ,oa Hkkjrh; {ks=ksa esa muds ;q) la?k"kZ] fczfV'k
uhfr;k ,oa mudk iz'kklfud <kWpk] 1857 dk laxzke& dkj.k ] Lo:i o ifj.kke] Hkkjrh; iqutkZxj.k
/kkfeZd vkUnksyu] Hkkjrh; Lora=rk laxzke vkUnksyu vkSj mldk izHkko] Lora= Hkkjr vkSj rRdkyhu
pqukSfr;k] fo'o;q)ksa dk dkj.k] ?kVuk ,oa izHkko] fo'o dh izeq[k kfUr;k o mudk Hkkjr ij izHkkoA
fofHkUu dky[k.Mksa esa lkekftd fodkl&o.kZ] tkfr] mitkfr] fookg] laLdkj] iq:"kkFkZ ,oa lkekftd
tuthou rFkk muesa cnykoA
dyk dk fodkl ,oa v/;;u LFkkiR;] ewfrZdyk] fp=dyk] ys[ku ,oaa /kkrq dyk vkfnA
teZuh dk ,dhdj.k
bVyh dk ,dhdj.k
&&&&&&&0&&&&&&&
11. HISTORY

1.

Meaning of History, survey & sources to know history.

2.

Pre-historic hunters, gatherers. Palaeolithic culture, Development and expansion of Mesolithic


culture (with special reference to rock art).

3.

Harappan and late Harappan civilization: Ironage culture in India (megaliths in Daccan for south
and North.

4.

Development and fundamental study of religious and philosophers views (Buddhism, Jainism and
Vedic).

5.

Origin and expainsion of territorial states.

6.

To get the knowledge of political history of relevant period. (Mourya, Sungas, western Kshatrapas,
Sathavahanas, Kushanas, Gupt, Vardhanas, Maukhari, Cheras, Cholas, Pandayas, Chalukyas,
Pallavas empire and their state administration).

7.

Rise of Rajputas, Parthiharas, Palas, Chandel, Rashtrakootas Parmar, Kalchuri, Chauhan,


Gadhwal and Muslims' invasion.

8.

Survey and Sources of Medieval Indian History Foundation and consolidation of the sultanate,
social, religious and economic life and administrative system during sultanate period, major events
and movement of sultanate period.

9.

Consolidation and territorial expansion of mughal empire, Administration of mughals, social and
economic life during mugal period. Nadirshah's invasion and its impact. Decline of Mughal Empire.

10.

Advent of Europeans, establishment of Biritish rule in India and Battle and rise of British power in
Indian region. British Policies and administrative structure, Revolt of 1857 reasons Nature and
results. Indian Renaissance : socio and religious movements, Indian freedom movement and its
impact, Challenges for independent India, Reasons of world wars, events and impacts, major
revolutions of world and their impact on India.

11.

Social Development in different periods: Varna, cast, subcast, marriage, values, paneliness and
social life and its changes.

12.

Development of Art and study (architecture, sculpture, painting, literature and metal work).

13.

Unification of Germany

14.

Unification of Italy.

&&&&&&&0&&&&&&&
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1212- Hkwxksy
1-

2-

3-

4-

HkkSfrd Hkwxksy: vFkZ] izfr ,oa v/;;u {ks=A i`Foh dh mRifr ,oa fodkl lac/a kh fl}kar A
LFky e.My & pV~Vkuksa ds izdkj vkSj la?kBu vi{k;] mPpkop] HkkSxksfyd dkjd ,oa izf;k] vijnu]
ifjogu vkSj fu{ksi.kA ufn;kW] Hkwfexr ty] fgekuh] lkxjh; ty ,oa iou ds dk;Z rFkk buls cus Hkw&:iA
Ik`Foh dh lajpuk: vkUrfjd ,oa ckg; Lo:iA
HkwdEi ,oa Tokykeq[kh] lqukeh] pdzzokr bR;kfn A
ok;q e.My & ok;qe.My dk laxBu ,oa ijrsa Lrjhdj.k] ekSle ,oa tyok;q ,oa mlds rRo] ok;q e.Myh;
rkieku] lw;kZrki& forj.k] izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] rki dfVcU/kA ok;qnkc ,oa ious] ok;qnkc dh isfV;k]
ious&
a LFkk;h o LFkkuh;A ok;qe.Myh; vknZzrk &tyok"i] vknZzrk] la?kuu] dqgjk] ckny] o"kkZ ds izdkj] rfMr
>a>kA pokr ,oa izfr pokrA fo'o ds tyok;q izn's k] fo'orki o/kZu ,oa tyok;oh; ifjorZu A
ty e.My % egklkxjh; fury ds mPpkop] egk}hih; fueXu rV] egk}hih; <ky] egklkxjh; eSnku ,oa
egklkxjh; xrZA fgUn egklkxj ,oa iz'kkUr egklkxj ds furyA egklkxjh; ty dk rkieku ,oa
yo.krkA TokjHkkVk] egklkxjh; /kkjk, ,oa izoky fHkfRr;kA
tSoe.My % ifjfLFkfrdh ,oa ifjfLFkfrdh ra=] ekuo o mldk Ik;kZoj.k&lac/a k] izHkko] laj{k.k izn"w k.k]
vkstksufNnz] ouvijksi.k] uxjh;dj.k] vkS|ksxhdj.k]vkfn] laj{k.k & fpidks vkanksyu] lkbys.V osyh]
lh0,u0th0] ty lja{k.k ds iz;kl vkfnA
vkfFkZd Hkwxksy %vkfFkZd Hkwxksy dh ifjHkk"kk] {ks= vkSj fo"k;oLrqA
f"k% xsgw] pkoy] xUuk] pk;] dgok] dikl] twV] u] jcj ,oa eRL;ksRiknu dk foo forj.kA vFkZO;oLFkk
dk Hkwe.Myhdj.kA
[kfut % [kfutksa ds mR[kuu dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] ykSg v;Ld] eSxuht] VaxLVu] ksekbV] fVu]
ftad] rkack] ckDlkbM dk fo'o mRiknu] forj.k ,oa lafpr Hk.MkjA
bZ/a ku rFkk 'kfDr ds lalk/ku % dks;yk] isVkfs y;e rFkk izkfrd xSlA ty fo|qr rFkk xSj ijEijkxr lzksrA
fofuekZ.k m|ksx % yksgk bLikr m|ksx] lwrhoL= m|ksx] isVks jlk;u m|ksx] moZjd m|ksxksa dk mRiknu]
forj.k ,oa LFkkuh;dj.k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd rFkk fo'o O;kikjA
ifjogu % ifjogu ds fofHkUu lk/kuksa dk lkisf{kd egRo] fo'o ds izeq[k ifjogu ekxZ ty&Fky&ok;q
ifjoguA
ekuo Hkwxksy %ekuo Hkwxksy dk vFkZ] {ks= vkSj fo"k;oLrqA ekuo Hkwxksy dh 'kk[kk,A
ekuo ,oa okrkoj.k ds e/; lEcU/k]ekuo iztkfr lewg vkSj mudh fo'ks"krk,A
ekuo dk okrkoj.k ds lkFk vuqdy
w u % BaM]s xeZ] ,ao iBkjh izn's kks ds fuoklhA
fo'o tula[;k% forj.k ,oa forj.k izfr:i] tula[;k o`f)A
ekuo fodkl & vo/kkj.kk] varjk"Vh; rqyuk A
vf/kokl % xzkeh.k ,oa uxjh; vf/kokl( izfr:Ik ,oa fo'o forj.kA
Hkkjr dk Hkwxksy %HkkSfrd Lo:i ,oa /kjkryh; cukoV] viokg ra=] tyok;q] ekulwu dh mRifRr] izknsf'kd
,oa ekSleh fofHkUurk,A
izkfrd lalk/ku % fefV~V;k&izdkj] forj.k vkSj fo'ks"krk,A ou&izd
z kj] forj.k vkSj vkfFkZd egRoA [kfut
,oa 'kfDr ds lalk/ku&ize[q k [kfut ,oa 'kfDr ds lk/kuforj.k vkSj mRiknuA xSj ijEijkxr tkZ ds
L=ksr fodkl] forj.k vkSj mRiknuA ty lalk/ku & miyC/krk] mi;ksfxrk ,oa laj{k.k dh fof/k;k] o"kkZ
ty laxzg.k gkjosfLVax vkSj ty foHkktd okVj'ksM izcU/kuA

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5-

vkS|ksfxd fodkl & ykSg bLikr] lwrhoL= ,oa 'kDdj m|ksxksa dk LFkkuhdj.k rFkk forj.kA
tula[;k&forj.k] ?kuRo o`f) ,oa fu;a=.k ds mik; tula[;k lajpuk {ks=h; fofHkUurk,W xzkeh.k o uxjh;
cfLr;kW A
f"k&izeq[k Qlys]a Hkkjrh; f"k dk izkns'khdj.kA
e/;izn's k dk Hkwxksy % HkkSfrd Lo:i] tyok;q] viokg ra=] o"kkZ dk forj.k] ou] d`f"k] [kfut] 'kfDr ds
lalk/ku] tula[;k ,oa tutkrh; leqnk;A
izk;ksfxd Hkwxksy %
ekufp=dyk % ekid ds izdkj o izn'kZu dh fof/k;k( :<+fpUg o jaxks dk ekufp= es mi;ksx] mPpkoPp dk
izn'kZuA ekufp=.k rduhd o fofHkUu ekufp=ks dk iBu o vadu forj.k ekufp=] ekSle ekufp=]
LFkkykd`frd ekufp= vkfn] ekuuh; iz{ksi 'kaDokdkj] /kzqoh; lenwjh iz{ksi] ejdsVj iz{ksi
losZ{k.k&izdkj] egRo]mdj.k] losZ{k.k fof/k;k A
,fj;y QksVks lSVy
s kbV bestsl] HkkSfrd o lkaLd`frd vkd`fr;ksa dh vkdk'kh; Nk;kfp=ksa ,oa mixzgh;
vkd`fr;ksa ls O;k[;kA
vk/kkjHkwr lkaf[;dh fof/k;k & ek/;] ekf/;dk ,oa cgqyd] HkkSxksfyd fo'ys"k.k vkSj mi;ksxA
&&&&&0&&&&&
12. GEOGRAPHY

1.

Physical Geography: Meaning, nature and study area of physical Geography. Stucture of the earthInterior of the earth & landforms of the earth. The violent earth (endogenic sudden forces of
change):Earthquakes, volcanoes, Tsunami and cyclone(hurricanes,tornado,tropical cyclone etc.)
the violent Earth earthquakes, volcanoes,Tsunami, Cyclones etc.
Lithosphere Types and composition of rocks; weathering; relief, geomorphic agents and
processes, erosion, transporation and deposition, work and land forms of River, underground
water, glaciar ,windand sea current.
Atmosphier Composition and layers, weather and climate and their elements, atmospheric
temperature: insolation and factors affecting the distribution of insolation. Temperature zone,
atmospheric Pressure and winds. Pressure belt, planetary, periodic and local winds, Atmospheric
humidity : humidity, evaporation and condensation, fog, clouds types of Rainfall and lightning.
Cyclones and anti-cyclones. world climate zone global warming and climatic changes.
Hydrosphere: Relief of the ocean floor, continental shelf, continental slope, ocean plains and ocean
deeps. Floor of Indian ocean and pacific ocean. Temperature and salinity of ocean. Tide, ocean
current and coral reefs.
Biosphere: Ecology and ecosystem, Man and environment: relationship of man and environment
and its effects (pollution, ozone hole, urbanization and industralization) conservation effects (chipko
movement, silent valley,C.N.G.,water conservation efferts ets)

2.

Economic Geography: Definition, nature and scope.


Agriculture wheat, rice, sugarcane, Tea, coffce, Cotton, cotton, jute, rubber and fish produetion.
Economy and Globalization.
Mineral: Impact factors of mining, iron ore, Manganese, Tungston, Chromite, Tin, Zink, Copper and
Bauxite reserves, production and distribution of minerals:

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Fuel and power resources: coal, petroleum and natural gas, hydroelectricity and non-conventional.
Sources of energy.
Manufacturing Industry Factors affecting location and distribution of major industries ie. Iron and
steel, cotton Textile, Petro Chemical and fertilizer industry. International trade.
Transport Relative significauce of different means of transport, factors affecting land water and air
transport, world sea routes, air routes, inland water ways, canals and rail routes,
3.

Human Geography: Meaning, Nature and Scope of human geography. Branches


geography. Geographical condition and human races and their characteristic, human
their environment: cold,hot and plateau regions mans and their livings. Distribution of
and distribution pattern, population growth. Human development concept, selected
international comparisions.

of human
adaptation
Population
indicators,

Settlements Rural and urban, settlements patterns and world distribution.


4.

Geography of India: Physical features and landforms. Drainage system, climate, origin of monsoon,
regional and seasonal variations.
Natural resources: Types of soil, characteristic and distribution. Type of forest, distribution and
economic importance. Minerals and power resources(production and distribution) Non-conventional
sources of energy (production and distribution),development of power resources. Water resources
availability, utility and conservation methods of water harvesting and water shade management.
Industrial Development Localization and distribution of Iron and steel industry Textile and sugar
industry.
Population distribution: Population distribution and density, growth and its causes, measures to
control growth, composition of population, Tribes, regional variation, rural and urben settelments,
Agriculture major crops, regionalisation of Indian agriculture.

5.

Madhya Pradesh: Physical features, climate, Drainage pattern, distribution of rainfall, forest,
agriculture, minerals, power resources, population and tribal groups.

6.

Practical Geography: Development of map skill and types, uses and importance of map, find
directins types of scale and their use, use of symbols and colours in map, Different methods of
showing selient features in map- Map projection & conical. Projection, Polar equidistant and
Mercator's projection. Aerial photographs & Satellite images Interpretation of Physical and cultural
features from arial photographs and satellite images. Mapping techniques and numbering and
interpretation of map (distribution of map, weather map and topographical map etc),
Survey: Types of survey, importances, instrument and methods of survey.
Statistical methods: Mean medium and mode.

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1313- jktuhfr foKku


1-

jktuhfr foKku %
ifjHkk"kk] izfr o {ks=] izfr o egRo ds jktuhfrd fl)kUr ijEijkoknh o vk/kqfud] fof/k;k] o vU;
fo"k;ks ls lac/a kA
2- 'kfDr ,oa vf/kdkj %
jkT; dh mRifRr o fodkl 'kklu dk Lo:i & lkezkT;okn] cgqY;oknh vkykspuk
3- ukxfjd vf/kdkj %
ukxfjd vf/kdkjksa ds rRo] fof'k"V vf/kdkj] ekSfyd vf/kdkj ,oa drZO;] jkT; ds uhfr funsZ'kd rRo] ekuo
vf/kdkj] Lora=rk] lekurk ,oa U;k;A
4- iztkra= %
vk'k;] izdkj ,oa fl)kUr] izfrfuf/kRo ds fl)kUr] fodkl ,oa dY;k.kdkjh jkT;] dk;Zikfydk] O;oLFkkfidk
,oa U;k;kikfydkA 'kfDr i`FkDdj.k ds fl)kUrA
5- lafo/kku %
vFkZ] lafo/kku fuekZ.k ds Lkzksr] lafo/kku ds izdkj] 'kklu iz.kkfy;k] rkuk'kkgh] lalnh; ,oa v/;{kh; 'kklu
iz.kkyh] ,dkRed o la?kh; 'kklu iz.kkyhA nyh; i)fr] ncko lewg&ukthoknA
6- Hkkjrh; jk"Vh; vkUnksyu dk laf{kIr bfrgklA
7- fuokZpu vk;ksxA
8- la?kh; 'kklu & v/;{k] laln] dsfcusV ,oa iz/kkuea=h] loksZPp U;k;ky;A
9- jkT; 'kkLku & jkT;iky] fo/kku ifj"kn] ea=h ifj"kn~ vkSj eq[;a=hA dsUnz o jkT; lac/a kA
10- jk"Vh; ,oa {ks=h; jktuhfrd ny % Hkkjrh; jktuhfr ds eq[; eqnn~ s & tkfr] /keZ] Hkk"kk] {ks=h;rk] xjhchA
11- jktuSfrd fparu dk Lo:i %

Hkkjrh; jktuhuSfrd fopkjd % dkSfVY;] jktk jkeeksgu jk;] n;kuan ljLorh] xksiky".ku xks[kys]
yksdekU; fryd] egkRek xka/kh] MkW-ch-vkj- vEcsMdj] MkW- jke euksgj yksfg;kA

ik'pkR; jktuSfrd fpard& lqdjkr] IysVks] vjLrq] flljks]a IysUFke] #lks esd;koyh
12- jktuSfrd fopkj/kkjk % mnkjokn] Lkektokn] EkDlokn] x/khoknA
13- fo'o dh egRoiw.kZ 'kklu iz.kkfy;k % fczVus ] la;qDr jkT; vesjhdk o fLoVtjyS.M dh 'kklu iz.kkyhA
la;qDr jkT; vesjhdk rFkk fLoVtjyS.M ds lafo/kku la'kks/ku izf;k dk rqyukRed v/;;uA
la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk o fczVus ds jkTkuSfrd nyksa ,oa nyh; O;oLFkk dk rqyukRed v/;;uA
14- Hkkjr ,oa varjkZ"Vh; lac/a k %
fo'o jktuhfr esa Hkkjr dh fLFkfr] Hkkjr dk vU; jk"Vksa ls lac/a kA
Hkkjr dh fons'k uhfr&fl}kUr] ms;] rRo ,oa mudh leL;k,A
la;qDr jk"V laxBu( dk;Zi.z kkyh] fu'kL=hdj.k] vUrjkZ"Vh; foRrh; laLFkk,A
Hkkjr rFkk la;qDr jk"V] Hkkjr rFkk lkdZ] SARC Hkkjr rFkk vkfl;ku ASEAN] Hkkjr rFkk ;wjksih;
lka>k O;kikjA Hkkjr ,oa ledkyhu vUrjkZ"Vh; leL;k & vkradoknA
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oS'ohdj.k ,oa fu%'kfL=dj.k


15- yksd iz'kklu %
vFkZ] izfr ,oa {ks=] yksd iz'kklu ,oa futh iz'kklu ds e/; lekurk, ,oa vlekurk,] yksd iz'kklu dh
v/;;u i)fr;k] uohu yksd izdk'kuA
dsUnzh;dj.k ,oa fodsUnzhdj.k rFkk 'kfDr dk gLrkarj.kA
dkfeZd iz'kklu] HkrhZ] inksUufr] izf'k{k.k la?kh; yksd lsok vk;ksxA
foRrh; iz'kklu] ctV] Hkkjr esa ctV fuekZ.k dh izf;kA
fodkl] iz'kklu] ukSdj'kkgh & izfr ,oa dk;ZA
yksdiky ,oa yksd vk;qDrA
&&&&&0&&&&&
13. POLITICAL SCIENCE
1.

Political Science - Definition, nature and scope. Nature and significance of political theory
(Traditional and modern). Methods, relations with other subjects

2.

Power and Authority - State: Origin and development, State: Dominant perspectives - Sovereignty,
pluralists criticism.

3.

Citizenship Rights - Principles of rights, specific rights, rights and duties and human rights, liberty,
equality and justices.

4.

Democracy - Meaning, types and theories. Principles of representation. Development and welfare
state. Legislature, executive and judiciary. Theory of separation of power.

5.

Constitution - Meaning and types. Types of Government - Dictatorship. Parliamentary and


presidential, Unitary and Federal, Party system, pressure groups - feminism.

6.

Brief History of Indian National Movement

7.

The election commission.

8.

Union Government: President, Parliament, Cabinet and Prime Minister, Supreme Court.

9.

The State Government: Governors, Legislative Council, and Assembly Council of Ministers and the
Chief Minister. Centre-state relations.

10.

National and Regional Parties- Major issues in Indian Politics- Caste, Religion, Languages, Region,
Poverty.

11.

Indian Political Thinkers- Kautilya, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati, Gopal Krishna
Gokhale, Lokmanya Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia.
Western Political Thinker's- Sukrat, Plato, Arastu, Sisro, Plantham and Makayawali.

12.

Political Thought- Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, and Gandhism.

13.

World Government Systems


U.K., U.S.A and Switzerland- Salient features, Executive, Legislature and Judiciary, Political
Parties.
Comparative study of the ConstitutionsConstitution Amendment : U.S.A., Switzerland

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e-iz- O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My] Hkksiky

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Political Parties and party systems - U.S.A., U.K.


14.

India and International Relations


Position of India in world politics after independance; Relation of India with other countries.
Indian foreign Policy: Basic Principles, internal and external determinants-Practice and problems.
United Nations Organization, working, Disarmament, International financial organizations.
India and United Nations, India and SAARC, India and ASEAN, India and European common
Market, India and contemporary international problem - Terrorism.
Globalisation and Disarmament

15.

Public Administration
Definition of Public Administration, Nature and Scope; Differences and Similarities between private
and public Administration; Methods of study of Public Administration; New Public Administration.
Centralization, Decentralization, Delegation of powers.
Personnel Administration, Recruitment, Promotion, Training, Union Public Service Commission in
India.
Financial Administration, Budget making in India.
Lokpal and Lok Ayukta.

&&&&&&0&&&&&&

1414- vFkZ'kkL=
1234567

8-

9-

vFkZ'kkL= %& ifjHkk"kk] izdf` r] {ks=] v/;;u dh fof/k;ka] O;f"V ,oa lef"V vFkZ'kkL=] Hkkjrh; ,oa ik'pkR;
vkfFkZd fopkjA
miHkksx ,oa mi;ksfxrk %& miHkksx ,oa mi;ksfxrk&vFkZ] izdkj] mi;ksfxrk gzkl fu;e] miHkksDrk larqyu]
miHkksDrk dh cpr] mRifRr ds fu;e ,oa iSekus ds izfrQy] iat
w h fuekZ.k ,oa cprA
ekax ,oa iwfrZ %& vFkZ] ekax ,oa iwfrZ ds fu;e] ekax ,oa iwfrZ dh ykspA
mRiknu %& vo/kkj.kk] fo'ks"krk,a ,oa mRiknu ds lk/ku
cktkj ,oa ewY; fu/kkZj.k %& cktkj dk vFkZ] rRo] oxhZdj.k] ewY; fu/kkZj.k
forj.k %& forj.k ds fl)kUr] yxku] etnwjh fu/kkZj.k] O;kt] ykHk ds fl)kUrA
eqnzk dh vk/kkjHkwr vo/kkj.kk ,oa fl)kUr %& vFkZ] dk;Z ,oa izdkj] ifjek.kkRed fl)kUr] udn&O;ogkj ,oa
udn 'ks"k] dhUl dk n`f"Vdks.k eqnzk LQhfr] eqnzk foLQhfr] voLQhfr ,oa eanhA eqnzk &LQhfr ,oa
jkstxkj&fQfyIl odzA
vkfFkZd lao`f)] fodkl] vkfFkZd fu;kstu] vkfFkZd leL;k,as o lq/kkj %& vo/kkj.kk] vkfFkZd fodkl ds lwpd]
Hkkjr esa vkfFkZd leL;k,a]sa Hkkjr ds vkfFkZd lq/kkj dk;Ze] Hkkjr esa iapo"khZ; ;kstuk,a] fodkl ds fl)kUr
o o`f) ds izfr:i] fodkl ij Ik;kZoj.k fufgr izHkko & iqumZRiknuh; ,oa xSj iqumZRiknuh; lk/kuA o`f)
dh ifjlhek,a ,oa /kkj.kh; fodklA vFkZO;oLFkk ,oa thou xq.koRrk ij Ik;kZoj.kh; {kfr ds izHkkoksa dk
ewY;kadu&Hkwfe] ty] ok;q ,oa ouA
Hkkjrh; vFkZ O;oLFkk dh lajpuk %&
izkd`frd lalk/ku & Hkwfe] ty ,oa ouA

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1011-

12-

13-

14-

tula[;kRed ifjn`'; & tula[;k] vkdkj] L=hiq:"k] xzkeh.k ,oa 'kgjh tula[;k] tula[;k forj.k] ldy
?kjsyw mRiknA
d`f"k & izd`fr ,oa egRo] mi;ksx izfr:Ik (Pattern), d`f"k mRikn ,oa mi;ksfxrk e] Hkwfe iquxZBu]
gfjrkafr iquewZY;kadu] xzkeh.k d`f"k cktkj esa m/kkj ysunsu] e-iz- ds cktkj izfr:iksa esa ifjorZuA
vkS|ksfxd uhfr & vkS|ksfxdj.k dh lkoZtfud {ks= esa Hkwfedk] futh o lkoZtfud {ks= dk iquxZBu] y?kq
Lrj ds m|ksxksa dh Hkwfedk o egRo ,oa xBu Ik'pkr dh pqukSfr;kWa e-iz- esa vkS|ksfxdj.k ds ifj.kke Li:Ik
vk jgh leL;k,WAa
v/kkslajpukRed lqfo/kk,Wa & fctyh] ;krk;kr] lapkjA
Hkkjrh; vizoklh O;kikj & laxBu o funZ'ku] Hkqxrku 'ks"k] lh/ks fons'kh fuos'k dh Hkwfedk ,oa cgqjk"Vh;
fuxeA
Lora=rk mijkUr Hkkjrh; ;kstuk,a %& mn~n's ;] j.kuhfr] miyfC/k;ka o vlQyrk,a] xjhch dh leL;k] ewY;
o`f) o csjkstxkjhA
jk"Vh; vk; ,oa ys[kkadu %& jk"Vh; vk; dh vo/kkj.kk] dqy ?kjsyw mRikn] dqy jk"Vh; mRikn] 'kq) jk"Vh;
mRikn] jk"Vh; vk; dk ekiu ,oa ys[kkaduA
yksdfoRr %& vFkZ] izd`fr ,oa {ks=] lkoZtfud ,oa futh foRr] vf/kdre lkekftd ykHk dk fl)kUr] vkxe
ds lzksr& dj _.k] vuqnku ,oa lgk;rk] djkjksi.k ds fl)kUr] lkoZtfud O;; ds fl)kUr] lkoZtfud
_.k ds fl)kUr ,oa 'kks/ku fof/k;kWAa dsUnz ,oa jkT; ljdkj ds vk; ds lzksr] ctV dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa
izdkjA
cSfa dax %& vFkZ ,oa izdkj] dsUnzh; o fjtoZ cSd
a vkWQ bafM;k O;kikfjd cSd
a ds dk;ZA
lk[k fu;a=.k & ifjek.kkRed ,oa xq.kkRed fof/k;kWa
ekSfnzd uhfr ds mn~n's ; ,oa lhek,aA
lk[k fuekZ.k] vFkZ ,oa fof/k;ka
cSfa dax ds vk/kqfud lq/kkj ,oa lLrh eqnzk uhfrA
O;kikj %&O;kikj dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa izd`fr] fodflr ,oa fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa O;kikjA
O;kikj larqyu] Hkqxrku larqyu] Hkqxrku vlarqyu dks lq/kkjus ds mik;] O;kikfjd uhfr;kW]a O;kikfjd
midj.kA
vUrjk"Vh; O;kikj] vUrjk"Vh; O;kikj ds fl)kUr] fuisZ{k ,oa lkis{k ykHk] lk/ku ifjlEifRr] vUrjk"Vh;
O;kikj laxBu dk fodkl'khy ns'kksa ij fufgr izHkkoA
lkaf[;dh %& ifjp;] vFkZ] {ks=] fo"k; lkexzh] dk;Z] egRo] lead ladyu ,oa mldh jhfr;ka] leadksa dk
oxhZdj.k] lkj.kh;u o izLrqrhdj.k] dsUnzh; izo`fRr ds eki & ek/;] ekf/;dk] Hkwf;f"Vd] fopyu] izeki
fopyu] lglac/a k] dkyZfi;lZu dk lglac/a k xq.kkad ,oa fLi;jeSu dk Js.kh lglac/a k xq.kkad] Js.kh fpUg
ijh{k.k] izrhxeu lehdj.k] dky Js.kh] lwpd
a kd rFkk laHkkforkA
&&&&&0&&&&&

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14- ECONOMICS
1-

Economics :- Definition, Nature, Scope of Economics. Methods of the Study of Economics, Micro
and Macro Economics. Indian and Western Economic Thoughts.

2-

Consumption and Utility :- Meaning & Types of Consumption & Utility, Law of diminishing Utility.
Consumer's equilibrium, Consumer's surplus, Laws of returns, Returns to scale, Capital formation
and Saving.

3-

Demand and Supply :- Meaning, Law of Demand & Supply, Elasticity of Demand & Supply.

4-

Production :- Concept, Characteristics, Factor of Production.

5-

Market and Price Determination :- Meaning, Factors, Classification of Market. Price Determination.

6-

Distribution :- Theories of Distribution. Theories of Rent, Wage determination, Interest, Profit.

7-

Concept and Theories of Money :- Meaning, Function and classification, Quantity theory of money,
Cash transaction and cash balance, Keynesian approach, Inflation, Deflation and recessiondefinition. Inflation and employment, Phylips curve.

8-

Economic Growth, Development, Economic Planning, Economic Problems and Reforms :- Concept,
Indicators of Economic development, Economic Problems in India and Economic Reform
Programmes, Five year plan, Theories and Nodels of Development and Growth, Environment
implication of development- Renewable and non-renewable resources. Limits to growth and
sustainable development, Evaluation of environmental damages (Land, Water, Air and Forest) and
its impact on quality of life and economy.

9-

Structure of Indian Economy:


Natural Recourses - Land, Water and Forest
Demographic Scenario : Population, Size, Sex ratio, Rural-urban population, population distribution.
Composition of gross domestic product.
Agriculture - Nature and importance, Land use pattern, Trends in agricultural production and
productivity, land reform, Green revolution, rural credit agricultural marketing. Mechanization,
Changes in shopping patterns of Madhya Pradesh.
Industrial Policy - Role of Industrialization in public sector, post reform changes in public and private
sector, Role and importance on small scale industries and challenges posed by reform, problems of
prospects of Industrialization in M.P.
Infrastructure for Indian Economy - Power, transportation and communication. Indian Foreign Trade
- composition and direction, balance of payment, role of foreign direct investment and multi-national
corporation.
Indian Economy of Post Independence- Objectives, strategies, achievements and failures.
Problems of poverty, unemployment and rising prices.

10-

National Income and Accounts

Concept of National Income.

G.D.P., G.N.P., N.N.P., Measurement of National income and Accounting

11.

Public finance - Meaning, Nature and scope, Public Merit and private goods, principle of maximum
social advantage. Sources of revenue- Taxes, loans, grants and aids, principles of taxation,
Principles of public expenditure, principle of public debt and methods of redemption. Source of
Revenue of central and state government. Concept and type of Budget.

12-

Banking: - Bank-meaning and types, Functions of central and reserve bank of India. Commercial
credit control-Qualitative and quantitative methods, Objectives and limitations of monetary policy.
Meaning and methods of credit creation, Recent reforms in banking sectors and cheap money
policy.

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13-

Trade :- Concept and Nature of Trade. Trade between developed and developing countries.
Balance of Trade, Balance of Payment, Methods of correction of imbalance of payments,
commercial policies, Instruments of commercial policies.
International Trade, Theories of international trade: absolute and comparative advantages, Factor
endowments, Effects of international trade organization on the developing countries.

14-

Statistics

Introduction, Meaning, Scope, Subject matter, Functions, Importance.

Collection of Data, Methods, Classification, Tabulation & Presentation of data.

Measures of Central Tendency- Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Correlation, Karl
Pearson's Coefficient of Correlation and Spear Man's Rank Correlation, Rank sigh test, Regression
equation, Time series, Index numbers and Probability.

&&&&&0&&&&&

1515- f"k
12-

34-

56-

7-

8-

f"k] mldk jk"Vh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa egRo] f"k ikfjfLFkfrd {ks= rFkk Qly ,oa ikS/kksa dk HkkSxksfyd forj.kA
Hkkjr ,oa e/;izn's k dh izeq[k QlysAa vukt] nygu] frygu] 'kdZjk Qlys]a js'ks okyh Qlysa ,oa pkjs dh
Qlyksa dh f"k dk;Z ekykA fofHkUu Qly i)fr;k] Qly p] cgq Qlyh [ksrh] vfojke [ksrh] vUrjorhZ;
[ksrh] fefJr ,oa fed Qly i)fr lhD;qUl kfiaxA
ekSle ,oa Qlyksa ds lac/a k] lw[kk] ck<+] 'khr ygjsa ,oa ikykA f"k ds fy;s ekSle foKku ls lacfa /kr lsok,A
ikS/k o`f) ds ek/;e ds :Ik esa e`nk o mudh lajpuk] e`nk ds [kfut vkSj tSfod ?kVd ,oa mudh Qly
mRiknu esa HkwfedkA Hkkjr rFkk e/;izn's k dh izeq[k e`nkvksas ds izdkjA e`nk ds jklk;fud] HkkSfrd ,oa lw{e
tSfod xq.k /keZA ikS/kksa ds fy;s vko';d iks"kd rRo] muds dk;Z rFkk deh ds y{k.k] miyC/krk o e`nk esa
mudk pA fo'kq) moZjd] tfVy ,oa fefJr moZjd rFkk tSfod moZjd ftudk Hkkjr esa mRiknu rFkk
foi.ku fd;k tkrk gSA ikS/kksa ds fy;s ,dhr iks"kd rRo izc/a kuA leL;kxzLr e`nk, tSls yo.kh;] {kkjh;
,oa vEyh; e`nkvksa dk izc/a kuA
e`nk ,oa ty izc/a kA flapkbZ dh fof/k;k Hkwfe dVko] dVko ds dkj.k rFkk mldks fu;af=r djus dh fof/k;kA
o"kkZ ty dk laj{k.kA tyxzg.k {ks= dk fodklA ckjkuh [ksrh ds fl)kUr rFkk fof/k;kA
ikS/k iks"k.k] iks"kd rRoksa dk vo'kks"k.k LFkkukarj.k ;k laogu rFkk rRoksa dk p;kip; Metabolism ds lanHkZ
esa ikS/k f;kUo;u ds fl)kUrA ikS/k o`f) esa izdk'k la'ys"k.k rFkk 'olu f;k] o`f) rFkk fodkl] fodkl
of/kZdk uxin rFkk gkjeksUlA
dksf'kdk dh lajpuk ,oa dksf'kdk foHkktu] ikni txr ds oxhZdj.k dh #ijs[kk ,oaa eq[; dqyksa dk v/;;u
ysX;wfeuslh] dksfeuh] lksysuslh] ekyuslh] wlhdsjh] dEiksftVh] dqdqjfoVslh] fyfy,slh vuqokaf'kdh rFkk ikS/k
iztuu ds rRo tks ikS/kksa ds fodkl esa ykxw gksrs gSa] ladj rFkk ladqy dEiksftV tkfr;ksa ds ikS/kksa dk
fodklA ize[q k Qlyksa dh egRoiw.kZ ladj o ladqy tkfr;k] VkUltsfud Qlyksa dk fodklA
Hkkjr ,oa e/;izn's k ds egRoiw.kZ Qy] lkx lCth dh Qlys]a mudh f"k dk;Zekyk] Qly p] vUrjorhZ;
Qly i)fr ,oa lg Qlys]a ekuo ds iks"k.k esa Qyksa rFkk 'kkd&Hkkft;ksa dh Hkwfedk] dVkbZ mijkUr
ns[kHkky] Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa dk ifjj{k.k& vFkZ] egRo] lhek,s]a fl)kar] fof/k;k] Hkfo";] izeq[k ifjjf{kr
inkFkksZ&
a vpkj] tSe] tSyh] dSpi] lkWl ,oa LDos'k dk v/;;uA iq"ih; ,oa vkS"k/kh; ikS/kksa dh [ksrh dk
v/;;u xsna k] xqykc] xqynknh] xsykfMZ;k] XysfM;ksyl] Mgsfy;k ,oa tjcsjk rFkk bZlcxksy] cp] v'oxa/kk]
gYnh] yglqu] jrutksr] yseu xzkl o flVkus y
s k ?kkl dh

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9-

10-

11-

1213-

1415-

izeq[k Qlyksa dks gkfu igqpkus okys [kjirokj] dhV rFkk jksxA Qly lqj{kk mik;ksa ds fl)kUrA [kjirokj]
dhVksa rFkk jksxksa dk ,dhr fu;a=.k] ykHknk;d dhVksa dk v/;;u e/kqeD[kh] yk[k dhV] js'ke dhV] dsp
a qvk
,oa fe= dhVksa dk v/;;u
e`nk losZ{k.k ds mn~n's ; ,oa fl)kUrA leksPp js[khdj.k] iz{ks= fodkl] Hkwfe {kerk dk oxhZdj.k] iz{ks= ;a=
,oa midj.k] oSy ,oa tkZ pfyr ;a=] e'khuhdj.k] bldk vkSfpR; ,oa Hkkjr esa bldh laHkkouk,aA cksus ds
fy, [ksr dh rS;kjh] Hkwfe izc/a k] cqvkbZ rFkk funkbZ&xqM+kbZ ;a= ;k midj.k] ikS/k laj{k.k midj.k] dVkbZ ,oa
xgkbZ ds ;a=A dVkbZ mijkUr mi;ksxh e'khusAa iz{ks= e'khuksa ;k ;a=ksa dk mi;ksx ds iwoZ rFkk mi;ksx ds
Ik'pkr~ j[k j[kkoA
f"k ds lanHkZ esa vFkZ'kkL=A vf/kd mRiknu ds fy;s iz{ks= dk;Z ;kstuk rFkk lalk/ku izc/a kuA Qly
mRiknu ds dkjd rFkk mRiknu ls lg lac/a k] mit dk foi.ku o e/;izn's k esa fu;fer eafM;kA f"k mit
dk ewY; rFkk f"k fodkl esa mldh HkwfedkA d`f"k foRr iwfrZ ds izeq[k L=ksr] Qly chek ;kstuk lgdkfjrk
,oa mlds fl)kar] ize[q k lgdkjh laxBuksa dk xBuA
f"k foLrkj ds fl)kUr ,oa mn~n's ;A jkT;] ftyk rFkk fodkl[k.M Lrj ij foLrkj laxBu] mldh
lajpuk] dk;Z rFkk ftEesnkfj;kA lapkj lk/kuksa ds rjhdsA foLrkj lsokvksa esa iz{ks= laxBu dh HkwfedkA
i'kq ikyu] eqxhZ ikyu ,oa nqX/k O;olk; % Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa i'kq/ku dk ;ksxnku] fofHkUu QkeZ i'kqvksa
xk;] HkSal] HksM]+ cdjh ,oa eqxhZ ds 'kjhj ds ckgjh Hkkxksa dk v/;;u] i'kq 'kkyk ,oa dqDdqV 'kkyk gsrq LFkku
dk p;u] i'kq ,oa dqDdqV vkokl dh fofHkUu iz.kkfy;kaW] LFkku vko';drk] fofHkUu i'kq 'kkykvksa dk js[kkadu
ys vkmV] xk;] HkSal] HksM+ ,oa cdjh dh fofHkUu uLyks]a mudk mn~Hko] fo'ks"krk,sa ,oa mi;ksfxrk] LoLFk ,oa
chekj i'kqvksa ds y{k.k] i'kq ,oa dqDdqV ds lkekU; jksx] pkjk ,oa vkgkj] i'kq vkgkj x.kuk] i'kq iztuu]
d`f=e xHkkZ/kku ,oa Hkz.w k izR;kjksi.k] nqX/k Oo;lk;& nqX/k O;olk; ds fodkl ds lacfa /kr fofHkUu ;kstuk,s]a
'osr dzkfa r] nqX/k ,oa [khl dk laxBu o mls izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] nqX/k vo'khru] nqX/k ijh{k.k] nqX/k
ik'pqjhdj.k] nqX/k lekaxhdj.k ,oa ekudhdj.k] nqX/k mRiknksa dk v/;;uA
fofHkUu d`f"k vuql/a kku] izf'k{k.k ,oa 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa dk v/;;uA
d`f"k lkaf[;dh dk v/;;u& vkadM+ksa dk laxzg.k] oxhZdj.k] lkj.khdj.k] fp=h; fu#i.k] dsUnzh; izo`fr ,oa
fo{ksi.k dh fofHkUu ekiksa dk v/;;uA
&&&&&&0&&&&&&
15. AGRICULTURE

1.

Agriculture, its importance in national economy, agro-ecological zones and geographic distribution
of crop plants.

2.

Important Crops of India and M.P. Package of practices for cultivation of Cereal, Pulses, Oilseeds,
Sugar, Fibre and forage crops. Different cropping Systems, Crop rotations, multiple and relay
cropping, intercropping, mixed cropping and sequence cropping.

3.

Crop weather relationships, droughts, floods, Cold waves and frosts, Meteorological services to
agriculture.

4.

Soil as a medium for plant growth and its Composition, minerals and organic constituents of the
soil; and their role in crop production. Soils types of India and M.P. Chemical, Physical and
microbiological properties of soils, Essential plant nutrients, their functions and deficiency
symptoms, Occurrence and Cycling in soils. Straight, Complex and mixed fertilizers and bio
fertilisers manufactured and marketed in India, Integrated nutrient management for plants.
Management of problem soils such as saline, alkali and acid soils.

5.

Soil and water management. Irrigation methods, soil erosion, its causes and control measures. Rain
water conservation. Watershed development, Rainfed farming principles and practices.

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6.

Principles of plant physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation and
metabolism of nutrients, Photo-synthesis and respiration, growth and development auxins and
hormones in plant growth.

7.

Structure of cell and cell division, outline of classification of Plant Kingdom and important Families
(Leguminecene, Graminece, Solanaceas, Malnaceae, Crucifereas, Composity, Cucurbitaceas and
Liliacese). Elements of genetics and plant breeding as applied to improvement of crops,
development of plant hybrids and composites. Important varieties, hybrids and composites of major
crops, Development of Transgenic Crops.

8.

Important fruits and vegetable crops of M.P. and India, their package of practices. Crop rotations,
intercropping and companion crops, role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. Post harvest
Technology. Preservation of Fruits and vegitables- Meaning, Importance, Limitations, Principles,
Methods, Future prospects, Study of main preserved products- Pickle, Jam, Jelly, Ketchup, Sause
and Squash , Study of Flowering and Medicinal crops (Marigold, Rose, Crysonthemum, Galerdia,
Gladiolus, Deblia and Geriera , Isabgol, Buch, Ashwgandha, Turmeric, Garlic), Study of Jatropa,
Lemon grass and Citronella grass.

9.

Serious weeds, pests and diseases affecting major crops. Principles of plant protection measures.
Integrated control of weeds, pests and diseases. Study of Beneficial Insects- Honey bee, Lac
Insect, Silk worm, Earth worm and study of Eco-friendly insects.

10.

Principles and objectives of surveying. Contouring. Farm development, land capability


Classification. Farm machinery and equipment. Bullock drawn and power drive Farm implements.
Mechanization and its relevance and scope in India. Seed bed preparation, land shaping, seeding
and intercultural tools or equipments, plant protection equipments, harvesting and threshing
machines, post harvest machinery, Care and maintenance before and after use of form implements
and machinery.

11.

Economics with reference to agriculture. Farm planning and resource management for enhanced
production. Factors of Crop production and production relationships, marketing of agricultural
produce and regulated markets in M.P. Price of agricultural produce and its role in agricultural
development. Major sources of Agricultural finance, Crop Insurance Scheme, Co-operation and its
principles. Formation of Important Co-operative organisation.

12.

Principles and objectives of agricultural extension. Extension organization at the state, district and
block levels, their structure, functions and responsibilities. Methods of Communication, role of farm
organisations in extension services.

13.

Animal Husbandary, Poultry Farming and Milk Trade - Importance of scope of various live stock
including Poultry in Indian Economy, Study of External body parts of different farm animals (Cow,
Buffaloes, Sheep, Goat) and poultry. Selection of site for livestock and poultry farm. Different
systems of housing of cattle and poultry, layout of various cattlesshed and Poultry shed, Breeds of
Cattles, Buffaloes, Sheep and Goat, their origin, characteristics, classification and utility. Sings of
health and diseases of farm livestock and poultry. Common cattle and animal disease. Feed and
Fodder, Computation of ratios for calttles, animal breeding, artificial insemination and embryo
transfer technique, Milk trade- various schemes related to the development of dairy business, white
revolution, composition of milk, colostrum and factors affecting it, milk chilling, testing, pasturisation,
homogenisation and standardisation, study of milk products.

14. Study of various agricultural research, training and educational institutions.


Study of Agricultural Statistics- Collection, classification, tabulation, diagramatic representation of
data. Study of various measures of central tendency and dispersion.
-----0----

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