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For Isentropic Process:-

Devic Usag Isentropic (T-S)


Isentropic(H-
function
e
Image S)
es Diagram
Diagram
The isentropic kinetic energy
at the nozzle exit is the
maximum possible kinetic
energy at the nozzle exit.
1-Nozz Jet Engines,
Rocket

le ,Spacecraft

The isentropic work is the


maximum possible work
output that the adiabatic
turbine can produce.
Jet Engines,
Turbo
2- charger in
cars, power
Turbine stations.
For Isentropic Process:-
The isentropic compressor
handles with gas uses to
increase the pressure of a
liquid then useful high Jet Engines,
enthalpy by inserting work.
3- Turbo
charger in
compresso cars, power
stations.
r

The isentropic diffuser uses to


deccelerate the flow .

V2<V1
Jet Engines
4-Diffuser and Ram jet

5-Pump The isentropic pump handles Jet Engines,


with liquid uses to increase the power
pressure of a liquid then useful stations.
high enthalpy by inserting
work.
For Isentropic Process:-

It uses to increase the kinetic


Propellers
energy of the inlet flow and
engines
the pressure across the section
,and Fans
6-Fan of the fan plates.
machines,
V2>V1
and wind
M1=M2
towers
The isentropic throttling valve
handles with gas and liquid
uses to drop the pressure with Power
constant enthalpy. stations,
gas
7-Trottling cylinders
Valve and
through the
line of
pipes.
For Isentropic Process:-
Combustor is designed to contain and
control the burning fuel-air mixture. The
combustor normally consists of three
components: an outer casing that acts as
a high pressure container, the
combustion chamber itself which
contains the flame and the fuel injection
system.

Q=H2-H1 Ram jet


8-
,jet
Combustor Engines
To get Q(maximum) )(high heat
energy)
And high enthalpy

H2>H1

S1<S2

Q2>Q1
Boiler burn the fuel to
generate steam and/or hot
water.

To get Q(maximum)(high heat


energy) Power
And high Enthalpy
stations
9-Boiler Q=H2-H1

H2>H1
S1<S2
Q2>Q1
For Isentropic Process:-
The Isentropic pipe uses for
the direction of the flow.
H1
M2=M1 In Hydraulic
H2
system
10-Pipe S1=S2 ,pneumatic M1
H1=H2 system M2
,power
S1
stations ,
S2
A device or unit used to condense
vapor into liquid. More specific
articles on some types include.
11- H2<H1 Power
Condenser S2<S1
stations

Q2<Q1

12-Heat A heat exchanger utilizes the Power


fact that heat transfer occurs stations
Exchanger when there is a difference in
temperature In a heat
exchanger; there is a cold
stream and a hot stream. The
two streams are separated by
a thin.

Qout>Qin

Tout<Tin
For Isentropic Process:-

An evaporator changes liquids into


gaseous state. For instance, water is
heated and changed into steam.
Therefore, it is the opposite of a
condenser.
13- Power
Evaporator stations