Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Listening (slide nya gambar atau bagan aja.

Bagian definisi kebawah buat dibaca kita auja pas kita maju presentasi. Kira2 gini: brain Decoding process Sent to ears

Received by Aural text (kalo tulisan yang di dalam box diganti gambar lebih bagus) Definition: Listening IS A process when aural text is received by ears, and sent to the brain where there is a decoding process. Listening is one of the four language skills. It is also called the first or the basic of all language skills. What Is Listening? Listening is the activity of paying attention to and trying to get the meaning from something we hear. To listen successfully to spoken language, we need to be able to figure out what the speakers mean when they use particular ways on particular occasions, and not simply to understand the words themselves. Listening considered to be the most difficult skills by most Indonesian students because our students do not exposed to the language. So it is our job to tell them the importance of listening. Real Life Listening (by Penny Ur): Listening to TV or radio broadcast i.e. news, weather forecast, sport reports, announcements.

Discussing work or current problems with family or co-worker Telephone communications Socializing at parties or other social and business gatherings Listening to announcements over the loudspeaker at airports or railway stations Interviews Watching a film or a TV program; attending a play or show Attending lessons, lecture, seminar or conference Listening to recorded or broadcast songs Undergoing an oral test

Four models of listening and language instruction: 1. Listening and Repeating 2. Listening and answering comprehension questions 3. Task Listening 4. Interactive Listening Three communicative listening modes: 1. Bidirectional It is when 2 or more participants take turns exchanging speaker role and listening role in ex: dialog or phone cv. 2. Unidirectional Auditory inputs come from variety of sources. 3. Autodirectional self-dialog communication. Two major divisions of language functions: 1. Transactional 2. Interpersonal Listening processes: 1. Bottom-Up (from detail to general) 2. Top-Down (using students prior knowledge)

Listening Principles: 1. Relevance 2. Applicability 3. Task Orientation Listening Strategies: Listening for gist (main idea) Listening for details Listening for specific information Predicting Inferring meaning Identifying emotion Listening for opinions Inferring relationship Recognizing Context

Listening Outcomes: 1. Performing actions (including TPR) 2. Transferring informations: the listener transforms the message such as drawing a route in a map or filling in a charts. 3. Solving problems: word games, asking questions in order to identify something. 4. Listening, evaluating and manipulating information: condensing, summarizing. 5. Interactive listening and speaking: repetition, paraphrase, verification, clarification, elaborate, extension, challenge. 6. Listening for enjoyment, pleasure, and sociability: songs, stories, etc.