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Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries

l tNew

Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Delhi




Sl. No. 1. Contents Organization Page 1-6

Structure Functions Subordinate Offices National Dairy Development Board National Fisheries Development Board Coastal Aquaculture Authority Veterinary Council of India Grievances Cell Liaison Officer for SC/ST Vigilance Unit Progressive Use of Hindi Animal Production and Health Information Implementation of Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005
2. Approach and Strategies 7-12

Role of Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries Sectors National Policy for Farmers Governments initiative and assistance to States Livestock Resources Employment Generation Value of Output Other Contributions Milk Production Egg Production Wool Production Fish & Fish Seed Production Export Earnings Eleventh Plan Annual Plan 2009-10 and 2010-11

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Animal Husbandry Dairy Development Fisheries Trade Matters Special Component Plan (SCP) and Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) Empowerment of Women International Cooperation Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for The Suicide Prone Districts in The States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala

13-36 37-48 49-66 67-70 71 72 73 75-80

Annexures I II III IV V VI VII IX X XI XII Organization Chart List of the subjects allocated to the Department List of the attached/subordinate offices Total Number of Livestock & Poultry-2007 Production of Major Livestock Products-All India State-wise Fish Production during the period 2004-05 to 2009-10 Marine Fisheries Resources of India Fish Seed Production Financial Allocation & Expenditure during 2009-10 and 2010-11 State-wise Number of Veterinary Institutions Import Export details of livestock and livestock products of AQCS stations in India during on the year 2009-10 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92-94 95 96-97 98-100 101-103 104

VIII Inland Water Resources of India

XIII Species-wise incidence of livestock diseases in India during 2009 (January -December) XIV List of 300 selected districts under the Scheme Livestock Insurance XV Audit Para

AI AIC AMF APEDA APHCA ASCAD BE BFDA BOT CAA CADRAD CALF CBPP CCBF CCRF CDDL CFSPTI CHRS CICEF CIFNET CMU CPDO CPIO CSBF CSO CSS CVE DCI DGFT Artificial Insemination Artificial Insemination Centre Anhydrous Milk Fat Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and Pacific Assistance to States for control of Animal Diseases Budget Estimate Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agency Build Operate and Transfer Coastal Aquaculture Authority The Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis Centre for Analysis and Learning in Livestock and Food Contagious Bovine Pleuro-pneumonia Central Cattle Breeding Farms Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries Central Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute Central Herd Registration Scheme Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical and Engineering Training Central Monitoring Unit Central Poultry Development Organization Central Public Information Officer Central Sheep Breeding Farm Central Statistical Organization Centrally Sponsored Scheme Continuing Veterinary Education Drugs Controller of India Directorate General of Foreign Trade


Directorate of Marketing and Inspection Delhi Milk Scheme Dairy Venture Capital Fund Exclusive Economic Zone Embryo Transfer Technology Food and Agriculture Organization Fish Farmers Development Agency Foot and Mouth Disease Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme Fishery Survey of India First Stage Unit Gross Domestic Product Geographical Information System Global Positioning System Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute In Board Motor Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health Indian Ocean Tuna Commission International Organization for Standardization Integrated Sample Survey Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported Johnes Disease Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Management Information System Major Livestock Products Mobile Satellite Service Reporting Terminals Marine Products Export Development Authority Minimum Standard Protocol


National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development National Council for Vocational Training National Dairy Development Board National Dairy Research Institute National Fisheries Development Board New Generation Cooperatives National Informatics Centre National Institute of Fisheries, Post Harvest Technology and Training National Institute of Post Harvest Technology and Training National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding National Project on Rinderpest Eradication National Sample Survey National Sample Survey Organization Out Board Motor Office International Des Epizooties Open Nucleus Breeding System Professional Efficiency Development Panchayati Raj Institution Progeny Testing Programmes Poultry Venture Capital Fund Quantitative Restriction Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Revised Estimate Right to Information Self Help Group State Implementing Agency Sanitary Import Permit State Livestock Breeding and Training Centre State Level Committee on Animal Genetic Resources State Level Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee Skimmed Milk Powder


Standard Operating Procedure State Semen Collection Centre Second stage unit Sexually Transmitted Diseases Technical Committee of Direction for Improvement of Animal Husbandry Statistics Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federations Tariff Rate Quota Third stage unit Uttar Banga Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya Veterinary Council of India Vishesh Krishi and Gram Udyog Yojna Vessel Monitoring System

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1.1 Structure

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preservation, protection & improvement of stocks, dairy development, matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining fisheries, which includes inland and marine sectors and matters related to the National Fisheries Development Board. 1.2.2 The Department advises the State Governments/Union Territories in the formulation of policies and programmes in the field of animal husbandry, dairy development and fisheries. The main focus of the activities is on (a) Development of requisite infrastructure in States/UTs for improving animal productivity; (b) Promoting infrastructure for handling, processing and marketing of milk and milk products; (c) Preservation and protection of livestock through provision of health care; (d) Strengthening of central livestock farms (Cattle, Sheep and Poultry) for development of superior germplasm for distribution to States; and (e) Expansion of aquaculture in fresh and brackish water, development of marine fisheries infrastructure & post harvest operations and welfare of fisherfolk, etc. 1.2.3 The list of the subjects allocated to the Department is given at Annexure-II.

1.1.1 The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries is one of the Departments under the Ministry of Agriculture. It came into existence on February 1, 1991 by merger of two Divisions of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation viz. Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development into a separate Department. The Fisheries Division of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation and a part of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries was later transferred to this Department on October 10, 1997. 1.1.2 The Department is under the overall charge of Shri Sharad Pawar, Honble Minister of Agriculture. He is assisted by Shri. Arun Yadav, Minister of State for Agriculture and Food Processing Industries. The administrative head of the Department is the Secretary (Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries). 1.1.3 Secretary of the Department is assisted by Animal Husbandry Commissioner, four Joint Secretaries and one Adviser (Statistics), in discharging the responsibilities assigned to this Department. The organization chart of the Department and work allocation among various Divisions is given at Annexure-l.

Shri Rudhra Gangadharan took over as Secretary on 2nd September, 2009 consequent upon the transfer of the previous incumbent, Shri. N. Gokulram.

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Subordinate Offices



1.2.1 The Department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production,

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1.3.1 The Department looks after the administration of the following field / subordinate offices spread all over the country.

The Department has 38 field offices/ subordinate offices.

Table 1.1
Sl. No. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) Subordinate Offices Central Cattle Development Organizations Central Poultry Development Organizations and Central Poultry Performance Testing Centre Central Sheep Breeding Farm Central Fodder Development Organizations National Institute of Animal Health, Baghpat Animal Quarantine Certification Centres Delhi Milk Scheme Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery, Bangalore. Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical and Engineering Training, Kochi. National Institute of Fisheries Post Harvest, Technology and Training, Kochi. Fishery Survey of India, Mumbai. Total 1 38 1 1 8 1 6 1 1 1 Number 12 5 (4+1)

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1.3.2 A list of the aforesaid subordinate offices is given at Annexure-III.


National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

1.4.1 National Dairy Development Board, located at Anand, Gujarat, set up in 1965 and declared as a statutory body corporate in 1987 under the NDDB Act, is a premier institution to accelerate the pace of dairy development on cooperative lines in the country. Dr. (Ms.) Amrita Patel is the Chairperson of the Board since 26th November 1998.

2006 with its headquarters at Hyderabad to realize the untapped potential of fisheries sector, fish culture, processing & marketing of fish, application of modern tools of research & development for optimizing production and productivity in fisheries. Dr. P. Krishnaiah is the Chief Executive Officer of the organization.


Coastal Aquaculture Authority


National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB)

1.5.1 National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) was set up in September


1.6.1 The Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) was established under the Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act, 2005 and notified vide Gazette Notification dated 22nd December, 2005. The main objective of the Authority is to regulate coastal aquaculture activities in coastal areas in order to ensure sustainable development without causing
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damage to the coastal environment. Justice Dr. A. K. Rajan is the Chairman of the Authority.


Veterinary Council of India

its field units observed Vigilance Awareness Week from 25th October to 1st November, 2010. Joint secretary (LH), administered the oath on vigilance to the officers and staff in the headquarters at New Delhi.

1.7.1 Veterinary Council of India is a corporate body consisting of 27 members. It regulates Veterinary practice and prepares Indian Veterinary Practitioners Register (IVPR) containing names of persons possessing recognized veterinary qualifications. The council lays down minimum standards of veterinary education, standards of professional conducts, etiquette and code of ethics to be observed by the veterinary practitioners and implements Continuing Veterinary Education (CVE) Programme.

1.11 Progressive use of Hindi

1.11.1 The Department has made concerted efforts during the year for promotion of Hindi in Official work. The Hindi Section was actively involved in translating various important documents like the Annual Report, Outcome Budget, Parliament Questions, documents related to Parliamentary Standing Committee and Cabinet notes, etc. as well as in implementing the Official Language Policy of the Government. 1.11.2 An Official Language Implementation Committee is functioning in the Department under the Chairmanship of Joint Secretary (P&F). In accordance with the prescribed rules, four meetings of the Committee were held during the year. The progress in use of Hindi in the Department was reviewed in these meetings. Suggestions were given to promote the use of Hindi in official work. As a result of these suggestions, the percentage of correspondence in Hindi has increased considerably. 1.11.3 The meeting of Joint Hindi advisory Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture was held in November 2010 under the chairmanship of Minister of State for Agriculture. The progress of Hindi in the Department and its field offices were discussed in the meeting.

annual report 2010-11


Grievances Cell

1.8.1 A Grievances Cell has been set up in the Department to look into grievances of the public. The cell is headed by a Deputy Secretary level officer.


Liaison Officer for SC/ST

of Deputy has been for SC/ST as well as

1.9.1 An officer of the rank Secretary in the Department designated as Liaison Officer employees of this Department subordinate offices.

1.10 Vigilance Unit

1.10.1 Vigilance Unit processes vigilance cases pertaining to the Department and its subordinate offices. The Chief Vigilance Officer monitors the vigilance cases on a regular basis. The Department along with
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1.11.4 In pursuance of orders of the Department of Official Language and with a view to assessing the progress of Hindi in subordinate offices, field offices located at Hyderabad, Hessarghatta (Bangalore), Ahmedabad and Chandigarh were inspected by the officers of Hindi Division. During these inspections, difficulties faced by the concerned offices in doing their work in Hindi were discussed and remedial measures suggested. Hindi Workshops were also organized during these inspections where officials were apprised of the Official Language Policy of the Government and also suggestions given as to how to promote Hindi in Official Work.
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Government. In order to encourage officials to do their maximum work in Hindi, the Department has also introduced an incentive scheme providing for cash awards.

1.12 Animal Production and Health Information

1.12.1 The website of the Department ( was maintained and updated regularly, particularly on the status of Avian Influenza. The website has been enriched by publishing information under the Right to Information Act. The Department has developed a web-based system for Livestock Statistics.

1.11.5 During the year under report, the Committee of Parliament on Official Language visited the Delhi Milk Scheme. Secretary (DADF) appeared before the Committee and gave evidence on 27th September, 2010. 1.11.6 Circular letters were also issued from time to time to all Officers/Sections emphasizing need for proper implementation of the Official Language Policy of the

1.13 Implementation of Right to Information (RTI) Act 2005

1.13.1 For the purpose of providing information of public interest, the Department has designated Central Public Information Officers (CPIOs) under the relevant provision of the RTI Act. Similarly, separate CPIOs under RTI Act have been designated for various subordinate offices and autonomous organizations of the Department.

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Chapter 2



2.1 Role of Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries sectors
2.1.1 Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the national economy and in the socioeconomic development of the country. These sectors also play a significant role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people. Livestock are the best insurance against the vagaries of nature like drought, famine and other natural calamities.

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a State subject, the emphasis of the Department has been on supplementing efforts of the State Governments in the development of these sectors. The Department has been providing assistance to the State Governments for the control of animal diseases, scientific management and upgradation of genetic resources, increasing availability of nutritious feed and fodder, sustainable development of processing and marketing facilities and enhancement of production and profitability of livestock and fisheries enterprises.
The major goals of the National Policy for Farmers are, inter alia, to protect and improve land, water, bio-diversity and genetic resources essential for sustained increase in productivity, profitability and stability of major farming systems by creating an economic stake in conservation, to strengthen the biosecurity of crops, farm animals, fish and forest trees, etc.
Annual Report 2010-11

2.4 Livestock resources

2.4.1 India has vast resource of livestock and poultry, which play a vital role in improving the socio economic conditions of rural masses. The State-wise breakup of different species of livestock is given at Annexure-IV.

2.2 National Policy for Farmers

2.2.1 The National Agriculture Policy 2007 focuses on the economic well-being of farmers.

2.2.2 In the livestock sector, major constraints experienced by farmers relate to breed, feed and fodder, health care and remunerative prices for the produce. The policy envisages addressing these issues through an appropriate strategy. In the fisheries sector, a dynamic policy for the management and economic use of EEZ for a variety of economic activities, including fisheries, will be evolved and put in place with the assistance of NFDB.

2.5 Employment Generation

2.5.1 Animal Husbandry sector provides large self-employment opportunities. According to National Sample Survey Offices latest quinquennial survey (July 2004-June 2005 NSS 61st round), 6.7% of the work force in rural areas was engaged in Animal Husbandry Sector as compared to 5.5% in rural and urban areas combined in the country. The proportion of workers in Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Sectors together was 7.0% in rural areas as compared to 5.8% in rural and urban areas combined in the country.

India ranks first in respect of buffaloes, second in cattle & goats, third in sheep, fifth in ducks & chickens and tenth in camel population in the world.

2.3 Governments initiative and assistance to States

2.3.1 As Agriculture, including Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, is
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Table 2.1: Livestock Population

(In Million Nos.) S. No. Species Livestock Census Growth Rate (%) 2003 2007$ 2007 over 2003 5 7.50 7.58 38.61 -4.92 7.52 16.41 13.01 -17.65 -23.00 9.22 32.69 Annual

1 1 2 3 4

2 Cattle Buffalo Yaks Mithuns Total Bovines

3 185.2 97.9 0.1 0.3 283.4 61.5 124.4 13.5 2.2 485.0 489.0

4 199.1 105.3 0.1 0.3 304.8 71.6 140.5 11.1 1.7 529.7 648.9

6 1.83 1.84 8.51 -1.25 1.83 3.87 3.10 -4.74 -6.32 2.23 7.33

diet through milk, eggs, meat etc., but also plays an important role in utilization of nonedible agricultural by-products. Livestock also provides raw material/by products such as hides and skins, blood, bone, fat etc. The contribution of milk (`. 2, 28,809 crore) was higher than paddy (`. 1, 35,307 crore), wheat (`. 1,03, 226 crore) and sugarcane (`. 37, 766 crore). The value of output from meat group as per estimates of Central Statistical Office (CSO) at current prices in 2009-10 was `. 64,073 crore.

2.8 Milk Production

2.8.1 India continues to be the largest producer of milk in world. Several measures have been initiated by the Government to increase the productivity of livestock, which has resulted in increasing the milk production significantly to the level of 100.9 million tonnes at the end of the Tenth Plan (2006-07) as compared to 53.9 million tonnes in 1990-91. The estimate of the milk production for 2009-10 was 112.5 million tonnes.

Annual Report 2010-11

Sheep Goat Pigs Other animals Total Livestock

6 7 8


$ Provisional, derived from village level totals

2.9 Egg Production 2.6 Value of Output

2.6.1 According to estimates of the Central Statistical Office (CSO), the value of output from livestock and fisheries sectors together at current prices was about `4,08,386 crore during 2009-10 (`3, 40,473 crore for livestock sector and `67,913 crore for fisheries) which is about 29.7 % of the value of the output of `13,76,561 crore from total Agriculture & allied Sector. 2.9.1 Poultry development in the country has shown steady progress over the years. Egg production at the end of the Tenth Plan (2006-07) was 50.7 billion numbers as compared to 21 billion during 1990-91. India with 59.84 billion eggs production in 2009-10, ranks third in egg production in the world as per FAOSTAT data for the year 2009.

2.10 Wool Production

2.10.1 Wool production at the end of Tenth Plan (2006-07) was 45.1 million kgs as compared to 41.2 million kgs during
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2.7 Other Contributions

2.7.1 Livestock Sector not only provides essential proteins and nutritious human

1990-91. The estimate of Wool production for 2009-10 was 40.1 million kgs. The production of major livestock products since 1950-51 to 2009-10 is given at Annexure-V.

Year 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010P

P : Provisional.

Marine 27.80 28.16 30.24 29.20 29.78 26.89

Inland 35.20 37.55 38.45 42.07 46.39 48.62

Total 63.04 65.71 68.69 71.27 76.17 78.51

2.11 Fish and Fish Seed Production

2.11.1 India is the third largest producer of fish and the second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. Fish production has increased from 41.57 lakh tonnes (24.47 lakh tonnes for marine and 17.10 lakh tonnes for inland fisheries) in 1991-92 to 78.51 lakh tonnes (29.89 lakh tonnes for marine and 48.62 lakh tonnes for inland fisheries) in 2009-10. Fish production since 1991-92 to 2009-10 is given in table 2.2

2.11.2 The State-wise details of fish production, marine fisheries resources and inland water resources are given at AnnexureVI, VII & VIII and the yearwise production of fish seed is given in Annexure-IX.

Annual Report 2010-11

Table 2.2: Fish Production

(Lakh tonnes)

2.12 Export Earnings

2.12.1 Total export earnings from livestock, poultry and related products was `19036.44 crore during 2009-10.

Year 1991-1992 1992-1993 1993-1994 1994-1995 1995-1996 1996-1997 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004
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Marine 24.47 25.76 26.49 26.92 27.07 29.67 29.50 26.96 28.52 28.11 28.30 29.90 29.41

Inland 17.10 17.89 19.95 20.97 22.42 23.81 24.38 26.02 28.23 28.45 31.20 32.10 34.58

Total 41.57 43.65 46.44 47.89 49.49 53.48 53.88 52.98 56.75 56.56 59.56 62.00 63.99

2.13 Eleventh Plan

2.13.1 The approved outlay for the Eleventh Plan for the Department is `8,174 crore. This includes an amount of `4,323 crore for Animal Husbandry, `.580.00 crore for Dairy Development, `2,776.00 crore for Fisheries, `35.00 crore for Secretariat & Economic Services, `340.00 crore for Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for the Suicide-prone Districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala and `120 crore for an Externally Aided Project Preparedness, Control and Containment of Avian Influenza.

Annual Report 2010-11

2.13.2 The approach identified for the livestock sector in the 11th Plan is to achieve an overall growth between 6 to 7 percent per annum for the sector as a whole, with milk group achieving a growth of 5 % per annum, meat and poultry achieving a growth of 10 % per annum. The targeted growth rate of fisheries is 6 %. The benefit of higher growth should be equitable, benefiting mainly the small and marginal farmers and landless labourers who maintain bulk of the livestock in the country. It should also benefit drought prone, arid and semiarid areas. The sector should also provide additional employment opportunities to the people in rural areas especially women, who manage livestock in the household, thereby empowering women. The strategy for the 11th Plan is based on the following considerations: (i) There is a need for institutional restructuring of the existing development machinery, both at the National and State level. A sustainable and financially viable livestock farming, which will generate wealth and self-employment through entrepreneurship, is the need of the day. The successful examples of publicprivate partnership initiative should be replicated and expanded during the 11th Five Year Plan. Initiatives on the pattern of producers organizations like Anand need to be taken up in other livestock products, especially, meat and poultry.


There is a need to provide efficient and effective decentralized services at the doorstep of livestock farmers. A mechanism for transfer of technological development to the producers should be instituted.


(vii) There is a need to build a line of credit to meet the requirement of livestock sector. (viii) Need for enhancement of fish production and productivity by way of establishing fish hatchery, ponds and tanks. (ix) Need to undertake culture based capture fisheries in larger water bodies and to practice open sea cage culture.

2.13.3 The Department has, accordingly, restructured some of the existing schemes and has also introduced new schemes in the Eleventh Plan.


2.14 Annual Plan 2009-10 & 2010-11

2.14.1 The Department was allocated `1,100 crore for the Annual Plan 2009-10, which was revised to `930 crore at the RE stage. The final expenditure for 2009-10 was `873.38 crore. For the year 2010-11, the Department has been allocated `1,300 crore. By the end of December 2010, the Department has incurred an expenditure of `855.33 crore. 2.14.2 The scheme-wise BE, RE and Expenditure for 2009-2010 and 2010-11 are given at AnnexureX.




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Chapter 3


3.1 The Department has been operating 18 Central Livestock Organizations and allied institutions for production and distribution of superior germplasm to the State Governments for cross-breeding and genetic upgradation of the stocks. Besides, the Department is implementing various central sector and centrally-sponsored schemes for the development of requisite infrastructure and supplementing efforts of the State Governments in achieving accelerated growth of animal husbandry sector. for National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding. In addition, these farms provide training to the farmers and breeders. They are producing high pedigree bull calves of indigenous, crossbred and exotic breeds of cattle and important buffalo breeds for distribution to States. The bull calves are produced from Tharparkar, Red Sindhi, Jersey, Holstein Friesian and Crossbred cattle and from Surti and Murrah buffalo. The Farms at Andeshnagar and Chiplima are producing HF x Tharparkar crossbred and Jersey x Red Sindhi crossbred bulls respectively. During 2009-10, these farms produced 394 bull calves for using in artificial insemination/natural services and trained 2,888 farmers in dairy farm management. For the year 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010), the corresponding achievements are 314 and 2,389 respectively.


C entral Cattle Development Organizations

Annual Report 2010-11

3.2.1 These organizations include seven Central Cattle Breeding Farms, one Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute and four Central Herd Registration Units established in different regions of the country to produce genetically superior breeds of bull calves, good quality frozen semen and for identification of superior germplasm of cattle and buffaloes, so as to meet the requirement of bull and frozen semen in the country.

3.2.1 entral Cattle Breeding Farms C (CCBFs) There are seven Central Cattle Breeding Farms (CCBFs) located at Alamadhi (Tamil Nadu), Andeshnagar (U.P), Chiplima & Sunabeda (Orissa), Dhamrod (Gujarat), Hessarghatta (Karnataka) and Suratgarh (Rajasthan). These are engaged in scientific breeding programmes of cattle and buffaloes and production of high pedigreed bulls
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3.2.2 entral C Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Hessarghatta (CFSP & TI) This is a premier institute located at Hessarghatta, Karnataka producing frozen semen of indigenous, exotic crossbred cattle and Murrah buffalo bull for use in

Artificial Insemination (AI). The institute also provides training in frozen semen technology to technical officers of the State Governments and acts as a centre for testing the indigenously manufactured frozen semen and AI equipments. The institute produced 8.66 lakh doses of frozen semen and provided training to 255 persons in the field of Frozen Semen Technology & Andrology during the year 2009-10. During 2010-11(till 31st December 2010), 9.13 lakh doses of frozen semen were produced and 145 persons were imparted training.

3.2.3 entral Herd C Scheme (CHRS)


Annual Report 2010-11 Central Herd Registration Scheme is for registration of elite cow and buffalo breeds of national importance and provides incentive for rearing of elite cows and male calves. It plays a vital role in sourcing indigenous germplasm required for the National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding. The scheme has a significant role in assisting the Department of Animal Husbandry of States and Union Territories, private sector and Government undertakings in procuring elite dairy cows and buffaloes as well as bulls and progeny of high genetic potential for use in the development programme.

Ahmedabad, Ajmer and Ongole. A total of 92 Milk Recording Centres located in the States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are functioning under these centres for recording the milk yield of indigenous breeds of Gir, Kankrej, Haryana and Ongole of Cattle and Murrah, Jaffrabadi, Surti and Mehsana breeds of buffalo for confirmation of their phenotypic breed characteristics and milk production level. These are identified in their breeding tracts and publicity is made for marketing of registered cows, buffaloes and calves. Primary registration of 14,428 cows and buffaloes were done during the year 2009-10. The corresponding figure for 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010) is 12,323.


N ational Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding bjectives of the scheme O

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Identification and superior germplasm location of

3.3.1 Genetic improvement in bovines is a long term activity and Government of India has initiated a major programme National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB) from October 2000 over a period of ten years, in two phases each of five years, with an allocation of `402 crore for PhaseI. In order to consolidate gains made during Phase-I, Phase-II has been initiated from December 2006 with an allocation of `914.89 crore. The NPCBB envisages

Using this data for producing superior germplasm. Preservation of indigenous germplasm. Milk recording of Cattle and Buffaloes for improving dairy farming.
A 16 year old Vechur Cow with a six year old HF cross-bred cow
Chapter 3 Four CHRS Units have been established under this scheme at Rohtak,

genetic upgradation of bovine population on priority basis with a focus on development and conservation of important indigenous breeds. The project envisages 100% grantin-aid to Implementing Agencies.


3.2.2 Objectives
The objectives of the scheme are: (i) to arrange delivery of vastly improved artificial insemination (AI) service at the farmers doorstep; Bring all breedable females among cattle and buffalo under organized breeding through artificial insemination or natural service by high quality bulls within a period of 10 years; Undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle and buffaloes so as to improve the genetic makeup as well as their availability. streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk transport and storage systems for the same, introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit, Promotion of private mobile AI service for doorstep delivery of AI, conversion of existing stationary government A.I. centres into mobiles centres, quality control and certification of bulls and services at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions, study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of AI, and

institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing Agency.

3.3.4 onstitution C Implementing (SIAs)


State Agencies


(iii) Since inception of the project in October, 2000, 27 SIAs have been constituted under the project in 28 States. These agencies have professional approach in implementing the project. In case of small States, which are unable to constitute viable SIAs, funds have been released to the State Governments for implementation of the project.

Annual Report 2010-11

3.3.3 Components

3.3.5 Progress of the Scheme At present 28 States and one UT are participating in the project. Financial assistance to the tune of `601.82crore has been released to these States/UT up to 2009-10. During the financial year 201011 (till 31st December 2010), an amount of `98.96 crore has been spent. The notable achievements under NPCBB since inception are:

(b) (c) (d)



Semen production increased from 22 to 50.50 million doses & number of AI increased from 21.80 to 50 million

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= =

Conception rate increased from 20% to 35% 34,300 Government Stationary AI centres have been converted into mobile AI centres, including 4000 during current year 17000 Private AI centres have been established / under establishment (including 2500 AI centres during current year) 18000 breeding bulls with high genetic merit have been inducted for natural service 44,800 existing AI workers have been trained in all the aspects of frozen semen technology 1800 professionals have been trained outside the State at reputed training centres 49 frozen semen bull station have been strengthened In order to improve quality of semen production in the country

MSP for semen production has been formulated Central Monitoring Unit (CMU) has been constituted for evaluation of semen stations once in two years and implementation of Minimum Standard Protocol (MSP) for semen production in the country 34 semen stations in the country have acquired ISO certification against 3 in 2004 Number of animals in milk has increased from 62 million during 2000 to 76.93 million during 2008 Crossbred cattle population has increased from 20 million (1997) to 33 million (2007) MSP (Minimum Standard Protocol) for progeny testing has been formulated.

Annual Report 2010-11 performance of AI centres and Semen stations are given in Table 3.1 and 3.2

Table 3.1: Performance of AI Centres

Agency Government Private AI workers Cooperative NGO Total No of AIC 48,000 14,500 13,000 4,500 80,000 13.00 2.50 50.00 1000 550 625 AI (Million) 34.5 No of AI (per centre per year) 552

Table 3.2: Performance of Semen Stations

Agency Semen Stations No of Bulls Semen Production (million) 27 23.52 50.52 Bulls per Station Doses Produced per Station (lakh) 7.3 19.6 10.03 Chapter 3

Government NDDB, Dairy Coop, NGO and Private Total 18

37 12 49

1700 1103 2803

46 92 57

3.3.6 iquid Nitrogen (LN) Transport L and distribution system: Before initiation of NPCBB, small stand alone plants were used by the State Departments of Animal Husbandry and most of the plants were facing frequent breakdowns. The unit cost of production was very high ranging from `30 to `35 per litre. Concept of procurement of liquid nitrogen from private sources was introduced for the first time in the country under NPCBB. The unit cost of liquid nitrogen procured from private sources is in the range of `6 to `10 per litre. Under the scheme, LN storage, transport and distribution system has been strengthened and streamlined through establishment of semen banks and silos at strategic locations and providing vehicles for distribution of LN up to AI centres.

3.3.7 Evaluation of semen stations: In order to attain qualitative and quantitative improvement in semen production, Central Monitoring Unit (CMU) was constituted on 20.5.2004 by the Department for evaluation of semen stations once in two years. The inspection of semen stations is currently going on.

Amul Research & Development Association Anand (Amul Dairy), Jagudan (Mehsana Dairy), Urulikanchan Pune (BAIF), Hissar, Gurgoan, Jagadhari (HLDB) Haringhata, Salboni, Beldanga (West Bengal), Shyampur (Uttranchal), Nabha, Ropar (Punjab), Bhattain (Punjab Milk Fed), Nandani (KMF), SSCC Hessarghatta, SLBTC Hessarghatta, Dharwad (Karnataka) CFSP&TI Hessarghatta (GOI Karnataka), Mattupatty, Dhoni, Kulathupuzha (Kerala), Vizag, Nandyal, Karimnagar, Banwasi (Andhra Pradesh), Bassi (Rajasthan), Bhadbhada (Madhya Pradesh), Cuttack (Orissa), Palampur (Himachal Pradesh) and Chitale Bhilwadi (Private) are ISO certified. 7 Semen station located at Mattupatty, Dhoni, Kulathupuzha (Kerala), Haringhata (West Bengal), Salboni, Beldanga (West Bengal) and Bhadbhada (Madhya Pradesh) are also HACCP certified semen stations.

Semen Production in the country has increased from 22 million straws (1999-2000) to 50.52 million straws (20092010) and the number of inseminations has increased from 20 million to 44 million. As per the impact analysis report submitted by NABARD, overall consumption rate has increased from 20 % to 35 %

Annual Report 2010-11

3.3.10 raining and capacity building T The most important reasons for low conception rate before inception of NPCBB was lack of access to good training facilities and ill-trained government AI workers. Under NPCBB, 44,000 existing AI workers and 1800 professionals have been trained. This has led to improvement in quality of breeding services.

3.3.8 evelopment of Minimum D Standard Protocol (MSP) for Semen Production In order to produce frozen semen of uniform quality, a Minimum Standard Protocol (MSP) for semen production was developed in consultation with experts from BAIF, NDDB, NDRI (Karnal) and CFSPTI and the same was made effective from 20th May, 2004.

3.3.11 evelopment and conservation D of recognised indigenous breeds: Recognised indigenous breeds are specially known for qualities of heat tolerance, resistance to diseases and ability to thrive under extreme nutritional stress. Considering the importance of recognized indigenous breeds in the National economy, Government has undertaken the following steps for their development and conservation:

3.3.9 SO Certification of semen I stations 34 Semen stations located at Ooty (TCMPF), Bidaj (NDDB), ABC Saloon (NDDB),
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Table 3.3: State-wise distribution of semen stations with the grades awarded
(As per semen evaluation report 2007-08)
Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Annual Report 2010-11


Grade A 80 & above 1 ----2 ------1 2 --1 --1 --1 --1 2 12

Grade B 66 to 79 2 --1 1 --1 --1 1 --1 --1 1 1 2 1 --1 15

Grade C 50 to 65 1 1 ------------3 ----------1 ------1 --7

Not Graded Below 49 ----1 --1 3 --2 ----1 1 1 ------1 --2 --13

Not Evaluated NE ----------------------2 --------------2

Total Stations 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 2 5 3 1 5 1 1 3 1 4 1 4 3 49

Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J& K Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Meghalaya Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Total

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding has focus on development and conservation of indigenous breeds. The cattle and buffalo genetic resources of India are represented by 30 indigenous breeds of cattle including Rathi, Gir, Kankrej, Tharparkar, Sahiwal, Deoni, Hallikar, Khillar Hariana etc. and 10 breeds of buffaloes including Murrah, Jaffarabadi, Mehsani, Surti etc. Indigenous animals are sturdy, endowed with quality of heat tolerance, resistance to diseases and have ability to thrive under extreme nutritional stress. Global warming is likely to increase incidences of animal diseases

particularly viral and protozoan diseases in crossbred animals. Therefore, there is a need to take programmes for development and conservation of indigenous breeds. Funds have been released to the participating States for procurement of quality bulls for natural service, initiating bull production programmes, strengthening of bull mother farms and establishment of ONBS farms for important indigenous breeds (Bhadawari, Sahiwal, Gir, Deoni, Kankrej, Hariana, Kenkatha, Hallikar, Khillar, etc.) for their further development. During Phase-I
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of the project an amount of `58 crore has been released exclusively for development and conservation of indigenous breeds. An amount of `477.30 crore has been kept exclusively for development of indigenous breeds under Phase-II of NPCBB. Out of this, an expenditure of `115 crore has been made under the scheme till 31st December 2010. In addition to this, strengthening of field AI network, semen stations, establishment of private AI workers and organization of fertility camps etc have also lead to development of indigenous breeds.


Feed and Fodder Development

3.4.1 Adequate availability of feed and fodder to livestock is vital for increasing the productivity and also for sustaining the ongoing genetic improvement initiatives. Optimum and efficient utilization of feed and fodder resources holds key for successful commercial livestock production.

3.3.12 Expected Project benefits


Increased and improved coverage of breedable females. About 80% of the total adult females among cattle and buffaloes will be brought under organized breeding activity (AI or natural service). The project will induct and provide self-employment to about 32,000 private AI practitioners. Large scale replacement (20 million) of low producing nondescript cattle and buffaloes by improved animals About 80,000 pedigreed bulls for natural service are proposed to be inducted in the areas out of the reach of AI. Increased rural self-employment opportunities and increased farm income. The benefits of the project will flow directly to the poor among the rural household. A modern AI network and delivery of AI services at farmers doorstep. Establishment of Central Monitoring Cell for certification of semen, semen stations and AI bulls. Conservation and development of several indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds.

Silage making unit at milk producer farm in Mysore 3.4.2 The area cultivated under fodder is about 4.6% of the total cultivable area. Exclusive pastures and grasslands are widespread and are grazed by the domestic animals. Total area under permanent pastures and grasslands is about 12.4 million hectares (NABCONS). An area of 15.6 million ha is classified as wasteland and is also available for grazing. However majority of these lands have either been degraded or encroached upon restricting their availability for livestock grazing.

Annual Report 2010-11

3.4.3 Diverse use of agriculture crop residues, frequent droughts and floods has widened the gap between demand and

= =

Table 3.4: Demand and Availability of Feed and Fodder (Dry matter in million tonnes)
S. Feed No. 1 2 3 Dry Fodder Greens concentrate Demand 416 222 53 Availability 253 143 23 Gap 163(40%) 79(36%) 30(57%)

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supply of feed and fodder. As per the study conducted by NABCONS in 2007, a large gap exists between demand and supply of Feed and Fodder in the country Table 3.4 shows the demand and availability of feed and fodder. 3.4.4 Presently, the Department is implementing a Central Sector Scheme, Central Fodder Development Organization and a Centrally Sponsored Fodder and Feed Development Scheme to supplement the efforts of states in feed and fodder sector. In addition states are assisted under special package for suicide prone areas in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra States.

new components. These are: Strengthening of Feed Testing Laboratories, Introduction of hand driven and power driven chaff cutters; Establishment of silage making Units; Demonstration of Azolla cultivation and production units, Establishment of by-pass protein production units and Establishment of Area Specific Mineral Mixture / Feed Pelleting/ Feed manufacturing Units. 3.5.3 Funds to the extent of `29.88 crore has been released to the States for the above nine components from 1st April, 2010 to 31st December, 2010, which is nearly three times more compared to last years releases (`11.10 crore)

Annual Report 2010-11

C entral Fodder Development Organization

Demonstration of Azola Cultivation


Centrally Sponsored Fodder and Feed Development Scheme

3.5.1 This scheme provides central assistance to States to supplement their efforts in feed and fodder development. This scheme earlier had four components, namely, Establishment of Fodder Block Making Units; Grassland Development including Grass Reserves; Fodder Seed Production and Distribution and Biotechnology Research Projects. 3.5.2 However, in order to make it more user friendly and also to incorporate new components for efficient utilization of fodder, it was modified from 1-4- 2010 by retaining the first three of the above components with some modifications and inclusion of six

3.6.1 Under this Central Sector Scheme, 7 Regional Stations for Forage Production & Demonstration located in different agro-climatic zones of the country and one Central Fodder Seed Production Farm at Hessarghatta, Bangalore are being operated. Besides this, a Central Minikit Testing Programme on Fodder Crops is being funded under this scheme. The details are as under:


R egional Stations for Forage Production & Demonstration and Central Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hessarghatta

3.6.2 For production and propagation of certified seeds of high yielding varieties of fodder crops and pasture grasses/legumes, the Government has established 7 Regional Stations at Mamidipally, Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), Gandhinagar (Gujarat), Hissar (Haryana), Suratgarh (Rajasthan), Sahema (Jammu & Kashmir), Alamadhi near Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Kalyani near Kolkatta (West Bengal) and one Central Fodder Seed
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scheme. Kits are allotted to the states for distribution among the farmers, free of cost. During the year 2010-11, a total of 11.79 lakh fodder seed Minikits of legume and non-legume variety were allotted against the target of 7.5 lakh.


Development of Poultry

Sorghum-PC-23 RSFP&D, HSR Crop cultivated and propagated by Regional Folder Station, Hissar

Production Farm at Hessarghatta near Bangalore (Karnataka). These stations are catering to requirement of fodder seeds of the farmers of different agro-climatic regions and carry out extension activities through field demonstrations and farmers fairs / field days. During the year (up to December,2010) , these stations have produced 320 tonnes of fodder seeds, conducted 7140 demonstrations, organized 99 training programmes and 106 farmers fairs/field days.

3.7.1 Poultry Development has been a household activity in India. However, scientific poultry production in India gained momentum during the last four decades due to concerted efforts of the Government of India through policies, institution and focused research and the initiatives taken by the private sector. The poultry sector has emerged from entirely unorganized farming practice to commercial production system with State-of-the-art technological interventions. Poultry sector, besides providing direct or indirect employment to people, is also a potent tool for subsidiary income generation for many landless and marginal farmers. It also provides nutritional security especially to the rural poor. 3.8

Annual Report 2010-11

Central Poultry Development Organizations

India, with poultry population of 489 million (as per Livestock Census 2003) and egg production of 55.6 billion number in 2008-09, ranks among top three countries in egg production. Export of poultry & poultry products increased from nearly `11 crore in 1993-94 to about `422 crore in 2008-09.


C entral Minikit Testing Programme on Fodder Crops

3.6.3 Minikit demonstrations on fodder crops aim at making farmers aware through field demonstrations about latest high yielding varieties of fodder crops and improved agronomic package of practices to increase production of green fodder. Certified seeds of high yielding fodder crops/grasses/ legumes produced at Regional Stations and Central Fodder Seed Farm, Hessarghatta, Milk Federations or other Govt. fodder seed producing agencies are used under this
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3.8.1 The CPDOs located at four regions viz. Chandigarh, Bhubaneswar, Mumbai and Bangaluru have been playing a pivotal role in the implementation of the policies of the Government with respect to poultry. The mandate of these organizations has specially been reoriented to focus on improved indigenous birds, which lay on an average 180-200 eggs per annum and have vastly improved Feed Conversion ratio in terms of feed consumption and weight gain. In these CPDOs, training is also imparted to the farmers to upgrade their technical skills. Besides, CPDO, Bangaluru is also imparting trainers training to in-service personnel

from within the country as well as overseas. Diversification with species other than chicken like ducks, turkey, guinea fowl, Japanese quail and emu is also undertaken. The Central Poultry Performance Testing Center (CPPTC), located at Gurgaon is entrusted with responsibility of testing the performance of layer and broiler varieties. This Center gives valuable information relating to different genetic stock available in the country.


A ssistance to State Poultry Farms

3.10.2 It aims at strengthening existing State poultry farms so as to enable them to provide inputs, mainly in terms of providing improved stocks suitable for rural backyard rearing.


R ural Backyard Development


3.9. Poultry Venture Capital Fund

3.9.1 The main objective of the scheme is to encourage entrepreneurship skills of individuals in various poultry activities. Under this, various poultry activities like establishing poultry breeding farms with low input technology birds (also for ducks/ turkey/guinea fowl /Japanese quail/emu etc), feed go-down, feel mill, feed analytical laboratories, marketing of poultry products (specialized transport vehicles, cool room storage facilities and retention sheds for birds etc), egg grading, packing and storage for export capacity, central grower units etc. have been funded as interest free loan.

3.10.3 This component is expected to cover beneficiaries from Below Poverty Line to mainly enable them to gain supplementary income and nutritional support. During 2010-11 more than `31crore has been released to 15 States (as on 31st December 2010) and it has more than 1.4 lakh BPL families as beneficiaries.

Annual Report 2010-11


Poultry Estates

3.10.4 Entrepreneurship skills are to be improved through exploratory pilot component of Poultry Estates wherein two estates are proposed for establishment at this stage. It is meant primarily for educated, unemployed youth and small farmers with some margin money for making a profitable venture out of various poultry related activities in a scientific and bio-secure cluster approach. Two poultry estates have been selected on pilot basis, in Sikkim for broiler farming and in Orissa for layer farming. In the first stage operations will commence after infrastructure and input services are setup, beneficiaries are selected and trained. Provisions for publicity and escorting services are accordingly made.


Poultry Development

3.11 onservation of Threatened C Breeds of Livestock

3.11.1 11th Plan allocation for this scheme has been enhanced from `16.00 crore to `45.00 crore. Major features of the scheme are:
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3.10.1 The scheme has three components namely, Assistance to State Poultry Farms , Rural Backyard Poultry Development and Poultry Estates.

of producing acclimatized exotic rams for distribution to various State sheep farms and training of personnel in mechanical sheep shearing. In course of time and in accordance with recommendation of experts, the breeding programme of the farm was changed to produce crossbred rams (Nali X Rambouilett and Sonadi X Corriedale) as well as Beetal goats. (i) Breeds of livestock showing declining trend in population and with population around 10,000 will be covered. Poultry and duck breeds with population of 1,000 would also be covered. Strengthening of policy and institutional framework and linkages with research agencies are provided for, besides setting up nucleus breeding units. Variable project period allowed for small and large animals. The States are required to prepare an inventory of livestock breeds and varieties.



(iv) (v)

3.11.2 Allocation under the scheme during the financial year 2010-11 is `4.20 crore against which `1.11 crore was released till 31st December 2010. Assistance provided during the financial year 201011 for continuation of nucleus breeding units are to Assam Agriculture University (for Doom pig - `28.50 lakh), Government of Gujarat( for Suri goat-Rs 32.25 Lakh) , Government of Jammu & Kashmir( for conservation of Yak-Rs. 50.00 Lakh).

3.12.2 During 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010), the farm supplied 698 rams and 65 bucks. A total of 78 farmers were trained in mechanical sheep shearing and 582 farmers were trained in sheep management. The vaccination programme for control of Brucellosis and pasture management programme for control of Haemonchus infestation have yielded encouraging results in containing mortality and improving general health of the animals.

Annual Report 2010-11


Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hissar (Haryana)


I ntegrated Development of Small Ruminants and Rabbits

3.12.1 The farm was established during the Fourth Five Year Plan with the objectives
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3.13.1 This CSS was approved in April, 2009 for implementation in the 11th Plan with an

outlay of Rs.134.83 for three years starting from 2009-10. The budget allocation for the financial year 2010-11 was `42.00 crore. The scheme envisages setting up of 54 intensive small ruminants development clusters with venture capital through NABARD as well as infrastructure development and institutional restructuring. 3.13.2 Under this scheme, there is a provision for establishment of individual sheep/ goat farms through NABARD. The scheme is aimed at women beneficiaries, poor and marginal farmers. During the year 2010-11, fifty one sheep/goat loans have been sanctioned in Tamil Nadu and another 530 units are identified to be covered. About 60 proposals are in process of sanction in Andhra Pradesh. `517.94 has been released till 31st December 2010 to various States and NABARD.

through buffalo meat and leather exports


Enhance employment opportunities in rural areas.

3.14.2 The scheme, implemented by NABARD, envisages organization of farmer training and publicity through NABARD. The scheme envisages constitution of a State Level Sanctioning & Monitoring Committee (SLSMC) by each participating State to sanction and monitor progress of the scheme and formulate operational plan and policy with respect to implementation of the programme in the State. An amount of `1.92 crore has been released to NABARD against a budget allocation of `27.70 crore (till 31st December 2010)


Annual Report 2010-11

Establishment /Modernization of Rural Slaughter Houses


Salvaging and rearing of male buffalo calve

3.14.1 The scheme intends to rear male buffalo calves for meat production and to develop linkages with export oriented slaughterhouses in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and West Bengal. The main objectives of the schemes are:
= = = =

To salvage and rear male buffalo calves for meat production Increase availability of buffalo meat for export and domestic market Enlarge raw material base for leather industry. Improve availability of by-products for Meat & Bone, tallow, bio-fertilizer, brushes, combs, buttons, etc. Improve foreign exchange earnings

3.15.1 The slaughterhouses are aimed to be established/modernized in rural areas and smaller towns to produce wholesome and hygienic meat for supplying to the cities/towns. This way, the loss in the meat sector due to transportation of live animals, shrinkage of meat and environmental pollution in the cities will be prevented. The employment opportunities for further use of fresh hides and skins in the tanneries in vicinity of the slaughterhouses will boost production of quality leather. This scheme is being implemented in three states: Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Meghalaya, initially on pilot basis. The main objectives of the scheme are:
= stablish a new system for slaughter E

of livestock,

Establish slaughterhouses, which can be operated by private entrepreneurs in rural and semiurban areas with population of less than 50,000,
Chapter 3

Encourage value addition to products in rural areas so that livestock owners get better income with proper utilization of by-products, Ensure hygiene in meat production from slaughterhouses to consumers table by establishing network of cold chains and distribution on commercial basis.

To prevent environmental pollution and spread of livestock diseases Provide opportunity of employment to rural poor engaged in carcass collection, flaying and by-product processing Produce better quality hides and skins through timely recovery, better handling and transport Prevent bird-hit hazards to civil and defence aircrafts.

3.15.2 The scheme is implementd by NABARD with a budget allocation for the financial year 2010-11 of `10.70 crore against which `20.33 lakh was released for the establishment of a poultry slaughterhouse at Andhra Pradesh till 31st Dec. 2010. The scheme envisages organization of farmer training and publicity through NABARD. The scheme stipulates and constitution of a State Level Sanctioning & Monitoring Committee (SLSMC) by each participating State to sanction and monitor progress of the scheme and formulate operational plan and policy with respect to implementation of the programme in the State.


Utilization of Fallen Animals

3.16.1 The meat importing countries insist for creating facilities for proper disposal of slaughter waste and fallen animals as a sanitary measure. The Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai has reported annual mortality of 24 million large animals and 17 million small ruminants. The estimated loss is `985 crore per annum due to non-recovery/ partial recovery of hides/skins and other by-products from the fallen animals. This scheme proposes to establish carcass utilization centres in animals density matrix areas and is expected to provide employment to poorest of the poor. The main objectives of this scheme are:
Chapter 3

3.16.2 This scheme implemented by NABARD, is expected to generate substantial quantity of meat, hides and by-products and also provide direct part employment and indirect employment to people in feed, fodder, meat leather and various input services. The budget allocation for the financial year 2010-11 is `9.30 crore against which no release is made so far. The scheme envisages organization of farmer training and publicity through NABARD. The scheme stipulates constitution of a State Level Sanctioning & Monitoring Committee (SLSMC) by each participating State to sanction and monitor progress of the scheme.

Annual Report 2010-11

3.17 Pig Development

3.17.1 This scheme is aimed at assisting farmers/landless labourers/cooperatives and Tribals particularly in North-Eastern States by rearing pigs under stall fed condition for quality pork production and organized pork marketing in rural and semi-urban areas. The main objectives of the scheme are:

Encourage commercial rearing of pigs by adopting scientific methods and creation of infrastructure,

= = = =

Production and supply of improved germ plasm, Organizing stakeholders popularize scientific practices, to

29 veterinary vaccine production units. Of these, 21 are in the public sector and 7 in private sector.
3.17.2 While efforts are made to ensure better livestock health in the country, efforts are also made to prevent ingress of diseases from outside the country, and to maintain standards of veterinary drugs and formulations. At present, the Drugs Controller of India regulates veterinary drugs and biologicals in consultation with this Department. The following schemes are implemented for Livestock Health.

Create supply chain for the meat industry, Encourage the value addition for better income.

3.17.2 The scheme is being implemented by NABARD. An amount of `1.50 crore was released against a budget allocation of `3.00 crore till 31st Dec. 2010. A State Level Sanctioning & Monitoring Committee (SLSMC) by each participating State is to be set up to sanction and monitor progress of the scheme.
Annual Report 2010-11

3.19 irectorate of Animal Health D (a) Animal Quarantine and Certification Service


Livestock Health

A network of 27,562 Polyclinics/Hospitals/ Dispensaries and 25,195 Veterinary aid Centers (including Stockmen Centers/ Mobile Dispensaries), supported by about 250 Disease Diagnostic Laboratories, are functioning in the States and Union Territories for quick and reliable diagnosis of livestock diseases.

3.18.1 With the improvement in the quality of livestock through launching of extensive cross breeding programmes, the susceptibility of these livestock to various diseases including exotic diseases has increased. In order to reduce morbidity and mortality, efforts are being made by the State/Union Territory Governments to provide better health care through Polyclinics/Veterinary Hospitals/ Dispensaries/First-Aid Centers including Mobile Veterinary Dispensaries. The Statewise details of Veterinary Institutions are given at Annexure XI. In order to provide referral services over and above the existing disease diagnostic laboratories in the States, one Central and five Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories are also functioning.

Further, for control of major livestock and poultry diseases by way of prophylactic vaccination, the required quantity of vaccines are produced in the country at

3.19.1 The objective of this service is to prevent ingress of livestock diseases into India by regulating the import of livestock and livestock related products, and providing export certification of International Standards for livestock and livestock products which are exported from India. There are six quarantine stations in the country out of which four located at New Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata are operating smoothly from their own premises, which include a small laboratory. The other two Animal Quarantine Stations at Hyderabad and Bangalore are currently operating from the airport offices where, the import of Grand Parent (GP) stock of poultry, pets, laboratory animals and livestock products has already commenced. The required land for establishment of Quarantine Stations at Hyderabad and Bangalore has already been acquired. The scheme helped to prevent the entry of exotic diseases like Mad-cow disease (BSE), African swine fever and contagious equine metritis. Details of the activities of the Animal Quarantine and Certification Service Stations are given at Annexure-XII.
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National Veterinary Biological Products Quality Control Centre, Baghpat

3.19.2 The Choudhary Charan Singh National Institute of Animal Health has now been established at Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh to undertake the testing of vaccines and biologicals for their quality. The Institute has started functioning. So far, the Indian Veterinary research Institute was assisting in the task of monitoring the quality of vaccines and biological.

2003-04. The scheme has the following components: (a) (b) (c) (d) Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD) National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE) Professional Efficiency Development (PED) Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP)
Annual Report 2010-11


Central/Regional Diagnostic Laboratories


3.19.3 In order to provide referral services over and above the 250 existing disease diagnostic laboratories in the States, one Central and five Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories have been set up by strengthening the existing facilities. The Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis (CADRAD) of Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar is functioning as Central Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. The Disease Investigation Laboratory, Pune, Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologcials, Kolkata, Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologcials, Bangalore, Animal Health Institute, Jallandhar and Institute of Veterinary Biologicals, Khanapara, Guwahati are functioning as referral laboratories for Western, Eastern, Southern, Northern and North-Eastern region, respectively.

3.20.2 In order to effectively tackle the issue of livestock health, the scheme has been expanded in August, 2010 by including four new components and enlarging the scope of the existing FMD-CP component as under: (a) (b) (c) (d) National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS) National Control Programme on Peste des Petits Ruminants (NCPPPR) National Control Porgramme Brucellosis (NCPB) on


Livestock Health & Disease Control (a)

Establishment and Strengthening of Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries (ESVHD)

3.20.1 This Centrally Sponsored Scheme is being implemented through out the country with Macro Management approach by amalgamating all the animal health related Plan schemes with some modifications since
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A ssistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD)

3.20.3 Under this component, assistance is provided to State/Union Territory Governments for control of economically

Annual Report 2010-11

important diseases of livestock and poultry by way of immunization, strengthening of existing State Veterinary Biological Production Units, strengthening of existing Disease Diagnostic Laboratories and inservice training to Veterinarians and Paraveterinarians. Under this programme, during 2009-10 about 282.25 million vaccinations were carried out against the target of 180 million. During 2010-11, about 240 million vaccinations are expected to be carried out against the target of 180 million. Besides this, the programme envisages collection of information on the incidence of various livestock and poultry diseases from States and Union Territories and compiling the same for the whole country. The information compiled at the headquarters are notified to World Animal Health Organization (OIE) on every six monthly basis. Incidence of diseases of Livestock and Poultry in India during the year 2009 is at Annexure-XIII.

(c) National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE)

3.20.6 Rinderpest is a highly infectious viral disease (Morbilli virus infection) in clovenhoofed animals inflicting heavy mortality in bovine population as well as in small ruminants. Control efforts were started as far back as 1871 when Cattle Plague Commission was appointed. The present National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE) programme is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories with 100 % Central assistance. 3.20.7 The main objective of the scheme is to strengthen the veterinary services to maintain required vigil to sustain the countrys freedom from Rinderpest & CBPP infection secured in May 2006 and May 2007 respectively. 3.20.8 Physical surveillance through village, stock route & institutional searches to detect any re-occurrence of Rinderpest and Contagious Bovine Pleuro-pneumonia (CBPP) is being undertaken throughout the country to maintain Indias freedom status from these diseases. This physical surveillance is done with the help of the staff of Animal Husbandry Department of the states & Union territories to maintain the freedom status. 3.20.9 3,27,088 villages and 1,42,456 stock routes were searched as part of the surveillance programme during 2009-10. 1,07,422 day books of veterinary hospitals/ dispensaries were also inspected.

(b) Professional Efficiency Development (PED)

3.20.4 The objective is to regulate veterinary practices and to maintain the register of the veterinary practitioners. The programme envisages establishment of Veterinary Council of India at Centre and State Veterinary Councils at State level in those States/Union Territories which have adopted the Indian Veterinary Council Act, 1984. The Act has been extended to all the states and Union Territories except Jammu and Kashmir. 3.20.5 Veterinary Council of India is imparting training on latest technical knowledge by way of Continuing Veterinary Education (CVE). During 2009-10, against the target of 20 batches (each batch comprising of 20 Veterinarians), 22 batches of Veterinarians were trained under CVE programme.

The country was declared free from Rinderpest on 25.05.2006 and from Contagious Bovine Pleuro-pneumonia on 25.05.2007.

(d) oot & Mouth Disease Control F Programme (FMD-CP)

3.20.10 At the inception of the scheme, it was implemented in 54 specified districts to control the Foot and Mouth Disease with 100 % funding, which includes the cost
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of vaccine and supporting expenses. The programme has shown the desired results in terms of reduction in the incidence of disease compared to other areas. Hence it has been extended to additional 167 districts from August, 2010. Thus, this programme now covers all the districts in the States/ UTs of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Puducherry and 16 districts in Uttar Pradesh. The State Governments are providing manpower and other infrastructure and logistic support. 3.20.11 Against the target of 350 lakh vaccination and testing of 21,600 sera samples during 2009-10, 358.3 lakh vaccinations were carried out and 21,880 numbers sera samples collected/ tested. About 320 lakh vaccinations have been carried out up to 31st December, 2010 in the current financial year.

veterinary hospitals and dispensaries and to strengthen/equip the existing ones, the department is providing funds on 75:25 (Centre: State) sharing basis except NE States, where the grants are provided on 90:10 basis. 3.20.13 During 2010-11 against the BE of `68.90 crore, a sum of `68.62 crore has been released under this component (till 31st December, 2010). About 350 Hospitals and 500 Dispensaries are targeted to be strengthened/ established by providing funds during 2010-11.

(f) National Control Programme on Brucellosis (NCPB)

3.20.14 Brucellosis, an economically important zoonotic disease has become endemic in most parts of the country. It causes abortions and infertility in animals. Prevention of abortions will add new calves to the animal population leading to enhanced milk production. One time vaccination costing only about ` 20/- per calf gives life-long immunity. This new component has started in 2010 and 100% central assistance is provided to States/UTs for mass vaccination in areas where incidence of the disease is high. 3.20.15 During 2010-11 against BE of `4.70 crore, a sum of `3.80 crore has been released to the States (till 31st December, 2010) to undertake various activities under this component.
Annual Report 2010-11


Establishment and Strengthening of Existing Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries

3.21.12 There are only 8,732 veterinary hospitals/ polyclinics and 18, 830 veterinary dispensaries in the country. Besides being highly inadequate in number, these institutions lack basic infrastructure in terms of buildings and equipment. In order to help the states to set up infrastructure for new


National Control Programme of Peste des Petits Ruminants (NCPPPR)

3.20.16 Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease characterized

Chapter 3 31

Annual Report 2010-11

by high fever, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract leading to necrosis and ulceration of the mucous membrane and diarrhoea. The PPR infection causes huge losses in the rural economy, both in terms of morbidity and mortality in sheep and goats. The PPR Control Programme involving intensive vaccination of susceptible animals has been started in 2010 on 100% Central assistance basis. The programme involves vaccinating all goats & sheep and three subsequent generations. The first phase covers the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa and UTs of Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Puducherry. The second phase will be taken up in the 12th Plan, by the end of which the disease is expected to be fully controlled. 3.20.17 During 2010-11 against BE of `40.00 crore, a sum of `27.32 crore (till 31st December, 2010) has been released under this component. About 400 lakh vaccinations are expected to be carried out during 2010-11.

result of this initiative, it will be feasible to take timely action for control and containment of any disease outbreak, preventing economic losses to livestock owners and the Country. All activities relating to development of software and installation of hardware will be carried out by NIC, making full use of the infrastructure and databases already available in the States. The existing State Govt. staff posted at Block/District and State levels will be trained by NIC for proper data recording, reporting, report preparation and data analysis etc. 3.20.19 During 2010-11, against BE of `87.50 crore, a sum of `83.37 crore has been released (till 31st December, 2010) to NIC. About 7000 nodes are expected to be set up during the current financial year up to block level.


Avian Influenza: Preparedness, Control and Containment


National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS)

3.21.1 The present wave of avian Influenza (commonly known as Bird Flu) in poultry commenced in 1997 in Hong Kong. It has infected numerous species of birds in Asia, Europe, America and Africa since 2003.

3.20.18 The main objective of this component is to establish computerized system of animal disease reporting linking each block, district and State Headquarters to the Central Disease Reporting and Monitoring Unit in New Delhi by replacing the present system of disease reporting which relies on postal means of communication and entails lot of delay. As a
32 Chapter 3

A total of 62 countries reported Avian Influenza in domestic poultry/wild life during the period 2003-2009, of which, 50 countries have reported this disease in domestic poultry. During the year 2009, Avian Influenza has been reported in 17 countries. 3.21.2 The first episode of Avian Influenza in India was reported in February, 2006 in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. This was followed by a second episode in July 2007 in Manipur. In 2008 the disease was reported mainly from West Bengal, Tripura and Assam and in 2009 in Sikkim. During 2010, another outbreak was notified in West Bengal in January. The latest outbreak of Avian Influenza was notified on 17th February 2011 in Tripura. The control and containment operations are being carried out. 3.21.3 The following measures have been taken up by the Government of India for control and containment of current Avian Influenza outbreak as well as to prevent its ingress into the country. (i) (ii) Culling of entire poultry population in the affected zone of 0-3 Kms. Continuous strengthening of preparedness to tackle any future eventuality in terms of upgradation of laboratories, training of manpower, stockpiling of materials for control and containment etc. Training veterinary personnel in preparedness, control and containment is continuing. More than 80% veterinary workforce in the country has been trained to handle control and containment operations.


To strengthen the diagnosis of Avian Influenza, two prefabricated Bio-Safety Level 3 (BSL 3) laboratories have been established at Jallandhar and Kolkata. Two more similar BSL3 laboratories have already been procured and are being installed at Bangalore and Bareilly. Two BSL 3 laboratories of constructed category are being set up at Pune and Guwahati. 23 State Disease Diagnostic Laboratories are being upgraded to BSL 2 level. Three laboratories are already functional. The remaining are at various stages of completion. Reserve of essential material for control operations have been developed and are being expanded further. Sensitization of general public on Avian Influenza through Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaigns. Transparent approach towards reporting not only outbreaks but also information of unusual sickness/mortality in poultry and results of laboratory diagnosis. All the state governments have been alerted to be vigilant about the outbreak of the disease, if any. Imports of poultry and poultry products have been banned completely from HPAI positive countries. Border check posts with neighboring countries have been alerted.
Annual Report 2010-11








Chapter 3

Table 3.7: Outbreaks of Avian Influenza upto December, 2010

Period State affected Number of Districts Number of Epicenters Birds culled (in lakh) 9.40 0.92 0.12 3.39 42.62 1.93 5.09 2.01 0.04 1.56 67.05 Compensation paid (`in lakh) 270 32 3 94 1229 71 170 36 3 63.80 1971.80

18th February 18th April, 2006 18th February, 2006 28th March 25th July, 2007 15th January 16th May, 2008 7th 14th April, 2008 27th November 24th December, 2008 15th December, 2008 27th May, 2009
Annual Report 2010-11

Maharashtra Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Manipur West Bengal (1st episode) Tripura Assam West Bengal (2nd episode) Sikkim West Bengal

2 1 2 1 15 2 9 5 1 1 39

28 1 1 1 68 3 18 11 1 12 144

19th January, 2009 14th January - 31st January, 2010 Total


Guidelines issued to the states for further guidance of poultry farmers.


Animal Husbandry Statistics

prescribed rate (ii) studies and development of methodologies in livestock sector (iii) Information Technology (IT) solutions and (iv) refresher training on ISS methodology. 3.22.2 The annual surveys are conducted from March to February. The Technical Committee of Direction for Improvement of Animal Husbandry Statistics (TCD) guides the Department in the conduct of the scheme. Directors of Animal Husbandry/ Sheep Husbandry of all the States/UTs, Directors of Directorate of Economics & Statistics (E&S) of 4 selected States, representatives of CSO & NSSO, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, representative of Directorate of Economics & Statistics (E&S), Ministry of Agriculture, representative from Ministry of Rural Development and representatives from
Chapter 3

3.22.1 The production of major livestock products (MLP), namely, milk, eggs, meat & wool are estimated on the basis of annual sample surveys conducted under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme Integrated Sample Survey (ISS). All the States and Union Territories are implementing the Scheme. Under the Scheme, Central Assistance to the tune of 50% and 100% of the expenditure on salary for the entitled posts is provided to the States and the UTs respectively. 100% Central Assistance is also provided for (i) TA/DA to the Enumerator and Supervisor for the conduct of the survey at a

other independent agencies such as National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), Anand, DMI, IASRI and Indian Statistical Institute are the members of the Committee. Director General, Central Statistics Office, M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation is the chairman of the Committee. States/ UTs compile season-wise as well as annual estimates of MLP. Season-wise and annual estimates of MLP are discussed in the meeting of the TCD. Once the estimates are finalized in the meeting the annual estimates are uploaded at the Website of the Department. These estimates are also published in the biennial publication Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics of the Department. The latest issue of the publication is for the year 2008. 3.22.3 Refresher training Course in ISS methodologies had started during 200506. Since then, training has been held in all the States and UTs except Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Puducherry. The response was very good and States have sent their feedback that such training should be repeated once at least in three years period. The Department conducted an All India Training programme on ISS methodology for Master trainers in June 2010. 3.22.4 A Committee had been constituted under the Chairmanship of Animal Husbandry Commissioner of the Department to review the methodology of data collection under Integrated Sample Survey in January, 2009. In addition to exploring the possibility of revising the methodology for estimation of Major Livestock Products and schedule for data collection, the committee is also considering inclusion of more items viz. estimates of consumption of feed & fodder and estimation of Hide and Skin under
Chapter 3

the purview of the Scheme. Based on the recommendation of the Committee, a Specialized Group on Revision of Methodology of Data Collection on Meat, Hide and Skin has been constituted. Two meetings of the group have been held and actions are being taken on the suggestions made in the meeting. On the recommendation of the Group, a Sub-group has been constituted for examining the existing sampling design of Integrated Sample Survey. Important decisions taken during the meetings for the revision of methodology of estimation of Major Livestock Products and the revised inquiry schedules of Integrated Sample Survey have been circulated to all the State Animal Husbandry Departments for their comments. The comments received from the States are being examined. The recommendations of the Committee are likely to be finalized by June 2011.

Annual Report 2010-11


Livestock Census

3.23.1 The first Livestock Census was conducted during 1919-1920 and since then it is being conducted quinquennially by all States/UTs in India. The 18th Livestock Census was conducted with 15/10/2007 as the date of reference. The Census is conducted as a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme. Livestock Census is the only source, which gives detailed information on all species of livestock and poultry, animal driven agricultural implements & machinery, and fishery statistics. 3.23.2 In the 18th Livestock Census (2007), for the very first time digital data up to the household level has been processed at the central level through National Informatics Centre. Breed-wise data has also been collected for the first time. The All India Report (Provisional Results) on the 18th

Livestock census, processed by the National Informatics Centre from the digital data on village level totals, is available on the official website of the Department ( The All India Report (Final results), derived from digital household level data is expected to be ready by the end of March 2011. 3.23.3 Out of budgetary allocation of `18.50 crore for 2010-11, an amount of `8.04 crore has been released till 31.12.2010 to the States/UTs for the conduct of 18th livestock census. In addition to this an amount of `26.70 lakh has been released to NIC for meeting the expenses on computerization.

Livestock Insurance was implemented in 2008-09. The scheme covers 300 selected districts from 10.12.2009. 3.24.2 This CSS being implemented in all the states has twin objectives: providing protection mechanism to the farmers & cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death; and to demonstrate the benefit of the insurance of livestock. The scheme benefits the farmers (large/small/ marginal) and cattle rearers having indigenous/crossbred milch cattle and buffaloes. Benefit of subsidy is to be restricted to two animals per beneficiary per household. The funds under the scheme are being utilized for payment of premium subsidy, honorarium to the Veterinary Practitioner and publicity campaign for creation of awareness. 50% of the premium of insurance is paid by the beneficiary and the rest is paid by the Government of India. 3.24.3 The list of districts covered under this scheme is at Annexure-XIV. An amount of `20.12 crore has been released to States and 4.94 lakh animals have been insured during 2010-11 up to December, 2010.


Livestock Insurance

Annual Report 2010-11

3.24.1 For promotion of the livestock sector, it is important that along with providing more effective measures for disease control and improvement of genetic quality of animals, a mechanism of assured protection to the farmers and cattle rearers is required against eventual losses of such animals. In this direction, the Government of India introduced a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) on Livestock Insurance on a pilot basis during 2005-06 & 2006-07 in 100 selected districts. The scheme continued during 2007-08 also. A full fledged scheme on


Chapter 3

Chapter 4


Chapter 4
4.1 The Indian Dairy sector acquired substantial growth momentum from 9th Plan onwards, achieving an annual output of 112.54 million tonnes of milk during 200910. This has not only placed the country on top in the world, but also represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for the growing population. Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural families and has assumed the most important role in providing employment and income generating opportunities. The per capita availability of the milk reached at a level of 263 grams per day in the year 2009-10, but it is still lower than the world average of 284 grams per day. Government of India is making efforts to increase the productivity of milch animals and thus increase the per capita availability of milk. Milk production and marketing system in India is unique. Most of the milk is produced by small, marginal farmers and landless labourers. About 14.08 million farmers have been brought under the ambit of 1,35,439 village level dairy corporative societies. 4.2 The efforts of the Department in the dairy sector are concentrated on promotion of dairy activities mainly in non-operation flood areas with emphasis on building up cooperative infrastructure, revitalization of sick dairy cooperative federations and creation of infrastructure in the States for production of quality milk and milk products. The Department is implementing four schemes in the dairy sector during 11th Plan. The National Dairy Development
Chapter 4

Board (NDDB) continues its activities for the overall development of Dairy Sector in Operation Flood areas.


Intensive Dairy Programme (IDDP)


4.3.1 The scheme Integrated Dairy Development Programme (IDDP) in NonOperation Flood, Hilly and Backward Areas was launched in 1993-94 on 100% grant-inaid basis. The main objectives of the scheme are as under:
= =

Development of milch cattle Increasing milk production by providing technical input services Procurement, processing and marketing of milk in a cost effective manner Ensure remunerative prices to the milk producers Generate additional employment opportunities Improve social, nutritional and economic status of residents of comparatively more disadvantaged areas.
Annual Report 2010-11

4.3.2 The scheme was modified in March, 2005 and was named as Intensive Dairy Development Programme (IDDP). The scheme is presently being implemented in hilly and backward areas and also in districts, which received less than ` 50.00 lakh for dairy development activities under Operation Flood programme.

4.3.3 The funds under the revised scheme are released directly to the implementing agencies (State Milk Federations/Unions) and the projects are implemented by the State Milk Federations/Unions in view of their expertise and professionalism. There is no discrimination of gender and class under the scheme. 4.3.4 Since the inception of the scheme, 90 projects have been approved. Out of these, 50 projects are under implementation and 40 projects have been completed. 210 districts were covered in 27 States and a UT with a total outlay of `511.12 crore till 31st December 2010, including Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for the Suicide Prone Districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. These projects have benefited about 19.51 lakh farmers in 28,315 villages in various States procuring over 21.05 lakh kgs of milk per day and marketing milk of about 18.05 lakh litres per day. Milk chilling capacity of 21.77 lakh litres per day and processing capacity of 26.35 lakh litres per day has been created under this scheme. Evolution of IDDP scheme has been initiated by the Department. Technical proposals from various evaluating agencies have been invited, which are being examined in the Department for the finalization of evaluating agency.

Annual Report 2010-11

needs improvement. The microbiological quality of milk is poor due to lack of knowledge about clean milk production and lack of post milking chilling facilities in the villages. To compete in international market for export of milk and milk products, it has become necessary to produce the dairy products of international standards. 4.4.2 The evaluation & impact study of Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production (CMP) scheme have been conducted by an independent evaluating agency. Based on its suggestions, modifications have been proposed by the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) on 18th November 2010, for extending the scope of the scheme and raising the financial limits for funding of components, besides including new components under the scheme. 4.4.3 Since inception, the Department has approved 151 projects spread over 21 States and one UT at a total cost of `258.43 crore with a Central share of `211.24 crore till 31.12.2010. An amount of `15.12 crore has been released during the year 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010) for implementation of approved projects. 5.74 lakh farmer members have been trained and 1,835 Bulk Milk Coolers (BMCs) with a total chilling
Chapter 4


Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production

4.4.1 With the increase in milk production, quality standards prevalent today in milk production, milk collection and processing

capacity of 35.75 lakh litres have been installed and 1,253 existing laboratories have been strengthened.


Dairy Venture Capital Fund


Assistance to Cooperatives

4.5.1 This scheme started during 19992000, aims at revitalizing the sick dairy cooperative unions at the district level and cooperative federations at the State level. The rehabilitation plan is prepared by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in consultation with the concerned State Dairy Federation/District Milk Union. Each rehabilitation plan is to be implemented within a period of 7 years from the date of its approval. 4.5.2 Since inception, the Department has approved 37 rehabilitation proposals of Milk Unions so far in Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Haryana, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Assam, Nagaland, Punjab, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu at a total outlay of `271.00 crore and with a central share of `135.69 crore till 31st December, 2010. The scheme is being implemented on 50:50 sharing basis between Govt. of India and the concerned State Governments. Since inception, an amount of `106.17 crore has been released under the scheme till 31st December, 2010. Out of 37 Milk Unions, 17 have turned around and earned profit as on 31.03.2009.

4.6.1 To bring about structural changes in the unorganized sector, measures like milk processing at village level, marketing of pasteurized milk in a cost effective manner, quality up-gradation and up-gradation of traditional technology to handle commercial scale using modern equipments and management skills, a central sector scheme namely, Dairy Venture Capital Fund is being implemented during 11th Five Year Plan with an outlay of ` 250.00 crore during XIth plan after separating the Poultry component of erstwhile Dairy/Poultry Venture Capital Fund scheme launched in 2004-05. Under this scheme, assistance is provided to the rural/urban beneficiaries under a schematic proposal through bankable projects. Eligible beneficiaries, under the scheme, include agricultural farmers/ individual entrepreneurs and groups of all sections of unorganized as well as organized sector including cooperatives and NGOs, from any part of the country. The scheme has been revised and renamed as Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme with effect from 1st September, 2010. 4.6.2 The scheme is being implemented through NABARD and funds amounting to `144.99 crore were released to NABARD till 31st August, 2010, including `12.00 crore released during 2010-11. NABARD has sanctioned 18,184 Dairy Units and released `174.39 crore till 31st August, 2010.

Annual Report 2010-11


Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme Dairy Venture Capital Fund was modified on the basis of an EFC incorporating the recommendations
Chapter 4 41

made by independent evaluating agency, suggestions received from beneficiaries and banks. The scheme has been renamed as Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) with effect from 1st September, 2010 and the earlier scheme Dairy Venture capital fund has been discontinued. The major changes made in the new scheme (DEDS) are:

dairy whitener and infant milk foods), Casein and Casein products has been prohibited with effect from 18.2.2011 to augment the availability of liquid milk and stabilize the prices of milk and milk products


Post Operation Flood and Consolidation of Cooperative Movement by NDDB

Back-ended capital subsidy of 25% (33.33% for SC/ST) will be provided instead of Interest Free Loan (IFL) All districts including Operation Flood districts would be eligible for setting up of small dairy unit of 10 animals (Cross bred cows, recognized indigenous milch breeds, like Red Sidhi, Shahiwal, Gir & Rathi and graded buffaloes). Assistance will be provided for new components like (i) setting up of Vermi compost unit (ii) Purchase of Dairy Marketing outlet/ Dairy parlour (iii) Rearing of Cross bred female calf, indigenous cattle calf and graded buffaloes calf upto 20 numbers. Financial limits available for the components eligible for funding under the existing scheme have been increased.

Annual Report 2010-11

4.8.1 The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was set up in 1965 to promote, plan and organise programmes for the development of dairy and other agriculture based and allied industries along cooperative lines, and also to provide assistance in the implementation of such programmes. In 1987, the Parliament declared NDDB as a statutory body corporate and an institution of national importance under the NDDB Act.

4.8.2 Strengthening the cooperatives During 2010-11, NDDB continued to provide technical and financial support to dairy cooperatives in the areas of strengthening cooperative business, productivity enhancement, quality assurance, building dairy infrastructure and for creation of a national information network. Up to 31st December 2010, plans of about 100 dairy cooperatives, with a total outlay of `2100 crore had been approved by NDDB under the Perspective Plan. Of this, NDDBs financial assistance was to the tune of `1725 crore.

The scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme has been implemented from 1st September, 2010.


Measures to Augment Milk availability

4.8.3 Animal Breeding Various progeny testing programmes have been initiated for the production of high genetic merit bulls of Holstein Friesian
Chapter 4

4.7.1 Export of milk powders (including skimmed milk powder, whole milk powder,

Toda, and in cattle breeds like Gir, Hariana, Kankrej, Khillar, Rathi, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal and Tharparkar. The eight dairy cooperative semen production stations in the country produced 118 lakh doses of frozen semen (provisional). NDDB- managed semen stations- Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala, Bidaj and Animal Breeding Centre, Salon together produced about 106 lakh does of frozen semen during the year.

Animal breeding Field Verification

(HF) and crossbred HF cattle as well as Mehsana and Murrah buffaloes to meet the need of quality semen for Artificial insemination programmes. NDDB along with the Tamil Nadu Cooperative Milk Producers Federation initiated a progeny testing programme for the production of cross bred Jersey cattle bulls. Conservation and development of select indigenous breeds in their native tracts continued. These include the Rathi breed of cattle in Bikaner and Sri Ganganagar districts of Rajasthan and Kankrej breed of cattle in Banaskantha and Patan districts of Gujarat. A milk recording programme for identifying elite animals producing bulls from the bull mothers is an integral part of the project. The bulls thus produced were distributed to various institutions for further service. In addition, efforts to preserve indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes by in vitro methods, through frozen embryos and semen doses, continued in buffalo breeds like Jaffarabadi, Murrah, Pandharpuri and
Chapter 4


Animal Nutrition Technology


Annual Report 2010-11 Promotion of use of bypass protein supplement was continued during the year with three more bypass protein plants, each with 50 tonnes per day capacity, were set up in Rajasthan, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh during the year. Mineral mapping programmes were completed for Madhya Pradesh. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulphur, copper, zinc and cobalt were found to be deficient in the ration of dairy animals. Based on these results, an area specific mineral mixtures formulation was developed for the state and


is being produced at a mineral mixture plant set up and 18 mineral mixture plants were set up for production of area-specific mineral mixtures. Seeds of high yielding varieties of various fodder crops obtained from Indian Council of Agricultural Research were supplied to Dairy cooperative unions for seed multiplication. They in turn, produced and supplied roughly 4,500 tonnes of certified fodder seeds of improved genetics of maize, sorghum, pearl millet, oats, guar, cowpea, berseem and Lucerne. Demonstration and development of Silage making, by preserving green fodder in surface silo system, projects on straw enrichment and densification in the form of blocks and pellets were taken up.

safe and efficacious vaccines for combating various animal diseases, Baculovirus expressing foot and mouth disease (FMD) Virus Like Particles (VLPs) have been developed by the laboratory and this novel FMD vaccine has been tested in cattle with promising results. Recombinant vaccines for other animal diseases viz. enterotoxaemia in sheep and canine parvovirus (CPV) infection in dogs have also been developed, which are presently being tested.

4.8.6 Quality Assurance Dairy cooperatives and milk producers institutions (MPIs) were assisted in ensuring the quality of packed milk and milk products by adopting a technology driven, innovative, economically viable and environmental friendly approach covering the entire chain from the producer to the consumer. Cooperative dairy plants were also assisted in implementing quality and food safety management systems. Till date 81 dairy plants have obtained ISO 9001, 69 plants ISO 22000/HACCP and 11 plants ISO 14000 certification.

Annual Report 2010-11

4.8.5 Animal Health The R& D Laboratory of NDDB in Hyderabad continued research on animal diseases as well as provided services to organized farms for animal diseases diagnosis and for maintaining bio-security measures. During the year, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) approved real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique developed in-house, has been extensively used for screening frozen semen of cattle and buffaloes against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus. The R&D laboratory also undertook other serological diagnosis. Bovine gamma interferon assay for early diagnosis of tuberculosis and Johnes disease has been standardized. Another important mandate of this laboratory is to develop improved,

4.8.7 Milk Procurement Marketing

and During April to December 2010, the average milk procurement by dairy cooperatives was more than 257 lakh kgs per day (provisional) as compared to 249 lakh kgs per day during the same period in the previous year, thus registering an increase of 3.2 %. The cooperatives marketed an average of around 219 lakh litres of milk per day (provisional) as against 210 lakh litres per day, registering a rise of about 4.3 % over the corresponding period in the previous year.
Chapter 4

4.8.8 New Generation Cooperatives (NGC) initiatives Milk Producer Institutions (MPIs) were promoted in areas where cooperatives have little or no presence. By the end of December 2010, about 2, 15,000 producer were organized into around 9,200 milk pooling points in nine States namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Collectively, they procure an average of 11, 67,000 kgs of milk per day with a peak procurement of 17,13,000 kgs.

grow at 4% with an annual incremental output of 5 million tonnes in the next 15 years. Districts will be categorized into 324 high potential districts for intensive development and 282 low potential districts for further expansion of the sector. Under this plan the Government is contemplating to enhance milk production in major milk producing areas, strengthen and expand infrastructure to produce, process and market milk through the existing and new institutional structures. The plan envisages breed improvement through Artificial Insemination (AI) and through natural service, setting up plants to augment cattle feed, by -pass protein and mineral mixture and expanding/strengthening milk processing infrastructure. The plan also proposes to bring 65% of the surplus milk produced under organized sector for procurement as against the present 30%. The cooperative and private sector would continue to have 50:50 share. 4.9.2 The Government is exploring World Bank assistance to bring down the cost to the Government and also to provide loans at a concessional rate. 4.9.3 NDDB would be drawing up the Detailed Project Report in consultation with the States. The Project Report will be circulated for obtaining approval from various departments of Government of India like the Department of AHD&F, Planning Commission, Department of Economic Affairs and also the Board of Directors of World Bank. The project is expected to be launched during 2011-12. 4.9.4 Planning Commission has conveyed approval for implementing the Phase-I of NDP (6 years from 2011-12 to 2016-17) with

Annual Report 2010-11

New Generation Cooperatives


National Dairy Plan

4.9.1 National Dairy Plan is a strategic plan prepared by NDDB with an estimated outlay of `17,371 crore to achieve a target of 180 million tonnes of milk production annually by 2021-22. Milk production is expected to
Chapter 4

IDA component of `1584 Crore to be passed on to the end implementing agencies as grants-in-aid. The Department has made a budget provision of ` 100 Crore for 2011-12 for NDP-I and is in the process of preparing the EFC for the scheme. 4.9.3 Planning Commission has conveyed its observation that the IDA loan may be made available as grant for implementing under Phase-I of NDP. The department has been asked to make a provision in its budget, beginning from 2011-12 and to obtain necessary EFC/CCEA clearances. EFC Memo is under preparation.

from the Co-operative Societies/Producers Companies & other companies. The total quantity of milk procured by Delhi Milk Scheme since 2008-2009 is indicated below: -

Table 4.1: Milk Procured by DMS (In lakh Kgs)

Year Total Qty. of milk procured 1100.38 945.94 588.34 Average/ per day 3.01 2.59 2.13

2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 (up to Dec. 2010)

Annual Report 2010-11

Delhi Milk Scheme (DMS)

4.10.1 Delhi Milk Scheme (DMS) was set up in 1959 with the primary objective of supplying wholesome milk to the citizens of Delhi at reasonable prices as well as for providing remunerative prices to milk producers. The initial installed capacity of Delhi Milk Scheme was for processing/packing of 2.55 lakh litres of milk per day. However, in order to meet increasing demand for milk in the city, the capacity was expanded in phases to the level of 5.00 lakh litres of milk per day. The Department has developed a web site for use by related users.

4.10.4 Production and Distribution of Milk Delhi Milk Scheme is processing and supplying milk (Toned, Double Toned and Full Cream). DMS is also manufacturing and marketing Yoghurt, Flavoured Milk, Paneer and Chhachh for supply to the citizens of Delhi. DMS has a network of over 1,556 outlets, which includes 461 All Day Milk Stalls and 106 Loose milk outlets spread all over the city, for the sale of milk & milk products as shown below: -

4.10.2 I.S.O.22000-2005 - Certification DMS has been awarded ISO 220002005 Certification upto 05.05.2012 and ISO 14001-2004 Certification valid upto 30.03.2013 by M/s IRQS Mumbai.

4.10.3 Procurement of Milk DMS has been procuring raw/fresh milk from the State Dairy Federations of the neighbouring States of Punjab, Haryana, U.P., and Rajasthan and some quantity of milk
46 The milk booths are allotted to and manned by Ex-servicemen, retired Government/Semi-Government servants, physically handicapped persons, widows, unemployed persons. The DMS also supplies milk to about 140 institutions such as Hospitals, Government Canteens, Hostels, Defence Units etc.
Chapter 4

4.10.5 Performance /Capacity Utilization The present sale of DMS milk is around 3.30 lakh litres per day (LLPD) including custom packing for Mother Dairy. To utilize surplus processing capacity, around 10,000 litres of milk per day is being custom packed for Mother Dairy, Delhi. Cost of production of milk in DMS is given in Table 4.2.

4.10.6 Financial Outlay Expenditure on all head of accounts

including the expenditure on inputs like raw milk, SMP, Butter, Butter Oil etc. and capital items is made from consolidated fund of Government of India through annual budget allocation of Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries. Sale proceeds of milk and milk products are credited to the revenue account of the Government. The funds provided and expenditure for the year 2009-10 and 201011 are at Table 4.3.

DMS has a network of over 1556 outlets, which includes 461 All Day Milk Stalls and 160 Loose Milk Outlets spread all over the city. The present sale of DMS milk is around 3.30 lakh litres per day (LLPD) including custom packing for Mother Dairy.

Table 4.2: Performance of DMS

Year 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11(upto Dec.10) Capacity utilization (%) 76.0 73.1 64.37 Milk Sale (lakh litres) 1,371.72 1,332.77 885.05 Variable cost (` per litre) 18.10 19.86 21.56 Fixed cost (` per litre) 2.60 3.05 3.21 Total cost (` per litre) 20.70 22.91 24.77
Annual Report 2010-11

Table 4.3: Expenditure of DMS

(`in Crore)
Head/Scheme B.E 1 I. NON-PLAN II. PLAN 2 393.27 1.00 2009-10 R.E 3 311.29 1.00 Exp 4 288.60 0.99 BE 5 371.40 1.00 2010-11 Exp. (upto Dec. 10) 6 249.74 0.67 Though the deficit came down from `24.94 crore in 2006-07 to `10.99 crore in 2008-09, it increased to `24.15 crore and to 34.35 crore during the previous and current financial year due to lesser procurement of raw milk, higher purchase price paid for skimmed milk powder, raw milk and implementation of 6th Pay Commissions recommendations.
Chapter 4

4.10.7 Reduction in the staff strength of DMS In pursuance of the instructions issued by Ministry of Finance to down size the Government machinery and to reduce the administrative expenses, the DMS has decided to reduce its working strength. The total sanctioned strength of DMS has come

down from 2146 as on 31.3.2011 to 1015 as on 1.12.2010

Dairy, thereby resulting in savings in water consumption. The present capacity utilization of DMS is about 75 %. Efforts are being made to utilize its capacity by increasing the sale of milk and milk products leading to reduction in losses. 4.10.9 Corporatization of DMS The activities of DMS are purely commercial in nature and therefore, in order to run it as a commercial entity and make it financially viable, the Union Cabinet has given in principle approval to this Departments proposal to corporatize DMS to make it autonomous. After completion of all formalities, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries will bring a comprehensive proposal for Corporatization of DMS before the Union Cabinet for formal approval.

4.10.8 Upgradation and modernization of DMS plant During current financial year 201011 a 10 KL recombined milk Chiller and 20 KL raw milk chiller and a 2 KL Ghee balance tank have been installed and commissioned resulting in saving in terms of electricity consumption and improved efficiency. With optimum utilization of available resources and installed capacitor banks in Central Dairy, DMS could achieve a power factor greater than 0.98, resulting in savings in electrical consumption. Also with optimum utilization of water and its recycling, the consumption of water has been brought down substantially in Central

Annual Report 2010-11


Chapter 4



Chapter 5
5.1 Introduction
(iii) (iv) National Scheme of Welfare of India is the third largest producer of fish in the Fishermen Strengthening of Database and Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector Assistance to Fisheries Institutes National Fisheries Development Board Issuance of Biometric Identity cards to Coastal Fishermen.
world and second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. The fish production during 2009-10 is estimated to be 78.51 lakh tonnes.

5.1.1 Fisheries sector contributes significantly to the national economy while providing livelihood to approximately 14.49 million people in the country. It has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious food besides being a source of foreign exchange earner. Most importantly, it is the source of livelihood for a large section of economically backward population of the country. The main challenges facing fisheries development in the country include development of sustainable technologies for fin and shell fish culture, Fish Seed Certification, yield optimization, infrastructure for harvest and post-harvest operations, landing and berthing facilities for fishing vessels and uniform registration of fishing vessels.

(v) (vi) (vii)


Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture

Annual Report 2010-11


Thrust areas

5.2.1 Fisheries is a State subject and as such the primary responsibility for its development rests with the State Governments. The major thrust in fisheries development has been on optimizing production and productivity, augmenting export of marine products, generating employment and improving welfare of fishermen and their socio-economic status.

(i) (ii)

On-going Schemes
Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations

5.4.1 This CSS is being implemented through the State Governments/UT Administrations. The scheme covers all inland fishery resources available in the country in the form of freshwater, brackishwater, coldwater, waterlogged areas, saline/alkaline soils for aquaculture and capture fishery resources (reservoir/rivers etc.). The scheme has been implemented with seven components namely, Development of Freshwater Aquaculture, Development of Brackishwater Aquaculture, Development of Coldwater Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Hilly Regions, Development of Water-logged Areas into Aquaculture Estate, Utilization of Inland Saline/Alkaline Soils for Aquaculture and Inland Capture Fisheries (Reservoirs/Rivers etc.) and Innovative Projects for implementation in the 11th Five Year Plan. The two components namely, Development of Freshwater Aquaculture and Development of Brackishwater Aquaculture are being implemented by a network of 429 Fish Farmers Development Agencies (FFDAs) in the respective States and Union Territories. A brief write up on the first two components which are important are given below:

About 1.46 lakh hectare water area brought under scientific fresh water and brackish water fish farming, 14.15 lakh fish farmers/ fishermen trained in improved practices and benefited till 2010-11 under D e v e l o p m e n t of Freshwater Aquaculture.

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Development Aquaculture



fish culture and the scheme has benefitted about 13, 85,177 beneficiaries. The main objectives of the scheme are to popularize modern fish farming, creating employment opportunities and diversifying aquaculture practices and providing assistance to fish farmers engaged in aquaculture. In order to boost inland fish production, assistance in the form of subsidy is given to the fish farmers for construction of new ponds, reclamation/ renovation of ponds and tanks, first year inputs (fish seed, fertilizers, manures, etc.), integrated fish farming, running water fish culture, establishment of fish seed hatcheries and fish feed mills, etc. Assistance is also given to progressive fish farmers for purchase of aerators to further enhance the productivity of fish. Subsidy for the above-mentioned activities is given at higher rates to fish farmers who belong to Scheduled Tribes/Scheduled Castes. Financial assistance is also provided for freshwater prawn seed hatchery, laboratory, soil & water testing kits, integrated units for ornamental fish and transportation of seed in hilly areas. The expenditure towards developmental activities is being shared on 75:25 basis between the Government of India and State Governments. For UTs, Central Government provides cent percent funding assistance. During 2009-10, an additional area of 12,547 hectare was brought under fish culture and fishers were trained in improved practices .Due to introduction of improved technology of fish farming and the efforts of FFDAs, the national average productivity of ponds and tanks covered under the programme has reached a figure of 2,600 kg/ha/annum. During 2010-11 an additional area of 20,000 hectare is covered under fish culture and has benefitted 35, 000 fishers. Since inception of the scheme till 2010-11 about 1,05,060 hectare has been brought under


Development of Aquaculture

Brackishwater With a view to provide technical, financial and extension support to shrimp farmers in the small scale sector, 39 Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agencies (BFDAs) have been sanctioned in all the coastal States and the UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. During 2009-10, additional area of about 1,234 ha was brought under shrimp culture and 960 fishers were trained in improved practices. During 2010-11 an additional area of 1,500 ha was covered and about 2,000 fishers are benefitted.

Annual Report 2010-11

brackish water aquaculture Since inception of the scheme till 2010-11, about 41,250 ha water area has been brought under shrimp culture and the number of beneficiaries covered under the programme is about 30,171, while the productivity has reached 1,200 kg/ha/annum.


Progress of the scheme during 200910 and 2010-11. A sum of `20.75 crore was released during the financial year 2009-10. During 201011 (till 31.12.2010), an amount of `16.70 crore has been released to the various states and UTs for achieving the target of covering 30,000 ha water area under fish culture.
Chapter 5


Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Operations

Programmes for Development of Marine Fisheries

5.5.1 The Department has continued to extend financial assistance for the development of marine sector to implement several central sector and centrally sponsored schemes such as motorization of traditional craft, assisting the small-scale mechanized sector by subsidizing the excise duty on fuel, setting up of infrastructure for safe landing, berthing and post-harvest operations etc. and thereby improving the socio-economic conditions of traditional fishermen. Based on Zero Based Budgeting (ZBB) exercise, the ongoing schemes were brought under a comprehensive scheme since 10th Five Year Plan, titled Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations with necessary modifications. The scheme for 11th Five Year Plan has three major components viz. (i) Development of Marine Fisheries, (ii) Development of Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations and (iii) Provisions for taking up of Innovative Activities.

Fishing activity in Tamil Nadu

the 11th Five Year Plan with modification that the subsidy benefit will be extended both for Out Board Motor (OBM) and In Board Motor (IBM) of 8-10 HP. Under this component, 50 % of the unit cost is provided as subsidy subject to a maximum of `30,000/- per OBM/IBM, which is shared equally between the Centre and State Governments. In the case of UTs, the Central Government meets the entire subsidy. An amount of `271.78 lakh and `249.28 lakh were released to various States/UTs during 2009-10 and 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010) respectively. Safety of Fishermen at Sea: The hazardous nature of sea fishing often results in loss of life and fishing boats and implements, besides injury and permanent impairment. Recent studies have pointed out that calamities occur mostly due to ill-equipped vessels and non-availability of an early warning system on board. This component is intended to improve the sea safety to reduce loss of human life and property at sea. Under this component, subsidy is provided to the tune of 75 % of unit cost of a kit consisting of GPS, communication equipment, echo-sounder and search & rescue beacon. The unit cost of these equipments together works out to about `1.50 lakh and 75 % of which is provided as subsidy. The component is implemented through State Fisheries Federations/Corporations and Panchayati Raj Institutions. An amount of `485.63 lakh and

Annual Report 2010-11


Component-wise scheme



the Development of Marine Fisheries Motorization of Traditional Craft: Motorization of Traditional Craft, a production oriented scheme was introduced during 7th Plan with the objective of (i) technological upgradation of traditional fishing sector, (ii) to help the fishermen to reduce their physical strain and (iii) to extend the range of their fishing operation primarily to increase the quantum of fish catch, income and thereby to uplift their socio-economic status. About 50,000 traditional craft have been motorized since inception of the scheme. The scheme has continued during
Chapter 5

`80.00 lakh has been released during the year 2009-10 and 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010) under this component. Fishermen Development Rebate on HSD Oil: The scheme for reimbursement of Central Excise Duty on HSD oil used by fishing vessels below 20 meter length was introduced from 1990-91 onwards with a view to help the small mechanized fishing owners/operators to bring down the operational cost of these vessels and thereby to encourage them to increase the fishing days, fish catch and income. Under the restructured scheme for 11th Plan, Central rebate equivalent to 50 % of the Sales Tax relief granted by the States/UTs on HSD oil used for fishing purpose with central subsidy limited to `3/litre of HSD oil with a ceiling of 500 litres is provided per boat per month during active fishing months. Subsidy is provided to the vessels of size less than 20 meters, registered before 10th Five Year Plan, which are owned by fishers of Below Poverty Line (BPL) category. `749.00 lakh was released to various States/ UTs during 2009-10 under this component. No proposals have been received from the coastal States/UTs during 2010-11 under this component. Introduction of Intermediate Craft of Improved Design: Out of the estimated 3.9 million tonnes of potential marine fisheries resources, about 3.00 million tonnes potential has been exploited. The remaining potential exists mainly in the deep sea, which is beyond the fishing capacity of the small-scale fishing boats. Adequate number of appropriately designed boats would be required to judiciously exploit the fisheries potential of the countrys EEZ. Accordingly, this component was included in the macro scheme to acquire an appropriate design and to provide the financial incentives to fishermen groups to take up new generation craft. This component on multi-day intermediate class of resource specific fishing vessels in the length range of about 18 meters

is implemented with a unit cost of `60.00 lakh on which a subsidy equivalent to 10 % of the cost, restricted to `6.00 lakh is provided. This component is implemented through States/ UTs. Prototype study of new intermediate vessel design is undertaken through Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training (CIFNET). An amount of `15.00 lakh was released under this scheme during the year 2009-10. During 2010-11, an amount of `6 lakh was released for introduction of two intermediate crafts. Establishment of operation of Vessel Monitoring System: Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) has been recognized as one of the important management tools for Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) of movement of fishing vessels in the EEZ. This component has been continued during the 11th Plan to establish and operate VMS to regulate operation of fishing vessels in EEZ. Entire cost of such system is borne by the Government of India. The Antrix Corporation, Bangalore has developed software for VMS and installed a 6.3 meter antenna system including pedestal reflector etc. at the premises of Indian Coast Guard, Porbandar and Gujarat. Besides, the Hub station has been completed and the Department is in the process of operationalise the VMS Hub station. Promoting fuel efficient and environment friendly fishing practices: This is a new component introduced during the 11th Plan. Fishermen by and large use traditional fuels like kerosene, diesel and petrol for operating their engines. These fuels not only pollute the air but also slowly deteriorate the marine environment. Further, the spiraling price of these conventional fuels is making the fishing venture increasingly uneconomical. Shortage of kerosene through PDS has already put burden on fishermen in certain States. In order to overcome this, the LPG kit for use on OBMs is a recent development through sustained R&D
Chapter 5

Annual Report 2010-11

7 major fishing harbours, 65 minor fishing harbours and 194 fish landing centers have been taken up for implementation in various coastal States/ UTs. Besides, one major fishing harbour, 13 minor fishing harbours and 11 fish landing centers have been taken up for repair and renovation/ modernization.

efforts. The results obtained from a pilot study indicates positive factors such as reduced wear and tear to the engines, lower cost of operation and a substantial reduction in emissions. The use of LPG kit in OBMs is being encouraged to undertake environment friendly fishing. Under this component, Central financial assistance to the tune of 30 % cost of LPG kit with a ceiling of `10,000/- is provided to the beneficiaries. This component is implemented through State Fisheries Federations/Corporations and Panchayati Raj Institutions. Management of Marine Fisheries: Over capacity and over fishing are the two identified major factors contributing to resource depletion in marine capture fisheries. Many parts of the worlds oceans have their major commercial stock either totally depleted or are heading towards the point of depletion. Unsustainable fishing practices, damage to marine habitat and Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing are other major activities, which are negatively impacting the stock levels. Maximization of fish production and exports through various developmental strategies have occupied the centre-stage of our fisheries planning since independence. Since the exploitation of fisheries resources in the territorial waters have either reached the optimum level or exceeded in certain instances, focus has to be shifted to scientific management of our marine fisheries with development of appropriate tools and techniques in harmony

with international guidelines in the matter. This new component aims at initiating science-based management of marine fisheries. The activities undertaken under this component include (i) conducting awareness programmes, (ii) implementing Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF), (iii) capacity evaluation, (iv) undertaking community out reach programmes on sustainable fisheries and (v) production of Audio visuals on over fishing/over capacity. The Government of India provides 100 % financial assistance to undertake these activities. This component is implemented through States/ UTs, PRIs, Central Fishery Institutes, NGOs and Fishermen Organizations/Societies. Development of Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations of Fishing Harbours & Fish Landing Centers Development of infrastructure facilities for the fishery sector is one of the important factors that contribute to augment marine fish production and its exports. In order to meet the infrastructure requirement of fisheries sector, a centrally sponsored scheme, with the objective of providing infrastructure facilities for safe landing and berthing of traditional fishing craft, mechanized fishing vessels and deep sea fishing vessels had been initiated in 1964. The facilities created under the scheme are fishing harbours and fish landing centres which include breakwaters, wharf, jetty, dredging, reclamation, quay, auction hall, slipway, workshop, net mending shed and other ancillary facilities. Since Tenth Five Year Plan, the scheme has been merged with the CSS on Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations as a component on Establishment of Fishing Harbours and Fish Landing Centres. The Central financial assistance under this component is provided to various implementing agencies
Annual Report 2010-11

Fishing Harbour
Chapter 5

consisting of (i) 75 % to Coastal States, Port Trust, Fishermen Cooperative Societies/ Organizations/Associations and 100 % to UTs for (a) construction of minor fishing harbours and fish landing centres; and (b) upgradation/ expansion/repair/renovation of existing minor fishing harbours and fish landing centres, (ii) 100 % assistance to Coastal States, Port Trust, Fishermen Cooperative Societies/Organizations /Associations for construction of major fishing harbours, including expansion/modernization of existing major fishing harbours and (iii) 50 % assistance to Private Entrepreneurs for construction of major/minor fishing harbours and fish landing centres on Build, Operate & Transfer (BOT) basis. During the financial years 2009-10 and 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010), Central financial assistance of about `4,370 lakh and `4,556 lakh respectively were provided to various beneficiary States/UTs for development of fishing harbours and fish landing centres under this scheme.

fish preservation and processing facilities, 18 fish retail outlets and 98 fish transport facilities were set up in the country. The component under the ongoing plan period consists of four subcomponents namely (i) Developing fish preservation and storage infrastructure, (ii) Developing retail fish marketing infrastructure, (iii) Assistance for fish transport infrastructure and (iv) Development of Central Fish Markets in metros and big cities. This programme is implemented through Government Undertakings, Corporations, Federations, Marketing boards, Cooperative Societies, Self Help Groups, NGOs, Self Help Groups of Women, SHGs of SC/ST, Private Companies owned by fishermen, SCs/STs. Financial assistance to the tune of `187.50 lakh and `240.00 lakh were released to various beneficiaries during the financial years 2009-10 and 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010) respectively, under this scheme.

Annual Report 2010-11 Infrastructure


Post-Harvest The Central Sector Scheme implemented till the end of 8th Five Year Plan was reintroduced as a component under the CSS on Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations for 10th Five Year Plan with view to create necessary facilities to provide remunerative prices to the fish farmers for their produce and make available fresh fish at reasonable prices to the consumers. Under this scheme, State Fisheries Cooperatives, Cooperative Federations and primary cooperatives are assisted in strengthening their marketing infrastructure to minimize the post-harvest losses through ideal marketing system. Since reintroduction of the scheme during 10th Five Year Plan, 13 ice plants/ cold storages, 29 fish retail outlets/kiosks and 29 insulated/refrigerated vehicles were setup in the country. During 11th Five Year Plan, 13
56 for Maintenance of Dredging of Fishing Harbours and Fish Landing Centres. In order to cater to the needs of safe landing and berthing facilities for various categories of fishing vessels plying along the coast of the country, fishing harbour and fish landing centre facilities have been developed under the centrally sponsored scheme in association with maritime States, Union Territories and Port Trusts. Every fishing harbour/fish landing centre is subjected to siltation due to natural phenomenon. Periodical maintenance and dredging is inevitable to keep the harbour/landing centre basin fit for safe navigation. Realizing the siltation problem faced by existing fishing harbours and fish
Chapter 5

landing centres, a Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger TSD Sindhuraj has been procured under the Japanese Grants-in-aid programme with an aid of Japanese Yen 1,248.00 million. The dredger TSD Sindhuraj is the most ideal for dredging in shallow waters. The ability of the dredgers with 2 to 2.50 meters draft and 200 cubic meters hopper capacity can remove siltation of about 2 lakh cubic meters annually. The operation and maintenance of the dredger has been carried out through the Department of Ports, Government of Kerala, for which the maintenance cost and insurance etc. is borne by the Centre under the scheme. Besides, central assistance to the tune of 50 % of the cost of dredging/de-silting at existing fishing harbours and fish landing centers has been provided to various implementing agencies for dredging/de-silting of existing fishing harbours and fish landing centres. In the case of Union Territories, 100 % cost of maintenance dredging is borne by the Union Government. An amount of `164.25 lakh was released during 2009-10 under this scheme whereas during 2010-11 an amount of `9.36 lakh towards insurance premium.


Progress of the CSS during 2009-10 and 2010-11 `62.11 crore was released during 2009-10 and `51.44 crore has been released during 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010) to the implementing agencies under the scheme Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operation.


Development of Deep Sea Fishing On the basis of the guidelines issued by the Department during November, 2002 permitting Indian Flag Vessels in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, Indian companies are issued Letters of Permission (LOPs) for import & operation of resource specific vessels. So far, 97 deep sea fishing vessels belonging to 25 Indian Companies/Firms are holding valid LOPs and are authorized to fish in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of India beyond territorial waters.

Annual Report 2010-11

5.6 National Scheme of Welfare Programme of Fishermen

5.6.1 This scheme has the following four components: (a) (b) (c) (d) Development of Model Fishermen Villages; Group Accident Insurance for Active Fishermen; SavingcumRelief and Training and Extension Provision for Taking up Innovative Activities. This is a new component introduced under the CSS during the 11th Five Year Plan period. Under this component, financial assistance is provided for taking innovative activities in marine fisheries/infrastructure, human resource development, strengthening of fisheries management, monitoring, evaluation and R&D studies in fisheries. An innovative project on VHF Technology for fishing vessels at a total cost of `65.00 lakh has been taken up. This project has been implemented through the Government of Kerala.
Chapter 5


Development of Model Fishermen Villages The objective of the component is to provide basic civic amenities such as housing, drinking water and construction of community hall for fishermen. A fishermen village may consist of not less than 10 houses. The villages would be provided with tube wells at the rate of one tube well for every 20 houses. For recreation and common working

place, a fishermen village with at least 75 houses is eligible to avail financial assistance for construction of a community hall. Unit costs under the scheme is `50,000/- for a house, `30,000/- for the tube-well (`35,000 for North Eastern Region) and `1,75,000/- for community hall. The expenditure is shared equally between central and state government. In case of union territories, the expenditure is fully borne by the Centre. The Government has increased the unit cost for a fishermans house from `40,000/ to `50,000/ during the 11th Five Year Plan.


Group Accident Insurance for Active Fishermen

Annual Report 2010-11

7 major fishing harbours, 65 minor fishing harbours and 194 fish landing centers have been taken up for i m p l e m e n t a t i o n in various coastal States/UTs. Besides, one major fishing harbour, 13 minor fishing harbours and 11 fish landing centers have been taken up for repair and renovation/ modernization. The objective of this component is to provide insurance cover to fishermen engaged actively in fishing. Such active fishermen are insured for `1,00,000/- for one year against accidental death or permanent total disability and `50,000/- for permanent partial disability. The upper limit for insurance premium is `30/- per head. 50 % of the annual premium is subsidized as grants in aid by the Centre and remaining 50 % by State Governments. In case of a Union Territory, 100 % premium is borne by Government of India. A single policy is taken in respect of all those States/ Union Territories that are participating through FISHCOPFED. During the 11th Plan, the Government has increased the insured sum to `1,00,000/ against accidental death or permanent total disability and `50,000/ for permanent partial disability. Accordingly, the upper limit for insurance premium has been increased to `30/ per head which will be subsidized by the Centre and the State on 50:50 basis.

component, beneficiary has to contribute a part of the earnings during non-lean months. The monthly contribution of marine fishers is `75/- for eight months, while that of inland fishers is `50/- for nine months. A matching amount is provided with equal contribution from Central and State Governments and the accumulated amount is distributed back to the fisher in four/three equal installments at the rate of `300/- per month to marine/inland fisher. In case of UTs, entire matching share is borne by the central government. It has been decided to implement this component uniformly both for marine and inland fishers. A contribution of `600/ in 9 months of fishing period is being made by fisherman and `1,200/ are being contributed by the Centre and the State on 50:50 basis. The total sum of `1,800/ is distributed to fisherman @ `600/ per month for three months of lean period.


Training and Extension The main objective of this component is to provide training to fishery personnel so as to assist them in undertaking fisheries extension programmes effectively. The scheme provides assistance to fisher folk in upgrading their skills. To enhance training facilities, assistance is also provided for setting up/upgradation of training/ awareness centres in states/union territories. This scheme is being operated with 80 % central assistance in case of States and 100 % central assistance in case of Union Territories. Other components of the scheme are to publish manuals to provide adequate extension material, production of video films on the technologies and its publicity, to conduct meetings/workshops/ seminars, etc. of national importance. The scheme has been merged with Welfare Programme for Fishermen during 2005-06.



5.6.2 The objective of this component is to provide financial assistance to fishermen during lean fishing season. Under this

Progress of scheme during 2009-10 and 2010-11: A sum of `36.23 crore was released to States/UTs/FISHCOPFED during 2009-10 to cover
Chapter 5

about 4.06 lakh fishers under Saving-cumRelief component, for construction of 6,323 houses, to cover 33.13 lakh fishermen under Group Accident Insurance component and for training 9,208 fish farmers. During 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010), a sum of `29.27 crore has been released to States/UTs/FISHCOPFED to cover about 0.84 lakh fishers under Saving-cumRelief component, to construct 4,725 houses for fishers, to cover 37.58 lakh fishers under Group Accident Insurance, establishment of two training-cum-awareness centre and training of 3088 fishermen. The Government of India has approved the continuation of the National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen during the 11th Five Year Plan with an outlay of `180.00 crore. The Government has also approved change in the pattern of funding for the NorthEastern States from 50:50 to 75:25 between the Centre and NorthEastern State to give impetus to development in these States in respect of the first three components.

(d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i)

Development of GIS Assessment of fish production potential in coastal areas Evaluation services Studies/professional

Registration of fishing vessels Development of database of fisheries cooperative of India Mapping of smaller water bodies and development of GIS based fishery management system Strengthening of Statistical Unit at Headquarters



Sample Survey for Estimation of Inland Fishery Resources and their Potential and Fish Production

Annual Report 2010-11


Strengthening of Database and Geographical Information System for Fisheries Sector Sample survey to prepare benchmark estimates of inland fish production along with potential of inland fish production and productivity, was conducted in the initial years of 11th Five Year Plan. It is now proposed to conduct pilot study for production potential of 22 districts of three States, namely, Haryana, Karnataka and Assam.

5.7.1 The Central Sector Scheme Strengthening of Database and Geographical Information System for Fisheries Sector, with an outlay of `48.68 crore is being implemented with 100 % Central assistance during Eleventh Five Year Plan. The Scheme consists of following components: (a) Sample survey for estimation of inland fishery resources and their potential and fish production. Census on marine fisheries Catch assessment survey for inland and marine fisheries


Census on Marine Fisheries The last Census on Marine Fisheries was conducted in 2010 entrusting Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), for mainland, and Fishery Survey of India (FSI) for Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.


Catch Assessment Surveys for Inland & Marine Fisheries

(b) (c) Catch Assessment Survey of Inland and Marine Fisheries are conducted on regular basis and the States are furnishing quarterly estimates of fish production based on data collected through sample surveys.

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The methodology of sample surveys were developed by Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI) for inland and CMFRI for marine fisheries.


Development of Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector

in Mumbai on 26.11.2008 and to have a uniform system for registration of all types of fishing vessels, irrespective of their size and tonnage in lieu of different registration regimes adopted by coastal States/UTs is desirable. This component is implemented in nine coastal States and four UTs besides establishing requisite infrastructure facilities for creation of centralized database in Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, New Delhi. Under this component, 100 % central financial assistance is provided to all Coastal State Governments, UTs and National Informatics Centre (NIC) for development of required software and creation of necessary infrastructural facilities. Besides, entire cost for development of centralized database in New Delhi and its management, maintenance and operation will be met under the Scheme. For the development of Geographical Information System (GIS), inland waterbodies of area 0.5 ha. and above were mapped during 10th Five Year Plan using satellite images of LISS III in all the States and LISS IV in five States. During 11th Five Year Plan, LISS IV images are being used for all the States and coverage of water body, greater than 0.5 hectare, will be taken.
Annual Report 2010-11


Assessment of Fish Production Potential in Coastal Areas It is essential that data on different species harvested from brackishwater aquaculture farms is included in overall production data to arrive at correct production data. In this direction, a proper methodology will be evolved for collecting this information through farmers/collection centres/processing plants and task of survey for potential estimation is being done by CIFRI/State Governments.


Development of Database Fisheries Cooperative of India



Evaluation Services

Studies/Professional To get evaluation studies conducted from time to time to assess progress of the scheme or a particular component of the Scheme, this component has been provided. It is necessary to study socio-economic status of fishers especially income, literacy, technical knowledge etc. FISHCOPFED will conduct survey and record the facilities available with primary level cooperative societies in 30 States and 4 UTs of India. FISHCOPFED will also appoint Field Surveyors/ Investigators for this purpose. FISHCOPFED is running four Regional Offices in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Orissa. An amount of `136 lakh is provided for this project.



Registration of Fishing Vessels

Mapping of Smaller Waterbodies and Development of GIS Based Fishery Management System Issue of registration of fishing vessels along with other coastal security issues have been greatly emphasized after terrorist attack
60 This component will be implemented in State of West Bengal on pilot basis, and relates to idea of mapping of all water bodies
Chapter 5

for an area of 5 cottah (0.08 acre) or more along with related activities associated with such water bodies on scale of 1: 4000 by application of Remote Sensing Technologies, conceived in year 2007. The project proposal includes mapping of water bodies and development of GIS based fisheries management system.


Strengthening of Statistical Unit at Headquarters

Science) approved and affiliated by Cochin University of Science & Technology recognized by UGC; (ii) Two Trade courses, Vessel Navigator & Marine Fitter of duration of two years, approved by the Ministry of Labour, affiliated to National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and (iii) short term training programmes for the benefit of students from professional colleges, sister organizations, fisheries departments of the State Govt. etc. During 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010), 72 persons and 166 persons were trained respectively in these two main training courses BFSc (Nautical Science) and VNC / MFC. In addition, 13 persons were trained in Statutory & Refresher Course and 337 persons were trained in various short term programmes for sponsored/Departmental candidates in fishing technology, gear technology, marine engineering etc. Expenditure to the tune of `4.95 crore and `5.36 crore were incurred during 200910 and 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010) respectively. Due to shortage of staff and infrastructure at Headquarters, it is not possible to compile statistics for this Scheme and hence, it is proposed to engage contractual Data Entry Operator and purchase essential infrastructural items like PC with software packages, photocopier, scanner and other consumable goods for which an amount of `10 lakh is proposed.

Annual Report 2010-11


Progress of the scheme during 2009-10 and 2010-11 A sum of Rs10.08 crore was released for the year 2009-10 and a sum of `7.54 crore has been released during 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010) under the scheme.



Assistance to Fisheries Institutes

National Institute of Fisheries Post Harvest, Technology & Training (NIFPHATT), Cochin.

5.8.1 Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical and Engineering Training (CIFNET), Kochi Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical & Engineering Training (CIFNET) was established in 1963 by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India at Cochin. Further two units of the institute were set up at Chennai and at Visakhapatnam. The primary objective of the institute is to make available sufficient number of trained operatives for fishing vessels and technicians for shore establishments. The institute conducts various courses including (i) Bachelor of Fishery Science (Nautical
Chapter 5 The Integrated Fisheries Project was renamed by the Government of India in 2008 as National Institute of Fisheries Post Harvest Technology & Training. During 2009-10, the Institute has processed 146.20 tonnes of fish and made 90.18 tonnes of different fishery products from it. NIFPHATT sold 103.269 tonnes of fish and fish products through stalls, mobile units, contractor sales etc valued at `57.58 lakh. The institute has imparted training to a total of 832 trainees with 9376 trainee days and fetched total revenue of `102.99 lakh from all sources. st During the year 2010-11 (till 31 December 2010), the Institute has processed 128.33 tonnes

of raw material and developed 95.96 tonnes of different fishery products. It sold 89.07 tonnes of fish and fish products through stalls, mobile units, contractor sales etc valued at `47.00 lakh. The Institute has imparted training to a total of 719 trainees with 8,009 trainee days in various discipline during the year 2010-11, and fetched total revenue of `58.36 lakh from all sources. Expenditure to the tune of `150.07 lakh under Plan has been incurred during the year 2010-11 (till 31st December 2010). Expenditure to the tune of `38.75 crore and `29.04 crore were incurred during 2009-10 and 2010-11(till December, 2010) respectively. In addition to accomplishing these tasks, the Institute conducted regional workshop, open-houses, exhibitions, etc. for the fishermen, the fishing industry and the endusers as part of the extension activities in all the Maritime States for the development of the marine fisheries in the respective regions. The Institute has also been acting as an interface between the Ministry of Agriculture and the State Fisheries in collecting and compiling the marine fish landing statistics. Survey vessels are also utilized for imparting onboard training programme for tuna long lining to fishers sponsored by Maritime State and UTs. FSI successfully conducted the National Marine Fisheries Census-2010 in respect of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep.


Fishery Survey of India (FSI)

Annual Report 2010-11 The Fishery Survey of India (FSI) is responsible for survey and assessment of marine fishery resources of the Indian EEZ with its headquarter at Mumbai. The FSI has six operational bases at Mumbai, Mormugao and Kochi along the West Coast, Chennai and Visakhapatnam along the east coast and Port Blair in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. A total of 12 ocean ongoing survey vessels are deployed for fisheries resources survey and monitoring. Besides resources surveys, the FSI monitors the fishery resources for the purpose of regulation and management, makes an assessment of suitability of different types of craft and gear for deep-sea and oceanic fishing, imparting in-vessel training to CIFNET/ Polytechnic trainees, disseminates information on fishery resources through various media to the fishing community, industry, other end users, etc. The survey fleet of the Institute undertakes bottom trawl survey, midwater/ columnar resources survey and long line survey for demersal, columnar and oceanic tunas and allied resources as well as for oceanic sharks. During the period 2009-10 and 2010-11(till December, 2010), the survey vessels collectively had 1,045 and 787 fishing days respectively, expending a total fishing effort of 2,576 hours and 2253 hours and operated 1,70,023 hooks and 1,60,936 hooks respectively.


Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery (CICEF), Bangalore The Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery (CICEF) , was established in January 1968, under technical and manpower assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The main objectives of establishing this Institute were to identify potential fishery harbour sites existing all along the coastline of the Country for the development of fishery harbours, to undertake engineering and economic investigations for the selected fishery harbour sites and prepare techno-economic feasibility reports (TEFR) for the development of Fishing Harbours and Fish landing Centres, Brackish water shrimp farms and hatchery projects.. This Institute, till the end of the end of December 2010 has carried out engineering and economic investigations for the development of fishery harbours and fish landing centres
Chapter 5

at 81 sites and prepared TEFRs for 82 sites. This Institute has also reconnoitered about 66,200 ha. of brackishwater area and engineering investigations were carried out over 15,600 ha. in all the maritime States for the development of brackishwater shrimp culture projects. During the year 2010-11, the Institute conducted engineering and economic investigations for development of FHs at Chandipur and Bahabalpur in Orissa and reconnoitered 30 fishery sites proposed by Maharashtra Maritime board (MMB) for the development of FHs/FLCs in Maharashtra under Konkan Package. The Institute prepared and issued TEFRs of Mangalore and Malpe FHs for 3rd State development and TEFR of Honnavar fishery harbor for 2nd Stage development in Karnataka and for the development of Karanja fishery harbour in Maharashtra. Against BE of `10.0 lakh (RE of `10.0 lakh) for 2010-11 under Plan, the cumulative expenditure incurred up to 31.12.2010 is `6.65 lakh.

`14,000 crore and provide employment 3.5 million persons by extending assistance to various agencies for implementation of activities under inland, brackish water and marine sectors. It will propagate a platform for public-private partnership for fisheries


Objectives of the National Fisheries Development Board are:

To bring major activities relating to fisheries and aquaculture for focused attention and professional management; To coordinate activities pertaining to fisheries undertaken by different Ministries/Departments in the Central Government and also coordinate with the State/Union Territory Governments; To improve production, processing, storage, transport and marketing of the products and culture fisheries; To achieve sustainable management and conservation of natural aquatic resources including the fish stocks; To apply modern tools of research and development including biotechnology for optimizing production and productivity form fisheries; To provide modern infrastructure mechanisms for fisheries and ensure their effective management and optimum utilization; To generate employment; substantial


Annual Report 2010-11




National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB)


5.9.1 National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) was set up in September 2006 with its headquarters at Hyderabad to realize the untapped potential of fisheries sector in inland and marine fish capture, culture, processing & marketing of fish, and over all growth of fisheries sector with the application of modern tools of research & development including biotechnology for optimizing production and productivity form fisheries. 5.9.2 The activities of the Board is focused towards increasing the fish production of the country to a level of 10.3 million tonnes, to double the exports from `7,000 crore to
Chapter 5


(vii) (viii) (ix)

To train and empower women in the fisheries sector; and To enhance contribution of fish towards food and nutritional security.



Reservoir Fisheries Development An amount of `24.20 crore was released to 13 States towards seed stocking of 2,957 lakh of fingerlings in 589 reservoirs covering an area of 3,34,970 ha. (EWSA) and training & demonstration to 4280 members in reservoir fisheries management.


Coastal Aquaculture

Cage Culture 5.9.4 (a)

Annual Report 2010-11

Achievements of the National Fisheries Development Board: Intensive Aquaculture in ponds and tanks An amount of `1.21 crore was released to 6 States to conduct the training of 1320 beneficiaries on development of infrastructure for aquatic quarantine facility at Chennai.


Fish dressing centres and solar drying of fish An amount of `15.06 crore has been released till December 2010 during 2010-11 to 22 States for the following activities: Construction of new ponds in 787.80 ha., renovation of 21 Government fish seed farms and Government fish seed hatcheries; inputs for 226.24 ha; 19 hatcheries; constructed 172 ha fish seed rearing units; trout culture and running water culture units in 402 ha for 354 beneficiaries., training and demonstration to about 6,590 beneficiaries in intensive aquaculture practices. Undertaken 3 Technology up-gradation schemes for `1.57 crore with a view to improve the quality of fish / prawn produced in the country and the projects are Brood stock development of amur common carp by KVAFSU, Karnataka, production of Mahseer fish fingerlings and stocking the same in Indrayani river by CIFE, Mumbai and Captive brood stock bank of scampi by College of Fisheries, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh.
64 An amount of `0.19 crore was released to 2 States towards training of 180 fisherwomen for capacity building on handling, processing and packing of fish hygienically.


Mariculture An amount of `0.44 crore was released to Government of Tamil Nadu to train 175 beneficiaries in various aspects of mariculture and to establish a marine ornamental fish hatchery at Parangipettai, Chidabaram.


Infrastructure for Post Harvest Processing An amount of `8.20 crore was released towards Modernization of 6 Fishing Harbours in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.


Domestic Marketing An amount of `25.19crore was released to 14 States for modernization of 15 whole sale fish market ; setting up of 14 modern fish retail outlet and setting up of one retail outlet, modernization of whole sale fish market. About 3715 trainees were also imparted training on various aspects of fish handling, value addition and marketing.
Chapter 5 Budget outlay for NFDB for 2006-2012 is `1550.00 crore. In the year 2010-11 (up to December 2010), `86.75 crore were released to achieve the intended objectives.


Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA)


Domestic Market Deep sea fishing and tuna processing: An amount of `23 crore was released to Govt of Tamil Nadu to conduct training to 2340 beneficiaries for capacity building on deep sea fishing and using modern equipments in navigation and fishing.


Ornamental fisheries: An amount of `3.78 crore was released for development of ornamental fisheries by establishing 3 integrated ornamental fish units at Orissa, 38 ornamental fish breeding units at Kerala and for establishing 295 backyard hatcheries in Gujarat and Kerala.

5.10.1 The Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) was established under the Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act, 2005 and notified vide Gazette Notification dated 22nd December, 2005. The main objective of the Authority is to regulate coastal aquaculture activities in coastal areas in order to ensure sustainable development without causing damage to the coastal environment. The Authority is empowered to make regulations for the construction and operation of aquaculture farms in coastal areas, inspection of farms to ascertain their environmental impact, registration of aquaculture farms, fixing standards for inputs and effluents, removal or demolition of coastal aquaculture farms, which cause pollution etc.

Annual Report 2010-11

5.10.2 Activities and Achievements of the Authority One of the major tasks accomplished by the CAA was the registration of shrimp farms on the recommendations of the State and District Level Committees constituted for this purpose. Besides clearing the applications for registration, the Authority discussed many vital issues such as norms for registration of hatcheries, antibiotic residues in shrimp, standards for probiotics and feed, High Tide Line (HTL) and Inter Tidal areas, Environment Impact Assessment, stocking density etc. As per the guidelines notified by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, the team constituted by CAA inspected 50 hatcheries and the Committee constituted by the Ministry renewed 21 hatcheries to import SPF L. vannamei broodstock as well as


Human Resource Development Programme NFDB spent an amount of `4.18 crore towards training 21,059 farmers/ fishermen in various aspects of inland, coastal and marine fisheries. In addition to that 350 fishery professionals have been trained on scientific management practices, governance, marketing, harbor management, extension management, cooperatives management, brood stock improvement, cage culture, mud crab culture, shrimp farming, hygienic handling, processing and fish packaging at a cost of `55.01 lakh.
Chapter 5

for seed production and sale of post larvae to the registered farms. During the year, CAA has considered and approved 6,062 applications recommended by the DLCs/SLCs for registration and issued Registration Certificates. Altogether 22,470 Registration Certificates have been issued to coastal aqua farms since inception of CAA. Total area of the 6062 farms registered with CAA during 2010 for farming constitutes 9746.35 ha. About 262 farms with water spread area (WSA) of 2,540.53 ha. have been inspected by the Inspection Committee constituted by the CAA and based on complying of guidelines issued by Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, altogether 208 farms with WSA of 2069.89 ha have been permitted to undertake SPF L. vannamei culture in the States of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Besides, CAA also conducted three awareness programmes in the State of Orissa and participated in two exhibitions organized by NFDB in the State of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. CAA also organized three Sensitization Workshop on SPF L. vannamei farming in the State of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. One Review Workshop was also conducted on SPF L. vannamei to analyse its status in India.

respective States/UTs and (b) digitization of data, capturing of biometric details of individual fisher, production and issuance of cards. Under this scheme, the Government of India provides 100% financial assistance to the Coastal States and UTs, besides meeting the entire cost of consultancy. The main objective of this project is to create a National Marine Fishers Database (NMFD), which could be accessed to by all the authorized agencies both in the Central and coastal States/ UTs. Other objectives of this project are to empower marine fishers through issuance of application oriented biometric ID card and to eliminate duplication of different cards issued by various coastal States and UTs. 5.11.2 A consortium of three Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) led by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bangalore have been entrusted the tasks of data digitization, capturing of biometric details and other works relating to design, production and issuance of Biometric ID Cards to marine fishers. Other two members of consortium are the Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad and Indian Telephone Industries Limited (ITI), Bangalore. The project is presently under implementation and its activities such as collection of data, digitization of data and biometric enrollment are in full swing. Out of 16,99,862 marine fishers so identified, data collection in respect of 13,85,616 fishers has been completed. The consortium of CPSUs has completed digitization of data for 13,62,111 fishers and biometric enrolment of 7,12,517 fishers by the end of December, 2010. 5.11.3 Under this project a sum of `33 crore has been released during 2009-2010 comprising `8 crore to the Coastal State Governments and UTs and the remaining `25 crore to the consortium of CPSUs. No fund was released during 2010-11 as there was no proposals received from States/UTs.
Chapter 5

Annual Report 2010-11

5.11 Issuance of Biometric Identity cards to Marine Fishers:

5.11.1 In the backdrop of the terrorist attacks in Mumbai on 26th November, 2008, the Government of India felt it is necessary to issue Biometric Identity Cards to marine fishers involved in fishing and allied activities. Accordingly a Central Sector Scheme (CSS) on Issuance of Biometric ID Cards to Marine Fishermen at a total cost of `72 crore was launched on 11th December, 2009. The project on issuance of Biometric ID cards involves two major activities such as (a) data collection and authentication by the

Chapters 6 to 9

Chapter 6
6.1 Introduction
SIP to import various livestock products. The application form for the import of livestock and fishery products is available on the website ( of the Department. The applications received are examined and a risk analysis is undertaken by the technical experts of the Department on the basis of scientific evidence and OIE regulations. The recommendations of the technical experts are considered by the Risk Analysis Committee for either rejecting the application or issuance of SIP. Aggrieved applicant can seek a review of the decision of the Risk Analysis Committee through filing a review/representation addressed to Joint Secretary (Trade). The meeting of the Committee is held at 10 to15 days interval in every month. 21 meetings of the Committee have been held during the year 2010. The Unit issued 2129 Sanitary Import Permits during the year 2010 to various firms/organizations to enable them to import various livestock products, including Fisheries products. 6.2.2 This Department also processes the proposals for import/export/ manufacturing/marketing of livestock and livestock related commodities including vaccines, drugs & biological received from various State Governments/firms/ organizations. The views of the Department on these proposals are communicated to the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) / Drugs Controller of India (DCI) for issuance of necessary import license in favour of concerned State Governments/ firms/Organizations after considering

6.1.1 After the removal of Quantitative Restrictions (QRs) on various livestock products, the Department amended the Livestock Importation Act, 1898 bringing all the livestock products under its purview for the purpose of regulating their import. Accordingly, Notifications No. 655(E) dated,7th July,2001 for livestock products, No.1043(E) dated 16.10.2001 for fishery products and No. 1175(e) dated 27.11.2001 for Grand Parent stock of poultry had been issued making it mandatory to import livestock products against Sanitary Import Permit( SIP). On 28.03.2008 vide Notification No.794 (E), the Department has further amended the Notification No.655(E) dated, 7.07.2001 where by it has categorized the livestock products as (a) those requiring Sanitary Import Permit (SIP) , (2) the products that may be cleared on the basis of No Objection from the Animal Quarantine and Certification Services( AQCS) and (3) the products which require neither SIP nor No objection from AQCS. The SIP is issued after conducting a risk analysis on the basis of disease situation of the exporting country vis-avis disease situation of this country.

Annual Report 2010-11


Procedure for Imports

6.2.1 A Committee on Risk Analysis has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Joint Secretary (Trade) with all the Joint Secretaries as its members to consider the applications received for issuance of
Chapter 6

1788 Sanitary Import Permits to import various livestock products including fisheries products and 181 No Objection Certificates to import livestock and related restricted commodities were issued in 2009-10 (till 31st December, 2009)

the same by a Committee on Trade & Investment Matters. The Committee on Trade & Investment Matters also meets under the Chairmanship of Joint Secretary (Trade) with all the Joint Secretaries as its members. 6.2.3 This committee meets at regular interval every month. 21 meetings of the Committee were held during the year 2010-11 and 188 No Objection Certificates were issued in favour of various firms/

Organizations as well as to various State Governments (up to December, 2010). 6.2.4 The Department has put in place a system of submission of on-line applications for issuance of Sanitary Import Permit to various firms/Organizations engaged in activities of import of livestock and livestock products. The procedure for applying on-line for SIPs is available on Departments website www.dahd.nic. in along with application form and other relevant information.

Annual Report 2010-11


Chapter 6

Chapter 7
7.1 The Department is implementing various Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes, mainly aimed at strengthening the infrastructure of the State Governments for the development of livestock, dairying & fisheries sectors. None of the schemes, except Welfare Programme for Fishermen, is directly beneficiaryoriented. A large population of the country belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections of the society and women are engaged in activities in the livestock and fisheries sectors. As a corollary, the various schemes implemented by the Department benefit these sections of the society. However, the Department is not maintaining a record of people belonging to the Scheduled Cates, Scheduled Tribes and women benefiting from these schemes. Keeping in view the nature of the schemes, the State Governments/ Implementing Agencies have also not been maintaining such a record.

Annual Report 2010-11

Chapter 6 7


Chapter 8
In India, food consumption basket is also diversified in favour of non-food grain items like milk, meat, egg and fish. Women play a big role in value addition and marketing of these items.

8.1 Women in Animal Husbandry & Dairying

8.1.1 The Department does not have any specific scheme designated for empowerment of women. However, the Department has always emphasized on providing benefits to women engaged in animal husbandry, dairying & fisheries. 8.1.2 In the Animal Husbandry sector, men and women work hand in hand with certain activities like feeding the animals, milking of animals etc. mostly performed by women. However, role of both men and women are complementary in the field of animal husbandry and it is not possible to segregate the functions into specific grouping. 8.1.3 Women have been at the fore-front of dairy cooperative movement, which was initially carried under the Operation Flood Programme and later also under the Integrated Dairy Development Programme implemented by the Government.

8.1.4 In the Poultry Sector, especially in the scheme for promotion of rural poultry, it has been felt that as rural poultry is an income supplementing scheme and mostly implemented by women, emphasis in training should be given to women. 8.1.5 Similarly, in the scheme for conservation of breeds, the conservation of sheep, goat and small ruminants are directed towards sectors in which women are being identified to take up such schemes. 8.1.6 Women are actively involved in allied fisheries activities like fish seed collection, fishing of juvenile fishes, collection of mussels, edible oysters, sea weeds, fish marketing, fish processing and product development etc. Training, micro finance, organizing them into groups and capacity building are the thrust areas for enhancing their involvement and participation in the fishery sector. 8.1.7 Schemes/Programmes implemented by the Department have been beneficial to women. All the States/Union Territories have been requested to maintain record in this regard.

Annual Report 2010-11


Chapter 6 8

Chapter 9
9.1 International Memberships
d) 9.1.1 This Department is a regular member of the following International Organizations related to animal health and fisheries and is paying annual membership contribution to them: a) Office International des Epizooties (OIE), Paris, France. Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), Seychelles - an organization under FAO. Animal Production and Health Commission for the Asia and the Pacific (APHCA), Bangkok, Thailand (an organization under FAO). Bay of Bengal Project/Inter Governmental Organization (BOPP-IGO) on Fisheries. International Association Belgium. Dairy (IDA) ,


9.2 Deputation/Trainings/Workshops abroad attended by Officers

9.2.1 During the year 73 officers were deputed abroad for attending various meetings/ seminars/conferences / trainings/workshops etc., to various foreign countries.


Annual Report 2010-11


9.3 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed during the year 2010-11

9.3.1 A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of Fisheries was signed by this Department with the Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs of Norway on 2nd March, 2010.

Chapter 6 9


Chapter 10


Chapter 10
10.1 A number of districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala have seen higher incidence of suicide by farmers due to economic distress. There are 31 such identified districts (16 in Andhra Pradesh, 6 in Maharashtra, 6 in Karnataka and 3 in Kerala). In order to provide economic relief to the farming population in these districts, the Department is implementing a Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for the Suicide Prone Districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala, with the following components: (a) Induction of high yielding milch animals: It has been decided to induct 1000 high yielding milch animals per district per year so that small and marginal farmers may have an alternate source of income. For this, the farmers will be provided subsidy to the extent of 50% of the cost of purchase of animals, with balance coming through loan from banks, for which NABARD will provide adequate refinance. The period for implementation of the non-credit component of the Package has been extended upto 30th September 2011. The average cost of a high yielding milch animal is `30,000 (including shed). It is suggested that a team of three persons viz., the beneficiary, local veterinarian and a representative of the District Administration or bank may purchase the animals. Beneficiary will seek out an animal for purchase, and after the approval of the team, the animal will be tagged and vaccinated. The bank will pay the purchase price directly to the seller. Each identified beneficiary can buy a second animal with in an interval of six to seven months. This ensures continuous milk production and income generation. Induction of cattle in excess of 1,000 per district per year by utilizing savings is also allowed. Beneficiary may use the entire subsidy amount of `30,000/for purchase of two milch animals, without making any investment on the animal shed, if he/she already has the required shed. (b) Calf rearing programme: Induction of 1,000 high yielding milch animals per district per year for three years will also result in induction of 500 female calves per district in each of these years. Under this scheme 50% subsidy is given on the rearing cost of the calf animals for a period of one year. The cost of rearing is assessed at `40/-per animal per day. 50% subsidy will be borne by the Government of India.

Annual Report 2010-11

Chapter 10


Annual Report 2010-11

Providing cattle / buffalo breeding services: It has been decided to extend the cattle/buffalo breeding services, free of cost, to all the breedable cattle and buffaloes in the 31 districts and intensify them through door-to-door services. This relaxation is applicable only once for every animal in these districts. Further it has also been decided to cover 70% of the breedable animals once by estrus synchronization. The cost of providing AI services at the doorstep was fixed at `300/- per animal and that of estrus synchronization at `650 per animal w.e f the year 2007. The permissible cost of estrus synchronization has been increased from `650/- to `750 for Protocol I and `800 for Protocol II. The savings achieved by exercising economy in the implementation of the AI coverage can be utilized for supply of mineral mixture and kits for detection, preservation and control of mastistis. Taking up de-worming and provision of urea molasses blocks as a substitute for estrus synchronization is also allowed to bring animals into fertile heat. The funds requirement for implementing this component will be provided by the Government of India under the NPCBB. Provision of health care to dairy animals: It has been decided to provide health care services in respect of animals inducted for a period of one year, which

is estimated at `300 per animal per year. This will be borne by the Government of India under the centrally sponsored scheme Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases. Additional animals inducted under the package may also be extended health cover for a period of one year, without involving any additional financial implication. (e) Establishment of milk chilling units: It has been decided to provide necessary funds under this package to set up chilling centres to facilitate procurement for every 10,000 12,000 litres of milk producing cluster of dairy units. Funds would be provided by the Government of India from the outlay for the centrally sponsored scheme Intensive Dairy Development Programme (IDDP) to establish 50 chilling units over a period of five years. As per existing norms, funds under the IDDP can be provided for only those districts which were not covered by Operation Flood or in which expenditure under OF was less than `50 lakh. It has been decided to waive these conditions in respect of these 31 districts. Feed and fodder supply programme: The high yielding milch animals (average milk production - 10Kg./day) need about 14 to 15 Kgs. of balanced feed and fodder per day, which can be processed and compressed into a block. Such blocks can be produced
Chapter 10



commercially by establishment of fodder block making units. For feeding of such blocks, 25% of the cost of `100 for each block will be provided as subsidy by the Central Govt. (g) Establishment of fodder block making units: It has been decided to establish fodder block making units in the affected districts, where adequate quantity of crop residues, dry fodder etc. are available. The fodder blocks produced by such units may provide the requisite nutrients, including vitamins and minerals for high yielding cows. Under this package, 50% subsidy is provided to attract entrepreneurs to establish fodder blocks making plants in the suicide prone districts. Provision of feed concentrate as an option for fodder blocks is also allowed in view of the farmers preference for concentrate feed readily available in the market. In place of 10 fodder block making units involving a financial outlay of `4.26 crore for the entire period of package, two fodder block making units at a cost of `85 lakh per unit may be established and the remaining funds of `3.41 crore may be utilized for setting up 100 mini feed mixing plants at a cost of `6.5 lakh per unit approximately, providing subsidy of 50 % to the beneficiary. Further, re-appropriation of funds from the component Fodder Block Making Units to other activities or for up-gradation of existing cattle feed plants, is allowed provided the feed produced in such

cattle feed plants is supplied to the animals inducted under the Special Package at a subsidized rate. (h) Fisheries Programme: It has also been decided to provide farmers in the 31 districts with an opportunity for supplementary income through fisheries by development/creation of water bodies. A fisheries programme, initially in 100 ha. area in each of these 31 districts, may be taken up under the existing scheme Development of Freshwater Aquaculture. The scheme provides assistance for construction of ponds and input costs for the first year. As per norms, the capital cost per hectare comes to `2.00 lakh and input costs `30,000. It has been decided to double the existing subsidy of 20% in the case of general category farmers and 25% for SC/ST farmers to 40% and 50% respectively. As against the existing provision of sharing of subsidy in the ratio of 75: 25 between the Centre and the States, cent percent subsidy for the farmers in these districts will be borne by the Central Government. Renovation and repair of ponds is also permissible activity under this component. Conducting Fertility Camp: It may not be necessary to take recourse to estrus synchronization to bring animals into fertile heat. With minor interventions like antibiotic therapy at an average cost of `150/- per animal, this is possible. Funds made available for breeding services component of the Special Package may be utilized for the purpose.

Annual Report 2010-11


Chapter 10


Pregnant Animal Feeding Programme: It provides for provision of nutritional support to animals in later stages of pregnancy from sixth month onwards by giving one kg. of cattle feed per day. Further, provision of one dose of antihelmentic during third trimester of pregnancy and one dose during the first week after parturition to improve the milk production capacity of the animals has also been approved. Funds for the purpose at the rate of `1,010/- per animal may be met from the savings available for breeding component of the package. Goatery, piggery, poultry and sheep farming: In order to provide additional avenues of generating subsidiary income to the affected population in the identified districts, goatery, piggery, poultry and sheep farming were also been included in the Special Package. The identified beneficiaries may select these options depending on local conditions. Pen and Cage Culture: Pen and cage culture are modern fish seed rearing technologies to increase fish production. The productivity of fish seed can be enhanced manifold by resorting to cage culture in reservoirs. Similarly, pen culture is a low-cost and effective technology suitable for rearing fish

seed from spawn to fingerlings stage within the reservoir itself. An amount of `15,000/-, including capital expenditure of `10,000/and operative cost of `5,000/- is provided to produce fingerlings at the rate of 13.2 kg/Cu.m. per crop per cage of 54 Cu.m. An amount of `6,750/- will be provided as subsidy and the remaining amount comes in the form of bank loan. It is envisaged to generate an income of `21,384/- with a net profit of `6,384/- from these activities. (m) Mitigation of Agrarian Distress in Idukki District and Development of Kuttanad Wetland Eco-system: These two packages are also parts of Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for the Suicide Prone Districts in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. The total outlay of Mitigation of Agrarian Distress in Idukki District is `91.15 crore and that of Development of Kuttanad Wetland Eco-system is `9.50 crore. An amount of `7.37 crore has been released for Kuttanad Package and `9.39 crore has been released for Idukki Package till 31st December 2010.

Annual Report 2010-11



10.2 Progress
10.2.1 Out of an amount of `416.89 crore released during 2006-07 to 2010-11 (till 31st December, 2010), `30.11 crore was released during 2010-11.


Chapter 10




AM MOS(AH) Secretary (ADF) AHC JS (A&DD) JS (LH) JS (P&F)

Annual Report 2010-11

JS (Fy) Adviser (Stats)

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY COMMISSIONER National Livestock Policy, Bio-diversity and Animal Genetic Resources, Animal Care/Animal Welfare JOINT SECRETARY (A&DD) Administration, Central Cattle Development Organization, NPCBB, Dairy Development, DMS, NDDB and all matters related to Dairy Division, Parliament, International Cooperation and Vigilance. JOINT SECRETARY (LH) Livestock Health, Veterinary Council of India, National Institute of Animal Health, Animal Quarantine & Certification Services, Plan Coordination, Trade and Codex Matters. JOINT SECRETARY (P&F) Poultry, Central Poultry Development Organizations, Feed & Fodder, Central Fodder Development Organizations, Goat, Sheep, Pig, Equine & Pack animals, Slaughterhouses, Meat and Meat Products, General Coordination, Animal Husbandry Extension, Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances JOINT SECRETARY (Fy) All matters related to policy, regulation and development of fisheries, Fisheries Institutes namely, FSI, CIFNET, NIFPHTT & CICEF and the matters related to NFDB. ADVISER (STAT) Livestock Census, Livestock Insurance, Integrated Sample Survey and all matters related to Animal Husbandry Statistics.





The following subjects falling within List I of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India:1. Industries, the control of which by the Union is declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in public interest as far as these relate to Development of Livestock, fish and birds feed and dairy, poultry and fish products with the limitation that in regard to the development of industries, the functions of the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (Pashupalan aur Dairy Vibhag) do not go further than the formulation of demand and fixation of targets. Liaison and cooperation with international organizations in matters relating to livestock, poultry and fisheries development. Livestock Census. Livestock Statistics Matters relating to loss of livestock due to natural calamities. Regulation of Livestock importation, Animal Quarantine and Certification. Fishing and fisheries (inland, marine and beyond territorial waters). Fishery Survey of India, Mumbai.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Annual Report 2010-11

The following subjects falling within List III of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India: -


9. 10. 11. 12.

Profession of Veterinary Practice. Prevention of the extension from one State to another of infectious or contagious diseases or pests affecting animals, fish, birds. Conversion of indigenous breeds, introduction and maintenance of Central Herd Books for indigenous breeds of livestock. Pattern of making assistance to various State Undertakings, Dairy Development Schemes through State agencies/Co-operative Unions.

For the Union Territories the subjects mentioned in Part I and II above, so far as they exist in regard to these territories and in addition to the following subjects which fall within List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India :13. 14. 15. Preservation, protection and improvement of stocks and prevention of diseases of animals, fish and birds, Veterinary training and practice. Courts of wards. Insurance of livestock, fish and birds.

16. 17. Matters relating to cattle utilization and slaughter. Fodder Development.





I. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26 27) 28) 29 30) 31) 32) Animal Husbandry Division Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Dhamrod, District Surat, Gujarat. Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Andesh Nagar, District Lakhimpur, (UP). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Similiguda, Sunabada (Koraput) Orissa. Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Suratgarh (Rajasthan). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Chiplima, Basantpur, District Sambalpur, (Orissa). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Avadi, Alamadhi (Chennai). Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Hessarghatta, Bangaluru North. Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Hessarghatta, Bangaluru North. Central Herd Registration Unit, Rohtak (Haryana). Central Herd Registration Unit, Ajmer. Central Herd Registration Unit, Ahmedabad. Central Herd Registration Unit, Santhapat, Ongole, District Prakasam (A.P.) Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Kalyani, District Nadia, (West Bengal). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Srinagar (J&K). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Suratgarh (Rajasthan). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Textile Mill Hissar (Haryana). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Gandhinagar, (Gujarat). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Avadi, Alamadhi, (Chennai). Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Mamidipally, Via Keshavagiri, Hyderabad. Central Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hessarghatta, Bangaluru North. National Institute of Animal Health, Baghpat (Uttar Pradesh). Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Kapashera Village, New Delhi. Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Pallikarni Village, Chennai. Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Gopalpur, District 24 Parganas (West Bengal). Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Bombay. Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Hyderabad. Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Bangalore. Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hissar (Haryana). Central Poultry Development Organisation, Southern Region, Hessarghatta, Bangaluru North. Central Poultry Development Organisation, Eastern Region, Bhubaneshwar (Orissa). Central Poultry Development Organisation, Western Region, Aarey Milk Colony, Mumbai.
Annual Report 2010-11


Central Poultry Development Organisation, Northern Region, Industrial Area, Chandigarh. 33) Central Poultry Performance Testing Centre, Gurgaon (Haryana).

35) 36) 37) 38)

Dairy Development Division Fisheries Division

Central Institute of Coastal Engineering For Fishery, Bangalore Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, Cochin. National Institute of Fisheries Post Harvest, Technology & Training, Cochin. Fishery Survey of India, Mumbai.

34) Delhi Milk Scheme, West Patel Nagar, New Delhi.



(Figs. in Thousands)







Horses Mules and ponies 26 6 11 51 1 0 14 26 13 167 5 11 0 27 38 1 2 1 1 0 33 25 0 7 0 122 15 6 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 611 137 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 19 42 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 0 0 0 31 24 0


Camel Yaks Mithun

Total Livestock 60175 1413 17227 30342 14418 177 23515 8859 5217 10987 18100 30859 3587 40696 35954

Total Poultry

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhatisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Annual Report 2010-11 Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamilnadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal A& Nicobar Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry All India

11223 503 10041 12559 9491 71 7976 1552 2269 3443 8781 10503 1740 21915 16184 342 887 35 470 12310 1777 12120 135 11189 954 18883 2235 19188 49 7 57 3 92 7 84

13272 3 500 6690 1604 37 8774 5953 762 1050 1506 4327 58 9129 6073 62 23 6 35 1190 5062 11092 0 2009 14 23812 1220 764 10 20 4 1 278 0 3

25539 20 354 218 140 0 2002 601 901 4127 483 9558 1 390 2909 9 21 1 4 1818 208 11190 3 7991 4 1188 290 1577 0 0 0 0 6 0 4

9626 292 4320 10167 2768 11 4640 538 1241 2068 6592 6153 1729 9014 10391 51 365 16 178 7127 290 21503 92 9275 633 14793 1335 15069 67 1 25 3 21 76 69

439 356 2000 632 413 58 22 134 2 1 732 281 59 193 327 314 524 267 698 612 26 209 35 284 264 1350 20 815 48 0 0 0 20 0 1 11134

50 0 0 24 0 0 50 5 7 24 1 26 0 20 32 0 0 0 0 0 5 102 0 5 0 84 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 438

0 0 0 0 0 0 38 39 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 422 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 517 83 0 0 5 2 62 14

0 219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

123981 1348 29060 11420 14246 505 13352 28785 810 6683 11231 42068 15686 7384 64756 2403 3093 1239 3156 20600 10685 4946 157 128108 3701 8754 2602 86210 979 129 170 26 2 167 387 648830

10 0 2 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 264

789 1823 328 1419 23057 7408 56663 270 30759 1869 60272 5141 37419 174 28 87 7 418 82 162 529698


199075 105343

71558 140537

0 negligible with respect to thousands

$ Provisional results, derived from village level totals

Source: 18th Livestock Census , Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, M/O Agriculture




Year 1950-51 1955-56 1960-61 1968-69 1973-74 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 Milk (Million Tonnes) 17.0 19.0 20.0 21.2 23.2 30.4 31.6 34.3 35.8 38.8 41.5 44.0 46.1 46.7 48.4 51.4 53.9 55.7 58.0 60.6 64.0 66.2 69.1 72.1 75.4 78.3 80.6 84.4 86.2 88.1 92.5 97.1 100.9 104.8 108.6 112.5 Eggs (Million Nos.) 1,832 1,908 2,881 5,300 7,755 9,523 10,060 10,876 11,454 12,792 14,252 16,128 17,310 17,795 18,980 20,204 21,101 21,983 22,929 24,167 25,975 27,187 27,496 28,680 29,476 30,447 36,632 38,729 39,823 40,403 45,201 46,235 50,663 53,581 55,395 59,844 Wool (Million Kgs.) 27.5 27.5 28.7 29.8 30.1 30.9 32.0 33.1 34.5 36.1 38.0 39.1 40.0 40.1 40.8 41.7 41.2 41.6 38.8 39.9 40.6 42.4 44.4 45.6 46.9 47.9 48.4 49.5 50.5 48.5 44.6 44.9 45.1 44.0 42.9 43.2 Meat* (Million Tonnes) 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 3.7 3.8 4.0

Annual Report 2010-11


* from recognized sector - Not Available Note: Meat Production from Commercial Poultry Farm is included from 2007-08.




(In 000 tonnes) State/Union Territory 1. Andhra Pradesh 2. Arunachal Pradesh 3. Assam 4. Bihar 5. Goa 6. Gujarat 7. Haryana 8. Himachal Pradesh 9. Jammu & Kashmir 10. Karnataka 11. Kerala 12. Madhya Pradesh 13. Maharashtra 14. Manipur
Annual Report 2010-11

2004-05 853.05 2.70 186.31 267.51 990.44 635.21 42.05 6.90 19.10 251.23 678.31 62.06 548.02 17.80 5.64 3.68 4.90 315.59 77.70 16.39 0.14 459.43 19.84 277.07 1,215.00 32.68 0.08 0.05 12.51 1.41 11.96 36.75 120.07 2.57 22.00 6,304.75

2005-06 891.09 2.75 188.00 279.53 104.95 733.82 48.20 7.29 19.15 297.57 636.89 61.08 580.55 18.22 4.12 3.75 5.50 325.45 85.64 18.50 0.15 463.03 23.87 289.58 1,250.00 12.09 0.09 0.05 17.79 0.70 11.96 21.45 131.75 2.79 34.27 6,571.62

2006-07 856.93 2.77 181.48 267.04 102.39 747.33 60.08 6.89 19.20 292.46 677.63 65.04 595.94 18.61 5.49 3.76 5.80 342.04 86.70 22.20 0.15 542.28 28.63 306.73 1,359.10 28.68 0.17 0.05 16.41 0.61 11.75 39.66 137.75 3.03 34.27 6,869.05

2007-08 1,010.08 2.83 190.32 319.10 33.43 721.91 67.24 7.85 17.33 297.69 667.33 63.89 556.45 18.60 4.00 3.76 5.80 349.48 78.73 25.70 0.18 559.36 36.25 325.95 1,447.26 28.68 0.21 0.05 26.36 0.61 11.04 39.01 139.37 3.09 67.89 7,126.83

2008-09 1,252.78 2.88 200.15 300.65 86.21 765.90 76.29 7.79 19.27 361.85 865.99 68.47 523.10 18.80 3.96 2.89 6.18 374.82 86.21 24.10 0.17 534.17 36.00 349.27 1484.00 32.49 0.24 0.05 14.14 0.72 12.59 40.30 158.70 3.16 75.80 7,616.09

2009-10 1293.85 2.65 218.82 297.40 84.33 771.52 100.46 7.75 18.94 408.05 663.12 66.12 538.35 19.20 4.21 3.04 6.36 370.54 122.86 26.91 0.17 534.17 42.27 392.93 1505.00 33.19 0.24 0.05 15.88 0.72 12.37 41.94 174.24 3.49 70.50 7851.61

15. Meghalaya 16. Mizoram 17. Nagaland 18. Orissa 19. Punjab 20. Rajasthan 21. Sikkim 22. Tamil Nadu 23. Tripura 24. Uttar Pradesh 25. West Bengal 26. A & N Islands 27. Chandigarh 28. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 29. Daman & Diu 30. Delhi 31. Lakshadweep 32. Puducherry 33. Chattisgarh 34. Uttarakhand 35. Jharkhand Total Source: States/ Union Territories.





State/Union Territory Andhra Pradesh Goa Gujrat Karnataka Kerala Maharastra Orissa Tamilnadu West Bengal A&N Daman & Diu Lakshadweep Pondicherry Total Approx. Length of Coast Line (Kms.) 974 104 1600 300 590 720 480 1076 158 1912 27 132 45 8118 Continental Shelf (000 Sq. Kms.) 33 10 184 27 40 112 26 41 17 35 4 1 530 Number of Landing Centres 271 34 123 88 178 152 57 352 44 25 7 19 26 1376 Number of Fishing Villages 498 39 263 156 222 406 641 581 346 100 22 20 28 3322
Annual Report 2010-11


Source: Marine Fisheries Census, 2005.




Sl. No State/Uts Rivers & Canals (kms.) Reservoirs (Lakh Ha) Tanks & Ponds (Lakh Ha) Flood plain Lakes & Derelict Water bodies (Lakh Ha) 0.42 1.10 0.05 0.12 0.10 0.06 2.43 0.04 Neg Neg 1.80 0.03 0.07 1.33 0.42 Neg 0.01 0.00 7.98 Brackish Water (Lakh Ha) Total Water Bodies (Lakh Ha)

Annual Report 2010-11


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A and N Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry Chhattisgarh Uttaranchal Jharkhand Total

11514 2000 4820 3200 250 3865 5000 3000 27781 9000 3092 17088 16000 3360 5600 1395 1600 4500 15270 5290 900 7420 1200 28500 2526 115 2 54 12 150 247 3573 2686 4200 195210

2.34 0.02 0.60 0.03 2.43 Neg. 0.42 0.07 4.40 0.30 2.27 2.79 0.01 0.08 0.17 2.56 Neg 1.20 5.70 0.05 1.38 0.17 0.01 0.05 0.04 0.84 0.20 0.94 29.07

5.17 2.76 0.23 0.95 0.03 0.71 0.10 0.01 0.17 2.90 0.30 0.60 0.59 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.50 1.14 0.07 1.80 0.56 0.13 1.61 2.76 0.03 Neg Neg. Neg 0.63 0.01 0.29 24.14

0.60 Neg. 1.00 0.10 2.40 0.10 4.30 0.60 2.10 1.20 Neg. Neg. 12.40

8.11 3.18 1.35 1.60 0.06 4.26 0.20 0.43 0.30 7.40 5.43 2.87 3.48 0.10 0.10 0.02 0.67 9.80 0.07 3.00 0.03 6.93 0.18 4.32 5.45 1.24 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.01 1.47 0.21 1.23 73.59

Source: State Governments/ Union Territories.




Year 1973-74 (End of IV th Plan) 1978-79 (End of V th Plan) 1984-85(End of VI th Plan) VII Plan 1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 Annual Plans 1990-91 1991-92 VIII Plan 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 IX Plan 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 X Plan 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
P: Provisional

Fish Seed (In Million Fry) 409 912 5,639 6,322 7,601 8,608 9,325 9,691 10,332 12,203 12,499 14,239 14,544 15,007 15,853 15,904 15,156 16,589 15,608 15,758 16,333 19,231 20,790 22,614 31,688 24,143 32,177 32,254
Annual Report 2010-11




(Rs. in crore) S. No. SCHEMES BE 2009-10 RE 2009-10 Exp. 2009-10 BE 2010-11 RE 2010-11 Exp. 2010-11 up to 31st Dec. 10 8

1 I A 1 2 3 4 5
Annual Report 2010-11

2 Animal Husbandry Centrally Sponsored Scheme National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding Poultry Development Establishment/ Modernization of Rural Slaughter Houses Utilization of fallen Animals (NEw) Conservation of Threatened Livestock Breeds Centrally Sponsored Fodder & Feed Development Scheme Livestock Insurance Livestock Health and Disease Control Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases National Project on Rinderpest Eradication Professional Efficiency Development Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme Strengthening of Existing Hospitals/ Dispensaries National Control Programme of PPR National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS) (NEW) National Control Programme on Brucellosis Livestock Extension and Delivery Services Support for Private Veterinary Clinics and AI Centers

112.25 28.00 5.00 0.01 4.00 10.80 30.00 220.32 85.00 4.85 4.20 34.02 0.01 39.00 53.24 0.00 0.01

115.53 19.89 2.42 0.01 4.00 10.30 28.00 139.86 101.47 4.33 4.20 29.77 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.00 0.01

116.10 15.91 0.00 0.00 3.56 11.10 24.32 143.81 105.65 4.32 4.25 29.59 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

116.40 44.40 10.70 9.30 4.20 22.20 23.70 373.90 73.90 3.25 3.25 92.40 68.90 40.00 87.50 4.70 4.70

122.62 43.99 2.08 1.21 3.18 39.18 22.64 394.19 81.86 3.25 3.70 89.03 94.80 27.85 85.30 8.40 0.03

97.82 41.09 0.20 0.00 1.11 29.56 18.91 265.48 61.91 2.73 2.74 14.89 68.72 27.32 83.37 3.80 0.00

6 7


8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 9 9.1



S. No.


BE 2009-10

RE 2009-10

Exp. 2009-10

BE 2010-11

RE 2010-11

Exp. 2010-11 up to 31st Dec. 10 8

1 9.2

2 Strengthening Livestock Extension System (NEW) Total CSS (Animal Husbandry)







B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Central Sector Schemes Livestock Census Integrated Sample Survey Central Cattle Development Organizations Central Sheep Breeding Farms Central Fodder Development Organizations Central Poultry Development Organizations Directorate of Animal Health Integrated Development of Small Ruminants and Rabbits Piggery Development Salvaging and Rearing of Male Buffalo Calves Food Safety and Traceability Poultry Venture Capital Fund (NEW) Total CS (Animal Husbandry) Total Animal Husbandry (CSS &CS) 23.11 9.00 23.47 2.21 17.37 9.90 27.50 18.33 3.00 4.00 0.01 10.00 147.90 558.29 23.00 6.94 24.73 2.30 25.53 12.68 15.66 12.27 0.04 0.02 0.01 16.00 139.18 459.20 20.88 8.23 20.90 1.55 24.19 11.24 13.60 4.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 16.00 121.04 435.84 18.50 7.40 22.70 1.75 25.10 9.40 11.40 42.00 3.00 27.70 3.00 10.70 182.65 792.15 9.36 9.20 22.40 2.00 26.00 11.00 11.28 8.48 1.86 5.51 1.10 25.70 133.89 763.01 8.31 7.48 15.49 1.15 17.93 7.15 8.75 5.18 1.50 1.92 1.10 19.70 95.66 549.83
Annual Report 2010-11


II A 1 2 3

Dairy Development Centrally Sponsored Scheme Intensive Dairy Development Programme Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality and Clean Milk Production National Dairy Plan Total CSS (Dairy Development) 32.49 20.60 0.01 53.10 35.49 21.54 0.01 57.04 31.97 21.76 0.00 53.73 24.80 21.25 0.01 46.06 24.80 21.25 0.01 46.06 21.27 15.12 0.00 36.39

B. 1 2 3

Central Sector Schemes Assistance to Cooperatives Delhi Milk Scheme Dairy Venture Capital Fund Total CS (Dairy Development) 9.00 1.00 38.00 48.00 11.20 1.00 20.00 32.20 11.20 1.00 20.00 32.20 8.30 1.00 32.40 41.70 8.10 1.00 32.40 41.50 6.78 0.67 13.29 20.74


S. No.


BE 2009-10

RE 2009-10

Exp. 2009-10

BE 2010-11

RE 2010-11

Exp. 2010-11 up to 31st Dec. 10 8 57.13

2 Total Dairy Development (CSS & CS)

3 101.10

4 89.24

5 85.93

6 87.76

7 87.56

III A. 1 2

Fisheries Centrally Sponsored Scheme Development of Inland Fisheries & Aquaculture Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure & Post Harvest Operations National Scheme of welfare of Fishermen Total CSS (Fisheries) Central Sector Schemes Strengthening of Database & geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector Assistance to Fisheries Institutes Central Institute for Fisheries Nautical & Engineering Training Central Institute for Coastal Engineering for Fisheries National Institute for Fisheries Post Harvest Technology and Training (NIFPHATT) Fishery Survey of India (FSI) National Fisheries Development Board Total CS (Fisheries) Total Fisheries (CSS & CS) 5.00 47.60 7.00 0.10 2.00 38.50 135.00 187.60 298.50 6.00 75.00 10.00 45.40 5.85 0.10 1.95 37.50 100.00 155.40 271.40 6.00 75.00 8.88 44.54 4.64 0.10 1.94 37.86 100.00 153.42 272.51 4.80 62.03 10.15 44.49 7.30 0.10 2.00 35.09 92.30 146.94 262.44 5.80 95.85 10.55 52.06 7.96 0.10 2.00 42.00 92.30 154.91 294.25 5.80 95.85 7.54 35.14 5.36 0.07 1.47 28.24 60.00 102.68 206.94 3.20 30.10 17.90 60.00 33.00 110.90 19.00 61.00 36.00 116.00 20.75 62.11 36.23 119.09 18.50 62.80 34.20 115.50 21.35 75.74 42.25 139.34 16.70 50.99 36.57 104.26

B. 1
Annual Report 2010-11

2 2.1


2.2 2.3

2.4 3.


Secretariat and Economic Services Special Livestock Sector and Fisheries Package for the Suicideprone Districts in the States of A.P, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. Externally Aided Projects (Preparedness, Control and Containment of Avian Influenza) grand Total


61.11 1100.00

29.16 930.00

12.27 873.38

56.00 1300.00

10.53 1257.00

8.11 855.31




S. No. States/Union Territories Veterinary Hospitals / Polyclinics Veterinary Dispensaries Veterinary Aid Centre / Stockmen Centre / Mobile Dispensaries 2879 189 1213 1435 290 52 587 745 14 14 2029 26 72 2056 34 151 103 127 2939 12 1733 58 1854 396 2313 588 3248 7 1 10 3 1 8 8 25195

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35.

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry TOTAL

303 1 29 39 208 5 14 673 335 303 405 294 213 565 43 55 4 5 4 1362 1439 12 167 15 1763 295 111 10 5 1 0 49 3 2 8732

1794 93 428 785 708 21 487 999 1721 1585 3 1451 880 1742 1382 109 70 35 27 540 1486 285 25 1156 56 268 11 612 11 10 0 2 27 6 15 18830

Annual Report 2010-11


Source : As per latest available data from State Department of Animal Husbandry.



SL. NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Annual Report 2010-11


IMPORT (Numbers) 347152 154 1787 32990 339 51046 1 IMPORT (KGS.) 13585331

EXPORT (Numbers) 60600 9 157 164 734 133598 38 3 1 EXPORT (KGS.) 316298429

10 11



2 3

131641 -

7404000 6435174

4 5 6

218 5175686 14806774

628 6000 24476856

7 8

7364484 33239



IMPORT (KGS.) 13210

EXPORT (KGS.) 96300 8807170

11 12 13

918994 37122 19886053

200 14000 2916669

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

4683060 248003 6388731 923 5608 188660 122

2506445 1575 Annual Report 2010-11

5460894 -




Sl. No. 1 Disease Foot & Mouth Disease Species Bovine Buffalo Ovine/ Caprine Swine Total 2 Haemorrhagic Septicaemia Bovine Ovine/Caprine Buffalo Swine Total 3 Black Quarter Bovine Ovine/cap Buffalo Total 4 Anthrax Bovine Ovine/Caprine Buffalo Swine Total 5 Fascioliasis Bovine Ovine/Caprine Canine Swine Buffalo Total 6 Enterotoxaemia Ovine/Caprine Bovine Total 7 8 9 10 11 Sheep & Goat Pox Ovine/Caprine Buffalo Pox Buffalo Blue Tongue Ovi/Cap C.C.P.P. Ovi/ Cap Amphistomiasis Bovine 149 8266 18 0 0 0 73 2999 688 2 50 0 105 2006 592 150 3 153 1556 611 2167 533 0 533 105 5 0 5 0 115 345108 144 5 86 5 345348 27 34 0 6 0 67 46 12 1 1 60 208 1350 1 68 1627 180 229 1 68 478 320 0 2 322 1100 0 9 1109 480 0 1 481 148 20 124 4 296 2518 183 671 357 3729 1081 80 280 154 1595 Outbreak 823 0 49 30 902 Attack 23937 469 1720 401 26527 Death 340 1 86 46 473

Annual Report 2010-11



Sl. No.


Species Ovi/Caprine Avian Total Bovine

Outbreak 1 0 150 1 136 40 22 5 67 27 1 348 7 0 0 383

Attack 12 1219 9497 87 5267 115637 5251 35 120923 2579 1215 106549 135 138 1 110617

Death 2 0 20 0 1646 6453 650 26 7129 25 5 14778 0 0 0 14808

12 13 14

Schistosomiasis Swine Fever Swine Salmonellosis Avian Bovine Swine Total


Coccidiosis Bovine Ovi/ Cap Avian Swine Buffalo Canine Total

Annual Report 2010-11


Ranikhet (New Castle) Disease Avian 412 122 26 1 127 13 4 224 188 44 52 0 1 97 127 185114 16702 2158 300 33458 35982 4 76900 3494 233 69 21 1 324 2604 16273 1816 1789 1 7594 110 4 38881 355 233 69 21 1 324 28 Fowl Pox Avian Fowl Cholera Avian Mareks Disease Avian I.B.D. Avian Duck Plague Avian Glanders Bovine Chronic Respiratory Disease Avian Canine Distemper Canine Rabies Bovine Canine Buffaloe Ovi/Caprine Total

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25



Babesiosis Bovine


Sl. No.


Species Buffalo Ovi/Caprine Equine Canine Total Bovine Buffalo Ovi/Caprine Swine Total

Outbreak 0 1 1 1 130 116 0 0 1 117 87 2 1 90 54 0 268 136 0 458 184 16 0 0 16 2 1 1 4 2 10 17

Attack 7 78 4 1 2694 24366 17 1945 5 26333 251 2 30 283 1774 67 6044 1353 0 9238 9271 1905 2 4 1911 27 52 15 94 3150 1065 250

Death 0 0 0 0 28 0 0 0 0 0 43 0 10 53 0 0 10 2 0 12 2577 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 854 5




Trypanismiasis Bovine Equine Camel Total


Mange Bovine Ovi/Cap Swine Canine Avine Total

Annual Report 2010-11


30 31

Peste Des Petits Ruminant Ovi/ Cap Anaplasmosis Bovine Buffalo Ovi/Caprine Total


Brucellosis Bovine Ovine/Cap Buffalo Total

33 34 35

Coryza Avian Avian Influenza Avian Equine Influenza Equine



S. No. 1 Name of Districts Andhra Pradesh (22) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 2 23 24 25 26 3 27 28 29 30 31 32 4 33 34 35 36 37 Adilabad * Anantpur * Chittoor Cuddapah* East Godavari Guntur Karimnagar Khammam *# Krishna Kurnool * Mahboobnagar * Medak Nalgonda Nellore * Nizamabad Prakasam Ranga Reddy Srikakulam Vishakapatanam Vizianagaram Warangal * West Godavari East Siang Lohit Lower DibangValley West Siang Barpeta Jorhat Kamrup Morigaon Nagoan Sonitpur Begusarai Bhojpur Chhapra Gaya # Muzaffarpur 7 6 5 S. No. Name of Districts 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 Nalanda Patna Rohtas Samastipur Vaishali Dhamtari Durg Mahsamund Raipur Rajnandgaon # Ahmedabad Banaskantha Bhavnagar Dang Junagadh Katchch Kheda Mahesana Navasari Panchmahal Rajkot Sabarkantha Surat Vadodara Valsad Bhiwani Faridabad Fartehabad Hisar Jhajjar Jind Kaithal Karnal Kurukshetra Mewat Mohindergarh Panipat Rohtak 12 11 10 9 8 S. No. Name of Districts 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 Sirsa Sonepat Chamba Hamirpur Kangra Mandi Shimla Anantnag Baramulla Jammu Kupwara Pulwama Udhampur
Annual Report 2010-11

himachal Pradesh (5)

Chhatisgarh (5)

Jammu & Kashmir (6)

gujarat (15)

jharkhand (4) Godda Hazaribagh # Palamau # Ranchi Bagalkote Bangalore Rural Bangalore Urban Belgaum * Bellary Dakshina kannad Davangere Gulbarga Hassan * Haveri Kolar Mandya Mysore Tumkur Alapuzzah Eranakulam Idduki Kannur Kollam

Karnataka (14)


Arunachal Pradesh (4)

haryana (15)

Assam (6)

Bihar (10)

Kerala (11)


S. No.

Name of Districts 112 113 114 115 116 117 Kottayam Kozhikode Pallakad Thrissur Trivandrum Wayanand Balaghat # Bhind Bidisha Chhatarpur Chhindwara Dewas Dhar Guna Indore Morena Panna Raisen Ratlam Rewa Sagar Satna Sehore Shajapur Shivpuri Sidhi Ahmednagar Auranagabad Beed Bhandara Gondia # Jalgaon Jalna Kolhapur Lathur Nagpur Nanded Nashik Pune

S. No.

Name of Districts 151 152 153 154 155 Sangli Satara Solapur Wardha Yavatmal * Bishnupur Imhpal East Senapati Thoubal Ukhrul West Imhpal East Khasi Hills Jaintia Hills Ri Bhoi West Garo Hills Aizawl Champhai Kolasib Saiha Dimapur Kohima Mokokchung Peren Phek Wokha Zunheboto Cuttack Jagatsinghpur Puri Sambalpur # Baragarh Khurda Mayurbhanj Keonjhar Kendrapara

S. No. 20

Name of Districts Punjab(19) 186 Amritsar 187 Barnala 188 Bathinda 189 Faridkot Punjab(19) 190 Fatehgarh Sahib 191 Ferozepur 192 Gurdaspur 193 Hoshiarpur 194 Jalandhar 195 Kapurthala 196 Ludhiana 197 Mansa 198 Moga 199 Mohali 200 Mukatsar 201 Nawan Shehr 202 Patiala 203 Ropar 204 Sangrur Rajasthan (22) 205 Ajmer 206 Alwar 207 Banswara 208 Barmer 209 Bharatpur 210 Bhilwara 211 Bikaner 212 Chittorgarh 213 Churu 214 Dungarpur 215 Jaipur 216 Jaiselmer 217 Jhalawar 218 Jhunjhanu 219 Jodhpur 220 Kota 221 Nagaur 222 Pratapgarh 223 Sikar 224 Sri Ganganagar 225 Tonk 226 Udaipur Sikkim (4) 227 228 East Sikkim North Sikkim



Manipur (6) 156 157 158 159 160 161


Madhya Pradesh (20) 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126


Meghalaya (4) 162 163 164 165

Annual Report 2010-11

127 128 129 130


Mizoram (4) 166 167 168 169



131 132 133 134 135 136 137 14 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150


Nagaland (7) 170 171 172 173 174 175 176

Maharashtra (18)


Orissa (9) 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185



S. No.

Name of Districts 229 230 South Sikkim West Sikkim Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Erode Krishnagiri Namakkal Salem Thanjavur Thirucharapalli Thiruvannamalai Tirunelveli Vellore Villupuram Dindigul Madurai West Tripura South Tripura Auraiya Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh

S. No.

Name of Districts 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 Ballia Barabanki Bareilly Bijnor Budayun Bulandshahar Deoria Etah Faiziabad Farukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hardoi Jaunpur Kashiramnagar Kheri Mahamaya Nagar Mainpuri Mathura Meerut Moradabad Muzaffarnagar

S. No.

Name of Districts 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 Pratapgarh Raebareli Saharanpur Sitapur Sonebhadra # Sultanpur varanasi Unnao Chamoli Dehradun Haridwar Nainital Pithoragarh Udhamsingh nagar 24 Parganas(N) Hooghly Nadia Jalpaiguri Dakshindinajpur Murshidabad North Goa South Goa
Annual Report 2010-11


Tamilnadu (15) 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245


Uttarakhand (6) 287 288 289 290 291 292


West Bengal (6) 293 294 295 296 297 298


Tripua (2) 246 247 25

Uttar Pradesh (39) 273 274 275 276 277 278


Uttar Pradesh (39) 248 249 250 251 252



goa (2) 299 300



Sl./ No. Year No. of Paras/ PA reports on which ATNs have been submitted to PAC after vetting by AUDIT Details of the Paras/ PA reports on which ATNs are pending No. of ATNs not sent by the Ministry even for the first time No of ATNs sent but returned with observations and Audit is awaiting their resubmission by the Ministry No. of ATNs which have been finally vetted by audit but have not been submitted by the Ministry to PAC



Annual Report 2010-11

One Para 2.4 regarding inordinate delay in modernization /improvement of slaughter houses and establishment of carcass utilization centers to minimize bird hit to IAF aircrafts




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Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries

Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi