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General Responsibilities General Responsibilities

1.7 You will often hear the word hazard mentioned on site and during safety talks. What does it mean? 1.9 It is important to see your employers health and safety policy because it tells you: how to do your job safely how to write risk assessments how health and safety is managed how to use tools and equipment safely


Who is responsible for reporting any unsafe conditions on site?

A: The site manager only Do nothing, you are not responsible for safety on site

Now that work on site is moving forward, the safety rules given in your site induction seem out of date. What should you do?


The client

C: Health and Safety Executive inspectors



D: Everyone on site

LI LI D: All of the other answers

B: Speak to your supervisor about your concerns

1.2 Make up your own safety rules to suit the changing conditions

Speak to to LI C: see if theyyour workmatesrules have any new

Anything LI A: you at work that can harm LI B: The site accident rate LI C: A type of barrier or machine guard

A risk assessment tells you:

1.8 * Why is the Health and Safety at Work Act important to you? Give two answers. It tells you which parts of the site are dangerous It must be learned before starting work It requires your employer to provide a safe place to work It tells you how to do your job It puts legal duties on you as an employee

A: how to report accidents

El B: the site working hours EEl C: how to do the job safely

operatives only all people at work self-employed people only


D: where the first-aid box is kept

The Health and Safety at Work Act places legal duties on:

You are using some equipment. It has just been given a Prohibition Notice. What does this mean?

A: employers only


1.3 During site induction, you do not understand something the presenter says. What should you do?

El B: LI C: LI D:

use it LI A: You must notpresentunless your supervisor is LI B: You must not use it until it is made safe LI C: You can use it as long as you take more care


A: Attend another site induction


Only supervisors can use it

B: Ask the presenter to explain the point again


C: Guess what the presenter was trying to tell you

As an employee, you do not have a legal duty to:

then LI D: Wait until the end explainask someone else to

use all equipment safely and as LI A: instructed LI B: write your own risk assessments speak to your supervisor if LI C: are worried about safety onyou site


D: report any equipment that is damaged or defective




General Responsibilities
1.15 The whole site has been issued with a Prohibition Notice. What does this mean to you? A; You must check with your supervisor before starting work B: You must check with the Health and Safety Executive before starting work C: You must not use any tools or machinery 1.17

General Responsibilities



You are about to start a job. How wilt you know if it needs a Permit to Work? A: You will be given a Permit to Work at the site induction

You find that you cannot do a job as the method statement says you should. What do you do? A: Make up your own way of doing the job

You have been told that a Health and Safety Executive inspector is on site. What should you do? A: Stop work and report to your supervisor


and LI B: The Healthwill tellSafety you Executive


C: You will not be allowed to start work until the Permit to Work has been issued D: Contact the Health and Safety Executive 1.16 After watching you work, a Health and Safety Executive inspector issues an Improvement Notice. What does this mean?

Do not start work until you have talked with your supervisor C: Ask your workmates how they think you should do the job

and U B: Stop workpoint go to the assembly LI C: Carry on working unless you are asked to stop D: Finish what you are doing and go home

D: You dont need to know, Permits to Work only affect managers


D: You must stop work



1.18 Who is responsible for managing health and safety on construction sites?

As an employee, which of these is not your duty under the Health and Safety at Work Act? A: To look after your own health and safety


and LI B: To lookofafter the healthwho safety anyone else

Why do you need to know the health and safety regulations that deal with your type of work? A; They tell you how to write risk assessments B: They explain how health and safety is managed on your site



A: You are not working fast enough

Li A; The police Li B: The Health and Safety Executive Li C: The client Li D; The site manager
1.19 If you discover children playing on site, what is the first thing you should do? A; Tell your supervisor

LI C; They tell you when Health and Safety Executive inspections

will take place D; They place legal duties on you


might be affected by your work C; To write your own risk assessments D; Not to interfere with anything provided for health and safety


to improve Li B; You need of your workthe standard Li C; You are not working in a safe way Li D: All of the other answers

Li Li B; Phone the police Make sure the children are Li C: taken to a place of safety Li D; Find out how they got into the site
15 Answers;1.15=D,1.16=C,1.17=C,1.18D,1.19C


D 4 B,l C,1.l 3 Answers;1.11=C,112t

General Responsibilities
2.1 When must you record an accident in the accident book? Why is it important to report all accidents? 2.4

Accident Prevention and Reporting



What is a toolbox talk? j A: A short training session on a particular safety topic certain jobs to be carried out under controlled conditions Health and Safety Executive inspectors to visit the site

A Permit to Work allows: A: the emergency services to come on to the site after an accident

EEl U A: If you are injured in any way EEl B: Only if you have to be off work [El C: Only if you have suffered a broken bone EEl D:
Only if you have to go to hospital Details have El C: the accident to be entered in book

B: A talk that tells you where to buy tools

EEl B:

LI A: EEl B:

It might stop them happening again Some types of accident have to be reported to the Health and Safety Executive

first El C: Yourarrivetraining session when on site you

EEl C: LI D:
2.2 If someone is injured at work, who should record it in the accident book? 2.5


D: A sales talk given by a tool supplier

untrained people to EEl D: without supervision work

All of the other answers


When should you report environmental incidents and near misses?

The site manager, and no one else

Which of these does not have to be recorded in the accident book?

A: Never

EEl B:

During your next break

C: As soon as practical

El A: Your national insurance number UI B: The date and time of your accident
Details of your injury Your home address

D: At the end of the day

person, EEl B: The injuredacting for or them someone EEl C: The first-aider and no one else LI D: Someone from the Health and Safety Executive


1.22 2.3 If you cut your finger and it wont stop bleeding, you should:

If you have any rubbish or leftover materials at the end of the job, you should: LIA: leave it where it is

flB: pick it up and throw it with rubbish left by other people


wrap something around it and carry on working B: tell your supervisor

A near miss is an incident where: A: you were just too late to see what happened


UI B: EEl LI C: wash it clean then carry on working LI D: find a first-aider or get other medical help

someone could have been injured injured and UI C: someone wasgo to hospital nearly had to injured EEl D: someone wastake timeand off nearly had to work

LI C: put it in the designated waste area pick it EEl D: the siteup and dump it outside


Answers: 1.20 =A, 1.21


C, 1.22


Answers: 2.1 =A, 2.2

B, 2.3

D, 2.4

D, 2.5

A, 2.6


Accident Prevention and Reporting

2.13 2.16 Which of these will help you to work safely on site? Which type of accident kills the most construction workers?

Accident Prevention and Reporting
reporting unsafe working conditions B: becoming a first-aider knowing where the first aid kit is kept D: knowing how to get help quickly
2.14 2.17 If you have a minor accident, who should report it?


Why is it important to report all near miss accidents?

You can help prevent accidents by:


The Health and Safety Executive need to know about everything that happens on site


B: To find someone to blame


LI C: You might want to claim compensation

LI A: Falling from height LI B: Contact with electricity Being run LI C: transport over by site LI D: Being hit by a falling object

LI A: Site induction LI B: Toolbox talks Risk assessments and method LI C: statements LI D: All the other answers

LI D: To learn from them and stop them happening again



When are you most likely to have an accident?

In the morning In the afternoon During the summer months When you first start on site The Health and Safety Executive You A subcontractor

Anyone who saw the accident happen

How would you expect to find out about health and safety rules when you first arrive on site?

During site induction In a letter sent to your home By reading your employers health and safety policy By asking others on the site

A scaffold has collapsed and you saw it happen. When you are asked about the accident, you should say:

A: nothing, you are not a scaffold expert

B: as little as possible because you dont want to get people into trouble




C: exactly what you saw

LI D: who you think is to blame and how they should be punished

go home week So that waste skips can be emptied more often

What is the most important reason for keeping your work area clean and tidy?

The work of another contractor is affecting your safety. You should stop work and:

If your doctor ss that you have Weils disease, you will need to tell your employer. Why?

speak to your supervisor speak to the contractors supervisor


LI A: To prevent slips, trips and falls dont have a LI B: So that you the end of thebig clean-up at

Your employer will not want to go anywhere near you

You must remove nails from scrap wood because: A: someone could stand on an upright nail and injure their foot

D: To recycle waste and help the environment



speak to the contractor who is doing the job

Your employer will have to report it to the Health and Safety Executive


scrap wood and scrap metal must be put in separate skips


C: the site will run out of nails

LI C: Your workmates might catch it from you LI D: The whole site will have to be closed down

D: the wood will take up more room in the skip


Answers: 2.7

D, 2.8

C, 2.9

A, 2.10 =A, 2.11

D, 2.12

Answers: 2.13 =A, 2.14

C, 2.15

B, 2.16

D, 2.17= A, 2.18


Health and Welfare
3.1 3.4 You should clean very dirty hands with: Two kinds of animal can carry a disease called Leptospirosis in their urine. Which two?

Accident Prevention and Reporting

2.19 Why is it important to attend site induction? A: You will get to know other new starters

El LI A: Cat LI B: Sheep LI C: Rat LI D: Rabbit LI E: Cow

3.5 You need to handle a hazardous substance. You should wear the correct gloves to help stop: 3.2 Look at these statements about illegal drugs in the workplace. Which one is true?

El B:

Risk assessments will be handed out

health and EJ C: Siteexplained safety rules will be

LI A: soap and water LI B: thinners LI C: white spirit LI D: paraffin

D: Permits to Work will be handed out

Users of illegal drugs are a danger to everyone on site People who take illegal drugs work better and faster People who take illegal LI C: take fewer days off workdrugs

LI A: skin disease LI B: vibration white finger LI C: raynauds syndrome LI D: arthritis

3.6 To help keep rats away, everyone on sitehould:

LI D: Taking illegal drugs is a personal choice so other

people shouldnt worry about it 3.3 Direct sunlight on bare skin can cause:


buy rat traps and put them around the site

LI A: dermatitis LI B: rickets LI C: acne LI D: skin cancer

LI B: ask theratlocal authority to put poison down LI C: bring a large cat to site LI D: not leave scraps of food lying about


Answer: 2.19

Answers: 3.1

C,E, 3.2

A, 3.3

D, 3.4

A, 3.5

A, 3.6


Health and Welfare

3.11 3.14 Someone goes to the pub at lunchtime and has a couple of pints of beer. What should they do next? Your doctor has given you some medication. Which of these questions is the most important?

Health and Welfare


If you get a hazardous substance on your hands, it can pass from your hands to your mouth when you eat. Give two ways to stop this.

What sort of rest area should your employer provide on site?

A: Wear protective gloves while you are working Will I work more slowly? Will my supervisor find out? Will oversleep and be late for work? work

LI A: A covered area LI B: A covered area and some chairs LI A:

Will it make me sleepy or unsafe to work?


Drink plenty of strong coffee then go back to work Stay away from the site for the rest of the day

B: Wash your hands before eating Nothing, employers dont have to provide rest areas 3.12 You should not just rely on barrier cream to protect your skin from harmful substances because:

C: A covered area, tables and chairs, and something to heat water


Put barrier cream on your hands before eating


it costs too much to use every day many harmful substances go straight through it it is difficult to wash off it can irritate your skin 3.15

D: Wear protective gloves then turn them inside-out before eating


LI C: Stay away for an hour and then go back to work D: Eat something, wait 30 LI minutes and then go back to

3.13 When should you use barrier cream?

Wash your work gloves then put them on again before eating

Occupational asthma is a disease that can end your working life. It affects your:

3.8 Running hot water and electric hand-dryers

3.10 What is the minimum that should be provided on site for washing your hands? A: Nothing, there is no need to provide washing facilities

It is your first day on site. You find that there is nowhere to wash your hands. What should you do? C: A cold water standpipe and paper towels


LI Hot and cold water (or LI D: water), soap and a waywarm to dry
your hands

LI A: hearing LI B: joints LI C: skin LI D: breathing

3.16 The site toilets do not flush. What should you do?

LI A: Wait until you get home then wash them local caf LI B: Go to a washbasinor pub and in their toilet use the LI C: Speak to your supervisor about the problem Bring your own LI D: the next day bottle of water

LI A: Before you start work LI B: When you finish work LI C: As part of first aid treatment LI D: When you cant find your gloves

LI A: Try not to use the toilets while you are at work LI B: Tell your supervisor about the problem LI C: Try to fix the fault yourself LI D: Ask a plumber to fix the fault


Answers: 3.7

A,B, 3.8

C, 3.9

C, 3.10

Answers: 3.11

A, 3.12

B, 3.13

A, 3.14

B, 3.15

D, 3.16


Health and Welfare Health and Welfare

3.23 You should not use white spirit or other solvents to clean your hands because:



The toilets on your site are always dirty. What should you do?

You can get occupational dermatitis from:

Ignore the problem, it is normal

they strip the protective oils from the skin

Make sure that you tell someone who can sort it out

El B: LI C: LI D:
try to catch the pigeons let them fly away before carrying on with your work

3.26 Pigeons droppings and nests are found in an area where you are required to work. You should: A: carry on with your work carefully
stop work and seek advice


Find some cleaning materials and do it yourself

LI A: hand-arm vibration LI B: another person with dermatitis LI C: some types of strong chemical LI D: sunlight
fl B: they remove the top layer of skin


D: See if you can use the toilets in a nearby caf or pub

LI C: they block the pores of the skin LI D: they carry harmful bacteria that attack the skin


3.21 There are many kinds of dust at work. Breathing them for a long time can cause:

You are more likely to catch Weils disease (Leptospirosis) if you:


work near wet ground, waterways or sewers

3.24 The early signs of Weils disease (Leptospirosis) can be easily confused with:


work near air conditioning units

LIC: fix showers or baths

LI A: occupational asthma LI B: occupational dermatitis LI C: skin cancer LI D: glue ear LI A: dermatitis fl B: diabetes [Z] C: hayfever fl D: influenza (flu)
3.25 Exposure to which of the following may not result in lung disease?


drink water from a standpipe



Exposure to engine oil and other mineral oils can cause:

You can catch an infection called tetanus from contaminated land or water. How does it get into your body?

LI A: skin problems LI B: heart disease LI C: breathing problems LI D: vibration white finger

LI A: Through your nose when you breathe LI B: Through an open cut in your skin h your LI C: Througdrink mouth when you eat or infects It doesnt, it LI D: animals and only people not

LI A: Asbestos LI B: Bird droppings LI C: Steam LI D: Silica dust

= =

Answers: 3.17

B, 3.18

A, 3.19

A, 3.20

C, 3.21

A, 3.22

Answers: 3.23

A, 3.24

D, 3.25

C, 3.26


Manual Handling Manual Handling

4.7 4.9


To lift a load, you should always try to: Your new job involves some manual handling. An old injury means that you have a weak back. What should you do?

To lift a load safely, you need to think about:

LI A: LI A: LI B: LI someone LI B: Ask trolley the to help you pull the

rest of the way Drag LI C: for thethe trolley on your own rest of the way Find LI D: load another way to move the Tell your supervisor that lifting might be a problem

stand wfth your feet together when lifting

B: bend your back when lifting

C: carry the load away from your body, at arms length 4.5 When you lift a load manually, you must:

LI A: its size and condition LI B: its weight LI C: whether it has handholds LI D: all of the other answers

You are using a trolley to move a heavy load. The trolley loses a wheel. You still have a long way to go. What should you do? A: Carry the load the rest of the way Tell your supervisor you can lift anything

keep your back straight and use the strength in your leg muscles to lift 4.8 You need to move a heavy load over a long distance. What is the safest way to do it? 4.10

D: divide large loads into smaller loads


LI C: Try some lifting then tell your supervisor about your back LI D: Tell yourit supervisor about your back if gets injured
again If you have to twist or turn your body when you lift and place a load, it means:

You need to lift a load from the floor. You should stand with your:

L1 A: LI LI C:
B: make sure there are always two people to lift the load use a crane or another lifting device to pick up the load

feet together, legs straight

B: feet together, knees bent

LI C: feet slightly apart, knees bent LI D: feet wide apart, legs straight LI A: LI
D: move the load as quickly as possible 4.6

Pick up the load and run all the way


You have been told how to lift a heavy load, but you think there is a better way to do it. What should you do? You are using a wheelbarrow to move a heavy load. Is this manual handling?

LI B: Tie ait rope around the load ari pull LI C: Roll it end-over-end all the way LI D: Use a wheelbarrow or trolley

you LI A: the weightusual can lift safely is less than LI B: the weight you can lift safely is more than usual nothin LI C: weightg,asyou can lift the same usual D: you must wear a back brace LI

A: Ignore what you have been told and do it your way


Ask your workmates to decide which way you should do it


Discuss your idea with your supervisor

Forget your idea and do it the way you have been told

No, because LI A: is carrying thethe wheelbarrow load Only if LI B: wheelbthe load slips off the arrow C: Yes, you are still manually LI handling the load Only if LI D: flat tyrethe wheelbarrow has a


Answers: 4.1 D, 4.5

D, 4.2

C, 4.3

C, 4.4

A, 4.6

Answers: 4.7

D, 4.8

D, 4.9

B, 4.10


Manual Handling Manual Handling

4.13 4.17 Someone is going to help you to lift a load. It is important that both of you: You have to lift a heavy load. What must your employer do? 4.15


You have to move a load that might be too heavy for you. You cannot divide it into smaller parts and there is no one to help you. What should you do?

[E A:
Make sure your supervisor is there to advise while you lift B: Do a risk assessment of the task Nothing, it is part of your job to lift loads

You need to lift a load that is not heavy, but it is so big that you cannot see in front of you. What should you do?

A: Do not move the load until you have found a safe method

[El A:
Ask someone to help carry the load so that you can both see ahead Get someone to walk next to you and give directions


work for the same employer are about the same size and can lift the same weight are about the same age are right-handed (or both left-handed)

LI B: LI D: Watch you while you lift the load

in fl C: Get someone to walk to front of you and tell others get out of the way 4.18 4.14 If you wear a back support belt

Get a forklift truck, even though you cant drive one

LI [E C: El B:

lift t using LI C: Try to methods the correct lifting

Li D: El D:
you can lift any load without being injured 4.16 You need to move a load that is heavier on one side than the otier. How should you pick it up? A: With the heavy side towards you Move the load on your own because it is so large that anyone in your way is sure to seeit

Lift and move the load quickly to avoid injury


EJ A: El
B: you can safely lift more than usual face the same El C: you couldnot wearing one risk of injury as

You have to move a load while you are sitting, not standing. How much can you lift safely?

You need to move a load that might be too heavy for you. What should you do?

LI A: EEl D:
it will crush your backbone and damage t

Divide the load into smaller loads if possible

[El A: Less than usual [El B: The usual amount [El C: Twice the usual amount El D: Three times the usual amount
4.19 You need to reach above your head and lower a load to the floor. Which of these is not true?

El B: Get someone to help you Use an aid, El C: wheelbarrowsuch as a trolley or


D: All of the other answers

El B: With the heavy side away from you EEl C: With the heavy side on your strong arm D: With the heavy side on your El weak arm

El A:

It will be more difficult to keep your back straight and chin tucked in extra stress El B: You wifl putand your backon your arms safely handle El C: You canthan usual more weight The load El D: to controlwill be more difficult


Answers: 4.11

A, 4.12

D, 4.13

B, 4.14 C

Answers: 4.15

A, 4.16

A, 4.17

B, 4.18

A, 4.19


Manual Handling Working at Height

5.4 5.1

420 You have to carry a load down a steep slope. What should you do? A ladder should not be painted because: the paint will make it slippery to use the paint may hide any damaged parts A: Walk backwards down the slope to improve your balance B: Carry the load on your shoulder Who should erect, dismantle or alter a tube and fitting scaffold?

Which part of your body is most likely to be injured if you lift heavy loads?

LI Li B: Anyone who has the right tools Li C: Anyone who is competent and authorised Li
D: Anyone who is a project manager

A: Your knees

Li A:
Anyone who thinks they can do it

B: Your back

Li A: Li B: Li D:

C: Your shoulders

D: Your elbows

damage Li C: the paint couldthe ladderthe metal parts of it will need regular re-painting


Li C: Assess whether you can still carry the load safely Li D: Run down the slope to finish quickly
4.24 Under the regulations for manual handling, all employees must: It is safe to cross a fragile roof if you:

Who should decide what weight you can lift safely?

How many people should be on a ladder at the same time? 2 1 1 on each section of an extension ladder

Li A: You Li B: Your supervisor LI C: Your employer LI D: The Health and Safety Executive Li
A: wear back-support belts when lifting anything make a list of all the heavy things they have to carry

Li B: Li C:
lift any size of load once the risk assessment has been done

Li A: walk along the line of bolts Li B: can see fragile roof signs dont Li C: panelswalk on any plastic Li D:
use crawling boards

Li A: Li B: Li C: Li D:

3 if it is long enough


What is the safest way to find out if a load is too heavy to lift?

Li D:
make full use of their employers safe systems of work

You are working on a flat roof. What is the best way to stop yourself falling over the edge?

You find a ladder that is damaged. What should you do?

Li A: Pick it up quickly then put it down round EZI B: Walkfrorr all the load, and look sides at it C: Find out the weight of the load LI LI D: See if you can hold the load at arms length Li A: Li B:

Put a large warning sign at the edge of the roof Ask someone to watch you and shout when you get too close to the edge Protect Li C: rail and the edge with a guard toe-board Li D: Use red and white tape to mark the edge

Li A:

Dont use it and make sure that others know about the damage Dont use and report the Li B: damage atitthe end of your shift Li C: Try and mend the damage Use the ladder if Li D: the damaged partyou can avoid


Answers: 4.20

B, 4.21

A, 4.22

C, 4.23

C, 4.24

Answers: 5.1

C, 5.2

D, 5.3

C, 5.4

8, 5.5

8, 5.6


(05 Working at Height

5.9 5.13 You need to use a ladder to get to a scaffold platform. Which of these statements is true? What is the best way to make sure that a ladder is secure and wont slip? 5.11

Working at Height


You need to use a ladder to reach a work platform. What should be the slope or angle of the ladder?

B: All broken rungs must be cleady marked


[] B: 00 LI A:
Yes, if you put ft back as soon as the load has been landed put back if El B: Yes,endyou youritshift before of the C: No, only a scaffolder can remove the guard-rail but you can put it back No, only a El D: remove thescaffolder can put guard-rail and it back You are working above water arid there is a risk of falling. Which two items of Personal Protective Equipment do you need? 5.14 5.12

A scaffold guard-rail must be removed to allow materials to be lifted onto the platform. You are not a scaffolder. Can you remove the guard-rail? It must be tied and extend about five rungs above the platform




El A: Tie it at the top to stand El B: Ask someonethe bottomwith their foot on rung El C: Tie it at the bottom the of the El D: Wedgewith bottom of wood ladder blocks
It must be wedged at the bottom to stop it slipping

LID: Two people must be on the ladder at all times

You need to stack materials on a scaffold platform. What is the best way to stop them falling over the toe-board? 5.10 Who should check a ladder before it is used? A: The person who is going to use it

LI A: El B: LI B: A supervisor
C: The site safety officer

Fit brick guards

Put a warning sign on the stack

Tools and materials can easily fall from a scaffold platform. What is the best way to protect the people below?

LI C: Build the stack so that it leans away from the edge


Make sure they are wearing safety helmets B: Tell them you will be working above them Use Li C: itemsbrickguards to stop any falling below

D: Cover the stack with netting

El A: Wellington boots El B: Harness and lanyard El C: Life jacket El D: Waterproof jacket El E: Waterproof trousers

LI D: The manufacturer

LI D: Tell the people below to stop work and clear the area


Answers: 5.7

C, 5.8

A, 5.9

D, 5.10

Answers: 5.11

A, 5.12

B,C, 5.13

A, 5.14


V orking at Height Working at Height


5.15 5.23 What does this sign mean? A mobile tower scaffold must not be used on: A: Do not run on the roof B: Slippery when wet Eragile roof Load-bearing roof 5.24 You are working at height when you could fall from: the first lift of a scaffold or higher 2 metres above the ground or higher any height that would cause an injury if you fell D: 3 metres above the ground or higher

When can you use a ladder as a place of work?

A: If it is long enough

B: If you can find a ladder to use

What is the best way to stop people falling through fragile roof panels? j A: Tell everyone where the panels are

Li LI C:
C: Cover the panels with netting B: Cover the panels with something that can take the weight of a person D: Mark the panels with red and white tape 5.21 If you store materials on a working platform, you must make sure: A: the materials are secure, even in windy weather

If other people do not need to use it for access

D: If you are doing light work for a short time


El A: soft or uneven ground JJ B: a paved patio El C: an asphalt road LI D: a smooth concrete path

5.16 You need to work at height. It is not possible to install edge protection or a soft landing system. What should you do? EA: Hold onto something while you use your other hand to do the work 5.18 You need to use a mobile tower scaffold. The wheel brakes do not work. What should you do? A: Use some wood to wedge the wheels and stop them moving

C: the materials do not make the platform unsafe for others D: all of the other answei

JJ B: the platform can take the weight of the materials

El A: El B: El C:

LI B: LI C: Only use the tower if the floor is level LI D:

Get someone to hold the tower while you use it .22 5.19 When you climb a ladder, you must: A: have three points of contact with the ladder at all times B: have two points of cOntact with the ladder at all times

Ask someone to hold you while you work

B: Do not use the tower

and lanyard LI C: Wearfixa itharnessanchor point to an and

D: Tie a rope round your waist and tie the other end to an anchor point

You need to reach the working platform of a mobile tower scaffold. What is the right way to do this? Climb up the LI A: the outside oftower frame on the tower Lean ladder against the EJ B: toweraand climb u that Climb up LI C: the tower the ladder built into D: Jump from the rigid structure on which you are working

use a safety harness

D: have two people on the ladder at all times


Answers: 5.15

D, 5.16

C, 5.17

B, 5.18

B, 5.19

Answers: 5.20

C, 5.21

D, 5.22

C, 5.23

A, 5.24


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

6.7 If your Personal Protective Equipment gets damaged, you should:

6.1 When should you wear safety boots or safety shoes on site?

You must wear head protection on site at all times unless you are:


Only when you work at ground level

throw it away and work without it In the winter Only when it is cold and wet All the time B: stop what you are doing until it is replaced

6.9 You have to work outdoors in bad weather. Your employer should supply you with waterproof clothing because:

working alone

C: in a safe area, like the site office


it will have the company name and logo on it

C: carry on wearing it but work more quickly 6.5 To get the maximum protection from your safety helmet, you should wear it: 6.8 Look at these statements about wearing a safety helmet in hot weather. Which one is true? A: You can drill holes in it to keep your head cool

D: working in very hot weather


B: you are less likely to get muscle strains if you are warm and dry less likely to LI C: you aredisease if you catch Weils are warm and dry D: your supervisor will be able to see you more clearly in the rain


LI D: try to repair it

Your employer must supply you with Personal Protective Equipment:

[=1 A:
pushed hack on lead, to see be

twice a year

B: if you payfor it
hack to traet, to stop ak banging Into

C: if it is in the contract


if you need to be protected

You can wear it back-to-front if it is more comfortable that way

6.10 When do you need to wear eye protection?

put ed

faeeard, to protect your ayes

Do you have to pay for any Personal Protective Equipment you need? A: Yes, you must pay for all of it
square on our head, to stop it falling oft

it during J C: You must take theoffday the hottest part of

LI D: You must wear it at all times and in the right way


LI A: On very bright, sunny days EZI B: If there is a risk of eye injury LI C: When your employer can afford it
D: Only if you work with chemicals 6.11 If there is a risk of materials flying into your eyes, you should wear:

6.6 Who should provide you with any Personal Protective Equipment you need?

Only if you need to replace lost or damaged Personal Protective Equipment

El No, LI D: for ityour employer must pay LI A: Your employer El B: You must buy your own LI C: Anyone on site with a budget LI D: No one has a duty to provide it

C: Yes, but you only have to pay half the cost

El A: tinted welding goggles LI B: laser safety glasses LI C: chemical-resistant goggles LI D: impact-resistant goggles


Answers: 6.1

C, 6.2

D, 6.3

0, 6.4

0, 6.5

C, 6.6

Answers: 6.7

B, 6.8

0, 6.9

B, 6.10

6, 6.11

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

6.16 6.18 Look at these statements about anti-vibration gloves. Which one is true? 6.14 If you drop your safety helmet from height on to a hard surface, you should:


Look at these statements about Personal Protective Equipment. Which one is not true?

A: You must pay for any damage or loss repair any cracks then carry on wearing it

Li A: EEl B:
make sure there are no cracks then carry on wearing it

B: You must store it correctly when you are not using it

Do not start work until you have been given the correct Respiratory Protective Equipment and training

You need special Respiratory Protective Equipment to handle a chemical. None has been provided. What should you do? A: Get on with the job but try to work quickly


They might not protect you against vibration

C: You must report any damage or loss to your supeniisor

D: You must use it as instructed

without a safety helmet LI C: workyou can get a new one until Li D: stop work and get a new safety helmet the LI C: Start and work but take a break now again substance LI D: Sniff theyou feel ill to see if it makes 6.19 6.17 You have been given a dust mask to protect you against hazardous fumes. What should youdo? gloves

LI B: They cut out all hand-arm vibration LI C: They only work against low frequency vibration They give the protection LI D: they are worn most other if over

6.13 6.15 You need to wear a full body harness. You have never used one before. What should you do?

Do all types of glove protect your hands against chemicals?


Yes, all gloves are made to the same standard

EEl B: LI B:
Ask someone already wearing a harness to show you what to do

Only if you put barrier cream on your hands as well

Ask for expert advice and training

You are about to start a job. How will you know if you need any extra Personal Protective Equipment?


C: No, different types of glove protect against different types of hazard


Do not start work until you have the correct Respiratory Protective Equipment

By looking at your employers health and safety policy

D: Only if you cover the gloves with barrier cream

LI C: Try to work it out for yourself LI B: Do the job but work quickly LI D: Read the instruction book LI C: Start work but take a break now and again Wear second dust LI D: top ofathe first one mask on

LI B: You will just be expected to know C: From the risk assessment or LI method statement LI D: A letter will be sent to your home


Answers: 6.12 A

A, 6.13

C, 6.14

D, 6.15

Answers: 6.16

B, 6.17

A, 6.18

A, 6.19


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Emergency Procedures and First Aid

7.1 7.4 What is the first thing you should do if you find an injured person? A: Tell your supervisor What is the one thing a first aider cannot do for you?


You have been given disposable earplugs to use, but they keep falling out. What should you do?

A: Throw them away and work without them



B: Check that you are not in any danger

Stop work until you get more suitable ones and are shown how to fit them

Move the Li C: safe placeinjured person to a D: Ask the injured person what happened

7.2 A first aid box should not contain: A: bandages

C: Put two ear plugs in each ear so they stay in place

Li A: Give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation Li B: Stop any bleeding Give you medici Li C: authorisation nes without Li D: Treat you if you are unconscious

D: Put rolled-up tissue paper in each ear

If you think someone has a broken Leg, you should: A: lie them on their side in the recovery position

LI Li B: plasters Li C: safety pins Li D: pain killers


7.3 If you want to be a first aider, you should: watch a first aider treating people then try it yourself ask if you can do a rst aiders course

use your LI B: together belt to strap their legs send J C: other for the first aider or get help D: lie them on their back

7.6 If someone gets some grit in their eye, the best thing you can do is: A: hold the eye open and wipe it with clean tissue paper

Li A: Li B:

buy book LI C: startatreatingon first aid and people LID: speak to your doctor about it


ask them to rub the eye until it starts to water

Li C: tell them to blink a couple of times

D: hold the eye open and flush it with clean water


Answer: 6.20

Answers: 7.1

C, 7.2

D, 7.3

B, 7.4

B, 7.5

C, 7.6


H07 7.13 7.16 This sign means: You have to work alone on a remote part of the site. What would you expect to be given?

Emergency Procedures and First Aid

7.10 Someone has fallen from height and has no feeling in their legs. You should tell them to: roll Li A: theironto their back and keep legs straight roll to Li B: theironlegs their side and bend Li C: stay where they are until medical help arrives

Emergency Procedures and First Aid


Someone gets a large splinter in their hand. It is deep under the skin and it hurts. What should you do?

Li A: first aid Li B: safe to cross Li C: no waiting Li D: wait here for help Li C: Nothing Li D: A book on first aid
7.17 Someone working in a deep manhole has collapsed. What is the first thing you should do? Get someone to lower you into the manhole on a rope Climb into the manhole and give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation 7.14

A: Use something sharp to dig it out

[El B: Make sure they get first aid let to ignore it LI C: Tell themcome out on andownthe its splinter squeeze out [El D: Try toyour thumbs the splinter with Li D:
raise their legs to see if any feeling comes back You will find out about emergency assembly points from: 7.11 Someone has got a nail in their foot. You are not a first aider. You must not pull out the nail because:

Li A: A small first aid kit Li B: The first aid box out of the office


Someone collapses with stomach pain. There is no first aider on site. What should you do?


A: Get them to sit down

LI Li B: the nail is helping to reduce the bleeding it will prove that Li C: was not wearingthe casualty safety boots

B: Get someone to call the emergency services

Li A:
you will let air and bacteria get into the wound 7.15 If someone burns their hand, the best thing you can do is:

[EJ A: a risk assessment Li B: a method statement Li C: the site induction Li D: the Permit to Work

Li A: Li B:

C: Get them to lie down in the recovery position

Li D:

Give them some pain killers

Li C: Go and tell your supervisor Li D: Shout to let others know what has happened
7.18 The first aid box on site is always empty. What should you do?

7.9 7 12 This sign means:

If someone falls and is knocked unconscious, you should:

put the into cold Li D: the nail is helping to keep their Li A: tell themhandcarry on water boot on B: to IE1 exercise the hand working to rub Li C: into barrier cream or Vaseline the burn wrap your Li D: the burn handkerchief around

J A: turn them over so they are lying on their back LI B: send for medical help Li C: slap their face to wake them up Li D: give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation Li A: wear eye protection Li B: eye-wash station Li C: risk of splashing Li D: shower block

Li A: Li B:

Bring your own first aid supplies into work Find out who is taking all the first aid supplies Find out who looks after Li C: first aid box and let them the know Ignore the Li D: the same problem, it is always


Answers: 7.7

B, 7.8

B, 7.9

B, 7.10

C, 7.11

B, 7.12

Answers: 7.13

A, 7.14

C, 7.15

A, 7.16

A, 7.17

D, 7.18


Emergency Procedures and First Aid Emergency Procedures and First Aid

7.19 7.21 How can you find out the emergency telephone number for your site? Give two answers. This sign means:

Does your employer have to provide a first aid box?

A: Yes, every site must have one

B: Read the site notice boards

Only if more than 50 people work on site

Attend the site induction

Only LI C: work if more than 25 people on site

LI C: Ask the Heafth and Safety Executive

D: Ask the local hospital

LI D: Li E:
Look in the BT telephone directory 7.22 If there is an emergency on site, you should: leave the site and go home phone home

No, there is no legal duty to provide one

Li A: one-way system Li B: public ght of way Li C: assembly point Li D: site transport route


When would you expect eye-wash bottles to be provided?

Li A: Only on demolition sites where asbestos has to be removed Li B: Only on sites where carried refurbishment is being
C: follow the site emergency procedure


people Li C: On all sites wheretheir eyescould get something in Li D: On all sites where showers are needed

phone the Health and Safety Executive

If someone is in contact with a live cable, the best thing you can do is:

LI A: Li B:
phone the electricity company dial 999 and ask for an ambulance switch Li C: for helpoff the power and call D: pull them away from the cable


Answers: 7.19

A, 7.20

C, 7.21

A,B, 7.22

C, 7.23

Answer: 7.24

Safe Use of Hazardous Substances Safe Use of Hazardous Substances

8.10 This symbol tells you a substance is:

8.1 8.4

The COSHH regulations deal with:

A: the safe use of tools and equipment It can catch fire easily It can irritate your skin

Which symbol means harmful substance?

If a substance has this symbol, why must you take care? Give two answers.

El B: the safe use of lifting equipment LI C: the safe use of hazardous substances


safe working at height

LI A: harmful LI B: toxic LI C: corrosive LI D: an irritant LI C: It can harm your health LID: It can kill you
It can burn your skin 8.11 p8.8 You have to use a harmful substance. What must your supervisor do? Let LI A: any you get on without giving instructions Make sure that LI B: working close tosomeone is you LI C: Watch while you use the


Which of these statements about asbestos is true?


This symbol tells you a substance is:

El A: LI A: harmful LI B: toxic LI C: corrosive LI D: an irritant

8.6 I substance Which symbol means corrosive substance?

Brown asbestos is safe but blue asbestos is a hazard to health

You find a bottle of chemicals. The bottle does not have a label. What is the first thing you should do?

LI types LI C: All handleof asbestos are safe to asbestos LI D: All typestoofhealth are a hazard

B: White asbestos is safe to use

LI A: Smell the chemical to see what it is B: Put it in a bin to get rid of it LI LI C: Put t somewhere safe then report it LI D: Taste the chemical to see what it is
8.12 How can you tell if a product is hazardous?


LI D: Tell you what is in the COSHH assessment

symbol means toxic nce?

If you think you have found some asbestos, the first thing you should do is:


. 4 LIC:

LI A: stop work and warn others LI B: take a sample to your supervisor put the a bin LI C: on with bits inwork and carry your LI D: find the first aider



LIC: t


By a LI A: label symbol on the container LI B: By the shape of the container It will always LI C: container be in a black It will LI D: box always be in a cardboard


Answers: 8.1

C, 8.2

D, 8.3 B, 8.5

A, 8.4

C, 8.6

Answers: 8.7

B,C, 8.8

D, 8.9

A, 8.10

C, 8.11

C, 8.12


08 Safe Use of Hazardous Substances


Safe Use of Hazardous Substances

8.16 8.22 How should you get rid of hazardous waste?


Which of these does not cause skin problems?

A: Put it in any skip on site B: In accordance with the site rules to work safely in confined spaces B: influenza (flu) C: lung disease D: painful joints a substance might harm you and how to protect yourself


A COSHH assessment tells you how If you breathe in asbestos dust, it can cause: A: to lift heavy loads and how to protect yourself A: aching muscles

B: Bitumens

[El LI B [] C:
Bury it on site D: Take it to the nearest local authority waste tip


noise levels are assessed and how to protect your hearing 18.20 The safest way to use a hazardous substance 1 is to: If a substance has this symbol, you must take carer because it can: A: get on with the job as quickly as POSsi e read your employers health and safety policy 8.17

C: Epoxy resins

D: Solvents


Which of these wilt give you health and safety information about a hazardous substance?

jJ A: JEl B:
C: read the COSHH assessment and follow the instmctions

The site diary

B: The delivery note

LI C: The COSHH assessment [El D: The accident book LI A: burn your skin EEl B: kill you EEl C: catch fire easily LI D: irritate your skin
8 18


[] D: ask someone who has already used it

You need to use a hazardous substance. Who should explain the COSHH assessment before you start? A Health and Safety Executive inspector


The site first aider A: kill you

18.21 You are. on site. You need to throw away some waste liquid that has oil If a substance has this in it. What should you do? symbol, you must take caret A: Pour it down a drain outside because it can;

DC: Your supervisor LID: The site security people

LI B: itPour it onto the ground and let soak away [E] C: Use it to start a fire
D: Find out how you should get rid of it

EEl B: cause a mild skin rash [Ej C: burn your skin EEl D: catch fire easily


Answers: 8.13

A, 8.14

C, 8.15

C, 8.16

C, 8.17

B, 8.18

nswers: 8.19

C, 8.20

C, 8.21

D, 8.22


09 Electrical Safety
9.4 9.10 There is smoke coming from the motor of your electric drill. You should: [EIA: pour water over it use a carbon dioxide extinguisher unplug EEi C: one elsethe drillitand see that no uses ;tou should use an Residual Current Device with 230 volt tools because:

Electrical Safety 9.7


On building sites, the recommended safe voltage for electrical equipment is:

[EjA: 12 volts

You are using a 230 volt item of equipment when the fuse blows. What is the first thing you should do?

:[E A:

it lowers the voltage

24 volts C: it makes the tool run at a safe speed D: it saves energy and lowers costs

Fit another fuse of the same size [Ej B: Fit a bigger fuse C: Use a paperclip to link the contacts

B: it quickly cuts off the power if there is a fault

[EjC: 110 volts


230 volts

[El [E D:

9.2 9.5 When do you need to check electrical hand tools for damage?

[El D: Check for obvious damage

49.8 The colour of a 110 volt power cable and connector should be:

allow the drill to cool for 30 minutes then try again

It is safe to work close to an overhead power line if:

A: you do not touch the line for more than 30 seconds

A: Before you use it B:. red C: blue [Ej B: Every day C: Once a week


9.11 You need to run an electrical cable across an area used by vehicles. What two things should you. do? [Ej A: Wrap the cable in yellow tape so that drivers can see it B: Cover the cable with a protection ramp [Ej C: Cover the cable with scaffold boards [Ej D: Put up a sign that says Ramp Ahead

[El B: you use a wooden ladder LI C: the power is switched off [E D: it is not raining [El [El D: At least once a year LI D: yellow
9.9 9.6


This warning sign means:


risk of electrocution


[El E:

Run the cable at head height

risk of thunder


electrical appliance

risk of lightning

iyou are using an electric drill when it You need to use an extension cabIfUtS out. You should: What two things must you do? A: shake it to see if it will start again A: Only uncoil the length of cable[ you need B: pull the electric cable to see if it is loose [Ej B: Uncoil the whole cable C: switch the power off and on a [Ej C: Clean the whole cable with a few times damp cloth

[El D: Check the whole cable for damage

ILl switch off El D: for signs ofthe power and look damage

[Ej E: Only check the cable you nee for damage


Answers: 9.1


0, 9.3

A, 9.4

D, 9.5

A, 9.6


Answers: 9.7

B, 9.8

D, 9.9

D, 9.10




Electrical Safety Electrical Safety

9.14 9.20 Why should you try to use batterypowered tools rather than electrical ones? 1 9.11 protect an You need to use a 230 volt item of What is the best way to equipment. How should you protect extension cable while you work? kyoLirself from an electric shock? A: Run the cable above head height A: Use a generator

9.12 You need to work near an electrical cable. The cable has bare wires. What should you do?

El A: Quickly touch the cable to see if it is live El B: Check there are no sparks coming from the cable and

then start work

C: Tell your supervisor and keep well away

El Run Put El B: routethe cable by the shortest B: you up safety screens around Cover C: Use a portable Residual El C: tape the cable with yellow Current Device Cover El D: wood the cable with pieces ofEl D: Wear rubber boots and gloves

El A: They are cheaper to run not El B: They willshockgive you an electric will not LI C: Theyvibration give you handarm El D: They do not need to be tested or serviced

D: Push the cable out of the way so that you can start work .18 Thc T test label on a power tool ells you:


9.15 How do you check if the Residual Current Device connected to a power tool is working?

A: when the next safety check is due B: when the tool was made C: who tested the tool before it left the factory D: its earth-loop impedance

If an extension cable has a cut in its outer cover, you should: A: check the copper wires dont show through the cut then use the cable

Why do building sites use a 110 volt electricity supply instead of the usual 230 volt domestic supply?

El B:

put electrical tape around the damaged part

C: report the fault and make sure no one else uses the cable

El A: Switch the tool on and off Press the test button on the El B: Residual Current Device unit El C: Switch the power on and off tool at El D: Run ifthe cuts outtop speed to see it

El A: It is cheaper El B: It is less likely to kill you moves El C: Itcables faster along the El D: It is safer for the environment
9.22 If you need to use a power tool in a waterlogged part of the site, it is safest to:

El D:

put a bigger fuse in the cable plug

The temporary 110 volt electrical 9.16 Iistribution box you want to use is If you see burn marks on the casin o far away. What should you do? of an electric drill, it means the drill A: Unplug the other extension has: leads and move the distribution box yourself A: been held too tightly B: Tell an electrician who is working nearby to move it for you

El El B: had an electrical fault El C: been left in the sun LI D: been left in the rain

C: Ask the supervisor to arrange for it to be moved D: Use several extension leads plugged into each other

El A: wear Wellington boots use an El B: possibleair-powered tool if El C: only use 230 volt equipment wrap El D: tool a plastic bag around the


Answers: 9.12

C, 9.13

C, 9.14

A, 9.15

B, 9.16

nswers: 9.17

C, 9.18

A, 9.19

C, 9.20

B, 9.21

B, 9.22


10.4 If the guard is missing from a power tool, you should: 10.8

Hand-held Equipment and Tools

Hand-held Equipment and Tools


To operate a powered hand tool, you must be:

over 16 years old

over 18 years old


trained and competent



21 years old or over



LI A: try to make another guard use the LI B: quickly tool but try to work not use the tool until LI C: guard has been fitteda proper
use the tool but work carefully and slowly

10.2 D: You do not need a machine guard if the dust is collected

Someone near you is using a disc jITY0U use a power tool to cut or cutter to cut concrete blocks. What :gnnd materials, why must the dust three immediate hazards are likely be collected and not get into the air? to affect you? A: To save time and avoid having A: Flying fragments to clear up the mess B: Dermatitis B: Most dust can be harmful if breathed in LI C: Dust in the air D: High noise levels C: The tool will go faster if the dust is collected E: Skin cancer

If you need to use a hand tool or power tool on site, it must be: 10.5



made in the UK

the right tool for the job and inspected at the start of each week

You must be fully trained before you use a cartridge-operated tool. Why? They are heavy and could cause manual handling injuries They operate like a gun and can be dangerous in inexperienced hands


bought from a builders merchant


LI D: the right tool for the job and inspected before you use it


You need to use a power tool to cut or grind materials. Give two ways t 10.7 control the dust. If the head on your hammer comes loose, you shou[d A: Work slowly and carefully A: stop work and get the hammer B: Fit a dust extractor or collecto repaired or replaced to the machine B: find another heavy tool to use C: Wet cutting instead of the hammer D: Keep the area clean and tidy C: keep using it but be aware that the head could come off at any E: Wear a dust mask or respiratc time


LI C: Using one can cause dermatitis LI D: They have exposed electrical parts

Before you adjust an electric hand tool, you should: A: switch it off but leave the plug in the socket


D: tell the other people near you to keep out of the way


switch it off and remove the plug from the socket


do nothing in particular

put tape over the ON/OFF switch


Answers: 10.1

C, 10.2

D, 10.3

B, 10.4

A,C,D, 10.5


nswers: 10.6

B, 10.7

A, 10.8

C, 10.9


Hand-held Equipment and Tools Hand-held Equipment and Tools

10.15 10.18 What is the main danger if you use a chisel with a mushroomed head? It will shatter LI A: fragments and send 10.13


If you need to use a power tool with a rotating blade, you should:

A: remove the guard so that you can clearly see the blade flying into the air

Prescription safety glasses or sunglasses D: Find a suitable 230 volt supply to power it 10.14 C: Look for a 110/230 volt stepup transformer

B: adjust the guard to expose just enough blade to let you do the job

If you need to use a grinding tool, You need to use a power tool, but it what type of eye protection will you has a 13 amp plug fitted. What need? would be the safest thing to do? A: High impact eye protection A: Fit a 110 volt plug so that you can plug it into the transformer B: Welding goggles B: Getallovolttool to use C: None


remove the guard but wear leather gloves to protect your hands

El El El El D: LI B:

It will damage the face of the hammer

EJ D: El

adjust the guard to expose the maximum amount of blade

C: The shaft of the chisel will bend when you hit it have to LI D: You willmore oftensharpen the chisel

10.11 Chainsaws are dangerous because:

Most cutting and grinding machines have guards. What are the two mal 0.16 functions of the guard? Do you need to inspect simple hand A: To stop materials getting onto ools like trowels, chisels and ammers? the blade or wheel EJA: No, never B: To give you a firm handhold

Look at these statements about power tools. Which one is true?

El A: they are heavy to use El B: they are noisy El C: there is no guard on the cuffing chain

El D: all of the other answers El E:

To stop you coming into ii contact with the blade or wheJ

El El C: To balance the machine El D: To stop fragments flying into the air

Yes, if they have not been used for a couple of weeks

C: Yes, they should be checked each time you use them Only if someone else has borrowed them

EEl A: Always carry the tool by its cord unplug LI B: Always its cord the tool by pulling EJ C: Always unplug theittool when you are not using the tool EEl D: Always leavecheck plugged in when you

10.12 i0.1 7 Someone near you is using a laser evel. What health hazard is likely to ffect you?

Before you use a power tool, you should check:

or adjust it

El A: it is not damaged and is fit to use B: it has your companys name El and logo on it El C: the serial number is clearly shown El D: all of the other answers

EJ A: Skin cancer EJ B: None if it is used correctly J C: Gradual blindness

D: Burning of the skin, similar to sunburn


Answers: 10.10

B, 10.11

D, 10.12

A, 10.13

A, 10.14


\nswers: 10.15

B, 10.16

C, 10.17

B, 10.18

A, 10.19




Hand-held Equipment and Tools

Fire Prevention and Control

A: It gets rid of the heat B: It keeps out oxygen C: It removes the fuel D: It makes the fire wet fire engines must go when they arrive on site

10.20 It is dangerous to run an abrasive wheel faster than its recommended top speed. Why? A: The wheel will get clogged and stop B: The motor could burst into flames How does this type of extinguisher put out fires? A fire assembly point is the place where:

LI B: the fire extinguishers are kept must LI C: peoplesoundsgo when the fire alarm LI D: the fire started
11.5 To put out an oil fire, you must not use:

LI LI LI C: The wheel could burst LI D: The safety guard cannot be used

11.2 This fire extinguisher contains: A: foam ) 2 B: carbon dioxile (GO C: water D: dry powder


You need to use an air-powered tool. Which of these is not a hazard? A: Electric shock




B: Hand-arm vibration C: Airborne dust and flying fragments

El El D:

Leaking hoses


ou need to work in a corridor that fire escape route. You must see hA your tools and equipment do not block the route


This fire extinguisher contains:

J B: I

all doors into the corridor are locked C: you only use spark-proof tools D: you remove all fire escape signs before you start

LI A: water LI B: foam LI C: dry powder ) 2 LI D: carbon dioxide (GO


Answers: 10.20


nswers: 11.1

B, 11.2

C, 11.3 =A, 11.4

C, 11.5

D, 11.6


Fire Prevention and Control

11.10 11.16 This extinguisher can be to put out: 13

Fire Prevention and Control


When you use a carbon dioxide ) 2 (GO fire extinguisher, the nozzle gets:

LI A: very cold LI B: very hot LI C: warm LI D: very heavy LI A: burning oil LI B: electrical fires LI C: wood fires LI D: burning petrol
11.17 ing you should do is:

If your job needs a hot work permit Which two extinguishers are best what two things would you expectIor putting out oil fires? to have to do? A: B: A: Have a fire extinguisher close to the work Li1




A hot work permit lets you: A: put your tools away 11.11 Look at these jobs. Which two are likely to need a hot work permit? A: Cutting steel with an angle grinder B: Soldering pipework in a centr 11.15 heating system B: finish what you are doing if it is safe to do so

LI Check for signs LI B: you stop work of fire when C: LI D: LI C: Know where all the fireon sitet extinguishers are kept LI D: Write a site evacuation plan 11.14 lf you discover a large fire, the first LI E: Know how to refill fire extinguishers

A large fire has been reported. You have not been trained to use fire extinguishers. You should:

LI A: work in hot weather LI B: carry out work that needs warm protective clothing LI C: carry out work that could start a fire LI D: light a bonfire
El C: try to put out the fire El D: raise the alarm IJ LI

put your tools and LI A: thenawaytoallassembly point go report the LI B: then gotohomesite office and go straight LI C: point to the assembly

11.9 Which two extinguishers can be used on electrical fires?


leave work for the day



11.12 All fires need heat, fuel and: r

C: Rfuelling a diesel dump tru f you hear the fire alarm, you should p0 to: D: Replacing an empty Liquid A: the site canteen Petroleum Gas cylinder with full one B: the assembly point E: Working at night using halog C: the site office floodlights D: the fire

El J J

This extinguisher must not be used on: electrical fires wood fires burning furniture


LI A: oxygen LI B: carbon dioxide LI C: argon LI D: nitrogen


burning clothes



Fire Prevention and Control Safety Signs and. Signals

11.22 12.4 This sign tells you where: to go if there is a fire fire extinguishers should be kept a fire will start flammable materials should be kept If there is a fire, you will need to go1JVhich sign means flammable to the site assembly point. When ju.bstance? expect to be told where A: :0h1 B


This extinguisher must not be used on:

El El A: El B:

A: electrical fires

LI LI B: ElD:) El A: By the Health and Safety Executive El B: During site induction your El C: By reading safetyemployers policy health and El D: Your mates will tell you

wood fires

C: burning oil

D: burning petrol 2.2 This sign means: 12.5 A: wear ear protection if you want to B: you must wear ear protection C: you must not make a noise D: caution, noisy machinery

This sign means:


If you see frost around the valve on a Liquid Petroleum Gas cylinder, it means:

A: the cylinder is nearly empty

B: the cylinder is full

C: the valve is leaking


you must lay the cylinder on its side

11.21 re exit signs are coloured: A: blue and white B: red and white C: green and white D: red and yellow

press El A: alarm here to sound the fire El B: do not touch El C: wear hand protection press here El D: emergency to switch on the light

This type of fire extinguisher puts out a fire by:

A: starving the fire of oxygen

cooling the burning material

El LI B: El C: EEl D:

increasing the oxygen supply

diluting the oxygen with another gas


Answers: 11.19=A, 11.20=C, 11.21 =B, 11.22=B

nswers: 12.1 =B, 12.2=B, 12.3=C, 12.4B, 12.5=A


Safety Signs and Signals Safety Signs and Signals

12.9 12.15 This sign means: Blue and white signs mean: This sign means: A: plant operators wanted


This sign means: you must do something B: you must not do something hazard or danger D: safe condition D: storage area

El B: forklift trucks operating Li C: manual handling not allowed

12.16 This sign means: Yellow and black signs

LI A: Li A: smoking allowed Li B: danger, flammable materials Li C: no smoking Li D: no explosives


press here to sound the fire alarm

B: tire hose reel

C: turn key to open

El D:

do not use if there is a fire


Li A: no access onto the scaffold Li B: no entry without full Personal J A: you must do something Protective Equipment B: you must not do something C: no entry for people on foot Li C: hazard or danger D: no entry during the day Li WE1 D: safe condition
12.11 Green and white signs mean: Red and white signs with a red line mean: you must do something B you must not do something hazard or danger D safe condition

This sign means:

If you see this sign on a scaffold, you should: remove the access ladder only work on the first lift

LiA: LiB:

danger from radiation

danger from bright lights or lasers

LI A: Li B:

caution, poor lighting

[]C: stay off the scaffold because it is not safe D: only use a Mobile Elevating Work Platform to get on to the scaffold

you must wear eye protection


Which sign means Warning, laser beams?




This sign means: you must wear safety boots B: you must wear Wellington boots


Li A: you must do something Li B: you must not do something LiD: A Li C: hazard or danger LLi D: safe condition

[El C: caution, slip and trip hazards wear [=1 D: to safety boots if you want


Answers: 12.6

B, 12.7

D, 12.8

D, 12.9

C, 12.10

C, 12.11

iswers: 12.12

A, 12.13

C, 12.14

B, 12.15

B, 12.16

C, 12.17


Safety Signs and Signals Safety Signs and Signals


Li Li Li to Li D: Ask the signalleruse show you12.24 what signals to

This sign means:

Li A: caution, cold materials Li B: caution, hot materials Li C: carry out work using one hand Li D: you must wear safety gloves
This sign tells you that a substance is:

12.20 i2.23 A crane has to do a difficult lift. Th This sign signaller asks you to help, but you means: are not trained in plant signals. What should you do? A: do not run A: Politely refuse because you dont know how to signal B: no escape route B: Start giving signals to the cran C: fire door driver D: fire escape route C: Only help if the signaller r cant manage alone



If you see this sign, you must:

A truck has to tip materials into a trench. Who should give signals to the truck driver? A: harmful

J B: toxic
C: corrosive

Li A: wear white clothes at night Li B: wear high visibility clothes Li C: do nothing, it only applies to managers
A: Anyone who is there

Li D: LI C: Anyone who knows the sign LI D: Anyone who is trained and competent

wear wet weather clothes

Someone standing in the trench

J D:

dangerous to the environment

A: leaking roof

This sign means:

Li B: wear waterproof clothes Li C: emergency shower

D: fire sprinklers


Answers: 12.18

D, 12.19

B, 12.20

A, 12.21

D, 12.22

flswers: 12.23

B, 12.24

Site Transport Safety

13.4 13.8

Site Transport Safety


What are the two conditions for being able to operate plant on site?

A: You must be competent

You are walking across the site. A large mobile crane reverses across your path. What should you do?


B: You must be authorised


f C: You must be over 21 years old LI D: You must hold a full driving licence LI E: You must hold a UK passport


frou need to walk past a 3600 mobile You need to walk past someone using a mobile crane. You should: prane. The crane is operating near a tall. What is the main danger? A: guess what the crane operatc A: The crane could crash into the will do next and squeeze by wall B: try to catch the attention of th You could be crushed if you crane operator walk between the crane and C: run to get past the crane the wall quickly IC: Whole-body vibration from the D: take another route so that you crane stay clear of the crane High noise levels from the crane


LI A: Help the driver to reverse LI B: Start to run so that you dan pass behind the reversing
Pass LI C: crane close to the front of the find another LI D: Wait or the crane way around

A mobile plant operator can let you ride in the machine: A: if you have a long way to go


if it is raining

13.9 If you see a dumper being driven too fast, you should:

C: if it is designed to carry passengers

D: at any time

37 When you walk across the site, Wh) is the best way to avoid an accide., your supervisor asks you to drive a with mobile plant? c1umper truck. You have never driven A: Keep to the pedestrian routeSne before. What should you do? B: Ride on the plant A: Ask a trained driver how to operate it driver C: Get the attention of the before you get too close B: Tell your supervisor that you cannot operate it D: Wear high visibility clothing C: Watch other dumpers to see how they are operated D: Get on with it


keep out LI A: the matterof its way and report LI B: try to catch the dumper and speak to the driver C: report the matter to the police LI dumpers are LI D: do nothing,go above the site allowed to speed limit

You think some mobile plant is operating too close to where you have to work. What should you do?


LI A: Stop work and speak to the plant operator LI B: Stop work and speak to the plant operators supervisor Keep a good look-out for LI C: plant and carry on workingthe work and LI D: Stop supervisor speak to your own

When is site transport allowed to drive along a pedestrian route?

LI A: During meal breaks LI B: If it is the shortest route and if all LI C: Only if necessaryexcluded pedestrians are Only if LI D: flashingthe vehicle has a yellow light
D, 13.4


Answers: 13.1

A,B, 13.2

C, 13.3

D, 13.5

nswers: 13.6

B, 13.7

B, 13.8

D, 13.9

A, 13.10


Site Transport Safety Site Transport Safety

13.14 13.18 A site vehicle is most likely to injure pedestrians when it is:


Which of these would you not expect to see if site transport is well organised?

A: Speed limits

LI B: ]

Barriers to keep pedestrians away from mobile plant and vehicles


E C: Pedestrians and mobile plant using the same routes

LI A: reversing LI B: lifting materials onto scaffolds LI C: tipping into an excavation LI D: digging out footings
You must not walk behind a lorry when it is reversing because:

LI D: LI D: The machine has a leak and could be unsafe

3.17 tHow would you expect a well rganised site to keep pedestrians ay from traffic routes? The site manager will direct all pedestrians away from traffic routes B: The traffic routes will be shown on the Health and Safety Law poster C: There will be barriers between traffic and pedestrian routes D: There is no need to keep traffic and pedestrians apart

One-way systems

An excavator has just stopped wor u see a driver refuelling an Liquid is dripping and forming a xcavator. Most of the diesel is small pool under the back of the pilling on to the ground. What is machine. What could this mean? e first thing you should do? A: It is normal for fluids to vent A: Tell your supervisor the next after the machine stops time you see them B: The machine is hot so the B: Tell the driver immediately diesel has expanded and C: Look for a spillage kit overflowed immediately C: Someone put too much dies D. Do nothing, the diesel will into the machine before it eventually seep into the ground started work



most lorries are not fitted with mirrors

A lorry is in trouble as it tries to reverse into a tight space. You have not been trained as a signaller. What should you do? 13.15 You see a mobile crane lifting a load. The load is about to hit something. What should you do?

Go and tell your supervisor Tell the person supervising the lift Go and tell the crane driver Do nothing and assume everything is under control

LI B: the driver is unlikely to know you are there most LI C: good lorry drivers arent very at reversing D: you will need to run, not walk, LI to get past it in time
13.20 The quickest way to your work area is through a contractors vehicle compound. Which way should you go?

LI A: Stay well out of the way LI B: Help the driver by giving hand signals the driver LI C: Help the cab by jumping up into

Offer to LI D: the lorry adjust the mirrors on


13.13 You see a lorry parking. It has a flat tyre. Why should you tell the driver?


Around the compound if vehicles are moving Straight through the compound if no vehicles appear to be moving

LI A: The lorry will use more fuel LI B: The lorry will need to travel at a much slower speed LI C: The lorry is unsafe to drive LI D: The lorry can only carry small loads

LI C: Around the compound every time LI D: Straight through the compound if no-one is looking
C, 13.14


Answers: 13.11

C, 13.12

A, 13.13

D, 13.15

nswers: 13.16

B, 13.17

C, 13.18

A, 13.19

B, 13.20


13 Noise and Vibration

13.23 14.4 If you wear hearing protection, it will: What do you need before you can NoIse can damage your hearing. What is an early sign of this? supervise a lift using a crane?
LI A: Nothing, you make it up as y,

Site Transport Safety



How would you expect to be told about the site traffic rules? go along C: A skin rash around the ears D: Ear infections damaged A: There are no early signs B: Temporary deafness

LI A: During site induction

LI B: By an Health and Safety Executive inspector LI B: You must be trained and

stop you hearing all noise
LI C: repair your hearing if it is LI D: make you hear better

LI C: By a note on a notice board LI C Written instructions from the

assessed as competent

LI B: reduce noise to an acceptable level

LI D: In a letter sent to your home

crane hire company

142 J LI D: Nothing, the crane driver will

13.22 13.24

tell you what to do 14.5

A forklift truck is blocking the way to your work area. It is lifting materials on to a scaffold. What should you do? JA: Ask them to stop what they are doing Carry on with your I B: because it is alwayswork noisy on site C: Leave the area until you have the correct PPE D: Speak to the other persons supervisor You think a load is about to fall fro a moving forklift truck. What shoul you do?

meone near you is using noisy equipment and you have no hearing Wtection. What should you do?

Noise over a long time can damage your hearing. Can this damage be reversed? Yes, with time Yes, if you have an operation No, the damage is permanent Yes, if you change jobs

A: Only walk under the raised load if you are wearing a safety helmet

Keep clear but try to warn th driver and others in the area B: Run alongside the machine and try to hold on to the load C: Run and tell your supervisor

Sound the nearest fire alarm bell 4.3

Catch the drivers attention and then walk under the raised load


you are so LI C: Start to runload thatvery long not for under the

EJ D: Wait or go around, but never walk under a raised load


14.6 If you need to wear hearing protection, you must remember that:
LI A: you have to carry out your own

jter working with noisy equipment, you have a ringing sound in your ears. What does this mean? Your hearing has been temporarily damaged B: You have also been subjected to vibration C: You are about to go down with the flu D: The noise level was high but acceptable

noise assessment

LI B: you have to pay for all hearing


LI C: ear plugs dont work LI D: you may be less aware of what is going on around you


Answers: 13.21

A, 13.22

D, 13.23

B, 13.24

sviers: 14.1

B, 14.2

C, 14.3

A, 14.4

B, 14.5

C, 14.6


14.10 You think the noise at work may have damaged your hearing. What should you do? A: Plug your ears with cotton wool to stop any more damal vny is vibration a serious health sue? If you need to use a vibrating tool, even for a short time, how can you help reduce the risk of hand-arm vibration? Do not grip the tool too tightly Hold the tool away from you, at arms length 14.16

Noise and Vibration

Noise and Vibration


Two recommended ways to protect your hearing are:

J A: There are no early warning signs

B: The long-term effects of vibration are not known C: There is no way that exposure to vibration can be prevented D: Vibration can cause a disabling injury that cannot be cured 14.14 14.17

Nothing, the damage has already been done Go off sick


LI A: rolled tissue paper LI B: cotton wool pads LI C: ear plugs LI D: soft cloth pads LI E: ear defenders LI C:
D: Ask your employer or doctor arrange a hearing test

LI C: Use more force LI D: Hold the tool more tightly

Hand-arm vibration can cause: A: skin cancer

14.8 14.11 You need to wear ear defenders, b an ear pad is missing from one of the shells. What should you do?

How can noise affect your health? Give two answers. are three early signs of ibration white finger? Temporary loss of feeling in the fingers

LI A: Headaches LI B: Ear infections LI C: Hearing loss LI D: Waxy ears LI E: Vibration white finger El A:
B: The fingertips turn white off and Leave LI A: withoutthem hearing work protectk any :i C: A skin rash B: Put them on and start workii LI with them as they are J D: Tingling in the fingers E: Blisters Do EEl C: theynot work in noisy areas u are replaced

LI LI B: skin irritation, like dermatitis blisters LI C: arms on your hands and damaged blood vessels and LI D: nerves in your fingers and
hands 14.18 If you have to use a vibrating tool, what would you expect your supervisor to do?


LI D: Wrap your handkerchief aro the shell and carry on workin

4.15 14.12 If you have to work in a hearing protection zone, you must: A: not make any noise

Noise may be a problem in your work area if you have to shout to be clearly heard by someone who is standing: A: 2 metres away


ou are less likely to suffer from arid-arm vibration if you are: A: very cold but dry

B: 4 metres away


Measure the level of vibration while you use the tool Tell you about the risk assessment and explain the safe way to use the tool tool to LI C: Watch you use the vibration assess the level of Help you to LI D: safe system make up your own of work

LI C: 5 metres away

D: 6 metres away

LI LI B: wear hearing protection at al times protection LI C: take inhearingyou need towith use you case if LI D: wear hearing protectionyouth noise gets too loud for
A, 14.10 D, 14.11

] ] B: cold and wet ] C: warm and dry ] D: very wet but warm


Answers: 14.7

CE, 14.8

A,C, 14.9

C, 14.12

B 1swers: 14.13

D, 14.14

A,B,D, 14.15

C, 14.16

A, 14.17

D, 14.18


Noise and Vibration Excavations and Confined Spaces

14.21 15.4 You are working in an excavation, If you see the side supports move, you should: If you have to use a vibrating tool, What must happen each time a shift how can you help reduce the effec tarts Work in an excavation? of hand-arm vibration? A: Someone must go in and sniff the air to see if it is safe A: Hold the tool tightly

14.19 You have been using a vibrating tool. The end of your fingers are starting to tingle. What does this mean?

B: A competent person must inspect the excavation

You can carry on using the tool but you must loosen your grip

Li A: Li B:

keep watching to see if they move again make sure that you and others get out quickly

B: You must not use this tool, or any other vibrating tool, ever again C: A supervisor should stay in the excavation for the first hour A supervisor should watch from the top for the first hour 14.22 Which of these is most likely to cause vibration white finger? 15.5

Li Li B: Do the work in short spells Li C: Do the job in one long burst use Li D: Onlytime one hand on the to at a

report your LI C: You need tobefore they cause a symptoms


do nothing El C: all the time as the sides move Li D: work in another part of the excavation

D: You can carry on using the tool but you must hold it tighter

14.20 B: Wait 10 seconds and then move the cable out of the way Do not touch the J C: work and report itcable, stop Dig round the cable ] D: somewhere else or dig

What is vibration white finger?


A mild skin rash that will go away

Li A: Electric hoist Li B: Hammer drill Li C: Hammer and chisel Li D: Battery-powered screwdriver

hen digging, you hit arid damage a uiied cable. What should you do? A: Movethe cable out of the way and carry on digging

What is the safe way to get into a deep excavation? Climb down a ladder Use the buried services as steps Climb down the shoring Go down in an excavator bucket


A serious skin condition that will not clear up

Li A: Li B: Li C: Li D:

C: Severe frostbite

to of LI D: A sign anddamagethat your not might arms hands 5.3 b.n excavation must be supported if: A: it is more than 5 metres deep

go away

J ] B: it is more than 1.2 metres deep J C: there isin a risk of the sides falling -] D: any buried services cross the excavation


Answers: 14.19

C, 14.20

D, 14.21

B, 14.22

flswers: 15.1

B, 15.2

C, 15.3

C, 15.4

B, 15.5


15 Excavations and Confined Spaces

15.15 Ofore work starts in a confined pace, how should the air be cked?

Excavations and Confined Spaces

15.9 If you need to dig near undergrou services, you should use: Which of these is not a hazard in a confined space?


When digging, you find a run of yellow plastic marker tape. What does it mean?

A: There are buried human remains and you must tell your supervisor

J A:
Someone should go in and sniff the air B: The air should be tested with a meter C: Someone should look around to see if there is toxic gas

a buried and LI B: There isexcavationservicebe further must 15.10 You are in a deep trench. A lorry backs up to the trench and the engine is left running. What should you do? A: Put on ear defenders to cut the engine noise

El A: a jack hammer LI B: a spade or shovel LI C: a pick and fork LI D: an excavator LI A: Toxic gas LI B: A lack of carbon dioxide El C: A lack of oxygen LI D: Flammable or explosive gas
D: The air should be tested with a match to see if it stays alight

carried out with care

C: The soil is contaminated and you must wear Respiratory Protective Equipment

D: The excavation now needs side supports

If there is sludge at the bottom of a confined space, you should:

ou need to work in a confined ce, one duty of the top man is

El A:

go in and then step into the sludge to see how deep it is


Guardrails are placed around the top of an excavation to prevent: C: See if there is a toxic gas meter in the trench D: Get out of the trench quickly

Ignore the problem, the lony will soon drive away

] A: tell you how to work safely in confined spaces

B: enter the confined space if. there is a problem

LI B: throw something into the it is sludge to see how deep put on a disposable LI C: before you go in face-mask have the El D: Protectivecorrect Respiratory Equipment and
training before you go in 15.17

gases from LI A: toxicbottom of thecollecting in trench the LI B: anyone falling into the trench and being injured

15.11 You are in a deep trench and start feel dizzy. What should you do?

C: start the rescue plan if needed D: supervise the work in the confined space

C: the sides of the trench from collapsing

Why is methane gas dangerous in confined space? Give two answers. .14

D: rain water running off the ground at the top and into the trench

A: Get out, let your head clear and then go back in again

ork in a confined space usually B: Carry on working and hope beds three safety documents a that the feeling will go away sk assessment, a method tatement and C: Make sure that you and any

LI A: It can explode LI B: It makes you hyperactive be see LI C: You will not the able to fumes because of dense
A: a Permit to Work

15.8 Which of these is the most accurate way to locate buried services? others get out quickly

B: an up-to-date staff handbook C: a written contract for the work D: a company health and safety policy

It makes you dehydrated

A: Cable plans

iZi D: Sit down in the trench and tp arest


You will not have enough oxygen to breathe

B: Trial holes

LI C: Survey drawings LI D: Architects drawings

B, 15.9


Answers: 156

B, 15.7

B, 15.8

B, 15.10

D, 15.11

lswers: 15.12

B, 15.13

C, 15.14

A, 15.15

B, 15.16

D, 15.17