o

o
o
o
o
o

View Public Profile
Messages
Notifications
Settings
Help
Log Out

/ 44

Download this Document for Free
Compiled by
S.Rengasamy
Madurai Institute of Social
Sciences

S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work
2Contents
History of Social Welfare/ Social Work
.......................................................................................................................... 3The
need to understand history of social work
............................................................................................................. 3Framework
to understand History of Social Welfare / Social Work
.............................................................................. 4
Understanding History through Historical Phases
....................................................................................................... 5Photos of Walter
Friedlander & Simon Patten 9who used the term social work first time)
.................................... 9The Settlement House
.....................................................................................................................................
....... 10
Understanding the History of Social Welfare from various Welfare Traditions
....................................................... 11Social Work in historical perspective
...................................................................................................................... 11
2. Understanding the History of Social Welfare from various welfare
Traditions
.................................................... 11
Three Social Welfare / Social Security Tradition
........................................................................................................ 11
The Poor Law tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 11Poor Law Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
............. 12
The Poor Law Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 12Work House Conditions
.....................................................................................................................................
14Work Houses
.....................................................................................................................................
................. 14
Social Insurance Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
. 14
Welfare Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.............. 17

The Welfare State

.....................................................................................................................................
........... 17
The Welfare State Why did it all start?
................................................................................................................. 17
Three Social Security Strategies
.................................................................................................................................
18The
Social Assistance strategy
originating in the Poor law tradition ..........................................................................
18
Social Insurance Strategy
.....................................................................................................................................
....... 18
Social Allowance Strategy
.....................................................................................................................................
...... 18
Founders of the Welfare State-Photo Album
............................................................................................................ 19History of
Social Welfare in USA
..................................................................................................................................
201
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 203
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 234
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 24
Celebrating Social Welfare / Work Pioneers
.............................................................................................................. 25Elizabeth
Gurney Fry
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 25Octavia Hill
.....................................................................................................................................
......................... 26Arnold Toynbee
.....................................................................................................................................
................. 27Jane Addams
.....................................................................................................................................
...................... 28Mary Richmond

............................. ...................................................................... ..................................... 38Table: Establishing an Independent Ministry of Social Welfare – Timeline .............................................................. Günther Wallraff.............................................................................. .......... 29George Orwell................Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 3 History of Social Welfare/ Social Work The need to understand history of social work ................................................................................................................................................................ John Howard Griffin... Tolly Toynbee.................................................................................................................................... Barbara Ehrenreich ...................................................... 41Ministry of Women and Child Development -India ............................................ 43 S..... 39Subjects allocated to the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment -India ......................................................................................... 37Evolution of Social Welfare Ministry in India................................................... 32Jane Jacobs (1916-2006) ....................................................... 36 Indian History Timeline ........... 42Subjects allocated Ministry of Women and Child Development -India ............ 33Joel Fischer .................................................. Pat Moore........................... ................ 35 Understanding Social Work history by understanding the history of fields of social work ......... ....................................................................................... 30Sir William Beveridge ..........................................................................................

The need to understand history of social work The diversity of social work represents a great challenge for social work research.. the philosophy of law.how it should be carried out? … social workers travelled a long path…and it is worth knowing IN AN ERA OF CHANGE . education and practice inthe rapidly internationalizing and globalizing world.. political philosophy and the general theory of social action play animportant role in the philosophy of social work. for example the philosophy of family. The development of socialwork as a modern social system depends on its intellectual capacity based on this kind of theoretical selfconception.http://eris. In addition to this. This kind of research contributes tothe theoretical self-conception of social work which is necessary for the development of social work asa modern professional system.and welfare regime – including the specific traditions of welfare systems and the position and role of social work within them. and the theory of human rights. a scientific discipline and a research-based activity. the issues it should address. but also contribute to the history of social work as a professional social system andsocial work practices in individual countries.php?kategorie=35174&id=5176 …to r each an understanding of what Social Welfare / Social Work is?. issues of philosophy of science are of great importance for the development of the science of social work.Research into the philosophy and history of social work strengthens this understanding through analyzing theconceptual and genealogical fundamentals of the traditions of social work. This challenge can be met successfully only with a deepphilosophical and historical understanding of the characteristics of a particular country .educational philosophy. There are several specific areas in practical social philosophydealing significantly with the theoretical self-conception of social work.Issues within the philosophy of science.. Philosophical analyses are closely connected with the history of concepts of social work.osu.eu/index.

.

.

.

.

.

largest democratic & welfare state in theworld .S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 4 Framework to understand History of Social Welfare / Social Work Framework to understandHistory / evolution of Social Welfare / SocialWork can be understood inseveral ways Understanding history through historical phases /C h r o n o l o i c a l h i s t o r Understanding history by understanding differentWelfare traditions Understanding the Social Welfare / Social Work history in UK & USA that shaped the global historyUnderstanding history by understandingcontributions of pioneers of Social Work Understanding William Beveridge Contribution thatshaped global welfare policies Understanding the historical development of various fields of social work – Medical & Psychiatric Social Work. School/CorrectionalSocial Work etcUnderstanding the evolution of Social Welfare inIndia.

.

.

.

Emergence of unconditional charity toward individuals in times of hardship 1084 Almshouses for the poor and handicapped are established in England. redistribution of wealth notpart of charitable principles1348 . Church sanctioned to use donated funds toaid the poor. Alms to able-bodiedbeggars were forbidden. Labor shortages force the State tointervene. Laws passed to compel all able-bodied men to accept employment. Charitable attitudes and behaviors expected of the rich. Constantine.S. 1300s Bubonic plague kills nearly 1/3 of European population.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 5 Understanding History through Historical Phases Prior to1600 Tofler‟s Agricultural Society: special values about caring for individuals evolve.1313 Christianity legalized by Roman Emperor.

and the "unworthy poor" (able-bodied butunemployed adults).D. and hard work and leads many of its adherents tofrown on those who are dependant or unemployed. establishes apprentice programs for poor children. 1500 Henry VIII in England broke from the Roman church. disabled. and deals harshly and punitively with able bodied poor people. History of Social Work – UK & USA Social Work during primitive stage (before 1200 AD) Social Work during 1200 -1500 A. parts of Europe. 1601 The Elizabethan Poor Law is established. and dependant children). Social Work during 1900 onwards Social Work during 1600 -1800 A. Calvin. Begging and Almsgiving is outlawed except for the agedand those unable to work. Built on the experiments of the earlier HenricianPoor Law (1536) and the Parish Poor Rate (1572). frugality. vagrants. widows. orphans and thrifty old.D. requiring people to remain on their home manorsand work for whatever lords want to pay. It emphasizes self-discipline.1600 .D. State confiscates Church wealth. develops workhouses for dependantpeople. Spain introduces first State organized registrationof the poor. For the first time. taxes people in each parish pay for their ownpoor. handicapped. a philosophy that becomes influential in England. Social Work during 1800 -1900 A.and "undeserving" offenders.The Statute of Laborers is issued in England. and others has become established and manifested as theProtestant ethic. It also becomes the basis fordealing with the poor relief at the colonial level.D Social Work during 1500 – 1600 A. widows. Social Work during 1600 -1800 A.D.1650 The influence of Luther. unmarried mothers. and Americancolonies. leaving itwithout means to carry out charity expectations. unemployed and the oldwithout savings.1800 1600s Poor Law principles introduced to New World by Plymouth colonists. this legislation becomes the major codificationof dealing with the poor and disadvantaged for over 200 years. Social Work during 1500 – 1600 A. a distinction is made between the "worthy poor" (theaged.D. Poor and unfortunate divided into two groups: "deserving" sick.1662 .

The Law of Settlement and Removal is established in England as one of the world‟s first "residency requirements" in determining eligibility to receive help. This law causes authorities to evaluate people as to the likelihood of their becoming poor. Municipal authorities to helponly poor local citizens and to expel from their jurisdictions anyone else who might becomedependant for assistance. though the law is basically harsh and punitive. some efforts too look atthe causes of poverty are codified. Thus. 1600-1800Priorto1600Phases Understanding History through Historical Phases .

.

.

.

.

.

.

British East India Company economist. make individual assessments and correct theirproblems. Denigrating principles of "less eligibility" and "perception of need" imbedded in society‟s attitudes toward the poor and less able bodied. and children under 6 are placedwith families.Social Work during 1800 -1900 A. Coincides with Darwin‟s theory of evolution based on natural selection. documents population numbers multiplying faster than production of goods to meet their needs. Many private entrepreneurs are replaced by municipal employees as managers of the remaining workhouses. Residence .unemployment and poverty. preventable diseases. Many workhouses areclosed.including very young children. Charity Organization Societies (COS) form in England with an emphasis on detailedinvestigations. . Reform activists work for the abolition of illiteracy. subsidization provided when wages dipped below thepoverty line.1782 The Gilbert Act is passed in England. enabling humanitarians.1700 Humanitarian groups in Quebec establish centers for the relief of the poor.S. Applied to human condition by Herbert Spencer‟s declaration that poverty was part of natural selection. 1800-1900 1800s Reforms to Elizabethan Poor Laws. These institutions are usually managed by private entrepreneurs who contract withthe legal authorities to care for the residence in exchange for the residence in exchange for usingtheir work. helping the poor would only perpetuate unfit lazinessand non industriousness. It is designed to keep down poor taxes by denying aid to anyone who refuses to entera workhouse. assistance to the poor in their own home is established.D.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 6 1697 The workhouse system is developed in Bristol and soon spreads throughout England and partsof Europe. to institute reforms in many English jurisdictions. appalled by the exploitation of workhouse residence. Nova Scotiansadopt English Poor Laws. Thomas Malthus. slums and overcrowding. Volunteers recruited to befriend applicants. the handicapped and very old people – areoften given minimal care and are worked long hours as virtual slaves.1795 Speemhamland system establishes earliest "poverty line" based on the price of bread andnumber of dependents in a workers family. sweated labor.

Public assistance is not considered a right. using lay volunteersto provide emergency economic and spiritual assistance to the poor.1819 Scottish preacher and mathematician Thomas Chalmers assumes responsibility for Glasgow‟s poor. encouraged disapproval of dependence on others. Info and Rating timeline cos milestones Addams Octavia Hill madurai institute of social sciences (more tags) S. Responsibility for social welfare given tothe provinces.Protestant Ethic emphasizes self-discipline. and Canada West -.1844 1844: The first YMCA is established in London.the Dominion of Canada. Theunderlying emphasis of the new law is on self-reliance. England.Canada East.Rengasamy Share & Embed . and legal rights. Feminists in America convene to declare the goal of equal rights for women. frugality and hard work. equalopportunities in education and jobs. Nova Scotia. Welfare was not seen as a major function of governments. 1800-19001600-1800 History of Social Work Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document This is a private document.1833 Antoine Ozanam established in the Saint Vincent de Paul Society in Paris. suffrage. The principle of "less eligibility" (arecipient of aid can never receive as much as does the lowest-paid worked) is enforced.1834 The new Poor Law is established in England to reform the Elizabethan Poor Law (1601).and government is not seen as responsible for the unemployed.1867 1867: The British North America Act created a political union between New Brunswick. He develops private philanthropies to help meet the economic needs of the poor andorganizes a system of volunteers to meet individually and regularly with disadvantaged people togive them encouragement and training.

2. p. p. . p. p.Related Documents PreviousNext 1.

p. p.p. 3. . p.

p.p. p. 5. . 4. p.

p. p.p. . 6. p.

. p.p. p. p. 7.

9. p.p. 8. . p. p.

p. p. 10. p. .p.

p.p. 11. . p. p.

. p. p. 13. p.p. 12.

14. p.p. . p. p.

p.p. 15. . p. p.

11 p. 8 p. 2. More from this user PreviousNext 1.p. 10 p. .

55 p.49 p. 37 p. 3. . 30 p.

4. 39 p. .8 p. 2 p. 37 p.

34 p. . 76 p. 5.12 p. 6. 15 p.

. 146 p.22 p. 45 p. 13 p. 7.

20 p. . 8. 17 p. 25 p.20 p.

9. 20 p.20 p. Recent Readcasters Add a Comment 8a88c3a362cf9e .

I have been tried to reach Ruth Orr the course helper also directed me to this website about my last course correspondence to find out things and do some examination but I'm confuse whether I am in the right place. 10 / 25 / 2010 Reply Report . I need your help thus I am one of your student studying Bible with world Bible school.Submit Characters: 400 document_comme 4gen Paul Segunleft a comment Please. I am Bro Paul Olusegun Ogunjobi. 04 / 05 / 2011 Reply Report karuppleft a comment Thank you sir I enjoy reading your postings it is very interesting. segunpaulfunke@yahoo.com to easily reach me for inquiry.

quantcast. scribd.com/scribd About Press Blog Partners Scribd 101 Web Stuff Scribd Store Support FAQ Developers / API Jobs Terms Copyright Privacy Copyright © 2011 Scribd Inc. scribd." border="0" height="1" width="1" alt="Quantcast"/></a> <img src="http://b. scribd. scribd. scribd.quantserve. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd.com/scribd facebook. scribd.gif" style="display: none. scribd. scribd. scribd.com/pixel/p-13DPpb-yg8ofc.com/p-13DPpb-yg8ofc" target="_blank"><img src="http://pixel. scribd. scribd.com/p?c1=2&c2=9304646&cv=2. scribd.This document has made it onto the Rising list! 05 / 20 / 2010 Upload a Document Search Documents                   Follow Us! scribd. scribd. Language: English scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. <a href="http://www.0&cj=1" /> . scribd. scribd.com/scribd twitter. scribd.scorecardresearch.

pdf txt Title: Presentations Spreadsheets Category: Choose a Category Choose a Category Tags: (separate with commas) Description: Save pdf Choose a Category txt .

so it may only be added to private collections.document_comme 4gen Bottom of Form Paul Segunleft a comment Please. I have been tried to reach Ruth Orr the course helper also directed me to this website about my last course correspondence to find out things and do some examination but I'm confuse whether I am in the right place. and select print from the file menu (PDF reader required). I need your help thus I am one of your student studying Bible with world Bible school.com to easily reach me for inquiry. 10 / 25 / 2010 Reply Report This document has made it onto the Rising list! 05 / 20 / 2010 Print this document High Quality Open the downloaded document. Download and Print Add this document to your Collections This is a private document. + Create a New Collection Top of Form 8a88c3a362cf9e . 04 / 05 / 2011 Reply Report karuppleft a comment Thank you sir I enjoy reading your postings it is very interesting. I am Bro Paul Olusegun Ogunjobi. segunpaulfunke@yahoo.