o

o
o
o
o
o

View Public Profile
Messages
Notifications
Settings
Help
Log Out

/ 44

Download this Document for Free
Compiled by
S.Rengasamy
Madurai Institute of Social
Sciences

S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work
2Contents
History of Social Welfare/ Social Work
.......................................................................................................................... 3The
need to understand history of social work
............................................................................................................. 3Framework
to understand History of Social Welfare / Social Work
.............................................................................. 4
Understanding History through Historical Phases
....................................................................................................... 5Photos of Walter
Friedlander & Simon Patten 9who used the term social work first time)
.................................... 9The Settlement House
.....................................................................................................................................
....... 10
Understanding the History of Social Welfare from various Welfare Traditions
....................................................... 11Social Work in historical perspective
...................................................................................................................... 11
2. Understanding the History of Social Welfare from various welfare
Traditions
.................................................... 11
Three Social Welfare / Social Security Tradition
........................................................................................................ 11
The Poor Law tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 11Poor Law Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
............. 12
The Poor Law Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 12Work House Conditions
.....................................................................................................................................
14Work Houses
.....................................................................................................................................
................. 14
Social Insurance Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
. 14
Welfare Tradition
.....................................................................................................................................
.............. 17

The Welfare State

.....................................................................................................................................
........... 17
The Welfare State Why did it all start?
................................................................................................................. 17
Three Social Security Strategies
.................................................................................................................................
18The
Social Assistance strategy
originating in the Poor law tradition ..........................................................................
18
Social Insurance Strategy
.....................................................................................................................................
....... 18
Social Allowance Strategy
.....................................................................................................................................
...... 18
Founders of the Welfare State-Photo Album
............................................................................................................ 19History of
Social Welfare in USA
..................................................................................................................................
201
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 203
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 234
.....................................................................................................................................
......................................... 24
Celebrating Social Welfare / Work Pioneers
.............................................................................................................. 25Elizabeth
Gurney Fry
.....................................................................................................................................
.......... 25Octavia Hill
.....................................................................................................................................
......................... 26Arnold Toynbee
.....................................................................................................................................
................. 27Jane Addams
.....................................................................................................................................
...................... 28Mary Richmond

.................................................................................................................... 37Evolution of Social Welfare Ministry in India................ Pat Moore............Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 3 History of Social Welfare/ Social Work The need to understand history of social work ....................................................................... .. 35 Understanding Social Work history by understanding the history of fields of social work ................................. 33Joel Fischer .............................................................................................. 36 Indian History Timeline ............................................................... ............................................................. 42Subjects allocated Ministry of Women and Child Development -India ....................................... ..................... 29George Orwell.............................................................................. ..... Tolly Toynbee................................................................... 32Jane Jacobs (1916-2006) ................. 39Subjects allocated to the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment -India ......................................................................................... 30Sir William Beveridge ........ Barbara Ehrenreich .......................................................................................................... 43 S....................................... ........................... 41Ministry of Women and Child Development -India ................................................................. Günther Wallraff....................................... 38Table: Establishing an Independent Ministry of Social Welfare – Timeline ...................................................... John Howard Griffin...........................................................................

Issues within the philosophy of science.Research into the philosophy and history of social work strengthens this understanding through analyzing theconceptual and genealogical fundamentals of the traditions of social work. and the theory of human rights.. political philosophy and the general theory of social action play animportant role in the philosophy of social work. In addition to this. issues of philosophy of science are of great importance for the development of the science of social work. Philosophical analyses are closely connected with the history of concepts of social work.osu. but also contribute to the history of social work as a professional social system andsocial work practices in individual countries.http://eris.educational philosophy. the issues it should address. The development of socialwork as a modern social system depends on its intellectual capacity based on this kind of theoretical selfconception. The need to understand history of social work The diversity of social work represents a great challenge for social work research. a scientific discipline and a research-based activity.and welfare regime – including the specific traditions of welfare systems and the position and role of social work within them.php?kategorie=35174&id=5176 …to r each an understanding of what Social Welfare / Social Work is?. There are several specific areas in practical social philosophydealing significantly with the theoretical self-conception of social work. the philosophy of law. for example the philosophy of family.. This challenge can be met successfully only with a deepphilosophical and historical understanding of the characteristics of a particular country ..eu/index. This kind of research contributes tothe theoretical self-conception of social work which is necessary for the development of social work asa modern professional system.how it should be carried out? … social workers travelled a long path…and it is worth knowing IN AN ERA OF CHANGE . education and practice inthe rapidly internationalizing and globalizing world.

.

.

.

.

.

School/CorrectionalSocial Work etcUnderstanding the evolution of Social Welfare inIndia. largest democratic & welfare state in theworld .Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 4 Framework to understand History of Social Welfare / Social Work Framework to understandHistory / evolution of Social Welfare / SocialWork can be understood inseveral ways Understanding history through historical phases /C h r o n o l o i c a l h i s t o r Understanding history by understanding differentWelfare traditions Understanding the Social Welfare / Social Work history in UK & USA that shaped the global historyUnderstanding history by understandingcontributions of pioneers of Social Work Understanding William Beveridge Contribution thatshaped global welfare policies Understanding the historical development of various fields of social work – Medical & Psychiatric Social Work.S.

.

.

.

S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 5 Understanding History through Historical Phases Prior to1600 Tofler‟s Agricultural Society: special values about caring for individuals evolve. Constantine. Emergence of unconditional charity toward individuals in times of hardship 1084 Almshouses for the poor and handicapped are established in England. Alms to able-bodiedbeggars were forbidden. Laws passed to compel all able-bodied men to accept employment. Church sanctioned to use donated funds toaid the poor. Charitable attitudes and behaviors expected of the rich.1313 Christianity legalized by Roman Emperor. redistribution of wealth notpart of charitable principles1348 . 1300s Bubonic plague kills nearly 1/3 of European population. Labor shortages force the State tointervene.

Social Work during 1500 – 1600 A. unmarried mothers. parts of Europe. Poor and unfortunate divided into two groups: "deserving" sick. orphans and thrifty old. establishes apprentice programs for poor children.and "undeserving" offenders.1650 The influence of Luther. a philosophy that becomes influential in England. and others has become established and manifested as theProtestant ethic. Spain introduces first State organized registrationof the poor. unemployed and the oldwithout savings.1800 1600s Poor Law principles introduced to New World by Plymouth colonists. Social Work during 1800 -1900 A. Calvin. this legislation becomes the major codificationof dealing with the poor and disadvantaged for over 200 years. frugality.D.D. It emphasizes self-discipline. Built on the experiments of the earlier HenricianPoor Law (1536) and the Parish Poor Rate (1572). 1500 Henry VIII in England broke from the Roman church. and Americancolonies. History of Social Work – UK & USA Social Work during primitive stage (before 1200 AD) Social Work during 1200 -1500 A. and deals harshly and punitively with able bodied poor people. widows. leaving itwithout means to carry out charity expectations. develops workhouses for dependantpeople. Social Work during 1900 onwards Social Work during 1600 -1800 A. widows.D. disabled. handicapped.D Social Work during 1500 – 1600 A. For the first time.The Statute of Laborers is issued in England. a distinction is made between the "worthy poor" (theaged.1662 . It also becomes the basis fordealing with the poor relief at the colonial level. vagrants. State confiscates Church wealth.D. Social Work during 1600 -1800 A.1600 . taxes people in each parish pay for their ownpoor. 1601 The Elizabethan Poor Law is established. and the "unworthy poor" (able-bodied butunemployed adults).D. Begging and Almsgiving is outlawed except for the agedand those unable to work. and dependant children). requiring people to remain on their home manorsand work for whatever lords want to pay. and hard work and leads many of its adherents tofrown on those who are dependant or unemployed.

though the law is basically harsh and punitive. some efforts too look atthe causes of poverty are codified. 1600-1800Priorto1600Phases Understanding History through Historical Phases . This law causes authorities to evaluate people as to the likelihood of their becoming poor.The Law of Settlement and Removal is established in England as one of the world‟s first "residency requirements" in determining eligibility to receive help. Thus. Municipal authorities to helponly poor local citizens and to expel from their jurisdictions anyone else who might becomedependant for assistance.

.

.

.

.

.

.

British East India Company economist.unemployment and poverty. Residence . helping the poor would only perpetuate unfit lazinessand non industriousness. enabling humanitarians. Reform activists work for the abolition of illiteracy.D.1795 Speemhamland system establishes earliest "poverty line" based on the price of bread andnumber of dependents in a workers family. Denigrating principles of "less eligibility" and "perception of need" imbedded in society‟s attitudes toward the poor and less able bodied. . documents population numbers multiplying faster than production of goods to meet their needs.Social Work during 1800 -1900 A. make individual assessments and correct theirproblems. and children under 6 are placedwith families. Many workhouses areclosed.1700 Humanitarian groups in Quebec establish centers for the relief of the poor.1782 The Gilbert Act is passed in England. Volunteers recruited to befriend applicants. Many private entrepreneurs are replaced by municipal employees as managers of the remaining workhouses. Thomas Malthus.including very young children. These institutions are usually managed by private entrepreneurs who contract withthe legal authorities to care for the residence in exchange for the residence in exchange for usingtheir work. Charity Organization Societies (COS) form in England with an emphasis on detailedinvestigations. appalled by the exploitation of workhouse residence. assistance to the poor in their own home is established. Nova Scotiansadopt English Poor Laws. Applied to human condition by Herbert Spencer‟s declaration that poverty was part of natural selection.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work 6 1697 The workhouse system is developed in Bristol and soon spreads throughout England and partsof Europe.S. 1800-1900 1800s Reforms to Elizabethan Poor Laws. It is designed to keep down poor taxes by denying aid to anyone who refuses to entera workhouse. Coincides with Darwin‟s theory of evolution based on natural selection. subsidization provided when wages dipped below thepoverty line. slums and overcrowding. preventable diseases. the handicapped and very old people – areoften given minimal care and are worked long hours as virtual slaves. sweated labor. to institute reforms in many English jurisdictions.

Protestant Ethic emphasizes self-discipline.Canada East.the Dominion of Canada. frugality and hard work. and legal rights. England.1819 Scottish preacher and mathematician Thomas Chalmers assumes responsibility for Glasgow‟s poor. Theunderlying emphasis of the new law is on self-reliance. 1800-19001600-1800 History of Social Work Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document This is a private document. equalopportunities in education and jobs. Public assistance is not considered a right. Nova Scotia. Responsibility for social welfare given tothe provinces. He develops private philanthropies to help meet the economic needs of the poor andorganizes a system of volunteers to meet individually and regularly with disadvantaged people togive them encouragement and training. encouraged disapproval of dependence on others.1833 Antoine Ozanam established in the Saint Vincent de Paul Society in Paris. using lay volunteersto provide emergency economic and spiritual assistance to the poor. Feminists in America convene to declare the goal of equal rights for women. Info and Rating timeline cos milestones Addams Octavia Hill madurai institute of social sciences (more tags) S. Welfare was not seen as a major function of governments.1844 1844: The first YMCA is established in London. The principle of "less eligibility" (arecipient of aid can never receive as much as does the lowest-paid worked) is enforced. suffrage.1867 1867: The British North America Act created a political union between New Brunswick. and Canada West -.and government is not seen as responsible for the unemployed.Rengasamy Share & Embed .1834 The new Poor Law is established in England to reform the Elizabethan Poor Law (1601).

Related Documents PreviousNext 1. p. . p. p. 2. p.

p. p. 3. . p.p.

p. . p.p. 5. 4. p.

p. .p. 6. p. p.

. 7.p. p. p. p.

. p. 9.p. 8. p. p.

p. 10. .p. p. p.

p. p. p.p. 11. .

p. p. . 13. p. p. 12.

14. p. p.p. p. .

p. p. .p. 15. p.

2. 10 p. .p. More from this user PreviousNext 1. 8 p. 11 p.

30 p. 55 p.49 p. 37 p. . 3.

8 p. . 2 p. 39 p. 4. 37 p.

12 p. 34 p. . 15 p. 6. 5. 76 p.

13 p. 146 p. 7. . 45 p.22 p.

.20 p. 25 p. 8. 20 p. 17 p.

Recent Readcasters Add a Comment 8a88c3a362cf9e . 20 p. 9.20 p.

10 / 25 / 2010 Reply Report .com to easily reach me for inquiry. segunpaulfunke@yahoo. 04 / 05 / 2011 Reply Report karuppleft a comment Thank you sir I enjoy reading your postings it is very interesting.Submit Characters: 400 document_comme 4gen Paul Segunleft a comment Please. I need your help thus I am one of your student studying Bible with world Bible school. I have been tried to reach Ruth Orr the course helper also directed me to this website about my last course correspondence to find out things and do some examination but I'm confuse whether I am in the right place. I am Bro Paul Olusegun Ogunjobi.

scribd. scribd.scorecardresearch. scribd. scribd.gif" style="display: none. scribd. scribd." border="0" height="1" width="1" alt="Quantcast"/></a> <img src="http://b. scribd.com/p?c1=2&c2=9304646&cv=2. scribd. Language: English scribd.com/pixel/p-13DPpb-yg8ofc.quantserve. scribd.This document has made it onto the Rising list! 05 / 20 / 2010 Upload a Document Search Documents                   Follow Us! scribd. scribd. scribd.com/p-13DPpb-yg8ofc" target="_blank"><img src="http://pixel.com/scribd About Press Blog Partners Scribd 101 Web Stuff Scribd Store Support FAQ Developers / API Jobs Terms Copyright Privacy Copyright © 2011 Scribd Inc. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. scribd. <a href="http://www. scribd. scribd. scribd.com/scribd twitter.com/scribd facebook. scribd.0&cj=1" /> .quantcast. scribd. scribd. scribd.

pdf txt Title: Presentations Spreadsheets Category: Choose a Category Choose a Category Tags: (separate with commas) Description: Save pdf Choose a Category txt .

+ Create a New Collection Top of Form 8a88c3a362cf9e . I have been tried to reach Ruth Orr the course helper also directed me to this website about my last course correspondence to find out things and do some examination but I'm confuse whether I am in the right place. so it may only be added to private collections.document_comme 4gen Bottom of Form Paul Segunleft a comment Please. I am Bro Paul Olusegun Ogunjobi. segunpaulfunke@yahoo. 04 / 05 / 2011 Reply Report karuppleft a comment Thank you sir I enjoy reading your postings it is very interesting. and select print from the file menu (PDF reader required). I need your help thus I am one of your student studying Bible with world Bible school.com to easily reach me for inquiry. 10 / 25 / 2010 Reply Report This document has made it onto the Rising list! 05 / 20 / 2010 Print this document High Quality Open the downloaded document. Download and Print Add this document to your Collections This is a private document.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful