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I(ATAII PRESTASI AK/[D ET I K SPT TAHUI| 2o'1'l

ilIATA PELEIARA.II PHYSICS {

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453ut

MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAII KEDAH 453illl

PEPfiRIKSAAN PERCUSAAN SPM 2011

PHYSICS
Kertas I

.t t;

Jam

Satu jarn lima belas

minit

.IANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAI{

I}[I SBI{INGGA DIBSRtrTAIT.$

1,

Kertgs soaldn tnii adutah dalam twibahasa.


Soalan dolsn bohasa Inggeris mendahului soalanyang sepadan dalam bahass Melayu.

2. 3.

Calan dikehendaki membaea maWumat di halaman betrakang kertas soalan ini,

Kertas soalan ini mengandungl29 halaman bercetak

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The following inf,omration may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaniag.

Maffiumat berihtt wmgkin bedaedah. Simbol-simbol mempanyai mabta yang biasa.

l.
2.

A=-

v-u
I

18.

Magrt$ingpower/

v2 = u2 +Zos
s

Kuasapembx*a=
19.

fg

fr

3.

=ttt

l" +-at'
2

v=

fl

4.
5.

Momentwn

= tf'r'

20.

^@e tL=D

F=ma
Kinetic enerry I Tenagakinetik
Gravitational potontial encrry

2t.
= Lmv'
2 I

Q:It
E =YQ

6.
v.

22. 23. 24.


2;3.

Y=IR
PowerlKuasa,P=IY
+=*

Tmrya leupaltaan
8.

ga$ti = rt gh

Elastic potential nergy

v?&

Ys

JV,

Tenryafuupayam
9.

knpl- lrt 2

26.

Efficiency

/
/'qG

Power,

r = los trme
t
27.

Kecek'aput =

IrV*

xloo %

!Qt*a, P =twg?
4gs
10.

E --mcz

Density I
Pressure Prcssure

Ketqtrytel,

O=#

28.
29.

8= l0 m s-2
c:3.0x108ms-l

ll.
12.
13. 14,

I Tehsno\ p = hpg
lTekan@,

p*4 'A

Ileatl Haba, Q=mc$ HeatlHabq Q=mI

t5.

PV =constant I pemslm
T

sini 16. n=-

$nr

t7. t =!*1, f uv
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The radius of the orbit of a satellite is 7 500 km. What is this radius in Mm?

4$1n

Jejari orbit sebuah satellit adalah 7 500 klr" Eerapakah nilaiieiari ini dalam Mm?

A 7.5 875 c 750 D 7500


Diagram

shows the

ma*s

made by five shots on a target board.

&iah I
selJia'|.

nemrnjukhan tanda yang dibuat oleh lima temb:alcan pada sebuah papsn

Di

lt

Raiahl

Which statement is correct abopt the accuracy and consistency of the shoa?

Peflyatoon manalcah yang betul mengenai kcjituan dan kepersisan tembakan ituT

A B C D

Aceirate but not oonsistqrt Jita tetapi ttdak no'vstst en


Consistent but not accurate Korais t e n t e tap i ti dak j itu,

Accurats and consistent

Jia den

lCInstslen

Not accurate and not consirtent Tidak jitu dan tidak l@twisten

Which Saph shows a relationship of /increasing linearly with e?

Graf manalrah menunjukkan hubungan Y bertambah seeara linear dengan O?

A Yl

c 'l
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IL
./

I,

/
e

z D'I:.
B

,l

sutrr

SULIT 4 Diagrarrl2 shows a strip of ticker tape.


a I l

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Rajah2 meru*tiakkan satu lwratan pita detik

al

.+
Diagram

2l RaiahZ

Dirwtion of motisn Arah pergera*an

Which statempnt dessribes the motion shown by the ticker tape?


P ergy*raan

manalwh wenghuraikan geralan yarry dltunJuk**n oleh pita de ti*

in?

A B C D

Acceleration Pecutan Deceleration Nyahpecutan

Uniform velocity followed by deceleration Halaj u ser eg&r, dt tkttt i dengwt nyohpeeutan
Acceleration followed by uniform velocity F e eutan drila$i dengan halal* s erutgarn

Diagram 3 stlows a footbatrl hitting ihe face of aplayer" &aiah 3 nenanjuli*an seh$i bola menghentam muka seorang pemain.

Diagram face of the A large foree aet$ on the


Satu drya

plaprbae

3l Rdah3

yang be*,sr bertindakp.ada muka pettrain

fuiseW

A B C D

the ball experiences a change in its mass when it hie the face bola itu mengalami perubahan jisim apabila menghentam m*apemain the ohange in rnomentuln of,ths ball occurs in a short period of time perubahan #rornentum bala befiafui dal*m teryoh mssa ysng pedek the change in momentrmr sf the ball occurs in a long period of time . perabchan ,nomentuffi bola berlaht dalam tempoh masa Wng Wr$ang
some air escapes fiom the ball when it hits the face sedikit adara terlepas kelasr dari bala iw apabila wenghentam rnska

pewn

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Which graph slrows motion with rmiforrr velocity?

Gro{nowkah menwgukfun ger*an dengan h@a ssTagqat

A B

Ptnds I
QadS / QffidR /

c
D

PandR I PdanS
Qdaz$ Q @rR

Fds,rg

In which collisioo is mtal kinaicenergy con*rlrcd?

Dalmtpertrangg*a n nanakah jumlah tenaga


Before collision

Mikfubadilwt?

S&eltm prlanggwau

Aftq collision SeIWat Wrlqnggssn StedonrylP.egw---+

r;
---+
u

u ---D

$ationaly/ Pe,gpt

EE
.*

r''-l tt
G

sdti

Pe53ra

+
2

'n--j

L
-i.|

r,--l ll
.u

E
D
u

r;l tt

StttlemrY/ F

tiffil

l-l tt

t-

fr

!u {-22

...+

T'I
$T'IJT

rn

6 SULIT I In whictr situation will the block.move with anacceleratipn?


Datam sit*asi nsp*ol*'bla* ittt;bergerak'dengan euqta pecutan?
..,

{53rn

n',uN*-f1

roN

B ,, 161,t
D

toN

:i

l0N

?
10N Which diagramsbum three forcc in

equilibriurr?
B

"

Rajah nanakahmenryiukJran tiga doya

dalm, keseirnbqng&r?

3N

3N

{3eul

:ffif,r

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10

Diagram 4 shows two workers P and Q lifting identical loads through the same height using two different mettrode. Rajah 4 menunjuftJron dua orang pekerjaP dan Q mengangkat beban yang serupa melalui lcetinggian yang sams dengan dua cara berbeza'

Diagram

4l

Raioh 4

Which staternent is conect about the force applied and work dsne?
Perryataan yang manakah bennr mengenai daya yang dtlrenalrfln dan keriayang

dilalslran?

A B C D 1l

The force exerted by workei P is greater than that of worker Q Drya yang dikenakan oleh pekeria P lebth fu:* daripada pelceria Q The force exerted by worker P is smallerthan that of worker Q Drya yang ditrenakan oleh pekeria? lebih kccil daripada pekeria Q
The work done by worker P is greaterthan that of worker Q Kerja yang dilefulffin oleh pekeria P lebih besar daripada peleeria Q The work doneby worker P is smalier than that o worker Q Kerja yang dilafukan ateh petceria P lebih kecil doripada pekeria Q

Diagram 5 shows a graph of force agBinst extension for two springs, R and S' tsofh springs are made ofthe same mateqial, and have the same length and diameter. Rojah 5 menunjul*an graf daya melawan pemartriangan bagi springR dan S, Kedua' dua Spring dip*buy daripada bahan yang same, dan mempunyai paniang dan diameter yang sama.
Force

Dsya

Extension Pemanjangwr

Diagram5/RqiahS

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Which statement about spring R and S is correct?
Pernyataan manslcah mengenai spring R dan S benar? The diarneter of the wire of qpring S is greater than that of spring R Diameter dawai springS lebihbesar doripada springR

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Spring S stores more elastic potential energy than spring R Spring S merryimp*n tenaga kerryayaan kenyal yang lebih besar daripada spring

C D 12

Spring S has a smaller stiffness than spring R Sprtng S rnempunyat kekerasan lebih kecil daripado springR Spring S has a larger force constant than spring R Spring S mempunyai pemslar daye yang'lebih lrccil daripada springR

Diagram 6 shows four different poshrres of a person doing some exercises. Which posture exerts the mocimum pres$ure on the floor? Rajah 6 nenunjakhan empcrt postar yang berb.eza bagi seorangyang sedang bersenam. Postur rnanalcah yang mengenakan tekanan yang maksimum lce ates lantai?

$
13

Diagr,am 6 /

Rajah6

Diagraul ? showsthree containets filled with waterto the some level. The caused by the $frater at points X, Y aad Z arePy, Pv and Pz

prwrrr

RajohT menunjukkan tiga bekas diisi dengan air sehinggaper.wyorgwru tingi. Telranan yong disebabkan aleh air pada titik\ Y dan I ialanFo Pv fu ?7 iwsingmasiig.

Diagrarr 7 lRajchT

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lVhich eomparison is correct?
Perbandtngan manatrrah yang benl?

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B C
14

Py6=Py-P2

Px<Pv<Pz
Px> Py>
Pz

Diagram 8 shows a mercury barometer. Which height $hows the measrremerrt of the amospberio prssure?
RWah 8 menunJukiksn satu

uhrst

bwotwter merhri. Kettngisrlntsnakah bagi tekmm qlmo{era?


Vacuurn

nenqinkfu

,Y&m

_Ll

BI

r+

#l
Diagram 8l Rajaht

15

Diagnrn

I rbo$E &e nandom

nretisn of &e gas moleeulm insiale a qoil aine,r.


ges

&qiah9 nenwliuWm ge"retan rwak bagi motehrt-melehrl

di fulam sebwhbehqs,

?\rq.

t't

Diagram9 t Rojah9
The pressure of the-gas

will not increase if

Te gas ttda*attarr,bertaturb Jifu: A the number of molecules in the container is increased


btlcr,tgan mole kal dt dalam befut. dttatnib ah

3 c D
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the nros of ihe rnoleeules is incg$ed

I jisim nolelai ditarnbah

the speed of ttre molecules is increased I lojumolekal ditambah


the vohrrre of the containr isincreasdl isFa&!.haeer.

M$ah
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IO SULIT 16 Diagram l0 shows a hydraulic compressing machine.

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Rajah l0 menwnjuklcan sebuah mesin pemampat.

Diagrarn l0 I Rcjah Which eomparison is true about the forces

l$

fi

and Fz?

Perbandinganrnanahah betul mengenai daya-daya Ft dan Fz?

A
B C

Fto Fz Ft> Fz Ft< Ft


3

t?

Diagram 1I shows an oil drum of volums V floating with


under water.

of its vohune submerged

Rojeh

l!

menunjukhan sebuah tong miny&

berisipadul sedang terapung arns*

dwipadaisipadwye tenggelam di bswah air-

Diagram

lt { &ajah ll

If the density of water is p, the buoyant force acting on the oil drum is
Jiha futanpatan air ialah p, daya julangan yqng bertindah ke atas tong minyak talah

A
B

*n*
*,*
Yps
Vp

c
D

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Which diagram shows the correct liquid level in the U-ube? Rajah manaleah menuniukkan alas cecair yang betul di dalam tiub'U?

A
Alirot udua -..->
Air flow

Airflow --.-+
Aliran udua

c
Air flow Alirm udta
7

19

Diagram 12 slrows two rnetal blocks P and Q that are placed in thermal corfact
X.ajah 12 menunjukkan dua bloklogamP dsn Qyang dilelak dalam sentuhfln terma.

BlockP

BIohP

BlockQ I BIo*Q

Mass = 450 g I Jisin- 450 o oC Temperature = 25 C I Sulw = 25

Mass=

Temperature = 95

l00g / "Iisiru- l00g o


CI

Sulu= 95 t

Diaeram 12 I Ri$ah

12

Which statement is true about the heat transfer between P and Q? Pernyataan manaksh betul mengenai pemlndahan haba sntaraP dan Q? No heat is transferred between P and Q Tiada haba dipindah antara ? dan Q No net heat is trarrsferred between P and Q Ttada habu bersih dipindah antaraP dqn Q Net heat is transfened from P to Q Habs bersih dipindah dariP ke Q Net heat is transferred fron Q to P Hababersih dipindah dori Q ke?
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SITLIT' t2 45311t 20 Diagran 13oC. 100 g of water at 20 oC is poured into a beaker containing 200 g of strows
water at 80

Rajah 13 menrysqiak*an 100 g air pada2fraC dttuang ke dalom bikar yang mengandungi 2W gair pa& 80"C.

l$0 g 20ec

?ffis
s0sc

Diagram 13 I Rajah 13 What is the finat te,mperature of the mixture?


Berapafrah n*[nt

*hir

canptran itu?

A B

c 60t
D

30nC 500C

700C
14 ckouts the variatisn

3t

Diegmn

ofterrpretrre with time when a-solid X is hated.

&aJah 14 mewnJufunperubahan sulru denganmctsa apablla

satuglpjslK

dipanskan. Torrperttrc fular


Mclting polnt Takat lebw

_^

tfua
Diagxam 141 Rajah 14

TIme

ryhst is ttestale

ofX.fum

the tinrc lr to fi?


t1 ke t2?

AWk*n fuqfu&t ,X dari mass

A ' ,B ,e D
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Solid Liquid Liguid arxd glas Solid and liquid

oaly only

I I I I

Pepejat satwfa

sahcja Cecalr dan gas Pepejal dan ceeair

Cici*

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22

Which faph shows the relationship berween the pressur and volume of a gas that obeys Boyle's law? Grqf manakah menunjukkan hubungan antara teleanan dan isipadu bagi suatu mematuhi huhtm Boyle?
gas

yang

23

Diagr,am 15 shows the set up of apparatus used to study the properties ofa gas.

Miar, tS menunjukkan susunttn radas untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri suata gas,


Syringe Rubbertube Tiub getah
Bour,don gauge

Picag*.i
Push

Ait I Udara

TolohBurdon

Tolah

-----+

Diagram 15 / Rajah 15
The piston is pushed slowly to the right. Whi& staternentabout the behaviour of the gas molecules in the cylinder is correct? Omboh drtolak deng*t pertalnn lee knnan. Perrryataan msnakrih betal mengenai perlahtan

molehl

gas

di dalam silinder ita?

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14
The speed ofttre molecules increases Lajumolehul bertambah
The nrolwules collide more frequently with tlre walls qf the cylinder Moleh$-molehul berlanggar lebih leerap .dengan dhding silinder The average distance betweeir the msleoules remains the same Joakpt*a antara molektl-molehrl lwkal malar

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A B C D

The rnoleeules bounce back from the wall of the cylinder with a grcaler mornentunr Moleful-molehtl melantan balik dsi dindlng silfuder dengai *nrnenhun yang lebih besar
eomt"ex

24

Diagran 16 shsws m object O in front sfa of the mirror.

mirror. T is the cntrc of curyature

Rqeh 16 ttw,rpqliukkqn sustu objekO di hadapan sebtnh cermln cembrmg.T ialah ptx* kelengfumgen cermin itu

Diagram 16l Rajah 16


The image is

foqed,at

Inej

dibert*di

AJ BK CL DM

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Diagram I7 shows a light ray moving from air into a glass block. Raiah l7 mewnjuk*an satu sinar cahaya bergerak dari udara ke dalam sebaah blok
kaca.

Dia rqm 17 / Rajah 17


Whieh angle is the angle sf inoidence and the angle of refraefion? Sudt*.marwlroh ialah sudut tujudan sadut biosan?

c
D

Angle of incidence / Suduttuja w w

Angle of refr*clion I Sa&rt btasan

v
t

')c

v
z g0o prism?

s/hi*

diagnr{l shows the csnect propagation of light througha 459,45o,

c,i$ th sritioal angle of the prisnq.

Rqlah mcwksh memmiukranperafirbstan cahrya yong betul melalui prisma4so, 4jo, 9OA c ialsh sud* gentingprismaitu

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16 SULIT 27 Diagram l8 shows the image,I, of an object, O, fsrmed by a convex lens'


Rajah 18 menunjaklcan imej,l, bagi obiek,O,yang dibentuk oleh sebuah kanta
cembung.
40 cm

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Diagrarr 18l fojah 18

Whatis the focal length ofthe lens?


Berapakah panjangfocus kanta itu?

A 2.5 om B 9.6 cm C ll.4 cm D 24.0 cm


28

An astonomieal telescope at nor,rnal adjustmeat eonsists of trno convex lenses placed at a sepamtion of 80 em. The mag$ifying power of the telescope is 15. Wbat is the focal lengttr, fi, of the objective lens and the focal length, d, of the eppiece?
Sebuoh tetreskap,astronomi pada pelarc*an normal

afulah terdhi 4qripefu dua kanta cembungyang diletahpadajrakpenisahan 80 crn. Kuasa pembessran teleskop itu ,alsl, 1.5, B*ryakah panjangfoluts,,fs ba?, funta objek dan par{angfocus,fE, bagi kantamata?

fo ft A 5 crn 75 crn B'75cm Scrn C 75cm lScm D 80cm lScm


29

I cm? Rajoh mawkah menunjuk*an sastu gelombang melintang dengan amplitud 4 em dan panjang gelombang 8 cm?
TVhich diagranr shows a tranwerse q/ave with amplihrde 4 em and wavelengfi

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a"'o

+l
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=
1

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D

c
l+r"m

+l

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Diagram 19 shovs wave tssrrs produced in a ripple ta$k with a sloping base by a citpular vibrator at 8. Rejah 19 t qewryiukkan eorakgelombang yang dihasilkan di dalam sebuah tangki riak dengan dasar condong oleh pnggetar bulat di 5..

Diaerart

19 I

&ajah 19

\\&ich stateraent is tnre? Pstrydaonnaaokoh bet*?

A B C D

Region X is deeper thari region Y

K,awasanXadalahlebihdalam

daripoda

asenY

Region Y isdeoperthnnregionX KawasanY adalah tebih dolan daripafu kmrtasanX Both regions X and Y have uniform depth Ke&ta4ua kmvasanX danY mempunyoi fudalamanyang serogam Thc speed of the wave in region X is greater than the speed in region Y IsJu gelombsns fi ksvtmanX *dalah lebih besar furipada laju di kawasanY

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Diagram 20 shows water waves being diffracted after passing through a slit. Rajah2A menttnjuklmn gelombang air dibelau selepas melalui satu celah.

ll1ilfflll
Diagrarn 2Al Rajoh2A Which action will produce circular diftacted waves?
Tindakan nanalwh akan nenghasilkan gelornbang terbelau membulat?

A B C D 32

lncrease the frequency of the waves Tamb ah fr e hte ns i ge lombang


Increase the speed of the wave Tambah kel ajuan gelomb ang Decrease the wavelength Kur an gkan p anj an g ge I o mb ang Decrease the size of the

slit

Kurangkan saiz celah Diagram 2l shows the positions of loud and soft sounds produced alongthe line PQ when the audio signal generator is switched on.

Rajah2\ menunjuk*an kedudulwn bunyi htat dan bunyi perlahanyang dilwril}ran


sepanjang garisanPQ apabila penjana isyarat audio dthiduplran
Loudspeaker

Audio signal gcnerator

Pembesar$wa

Penjmaisy*at mdio

l,or*peakrr Penbestsisa
P

I --i-s

L -'l-- s L \t- --r'-P-

L __i-"1__:

Freque*cy ofsound Frelwensi bwyi

*f

=/

'/ "..-. a
Diagram 21 I RajahZl
The distance between consecutive loud sounds, r,

Wavelength of sound =1 PanJary getambang bwryi=

J.

wiil

increase

if
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Jarak antara bunyi ktat berturutsn, x, ql@ft bertambah jilca


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SULIT A M is increased / M ditambah B / is increased lf ditambah C l, is decreased, / ), dlhtrangkan D D isincreased/b ditambah 33

19

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A pbenonoenon that occurs ufien a sowrd wave has been reflected heard after the original sound is known as

off a surface

and is

Fenomena yang berlaka apabila gelombang bunyr dipantultran oleh suatu permufuan, don kedengaran selepos barryi yang asal dikenali sebagai

A B C D

ec,ho I gema

noise

lbising

disturbancel gangguan interference / interferens

Ulhich statement is not aproperly of electromagnetic waves?


Pernyotaan manakoh bakon sifat gelombang elefuromagnet?

A 3 c D

Travels at a speed of light I Bergerakpada kelajuan calwya obeys the wave equation o =

fr

/ Menatuhi persamaan gelombang v = JZ

Requires a medium to prcpagate I Memerlulwn medium untuk merambat Can undergo interference / Boleh mengalami interferetts

Wrich graph shows the highest resistance?


Graf manakah menttnjakkan rintangan paling t@gt?

YIY

B IlIY

IO II A

Ytv

D vtv
l0

IO II A
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Diagram 22 shows 9 identical resistors connected in three different circuits, P, Q and R. Rajah22 menunjilekan 9 perintang serupa yang disatnbunglan dolan tiga litar berlainan P, Q daz R
P
try

[-]
Diagratn 221RqiahZZ Which sEtcmnt is eorrest for Ji,

Ig,d l* ?

Pe.rnyatam ntffisknh betul ttre4geM Ip,Ia

fu I*?

A /p<ljcIg B /p< Ig <.Ix C /s< Ip < I,s

Iq<^fR<Ip

37

Di4gram 23 shows a circuit wi*r a &y cell that has internal resistanee. Rajah 23 menuryiakkan satu litar dengan set kering yang mempunyai rinlangan dalcm.

Diagran 231 RqiahZ3


What is the change in the ammeter and voltueter reading when the resisfiare ofthe

rheost*is rduced?
Apakah perabahan bacam mriheter .dan wltweter apabil a rintangfr reasw dihurangkan?

Anmeter reading I Bacaanattmeter Volnn*erreoding I Bacaanvaltneter

A B C D
4S3ut

Decrsa$os

lBerhrmg

Decreases/ Berhtrary Incrpasesl Bensnbah Increases t Bertambarr

Decreoss I Berhrang lncreases I Berwtbeh Dwreases lBerfur*tg Increases I Bstanbah

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When an electric kettle with a voltage rating of 220 V is connected to a22A V power supply, the water in the kettle boils in 10 minutes. What is the time taken for the water to boil if the electric kefile is connected to a 200 V power supply?

Apabita cerek eletarik dengan lcadaran voltan 220 V disambtung kepada belralan htasa 22AV, air di dalam cerekitu nendidih dalam tnaE& l0 minit. Berapalwh masayang diambil untuk air itu mendidih jifta cerek ele6rik itu disambmg lcepada belcalan htasa

2m v?

A B

l0 mirutes
Less than 10 minutes

I I

More than l0 rninutes

10 minit Kurang daripada lA minit Lebih daripada lA minit

39

Diagram 24 shows the set-up of the apparafus to study the rnagnetic field due to a current in a solenoid. When the switch, K is off, the needle of the compass pgints to the north. Rajahl4 menunjulikan susurran radas untuk mengkaji medan magnet disebabkan wus dalam sebuah solenoid. Apobila snis, K dimatilran, iarum kowlpas menuniuk fu wah utsra.
Solenoid

East

Timur

Norfi I

Ulara

,/
West

>

South

Selaot
Compass

Buat

Konpas

.Diagram 24 / Rajah24

ltfhich dirEctisn will the compass needle point when switch S is on?
Arah mcnakah almn ditunjuk oleh jarum lCImpas apabila sais K dihidupkan?

A B C D

North South East Wst

I I I /

Utara
Selatan

Tlmur Barat

453111

ST'LIT

SI'LIT

22

4$tn

40

Diagram 25 shows a bare wire PQ placed on two parallel metal rods held at an angle with the horizontal. Rajah 25 menunju**an seutas w6yar tantrn penebal PQ diletakkan Pafu dua batang rod Iogam yang dipegang pada suala sadut dengan afulwt
Metal rod
Rod

tryon

Diqgrasr 25l RajahL1

Wrich diagran shows the eorrect slnsction of the battery ad direaion of magnetic {ield, }, to prevcnt PQ fum slidiry dow,n?
Rajah ,nsnalwh nenunjukJmn sambwryan yang bAul bogi bateri dsr wahmedan maget, B, unluk mencegahPQ defipada menggelongsor t*-un?

4$ilr

SULIT

sulrT
4l

23
e.
Magnet P

4$l1t
dan magret Q,

Diagram 26 *rouns wire a xy praced b,etrryeen nagret p and_rnagRet &dah26 menrylukhan satu waytrxy ditetafi*an sntffa magnetp

tri*eFam
Wtriich direction of notion of wine galvanometer ftom W nZ?

2,6

RqehA{

Xy will produe crin[t flonring througb thc

Arsh

geWet*r
A
B D

g*ksr,

t c I:y1r$nragnste I upwams
Doumsnards I

zf Torrart{snagnctp t k
dariw
ke

**H

bagiweytyy

pa

akan

ntehgrwil**t

o,us meralui

*on*fsrrrte Ik tah atas


Ke
K-e

wsh nwgrretp

eaiii*,*

.-:GHn

$I*,IT

4531/l

42

A multi-tap tansformer consists of primary coil of 1200 turns and secondary coil of a to&l of 120 turns. Which diagraffr shows the correct connectionto light up a 12 V,24 W bulb at nonrlal
brighfrress?

Sebwh *an;forrner multi-tap terdiri daripafu gegeh,mgpriwer 12ffi litttsn fun gegelung sehnder denganiumlah 120 lilitan. Rajah manst@h menanjulckan sarnbungan yang betul untukmenyalakan sebuah mentol 12 V,24 W dengan kecerahqn normal?

40 turns 40 lilittm

40

trrns

40lilitwt
20 tums

Afrltlitan
l20O turns

tzfia

liliw

t200 tur{rs

lzffi lilitst

20 tgras

2aIffiw
1200 turn$
1200 turns

l2$$ ltlttm

20CIrns
2A Iihtan

l2(fr litttan

4531/l

$I'tIT

SULIT

25

453u1

43

A regional power station supplies 220 kW of power at a voltage of I I kV to a factory.


The transmission cabls connecting the power station to the factory has a total resistance of 50 Cl. Calculate the power received by the factory.

hwsa tempdtan membekalkan htasa220 kW pada voltan I l kV kepada sebuah kilang. I(abel penghantaran yang merryambungkan stesen htwa kepada Hlang itu mempunyaiiumlah rlntangan 50 O. Hitzmgkan luasa yang diterima oleh kilang itu.
Sbbuah stesen

B c D
44

20KW

200kw
220 kw 240 kW

Diagnm 27.1 shows that when a cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) is connected afloss the 9(^l resistor, the bright spot fu deflected from the centre of the screer! O to p.

Raiah77.l menuniukhan bahav,a epabila sebuah osiloskop sinsr lutod (OSK) disambang merentasi perintang 9 {1, tompak cerah dipesong dari pusat sbin, O & p.

cRo/ osK

CRO screen I Skrin OSK

Diagmm 27.1 I RajahT?.1

CRO / OSK

CRO screen

Skrin OSK

Diagram 23.2 I Rajah ZT.Z

ulhat is the position of the bright spot when the CRO is connested across the 6 ()
resistor as sbum in Diagr,am 27.Z? Apakoh kedrerksn a3ytokSerah apabita OSK itu disanbung merentasi perintang 6 s eperti ditunjukkan dalsm Rajah 27 .2?

tl

4S3ut

SUTIT

26 SULIT 45 Diagram 28 shows five identical bulbs in acircuit-

433u1

Rajah}S nerwniakkan lima buah mertol di dalam saatu

litq-

Dia$am Z8 | RqiahZS
Which butbs light,up continuously when the sritch is on? Mentol nwnalwh menyala berterusan apabila suis dihtduptran?

A P, Q and Tonly / P, Q danT sahaja B QandSonly /QdanSsohqia C R and S only I F.dsnS sahaja D PandRonty | ?danYsahaia
Diagr,am 29 shoure the voltage-tirne graphs at the inputs and

ouput of a logie gate.

Rojohlg menunJulfun grafvoltan-masa di input-input dan output sebush get logic.


Vx

x*t
Y

H-J
W:",,#t

Diaeram 291 RajahZ9

'

ldentiff the logic gate. I Kenol pasli get logik itu.

A OR gate B AND gate C NORgate D NAND gate


453Ul

I I
I I

ATAU get DAhl get TAKATAU get TAKDAII


get

SIruT

rSULIT 47 Diagram 30 shows a transistor circuit.


27

453r/l

Rajah3A menunjuklmn suatu litar transistor.

Diagrarh 3A / Rajah3U
Wlrat is component X and when will the bulb light up? Apalroh komponenX dan bilatwh mentol nenyala?

Component

KompcnenX

The bulb tights up dwing the Mentol merryala pada walou

A B C D 48

Light dependent resistor P-er intan g pe lra e ahcya Lightdependentresistor Perintangpeka cahaya
Heat ds,pendent resistor. Perintangp,eka haba

Nisht
Ivlalam

Day Siang

Nisht
Malam Day
SianS

Heat dependent resistor Perintangpeka h ba

An unstable'|!U nucleus decays to astable Tnu nucleus. Whatis thenumberof alphapanicles and betaparticles emitted during this process?
yang tak stabil mereput kepada mteleus tlina yang stabil. Berapakah bilangon zarah alft dan zarah beta yang dipancar semasa proses ini?

&ntu nucletts

\lU

Number of alpha Bilongan zarah

particles alfa

Number of beta particles Bilangan zarahbete


3

A
B
D

3 4

4S3ul

SULIT

SI'LIT 28 49 Ia a nuelear reaction, 5.265 x 10-10 J energy is released.


Wbat is the mass defect of this reaction? Dalam suant findak balas nuclear,5.265 x 10*10 J tenaga dibebaslwn Berapakah caeal jisim bagi tindak balas ini?

4lsttt

A B C D

4.74x 107-kg 1.58 x l0* kg 1.76x l0-rB lie


5.85

x l0{7kg
lvhen radioisotope X decays to Y.
ap ab il a

Diagram

bdtially there are 20 mg of X in


Raj ah 3 I nenunjukkan gy af

3l shows the decay Saph

a sample.

repttan

radioi s o t op X mer eput kcpada Y .

Pada awalrqn, terdapat 20 mg bagiX futram suatu sampel.


l!{ass

/ mg iliiim I mg

20

llme lminutes Masa I mtnlt


Diagmn 3l I Rajah3l

Deteq,mine the mass

sf

ar,rd

the nass of Y in the sanBle after 40 minures"

Tenttkan iisim X dan j isim Y datram s awpel ttu s elepas 4A mtuit.


lvlass

ofX

JisimX

ofY J*t nY
Mass
5 nrg, 10,,mg

A
B

10 mg

c
D

l0 mg 5mg 5mg

5mg
15 mg

sNI) Or QUSSTION pAPER KERTAS SOALAIY TAMAT

453u'

SULIT

SULIT

NO. KAD PENGENALAN

AI{GKA GILIRAN

NAMA:
PRO GRAM

...... TINGKATAN:

PEI\INGI(ATAI\

PRE STASI

AI(ADEMIK SPM

TAHT]N 2ATI

MATAPELAJARAN
PHYSICS 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JAFIGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAIY INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

l.
2,

Kertas soalan ini dwibalwsa.

daloh dalam

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Markah Markah Soalan Bahagian Dineroleh Penuh


I
2
3

Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalanyang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

4
5

6
7

3.

Calon dibenarlwn nenjawab heseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan ssma ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. Calon dilcehendnW membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kcrtas soalan ini.

4
5

6
7 8

I I
l0
12

4.

2A 2A

l0

lt
12

20
2A

Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandrlrgr 27 halaman bercetak

SULIT

sutrT
v-u
I

{53rtz

The following infor,mation may be useftl. The symbols have their usual meaning.

Maffiumat berihtt mmgkin be.daedah Simbol-simbot merrywyai mabu ymg biasa.

l.
2"

A=-

I8.

Magniryine powerl

vz =u2 +Zas
s = td

Kuqa pembesmot =
19.

&'

3.

Ir +-at'
2

f,

v=fA

4.
5.

G**t"F =tma

= tffit

2A.

^& tL=-

zt.
I

Q= It
E =YQ

6.
7.

Kinetic cncrst I Tenagakinetik =

|nwz
2

22, 23.
24,

Graviffiional pobntial errorry


Tenaga keupaywt

Y=IR
?owerlKtasarP=IY

gwilf

'= mgh

E.

Elastic potontial energr


Tenaga trapajtaor

25.
26-

rrt &= jvP

[/P

*4= !f, 2

Eftiency/
Ikcelwpor

9. Power,P=*,os tim
Kuwa,
10,

'

IrV,

I"v' *loo

p=!remasa

27.

E *mcz

Densfry I

Kat*

@s*,

*#

28. 29.

g=

10 m s-2

t.

hsure t Te*wm,, p= hpg


Fressnre

c=3.0x l0[ms-l

t2.
13,

lTekann,

p=+
A

llqtlHabcbQ=mcg
H@tl flaba, Q =nrl

14.
15.

oV

=oonsfarltlpemalar

t6. o= ?ot
ll. -g-{-

smr
v

t u

I tl

453tn

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SI'LIT

4$tn

Section A Bahagian A 16O marksl Answer all questions in this section. Javvab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

Diagram I sliows a metal sphere being immersed in water. The initial temperatures oC the rnetal sphere and water are 100 and 25"C respectively.

of

Rajah I nenunjuh,kan sebiji sfera logam ditenggelamkan ke dalam air. Suha awal sfera lrynm danair iatoh IAA0C dan2|oc masing-masing.

Water : Initial temperature :25 "C Air : Sulu awal:25 oC

Sfera logam:

Metal sphere : Initial temperature = 100 t Sufuu sval= 100 "C

Diagram I /Rajahl

(a)

Name the physical quantity that is chargrnS in Diagram

l.
[1 mark lrnarkahl

Namakon lamntitifizik yong sedang berubsh dalam Rajah 1.

(b) Why does the physical qqqntily in l(a) change?


Mengapakah lruantitt

faikrft

(a) berubah?

I
(c) ASer a few hours, is the physical quantity in I(a) still changing?
Selepas dibiarkan beberapa

mark

lnarkalfl

jam, adcksh kaantitifaik di t{g) masih sedang

berubah?

I
(d)
N,amethe sitmtion in 1(c). Namakan fuadaan di l(c'1.

mark lmarkahl

[1 mark /narlwh]

4S3tn

STJLIT

ST}LIT Z Diagram 2 shows a tansformer.


Rqi ah 2 menunjukkan sebuah

4S3tn

trawformer.

24OY a.c. 24AY aa

Elwtric bell
Loeengelelarik

12v"l5w

Diagram 2 / Rajah2

(a) (0

Underline the correct word.

X isthe (primary, secondary) coil.

yrkaaan Wrg beae X istah gegelung Qnfuier, seWqr),


Gwiskan

[1 nrark I narkahl

(ii)

State ttle type Irlyatalran

of transforner

shovm in Diagram 2Raj ah 2.

jenis trawfarmer dalam

(b) (i)

What is the ratio of the nunrbbr ofturns of the primary ooil to the nunrber turns on the secondary coil?

of

Berapakah nisbah bilangan lilitan gegelungprimer kcpada bitangan lilltan gegelung sehmder?

[1

na* | mrtahl

(ii)

Calculate tLre current in coil X. [Assume the efficiency ofthe transformer is 100%] Hitungkan arus input fulam gegelungX. lAnSSap kecekapan transformer itu ialah 100%J

[2 marks I mw'lah]

4$ln

SULIT

SULIT

4$ln

Diagrarn 3.1 shows ametal block hanging from a spring

balance.

,'

Raiah3.l menuniuklron satu blok logam tergantung dari sebuah neraca spring,
Diagram 3.2 showS the metal block immersd in eureka can filled with water. Raiah 3.2 menuniukkan bloh logam itu ditenggelamkan kc dalam belms eurefta berisi

air.

Metal block Blot logam

Diagram 3.1 I Rajah3.t

Diagram 3.21 Rojah3.2

(a)

What is the rnass of themEtal block?


Berapalrah J isim blok logan ita?

I
(b)
Based on Diagram 3.2:

nark lnarkahl

Berdasarlran Raj ah 3.2:

(t

What is the apparent loss in weight of tlre metal blsck? Berapakah lcehilangan ketara berat bloklogam

in?

I
(ii)
Explain wlry the spring balance shows a smaller reading.

mark I

n*lwh]

Teranglan mengap{t nersca spring menunjukkan bacaan yang lebih kecit.

I
4$tn

mark I nwhahl

SULIT

SULIT
(c)

43ttn

Complete the foilogsing sentence by underlining the corrcct words


The weight of thewater displaced in Diagram 32 is (less than" equal to,more ttt?l) th* apparent loss in $reigfttofthe mctal block

Lengkapkan ayat berikuf dengan menggariskan perkataan,reg MuL Berat air yang terResar dalam Rajah3.Z adatah (Iebik fucil daripa,ila, santa dengan, lebih besar daripada) berat bloklogam in.

kehilarryqtkma

I
(d) Catsula$e the volur$e ofwater displaced. [Density oJwater = 1000 kg *-t, g - l0 N kg-tJ
Hitungfun ktpadn air yang diseswkanitu fKetwnpatan sir - 1000 kg **, g - l0 Nkg-ll

mad<

I qrs*efll

[2 mdrs ! rutr*nhl
Diagrar,n 4 shsws a cireuit n&ich acts as a switch to switch on a! air condition*, M, during the day only. P is a lighr dependent resistorwhich has alow rpsistan-ce when its

sunoundings isbdglil.
Raiah 4 wew4iuk*an satu litar yang bertindaksebagai suk wtukmeaghidtry*an seblah pendtngla lrnya, N7,p*da wakta siang salqia.p totah ffibu*h parirtang peka cahaya yang mempuryat rintangan yang rendah apabila perseHtarawtya adalah cerah
Relay I

Geg&i

I I t

L-

^/
Diagram

4l tujah4

4$tn

SIIIJT

SLJLTT
(a)
Name the tlpe of transistor Q. Nyatakan j enis trans is tor Q.

4531n

....-.'--""."... [1 mark I

narkahl

(b) (r)

State the change to the potential ehanges from dark tobright.

differencg

Zs, when the

sunowdings of P

Nyatakan perabahan beza keupcyaan, Vs, apabila persekitwanP berubdr daripada gew *e cerah

,..;r*r,r...,. I

rnark lmwhahl

(il)

Explain how &e change in 4(bxi) causes the air eonditioner, M, to be switched on"
Terangkan bagaimana perubahan dalam 4(bxi) menyebabkan pendingin hmva,M, dihidupkan.

[2 marks lmar*ah]

(c)

The air conditioner, M, with power rating 240 V,2 kW, is swiched on when Zs reaches 2.A V . m th resistance of S is l0 kC), calculate the rcsistance of P.

Pendingin luzv,a,M, dengan kadum 240 V,2 kW, dihidttptcan apabita Yg metrcapai 2.0 V. Jika rintangan bagi S ialah l}kd] hinngkan riwmtgen bagiP.

[2 marks I mqfuhl

(d)

Explain why the air conditioner is not connected directtry to the tru$istor circuit. Terangkan mengqpa pendingin ha'n'a itu tidak disambung terus lcepada litar transistor.

it;;;:)';;;;ij
*$tn
S{JLIT

i
I

8 SULIT 5 Diagrarn 5.1 shows an electric circuit containing a solenoid.

4$tn

Rajah 5.1 menunjutlwn suatu litar

elekrikpng

mengandungi sebuah solenoid.

Diagrarn 5.1 IRajah5.1

Wbenthe current is switched on, the solenoid produces

a magnetic

field.

Apabita anx dihidupkan, solenoidmenghasilkan suant medan magnet.

(a)

What is tlre nneaning of magnetic field?


Apalcah maksud medan magnet?

I
(b) (r)
curent'sarrying
sole,qoid.

ma*/ nwkah]

In Diagram 5.2, draw the pattern of the magnetic field produced by the Dalam Rqiah 5.2, Iukis carakwedsn magnet ysng dihasilkan oleh solenoid yang rnembau,a ann t2m8*s t nwtafi

itu"

Diagranr 5.2 I Rejah 5.2

4$tn

$T'LIT

STILIT (it

9
State the polarity atthe ends X and Y of the solenoid.

4$tn

Nyatakan kehttuban dt huiungY daftY solenoid itu"

X:

Y:

mark I mwkald

(c)

Diagram 5.3 and Diagram 5.4 show different solenoids connected to galvanometer A and galvanometer B, respectively. Identical barmagnets arc pushed at the same speed tourards each ofths solenoids. Rajoh 5,3 dan Rajsh 5.4 mentmjakhan dua sslenoid yang berbeza dtsombung kryada galvnanometer A dan gal'vanameter B mcsing-mnstng. Magnet bar yang serupa drtolakpada klnjaonyang samo ke arah tiap-tiap satu solenoid.
GalvanometerA

Diaeranr 5.3I Raiah5.3


GalvenometerB

Diagram 5.41 Rqiah5.4


Based on Diagram 5.3 and Diagmm 5.4:

Berdnsarkan Rajah 5.3 dan Rajah 5.4:

(i)

Compare the numberof tums of the solenoids.

Bandingkan bilangan lilitan sslewid+olensid

iu.
[1 ma* lmwkal$

4*tn

SULIT

SULIT

l0
(ii)
Compare the magnitude of the induced current in the solenoids.

4$tn

Bandtnglun magnitud arus teraruh dalem solenoid-solenaid itu.

[1

mrk I narftahl

(iii)

Relate the numberof,turns of the solenoid to the rnagnitude sf inducd current.

Hubungkaitkan bilangan lilitan solenaid kzpada magnind erw teraruh,

I
(d)
State

mark I mwkabl

me other &ctsrfiat afrwts tb ma8nitpdof the

irdrd crlcreat

Nyatalcan satu lagifafuor yqgwempengeruhf rwgnitad trus telaruh.

[1 mark Diqgrafir 6.1 shows a light ray entering a glass prism. [Refurive index of glass = I.5 l]

Irwkatfi

Raiah 6.1 merwnjurt*an satu sinar cahaya merambat kc dalam sebuah prismo kaca. llndeks bicuan kaca

: l.5ll

Diagram 6.1I Rqioh6.l

(a) (l}

Calculare tlre critical ourgle, c, of the glass primr.

Ititvng sadat genting,

e,

prlsma kaca itu

[2 maks I mskahl

#An

ST'LIT

-l
SULIT (ii)
tl
State the value of the incident angle, f.

4$ln

Nyatakan nilai sudut tuju, i.

I
(iii)
Bandinglcan sudut genting, e, dalam 6(a)(i) dan sudttt tuju, i.

mark I markahl
r.

Compare the critical angle, c, in 6{a{i) with angle of incidence,

[1 mark lmarkah]

(iv)

Complete tbe ray diagram in Diagram 6.l. Lengkapkan gawbar rajah sinar dalam Rajah 5.1.

mark / markaQ

{b) (i)

Name the phenomenon that has occurred ro the light ray in 6(a}(iv).

Namakanfenomena yang telah berlalw kepado sinar cahaya di S,(a[iv).

[l mart< ltnrkalil

(il)

Sate fiilo csnditions for this phenomenon to occur. Nyatakan dua syarat untu*fenomena ini berlaku.

[2 marks I markah]

(c)

Diagram 6.2 shows an optical fibre which consist of trvo layers of glass with different refr active indices. Raioh 6.2 wenu4iukkan freratan rentcrs sebuah serabut optik yang terdlri daripada * dua lapisan kaca yang mempuryai indeks biasan yang Ue*iza.

Lightray Sinwcalwya

Diagram 6.2 / Rajah6.2 Complete the ray diagram to show how light propagate through optical fibre,

optik

Lengkapkan raiah sinar untuk mewnjukkCIn perambatan cahrya melalui gentian [1 nurk lmarlwhl

4$tn

SULIT

SUTIT

t2

4S3tn

Diagrarn 7 shows a golfer getting ready to strike the golf ball.

RajahT memtnjakkan seorCIng pemain golf bersedia unnk menukul bola golf.

Path ofthe golf Lintasan bola golf

bll

-.r

/ / --L__>Lxr_
\\
\t

+Ytr
Diqgan
7I

tt

Fqeh7

(a)

llhat

is the meaning of,energy?

Apakah maksud teruga?

I md lrrrtrtal$
(b)
golf ball is 0.049 kg, It fiavels at 20 rn s r when hit by the golfer. Calcutate the kinetic energy of thJ golf ball.

Tlp

mess

of

J,tsim s,ebtlt bala


sele,pas

golf ialah 0.049 kg Bola itu bergerak dengan kclajwn2O m trr dipr,htl. Hitmgfut tencga ffiretihbala itu

|pm*il ay
(c)
Explain ths tansformation of energy of the golf ball ftom the time it is hit rutil landsonthe ground. Jelasfun transforrnasi tenoga bota gotf itu dari kctika ia dipuhtt sehinga ia rnedwat di tsnatL

hl

it

[2 marlcs I tttw.kclS

453rn

srruT

STruT
(d)

13

4*tn
julat bola golf itu

Suggest two ways by which the golfer can increase the range of the golf ball. Give reasons for your answers. Cadangkan daa carapemain golf itu dryat metuubahtran Berikan sebab bagi jowapan anda.
i

Suggestion

I lCafungant

Rssoa

ebab

Snegwtion

2l Cdangan2

rrreieiirrlr!!rj.ijrrrrrr;lrrrrrrr..........,.............}}'...'i............r...........r..............

tf

tubab

.....'........'.l............}....oo..errrrrrloonr

l4rral{rs

lnflr@

(e)

Sate onp etbs factor that mo affectfte range of the geFbail.

Nwatqa satsfabar lcin yang boleh mempengruhl julat


...r...r...t.....

botra

golfttr*

llmar*tilw@

*S3d'n

$TILIT

SULIT

l4

453ln

Diagram I shows a transmitter sending a sound signal to determine the thickness of a layer of oil belowthe ground. Receiver X detpcts the sound signal 0.4 s aftertrmsmission. Receiver Y detec'ts the sound signal 1.2 s aftertransmission.

Rajah| menunjakkan rcbuah pemanear mexgelawkan sata isyarat bunyi mtuk


menentakan ketebalan lapisan minyak di bawahtanah. PenerimaX mengesan isywet but yi fiu A.4 s selepas pemtmcaran. PenerimaY mengesan W.arat bunyi itu 12 s selepw penancwan.

*piver

Pen*imoX
RoeeiverY

PeaerinnY

Earttr layer

Inpi*ot teuh
Oil layer
Xapi*an nirtyak Roek layer

Lapismbafir

o
Diagrarn

8l

Rajah$

(a) Slate the ltravethsNomsnon

whic;h produces:

Nyatakm fewtnena ge.lorcbareg Tnag menghwilkan : (i) the,signal A,l isyeat A

ll
(ir) tbe signal B I isyarlatB.

nr,kl rwlshl

:tl .q!lrkt"trql*sh!

(b)

fire

speed of sound in the

oil layer is 1500 m s-r.


1500

Calcula&

Kelajwn bawyi dalun lapisan mtnyak iatah


H.iwngkan

* s-1.

(i)

the total time for the sound sigpal to travel througb tbe oil layer.

jumlah

masa

untuk isyarat bunyi ita bergerak melalui lapison miryak

[2narks lrrrorfuril

4$rn

]ST'LIT

l
SULIT
(it
thickness of the oil layer. kctebalan lapis an minyak

ls

4Svn

[3

na*s I markahl

(c) Table 8' shsws the characteristics

of four types of sormd waves that eould be used to delennine the thickness of the laSrer of oil.

Jsdunl S menaniukkan ciri-ciri bagt empat jenk getombang barryi yang boleh digunakan untuk menentuknn,ketebalan tapi s an ntrryax ttu
Ty?e of
la,?nve

/ Jenls gelombang P

Frequency /Frebrcnsi

Energy / Teruga

I{ishI Tinpei
Low I Rerdah

a
R
S

Hir&l Tksei l*;w l'Rendah


Low f Rendah

Hishi Tinssi Lowl Rendsh


Table 8l'JadualB

Hieh/ Tinwi

tsased on Table 8, explain the suitab-ility

dsteanine the &ickness of the oil layer.

of each characteristic of the wave to

Berdas-trfun Jadual 8, terangfran fresesuaiqn setiap ciri gelombang itu untuk menentulran ketehelan lapisan mitryak ita.

(D

Frquency I Frehtensi:

(ir)

Energy / Tenagc:

[Zmar.rs l

nttrWl

I?marksl nerkahl

(d) lVhich is tbq most suitable tJ{pe of wave de*emins of thickness of the cil layer?
Apakahients getronbang yapg pdIW sesuai unttrk menenn k& kctebalsn lryisan
*.,...r...........

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t6
Section B BahagianB [20 marks] Answer any one question frour this,section. Jmyab r?taflo-tfieow safit soalan daripada bahagian ini.

4S3tn

Diagratn 9.1 shorrs two beakcrs A aod B containingwatr at 0oC, with bsakrA containing some pieces of ice. Rajah 9.1 werwnjutr*an dua buah bilmr A dan B yang bertsi air pada 0 "C dengan bi:kar A mengandungi beberapa futul ais.

After l0 mi*utes Selepas l0 minit

Diagram 9.1 I Rsjah9.l

Diagranr 9.21 Rqjahg2

Diqgrul9.2
minutes.

shsrlm the temperature of the

wder in beAks d and beaker B affier l0

Raish*.Z merw4iuk*an sahu bagi air dalam bikor h dsn hikurV selepqs

l0 ninit.

(a)

What is the rneaaring ofteryer,ature? Apah,ahtrwksud sufa#

ll

slar.k I

msknhl

(b) (t

(ii)

Name the physieal qlrarrtrty involved in ths meltiqg of'&e iea Namakan .lawntiti frzik ysng terlibat dalam plebwet ats. {1 uta l Usrng the kinetic theory of matter: Dengan menggunakan
te

whahl

ori kinetlk jirimt

. .

Explain wtry the temperature of the w*teris

at00c
Terangkan fiongcpa saha air fulam

kker

A lernains constmt

bikq A kehal malo pada [aC

Explain ufty the temperature of the \r'dr in b,eaker B has risen.


Teranglcan mengary suhu air dalam bikarB tetsh naift.

[4 ms*s I naukahl

4Atrn

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(c)

17

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Relate the temperature increase of a zubstance to its specific heat capacity. Use tbis relationship to explain why a piece of iron becomes hotter than a piece wood of the same nrass when both absorb the same amount of heat.

of

Hubunglraitkan kenaikan suhu sustu bahan dengan muotcrn haba tentunya Gunakan hubungan ini untuk mene,rangfun nengaps seketul besi menjadi lebih wna.s daripada seketul kayu yang mempunyai jisim yang sama selepas keduaduanya menyerap hnntiti habayang sama. [4 marks I marlmhl (d) Diagram 9.3 shows food being fried in a wok of cooking oil.

Rajah9.3 menunjukl+an makanan digoreng dalam sebuah htali yang mengondungi minyak masak.

oil Mtuyaknawk
Cooking

Wok

Kueli

Diagrarn 9.3 I Ralah9.3


Suggest and explain how the food ts be fried can be cooked in a short time based sn the follow,ing aspects of the material ofthe wok and the cooking cil.

Cafung dan terang*an bagaimana makanan yang digoreng boleh menjadi nasak dalgrnmasa yang singlmt berdasarkan aspek-aspek berihtt mengenai bahan htali dan mfuryah ma.sak Matrial of the wok / Bohan htali:

I . o . r

specific heat capacity / muatan haba tentunya thennalconductivity / hekonduksiantermanys melting point I takat leburrrya

Cooking oil I Miryakmasak:


specific heat capacity I muatan haba tentunya boiling point I takat didilmya

[0

rnar*s I markahl

4f3tn

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l8

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l0

(a)

Diagram l0.l shows an experiment to observe the pattern of the electic field for two point charges. Raiah l0-l menunjuk*an suatu eksperimen untuk menerhni corak medan eletorik bagi dua cas titih.
Power supply Bekalm htrca

Diagram 10.1 / Rajah

l0.l

(i)

What is the function of the seeds?

Apakahfungst benih in?

I (ii)

mark

lnarkahl

Suggest and explain modifications that can be rnade to the set up in Diagram !0.1 to produce and display more clearly a stronger and rmifcmr electriJ field benueen two elwtro.ds.

cadang don terangkan pengubahswianywg boleh dtbaa kepadq susunsn radas dalam Rajah l0,l untak nengha$l d*t wemaptkan dengan lebih ielas suatu medan elefurik yong lebih fuot dan seraga n sttwa-dua elekrod. Your answer shsuld include the following aspcts:
Jmoapan anda perlu meliputi aspekberilwt:

)
I I
o I

Shape of the electrode

Size of the electrode Distance between the elecftodes Magninrde of the power supply Size of the seeds

I 1 / I /

Berrttkelebrod Sab elebrad Jarakant&a elelnrod Magytittd be*alon htasa


Saiz benih

[0

marks I markahl

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(b)

19

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Diagram l0'2 shows two electrical circuits, A and B consisting of identicat dry sells and lightbulbs. The connecting wires in both circuits are made of the same material and are of the same length.

R!"h

lA.), metwqiukkan dua litor elefurik A danB yang mengarzdtmgt sel kering dgn me\to! y&g serup{t. Wayw penyambung dalam treiua-dia litwhiperbuat daripada bahan yang Eama dan mempurryai panjang yang sama.

Circuit A,/ Litar A Diagram 10.21 Rqjah lO.2

Circuit B

I LitarB

the brightness of the bulbs and the thickness of the connecting wires. Relatedre bright*ess ofthe bulbtothe cunnt in&e circuit. Relate the curr,ent in &e circuit to the resistancc of the connecting wire. Hqlce, state the relationship bwgsn the thickness of the wire to its resistance.

gopp*e

**.diug

(c) Diasram 10"3 shows the graph of potential difference, 4 againrt cgrrenl I, for a
filament lamp.

Bandingkan ktcerahsfi mantol dan ketebalan w6y{ff penyambung. Hubmglraitlcan keeerahan mental tcepada arus dalam tiiar. Hubunglraitkan arus dalam litar hepada rintanganwayar penyambung. Dengan ih+ nyatakan hubwngan antars tretebaian *oyo, fupqda rintangannya. marks/ m;arkalil [5

ptrry*nii

{aon t!.3 menu4iukfun


lampufilarnen.

grafbeza keuptyaen, v, melawan orus,I,bagi sebuah

Diagrcm 10.3

/ Rajahl0.3

(i)

Explain wftetlrerthe filamsat lanrp obeys Ohm's law. Terangkan sarna ada lampuJilamen itu memqtahi hulrum ohm
happeirs to the resistance of the filament when the curent increases? Explain your an$wer.

(ii) It/h{

Apakah yang berlsku *epada rintanganlilamen apabila arus bertsmbah?

Terenglranjowapa*an&.

Fmarks lmarkall

4slrn

SUIIT

STITIT

20 Section C Bahagian C [20 marks] Answer any one question frorn this sectiec-

4S3tf2

-::x,:

Diagrarn
gauge.

"'';:

:::K::',ffihby

p,ssre

Rajah

merrunjukkan tekanan udars di dalam tryar sebuah hereta schush toloktekanan.

ll.1

frahr acl

,Pressure gaug

Taloktekanan

Diagranr
(a)

ll.1 I kqjah ll.l

Wbat is tbe meaning of pressure?

ApafuL

nzqksudte*attctt
tl 4A* t Wwtwhr

(b)

Basgd on kinetic theory of gases, explain why the air pressrue in the ttrte increases

Berdasarkan teori kinetik gos, t*angfun fiengspa teksnqtt tdara di dalan tcyar

bertwfiah

(r) (ii)

qrhen nnore air is pumped into

it

apabila,lebih banyskadara dipam kc dalamnya


after the car has completed a long journey.
selepas kereta menamatkan perjatanan Wtg

jeil
[4rna*s/ no*ah]

{c)

Diagram I 1.2 shows a sheet of glas beiry lifted by a vacrm $gtion ry. Air is remsved finm the cup by a vsrnrn pump to prro&rce'a prH wnun hsi& tb cup. Atnospheric prffirre orfiside pusb fte glass onto the ctrp.
:Rajah

ll.2 merunju*kan sekepins kaco dianglwt oleh sebuah mangh* pefiyed* vakryn. Udwa dikeluqkn deripada manglark oleh seb*ah pam' vahm untuk menglwsilkan vahtm separe dt dslsnt mangkirk itx Tekmon atmogfera di luar menalak lcepingan kaca pada manghtkin.

453r&

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2t
Handle
Suction cup Manglathpenyedut

4531t2

To vacuum pump Ke panvalmm


Seal lining Lapik kedap

G.lass sheet

Kepingot kaea

Diagram

tl.Z l Rajah tl.2

The area of the glass sheet covered,by the suction cup is 0.0025 m2. The press're inside the cup iJreduced to 45000 p". rrr" eric pressure outside is 100 000 pa. "tt""rpt

L:1s kepingan-kaca yang diliwti oleh manglwk petryedut ialah 0.0azs r*. Tekanan di dalam nangkuk itthtmngkan rip"ai is-000 pa. Tekawn atmosfera di luar ialah IAA 000 pa

(l)

\I/hat is the difference between the atmospheric pressure and the pressure inside the cup?

B*apakah perbezaan antarq tekanan atmosfera dan telwnan di dalam


manglatk?

(i0

[l

mark/ rnarkdl

Calculate the force exerted on the glass sheet due to the difference pressure in I l(c)(i).

of

Hilunskon (y1rys dikenalmn pada kepingan tmca disebabkan oleh beza teksnan dt l l(cXi).
[2 marlcs lnarkahl

(iii)

calculate the ma,ximum mass of glass sheet that can be lifted with this cup. Hitangkan jtcim maksmum raepiigon taea yaag toun manghrk int.

aiiii*iarn

lzmarks I markahl

(d) Diqgam 1l'3 shows two diffErent glass liften which are
panels' when the hinged levers are pushed dowrq and a lifting force is produced, Trre gass iinrtr pessing it onto the glass.

i*

used to lift hru'y gtas, aiiis rorc"o ;r;f th" sucker cup

rr"ld tightly on a gldss panel by

Rajah 11.3 menunjurrlwn duo jenis pengangrmt kaca yang digunatran untuk menganghat prfr!knca yang berai. epada tuo, uii"ngret ditotak ke bawah, udara dipaksa keruar diripada *org't**prr;;;r;-d" daya angkat dihasiltran. Penganglwt rraca itu borei merekaphenian i;;;-;;d, prrer rcaca dengan cara menekatmya ke atas fuca itu

45'.ln

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22
Hinged lever
Tuas berengsel

4S3tf2

Sucker cup lulanghrk penyedut Seal lining Lapikkedop

Triple-sucker cup
tr4anghtk penye&t

Iulangkuk pmyedut ganda dua

g*tda tiga

Diagram 11,3 / Rujah

ll.3

Table l1 shows the characteristics of fosr different t)?es of glass lifters.

Jadual

ll

menunjuk*an cirt-ciri empat jenis pengangkat kccaPressure in cup after

T1rye

of

glass

lifter

hinged leveris pressed down Tekanandalam mangkuk selepas tuas berengsel ditolak'ke bowah
6.47

Diarneter

ofeup
Diameter mangkuk

Seal

lining

Nlryrh of crrps
Btlangan

Jenis pengangkat kaca

Lapik
kedap

wn&*
Thre

104 Pa

120

mm

Plastic Plastik Rubber Getah Rubbsr Getah


Plastic

Itgs
Two Dtta
Thre

x
Y

6.47

104 Pa

105 mm

2.06x
2.A6x

104 Pa

120 mm

Itga
Two Dua

104 Pa

105

mm

Plastik

Table

ll

/ Jadual

lt

Ysu are required to deterrnine the most suitable glass lifter that can be usd for lifting large and heavier pieces of glass saf,ely.
Ands dikchendaki meuentukan pengangknt kaca yang paltng sesuqi mengangkat heptngan kacayangbesar dan berat dengan selamd.
Study the proprties of all the

ert*

fou

glass lifters based ou the follou,iag aspects:

Kaji ciri-ciri heempat-empot pengangkat kaca itu berdasarkon aspkaspek berihn:

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23 453J'n

(1)

Pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed down. Tekonan dalam manglatk selepas tuas berengsel ditolqk ke bcwah. [2 marks / mwkahl Diameter of cup

(ii)
tiir)

Diameter manghtk.
Seal lining.

[2 marks I markahl

Lapik kedap.

[2 marks /markalfi

{1v) Number of cups.


Bilangan manghtk.
[2 marks I

nukalfi

Explain the suitability of each property and then determine the most suitable glass liftEr. Give the reasons for your choice.
Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri dan seterusnyq tentulran pengangkat kacayang paling sesuai. Beri sebab untuk pilihan anda. [2 marks I tiwlcah]

12

Diagrarn 12.1 shows a water detection system designed by a student to detect the level of nater ina storage tank so that anoutlet valve can be opened automatically when the vvat-er level is too high" Rajah !2.1 menrunjukkan satu sistem psngesan air yang direlabentuk oleh seorang pelajar untukmengesan sas air di dalam tangki supcya injap keluar boleh dibuka secnrs autamatikapabila aras air meniadi

terlalutinggi.

Radioactivs sorrro'
Sumber

rdioaktif

hector
Pengeswt

Outlet valve

Injapkelwr

Diagram

l2.l

I Rajah 12.1

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24

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The radioastive source and detector are used to detect the level of water in the tank. The radioactive source contains a radioisotope. Sumber radioafuddan pengesan digunakan untuk mengesan aras air di dalam tangki. Sumber radioaktif itu mengandungi suatu radioisotop.

(a) What is the meaning of radioisotope?


Apalah
maks ud r adio is ot op ?

[1 mark I mskahl

(b) Explainhowthe.

.nbeopeos"r&en-{he.nna{en'Xenrelistoohigh.

Terangfon bagaimarn injap ketut dibuka apabita

ars

aif''adalah terlalu tinggi.


[4 marks /markah)

(c)

Diegram 12.2 shows tlre proper,ties of five radioisotope. Rajoh 12.2 meruniulckan ciri-ciri limaienis radioisotap.

Isdine-l33,tiil
Initial aotivity : 40 counts per minute Abiviti awal:40 pembilangan per minit

Initial activity : 560 counts per minute Aktivtti awal :550 pembilorym per minit
Radioactive emissisn : a

ffi ffi

Rad*.-zz4t?no

Sinsanradioabif : p Half-life:20.8 hours Setengahhcya :2A.8 jam


to liquid at I 14 oC Berubah dui pepejal ke cecair pada I 14 t
Changes from solid

Radioactive emission

Slnsotradio*tif : a
ttalf-life:3.8
days

Setengahhcyat Bentbah

:33lwi

Changes from liquid to gas at

42 oC dwi cecair ke gas Pada4zT

Iron{o, !!Fe
Initial aotivity : 542 counts per minute Ahiviti mtal : 542 pembilangan per minit Initial activity : 300 cormb per minue Aktiviti au,al : 300 pembilatgan per ninil
Radioactive emission : 7 Sinaranradioalatf : y
Setengah

SinworrdioaHd: p
Half-life: 1,5 x 106yeam Setengahhayat: 1,5 x lf nhun
Changes from solid

Radioactive emission

Half-life : 5.3 years hsya : 5.3 tdnot


oC

Berubah

dti

to liquid at 1538 "C pepejal ke ceeair pada 1538 "C

Changes from solidto liquid at 1495 Eeruiah dori pepeial ke cecair pda 1495'C

4$tn

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25

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Bromins-8r,

!]Br

Initial activity : 384 counts per minute Ahiviti awal :384 pembilangan per minit
Radioactive emission Sinaran radioafuif :
:

Half-life: 2.4 hours Setengahlwyat:2.4 jam


oC Changes from liquid to gas at 59

Berubah dsri cecair ke

gas

pada 59

oC

Diagram ,2.2 / Rajah 12.2 You are requircd to determine thE most suitable radioisotope that can be used as the radioactiw sourse in the water detection system. Anda dikchendaki merTentuknt radioisotop yang paling sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai sumber radioabif dalan sistem pengesan air iru,
Study the properties of all the five radioisotopes based on the following aspects:

Kaji ciri-cirt kelirna-Iima radioisotap itu berdmarlan aspek-aspekberikut:

(i) (ii)
(iii)
(iv)

Initial activity. Aktiviti swal.


Type of radioactive emission.
Jenis sinsran radtoaWif.

[2 marks I markall

[2 marks I narhohl

Hatf lif of the radioisotope.


Setengah hayat radioisotop itu. The physical state of the radioisotope.
Keadaan fizi'kal radiois otop itu.

[2 marks lmarkahl

[2 marks I merkohl

Explain the suitability of each property and then deterrnine the most zuitable radioisotope. Give the reasons for your choice.
Terangknn lcesesuaian setw ciri dan seteruslrya tentulcan radioisotop yang paling sesuai. sebab antakpilihan anda. [2 marks I mwlwfi

kri
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srllrr
(d) (i)

26
State &e number ofneueons in an atom of radioisotope T.

$nn
I

Nyatakan bilangan neutron di dalam satu atom radioisotopT. rnark l mshahl

(ii)

The proton numbers of seleniun and krypton are 34 and 36 respectively. Which element is produced by the decay of radioisotope T?

Nowbor proton bagi selenium dan bltpton ialah34 dan36 masing-masing. tJlrtur mana,kah dilwsilkan oleh reputan radioisotopT? mail* lnarkahl

(iir) Write the decay equation forradioisotope,T.'


Tulistwn persamaan rerytan bagi radioisotopT.

(rD

[t
What is the activrty of radioisotope T after 9.6 hours? Berapakah abiviti bagi radioisatopT selepas 9.6 jan?

mark I mwkahl

[2 ma*s I narkahl

END OF QUASTION PAPER KERTAS SO^ALAI\I TAMAT

4531n

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NO. KAD PENGENALAI'I

ANGKA GILIRAN

NAMA:

...... TINGKATAN:

MAJLIS PSNGSTUA SSKOLAH MENENGAH KEDAII

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM

}OII

453If3

PHYSICS
Kertas 3

.l jam I i

Satu jam tiga puluh

minit

JAhIGAI{ BUKA KERTAS SOALAII INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

l.
2.

I(ertw,soulmn ini adslsh dnlam dwibalrasa.


Saalsn dalam bahasa Ingeris rnendahului soatan yong sepadan dalam bahasa

Untuk Kegunaqn P emerihs s Sahagian Soalan

Markalr

petuh

Markah dipcrcleh

Melayu

t6 t2
12

3.

Celsn dibenwkan menjawab lceseltruhan atau sebahogian soalanssma ada dalam bEhasa Inggeris ataa bahass Melryt. Calon dikehendakt membaea naWumat di hslaman belakang kertas saalan ini.

A
2
3

4.

B
4 Jumlatr

t2

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 14 halaman bercetak 4c31/3

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SULIT
Sectlon A Bahagian A [28 marksJ Answer all questions in this section. Jowab semaa soalsx dalam balngian ini.

4S3tB

.\

A student camies out an experiment to investigate the relationship betrveen the diarneter, 4 of arnetal cylinder a$d ib mass, mDiagram l.l shows the five cylinders that were prepared.
Sgormg pelqi* me4J:alanfun smt eksperimen untuh meryiasat hubungan antara diameter, d, suatu silinder logam dengan jisimfllo, m. R4ish 1,1 wnwiuk*an lima s.ilindet yang disediakan.

m=59

m=l0g

m=15g

m*20 g

nt'*25 g

Disgra l,l I &qjahr.r


A micromgt$ scre$r gaugo is used to measrre the diametr of the eytrinder. Diq8rans l& 13, 1.4, 1.5 and 1"6 show the rcading 4 ofthe micrometer scrw gauge whq the diameter of each cylinder is measured.
Sebuah

tolok sbtt mtfuameter dig$nsW tmtuk mengthur diameter silinder itu. fujsrl t.2, I.3, I.4, I.5 dan I.6 memt4juk*an bacaan, d, bagi tolak sba mibometer ryablla dla*reter settap silinder dluhtr,

Diagrarr 12 | Rqiah 12

&alB

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Diqgram l.3lRaJahl.3

Diagrarn 1.4 / Rajah 1.4

n*2fi9
f,=..,...,.,....
rntF

Diasqln

1,5 I Rsiah 1.5

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m:25

d= ............
Diagram 1.6

mtn

/ Rajahl.6

(a) For the experirrrent described on page 2 identify:


Bagt eksperimen yang diterangkan pada halarnan 2, Irenal pasti:

ti)

Tbe manip*lated variable


Pembol e hub ah dimanipul as ilmn
..

....

mwk / norkahl

(ii)

The responding variable


P embatelwbah

bergerak balas

I
(iii)
The constant variable
P emb oI e ltub ah d i m a I

mark lm:arkahl

s kan
[1 mark lmarkalfi

tb)

(i)

Based on Diagrams 1.2,1.3,1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages and,record the diameter of the cylinder, d.

2,3

md.4, detennine

Berdas*ksn Rojah 1.2,1.3,1.4, t.5 dan tentukan dan rekod diameter sillnder, d"

1.6

poda halonanL,3. dan 4,

(it

Foreach value of din 1(bxi), calculate d2. Tabulate your data for all values of m, d, and dz in the space on page 5.
Bagi setiap nilai d dalam l(bxi), hitung d2. Jadualkan data anda bagi semua nilai m, d dan d2 dalam ruangpada halanan 5. [7 marks I markahl

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SULIT

453r/3

(c) On tho gnph pqltcr oo page,6, dna'w a grap! af dz againsit rn P'qdn Mw gffiFda hdwr6,1d& Sr$dt wretawan m,
-----[S,M&s f-

t
-

ffi,fuh.

(d)

Bascd on

th

graph in l(c), state fte rclationttrip beruten d2 utd m.

trfu? gr6,dl l(s\rryqtiltmtfubmgwte$&a dz dmm.

:!rF.qrir*ir..;-tr...r..r.t......r........F...."..t.8trrortro.;q*eirr.:"...t.t.....t'....'...'..il;ffi;rffi.ffi,

/'3

suHt

SULIT

6
Graph of dz against nt

4531/3

Graf d2 melawan m

d43ra

SULIT

SI,JLIT 7 4531F 2 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the object
distanceo u, and linear magnification, M, of the image formed by a convex lens.

The results of this experiment are shown in a graph of z against


page 9.

* M

in Diagram 2 on

The results are used to determine the focal length ofthe convex lens.
Seorang pelaiar menjalankan suatu eksperimen untuk menyiosat hubungan qntara jarak objeh u, dan pembesaran linecr, M, bagi imej yang dibentuk oleh sebaah kanta cembung.

Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjuktran dolam suatu graf u melawan

pada

halamang,

! M

aao* Rajah2

Keputusan eksperimen ini diganakan untuk menentukan panjangfokas kanta cenbung itu.

(a) Based on the gaph in Di4gram 2:


Berdaserlcan graf di RajahZ:

(i)

State therelationshipbetween u and

M.

Nyatakan hubungan cntaro u dan M.

I (ii)
Determine the value of n when M = 2.5 . Shorry on the Saph, how you determine the value of z.
Tentukan nilai u apabila M=2.5. Tunjuklcanpado gro/:bagaimano anda menentukan nilai u.

mark

lnmkahl

u=

[3 marks I markahl

(b)

'rip The relationsh benrreen,

/ u=f I )-

*d -t ogiven by the formula M

u*rere/ isthe focal length of the lens.


Hubungan antara u dan

l*)*J,

tl)-. u=fl'u)"'

aiUrifan olehformula

di manaf ialah panjangfohts hanta itu.

u3tB

SI'LIT

SULIT

(i)

Determine the value of frorn the a-intercept. Show on &e gtapn how you determine the value of

I
f'
t2 ma*s lnarkahl

Tentukan nitai f daripada pintasan-u. Tunl'uklran pcda grqf b agaimana anda me,nenwkqn nilai

f: ........ (ii)
Calculate the gradient ofthe graph. Hitungkan kccerunan graf iru.

[3 marks I

nwka]i

(iit

From your Snsrryrs in z(bXil and

focatlent t:ofthelens, D wipda j awryt anda kcp ada z{bxr) il$


bagi

z(bx calculate the arre,r-ag,e value of the


2{br(ii}, httungkm ni!ai pnot a

panjqngfotw,f,baet funta itu,

t2

rna*sl tn*tuhl
sf &e rcadings

(c)

State one preoarnion tbat shotdd be *akea to

irnpovo the

accrrr,acy

inthis experiment
tr{yewkan sntu trang@ beflaga,iaga yang perlu ketepotan bacam dalatt eksperimen inl

disnbtt

antuk memperbatls

irrrrr.{irrr'irrrrrr..ror.r.......r.a.trt.}...rr..rr..tir.r.i.t.....t.aar

ll nark I nsWil

ffiiB

ST'LIT

-l
SULIT

4$r/J

Graph of a against

.l*
t

Gruf u melawan

'

ulnllrt
30

4431F.

SUIJT

STJLIT

l0
Section B Bahaglan B

4531/3

ll2z,orksf,
Answer any onc question from this section,

Jnttab mantt-mana satu soalan daripada balwgian ini.

Diagrern 3.1 shours an empty plastic bottle bek left on the seat of a car on a hot afternoon. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan sebuah botot ptastib kosongyang ditinggalkan di tenpat &.dr.k sebuah lcereta padawaku tengah hart yangpanas.

Diaerur3.1IRqiah3.r:

Diagram 3.21 Rajah3.Z

Diagram 33 shsuns the sa$re plastie bottle tbe following morning uftenthe weather was very cold. Rdah3.Z menunJvk*un botol plastihyang santa pada pagt herikatnW di matu cuaca sangat sejale

Basd on the inf,or,mation and obserrnation: Berdqsarkan ilMhlumat dan pemerhotian itu:

(a) O)

State one suitable inference.

Nyotakm satu inferew yang sesuai.


Statc one suitable hypothesis.

I I

nark I ttfffuli\

tlyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

mdrt I'ntfiksh,!

(c)

Withthe use of'aprpar*us suclras a glasstub as shoum in Diagran 3.3, water bath and otherapparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hlpothesis $tatd in 3(,b)"
Dcngan menggtttskrnrados s@er:ti tlub taea seperti ditwjutran dolan Rajah 3.3, hilaxan air dan lain Erangkan satu eksperimen untuk metry-ifrtat hipote sis yang dinyatalcan dt 3(b).

Sulphur,io actd

AtU'sdrtrik
Trappd air
Glass tube Tiub h,aca

Udara terVermgkap

Diaeram 3,3lRajah3.3

4dSIB

SULIT

snLIT
(t (ii)
(iii)
(1v)

45318

In your description, state clearly ths following:


Dalarnpenerangan anfu, rryatakan dengm, jela perkara berikat: The airn oftheoxperiment.

TuJwn eksperimen
The variables in the experimern
P embole hubah

.dalan e ksper imen list of apparatus and materials. The

Setnroiradw danbahan
The rrangerrent of the apptratus. Susunsn radas.

(v)

The procedrne ofthe experiment which should include one method of controlliqg rhe ualripulated yariable: and onc nethod of measuring the responding variable. Prosedur ebperimen yqng mestt tennailk sotu kae dah mengmt eI penbolehubah dimanipulasifun dst satu ksedak menguhtr pembolehubah be,rgerakbalas.

(vi)
(vii)

The way to tabulate the data

Cwa mtuk me4jo&ulk*n data


The way to analpe the data

Caraqntukeengryslisis

data.

[l0 marks I ntarkaril

ustB

SI,LIT

St]LIT

t2

4s31/3

Diagram 4.l shows shed A lighted up by a lamp connected to a battery using a short cormecting wire. Rnjsh 4.1 menurfukknn pandok A disinari oleh tarnpw yang.disambung wryar pefiyambung yang pen eh
lse

bateri oleh

Diagraln 4.2 shows shed B lighted up by a lamp connected to a battery using a long connecting wire.
Rajah 4,2 menwjukkan pondokB disinqri oleh lampu yang disambung ke bateri oleh waynr penyambung yang pani ang.
Shed

Pondok A

Shod B PandokB

Connecting wire Waywpenyambung

Connectingwire
Wayw penyarstbang

Diagram 4.1 / Raiah4,l


Based on the infom,ration and observation;

Diqgram 4.2 / Raiah*A

Berds*wfun WWumat dan pemerhotian itu:

(a) State one suitable inference.


Nyatalean satw i4ferens yeng sesuai,

I I

mrk lmnkald

(t) (c)

State one suitable hypothesis.

Nyatalun satu hipotesis yong sesuai.

mark lmarkahl

Wifh,the we of apparatus such as an ammeter, constantan wire and other apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4O)'
Dengan nenggunakan radas seperti &mmetel, dau,ai korctantan dan radas lain teraigfon satu eksp*imen untuknenyiasot hipotesis yang dirryatakan di 4Q).

443113

SULIT

ST

LIT

t3
In your description, state clearly the following; Dalart penerangan anda, nyatalnn dengan jelas perkara berikut:

dS3tB

(i) (i0 (ii|


(iv)

The aim ofthe experiment. Tujuan e*sperimen.


The variables in the experiment.
P emb ol e hub ah dal am e ksper

imen

The list ofapparatus and materials.

Senarai radas dan bahan.


The amangernent ofthe apparatus. Susunan radas.

(v)

The procedure of the e4periment which should include one method of conkolling the manipulated variable and one method of mexuring the responding vaiable. Pr,asedw etsperimen yang mesti termasuk satu traedah mengawal penbolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah menguhtr pembalehubah bergerak,bal*.

(vi)
(vii)

The uray tctabulare the data.


C ara untuh menj aduollmn

data

The llay to analyse the data.

cara untuk menganalisis data.

[10 marks / nnrkah!

END OF QLESTION PArER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

uu/s

SULIT

_1 ,

,,-,'_F.._"@

4,

MAJTIS PENGETUA
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL

AMAI\I
:

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2OII

PHVSICS
PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN
Kertas
1

,"

!l

i
:
a:

irr

Peraturan pemarkahan
ii,

ini mengalrdungi 2 halaman bercetak

i
;:
1

I
2 J

4
5

6
7
8

A B B D B A

26 27 28 29 30
31

B B

A
B D

A
B C B C D A C D C B

32
33

A A
C

34
35

l0

u
T2 13

l4
15

36 37 38 39 40
41

A
C C

A
C C

l6
17 18
T9

42
43

A D

20

c
D

2t
22
23

A
B
U

44 45 46 47 48

B D

A
D B
B

24
25

49 50

D D

:.: t f

. .:':

': ,.t ::

j::r

-r

. .

MAJLIS PENGETUA ^-:-;, SEKOLAII MENENGAH NEGERI KEDAH DARULAMAN

..

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAhI SPM 2OII

. :

PHYSICS
i'l'. ': , : .1 ':,..
l

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN
Kertas 2

1:

l :

i
! i

,,:.

:i

,,
t l j
ri

Peraturan pemarkahan

ini mengandungi

t halaman bercetak

l I

t,
?

".

SECTION A
NO.
1(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
State the physical quantity correctly

M ARK
SUB

'l'o't'Al,

temperature

(b)

State the reason correctlY

heat is transferred

(c)

State the situation correctlY

(d)

Name the situation correctlY thermal equilibrium

2(a)

(i)

Underline the word correctlY - primary


State the type of transformer correctly step-down(transformer) State the ratio correctlY

(ii)

(b)

(i)

(ii)

240

t2

,2o:r,20
I I
5

Correct expression - I x240 =15 Correct answer and correct unit - 0.062s A /i 0.063 A

3(a)

(i)

State the mass correctly 0.8 kg State the apparent loss in weight correctly

(b)

2.0N

(ii)

State the reason correctlY buoyant force llupthrust (acts on the metal block)

(c)

Underline the correct words equal to

(d)

Correct expression

I I
6

- Vx1000xl0=2
Correct answer and correct unit

0.0002 m3

NO.
4(a)

MARIflNG CRITERIA
Name the transistor correctly - npn (transistor)

SUB I

MARK TOTAL

(b)

(i)

State the change correctly

increases 2

(ii)

State the explanation correctlY - p.d. across P decreases ll p.d. auoss S increases - collector current is switched on

(c)

Correct expression

(d)

( to ')xo=z [10 + P/
20ko
I
7

Correct answer and correct unit

State the explanation correctl! A large current flows through the air conditioner // The p.d. across the air conditioner is high

s(a)

State the meaning correctly - region around a magnet or current-carrying conductor where magnetic forces can be detected

(b)

(i)

Draw the magnetic field correctlY - correct pattern with at least 5 lines of force

correct direction labelled

(ii)

- X:North//N - Y:South//S

State the polarity correctly

(c)

(i)

Compare the number of turns correctly - Coil in Diagram 5.4 has more turns
l

(ii)

Compare the induced currentt correctly - Current in Diagram 5,4 is bigger than in Diagram 5.3

(iii) State the relationship correctlY

The bigger the number of turns, the bigger the induced current
I

(d)

State the factor correctlY Speed of the magnet // Strength of the magnet

NO.
6(a)

MARKING CRITERIA (i)


Correct expression

MARK
SUB
2

'ro'rAt,

- l.5l----:41.470

sin c
41.5"

Correct answer

ll

ll 4l'
1

(ii)

State the value correctlY


450

(iii) State the comparison correctlY

- c<i
(iv) Draw the ray correctlY
I

(b)

Draw the reflected raY


I

(i) Name the phenomenon correctlY

total internal reflection


I

(ii)

State the two conditions correctly - light travels from a denser medium towards a less dense medium - angle of incidence > critical angle

(c)

Draw the ray correctly

I
I

7(a)

at least two total internal reflections

State the meaning correctlY the capacity to do work

(b)

Correct expression

'x - ) 0.049x202
Correct answer - 9.8J
(c) State the transformation correctly - Kinetic energy ---+ potential energy
---+

kinetic energy
2

(d)

State a suitable suggestion and reason - bigger force - ball has more kinetic energy / momentum State a suitable suggestion and reason - use aheavier golfclub ll raise the golfclub higher

I atabigger

(e)

angle

more energy is transferred to the golf ball


10

State the correct factor - angle of projection ll any suitable factor not mentioned above

NO.
8(a)

MARKING CRITERIA (i) (ii)


State the phenomenon correctlY reflection

SUB

MARK TOTAL

State the phenomenon correctlY refraction

(b)

(i)

Correct expression - t.2 - 0.4 Correct answer - 0.8s Correct match between thickness and time taken - 2T with 0.8 s ll T with 0.4 s Correct expression - 2T:1500 x 0.8 ll Z:1500 x 0.4 Correct answer - 600m

I
1

(ii)

I I

(c)

(i)

State the correct suitability arid reason high


can penefrate the earth and

oil // less loss of energy


2

(ii)

State the correct suitability and reason high


stronger signat

will

be received

(d)

State the correct type of wave

t2

SECTION B
NO
9(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
State the meaning correctlY - Degree of hotness

MARK TOTAL SUB


I

(b)

(i)

Name the physical quantity correctly - Latent heat offusion

I
2

(ii)

Exptain the concept correctly in beaker A

Heat is used to break the bonds between ice molecules // weaken the forces of attraction between molecules Kinetic energy of the ice molecules remains unchanged
2
4

Explain the concept correctly in beaker B - Heat is used to increase the kinetic energy of the water molecules - Temperature depends on kinetic energy
(c) State the specific heat capacity with the heat correctly - Substance with higher specific heat capacity requires more heat to

of 1 oC State the specific heat capacity with the temperature change correctly
change the temperature

The higher the specific heat capacity, the smaller the temperature
change
I

Compare the specific heat capacity of iron and wood correctly - Specific heat capacity of wood is higher/vice versa Give the explanation correctly - If the amount of heat absorb is the same, the change in temperature for wood is smaller / vice versa
(d) State aspect of specific heat capacity of the wok correctly

I I

low

State reason for aspect ofspecific heat capacity ofthe wok

correctly
can heat up faster/temperature increase faster I

State aspect of thermal conductivity of the wok correctly - high State reason for aspect of thermal conductivity of the wok

correctly

can conduct heat faster

State aspect of melting of the wok correctly - high State reason for material for the wok correctly - can withstand high temperature State aspect of specific heat capacity of the oil correctly

I
1

I
1

low

State reason for aspect ofspecific heat capacity ofthe oil

correctly
heat up faster
1

State aspect of boiling point of oil correctly - high State reason for boiling point of oil correctly - it will not change to vapour easily

t0

,0

NO
10(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
(i)
State the reason correctly - To show the pattern of the electric field
Suggest the aspect - Rectangular

SUB
I I I I

MARK TOTAL

(ii)

ofthe shape ofthe electrode correctly

Give the reason correctly - To produce parallel electric field Suggest the size of the electrode correctly - Bigger Give the reason correctly - To produce a stronger electric field Suggest the distance between the electrodes correctly - Closer Give the reason correctly - Electric field will be stronger Suggest the magnitude of the power supply correctly

I
1

I
I

Higher Give the reason correctly - To produce a stronger electric field lmagnitude of the electric field depends on the voltage / potential difference across the
plate Suggest the size of the grain correctly - smaller / smaller mass

I I I

Give the reason correctly

l0

(b)

Can move faster

Compare the brightness of the bulbs correctly - The bulb in Circuit A is dimmer / vice versa Compare the thickness of the connecting wire correctly - The connecting wire in Circuit A is thinner / vice versa Relate the brightness of the bulb and the current correctly - The higher the current, the brighter the bulb / vice versa Relate the current and the resistance of the wire correctly - The higher the current, the lower the resistance / vice versa State the relationship between the thickness of the connecting wire and resistance correctlY - The thicker the wire, the smaller the resistance / vice versa

I I I

(c)

(i)

(ii)

State the reason correctly - No, because the graph is not a straight line State the answer to the resistance correctly - The resistance of the filament increases R.elate 'fhe ternperature and the current correctly - Tlie higher ihe current, the higher the temperature of the filament bultr Relate the resistance of the filament and the gradient of the

I I
I

graph correctly - As the current increases, the gradient of the graph / the ratio of the voltage and current increases State the relationship between resistance and gradient of the graph correctly - Resistance is the gradient of the graph [Anv 4 marksl

20

SECTION C
NO
11(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
State the meaning correctlY

SUB
1

MARK TOTAI,

(i)

(b)

Force exerted per unit area Explain why air pressure increases when more air is pumped in correctly - The number of molecules per unit volume increases - The number of collisions per unit time increases / rate of

(ii)

collisions increases Explain why air pressure increases when the car has completed a long journey correctly The temperature of the air molecules increases, the kinetic energy of the air molecules increases The force exerted on the tyre increases

(c)

(i)

Give the correct value of difference in pressure with unit correctly


55 000 Pa

(ii)

Correct substitution for force

l':

55000 x 0.0025
I
2

State the answer with unit correctly


137.5 N

(iii) Correct substitution for


137.5
10

mass

/,

State the answer with unit correctly 13.75 kg (d) State the choice and reason of pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed down correctly

l+l

I 2

low
to produce higher difference in pressure

3 4

State the choice and reason of diameter of cup correctly

l+1

big
I +
I

to produce higher force acting on the cup State the choice and reason of seal lining correctly 5 rubber 6 canbe compressed I air tight I good contact State the choice and reason of number of cups correctly

7 8

triple to create higher force ll to lift a bigger piece ofglass State most suitable glass lifter and justification correctly

l+l

t0

9Y l0 Low pressure in cup after hinged lever is pressed


diameter of cup, rubber seal lining and triple cups

down, big
20

NO.

MARKING CRITERIA
State the meaning correctly

MARK TOTAL SUB


I
I

t2(a)

Unstable isotope 4

(b)

State the explanation correctly - When the water level is high, radioactive rays pass through the water - Water absorbs part of the radiation - Detector shows reading decreases - Detector activates the outlet valve conffoller to open the outlet valve State the suitable initial activity and reason correctly

(c)

l+l
1+1

I 2

High

3 4

Much higher than the background radiation State the suitable radioactive emission and reason correctly
Beta

High penetrating power and less dangerous to the user State the suitable halfJife and reason correctly 5 Long 6 Can last longer / no need to change often State the suitable physicat state and reason correctly

l+l
1+1

7 8

High Always in solid state which is easier to handle State most suitable choice of radioisotope and justification correctly 9 R lllron-60 l0 High initial activity, emission of beta particle with long halflife, and changes from solid to liquid at 1538 "C.
(d)
(D

l+l

t0

State the number of neutrons correctly

83-3s

ll48
I
I

(ii)

State the element produced correctly

(iii)
(iiD

krypton State the decay equation correctly

!3Br-+ 5?**_?.
Siate the number of

hatflife correctly

ll 4 ll 4decays by showing 4 arrows in the substitution 2.4 Correct answer with unit

2!

24 counts per

minute

20

ll

MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOIIATIMI]\TENAII .' . :J:' :::i.:' .': NEGERI KEDAII DARUL ^A'MAN .' '
: .. .: t ..,

:;.

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAI{ SPM 2OII

nr.r-rzclT-rcr PHYSICS

,.,:

,:i:i.;i,; ) ,,,

']

',,

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

i i 'trCgrtas3,''
1 . ..a :,

'' '',
'.. :

I.':
' :

.l

Peraturari pernarkahan ini mengandrmgi 5 halaman bereetak

SECTION A
NO
1(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
(D

SUB
l

MARK TOTAI,
1

Able to state the manipulated variable

-masslm
(iD

Able to state the responding variable - diameter I d Able to state a constant variable - height i/ density ll material of cylinder Able to read the value of d All 5 readings of d correct: 3.64, 3 or 4 correct Consistency to 2 decimal places
5.1 5, 6.31, 7 .29, 8.15

(iii)
(b)

(i)

I
I
2

(ii)

Able to calculate the value of d "53.14, 66.42 4 or 5 corre ct: 13.25, 26.52, 39.82, Consistency in 1,2, or 3 decimal places Able to tabulate m, d, und d2 Tick (r') based on the following aspects:

(c)

A o B o

Quantities m, d andd2 shown in heading Units g. rrult and mm2 shown in heading nlts afl(l rrurl

mls.
5

d lmm
3.64
5.15 6.31

d'l

mm'

13.2s

10
15

26.s2
39.82

20
25

7.29
8.15

s3.14
66.42

(d)

Able to draw a complete graph of d' rgtinst m Tick r' based on the following aspects:

A B C D

r . o .

Show d2 onY-axis and m on the X-axis State the units of the variables correctly Both axes are marked with uniform scale

E r F o
Score
:

fNote : 3 to 4 points plotted correctly : /] Best straight line is drawn Show the minimum size of graph at least 5 x 4 (2 cmxZ cm) square (counted from the origin until furthest point)
Number
5-6

All five points are plotted correctly

of

Score
5

7r' r'

3-4

4
-l

2,/ l,/
(e)

2
I

Able to state the correct retationship between d2 and m 2 d is directly proportionalto m

l6

NO
2(a)

MARKING CRITERIA
(i)
Able to state the relationship between u and
u increases linearly with
1

SUB

MARK TOTAL
I

M
I

(ii)

Able to show the method to read value of z I '

- Calculate

2.5

=0.4

(b)

Show the intrapolation line ftom


State the value of u

(i)

(ii)

5 cm(within tange 20.5 Able to show the method to read value of/ - Draw the extrapolation line to the z-axis - State the value of 7:14.t " Able to calculate the gradient of the graph - Draw a sufficiently large triangle I 3 x 3 - Correct substitution (Follow candidate's triangle)
20.7

= 0.4 to the a-axis

I I
I I
I
J

- 2l'0 cm)

Saruple attswer :

25.5 # -14.5 // corresponding values

0.7-0

Answer witliour unit


15.7 (within range 15.5

15.9) and state the value

(iii) Able to calculate the average value of f


correctly - Correct expression 14.5 +15.7
2
:

(c)

- Accept error carried forward (e.c.f.) (b)(i) and - Answer with correct unit 15.1 cm (rvithin range 15.0 - 15.2) Able to state one correct precaution

(bxii)
I
2

Sample answer Carry out the experirnent in a darkened room so that the image can be seen clearly - Position of the eyes must be directly above the scale of the metre

rule to avoid parallax enor Repeat the experiment and take the average reading

t2 SECTION B
MARKING CRITERIA

3 (a)

Abte to state a suitable inference


Sample answe-t The temperature of a gas affects its volume // The volume of a gas depends on its temperature

AbIe to state a suitable hypothesis


Samnle answer The higher the temperature of a gas, the bigger the volume of the gas

(c)

Abte to describe a complete experimental framework

(i)

Sample answer State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the temperature of a gas and

its volume

(ii)

State the manioulated variable and the responding variable

Manipulatedvariable :temperature
Responding variable Constant variable
: volume lllength : mass // pressure

I
of air column
1

State the complete list of apparatus and materialS Glass tube, ruler, beaker, thermometer, tripod st;rnd,

wire

ga:uze'

bunsen burner, water, ice, sulphuric acid

(iv)

Draw a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

(u)

State the method to control the manipulated variable oC The water is heated slowly until it reaches a temperature of 20 State the method to measure the rqsponding variable The length of the air column is taken and recorded. Reoeat the exneriment at least four times oC, oC, 40 The above steps are repeated for temperatures of 30 oc,60 oc 50

(vi)

State how the data is tabulated

Temoerature /
20 30

oC

Leneth / cm

40
50 60

(vii)

State how the data is analysed Plot a graph of length of air column against temperature of the air.

il
Max. l0

MARKING CRITERIA

4 (a)

Able to state a suitable inference


Samole answer The length of a wire affects the current in the wire // The length of a wire affects the resistance of the wire ll The length of the wire affects the brightness of the bulb

(b)

Able to state a suitable hypothesis


Sample answer The longer the length of a wire, the smaller the current in the wire

(c)

AbIe to describe a complete experimental framework


Sample answer State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the length of a wire dnd the current in the wire

(ii)

State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : length : current Responding

variable

Constant variable

: diameter of wire

Constantan wire, metre rule, ammeter, battery, connecting wires

State the-c-ogrp-Lete -liCt QfAppalatus-qld-lSatguab

(iv)

Draw a functionabie arrangement of the apparatus

Sliding contact // Crocodile cliP

k_
(v)

__4
:

Constantan wire

State the rnethod of controlling the rnanipulated variable

The circuit was set up with length, L

20.0 cm of constantan wire

State the method of measuring the responding variable Ttre current, /, was measured with an ammeter.

Repeat the experiment at leasi four times The procedure was repeated with values of , L 50,0 cm and 50.0 cm

:30.0

cm, 40'0 cm,

(vii) l-abulale the data


Length, L I cm
24.0

Current, 1/ A

30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0


State how dat-aiC aual$gd A graph of 1 against,L is drawn

ll
Max.l0

*Accept description of experiment for other relevant pairs of variables : rcs!sfanceJengtho brightness-length Note : Length -r Resistance --- Current -+ Brightness