Cloud computing

Cloud computing logical diagram

Cloud computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network (typically the Internet). Cloud computing provides computation, software, data access, and storage services that do not require end-user knowledge of the physical location and configuration of the system that delivers the services. Parallels to this concept can be drawn with the electricity grid, wherein end-users consume power without needing to understand the component devices or infrastructure required to provide the service. The concept of cloud computing fills a perpetual need of IT: a way to increase capacity or add capabilities on the fly without investing in new infrastructure, training new personnel, or licensing new software. Cloud computing encompasses any subscription-based or pay-per-use service that, in real time over the Internet, extends IT's existing capabilities.[citation needed] Cloud computing describes a new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.[1][2] It is a byproduct and consequence of the ease-of-access to remote computing sites provided by the Internet.[3] This may take the form of web-based tools or applications that users can access and use through a web browser as if the programs were installed locally on their own computers.[4] Cloud computing providers deliver applications via the internet, which are accessed from a web browser, while the business software and data are stored on servers at a remote location. In some cases, legacy applications (line of business applications that until now have been prevalent

.[9] • Utility computing — The "packaging of computing resources. entire business applications have been coded using web-based technologies such as AJAX. while the computing resources are consolidated at a remote data center location. the list goes on. such as computation and storage.. UNIX. whereby a 'super and virtual computer' is composed of a cluster of networked. • Service-oriented computing – software-as-a-service. with participants being at the same time both suppliers and consumers of resources (in contrast to the traditional client–server model). but specific terms are less often negotiated by smaller companies. Most cloud computing infrastructures consist of services delivered through shared data-centers and appearing as a single point of access for consumers' computing needs. typically bulk data processing such as census. enterprise resource planning. IBM i-Series machines.[5][6] [edit] Comparison Cloud computing shares characteristics with: • Autonomic computing — Computer systems capable of self-management. loosely coupled computers acting in concert to perform very large tasks.[7] • Client–server model — Client–server computing refers broadly to any distributed application that distinguishes between service providers (servers) and service requesters (clients)." • Mainframe computer — Powerful computers used mainly by large organizations for critical applications. as a metered service similar to a traditional public thin client Windows computing) are delivered via a screen-sharing technology. Patrol can be deployed to monitor DB2 databases. Commercial offerings may be required to meet service-level agreements (SLAs). and financial transaction processing. . industry and consumer statistics. Local or Wide Area Networks .[8] • Grid computing — "A form of distributed and parallel computing.[11] What is BMC Patrol? BMC Patrol is industry-leading minitoring software used to monitor mulitple IT environments and components from a single window."[10] • Peer-to-peer — Distributed architecture without the need for central coordination. such as electricity. Linux and Windows servers. in other cases.