Cloud computing

Cloud computing logical diagram

Cloud computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network (typically the Internet). Cloud computing provides computation, software, data access, and storage services that do not require end-user knowledge of the physical location and configuration of the system that delivers the services. Parallels to this concept can be drawn with the electricity grid, wherein end-users consume power without needing to understand the component devices or infrastructure required to provide the service. The concept of cloud computing fills a perpetual need of IT: a way to increase capacity or add capabilities on the fly without investing in new infrastructure, training new personnel, or licensing new software. Cloud computing encompasses any subscription-based or pay-per-use service that, in real time over the Internet, extends IT's existing capabilities.[citation needed] Cloud computing describes a new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.[1][2] It is a byproduct and consequence of the ease-of-access to remote computing sites provided by the Internet.[3] This may take the form of web-based tools or applications that users can access and use through a web browser as if the programs were installed locally on their own computers.[4] Cloud computing providers deliver applications via the internet, which are accessed from a web browser, while the business software and data are stored on servers at a remote location. In some cases, legacy applications (line of business applications that until now have been prevalent

typically bulk data processing such as census. such as computation and storage. Linux and Windows servers.[5][6] [edit] Comparison Cloud computing shares characteristics with: • Autonomic computing — Computer systems capable of self-management. Most cloud computing infrastructures consist of services delivered through shared data-centers and appearing as a single point of access for consumers' computing needs.[8] • Grid computing — "A form of distributed and parallel computing.[9] • Utility computing — The "packaging of computing resources. whereby a 'super and virtual computer' is composed of a cluster of networked. loosely coupled computers acting in concert to perform very large tasks. . Patrol can be deployed to monitor DB2 databases..[11] What is BMC Patrol? BMC Patrol is industry-leading minitoring software used to monitor mulitple IT environments and components from a single window. the list goes on. • Service-oriented computing – software-as-a-service. entire business applications have been coded using web-based technologies such as AJAX. and financial transaction processing. in other cases. but specific terms are less often negotiated by smaller companies. with participants being at the same time both suppliers and consumers of resources (in contrast to the traditional client–server model). UNIX. while the computing resources are consolidated at a remote data center location.. Local or Wide Area Networks . Commercial offerings may be required to meet service-level agreements (SLAs). IBM i-Series machines. as a metered service similar to a traditional public utility. industry and consumer statistics."[10] • Peer-to-peer — Distributed architecture without the need for central coordination.[7] • Client–server model — Client–server computing refers broadly to any distributed application that distinguishes between service providers (servers) and service requesters (clients). enterprise resource planning." • Mainframe computer — Powerful computers used mainly by large organizations for critical applications.. such as thin client Windows computing) are delivered via a screen-sharing technology.