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APPENDXA

3 Tnandd tihft vdre CrLu


.1 PRuti@ry pdndpLs 5 Tdic vapour dcie.tld.nd Al IMO Cod. R.quiEndb F'3hil prctibk cquipndl

: H@ io @gn&. Fdroin'g 3 Ficr.id.na tuihE.e 4 Emgart hl'Errrcrdiry 1"4 Eo.rg.fty S.idul6 (EDs)

lo *F @Eof .xptu

95

TOXIC PRODUCTS

Thistryfltlt drltib6 tlc ututz al tarnitlt in thehnnb, ondindmts htu toabid or lihit .tnfurc oldtun bE b th,n 4fuh rt rt{ bti4tv ooti"s !|ip d6ist ltdw6 ana?qnpn?nti"td,1t,lb r.hn. p,oxdtot t\hert taf"d titi.. d tatwnt in ttu 4,1 otttidukt .rwn E r"ddtn. Th, app.ndit dlpsmt kwt alL.hei'ntnnt an qJeth.wal t'ntu pmtk i, ,t '.orkifl.d

ableb c,u$ cirh{ hrm b humanh6lrh, Fious iniu^,or dth Toxi. m@nsthc *mc nspoisonoB. Toiicity is an inrinsic proFdy or a.hennaL which mu l]amor n ditu, :nd ie efiid i3 a tundion of ex@fte rn sne crs,.orr rbpotue ro ib erf(b afrer erpGur .'n dininish ns .onsequa*. rnerc rF rhR mnnon waysrhat: .argo canb bxi.r swanowed(orrr roxic y), absodd rhtuu8hrhe skin, cy6 d mucos mebbrancs(deml bxicity) or inn mkt (inhalati.n rni.,iv) A .hemnar may b biic by moF dun mc ot rhe bukr roi cxanpre,bnc \lpoun ,nd nisb aft{r prcptc m6r via rhe apnab.y sysLn bui ihey cm alsobe,bso6ed rhrush rh. srin. Thesm ler rh quanriry(or de) of the suSshnc ihar is requied b ham hhh, ihe mop b( a subshnc is. rn $me cass rhe r.!ic efret ot a cheni.al ce b..tunbrd bv dominLFn13dlhd,,N.blr m6r,,q ln. t:,rd r J{ bedo'dd o! rcp r;eo. 'n proar\p. o' n r3 r.,cr nlsdpp" atu"4ndvcnrit i'o' p'rpd nF I'i, L b lvFpGuF b the chmical or il cxposup is rdu.ed b sarers cls, rherecanbe no bri. frrr. ln tanler opratim, snra.i wnh a hquid or inlulabon of a vap.rr a dr n$i l*cly foms ol exposuF rn 3.nRL propr pr.edoEs and prcper u? of peEonarprorRtive equipndr wir prtvdr etArurc rnd ihus rhe dr(6 af bxn y.

Ton ilv d

be a.!rq sub a.ut and .hmni..

Asrbsbn.ehasaorroxicityif asnrgleapdrft is rfi.ientbcau-hamalno* imdiahly. sub*anc shnonly calledponms haverrrem acurbi.iry. A slb.bn e w h suEaoh bxicity dbprays ib en{h afhr a puMn hashad repeabd erFosor b d.s too shall b cau* m .rure .ffet. Exrmplesarc alleic ensitisa, whi.h indu.e rcachoB io oiher strbsbn Astbshcehaschldi.toxicity if ib elfecb .pp.ar rlrer a priod dms io ros b caue anya.ureeffd Ebmpre.aE.amrcsms tflthgas and muia8ens(shich Ar3 Tht6hotd utre trLv) tint A thftshold linii $tue r.!, givd tub8iare n lhe ]ruinum .omnhtim ol ib lapor in an b which it is brieed Lhar wirhour ff.rins Fa:dmr mayh. eiFEd unds.dah dmtubnc advft efhrs. vrnous Sovemnmbl b.di6 publish lws. Ihe shoJd n t b eearded 35L\e

97

abelub dividinA lim btuen ef and h:zrdos ondiii(m It is goodolEnting pndi.e ro lep,ll vipod st1sb,ri.6 60, dininm ,nd a st tuin blow dE Tlv fie bn krom list of TLV5 is isued by the Amsi.an Council of Covmnmtal Indlsbial Hy3i6isb (ACCIH). The !al@,re qdar.d .mually in the light or lw knowlcd8s $ it n imponanr b Ftur b rherakr edfiim. rre AccrH def@ rh@ careaorie or Trvsl . Tlv - TwA Gihe weighed aver.E): rh. .ftdhihon of vapour i. aft whrh m.y br ror an i3ht hoLr .tay or a0hori wr rhsr8nod a pe6m's workine lire. ery.rio@d rlv vap.rr in aii srEL (shod rem Exp6m Limii)r ihe maxinnm q@nhii.n.f allowablefn a pnod of up b ]s minurs, pmvided that thep aF nor noF rhm four exposub pe. diy ,nd it leai.ne h.ur bcklt. 6ch li is alu)3 sf! tlun th Twa ft h n.t givs tor all !ap.r6. TI-V - C (Ccilins)ran rbsolute maxihum wh(h shouldruve. b exded.li is sivm mly ror rasia.tins slbsbn@s. rhis is the hh6r or the $ie !al!6 60ra sivo slbst ne. pnn tpht

A.r.4 tu.alti.nry

conraimeni is rhefiret objRtiv when any rori. subdamA arehandled,by ma*ing surc ihar ihey shy msde th. crrso synen Fnginenns rnd ship dsian featorus will prcvide a *o( Ird'eEisnoerposue theft isndbiicirydrig6,how$erh:7:rd.usthe stirrgespre .henical.anbe.kakageofliquidor rcl.aeolvipourmnstbprcvend by repinA rhe ..rso synen .1@d unb$ n is ,bsolubly unavoid,ble ro opd i However,$me operationsin vibbly involvc opmiry ih. sy$cm; for exanpl, dis.onNhng . hR trcm thc shjp's man,toldJtt. htnstu! of.iiso Alihoush (his is should br rgarded asNnp,rabie hoopningrp a cao line elsewhee on dEIe and operdoB nusr weai rheneesry p.Mnal pmidive equipmmt A | 5 Tti. Mptut de{han r t ptaomt pmirdiu stripntnt Mo$ .hemi..l rapouE aE hrvier th.n a' and end b no* ,1..9 the d6k rd ,ccumlah h mples should low spob, tor exrmple brld punpi)m llmr plates.TheFroreahcph* alwaysbe hka in su.h low poinb whF concobarions rR likcly io bc hi8hc$. vapour derRtion is covredin stjm t 3 rn,rr ful.h.a.,n.ua . hom bJ pq- m"L $hel r, F if pondnr . iNpedina pipelincsJnd nachinery lor leaks, . dealmswith a..idenlal leakr and spillaee, . .onndinSand di{onnsringhlrsand ld,ring.rm; . iarj$ urhsesand s.mpl{s fron bnle (whetor*nded 3au3i.3 is peiniffd), . enftrin8 flclGtd spr.F iu.h asprmprmff, .o{terdans and iaks . opningup pumps rnd lluiPment (mls cadified 8asfree).

PeF.i:| prdRhon is!.\emd'nthapFrc.

The IBC Codesp.ifie waysio linii *pcuF behE hmdled, or durins caria8t ar $a.

ot ptMnnel ro biic vapou^ Nhil .a$o is

issionsby .mbollins how car8. vaPor6 are b be vPnted or fttumd b shoF, .nd how tanr ontdrs ap b be 3,u3d Virruatty aUioxi. .a$6 rcquirc clo-,i or rshi.6t bnr gaugs to prevenraes bcing drposedro lnsate Se6nd, it spdfics vmtiiarim oI wor*ing spe su.h aspunPens, tquiG .airy equipmentro dcrRi vrpouB, rcquias th pDvnim .r pe6mal Peiive Lhe shiPb equiPmot

98

and,ro tuue rhrt bxr rapoE ae dilured b sre oNentations b.60rt rhey..n rcach a..ommddatun are,s, r4uics that tank rcni svsrem ouilds are lmhd at, satudisb@ $fe disianc sp<ilied depndon dE evFity df rh. bnc haz.rd.) Gn. Thnd, ir jdoes the likelihood of addmtal overnow spils by spRirying $ar an ituelrr roric prudu.b .nd i[ are4n ssni*B aF 6 be .amed h hnk eguipped audiblehiSh l.v.l .l.rm (HLA) Tads .ediried 6oi oE n$t seveEly aoF bxk prcducb m,s havea ftrther ovelnn sntul sysftm (R sdion I.a). Finrlly, t spc.fies that car3opiping, in lLdiry pumps,a.d vnhns sysrns ol bnlc carrying roxi. !:es aE b bd *pahbd frcm thor .ontaining odrrpbduh, b pevdr,ny lokrgc ciusing ioxic conranimiim of nm b* producb and subsqunr exposureof peconnel is a.hjevedon many .hehical rankeGby havin8*paHre plnps, pip.li6 rnd vflb so rh* rartaation is a.hi4ed by dA*n, and on shipswirh commonpiplinesyshm by rhe dgi@nn8 principle of eo physi..l sropsisu.h ,s sp4racte prie6 o! a rnovable spml pi@ &d brank nang$ valvc31 d pa.rinS n the surce of dany smrl La*s. ip orRi pa.rinS maredaltur the chehical b.jn8 caried shoul,l rlwats b r*d, ,id the slan& .odl/ riahrmd. The rBc code pbhibiG sowaSeor n.* rxic produds adiacnr oir tuel ranks. ro

The .onbusdon or many oiheNis noniori. chemi.ab nay pod(. bxic subn nG suchas dq fun$ or hydrNhlori. acid, hydr%m cyanide,nd nitugcn o\id6. Tne my bep'st ar$ne distane tion the lir and may hrve no S.lI{onbined breathinaappdaB shdld b. us.d when dalins wiih ctumical liG. Tne nain da.8d froh tume innahrion is asphyxi' PM,mr afte.led by tun6 shourdbc Fnovd mpidly b a kesh ahspher, givm ory3en .nd rha hred app'opda!.ty as

Theeo fundandbl 3dd6 for rcdical fi^r ad on brd shiF, which 8iv advie on ddhe wior dpcup b bxic c'a, .F $e Inhmtimr Mednal cuide fo. fip. (IMcs) ud rh MdicalFid! Aid Guid for Us in A.cidenb hvolviry Dmgetff c,r.ds (i/{IAc). sodl ae publishdioindy by n o, [o (lhe rnEmh@t trbour orsaniahon) md wHo (dE wodd Helrh o.gai'jzhm). Trp ll,{cs giv6 gddae 6 .()lmo illnffi dd is nd rlely Mamd wih chenical addenb. Tn? MIAC is $pple'lHbry b *F rMGs and Mbic advie ror Roanisin3 ad rrine chemrar poiMing, w*hin rt linib ot dF t{il i6 'Ihe gndal ruh n ihat it, during $e handlhg ot cheniott, any ptu shds sympbms rh.r sug86t poisinS. thy shodd b tured in amrdmce with dE MFAG a.d !d by , do.td rs tun as p!,ch.able Medical adyie shouldb eusht by radio while s m,y al$ b aeairable r6m anorhershD wih , ddor d bdrd. A r2 H b h dq?,..p i,rurJ

Sechma ot lh MFAG givesdiRiioN on how ro Ro3nie the gmdrl sympbN or poi$nms NoE that they my nor .ppar lor $m rime athr xpGuE ro rhchenical. sympbns b b aled b ae h6dach6, tuIe and vonnin& ds,sins, .hang6 'lluF-led s, onv'nsioc, or pain. Il ine patiat h,s r rapid brt w.:l puLe, a grysh blue olour of th. slin, sep bParhry difficutry or En.itr un.oNi'[ toru pblonaed penod,evse p.isming mld be srspded

^11

Fn4 aiddnd futh.t er A ri^i aider is mt jrsr a peen piin good,iu, but: pMn wiih rainiry MFAG setion 5 outlinesinmdiaie li6r aid, i.e. heahent lor finor.asuar66. or b cn$L a vicrin ro b movedso dEi flrdEr rdrheni .an badninisrPd. the key pnoriri$ ro rmcmber l hm FadinS ro a .asu,rry 3r: . md for herPa.d frorm the msbl . . removethe lidin fron th. d.nsn or vi.e vereal u$ brainin8 apFa6rN ir rhde i! any suspKrm of toxic Sass or

'Il1esiS and synpr.re ofnird pobni$ usuanyrslvc rera few houF in the majoriry ol incidenb, padiculany ir the degr ot exposuF is small Holever, ita gFatu,ntunt b bkcn in, or ihe period or exp.suE is FolonSd d rhe.hmnJ is vdy bxn, symprom my peaisr ror nu.h lm.er, evd n)! ene davs Theparimt's ondihm nay onrin vap.!r, and sydda aItu ts may appear.Fimltt rhewaminS n giren rhat deaih nay (.u'
] 4 ^ Enqh.! nnndt addi4 ta th, to,k oltxls"t?

In Chaptrr 3 oI rhc MFAC, Senerar advi. .an b rtund d rhemery{.y rFainhr ro b. adminnEd a.odfg b rhc w.y ihe cheni.al hasdrered rhebody, fo. sample by skin or eye.onrad, i$esrian .r inhararion rf rhechemicalhasaft{rpd botn ine larb sh@ld 8erpdodry for arknrion. t nre .hem,carha3brq insesed, ft pariar sh.ltd mt be nade b $nit bc.au* rhevonir nat enrerrhe 6p;arory sysrem and add ro rh.

Appmpnah FachoN afterexposuF b $e btn .ar8c lnrd in rherMo cod6 aft Sivm by rabl6 in MFAG Chape.9. ]neF ae 12Ssup bbr6, brt five .hemicarscquiE rheir om siryle subsbn@tabl6, b(ruf they papanicular .ombimrions of bii. hurds (cirb.. disurphide,allyr al.ohol, bruenq a.rylamide ,nd bia.syt ph6phrk).

Tne Enegen.y Schedlre, are an apFnd* b th. IMDG code ad provide masks wi$ in os ol a.cidmb suchasspilhge or leak"geof oprarioml Suidrce is Siva in sdim 33. rn brGf, ir it n $fe ro do s, spilase should be couRd for sub*qu.ni dispNl, bui iJ theris any doubi, the spillage overb@id sith pl6ty of w.br bMus the stety of the cta ta*s priority over ponltiM

100

APPENDIXB

a,r
.2 Ptediory Prin.ipre .4 Balicor alr,lire eubobl .5 PM.r Prcte.riv qliPhot

.3 FiBr.idandtunher care En.ra.ng Sch.dur6 (Ens)

101

CORROSIVE SUBSTANCES

mis @di,dstib6 th.tutlt of @n6iw63it.rfliak,r i iiltslw k md u Lmil cp6un aJituMb.E k its 4Jtds. w! or,,in8 sh,pdaignlet 6 tnd.qth@tint.nM to thituptutdbn,tndptnia6 ad!tuon tetmt h th, Mt tniddhterp6u.. tlt appddit tl6 ,ot t p&t tLl th. 8lidrha o, srf. .htni&l tar*rt ptu tn6 .nhivd tn th. op?ntnml

Cotusjv subita.es dBtoy hunan ti$u on .oniad (.9.skin, ey6 in rhemourh and rherpiniory raco; metald other mardial Lcd r. ship oNhchd rlso b..oroded * an ex.esive rab.

can

rhe m6r omnon .omsive liquids ar rids a,d bas (ohlr,ld), and .an be orsanr or It m6t dangerow .otmives caR *ver bum ariera very shod rime.som 'noBantr n rft prenc ot warer,or pmdu.e .oncivc v.pour whm 8.r.7 P atti.tuty ptintiptts ce&in prorEtion a8ai.s dP adve Per$nnel should w6r suitableand .ompleE prcEdile clothins whm .otMive sub*ans mbc,ag\dndred qirhpdJ ur.tr,rhn'ioaronA pmF. non The ship itselr al$ neds proretid agajn*.on6jv6. Trl sfe snbinment ot onGive cac requnE the up or corGio dion or crSo ianrs and thehandlinssFtm,in.ludingcverrthmsth*iseven remohlyli*ly with ihe c,r8o. OF,toc ,nd crew nrsr unde6bnd rhedangeror.dosid to iom, ship ereh3v bn .rs or ships beinB dAtoyed aftd str.h

In .hdmnal Gms, an ,cid ie a bsh.e mtainin8 hydngd whi.h, when diselved in wab, b.om dismiahd and generars hydrcm ioB. In hid .oncmbations, mm/ inorsanic(or niner,l) ..ids pasivat. ni ld 6el rathd th.n odrltc it 8ut if th. add $ dilutt l by waer thd rapid corosion will r.ur. lhe mon .on6ivc oncmhabd aod .a'8e in lude n,h. ,.id, sulphuric acid, .hloosulphoni. a.id rd .hldoPnpimi. &id Fl]mn acid ed a.di. acid d al$ highly .omsive in MentatioN abd 90/. S.me acidsar calldfmiry rods beeue or a .harachnsfi. apFara*c as they gile otr .@nve a.id vapou6, dunng whih lar8 quantitiei oI acidi. lunes ar Seneratd. age A.idsc.nalehavcoiherdange6Nibi. acidis a p.rdtul oridisin8 never b trsdb sllRt spittedniti. acid or ottur didtins asenb Sulphunc .cid ,nd chloculphonic ..id 6d violstly with w'r.r, ine eaction Siva orr lalge amomh ot h.at whth.'us6dEwaldlob.jl,s.m dahage b rhebody aswell asth. acid bum ai ihe point ot onbct

l0l

chromsulphoni. acid,dicNobpnpioni. a.id, hydrehrori. acid and olem n bnc by inhalation;chlordnc ..id h bnc by lr36tion. Adi. a.id and aetic anhydndearc namhable Most orheracidsar. thenelvs non-fl.mn$le but, in FneBl, acidsFad widr ndals io evolvehydbq which is htNy na.dabL. s.me acids havea ret lilely hrsh fczing poini, and nccd to be heard ea h4poi Ioi prcvsi solidilicrion. Exanpls aF aeri. acid,.reun (who* frezinf, p concentntion)mdsupe.phosphorica.id. b

Basicoralkalinesub$bi.s arethwhrch.onbjn theoxidrile gbupo in wars, basn subsran.es dissi,ied and g6n:e oH, ds Basic eluriore .onrain su.h 3d ots- ions in hisher conenrGtim rhanpnrc wier For eranpre sdiuh hy,lrcxide (caustic sod:, NaOH) n a basn subst.n.e; dissolrcd in w*er ii gds dissiatd Comnon ino4ani. allnlb suchaspob$iun hydmxidc and $dium hy& to aruminim, zinc Salveisd (Rl and ne@ry s rhof makri.ls nar not b Fd in tne clao.onrrimr slsrn wh5 dryi.g suchchdicah. other oiiclve alkalisaF aliphahc :nd alicycl{ rnires, pyridines,edium sulphidcelurions and ammoniumslrphide $tu6mt he pnnary tuk or rhe*ondiry risk aftrltambiliiv. A.id and birc substan.es Fad to8etherio fom slh and wahr, orhn of heai. Foraampre sodiun hydroxide and surphuri. acid reacrro tom s.dim sulpharemd 81.5 Pnimt .lakdtu ?qtipnQrl As indrared, ihe p.incipal Fokhon i3 io avoid *pcuie by ab insiderhe .ff3o syshn H.e ever,pior&ti.n i! a15o ned..d is' in* rcc 'ready dorhesand ledher looeear pbvide no badid aSainsr corosie riquds Therefore suirable prot<tive equiphent must be worn I hen .onosivc liquids ar being handld, w i$ pani.llar PeDonalprohhve equipmenrG in lrmy in*anes thc only pracri.al meansof is.lati$ dp .rew fbm rhe .ao, padidl'dy h .mdgocy sibarion. Howevs., ir is nor a substfiuiefor sfe worriina pracric and oiRt operarional pdedur P.Mnnel nu* wea! adequae prd(tive dothins when openingequipntrr which may conrrin acids,lor exampr when uIaSinS and samprinS, onnRtinS and dislmtu3 h.*, opding sighhnspoft, workins in rhe mnitold aPa, enkrina prmptum and hk' investigaiin816 in.idaral sDilla!50n d(k crs sho,rd Reive rajniry n rhe prop.r e and mintun,nre of dr F$nir prorErive equipmentaboad their ship. A lull dddption of pesoml prortiv. equipmenrh conrained

The rBc and BcH cod6 spRify .etuin measoftswid\ ieaaid r. coNriudi.n and .quip6eni, inbdd ro ereuF saq lor FMnnel and shjp whs .arryiry a.ids Tr'ecodes rcqtriresRUr.onbinmeni or the 60 insidea 60 slsi G,or luny hed or coad wifi *ab mablial, or havins a sufhcFnt marymof excs mateial to allow for omsion

The Cod.s

acidshustnotbe.arndd TheCodesntrclthl@honin whi.h orBiesnavbeorned i. hnb wherc any bonndaryt rormedby rheshipk shll plaiing. The bnk type is speiried B.ae ons pad or rheship's sh.hre nay con inio conbci with a Esult ot r la*, nnr.senenb mun exist b d.ht a lerl ,nto spa rdjr@r to the crgo

104

systeh. Cdhl ot leak m dE co der h ako addE*d. Spmyshjeldsm rtqrnd 60r d8o mani6old.mehft, ro pBent.a4o sprayingo o sumrdins {ruduF. 'Ir1. C.d6 prvmt my cFsHonbnination or the fuel oit sydn wfth a .odGive .a4oi by dipurariq rharihe r*o liquid handling sysreN aF tuul ssEsabd A r* ,cid eFs aF flamble bui ih. nd flrhmrble acidsd Fad widl netab 60 prcdue hydog6. TheEfoe ii is podmr ro hat acid oes as thoush rhey weF tlanmable liqlids. A Ilammabre abospheR nu* b sGprkd iNide rhe caryosy{em. in vdd sP,G ,rdund ca'ao hrs, in co plnpooms ek. Ehcbical equipmr in su.h spic6 n6r mmply wnh flammabte rhospheP rcquiFmenh for hydrusen-airmixruns

'nle eo tundrn4ral on bGrd shiF, which SiveadviG on 3uid6 tor nedi.at 6rd 'id dshS wnh elposuft b onGive .argG, arc ihe rnisna6onal Mdicl cuide tor ships (IMCS)and the MedicalFid Aid cuide ror Usein Addenh tnvotring DansercusCo.ds (MFAC) soth an publishedioinrryby IMo, n.o and wHo. Tne rMcs 3iv Saidan.eon onmon i[n*s6 and is not elely .mcemed widr .hemicat&.dnb. Tne MFAG is suppkmmhry to th IMCS and .o amsrdvie lor Roanis4 and ftatins .hemi..l bums, w hin the lhis or the facilihesavaitabte bo:id on Tlle Feneralrulc k rharit dtrdng d\. handlins ol chdicals, any peeD showssymprons thar sr$e* .hemial bumms, they should b. hated in wjrh I ddbr assNn :s pi;c6cabre Medical advi should'..ordanc by rrdio, while iil ar *a. b sought Asnhnc may ilso be availabletnm rnother ship wjlh a ddbr d board

spRifi.advnefo.hcfistaid rEabarol.hemicalbums b3 en in sub*dion 6.7ol$e MFAC. Cheni.ar blms ard very smilar ro fiF or etdri.al buns bur wnh rheadded dsk ihar the .heni.al may beabslbd drblgh rhe d,nrlred skin and .aus tunher dahag thowh pokoniry Th@ rynpbm rre dribd b hetp eosni (diaSnR) burns: . burning pai4 wiL\ rdn65 alh poinr ol onbcr (rhotrghbreds onty an i.ibhnS . . in s ere.a$s,blnLrin& tos of skh md unddlyinS hssuel naRa, vonilin3, h6d,.he brarhin dilfiduies and .onfuad henbt *are unM$iousn6implipokoniqomplicabons b b ch(* rhe.h.nical dtu sher jhnedbely and ladio fo.

'Ihe basi. iRmnfd*ion 813

pnrn nrt FiEt ana 'ta MFAC sedim 5 oudins imncdiate li6r aid, i.e. termmt ror iinor csualiies, or ro mble a Eahent.d beadminnired. Il'e k.y prioii66 hust bc rtncmbered when reactingto a . sPndfor helPand inr.m rhe ft*er; . do noi brcnc rhc ncxi viciin youNrf ifrh. espons nd)bisn
. . ftnove rhe vidih fron $e danSs or via vre; w braihiry .ppararus fien is any sNpicnr ofroia gas.r

yourlme rhmwiir
vrpous m the area

nh very raBe qEnliri$ .t wae! rhe vi.iin s.lothrng rnd shH shourl be rs.vdd while under the showd Il a d a ninu enreredrh eye, nGi b r4ared dmediary wnh pteniy ot wab for a nininm of 15 r rfa.iqc cye i,^Jnhn "8ar

105

FFt aid6 nct al*ays w,sh dEi rreahdt, 6 bum may sily devlop iib n'rRtim. cotm wol d dhr lity mhdals should notb u*d tor cleaningbums,as ihey aE likely ro leavebib in the bum Blish 3houldbe l.rt inrrct. vaslin gau. drsiry shoold be 8d b ovd b e ftat tne desing dc nor ink b the dffiagd tr6h

FiEr aid adviccmcmiry gmupaof oreive cnenicak r siryle chenicalsis sivn in a nuhbd of bble6 in MFAG Chaprs 9. C6op blle 7tr0svm acidr iftlldin8 inR subjRt b ihe sF.ial Fqdrmenh ot rhe IBc code. Tabl610appu6 ro nitic r. lows rhan704r,, ii n Ikcly b grvofi nituga orid6 shi.h aE h*) y bxi. b the lugs as eftd by bble 235,L\e Sraupbble Io

The Enelatuy S.hed sae an appddt ta L\e IMDG cade md pmvide ,mteB wior advi@on rheimmdiar adid b b br{ in cap of addenb su.h a spill.g or le.kaAeol Tr'e espde ro a spilage will deFnd on wheF rh spillageNN, rhe quutity nNolved and it Fmedi6 omr ih:n wat.r aie avrilable. lf it is slt b do e, spillasshouldb oll<Ed lor er. d6po$l bui, ir thee n ay doubt, tne stuiy ot the .tr br6 prioriiy over pouution

1U6

APPENDXC

.1 Pq.tid.h|lfridis : IMO Codreqd@b c-, ClEic.l. *Iici R.d with ol'!.n .1 R@.iiq cha6-rrdi6 .2 MOCod Fqui@rs crtdkar. whrch ln cdr.cr *t0l wr.c En n ns@r c.4

or

.2 DdOCd. equillEb c.5 rn .1 .2 .3 mPrribL chdJor! Reclid clEEcErbriG lMocode Equlftmdb TlP USCG cmp,rib fty d,r of ad.quE r.divfty Drh

cJ

Gui.bna rn di. abme

LO7

REACTIVE CHEMICALS AND RELATED PRECAUTIONS

ThE rwndi, d6tib4 th, phr"Mtn olin@tunt ehtni&l tddins, andiattuttzs paiiylrl th. s4.tr h.ads to3hry!tM tt ri6 tn tuntu DJ sh+ d6itnfutt6 atut,quipn intntut to th. ^t ratil,ltotttbn ,sai6t .!ch @dions,6tx:]t q'id'nQ Dnel. laeduEfu datinsuik thd. 's

In gendaL chmiols .am.d by e. a iabl md, povid.d prcpr and appropririe caF is bken. ..n be rdded, s!o&d and di<ha.rd satkf.donry s.me chdidt , ho$ev.r, ned spdiar carero ensurdd lney rehain in rhe sh .mdilim 6 lcded. rhey my b. inhimnany @rable or $y my Ead wi$ air, wareror dher maEnab. Tn. n.did .hf*6tneonFjtionofth.nixfur' s.me .henicah rrct w h ech omer wha mipd b8erhs under suieble ondihoB. D{aemN Fetio6 aE the mihin8 hear.and tho* ihar genraehizido$ vapous and g:s. A E{!id which pr.duG he vaiies widely depadin8 on drechnicars involved blt, ashea!is smnatrd, ra.hm rars incEas. A vry fad rea.tid may cdK an *plcion. A .hemi.ar cli6 rhar hud .borb hearro prc.ed is .a|ed ddorhmic. Ilris dcs nor usuary prenr my herd in bulr crEniQt stuppina For tne sre of cladry in rhs apFrdix, Eadiv.heni.als aF divided jnro: . mtable or eujeaciin8 demicatr eitner d(ompcina or potymerisin& . cknncrb.apabh of reactiry w h orrun in rhe,i4 either fomins . 16 b enit da4ercus 8as, ircnpatible .henicals, which rad daqdorsly if mited bgerrd

C2.t

Reti.n,h4ad.atc ra hc UmrrbL Jrn ir oh m$, wiL\oui ooE .hemicalspani.iparins in the rb .i$.r d. onpe d mry polymei+

subsran.es nd dRmpe do s in6olighrs and noe volatire3ubran 6, dd wtule doins e Smaak heatild solve bnc md nalmabl gag. The dA]mpcnim n ofien iniiad bycartiae.,t600highalempidbE,orbyMktwfthsn. .honbof odschmicals (inpu i6) adry A cbrysb. a sbrtsr acre6r6 rhe r6crd withod rahne pad in l. TlE no* snmon dKomGihon caralBb .E acids..l*:Is md metals Aci.ls areolrm rh oblrsis in tne deonpdiiiM of s@sive 3!b3taft6, whih ield bxic 8as. TlE min darya oI exdhemic dmnpGitim is a infta* in plsuq in addiiion ro rh di$i6 or 6oxi.dd da6oabl. gag and lapou$ De.dpGibd a pFvdbd by adding, irbilis, whj.h netaris $e brti, ad by lffhning tn tNpon hFatu. slbsrane whi.h polyftris rom cmpler agAregat6,@lled polyms, by the ombination ot ko or moreidmric.l ndRul8 non lhe orieiml chnicar.which is PolyneB iE hervis and noE viftE liqui& thm dE nomme6. A polymerisho ction

109

is exdhemic It p.lymristion n sbn sp6tans6ly, !h. sub.hne i3 calledsllporFqising. Alrhough sponhnsu polyndisalim .a lftr at a6bid moreofrd inuiaied by a. deivdy hisn tupon FnFne. A spdtandus porymsjetion of ine ca$o plsb eo khds or danerG Fi*r, har n 3neiakd &riry d1eraciim, which hay Eulr in overpre$uE iBide in bnr, wiih rcRquenr ruptn of lne onrainmar. send, ,hile the monome.is ofin a lishi and volatile liquid, a5polymerishon pMeeds pnnre heaviE and nor visus lqude or {en slids, which my brek irr bnk venb $ thar tne DHsw icide hdher. Molwr, il dE pmblen is not deh.red in rine, the hnt nay implode while bin8 Sl1-pobmsierion is pa{rd by in addition or a slfficidr anounr ot an apprcpdah inhibnor b dr drgo and by onrrclli$ rh hmpratue ol driag. C22 tMO Code nquneme"ts Tne rBc code sFirislhe pRaorioG 60b bkm asri.* spmhAx na$ of th. prddud, and by ontul of the Gdiage knpmim. Tlp Codm.ks the mulacturr oi ine unsbble chenical bin3 canied, who is noi .c$nly the shippr,rBponsible for providing dE ship with r nmb.r of.dn.3l efery ,nnn, no, . mn plM3 rhp"dd ovpd JF fom of4 ed'fic.b +obm3: . what add,nve h3 bnor shouldb hblu.d inro ihe podu.r, and how muchl . when rheadditive was or shouldbe inrFduced, and for how ronSn is *F-trd b be nd h dder b prese . . rheelfe.rilens and lifetim of dRompditi.n 'nd

wheihs oxySennu* b pl?gr in dE liquid in! ar jnhibiior b be etfective, what adion shouldbe rakeniI (hevoya8elasb lm8ei than the efre.t of rheaddfiive b .arry a pi.dud pdeed by ,n addiiive rhai neds

volaile, $ ih.y do ..t vaArds sih r6e.arso and ap unlik ly !o b pent in ca$o vrpouB. TnercfoFi wheft caraovaFac condee, nr itubnce icide vent v,lves and .ne rnBt6, pol)meistim mav m.ur. real $lidi6.ation ot polynensins carses, $metin6 relrredro as.rtsb .a4. systen sholld be pr*entd, ,s it may alfect the unitom disbibution oI th. addirivc wirhin dE lllN or rherar3o and rhpfoF anow err porymeiisarion srad in pad of dr to ThelBccodeaIs.onlainsPmvisionsa3aindiheexPoslrcof6qob preveniivetusure indude prohibrhonfron c.ri.se in bnks or pip Nd for prdo.rs whN refpeadF h high 6ough b iinae a Ei.tioh in rh unsbble chemical, and .ontols on hahng.oiG and N ol d{* ranrs. rhe tanr shoold be e+ipped wiih a hh hnpdatore alam

C\1

Ranio^Jatrdti.tns S.de chenicalsca.i unh orygen d6 *uhout any input orddidon,l en.r8} OneE6rp o{ $ch $bsbnG rec slowly wid\ ort8en h dE an and wiin ory8m d rh li'tuid, ro lorm lmhbL peoxids In mother aroup, nai.ly naiural produds, th. oxysen jn ,n alhws a pcs .f dshp.sni.n calldputeradon, Buauy by dE acton or ba.reria Or8mic pmxid6, onc fomed, n th.mally lmtable, .nd the nain drger is that ai nonal or elevaed ehF.r,tue, rh.y are I

11 0

dmmpc,uol <:r b. ntured by h6 @dhr wih inpu riF res &,d" Tr!], mdal expr6ilely, pankutarly it onJired The key preurion ro pr*enfthe fomrion of organicprcndA white cafyinS suchcargc is ro *lude ,n ton conr.d wirh $e poducr by indinS rh. cal3o 3y5hn rd mljng suE it Fnains id. TenFae .mrol is al$ inporani. tlnen puftting, v$etabl md dial oils and gPas ,c alowty oxi an by lh a.tio. ot ba.ena. A cro which has3ufleredpurEladim is eid ro hayegoneoft dre ro the roul odoG dorved TIH aR so dmss a;$iard witn rnis prc$ iror onty ar the foul vaFus and ga* utrinately bxie bur aiso$e.ftumprion ot ox$a in $e url rhGpheTfscrhd trc4nno m3e-.uopo'rhfp A3?r f;nJ t"F ;b""nto-. lll1lRlsnl! Ld of :Hmho rorhe* dr3a. rf $ rof r land chAprer 'hrdSh " Trlecontul ot knpdaturc n an inponmr siep b pEvcnr purefa.no4 padicul.rly sin ine produd h.ble to sultr s&h I:e are nonrlty mt dspo&d in & ined ahcpher. c1.2 lMocod.@unmts Fai cai8e surptibl io fotmiid of poxides, the rBc code srRifies ne6u&s ro .onhol $e envionmert r *m6ph.F iroide .,rgo rank, inclu,iing incdins. tned 8assirh a very low ldel ot oxrcen ir ne.ded,,nd nirca h peGrcd. Th. Codereqlies surficid nEn FA ro b avair,ble b purae an ad df the q.so sysrm beforctddFs, b achievea Arnive ovrpasure in ih lcded rank,ro mmpensae ro. lss6 dfting ranspon (rhusir mud b ava ablewhen ar $a), and b nainiain dF indr aho5phere dunng untudhS 'fte ca+o hndriry sysen tor cachof ihe .argds shouldbe indepndenr all orh6, and ot a.cidflral crN c'fuim slsuld nor be pNible.

C4.t R.odnn.h'ndti4ns The radion of eme .hemnah wnh watrr, includinSrhe humidiy of a4 Sffiars Saes whirh aF flanmable, or roxic,or boln on. goup of suchchdidb i di,isyiMre Snup (6oiei,nprc bluene di isymre), whi.h rcacrw h waei b ro; .a$.n doridc, an .sphlunr ga. Belorem&nn3 any spae sheE su.h crtaes h,ve be. cnied or into whi.h dt3o le,kiSe nay be susF.td, the pRaurions for dby into ended spaGs( chaphr 3)shorrd be

hom water,nl i. a dry atmosphe Thecode pqulFs a ddble eparation kad wareF racrinasubsian.6 and Nar*. T1Fd3oshoutd nor beca d in ianksadiaent 60*ae. tanls or pelmmni b,[r$ enks ut6s rh@ bnks aF empry and dry, nd adjacai b dhei hnlsonbinin{ds,u.haslopbnk,ndcarsoran}swifi sais$lurioFin!hn. rnc pquiH rhar piFtines onbinins sars Gu.h 6 slop oi em level or doubl. spa.arion baras linet sho,rd noi pa$ rh{u3n th. k]l, unls d.asd in a bmet. ienFraruF oi har w'r.r shoutdb u*d b heai ihe ca4o l1re entn .ar8o syiem (bn( puia lines ard venrs)shouldb. cmpl.bly ssr;ft'j lron orhs carsomd ballai syslm, and planc/vaoum r.tiel valv6 sholrd dikhar8r ar lead 2 metH aboverhew.athe. dNk. A panicular stely h.z.rd is pFmied by iank deanins .trer canyins rh* prdftrs. Tr'd hnr should nd be crean.dwth wahr unls dp shipperor rh. produd o. th. shipownrhas

lll

speined a $t predure lor doiry s Eitner ditfeqr w4hing 6ans shdld be dployed, or tne FoceduE uFd nu* asume rh.t dan3eous Eas will b ditrd md .odd masu sriplrahd b avoid eiA*ing psennd ro danSer tne snip b harn. or

Ch.mi.ah belonsins td dain

laniliE rre kn()M ro Fad with thos ol dims .an be hazardds cener.iion ot bnc 3rs, heahS of ttu liquids, overnow and ruFtuE oI co hnks, and fi& and eiprGid arepBibte .on-qutrcs Ar rhe very lea* the (ar3e will hrve .han3drheir mtuF, and equiF Tle cla$i. case imompatibility is rhai bdrm an acid and an albli of dher b rorm a sauprf sarer. sulph!,i. acid is in onpahbte with aery other 3mup. Nikn n.i,r is 8enrallymmpatible wiih o$er a.ide ex.ept sllphunc. IneE i $ne ohp:tibility bd{en o$ani. acidson rhe me hand and .mid.s and aronaiic mh o. Lhe adu AnonS alkalis,aliphari. anin6 aft a sdsiiive 8rtup ,s they ar in.onp.rible wiih al1oiher Smups c.5.2 rMA Ca,1? Btrnddh Ii.onpatible cheni.ab mud of .ouF b *ept sbictly s.pararedfrom sch dhd i]'nu3nod ih diire .al8o.oniainment and hmdliry syseh, !n ordc! io :ccidenial nixina 'void sparahon should be achised by h:lina ho barricB b.tun rheconrainment sysrem of ihe in.ompatible chemi.ab. The bnks sh.nld be sepa!,redbrra co#erdrm, rn enpry r.nl, a void spae. r tur conr.ini$ a mduny onparibre .aq or a pipinS tunnel T]le pipins or vdtins sysEtu for inonpatible .ac shouldbe sp.nt.d by rmoving a vake or spml piRe and blankinSorf d,e xp@d pip en.L, oi in*anb3 Ro sptade lr.ng6 wth a bleder or equivalmt maE b ddEt lea*a8in dr piF betuR. the sFdade nanSs. clonha a bnk and rheprared crSo handrinSsyskm sh.urd be p. omed t&ioughry if .msutfie caac .re inonprtible.

. 1.1 Ih utcc,anp'tibi|4,hat
sveEraurhoribrive bodis haE d,vided .hemi.al c{scs inro Sroups,detiniry. .ria for in.omFaribiriiy been 8rcups,and h,ve publishedrhb of tuonpatible .ai8s Tr,eno* lanilhr is publishedby the Us cd$ cudd. Accordiq! ro $is burc, a nn&rc or eo .hemrak is .oNidered haardo$ (andthe.hemi.als in quBtion ddaEd inompatibl)

Th.ompaiibiljry guide asigns ea.h bulk chemical.aBo ro onot 22 Rcrive cbup. and 14 Caqo Coups Readive Cruups .mtain tho* .hem(rls whichareih m d,nseous re,ctionscin b. iddtified bereen nehbec ot dirsdr Reactive Coups ,nd psandc*Socoups chmicals asignedio cao crcups ap mu.h lss LE.hve, and do not anct dans.rously q{cth.r whe$er .ar8R wirhin a pair of grcups ar in ompriible is indnad in r t.bl., lnown as the compaiibilfty ch.n I r is imponani h noe $ar wh,l. ihe tablegive 3t fmbotB rnd ddi shes ror iwo partidlai .ai3es shobld alsays be

tt2

It c.nnotbe str.$.d too3trcnelvth.t Duels o( (hemiels shouldnor

rDeitiv... !! ij!:pt"1J",1:llfT:"t as6urance available that the various.hemi.ab arc compar'iblewirhin the is s.gtgation ..pability of th. e$3e1.
Th@ r6pdsibb n, soticiiinS,sheduling md lddhg parcelsot chemi. erisfy rhmplvA dut tne adors parck rhdule'i far any Sivd voyaseof any Bivenship aF mrtuaxy conpatible and cu be sat ly loadedand c ied wihin ihe nomat caPabir i* ofreredby rhe shiP. -sEAation Tn uhn,e rporejbiliiy ror the srery of the ship ti6 wi$ in maste!,who should eroun fidr rhp,do d \h,burnn prcpos-d lora \ovdBp p..'d.. omppr*3F3ar,oro vlll rl--. hpn,.,t. In br tuded n rheddd+4F t 'd,l piovide the ne.csry inlormation, the masb should dcfer lGding rhe.ri8 unhl .os'trarion wirh rheowner or oih.r aurhoi y haspoducd satisla.bry asuran@ rhd rhe proposed$gre8arion prr f.r .argdr b b lsded ir stu.

lo:iled onro shipunr6a a

113

APPENDIXD

.1 .2 .3 .4 .s

GeHarid of dcturic chrgs Lside a dftip's brlr Ele-rcbd. fild,.h.rge Elaarim rnd sunae volb8 Chir3 a@ulatim Md rlaxarion in liquidr GdEarim of dEr3ed nisb Potenaialderbd6lor sprls ro jmp h,on of sbric Eldri.i9

c6tol

.5 C.s bnbbling up ihough rh ffIed bik ,5 RlaMrim rin doffirEm or filt f 3 Pmietiffi and Pob6 in bn*s .9 Caugiry dd empliry ot hks

ELECTRICITY STATIC

mir dpp.tdix dltlin* th2pt%s b! rhkh sbtn d.dn iry k gd.totei, ani wts ta nlrt? 6 tnd sudt sddttion. ]n vitu aJth.pttubv al ud,ttun ohosph.aa tl th. &tso t nk olehdiat hnkr, it is twnn nt inpdtttu tort id tn 3oM* of ittition

sbri. ledj.fty is eosrted by rri.tion tnar rcuB betuen dil{eent materiatsdu.ins relrtive motion. ErKr6btic .h.4s ., inen aeunulaE in mabnab which a eldricitv o. {hi.h aE rood mnducbE bur aF iadiied rf h{o su.h 60di6 with a..unulabd *ari. eled.jty cha.g6 .E buSN do* bdher, and ir rh dirleEnc ot pohtiar i5 3Rar noqn, lh ac.mula&d .harge wiu junp bhen rhm. Anyore who ha (dived a nild shm* whm iouching a dmrlmb atiei walring ams a ..rFrd rmn has epeden ed sncha phdonenm rn such..s dE individuar h,s bRme .haed by fri.tion be$m the carpird in el6 of Lhe sh6 and the pormti.l a(umulared in dF b.dy is dikha*ed b the tnob Thit rhoughamoyh& is hln'ie$. 3d it, sbois dixh.r8e of dari. mur a a spail shd. a llrnoabl ahospheE is pffit rheF h a iisr ot ignitinE t]'e The prNs whe4by &n may happenin a cnenic.l bd<s oGbb or five sleps:

r. An ddcbti. charyei3 3maahd in rhe liquid asft nDwsturblldtly rhrugh rh. ldding pipeline into the ship's tinr In no* liqui& ttu dEr3 is FleasediNranb@udy io ea'th' 2. Bnt in som. ras, rh .harge is &.unul.bd in rheliquid beus th lquid hasa low lecki.ar cddudivig. snch riquids aE olld sbtic renutrbF, dd aE seneGlly loud anonS nor hBl y Elined produd. An eldbsbric lild is fond itriri. the ianr. 3. A non.bondedprcjeiins objRr, or sonerhins introducdi o lhe b'*, cu brcn a pohtial el(tode or spel ponorer, olldn3 rh .harge liom tne liqnid. 4. wrimdRemuSh b m ezin'the spa& ponor.r itubntuury spr* rhFugh rhe .h6pfuE oI rhe b Fters ibchar3e in a

s. such a spxk win arnci rbirJy h,v mo"gh @rsl io iSnL a oa,l@bre !apo!r. r,r clmical h <eropeatioN, a tlarm.6L atupheF my te uavoidrbL ft is rhe *,$ere or lrle nv shps whi.n hsr b prNoted.

D2.1 cdddrrnot.t

t 6htn.tus'

insinxa ship\ bnk

Tleliqlidflowingi o.hetanl6bed..3dbyhictidwiththeloadingpiplireand wfthin rhe ffi ol np liqui4 pdicurarv iJ it is pasd drough a nicmp.F filhr, whep rh cmbd 3lrlaa b ldgq I rhe liguid is dlowd ro ldl fraly inb tE b'* Gplarh 6llin3) hi.rion wih r|t at rh@3h which ft frns adds turrhq ch,rgs ro n. r{'ha tne Lqnid is nor

tt7

hi*ible with ware bur onbire wah drcpld, tridim r.E wha thR dnpra dde by thiolgh of ri+id d d bnl. sinibrry, if tlle tjquid snbiB m ufflislved Nas. the ravity n clBr8ed wha ilp ga bdb16 rie ribngh it. \uid rn odd of Lnpodarte, oE pmcipal .hirgig mehrnishs duins finiry ot shiF cir3o hr*s aE tine lilbri.& splashlilliry &d rie $dliry of w,ier drcprers. D.2.7 Ebdtdhti. fdd, ttfl.8t t2tofltiM tnd st4a4 @ftdq. !'\,lFn a chfiged liquid nowsinro a 3hip'3tank. ii afrads a charyof dF oppGih Frarii/ lq $ itrer $Jfa.e of oE hnr w,ll sihurbMftly a cha$r equl ro rhat i. rhe liquid (i. m3nftud md polarity) is Fpelld ro the srsal s!rta.. of the bnk wall, wheF it G innediaEl/ tuhlis.d bdau* dc ship is arthdthou8h llre warer lrBide tn bnl a difterm in voftagexisb been ihe .haig on the wall and rhat in rh liqud, The volhge at tne eanhdw.ll is ao. Ttc volrrye in tF liquid dish l}F wan' TrEr is a volbge dbhibuho. in ihe bn* spae, caled m ele.*6htic 'rm 6eld L hme,ttu dEr3 in rh liquid hiqiab b the wall or ihe bnr, whereit cmbin6 ,ior the chaq of rhe opposiE risn on tne imer surfac, ihe lRbratic fPld d{reag and urinably diqppeaE. Tnis p@$ is alled ch:rge elaiahon lb speadepndsupon $e wnd wab dmpleb or orlEr .ha,rd panides (inpudnd) .eht by Snvity rhrcqh the liquid in tF shjpr tu*, a vdicar erdricar (:llllmr n bbhhed and , hiShvotr.se nay 6ult at dE suda.e of L\e liquid. .alled suda.e volt.g. ozj Chtt* ondulrtan rnn ftbetnn n lqutds

In the ms of $e liquid, charF ge@rli6 orpb wnh chrrse rehxafion: if the fomer is fasr, charyeis a(murakd. Tn higher th.mdu.rivity of a riqlid, rh ra$d n rbx6 erdctalic .harses.Eldd.al condudivity is a popdt of a Sivenriqui pi.dilffis pr mdre. chilae a.mulaiid de n r a.!r in liquids having .dductivty wetl above10piosimem Ipr ndre. such liquids aF clld mndm abn. At Mdudivity beldw l0 pi.cidds pr ndE, howffi, rhe .omularim of cnaryenay b s*nifk t. Li,ruids ot row .mddiviiy m .alled *aic a@nrr,rm For sfer,, rh b.rder it conventiomlly put rt s piciens per mete chad rMn, 3enn&d shen splashfiftng sl)m li+ids, fty rehh ii3 crDrg6!ch r@ger rhu drebull liguid, becaR the rhi. nlm in th loh bubblB poid6 o.ry a vry nrow path ror th now ot lh .hae rla*tid. D2.4 Cen-atffi al chae..dn6i5 sbam islin3 rbm a wzre .an rorm a .haBed clord or waler dDplet' A chaigd mist i! als. Iomd duiry {p washi$ oI bb witl high veloc y wab j*. stm3 lriction r.kes pla.e alh no,?lei ,lon8 rhejer and by iapad .8ain* the tant wall Mkb cn ltmin chaqed mu.n bnger $an bulk li'tuids rlanrim NUB only 6 tasi as the dmpleb aaSlmsatr an,l edl, 3ine ai. is practic.lly a nd{ndu.br. sucn hBh volh36 canb D.odu.ed thar 50ark! on @r evd in an. D2.5 lab.i't ekrtna6 f, spn*s b tmp lran

$,no m hrlaid oI Uftadhd el raticrpl4 ir bcon6 chij3d rhre$n the stu lrKnmien d*ib.d for rhr t nk wall, but dE chaB ha3rc p.th bearrh. Aspa canthd jnp rrm ihe ele.hode ro oE hnl< wan. |f $e volage is sufijcienr and ir tne ah6pheF n flamhable ign id will Kur. Exanpl6 ol suchobi{h a a nehl supll$ m loweEd by a mp. d a thin hetal sap buoyedby foan. If the voltaSls bi3 nowh, !t snr prl6s .an br pla@dm it ihe objed n a nm mbxi. $Jid. At hjsh rurfa@volbes, spark.an iump to rie liquid $rlac i&lt This L c.lk a bmh di$hase. Lons slug3ot wrEr pft)d(d by th. hth cpa.ity w,lhing trcnh o tnoueht ro haveusd incndive disc\arys ro brl stuctu in p.d accidab

118

conbnh3 ey one of ihe fi6i ih@ sleF liskd in sdim D.t canelimiDk isr ion dm b elRhdati. sparl.s.r1P nrmnabl ahosphe is a$uhed b be a.apred.

spldhhg :nd rprryrg of dari. a(l]mularon shoutdgmdally b. avoided,as they lead b rhe rdmation of.h,rged mhis or f@N A .haqed mbr.an be i3.iid sa iI the rehperarm d6 not Each rh fash poinf $ sprash6xin3 and sFaydg ar a dansft vm with relatively high tl,rh point .arg6 Filliry of a ship s ranl should no any b rhfto3h a pip.h.e whnh endsmrr the boron oI dE 6r so $at i L\c cany shs6 ot lordinS, ihe uquid is Sady laid d rhebotud wnm ine risinS rrquid mvs rh piFrine .!det, b.bulenc in ihe ran* is considenbly Fdn d and fewe shri. charaB aE 3enftihd.

The tashr the liquid flosr throush ihe pipeline b $e shipt bnr, dE h*ner ,s rh. lRhiatic charg4 To Noid acRsile ruibulflG w hin a *aric a.omularor caq rh veldiy of liguid eni.ring . bnk shouldb very low mrir the ild n w.r overcd GR s(hon 5.3.5). Lw vlo.iy aho linir. any niriry w h water thar nighr be pF*nr in the hnr Afd $e inld hash.6 subnelg d, rhe flow vld t may b indasd, bor ir should sii ninimjs rubdre md avoid b@ri.8 rhe

M6r sbh. :cmulabF

are not mi{ibl w h wa6. rre eren.e or r(h o q ru f t d rlp r ; F d d e w, re rd ; p c F d F p c v d wfthin rhe rarao rrquid, s far nort iaiic charges generard ,re rhanif the caryo tiquid did nor onbin the warer.second,th. chaed dmpreb *{re rhmuShihe riquid ,nd Satherai an inreda.e, prcducing a high v.lbge ,r rh. l4ujd surfae Tnis pr(rqs my kn* nling haseasd. D3.5 casbtbbtinsrplhtoqhutf ,'lhnk Alier lcdm8, piplinesaF orien bloM thrcugh usinSan, nft%en or dhei 3ns. wnd $e ga3die6 rhe bnr fr.n dE bohm rt will is throush thc tiquid in snall bubbles,aenentina a hi3h vork3e ar $ suda.e. u il is ncsary io blow rhooSh afrer ldd;ng a dahc aaunulabr th amout of sasauowdto mter the ship s tanl should b kepr ro a pracri.al o 3 6 R.tafltkn tin dassrred oJ f|tft Mi.bpor rilkB madeot paper,ddb ten, .hmois d a mdal gdd, pddcularly ir depmd rhick, aE prclific sqerabc ot elftshiic char36 sraineB su.h a prforakd nehl bakeb Tne hquid b hjghly.harsed whn it levs rhe 6lre i. the loadiry lin Fo. su.h chaq b be ftlared, &e liquid hasto fiow quidly in tne piplim lar sometini bero s&ring ine shipl hr Preiicl experien.ehasshoM rhrt 30 studs is s!ficior. Filh6 aF lsully lfated .shore s the batuit nme tuadequE, but if the dishne bekd tlr 6lE! and tlr ship'r hnk is not gt emogh, eiiher tne now n& sholld b rtdu.ed, oi tne pip hnglh im*d d its dimde e'n.r8ed, or a El.xarion ian* shouldbe pditled in ttetum tlE filre and the

r19

D37 Unanh.dandrctu
A cmdudd hav4 m dRbd s act sith an$ @ bKm clur3ed dd iis in lolbgr rhoush induction (wfthoui physi.al tmlei ot charge) and .ollecrim (w h plrysicar tansts). An un@rthdondu.ior noaiina on dE suria or a .hirged liquid atu.lly ollRb cturge fron it. A .mdudd lcated i. , charsednis! bftms chaBed ro appDiimately the lane volbge .s tE nisr, evm rhdgh ii .,nnot colld any charye.In summary a ris i. loltase is Pdslble without.ha$e hnsler ro m rarthed .oducb If a spark ih4 junps nd an snhed metatsurtae att r}leened ihe romd h.s a.tunrlar.d floh, trkrly inrott..pr-r \h,ct rhe'ebE hasr h'gh**i',.o *.g Avoidiry tlp pEsmce oI ueiftd onduc!06 in shiF' hk5 i3 of fundamenralimp.dd.e b pevdt i@dive spa*s, b$aus they provide the le.hode tiofr whid a spark canjmp. Tn followinS re ermphe of oeadhcd ondu.bB which niEhr b prenr insidea shipis . . . . . . tninmdlehP3,indudi$rusrrheydonorlroat,bd@b.budyedupbycharf,ed r mebr coupli$ ar rF nd or a non<odlctile cargoho- u*d for tillinE $e hnk a oebl od or th hb on a gassmplin8 mde4 a metalsnplrn3 .r d ihmodeer holder lowePd on a lm{nd(tive rop, a tai* w.shi.g nachh m the end of a hoe havina a bmka h.nding cablq padi.ularly khen the he is mDs: drcpFd iob talling fi@gh a ra.L n ed with r chaeed nisr f6m war.r wrshinsr rhe frier tr'4n' be nNnjble.

Ta.k aE onetinF eguippedwfih eNdi.g piFs whi.h eitend doM tm underd(k rowardsrheriquid snire. ohs eiahpre of poiRboro Md probesae high lvetrta6' srrra.e volhge an in.endive broh di$halg to an unbondedpojetion na)' takeplac ftd needb avoid sucha sfturim win haveben ialo inb a(out duriry *r dsign oI 6red p4j<tions icide a caqo ianl, md .U requircmmh roi steit asb nareals or coNtuction, srthh& itrdilim and lbd. dernry senerarimvin whih $e ship was beiry buir. ft is inpotut th,r a.y routine eryicins shouldb F ond in aorda*e with dmutactuEr's iroh.tioN, but no on bGrd modifioli@ io L\e quipmentieft shdld b 6ni.nplated. D.3.e cauift andnnptiry aft,tk

wnih brdiry a shric a(mrrabr a3o ondu.iive ets which arenor bond,lro the shiP's*rudr sucha mebl mplinS caB, 3au3ebp6 and t}lernonei.s should not be rowrcd inio a rank.A peiiod or 30 minlrs shdld elaps. after iillina ha sbpFd lor lne chaq to b Elard lElore fly ubonded mtalli. d odE oductive equipndr i3 A mehr eu.ri.g bd, suspaded m a rcp, will mt b 6rrhed. rhe me6r baom6 .har8d whd n tu imoeEed in th chard liquid m4 whm it is lnen lilhd, a meralro mbl spark my jump been the rcd dd the iin or the rail op6in& watha hi8h ptubability of bing inmdive. rl tne surl{e volt4 oI rhe liquid is very high, it is posible b 3d an ir,.6dive bru6hdirhr'te to the equipnmr whm i! ffGt rpprechB rhesurlac oI $e Iiquid durinA Codpl*ly ntr<mdudive equipmnt .ould in rhrcry b $ed, but i. pradi.e fi i3 dit6.uh ro osue fiar sud rureri,l emairo rcnodL.live b.ae it is habitoaly qp@d b did and lybobgrctFwaiting&mnlancag' 'Ine Elricliu or this waiting tire maybe avoiddonly il the gangdg sd empling equiptlmt is leered iGide a ruding pilp rhat exhds all the w.y d()n and is comRd b rh b.lM ot the ta.k, beaue rhevollage insiderhe mnding pD. i3 shau. It t hpoda.r ro noe $* : shodersundina pip is not stu.

120

Duing bnr washinS,a ch,raed mhi is poduced and i5 pFmt rhb!3nod lhe s?r.e. such nier peFnb for a few houF afis washhg has6m ro f end.It an unadhd onducior E lowered inb rhechirged hi*, n b(om6 cn.r8ed to a volbg whi.h my b. hiBh .nolgh ior an in@ndivsparr b jump ro sme part of rhe bnk stubre. Ihe limibliN d wahr 0w Gk Fr nozzle,pr mchim and pr bnr h.!e bM $rablislEd by exrensiv rus(h (* Se.lion 23.1t and should not beaded Il $ wa@ onbic .leaniryaddiiivGorisreqded,ordpwashinSned mi.sdherrl,an.tdnearE,wsnins shouldb .onduded in a non,n.hnable .h6phE i . rhebnl shonld b made ined. 'rheprerimrasFhof bnkw,shinSaie[\eEfdFihp.rhniioobsv rheopsational F(aution6 ar tutly dKribd in ch,prer z whereemphisis G plred d ue ol. $udin3

skm issu4 rmm a nu rewir Benerare,nbr of .haryed warft dmplcb Tnrcfop dam should neer binidcd inb a r.n* rhat mry mnbin a namnabr. ahcpher D3.12 Ba.liqtndeaihkE A sparl cannd ruhp besai tuo onducbrs which aE eirherl&hi.ally boided bgdhd oi boih earrhd, bau* ihy aF rept * the efre voliase Frtudile bondiry is by .dnNtins a mdal bh betuen objRb rh obl is $miim pefiamn '.h,eved ro one .onduck), and botkd or ctampcdb rhorher Ai the y fired rem6 ableend,.ontact should bc metal ro mel and .are should b ble did or ru* dc nor hanpe n Thc oble should b iro$ emugh ro haveB..d eisrane n war md hr B..dhg ad dnhing obres should be inspErd priodically and thcir Ebtame d(ld with a metcr. Mary hcs ed in lMine operarions nade ddnca y condudiv. A pair ot nans6 aie bolkd bsdh.r cm be relied upm lor beingrdri.any mnrinloos, ascai neiible tohrs ot mel rdding afr' $ b.nding or j A ditlimr eldnd phsommd is expnemdwhen a bnrei b .omeled b a shoc hhnation by a s.dudive he o! a nebl lodins .m. ship, ho*, dr elemnkor a baderyand a la+ .frent .an now throush the tos Esisbnc ho-, evenif rhe volbgediftemcbemshipmdshon issmall. B lnis is nor sraiiceldi.ity. vlhn the hos is di@rd th tu@.t $ suddenlyinhnupkd dd an le.rrical rrc .an b ,ormed been lhe lla46. r]reft is a risr or iSniing a flrmiabt ahospheE exjsrinsat the mnifold To pEvmr suh a haad, rheship h.s ro be iBuladl riom $e shd piFlire by I@G ot an ituuLhng nange.r a ldsrh of noHonductive ho*, asdaribal h Sction , 11.1. js kecs rhe .ntuI of dE bahryoptn, and prvdb, n spa'k. He4er, rhee h no ned 60ooer a rankei b the dek by a tlondins .able sine both af erdhed by rh warer. rhe oFrariml pra.ti.ariry or bnnding .abl6 ir addessedin seiid

t21

APPENDIXE

EJ EJ

G.@u Conped

Nltrlld

Sqplt d tDn ShoE

Nibs&n sbEd on Bo{d m Eo.rd

E,s Liquid Nitu8.n shd 3.6 Pftiv(

Ssin3 Adelpdon (PSA)Nitug.n C.n.nbNibg.n c.ndb6

E.7 Mdtld.s.p.ntiu

t23

INERTGASSYSTEMS

ThErpwnnia outliresth?slsm tuihbt an.hthi.'t etnas Jo hdnS at poa.ciry.arya t'nks cturtd 6 {thd suiceptuides eJz\ atuke tbdt op.athn l aqfds aJusinsikt 3B tnd trci lcas

ln dr snre{ ot chemicalbn*e. opnhoro .nd .hemi.ar ams, an itud gas6y6efr nay hale rhR disti.d prevenhg a fiE, pEvmtins . clpnical readim or mainbining.ao ',gr Flambre 3as nomary en.oonbd in .hemkal r.nteB camor bh in a ahcphee which is delicimr in oxruen, md { inen 8asis undesrod b b a sasusedb produc auch :n arncpher by dsplaciry air solAs spe.iiis rheftndards nR6gry b do thn ri hay br achieved usi$ eitner nk%en or oir fired fue 3$, w h a ponabh or likd pipha by ananSement suppryrhe i.ed 36 b rhecargoianb and, it:pplicable rhe plac b sunoundins rh .ar8o hk Mand.bry $tery Fquircnhb lor ianl<ahsphere .6bd ,e gilen in the rBc code, rfr ennple or sysem n$r b ableb ompMF for normal rreru are *venr 9p6 of inefr 8assysrN dDr on be usedon chmic.l canieB. rre noi

. . .

rbn shm) Samus nftrc34 suPPlid nrbgen aemnbB !ss3 ffihratu oil trcd irei aasaemrabB. epar'6onl

'lhere aF (llxioru wh6 inedin8 n not approprtre lor sGt rabnr bu* qcluion of ox$m .our,r .sb haado6 silurim wilh a nunbei of .hdirs who ehippd in monond tom. Such.hemk.b (e.8.acrylk acid, stlam and vinyl adre) havaddd innibiioB io psent polyndis.dm turiry b4pdtinM r. order b b. effetiv., the i.niblo6 requiredp pl*me oI ox$a dislvd h the nommei, and inar orygd is obbined t om the air in th ulldse spaa. hhibftd nonomB mud thrlorc b.artid in bnls whF ine aimospher h,s m oxygenlevel sof6cienrtor rhe inhibibr b tolfil ib

M6r nitu8m rsed s ined 3a m .hemical bnle6 is nd ed ior sldy E.soE but for carao9uli9 .mhd shipp* ofte. h.ve iheir od speal 6quirh66 bo6sure ca'a. quality, whi.h 6 ftqun inert 3d or iEm purfty, &d nay spRll $,r nitu8en for iniiiar imdi.g oI crtao st:kG pnor b lcdiry . car8owill b suppli'l trm rhe loadins tdjtul. .mbheB Snaller anouts or pu nitqn d mme lom onpresd or uquid nitq{ sioEd m bM,l, anl Edled 6!m shoE whm sgui.ed, but a very htl qualiry 6 b epaiatioq or swi.g Fodued d berd by niboAd gturaiG ba*d 6 nerbrft

125

whd shg rn oil fird ind AasBElrmtu, e oryga levl oI lrs rhan5%@n g*r.lly b obhirFd, deFndhA o it'e qualiy of cmb6dd Mnol .nd the lcd m rheboiier Tr\ega hGt b mled .nd yrutt)d w h wrhr b lmee srot and sllphur a.i& beloE bins suppl.d 60the care. bnr!. But cftin c.'a6, Ior iBhce $emk,rry r@div 6196, aE 56iliv b orygo @hais a td a32 0%bt voluhe. Sone c.:Am dioxid in nue 3ffi. orher ..rgG rre hbhry ssitive ro moctu$, or ar li.ble ro disl@tio. Fd rh* @sns oil nEd flue As systu aF rdly usedo chemi.al arieF whh caryinA chmi.al 6196, beaus dmnds td shid ontul of .hospheE srrdeds .annot be d. Tne followina is an i.dicarim of ptuti,r peblefs thd my (Iar: . acid oblyed hydolysis (..9 wnh 6eB,.cbk or adyr,r6); . rid ar.rysd p.ryffibation (e.3.wih allyl chloiide) . fom.rid of .ar60n.k (e.a wi{r mirc); . il'maed a.idity (.9 conlaninaiie ot roluE rd irlene by carbondioxide), . rutim with wak (.s.wi$ a@6one erhaml), oi . deadivarim or po\mrisrion innibibE (e.8.wilh vinyl,ebte); . s'rrphr onhie6@ (.9 wfth herh:ml), . hti cl oride im loels (e.9.beauF of s rad..ny ove trtrm L\e mbher/warer ear ,hkh eld aftd rhe blwr in subs.uent RdioE). 8(rR of th* Mr and poienrialp@brenswnh euchc.rg6, .haftm nN pple rhrt dry nthoeni5 u*d fo. irertinS a t nl, rd when pEparhg a bk ahcpher fo. ledins.

suPpli6 of Pur nih%m, for initial iding of crgo hnks pdd ro lcdin3 a ca*o will shm suppriednftoam 3neranybe providd diftt ftm rhe rcdhg bminal. ck .simll, is rlb red ror han br,4 m fed 3asoverpe$ue while mlmdins. such nhoaen i3 in Eas6 {om, md cm b pbvid.d .i hiShnow rahs, gra{y ex.eding nmar liquid flow mG. AldroSh rh opntion b f inpdbnr sbse in c.rao handli.& il is ars pobtiany haar,rous b{ase h8h pre$m 3asis bin3 inlrcducd inro a ranl not desianedio *nh3bnd inh.l of rlp bnk m.y lail due b ovrPrane For P6ua, and rhe shtu rheassiaGl risks or the opeiatioa F Setion 5 7

High ptarF Sasus nitum .r b doed in stel.ylhdesJ rh .mhd 6izeis 50 litu caprcity, plsuised ro 200bar, whi.h wil supply ron: of 8&tus nitogo rt.an be usd b onpeet fo. I1mal btuporbtitr lffi rd h minhin the roqniredow.plsnm. A rypi.ar irohllation n a ship cmists of a nunbr of suh cyrindd Mdbd in par.llel b rom r brkry whj.h a prsn r+niiror rhat is d 60tuinbin ih. rqund psirive 'lg pEsuE in lhe caqo bnk withour liilinE th. tut pl6w rliet valve Compl*d niboam c.n b obbi.d in seral BBd6 of purily.

Nih%m cm lle sb.ed o bcd in liguid fom, ar rh cryo8aic bFratur of -1%'c. rt k dord in insulaed bnks nade ftoh oldieisbnt naEnaL usuaur sbinl* 3iel pEsur vesls Tncry%ni. rbk has,n dhr casi$ or srel, Forehd by se6l l,ye6 ot rntiolcion print. Tlp Ep{e bd{6 ih imer and dk tuL3 is lepr md* v.rum ad is filld with a non'flrhnabl, high ffciency ituulatid whi.h ,lloc dtu96 fo b sbrd Ner eie.ded psiods witnod appRiable lcs. Liqud nituEd storrge bnk 6lt rd m .he6i.al b.rss aE @filledin po* 6m h@ rsurs. when Sasus nit%en is rcqtried ror u$ in cao ianrs, ihe li$id i! mvcred b.c* ro gasusinS. finnd tobevapdabr that obbin6 rh. n@rt hc.r for v.porerid

126

nitogen elpplied b a ship 6on d indushial .ry%6i.

plant n:

,dbrption is a p'rc in whi.h a sub*arc, $u.lly a ias, adnllab on dr sudac of a $lid b rom a very L\in nh PlsUF swingads.rpritr (PSA) planb woir m ir* piin.iple *'ai ine majoroslibdb of .i. - nit%m and or$d art ad$ib.d ba dilfmiabi when p.sd ovs a Glbon mld:J sjevenabn.l Tlp mobi ot 6d e6 ad$ird depnds on L\e 6re of cxpGuE It the s)a,b is adjusrd .odlr the sifle adbrbs n6r of $e oxySh h ine aii auo*ing rhnihsen b pas thrcugh md bou.rd. Thedysa cm rha b dslbat (frmcd io a 3as)dd erhaBied !o ah6plEE. rheFby ps@6rins rhesiwe. To Sivea oniinuous nnrcsen now, I5A planb are lihed wnh eo or morei.kro']dd prsuns.d v*ls (.aued bedo khi.h onbin dp mole.'rar sievenardi, An is .onp@i*d by an oil,Ire onprcs, ,nd passd ovs oft *r ot bedsrhd aF aderbinS whjle th orher&t or b& is dslbing. Dudng tF pnrrnon .ycle, rh@fop, rheplmr {in us bcrth4L'h'l rod rc ,r, rn addnim b nibod and ory8m, rhecarb.n-mole.ular siev. 6aerd alsoads6s a numb.r of orher3as, ananS rhm carbd dioxide ud warerlapor. rn nomil mrmt in an i! verysmll e rhcprRne ol.arbon diond hasregligible e{lict on the plant opsation and any dbo. doxide adbrbed is qRftd with the wish 8as dnrinS rh desdpdon .y.tc. A nu'rber o, propriebry s air nGr be parsdthroud a dryer ro Fmove m6r or rhe abcphsi. tumidit bfoft pasiry ova rh bds.In maiim eflne, the rn jnr.1 ro the rsa Hs nu{ alw.ts b prded trcm spray 'Ih gaspsd(d by th PSAprcs nay hale an oxrca .onhni v,rying bersd ,% by vorun dependirg on rnenM nh Typic,r pran6 produ.e aaswi inin 50 C and a crddn dioxide snrnr ol l6s ihe 2rm bv voluqE 0 t,r, and

Mnbrm mib aft basdon the rad rharditfeEni gass p.mcare at dinrcni n&s rhngh the walb of a rhin, hollos membrane. ,slow gas a4 n rhanc,nihsm and cdbon The mmoadq th.'med!!n' grs ,re am .nd ory3e4 ed ihe ta{'8as ar w,er vrpo!,

-rhefa.r rh'r rhiwo nain cmpoMrs of air, nitugen ed oxrca hive difreimr pmeation rak nm dDy.an besparaied.Tre fad thd wats vapour pnearB quiclly meansrhi thenitrcgd pnduc.d is als verydry.
rlF n,rbrm m b mde up r6m brndrF of thin holos fibreswhi.h siv. a lalg wa]l a@ lor *p.ranon. Th m.nbr.ne bmdls aF eml@d in presurt vesel pip.s oI abdt rm b 200nillimle diameter,everat of ther bundtesnay b anmSd in Frauel Cled conpEsrd .ir is pred i.io rh* trhdles whrc in oxygd an cmded. TrE oesb6n6 aE hdtssihve and it n.y be nRsry io @l rhe .onpa*d

T.e erriciency Lhe or *pararim detods d thenowrab through varve usd FSubb L\etrowandr*reby rheoiySm onienr. fte nok is adilsred b give is ro

727

wnh an oyes .ontent va nih%m of the punty ftgun.d qi6ly 2%by vollft, aiL\ waid and carbd dioxide onhnb rdow tppm. Oxy8enennchedan is rnted asa wastegas,rhich mus b. e*aNred ro slp aRa '

irhasben Oilfirdineds6bEendallya.epbbleroruswithpeioleumpndr.bb tound L\at the qualiiy ot ihe imd 8as3oe'ared by rhis rl? of syskm is not suiiabletor e with mby chehical prcdRb, baue ii .an aff{t the crrso qlality k n th@r.ru rFdmddd rhat when innine or padding is rcquired by the IBC Codcfor . padicular .a4o, nit%en is u*d ro ind or prd rha! ..rso uds thc shiPPdr 6uPPli6 has oi sbhd that oil nred iftd sasn acpbble ror su.h purp(e. 'Ite basi. prin.iple oI oil liFd plrb s that the oxys!. .ontdt ot th. an n onv.rd to la4ely unchrged. c6on dioxide by snbwnon of oil *hile rh. nnrogenconidr '!mi6 fte oil tuel is brmt in r onbstion chrmber and rhe.ombuiion (or nue)gasis pasd th'ol3n a warer rMer (or $rubber) to.ml it and rcDovc no* or th. sllphur dioride, parri.ulats and impurftiG Thn rcqun6 .dhd bdw@i the il@ gasand lae quaniiliB of Th. Easnay thenbe dned by bing Pa$d eirher rhe!3h a .mler or d alurlnu bed d4,s (o! evenbodr).chenical hks are usually fird wirh tuo non-dum v.lv6 in snes asan eqivaldr to a d{r wahr *al, rherebyarcidins thc risk dr w:te! .3fty .vei ido dE oiSo As a fudhd s.ltsuard a8ainn brckflw, d'* is ustally n holating lalvp or a spml piRe d 'Ihc ined sasproducd by oil 6rd smdaroc depdds on rhe oI rhetuel oil and ihe 'toality ftR fados influere, for exanple the cfh.fty or the @nbGtim and {nbbing pre. anomr ot surphides the inet a* Podu.ed - *hich $ why the solPh in is limii.d in the olant sdifi.ano.. Likewie, iner,cimt conbrrion .an cau* smt, which clog6the *tubbi and, in padi.ular, rhedryer sy6hn, rhcrebyprcduci$ se! and dif.y infr Ir rh. pbnr b ef{n6{y buning go.d qulity tuel, the inen gascm b expeEd b h've approinahly d\ iorowins omp6'hon

sulphur dioxide dd sulphur hioride

118

APPENDXF

C.dn d S.f. tL.triol EqripMt .1 InhiEnany $G quipMt .2 ExPlGim F@f E frlme prl equiPmt

El6tl..lM.i

6rre

rnd R.p.i'

LN

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND INSTALLATIONS IN HAZARDOUSAREAS

'rre eleckicarquipmmr and iNralrarionson chenicit hnkeB rF subjd b Fqui@enb of rhe flas adminisbahon,dasificaiion sietiA, lMo and dr rnremaiio cmission (rrc) The pu+w of rh* Fqunemab n b ensurerhathe etdncal as b ninini- the risk of lire AFas and spa.6 ae cr,rsifilrl a3,aas$te, or ,8asdary@d depndis on rherbk of carso vapourbin3 Fegr. Ashoft, the definnion of aasdaryerous plaes b .ohnuow or inremfihnt plen e of Basb eipeed on ships,ineP 3nd a prae is .mbuouJy dher 3.s sle or 8asdmSerors. Eldn.alequipmmt imt lcd in a p1a.e (on regarddasdangerous ship or ashor) b be hs ot sp.i.l .onsitu 6dn, ,nd ..d 6cd e fe lor rh aFa and rh vapdr .6Md Podable 4uiDmenr rakm inb rheaFas shourdalsob .edi6ed efe. one of rhe main .onnddarids ,board .heni.at i&kc is ro ensue thrt !h su.face hmperarue ot any ek$l eqripneit dcs not xcecdih auto-ign ion ierprarrre ot 'iycrqorhalheshipmaycanv.Alhoughiheraftanunb.rofrc.osnised.enificaiion rr? sli8hfly difiprenr red pftedorF and w,ys of sroupins rhe surfacrenperatuF .aregorjes,the tBc code spe.ifi.s the impenrure ,nd musrbr indaned and mainiained .dnprirn.c wnh thp in Eaoups, eguipmenr

Inrnlcrlrr

saleeguipmcnrrc1i6 on low power ciruih ro Lmn ft. n,rinuh ro ,snire a fl:mnable nixture mde

ene!8y

The useol inrinsi.ally saiasysbhs is Inndd b msrumenhrion, .on bNaua.or the very los eneqy lev Erptasiot pn\t n llan? prdrf.qtiptun Thek,ms'erplGionprcf equipnenr'and flam.preofequipmenr'arpsynonynsand rhc one .hN. depend!.n rhedrnry .r .n8f .r app(x, I of thc d.vrc rnc quipm m r is dsisnedw h air saps (soneiim6 .aned nane parhs)bNeen ovss or emovable parrs:nd the fl.losure The ar sapsare dcly ontolLd, md arc ndior' .nough ro cnsurcrhri il an iSniiion wer b f.ur in rheequipne.r rh. 4suxing hdr g,ses or naFe would .nqre ar such veldftis ihat sumundins flammable8aswould .ot be *flted by the eiplosio. The on.pr is :ppriobrd ro mdbs, jun.ii.i bqs, .ndi b6kss dd a wide !'n8c of orher el{ticil equipment.A .pdiri..ie tor the inr$riit ot nre eqdpreni is is!d afier laboratory rc assmbly ot rhis rypPor equipm ih. dc,sn r.abres arc not dskotred. rn parhcul ,ftenan p h should kcpidry and br

111

sho,ndn*er b rirhd willr johriry.ompoud. rne ofd srs n6r h. 6iied at cabre pnehatioc .s rhe coniribureb rhexplGim pmf i.kar y oI rheequipnar.

S(rm el{bical bondiry of the ship s shdE, includlag indpadent ca'Aohk, will have il3 deign However,it nay b approptat b ch{k dr.r mov.ble be6 a6ng.d dlnng equiplrHt, suchaselRti. mdor housin8s,lmared in any ol dp had eldially bondedb rhehull m working srre.ny srord rever b by,pis*d, owrdddm or is.l.ted; suchachon.ould enda$er rheslly oI rheship. Dekiv .ndib hay b by pa.red temporaiily in c& of an dqgEncy, but this rction should only b iaken w nthef, agrmnrof dE r6p'Nibl orficer,rd dr dRisim sho,ndbe lsided nu det{t shald be dified and dE cinit FpaiEd .s stn rs po$ible, md ine by pas @ov.d. Conpltid or the kotl should al$ b ftuded.

Cedi6ed ere eq pne.t shouldbeoGtully namrained, pdeably by qulifid ld b su3ht in c& ot donbt. [quipn 3houldb Esul. y irupbd.

Ipt:tmel,

Erdric lthr fttings ap dh nad w h a rmprarm erpebrion wnhin a grdp t}lir depsds on rhepower of dE lanp {bulb) icr.lld cEt l]n nud b? rakd b rQlace ine po. Fitiry a higra powa lanp rh:n $e origrMl can defe.nre bnp with de of th ehe ater rhe rdpemdre Snup of the fidi$ wiih..ru.qenr ahtriN m dE ot8es $,r rhe wnd qnipmentin a 8asdeSd'N ana is dismlRr for si.in& ii,e a$Fabd witug {d condudoB shouldtp olRdy hmiMrd or .dequably ireulahd ff il ir n@ry lor the Plrp@ oI epais tr aftEatioG io !e soldeiing ,pparabe or othei hes involyiry h6t or lhnq or b apply volb8 b app.rar6 lor r6bn& the aR n6r b m.de sfe rnd dined s$ 6E by d authorisd pt:m, aid rhm minrri.ed in tlEt cddinon 601 lmg r ine wo* ie in Fog@. wrE slch hd worr is cMrdsed ,l@ry 6 o a trn'i'al whm a hrer is alonsside rheFnt agr.llHr oI the hin.l md r..*.r should ,iBt b obt ined and a hot wor* Frnii i$ued

732

APPENDIXG

c.2 G.n.ran6 or Pq.uE SrA.

133

PRESSURE SURGE

A pEsw su4e k Senera&din a piFline sFrn when rhep is any .han3e in rhe rareof flow ot liqujd in the line. Tn su,tc.an b dangrm il the.hfge df now nh k ro rapid. PFsuft IE af l@r Lrery ro b.E.ed duriry al8o rmsfer asa r6ulr of one of the . . . . dcure oi rn aubmaric em.cocy shuidow. (EsD)v,rvei -,Did.rcdpn.p. 1 1 3 . rrm4 n L d t o ' p d p -o p . id h d \ r\ c slan,uSshuroran. Ftumb|veror *aning or sbppin8 or a punp.

Il the rotal pES@ 3oerad in $e pipelii erc& the strngth of any pad oI $e pipeline sysbm upstsn of the ralve which is ded, rher nav be a tupturc readinsro .n exh e
The,eatnm,la,,..t!,Id !"\f ,opcrpd idpd\ rL["a.waheaf .j.rcm

Th pa$ure at any point in the .ao tunsler syien l hile liqrid n nowing undc! nodal rond idshas inrP.ompoMb: . rhehydrGirhc PAsur; . the vapour prsure of the prcducr iI rhe rank k closd,oi rinospheric pre$ure iI the . rheprsurc f,enerared rhe php whi.h is hi3h6r alh pump ouderbur fatk sreadil/ by wnh disran e ahns the line due to lri.tioml ll]gs.
The thF aE 6Gbni and wil be refeftd to as rhe sratic omponenB ot rhe nomal flow arc shown in D

ohpondL

Rapidd$re of a vrlye superimpNs an addidml ransimt pe$u Thi is due ro the suddei onvssion or the *inehc fleray ol ihe moving liquid inro $min oe4y by .ompHsion ol $e flujd and $d.hin3 or $e pip. TrIestoPin the now ot lquid F prcpa3.kd back.ld3 thc piFlin d rhespdolsoun,i and asea.h pad of rheriqnid c.nes ro at ine pfsuie ts mddsed lr is tha disturbane rhar$ lnown asa prsu r surAe The hei8htol rhesur8dependson L\d dsity dr ttu liquid, ih rde of ib d*rerarion ,nd the lel(iry ol soundituo%I ii. valvcl(r* jniantmusly Ihe *q rd in Daslus ll vt in fuuE c l, md n dFribed bd6 Diisram II showsthe d*elopmmt ot rhe surAeas the valve shub. Dia8ran III shoss ihat upsbeah of the surse the liquid conrhuesb move forward and iill h6 the prt$ur distibuiion aFplidr. it by rhepuhp. Downdre:m .r the sui8e,L\e liqlid is {atunary and dornsbean p6sur gradienrbehind adiudmab rrks placein rhispad or rhepiFline b e'tualis th pasm tni(r8hou rhp $dionar_v liquid Thcs prssurcadjush.nb.lso havelrhrouSh liquidd rhesp.cd.f ihe

l15

wha ihe suq. ra.hcs rh punp (DiagEm Iv) lhe now d\nugh $e pmp *s The pasure at the puhp outler (le,ving ,sid the st.tic.ompomno bNms apprc\imrely equarb lhe sm or rhesr pKUr and tne ortptt pe$ut d rh. pump ,t aro throughpd Tnc pc6 ol prcsure cqu.lisation oniinues dowBean oI ihe php. Il noi eliNed in way, the pr$ur thoughoulhe whole lmgrh o, $arionary liquid @ch 'ny approxinarely rhe suh oI rhesuryepGsuft, ine punp ourrd p6ut ar zem rhroushpui :ndthedati.cmpmt.Th.fina1plesuPadiUslmenlba.hievedis prnP rs sM as the o.grnal surgrdv6, and tavels back ro th varved thp spdof sund. the rime regund fo. the wholc pMcs is theidoF + trcn the jrEtmt of valve .lNue, wtuft L is dE lengdror the lire rnd . is th. speedof sud in the liquid r,ncously, rheliguid upsftm i. rheline e\periff an abrupr incFa* in pFsure fo owed by a sroeer (!ut still rapid) tunhr imdunrit rhc pHur ra.hcs .pprcxim.i.ly the sum or rhesu pHsurq n\e prmp outlet pasur. ai Eo thitughpur and rhe 6tad. ohp.ndt ln pnctical .irumsknc6 the ralve dosur is nor hnuhous and th ot rhe srrge pG$ure through the v,lve whilc n r clci.B. T1p pPsuF lront h ls srep and as a r6ult tne hi8ht of rheprsuF sn is 165 thri if.losuE had bm insbnranrcus. fte pHsur ns f,carcd will bc l6s and thc pndd Fesuru d* $in b relievedtuou8h rhe At the upsbamend ol rhe line som. pEsurc nliel NUB ihrcugh d\ punp and rhis ako sda ro reian the miimun prssur. ea.hed; howeverif a .hRk valv is lilkd il my a$ralare itu {e. rf rhe efr{rive dosure tine .r rhe v,rre is seral tines 8Hb rhanrhe pipelinepdiod rhm surgeprsuft allevi.iion maybe sElificant i*d pF-ia $rftsh prmp nFn"l+u'l he 'n. pHure dmughout the lim beeen the pump d the closdvalve is rednad b in pmp ort?d pr$snr * ao fttughpd Thn is the sitoahm thar would hnvpsdred Isn a ve4, slow clcu or rhevalve bur rhp prsrp surye wourd nor thenhavec.uftd. Dorc66m or rhe valve an analogo$ pr@$ n inihatd whd ihe valve.los, exepr rh asine r,tuid is brcqhr ro 16r thereis a rall of pre$ffq rhicn ralels d vldiy of eud. HN.var, the psuE dbp m.y b relievedby vapourvolurion lom the rqud shh.ugh the $b&+sr srhp+ or the vapou! butb16 hay sE'E sh(* wav6, tor 'mple, if $e dowmrem liqnid nows np and down ihfu3h rhekansrd am or ho*.

'Ih de{riprm abNe Fre6 b in sinple cs or a snele pipIift. h pBdicar c$s rh d6ign ol a pcsibly conplex sysem should b blcn into a.omt Forrnple, the onbiftd effEb ot valv$ in pantlel or in *ri6 haveto b ehmied. In ehe crs rhe sor8f etia.t inae tn? flow in th. other LinebIorerhis lift in ib tum b shut down. Horeve.. .od suee p'anre operanonot valve in ercs h a ltu tr nifri& Tne nainrmR m<l rqular r6tin3 of valveclGure rin6 5 an inpodant sfery pqeduE

136

Dil'9..nlrE$cpmfle'de|ld

rrt

L/i suru h.tfjy L?pipetiEihgis

DsEmrv iim.

Va su'!. E&h.r pump,

Di.gahv rire-rr'

va sry

b rlD varE '.fleccd

MJdmma4pl@E,ltlDva|E

figuE G.] oqdopmni ol p6ru rurgein a linealtr intiant ne3 6lv. d@c

137

APPENDIXH

H2

.3 cdb.n diuide and vrpori3i$ liquidr

..r T6iniry and eqlipl@r PrFEdn6s

139

FIREFIGHTINGTHEORY AND EQUIPMENT

crrrrnr rn qftlliDnrrpntuln t\ lo. d.at'tNa\ t an'stftiaa,i htt att k ch,yn 3 rh! rwt tx d*ttb$ tht tDk thd lny b. bd, ,o rrrt'r'trrtrta o, ? ddtrrt k"krt,\trtitty j,.s int'hn\rhn&rts, d,trhrd6 adrn or srm tudnn'rt ddq.^ al uhrh h o'as al nMiat ttrktB,hrntd b?ttnt HrMn, t a6 nat3a ntu ddritslat d.h dpnnor ht i.tt b. itnt1ttl, \r .ti!^s t tfruh{,l 1 o1(t litt tttiryuishtns ,turtn cenml Jitt flqtnnlt turry is w.t,,Ld in ltt ht.n1r||,aat srl.tv critu lat oit r kd' m1d rtitiut: l

rfa tue Nua,ihe.dion raken I in

an o. ihesFor sh.uld on.rnp efer3enq planshcutdbe imFlcmmrcd Gp

llreninimom equ&hcn$ tG,nrr shjpt rirerighiin8equipne arelad dosn by ihc flas adminiskarion The fSulatirns i G senera Sascd rhppin.ipl6 o [y .n convmbon lor ih. salryol Life d sa(solAs) nd, fu shipsditid ch.mi.ag an the lMo Burkchcmi equipneni io a high {andard spedarisrtrai.i4 ni.Ew nenber, in pariiculr $ reglned for .hmi.al endor-ment of o l6.c6 prelcsiona r .edifi.ars, sh.uld be suppicnenredby rqula r drils on

Fift requirs

.onbin$on of rhr.a elemenk fuel, o\yg. md hear.i , ' n*ion D order b burn fic pnn.ipal nans or .onro inS and extinguishinai rirc h ro rnov r by rnovn ot ih f!el, by .mlin8, .r by dr.lud ins a suppty ot oxyaen(air) But in chem id iSniiio. may be haartui a rta.ridn wirhD the cheni.at ielt or tbn r rcacrion.fier mjxinS .henicars. A suppryor oxyacn mayb Fra*d frm dE chmnal rhrcush h.ltins by ihe fire s. rin r*hbng }dl be nde noa d fi.ult. without doubr, the bes col]F is b prveni any s.ne liqlid .hdbls h3veptuperies whnh ness ar6r fishiina h.hniqus rhai difkr rnm rho* usdon sinple oil fiFs. Ine blosins rin indrcare sne ol rhR popcdiB . $ne chnicalsar s1ub1cin war$ and ai enain mnenraridns my h nahn,ble; . .hemfals *hth ,re Eolublein wak' $ill senrarry d6hy nornar tcm, s armhol resisranior dur p!r!.* foan is rtqded, by 4 an'l insolublin, wabr tney .an b. smorhered r bbnrei of wah!, pnvided ,ppric,nd $ scndc: r ro prodre heaiand tnus grveoff flamable (md i. emc .a$s roxic)Aass: . vJne ch.ni.als evolvelalce voluhes oI txic vapouG when h.ridl mexpehd 6oin Yapouc whd buhins; . ihe conpiraiiv.ry los rurcigniion remperatur ol $me .hemi.ar Th. .argo datashct for r chenical will dnw aitcnrion to ihc uusu.l pFp.ni6 idnrk dE ort4i fie fighring medilm and sped pe.autnfs tu 6r. fi8hr-s d

141

eo oain 6r hghdns mdn rv Lrblewatcrrnd.ith.rd.y Cheniolt nkccn mally have powderoranal.ohornsisranr fdn sysrem. minimtn.apa.ity and.(\,e6ge.f rhe fte sy$ens is diPul.td in s)LAs and p(pt.h!5 th,r artunc sproal ha nghbngequipm$t sucha5a wrtcr sp abiriry bd.arwirha fircin unoslar.hemnak riteri.n nrSaininS ceniricare isa rhe of Fitns to carry tho{ cirym' 'Iheb6r w:y ordealin8wirhrcao riF in a bnkis by means : sndtheriig:gent, or su.has foin, .a$m dio\idc,or in eme ca$s .hemi.alpowder,ilposibleoupll wiih palin8 'lry off thebnr rd .oolis rdracd r4$ o! sp{s

watcr is thc m6r onmon oliry mcdium, bui his limited elfed on nod .hemi.rl fins. lf pnnarily b ui\i, vrtd sholld br rpPlni asa6pry or wrbr iis, o! D tun lb u* should f.r .mrin3 down rhc .hemi.ar i&lr and suroundin8 srru.rue, ny <xring hor bur*h6ds and tank wa11s, for nducing ihe .oncnbation of eapouK.Ir .an Js plovid pnkdion lor and bdws rh. firefishierandihc frr. wakrshould norbc thc 64 6shrcdbrrnakfS,r(f osedinth.r.rmora jetdiRtly.nt thelieasrh*naysproad rhebuningliquidby splashing ovcrflow, ihmughagitation thcliquid.au*rdby violntboiling rhe or or of of Non-volatilchemicil whichhavc blTnbtrminglorlong.anbee\tinguishsr lircs noi by w,tdr rosdr wrt! splry ir thcwhole.1thcbuhing su i.c n.(sib surrae ol ihe liquid is hanstsed rapidly t the w:ier dtuplds whnh ptsr a very ur3e .olingsurl{c,andthcfiam.cmbccxtinguishcd$ithadvancingan.lo{illitin8swepsol 6g o! spr,y r.r.rs the whol. width or rhe tuc Any liguitl ftc which hasbccn buming lor somc6nc is morc dilficult to utin8uish sith wate. rn.e the lqud sill havdben head to r pr'Ar$,vely grdter d+th and .annot radily b. Mled ro a p.int wheie it .eag to 3iv ofi 3as. H33 Cr ul ttwitlt t"ti u4n6iq Intlu.

Carbd dioride $ r. eielleni snoL\edn8 a8ni ior eitingrLhing ri6 when led in elydiltusedHoweler,ithaspmr.mlingqualirips dihe posibility oI r-igrition bI hot sudicB shouldbe bome in nind.
Dle b th pGsjbility or dati. eldn.i9 ehtratim, .aibon djoxide shorld nd b inieded into qhich i3 not alHdy on 6re any spac. .ontaining a nannabl. ah6phek

Carbondioxide k asphFari$ rd .amot be detRrd by sishr or smell. Hro$natd hydrftirb.ns are vapoisiq liqoids which havea nameinhibiiiry prr{r, similar ro dry cheni.al powds, rd als. havea sliAhrsnodpriry efld Tne difi!{nt liquids availablern idcnMed by a systrm ol halon number fte envircnmentil disadvanraS$.r knoan,rnd m.demshipsaftnotfiftd wirh rhemButw halonsarcwell in ener8h.y nay be nAKary md apprcpdaie to srve NG or rhc ship As with .rrb.n dioide, haloN and orherchemicalrirc exiinguishinaga in enclo!.d spacs, wherethey will not be widely diftued. All h:lon. , roft ro $me degN blraur conta yieldins ioxjc substanes A rier a fire hasbne{ingu ished,ir is ne'srv brerhing ,pparabs b enhr dE spac

to uf suibbre

Dry powdd is m ftedive 61 bshtins m.diun, which w.rLs by dRmPG4q sder hcat in ro non-il:n mablegas It is inF)hant ihd $e pos dcr is nor danp or conpa.ted.

142

D<har8ed rron an exrinsu5heras a hpnowiry doud it .an b errehve in deilDs inn]rlLy w h a fim r6utinS r6m a riqoid spil d deckor m a confinedspac. h 6p.ially eff&rive rt on burnms riquids su.h asligufi.,i gar or liquids *,ping thm leakinslines and ioinb, and .n veni.al i'{aG, tu exanple d,.al cquipmenrlia It ir a non{dducror ,nd rhus suibbre for usein dealiry siih erehicar h4s rt mun bediRred inro rhe fiames. Dr_!po*de! hasa neshsiblecmlins ctfd and s may nd give pohdon ,san* p.siblc reiSnition tmn a hd suda.e. cedain BP6 of dry powdr can.ausea blrnkct, and only rh@ know. to b omparible wth nrm should be uscdin onjundion wirh

chemi.al ranr.B buiu r. the lBc c.d. havc fom as rhemh fte iShiina nediun, :iJ nGr us an alcohor-resisrani murii pu'P@ fNn The ofd or lvpc of Ioi ihFia.r in detemininA the rangcof cae@s that.m be .artied undcr ih. C.rhrici. ol hlrns bhnker der ihe bumi$ ti+ oxysm supply ,nm air. F(rff als hassomecdnins effEi on ihe surfacci.mp.mtop ot dr d sh.uld nor be u-d a herehish vokaSe.uftnr is jnlolved,unl6srheektncitysupplyhasbeensharf Dunry $e appli.ario. or any fmn, warerfqt nay b us.d ro pmrd fiR fighrpn from radi,nrhattoFemirclose.appna.h rh-aftecareshouldbbken to bpr.vcntw,ror ralin8 onro rhe fcn and rdu.f3 ii cff.{hlenes

ThPPurP@ ol an imn 8assyshm is r. p&ved caqo ran*liE or erplosions, roepamrp ind the carso from the air. n i5 nor inrcndcd6 a fixd fire f*htin8 tu'ana6.n, bui in ev$r of 'hr a firc $ sysbn may be of rsntan e D

A ft hvorvrns chenicak is mo* lik ly ro mcur in a .ar8o hnr or on rhebnk dRr. Howevr,in $a .a* of, spilr .r tanl overlow, or a sidc she|]rupruP, rh tu nry spreadro the sura oI rhe warersuiiomding ihe ship.

Foa monito6 aE dedi.areddaics tor dcliv.ring v.ry ld8p volumesol loan q tri.U y h p m cpa.fty mon oEwould noimarybeon a 6ied moundng.r6afrdbrl.unit Asapnn.ipal lire lishrins rml in d\e 4ent or a tu in ihe .a4. ar6, rhe oprati.narreadins of nxn monirorsis Nnbal Elery oppoduniry should bc hkcn ro pr&iis rheir ue rhisis 6p.ially $ foi rehdely.ontolled mdroa.

Ax ddhin8 En5 sne prcdion agaiNr heardd .on*que.dy lid nor tirc prmt ir wrll b {orhd if ex!.sd ro flane Alrhoush imediar .onrainnenr ryworringcldth6,,n eitinFishingpadi6shouldb. appropdftly dps*d. Ihe no$ en{rive fte prd{tjv dothh8 .uripnrly avaiiablpis mde ot tths eidt lir'resdtant Iabic inorporatiry m rluniniun coreriry, and n emehmes e&red ro asa rirt pbijniiy srir. H.wev.r, d s iyF d srn is nd slilable rdr dnd dq n'b riF ras Hvier misht suits,*.oa n as riP enrry suih, penit p brcathmsarparab8tostertheactualfirrE Fnsu,6mad asb6tc arenow nor or Firc rssbnt cloihins nEt b. aPpovd by rh rdnintbrtion

1.13

An pDdv d.d!$.hodd be rpt Fra$re.nd dry, dd rhqnd b pFpaly tulad wl lsbhgwoh.Prtudrc.rodli.gcqldb.drrd'Ettffta!rlu.mbinbEoinS Ii i. of tE utui ir'ldre {'ai FsrEl dlr.dly iNolwd in frghri.a a d@i.al 6F w@ (old peluur pftdE.qu&ffir. Mnv chniLr'u rcl@toi. tlllGwhm buhin& dd b@dl't .?pnnr sh.rtd b. glh 6y 6E 63hh to gu.rd ag.ir5t illlElig tdi. v.poos d d4e ool. Advi! o pm.l pftdn.bd'4 6r ct@ic.l haard! ir mbied h Ch.ph9. H.aa ratnnt ondELvMt pttpo*ta

TtEc aE senl isport nt fict$ iivok d in 6E 63htin& dE sig.if@t bin8 fr pEvmdm, l]'w bni.g md d! odid6 ard sdi'g of 6ie'Ei 6gl*iry.4ripmar C.rp.nyrad:nmviub.biloadtoindividd,lllF,aidw deoiSdftarim.nd tsrinina of p.ml rrd intlfu ot 6E fuhring quipmsn. FiE fghdle md D rumnn ud6 rn eCuip@t ir op@ddl ord rI FndEl E wdl hiEd in il' @ aJd iieP4acyprtr dllB. Pndi! rrLp.r&.l, dd pF ld69port6i6..t r @iddadm ot van@ gl|u.ti*

lll4

APPENDIXT

,.2 ALld

.t shrr.tdn

Clmlt!

.3 Radd, urramic or nircwrYe galg6 .5 TapAa$ sy6hns J.4 onrfl Deion sFr.m! 5y5bm

.2 Tanr old0ow.dhl ,.t PduE

Indi({ing Dvi..3 hE

3 CaPacitive prsure hnsn .,1 c@al Fsuhons J.5 T.mpahE

Monnoriq Eqripn.nr

.2 TyFs of rhemomehF .3 Cderd pKautioc

: rdel or otygd i. rn 3 Eldnlyr. @G '{ Paramagndi.sM6 5 shive chehic.l liquid ab6orytionsMB 6 PeMml oxyg{ nmibG J.3 C.rro v.F!. Delddd Eqlipndl

.2 ConbErible 3E detu 3 rn@l ondlctivitl hete6 .5 Clmical dffir .6 G6e6l prclnN JJ tub6 rd Conblr

An Supply b Irohnab

I45

INSTRUMENIATION

jftd ot t nttud.tunmt tantu. anq nn nu i'. & tiut Ati& ns. afiftt wwbtiot My be rn thk,wddh, ptnldins suilrha an thzsk Md 47.idt op.ntkn al thr Eu'ndt

Mu.h or rF mmibdg lnd nasurcmmr dndnS cao operafim on .hemnar ra.re6 i.mritr Elimr m hman inrerldtarion ot infomarion, and slbsqudt dNcions m md on the b.sb of bainins d speden e. It@ fadors will mnrinue b be frndamental b st Gri,3e of chemi.alsby *a. Modem masu'ddr instummt tion h6 a.hievdr inpmved trow of inromation ar a .misrflr sr.ndard, ud nodem .dbdl khnololly Fmib *ct maacneni or oprarioN Ho*evd, in on1rro bp abtestely b bke rutl advanraaeorrhe g,iroavait blc,ihEisamd 60lnde^bnd rhecaFbilieof the FrtituhrEtsh..n be f&nd in rhe ,rm actus'sadvie,inpdi.ul,rreading

147

A. imp.nani tuaturt .r mny m.dm ne'surcn!{ ,nd conrol inshumcnb c ih. $ilih io i srrliFdiiL dr,i'r.i f ih , . * rb " , ma in " p -d 1 . $ : lr, rrrrs . f 4 nd." d ',; prc<i sibihon such liquidInclin a hnl,orrmilfunciionalarm indnahg a lailu? . as w,thin i *ne/s .wn dpc66ng h$hannh Thc dcsisN puryos ol alarm and 'nd shurioBn.idi6 !.ry widery,and rheir.pehiingsy{efr m:y bf pneunari., hydrauh, el(ti.al .r .](hni(. Safcopcraiionol plint ind syiems dependson d\e .orred operati.n .I th*.n.uih rnd, Ln.wledgo Thc lollowins pNautions should bc ob$Ncd . whrc proqd.d, tu$ ricilihos shduld br.uai bcfo( crrso op.nri operatinS: insrtune fautrshoutd any bedified; . winn3 iEidc an,r oubi,re cabineb shourdbe.hRkd ror charin&.ondeNrim, r.sul,hmd{sid'60n, brds.ne60n..r.l . wrrnkc.p.u should b insbu.red h.R b di{insadi betueenea.h audible alarm and qh* iction d nss.ry; . thEa<urarydf aI inpu$ b rhfr cidis shourti bc.h..k.d: nrsi b. inv$iiEatd ind Kesry remedul acbm r.kenl bvc dunng cao operations, sholld be ftpaned as ii {Dn ,s pGibrc Dcfc.hlc .i(uib nry bc bv,prsrd i.mporarily in cN o1d enelency, bd rh( a.tion should dly br bken with ihe rull :srefren( of the respmible off and thc d.cision shorld bc Rord.d. Conplciion ot ih. ftp:t work should ab. be l?mnted

Thea..un.y ftquirtd of.hmnal cfier rev.r 8aq.s is hiShb!{uf

To linii penolwl dp6uF ro .heni.als or thir vaporB whil .rr3o n beiry handld,.r durin8 cinia8e ar s, the IBCCod. spRifics ihR mcthodsol 3au3ing the level of a liquid in aranl dpd,r6d.ted.rdo!.d aeordingb rh. he,lrhh,ird of theptuluct Many .hemicar.aE my nd be galged by mual dipphA baR ro do e re+ires an oF.nin8 io the armcphrc durin8 oFratim. fte w ol omplcrly clos.d gangiry sFi.m is .<sry, rre $ rhat no v,por is emihed Eiamplesor d@d sysrems n@t grugesor rrdai syshms.lndid neasuring mfiods su.h 6 nos rehrin8 nay alsobe lsed Many nor .hemrah, ,lthough srill h,brdous, d. n i requne qune su.h n3ortu6 ontols, and ardded Satr3inga.pis ihat a very smn amou.t or $po!i may esp durh8 gruging. An cxamplek usi.g a $uding pipe dut rcachB .Bhi inio the tiquid. vitually all rni. c,rg(s equn .ih.r r6baEd 8al8hg or .l.sd 8auan3. HowNer, orhn cargfts ..n beBaugedthrcu8h opeiin8s in lhe ullase spac Tft n cilled

Ihs ar closdgaug6, and cocid or a noai which jis vednaly on lne lquid. lr is ahcrat by a hp ro an indi.atinA deviclor l(al Eading, wiih prdi3io. fd a dnv. mehmism lor pnor E.d-out. Pad.ular attdtion i. drawn 60ih tonowhSl . ndb should b sdred whs at ea, ex.epi briedy during measun . . . renotr;nd lcal ftdings shouldb? conpaFd lrcquady b dehnh disepm.iFr eadhgs my nRd b b orRhd io allow tor hpe.nd bn* dpasion d ontddo, ud ship rrin and h*1. T.bl6 d. nodally povided tor fiis pnlP.s; iap6 slbuld b cn6rd rcellady tor lR vedical novemar oi tF floal and it danagd, i3 ntlsr wfih rhe E,ind mehanGmsahi.n aF .aFIuIy bal..d it obstu.ed, the Sauge radhSs win b i@urah;

144

whm bP6 a@rmewed, d a gaugeRsmbled

after nainrmne, allosare shourdbe or ner bcsim to rifi. Manuldrcls iatu.665 should b spial dre is n@s$ry with bpcicood and hp

paa shtuld b. sdrdy

'enbled

orha dajSns .r g,ug6 us floab ihar rip and fall d $e oubde oi a clNd pipe l,Nch Fmraies rhemain d<k rNide the piF aF tixed na3n6 and a *n6 of swihhes rhai tansnir a sisnarb a display un , Guarry in the dr8o conrrcl mn

tigurcl2 lypesot galging R dtt, utnn n t hidowe 3r!3.s

]le- areale cloFd 3.u36, and work m rh. priftipre osdbya6.brstdaneho$uder Pul*sde rNidd rbm r,e rop of dE hnt and the tine h*n for them b b Efl..kd b.cl n masnFd,nd dhplay.d 6 d ullrge or d.prh. Sp.i.Iman3emmh mry bnade ro rtuce inrdfeEne by inrehal bn}

t49

RadarBauAes Bderally rcliable,and m6r ruhrenan.e .an be per aF n. Partialar careis to prd{t 'rffi'ry tansih4 and e.oie^, ind whd .al$radng dis typ. .t gaugc

the delicate

Pe$u gal8es mre !s ar the difiern.e bsen armospheii.pasurc and $d pasun in rheliquid nearthe tmk borbm. Somchmes .dditionil $n$r is momhd neii nid-dcprh an in i tanr to ihpr.ve a.d ra.y ind reliab ny ln ene casos syseh .an diu* lor c,rso a dmsiryby !s ol PMn arkm$n wiih spRilicgraviry isnNtsry. Arhemomebiswunlyindu,lcd in rh. sne6, bui i n y v,rJ, dFdvanb8t oI presure g,ug is th' rhe cargohpcGba b&ars mret density k dependentm hnpentorc, e eror in eadings nay develdp Tlr delicatcnab4 oI n&B and ther su&cptibihy to c&go l6kas. nrk6 rcsulr! *ryi.ing

qauqe sysrem Figurel.4 Pre$ure

The sysems usea rapeto .hRk the lvel or ca$o in a iank Tr'e measu iNned into rhc tar* thrcush a smalld,aheer pIPewnh a ball valvear ihe 6d, and Fodabl anomt ot .argo released Ihey smehnes havean ine ..e det(hi a.d a tdPe6he *nsor built in, r'ith apprcpiate mdiob^ ii the dnPhys. A sy{em emPloyinSthis t}F oI

150

Fiqu'ers Tape 9au9. ryried

cnain cl8ms eqund the desil{ured rrr b be ri(ed wnh a *panrc high tevelalarn ro sjk wmi$ bpfoF ihe bnk b<)nes tull Tn atam mayb. a.6eaert by cither I fldi opdahry a swiich ,r.vi.e, I .apacirjvepi4ue r.mm hr, or an ulra$nic or radnDchle eurce rhe adivarion poini i5 usuatly preer ar 95i! of bnk c,pa.jq. The high level alam m6t be in,lependdi or d\e nonal s.usins sysem Hh hvet atrms aker'siErru.tiof and r6r!i as requird belorc.a4o I.a2 rank avlltu Mhr *.bh.

A b.her nahe ror this would b.a iak ovedlo! FdventnJnsysrm Ii is pquiFd ror paftculai.aes daieftred in the rEc code ft sysrd should.ome inro oFrationwhen ih. nomrl oprarioml pr@drfts fair ro sbp rheraJ* tiqui,l levetex@din8 $e normt lull ondnion. Tn acnvarionpoint is nsuanyd ai 931,.l rank.apacjty. crprahonoI (hesyshn is rcquned b b indepnde.rof the hiah ls el atarmdsribd above on ad r. hon, rhe sFrm should 8ik a visul ed adibru aran, dd a sianati. suncinr rimero permr s.que.rirl shutdoM oI omhoR pumps and/or valva, and rhe ship'svrlvs. Tne shurdom .an be dpndor or indepndenr rheinhflmtion ol opraba. .I Partidbr ore must b excnised with rqard ro auromin shutddwnsy*ns thar are independenr of.p.6rr ineondon Etprs apprcval iI npn E is requnedrmm b.th rhe nas adminisration ud rhe pod sbre au$onrs Auronah. shurlown sy$.m e nomlly de6igned shut the main .arAo tal* nliry valv ir rheliqlid level ris aboverhen,linuh to level p.hihed creri cae sh.uld b. (a*m io msurc ihar rheadivatim poinr is *t adrately, and th.i ihc operarionor $ dNic is .hRked by sinur,rion whmeve. dr sysftm is Gonnis6ioned l{ the ship and shor shurdowncircuirsarc b be linred thet open6.n shotrldbe .he.red beloft 6rg. raNtur bginsrif nor, the rcmiml shouldb intomd ot dp clcins ni. ol rheshipr v.rv6 (seeAppndii c on pre$ua su.s.)

l 5l

PFsu. gaw.s arc fithd ni variou pEssuru tanls,$meotshnhare sp{lfied,n rheIMO Col6 Theyfray beu*d b iddi.ate h r liquid bing purpd i.t or ort or a bn( oi nat piesure su.h as ineit gas ovprprcsurc.Ircy.rn indicatcnc ,nd cnbc linkcdb lu is imP.nmi ihat poedurs {n ftl,braied m ac.ordan@wnh nanu

Tresein*dndt measuFpsurc by rhe m.vemenrot a .oiled or h biJl3diRrlt propotionnl ro thc apphcd pcsur. ftc mov.nent $ uai to dnvc , port.r tor l(al readinss,o! b conrtul i g,s prt$urc !:lve .r t, rher a v:riab sede indiiRt adjn8s Indd readingsniy bp nRpsry b avoid dt{r connedion beken $Ie md ddgerous aFas Th nnbwing pauriN shouldbe obervd: . rhe indi.aior should b periodi{rlly ch.rkcd ro. z.(,.JlDrahon; . thesau8eshould norbeurd t,...sisr. ly indi.ab ptussurtsbey.nd 7s!;orib maxjmum rcadingil the ?rpRied prsuru is nady, or 60L ir ii is rlu.tuating; . Boudon iubs ma)' b. dana8. laner.anbeeliminaed theu* ora n.s redri.n' by t.s 3 ctw.itiv p6tre tmsmtk^

Pnsur in v,pouj sp..es oI .r8o bnks (andclscwhcr) .an bc non orcd by measurjnsihe elled ol iheexisting Frsurc m a.,ledunib thaihave: rnownintomlprsure. Bt rerereieahosphee in rhe*aled ,nns ara krs pisue, roresnple03bii BiablGhinsrhe rbsolubor s00millibau,ir is po$i nd.rFsure $irh'n r ranl asweu asoverp6surc ftfle.ti.n or the se,led unn n neasurtd br an hremal c.Fa.ior, which sfltl s an eledrn,. siSnal6 a remored isplay a. ext rhospheri.pr*trrc isne.esaryfor thcdnpl.y to sho$ giugeFr$ur. Alarmlek|scanbe

prcsurctansm'ter Figure6 capacilive I

L2

Th physi.al 3iz. of rheensoG is quib f, , md whn red ior ined gasmoniior tn devnesaF often ilmrpoGhd into hoBirys .t other tuF, suchasr Sinilrr ur cr be Fd b inditaE high.r pr*res in liquids.

]r'e folosing pKaufions apply ro an prsure sensina quipnenf . mdFnr.of.f.h.nun.hould Fiondr bleqfh rhc.,r3.. Fo.pdrph. brus mu,r ai b Lid rorp'\L?3: ,pe tor dim.:rs the "u hd.4n)Lrcd,am,e 'nr.mr. lm code g{ guidane on.a$e wh.e sp.ial ad566 husr be paid ro makriats of . . . . b.rd{ meGurmenb aF bken, all valves in the did trnc ahould be opded and au

ihould b""uoF H i.qorerr pl^uPiibg. nop'4ueB;LC. i shi}..nin8.:r8F rhtrh.cn{|dif) o.bm tuLmpFip.s.ph4i,t.l -rIere ap{h!ervr ir tuv b. nl'G$B ro rJ.h qrur lF drd {{' \hdmbqi if + Fo' linF re mpJ,dnl! d o'ld.d du'ir8 mdntu hcy.\vi db.bLnled -

Tenpenruc ensoF ar 6ncd e rhardr hnpc,atuF oI rhe.argo canbe mmirorcd, espd.lly shere requiFd by thc rDc cod It is inporanr ro tnow d\e .a4o renpsatop in ords r. bc ableio cLurare the weisir oI .arso on bsrd, and b&u? iaJ*s or ineir o:tinss orh hav naxinum hmperarure a liait. Mrny. sH ae bpsatoE Rnsitivc, on be and danagcd by ovAearingo! ir pcrnn&d io $tidiri. SMs nay at$ b hnp..tur.u or the nrudur :ound rhecaryo stsrem.

Li,tuid/vapour themonei4 Rty on $e eipan$m or (uradim of tiquid in a {ry dne-borc calibntcd rubeoi cpillary The liquids mcr mmnoly ued a{ mer. rur inporrnr romure rhat the riquid olum in rh insrrmdt n (ntinuo6, oiheRi* rh Liquidhnlt rhemomhnha\ea he6lbulb cmraininSa dnid *hnh ch ssvotmewirh Mprar@ .ha.s. Ite chan36 rre ransmilted via capiurry rubiq r. an indicabr or re.onr.r. nre sy{em ts sred unds .ociderable prsua ro oveNme pre$u rron the liquid Me@ry rilled rhemoneeE sholld nor be u&d wfih alminim md cdain dher mreriak. 3i mdaui. thenomhs.msisr oI tuo metah w h dilfrcnt.at6.ien6 0f exunsion whi.h de weldd r.gethe. b tom a bi-nebrri. drip. whcn he*ed, rheship sin bndbe,us of rhe mequar xpansian, and ihe ndins novaenr .an be usdro driye tarricthemon&B ar su*ptible b vibDhm ind should onlv be itr+alled in MiiioN fR fmm thh eftud ThltmFouples rely on heaiapplied ro rheimciio ol rwo dissimilar m small v.lb8r which cm b nc6uFd. A chege will indnre I chmEein hnp.rahre. Normlly ih valbSe n ensd ele Resi4an.erh.momehG u- rh. Iad md $e ered.al r$ishn.c of cs ictsrmD.drur Tnemrrerkl .h6 r fine platinm wir. rh isbn.e is mdsried by meansof eldical BisiaN bridee .onRtrd b an indjcrtu or R 'n lecrmnicruans, and dE @d{ut k Enoh.

153

'It follNi$ pK.ubro shouldb. ob.fled wfth aI 6pddm hdi.aiina devics: . the themometeE,sd shorld be suftablefor the onpl* ra$e of kmprrtoE . . . . . dp s$r shodd mke 36d thmal conb.t wirh ihe mterial whN remperahF i5 b

it rsdin8s do mt chrg whn erpded, t}E inshneni shdld b chked, fimondm e asilyd.fra8d,eFiaxy thr wiih.apinary tubs. Ttey mouu b h.ndled with .are and pote.d tmm nRhmicar damge md exftmes or kmt rabr. beyondd'ef{al6,dhgrui*lhey whn a lixed rhemomeer $ rmved rr.n ib worr.inSlllaiioa.aE avoid lrening or enoving ib pdkd, sp.jany I rhesyshm is pKunsd, whm a ihenomehr is rplacedin a wnkins lfahon, careshould b tn*.n ih,t it d nor bdrom in ib po.kd whm *rwd i4 as thn e d dr* dm3. ffrhe $e omerer k slackm the pc*i a maisial with high thcmal o"drtiyity Guchs . {itabr lubriGtina oil) .m b usdb eNur ac.uratr radin3s; elRtkal comdioE shouldbr cled, tghr rd mrd care shoul w h ordimrt powr sou'g. intinsically saft leadsae not @$<otud

or aE normally usd b d.editu ihe oryBenldel in the armosPhere .n Oiygm mly*s .nclosdspaa: 1o. ituta(e, b che.k rhat a cargohk .m b onsiderd tully itured, .r wheths a enpadmenr is sfe for drry. Tne u- ol oxysen dektoE lor che.ring th ahcpheft beion enrry ro mcld spa.6 6 di*ussd in chapd 3 Thde a@saeral typso, oxygenamlyF6. ln ech cae it is of vibl inporb@ $at ihy ar nu* whmoxyaen .aretuny mintained md hst.d, an dd{ro6 ak.alibraed n is e$tial ro e clanrd uont.ninat d an lr usedsddly in aNidan.. with t}le neulactorc/s iBrructions, ther inshnenrs .an be F8arded d

'ftrcwhout this suide rheFohS oI ox$o in an i5 rctu.r.d ro as2rY!,shc. moi stddl' howwei rhe in ue on shipshasa 3au3or ole which eads b ?l'16. imhodtario p@nbge of or$en idls seftl hu.ddrhs or a F|enr below rh.t ftue, vaiously quoted besm 20.35Land 20951, ly that th tun 2 . Modem irohumntarion sith d,gita capable sucha..urary i ol may be inpcsible b obtain.lr an tutmar instucbN shouldb GrcIully E.d and uds6hxd, $ th,t ProPrinreqret.hon ol th. in adings cm b mde. Ii may b. apFoPnat ror ih ship oPeraror's rdercnce io the level of i@racv obiaimble.

Analyscc oI tha typ masn ih output or rn elehlyft .en mrt i5 exPoan b a $mPl ot the armdpher benB k{cd The.uieni fiow is Flarcd ro the oxysd at he orygen .onht. smple, md the scak n addSd b Sive. did 'ndi.abon The radings my b atfe.r.'i by rhe p@n e oI ctuin .h.mical vaPdc. It is inPon.ni thd ine manulaciEr's advi.e h Iouowed.An indicab! ,hnh nay b rliablelor nasuring th oxysenonbr or a spac afier rhorcughvdtihnon my not h suitablefor chering th oxygen.ontar in . mixtuE of atr, inen 3.s &d Gryo Yapour.

154

Parmagndi. inlhunnb n6su the dehetion of a mgnd pivohd in a symdical no., m omnaSndicfild.Tr'emSneri5swFnddinrchmbri.bwhichtn a6sdphn intiodued, rhe delldion n diRrly proporhml b oxyga oncmbalid th* inshnmb cm b rd ror deding oxy8enin nnbE or othq v.pd6. It should be nordth.i sn orhrBas, nobbly oxidesof nfi@gen,haveohp.rabte paramSme propniesio or:yten. n'h rehniqu. camo(heP or b usedif $.h orhd in morethan b,e amounb sas n8hr bepffit t.73 szkdiu &?ntut tiqrid th*tnn neE

I. liquid dbsorprionin*rumnb a rnMn volume ol dE aimGphec ro be snpled is pasPd rhruAh d liqL d +Fr.h,b{.b. th. o!)Bcn (auqn8dvotumechrg. h rr LqL d 1e fin.l !olum' n maa.rFd.r a rte Ehrih th. oflgh(Mkrr oIlh. on8 t$rpt.Bi, 'nd'..h 1.7.6 Pnoul al!&dmnn s snall itutuntrb arc availabl which ,e.ap.ble ol cdrinuo6ly m63utus the oxysm np. d be,1:(hdrodo us or bmri'r ar {ppl'ed rrh dF fnbfld llc] .hcdldaJrotuh!allypmvidcf,udidhfd u6u.l,ldr whm dc ahospheF b(on6 deticiar h dyg6, $ asro Sive$e w6's adeq*E wamiry of lrete

'Inc prcvisim and u* ol vapour de&d'on6qu'pmnru requned rhrBC by Coderora numbrof frdionsi in ludins: . masudn3 mnentniions ol ss in or nearrheflamable ianS, . dehhC low onentatiom ol .a. vapour in rir md in imd 8as,or in the valDur ot . neasui.S oftmhatioN of o9tenmre*gasd.aryav'pourdinen ledspaes.

PeMnmr shdld tully undmtand rh pr+o* .quiPment,whdher tued or ponable. t 3.2 Cmbdibt? 3 d.tetds

and linibtions of ditfear vapoul dddion

Combudible s.s drRbE aie very dmhon ,nd are usd b ddd md ndsure .oobusrible aas, bually within the .onenhtim tr8 of 0 tc{er LFLj dur i, up b ine poinr or namnabiriiy Eqdpment .an br fixed or potubl.. A ansoi.draining a hlahdt of a spdrl neiar is tuaed elebiolly Td a smpL ot 3.s is pa$d over ii. Any onbusrible ga8in rhe$nplc is oxidi*d .aralyn.any.T he heargivd out ,lrs rhe elddcal roistde ol ih firanenr in pDpodion io the f,aso etfet is displayedd a suitablynarket ne. Ihe fira'@r on Esily b d..adivar.d by mkdds suchassjiioms, haLmted s.s, acids,warr,oil and l6d. Fiue4 may rhd.roe be Huid in the mDle lin6. 'IrE eguipmeni Rds oxrun ro opsae, ,nd canonly b mlied upon ro sasm an ahospheEs, nor in inrd aimosphG. ft a hirture of ind sasand crrso vapour hasio be tested,eithd an inh.ftd or rhm.t codudiviiv nds n(d b. !s!d, or a inole mbusliblesasdd{br cd b ued. A conbBribl 8as d.hor wil d indic.h a sle ahdpherc it a bii. vapolr is invo[ea: in su.h a .a* a diffrmftvle or iGbuhenr shtuld beusd. n iGhmenb are.alibrareda8.iNt a known Bat .arreda sprn ga3 Pdtoman e m use may be artu red ir rhe ga3snpred is diflsmr from dur u*d for caribratim, rd an .pprcpnak .onv6io. fador my har ro be rpplied b the radhg3

155

ttu sbh or .h6phEs Poilableonbustible g6 dete6oE are riequarly Rd b orlin b.liNed b be tR ol cryo vrpoux, such.s Fid ro bnk dtr or hot wor*. whd led ior pflisimorar6poreibloftir lAnpurp@,Eadiry!shouldb.bk6bydutui.rtne who 3houldbe ehsfied tnd lhe ic interPrekd, bloreallowin8 the stety of peGdrel b dcpendupon thd. Th. calibraiid should be oninmed, .nd Eadin$ dDurd b bkm fbn oE rop or bobm or a spce depmding on the lapour ds y or rhecargo.Readhgswill b in(uare il i.ed gasis whd *jn3 rhd insttunent eve.y ftadion oI rhe mbr is inporhr, rd mr iu* tI 6n.l ftsiinA p6irion. Ihe liBt movcmentindi.rEs the preke of Mbusnbb vapdr, *hile ihe liml Fn p6ilim mdibs th. .dsharim, a rallowsi . a tinal re6tpdiiion wiLhin i]'e ale indi.ar6 a gasmncenharionblow LFL,erp6*d rs . . a liml re* Posibonbyondr00 a nedleno\mst n6t $.vc 10c,6LFL.nd then to a 6nal Kt F r .on.enhfion rbore UFL tion of ze( indi.as

It is iheFlore srrcngly mmmdcd thar whm a spac is bein8.heked the Gpdsible @d4s ap offner mould nd b dhsfi.d tn r,n ahspher d etu mtil oBishntao obtained.Fixedgasdetedos working on rhk primiplp havedp $ne lin ariom asponabb PeEonaloibusiible gasdereroG, .apableor.mri.uo6ly simpliry m armcphre io d.hi dE premc ot small amounb of conbNrible E!s, .re als avalable They+ould aul1)mri6ly poide an aud[lo and vilal alam whm tn lael o( .ombustible3asna.h6 a et lflel, b sN. the wea4r adequahw.mha oI u$le ondftioro. 1.3.1 Thmnt &ndu.tioitu n t.ts Ih* tuiflNnk worl by neasunry theml.mductivity ot sanplB of sas nty ae El<hcal p.wet b apPliedb a hab smtinA carkd ..tftainoh as the sBins elddt rhe fil,nor impmbrt shbilis ar a laru depsdiry on the o, m gasamund ii. Any varhtion in the oncntdlion ot rhe grs anrh the@l .oddivity Lhe ftlnmr renpentuE, Esulting f , .ha.g in eled.al ishce shich n in tun indicared ndr. hepnncipl by. aasdekior,burrhd gasftm 0 1OP,by volune komp.td b Gt00% IJL).

The filao6t 6ay h. mouned s ihar rh sampledgas0o$ didly oer it d ditrues inro it. Tlr did flow rt?e rsponds mor qui.tly b ondhahon cnnge bd n depndenion fiow rar6. Tne diltusion 4" sives a slower 4pl)N brt is ls aM Fsfiive. It is inPoftnl b nd thar chan36 in op.rabg ondihoN (e3 nlanmr volhS or 8asnow rae) nay alt{ rh filanen[enp.ratue. Tte mlels h.ndb.ok fo. the ndtumsi sholld b .hRrd. A themal .ondldivfty der .an b er roderRr algo vapour mixdwith ired gas Tr\ndr run6 nud be .alibrahd ro sft tF sasbina bhd, or nanutachss odm bioF sery (..sion 'd. u$ ., RelMe shdld b m.de ro the manut chrd's instuim Nou Th. 116 ot ..nb!E.ible sa ddEbr 0r,2) .nd $@.1 .ondudiviq mdr 0r,, an .r nt .ltholgh trr. F{. tundim8 - mc8udng P.ftnt4. be onbin.d inb 6. imhn LFLnd.onent.ttd of vapolr byvolun 6F.tiv.ly - En.in diltin t rn 6me 3hiPt, te.hniq!. fted sb d.tedlon .qripnenr uffi thb ontiMdd

OrSani. Sas su.h s buhe mdune ,nd Flrcltun abslb ffiared iadianon Tr\is the proFrg is usedin fired d Portibh eq p'rHt bdekt suchgres in MmkarioNover LFL or 0 tm9'" lolllm. Infr.ed r.dndd is Pasd rhmugh tu bb6, 6e ra$e Grm9. ol gs, the oL\er.onraininSrh sahPleb be m@sured ItE .6t ining a known omtation

I56

extmt ot ab$rption is in popodid b the 3.s u.enration, ,nd rhe ourpur tion thc Mo sb.s i3 conp.nd le.rmi.any. rhe el..tbnjc sBtut ..n b ued ro drive m inddtjns mehr or a ps ftdd, or ro hiAAprdher equipnmi suh a! an .hm. CalibrarionoI rhe inshneni is d for a.h 3a b b ndsuEd. lnfrarcd duie6o6 wjl nor Ftiably ddd cheni.ar 3e, t.3.5 Ctuiiut,Lttttt t b.r a.d arc noi olmody Fd on

I!* ituhnmb, oftm RlerEd ro as DraeS* tub6, nomally tunciion by drawiry a snple or the:hospher to be kshd through a Fopriebry.hemic,l easn! in r glN tuh Ih derdin3 rcaBe.ib..ohee prorssively diyolded ir a .onbnient vapour k pltmt in rhc shpt The kryrh ol th dj$oloration sbin giv6 a mesuP ot rhe.oncaralion or rhe .hd icaI vapour which canbread fbm the graduareds.ale prinred on rhtub! DrRbr tub6 give an a(uak idnation of chenical vapour.mMrarid, wharver rhe ovSen It is impoianr that the 6Gt volune ot ahGpherp sahple, a(ording b rhe manufadH,s inshchms, n pas*d rhrc!3h rhetobe,othefrise ihe ftasuremmr w snalla samplerclunewillaivcaI helengrhothpisa aitical rador inobbiningaconNtre in8. IrF presrn or a R)nd gasmay atfd radin3s .nd ..w im(uraci. chdical dderor bb6 ar spdific for padi.utar 3a* or vapoort ehi.h ne,1 havenamniblc or combunibh pr.prbes - ro! sample, or)'3o or waer nor vaPour0o esrablish dewpoht Tr'e tub6 aa di6n.d b mc6uP low vrpau onent bd6 .a..bly, d aE Fobabty qurpnenr ro se. rhey shtuld atwaysb usd {hen rhe Gr8o v4our plenb a seriousinnalanonhaa.d, e a aaylonihile. Tr,edomge rife of the$ hb.s is usua y tinihd, and it k n@s$ry i. tuur rhd out of datr

vrpdur dekrion is a nns ol mc.surin8 vapourcdMtariont and geai.ar is 'ressa.y ro ensurerhar ihe ie,din36 ar @urrb, sp{ially whm dp liv6 or ps@l dependrpoi them.The followiry prRautim shoordb ob$tudl . the 6ike/s hmdbmk should be stodiedbelorecaliblrdon oi o$, . pro poinb shorld be ch<r.d re8llfry and lmt if ffiry belo when rhudo is beins d ro ensuE rh.(he mple ; fre frcm any 8asrh.i would othlwi* giv a Fadina: pue nibaad sh.lrd b {c!d it rd asonen as emmmded bv the m*e6. The .oncmbarion md .onposition of th. 38 u*d for .alibrarion Gnawn asspan8rs) +o!ld b ac.ulahly known Re.aribrarim sh.uld b. rNrded on or ne.r ttu itrrment, rhesne pftaurioro nEr be ob$fled whm h,ndring spangaswhich $ rdi. or flannrble aswould apply if the chmical was c.ried ascaqo; tubsor liquids for.+iphent osinSd\e.hmnal absoipdonor reactim prin.iptg ftava limited rire wjlh m dpiry dak n\ey shourdbe ftpr,d berde eidy, od,etui* &dirysmybiM(ud; all snpl lin6 sh.dd be clean,@b.h.ted, br,nght.nd 6nner.d ro thc otur aUenpl lin6 shouldbe nad of L\e orKr mhrial c sp.iJi.d by ih. naker. In.ond tubiry may absrb 3asfron rhesnple and caos nhreadbg cadinSs; iJ uppr or rower smpk p.inb rE pmided (fd r{h6 $m an oi hdvier rhanan vapoB asFcbvely) rhe cotd pcftion shouldbe u*d for rh ..$o; pnmps,6lt rs, damesEns and otner .ompoftnc ot fie sysi.n shdld b well for fired inshnsb, dd. and l@l Hd{ub shouldb rcnpaad b ddEt

. . . . . . .

cu rD E (cHEM r c^Lr )

157

6id ntul! dcp6& @ aowrat ,dd fructlutim tu q* Fiorll,rcof 'd should *.pt 3bd, &d doH frh gp,Ete poinrrshoddbc ill:roacy, nmr 6 aF batuy volqe or potubreitu 3ho'nd derd b. irotuat win pwi& .ffik Ediry& tuq@dy bo tus d

TIE PrfoM oI itutub dd .fltul sFtu dBr d.Fnd upo a eupply of .i6, dry air 6n b degraddvery qulc*ly tf Otealr {pply Ir d.gaded or d.plrd {mhilEr whidrcn Bivris bffiim bd+ip,6t@ltun tim. Lubriqbg oil d .[- crF pro6lem. Soth dnld De.Lained oll qrlar9. Air supply pip6 $odd b. krr 6Snt rid filieF 6d dts 3h6uldb cher.d tuqhtlt.

158

APPENDXK

x.2 c.fift:ri.4

Mddn! !.r T6dn3

lca Hddlir& Co'|dim xJ L6

ad U!.

shldshoE lrEd.do4 &nnh3.nd Bondlng Sror.t ril Mdnrada

K7 &mPl. Fod.t for c:rlo Hor F.d

159

CARGOHOSES

A nodem calgo hGe Epcsb slillcd s8indng and, unlerswrdgly us.d, crn bc rlid upon to onrain rhe.a4.. NevddEleis, n shoutdalw43 be rFared as r carsoonbinmmr md tmter sysim, e dyNt haidlin8 and u* of h@s is impodanr Use .nd handlingmaydiffer froh tyFroiyFof hose,orby ma.nraduq fte!?.5drhoscs nomally smunrercd arc either metallic onpc , PTIE (polyranuoreinylen.) .r A shipk own .aryo hGes art rquoiry $ed on boardchemicl rank s, during ldins ,id rinScal8. ransinEbem ships dunnshnk and derninBA5hipshould haveonbcd ippopriarena.lfadrrsr narsi:rdmbinsrh. hNs caried, and sp.iryiry any rihnahons in lheir uF

A ship'sosn c'o hlxa m6r b. bbd ind aitficd s equird. rr nininm rtquilmenb rd $c onshdim {d et$ oI shiF' .ao hM,rc lpeitid in rheIMO CodG. All cao hlrs aF rquind b b d6iF1ed fd i buEting plsup nor l* thtr 5 tire rh. mtihun psuF rharrhehe will be subjRbd b duins Glgo hansleroprarim Ns tmSLl1s of.alB. hd, belop beiry placdin *riG, shouldbhydGbti.ally bhd at ambientr.npcdtuN b i p6ur not rs rh,n rr tire i6 spdn d mximun wdlina prsuf, bu fitursof ib buntin8 pl8of. A manufa.tuftt?scr difi.ar t iu povid jb h(E's Gtu.tion method, prrom rm3. and iL\ tuEiEr s,6 wl,ire in *wi.p, h@s should ftgoraily h. lisurly ffpcd.d, and rheyshouldb pFsr r6rcd ar re.* nuary. Tes rsLdb shoordbe ftrorded in a carso h6e ond ition los book An eiahpbtumat fo. su.h a los is Bivm in Scdion K 7.cao hNs ar re,tuiftd t b mark.d wiih thn spdjf,d naximon worbng p@ssur, which shoutdnoi be H@s uFd i. tne k mtr ot carsG .t orherrhanambisi kmDeBbre should be nark d wiih ih appricable ninimrn and 6aimm ivi@ bmp.oturc ranse

i.al liqridsandlap.us dunng.a!Eo handlins operahons should be.omp.tible w h rhe natuF and tenpeiarur ot rhe .hemi.al. Any linjiations ot the orso prcpsti6 and empratuEs lbkd by the hF mufacrun should alw.rs bt

r{hen a hF is bing mded ab.Lt rhe ship it shdld alwaysbe liried and caiiid. n sha!ld nor be dE&led over the ship's firtings suchas pipwork or walh ays,or rolled in a manner that eisb the body o{ the h, no hoisEd o a craneor denct usins a sinsrewire *op

161

.bour i6 mid-lenarh Hos should nor be an.wed b $ne inro onra.t with hoi surfaes such B.rore .ot]lErion, .ar3o hos shorrd be ehnined n, any po$ibte defds ih* mry b. vrible insiderhe h or m rh oui.r .overing. rr* may indlde siSrs .f bldenng, ab6sim, nahmin3 or.vdene or rc,ks Hs with ydmaaeshourd p.siiive ddsio. madeon whetherrheJ'6n onhnue b be ued safety.senoustydamarn or leakin8 hwsshould not bcu*d. rheshipsnaiifotd shoutd ch(kcd for suihbitfty be befoE ue Flinses on both rhc hos r.rsnliGs antl smd .ondnim B.lis and nub uii should bc of the oret si? md mabial wnh a bou firted ro aery hol in rhe danSe and tighrded .ofEd] whd r u$, r .a.go hu should bprcper\ supponedalde ih length60avdid eicesive be.dinS or rhehoseor ih weighrh,nginE fron rhe manitotd.onNtion. rhis ; espRially imp.flinr whcn signifi..ni ridrr or ,rrauShrvariaiim .e .au* rhe (ra6vc hc,3h6 of rhe stup,nd sh.p manrtord!b .rhn src* dea1, rheh@ suppod ro mquirt frequenr ud adju*ndi. Fendein& srmls o! .hdr$ .an be Ed ro prcvide 3uppoi und.r ihe hN, pani.u li ny ar rhc manifold and ar rhshipsjdeiar wnen , h6e is 6upFrrd trom abov., b.dles rnd sddlcs should b. u*d to spreadrheload, ud may ieqritu n.re than one suPPdiinS poinr A sinSlewie nrcp should noi be usedb suppoi a ca$o hok nearjb nid rflarh. Pr.rNhm should be provided ai poinb almg the h.s whfc .hJtins or rubbins .ould Hos shouldnor bc subjededro pumpins pFsures rh,i ei.ed rhe rabd worlins pmsure lfihnh,PPcns,ihchosc5hou]dbrePla.edbymoihel,andFckdbe Afto ur, hos shourdbe depresuried and drainedbefo& dikdnlthon

ft i3 l]sniiar thar rherar8o ho* d@snor prcvide rhe pdh'ry p'rh rd nrhc cr.dncity betullr thc ship and rhcje y, dhrsie rheE is a p.sibilly of a dati. ere.hi.ity di*h:r8e ai themiirold who.ffering up thehGe ror.onnedion whenbn ing rhconndion or alrer rhc calgo rarofer Th nRsry .rdri.ar diKnrinufty sholld b ,chieved wnh ,n iNulaiins nang. or. snsle loath of non.ondudinA h@ in dre h@ shiry beeM Lhe ship tu. r full crphnrhon*. S.ction and Appendix 2.11 D.

Afi.r rhcy haveb(s u{d for .arso ransler, h@s shoLdd washedo be Iry should be s6oEdhdtdrally d $lid suppofr It hos ar srordin ihe oF4 rhey should be Pmre.hd frcm did sunrignl No anehpr should be nide d bNrd 60reprn damasdor leaki$ h(]g

162

163

CargoHoseRecord

MainmwrrjnS

P6re

64tifu|fu@e'qhfufulcfu'Mr

TdPlElE

.nd Poed@

tutuattutuddq@r ,tudtu
ddqnqdd-.&@dedturt ffitue,,4,ry@6,beM)

APPENDXL

SiiD/SioE s.t iy chRldi.i cuia.Ind lor Conpl.d4 th. Shlp/ShoF S.f.ty CieLlid

165

SHIP/SHORE SAFETY CHECKLIST

fhEawudranpn*sthtshiplshot Srit]itk* 'tldtt's to nmptdian.

clm,Js! | PNk A a B),t jointddrntion mtd 'rl.t!

U.roE liquid dmgeroB slb{anes in bulk ar pumped inro oi ort.t any ship, or inro r shoF insralbtion, the m6h. ol rhc ship and fie bedh operarorshould: . sgrp in ianinS m ihr handlina puedrres includins ma\imun 1mdin3 rhe oi . . .onplet and sign, d appmpiaie, the Ship/Shor s ery chekikr, sh.wins rhe main sfeiy pF.adio{s (, b. hken betoF and drring suchhandtin8opqationsl l8re in wriiina m rhe :ction ro be tatm in rheeveni al an ene4rn.y during hmdlinB

while ihe ship/shde saf.ry cheklkr hasbem develoFd wi& .a.so handling opeRiions in hind, it is Konn.n,le.l ihar rhe ramenutoal ex.minarioD usinBrheche(*h* as sppbpriarq be .ai.!\d our when a hnrer pftsors irsetfar a benh for iank cl6ni$ ahd .ariaSe or rqdd daqetuus sub*ancs in bu1k. The fo owiq SuderineshavebM prcdu.ed 6D assi5t bnh opraroGand ship masds in rheirjoini useof rheship/shore safeiy ch(rlisi. Th? Mrrnt SrfdyEtu'rnuhan A bn*er phmrinS il*rf io a roadhg or di{haqi.3 Frminal neds 60che.k ns oq p4pa'bm and fihs for rheslery of ihe inknded .a$o operahd Add ionany,fie 'b ndrei ot a ship ha! , lesponsibilityro a$uF himelf rhar dE tenitut opraiorh.s rrsis nade proper ppparaiioro ror rheetu opdlarionof his hrninal similarly, ttu reminal nedsb ch(k ib ol n prepararioNand b beassuredrhrr the ranler \crL :nd h:, madc.rPmP-idh raf 8l'm1l 'Il. Ship/Shor. SnftyCh(UnL by ih querions and requirhenb fo. cx.h seofwrilh aSRmmb ror cnain pnedles, shout,l be .onsideFd a ninimm bais Lr rhesnhal luded i. sucha nuto:l exaninaiion s.ne ol ine chdrlht qu6riN a4 drded ro .msideratioN for whi.n & ship his pina.y Gponsibiuty, while odreE apply b both ship and remiml. An nemsryiq wiihin the r6p.cib ) olrhe ianker shourdb chrred peGmuy by the ianker'srepFsrriive ed sinilarly an items*hich ar rh rsponsibitity ot ihe remiml ld shou br chFked peGomlly by the redinal t rcpresn rative Horder, !n .adying out ther rull pdsibilities both Gpr*ntanv6 should,by ,tuErioning th orhd, by sighiing or Eords u,r, whrc teu appropriah, by jdt visuarin6pedion asN rhem*tv6 rh.(h. *and:rds of slery on borh sidc oI rheoperarim aft fl y acepiabl. Tnejoinr dRlantion should nd b siBnar untir su.h nubat a$um.e is achi6 ed thus an appli.able qoee6one should 6ult in an afiinriive nar* in ihe ditfel?re ot opinion aris o. the adqucy of,ny anan8tfrnb mad. or .ondihore found, the opnhm should nor be shdd urir masuFsbken arc joindy acepted.

167

a rE3.rir mws b llE qErim .oded ,P m rhe ctekrisr dG nor nffirily nan rhat the lntaded op.radd ffid b. dded @r. h 6u.n .ffi, hNs*, pmision b prred shourdb obhind lion rhe pd au.ndity. riG d)ded ,R rhould b lHh(kd .r in6al3 nd ex.Ediry lhat aScd i. rhe dd.ratim. wlpF m ihm is aaed ro b rct applicabre ro the ship, to 0E temiml or b lhe oFrlid envie8rd, a noh b 16.r effectshouldb dbd

TlE ondihm uder whi.n ttu oprarionbra d.e may d,n3 dliing the ples, TIE dun86 rut b 3!.h rhat efery 6 no longd be Ea.ded asBunnkd. TrF par9 noiici.g orahAihe rNfe ddftim is 6der m obligdtid b t *rll nkesry.di(x b IEshblish sl condfii(N, wlich my includ etoppingthe op&dii6. fte plge of th uMfe Mdition ehouldbc Eponed b ihe orh* parry .nd, whm nA]sry 6 oFatim wiin the olrE P,rry $dld b eueh|

'It'e qBtiffi m hk .lening ap prcvided in tE CherliJt in ods to inlom rhe eninal .nd rhe pod authority of the ship's i.hrios qardiry th* adir i6.

168

Ship/ShoreSafety Checklist

Brft , , ............................................-. Pod . . . .. . ....,., D.h of a,iyrl Intrrd@ ._.................,.,..-..,.,.,.,..,............... rlmolafivr!

ro. @d.d6 EquiG .l qs6@ hob .w.rd ,f6EDiiv.ly by &arty tdng If m.f6ldiE NE t not pdlbL, dE M rlulu b. Si6 btrEr dE dnp &d dE tnnd 6 appbpn bpurim t't i. @id@d ro b. d dgplirblq rtE iot. ro dut.fL.t'lnLt ' oslllm gip'o.d 'T.mind'indiab 'Code'hdift tlllr dEb rh. 6touins: Culd b

TtF eft{y of op6dd. (4 ds.p?Fp.Lt hd .nd r8@r @cIEd kld, wE !y qdi6 6inFt dhOEqE

A bd ln.toE or horh of dE cd'l@ dnd aiby dE F.ty mmeit nE p@ of dE lh

rrvP d r in lhe.dffi

A - AlV Ei.mcd prced|e aid agffib.loJd 5. in wdrbs h dE ffiL6.olllm ot thir che*in r odE nutrdly aprlbL 6Dr In dth.r @, Or rigrbr of bo,l p.rri.. P- In 0E @ oI. n 8.ri* dw6 pshi$i6ottE F tauthait R-It m toh.F+-k(ted t1FoF6t 6 slEdd tur h. ffii.d d widqr inrhe

duftu dE.?4no.

ar lni.d.l,daadinsd{|aFd

t69

P.rt A Au|k Uquid Gft.ral

5 i rhia^.thdiE

der w.kh o

6tslh!agcedship7,]qeffihunGion

gxpiiiedandUiddlood)

qoodondroi

p,oF t, qqed rd

13 Are*uppa etrftdf y duqqd,^d

uiinqthe(h*ffi

ia. rry where ined'

24 are w id&

tF it 6nd rion iq

t70

( i r (d) .ordt

d .id ro(|edl

Arcbd.En ^

iq oFalos

drnd duru

s is o' ha* l h e @ d :d h o l l y a ^ d te rn n ,

L7l

Prn ! Bult Liquid chl|ni.alr

(ftruding dr .dd,ind b'6sin9 :ppa6d9 mdp'dRidothhg'dyjo,mm.diik

sArctaBlelhogol,a6bemddJ' Fm.iedinft|Edpipli6?

'pp'op'iac

loi ry.ihe isn m ,h 3 d'

772

CUIDELINES FORCOMPLETING THE SHIP/SHORE SAFETY CHECKLIST

rn answdng o s qlsrid,

d ud re8.rd shoutdbe 8ivtr 6D needtor adegua tcnddn8 rhu rc

shipJ sho,rd remainad.quddry aored in rher modnSs. Atonssde pieB or qu.y, r gina or rheship shouldb pFvdred by rEpins r mmdng lines raui:aih.rion sh.utd be givd ro the novehmt ol the ship ou*d by wind, .uddb, hde or pasing shipsand ine op.ratn)i in Fogrs wire rop$ and fibre rop6 shourdnor b usedrqrther r the $me dirc.rion (i.e. brads,spriry' heador {em) be:us of the diffeRncc in their ladi. pnpds on@ mmred, shipsfifrd lnh:do The wind \rrdiiy :r whd rcdins rms shourdbe di*me.led,.ao the v*1 ubeihed sh.nld b sbred * suchwinche in rhc opratiomsropp.d or

Merns shoordbe provided t enabtcquic* and sl rle&orfi. ship in cae of an cncr8mcy. rnsp{rive of rhenmdne ndhod urd, rheeme4cncy reteak qxrarion shootd be asrcd, 6*ns inro iccmt the pNible risrs involved rn porb wheF amhoB arerqnied 60b usd, sF.i.l comideraiionshould b 3ivn b ihis naftr AnchoB rcr in us should be proFr\ !trrd 2 At. tnis.n v tntry utB rndtu p$itird?

EmeBn.y bwing wie (fir sn6) 3houldbe posiioned boin m in oIlshoF bok and quarhr or rh ship Ai a buoy ndin& eme6.y rdwins wirs should bc pcitiond on rhe $de opposib b rh he sbins TreE aF varioE mdhods ror ii$ing ddge.cy rdinS wlFs curmdy in us. son bminalsmyFquiEap.ni.ularndhodrobusdandrhshipsh. dbadvied k thdr srJ.tu6s b.tuen shtr shan? "td
ft" + ^ +o'id be po..riord 6 rdawd) idr rhenan'rold!dp.d idble

Tre m're of 6 rhe ship sho'id b efe and tuy .min ot in a a.o:modarim'@lrddr wi$ r pmperly surd stely net 6{ed b il. Particulai addiid hoefe aees sh@ld b Aiv6 kh@ rh djf{dee in lev.l bed port ol {cs o dE vspl {d dE Fny or quay k largor IreV b bRm lii3e. tlE

when tehinal d@ racilide arerct availabledd a ehipt gangwayis uscd,tlere slDlld be m adequh laidiry aRa on rhebr$ b pmide rF gmSwry wiL\ a s spae and e minbin sfe rnd cmvai{t K..s b rheship .t .u sbb of tid md .hr36

173

N@r rhe,G,shoro, apprDpri,k lifesvinA quipmr slrc d h pNided by rhe hmiEl. A liiebuoy sluld b .v.il.bh on 6o.d th shit ft.r rh. Sa.gway or Lrd&r. ,emrbdatio Tne a(s should b. sfely and propdlt illuniniEd dudng dar*n*.

PeeN who haveno l%itifrh b$iffi m boid, or who do nd lEve tie nEiels pmisjm, slDuld b Etued Ks b rfie 3hip. ThermiMlsno dconhlaffirotheitryorbrinhagFmntwilnL\eship. 4. k th, shh tu4 k m !nd6 tls M rtuv?

]le ship sheld b ablero hde undd ib fln pwer at shon di., unls pmision ro iffobilie lhe ship h6 bs gnnd by tne pd aofiority ,nd rhe i.rniml nmger cdain codinoN tuy havb b net lor pnisim 5. k r6e.n qdiu de.kwt.h it 'thdarc. an epA Md b b 3h.!ed. "nrttob supm'in M th! bnid ad ot

]1E op?rarim shouldte undsr llntmr

ontol borhon ship ana shoE.

slpwbion shodd b ained at praenthg dE dadopmdt or hMrdoG situiim, if how*s sucna sib.rion &is, tp ontouinA pMlwl shouldhav rdequrh nm avaihble ro bte ondiv adid, The cdrsujng pers'ml on ship {'l wit' t'eir cspetive suPdvi*B. All pelgnwl ffibt shoreshoul.l minrrin an elrdiv comuicrhon

wirtr the oprariomshouldbe f.nili.r with the d.ngeB of the oprntiu? rhe aponsible

6. k it asmd stlip/sinn turmuni@tid t\ttd

CDlmmiarion shouldb minbined in ihe nos er'cinr way bd,en oner o dury on lne snip md rh M?dsible pe6m dhne.

wten blephonA aF ued, $e hlephone boln on bo.d and ashop should bcmhnuo$ly namd by r peMn who c.n imnedirbly .dtad hn Gpdtve suPerva.r Addn@ny, $e suFriior should hrv a t cility fo overtide lll calh. whm RT/VHF sysrds ar usddE mii! shdld pElerably be Fodablemd cdid by the supFisor or a pss wno cangt in idch wi$ his 6pdve supe s' idnediatcly. wheE 6x6dsyseosrie ed dE guidelinB for hlphdes 3houldapPly. 'Ilp ple.red syshm of omnunicahon, bgrher wnh th n@ary irJorutio on tlephom numbe6 and/or chanels 60b ad, shourdb Rordd an *F appmpriah iorn TrJslorn shouldb signdby both ship and shor?Eprenhhv6. The blephft and podble RT/VHF syshm should mply rq!'remenh. 7 wfth rhe appmpriak sfuly

H6 thr n rgd.! t*ut to bt usd by tht shipondrhde bm *praind tnd tndnt td! 'Ite agEed sign.l b b $6d in the dent or an emefty bt shd rd ship pmel. b clart uddhxd arisingashoreor on bdrd should

tdndtint haa oyed? 3. HrE irt pra*artd kt 6i30, b!,|.r rnd baLkst the pcedurE for ine inrendedoFration should b pF?lanned. Tl'ey shdrrd b. dis'l$d prior b the shd or th. oFrrtiotr. md a8red upon by the ship and shorcreprsblivB shdld b fodnarly Rorde'i rnd sBnd by bdh shiPand ieminal Agd ananrndb Any charye in ttu aSed predua that.@ld arftct dE opranm sho'nd b 4pr*nbriv6. di$usPd by bdh pani6 .nd aed upon. AfiF ag@menr ha bnched by bodrpadid,

174

snbbtial .h.ng6 shdld b Krdd h wrjtina 6 mn a pcible md h suf6cioi tift bloR r1F.h'4 in pMdE bk4 pLe. r. ey l]e, rhe.hans shoutdt Rorded in wn$.8 within dE *orr-iry priod or dl@ suFryier on h..rd and ashorewho Fa.hed the ThoFrtims shouldb s6p6ded rd au dek md vmr oFMSs do*d on dE app@ch

TheprcpahE oI rhe substu hadred, ih quipmr ol ship and shoreirohllatjo., dE abili9 ot rhe3hip'5@ md 3hoE Fl:d&l ro exdte the ne@ry opErim md b .onbl the oFrariN sur6cienuyare tebB shich shouldb. br6 inio rc.tut when adainiry the pGsibiliiy ot h.ndring a nu6br of Eub$.rc o.dl@Iy. Tnemilord are6 borho. berd a.d .shor slrourdb sfly fd prp y illmimrd

Tne infti.l md mnmun l@ding n6, bppina otf rak md no@l erdppinsrin6 shoutd bt .ged, h.viry qard ro: . the mture of ur crgo b b handld; . the dmgoent and.apa.it of the ship'scar3olin6 and g,e vdting 3ysbm, . dE roxinm anowabre prs@ ad trow iak in *E ship/shoreh6 and ldding artu; . pr@ltioo rD.void aruurafim of siatic elerricity] . fly oL\er dow cmhl limibritu. A fom,r 4oid b thB efied shouldb madea ab.ve Htu th. htad3 Miat n uith tnk stbstuaB ih th. eBa b.iry hanib! Lpn amttfrd and

M.ny ranter cargG .ontain compoMr$hi.h ,E *nown ro b haado6 60hrman healrh. pmI, infolftiid d 6rso ffilitutrb shetd rp rvrilrble dui.8 ihe d,to rdnsfer to mble proF preurios ro b adopred rn addibo., sofre pod sbb EquiP such infomrim b be ieadny avail.ble duinS caSo ransfer md in ih aent of,n a..idenbl spj . The infomrim provided shourdidarily oE Mstibenb by .hmi..l llme in 'l.ft .omon egc UN nunb.r and ih m.xinh l1re.tatio dpGs*d asa peNnb$ by HB uE ffi|dt! shrtdMlat do. ba aydt!

An eftr8flq shurdM pnedure shouldbe agEd b.N6 shjp and shorc,tomaly lm, d.d a1d !3n d br' bo$ $. shlPrnd hmitul FpffiLhva fte asEment should shk rhciruNran 6 in whi.h oFntion, hrle r. b. sroppd with rhe

Du resa.d shouldtE aiven ro the pKibl inroduction of daryen asiated mjaen.y sh6down Pc.dlie Aalrt h6a

frcfuhtiryrqutpmett at botratndL+\t pnsin d nd ftrn! fu imtudirk u*? pciimed and ffidy

Firc ,i3hriry eguipmnr borh m bMrd md ashoF shouldbr oBdy

Adquh uib or fid d potuble equipnal shanrdbe lbiioEd ro ove! the ship,s.arE! dK* and o ilE jetry. TlE ship md BhoE6E m.i. systm shdld b pKurisd, or b .ap,bl of beiry prsuisd al shon rciie. Both ship rnd shw shoulde$ue dur rhir IiE nain syshm a b i.tffikd quicr and asy way, using ihe iniemational shore6re Mndion if ffirt. in r

12 Art &ryo,nd bunkt hPdoffi

in36a.onnitt,propaunst?i

md owoptid.ht

th. tui@

H(x6 should b h a Coodludition and pbpedy firied and ri$ed e as !o pre@r skain and !h$ beyond denSn Lm,Lhm. An nang.lm{rim It shouidbgsftd bb.hdrdled,bkrBi ca4! h shouldb. rrlly b.led ,nd any other typ6 ot.onn.tids shouldbe ttat tF hev,'m aE sch(ied or a mierial slii.bl 60rrheeuffi@ o aNur ib EdPeEtuE an'i L\e mxinun opnh.g p'sw

shourdbe pmpedy mrkd and idorifirble wirh rcB.rd 60thn slitabilry fo! the

13 An yuwts q?diutr plu$ed onddip ntvs in p6itin, h.th on beil dnd4ttt.? wne appli.abb an spFE d boarddd diain hol6 ashor should b prcprly plu88ed during ih oprahoG.A(6rraHm of {ak shourdbedraind off priodi.ally. BDrh ship and jetly tufolds shourdid6ly b. prdid.d wfih fixed drip rrF, in their abmc potuble drip bys should b? usd. An dnp hys shorld be mpded i. f appopi,b aIE .ompletio or rhe spRitic oFntion. h,nncy ahenevs naesry bur alw:ls

wnen o.ry ortdve lrqnds d erriSs,ted g,s a bi8 handted,tfie $uppe6 may be repi open,pnvided thar an amplesupply of warer is availabre ar tire i,\ rhe vi.iniry .f ar 14. At. unued drya rd bunknn"rudioB ptupau !.r4d unh bbnklhns6 fu||y bart?'t?

sho'rrdbe clwd rnd bbnred Blrnk na.ge Ufl*d cargamd buler liR.l)lldim shourdb Iully bolhd md odrrlyp6 or ftdinCr, iI u*d, prcperly s(:md. 15. Art sand aEbe ni*ha8.Mh6,uhdnd inra,dentndtxitlt qtst?

Car shouldbe talfl b ensur ihar s and derbdrd di$lurge vdv6 ar do*d ud visibly sdred a m inpotui potution avoidan@resre m shiF whee or3o lin6 and balisr sFlm aF inr(oded Remb oprariry ontols for su.h varvessho oder b avoid iMdve&nt opmins. If appmprirh, the suity ol rh vrlvs in qu6tio. shodd bchRked visuny.

16. Atz dl arya ondbantd tunktitk tl*i? Apan trm the openinF in us tor b.* venling (Efe. b question14 all openingsb 6rg0 bnb +oold b .load and sa9ti8nt CorK! ..rgo gaugins prcdu will cMhol whi.h ullaging and empling poinrsn y b opdEd tor the.hort pdodsncsry ror ullaginAand snpling. closd ullaging and mpli$ slreN should b u*d wfi* Equired by inhrhml, Mtidal or leal Eaulariom md asenf,b 17. k nrt agftl hnkmttn{ sli.n britg B.d?

and Agffit shouldb reached, Rordd, B b rhevntiry sFh ror dE operahon, brin3 inb a.omr rhe n.tuR ot dE or8o and intuiiml, Mridal or lftal regulatioG and a3'dab. 'IlFr aF rhR b.sic aFhtu for vennnghnte . opm b ah6?hde via opa' rllage po6, proktd by suibble name(t!fls; . fix.d vmdng systems (which imlud6 inen Aassysem); . b shoE thrcWh dhF vapoui ouehon sFtem.

176

H6 uE opadnd olttr PN tutc ona/athqh utxitr @k brd Mifed Bins th, dmrlif k.itltr, -Ihe oprand of the P/^r'valvs .n,1,/orhigh veleit vflb shoull bechRk d uins ilE etiry h.ili9 provided by lhe nanutacer FurrhemoE, n b inpdr e th.i whitsr doinS *, an ad.gure vLu.l or other.h<k G md. b emrE dd rhe .ne*rift is a.brlly oFratins tne valt!. on @3ion a *ized or srilr vdr hasoustd ih chKklifr drive pin io shearand the shipr pM'Wl ro eum4 wih disrmus oqlFe, tlut dE vmt wasoprarionar. AE handtdcha oltn dr'q6ta1tW! ond at Ntrbt. vHFl1)HEtn,eiMs olan dwov.d tw1

Brrhry operahdhtrd iorcr rnd \,ltr Edilkh?h@ *rs shouldbot. ete ry]r whi,n is ,pprved b/ a (lnFht anrhority.Ship/shft rlephmg shdld mply frtn ihe Eguilmeb Id *phion pro<t.otutuim aept when plied h a && sprc in rheiffiodanon. vHF !,!iio Elephone* my oprarein rh inhatioMlly a8nd wavebdndsonly All .h equipndt should be w.11mintained. Dahaged unib, sa though rheynay b caPabre oFralim, *ould tur be ued of Art th. tlh s tuin rrdio tto6ttttt atthd annndtft tuitdtd oF '!ti'r Theship's nain ndio sraiionshorld not b urd durina th shipt sby h por er.cpr ,or Reiving plrp(H TIF m.in tarenirting aeiars should b. disotrlEred &d arthed. eqdpnmt may be u-d norrolly unr advis.d othetui*

Snbllib.mmmicarioc

'ftFshipsnd imblridF sh@ldd busdunls tlF mster, in oButbdm wfth dE hinJ nanag*, h6 6iabllshed tF Mdiim udn whichllE iNb]|rim my bLrd etet. An dtnic abt6 topatubr, ,t tbiut Enrynent dinnn{ka ton pM? 'IlE @ otpdbble eldical rgujpnmr d wan&ring leads shdld bpnhib d i. hudos zIro during a3. opniiN, and $. eguiptlEr pFlEably Mded t$h rhehurdos me Telephoe cabk in E for the ship/shoF omnhkation d'ar m dmgd ariss its u*. ''om An a e\tmt d.$ andpotu in th. a@drLd4nn .kynl Eiteml dds, windows .nd podhol6 in the a(omodahon should b closd .luinS carso opemiiom. Thes dam ehourdb.l.arly lMled asbing eqoiEd ro b clGed duriry such opdahons.but rr no tim shorrd $ey br re*d. Art undtu typ rn nn,ljiknft unitsdaMnd.d? n^d ,nd pioktrd oysh EhouldpE erablyb rdhd

Aft tn Mditioning inttlrs uridl n'y yrnn he atry 4 dtgo up.rt.t6.d1 window i'"e an ondftimhg mib sh@ld b. dismEed fron lhen p.ws supply.

Air cdditioninS and venriraiorinbkes whi.h ar li*ely b .l6w in an rbn dE d3o area Air.onditioninS rnirs which ,G laaed wholly wifiin fie accomoda dEw in an ftln rhe oubide my Fmh in apdatid 26. A2 thtgunndk 1otth.t! al3d.r qtiv@t r&oth.r ea+i4 apptbffi bti\otu? l(atio ed veniilarionsysem

Op6 fie sysemsnay b upd in gal|F wn@ mshdi@ provide prckio againsr entry or flamable Be. In ca*s uh@ (}legaller dc nd onplt

wiln rheabove,opn fir syslm may be usd

tn

prcvirted dE in (]ln'rrbdm aid agR'rEt wftr oE l.mitul rep@biivq his 'rshr, sured tn i preutim haveben tald.3.id ue 5tu7 md {l:huradmofnat]lmble olr shjF *fth sb diKn.'te lims wni.h ae in p, oFn6E systrN in giLy quiphenr should tut beallM6d 6ls the ship n (@hrtd b pdnit dEir e in suchdr.urobftd At smkiaSEgulrtnB h.iry tumd? Smling on board rh ship may oily mu in pla6 spfied by dE @ii in ocdblim wfth rhe krni..l trurE8er or his Eplgbrive. No sm|iis is anowedm oF jeny rd the adja.mr au et.ept in bnildirys and pr,G sPRified by rhe bmi..l llurad i. Pla.eswhLh d difrly aibl normg is pemild. Buildirys, phc6 ud mG Pemitd shold be.ldily ha*d G sucn At nabn4b ngulatmsb?iry otu? A nared light oi oFn 6E cmpris tlF iondiryi tj,ft, sparl romation, naled el<ti. LiShr my surrae wfth a trnFrae or dd is eguarb or hi3hr rhanrhenn'itr'un Bnitio. knFratue of the Flauft hardld in tlF opration. The u* ol open 6E o bcrd m ship, m.l within a disr.me of 25mhs of the ship, should be prchibied, uls all appli.dble ft8lhtio.6 h.ve b6 md dd .gE'Mt rc&hed by th p.d aloroiilt remitul mmaSd rd ih maftr. This dbtan.e my have shipsor a spRiarisd me, such6 B:s blrea. k thn. ,'otiskn Jt an mdtdc! aep.? igmtrda dic where dsigmred 6 aEaswhF smking is

ln addftim b rhe heans of ,c.6 E eftd !o in qu6tid 3, a et and q!i.r emefty eF role snouldb. available bdh on bGnt and ashor. the ship my clxisr of a litbet on Fady lor innEdiah N. pElenbly at Lhe albr md ot rh ship. At :!frri,ht pasnn t M betd rad ash.rt tu det utk rn ffigdry, Ar .ll rines dutug the ship's sby ,r a temiml a st6ci6t nmbr oI pl:t)lml sho'Id be pllsr o. bMid the ship and in ine shoP iGrallatid ro dalwfih m fla&ncy. Aft adEwk ksnl,tiry ntuns jn ptq. in th. shlpkktz onndtid? nEslle d blen ro be.k the ennnu@s elebi.al path ben d ship and shoF Unress pipework prcvided by tne 3hip/shorehos d nebrlic ams, stay ldric curenb, minly fron o@i@ pradtion sysrN, cm caus el(tic aparh rt the oms fac when hos arc behg clmded md diionndbd Ine p,s8e or tn@ drunb is uually pr*nied bt m iroulating nangei{sted at 6.n jedy llmirorc outld or in.orto'at.d h ihe.Ndction ot nebllic ams. Alrem.tively, rhe ldrical diNnrinuity nay bprovi.ted by ine inclcim of onelmgtn of eldj..lly diftnnruous hos in ea.h hN shin8. ftsho d be a*irined ihat dp ns oI eldi..l dirmtinuity i3 in plr@ and in e@d .6dind, and rhai ii n mt h4 by'p:sd by .dtad wior m elatidny .mducdve tLv ndsan bM hkn b mun sufEi.nt tanpt@mfltihtir? Pmpmm sh@ld b. n.hricarv vmtil.ied ..d dE ventihdon sy saint.in a ete ahosphee rhrewnoui ih punP,w, sho'Id be rePi l]minS rhFu3h@t

174

33. IJut shV is aptbL aJ.hetl bdiint, hM th. tEtnMk

fu ded orntionr bm ryrud?

lr i5 a EquiElrHi of hmy hinrh lhat whd dr slip is b.ll.stiry, lordnS and dishain8, it opdab withour lsllP b opnn3 nrhge ,nd sishring poft. such slips wilt rquiE tF mN tor closld m.noriry oI b.l 6nhb, e hi by a 6xed galging tsh oi by uiry poebh equipnMr Fsd tn@gh a vaFdr l(*, :Id pFkrrbly brred 4 by r indepdddt o!rffll ilam stsh.

It nquiEd, a vapour etum lift hdy navero be usdro Etuh nanMble lapouf filh the 33. rf t uwt rtton titu is MftraL ttu dpen tF wnndn uad ryaal

TrE Mimum ind nininum oFratiry plsua and a.y olhq ocbain the oprarim of oE vapoui 6m 3y5hmshourd6e di$us*d and a8Fd by ship .n,l shorc . Art shlpm6tm.y 1it2Mhorpknt b&t l dbmllyl A d of 6ft mbl pl.ns should b prnl:lEily 36ored a proninady in 'ukd werdEdEht 4106or dbide 6\e dRknow lor rhea$isbn@ ot shodide fiE fisnrins peGomd A l]lw lisr shourdalo b in.luded in lhis mla8ure. rfth?shipislttu,ttit 37 dhitn $t/rc) sv6whih isttb. @rd,th.lo winsqustiore

]s lE iadt ias syid furr opadriML ad in sedwtkinS d.11 'IrE ined g6 sFrem shuld be i. st worljn3 snditim kith pairirubr refeEn.e ro au inrrtmkinabiFandagsiaEd,t hs,d{**rl,nm-tuvatv6,pr*uft EsutarinS o.nol 3)3hm. mi. dRk rc lhe prcsoe i.diebr individual t n* rc valv6 (whm 61dl) rnd d(k P/v bMker. hdividurl r..l Ic varE (if 6r&d) shorrd haveeasil),id{ii6ed ad tully fuctioninS oFn/clo$ pcition indi..bB

?8 Ar. dt I tuk d Euiutent in g$d supply rneSemnb $

'dkiry

od/? alans should b

b rh *ais md Lhe poper hfttioninS of Miard

Ae liqtid kELr it Pfr bratns nndt? e liqlid l*l i. rh. P/v bparer conpriB wfth manutacturer'3 Rolmmdrtim.

!0. HaE tk lzi

nl pnt&b arlad duuss hfl dLibat d dndtt thE etun! ptup,ly7

All 6rd and podble oxyAenandteB should be calibrard Dd ch6rd as requiftd by ine cmpdy nd/or mnuradrc,rs iErilctioc Tlr inlj.e oxygenarolyer/Hoiler an,l suf6.idt Pftbl dyaen mly*c shourdbe worrj4 pnrpdy. 41. An fttt tc pmurt rna otsa cnbt t@rdds @rkiry)

All @ordig quiphnt shouldb swihh.d m .nd oFr.tinA comdy

779

4r ott.r.p to"I d" o.ph-r at pc-ttu pt\Lh

uth th oryld.o4t4t 0l r- d J5. b, !irn"'

Prior ro ommem.mmt ol .ar8o oprahm, ea.h .rqo bn* abcpheE v.nry .n oxygcnMimr .t 3 r. .i l6s by volm. Ined .a4o bnrs An r| th. inhanr tunk]c ulB tilft,,l) nn{tu d afd lrk.d1

should be.h6ked b

Forb.ih lMdinganddisharseoperahoN n no.maland$fe b Xep all individul bnk IC it supply valves(ir 6&d) openin frder b pftvdi imdveft.i uder or over pasuristjm. ln ihn m.d ot operarionachhk pasuP win b rhesne a the dEk mah lc presup and pr$ure lf rhustheP^ brcakcr .ci.s a *fety yalvem.ae oi ex.esireoveror undr $ill indivdual bnk lc s4ply lrlves aft cled ior ftasotr of potentialvapolr m.bninaiion or dFpasuristion ior gatrg4 r. , rhenrh iarus ol the vaNe should b dsly indicaied io allthseinvolvedin car3o opoahonsEa.hjndiydualranklCvalveshould fittedwitha b ldk,ns dNie under ilE .onful .t a r6poNible ofn. ch.mic.l iankea may be fided wfth an alEmarive and equiralent mens of conhl for isolahng@chbnk. Th. *abs ot sMh unt ia a ft. i ldilnt aft\. ntn lds rtrnt, At ott thep.t** in.hn\. ol.aryo or.etians "wR di..tbrye a9ortiw shonam!, nd In the .asc of failure of the IC plant, .a,:o dirh{se ea$andtheimb;lbadvis.d, deballastns and bnk claninsshould

Under no circunian..s should ihe shipt ollicF all6 the atmGpherem any tank to fall pF$rF. bclow ,b6phEi.

ptan^A d!,ins ttz shtr's!a! oknssid? shot? Ate ta"k d&r iq ope,atnns tb tdr rtantl B. IJ4, h,e epd nrthnil! andtntint htktit! b.d infunatl Th* questions intcndd to inlom the remiml md pofr authority ol the slip! ihrid aE Fs.rdins iank c!.rnin3 ,chv,hes

ts inhtmtion aeitrbb ri,iry tu MErt! dakfd reJ?tunitin.4lht 4aMd,tutilr ptitbt., ir a dnttdftt s ithibitiot tdttmk auttabk? "t Laformtio on the p'oluct to be handledshouldbe availablon board rhe ship and ashor bIoE md dunng the opralim. Irris inlomrion mould inclu'ie . a.ai3o sbwage pran, . a tuI de{npiion of th. physnrl and .hemical pspnia, in.luding rcactivity,n{csry ot the.aqo; lor rh sre Mbimml . adjd b be bken in the vent ol spills or leab; . 6mrerneaslrsinrheNentof 4denblpenalonbcr, . iiE &hrins pr@du4 and nft &nrins mdia, . pc.doi6 foi.aryo taBfer, rdk clemi.g dd sa Lein8. wh.n ..136 aquiEd b br sbbilisd or innjbid aF ro lp hrndled, infmanon abootthd sh@ld b etchan8edbes ship and remiml

(ind'diq safanbimnbr^thirydfiafttu, tssufrcn onnstittq. pflatiE,qtpndt ptut4tiu ttothiry mny ht inwnak u*?

a"d

heathing aPPaFtE and PdRtive Suiiablepotdive eqlip@nr (indudi.8 sf{mhi.ed clothing),appopriare b rh sp.inc dajlaeB ol rh produd ha.dled, sho'nd be Fadily peMrel avail,bl bofi m berd and ashor in s!fiicient quanrity ror operarionar

180

ttov .ountd n@14 i, th. Mt

oJdeiAnd pmt

mtftt bith th. e\a bdn qrtd?

Surriint fd suibble mc shouldb. alailable ro ndbati* rheeffR quanntiesof spilled pedu.te. H@*er, is pNjbre ihat stol!.o pmnal onhr nat mdr. To rinit rlF on*Fms, tut6ci6t md suitabh .oultfr@s!6 shouldbe rd*d I.toruhon on how b hmdle such.mbcr with regfd b rhe sp.i.1prcpedis ol rhe poducis shouldbe 3tudiedand avail.ble for immedi,te oe. A suitablaf.ty showe ud yerinsing .qlipnenr sluld b 6dd and Fady ior irohi r in $e inmediate vicinig of pla.esm berd dd ashon whereopiariotu Esularly hke pla.e. dur rhe equipnenr i5 operablein all anbimt coditions k th?uj8o handtihg enptibhtuth ttt h. oubnatn shltdtur s!st.n.1J ih,n?

Aubnaric ahlldown !alv6 hay be f hd on dE ship sd sh@ The adid of suchvalvesis auromah.allyin iabl when a .dh l.l i6 ched in rhe bnr bing toadedeih.r o. board d ,!hoe ln 6s rnep sucnsysllm,E ued, th .areo handliry nre shouldb $ adj$kd thar a pKUe slrge evollng noh th. alMatic d6m ot ny srch valve dc nd ex.ed rhestu workjn3 prcsuF or eidEr the 3hip o' shoP pipelim syshm Alemrire @re, suchas. dinlaiion sysb and bnr{erianrr, tuy br 6tkd ro Elise the

A sd{6 a3ffidr should b madeb* rheship and sh@ $pervi$s indicarins whiher rF caryo handlhg 6b win be diusr.d or alhmiiv slslfN will b osd. Theete handlinS6lt should b nokd in rhis aglenar, aid ,re in rhe fotul ta.d caryo,bunker ind barad handlhg reran d b m p.d A. quEhon 3. Area\a slstd Ba]lJ6t"d rkmi tdt4tly et ttd it gnr 6dn? ship md shoE o sFt.n 3aug6 ard alams shonld b cird raaidt b ecr rhey for

ln .as wheft ii is posible to d alarm b diileEnr kvek, th alam shonld b * 6 the Art pnntuteMpatt'Ltttian instdndb ruiily o@tuhr. fu EquiPllnr pmided should b ..pable ol msuin& t produds behordhd? b f,ann.bl and/d bric

6 appoprnb

Suibble equipnar shouldbe availablero dlibrate th@ istrlodts capable nea6unng ol oann.btlity, and any neeit ..libnrion shdnd b dried dt bioP the @r8ph,ndli.g Iks inlwrion oatit fuhtiry tunb,nd pro.dur6 hM ex.jtnt?l?

rnlomarion shord b exrha$d o rhe availab i9 of fi 6Shtineequipsdr and rh pnedffi b b lolowed i. tp aar of . fF on Ssrd or ashore slRiar atunrion sho,ndb Siva b my pmdftb bing hddred ,hi.h tu), b. waereciiv or EquiP 8p-i:lird fF &hrinA predllB. Art nansln h.# olo aitable mtdiL Eisknt b th2.iniut diar al th2e8E?

EchbarBfer he should b indeliblt m.rted b shm tlE produc lor which it i3 suibble ib the spei6ed maximh wdrhg pKuc, th. testpBuE arNd nct rent dale ot t6ring ar this pffiuE ard, ir lsd .t hmperabrs dhr rhr nbie.t, ib ruinh I nLinm

181

9, lr ego htnnLing b.ingpdfu

aith paMt

ialttLLnpiFlinal

Dtrrin8 oigo operariN wh@ the B ot pdtablc.a4o liE d b@rd d aslFre ir 6.voi.Lble,..E slrodd b bl6 b fte ln.t the liE .E ffitly pcitmd and .erbld s th.t no.d.titiml daig.r ai6ll frm dEn @. $,lr@ IlgHnry, dL.ldi.d dhriNi9 oI rhe [6 shdrd be deded. N@pdnaMt or3o lic.hould b r.pt a 3hd .s p*sibL, permirld uni6 the supt'ttxdrffi slw.,.Nr6lt

T1 @ of .d-Flmdt.quiFdt ireide br& is d Asmly appqal or the port tuthdity h@b.6 obtai.d. 10. wta.dpptoqiee,tncp*atd ha,&.2nj6eiokSnittus i@iint d ptdnt rhip t tnrt, u lot kre.btnry ito t u rhi??

Shipdd 3IroE 3lMli .8R in *iti$ m rheimd grs supply, spRitin3 aE volm rqdrd d'd the now rate in.!bi. @te p.! ninub TIE *que* of oFratiry val tIo taimiry .lE oFr{im .nd.fb l]npldim sh@l.t be aAcd, e that tne ship imiiN in.dtul of th. fld. Aturid shdld b. giv6 b rherdqu{y of opm vmb s a bnr in orde. 60avoid ltE posb'ri9 or de96urisrion, Iie r.nk p6sm slbuld b dsly nmibEd d]rughNr *p opsatim

T1EEh'ps agclmt sidnd h otait wh6 rhe icrmiEl wbhd io e.mpFged nitr%a orai'6dpopUant,eiduior.lin sF h dar shoElin6 inb thesldpor b pts..r3! our ot $@ @bi,lGt. The ship eheld b inforftd of th. p@ue b b. *.1 dd tlp p63ibili9 or reiviig 3a itu rhe ago bnl.

182

EXAMPLEOF CARCOINFORMATION FORM (DATASHEET)


rhn twndi\ Mtoint r tuu Idmfu effiisi]n aJth?.5gtid ef.t! kknrtion qti4d hy th. shipkrtu b dut *mstatt! uith tuqd.y 3itwtins thatm! dc!|. T1@. nndrtory tu p,avxnts that n6t h. eMpti,A uith w tlE shtr'pa.but thc itat ofth,snaattt'vn b ^ '*tn rt is an lMo Equiltmnr rd ihe shipprof a liquid chemicat c.lto in bulk b snpply a .t h sheclto suF rhat shiPsnaverh intomation nery tr sr. .dbinnmr of the Gtxq and drntrgdry a.rid dur shoutdbe bls in ca$ oI tiF, spillr tab or pls.t cdtid with the liguid. rn ln.a* oI daGs rhat aE 6bbitisdor innibfied, th srrficient ddils of the srabilisr or rheinhibibr, and i! effectivtu Tr,os sryplyina the infomrim shoordbarin mind thar cargorelaredntrgend6 my ccli tlE ship is at s. aswell as in F.d. Il b rhect@ .ot sutiomt b advis rhd lne 'hd .Fw canthe led n& brigadein ce ot fire or *nd a .asuafty b hospibl i. c& of pr$nal ri is Roanjsed th,r dinmt danuFi.be6 e lilly b h,ve diff@t etyl6 or p@rins e.hnical chmical dataaboui a pod(t, oald as*nbd wfih . definedrorrd d hdha rgiM, and drF is no inhrion of RomrundinS a .hrge b lh@ stles. Horev*, i! shdld b a prioriiy ro pI@lships with the es*nri.r stry Suidace whicn tne crew canreler ro imdiately in dE evdr ot b ffi$rrcy. Tte layourof rhe mrdl torm nay b tound b poid. . helptul guid.

185

CargoInformation Formor Data Sheet

Th. Mdn Eurd.:

TOnC,FIr\MMAEI,E Cou(xrvE

RACTTVE

9op lquit [o*. riF fthFE lhoutd sAr bdrdry app6ratoe artd tun pmBriv. cloduns. Foiw m produ.dh fiE s' tdi$utuh wim aloholitui fo:h e yaie. eF.y. Domr E wab l.r. Col Nmunding a@ with watu spby.
Do d del,y. Flood ey. garly wi$ cleanli6h wab, fffiiry eye oF itrcry,ror*l@tIt ohDin md@l rd!'eor 'M!h. 4id!ea6 3{naF6ibre.

Do nordeby.R.mv ctuimd crothi.g,Flood.tu aE with Hh burdo .ot rub .ftckd rm. cbrain mdt .l advie or
,$Gt.ne 6gn.! P6'bl.

Rer'IR viclin !o lr6h.n. II bmrhing na *oppd d ir *g& giv or)aa or (ndln to muwre) Mibrim 6iry !.paration dev.te Rctu! e {y mhimed clorhnu Obhin b.dtdtadvie d *rbre.r spcibk. 'm S.dp the nm. Avoid 6bct wior liquid d vlpou. E@g6cy crn ehourdw@r bErhiry +p,n@ ,nd tull pohiw .rodus. Al dhn Fople should k ve the.M. cmhin r? rigedd an@ b *.PGh. Llmr port althoriti6 or (]Nbl 3bh of spilage.

C.rto rnJon

tior Fon d Dd. Sh..t

dii'i!r'

TLv: ,mppm Odtu nEhold: 2sppn olrtB Inlt doi, nop.mt drmgc. On ernr Cmlin84tu du b rTi.t spoo
iribrid. By iiadim No lmr lln fi.d lron:dl init d

Bvslln aboootlor Of rc @rc


l\,Lds.blei

On .y6 lrib(d.l

lngh ffitahc.

No p@t

d'm3c. ari

whsinn led: iet @ - kribrid of ther, re md Mrh, is cu.ny @dlt pordbh Mle ind MftEid bd @.ry widour Fm.6ttu. Hello'lqbtiod will tin WIa inhH, Or@i # - M.y oe ysr. .xpclEoElthy b'fthiti! rfi.. rFad

M.dnr. h.rrd of nr., {td

d*d

to hat d ,L@-

Nor- .rur Spkii RtqdMrr

Inhibited CargoCertificate
'::

:i*f;
'i ^tI . l' ,adr'. % :
.,,:t:.,'
7
::

ThEn b cnily rrur,onahjsd:f (r darc)


,, *

X
Ine ihqc olljo \a! rh brrri !n the (dak) Ilre Lnh'hi.r i!,5snoro,l3tn d!".nden'r conlen'n' m,,r nh bi"r'n !Jrgo Duri.n.f rfl\th\ en6s oI lrh,bn .

t,

IemPenhm r,mi'diunqu:rrr nsl r.P ared durdn.n,n, h r o Jig c \ rhe wyrse e(rcds rhe\pdad life df rhoinhibior

ht4'

nar\.d

th6 . d.t.tt .s tppapfiote

Hot Work Permit


TrE patit ,tkta to anywL trJrirg hry.dta iaditbns aii& m iatftity to ue Enitu dfubwhl,tt gg6.tx?Nr d li4udt k ot et irqrvd. B.tn d''qktig tt6 hn. ttt Itdt@ dd Ettu rnt i4

H., d d.led

t* n

lP.c 6ty

Ffrr

beo sud

Pclsel

@dyrrg @r hd auh fo. lbr wll

Oldcr rofolible ofnerE

PffiiLL fors6iy:

Cridtu ntu fdhorn& FDlt . St dinS.nd fiislftg 6rs tu.or

elad th. altnorie<t sigMtuy d rEpodsibl

. Affiie l@dd of hot wd* lo b gt6. r Deciplim oI hd ror* b iklud. tyF of.quipmmr.o b. u*d. s..ti6 1. app[6 bdltEzrdtrwqrnorhvolvi|gnala<t n.ftdMdnru pro<tudidt".nd wourd in l'd. w of .l*iic|l.quipmt, e ol an dn6.c,tary g.nd Ehr.il.ntppinS quipEt, @d 6 3rit bL{uu, hduEt nd tu qdp|Mtd mbi.rr dsulgrb Eddne'yt'd & aeraring. spar* of

S..d6 t- Apdillo alhotwott lnvolvtgl gh idrydtu.oF flsqddiced drhtu N o, +rla d. Ttb ryF ol worr iEhde but tr not linitld to klCi.8, r6t to. th. te ol.drtafibt srr rtatu b. Mirr od iredi,l4 M*et6t tlh.t a6t.fra..drb8tq.na it asrtint' ftrtra b4oE t qarkudt

Hot Wdk P.dtt


n r tlEIDI uql'e

dtrn!.d
bs.hdkrlwft|lr.6hEribl 6 indiotor lor

'
12 H.! dE Jtr@rdiN ,a bd ffd.66?

r* L-l

N"n
2.1 ns dE hor work ae bs d.d.d wiih 6 @!'bstibL e.s indi.aror lot d! pm

22 H.6 dE eqrtpnnt d ptpltE ba ea fr.d? 23 Hs dE equiPmt d PipliP b.m b|r*.d? 2,4 b rtu cquiPlnr e PiPlimfre ol &Did? 25 Ir theequlPlEl iehred.L.ldolly? 2.6 b th.3llmudi.g.E eG?

Y *n mn Y -n N.n v*n N"n

of

'*n Y *n
Y -n

Non

N.n
N"!

2.7 & rdditi@l6E pmte ri@lhil.bL? 2,3 SFdal @d$roF d peutiorul

"*n No !

l] thciMtu,

n b dEld@d s6. to pF...d wnhtlt& hotrcrl,

Pffi

indut

of hor{sr

tu:

TrE eo* 1E! t{6 @pLb4 .quiFmi,hrEha{idntrM,

ad :ll F!3n

u*h

nV NFvinid!

sd.[

mi.nd!

.!d

OIdq erpoilible Lr Id wtrr:

Ei6t dlrt', dirVlrgd @t ttt Sann dfy 16 rtip @dt 6 tdnitd t@att

Enclosed Space EntryPermit


7H,rnit flt'h bdtr!intnnyd*d q.a ada1',.d tnCh,pta t Iddtifx.dm af End6.d *re

lFEntr

PEFrrri@ Oo 0..riitt

t dbr tt mtudn.t6'ibbolfa)
imdltur mbidrion?

I. rtu! drc sp* ben boLd 2 i Ha rft. sDre b6

b pBol

cla..d whd rure? qbLbd? 'd RqunEd tvdrr

H4 |hc spe h.a dltjugit 'Enaph* 6

{. L{' pl!{by

OxtAn - 21% vd'eby rdi. c.g5. WiUfrqFi lucpre ppn (3Fit

Hy.Lurbd sa & TL\,)

- rd rh.n 1%of uL

dn*r bmd. wtite rfiespae i.4rpi!d?


m. !Fd dun e 0E Friod of aby md

6. win rhe.pde b. Mtlnu.ldy 7, tr adEub 3 I! @ lhiMtid

mvldd? equipnd{ pEp.Ed md udt for im.dt h@?

and tujbtim

9. wirr I F.ir'.d p46


l0 L rh. offi

b.ln tui

arbd|c.r

th.4hme
n..rSo srd dhmr

b th..p.e?
E4) rh*

o{ tlF w,dl thrilg., aBIE tua p.m

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B. b *lft a ,Fb

rll iFe,nd

Mtunm

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ior Fcording who b n th. spee?

14. H,ve,n pEdlacdg pcdu. .'d in r*iy 15. b rherc

rh: rFe hei hind in ed6.d :rd dersqq rtrdffif

rpk

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ENCI.O8EI'8PACI ENTRYPETT'ITTED

rI{IS PBRMI BACq!!ESINVAI,ID IF VENNLANON OFT'IiIESPACE N\IIRRUPTED IS ORIF ANY OF THECO|\IDrnOI M'rlD IN THECHECKLFI OIANGf,