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Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

PHYSICS 9702/01

Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2005

1 hour

Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

Soft clean eraser

Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless

this has been done for you.

For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and

record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.

Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

IB05 06_9702_01/2RP

UCLES 2005 [Turn over

2

Data

3

Formulae

1

uniformly accelerated motion, s = ut + 2 at 2

v2 = u2 + 2as

gravitational potential, φ = – Gm

r

simple harmonic motion, a = – ω 2x

v = ± ω √( x 02 – x2)

resistors in series, R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel, 1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . .

electric potential, V= Q

4 πε 0r

capacitors in series, 1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel, C = C1 + C2 + . . .

2 QV

3 V

t1

2

3H 02

critical density of matter in the Universe, ρ0 =

8πG

2 ρv 21 = p2 + 1

2 ρv 22

ρvr

Reynolds’ number, Re = η

4

1 Decimal sub-multiples and multiples of units are indicated using a prefix to the unit. For example,

the prefix milli (m) represents 10–3.

Which of the following gives the sub-multiples or multiples represented by pico (p) and giga (G)?

A 10–9 109

B 10–9 1012

C 10–12 109

D 10–12 1012

2 A metal sphere of radius r is dropped into a tank of water. As it sinks at speed v, it experiences a

drag force F given by F = kr v, where k is a constant.

What is the best estimate of his mean kinetic energy during the race?

What is the car’s average speed and the uncertainty in this value?

A 16 ± 1 m s–1

B 16.0 ± 0.2 m s–1

C 16.0 ± 0.4 m s–1

D 16.00 ± 0.36 m s–1

5

5 The diagram shows two pulses on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. A grid of 1 cm

squares covers the screen. The time base setting is 1 µs cm–1.

1 cm

A 2 µs B 3 µs C 4 µs D 6 µs

B the area under a velocity-time graph

C the slope of a displacement-time graph

D the slope of a velocity-time graph

7 A boy throws a ball vertically upwards. It rises to a maximum height, where it is momentarily at

rest, and falls back to his hands.

Which of the following gives the acceleration of the ball at various stages in its motion? Take

vertically upwards as positive. Neglect air resistance.

at maximum

rising falling

height

B – 9.81 m s–2 – 9.81 m s–2 – 9.81 m s–2

C + 9.81 m s–2 + 9.81 m s–2 + 9.81 m s–2

D + 9.81 m s–2 0 – 9.81 m s–2

6

12

v / m s–1 10

0

0 1 2 3 4

t/s

A 2.5 m B 3.0 m C 20 m D 28 m

9 A projectile is launched at point O and follows the path OPQRS, as shown. Air resistance may be

neglected.

Q

P R

O S

Which statement is true for the projectile when it is at the highest point Q of its path?

B The horizontal component of the projectile’s velocity is zero.

C The kinetic energy of the projectile is zero.

D The momentum of the projectile is zero.

7

external force acts.

B The rate of change of momentum of a body is directly proportional to the external force

acting on the body and takes place in the direction of the force.

C If body A exerts a force on body B, then body B exerts an equal and oppositely-directed force

on body A.

D A body continues in a state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line unless acted upon

by some external force.

11 Two equal masses travel towards each other on a frictionless air track at speeds of 60 cm s–1 and

40 cm s–1. They stick together on impact.

60 cm s–1 40 cm s–1

B the point about which the total torque is zero

C the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

D the point through which gravity acts

8

5N

2m

2m

10 N

3m 1m

20 N

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

A 30 N m B 35 N m C 50 N m D 90 N m

3N

P

4N

4N

A B C D

9

Which graph shows the variation with time of the gravitational potential energy Ep and the kinetic

energy Ek of the ball?

A B

energy energy

Ek Ek

Ep Ep

0 0

0 time 0 time

C D

energy Ek energy Ek

Ep Ep

0 0

0 time 0 time

10

16 An electrical generator is started at time zero. The total electrical energy generated during the

first 5 seconds is shown in the graph.

50

energy / J

40

30

20

10

0

0 1 2 3 4 5

time / s

What is the maximum electrical power generated at any instant during these first 5 seconds?

A 10 W B 13 W C 30 W D 50 W

17 A concrete cube of side 0.50 m and uniform density 2.0 x 103 kg m–3 is lifted 3.0 m vertically by a

crane.

B potential energy = mgh

C atmospheric pressure decreases with height

D density increases with depth

11

19 Pollen grains are suspended in a liquid and are illuminated strongly. When observed under a

microscope they are seen to be in continuous random motion.

B evaporation of the liquid

C molecules of the liquid colliding with the pollen grains

D pollen grains colliding with each other

20 A number of similar springs, each having the same spring constant, are joined in three

arrangements X, Y and Z. The same load is applied to each.

X Y Z

load

load

load

smallest largest

A X Y Z

B Z X Y

C Z Y X

D Y X Z

12

21 Cylindrical samples of steel, glass and rubber are each subjected to a gradually increasing tensile

force F. The extensions e are measured and graphs are plotted as shown below.

F F F

0 0 0

0 e 0 e 0 e

graph X graph Y graph Z

A X Y Z

B X Z Y

C Y X Z

D Y Z X

A

22 Two steel wires P and Q have lengths l and 2l respectively, and cross-sectional areas A and

2

respectively. Both wires obey Hooke’s law.

What is the ratio tension in P when both wires are stretched to the same extension?

tension in Q

A 1 B 1 C 2 D 4

4 2 1 1

A electrons

B microwaves

C radio waves

D X-rays

13

25 A health inspector is measuring the intensity of a sound. Near a loudspeaker his meter records

an intensity I. This corresponds to an amplitude A of the sound wave. At another position the

meter gives an intensity reading of 2 I.

A A B 2A C 2A D 4A

2

26 A sound wave is set up in a long tube, closed at one end. The length of the tube is adjusted until

the sound from the tube is loudest.

B longitudinal and stationary

C transverse and progressive

D transverse and stationary

A small microwave receiver is moved steadily from T towards S and receives signals of alternate

maxima and minima of intensity.

A 1.0 x 107 Hz

B 2.0 x 107 Hz

C 1.0 x 1010 Hz

D 2.0 x 1010 Hz

14

28 A teacher sets up the apparatus shown to demonstrate a two-slit interference pattern on the

screen.

double screen

single

slit

slit

source

of light q

p r

B decreasing the distance q

C decreasing the distance r

D decreasing the wavelength of the light

29 A parallel beam of white light is incident normally on a diffraction grating. It is noted that the

second-order and third-order spectra partially overlap.

Which wavelength in the third-order spectrum appears at the same angle as the wavelength of

600 nm in the second-order spectrum?

30 The diagram shows a pair of metal plates 4.0 mm apart connected to a 9.0 V battery.

4.0 mm 9.0 V

B 3.6 x 10–2 N C–1

C 36 N C–1

D 2.3 x 103 N C–1

15

31 Which diagram represents the electric field in the vicinity of a positive electric charge of

magnitude Q?

A B

Q Q

C D

Q

Q

How many electrons pass through a given cross-section of the wire in one second?

that its length is doubled but its volume stays constant.

A R B R C 2R D 4R

2

16

34 The I-V characteristics of two electrical components P and Q are shown below.

2.0

I/A

1.5

P

Q

1.0

0.5

0

0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0

V/V

B The resistance of Q increases as the current in it increases.

C At 1.9 A the resistance of Q is approximately half that of P.

D At 0.5 A the power dissipated in Q is double that in P.

A a diode

B a light-dependent resistor

C a resistor

D a thermistor

17

36 The diagram shows a circuit with four voltmeter readings V, V1, V2 and V3.

V V1

V V

V2

V

2R

V3

V

A V = V1 + V2 + V3

B V + V1 = V2 + V3

C V3 = 2(V2)

D V – V1 = V3

18

resistance 10 Ω. The battery has an e.m.f. of 4.0 V and negligible internal resistance. The

voltmeter has a very high resistance. The slider on the potentiometer is moved from X to Y and a

graph of voltmeter reading V is plotted against slider position.

Y

4.0 V

V

Q

A B

V V

4 4

2 2

0 0

X slider position Y X slider position Y

C D

V V

4 4

2 2

0 0

X slider position Y X slider position Y

12 14

A 6C and 6C

16 15

B 7N and 8O

23 24

C 11 Na and 12 Mg

32 32

D 14 Si and 15 P

19

When considering safety precautions, what can be assumed to be the maximum range of

α-particles in air?

A between 0 and 5 mm

B between 5 mm and 200 mm

C between 200 mm and 500 mm

D between 500 mm and 1000 mm

40 The following represents a sequence of radioactive decays involving two α-particles and one

β-particle.

217 α α β

85 At V W X

213 215 209 217

A 85 At B 77 Ir C 82 Pb D 81Tl

20

BLANK PAGE

Every reasonable effort has been made to trace all copyright holders where the publishers (i.e. UCLES) are aware that third-party material has been

reproduced. The publishers would be pleased to hear from anyone whose rights they have unwittingly infringed.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department

of the University of Cambridge.

9702/01/M/J/05

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