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A new Method for Analyzing the Relationship between City and Human Behavior using geo-tagging Social Networking

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Kousuke Kikuchi, Ph.D Student, Creative School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University Hiromu Okutsu, Employee with no title, Lifestyle Research and Design Center, Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd. Atsushi Enta, Asistant Professor, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Tokyo University of Science Hitoshi Watanabe, Professor, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University

Background and Objectives The purpose of this thesis clarifies a methodology of analyzing and visualizing the spatio-temporal distributions of human behaviors related to daily life by using Twitter. Although a number of field study methods of human behaviors in a city, little research was related to geo-tagged social networking services. Twitter has the possibility to analyze users behavior. Fig.1 illustrates the scheme of this thesis. Method Firstly, two programs were fabricated to achieve the data collection: making a list of geo-tagged users, and gleaning its users data. Fig.2 illustrates the procedures to attain the geo-tagged users and their tweets. Secondly, Excel sorted the determined keywords of Verb and Object related daily life and outputted into files. Thirdly, we utilized kernel density estimation to evaluate the comparative assessment of these keywords. In Verb, three-dimensional kernel density estimation evaluated the time-space density. Finally, we visualized the assessments by using Voxler and Google Earth.
Ueno
Streaming API geo-tagged a program for making geo-tagged userlist userlist Query

Feedb
Ac

ack

text time user geotag

Analysis

Fig.1 The scheme of the thesis

cu mu lat ion

time

Extr

acti

on

Behavior Behavior

Behavior Behavior

Twitter

Return

nine programs for getting each tweets of geotag users

user: 2,630

2,630

user: 2,630 geo-tagged tweets: 199,546 time period: Jul. 19, 2010 - Dec. 5, 2010 (139days)

Fig.2 The summary of data collection

Fig.3 All geo-tagged tweets in Tokyo


Akasaka

Harajuku Omotesando

Kanamemachi
Roppongi
Ochanomizu

Shibuya

Akihabara

Ikebukuro

Ebisu
Eat Wait Rest Photo Look Shopping
Eat

Otemachi
Wait Rest Photo Look Shopping

Tamachi
Eat Wait Rest Photo Look Shopping

Photo

Shopping

Fig.4 Activities in Shibuya

Fig.5 Activities in Akihabara

Fig.6 Activities in Ikebukuro

Fig.7 Photo and Shopping in Roppongi


Ikebukuro

Results In conclusion, this methodology indicates the locality of each area by comparison between adjacent areas or inner area. However, three limitations occurred in this method. First, unconscious bias remains because only smart phone users can embed geo-location data. Second, discontinuous history of users data disproves the human behavior. Finally, this method cannot analyze real-time. Future Study By the overcoming of these limitations, the digital research will be a tool for not only architects or urban planner but also citizens to design their city. Also, clalifying human behavior in realtime will enable the user to change their behavior in real-time.
0:00 Longitude
Cycling

22:30 Yurakucho

Asakusa

24:00

20:00 Ginza

Shinjuku Meiji Jingu Komazawa Meguro

Imperial Palace

Latitude 14:30

Park

Yurakucho
Denen Chofu

Running

Walking

Strolling

Fig.8 Space and time distribution in Ginza Fig.9 Objects in Tokyo Contact Author: Kousuke Kikuchi e-mail: kousukekikuchi@toki.waseda.jp