Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

CE : Section 4 MC P.

1
Section 4 Common Acids and Alkalis 7. A metal X forms a hydroxide XOH. 1.12 g of
XOH were dissolved in some distilled water and
93-CE then made up to 250 cm 3 with distilled water.
1. The molecular formula of a gaseous element X is 25.0 cm3 of this solution required 20.0 cm3 of
X2. If the relative atomic mass is 19, what is 0.10 M hydrochloric acid for complete
the number of molecules in 114 g of the gas? neutralization. What is the relative atomic mass
(Avogadro's number = 6.02 x 1023 ) of X?
A. 3 B. 6 (Relative atomic masses : H = 1.0, O = 16.0)
C. 3 x 6.02 x 1023 D. 6 x 6.02 x 1023 A. 23.0 B. 24.0
C. 39.0 D. 40.0
2. The following substances were burnt in oxygen
and the products were mixed with water. 8. Which of the following statements concerning a
Which of these substances would produce a solution of hydrogen chloride in dry
resulting solution with the highest pH value? methylbenzene is correct?
A. calcium B. iron A. It can conduct electricity.
C. sulphur D. carbon B. Its pH value is smaller than 7.
C. When magnesium is added to it, a gas is
3. 0.12 g of sodium metal is added to a large evolved.
volume of water. When the reaction is D. When ammonia gas is bubbled into it, a white
completed, the resulting solution is treated with precipitate is formed.
0.2 M hydrochloric acid. What is the volume of
the acid required, to the nearest cm3, for 9. The formula of hydrated magnesium sulphate
complete neutralization? crystals is MgSO4.xH2O. When 3.80 g of the
(Relative atomic mass: Na=23) hydrated crystals are heated, 2.00 g of
A. 13 B. 26 anhydrous magnesium sulphate are produced.
C. 39 D. 52 What is the value of x?
(Relative atomic masses: H=1.0, O=16.0,
4. Which of the following statements about a Mg=24.0, S=32.0)
solution of hydrogen chloride in water is A. 3 B. 4
correct? C. 5 D. 6
A. The hydrogen chloride exists as molecules in
the solution. Q.10 & Q.11 refer to the following experiment:
B. The hydrogen chloride is slightly ionized in 1.0 cm3 portions of a calcium chloride solution are
water. added successively to 10.0 cm3 of 1.0 M potassium
C. The pH value of the solution is greater than carbonate solution in a test tube. After each
7. addition, the height of the precipitate formed is
D. The reaction between the solution and measured. The following graph is obtained:
aqueous ammonia is exothermic.

5. On heating, blue copper(II) sulphate crystals


gradually change to a white powder. Which of
the following statements are correct?
(1) Heat would be liberated if water is
added to the white powder.
(2) On further heating, the white powder 10. The concentration of the calcium chloride
would turn reddish-brown. solution is
(3) A chemical change occurs during the A. 1.0 M. B. 2.0 M.
heating of the blue crystals. C. 2.5 M. D. 4.0 M.
A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3) 11. Which of the following statements concerning
the experiment is INCORRECT?
94-CE A. The precipitate is white in colour.
6. Which of the following contains the same B. The precipitate is centrifuged before its
number of atoms as 2.20 g of carbon dioxide? height is measured.
(Relative atomic masses : H = 1.0, C = 12.0, N = C. The height of precipitate formed at the end
14.0, O = 16.0, S = 32.0, Cl = 35.5) of the experiment would be the same if 0.5
A. 1.70 g of ammonia cm3 portions of the calcium chloride solution
B. 2.25 g of nitrogen monoxide are used instead of 1.0 cm3 portions.
C. 2.80 g of sulphur dioxide D. A measuring cylinder is used to measure the
D. 3.55 g of chloride 1.0 cm3 portions of the calcium chloride
solution.
CE : Section 4 MC P.2
12. A conical flask containing hydrochloric acid is 15. Which of the following statements concerning
placed on a top-balance. Some marble chips are 25.0 cm3 of 0.1 M hydrochloric acid and 25.0
carefully added to the flask. Which of the cm3 of 0.1 M ethanoic acid is/are correct?
following graphs represents the correct plot of (1) They contain the same number of
the mass of the flask and its content against hydrogen ions.
time? (2) They require the same volume of 0.1 M
sodium hydroxide solution for complete
neutralization.
(3) They react with excess zinc granules at
the same rate.
A. (1) only B. (2) only
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only

95-CE
16. In order to prepare 250 cm 3 of 0.10 M sodium
hydroxide solution from 1.0 M sodium hydroxide
solution, which of the following combinations of
apparatus should be used?
A. burette, measuring cylinder, pipette
B. conical flask, measuring cylinder, volumetric
flask
C. burette, conical flask, wash bottle
D. pipette, volumetric flask, wash bottle
Direction: Q.13 & 14 refer to the following
17. Concentrated sulphuric acid turns blue litmus
experiment on a thermometric titration.
paper red and then black. On the basis of these
colour changes, which of the following
A sulphuric acid solution is titrated against 25.0 cm 3
deductions concerning concentrated sulphuric
of 3.0 M sodium hydroxide solution. The results of
acid are correct?
the thermometric titration can be represented by
(1) It contains H+(aq) ions.
the following graph:
(2) It is an oxidizing agent.
(3) It is a dehydrating agent.
A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)

18. Which of the following substances, when mixed,


would undergo a chemical reaction?
A. copper and zinc sulphate solution
B. calcium chloride solution and magnesium
nitrate solution
C. lead(II) nitrate solution and sodium
hydroxide solution
13. The concentration of the sulphuric acid solution
D. bromine water and sodium chloride solution
is
A. 1.00 M B. 1.25 M
19. What volume of water is required to dilute 100
C. 2.50 M D. 5.00 M
cm3 of 8 M hydrochloric acid to a concentration
of 2 M?
14. Which of the following statement(s) is/are
A. 200 cm3 B. 300 cm3
correct?
C. 400 cm3 D. 700 cm3
(1) The temperature rises from X to Y
because the reaction between the
20. A student performed a titration experiment in
sulphuric acid solution and sodium
which he added an acid from a burette to an
hydroxide solution is exothermic.
alkali contained in a conical flask. The following
(2) The temperature drops from Y to Z
diagrams show the initial and final readings of
because water is formed in the reaction
the burette.
between the sulphuric acid solution and
sodium hydroxide solution.
(3) Z corresponds to the end point of the
titration.
A. (1) only B. (2) only
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only
CE : Section 4 MC P.3
What was the volume of the acid added from 26. Which of the following substances, when mixed
the burette to the conical flask? with lemon juice, would give off gas bubbles?
A. 24.5 cm3 B. 24.6 cm3 (1) iron nails
C. 24.7 cm 3
D. 32.3 cm3 (2) milk of magnesia
(3) polyethene wrap
21. Which of the following pairs of solutions, when A. (1) only B. (2) only
mixed, would give a neutral solution? C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only
A. 10 cm3 of 1 M sulphuric acid and 10 cm 3 of 1
M sodium hydroxide solution 27. Which of the following methods can produce
B. 10 cm3 of 1 M sulphuric acid and 10 cm3 of 2 hydrogen?
M sodium hydroxide solution (1) adding zinc to water
C. 10 cm3 of 2 M sulphuric acid and 20 cm3 of 1 (2) electrolysing dilute sulphuric acid
M sodium hydroxide solution (3) adding magnesium to dilute hydrochloric
D. 20 cm3 of 2 M sulphuric acid and 10 cm3 of 2 acid
M sodium hydroxide solution A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
22. The reaction of cane sugar and concentrated
sulphuric acid may be represented by the 96-CE
following equation. 28. In an experiment, 1.6 g of sulphur are burnt
conc.H2SO4 completely in oxygen. What is the volume of
C12H22O11(s) → 12C(s) + 11H2O(l) oxygen gas required, measured at the same
temperature and pressure, for complete
In this reaction, concentrated sulphuric acid combustion?
acts as (Relative atomic mass: S = 32.0; molar volume of
A. a strong acid. B. an oxidizing agent. gas at room temperature and pressure = 24.0
C. a drying agent. D. a dehydrating agent. dm3)
A. 0.6 dm3 B. 1.2 dm3
23. A mixture consists of two solids, sodium C. 2.4 dm3 D. 12.0 dm3
chloride and lead(II) oxide. Which of the
following methods can be used to remove the 29. Consider the following experiment:
sodium chloride from the mixture?
A. Add water to the mixture and then filter.
B. Add concentrated sulphuric acid to the
mixture and then filter.
C. Add dilute nitric acid to the mixture and
then filter.
D. Add dilute sodium hydroxide solution to the
mixture and then filter. After the experiment, the residue in the
combustion tube is dissolved in water and an
24. Consider the following equation: alkaline solution is obtained. X may be
2FeSO4.7H2O(x) → A. carbon B. magnesium
Fe2O3(y) + SO2(z) + SO2(g) + 14 H2O(l) C. silver D. sulphur
Which of the following combinations is correct?
x y z 30. Under certain conditions, 60 cm 3 of a gaseous
A. aq s g compound, NxOy, decompose completely to give
B. aq s l 60 cm3 of nitrogen gas and 30 cm 3 of oxygen
C. s aq s gas. (All gas volumes are measured at the same
D. s s g temperature and pressure)
Which of the following combinations is correct?
25. Refer to the following chemical equation: x y
Fe2O3(s) + 3CO(g) → 2Fe(s) + 3CO2(g) A. 1 1
B. 1 2
What volume of carbon dioxide, measured at C. 2 1
room temperature and pressure, is produced if D. 2 3
224 g of iron are formed?
(Relative atomic mass : Fe = 56; Molar volume of
gas at room temperature and pressure = 24
dm3)
A. 16 dm3 B. 36 dm3
C. 72 dm3 D. 144 dm3
CE : Section 4 MC P.4
31. Which of the following statements concerning
one mole of nitrogen gas is/are correct?
(1) It has a mass of 14.0 g.
(2) It occupies the same volume as 4.0 g of
helium gas at room temperature and
pressure.
(3) It contains 6.02 × 1023 atoms of
nitrogen.
[ Relative atomic masses: He = 4.0, N = 14.0;
Avogadro constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol-1 ]
A. (1) only B. (2) only
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only

32. Consider the following chemical equation:

2HNO3(aq) + CaCO3(x)
37. A mixture contains only copper(II) oxide and
→ Ca(NO3)2(y) + H2O(z) + CO2(g)
anhydrous copper(II) sulphate. Which of the
following methods can be used to separate
Which of the following combinations is correct?
copper(II) oxide from the mixture?
x y z
(1) Add water to the mixture and then
A. aq aq l
filter.
B. aq aq aq
(2) Add dilute nitric acid to the mixture and
C. s aq l
then filter.
D. s s aq
(3) Add concentrated hydrochloric acid to
the mixture and then filter.
33. Which of the following substances is used by
A. (1) only B. (2) only
farmers to increase the pH of soil?
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only
A. ammonium nitrate
B. calcium hydroxide
97-CE
C. citric acid
38. A 2.0M sodium chloride solution is prepared by
D. potassium hydroxide
dissolving 11.7 g of sodium chloride in distilled
water. What is the volume of the solution
34. Which of the following experiments can be used
formed?
to show that concentrated sulphuric acid is a
(Relative atomic masses : Na = 23.0, Cl = 35.5)
dehydrating agent?
A. 50.0 cm3 B. 100.0 cm3
A. adding it to copper(II) oxide powder
C. 250 cm 3
D. 500 cm3
B. adding it to copper(II) sulphate crystals
C. adding it to calcium carbonate powder
39. Metal X reacts with dilute nitric acid to give a
D. adding it to sodium chloride crystals
colourless solution. When sodium hydroxide
solutionis added to the solution, a white
35. Which of the following substances, when mixed,
precipitate which dissolves in excess sodium
will undergo a reaction?
hydroxide solution is formed. X is probably
A. vinegar and anti-acid
A. copper. B. iron.
B. bleach and anti-acid
C. lead. D. magnesium.
C. vinegar and table salt
D. bleach and table salt
40. Which of the following graphs best represent
the change in mass with time when calcium
36. A student added 16 cm3 of 2M sodium hydroxide
carbonate is strongly heated?
solution, in 2 cm3 portions, to 10 cm3 of 2M
nitric acid. He measured the temperature of
the mixture immediately after each addition of
the sodium hydroxide solution.

Which of the following graphs represents the


relationship between the temperature of the
mixture and the volume of sodium hydroxide
solution added?
CE : Section 4 MC P.5
41. The formula of a metal carbonate is X2CO3. 100 47. One mole of sulphur atoms has a mass twice
cm3 of a solution containing 0.69 g of the that of one mole of oxygen atoms. Which of the
carbonate requires 50 cm3 of 0.20 M following statements is/are correct?
hydrochloric acid for complete reaction. What (1) 2 g of sulphur and 1 g of oxygen each
is the relative atomic mass of metal X?] occupy the same volume at room
(Relative atomic masses: C = 12.0, O = 16.0) temperature and pressure.
A. 19.0 B. 23.0 (2) 2 g of sulphur and 1 g of oxygen each
C. 39.0 D. 78.0 contain the same number of atoms.
(3) The number of atoms contained in one
42. Which of the following gases occupies the mole of sulphur is twice that contained
largest volume at room temperature and in one mole of oxygen.
pressure? A. (1) only B. (2) only
(Relative atomic masses : H = 1.0, C = 12.0, N = C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only
14.0, O = 16.0; molar volume of gas at room
temperature and pressure = 24.0 dm3) 48. Which of the following substances can be used
A. 1.0 g of ammonia B. 2.0 g of nitrogen to distinguish between concentrated nitric acid
C. 3.0 g of oxygen D. 4.0 g of carbon and concentrated sulphuric acid?
dioxide (1) sodium carbonate powder
(2) copper tunings
43. Consider the following chemical equation: (3) cane sugar
O2(g) + 4Fe(OH)2(x) → 2Fe2O3(y) + A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
4H2O(z) C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
Which of the following combinations is correct?
x y z 49. Which of the following substances would react
A. s s λ with sodium hydroxide solution?
B. s aq aq (1) ammonium chloride solution
C. aq s aq (2) copper(II) sulphate solution
D. aq aq λ (3) ethanoic acid
A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
44. What mass of copper is obtained when 0.40 mol C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
of copper(II) oxide are completely reduced by
carbon? 50. Concentrated sulphuric acid is corrosive to skin
(Relative atomic masses : O = 16.0; Cu = 63.5) because
A. 12.7 g B. 15.9 g (1) it is a dehydrating agent.
C. 25.4 g D. 31.8 g (2) it is an oxidizing agent.
(3) each molecule of sulphuric acid has two
45. An iron nail is heated with concentrated ionizable hydrogen atoms.
sulphuric acid. Which of the following Which of the above statements are correct?
combinations is correct? A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
Gas given off Colour of solution C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
formed
hydrogen pale green 98-CE
hydrogen yellow 51. The formula for ozone is O 3. If one mole of
sulphur dioxide pale green ozone contains x atoms, how many atoms will one
sulphur dioxide yellow mole of oxygen gas contain?
x 2x
A. B.
46. Which of the following statements concerning 3 3
citric acid is/are correct? 3x
C. D. 3x
(1) It is a strong acid 2
(2) It is present in oranges
(3) It exists as a solid at room temperature 52. Which of the following substances has a pH less
A. (1) only B. (2) only than 7?
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only A. lemon juice B. soap solution
C. glass cleaner D. milk of magnesia

53. The formula for hydrated iron(II) sulphate is


FeSO4.xH2O. On strong heating, 20.1 g of the
sulphate produces 9.1 g of water. What is the
value of x?
(Relative atomic masses: H = 1.0, O = 16.0, S =
32.1 , Fe = 56.0)
A. 5 B. 6
CE : Section 4 MC P.6
C. 7 D. 8
60. 7.5 g of calcium carbonate is added to 50.0 cm 3
54. of 2 M hydrochloric acid. What is the volume of
carbon dioxide liberated at room temperature
and pressure?
(Relative atomic masses : C=12.0, O=16.0,
Ca=40.0;
molar volume of as at r.t.p. = 24.0 dm3)
A. 0.9 dm3 B. 1.2 dm3
A gas X is bubbled into a solution of Y as shown C. 1.8 dm 3
D. 2.4 dm3
in the above diagram. In which of the following
combinations would X react with Y? 99-CE
X Y 61. One mole of calcium bromide contains
A. ammonia potassium iodide A. 1 mole of molecules.
B. chlorine potassium nitrate B. 2 moles of cations.
C. carbon dioxide sodium hydroxide C. 2 moles of anions.
D. sulphur dioxide iron(II) sulphate D. 3 moles of atoms.

55. In an experiment, 10 cm3 of 1M hydrochloric 62. The concentration of an aqueous solution of an


acid is added slowly into 10 cm 3 of 1M sodium acid is 1.0 M. 25.0 cm3 of this acid solution
hydroxide solution. Which of the following requires 37.5 cm3 of 2.0 M sodium hydroxide
statements concerning this experiment is solution for complete neutralization. What is
correct? the basicity of the acid?
A. The temperature of the mixture increases. A. 1 B. 2
B. The pH of the mixture increases. C. 3 D. 4
C. The mixture does not conduct electricity at
the end of the experiment. 63. Substance X gives identical product(s) when
D. The concentration of sodium ions in the treated with dilute sulphuric acid or
mixture remains unchanged. concentrated sulphuric acid. X may be
A. zinc.
56. The formula of a solid dibasic acid is H2X. 2.88 B. cane sugar.
g of the acid is dissolved in some distilled water C. ammonia.
and the solution is then diluted to 250.0 cm 3 D. hydrated copper(II) sulphate crystals.
with distilled water. 25.0 cm 3 of the diluted
solution requires 16.0 cm3 of 0.40 M sodium 64. Iron can be produced from iron(III) oxide by
hydroxide solution for complete neutralization. the following reaction:
What is the molar mass of H2X? Fe2O3(s) + 3CO(g) → 2Fe(s) + 3CO2(g)
A. 22.5 g B. 45.0 g What mass of iron(III) oxide is required to
C. 90.0 g D. 180.0 g produce 2.1 g of iron?
(Relative atomic masses : O = 16.0, Fe = 56.0)
57. The following equation represents the reaction A. 3.0 g B. 4.5 g
of an oxide of lead with hydrogen: C. 6.0 g D. 9.0 g
Pb3O4(s) + 4H2(g) → 3Pb(s) + 4H2O(l)
What mass of lead would be obtained if 68.5 g 65. At room temperature and pressure, 8.0 g of
of the oxide was consumed in the reaction? oxygen and 20.0 g of gas X occupy the same
(Relative atomic masses : O = 16.0, Pb = 207.0) volume. What is the molar mass of X?
A. 20.7 g B. 41.4 g (Relative atomic mass : O = 16.0;
C. 62.1 g D. 82.8 g molar volume of gas at room temperature and
pressure = 24.0 dm3)
58. Which of the following is NOT the appropriate A. 20.0 g B. 40.0 g
substance for preparing zinc sulphate by C. 60.0 g D. 80.0 g
directly mixing with dilute sulphuric acid?
A. zinc B. zinc carbonate 66. The compound X2S contains 58.9% of X by mass.
C. zinc hydroxide D. zinc nitrate What is the relative atomic mass of X?
(Relative atomic mass : S = 32.1)
59. Dilute sodium hydroxide solution is added A. 11.5 B. 23.0
successively to four different solutions. Which C. 39.0 D. 46.0
of the following combinations is correct?
Solution Observation
A. ammonium chloride white precipitate
B. lead(II) nitrate yellow precipitate
C. potassium dichromate orange precipitate
D. iron(III) sulphate brown precipitate
CE : Section 4 MC P.7
67. Which of the following processes would NOT 74. A white solid dissolves in water to give an
produce hydrogen gas? alkaline solution. The solution reacts with dilute
A. adding calcium to water hydrochloric acid to give a gas. The solid is
B. adding magnesium to dilute hydrochloric probably
acid A. calcium oxide.
C. adding copper to dilute nitric acid B. calcium carbonate.
D. passing steam over red hot iron C. potassium hydroxide.
D. potassium carbonate.
68. Which of the following solutions would produce
a white precipitate with sodium hydroxide 75. In an experiment, 21.8 g of zinc was treated
solution? with 250.0 cm3 of 2.0 M hydrochloric acid.
A. lead(II) nitrate solution What volume of hydrogen was liberated at room
B. iron(III) nitrate solution temperature and pressure?
C. copper(II) nitrate solution (Relative atomic mass: Zn = 65.4; molar volume
D. potassium nitrate solution of gas at room temperature and pressure = 24.0
dm3)
69. In an experiment, 1.00 M sodium hydroxide A. 4.0 dm3 B. 6.0 dm3
solution was added to 25.0 cm3 of 1.00 M C. 8.0 dm3 D. 12.0 dm3
sulphuric acid until the acid was completely
neutralized. What is the concentration of 76. Which of the following compounds would react
sodium sulphate (correct to two decimal place) with ammonium chloride on heating?
in the resulting solution? A. concentrated nitric acid
A. 1.00 M B. 0.50 M B. concentrated hydrochloric acid
C. 0.33 M D. 0.25 M C. sodium hydroxide solution
D. magnesium sulphate solution
70. Which of the following reagents is/are
commonly stored in brown bottles? 77. Which of the following statements concerning
(1) potassium permanganate solution sulphur dioxide are correct?
(2) concentrated sulphuric acid (1) It can be prepared by heating copper
(3) concentrated nitric acid turnings with concentrated sulphuric
A. (1) only B. (2) only acid.
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only (2) It is denser than air.
(3) It can be absorbed by sodium
00-CE hydroxide solution
71. Metal X forms an oxide. 27.53 g of this oxide A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
contains 24.96 g of X. What is the mole ratio C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
of X to oxygen in the oxide?
(Relative atomic masses : O = 16.0, X = 207.0) 01-CE
A. 1 : 1 B. 1:2 78. When potassium carbonate and calcium chloride
C. 2 : 3 D. 3 : 4 solution are mixed, calcium carbonate is
precipitate. Which of the following mixtures
72. Different volumes of 2.0 M potassium hydroxide would produce the greatest amount of
solution and 2.0 M sulphuric acid are mixed in a precipitate?
polystyrene cup. In which of the following A. 5 cm3 of 1M K2CO3 + 15 cm3 of 1M CaCl2
combinations would the temperature rise be the B. 10 cm3 of 1M K2CO3 + 10 cm3 of 1M CaCl2
greatest? C. 15 cm3 of 1M K2CO3 + 8 cm3 of 1M CaCl2
Volume of 2.0 M Volume of 2.0 M D. 18 cm3 of 1M K2CO3 + 5 cm3 of 1M CaCl2
KOH(aq) / cm3 H2SO4(aq) / cm3 79. Consider the reaction:
A. 20.0 40.0 4H2(g) + Fe3O4(s) → 3Fe(s) + 4H2O(l)
B. 30.0 30.0 What mass of iron would be obtained if 96.0
C. 40.0 20.0 cm3 of hydrogen, measured at room temperature
D. 45.0 15.0 and pressure, is consumed in the reaction?
(Relative atomic mass: Fe = 56.0;
73. A sample of concentrated sulphuric acid has a molar volume of gas at room temperature and
density of 1.83 g cm -3 and contains 94.0% of pressure = 24 dm3)
sulphuric acid by mass. What is the A. 0.056 g B. 0.084 g
concentration (correct to one decimal place) of C. 0.168 g D. 0224 g
sulphuric acid in the sample?
(relative atomic masses: H = 1.0, O = 16.0, S = 80. Which of the following pairs of solutions, when
32.1) mixed, would produce a precipitate?
A. 17.5 M B. 18.3 M A. lead(II) nitrate and sodium hydroxide
C. 18.7 M D. 19.8 M B. copper(II) sulphate and sodium nitrate
CE : Section 4 MC P.8
C. zinc chloride and potassium nitrate 87. An oxide of element X has the formula X2O3.
D. iron(II) sulphate and acidified potassium 10.2 g of this oxide contains 5.4 g of X. What is
permanganate the relative atomic mass of X?
(Relative atomic mass: O = 16.0)
81. A mixture consists of one mole of sodium A. 12.0 B. 18.0
carbonate and one mole of sodium C. 27.0 D. 36.0
hydrogencarbonate. What is the least number
of moles of hydrochloric acid required to 88. Consider the aqueous solution listed below:
liberate all the available carbon dioxide from (1) 1 M ethanoic acid
the mixture? (2) 1 M hydrochloric acid
A. 1.5 B. 2.0 (3) 1 M ammonia solution
C. 3.0 D. 4.0 Which of the following represents the
increasing order of pH of the solutions?
82. Phosphoric acid is a tribasic acid with formula A. (1), (2), (3) B. (2), (1), (3)
H3PO4. Which of the following formulae is C. (3), (2), (1) D. (3), (2), (1)
INCORRECT?
A. CaH2PO4 B. Mg3(PO4)2 89. Ammonium dichromate, (NH4)2Cr2O7, decomposes
C. (NH4)2HPO4 D. Na2HPO4 on heating to give chromium(III) oxide, water
and nitrogen. What mass of water is obtained
83. What is the percentage by mass of chromium in when 126 g of ammonium dichromate undergoes
potassium dichromate? complete decomposition?
(Relative atomic masses: O = 16.0, K = 39.1, Cr = (Relative atomic masses:
52.0) H = 1.0, N = 14.0, O = 16.0, Cr = 52.0)
A. 17.7 B. 25.1 A. 9 g B. 18 g
C. 35.4 D. 40.8 C. 36 g D. 72 g

84. Suppose that the Avogadro number is L. How 90. Gases X and Y react to give a gaseous product
many atoms does 600 cm3 of oxygen at room Z. The reaction can be represented by the
temperature and pressure contain? equation:
(Molar volume of gas at room temperature and X(g) + 3Y(g) → 2Z(g)
pressure = 24 dm3) In an experiment, 40 cm3 of X and 60 cm3 of Y
1 1 are mixed and are allowed to react in a closed
A. L B. L
40 20 vessel. What is the volume of the resultant
C. 25 L D. 50 L gaseous mixture?
(All volumes are measured at room temperature
85. In a titration experiment, 25.0 cm 3 of diluted and pressure.)
vinegar is titrated against a standard solution of A. 40 cm3 B. 60 cm3
sodium hydroxide with phenolphthalein as C. 80 cm 3
D. 100 cm3
indicator. Which of the following statements
concerning this experiment is/are correct? 91. Which of the following acids, when heated with
(1) The colour of phenolphthalein changes copper, would produce a gas?
from colourless to pink at the end point. A. dilute nitric acid
(2) The colour of phenolphthalein changes B. dilute hydrochloric acid
from pink to colourless at the end point. C. dilute sulphuric acid
(3) A measuring cylinder is used to measure D. concentrated ethanoic acid
the volume of the diluted vinegar.
A. (1) only B. (2) only 92. Which of the following methods should be used
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only to obtain hydrated copper(II) sulphate from
copper(II) sulphate solution?
86. Which of the following statements concerning A. crystallization B. distillation
the reaction of iron(II) carbonate with 1 M C. fractional distillation D. heating under
sulphuric acid is/are correct? reflux
(1) Sulphuric acid acts as an acid.
(2) Sulphuric acid acts as an oxidizing agent. 93. Which of the following gases contains the
(3) Sulphuric acid acts as a dehydrating greatest number of molecules at room
agent. temperature and pressure?
A. (1) only B. (2) only (Relative atomic masses:
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only H = 1.0, N = 14.0, O = 16.0, Cl = 35.5)
A. 2.0 g of hydrogen
B. 16.0 g of oxygen
02-CE C. 18.0 g of ammonia
D. 60.0 g of chlorine
CE : Section 4 MC P.9
94. Starch, a natural polymer, is a carbohydrate. 96. Which of the following methods can be used to
When concentrated sulphuric acid is added distinguish between iron(II) sulphate solution
dropwise to some starch, a black substance is and iron(III) sulphate solution?
formed. The reaction involved is (1) observing their colours
A. dehydration B. depolymerization (2) adding acidified potassium permanganate
C. redox reaction D. neutralization solution
(3) adding aqueous ammonia
95. A black powder is suspected to be carbon or a A. (1) & (2) only B. (1) & (3) only
mixture of carbon and copper(II) oxide. Which C. (2) & (3) only D. (1), (2) & (3)
of the following methods can be used to identify
the black powder?
(1) adding dilute sulphuric acid to the powder
(2) adding sodium hydroxide solution to the
powder
(3) heating the powder strongly
A. (1) only B. (2) only
C. (1) & (3) only D. (2) & (3) only

Direction : Each question below consists of two statements. Decide whether each of the two statements is
true or false; if both are true, then decide whether or not the second statement is a correct explanation of
the first statement. Then select one option from A to D according to the following table :

A. Both statements are true and the 2nd statement is a correct explanation of the 1st statement.
B. Both statements are true but the 2nd statement is NOT a correct explanation of the 1st statement.
C. Only one statement is true while the other is false.
D. Both statements are false.

1st statement 2nd statement

97. 100 cm3 of 1M hydrochloric acid react with Both acids contain the same concentration of
excess magnesium ribbon at the same rate as H+(aq) ions.
100 cm3 of 1M sulphuric acid.

98. At room temperature and pressure, the molar The relative atomic mass of oxygen is greater
volume of oxygen gas is greater than that of than that of hydrogen.
hydrogen gas.

99. The basicity of ethanoic acid is four. One molecule of ethanoic acid contains four atoms
of hydrogen.

100. If a student accidentally spills some Sodium hydroxide solution can neutralize
hydrochloric acid on his hand, he should hydrochloric acid.
immediately wash his hand with sodium
hydroxide solution.

101. The volume of hydrogen liberated at room 10M hydrochloric acid is a stronger acid than 2M
temperature and pressure by the reaction hydrochloric acid.
between 10 cm3 of 10M hydrochloric acid and
excess zinc granules is greater than that
between 50 cm3 of 2M hydrochloric acid and
excess zinc granules.

102. When filling a pipette with a solution, a pipette It is more accurate to fill a pipette with a solution
filler is preferred to sucking with the mouth. by using a pipette filler than by sucking with the
mouth.

103. Concentrated hydrochloric acid can react with Concentrated hydrochloric acid is a strong
silver. oxidizing agent.

104. One mole of water occupies the same volume One mole of water contains the same number of
as one mole of carbon dioxide at room atoms as one mole of carbon dioxide.
temperature and pressure.
CE : Section 4 MC P.10

105. Concentrated sulphuric acid can turn a piece Concentrated sulphuric acid is a strong oxidizing
of filter paper black. agent.

106. The volume of 10.0 g of gaseous carbon dioxide 10.0 g of gaseous carbon dioxide contains the
is the same as the volume of 10.0 g of solid same number of molecules as 10.0 g of solid carbon
carbon dioxide. dioxide.

107. Adding lime to acidic soil can increase crop Lime can neutralize the acid in the soil.
yield.

108. The basicity of methanoic acid is different The number of hydrogen atoms in a molecule of
from that of ethanoic acid. methanoic acid is different from that in a
molecule of ethanoic acid.

Section 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0+ C A B D B B C D D C
10+ D B B A B D B C B B
20+ B D A D D A C B B C
30+ B C B B A C A B C A
40+ C C A C D D B C D A
50+ B A C C A C C D D B
60+ C C C A D B C A C C
70+ D C A D B C D B C A
80+ C A C B A A C B C B
90+ A A C A C D D C C C
100+ D C D C B C A C