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Index

9 An introductory note Unit XXXIII. . . . . . . . . .
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An introductory
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Unit XXXIII.
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33.A.1. Off to
College
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33.B.1. Givea hoot - don't Pollute
~
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33.C.1. Sophomore no
Answersto exercises
more' {Self-Test)
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39
Unit XXXIV.
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34.A.1. Trick or
treat
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34.B.1. PiIgrim's
34:C.1. IlikeMike
Progress?
57
(Self-Test)
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Answersto exercises
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Unit XXXV.
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35.A.1. Egg nog
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35.
B.1. AuId lang Syne
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35.C.1. The Rose parade
Answers to exercises
(Self-Test)
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109
Unit XXXVI.
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117
36.A.1.
Perfect English
119
36.B.1.
It'sa
Bargain!
127
36.
C.1. Puppy love?
(Self-Test)
135
Answersto exercises
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143
Únit .XXXVII
151
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37.A.1. Spring fever
153
37.
B.1. The Wrong Gift
161.
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37.C.1. The
Brick yard (SeIf-Test)
169
Answers to exercises
177
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Unit XXXVIII.
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38.A.1.A heavypresent
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38.C.1. 38.8.1. The Teacher.Iet JUnior - the Senlor-pr--orrriSeTf-Test) .~ullsOut. . .:~.
205 197
Answers to exercises
213

Unit XXXIX

 

221

 

39.A.1.

Hot dogs and fireworks

 

223

39. B.1. A summer Job

 

233

39.C.1. The perfect vacation(Self-Test)

 

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241

Answers to exercises

 

251

Un it

XL.

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261

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40.A.1.

Swim, walk,ea(

and Sleep!

 

263

40.B.1. Back to civilization?

 

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271

40.C.1. It's a

tal! story (Self-Test)"

 

279

Answersto exercises

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287

ANINTRODUCT'ORV NOTE

This workbook is to accompany the text for units XXXIII-XL in the 'ITESM Open Preparatory English series. It cannot be used as a text due to

the 'absence of explanatory

material which alone 'is fourid in the texto It

follows the same pattern given"in the' text-reading

(in this case a dia-

logue), comprehension, vocabulary, structure and special difficulties exer-

cises.

exercise

student's parto It is included at this time because>the pre-advanced student mYSt begin to master writing if he or she is to be considered truly fluent in the I~mguagein an academic or professional sense.

on the

comprehensio.n .section an

There

is one additiori,

included

however.

In the

has been

that

demands

guided, creative writing

The conversations between the different members of the Simmons family have been designed to give the student as r.tear as possible the real English language as spoken by the typical English-speaking family in daily conversation. Whil~ the setting is in the United States, there would be little difference if the Simmons were British, Canadian, New Zealanders or Australians except for speciHc word differences due to differing holi- days and traditions. This is in contrast to the less conversational but more universal language of the text readings-a more technical and scientific language. Both are necessary, especially when travelling on business or

pleasure. The student

book carries the contractions studied in previous and present units.

will also find that all the language used in this work-

The .comprehension sections for units 33 through 40, sections A, B and C are based entirely on the dialogues; the vocabulary sections are based on the dialogue and the texto The structural and special difficulties exercises are aimost entirely based on the texto Section C of every unit is a self-test and should be graded accordingto the tollowingscheme:

C.1.1

C.1.2

=

6

points' (1 point tor each correct answer)

= 16 points (2 points for each correctly

used guide word)

3 points for staying within the 90-word limit

C.2.1

C.2.2

C.3.1-3

CA.1-3

,

=

=

=

5 points for correctly match.ingthe pairs

10

points

(r pOiht for each correcthi chosen word)

30

points (2 points for each correctly done exe"rcise)

30

points

(2 points for each correctly done exercise)

100 points

For a more

detailed

explanation

of the m~thodology

for using this

workbook

,

the in~roductory remarks to the text $hould be referred to.

,

It is hoped this workbook to. learn with as it .was in w.riting.

will be as much Qf a pleasure to

use and

JUNIT

XXXIII

33.A.1.OFFTOCOLLEGE

Airport public address system:

T rans-

American anr:-t0unces the

arrival

of ,its flight 713 from Houston, Dalias and Kansas Alice: Vour plane's landed, Ron!' How long wi11 it be here at Capital before it takes off?

Ronald: Just long enough to let pas- sengers get off on.

Alice: Well, you'd on!

Mrs. Simmons: Now, Ron, I want you to buy some stationery and writ~

better run and get

to

us once a week.

derstand? Ronald: Ves, momo

Do you un-

-----

Airpárt public address system: Wi11 all passen'gers on flight 713, please board the plane through Gate . Alice: When will Ron be back for vacation, dad? Mr. Simmons: Good Heavens, Ali! He hasn't left yet! A /ice: If he flunks out, he'lI be home soon!

Mrs. Simmons:

Alice!

Frank, do you think chosen the right.major?

Ron has

Mr. Simmons:

'Ron's

good

at math,

dear. He'!!,do well in engineer-

oo.',in~~.

.' 10":

Mrs. Simmons:

~

"-0

But will he have time

l'

"-

to play, football? Look! °Here comes his planeo!

Mr. Simrn,ons:

.a university doesn't

give a scholarship if a boy's high

school

h is teachers and the principal had

to

low, besides,

grades

an

are

write

all

.

evaluation.

into

They

took

qtion

that

consider-

Mrs. S/mml:J"ns: Ifs

taking

off

now!

o See you s6qni'son!

°Mr. Simmons:

There goes my boy!

Alice: Bye, Ron! Aiorport public

address

system:

~

~

~.

~

.TransAmerican announces the

departure 'of its fl ight 713 for Sto Louis and

--

O"

.

,-

-

o'

33.A.1.1. COMPREHENSIONQUESTIONS

A~syv~rthe fol ~owingquestions with complete answers.

1. How long does flight 713 stop'at Capital airport?

2. What does Ronald's mother want him to do?

3. What do we say ih English if a student

doesn'f pass any of his exams?

4. What will Ronald majorin at M-idtownUniversity?

5. What did Ronald receive from Midtown University?

6. Give the common ture.

English expressions for a plane's arrival and depar-

33.A.1.2 COMPREHENSIONTHROUGHWRITING

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct, in your own words, the dialogue in not more than 90 words

/I!nd

write

Christmas

16

engineering

scholarship

tootball

evaluatíon

grades

-,

VOCABULARV

33.A.2.1.

Matching. Choose the word at the rrght that best fits the expres-

sion at the left.

1. seat of government
2. carry on

3. school director-

4. talented

5. student aid

-7 a)

scholarship

'-7 b)

skill.ed

 

c)

continue

~)

capital

~

~e)

principal

33.A.2.2.

Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meanrng by"placing a

circle around ¡t.

1.

headstone

2,

farmland

3.

feature

4.

wide-

5.

weak-minded

6.

strength

7.

grade

8.

unmarked

9.

built

10.

principie

a) grass

 

b) grave

e) genius

d)

gauge

a) agreement

 

b) arable

e) agrieulture

d)

arid

a) qua!ity

 

b) quarter

e)

queen

d)

quiet

aLamele

b) animal

e)

abstract

d)

apply

a)

indieate

b)

indecisive

e)

inerease

d)

informative

a)

popular

b)

poor

e). prefer;

AL

PQ--

a) sehool

')

y

b) seate

e) securitY,

d) spaee

a-L.blaok

 

b). bite

e) .between

d)

bride

a) cfosed

b)

eontraeted

e) eonstrueted

d) eonested

a) formation

 

b)

feedom

e)

frequency

d)

fOl:Jndation

STRUCTURES

33.A.3.1.

Put the following sentences in the passive voice.

1. Capital High School gave Ronald a scholarship.

2. L'Enfant designed the capital.

3. The British burned the President's mansion.

4. Captain Phillips landed flight 713.

5. The governmenthonored him.

33.A.3.2.

Choose the correct form of the adjective.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

A

He's (good/better) than we thought.

The (less.!leQst)expensive thing on the menu is too much!

The~-{more/most} I practice, the {good/better} I become.

"'""-----

lemon isn't {sweet/sweeter} than an orange.

She was (stricteris.~ with John than with Sue.

33.A.3.3.

Fill in the missing words in each of the following sentences.

1.

'N')

'\0 \

\

2.

Is

there

3.

I've got

 

4.

5.

Isn't there

was absent. Not one seat was empty.

in the refrigerator to eat?

for you.

is wearing blue jeans this year. It's the style.

here named John Smith?

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES

33.AA.1.

Using these prepositions:

following sentences.

for, down, up, out, away, complete the

lo

It used to

be a nice hotel,

J

but now its rUn <:.A,Jl1, I

2. I'm sorry I'm late, but my car ran

3. Jim ran

of gasoline.

,1/

1)

~

and saw the world when he was just 15 years

old.

4. Senator Dobbins is running -A-j

another termo

5.

They ran

u

the hill on foot as fast as they could.

33.A.4.2.

Using these words:

following sentences.

after, over, down,

into, back,

complete

the

1. A new managerhas taken

operations at ASC Chemicat

'

2. Fight "foryour rights!

3. Little Bi!ly's really taking

4. When you drive with him, you're own hands

5.

Don'ttake

things Iying his father, isn't he?

taking your

life

He used to be important. things.

Sut now he's taking a

!

your

sea} in

33.AA.3.

Using these

prepositions:

'following sentences.

up, in, over, forward,

complete

the

1. Mr. Hopkins was put to rep!ace Mr. Fineman.

2. I know they

don't

have any

money. They're

only putting

up a front.

3. Soy, did they put one

4. Can you put moted.

5. She put her best foot

a good

on USoThey

word

robbed

me?

lid

for

everyth inq.

like

to

g8t pro-

wanting to impress her boy friendo

33.8.1.GIVEA HOOT-DON'T POLLUTE

Mr.

S;mmons:

hate it!

Mrs. S;mmons:

It's

beautiful,

but

What

in Heavens are

1

you talking about, Frank?

Mr. S;mmons:

Autumn.

It's all those

leaves 1have to rake up.

Mrs. S;mmons:

Then,

uum cleaner!

buy

a big vac-

Mr. S;mmons:

1have a better idea.

. Mrs.S;mmons: What are you goingto

do?

Mr.

S;mmons:

I'm

going

to

burn

them.

Mrs. S;mmons:

What about

the city

ordinance?

,

.

Mr. S;mmons: Oh, I hadñ'i that.

thought of

Alice: What are you doing up so early this beautiful Saturday morning, dad?

I was going to rake and

Mr. S;mmons:

burn the leaves

Atice: What?

Mr. S;mmons: y~s, your mother has

Pollute the air?

just

reminded me of the new law.

.

Alice: I have a better idea. Mr. Simmons: That's just what I said but it wasn't such a goód idea. Alice: Have you ever heard of com- po~t, dad?

.

Mr. Sfmmons:

YoÜ're íight!

I haven't

heard

of.

compost

since

my

grahdfather dled.

'.

.

"

Mrs. Simrnons:

What are VOU~wo tal k-

ing about?

.

Mr. Simmons:

Ali has just reminded

me of the

best way to take

care

of leaves. Mrs. Simmons:

How's that?

Mrs. Simmons: First, I rake them al! up; then I .dig a hole in the yard

and put them in. Next,

I bury

them. And .vyhen spring arrives,

vye have the perfect fertilizer for the garden. Alice: Now you're giving a hoot!

.

Mrs.

Simmons:

That's.

it.

Be con-

cerned-give

a

hoot,

don't

pol-

lute~

'.'

33.8.1.1.

.COMPREHENSIONQUESTIONS

Answer the following questions with complete answers.

1. What does Frank hate?

2. Whycan't Frank burn the leaves?

3. Is the law, a new one or an old one?

4. When was the last time Frank heard of compost?

5. How is compost made?

6. What is compost good for?

33.8.1.2. COMPREHENSIONTHROUGHWRITING

Using the

vocabulary

at

the

rjght,

reconstruct,

dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your

own words,

hate

rakeup

idea

remind

pollute

the

. take care of

(DO.of words)

put in

spring

VOCABULARV

33.8.2.1. Matching. Choose the word

pression at the left:

at

the

right

1.

remind of

a)

2.

give a hoot

b)

3.

rake up

.c)

4.

hate

d)

5.

pollute

e)

;'

contam inata

dislike

concerned

clean

remember

that

best

fits the ex-.

33.8.2.2. Multiplechoice. Choose the closest word in meaningby placinga

circlearound it.

1.

scienee fietion

a)

novels

2.

aceuracy

a) exaet

3.

technique

a)

memory

4.

amazed

a) wonder

5.

oceasionally

a)

infrequent

6.

energetie

a) vietory

7.

output

a) potent

8.

break down

a)

failure

9.

environment

a)

surviving

10.

law

a)

raee

b)

news

e)

nuts

d)

nature

b) error

e) energy

d)

especially

b)

mateh

e)

motíon

d)

method

b) worth

e) worm

d) wear

b)

ineonsistent

e)

inabilitv

d)

informal

b) vígorous

e) voiee

d)

valor

b)

powder

e)

produetion

d)

plane

b) forest

e) fear

d)

fire

b) 'surrounding

c)

sounding

d)

smoothing

b)

raw

e)

riee

d)

rute

STRUCTURES

33.8.3.11. Change the followingsentences from the future conditional

presentconditional (if/will to if/would).

.

\

.

If itrains,

1. we'lJ get wet. ~.

If flight

2. 713 leaveson time, Ron'lI arrive at Midtown

at 5:30.

to

the

-

3. If Fran k bu rns the leaves, he'll get a fi neo

4.

If he buries the leaves,he'll have cdmpost by spring.

5. If Ronald writes every week, his mother'll

be happy.

33.8.3.2. Change the following

to the future conditional

sentences from the present contrary-t<;>-fact

(if/would

to if/will).

1.

If

I were rich,

I'd buy you

a

2. Werehe sick, his wife'd call uso

3. If

I came late, I'd still seehim.

4. If they were leaving, t8ey'd surely notify

uso

5. Were it to snow, the kids would go wild with excitement.

33.8.3.3. Change the following

to t~e past contrary-to-fact

sentences from the present contrary-to-fact

conditiona~ (if/would

to if/would

have).

1. .

If I did the job.correctly,

they'd

pay me double.

2.

I would

earn a good salary, if I studied computer sciences.

3. I would visit the Lincoln Memorial, if I were in Washington.

4. You would learn a lot of English, if you listened to the radio.

5. If I went to prison mistakenly,

I would

be very angry.

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES

f

33.8.4.1.

Fill

in the following sentences with these words: earn, win, gain,

beat in their correct forms.

1.'

How much money do you

a month?

2. Have you ever.

3. My goodness you're fatI You've

4.

5.

anything in the lottery? a lot of weight!

University, 14-13. little competition.

Midtown

She

Ohio State lhe contest with

33.8.4.2. Fill in the following sentences with the correct form of ei'ther say

or tel!.

lo

Excuse me, can you

me the time? your prayers?

2. When was the last time you

3. Have I you the latest news?

4. Let me

you the joke I heard last night.

5. líes is abad

habit of mind.

33.8.4.3. In the following sentences

sentences correctly.

use either

out

or of to complete

the

apparatus is at the point

2. Can you point

3. Pointing do.

4. Make a point

5. They were within two points

lo

The

falling to pieces. please?

attractions

the way,

tourist

favorite

is something

calling me, will you?

winning the game.

I'd

like to

33.C.1. S9PHOMORENOMORE* (SELF-TEST)

A /ice: Good morning! Mr. and Mrs. Simmons:

ing, Ali.

Good morn-

Alice:

Boy,

do

I have

a

busy

day

ahead of me!

 

Mr. Simmons: Why, Ali?

Alice:

I was elected

planning

coor-

di n ator

Prom and we have our first meet-

ing today.

for

the

Junior-Senior

Alice: Well, I've got to go and catch the b"us. 1'11be home a little late, OK? Mrs. S;mmons: Yes, dear. Have a good day, Ali. Alice: Bye, momo Bye; dad.

Mrs. Simmons: She surely has grown up hasn't she?

Yeso I was wondering

why Ali is working on the dance now? School's just begun. The prom is not until June!

Mr. Simmons:

Mrs. Simmons:

You don't

remember,

Frank? For a junior, it's the biggest event of her life. Her first "formal date! It's never too early to begin planning for it.

. Sophomore

corresponds

to the

10th grade or 1st year of senior high or first year of preparatory

Mexico; Junior, 2nd year; Senior, 3rd year.

in

Mr. Simmons: Ves, I remember when I was a junior. Mrs. 'Simmons: Who did you ask to

. the dance?

Mr. Simmons: No

one.

A

girl

asked

 

me.

Mrs~

SifY!mons:

Oh"

Clark

Gable

,Simriions!'

:'

'lar?

Vou were that popu-

'

Mr.

Simmons:

No. The

girl went

to

another

school

and wanted

to

come to our prom.

Mrs. Simmons:

girls from home? . ,

And you made other

your

class stay

at

Mr.

S;mmoi1s:. No, they

asked boys

from

ot~er., schbols

to

escort

them! '

Mrs. Simmons: And we'think

were

changing!

they

Girls

are today!

times are

just

like

,/'"

/

33.C.1.1.COMPREHENSIONQUESTIONS(SELF-TESTl

Answer the following questions with complete answers.

1. Why does Alice have a busy day ahead of her?

2. When wi 11she be home?

3. What is a Junior-Senior

prom?

4. Did Frank ask a girl to go to his prom?

5. Have girls changed much since Frank was young?

6. What grades do sophomore, junior and senior,correspond

to in Mexico?

33.C.1.2.COMPREHENSIONTHROUGHWRITING

"

Using the

vocabulary

at

the

right,

reconstruct,

dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your

own words, the

elected

late

grow up

dance

date

prom

escort

(no. of words)

)

like

VOCABULARV(SELF-TEST)

33.C.2.1.

Matching. Choose the word at the right that

sion at the left.

best fits the expres-

lo

to be grown up

2. to wonder about something

3. to

have a date

4. tQ mean something

5. to be just like

a)

b)

e)

d)

)

same

say

appointment

think

matu re

33.C.2.2.

Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a

 

circle around it.

 

.

1ó prosecutor

a)

lawyer

b)

liar

c)

laborer

d)

leacler

2.

compute

a) certify

b) clear

c) calculate

 

d)

continue

3.

agree

a)

consent

1;» conclude

c) circle

d)

chase

4.

perfected

a) completed

b) checked

c) certified

d)

corresponded

5.

consume

a) send

b) spend

c)

sand

.

d) stand

6. distribute

a) dislocate

b)

displace

c) disperse

 

d)

divide

7. interpret

a) transport

b)

transfer

c)

transmit

d)

translate

8. sh ipped

a)

sailed

b)

sat

c) sold

 

d)

sent

9. governed

a)

guided

b)

gained

e)

generated

d)

given

10. astonish

a) surprise

b) surmount

c) sound

 

d)

sin9

STRUCTURES(SELF.TEST)

33.'C.3.1. Change from the past conditional if/will)

to the future' (if/would

have to

1. I might havegone,irl had had the time.

2. 'If

the wind had blown harder, it would have destroyed the crops.

3. Had I not bought ~asoline then, I would have run out.

4. If a cancer vaccine had been discovered 'in the 1960s, mitlions of lives would have been saved.

5.

Had

business.

I listened

to

my

father,

I would

have stúdied

music and not

"

'

33.C.3.2. - Fill to. correctly

in the following

sentences with

complete the sentence.

nobody,

nothing

lo

I'm sorry there's

.

for you in themail

2. I feellike doing absolutely !

3. to do!

No wonder you're bored.

.

today.

"

4. Are you going to the movies tonight?

5. deservesthat much punishment!

No, I'm going

33.C.3.3.

Circle the correct word in the following

sentences.

1. That remembers/remindsme of a joke I wanted to tell you.
2.

She told/said us to be here early.
3.

4. How 'many / inuch money do you earn a week?

5. I was wondering/wandering

1'11be home? few/a little

earlier today.

what happened to our eat.

or nowhere

SPECIALDIFFICULTIES (SELF-TEST)

33.C.4.1. Pronunciation-. Circle the correct ponunciation for each of the following words' ending.

1.

completed

2.

used

3.

marked

4.

interested

5.

laughed

6.

stopped

7.

painted

8.

destroyed

9.

worked

10.

added

11.

removed

12.

settled

13.

cleared

14.

helped

15.

populated

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

a)

[d]

b)

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

.

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

[t]

e)

[ Id]

.Answersto. exercises

1 How long does fl ight 713 stop at Capital airport?

2.

/t stops just long enough for passengers to get off and on.

. She wants him to buy soine stationery and to wrfte once a week.

What does Ronald's mother want him to do?'

3. What do we say in English if a student doesn't pass any of his exams?

We say he or she fIunks out.

4. What will Ronald major in at Midtown University? He will major in engineering.

.

5. Whatdid Ronald receivefrom Midtown University?

He received a scholarship.

6. Give the common English expressionsfor a plane's arrival and depar-

ture An airplane lands and takes off.

33.A.1.2.

Ron's plane landedat Capitalairport.

.

Before leaving, his mother tells him to buy some stationery and write once a week as he won't be home until Christmas. Ron will study engineering at Midtown because he is good at math.

He has been given a scholarship to study

His mother is worried that he will not have time for both but his father explains that a school gives a scholarship only after an evaluation of a boy's grades. 82 words.

and will play football.

33.A.2.1.

.1.

seat governmentcapital

2.

carry on continue

3.

school director principal

4.

talented skilled

5. student taid scholarshipaid

I

39

33.A.2.2.

,

,

1.

headstone grave.

2.

farm. land arable or agrieulture.

3.

feature quality.

4.

5.

weak-minded indeeisive.

6.

strength power.

7.

grade sehool or seale.

8.

unmarked blank.

9.

built eonstrueted.

10.

principie foundation.

33.A.3.1 .

1.

Capital High S~hool gave Ronald a scholarship.

Ronald

was given a scholarship by Capital High School.

2.

L'Enfant

designed the capital.

The capital was designed by L'Enfant.

3.

The British burned the President's mansion.

The President's mansion was burned by the British.

4

Captain Phillips landed flight 713.

Flight 713 was landed by

Captain Phillips.

5. The government honored him. He was honored by the government.

33. A.3.2.

1. A lemon isn't sweeter,than an orange.

2. He's better than we thought.

3. The least expensive thing on the menu is too much!

4. The more '1practice, the better I become.

5. She was strieter with John than with Sue.

33.A.3.3.

1.

No one was absent. Not one seat was empty. '

2

Isthere anything in the refrigeratorto eat?

3.

,I've got something tor you.

4.

Everyone/Everybody is wearingblue jeans this year. les the stylé.

5.

Isn't there anybody/anyone here named'John Smith?

40

-

1.

It used to be a nice hotel, but now it's.run down.

2. I'm sorry I'm late, but my car ran out of gasoline.

3. Jim ran away and saw the world when he was just 15 years old.

4. Senator Dobbins is running for another termo

5. They ran up the hill on foot as fast as they could.

33. AA. 2.

Using these words: after,_Qver, down,

foilowing sentences.

into, back,

complete

the

lo

A new manager has taken.QJaU"operations at ABC Chemical.

2. Fight tor your rights! Don't take things lyin9-doJlllLÚ

3. Little Bi-Ily'sreally taking.attec his father, isn't he?

4. When you drive with him, you're taking your lifftinto

your own hands.

5. He used to be important. But now he's taking a back seat in things.

33.AA.3.

Using these

following sentences.

prepositions:

up, in, over, forward,

complete

the

1. Mr. Hopkins was put in to replace Mr. Finem"an.

2. I know they don't have any money. They're only putting up a tront.

3. Boy, did they put one over on usoThey robbed everything.

4. Can you put in a good word for me? I'd like to get promoted.

5. She put her best foot forward wanting to impress her boy friendo

33.B.1.1.

1.

What does Fran k hate?

 

He hates to rake up all the

leaves in autumn.

2.

Why can't Frank burn the leaves? There is a city ordinance against it.

3.

Is

the law, a new one or an old one?

 

.

It is a new one.

4.

When was the last time Frank heard of compost? . He hasn't heard of compost since his grandfather died.

41"

5.

How is compost made?

A ho/e is dug and the /eaves put in and then covered or buried.

6. What is compost good for?

-

It is good for making fertilizer.

33. B.1.2.

Frank thinks autumn is beautiful but he hates to rakeup leaves. He/en gave him an idea but he has a better idea. He was going to burn them unti/ she reminded him of the new ordinance against polluting the air. Alice to/d he, father about compost. Compost is the best way to take care 'of /eaves.

After digging a ho/e, theyare

put in and buried.

When spring comes, the compost makes good ferti/izer. 75 words

33.B.2.1.

1. remind of rem.emb.e.r-

2. givea hoot ponceInec!.

3. rake up c/ean.

4. hate dis/ike.

5. poliute contaminate.

33.B.2.2.

1.

science

fiction _novg1sJl

2.

accuracyexact.

3.

technique method

4.

amazed wonder.

5.

occasionallyinfrequent.

6.

energeticvigorous.

7.

outputproduction.

8.

break down fai/ure.

9.

environmentsurrounding.

10.

lawru/e.

42

/

33.8.3.1.

1. If it rains, we'lI get wet. If it rained, we would get wet.

2. If flight 713 leaves on time, Ron'lI arrive at Midtown at 5:30.

If fIight 713 were to leaveon time, Ron'l/ arriveat Midtown at 5:30.

3. If Frank bu.rns the leaves, he'll get afine. If Frank were to burn the leaves, he'd get afine.

4. If he buries the leaves, he'lI have compost by spring If he were to bury the leaves¡he'd have compost by spring.

5. If Ronalq writes every week, his mother'lI be happy. If Ronald were to write every week, his mother'd be happy.

33.8.3.2.

-",1
1.

If I were rich, I'd buy you a mansion.

If /'m rich, /'11buy you a mansion.

2. Were he.sick, his wife'd call uso If he is sick, his wife'lI call uso

3. If I came late, I'd still see him. If 1come late, 1'11still see him.

4. If they were leaying, they'd surely notify uso

If they leave, they'l/ surely notify

uso

5. Were it to snow, the kids would go wild with excitement,

If it snows, the kids'lI go wild with excitement.

33.B.3.3.

1.

2.

If I did the job correctly, they'd pay me double. If 1had done the job correctly, they would have paid me double.

I would earn a good salary, if I studied computer sciences.

Had 1studied computer sciences, 1 would have earned a good salary.

3.

4.

5.

I would visit the Lincoln Memorial, if I were in Washington.

1 would

You would learn a lot of English, if you listened to the radio.

a lot of Engl/sh, if you lJadlistenedto

I would be very angry.

If I had gone to prison mistakenly,

have visitf]d the Lincloln Memorial, if 1had been in Washington.

theradio.

I would have been veryangry.

You would have learn~

If I went to prison mistakenly,

43

33.8.4.1.

1. How much money do you earn a month?

2. Have you ever won anything in the lottery?

3. My goodness you're fatI You've gained a lot of weight!

4. Midtown beat Ohio State University,.14-43 .

5. - She won the contest with little competition.

33.8.4.2.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

.

.

Excuse me, can you tel/me

'~(I"

th,e time?

When was the last tir11eyou said your prayers? ~

Have I told you the latest news?

Let me tell you the joke I heard last night.

Tel/ing lies is abad

habit of mind.

33.8.4.3.

.

4

e

'--

\

1

1. The apparatus is at the point of falling to pieces.

2. Can you point out the way, please?

3. Pointing out favorite tourist attractions is something I'd like 10do.

4. Make a point of calling me, will you?

5. They were within two points ofwinning the game.

33. C.1.

1. Why does Alice have a busy day ahead of her? Because she was elected pianning Coordinator of the Junior-Senior Prom and her first meeting is today.

2. When will she be home? She will be home a little late. I

3. - \ What is a Junior-Senior Prom?

It

is a dance organized by

the juniors

the schoolyear or in June.

¡

-

.

4. Did Frank ask a girl togo

,

~

to his prom?

\

-

,

No, a girl asked him.

.

for the seniors at the end

qf

5. Have girls changed much since Frank was young?

No, girls were just like theyare

today, according toHelen.

6.

What

grades

Mexico?

do

sophomore,

junior

and

"

senior

correspond

'

to

in

Sophomore is ,the first year of preparatoly, junior the second year, and senior'the third year.

33.C.l.2.

,

Alice has a busy d~y ahead of her because she was elected Planning Coor- dinator of the Junior-Senior Prom and will be home a little late. Her mother says she has rea/ly grown up and the reason she is work ing on the dance is that it is the biggest event in her life. It wi/l be her first formal d~te. Helen asks Frank who he escorted to his prom. He says no one, a girl asked himl Helen concludes thát gir/s were just like they are today. 87 words.

;.

~ '.

\

I

'1

.

33.C.2.1.

.

1. to be grown up mature.

2. to wonde,r about something thin!(.

3. to' have a dat3 appointment

4. to mean something sayo

5. to be just like same.

33.C.2.2.

1.

prosecutor lawyer.

2.

compute calculate.

3.

agree consent

4.

perfected completed.'

5.

consumespend.

6.

distribute divide.

7.

interpret translate.

8.

shipped sent

9.

governedguided.

10.

astonish surprise.

45

33. C.3.1.

1,.

I might have gone, if I,had had the time.

 

I might go if

I have the time.

2.

If the wind had blown harder, it wou'ld have destroyed the crops. If the winds blow harder, it will destroy the crops.

3.

Had I not bought gasoline then, I would have run out. If I buy gasoline now, I won't run out (later).

 

4.

If a cancer vaccine had been discovered in the 1960s, millions of lives would have been saved.

If a cancer vaccine is discovered in the 1970s, millions

of lives will be

saved.

5.

Had I listened to my father, I would have studied music and not

bus

i ness.

If I listen to my father, I will study mqsic and not business.

33.C.3.2.

1.

I'm sorry there's nothing

for you in themail

today.

2.

I feel

I ike doi ng

absolutely nothing.

.

3.

Nothing

to do!

No wonder you're

4.

bored. No, I'm going nowhere.

Are you going to the movies tonight?

5.

Noboay

deservesthat much punishment!

33.C.3.3.

1. That reminds me of a joke

I wanted

to tell

2. She told us to be here early.

3. 1'11be home a little

4.

5. I was wondering what happened to our cato

earlier today.

do you

How much

money

earn a week?

you.

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