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DM74LS138, DM74LS139 Decoders/Demultiplexers

March 1998

DM74LS138, DM74LS139
Decoders/Demultiplexers
General Description cuit. All inputs are clamped with high-performance Schottky
diodes to suppress line-ringing and simplify system design.
These Schottky-clamped circuits are designed to be used in
high-performance memory-decoding or data-routing applica-
tions, requiring very short propagation delay times. In Features
high-performance memory systems these decoders can be n Designed specifically for high speed:
used to minimize the effects of system decoding. When used Memory decoders
with high-speed memories, the delay times of these decod- Data transmission systems
ers are usually less than the typical access time of the n LS138 3-to-8-line decoders incorporates 3 enable inputs
memory. This means that the effective system delay intro- to simplify cascading and/or data reception
duced by the decoder is negligible. n LS139 contains two fully independent 2-to-4-line
The LS138 decodes one-of-eight lines, based upon the con- decoders/demultiplexers
ditions at the three binary select inputs and the three enable n Schottky clamped for high performance
inputs. Two active-low and one active-high enable inputs re- n Typical propagation delay (3 levels of logic)
duce the need for external gates or inverters when expand- LS138 21 ns
ing. A 24-line decoder can be implemented with no external LS139 21 ns
inverters, and a 32-line decoder requires only one inverter. n Typical power dissipation
An enable input can be used as a data input for demultiplex- LS138 32 mW
ing applications. LS139 34 mW
The LS139 comprises two separate two-line-to-four-line de- n Alternate Military/Aerospace devices (54LS138,
coders in a single package. The active-low enable input can 54LS139) are available. Contact a Fairchild
be used as a data line in demultiplexing applications. Semiconductor Sales Office/Distributor for specifications.
All of these decoders/demultiplexers feature fully buffered in-
puts, presenting only one normalized load to its driving cir-

Connection Diagrams

Dual-In-Line Package Dual-In-Line Package

DS006391-1
DS006391-2
Order Number 54LS138DMQB, 54LS138FMQB,
54LS138LMQB, DM54LS138J, DM54LS138W, Order Number 54LS139DMQB, 54LS139FMQB,
DM74LS138M or DM74LS138N 54LS139LMQB, DM54LS139J, DM54LS139W,
See Package Number E20A, J16A, DM74LS139M or DM74LS139N
M16A, N16E or W16A See Package Number E20A, J16A,
Dual-in-Line Package M16A, N16E or W16A

© 1998 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation DS006391 www.fairchildsemi.com


Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) DM54LS and 54LS −55˚C to +125˚C
DM74LS 0˚C to +70˚C
Supply Voltage 7V
Storage Temperature Range −65˚C to +150˚C
Input Voltage 7V
Operating Free Air Temperature Range

Recommended Operating Conditions


Symbol Parameter DM54LS138 DM74LS138 Units
Min Nom Max Min Nom Max
VCC Supply Voltage 4.5 5 5.5 4.75 5 5.25 V
VIH High Level Input Voltage 2 2 V
VIL Low Level Input Voltage 0.7 0.8 V
IOH High Level Output Current −0.4 −0.4 mA
IOL Low Level Output Current 4 8 mA
TA Free Air Operating Temperature −55 125 0 70 ˚C
Note 1: The “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are those values beyond which the safety of the device cannot be guaranteed. The device should not be operated at these
limits. The parametric values defined in the “Electrical Characteristics” table are not guaranteed at the absolute maximum ratings. The “Recommended Operating
Conditions” table will define the conditions for actual device operation.

’LS138 Electrical Characteristics


over recommended operating free air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units
(Note 2)
VI Input Clamp Voltage VCC = Min, II = −18 mA −1.5 V
VOH High Level Output VCC = Min, IOH = Max, DM54 2.5 3.4 V
Voltage VIL = Max, VIH = Min DM74 2.7 3.4
VOL Low Level Output VCC = Min, IOL = Max, DM54 0.25 0.4
Voltage VIL = Max, VIH = Min DM74 0.35 0.5 V
IOL = 4 mA, VCC = Min DM74 0.25 0.4
II Input Current @ Max VCC = Max, VI = 7V 0.1 mA
Input Voltage
IIH High Level Input Current VCC = Max, VI = 2.7V 20 µA
IIL Low Level Input Current VCC = Max, VI = 0.4V −0.36 mA
IOS Short Circuit VCC = Max DM54 −20 −100 mA
Output Current (Note 3) DM74 −20 −100
ICC Supply Current VCC = Max (Note 4) 6.3 10 mA
Note 2: All typicals are at VCC = 5V, TA = 25˚C.
Note 3: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, and the duration should not exceed one second.
Note 4: ICC is measured with all outputs enabled and open.

’LS138 Switching Characteristics


at VCC = 5V and TA = 25˚C
From (Input) Levels RL = 2 kΩ
Symbol Parameter To (Output) of Delay CL = 15 pF CL = 50 pF Units
Min Max Min Max
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Select to 2 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Select to 2 27 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Select to 3 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output

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’LS138 Switching Characteristics (Continued)

at VCC = 5V and TA = 25˚C


From (Input) Levels RL = 2 kΩ
Symbol Parameter To (Output) of Delay CL = 15 pF CL = 50 pF Units
Min Max Min Max
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Select to 3 27 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Enable to 2 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Enable to 2 24 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Enable to 3 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Enable to 3 28 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output

Recommended Operating Conditions


Symbol Parameter DM54LS139 DM74LS139 Units
Min Nom Max Min Nom Max
VCC Supply Voltage 4.5 5 5.5 4.75 5 5.25 V
VIH High Level Input Voltage 2 2 V
VIL Low Level Input Voltage 0.7 0.8 V
IOH High Level Output Current −0.4 −0.4 mA
IOL Low Level Output Current 4 8 mA
TA Free Air Operating Temperature −55 125 0 70 ˚C

’LS139 Electrical Characteristics


over recommended operating free air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
Symbol Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Units
(Note 5)
VI Input Clamp Voltage VCC = Min, II = −18 mA −1.5 V
VOH High Level Output VCC = Min, IOH = Max, DM54 2.5 3.4 V
Voltage VIL = Max, VIH = Min DM74 2.7 3.4
VOL Low Level Output VCC = Min, IOL = Max DM54 0.25 0.4
Voltage VIL = Max, VIH = Min DM74 0.35 0.5 V
IOL = 4 mA, VCC = Min DM74 0.25 0.4
II Input Current @ Max VCC = Max, VI = 7V 0.1 mA
Input Voltage
IIH High Level Input Current VCC = Max, VI = 2.7V 20 µA
IIL Low Level Input Current VCC = Max, VI = 0.4V −0.36 mA
IOS Short Circuit VCC = Max DM54 −20 −100 mA
Output Current (Note 6) DM74 −20 −100
ICC Supply Current VCC = Max (Note 7) 6.8 11 mA
Note 5: All typicals are at VCC = 5V, TA = 25˚C.
Note 6: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, and the duration should not exceed one second.
Note 7: ICC is measured with all outputs enabled and open.

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’LS139 Switching Characteristics
at VCC = 5V and TA = 25˚C
From (Input) RL = 2 kΩ
Symbol Parameter To (Output) CL = 15 pF CL = 50 pF Units
Min Max Min Max
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Select to 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Select to 27 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output
tPLH Propagation Delay Time Enable to 18 27 ns
Low to High Level Output Output
tPHL Propagation Delay Time Enable to 24 40 ns
High to Low Level Output Output

Function Tables
LS138
Inputs Outputs
Enable Select
G1 G2 (Note 8) C B A YO Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6 Y7
X H X X X H H H H H H H H
L X X X X H H H H H H H H
H L L L L L H H H H H H H
H L L L H H L H H H H H H
H L L H L H H L H H H H H
H L L H H H H H L H H H H
H L H L L H H H H L H H H
H L H L H H H H H H L H H
H L H H L H H H H H H L H
H L H H H H H H H H H H L
H = High Level, L = Low Level, X = Don’t Care
Note 8: G2 = G2A + G2B

LS139
Inputs Outputs
Enable Select
G B A Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3
H X X H H H H
L L L L H H H
L L H H L H H
L H L H H L H
L H H H H H L
H = High Level, L = Low Level, X = Don’t Care

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Logic Diagrams
LS138

DS006391-3

LS139

DS006391-4

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Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted

Ceramic Leadless Chip Carrier Package (E)


Order Number 54LS138LMQB or 54LS139LMQB
Package Number E20A

16-Lead Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)


Order Number 54LS138DMQB, 54LS139DMQB, DM54LS138J or DM54LS139J
Package Number J16A

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Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)

16-Lead Small Outline Molded Package (M)


Order Number DM74LS138M or DM74LS139M
Package Number M16A

16-Lead Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N)


Order Number DM74LS138N or DM74LS139N
Package Number N16E

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DM74LS138, DM74LS139 Decoders/Demultiplexers
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)

16-Lead Ceramic Flat Package (W)


Order Number 54LS138FMQB, 54LS139FMQB, DM54LS138W or DM54LS139W
Package Number W16A

LIFE SUPPORT POLICY


FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DE-
VICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF FAIRCHILD SEMI-
CONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or sys- 2. A critical component in any component of a life support
tems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into device or system whose failure to perform can be rea-
the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and (c) whose sonably expected to cause the failure of the life support
failure to perform when properly used in accordance device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can
be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury
to the user.

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Fairchild does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and Fairchild reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.