25 views

Uploaded by api-3715202

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- ACDB FQP
- Manual de Telurometro Megger
- Final Report
- Electronics Engineering_ ECT001 Potential Electronics Technician Board Exam Questions
- Manual de Calibracion FLUKE 1555
- 715 M1-PH-E
- Circuits Lab Exp 6 Report
- Cicuite Questions
- Current electricity Test ICSE
- Basic Electrical Measurement
- Conductometry by Sushrut Oza
- PlayStation2 V9V10Syndrom Repair
- 24e214f9-945e-4661-8e52-fac8d7fd9eae
- Iocl Raipur 50kw Cabel Document
- Basic Electrical Systems Theory and Repair (2)
- 380926_um EXTECH
- Basico eletricidade-elec_1
- ressis
- 6539 Potentiometer
- Extech Instruments

You are on page 1of 7

In a thin piece of

wire there is a higher resistance. This is because the flowing current has less space to

move around the opposing force.

A way of explaining this is to imagine a busy corridor in a school, the flow of people

would be a steady rate, until you reach a door where lots of people are trying to get

through. This is the opposing force which slows down the flowing current causing

heat in some cases.

The resistance is measured in Ohms and the symbol for Ohms is Ω, to work out

resistance in a circuit you must divide voltage by current.

Ohms law rules how resistance is worked out. His rule is that voltage is proportional

to current, providing that the temperature stays the same. This is why we divide

voltage by current to get resistance.

In my class we have been studying P5 it is all about resistance and about the four

factors, Length, thickness, Material and temperature.

We then went into some more detailed work about these factors; we chose to

investigate how the length of a piece of string would affect resistance.

We started our investigation by looking at what equipment we would need.

This is the advance way of setting up the investigation because it involves using both

and ammeter and a voltmeter. This way you have to divide the voltage by the current

to calculate the resistance.

I made sure the equipment was set up correctly by switching one of the multi-meter to

amps and the other to voltage. To get a more precise result I change both multi-meters

to 2dp. This Is an example on how I set up the multi-meters.

To Battery

To wire

Using 2 decimal places was a wise choice; it made my results more precise. This

would make my resistance more accurate at the end of the Investigation. Also by

choosing to do the investigation with both amp and voltmeters made it more accurate

than choosing to measure the resistance using the multi-meter.

Before my actual investigation I carried out some preliminary work but first I had to

think about the different variables I have in my investigation. My preliminary work

would be to find how the thickness of wire would change the resistance.

My independent variable was the length of the wire which I measured in mm. My

dependant variables which I kept constant, where the equipment I used and the length

of the thickness I chose. I also decided to keep the battery at 3volts.

My preliminary work on how the thickness of wires also showed me how I should set

out the range of results.

E.g. Of results.

30 gauge 0.9 0.87 1

32 gauge 1.3 1.29 1.4

36 gauge 1.3 1.8 1.82

38 gauge 2.1 2.0 2.1

42 gauge 2.4 2.4 2.3

46 gauge 2.7 2.65 2.8

I over ruled outliers, so I could ignore them when I calculated the average resistance.

From this I decided that my table was going to look like this;

(mm)

I1 I2 I3 V1 V2 V3 R1 R2 R3

My final decisions before doing the proper investigation where to decide how I was to

make my results precise and how to make my investigation a fair test.

To make the results more precise I set the apparatus to 2 decimal places. This ensured

my results where precise when I worked out the final resistance at the end of the

investigation. By performing the investigation with both amp and volt meters I got a

more accurate resistance.

I decided that I was to measure the nichrome wire in mm, and not cm, as this was my

independent variable and I needed to keep it precise. I decided to use the thinnest wire

available been 36gauge. I did this because there is more resistance in a thinner piece

of wire therefore giving me more accurate results with higher readings of resistance.

These techniques allowed me to find the outliers more accurately which I ignored

when working out my final results. By putting all my data into a spread sheet on excel

my data was more accurate because I could put all the decimal places into it and get

the spreadsheet to work out a more accurate resistance.

To make my investigation a fair test certain factors where kept the same.

I used the same piece of wire throughout the whole investigation and I even used the

same equipment throughout the investigation and kept it in a safe place while not

using it. I also made sure the battery was always set to 3 volts, always through out the

investigation. The dependant variable was the resistance as I couldn’t control how that

was produced. To ensure that this investigation was a fair test I also controlled the

heat, because when you shortened the wire it heated up and turned orange. So to stop

this from happening after I got the result I turned of the battery so that the wire could

cool down.

I also believe that my preliminary work helped me to control a fair test in my final

investigation because I had experience from my preliminary work on how to keep my

conditions controlled.

Results

Length

(mm)

1000mm 3.18 3.16 3.17 0.09 0.09 0.09 35.33333 35.11111 35.22222

900mm 3.12 3.15 3.16 0.18 0.1 0.09 17.33333 31.5 35.11111

800mm 3.14 3.22 3.2 0.12 0.12 0.14 26.16667 26.83333 22.85714

700mm 3.24 3.22 3.21 0.12 0.12 0.12 27 26.83333 26.75

600mm 3.17 3.18 3.17 0.14 0.14 0.14 22.64286 22.71429 22.64286

500mm 3.15 3.14 3.14 0.16 0.16 0.16 19.6875 19.625 19.625

400mm 3.08 3.11 3.1 0.2 0.2 0.19 15.4 15.55 16.31579

300mm 2.99 3 3.02 0.25 0.25 0.24 11.96 12 12.58333

200mm 2.91 2.92 2.85 0.33 0.36 0.39 8.818182 8.111111 7.307692

100mm 2.52 2.55 2.36 0.6 0.59 0.59 4.2 4.322034 4

Length

(mm) Average Key

1000mm 82.18519

900mm 43.2037 = Outlier

800mm 35.11111

700mm 62.75

600mm 52.90476

500mm 45.85417

400mm 36.3886

300mm 28.15444

200mm 19.36519

100mm 9.855367

This is my first set of results, I made sure that I highlighted any outliers and ignored

them when I produced my resistance.

90

Key ,yellow line = Line of best fit

80

70

60

Resistance (ohms)

50

Average

40

30

20

10

0

1000mm 900mm 800mm 700mm 600mm 500mm 400mm 300mm 200mm 100mm

Length (mm)

Resistance in a length of wire

Resistance in a length of wire

voltage Current resistant

Length voltage Current resistant

Length

(mm)

(mm)

1000mm 3.16 3.15 3.14 0.08 0.07 0.07 39.5 45 44.85714

1000mm

900mm 3.15

3.09 3.15

3.07 3.14

3.09 0.08

0.1 0.08

0.09 0.08

0.1 39.375

30.9 39.375

34.11111 39.25

30.9

900mm

800mm 3.09

3.16 3.07

3.14 3.09

3.17 0.1

0.12 0.09

0.11 0.1

0.12 30.9

26.33333333 34.11111

28.54545 30.9

26.41667

800mm

700mm 3.16

3.15 3.14

3.14 3.17

3.17 0.12

0.15 0.11

0.14 0.12

0.14 26.33333333

21 28.54545

22.42857 26.41667

22.64286

700mm

600mm 3.27

3.15 3.27

3.15 3.26

3.15 0.13

0.13 0.13

0.13 0.13

0.13 25.15384615

24.23076923 25.15385

24.23077 25.07692

24.23077

600mm

500mm 3.14

3.16 3.13

3.15 3.16

3.14 0.13

0.17 0.11

0.19 0.1

0.16 24.15384615

18.58823529 28.45455

16.57895 31.6

19.625

500mm

400mm 3.16

3.09 3.15

3.09 3.14

3.07 0.17

0.21 0.19

0.23 0.16

0.19 18.58823529

14.71428571 16.57895

13.43478 19.625

16.15789

400mm

300mm 3.09

2.98 3.09

2.96 3.07

2.97 0.21

0.24 0.23

0.25 0.19

0.22 14.71428571

12.41666667 13.43478

11.84 16.15789

13.5

300mm

200mm 2.98

2.9 2.96

2.95 2.97

2.93 0.24

0.33 0.25

0.34 0.22

0.33 12.41666667

8.787878788 11.84

8.676471 13.5

8.878788

200mm

100mm 2.92

2.53 2.95

2.52 2.94

2.52 0.33

0.59 0.34

0.56 0.33

0.57 8.848484848

4.288135593 8.676471

4.5 8.909091

4.421053

100mm 2.53 2.52 2.52 0.59 0.56 0.57 4.288135593 4.5 4.421053

Length

Length

(mm) Average

Average Key

Key Length (mm) Average

(mm)

100mm 10.26182

1000mm

200mm 91.83333

20.42395 = Outlier 100mm 10.26182

900mm

300mm 75.31111

28.75667 = Outlier 200mm 20.49465

800mm

400mm 63.68434

33.53503 300mm 28.75667

700mm

500mm 58.66667

41.70885 400mm 33.53503

600mm

600mm 63.14172

56.53846 500mm 41.70885

500mm

700mm 41.70885

50.97619 600mm 63.14172

400mm

800mm 33.53503

63.68434 700mm 58.66667

300mm

900mm 28.75667

75.31111 800mm 63.68434

200mm

1000mm 20.49465

99.45238 900mm 75.31111

100mm 10.26182 1000mm 91.83333

100

90

80

70

Resistance in wire

60

50 Average

40

30

20

10

0

100mm 200mm 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 700mm 800mm 900mm 1000mm

length of wire (mm)

Average Resistance

120

100

80

Resistance

60 Average

40

20

0

100mm 200mm 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 700mm 800mm 900mm 1000mm

Length of wire mm

From looking at my results, I can see that the pattern shows the change in resistance,

and shows that the shorter the wire the less resistance in the wire. My error bars show

me the difference in the highest point and lowest point in my resistance.

There is less resistance in a shorter wire because it has less to travel to complete its

circuit. In a longer piece of wire it has a longer length to travel so the opposing force

is greater, causing more resistance.

Evaluation

During the investigation I learnt many things including that the longer the wire the

more resistance in the (nichrome) wire. But during my investigation we came up with

a few problems, and solutions. The main problem was that when I shortened the wire

it heated up too much which affected the voltage. This would of course affect the

reading and the fairness of the investigation. But I came up with a simple solution

which was to turn off the battery every time I used it and to let the wire to cool down.

This made the test fair and left the results more accurate. I could of improved this

method by changing the length of the string to 2m this would give me more results, so

I would have more results to find the resistance with. This would leave me with a

more accurate average resistance. If I where to do this investigation again I would use

a thinner piece of wire. I would do this because there is more resistance in a thinner

piece of wire so you would get a more precise result.

My results where most accurate because I used an advance way to get my results and

get the results in full decimal place. This allowed me to calculate my data in a

spreadsheet where I used excel to produce accurate resistances for me.

caused by the heat of the wire , which would have

effected the resistance, or it could have been a problem with the battery voltage been

set to the wrong voltage of 3volts.

I believe my results are very accurate as all the graphs show the same trend following

a similar line of best fit. I have however realised that in my first graph, excel put the

length in the wrong order so the graph is the same but the wrong way round.

I believe if I did this investigation again I would have chosen a thinner piece of wire

and also a longer piece of wire. I would do this so I would get a more accurate result

and also I would get more results to choose from. I may even decide to be stricter on

outliers so I got a more accurate result.

However overall I have learnt that the longer the string the more resistance there is in

a piece of wire.

- ACDB FQPUploaded byAnonymous vcadX45TD7
- Manual de Telurometro MeggerUploaded byJosé Carbonell
- Final ReportUploaded byHarshad Modi
- Electronics Engineering_ ECT001 Potential Electronics Technician Board Exam QuestionsUploaded byApril Joy Gelilang Pulga
- Manual de Calibracion FLUKE 1555Uploaded byMario Canaza
- 715 M1-PH-EUploaded byveeraboss
- Circuits Lab Exp 6 ReportUploaded byAniq
- Cicuite QuestionsUploaded byFatema Khatun
- Current electricity Test ICSEUploaded byravneet7
- Basic Electrical MeasurementUploaded byselni
- Conductometry by Sushrut OzaUploaded bySushrut Oza
- PlayStation2 V9V10Syndrom RepairUploaded byDachaMachina
- 24e214f9-945e-4661-8e52-fac8d7fd9eaeUploaded byGonzalo Garcia
- Iocl Raipur 50kw Cabel DocumentUploaded byswapnil kotwal
- Basic Electrical Systems Theory and Repair (2)Uploaded byMuhammad Zahrin Tokijan
- 380926_um EXTECHUploaded byEmerson Garcia
- Basico eletricidade-elec_1Uploaded byEveraldo Santana
- ressisUploaded byAnonymous ovMr4ERAua
- 6539 PotentiometerUploaded bySathiaselan Passkeren
- Extech InstrumentsUploaded byRohit C
- 5054_s10_erUploaded byAntvan Jesudass
- electric-current-circuits-practice-problems-2011-11-16 (3).docxUploaded bySrihith Maraka
- report 3BxUploaded byyoussef_dabliz
- Sanyo Plc-xu56 [ET][1]Uploaded byDimas Arenas González
- Sony Sat a55p Sat b55pUploaded byAbdulraouf Defnany
- nptel-cad2-05Uploaded byMallikarjun Mallikarjun
- Sutra DoUploaded byFahmi Idrs
- AaUploaded byZherwell Jan
- Workshop 2 - Voltage DropUploaded byDondon Lugnasin
- M5900Uploaded byEric Andrés

- Resistance ConceptUploaded byNihad S Zain
- LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTOR (LDR)Uploaded byGulan Kollam
- 05 - Series Circuits.pdfUploaded byskidamdnevno
- CBSE Class 10 Science Question Paper SA1 2010 (5)Uploaded byhoney1002
- Omron-P2RF-08-E-datasheetUploaded byAgus Itonk Suwardono
- Fluke 1653BUploaded byWasinchai Kanjanapan
- The Electrical Resistivity Log as an Aid in Determining Some Reservoir Characteristics's PaperUploaded byKenneth Burstall
- Design With MOSFET Load SwitchUploaded byAntonio Eduardo Vega Cespedes
- Technique for Reducing Transient VoltagesUploaded bysbueso
- jesd51-8Uploaded byMarcio Silva
- phys0600Uploaded byjoseftrihandoko
- Electricity Class TestUploaded byNauman Qureshy
- Format_OBE Circuit TheoryUploaded bywandai_81
- Ford Motor Company - Automotive Systems Training - Electrical SystemsUploaded byjose sousa oliveira
- Automatic Home Lighting solutions using Human Detection, Sunlight Intensity and Room TemperatureUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Soldering Thermometer & TesterUploaded byFerdinand Estanislao
- BS 5000-11Uploaded byJeff Anderson Collins
- RECE.20279.001E.01Uploaded byAnonymous B1gdy1j5
- 0131988678_pp08Uploaded byXunaira Xahid
- Citizen CLP-8301 Technical ManualUploaded byKerzhan
- EST (With Answer Key)Uploaded bychnxyeyed14
- Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation 1.pdfUploaded bykamal12345
- Electrical Circuit BehaviorUploaded byheartoflight
- SHARP r820bc_bk_bw_smUploaded bycubeworm
- PDF Dokumentacija-General Catalog-Ang-2014-General 2014 Ang SeptemberUploaded byshafix12
- ep-20-10-00-02-spUploaded bymealysr
- Commissioning Report For HTUploaded byharisankar1999
- 55158010 Laser Based Communication LinkUploaded byDinesh Kumar
- As NZS 60079.7-2006 Explosive Atmospheres Equipment Protection by Increased Safety eUploaded bySAI Global - APAC
- William Ferguson - My Trip to Mars (1955)Uploaded byanon-778054