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Definition:

In latin, the word domus means home. The word domotics means literally home robotics. The field of domotics encompasses all phases of smart home technology, including the highly sophisticated sensors and controls that automate temperature, lighting, security systems, and many other functions.

Domotics is a field which involves the creation of automated controls for homes, ranging from lights which click on when someone enters a room to smart washing machines which select the appropriate cycle and time for a load of clothing. People may refer to domotics ashome automation or "smart home systems," depending on the region they live in and their approach to the field. Domotics can encompass both hardware and software, with customized systems built specifically for the purpose along with existing systems which are modified. Many architects are beginning to consider domotics in home design and construction. When the system is integrated into a house as it is built, it tends to be cheaper to install and maintain, especially if an architect thinks ahead and provides flexibility so that people can add options and modifications over time. Existing homes can also be modified to include automation systems. One of the most basic examples of home automation is a system which controls light levels, saving energy and making it easy to save settings they enjoy, such as low light settings for dinner parties. The system may also adjust curtains and blinds on command. Domotics can also encompass climate control and security systems, including surveillance, automatic door locking systems, and theft deterrent systems.

Some more creative uses for domotics include systems which regulate home entertainment, including house-wide speakers, along with phone systems, intercoms, pet feeding and watering systems, irrigation controls, and home networks. Using domotics, a homeowner could program a home to feed the cat while people were on a trip, or to record television shows so that they can be viewed later. Using sophisticated systems, people can have homes which inventory their RFID tagged contents and provide updates on request. For example, someone could log into a house from work to see which grocery items are needed, or a home could be programmed to alert the owner when a supply of something is running low. These systems can be used to do things like generating shopping lists which feature frequently-enjoyed items or items which need to be replaced, and for managing collections such as books, records, and films. New developments in domotics are constantly emerging, and creative engineers can come up with very interesting ways to work with existing homes to make them more fully automated. Such systems can be controlled with a computer, or with a centralized control panel which is built directly into the home. Homes with integrated control panels often have options which allow them to network with remote computers for convenience, as for example when someone remembers that the plants need to be watered while he or she is far from home.

Home automation(also calleddomotics) is a field withinbuilding automation, specializing in the specific automation requirements of privatehomes and in the application of automation techniques for the comfort and security of its residents. Although many techniques used in building automation (such as light and climate control, control of doors and window shutters, security and surveillance systems, etc.) are also used in home automation, additional functions in home automation include the control of multi-media home entertainment systems, automatic plant watering and pet feeding, and automatic scenes for dinners and parties. The main difference between building automation and home automation is, however, the human interface. In home automation, ergonomics is of particular importance: the control should be largely image-based and self-explanatory. When home automation is installed during construction of a new home, usually control wires are added before the drywall is installed. These control wires run to a controller, which will then control the environment.

Standards and bridges


Specific domotic standards include INSTEON, X10, KNX (standard), System Box, LonWorks, Crestron, C-Bus,Universal powerline bus (UPB), UPnP, ZigBee and Z-Wave that will allow for control of most applications. Some standards use control wiring, some embed signals in the powerline, some use radio frequency (RF) signals, and some use a combination of several methods. Control wiring is hardest to retrofit into an existing house. Some appliances include USB that is used to control it and connect it to a domotics network. Bridges translate information from one standard to another (eg. from X10 to EIB).

Effects
In extreme installations, rooms can sense not only the presence of a person but know who that person is and perhaps set appropriate lighting, temperature and music/TV taking into account day of week, time of day, and other factors. Other automated tasks may include setting the air conditioning to an energy saving setting when the house is unoccupied, and restoring the normal setting when an occupant is about to return. More sophisticated systems can maintain an inventory of products, recording their usage through an RFID tag, and prepare a shopping list or even automatically order replacements. Some practical implementations of home automation are for example when an alarm detects a fire or smoke condition, then all lights in the house will blink to alert occupants. If the house is equipped with a home theater, a home automation system can shut down all audio and video components to alert the user to a possible fire or a burglar.

System
The elements of a domotics system are:

controllers sensors

actuators

Architecture
From the point of view of where the intelligence of the domotic system resides, there are three different architectures: Centralized Architecture: a centralized controller receives information of multiple sensors and, once processed, generates the opportune orders for the actuators. Distributed Architecture: all the intelligence of the system is distributed by all the modules that are sensors oractuators. Usually it is typical of the systems of wiring in bus. Mixed Architecture: systems with decentralized architecture as far as which they have several small devices able to acquire and to process the information of multiple sensors and to transmit them to the rest of devices distributed by the house.

Interconnection
By wire:

xDSL optical fiber cable (coaxial and twisted pair) powerline Cresnet Wireless: radio frequency, including: : Wi-Fi : GPRS and UMTS : Bluetooth : DECT : ZigBee : Z-Wave : EnOcean infrared : Consumer_IR

Tasks
HVAC
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) solutions include temperature and humidity control.

Lighting
Lighting control systems involves aspects related to controlling electric lights.

Extinguished general of all the lights of the house Automatization of switched off / ignition in every point of light Regulation of the illumination according to the level of ambient luminosity. This category also typically includes control of exhaust and ceiling fans.

Natural lighting
Natural lighting control involves controlling electric window shades and draperies. Recent advances include use ofRF technology to avoid wiring to switches and integration with third party home automation systems for centralized control.

Audio
This category includes audio switching and distribution. Audio switching determines the selection of an audio source. Audio distribution allows an audio source to be heard in one or more rooms. This feature is often referred to as 'multi-zone' audio.

Video
This includes video switching and distribution, allowing a video source to be viewed on multiple TVs. This feature is often referred to as 'multi-zone' video. Integration of the door entry system to the telephone, or of the video door entry system to the television set.

Security
Control and integration of security systems. This category also includes control and distribution of security cameras (see surveillance).

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Detection of possible intrusion sensors of detection of movement sensors of magnetic contact of door/window sensors of crystal breakage Simulation of presence. Detection of attempts of fire, flights of gas, water escapes (see fire alarm and gas alarm) Medical alert. Teleassistance. Precise and safe closing of blinds.

Intercoms
An intercom system allows communication via a microphone and loud speaker between multiple rooms.

Ubiquity in the external control as much internal, remote control from the Internet, PC, wireless controls (p.ej.PDA with WiFi), electrical equipment. Transmission of alarms. Intercommunications.

Robotics
Control of home robots, using if necessary domotic electric beacon. Home robot communication (i.e. using WiFi) with the domotic network and other home robots.

Other systems
Using special hardware, almost any electric or electronic device can be controlled automatically or remotely with efficient control and easy handling. Including:

Pool pump(s) and heater, Hot tub and Spa Coffee pot Pet feeder(s) Garage Door(s) Sprinkler System Under Floor Heating

Domotics
Domotics is the application of computer and robot technologies to domestic appliances. It is a portmanteau wordformed from domus (Latin, meaning house) and robotics.

Table of contents
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Remote control Automatic activities Disadvantages See also o 4.1 Standards 5 Organizations o 5.1 Others 6 External links o 6.1 Standards o 6.2 Other links

Remote control
Most modern houses have appliances that allow some degree of remote control. Domotics aims to integrate and extend this throughout the house. A house with a domotics system installed might have many computers, perhaps built into the walls, to allow the homeowner to control applications in any part of their house from any other.

Automatic activities
A house with domotics is expected to be able to call the police or the firemen by itself, with more subtleness and a wider variety of allowances than normal alarm systems. On a daily basis, domotic systems are often supposed to be able to automatically gather data from several sensors and do such things as adjust lights and music to the personal preferences of each member of the household, as they come into or leave a particular room. The simplest systems require that each person wear a marker, such as an RFID tag, while the more sophisticated ones detect movement, body heat, and other individual characteristics. Some tasks that domotics fulfills:

Work with your utility company to take advantage of off peak electricity rates and provide choices for comfort, safety, and energy management. Control curtains, window blinds, and sun shades from one location, all day, without human interaction. Opening or locking and unlocking gates and garage doors, under either separate or global control. Controlling indoor climate. Press one button to set the heating to night mode; the lights go out, the gates close.... Control your hi-fi and home cinema from any room, using buttons, panels, or remote control. Ensuring that the right light is on in the right place; domotics can also ensure that the right lighting intensity and mood are achieved. Providing intelligent garden sprinklers and other plumbing; the lawn is watered only when it is needed, and you can enjoy a quiet stroll through your garden without risking a drenching.

Disadvantages
The convenience of domotics comes at a cost. The systems can be expensive to install. There is also the fear that a system crash could leave the house without an effective heating or lighting system. As early as 1957, the foibles of an early version of the "automatic" house were gently mocked in the witty film Mon Oncle by Jacques Tati. The film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1958.