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The researchers conducted a trend study by analyzing confidential data from the Census Bureau from the 1990s

and the 2000 Census of Population. The authors contest that this method was advantageous due to the
geographic detail of the files, allowing them to combine person records between counties and create microdata.
This microdata involves categories included country of birth, date of arrival (veterans versus new comers), and
1.Citation (ASA Style):
Donato, Katharine M., Charles M. Tolbert, II, Alfred Nucci, and Yukio Kawano.
2007. "Recent Immigrant Settlement in the Nonmetropolitan United States:
Evidence from Internal Census Data." Rural Sociology 72:537-559.

The thesis of this article is to examine the implications of recent foreign-born in-migration
in distinctive areas of rural America that attracted immigrants and jobs at the same time.

attributes related to employment. They also credit there methods by pointing out that the data allowed them to
The researchers searched for patterns and shifts that took place among foreign born
immigrants in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan areas from the 1990s until 2000. Fifty-nine
nonmetropolitan counties were observed, and researchers used areas with populations that
are sustained by the growth of foreign-born migrants. The data is largely based on Mexican
immigrants that came here to work allured by low wage and low skill employment.
Nevertheless, it is not limited to Mexican immigrants only.

explore which immigrants are actually employed, where they are employed, and the differentiation of
occupation. Their most important point is, however, that internal Census data gives them access to a larger
sample size then the public files would.

This analysis was conducted in two stages. First, researchers took a macro perspective where they examined
patterns with emphasis on recent arrivals. Within the second stage, profiles were created for the foreign and the
U.S. born in the 59 counties. These profiles allowed them to pinpoint shifts in household and individual
attributes of the migrants such as, "naturalization rates, region and country of birth, earnings, and household
income (Donato, Tolbert, Nucci, Kawano, 2007).”
5.What were the primary findings of the
Annotated Bibliography

Review the directions and How to Prepare an Annotated


2.What is the primary research question or thesis of this


3.What are the characteristics of the population studied? How many people, ages,
genders, race/ethnicity/nationality, professions, etc.? How were these people
6.Critique this article, discuss method, findings, analysis, writing style, or other
elements of the research project.

The research showed that the overall size of the foreign born population increased twofold in rural areas of the
U.S. Though the metropolitan populations are larger; they did not increase as dramatically in size.

Mexican born immigrants rapidly burgeoned. The more recent Mexican arrivals grew at a much slower pace
than the previously established. Regardless," by 2000 at least half of the foreign born in rural America were
Mexican, and one-fifth were recently arrived Mexicans(Donato, et al., 2007)."

4.What research method(s) was employed by the researchers? Was this appropriate for the
population and the research question? Were there limitations to this method?
Due to the high rate of Mexican immigrants. The researchers began comparing them to the U.S. born in order to
judge if the migrations themselves helped to stablize the decline of the U.S. born population. The evidence was
inconclusive in proving that these rises in population could provide lasting benefits. However, the evidence did
prove that U.S. born became older while the Mexican born became younger. In addition, they discovered that
the Mexican household averaged,"approxamately two more persons than U.S. households (Donato, et al.,
2007)." Furthermore, both populations experienced lower rates of poverty and higher rates of income. Data
showed that Mexicans were more likely to work in agriculture, construction, and manufacturing, and there was
a decline in U.S. born manufaturing employment.

I agree with their methods of research. Within the article, sufficient support was
provided for their methods. The Census Bureau and Census of Population provided them
with a more personal amount of information that dealt with difficult issues, such as
naturalization and poverty, that most people would feel uncomfortable disclosing in a
interview. I would agree that these measures are valid because the article didn't over
emphasis the information. Although, there was a subtle tone of hope that the
immigration trends would prove to be stable in the long run. The researchers
themselves, however, did not jump to any conclusions to soon. So, it can be said that,
the research lacks in reliability because the trends may change in the current decade,
but they will not change from 1990 to 2000.