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01 , tl~I'tlirl1g:.p .5I'rllilg to LI re~oQrmto !1dClubK!clL'I CIIiiiI12:5 pf(!MsWr~, r-u to !'.'~r 'LiIfiE', musl . I b'QWs. Iy,m!i, hilFp!S, ;tllh,efi., and [lIIeS'of ijlJ .snepes ilM ':;(liia!l" fonn~ll 0 h!_rnl:l~ tree lof CilQrol)1'l~lCJnI::~. Membl1lrs of tl'w. ~l.It(:! 'Iat'1\[~'!::it II ktJlllf'nls Whl.r;:I1 rl1C1.~haL . ~lJltar~, !i?ilJh!lr1;l ne(k./b~)dy [I rl'1~tl{)tl:'llll,,; .ml'll1g~ ~1iJ I1i h~rn Hi ~ b~r;j~! ,."f itl~~ Ii"lstrum~l1t", ~ver fl brla~' l ll1l1d ot t~1 1'1 'ck.. m k. rs a r ,th e:il rly gu Il.U-·1IIw e ~tutnJmaMv; lltlll1.,~d gtl,l.m3s, tt ees-, an~rf1E:1l ~j( il1~. pi ~n'~ !ilb(>Fr., at'! Gl otl1 er aw "I reliOUWIf.$, Many illitient c!l.In1zatIDI'i:j reml'd lut~ Il1sl11irnetlL Wl'lJS:FrlIDl'fI n~Q!;eW~iI].fl!~1~~ mr-r~~tIiJ·~ CH1~~ bClUZalJ Id, TLi~Kjsl'1',!jOl n alin~5!i! p"j j'tI, llildliln~l'tar.RusSIan i"'ltiltll.1Lka,H 'II.'iilii<rr'l Llltl.llellt', AUlciifh ng9nl J.lm~JllOMn banJo, (111 c'1h IJm'Jt~d~ Dr ('jU~Qr ~'<l(I£illt fauns. L<iti{. ~ II filal \11~ ~)c!il<lr, with its {iilrn1l1ClJMur!!las.s. 1IgyrQ-\llglU,. W.. lst~d m,Bpit' il;!i tlll~o~u.~od w sp..arn b!I'lhe-Arabs. D¥ 'LIllO: 1111'11 £lUll UI'y It 11 ~ tllffliJ!eti tllrIll.! hlJut Eurpp~> nn d ioIy; 1I1~ 17111 Cf;ll1tury Jm . b l-I!Jri In displate ll,~ boCl\','l-.$Ha llire <15, t.h TJ lu 'I~ d. !!Itrl ngW trlli'111i!l'1t or CI1()1~~, Cl~~Iy: IWI1I'l ct~t1 WII.h I:ti. ,1ttti!rH (!II rel~~oo I:i !1~elIlI15~I'Un;lrl~ POpLcJ [,';I I' from 1:'ii(}Q 1(:1 lElOO~, e Jly ,gLin~r 'fltll'm!> il<ufVLlI1QUS i ilitl1b~ Q,t ~I'rlnglo. [i!il,l",jl~ f'lu.r to ~I;t.. [ijln\,l~i;l'mt:!le~. L We, $iltali~ Wllll ID' sIDb'le"'si.ri1'1gt; am mid VgglJ ,stnc~thl.!T arr,aJ:l8~m~11t''ilfro rtiliiild 'a sFmpler; p!ay~g rCl~hn Iqllt! .thi;l;!"! II;!; Prl!!dI!ll;Q~Sillrs, ~h::"s~lrrggLl!t'a:r I~t![i:lm me ~ThI1!!1a'fd, 'tit that'l'f!llS tll B CilI1 th~ begifl 11111!iaeo)[J~ the> guitar tf~V d eMilY, h:.ac('omp 111M iNorld e~pl~tatfr;ln fFOtl1 'iip~ln ll~QlJghmlt 'LIllo'!\'.'~rn helTIbj)i1~m M Li~1.l 1:1 !'l~' he late l8ltl arltl iffiJIy HF!h ~i2'flhJrl!'!s, i'l h(\R11'i~l1ie've.t:1' tIs 1 "ii!~I~ ~irl.:lJJe aM~)lI'lnL~ fI'rral"'!1:lie'ltl~nl ~i'ld ~v.~!;;'.5.1I!i1Hftv ~Ellntng [n pJ:1puJ rlty. In "1J11jF11f: ~~~ el~ 'wh-~rf:j daS!ilc;:ll r~Jll~noir~~w'r~~ d~elopl!r:l Sp '~t<!'I~y 10' 'un Im.tr~Jm '1'1 Whh e.ilr:h' felo9'ltlcm It

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tlClllJw·btKIy gull' T 50 U colJld IJ"! 11 ;ulfl 111me 1.rrZBr I'J~ IOlfCler rnaM5 rlf 'i'H'C 1 e20s and HH(l~. One ~r t110f0 r~'~ l1]ay~l"S fo <u:Dbpt tT'le fi ellrry :1 lll __sultill'r ~~~!! Chilltl'l o,tlsUan, At 11111tlme, th!:: role 0'1 lf1e gult,n In t1irge jaZz j}"'t'l CI~Wi'h5 to proyllJ t:tltlFdEiI w;r;,om,pilfllmii'nt -<I ~ part of 'tl1E!ri"lY1I1n1~ ctl 0'-Ii wl1ict1 VI'<tSc tlw un I~' w-ay It (I'JLII t,l . be ilea rd n . O-V'E:!rthe 'trLil1'lpr.ft~,tmmbollcS, 21IF1!.11 SOIl1:0pI10i'lli?S, In wmrasl; CITrt~Ii!1fI tJ5'f!iillIll Il"Iu!:'~d ' velum of his elt:J::1til: Inslrulfflenl,lu J:l~ay' rr@~\ilnl:l; 5111gr~Mot~ '!VO IdS \1\ll'U'l :I liJtte that t:au~e-t:I ,:I fiPrI~.atlofl: [t I,,, d tJ1 Pf1tcUSs!vr.::1'Itl acl{ 01 -tJr. EiL11t I~ l tl,e pcwe1 of a hom, F:IKlfit1cBtij0!1 ..r U had SYI;:qe dool11 maRin!; lfl IIIIW loutller, 011"10SI.! h pja\,~i'!; as Clnl5tlDli ,r.espq;l[lded l:ly' CHltltirrg f1¢W rol~5, f!lr ltl~ i nstl1i1mCIlL Il wQi.iI~rr''t!;ie tho. last tIme, . Ely th post Worl r:l Wi'!,r Ir ~m. t~le eJi:!drl ~ ,g1.l1tilr W<l!!igtlilliI1'~ OJt~l'l;ll'(~ \vlth Jan, blu s'. n.1roiJl~lty musl lans MI:1ii!nwhTl • ~l'j\;'i,;1rOlI IhiI! m<lk,C'r~ 01nd pilal;lie;rs- cr:lrir~mu~d ttl i11;.:perl·[iIl!ill":!t VI'Itl1 ~ .Il na11v es'tll Iurg ,hDTI W bOdy glJl~llIr.5 till ~1l0~v loud r l,itlli.lme~

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,[I.I'~L b~~wUng stlmld 1i'1'llt ocC',lJr~wilen un tifllpRfier souml :viht;J:I~(>j· ill gllll"tl r, t11. 11 t e·amp!ffle:s th vlbratlom). 1 ho
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SIII'1~fI :'11d, Vh,,'I~aLl!I, ,anLl olhers; had built umd pll~ 01' wOQd .:iornl:: wl1!'re ,,1I~~.pt.~dfrQll'T. HaW~1 £In'!tI1j le b'.tll til rs (pl<ilJle;d011 'th.E! la,~ with a slide) '111:;r1h<'ld be~rI IJOlt1 solTd nd ~1~t~IC fm '1 af5", Otb~f:S Were des;Jgn!;'d 1;1:> ;Spi:lntsil ~1l'lI'5, a t.lIm mEn used tor mw~ultar ;played uj;!r !fIoht f:i1ther\hl';ln aCIDSs, til ~ 11:'1 .. Wi~l flO many 'ion oVIiI ~r:m; p ~\;Orkll'lcl!ltoWtlrtJ tlu~sam en~l.bhe adUilllllv ntton of th!"! SQlid 'b(lci}' .eJ~Clrt[ y It-d!f Is; jmrtCl~sl~le tv :atlrltl.IJI~' tc' .any Cltifi pe:n;on, II 'VIr,H, 11O~\J't!'ii!j'; !l!1ld"l<1 'o.vl1llJ:5e lime had mm , ~\'hlll' llh ~ crrt~jn 0'1' 111_ litlJI ill l:iIod'1/ ~J.e~tfl~ w,;u ~he. ~~5.liJ1t ¢If HlQ trOFL1j of many, lhl.1 fam,. aT'tl1 in:;rtrulTI'!11 ~ , \;i~ '1<,!laW It tlXla.";" I~ Illr !:re~~1 'it"! Ol'i@ mil 1'1 ~ leo Fendli!r. 111 1"950, t11~Fcnd:!!!r oomll'.ElI"i~' due
TOrl~ ~ntl indlvtduo]l.!; patl'll3.~!f..ib)~ ~. ~itars [IHilI ~V~I~, il"i Whole ~r If! pont, f1:1ild~ of roel!m!l cllllf! OmddcB-stm," ojli.l ~JUd~15p1iiI'iI:!l11-l'i'lyl,1' glJll.nr \,.'1114::11,or f

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'lilY 'th ~I;rm .mtIJ~ Liill~'llJtV. "ling Amerl flO Irl5rrLim, I'll n1alri~t:l1l ~un to ff,.'ed.;lhe wowing ~lMusHr'I ct)llilrl'~l"1d pqpulBr rjllu51¢. vil'lth 111nrJi<ilot'l'!ilJdh15 Marlin [nil. ' Ilis~r1 IpJ!ilS 5mr rjf l~~r-klrtYI,1!.'1'I IullliE::I!i), U1 g~III<'lf SIKlT'l 1Ji..'.(In;.EUJI'1 'm U~~ me!>:l i~l~~.. -'ll of <III [11 trIJ m ri~ As. m 201h .I.'mtll 'I uf1rtJld!!~1. tl~@InlJo(lUd~""i:l tir 5,,t el strlf":1~ iil1'!d' 1iIt'~IHOp OlmJ, ITI 'till 'l:\SOflill~Drslltt!1~ fl.J i'tlter "IlXP[l" d~U ntusltal ,m PI~II(iJtlml!i, fOJ,j!'lel In !(]!k,.1~ tJll,lcs,nntl cli:J.n~ mus![ of all kll"ld§ by' the '19:!lU!I:, tll~ . [j'E)U~tlc! holllJ\v.-l!0~\, Rmn lmc! Jei;1d1~d jl trlgl1 level of m,[II!.!rl't~, 'SOO11 11"IIJ5,l(1 ~ r ~J<[[~h !Ii~ RII"izy fl1~I.[k'lilt lhea C'Oi tl~ foUl'TIrl~', Jll'l'IlT'IY R;'ll~ , !:IO! WIII5. ilml laJer, I1U1'1kWlrlltli"l1s" poe w: I£iln, .ami M.erl' Tl'ilvl5 ~~t",,~tl!;I'l d 11:.'1. ~Lll~t'lr;;l:!; me. qlJ Inte.5.5~TWill I f1'6tn.lITI"",nt for
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til ~ ItrS'! HI mi, t-nwrp{'Jf1lLtF~ l1'1tH'iY of thE! f~t:liu'rti ll~at hOiVe l:ietttflW Indl1:;tfy·st1;ln.djJrds. \\'1111 i:! l501h:m fI"Iilpl necK; i.l body ll1iild frlJm iii $J~~e nl",b" of W'Ood, 11]gl~llI1:kdJ'ugt;lb,le 1",1dl:;l:!; ill19d lfltCf{11.m~IJ!~ part:>dJf f11od!IDI electtl~ Wl~ill had arrived, 'RflrlElmed the TellilOlS"tIlf iM 1~!iZ,Illlffi1i8rtl$ In ~ro'dUttlDn it;! Lhlidiil.),\", pr'i!!(tlcally l.I~lthE!flg d 111 5(1 yes 1'5 Oind till vruy pu~I:iIElt, , r~mti!r'-li oom~~till ric dl~ 1'I1l~ think I'Ilghly ~r nt!i ijl.Htar .:It flr..s,L W~F.'lIl~d l:li';il"~\!LJlil1lVyll11IIl\\ lII111pliil'le.~ le)~J,:.11'11:1 1'~lll;'lCIge1:ller LOrutti:Ud:.iOi'i ~"5l! [11 V "l}' 'F _ilIH.i rc'S' lila I' I"I1'EI(J It pow rlWl!l!1'I d fMd:ioMI in!;tl1LI'1Ulnl ~"'I'i1C1~enruM <im:J.lo",1t Wliluid r~lilfll'ile p(lJrJu'la,r

n ~ ~nQrt tlTne. F~ri~E!;r'5 .~tlm5$ dr~w <l,1FI1t1st <ill &r Ml~ Ill~I~r I nS~!'IUJ'I'l:ii:1T1 !'l'F~;rI!J!ro';lr;-l!Jr.~r:i I!'!!:ci ll'i~ ~UIiI bbrily~lQCf]'lt gl.Il L]l.r m arke<l T11~ C\l1!)~t:'Illt:J;.impl.'lfIY sought 1:1 LJt Lfl'sP'I!lIt, Will ElS€' ~dft<li5.Hlitiy ·na-d dl'mf!f;$e~a t~i'l''Y'~!ilrS6;lrl i~r. J;ile n~ulL w~s':ij~~ 't:ltb~PIli LeS P'~u I g~it"r, HqeDl'J~~~~IW -bodlimcKIt;!1 mal t[]d~.ymafEhE$ 'lliliir~k!!;lr~ ~I'I 5tatci!; as !i:! dasslc. -, . f!;\1eilI'liW~'FII~1L~G Fe f'Id~l' Wtll:f. ilrgll n ~:lotUng revoJutfdn, I n ~'9'51. hll!! rrl~I'OCllil~~ .t!'l ritlnt~i1:lynEW c;onJ;;li:!p't, [I'!e l1~clltk bass gllltOiJ+ TI~E: p.~(;)~lsrQI1'IJlj!ss, SO",Ctl mgd b~GijI'LlS'e 1~> 'fl'~t~ j;!nOy.o~d.1t to be.pl'!1y(~d in urne mor'll, !Il{iislty thiJ ntl1(ttil1':!tI~ ~rr~gJ~t h~5,..C~lm1 gsd ~~J)fIh lAg, It Itmd~p;t:I5,5t"'l~ iI,t ~~I ..m'l th('i1 W~ tallc~ fGi'r!;MlIIFlte,d trJiJf£lY, b!Jt .Il lh~t Lime 11~dnever IJfeil Ile~Wr;lDI1I,Dr~:~aWdll:l~~Si;Qli'!!l!gf'!~a mll~l'I1ik~ tn~ ShJ!;IJ.I~il.5tCf, ~ui' Pri:~ll!iIi<!!'Q ~~(;j !.!t~~, <l iii ~~p, 'R'crrus:il;;:~s9WT'!!;! '! h,,,"U br~li~~Tt'Hll!!~ a sslll1~ f~l'1l¥mq In lI'~ 'm'l.i51t n \ot.!i~ !Ii!1u,I"1!!<i~I~rto ~IEiy tl111 nan 4~f~gftt.;,al'1~ ¢ould I:le. plm~uf. q.L:Jl~t!Y1::1:,/ guito':lir pl<lye~:$" . t!r~cetllil" 8:1'P~d!c01!st~r, IlIJ:rtp:::idu~!;t~r:ld:l!iJi;L~ ~ll;'l~r.!!rnEdn .loQ,?!'1,lfl> still ~iJi1Il~bh:f11l <l fo rm u,O!:t Is n'if'11Q~1y. !Hldl\:ll'l,~~iln~@m lh,e

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bli!lWlll qkl1'l1iival uabrll1, m1llkTn!$ '1,)'g{lSIl! Oill5 whQ I"CJm Illb r ~"If1F' tll,em 1)<lI1gfng;'f1li)w, tn music sl.Orns 'llm llwl I tJ 11g' <l1JQI klel ?DrTi8~\!h~'vJn.W g!il ~m~d~li. l11li~ m~o~saw ~rn}r;!U'IrlIJ.!lutm:turorrs iCQt1t1HUi!ll'Q hilril O"LI:lhlghQ[t<ll1ity pro,g~ s!liv~ i:lCSl~iS, ~spelellyln tile .a.~ell0'[ pi~1JIP$ 1Iml tub "iJml~llfl r ,O!1 ulpllslng I'e<l~llf! ft;.!I''Unl.!O is 111 f~11 'of H1e Irn:ll'1[lJrmln [II E..i!lt~m Ewop In '1i1,e_ early Ul:~Q5" tcm"]1ler SfJVI~~ \J:lru~1m tl,lb'c J:n.Emufl1titii'BI's 'began ~~ell1ngUw,lr Flrflduct~lF! th ' W~t, jU.1it In 11m tI:I, ill~:ellli!C' d '1l11Elnd t'F.«l;l!e.i Et~' it grL"'at rr.~VtV<ill Dr Il1lel~llll til :!ir-iund' of \11ltl.lU m lUi) ns hi /,lu ItaT limpl'lfF(~ti on, rrn:ortlin,g ~ulpmdll,il.fld 11gnW$l\(!r~, V.H::uiJlli ~tllJf!.rna1":ll!~.1dLlrQ11a'S i::Ilj I%H (J1$l1j:1~eareli In the l.I~ ~m:l We)IE!fll fW!9P(!, ana th" <lv(J.I'raltilMy of 1;:h,:rsSIi:l1'l b.rl:II1t:i:!l h~s helpi'd Imi\IT that tlJ!be iil'ilpmier:;f,1~hQ5e 'ton~ lid response ls S(I Imporhmt tel the '~G!-Ulld i?I:t1d'terhnlqUe ot Llle etCl:t~lc gli~t8ir, ".'l'ill be, <I ~~HjJ1,~1 1Q r ED10 ng tlm'r: to, rom.e. Allotlii'r IrI'ter fSUdl~ fa ~ Gf t!ie Ifl~Os Is: 'thEl~ the 1,l!g' Aln rlrnl1 _g~III'ar tom p 111 S&<lW re\'I~'<11ill' q)1!J<illty ,,,,I'll;! I,msi I ' ~ Btll11 r-ef1d er 011(1 'C:;lb!icifll 1::il!-1l!:!.I'iled fr'l;P!ll nji!w !J,wn r,;h,lp, f-ebuIWIi'!lB LI~~r fild[i1C:!l i... blgl1·qtrnmll' r~ls1!iq~1l t'I'~''u'[rItOl}le 'tHtld ["$, ii1'~W d~lgfi!i.!:Il1d j;lI~lci!)' ifh custom shop 111~ifllme.Tlts:, B til rnmprutle.s btill(! IkTl~H11~d 'fmm . .s1 r ng (h~I"Il!i.ll'lcl ror 111g11<end iiflOde1~ 1111 1'f.lf1i<;;.:;I[lIl1Ei~ p pll]YeIS- JI'1t1 ooll'(~.ctQ FS 0I1Dk~·_ 'Ekctr-r~ 'bi;1$~ IKhl~V\"ld a htgllJ \li:!gr"e~ of. ~eslgn !lO,phl'5'tit:;I'I'itol'l [11 lilt' 11. OL as maF1L1~at;:'i'Llrer!l lTIad''? th 1mlo\".(.Ili0l15 !lf1h 1970$ :51tmt.wrd eatures, and began lCl ~wdurf.i y'~i'y good: mod '1'1 11 v~~~!1jl1J.l.i r;1I' VI,nt<lg~ models, Rv"C', ~I',(- ill1C1 ~--civet1'StrIR,lo!; l:iaa~e1i, Wnlch ibl'lrtOO to ~ In pppl'!(.lIiilt~! In til 1!UIQS, b~1I'Ie ~rnmDn, Bt'I~!i' layers, h av~ p , nd d llJ tm more ali!.:f!/ting II) ifinn-vatl n i:md 11>W 1lt.";l,lgn,a filet 1I11I~tTalii:d. lJy ~ hi.5tmy Of F1,eiN fC!llUr s '~IPpea r~fI,~ Ci n l.la,M~ fits!.. In HlE 'I<rlel '[;jlgi[J~,:i'I'!"!ln!l gllltOl r pl,~,er~ Ht"J.lI~' i'iQ'li,~·r£~lll' I?!lilfil ,stiliI'! gso fI t)a~ arid J ttlJO-WeL! .l!!uH, lliJl(ig Tostfi 11[1:!;Wt!:11r's. tk, gr1.'lht dft>CI [1'1 [l re-Vlv,ill 01 me:tal-iJio1seti fOC!;;. l1n~ tones 'Urol~d! tly boU1 ~rBctFic ~ui:~<J.I'~ ,JIld lJ_a5S~Si ~\I'(m;Jstn:H1gJy' Infl.L:,Ii~flcec:J tl'1!l digii~11 by re\mlullon. ~li CGl"'llPIJ~er-f~OIROO r~mrair1g, ~'H!iI;pTlI'1g. ,~rl[j TI,~:('pen.'il)J"e home reCQrdlng e.qlliprllen't tl,lrn~d play 1I1i rnto l}rMuq.>rJi E.lectronic music. which lI1ai b.«'n predlr'I(;!~ w r plOl.'CE! gll~tlKs~lm;e ttle latE HU:;O'$,anade 6'l'UIlit lIaw(lF1 Ce'S In teci]nl r]1J"ta ~ !ldpop];ll~ul tlll II t.J~!il l!lgns, .rnd .1 'W'l~ POllfl [In JnitJdte or Ih~ d~rJlld muny Itldl.l;s.-try plJ I'dlt~ W Fe a ]foil1.. j:lr~~ IciJIng cJonm lltul g[oorn . ~ tit gru ngll' mOVeli'l!tlit .r.m 1it!1 ~OYfS J\~ Li!iutJlly l'i.l;~peI'1J;, 1le T1~WS.l,yl lS: prr:Wld4id 1 i~esn. m ~s.1r:",l (:!J'Pwm'l Q\1~c!JI~'llltfit~ ~ ilnd, t1il o:~t:!IJiiF ~~ !!;1K"f11S 1J1iii p"lJopll~ will neve; LIre;,of tne gf"ilU rJr-aUQtl of plc:k~1'I .a G .string, tl£'gardlt;lSS uf whlEl'llsound lj;fJt11 li 01,111\,

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¥a~ III ~~ IFll'In U, ,lnltlE1!t wo d 5tCl~ ,11y, mii!dlltle. I'lH~",U~r, t~llIi~ a rl'l21 tif pUrd1a15{;! Qr-Wltll your ~.wn equIFlm:J2l1t. 1l1~re.i1-1iet, CIl' it, rl:lIJ l~r (Fig 11 ~e OtrL!Un Impo r't.ilO'lloo1f<orEhe b~~II:U1] rig" S' eps f'tn itJng 111 001\111 (s: e I' 13)1, As you pfO ,Jed to m re d~tall~~ WQrK) tH.ih~toP~i. tle orne thll rllqUlremerll. ~ mod 'Olr~cJfQn of bii:!lk 5ho~ tUl'J'IE such.a~ sq~\!Vd~lv~rS";.X-Si:t.b kF1lv~s. s:clsso.r!i,,wli:e CIlI'Ue:t!ir ilill'e mffil!$,ure, l,i.Tmm~r, pn~rs} wreli'Ju~ , fatr;, (1FIii';T:2 )) 'E1reInl:l'lspenS1t)I'e RULE 5 A, vlilr!i;!~yof ~rm'rllflg tuol5 fer meOOl"~U,e mastGC lIawHlg'. pre!:p(u111'J~ 'tmnpl~te~ i~md milt,Klng w@ In Jude !'hIIl, r5, 11ei1 lilrilllgl'1~@d~e,s of V-'1!titJl.j!i; Je,mgth~,fn~'F1c11 "ufll s, 5~uares fqt ti"]~t .,ngr~5f iI ml'1ilpiUi>, Elr,:'l~oU~~'r Impl",m~1it5. sl1oWnIJt:lmv TIal1!'pBt." 11t pl~~tc rurers tlseful ',ot Ilnlngup gprt " no tlme.r dt'~m~ur-ll1g pro I:Ii!dulr ,,(cMg 41.

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mEl~rs ~f 'f6I'['~~s{1 '1lI!w~i~tic hlslfrum'li;m,t5Jbe(i!!I~8eQj Itl~~II' l1<ltLlfl~'!iS C~Cl MautT~u ~ee[J' wlm5, VartEtt~"S ~ such ~It

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nat reeo rn rm;!li,cf~alm l:fte

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mOlt rernrn 'fBlll!lli1lJerytl"iif~ h~SiILK-ady b.een ilrleClll1 large klLrw to a d "~e of ll;Sliltlllfty. N'evel'tl:leles, , b(j' S,UI'E ~o Tli1qY~n~ i:ll;mu~how the WOtld hills been drillld and wh_at m~is~uri2 ctlnt fit to @xF~'t. .At! '1 millTn{l, '1!1 lumbar, we ~~u~lfyI~t it c;ondWon 111oUIf wnr-ks;h0'P·lJaf.Ol"E1 we: begin. w~:rk:lrl~ tl Aft e(lch mEl11' (0fr1ll0Il~l llE'lili P , n (uL From 1'1 nit, !;_t~.c:klhl pfij{~ Wlt:l-1 strl p~ )j ~rDod 10 hv n U'i m 50 lhiil'~ a1:r may ~lKulate' iJf9und ecidl pl 'i Sb;\{'e ~1~ 5tf1bllit}l Qltful1e11e.c~ I rrltlt.ill, we Lisua\ly pfi:! I.It ~Iu! w bd I'1Jjillil' It$)If1 I sniiljdeat1d to ililow 1 to !i1:Olill112 :1 I; ast oJ E1W WI!f.l{S,ln iJT1 erlvlr~Mtnlim of mni:l.~atE' hUiFi1talty, It een ih~i'I!:Je trrlmn'd to Its 111@1 pwi1l1l:iilAffl1 e n 0
j

whOrlJitrJ 'fir ifregulillf ~J'lIt:lll'ie ana' ,tr~11i pas es tram ~, to :ed,1}~ rntllw' t1:J'tm (rom 'faC1'fa ta~~ Tllis ~l,ilIlo~clJt~~o~i:I 1,$ fine'

fur the gil Itar [, tJy.

~LJ,e1rter":S3~\I!1 Wfibd WiU'l ~ gra!1'1 ml"l r$U raiUcm ijf 1Illl'ig' slrElI~N pilJalJellll'1£:s nc'I!'in, n~ grafn of -'-=HI ilfallnJ,lil tlnw,:; i w~~ri !.;lIng i1 'Iwr ~{O' ~ IJ(~ ,;Jc$ mahc18 ny. Quarter·sawn ODilhro~ o3IF~ '1:I:lffll~oIt tcMl1:d' b~E<iWl et r1'iillll"lg prQ 'dUf:l;l.i !!.I'rei:!'H;l YIe.Ii1, wQod m5Uy eiliit Oll 'till .;,:Stab. 1.Jil1llll1a~ea n~cKs taM 0, imfli1'lgQd to arl'elit th~ Hraln vertlcaUy. ~vel1 wJ1~n matte (11 rn slab-ru,l bpl'Itds,. as In @1Jf llaiSS.6J? Aplil~db:: {- f!'~J for more Jrltarma'tkm all W90d aH'I1cJ: Td'1e,

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Np:t~ ",Vapa is. -SQj~ In nornln 1meEl:SWrt:liiif1 nt, III ~tlual m~j:)sw;el:r1ents onlll! iboarL:l mer .sQrn~wM t I e.ss ell.! ill) wood
mfll'mil8(HlIht:! woc~¢1'Fti'l'l'IGI:vel:l lIlmugll-tll

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~, If ~~h~l.tgr to WQtl} il1 tl (ij~y j)hnO$p~l]LI,l. A '[lilmpF.ef-d ht~L.lmen1 wilt SWI.'lIt WrUlOtI~ mJIK:h I, ,m'l' , bUt sl:trrnit<il§e' du .. Itl dryllQ51l rmry '-ulf in ~eptlta:liloF)S:and a~, TrY ll'tlt.I(I ~Iue Dr IIHnTn ~rte 01'1ml1iy or IDl~eS!llveJJrh ~m1dda.YS:,' 1\, U&12 an ln~Jl:pa'lsiV'~ 111L1rnlclbtygau~~ m-ygrom 1:~~ d'Lu'lott hh bUlId'(Flg pr~'(e5!" 1141rves-LIn i'! di'J1i umijd'III er or I, IJ 'T1 ri!lifler I ne:(~~,QF)" PrC~ecHI' finisl1ecliruiruliHlnt FrUin :dr: rnes r:i, ill! t'fIldit¥ al"1d~m~el1!'tliJ 5. \11J'l1efJI rlQtl l'1lains f~ rouel1 moi;l:u~. tI1,etQf1~ wll! W §uifl!r I( It S~s ){J~ d!'V. I:IJ'~ wQr,j([ will nTIrl~, A gl1lt r stor~~ In r.Ol'1l1l5t' !"il!y moen'at. 111.lrnldlty 1,;\,1II110Id ts .5~tup bclter, a\'Oldlr'l~ ·lraQu~nt 1ldJIJ~fme;nt5,,~,sJiI~l1!ltl)l, ~gludlrig tl1e t'IU5'~
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I<:RAI N rON FI(;,LJRATIONS

Flat-sewl1 or
sliilb-cul WQQd

ll,e ~fillflronfi~ur~tlun nignU mak~sthe '~II~r body ~~e


~'~ally ijltrattiv.t!,:MQstiArn~d cUll in modern m'i'115is pass>d lllmuj!il iI >&v)'" oth<.lt the l'es'Ullll1~ mffi fl;r~'1Ii paW:~fh is r
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C1ive.r'Um~ :1'1~l !i~ n~CJulr-~U"l'at~Jol!'1~!::it! T rnj;icteJb~tWeeh tliil~ aij ok pl~~ 'IPI,D,-ilild CJ or tll~t m~nlKk be taN d rn;lm a t111ll,R ~110Ug.'i pl~C" of If\ILlO@to rit '~~(l 11fro~5itQGk. [J Clhd E). He ~ ati~de,~;m I( ':Py, rarjglng ~rll ,~~OUl 10 tq 1(1 d' g~e5 f:J dlr1! oi" tHe .r;les Ired ~hiir~(ter-l&Hcs,.1\ -hmr~ Ing.!1a w1'11 crea~~ a .s,~~g,n§,l\P\JnwQlrd d hm5,lgn ,m;rlli - lh\i.* nut '!itran~1;h flIng torR! alid 5iwt~~J'i1"rn'Ll1e QP~n ll.mfmMd~ strll'lg~, Hpw 'U'Gr, It ,aI3~ 111 a!;~£ frlcUon 'Ill ~oiJ'slh UTe' nut sfQl:$ an d' :~x;a'ggertlte$,tile l8'nd ~h~V ,pnI1~ :SlJil1gS to saW lh lr !i1'1I). "'eeper o:.,.'el' tlmll',:Jt'5p 'Ially wl;li~n

,,~tk,lImJ h i

hlt~ fil'st iilf'Id can re,Ml 111-a em ~k 'lilt bf~'k,. NeQt5, wn~se tr:lISS' r~CIl'S afl~ lil.creS~~(l ii:l t u~ pl3gti 'i:lcl n be esp~dOi.1ly suS: ptl to flreaklr1g If 111 yuse a hex, I'Il.It tt::lr ~1I:ljLJS~1'I1iH'!t. ~ltcli1 re~I~E'S' HI~t ~!"Iough' W Wf.WcJ ];1~ remo"'<ld from tMt' 'riij~'1 aJr£1~ - nOw \~~ren~llla to fit .JiJY r 'Lhi1! nUt. TIl ~ preb'l,em can b~ ,avolr;ld hy IQuit";'· 111 ' , ,.Ldj'l.liIl.tn)ent n ~t at the bqdy f.!l1d ~dttlEl n~r;;k, .Dr by ~I ~~a truss ro-d wi ~h <l1'Il All 'II-\Wen' 11 type IF I] 1.1\, ,Wh Iell only ri eads a !Oma11ho'ie or cll~I1'llLel for ilC(;~S. AQdiUpl'1ally, ,lhe. n~ ~. 1i'It~adstl)ckJOii1l (111M b ,Silnmglhaoed WIIjj,) avol~h~, tot feature bl1at l~ve!O 1}1l!wood ti'llitker 1M ~hTS vulm ..'fiibte area, 1h~g mel 'ul1l!s>t::rtMe '_'l,f~ry stf0Ii1g.l1lt!llId$10~k- il:l;1at<wi11gUbiiVj\C~ !lImo .~ n)f felli,

tlae' "tIl t P 01 the ~l~!:ld!mc:'k us:uEluy

le

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With

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v[bfaW

bwttl[!i!.

~s1lii1I1O'w~r

I1IiHlcl.s{o,k ~l1gl~5eUliir

Delftt Wi'llng .lIfallilJty, alu:i m;my buIlders le'£!l ~hBjI produce em o~e""5trlli'l~ [Olll~ I:ltat I m~ffl co!'1!il~tenl 'Arlt!1 LM 'mU'rl'(j cd li'lre fre~kt@',d, 5Ittr~g'S', '
Ol'le dI'~~';l""@tJt f al'1g1 d t:re-aasto(kl5 on on electflt S'" .n cr o t):- s I~tl~~.twh~~ the tnsfhuTn~ll~ 1s Ia'ld Q"n jts hiUk:-'i1 r~~l1; on tl rid cd the h~SH:)G:k, l'l1ls flP'~51.111l1 !'led{ In th . arne

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'l'f kr1c_c;ked o\!ler 'aillid l\ill~dS

I_s ILIrapped

on Il~

H2'i1dstQ{.k AnBle UpthSDS;

Q1tel;na!~I'Ile 1.('1 a,J'I gIl;!d il,",Ol,dstt1(i(t I~ ttile ty~e IrJs£:d 0)1 Fen,d~rguitars and ~~S5~ Tilele 11(~arl\51m:,RS r n.1'llello ~,r;4il! t11~ S}}t b__af~ abnlJ!hi h~tf tntl'! [rOllf'l th SUr F.u:e,m {h ~.~. iird lslt~S' a~ 1:L~ltl,T1,e' i'l~fk .rn~y 'be rrh:stle trom ill pld'~ of WOOd! lllulSl ul'icP an In :I (wi rt il SiE1'1? rat· flt;!Eter~ QoUd is U:!ilriil~ W~tll0~l hilV!l1g ~ woe J1l'J'e_ Jolr:at !ilS wltn an ilIngl.~tJJ h' ,,'t~!!~. When t11e JI1 tn!lm 111 ts 1-<111:1 It!;,JjOlck iiin 'tll~ ntlr FlrrCwrel11tlh1$ elli\~i',twt:l~vltl1 f'!ci :praS:.lIJr cm~il 11{1~dst_o~.The. d~"I',h,l~lTH~g1,l tt<lJ;5 t1~s!gtl I~ tli's,t ti;J.:e. s~nh~~ of wiLl rroL 11ft!,,!r.lQugb Cilowm\!'flrd PI" Slue oh .tlle I'i!:llunles · U'llt¥ pass berrea'~h a l~tlhn r b!i!tweell to-e nul a1hd L'Unt!fli 11f1'M r glJ1'iaJfS t1:!l~ ,pal~ of r·sl11llped I~l lid re~lrl~r~ Ililr1ng lr:e~), IM.d'! MTdlng lWl)~r1i'1GS {ttlo- and A str1ngs. tUr]~r$ a e c,l0i?:> ' I1fl,u~I'to Ute r!lU~ flav.£;! e~ougT1m~ wlthouUhe)~l. to gt~ Mef "'~~ use, ·n:-eia,l:rrer {'Or th~ D al'l G strll'gs, Hi 1 it' retalnt!t!i ~r UrJrsl'lUy .~ViU~ble IJwHrJitUo:q modl2lli, 5C11P ~Il ~-'Ir I't1 'mall wl-l~~{_ rlIml ([JILhrtf'1i mach: froM .. SGINtJb~lC8t111g gl1flPllt~eJt5[nT1~aU~d;9t rul_.!ilrcfl1~eJaisLrll1g1 U etma~r I.1'e ~'Wl:lrt~~,I:l w~lj1 gr~l2hlj;i!' 'fr(!ltn a ~ 'l1Idl, draWl, !<lJ'I~~' U'l~ p,alnt ) ~1'sliflng ,ontElc.t. A'S ~n rilltcm-t1~e 'io thes l' trll1if1 r tun r' i re avallol,ble> wHh ~tiltlllJatt:~H1 e g~'t t~ros Q~t$~tl1 1l ,a-et s p lihc:n1er 3 s ttl. "l ~ffuirthBr rr~m ~11e P~1~~ d, prtl'l,lld II1J~ JU'!ll ~l1ough downwBri;! prf#j~i'I"t'• at Ul c flU'! nd~ a fl:!I1!U}r of b~ 6'II'I~nn,e ve-~!ilkm L)1'-t1~.!1lp.e17.I?'.lTr1tl;],-L1ilk tlm r.5,1,\11 ~~h15~ ~jl r a a III OCl1'W1l!iITi tc. lOtk- {lie 5lrll'1§'!t. to the p(.i$~S,OlI1/oi dl1'1~

'5

s!r.-pp~g ,
The mo . LIn'tI'a~'iHtlotlaJ heEliil~~Qdt Opt!Pr1

Iii nona at illJI, Thill' 15

donG bY' mountIng tuners QIj If e bo£1y .PJ. mo~" comm,only, U~~f1g a ,~rl~ge W,WIi tU'l'lf~bUiHh The. flu.'i n rea~t)f1 for th Is 'fjl;srgn LS :m'ill ; Hre 11.~arntnd!. mil s rl'1nl.l~l1ces ltme iiUldi s"IStain un .,v.,. nly,L1Ji!1 ij l'lll!~o",n U, e {lngit'! rbt'lOlitl'J. Til rea5il'n~ fQr ~flr5if ~ 'tl1lCsllY.1:I '_ U~" the I~~a ~$tb(K: Is on l!iQ~"Elted. (!t1ntl'l' (If ITICl,S~ UP ni'J ot ml!! n ~It,rCftli.l$lng the rie(l~ 10 v!bl1:it :II

inrons!s-tE'l'!tl,y 61t t:'Mft!r'Q'[1t 'fer'~luent;I£.'5 .mel as lhli! 5ttll1~ ar~ flllijed to varlol.i.5-1 ' lUt ... By r:foil'lg <lW y wltillhe h&'t:(dstfu:k
a'lto,gelnf'.f lhlJii'qrflplerc: !lirt~taC'll(lf'l [,grea~ly 5fmpllfl~d)
j~d

~Fi.gtfil a m Qn~ ·ll:OnliI~tellt WI! ~ .jjHit1 ~y,'Sta, 1'1. Scme' 9f the


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Hi

ronv nltonilll 11 albb)~ ali ~Qhl as pn5l~D;l'I~. ~~F,Itil 111fmllll,<'I K 1'~n~1tl'J~$lS!:p:h~ 15only 61 good lill:JG i'r.,}tLlIll wilI!1t-It: some pl~}\?T5t m~T thfi elf,!I:hl1()te have Its own cliStinrt cha_f,~c:n' p

hJUT WI [JTJ-I

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SIn II [1\'i'\rl<allon SIr] n~~i{ pe a 11 sha


L~ffl::rQFl{~~ 111 eelam{ I'

~ l:.J.sci· fI eucea Ie oomfol L .ca,~~~;IiII~(ol1$ldQr wile

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lhumb ff' ~ IO'A 'Ihe-!le '; l'Iow dl( ~m.nt Siring spl:!dt1~ Wprl~ wl1H yOU! flrr15erll, Ih[litl1 wlll1.cI1Qr~~, ~n,d ~1[JHle-ri1Q1ec ~11$L.,~rid linw 1;!'la'renrHrnl 11~ tglmli or satin' fool (:In 'llllr·f!>afKoQfi" ~~1e. Ilee-I<,; III 0 mrot-e OJ THJI' 'Gf haw 1:tJen~c'k "Sillap Should d1tlr~ over. Its 1~1l,~.t1; erderto rdl~ct tl'~ '<lIt'II~ ll1 vl(~I5l rtl aflHI (lna hand pu IHa'll bl2'f\II/BeI'1 ttl" lnwcrt <Jf]!i1ll1ghlllst 1reUi, ,You i'l'Ifl'y rind Hlt3;l jl()U lill~ I'jClw ~::mil!rfe I~ feul!:. neat ~hla nut but pteYi::.f r1(JU1Br aliO've tile l21h fret ,nd' may wan 'to lhl.lP~ u'OU.f fI~ ~ tQ Il'1 ke il lral'1iSltlo],! II ~Wtt n 'Lh~''lwo ~;r!g 4l~ l\{!ll.P It1 m1nd t~'al .~1'1(! nt>~lk'slta pe snould alJmiit iLl} com(ortill:il~ p1il¥jn~i over @.(ttern:::led petIDr;1;!i f !limr I Choose a 51'Jape1htlL !NUl o1i.IloW .~I1thfr~1tII1g;olI:1GJnd tm !;:Ie at reI1il~"ed ~11; p05511:lleWllU • m.l~l 1111· Just I'lClu.gp,r,iissure g on tl, ~ftl,n~; ltl.lj~ '!i1Jffers wh~l1lh~ ~~, i~,l'luet~2.liUllt!.p1i!;l11t

~r~wr
Y~rd' Sittings and the edgl1! Iilf ttl flliI.g l,board'-u,SJ;tOlrty 'h In ji,ll 1I1l" r1lrt, B.Qme prf,"f·r mer sp.u:e rJlrt bem;:llng5 o1hQI'S~1~dllle S Iit~Q liS pO.5sll~I'e twrtheut (al.lsing ~h~ strings 'tc:i" . l1p aif 1111 ell1.:ges ~he fr rn) tGfi'lave tl, e I'UH1'CiWest nn ~"fbo<:m:lref a .1'. givBIl strlrl'g·~p~ TI'Il5 111: lrIg. t::I.~~O .. cQI1.!i~deraUI:lI1 Wi'i 11 "10''.') IFlg l:b~ Ilf1GI~ of 'the bev'l n Illl· nos ar lJ:;lie frets,

('I.e·sur" to cEan~llt:l~r aw rnu tl $p[t~ to leave between th, ~

D A~(I-I 1-l1.g'rba~r~siIIr~ uS\4il1n~_m ~ .~lH~ f In ill'! m ~1;1I't' ttLn . l~e e~ s 1.0give a mQI'~ ~tlmfol'l ~ . le h!iiirI~ pll:i~HlonWt1~11 plOlyit1B tho ct.. nu! I' Ills me~swrea bl{ lh . rildlu Qf the <In; that d crlb~ It ~~€' b lowJ. It Vilrl~ 1;mM~en1 h. 11:1 H1lgl1 arfj1,. ,~, Pi! ~i',Il'lyi'iil'nder;!) alFlIiI iro 1ft~n~~l'Iy1IEl1). CI@tSsl(ilI~ g!Ji'tan, U"gea compiet"ly t'kl'llfiFlg,ffhoEird. 011 drnwlJflck to a I1lgh I1Irci11s 'fl:ml slr111gs that are pulled 8jtl'~S the ·jilngl;!rbCta:rtl. will fre·. out. or I'llut~ ag1'liimt th.~ f1 g~1er fr~, if me [~IOI1is !Jet ujil fbr:@ [(')W itt1t'lG 11"~.1'gl]1.. fi'l:iU~r J1flgerboarn!O Llfm1 bi'l'IJe U,1s
protlll:!!ii,

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shape
TIlU5S nebs Th~ truss rlrJrJIs a rraed16 !1B"h'I Iiislde i.l1E' Il~ck U,al!Ql.mtriID:5 the Io;rw~rd tlJ'endcr~ated hy tit pwll 01' 'Hie"~rlnp. It

iJ'IIOW5 ill

11'

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rn he

Illg11t -, rve, IJr terlet, thQit ~ ClJ;ltlnrnl t~.r'ill~hl'~vln:S ~. low, rom[ol'lanl lining

hetfr\llt i'!t aCl!:11 Wet 'FIle i1!IlillOP'f1t Of r lim ~ J1<!11ds en s't{lrlg ~,vge hllll\;K'l:l!ilfiL til d~ re~ ll@tg'h!~!Of' U, ,.actl 0:11.J ntl f p~Hi.Gllill playing pre.f renoss (See' Stl'ilFi~· amI ~f urp •. p 411) 1ru~s md 5 blH'ld ~hl! JOCK n but do n ct qcLlrQ.lly

17

~.t'FFel1H or c\"Jtre,~t the ,sJJn,c.~ti ort(lQ'frlil,g~ t~;i'); !1 tk 'tJIla~is I ttHlI 'fl '";,::l'QI~,A >l)ClWfJd fI~cl!l. wi11 flQ~:~ran5'(@r v IlQr~~I ~111;~,!;iS

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5QUl'1lJ,

efJl:cI~I'U~ lFll(] tile· bedy, beG1:U~~Ule:5'l:llirlg,"' h!ilWl' !'WJI~~ I'~ Inte fcla~tngdll'e nert;k; ra~hLi.r U'l:illn

On I~, Wl1e~ U1!;!!'i'! ~t [iii Hgh~tld ~in!Sl:' tl1e llil'~S~,'IiW~f1'l[r~ ,mec~t.U1r~mlJ.l~WS: i:!'i:id'::. Unll~e t~1e ~Int;}e ~r ~I~ign. lIvhkll rene on ~ npl~silrn:g<t~J 1~'&k. ~ M . 1H1sbow, 1tl~ ~!,Jla~)'~e ti'l.~~fI':I"," O"e~:ll~ it's lzI.ow 'T1d~~~n~tlf1tl~t ~1e n E1!~k qi by i1elllilt;ll\li1I~OIitn$tjlliS~lr, tl0""bl~·J"~ tlfP~ ll':lIlY l;1~ !;II.;! II.Lto a r~If~rt;e-tli1J:,l2ael al'r.mg!fm@l'lt s,imHa ~ 'l1:)tbiet l!lsec1I~'y 'tJl~tr s,I'I1~INQCI Eau.p.~Tpttf~ (F1g_~Ar "/ PI)"

1'tU6:-.!i rnds 'flf"" mi.'lid@ 'n~~~~i! 1.£1 ilfferent d!~~ s [Fig G). Ign :avHn~br€FtO!1fl Fi~iI bu11Q'!ilW tar $l;!.p¥ll'lers, nay ~nS:Ji~ oil ~tatrrT~~s ste:!1!ll'Elds 'pf~ood il1lto s C"iial1l1:~1 tnsi~e the ~~~k;,wl~h []1'l·<lClllJu.sml~I'IJ at one en d H':eI~V<!i't'ie-5~l'Ie '<Im~unt0ff}(!1!;; nU~ il.~ it Ist41moo t 11~~ pI:!Dfo,.~eloW), .~£C~5S' l!'I'~1li~liU~l1~eJ~tnut to ~ at e1U1er tl"l~ 'beoJd£tl!l{'1il Cit tll,~btjrly 'en d of t ITan~~, !3:cn'1e! truss ri:ls, iOkHi::l1 lIS Llw' ~ne 'we lJ~ed rn <'Jur ~lJlwr,.1121V:~ '~110 oll:nillty '[0 fi!5X Lha !1-e~k ri.!lrW'~til as well ~:5 b~~l~;Wi;ml illf~\,"'lng

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fUI'1N~m~ ile:'x BS .w~1I

by

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:at ~tlh~!r~n~,wltll

~o1h lJl~es ,of tl:LiIS.ll I1QCli iI'l rt4 IT1ijf1~filc;tl:J.red In 'O! n!UnllJ~r aI' 'dorrt1JthJM&. @lrn~~!now~m a 'Inr!)~es11~nmw EAiilnncl ill thitt s I'ltl,dt,@ . ~Odd cJl61.Cile'for th1"¥Sf!
"'4V h~~ Int~J'l~

L£l e)ll\!1e '0 Ll111'1 1'1(tcl<' f~l' ~5,€' w IlhSir11~11 11i1f1ds, On~

fur cer

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v:arltltlarw In ~ne mack.wo~~, B.;!tkbPl\v'!>~ri! r~r~1 Mwav~li. II'! w, prapelciy b.unt ne[1oiJTfTarileOv'9~~()I1~ Wt:"Jod,

'~p:~'IiIf~~L;J!i.f, fad

u~ b~ 1]~e ~ a.rtl FII ~m~~!Th'~Fi<tl ,~thjJf! . ~~ilIIIllN)'5, n 'e..tt~d "'l.hclia!'1l1ief' (~ W-S~l~ Iengttl of m~~alll'1to l..J '.....___... w~icl~theo 'lr~l,s~:1 ocl1~ p l.at~dr tn H~u o:r~I"I~r\JR rnq 111 d ~J.I ~l~' a rOd' 5;y&l;~m...,i;lilj 511r.:,\..Ij,1{n .5~eral ~ppn~rw eJm~r t1~~m'1!IJlII1[l~~ mad~ Of earson fl~er p~(jfvl.cllilg ~db1ttt(jnal5tlmMS's 'to·tl,'C ne(:lk. .

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11\

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m~~;;'j'"~~~;S a~ l!l~ReI'L~fll/l:!. , lij~llih\'ll£Ig:h~! q.dl ITta~ e.a~I'IY' mOl:de[~tfiler tl:l~n b~lu:ght. ~ bf.l §f it! ~llfti9r.etlJj t11 ~nd rJf il !Sta:hl1tl&1i <S't~.,:[ 'ro d incl[Jlilt ~ i5/harp e i:1t!!>FId in H1iE ITfII[ilGJ SU!1l ~ml at ~I'~ :apprr(l,pr:1,Slt~ l~lIlS~h tRig 6C) , M~'llItlflIl'll'H~ ~od wlU~ ~ ·torc:;~ hi help:FL1Ttt) mi!l,J~y t1l:~ pend A ~Ii& In t!lI!lIm~tef r~tI, l~11len:iClsi rof:llrt'ltJI'i fL'!Jt g;~,mi3r~aJm:l>'<l II~ ln ro~ 15.$offl!;l:ffll1f1li .~et1 few ~~'S.li:es, e~p~tI8l1Iy Ltltl5e with m[jP~ I"~ ~ St~l n~s ~r B s:a;j lie I e~lfitl' grea~e:rtlcm'1 3;'4 11'1,n0 IaI . r(Jd m<\!~ be' Cov,lErelil ~!lIWJ't."sl:nrrf~~~Ie: plBl~fll t!J'tllf'll;'P11 wii'!,~~e~ I t'l I'll ~ 5;[}!;" llll~!.i' lCl l'Iell1l P~Elj!'e-~ !i! riilUje t~'i1t :If:lnl1l;!~~ Tl~ hE! W'P 'i'IiSi, If the U'!;J'~!ir~i:i1Is !J!l~e:rntUe Qlt n C! 1
i

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ot! on tfI ontrl b,l.!h! ~u blly 'La I'll e " an@ 0' th!! InWUrnef!t.1't11;!;; tljpe m 1~1.i6~rod IS 9tl"I1!t!wh8lt mQ~ dlf'rIGIlJH rJ In5tUiIl!e:ope.clally wh{m usir~g;ll urv,ed'l:!oUom chianflell, ;:lll~ ~Inrn!l,t 11'11:I~O.s5rbJe ihJ re~iljte if i~ l'lteak~, Tru5l> rods Hl~t U51a,[j bex.i1cad i"Ill'~ r-e;qwTi3' lar~ i1rn(2:S5 6! rea, Wl1"- h 'tNo<1ken 111 iUl~t}]'c~H.t:stutk. Icrll1t If p'l (,fJ ~ncm. A 'il01U~' Cit U~el1al:k or iI'Ie nur will pl'UVh:f~som~ ~llOuralnti1 ag<lfl'l:sl

,,"~k,

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Ch;O$eI1 lc7y lJ.m,J£e1'1d,er 811 -a w ''fI to ~i01P[lj'i PfO(JI:l!c:tI~. 111 l'Iec~mS 111'l{.! jl)Qrkrn ,if[ L11e Jj r::Jtl'll $I r,uJ ts' 11e.k{ tl'l~r-e bV b;, 1ts (u.sually sq~\lsIT Tn:!i IiIllhW!til ned<.,to be witched reF r ·pl;jt~rnarit Dr ~~~el"lf1II1en Iab1L~1l I'IQql\s prmvl~e ~I 9911lil . ~""l'IectrOJ1lr milldtl Wen, W fl1 less Inh, , ren I lex tl1iU1 sorn ~t·n~wj"j'es;III'IS lei ·)!\Iev 'r. th~ r~qiJIlre!;l rt;'ltlvitl~lllulkY tl\W1 IhPlt '~M 'IJ~ r!Uf~I("Wt [Cji ~eSid1 ai'tllblMd. TI1ey ar&?t ~tit!'i.11l:5l to maIl. and tt'!"qmnl,l;!r'id "d' for a fir t ett mpt ii£l necK b-wHdlrlg, .
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lnsn umcrus desr'rH~e.d tn '-11]5, l:I{ld~ ~I]' d(1u~I!;l·rQd lX~e.s Which ar-e' III ,e1'l:!iiest fer Ul~' ~eg,lnl"lll1g lJurtdB' '~i;JIn tiill,I,'Th y e~ ru'So remOVB!t!l . ,l 5 loll"!' r [lS" U'le J:l k. Is d } JW1Ii!J t!':l ~ II ~w
U'ij~ a nd tl1~~' re: mit "l'oeil III ~r';n:;~, a 11'1~he u nil !(ely I.NIl!i'U of bn;ulrn 1!:Ii' !t,rrl!'l~"cl ,t11 rea.ds,. lJau'''1: -r ;g ll"lJ~$ rl.'lrt",t'1lin ·,ert a gr ~fJ~ deal ,of iql'c 1n th~ ,tJ1eslrB~, dlr~rCI'l d'lrl!2;M"a [j It 'I: fare to anwuR er a'warj:! tl'ta,t t~ey. not • ~nrad. III ~l:('lr~me fillSe!>thes:e VIJ,ss r~~ can crad~ the Pildt5" oJ!l cli;.s, or c~us.~ ill fin glirtiQ~ rd t~. ,}r.lp' tjfF. A vl)tute ar'ld i'I pnJl"i e'I'ty gl ued ling rbGa~d\~rlil 11.eJp pi veljll fhi~

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u,~ ei1Ur~ 1 I1g,th o 'LI (!'tn5t1l'Ul'l1ent. pas 1MB UiH .I.ISh tile bQ(:!),! ~11i1tis Ill"'~ ~f !iellla11lte ~I (es:(fa'llll?~l!l1e~ call d W.ing5) ,g~ufd Ol'!ti;l .Gl'm .r Jiltle.. This r:le~lgt1 provides: th~ most UlUeJ fle!:;k/I:)g~y atlii~11m nt, lilnce 130111!;irldge iillid r Umard <Ire ,ontf:1l€l sa me pi E;lC, gf ll'li'~od,Jhe. h ee,' !31:l 11 hr.'l ca ~\I'~d I:tHll ~ most p'aya~!e snap 0' th thr~e types Slli(;e [hellE! f'S no joln'l to weaken 1))1[effiuv:irrg ~r.:lO rmreh w otl. IFlbW~Vl@l,a tI'f;lri1il1ge~ tll~l:lk hi ~'rmOSl Impo~.siIJJ!2f . rep~~~~,; tin!: 'jj ~ en ~ can do is.-sal..\' 1:1Ult!! bml~r sJd l! usc b~lrr,WI111 {heil re

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iJ;lnllOl be.1lxed wit!1 a slngle rod, Md'ltiCH1all~. wilen Mtlng ,Ull ~h~ AI2f. , !i118iU:l-~' rrrrw~ reli~ tn~ ,l, 'l.IC ~~11 bll! liJI3 I!JWN"Uln~ to rnT'l1pe1'~!H' :W'rctlleir r~at, r r f;l1iI u, trmv~me nl, 01~i.id\(i1Int",g'e~·are thtit mC'rl~wtla-ct nfLls-t be remrww from If'ISI'd til rf ck; ret11l1 lng, 51f1'n~., ~nr;f sp Ii111Sl bE! mad. Tc:l1'lfte ~VC! adJ~Li1'i~I't rIU I3,
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alFG'th~ df;l~I£J1:!i th iiilt w,~p:r~Jer. Ne~-'Ilhrollgtl body in ba'.iliil}5 than 1., gultal's. but it Is <lI nl'lEl~ho're fa, ei'1:h~r 119,s'lnJI"I1!'ll"1l Wl'iM h·lI~lr~'g<I 1'1.0compromise ilI'IilW[}.SlCirI '~on@il'li!iir pl1ayah"tlit)!. Tl1e JcrlFlCI)1 {o nd arvin£! illvul'Ved Ii\rm~appeal to "\tii~rl(m d i;!l't:!G!tlwnrlic U, an f:I W~~Ue i1 isn"l ~. 'I'll m~,re d.lfFk:.ul.t HltUl U~at On 'l'.l1E~ oLher Lll!slgn~, 1111 h~ ~ liI~or of It. IBol on II ' ~ "r an p.xte'll~nt tllrlft:eror a ~1r.:S_IF1~lrumell1' il1td I'!ijve b~n u !il en

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[h~ bQd,y (fig 1.[;1), S~:parOl~~.ili\idwl.lr~~f:Qr :s~l:Tng each a~~tIi~db[') (11,ev~r"tkilll pal1:'of '~I:le..p:llilte wtL~ s.crews, wlllc:n ~HI;lW the sn(ldl[t~1tt) ~e atljIJ5tecf'to d1i11lf'1.~D t~~~~tI1 tl1~ ql Ui ~ri!1"Sn~l1tlY, for rTO''P~J'I.otl)l''Itlt!jjl''L Strl_aml.s"I'Lf!~ iiltD'li.Il'I dl tl1 L:! !lCfi!a~V:SIo!et'p fl~e saf!'dk'S 'f(QAl rrimi~ng, "['he 5'l:i1l'Jg<s ~r~ h'!~:U1!jJrdu<J~IW a~JQ~l~1 ' t~f III fSl,~tWftl1 h'Li'[J .!lm:a,lI1lCrtW5Ih e1Jth;:.. (1~1i1i..srtl'f1~ ar~ ~:lMI:i'1;Pd ~itl'll~r~llr~ugh ho~e$'! . I!'I m eo'V:J;'Ftical be!1d ~f the ~ rl~~12 p'~ilile (11~5~ m~GI'~IS'1 gE!'nernlr~1 ~f by p~~1~1~~f~)1rou,g~ h'61~]n ll1li'! tlptlQ!11. Qr, th.~ br,ld~ to~UletJjj[Qk rdIFLh~b~d. WherE! tl1~1 ~it! ~'Old ,by feJ;ruleili (FiS 11~" irld~S ,~f U,l:s t,y,P.@, ~spe~t~tU¥, 'limi~ WI~1151rif<1~ I iJ'1:1$~It1:g ttlrlbl}jgn~l'b~Ird~y'/are I!:Ql'i'!i;i;iHH!I1'1:r ~~ b 11! QmCi!'ll~, L~~ ~~t'~~'1dlng ,,,,rH::I,g~,.:ror!l~!.:lt:tilr gultar-s iiI!1d b~e~. Fe;nA~T'51¥1 brl d§~G, l.it5uilUy ~~iJe iflstrlng e sl')~~llJg.;khat ts 01]1 th~ wrd~ aillll Pi 'the '1Ih§U iJ:t IV$:! h, b:eI?-'Lt~1'IU~fillo:l;i!t'SI"a'Slrlngs T~e hi idg~ W~,~11Pse rlJr our gUUar bas a 2;~A in ~f.lcin~, mJildn~ If (rm:1pdUbl~ wlU~ a WnJm ~l.In~,eQJ,f pll"kUpr matlet!i
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g·~ff~fent we.fgl1'~ l'lnCl d~1 !;I1S !Si~ 1]~1;'1 ~ hal eq~mrerel'!~ sorn t ~ ~1J:arnd~rl~tlt:S'cilrl~ mall,l;Ie r;'hQSe~lliJ ~nn~n~ or flt'1fil"t!,ili'L'f' huJl'Um€t1t tOlr!1e. A~::i('J,"el~~:trl(: 1nstrutn§!t'1~ ~ma''!lIiJ'~ lii-ld'filie.E tbat jlUQW ![he 'k~:n51'G!lor Ulll! ijr1!1gs to ~ e CllB!Fi;§Ii!!oiw,n IIe , , pJayil'1g,rat~~1lg:ilH~d l'O~\!Il!'rng·~hE"tr ,,1td'h These ~iI"Q 'kllCr ..m :as: tr..Qmol 'br1dg~. a1thr1~lgh ~ru~tefI~'n~m~ for \iVl1~I U1e)/ 'IlI,Q. 0 lflu~tL!8!tj.I:JI~plfttl) ~ VlbJ'itlttL I3fH:rgt"ll' ·oorlilTs 'fype aft' ,oT~n mlll~ WtJBln::Wrly~;:J~, a:fbelr nlli 19!Jer ~lq;Uf,mtd(I~~toI!JJe ' DrId~ lCl, t<a.~~ i:m ~ 'OWL;lr pli~dl (Fr~fl~. 1M de¥.lh'1J. of anll LIZI.st ml!'~;m l
lh~t> It

~fr,lIIr5 IJlrfl'iit[l' brtd!ges {hal' sj'l: ~b.Ql.IlIe th~ surfj~1il9t ,t11ebod,ll; U:S6!'!,my on tWO ji)GS~ ~n~w~EI int~, tl1@' 'b,ody. G!~J:;Jh~ TUf:ll\!~·~,UCI$ LITe mlii5't l-rlrrm~OI'l f"8Imple (pi:g 1.2, "l~)< ~ I..Isci!li a s:hJII' '~;lII:Jp~(l1C'e mtJ:i,.inted Just -.~]~lL'la 11161 ,:~e to I,l~td Ifj~l~nSI(l!ni.f Ule: Sl.ri~s, Eli:l~ 1fIi:'l~ ~piH'Ule irQf ",21(':111 $,tfII1~, ~!'!~lrl,'id~liJn~ 'i1IdjU$~I\l!e"rr;fr l!'1tl)r:J!~l1dn, $v -fa, iielgh'l Ii; "I:~j u~,~~~d,t:lylu r ~h~ millJrltJng, S(r.t..:W~ on ~IHleT en.d [l' tl'trabr[dge. nH~ Si!d m!',~Mb:i'l l'!1'tll\lllllW'aII~' ~l~l.gh~·,i]dJl.l~tt.!bl'·.:Jut '!1;!UJ:erilr~~'I' fa-a li)!ed It In I1'iClli.li~ ! TMse 'bll~~eliop IBLGe ,lle-s:litJlg~ J'tlgh e~ ab q,V~ Ull~ b~~y~t.hg!'1 Artile:OHop

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cel,J,plfng :U1~"slrln!~ 'to liI1~hl'i{Jy, atld mu~~ pro\l;H,le ill. 5rllltl Iml'll'!~et~Qn wji;illlii' a1.llc piel'ldl ml'1ltl1e filSf;~ efl~nr,hnF~n~ Ul€l ~rlll g t n [!Q~ anri! aIIQwl!ig, '~he'rI,~Iil!t~~ry;g (4;Sl:a~~ illty. j~rklg,\!ll f.il:~i ItL~GtWo gil!a'!~rat[~'Le6rot'1.f£s: '~'J.Qi!ii'j, f~I' ut;t1ton fiat" SiI.lt'fab;:(:J ,~odie.~ ilIfi]d lhd5'e thai (ttln b~ m~n",n;~E!J, LlJ!"!.' Gin iI'rcll'gt:l-'l<Op f~~1rnm'klil,l. Fla-t,to~1'r'~~e-~'il~E1;I~tBme:.rJ.~·~te:rl1e t i'Il~dlo1~~ d ~I ~fi1!~d by Lea feJl'idf.ll!'fllli r f, 1:5ard~ tI~a~~r !"Tl2le~ilS'~ ", '~tratbl:'a~;rert and 1"1'- c~~il!1l~ ~nd J';rQ ..IcIJ3isSes~1'1'e)r' ~\le S:illllpl~ 1 cOl1slru,('I:IQn; .iJ naL~I,a~ ~~6~~~r;llfJ l!i a~y 'W 11~11 I, t11li! u,i: ~g,f;! ,npPQl'lll~ !:hill tlet~ bent verUf:al Ly. at ~Lit y~iIi'l' ~ l'! ttve~11~
I

20

bi>l ~l1de, (~e) ~~lJlitfll'1bF.grceTht,erilIrlgle b'~lwlt!ef'! JiecI!!;SJ1!IU hody ~!1' f)l:Ii!d::t!:BtJdy 'AI"Il;l'le. I"i.O~. ru l'ld-O-Mijtif Wnr,r.5iimn~t br1uBlliil 'LiS,daIly l'Jolve E!,~l aV~Mn &~rinp ~'RiJ c[ng 21JiJi:J ill

'~r

mc:l;Y ~~ ItiIIlrl tlWi'1g om ~he ·tgi!1ij, rM'1:! til I h-soumUI1§ 1i1S'LfYITHmL A t~ul'illtFliki Ii r~ghtw~lg~ ti an~ t]elf,l3, brl ng ~ut [he m nlaKII11~m '~il~ .p'f tbe WQ@~, 'i'lltl,o~~ll T1~@y 6idd a ~rrgt1t I ping Qrl~,t:)W"Jh M'ill:'ly mmp,_IilIt11€SQf:I\!r MC~g-e$ oJ i1l~l!i!~d rrlcl~eri,ii!lls ~s~eel1::i Else..wtt!l, brass ~Oiclll:ll'i2'Ii, rDr~$ta!'f\~I~l tJt !1n:ar'nar;k~;s~dd~11l Still; r~r ]~m~tf,yTl'Ig ilI.X!~ij'lgI!Jr~l,cfg~'S. tlnt! ~~pliTEI lype ef 1h ~ Hn~F iii tit!;) graphlfe S:trtl'lg ~lJgr ~ijMleSI r rtlf{"6f~~ '!)~i Ih~ G~6)ph-Tl?c~~ COmpi]:ICI~~ !l~lI ar:emadfi: af ill I'~w'" n :frltU6M c:~m'~tlSI11~e'J'to rlJI[:llrni:e $~t'rlf1g'i;!I'~;;~kil_ge~<Inlll have ~ 'rflvqr~ t~M! Ue~t" ~ n lfu}r'!.~ a nd !).I,JS~~I!1 e \'!!~!I'I"o~t Jti,dl'ng Wei,~tlt tp' H1~.bril:!ge,

p,fi~~e'~l~~ e~~I:a.m:~!IIl,a6 ~.il1r~ml nd CO 1'1, Imprl1,l\!e' ~r1"d a S.O ~t 'l[1(! l<ixP!;11'18E'! ~f :some. C);r Ul ~ ~1:l!.1.!nd ~f tlii~ h1~t~'ilJl. WPf.)j!J, Br;;jss- tlrl~""'Q.si(lf1:lI'~vy, i;H:l~
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bridge an1:l t fll1plltCe' lFitg H"I~. ~tJIIlJ¥ pas~ :~"rCll.J:i:111 rl~le5 Trf
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1

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dd'QIW the CliJ111rlit t:.I~ ·th ' er'e ,tronles. C:Qm,panm~nt~'11~ Itso)lel' to make ~I:lJl tI\1e::y eFl~Qmpa55 QII th intt:!fn I tom pon 'fIts, Ilfdfl1l!:i'l'.t, r tl ,I~;tU~!;" a('tw',e I '(lJn1I~~fimelTt 5,~l'nrl11l r than tIl ~'I'i;QV4l1r t~Ij:U~'I"1I1venbJally 1 ' nclos' th ,oomparlrn~li~ The dJ\I-.;u ~e15 ,Q,na 1'~rliiEltna'! :511 rQllncls the wmpaffi'n IfIil ~vU¥. III 1I1~' Ie,QgG I.:;Jt.:lsS thaT1 \tlltl \!i'lde( make <lemtT1fl;l'oGia,ll 1'1 for rour 5;r:nal! 5Cre~\I'5 t111t hold the o:lmpm lmll!nl '0'1} r 11'\p'1~ce by VVldl2nijlil,~ U, • letl!f~ ~I the Slfl~Wpmt!.;ITlEm~ B~ !>Ul'e,,~h~$e ~'Olll't ifi1'ESr.fe~e wltl1l'11t~lliill. comp~i "n. M~Ke ,ill p.al1~wl11 tl1~ (o.\I'~l" -!'Cjr u~iTIgU'ilclr'ligpQ~ and tI'il1'l.~1er to tl1 bl;tck;. DoLll~Je

ch..-oa. ilIlt ilHgl'lmtiM't5:,

Dlill1101 ~ filr tl'i' fj~t:ims 9t ~(I, !rompoli 'n:~ (Fig 23~. Orlrllhes{l hell's Wmpletely 'r!1rougl, tln~ l1a~ytil help P''', the! ro.mpij rtrnl2J"tfcrru" Elntl m nl:lor tll" de tnf Il'l~E[';JrTlp~!tl1')ent .;;IS,YEiIU J':ol1l lL
RaUI!:!l than 11avll'lg f,O mal-le ~W(;lt m~lat~ for the: li!l~ttrvn ICl oompaj'Lm'~j1 L [on. fnl' th e"1;TI \flty, Of'! e' tm 'tl'1e H)rnpUI;lrl1(!fll cover). car 'rully 'for MalotI I'lj:e jjJ:vl~ywhl1

In • raUI~rll"a~·jJiga mlH~fI

nM~ a !iep':IItrte·il'I'I1~]a'te fnr '120 11 step. PlOi.H Hle ~OI:np'Q:ttm 11l ~I'J a cI 'l.1l\h fua t I{larvas !/15 1ft to Yot Ir1 a6 S\.'IUI n U, nQ'1 Si am fl!d full' 111 e. era;Lr!l[1lcs,
l

(O~erwiD m~t, lr ~'olJam cnervoll,s, ,

Qrtl'te le~~, on whi'~llI ll12 lp rOLJ'L rr~etiaM,

til wood
"

Milk B rniUonlte tlJnnplOlte (,as you '1I1t11or UtE' n (k prJc.ket ani.! p cli.up C41vllll2s) tor row,rlng ll>l ' f:eG~~" f f llie elll'.ct'ful'lii!,:~ ctlrJirartltTl:!:l1t C.QcVtlf ~~~e p'trt1~m, p 30~ Tills ~mpl'Elt ll'i rfLl lillll'l making, a l'ece~s- wlll'll~&il' ed~s jlnd wm ~JSQ.,~e. used In Irn t n~ I hl2 dLit!fne of t\1~ mVli"F its~fl (j}riefUU~ put ute' template tl"l pfRte wt~J'dQuti!e-sld~q Cafp!1!t tap.e iilt'id f·rJlU t trli! r..uve.r ledge to Ul tle~HllJiat m~t'f.I'I~s.1;he_ tll~(k:n ss of lh rover mat 'Jill !flg tA)~~~ph~1ogFaflh6 foi" f1_f1J511ed gle.tmn'lC!ici,JJl1parl:rnenfFlg 29, ~f,iJ,

29

ChoQ$~ tu def~'b' pliJ(ln1! UW l'rl:t:l~e until. U:l~l"Uiltk..1s r1"loun{ed iJ!l ~hebo~y ih 'Of,~e tQ h}sOre J::!r~,pef illloJ'lfiH"IlL The MdR~ ).5 i1l-"mt~ ~'1 lh~ cent rlirl' f ttl 'b~}I, £lH~l'It cl WLU1 lI1e~e;. tillts~d:~' i rig 5ij~~ te ~ u li:lr5~,j]'I1tfrGm th J w ,'rlterllr1~ lFlg,;t:l'). thi1l~ 'the Illm.l of ~h.eseale leng~l (!5 /:. In tll ~71dWil pOl n t. i~ l~(a{ed ex;ad~ ~,t 'II::!€! 51:'01:. ElM. 111 brldg!i! wl!'~lie tJ."le sadtll '5 W' atlJu5'Tecf"'1o U~~ir'flJll,~t "X~ ns.l~mtoward '~I'I 1:1, tk, "nl]S will allow t.M ' l!I~n8hge !;illBl dj' 5.tm~fiL rTnb::ln- {]~r:l, [111 ll'l~ IU[ct~ ate ~
(I.

'~u rna

~rreJtn:t-m e tu.r~J, H 'G<:!

to

Ill~d~(Ji1b

~'JJ1~ITlle IJrrl.1ge t
TllQl,mhildlo U1e

tompartm2nl CiM!r'ht~rn

body, p'lace UT~ 111 P'PWjJl'li1Iil.e bit 11'1tClIll'" drill

~(!n U ~oweYrll~ VUl btt Inlo U'l.l! 1101e, Lll'IlQ 'Lnt' kil'~ has j u~t

d W f:m,?iljii- til e surfta,(~ ~Fig-2Sh ll!:ep!j!j'J'~ thr5 I?r@liJ~d lUfl r~r ~II s l:)l 11al~1i, L7~1g very C'~rl;1',fu~ n~Uo r.I~It' ~I'i r"l[atl!1l1~ off n ~ tl1~ $kJ9,!O 't he b[ljlJg~ hQle-s, R:ercllo:v.e tl~~br!dit'1 ~f1~ Qf _ 5Q~'JJl'I~ie: ttH~ 11t;lles{, arilli!'l;g them furr'i/ tJtl1O'lJI~h 1.11 l'ld~ (F!~, ;a~,QrilI5:1,r;I(Wly, de-a!rlr:1Gd'1l~S' ~Uen to kJ1!ep (!1!i,1 ,~ltF:r!Cm. ' wa !~d~i'i I~g,
$rt Qn lh(l iY.lck -ot fl:m Md.~1 LlrrH til' -' ,if!): '71~In f11?1~ '!iqr tl{~ s:trll'l!J:'fQrrU[l>S (For ~l!r g.uT~~!. cHI'Iel'S ~t:iiJl!Jit ~iQI~); D~n~ ~uSlt deEp (;1rnal!g'Jlfor 'i~1~r~rm~ t~~~ !I;I't II~!i:tl to thlil ;~~ DQ(Jy. E.a~lH~rfWI~:5~\:lUltJ".e' 9¥!1teru~ ~x~~tJy (JfI Its '~trrI1:g· h~lElr~r '~~:Y !i~r1~gln!}. When ~Qmpl~t~df ~h~f~n'iI,II~5 lU>E!l'y sit, c:jl1lst l~g~t~~:r I[Flg 3,] l'~nd ~T1y [nill c~l1f:t;"des hltheti!' p'IQGerni.lI'l'~ i1lr;e ~ uitc _~l'IpolreJ1lt, Ij- yQU iii re!l' ~ lQ~J! 1:y:l0l1Mdertt 1(

th.~m

W'rn

th~~e h~lejl.

1M~'OlJr dtlll~m~gst,e¢1I1lrCJ[!Jfi!; }':~1I"

miiiy

l'if:1ii'1k'~ a tr;!.fl1~a'le for

1 P'1-1I kATE cl~ 1'1'1 P <I str~ f i:gl'ltedge to t~~~ r11r, ,~!~tiiililt(l-, tj "" 1~w lrtd1%IS'~ ir"ne',sMl~ crY Wi:!"ei~U(K tMU1 'tJW 1<k rn L'ilri!J:~It In III" to ~e ~ Jife~re._ lIst!'1Igtlou b~e",!jl~~;~id rpil!tf ~:p~. rnGliJ!1J ~ U'ill btJd.~ p1i3Jt~ wi~1'I s.~H:Wli'ts N!'0fl~'1'~e~~ ci-to {~El' slr~ 1~Il~dg~ sEVe,rFiL~ [n1>il1es ~);!'~r:F1'iJ1f1'~Ile ~f1u tli!, An!:l;r~ Ul~ brldg~ pl;all!\lS~ ttiTilItltt ~irnng'1'i?I'es, al'~ ~~mllell[l 'tlw Gldge oJ tlUl sl:rar~~leage (Fig 3~), CI1Qrue it ~mnU '18-~~,.:Dt' ma~on~t~\'Jlltli~'l I!;!asl qnf:;~tnll~~h~ .1i~E! FQr fh~ ~!¥.P:J~at! 1m f/ ~~ril.l~tldQ qf the nliiI'~9nlle s agalfi,~ the ~[;ra,lghtl£d~(;!1]11 li':I:e d~11Pr'l~~1Thpll1.,g clear p·I~i'iti~ .dr;(dtei~;St"i£1~~LG! 'ie ~h!!l m~son~ SQ ~h~t It rif.t~s a:bQ1iIe' Ihl:1 furid:ge:. Ali~ Uhl£ plMtli; l11dlCliklr ten tl~e nrsi~ 6trlll~ l'lLllle In tl1'~I:!rldgeo pla'tl11 t:1~mp ~wJ'fI if!5.0111le[n phulEl, ~ng,~rng surE] lJ':tat U ~ >SllU.·'Iy Pl'e~r;,~ ~ ll'1:~'\\'l1;Eltt1;t:i tetlgl:..1'll'1d drill 1:1 hol.Q in m:lam p ll1~ 1'I'I~Oi1Ue-, move n alel[l~ t~jE -s,tr~lgllt Qg~ ~Inlll lflci lriiljUil'~r . il1Tg~s~1ilm l-h~ m~.~ If! 11'1t I'l'~.'~rf,[fgE' p\1.:!~.~,ret:r~!'!'1~, tli ~ fflJron lili!, ll~'!(ld'r1n ~f1!?t1e:<.1,~lO GIi:II1 lin ue unlit aU ~~N hQl~~ I,.., BI'{' ,I 111 led. .-... " ...

n. ~

hlillris. .I':lei!" th~ body Qn~g ~'l~,d U I:Jre~s ri l.ahl~wltl1 tr,~ IiIIt G~r1ter!jdlifll1:1ef,lr~~ htlI~ Gt;;!nlly tllirnillg the r;lr1lTmlll:;k hfJrt;~l,rfHd '~'I'illtl wJp tl1 i ~r1 HTe btldy ' Jlr~d5£l1¥wlthdul cLI~magl ng ~,~ miil~nlh1, Clamp tI:'leI:!f,)~yto tne tal;ili4 'R!lid'l;~J:; illLgnm~h~ i1fli!J d rtn U1(l 11ale' (,r!C ]~1"Repeat'fQir,~n~H;!'Mre:s, b!'lli~ l~~e dllIl pr~'>tI~~ll·!ittJpto lf~ep '~,[;J(11 11!Jre Ilt lIll!' op,tJm", rn ~ IiilPU~ ror ~ri!W :S~tlj:J;i!,'l1lrg. r

flillllJ FLL~hec~ ~let,edl~m [Jr~.l~ tfl!l1 lJ1iI k Of tl]'~ g6lita r r tmd'y \IJtLh dell..!bl~~afld tap~j (fl:n'l:~r~'_[fv~r tl'l:Ji! ~Lx.~1r:1i:\~

to

dncli! IJ mfl:rriJll'! lici I{!S ~ tE'

~lfll1W R611 e Uw strlrig hlJ.I~ wh i!!Tl1 t:h~:1 Il:i~l tl1~r~If,", I'la 1101 es 1.P.i1!'1>{1;(I. snn 1'IJI :file. Th~ Will ~nmre ~U~ p.s,6~11,~ of tf'Je Itrlhg, 'rt$l-fijt tl'l~ Fe-rrUrt!S (Fig 3-,4l.

'om "'l~l '

31

~fttip~

35 .OOle.rrrtitJ1nglrru .h~J

'"

91.1~:tHe ~t!,]'lrh~~r.g~ld.en\l) ~s.d~wn tiS!;: ino mark ~11ii'! [IPFlrn~rli'!1ti;' dapth ~~r:ll f~nu'~ ~1,Qre,S~ the ~h"!a~(;J~ oil ~h~d rll'l p]\'e.s~ a COOTQ ~l1gI1,(Flg.,=m. ~ rU~retld1 ff!<rTLJ e 110le u"d:th"", ~ 11'1?~r~lrll~rbit. to the pr~~!erkeiJ~n.In~d del'th,s {I'lg U J .gg). 'With a ~~ 1111111, jjrll~,'llI,'lCIl~ fQf ~'1Ch F!~k 1i~rqW In th~ E{l:mer {~f :ar:f., fa~(u1~ ~ l'1ibh~j~hr~l.Igl' il,o U1 e. I1Cilckl PQt:'k~· (Ftlll ~Dl Relul N tfli~ (;l,:!l!naH C".hilfll'l~l~"0rtli]l,"!tr:!:I~S fod n~JustY'rHtllt f1 U!± ~~g",4.ll I:r 1I0U Wlst1. lf1~ Iflli!ly' ~~~:rd@rJQ lat~t. OlCJce thL3 'netk: "fs, reotdy tn b~·fittef"l ~oU'jg bf:ld:~.

~OI~ll ar~a ifQ~

111U1'f'I

loomrgrt"i1Il1~

'1JIayablllrl'y (.i=f~-!:I.9).FI11;;11 ~HtlU5lmerl~ mi:ly..be mai:fEl


IiJ)TCiil tl1e Inll'ttll!ment 1.5 '@s~emblF;;d 1~1l'~ tesl::~trun~

~H~:Fore nrili~h~il g;

32

OnTJ!ourMJ$lnl tim b_o(r,y fur he !l1~l::irl(' ;.vltlng;:.1n a hClI~ into I.l~~ 'troflli[S ro.mjJart~etlt for U'le ou:tptllt Jil~l{.(2, S) 'I,!~ from t11 ar tfomes ~!ijmp(ldml?r.llt tli'l'lo'the p,Ir:WI',ea\i'I'tI,e~, ilntll4) one' frClintthd m~tl1 dl • tll'l!Jg;. .to Ih I2I~ClfClf1hx ml11p1Srfl'11F'FlIJr;lr Ii.I fjlmuml WII£.

11J '

13 U lPIoIj r,~ hole p:a.Sses strtl ~li n U,rou~l~ the bmj~' Oirthe IDW r MU UtITI, tM O),\1j;J;,rtJm:k bple I

J~

11tilt (or CIne thai slIJt!i lCOv'r). ~ f tner bit 1$ best iGT this' 10 I~ sUI. l1ilro:ful mi'il to c1ilij ~I' dg ~of the. li'lole.'S Be 51nrn til 1e(.tftI~'U~et~ k mount (_Qve.r Jlas''V'€!1Y, li~Lle O'.'[)!"I,.p,

~lcI Qftlill wilU, ral "k

On" lIle 11~~f~on!'Ie.c:Elng .er i;,\i,t'Q11k~ fl1 ttimpar~m~nl jiH'I~1 Ih i1~ k pickup fitvlly wllil f3 12..111 tong; lfo'ill blt (<f)g $1 i11e br{ p~!i lilrgtJg.n ttl a~ltpll;lt t!~ tl,tile 'to ke(!p 1f pal'il1l1to lilt' lOp Cl tn' body, The 11t.1IeS\ltJurd il'lletss the n(ot¥. plt'~lJIp aJ.\1tty In tl1~ .to.mE, 1-S~$t tn'the le~I"~lllcfl I rnp~rll11!"'l'lt. lmllte tills palr:H '~fI thE! lll'aCk of Itl,,,, bo;iy 1lll'1dl Llraw a /In_t::IJtJe dfOUJ1E\ It, .

i,

GInIlw badt. of

r~1 body I.!~ev, ~hE OU'\llYtJac;k hotcoi h1fftIC tWoIlniil~l'.lpre- !MUn·' qlU~ltle ~»f4.'li, AUQlli a- 5tm(gllledge between on sit! Dr the 'h in irl:rd and tlrile output 1011 I1mlh k

ru.

IiII'ICI dril:\\i a .U:n.~, epeil'l on tne oU:' side Qf til Y,1 In dl' re,. R Tm~lie 1WQ 1l1'i1' j r'epr@& ,tit U~ PiiI th q;;f 111 l~!ti 111i.!'i 1QJJIll Is drlrrrad 3111!1'Fmli1 the top 01 the DliI(ly to Inte'l S-.(!lt~ tlJ~ bOttom 1 pi '~he l1'.eek pitH'Upl ,cavllli. uurlboo:y 15 I '!lot. in Ihkl( .:md lhli! 110It! 1$ ~/l til irQt.J1 ~ t1.1 c:1\ nr the hl:ruun 1 ~l1'l Plot fl. ilJ~111L n til the I!I ~Wt'.ll1iI~ c(lltl,pi:l11Jl1~nt ~v,0l11 t)!ltwe(}1'1 tl'lt! two drawn 1'ii11125, 1111Mfr 'm th,e 0 '~k.Draw Cl'OssMits %, <ill ll'1IS phrnt OIfld pre.pufu:I'1 ~t ,uSing an f'lwl.
!

33

1¥1a.K'e a ci rlU g,i,lit:l~ n:i~ ~ a~t~ jack: 11'iJ~ teo k~ I GrJl'!lroJ U1 wi l.hij: IOriH hl.t b'Y t::a'lC~1n~,U"l,e~~ole~jHl 1.l'~C'k. tapG' ~~rn~t~T S:h!ljjl~tI rim tap~ W~"IU' w~nr a f1~ ~l.lt~lr:ll!il a '/iJ, II'! hC'll~ 7,& in (I Qn'I [ the I;)ack~I!'lg 51). . ~
,.

liDla. ~ee~Re~~illIY t"lTil'f,1::i I tl"'£II111"lg Hi . hcha i'F ,tlw ~ml1aJr~rnel'lt ~alt Is ~t m~ij!' ~h1!ln;;;I!SlIglita1'lgl,~ tell'tne trnj.f}fb(lry ;Q'F I~h~ !:II'I U tJ 1'1:.J,u~t after ~h,~ I:m bre~ ~~l~ ~I!dir:rll!(":,e. m~'M,k 'tl'l~·[O~s~l~s- tf the b1t 11f1& ~eE2'r1(!jr.!Mecteti air (!~!'II~r, oompen~a la w~th Uilf.1SJi! '~'~ d:!3f1es:ilIQ~~ til e h;j.;p~d L ~,~
~~U:l r~PUfL(f'kd p

I~~rt ~he ~rUI liiii. thrGl!lJ~11 119ileI,!'!u'!~ t-~tJ~ an'tJismN ~I [n tfl~

bl!ll:pt!t

j,a:e.k hCille:,

{FJ~ Si!.~, 0'1'111IClW!~ m1t! s fjleOlr~(l-°I;i'I'l ~h::r1rpS fr~quer;l'UY 5![l tI~e' tlrlll b:U wIll roMm·ou( ,~t ~l',e rlght p':I'il!~ [Jrl1t arulfIH;! g~.111'!,",dll'1~ l'\ol~ 'from u,~ b~ii;l:se FkkliP 'dvlt~ te, UTee+~tro'rl~~ ctilflpartmton'L. 1J!li~ tl1e 1'2 1m IDfill! !:ill, 'rn1jint\\l!:n:ill~ i:iS: Il;jw ~n ar:l£l~ n~ p~~IQle wft'i-10lJt fiifutlng ~te CJ ~PQ~'lt~ag~ :Of th~pJ~ktl:[i! rJv~w e (f!g ~~~, 'Thl~_ t1~11! s ~ !lIbouW l!.:tn ICmg:. Orin st\..iWly ~.5 tilL;! drill brn(!1\s In,w H1tl i£fl:~~1f0I1ic.::~ GompiilirbTl~J1t l;p l'IJi!lirlll~ '11~flpln!¥
,

tjh eit'r'l~!1ie~,.,JrU6 H'lG ~ICikup ~irltV

OrH':~ 'thR 11Gljif~ .b'G!glJf!,

fu rn hJ:l.eb nay

D'IlIU

[[I

:5'l':!~WI:i~n lt1e

____

~ ...... -

__

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~~

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-...,

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------'

jj ~r'I!lal~ Hl(! f.wl~ga intI] thft ~lt'dronl.!e; ~ornflll:qr-lrnli!l'llr l.l.-11:S flrrre LI'Binf!, 1]1, 111ri ~o~ ~ In tilt Tile' f;! tl~~ f:s hJ~te>t1I I:!fitulleen Iilfl Sttln~ lml'Es and '~~1 rr"I~.~IN1t1 e-b(ije e1 tl:Jt tll'l,d~ to~r~~ Ul~ E!ler:ITifJ1.1d ttimlil,e rtm'~ ni~ a 1 1I2Pt), _~ll'lca nQI'e '[t> ~t ~J'n~fname ghj!:I~I~h,~r~sa daillef !!:If trw '/i111 ~ ~~h ,lpp1FlJrrJ,~rer i!l~ rBlC~ w11 iii ~U~m~tlrr!!J ttl! :s.lart M~I~,·IJ~ a vert!ili][ W In pi ~Q~ IraMleI/~ ~eep 10 Il~1[) I'l re~ ef1i~ U11~.' In lile
JilI5~ ~"fQl Is d'mle61 ofl a~ ~

IJ*

o~~

n1~

1'I~~d!lito.r.1iIj'~slgn. ihl1t ovl:l:riill1 ned-!; I.~rilgth is D~w~:ltn ].6 r [I j "Tmd ~J h~, L~BI"V(;! an.ex:ha '~ Ir! for. ~ wGirklllji; mrng!n fQr,[l lL)":tCltl'S~ocdd'lmtitl'i oY3:2ln, A 41n miill'ijiri ftt~I,)IQ beleIt,iJt u~ i§ody "el)l~ r1f the ne(!h i'lliil nk to I,~III' ~ IJ tfPorl 'liN rQul{!r B wl1Em ~vMtU8iny rtDu'tlnl:l t11e trUs~ rC:1i11it[Jt: Grl U1~ne'lt "bran ~ [q I,L:!.. . ie wi r:lUJ-of tl1~ rnetk I:Jllmlt $I,aulcl ,~,u:::~mrnd e wId th of tl,1QhSiad~tlcflo d~ign. NC!~ 'iJn ee r:~~iiim:5!l'!ifiI'I!;"!il1JUTE: w~!Od j rl its r!!:ltlll;tl·~awFo1'stilt!'!,

Draw anaCluJ~"'sl:lle$lde ul~w ~I'lel tgp "rj'iJW Q_tHw neGk ~fI pa-pIilT or lPoolerl:uran:1 to use as ''leml;HE!~.Th'@ l"!I'8dlt fllJanlt 5l'lo!J~~ tm \fC: i!lfll1.a~ t11:U:(i:.f1~1!i5 O1f1 tll'llb)~~ ~ M i IIG n!1[ Ute

U1r;1ii!nl!'!~)s iiprell.sed 111 ~Iol<lrlliJrlfi IllIf all [l'IIt1:i. leo % In''l ~,a 11/'J In. lill t~, [lid] 'tW:!mln~ 'll~jdt:r,q~~~ :rllS ~~ I "ll~liIJ 1.iI~\J:iilll I,es!t, Fr:ilT1 In Lll ~cknE!.~S,yqu Tay l1il!\I(.~ 1,0 I:fMi~21 % r~ ~ Wre£~',

34

"~Ile lh~ fll),mJ ttr CI.] ]n U~Ir:J~,n~~ mak Il'1g :&UJ~ ~1'l'2 1tn gil~lloa.rd ~t~t:! ~!; p~rfe!~1y fI,~t ]lfIi~ltl'l!ll'~~S~ liflil.e " ~f tim tlli'i nIt PliI!:l! lh€ n~ P~lTfl CF! ~e 11ock bl'~ ~ 110~lJile l'Ie(li ~r~l!;lgn F~la~es='to U'l,~lIfa fh t mn IIglJft1l1It1I'1

[lr~ !I [I cCl'lferHtle Ull lh,a M~CK PI,'t:H1KRi'!f~ n~1l!Q toe ja.~!lted ~di!~ ~ I (11f bOil tc1L1'!1~will ~(;JJpIrl ~Il t(!1rlll'1g thQ 'f1i~e:k : ~r,[lFe,llw ;;uttlVLrlll ijQ: iiilE ill ~Id E!' I~ I Q'uthmJ:l, 1!he ,Glits! 11'I1:e:r~QJ

tllC!'tMsmd.

The
kI~ln~I'h~neck l~mp bl:Jard ItsEIf lFl~ 1).

Neck
.tQ nUt

ta wJ;J'Qd:

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ii lij1.tl~stl1!]

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plaC;:!1lme.FltQif i:lU 5~*'lb!ners ilInd tJ'rl'll l"I'D~1r fH}1~ ijp, 11 drUJwl'1'Ss,. Nnt~ Any ml~~'IIKI1It:n:ml oHf:neSJill MOf@.'5W~ll ,~,~ ow, If .Y9ut,r~ fl()~ cornF~~abtl!frl1ehal'lldl " u~~ ttlQ1cfL";l1IOwll1' ~ro~~UN.Jrsw 'a Qt.l{l ,p~, IEl!J~o lh~ '~~'fe,~U I n~' th~ LUI,m p:lS't$ Jll:lit oulSl:fI(;! -tH~ i;uJu<.l1 (:)1.I'~rlrl,1il Ul lt~lilds~Q£;k< df Tlil~ wiQ <iLl. as a &.tq~de drlHfMg t~r ~l.il'l~r 1'il G!!, 01"1 1~~ 1 d 1 UI pr~s~, Cut a!QI'l:Mu:IISl line (FfM' 1 ~1t~I~ e!1 mlil'k~ ~n)j 1l~~~[Ity adJ u!O'lm!;l"!u with .. 'ijl~ S'eI !1~IJ1II! 'Qlwtk' to m~~e 'ilJH~ l~ I~ ~amlml t-olhe ~lJn~r f.lD'l.e ,g :;:W), L

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'~(!trefl~f"rom tl:!l(i I'li'lud, (P1g'Za!,


2;;; ,Leveilrtg fretS p~a~b\' 'rlIriiiffl ~g :Llll~r troij$i4f1g tEl~f! 111111' l~Ji..r'p.p, flJ;!sldlJelllln. ~a~11 $li!;1,e@f ili!V\l;l~ rr~t IllianClw~ct~fil'Tg taT' ~ 1.5.Il ~lpf!jl 'r,@~ l.!1J p~~ fl:~. H,[!t1 mus~ be r~-H:)f1a:1i111J ~ wi'1'e~£' th~· h~lYgl._~)e~rl~lt~ 'i'lail tr-!~!:'2I). U~E!a~tllac;:l~H~' (~nll!!.rl':!ltlg~IQ ~:l:l;r:iUf.lbJ e"frGlm gull~~ S'!.I"'~ty ce nter;i~ ~Flg 3O~, r tl'1 ~t"mal@l:e'$C~If\J:~bJf"jlof ~tlQ~!imfl¥~S)[J l~m@nd"grl'~llll1fh tl1QU~1. ~e~S~l,!'le.i 'are liJest. 'Fil~ j~$l Iilntl'ltI1~ fillt .~i'e~ by lef~ U~!I.l'lleV:el1~ f1]a al5,[11pp~ar.~.~er"~Ul1gwm llJy.re.~~111i:'f~l'::lll1
. ~t1WUOlltUi tile QHl61~.

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The ~I~cls of·ead! frl2l.8n~ fUr~'1~l drEM® with ,t,I smn'1~ §,fJ rR:1111~ !rl.JtK ~ d r.a~\(11lg ft1~M-£i(,! IiIe W~~~1tI1l1 C:O"lI1e~ !'if! UJH:J iii iJt ~e!'l~i1\!~all

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stlarp edges. Slitle"lj.'t1l.1rh 'lid alnl'l~

dge5 .ct'the ne 'I-\. to, fihltn~i sl'larp end:~ 'tii:ke Clil.r'~ntlt~o d'B1rt'1il~ the flFlgerb®al'd. Bl:Iffll.'ihfr ts V11ltli I L!~t ,Iilndll'lg with 6l'l1J grit s!lndpBpQ·f aln~ iilfll'1all'lltlH'fn~ willi fine ~el wooL

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Small 11'lay·rtHutlli~l--wf-pearI d:otS'alun~ 't.1'I ·sltjf' ~f tfm


fln8elbiiljn~ i'iI i1~ re:fe:ri3f'1ros: to 1'I.elp tl1~ ~I .. yl!'t fl:t\tl tII1S~j: ,d.rld r;:hmd pooUtons, Thulr p!i:,n::erl'\~.IiI!I~ lroe Id~ntl CiiltD the Illla.r~on ft1efuce of I.I!" 1!1g);tbo~Fd.

spedfioo

Plnd th .!l!XUtt ca1~ '!.,l'i rtitii;lllY"Hld l1arlt',ontalll( 11et'w'een U'!i! fr(?5, M~'ke'l:I 5I1g,tlllnd~f\t tlCl) Wifl1 U~~ <iMJl o t 11CIp j'I~l-!ol'1 tne Urnl bl~·al'1d k.e~p It frol11.WtlliUerj:ftg. R !1'.I~p~r fHa" llh~ d(n~bre~ohiHh~ 12111 net ts ala

duul"Jlt:!tI OFI ~h iii I iJ'e,


Otllllhi1 hOles wid, th~ ppropri!iQTIe~9·1t'i2 tirlll btt A br d 1J"ll1't !:Ifill llit wIll C!l!nl r mOl'1t ea-sJ1y,on tl':ie nlEk.. mm.1il1 J")1IL11.~~~r (f ~1, t':lJu\l dQ~ 111 p,.r;a:~ usIng a,cYifnr;riJcryl.e or wl,lte. gill ,l.et ~Ir;yinto "lillll1d sn:ujolJlc vvUl,fJne 5ii1rfdr-titIler IRs 3.1t
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II any Ill~jor aCilJ1.I51rnenlisn CI!'SS WI It is best te find oUI th~ as~m_bl~ nage i1IcflQ [flfrel;t it r tiler 'lh'iiI!() liiI.flel!' wl1el'l 1l4ju~t 'enitsmat C ITIJjlI;:IU,Il1d drtflaliltles, B~;in to I'U tI" ~ rumpm'H1nts r~ge~I1~'i.

at

plnn.!'jtl i'1et.k<1fl.'~ lfae 11~ pockel and tecll!i:k JlI:,$ fJn~tl~nl' to ih~ bod}' l!:el'l\:irlrl'u~. H~'IClJl'lg njEc,JI!firml)l, pusl iI %~lP'lLdliIl bit tf1Fgl.lgl"i 1'1, 'n~ Ito srr w l)oleoS 11' thO' 110r.lY unO (wi.:.:! oy h'l'Iul to m'ake sh~rtQW Fli10t hi:Jles, .Int ) tl FI.r:k,
!!l

Rt!mqV" ll,e 11tl!dt frem the bptly iilnd \11.11111 drill prruiS: . scirrg B '~lln bit (Fill:': 1Ii rflil pel! ~,cI, piFot hJlle!-o ~/dlnl(tl'~ dt;!i 'It, I \i;'11Ich'til lie~ alld flng~lnaall'tl JIEi In), U: ~1~ Ueptl1' hl[]uge..ol'l lh drtli prG&s to'k-ll!plrUIll drllll!'1g !QtlI' far,
N' Ih~ "rrlll(lS for tJ,e iL9tK Siaews !n~ thEl bo.~y . Ill;! ~11I 11e $CffiWS inti 11"1el1'1. -'5orne te~...,s:wl.ll nQ~d shmle.niFlG sim:e' the b;;rcft f .~h,e'flec~ p(!l-'k~t was ean1(!'Y. 1\If!q~:ureve!'y,srr ~ 'Ifefull ~nS ,cut them to ~ I~ligth jlls ~tLlil1'1 t!1lh r.l 1<{11tli'lgel btl I'd J Q lilt I IS 2/ 3), TIl€! St'l'Ilws~I:HJla Siup.Sli'Itll'I' raf 'L1,,!."full d ,pltl of: pll:lDl 1101E!1i to t1vll)rd CUl[Klqg Iai"[· fil!lgl~rboOlrd>

45

,P~ll111e tLi!l1l~~ m~.tI~~l1ilil'l'l$ irnhJ.lhelr 110ltes :am:! ~!Ii1CUr~t~~lfI -ro r I[~~ w~st;]>BWS. Pill ~ IT:le N8ih't~" rn i'! . M!l!3 ~flg9l.
ID.yh1ljl"u:iHl~h'telOllr!:g i~t're n uts" ~l~ rk and pn;!·d'rHl ,tI'n~ Tl0I'(;!,lj !let saeQoi Iti~~·ll1lC"e El.n~ruIIly p

Nuts

m~ b~ Ini'I(J(! r(~ml be'n~(lradnloni'lll~, bras5, p'lci~tIG ~.r .. l1urn'!t)eY of :sp~i::lalt.ymat~rr;;1l!l'~F1gfi.i} .. ya~~ ~~ 1ram ~ Ita r flI

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~lIi,m-,'luning

Gm,'Y~tI1~ n~~mlfllt~rlal t~ fit the ~llOtj ,t1r~ln~ the hlP to mitih:ll U"l~!jjI ~J~recr.::rf ttl!'! 'f1n,~e~Doad, ~V~ r i'lI lwlghf ~ 1Ji(J r;rl:!t 'A~IIFI e t !11. ~lbGve. ttl,G h~!glrt o'f the rrrst frnt.

~n!l:

l'l:!:st~n ~:IJ t:l.va outsttlhi! '5'm~ ~5:' arul L1~e'l1'tem to pMbl l~e a ~05i1l1'E:lT1's"t'lf Ii!' oOt.sld e 'l'Iul1:;'1alE, n~El;ft!.n~ .!!~fe~~l~H C!' ~h U, ~~tJ'UJil!tar~ ,t1t U'fe. 'Q:esit8ci[.H~~an~ tFi!J<ri'l ti1l.t! ~If'!:dsOF ~~1ef:reK FU~ tll~ :!!ilot5 w Ittl 1111 1.1 Prl;lrtl;t'~l~:t~nut~11 "'5, Jl,I~ ~le~p ~ ~f16~j,~ to h~lfI'1I1e !itrrV'lgli In J~~;ij~. [tI'rEifliJlly m~R!!.>~rethe ~@_S!~liJlFilS r the .• !11alnl!,~ nd~.lM, ~ ' ~ Fo~rer~~rl'l'l~~tI1C1'l . pli1u:::M~~ LJ ~ tlY betw 1~f1 a,r 't!?,<:lr ~I'I te[i I~es, ~v,[llle,?ln~;rs:.alf(1:r:I them wh 11 I!Q1.1l.fili .lJpa(e.'; 1:li~t:Wl1!er~Firig~, r~t!!ltlt:lg 1'1'1 1;it'J~S5 lr~ll~ t~~t jro~~af;e'd, ~ ~ S:1I~I";Uy wll~er tban Ilwl tre~l~ strings.: ,M>iilJk tl1~l1:l by '~t~t<:111Mg nn~ P'11 Ui~ !'Iiu:l ~1rl)er sld~ 01 (l;"-~h!itri"r~wiH1 a ~ s!li<ilrp hobilY 1'\:11!fe. FUe ~~1~n!maTI'IlICI~f5I'LI,t!i.; reSaql~t; <U1i~

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46
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t:U@11i .8 In 1l;'f1!gth or wi re i!11 d strip M''Lr: in of ~ u,~ij\~ipnoff nS onq ~nQ~ 1'['~d,tl1~ ull5MI ~pE~ ~nd 4nto. jU~~ 1'\(il,1 e bet;l{rat]1 U1<:l. I~rldg,e"m'd pull H ti'!i'rou~J'i 0'1.1:I:i~ ~h~~~ro!'ik8 mmpadl'l1~llJ1 ' HI1tll1ast ~"he 5I.ri~ ~d ~r.tlCf'l TS j:!1:otrut!lMiili fff.lfn tII,,~ ~~Ill! t ~ IIT@ I)rlag!il O?lg 11 t :!jl:li~W U12 I!jl"ld~e itel tile j:JCI~y.(I~J'I'lplr:l~ t11~ "t~~pp.t:id wl'~ tQt~~~ b r.Idy. li~ Is Wh~ c@nrnE.::t5 Uie b't':!dgl1
1i!'1 lil,e grou.mj'l.

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1"21,

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jra,,~~11i1l lh~ ,~lil!{"LrF) 1'1~~. ~Qrn,~rkmerit.co ,er qn ~Jil~~t }If j:l1<l:5ti[ ~:r wed,l (Fr~ 1.3,1. ~O~~~'Cul ti9'e 51,,,pe on ttulba nd S'il'lW'!:l.~d [frlTt 'If') 'fIL ~vlttl ;',uandl MIS b lod<..

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wll~ be loc[_lib~d (FI!!l,14)1. W.~!~tllle {j[lver rn placc;' .. drUi th,t."!. f)d'-eW l'lol~ U1'~Olhgh tl1.~cffiler 'U1e1 Initi U1,E!' ]:,1(]Lly. tQuMferSir1~ If.'le ll~I.e.s l'1 l;I~eiQv~r;, ~nd w'd~~ ,If n ~~IJI'V, 'Jij $li'icwn '(F~g

~meld u,~ 1:1,01'1.; t,:!fth~ t v,e-r wltl1 ~_afP~rs~:fie~dlFl!£tap III a nd ~~oIjl;l'ln I plii,e6, I;\!i .shawn iFlg 115).

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47

A,j,t('r Cia ra,TuJ fl11kih1 h"il!:iJ 'kile. a ~ 5eat Upo Clf th~ !;U I ta~'r;:em he ,~afl~. 9lnng Instrunlent ( J~ 17}omilr'lst.all U. stlcrng lFe~lfl "I:S ~strlngtr ')'QI~ Ih~ Ilea-dsiock (Ftg 18),

nil

FU,e Ul a

n LJlt ~Jot~ th al r tin I'll d,~'I'U' [Ftg 19}.IT :VOl.! ill,!:! to

nu'l:, I~n,..e the 'StrTngs IIllle 11Lgl'l t a tile- nut 1:l~C'iilLIse'fllsse' wear ~iJl~ly' 'Frfm 1'1 Jld-I ~t- Dj; Ule l'1la Llm1T'lf1e !ltrl11.!;s" ~rtqlJl5t ~brlV lh,~ top of th nut l~bout ill'le:.thlrd tl~' clltlt'l'1~l'r of' ~ strlns).

us I1'1, t a l.Gw·Ftldtol1

Finishln, 1,$ larg~ly a rna or of per$Qna.1 r;l'ef~r~nQ'UJJ1,d("an IJ !JS SIt"n pi e; Of, !f eJat1 ora:te!:l'll youwilih, :~velY Iii'l61n;llm~rll kef 11.~S tl1el wn FaVCilllit~ sh ng R'ln!)){jUt;'i!O ijlllld 'fill prO(f:tl'ures dm"rIi!IQ!;l~d lhr~\..Igh TlBWi!'iiilrd'1 atld Xp~~iQl~~. ril~ltlQhijlly, lu.thil;lFEI spend, . s much tlm~'on til 'fin I lung .~'lgru CJ Ul:e h1,strtlrnent EI~ Ol~ II cWq] IDall:l'I"1!'l., Naiw iiU s'lways. ~,bc 11'11.511 t1 . termlne' U1e flM Ieq~(g ty til'l the will II I"S{nlmel'l~,

$eall'~..r mel O,I! il:lr~ dj2sigl'u'.!d •• to seal I:II'H1p~cte t ilP !.opOO!;lt i1J:telil I f1T1IS;h~ ti'!ltl L 'J:I~L~e mOI'<t r.)lr~fut;(IOfi iilfil d a lustrous ~OQIt. Fmi~l'(es1Ii1l-appli\;'1;l lhrougt1 bru Illng, p;;(tldlng. or ·pl'.rylllg deFMdll'lg r:I til pr,Q~titt ,ur,;e'lilif'!Q 'tlr-: fi1M~5heH ti!!iQtifti an CI l.{_l(perl~i1ce,

t-o

j]i1!r.I t'iii~ tnte the w~n~ iHid Ii rd~ tl,~ W@od. l €q,uei'j Vilr"1511.~.li, al,r:I \(1011

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w.oOOj fijj1l~g p~res with aruln mr~r frJr ,a p~(feC1Iysl110t1~I1! slJrfare,. '~eallh~ the. wor.ltl ~g inst DiJ~is LLr • aml·Zi]?pwrru~ lQprnats:. Miik,·r~ \'~J)' tl,(S pro. ' ~ FQI':;p"lgialflni$1ifl1g el'fe.ds.

lion,

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Dapel1111l1l1g; Gl!'1 tllEo OlJJ.!;:cme cge5lr~, Ill· ppl1(atlo.l1 '"If d~ff\!runt p ra\;rLl~t~ I"ld Hl . !i(.l'~lll~m~e tl'l~fftrrl nts m [y '<I ry. elf W have tfH~(I' I· 'I;~e a 5'~f!il:lgl'1iUjll\!\la.rd ~II!: 10_ h t,y ern Plo~d~, rea idll~' av .. !l'f)~It', ~"cl$Y1~H;aS~li'rodl~~ Q! r1~ ~ mfnlmlzil'lg 'If'1@. num er ~f t p :lnVOI\~d, Of TUrtl1(lr DI=!llcn 5~ FII1Isi1ll'1gf)~fl 1:;, p

n.

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48

Sandln_JJ

:!SIJIJfa~~s mili'de up IOf til tJ~ rl1~L~,y(j~~s, will rat! :at dlHertlii!n~ mlies.S~Jt~r Wt)btls- ~Eunrl'1!~eCl1~ ilQlrifjt!!r WO~· tt\Htlf~ tI i\5'1"1 oUl:'AvbJ~ Ulis by Wili i1~ ~'1 t:lITlJ?;b~t!!l$, ~e! nE!r~pef WI'EJ Il1pecJ ,;fI'~ulfiJ t~r ..(fl'ieflhi fa f' n~l:fl5et',~r:affln!"f'l;r'ils~~ h~aloi'es'fCW{lr ac.r''iI'~~l\1eii,
~l1it"j.. WQ~d 5'Bmlljj,~,

:m

Iil100k, S~ml thfi:

ImltumLlf'i'l~V1'~1 ~JII'~n~paper to 1.2,{) mmove all' lCru~ '5~ !!:JIct~§I, 1<~filJUr:Bii!Verl S'IJ i'f~J:~> an ~ smoal~ t:1l e !5:ur~re.,of '~~l~ WQi5{:l~Jn;d .. g:a~n \'Li'~lt1ilO gril £:Em (jpi! pU!~h) r1Jirthe~Jimo{ltl'! 'tJ:m sw mface. Sand 'fh~ end

g,a1['!, 1:'iaur rl n~1<S run teiT wIJf:!Fi' 1J1~W@eh1]s


~mde~ 0 f;!l"ar'iCi p~pefffor a t;ldlt Itln~! trelJ l rn en ~llId·'~i::lo!.I,L!:tl .!~ 1:19~ilnll~lr~gl1!r~. if L n~r~s:ury, tJ(:!gi 9 ti'fg te b ~ pn]lJliI,tla (Fig 4~- l1~e 'fln~t 1M

sarto heald~t'rmK (Fig .5},


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lEt II dry" ,',If! ~ r-es~I!'HilIf!tll !i'rr,:~~:th A"ltt"l~I,IJ;hWhl~, I1lK~' mcue" wOr:k,. It m i!eru~II!I! ~av~'5il:n~~llg~inw In
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.'itiilln~d, Ttl(l $"~II fJ r i1lld Vil rill ~11usen I~ru r iFi cur ~[Qt:~~5 will q.aerl;irl th~ lnherenl mlor uf the w~oo ~m(f glvp th ~ woOd i] l'I.alU~ 11uOK,

49

,~g~r~lst oi'iit~lm and In.l.~e m ro~l$ ut~·"I;S~T~ Itl,klE! m 0 r~ ~freC1h{~I~:_~tCj ~H;r, .§ar1(jln~~fi'algf!_'lllE!ll~c..· Q~' R'II.a~ mOS'l'rnmBr:lQl1l~ t[!ie~for s~l[rJig W00ii! ~Flij5).,8ta [!'IS may bf't 5lj:spel1,tlad J t'I ~~~ rrrl~ ~pal:s I rna ~ ;,surli: tt!'£lf ;[i1e Iql~ij(:l~cL!;i!f(;!' (wn~'I;l~1 Ie). ~
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~I.I ~s~t'!~~1'! t

Our g'IJH;;[rls 5e~icd wHh sl'wUtl(:. IHs OJ pWdtlet of r1atru~(l, S'tld<5 l-o most f11ly:th~l1g, J'Ias:ro:tbt~f'f~1~ S'u~'lllftOlaiIFig ~rop~r-&Je~" ,gnd !iiIties- t.r.l,!!jt (l.rrd han:L

PW'~;JTiI,S~s,helhlU:: i:M U(;jl!lIe:nlf n;:rlt~· o~m a ntl [11H1iit w I~1 t


d~I'lar!l!:r~
ilkt:ll'l~T, 51:.1.*.''F'~i;iI:lb~ a,fiIUl:1lJ1 tI1f,ti.l!Jgl'llmrlilJ~~II1g,;r

sptay~ti g,.or P~~n~l"l·l:!(JII,!lJi ..We ill "pll ~!1g


s.11en\;!~r[>tiu( ~rJ !;:OJi1~I.5:tflin'll

ft. J]!),

(!(J ~

WpS11cn:at of

thl n n ~d',

Sul:l~e\1 u~n~ C:,Q~tk rn",y a1:!;~' ~ sn~ffRIj! till fH1~d ~il~ifC£'1 ~ aJliJ:!I:r",aU~I1.,APJii~Y: :;ll~.Ir.61e ~VtMllv !~nd qul(I{'ly wllJi as few t[;(llw~ ali p ~sl~'Ie ~Flg7). Lf;lt dJ·y E! nd' $a I'U~;8IUOOThI~1 Wi1'~1 41J~ !il rU s't!t1@P'~ R'Ir,

r~r

GraJn

fille_[

~iI rtn.gagl'l'ls ami ~pp(gti:lf~, not mil' ,the P~& Ibl1f oren" fila gri1ll~100 ~~fQgid5, lU~;..5p{lcl"l~ijil1 i]Jler compcru,rJOs l~ ptnlJuce aM rl! t;)50fu t~ill' $m~]CithWOod, ,~rfa(@" PC") .of WeiLI~~ WEn ~'s r~j rQ~. WQO~i n:!ijll oga ny, !lmd' 1'1 sJ~~et1l!f,W~r!yf,lt::ed FIIiIIrt~, Non I',lpfQl;iIS ;woods 6w:Cll .1115" n'l8j] I~, t'li cI~r, 1111 ~J:,my d[) not, d S'll[l1e ]:)fiiI rl:d~ ~f 'Ir;:lil~ rilllad' lla\'1e- !ii~'~ r:a,~a ~'FI'l~'Ii! F1!~trn t5 Ii .e'lr -aqjly mlxemlf:r1 ff':leftlE1llCl m~r 'be ,illilpned In Jll.c!u·'blY ~ S~lHiI1g' co~t ilIl1d !;rOl~I',!'tlJlow thL:l. mil'f1u!ro.t~ure~'sijlr-ettloni'l). MO~(;I ~M8m orp~ [r-e'<llrfl.'tH rTllay l1t! fl ~ Bfa r~. $",1 !'Idiil"We hil~1: ~:ea 1>e.Q [11 WOm!J l:rerQ~el1a Fit! Wi Lh a (fl1iJJ' nf ~11'BH<J .!$~ I n f III ng ~moeoljs mb re'~Jn~T~mly. '
~f

Work U1.eg~JT'I 'fllier '!O\(UH Jnm H'1e w~L1d li!0l~ and let dry and wer:rJtill this I1i r~~ ~f !1CJde'ss-ary" Ap'plV a !Hn.a I 'Setil II!I'IS fJ ~t ID1 s tle~la, to fI.,!U~~,
ii;I\I'PFIl[!l!ihL £a nd tJ~e ~vIiQt1

p rcer)QJr-e W~HJttiJror t11~ It:DPrrQat:.,

~O!

nd'

,WiiU,4QI !,'iF1t

S,o[,tlIdpt!I.er to ~~t Feet ~!'rI[:lotlli I'!e.s~

VloU,n Miilklil/s ,us~d~1'1.llasrGd ~revrde iii 11~rd p,rotecU'i.~ flr1~h III~(J D@ta:!JUl'U ~ll~ler, Alth g~~~l still, av:i'll til !:i~~ I [rom Iwtfl11ilir cSLlJip-!y ~mJ'il:Eln~les,t~e~ dr~ 5etaem LJ~€!dfut.lay .b!?~alol~Q,c;rf
'~~"eS, '\I'fl,I'il'i5i~~s ill>'::(iU.fil~~ly. ,hey T

TI'ltl £,r~il!t 18Ul (enh.rl)

'N()Wc eons Id r .!lp'~cliili m~ml t1g~j]1llZi'~I1~ ems

eQh",~ ~I'ill d:lngl'~l.iIllljtl resting..an [J ~or'llh!} Co1'It'[J~~ ~rt':(f1l!lty. I;i~OKs ftJr lh Isl'ml,s{.:ll'ItI;titlg!;i~P~M of /ju.~~axrl'h'lk~lM'g.

(:c:J~tt

':iiIAch a8~onOi

tQ~jfre){tr,e~"'leIM IQng ~!)Ih~g time.

'\No IJS(l ill tliHIl qlJO'illy .s.plrll"based {ommetcli:;11 v:ami~h lQT. OUI to PCEljl ~S, If [.s' (1.;iW to 'w$~~n d r~~d y !~ Pill, ;m lid. p[Q"IfJd ~~ ap

va

DI!.IS'I 'tll' I nstFY merit 'weI-! wi~ll~ t~'kclotf>l Qf·.so:fl crt!,1i t:'I $C! ~ ~ml fiMi:I~ du~1r~er.t'Flvrml1m~n'~ 19a:flpf:v rrM~t:.U'ifi2 to.l:ltQiiI{~,. rn LfJ tm~ i;l¢C:rJ a t~Mdllliotla If IMlI'!;I,'fOr [n.s~r!.Jment~Fo r rna M\lI
r:

~arS"Ql'fl'1ilied!or:lrn:)ml:~~e~elT1~ it. S:p.'fll·I1~:$e!~ l rn VQrt'b1:shes use ~~irlt mll'lr!e.~. mll'n~~1 s-plrlfS, blr Unp~n~lrm fJ~ ba9~. Tictey ~rr[
.gflil1,t'! ~~.lgrl1lI11'!r;J ~ liIlBt!or er -rlJhlrt.l!I'~rmll~ \!(.Im1!5fie§',T];IB~ ~~.m~ Ih ,1'!tI1-§[a55~~-lieml"·~9!iS, clull'I'1Jt1maf~e,; ",rid nut lust-e1'.

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50

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a' 'ffMa'l tmft~ b:e~L

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or M@ fr;ir
to

Poly varnIshes; C~ n ii!'4;['! be !..!~a;d, TIl ~. ar~ .~f;I~ dLJ'r~:hl(l,at'Id wtm "iom@ ri0l ~hl ~;, P ~,IQ~'Uteiil ','
1t.J;:~'l'rlendIYJwBlt~r·f:;~'5~d ~are ll1!Jr:forr;;€Lll,TwaY5
\1• .uI'!ISi11e.S:i'm~ Ei~StJ ~ij.
tq

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e ,~-

man u f<l nll~r.

r~H(iliW ttle'

r;Jlrkt2t!QI15s'U~e~t~ . ,~!¥ tf-m

lJ;se Ii1 hibl1~a'llty I1r'Lt.s~l, ff tll2ttl:leEl up PIJ·t:lp~rl~, ~I sl'lO~d~' 1~5't: for a ImmbQr EI~'S~$Id'rts..[ilIrEin tl10 pmq!~Uf~ lOU wW... ~ tQ ~prry t'l~~,topCO'al~ a1'1J~ J1:d'!.\f Y'Qu' \~.III h~ullpll'l~ Innru.'!'l~~11l'I;I~ fIDt dr~ li1.g. ~ep~I'Idrt1Jn t'l'te brlll i1t1 'I]f ViI:rnJSI, ¥tllj lrS~1tl1~'fi ~l C:i;!a~or o ILw@ may be ~n~~tl'Y U11ri1patl wltl1' ml~er:(:1T sp'irhs, E~ 1'1 ' S'U(~SS1V~ coat 5ho'-J~C1, SH.fI.htly f'll~.·n;I'er.~~J,er ap rl~ tf1~ ~e 1l1'l.~ll '5,8 U'!It'k t~~Il:t11wl1J £Irlltl L::If ~urtalrlo~~I'~ It h~ rlu:l1~!1C~ to li~U,~ tll~ cI _ ry. Ai~~I,~ LI~ 'L'-i'r rlill.! r COa'l!i. LeI dt'l;! bEl~ween Fe~ D:l~tt, ughUy 5iJn~ Otlt li'II,pE;'rr~ll~n~l'iia:tw·.ell coals.

Atte'[

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ll'la!urt~ce

1lIo'lU'l ~QO :gr:~r.sgf1~lpilperrr:le

carefwl Mot tt:l5~r1:t1 U'rGU~' pl'ltvIQ~'k!i C(lf;1t!l. Sometimlils w~l. 'll1dct11\1 sar'W plill!Je~liS !.I S~d It'! i!:~Ii1iJ~ n,['~I~l1 ~'ilJHl w:~tt~r Clr taU i'l!'i, a rCH'I'Il:a!'lJt ~l'::IrmOre. )~ntrcl (ltllrit1g !\iill'1~Iri.~. Dusl w_ U

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dOHI to 'add IUl5~erariel !:lIBl'll ~ tl'11i' 'ffrl!5h Of mb- ~ pOUs:11l!'ilg i3g~rtl fur .~. t Il'F gloss, Trn ~iti9I'1<1I!~ C;111'j,OS~urn I~ or p q_~~111 i~Of1{i! iii I'Id -mb[1ed wlth QH or water ,iJl5 ~ 1LilllTiCi.!!'1~ § 8uffif:l!S WI,e.alr; wiltt1li!tJll.lil'llng [1Qmp~LJri" ~r~ i!IInQlheJ' I(,')ptlonl.

,U

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e {JIl' t:lesl£r!~

felt 1~O~cl [flS fl~ ~~€c1ii1I:ry jJ119 dlf~~i31tGe~ .. fUmlltiff!i pj~&Flll'gEWb(:)f.!~ds~~ 1'1 ~\.I'ffi' V~ n~11~(j Or

l'i!l(q,LllOred., ,eXl(~Jilt iQr ttl Q ~[e rrl'lg~r'bo<f~$ Ul~r ~1(1T!O;rE' ~h:ElT1dllrkQr

e: ~ Iy

woods-.. Ffmt)W

Lhe rIli·Ej.m..ffl'ltl:ul1l3(s ~1~ctfGf1.sr

!'l'.€i~w.fJ~r1tCJ( 1'$. hilnrNuf;r trw aMy;)


prOti:J:!Ji ag.pm~t hmr'fliilly cJ~aJ'lg{S.

w~x~"

Ffna rl1.\"" {I' ~aSl:E1.01' H(:Ju liC~w~~ ~eanHJ.~U :Wa~ I~ :C~n ~i.' yPRtl,g!d lID g~ve pmfectlOIl a~ ft1sl !;!'l1it:r~mej 11'1 il1iuiT!1i:;1i~jl a!1~ pr~l~ft J;i·xlra ~,rlel'l1 IIi U;ie WOOL:] {F1~ ~l.
1

~g.q~t.

51

NedH:hQlLlgh"bDdy bas~ \Ii'Q(Id p. flS

c)I'plcUi?" ,,'1i.lw

re-quitE$ , , gl~lj[J amount ~lfJiawlll~ tl'nd !1;1IIUI1!lludllll!lHy d't;m~ w I~l El"EiB!CId 'taw a II d Jbln~er"We a ~s.qlise a Illm Ina'l~j]
(1Llr'1S~1 U~UQIi'I

n [I ul'j; ~~l1f.1l !:N~l"Ililge5 Elr'1.d [Jl t.e'pe.5t!ng v1BU~1 a 0tJUOJl5, 1:H.~t

M!.1~'~ prbcecHJrES f!\llf maklll'Ll a tl-ass gUHar ~Flgt, ~ S2~ ~r, 5illlUlilt le lhme us~-dIn Il.ulid'ln~ 1Ie SI -!'ltrrngglJltar ..Th~ pf1m ry, dIn ()fe 00 1TH)~ir example 15ll"ia t Wi hbv~ used th n Ml1ruugtHmtlv (,i~lgn f r th' q $ Tl!itelld Qf 1hlil'hVl)ple<;e !Jdlb,on deslgrJ feidlbm~iii fo!' tile guttar. '"11.5,means that th n ck ext,(;;mds thwl;Jgh the. body ami, in 'Ia"'~ beWf1W5 lh~e . mrat ernpon 'n or tlw body ~~e bov.~ tlr:~Wingi, TI;Q r;etl'lalfl~er er U,e body rs 11'1til'1l IlIUIlI Ol"lt{') the Flet~. ThIs 'Styl'e

oof'ltr afit fjetwe~1'I ad] o'lnlflg I<!Itnl1ha'les ls t! vlsu=al1y de!i,lratl'l~ foc Ma~' a Usl ~ 'thp w pd mea!>lJrem n'~,'fO! lh n uml,~ra ria will lt15 a r lamlhi;lls and tor'Lht:! bedy v\I:ingi .. f1ng~rb01l1rd, anti Ileatlstm:;k r'2l('k~tale (if IJIS~',
He'Stiw. j.t'.Iln~ -<'Ind p:larre tl'le'

ror 'Uu'

t1I;1(K

~o prIDlii:le

Ill~n-e rrgldlly iilJltJ 'orh~l.:ral

cQlnlra I by u:.lng maple 3f1d ;rJrloote [or 1.11' I'll:!l:k. amJI S31')('rt~ la 5Re ies of mal, Clg.an~}1'tI r the fl:'~ll 111 of tl1 E.' hj"dy. r;jer Pre ar IJy,f,:ladlng D sl91 fl!.ldt::tatlQIi <Inti pr~llal'~'~ioll (.~ 1~1al1~ lh ' E[ll' ot'l1u ~TU ~nd WDtl~ d1d 1b:ne ,1191 /l; 'ctrlClll 11'1 Appi\rncliX, Pli cure Ell! the ne~.y Lli Ielet::Lri::Jhic: pa MO othfl't 11'eul:il~tiiFet tl'l~, tim 50 tl'wii'L,YUf de$-Iw; Will a , aC(omrnod'l:1l~ ttle ~~hl-ijl ~bm'P[Jnents )I.Q u 'wtll !.! s~ ~K1.l§ 2],
c

U9Itkl'l~~ of 1!~,Cll[]~ _J{ plBt6 t() ~p ItJraUon. ML1gll·~ut Ul~ oa !:lIeSll.aI'~ 0;, i.;iIl;11ple~~ '(Fig 14, 5'), A" ,vQrlical glfdll1 "m1igurQtlon, of U, tw:q rn pre pl "ce ijU"S tllille
I~ ~

(p

1<' s.t.ai bl! ity,

The

Neck

DraW 1H1a HJ I-Size." p;Q"ttem (ffg iii) ~ !VIflswrPBij(ifl1!r" Clra:wlrigB' ss pa~t~m; pl$l or tin fully t't1eaS\Jre an ~ b_fJiSS iJ nd 111'illte 'lhe mg~lI'fr.l ~IiJ IlS ~'o",W Is", W I.i~e !iiiml""iitfe mmt!'I.II:l~tin''''I' '~n!;! Il~K, ~,
Vii ij'U1 ('):f

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ual

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ii,'

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53

16JIf1tlu (ffy,6,1. Wtu:ln a pfece Ii ttU~egIU,~d t\'ll~ sl~es, on make !ii.l[,~ to hl.liIep ;stur'I:a~e!'i]jI~ri.l~I~l. J"~e€iFlS LhEil 'Il\i:I~1pp~_ar t a ln mirror lmiJ gJ ~~hc~ iilp It: nl~ckFdi;;.'!.;~st~iIJ~ul~'b~1t~~lli1 m tbe s1;lme·\iV~cI'tl!1Uf v:15ual:cc(l!~tlt1wl'~ ~F.111 f t~

'lU'il!t!,all nark compQn nts tQg tI1j!T'(Flg tl), or


lime. O§l.mp, A'iter Ule baslc nedt ~ !!:IpsembJed,
Ill'

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th~ Q ~,to.~ 'thl kncss of] II'!.; mint "01' stlncllh n~doi fa e. w:nilr lit s perf tlY' I, :lie!. aou 11 plall~ 'the hODthtoCk 10 !Is iel:ssgI'18d'angt~ atthls pollfilt tH~··glor !;\'Blt Uintil'.IlHell~ 'S'lQ~fm U'i~ ~s rOd 11'asIj{[,!(! rI ooUlf!cl, Tlw .au Ii !1Ito.gl! 01 wailing I~r'f'n~t $I ~~mrlle:t~llI nro I'I'miIil. S I:wn r flat p,ltilr~itf1, fp r rQLl tJ ~i~ Ii! S'IGiI:~t thf fl ~aQS~1C end ..TI,:;l~ld6 U1 Qf ~Ilan~"t;1twin b~ ell l 'f;I'~~f,i Ule lnj~sr~d ~lot h~s l~~i!!n f rtmf~d, " ,

1'l:J$'q en

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Iltl

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tho

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&<@r left.} ·alih'l~ netk !dmrl'lat~

9 trH((k/JL'!j PUm/tlg
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Il&Ii1S~PSfrJar

5b:l~Y ih~det(J11 ~rnwlng Ql tl1e Mto/h~fldsH5C:Iil'inljtitl us: rQc:I mfijW'lCll0n '~~~AppEmdlx: Ma~l' Dnl'wll1JlllI p ~~I Mark he ~ll;lrnm 'ht 1J9int5 of ellen e~ii!m!ilnt of. the- Ji(luill 'Irns.s roo on Ull~ e ill' 111" nec:k. (fl.g 1 Il, Th rQ,I,J''r i ~1,Ii1J ';;I b~r~ fil 'r~I;)(2: 1!h0ll'~rid~ iiit~iiiinstthe !ild'''' gHl1e nec:k blollk. sa to ' sur Ihf,it 'th1s is sfr. fgl<it @t'ltl p~lll1iul ~Q lh@ n"@rltte!n,terNI"lt!, REioen tf;y roUt tr1e trU.fS rod (j1,atnnt1 f:l~ Ul3kln~ 5C1vecral paSses wlln Llle r-oU'lm, 1n.~re~~l!1~ Cilepl!1 e.ach tLrn ~FJg th~
12~: ~tl ~€ tFJ Ule' iJ'rpCfd ur rerF~;Utlliift:tl:!:! gu 1ta r Iru 5:~ r:o~ L11alWil:'!1 rt:lQSc(I'iJe.til1ll'1 p. :iH'))1 ~e p~~caruedl U1!;, f1~K fl~ til f 11 V~ t~I'I~C)1'1 lJ'"lll,e \W!U~;di'1'h~1'I rl1'-levi:2led 'lhe s~rfiJliJ!! b~rore r~iLltrl'l,g tnJiS rod 1'!1lI111 I. Thl~ I, n$t hece~dY the fOr tllfi5" t;}~;;:o;;. be~i1ujie tl1 vertl i;1l1y"'orl~n~ ,t.l gr 1n fnlh . tl~k Irlminmc-s 40 nut tlll.X wilen tJlii!' nel"k Is imf\!ed,
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.

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nf~1

speofirniton. PlnaJ !lrrangilmeJiI rou .an d lt t'i dsto I"'if' slmWli fliF'lg 13. F'l1!pt1re~ 11BOiIIJstJi'j(k, faJcepLah!fl~m lit If! thTlr1R~bO'li}1 wowd. li'aMfur
U!iS

mIiN'I~rel1lentsc h'l tfl~li)(li~llr'areto d f1rl!.dho i110~di Um'[ illccolflrllsdatl!ls th~"l1d oT the 1"f1J!ij;od an j 'I:he tlC:.55:110fe r F4:Jrl1,~ 11'U9S m" 1l.dj~l!l;ter (FIg, 14), M.1I l1,e -'lny 11I~~:'H:lIfI(;ati1:J.n!l t 1:It!1;I~ssa~"Y U1lJ \!aridUS mml'D n >tnsfll if] ~ther PI'oper-~ se Gille me fac~ I [J t~ to tl'l~ Ileild 5tfi.1o' k 1Ftg 151. . ,
Trim

14 H¢ad!lo'd! lt1cli!(iia1k. flo~hed f1Jf lrlJSP rQ~ f.Jlq -~, (Jmi


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Rem 'mlJer 1O l2Ell!.It WoOEll tor, VOlytll!!. Dr \Ill tf'! l,ellt:l:!it6~k'hfil p@o tiM tile! t1ii!~k '1111.' 11,¥d_s~o~1S. <!Dd (;1;;1~ out tll~ lta:s ~ eutllne nn till! oBnd ~9W (FIg H3j.

Uw billdt IlIf fL~fiI,cl5lQ_i;1tttl '" Ill1!.'kli1{'$\j tq h tWIiI~l~,mle 11a~1 111" (nut I t1('~~IJ~m@l'Ills

i1ft~lnmt1d~te' ' In).

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I~xlra Dn~~Uh r'id~

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Otl, lI1e 11~a[jStot~ t;a rnfully .Iocolte tMe pia \~·m~., rifF~~l1e! t 110Uis. Cl'~m the liIaie 01'1, dr'll[ press. A pl~ &:f \'IfO, ,tI r;JreSSedFlfn1Iy:I~ '~i1eUf'l~ rs(~e CiHhe 11e~d~lnc:k~111 ItItl'1rnl11e ~1'IPP,I1i1as t;I~,edrm tme~m.~r:!llei 1ti). ft-lg
B~gil'l (OJ,l~Uflng 'ttm b (K" []f tlu'! 11 Cjot'WfUl ~ t>Rgk~5hii!ve, ijlSP5, afl(l1111l:!5

(fig. 2al- Th~


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the baslr: silll es.


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nnW tI,;e-

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15

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r~Of ~h£l liee.1fErre ~"h tli~ n Jd m£>el~


TI.iof!' shf:1

~'~Od~) 15 j:,j~terrm1rtel1 by 1h JQlnt betw ~MHl

~iJlsldi!! ptlrtlQ1;l5 h tH~d'Y and lh~ n 'It Tlll~1itBa lovln be' mmEi'Qiiefqily wlil1 ~ tll e ~Clcly
n:Jt1it(lI,m__ 14lIwt/b Lil relTfOV'I! . ~ 'IT! Lim fJl1ilferia1 qs rds~111e ~1 ~/j,~ ur>"CLm~~t'EI ~ru!!~ ~ 22" ;2-gl ~ FIg-

or

Z2 (abov rf!l1T~) ough/n ~ R ('wt 11eel ~1)'il1'irill-sal

2.;f mG.'Wam rfQ'i7t,) 5Nf;lp1r'f!1 heeh11'lftl drum SQ,lq,!i?I'

TI1
I:!

iiiiiiZ::::iijiiiliiiiiillii.1
24 TdmmJng YoUr portion oj
ri wp{eC:lZjan! Ifetmfjle

15' Mt!aJIJ~rl'l$J pit mM;K i'J'I1gfe with flflg~rb(Jrt"d. ond iflrfelgf!.in


pJI),!; •

.,
~
Ihi

3-

.5,40"95

:AdJil!.S1tl1le b rtdye. sadd [~S to ttl e m !~d Ie {ill elr ,Il!:l'tgltl Hlf'lg_ifi ~st ~. leng ~ta1gl1leclge on li'lla l1rldg .!i~ltI~lli'ii1ni!!l holl1l It ~]-)~ve t.1l ~. M~,riclQa~t1 a g. Lhe S'aJ1U;i 111 a'S, ~ 5:1.r1 .fFli ~ :'lSi), el'l" sth~'l'ig"fnedge sh~~ld Ili - al U'll! h-g ,ght at wl~ld'l ill ii:t(ing wD[,JI(,I nprmlilily pest-ijb~V ~fl'd1:~d fln:~eftm~rd. sr~tj''l-'iII''I 111CiI~Wl!"!g tlli:";W,

O'"'t~rll1't1'Uu: i1' 19l'l'l tJ1! arr Is relll iIiI !r~d ~ rid ~~[lI VIr !'in tll1 thO s[de of II", tl eli' ecUoil Qf the n k a5SenltiJy, E5~'bll-l1 th(} ~mq:U·l1t tl1t b.m;ly lied!lai1 pf ttl]' m~"l':'i'l,5. ~ 1' IJ~ trlfT1Ffle~1 iI,hllii;Vg 'lt1~.",one.( Illi.\oI1;/f::mldJ (Jflgl,' ~ee t9 A.~fl itldlx: Mi'I!l't f O-mwing;" p m:; j, ijaml Sil'W tl!:l~ eXi((!~$ w~od{ftl.ro Ll1e ,top and b~ Lk~·0 r t~1~ tt~k ~~t'!i11~ l¥'Wig 2;4). Saniil tnese surfa.e;jj ~I~L 'wll.!, Sar'ldJhg blooc Test fClrpropcnlJl'lgre!;;y fluttl'ng tiP 11.rid,geoarld ttn~erboan:f ir] p,IEU:;e.;

mcdy IUC:l:st pi;d:'clJn d S!!gJllJy l til p'~iJI1'2 Qf the dt to (rWU{E!' lIw'rorrct !ilrh1.~1'1, 4gllt atW1e "rJelge.

or

l~n

rw

7.01142

B,~2:ffa
9.95841

I'
A
[)

IVHl17 1J.51;113

B.183S
1'4,9181 15·. 9 tHl1 17.0000
R~mm't' IIM('ridl to lire dl1nF'ct IIITI!tu ,~tQbfroh wl'!I!d n'l'C.io.ll1ody antne

IU II

r:l
13 14

15 Hj 1'1 III

I); th~ same E!'~ fer U,e .ll1'lil"Wfnij.!!'iul'!lr, ~t;p p 3'. If yd.u p'relelrj ~Ljr(h·a,s~.iiu.loUerj fing rboatiil fr(;)m ~ .~'lJ11~r stlf,Wil' OITipa1lY. W~ ~I.5' rmrewood 10r our l1a55:gUltm fli ~gertloOlrd',

Till: OOI'1Slnh:;tlQIl g(tl'f: bi1$$ 'I1ngE!(bo. fd

Stal' . I -ngtfl fo ~ 5tantlard i;r!"l55 ~ J.4 In. IfIlij fr t 51erb ~ine slJn~me t~ shewn ~t ,Ie'~! nd ifil'liil1V''f1l1g-er."C!')@I'cl (!l'ms.,!?'lg a 2·5). Trim sid BS of !1l1gtll,bQal:i::I c.;ltHit"! kl t11 fll1l1i fa p~r of the rye<:k.Rounci the ho~y ~md ul lhe 'i1n!l.~rl 0 ana cuI i~to 'fl r.a I'w[r::Hi1 h'IJ Uil~ Ill'e@' W["JBre [it fl.v~rl.rrps U'l.e bQGI~1 mlt27), Th~'~M'thI! fill, erboard wllh 'l1'J,~ tll!iSS fad 111 [ pl;are tQ Insun.! proper rirl!Wimen~ El:~c:11"'tk.irrg rl:l~ ,r.,i,J 51.11't~oo: of lI,e f'1~[k t Wltt'H3 ~tra Ilt1t0dgt!'~ il h'd ,retellel wtU~ iii ~"'ln d tll',cck Lr

ru

n~

.1' .

~Sstl~_

fr~l' !m:ntf ~lS./Qr fJ4~'$~rJl~ r'l'r¢h

Miil'R~sun:'! UU! truss f9d ~£ul~itlQf'llrrg flI'Qperly 1;i'efOre lf15t !ling ~ We GO!1 t glll~ it Into tile It (K. Ma](e any iild.'lJ u.s~ rr:i ents S~lry tQ ma KW It ~t. tf 1111 ,11~ II njill is tll:l·I'jog.~r e than i1ec~~~~JcYlilt ~hB body eh~J 'fiI! th §i1P willil !'I s'h]m o til trU5$ iiQd dGlesn't ~nlll" -toward 1'l1ebody.Jl5- n ts; MtnS '~,dJUsted :Iei;li r, ~I:.rt tl~:e-bt.i~ISSmd ]r11f'I~Gt ill1d fHepartl ttl grue thf! '1'iI1ge~bQ~ld,01f1tof'. .

Tristal1

i;Vil,(1

!!ittlaTi ~\J.s11 pirie"! er pili,s 'f~"lfhl~'r1~t'I

non~,,~~

111[0

1J1~ !1('~k(ohe~p5ifcu rC'ttue rl !1ger~Mrd arto ki~ep It frbm ~Jlpp[nJ.dl,li1C1g~I"ie 18!IlJli"Ig i"rotess (fig 2tl,j. .

i\[Ic;h th'il ril1~erbo,drdl (we used a 111U't md'jI..lS).. lfy-gu pur 11'(";lS,~a pi ~a-artJ'lledlJ ngdrnD .. ~rJl. t~t!e.~'u,.!:! 61 d~ ~ m ~ ~ ~ure' the f1if1WU 01l.[(j t perf:ectl.y levigi lolCl,g I !lel1~th, Silnl! ttl a I;JJgll l!.. l'i;$er.~ee p 4-21 43
;3 !,_~51'c;1'm~nc 11ee1 ~mcIr;~

t'l'/ll.
fre.l·wlre for b"aS!i :Ii [5 slightly I1r~h~i'.li1dwti!!1« &fan is .sIX string g/J1lul rret.wJj;~ SiM;'(~Wrl1Jl1d ~as.s';'"5lrll'l~ W~~~ fr·t:!: Fast 11'. Nar~o'W Jr:ets. ptOdUt:c .b[Lltl!'!J' [ntcnatlQI1 ~Rd are 4 g1,)lItiirs Lo determrn@"1I1 ~ . e.l Y91,J pi \ r, Pur N~5e f YlO:lur chOic~.C~ p 4,0 for fr ttl'l1~prJ]! 1>',
prefened
r

lliif~n; tiQdy cUe n me Wll'Y,

to ;hp~

foi:'"

l'Q'r

rilllfl,B 5tl,Jlj~UwLjr~. TW ou~

'!f~rJr:lt# b1ls~
hi

r~

The

8_0 dy
1

Mirr ,i"l wood fl3r blEldy t~ iii lhlCKI'1,RS,i tl) m~(> ~l1'enet:'~(. Tral19,~J'H' tll~ pi'JU~r'f1.tOlllll'i! ; ood, rfoi~e '~~llhl1Indwa,re~p llie.btJdy b~e.nkijn~ deI rmTn"l:! I ml,an~. t!'le pl· k:1.I1;1~ ~nd lh~ ele uen It$ WI1'1 parlm nt ,(Fl,g 31, 3'2~.

n..t ar~as

RClug\i"WI ~he aslh pl!s ar til two WJngs (RW.n). L~g\P CFl fh~ sit;!, (;If t11!;! Wlr1f5!i ;ID alii! In dilltD::I,PJIiE~hem to tl'1lli neCk. Til nat grE'~;; stlo\.HrJ i;!@1 dir~ ~Iyop,po 1te,'~m;Jl oti1er !te Ul~l tile damp~ ilIr.l:l .;l't 'r1gI1i1: ngl~5tt'J~ne J~l.llt ts'-I'J~ ~ dml,\'lngl to pr vent s ipJlaJ!!i 'I;\!1lien&lue(lI~lg 3'~, p 58!.
E!efrjre ~[uli1~ tI,e wff.lg5tQ tJ"I~ bbdYI out 11'nnL'!llq

jlJil1t~d IMe or tf1 ltem!;l 1.Ii!:lwer ' h:l ~ wllflg IFIll .9$) f~) C~II)' ill e \\11 t1;~rlLlm Ifl@T1,ed, plr:k.u p tc tJle eh~ttrCfll'~

~4,

t!'le

mmpa't~mtffiL'
!';iilV!:!

d'ffftcull ~r~lIIn& r.,t~r.

.~ M . ,st!'!f Clrawling, p' !!i4,1. R01Jtll'lg Il(2Fi,.\r will

Glue ~~ra \amIMI~

M MjtJ RDjJting wIrYn


chClllJ'll¥[

35 ~I§.n~W1rJn9'cfl!;mnet

57

Wle{e'i [lis, M'IE! ha~,e d I'!~) l'l'-~[W-'~iI1 bCldV mI nd winfi~


wlil~, "frlm th(;1im

to th~

~.ady 11'1lIc..kf'l·~,'!;;-

'¢I U1~

"~q.r d~

~hG! 11~,k.Lei\!'~ iiil Utile e\'ill~ wood at ~ach iitrtd Qfth~ JQln~ f;o~ b e~'I,'IH' orut~u:;:t <l'~ ~he5$l."PQ'!l1ts;.::!l6VI't tlCJ~Cl.looff pl~~Q'~, 10 " uSe as :(~ilmI'Lr1ii 1:~jllls wh n'~!,tll~i,C;ll;lJe l~'eA'V'll'Igs '~Q !til'! btjt:ly, Ol1~!it 'Eli 1]i1'1I~,'R~eF'lt1S the ;c:;lo1lm~~ str@i·~t''l. W~ 1J5~ ~Jf1l~ in li~~ne[~,:/ti!l'S~rb l1i:ntaJ GilI'It n~a[t:gn ffi.~nt lif lhe~e ~1, pti!Tts ~i5 {);11 ~ort~ Ii'lf ,l5eca:u~~"'dlfirrepti!1t~es I3J~'·cil6'JEUIt hll
v •

Ctr~ bj;.l~~ W!r.Ji~li to tll ell fllilil 1 ~11a!ttl b.efQre £;1 il1'!!!\t"lcm to u

Whet'!! L-iQfn ~id~ OIr~ fbi liy dry 'lFfg '17). trim tI~~bQ~ Y ~ r~!.lr:ld U,e: ~l'1id~~r~hej~1!'!l5~C1 f~~ final $h~~c. (Fig 3a). tsrve~tle ~fm'~fCrr lh~ body U~a~l If1ittll~~t Uie (f:!1g

~~e~ J~J.

J!l'() Pw)ffiicmtr79 ~m§}J~5' /3Qdy r:m

~'!'II ·1:]cJe~2!J;C ~t p:t'e,arntlq!'l for 111'111JMJ; ~h~pJdwll S;IJIU~j ~l'Id tilt;'! r~fll(:s~~if'II'IR~r(m~:r'l'Lf 'QU ~l1Ioe!~tt.~i[JrUei'tlI'lL I ?J(r~i'I,&!:~tTi~r:I'L tl'~~n:thtl'ols,;~tlJ !.lI,ih:;YD~r E I ~\irr.'l n [I;$. 'for CQtnpaT_tmtint ~hElpe iI~.et.l'f~ Irtg1,y. Av.pi"d P l.ItUnjs , p.r~.tem IDIT'l,E;!ter 'h'9Q ~109B ~CJ the m:ilt]!l'Lll jaPt·~ h ~f~ t11~tIp P'~ the ~H;l plwt,g wil'l wnt;:l:Ct tM pot. liClIu;S'lng, PI!)l;Ce knQi:ts. law

L@,y ~t

!iI~'~P9S:1lrtH1i.n!! .~l12{,tr(:)nrt t~m~on!i!rI~,

ti'le

111~W.l1'f'l6nt tn

~retl

l!lc&sShb iIify ~rid ¥1~1.I6!:~ 11~; Q1i1'ei!1.I1'[y J~~5ItiQn d. mmiK tiJ'I~ ~u~
the

brll1Jge

'~I3I,~~,m~t1r tp]g

40).

f;icJll\o;l~~1i'ls.triU,dtllrim, p s"!llf~r· mi-Jklng tlW!' !IUIJ,II!Il:g l~hl~,la[e. ,!l1J1 T111~, IS art1,Jii!!I!U,' fl:lf ~l'9.e ~9m.pa!·'tl11enl !t!JVer. n~~'1J1e 'i1'i];l[n ~8rt rilif~l1e ,(~tI~tY, ]ll:! ~~In cmJl~ Fi!ilIy ~I:lned T b~' hand QF WWl a te~p Iiiltli1' t;U~t~ It$. Quil,1ne.

jor el~ijl'Orli

m Drlmng

Drill' th,~hCiI~sfJ)I' tne.e;pntrol·~F!Qt}~, ~~~gA''l~~(~p}lr~fQr I r®lItl"eI,~leWDnk$i.~Q~1'il!t'lme[')t rm ll;1l.cl-<' or ;body, 111~Sile;m l101ie:s,wlll IIIelp! tid as a Ilujd~ for I'o'ld in~ t1'1,il" «(')11'1 a rfment kl p 1l{)I~s
Ul~ ClPl?ro~rJ£I~]:Hl~~~tJ'!J> ~u.t tli~'bUTk. mf tl1.1!!1 ,wood wtth 1iI ()!riD Fo~n~1 drl fult lYE!f;@!erflul~.f!g,Fjn~sf:l lil::m maln t<ivJty Whi'l me

c~mpomfflls

router, thEafi WWlt 'the [ov~r re.'~'wl'Ll:t ttl~~m·rtaH~([FJ~"42:l.

58

Pickup

CaY'ltleS:

c;~r~fu~ qilmpm~ templl1ltf! rnl9 pJactllT1 ~ K~J1g.~'Ure tGl I~ fEi!,Mttir If Rt1 ~le body lamlhates.
IllQli4l

Prepi3_~a r~i.mn:!l tE:'mp,l~t~~or ~i"i~pr,clhl~ta\ilm~~ (~.~~~w), ne t~r'!'!pl"t'e~~~ d'l'i'lw1r:ig] se twq,~al;li~r~§. 4~!; win (Fig

't~w;~iilv'ltl'~.Ii ,!i.~""Qr:~JPi.lS:,li~s"I'lfl~lIttl~ ~l':p:rQpri~tu ~t'"l ~ep'l;h [5 re;;rch.ed I(ffgr ~j], The p!ck~Jp" i'QJe~ .sl'i'oUId IlI)h"lrlred wrm tnjjf'(W1al~ntl;11 rtildJ1t>ci l:!21rHer~rt nUl" heble heldt-wins (F'I;~ '45l UI' Iess the WIJ'!Oy ~hiliJlI_I'I~1rJilr~flIny ln1Ltlj"'5@~ Willi Ul~ l~ ~le!'3tronl L!f rom pB~~tIie.Plt,flrllla HOle I~et\t!leen the hlJl'P"lftlit '4f5).
1'Il;i1.~ (;9f'!Il'le.clIf1g l11e e~]e['ffh'll~15 (om~~ rt~1Ili!lint '~mt:I tiJ1;e [ Imt!y f~ e jUitl ~e:lq!.V ii-It!. I::!rr~g:ii (Ui~~ill 1;2:'j I'li laug, ~ In ~1~. f~ r 'th f;roumljl'lg wIre {FI!\!: Ml

~riII iii

.• :!i Ptrkrl,rYCaTl1ffe5 1
r!fJaflll(fI

m~I1I'Wlirif]q

46 eOOJl~U'lffig w/rll'1p chml.n~t jnQ:·eJ~'I"~I'IJl$ (

("ampm1m~t1t

FfoLlL U"l~ t:lbdyroul1t1~\I~,g fFJg 4t3ll!il~sq:lljed

ob p

J;e,B'ev~1

t.I1~ top Qf'~~ti1.'l!;ll!Jy Ul .th~,oa rm~Q~HldM

ar.1~'1I'khlrlll Phii.s:h~\!nI11 the! ai<iliser' 5"?!ndTI1:g tlli:)tk tFig4.,®. Theile Ii:l1:intClllJr:i Im,y:b~ r.liirli'letl 'h~~ th~II'I.5~,njlmeim fIlii :L5l~ w
~.rutl&

Ulil ~IHtF~~~5· c~mforJ!:'IbIE, (!ilrile Ull~&Of\tYlrlll!~to LJ r wltl"! a "'~Qrtli.'!jll~,~~~f

fretting
49.,Ca~m~ b~A1y~q,ntmrr with a- ~1;*~h'1Vee;.:tra care t SUp 1'l'!:D rt 1:1, r*!1!~' r:J!l!n ~ w i:!sp~(i!nU~1rnfl~fthe L1CidV 'I~I'II'iJf~he fro c

59

pre;

f'l n i_a h I n_g

rll~lil~ a'il ~~"Ic $flFldlng l'ln~ 'tdntl]urHlIg _trig -0) Miii~~ a sl mpl .saMill g 1Jg '~rOtn ill p rfecUY 'IIa t len gUl Gf wo~d wil~l mJpape. gtu~d to tile e!dge for sam/lng· ~lll"Id l II Irng'tl'lB pf :the ne CK ( 'I~ 5! ), 5ant:J' cu'J'eturly nyv.r' cn;! filii! Lljff~[fs!llll.mllnOites joll, eacn 0 her. 5il1htl a cgJOIcluaT ~Iope betwlit 1'1 I!!l'i ~ boel}! surta C(,l' a I'lc:l I:r~t: n e,]~j\flflf¥~J::ll arr! n jkJl'1~nc].i1 tf:lg 52.). .

"'lel(

• 1i:iI_ioli........ -=;",,;,;,;.

I
1

;;2 Sculpting

ol{int!ttmorli

C1r'Oui1G·OU5.ii?

hem. MaRe

.aei~r:ri'flnl.slling, ",55 Ftlb'l and string '~hebass Ie IJI~y and ny fin I tJ{:lJll~tments '!p 111 In'~ and bod!!, . I1t@l! Ing •
A, at'f1 I he pit: hJp~.brF[J~ge"~,I'g ~,64l,:3r:td
fUl1pr:~.

tl:ll iii nut {se'E'P ~6~ Sh'lng 1t up and millkep"elI1mllll;lr)~ nut 5,1 (Flg 5'0), TUTI!~ 10 P I~r;ll. 1i2'1"I1i51011 tru$s rod! OIS ~t'f; 1he nlKes5"ary.
(lip. 'th!;rpkk~lp w!r,es to'Ei les'~Tli'!aclltl:l hear the dIflNUI~c1
tOrllJ,

Setup
!il~FI'rJg 'thei11£ltT'LJtl11 'I' i at'Id adJ ~t. ti:le truss roQ;iGIS'qe~. r~ iq, it) Fi P 41~~ Setu~~.'5t'tt 'LM strl.ng h~lg:l1 t ,!;It lI9'~ p~kJ ili~for '~Ilf; e! [)~'I·e:d ~ctl.C;tll. J\jj~L(stnut !ltll£ to th. -.fr 'nnal Q~l!llf1s. AdlJwlSt tlie tnldg. s. ii.lcll't!'5:for [
~F' ·t

InLOnati FI

S~t 'ti:le lWlgh~


'lIla S I"in·g.s. 1f]5tiJll

ltilf

tlr;, plckupsJ usu 111Ih Into % 111 ' bellJw

ih~ stftil~
Q

bUmQr1S

11 IU1 eend al'll~ O~

at the.llom
t he!

I~heCei'ltel p.Qlnt

see

ooo.y

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.

at

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fin I tiea b

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60

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N'nle Picl-::up d Irn ~nsions --1 'ml1!Yvmy slightly betwc~n

different

111S 11 u tMd u r~r~,

61

nLJ~ tOll adlLl5lm1!nl


Nerk

IPS'lrl ng Cu ita r
Bodll-ft'onl

mil ,1p-LuOlnn~~<J,'r.I'lty'

18

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Nr.k pickup wirm,g


rI1dM.hft'1
rll£lill1el

nr1~~lbo rrJ uv'rll,Jn'

El-rldg:e piCkup \'1'lring


BrId~ gro unrl
Tli,iI Fe

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lV

v'Ir:v

rhan nel 5trlrl~ (\'ftlJ'L~o5lL1tm!i

wit~1 brtt.lg~ 1I1rJ.dl~l

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44V~in.

64

( 11t'~il~tCI fa 1l'J.lI~I~ k ill Tll.I~1> rod ValulL' F ss flU:' ,r.:Ijm m~ril

A I=lr'J<! If; ,uti B, Nw'l

(
,~

c:; Tt~ rnd lh.l.nm'l 'i 1r U!iJ: roLl ~ ~JLlSLrn,L'ltl I TLrrI"r hi'll!'!~
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;11

II II

1111il liiI: ~rrC' U1LQr arid el~tMc b<l~s are two of th.~ml)s't 1tl1~(JfI:.~rllan~ ),lJomil'1'inl' In _trblmel11:s: In JIlL!' tl;lrll1i" Wflll~ 'tM~ tl:1ft'lil'lB ilIf1d ra'11gs ~f Iti·;;;. ~Iedrft ln h:llll1~I.1~ are me ~am their 1:1 Oil U tOug;n5. tJ1e '!lfyles .md k'tlmtqu~~ IJs~1 119j;I'liiyl ng til m J;I r~ Q'ft !r1 qllltE, CI~H~·}~:t. TI11S'!i~ct1on Q~f~tN some 01 Ul' ,~a L anti mo· t popular Blectlllgul' ar and ,b· S5 plill"ln~ ted1r11qlJ~S imcl pil'C1vld~ fl,'fcrlJ'lli.1aIipn tl'lat fan tJ~ usda \.l!Irth oi:lc:im gLlitm s'tml:y m~thod!5 culJ'~nHl" ~v ·11' hie 11'1: 11)'t\ljk Or v Ideo flJrm. Ca.TTIN(; 5TAIHED Me'l 'Ie It guitar" nd some ei~Lrttic~1!.IS'Sp.l ~:Ye!l'Sm~ a pJ trum Or 'tG!;ltrlklClth stfJn~Jl,.A efnnroft~ [:)I.e. SI;!(,Un!!' rrgJ~lliral1dgrlp and r>1 'x~ peJ51Hon.INIII ~1:'Jp the begl nn 'r ' ill be' ·me raml1l~t Will t~L p~(k J,Hl~llIt j;!v~tLl ij,1I1I b;e(llJn s: ai"l'mSf' p,arlu' '~1~ hi!!'\d. 111 ill Irld X 'flf.lger of 'In • '~I It n~ 11.<qpd. sl'101l1C1 be eu n L1 ,[i'iG1. e Of! hed) so 'tl'llilJ.t I:tl • lhl!q11l run be pta[€!Cl ~Q!jWl y ~a,r~lIe]. to l!le tip of UH~ [~tl~x nnger. Pla(.e Ute ptck betwii'en U~ tflUmb and lfid :t ringE-I" with th pfriht of tr~ plck <1,t iI r-fgl1't ungle 'trr'tllfi! llunnh p11(iD:log~qpl~~. Keep I[he ~~ri'd r,e:I~:xed,ami US~ ilIp~nJxlrnil~ ly'l4 l!'l of th pl(4l( as tl'ic ~tr1k'lng SlJrT;itlll' ~sllg~Tlljf mQFf,;fo_r tlElr~l,

a )tapfUc fiE!pre~!:]l'1tatloll I:llf ~ht! fif1~~t'bQliIi'd that It'lrflQ;lL(l& the lohfl:lOIl of til ·llng~r:i' {Of til gh!en d1mcl, ThIIjODtlX I~ ~~S:I.iITi~d to Ni!'f)I~SI1f1t the ftrst "m1!~ o,r 'fLl LH '[re ts 'Df tllejllll11ill'. Wi'll ~s Ii! Ir~t numb ris, S}V -1'1 8ltl:ngsl~e tI~ bOIL (Fig 1 ~ i"Ldc9!L~iiit~!t he 115~(]~:th~ chord lHlx Mtl t;lves m~my of; t U" bas r ell rd ~hil e:l! t:t'itl'l I2Y'f\i' gu l{a!'i5'~rn ~ m elTj 0111; • p '11le iI'~r1getl Of L11er it ~a:mj ~I e THunbered 1 LQ ii" b~III1D~ng wtrl'1 'he: iflc:!~X flngel" rh flng ffi Qr the 19ft hand 511, tiki l'cm1('!ll1 rotlD'1~'od SOl ~b~ul:m tip of each nnget com~);~ralg"'l t1IDwn on title desir ed note. Mo~t of Um chords,fpr all eledrl gwllm play,ln!il an:! V'/ulatJClt1'S Qn I(jt lil'tl;'n 10115 of 1I1~ ri'i,Qr~s:.

"I~

-s re.n~lhii!n~onlrQI.

'q 'lei11t ~s 1'1l'')itss:a ry, for ClrII,e 'Rr:lail!f ef tlw le11 1'1(11'1q to' presiS dpwl1 two ar 11'1 re s~rlrl~ !a b&rre Ell' l'l'1.J~ posi'tlflll} w'lIh U1e ill t pa~ or ~I;renngd flilUwr U1a!1tile Up tFtg ~, F &l'Iid A cl\Qrds], A, C:;I1F'J'lr'eIlIU, fhm grip t!,I'lxlur.es the d{lslH1driJt~ rid l6!rI1~!, CMll'lfl[ll~ plaVQ'r~rtften tel1,i:J to ~~fu"ldl dowi'l toe hard B on tl'l(~ rti'l~rel'bo~rd Ins.1!i!i1'dQf reli3xlng ~IT fin~''5, tlnd fow , 11g on ,~.~Gu pi ~'e'rn~~L TI11!;s on [y tl~~ firSt elf rna n~ r(it" r Ie'll hand t~cl1nlq1.l~$ lhilt re,GjuIre a IrgJil l-oudi "rlCk~~ l11r

th'"lrds gn~ ff~elo~HEl:5'I'reb~m '~1IJCI,ti:iS'cal,e~. n~'St scales ThLt'


I.'Jrn use nmny open ~1JI'1'fr H~~!t'[[I'1S~. ~Flg 5
111,e C M.i:!Jm sC-ille,fll'l:'.t 1,1'l (] (ho~ bm: and Ul]~n til

to

'fiJ'"

~--~~

--------t

2) ~rl's!mt

~_

D-il~

----

lll~

fO'li Clwgll bv 1111 up mRe (J 11 lUi low I!! !I,trill IS MOve ll'1rau an ~ixstfln~ (,f'tlUr sldng!O for I:l~~~ssh pF.. yln;~ a downstrok~ and an iJP:!ittpke~ 'OUl!iil 11. k!~ p:lli stli!ady Il.eat und ~UQW E;l8Q1 gh'D~'e to Nhg OU t w;U~ i'~IiIi!i I vuhHn~ "lJld ~Jar[ty., 'nils, d O:;;\~I1. 1I~ tyle,of pi'k'n~ Is·the-cme I~hfll!;(ue 01 n1gpt (t 1l;;,!lIIitar
~j~s,

Pick willrol T• en! iat Br..'ii11

wrtt"

d O!,:\ll1st rt~ke' ~mm~{1lfital~:

.5(!iI I.e III

iA· 1[' (1-1OR DS, S.CALES, AND rtr nN 1( IJ ~5 t:l1D,FdpoSftlQrH! on ttl ffelb~:mf([!ir many nnd varlsd, The 5 ,,~daT'!:If~lrIWI'1 for H~al t11i'1g these posikilJllS \!i'::U1e dlOH'l b.o¥j

'lablllltUf1' To read 1if1€: n~" TInt I_ M.lIO ~t~I,' th cl1m~ bfl);; first pi !i th "0,\12 that appe11lrs 111 the fa.f~11E~tlctrt ",o~Won ~ne :lrcl h .j c1f~h~ A strln&l. 'TIll:.; 15 t the flrsl neec of l~$'C ~~le, Next pl!iiY,lh Flol~s ntH ate(j I!:Jrl lh !i ut stHng tt;J the nght. slarflJl~ with :Hie open ~OU!, ~ '1ij1 'tilQI1 E amelf at ttl ~a ond SriJ fr,els. n~f[llr!ue with tl1~ n ,xl' Op~Jl ~trlng, G, IlncJ t1'1 E' Pi ;:It 'lh~ '2 M rret. [or~ C'I ud:e .~rl 1.11~ oj:) nstrtng ~ Hl and the'C~t the fiu;Ur.at When 11IUY',d f,O.Tfi?ctlY'l.YDu wllll1lear U1e F~mtli<Jr eunc of u,~ Il1IliJor :it;;ale (Qb. rr" m1, :(!l:1, liCj, ,~, til s dlj), pracUce U'1ii !tilm.l ~IU SMllf cgs("~n~Jrl1gami d oonding. ~Slfl~,pHeti1tlt!r'1g ~QwJ1 and 'wp lltOClke5 df ti,e pl:$. AIWuy~ ~la'~,·,y fI1'l:~~nl~~ f.JI~lliT1d '~11··r,1rt: u,r lus.~
A

'l(la! I sou ndllf1g

LJ l,'

110ft.

;'IEi ITW
66

lElblut UJ"~ [s <lJlslJeI I;!'apf'lfl t d ~pidlol~' Ul!.;'! of f:ibgertJOOl'cL ~lmwJng~h ')lli:: jo~rj;llJr} 6ii~lngs lilnd 1ndl iC:@ihfJ! '~,,'Il iTet D~ wh i ~h ~trlfl ~ \ll"1.11 P r~Q L1~ i«:11 'tilt! deslred not~. Read from I fiI t,o right, tilblet1ure a ~SQ ICiltes mgtlbl1 thtoiJ,gI'l tl m . ~o 1'1'1 ~~Il,'(;jglio: 'nd t dlO[d box ls ntU desfgn. d to d~ Th~ numb~rn gn th~ ILnE"; d not Ineirale wnl h nng~r lc, us • ()tlllJ ,whlc:,h f~e-t an d slrif)g .til fl fI~ rings nifl),' b II'll:'!lu:~t-it IJpv fll' b~1dwth~ nole. 'fh" :I,!il p~i1hJ' for the' r; Major sc~h~)tlllrtn,'i1lth l~l:1e ~~dIfrl!! Olllie A ring. nolad (J I~}':a llfl1il11l 3: UI1 tM ::lficlHoe; I,d ~,ro~~~dlI 'U p 'tile ~(a1 ,Heiild 1:11 OIJ~11 it <:tf'l'idI (Qmp.elFf.' ~

r'a\!.

will b~ri flit

[ver¥ muslclau frum 1~'tIrnhg lQ 'j'lgZj;d [flU sIC:


~,----~-!l~~ ~ ------~~
iI ~~ C D-----;d

ror A ma[o: lnrnllv I~;m rhur ds Tile rl ng-I'lng r . ctUi.l IIy harres Uw - strll1gs, ~WJ'Hliilthe !r1Q~Flnge1' prClV~d Sl.t] ba~~ nets orrOol nate, wi'll 111n~m!:liiJlle chcrd, iee ,(Agli), Je I:i: J_l1!r IJ r1- dl,mc:l. fur an eo~rnpl f Ihi~ "r'il!mU'I. ,lll~ Il~lpftJl't'o

sl:an.dilrd 51<iff.

rum tt1

rFli'ltt.er. most g;lJrt<;lr~tgwJ1bi1 pl'a~r~ ,pl~F sl:j,ll S IlIrnllie 'el!lctrlc ,IWllar ~iii~~' rq cd 'tJ11S::skUI urfl~55- they. Elr:e II'IYQlv(ld In 5tUGio, romIH:I!,i1tiOI'l, 51 'li1e!'1ll'i' a,1P rfOJ]!lI;!r.lO • Itlll.lti~n!j". i'lL LI~~ \l Fy flSast jlOl,l WUI n~''t!ij tel J(J'i~W ttrl~ JlSnlCS[l[ 'U1e ~tit~s ailiilHlmy IG(atl~lls(iI'l the fil'g~lbffill1~. Itllngu'i!!,~ of mu:;lt Ejln bC!. 1h~ l6i:1m~ WiH1QlII' kt10wlll how to fearl tile' Sil'arr, b'u~ leamll'lt'1

a Pfilc:'ti~j

rlg 1 T1-.c G i'\.l"u/OtStell'". TMl ()'Itl'.''t:'

Lwc J Well! 5ttll'lg$., ilI5,'~11~Y Piovjije 'I(JlGrtrot~' O:~r>!JII W U'.Ie' c:hL;l~ds; Using 'I!hls ~ystern.~'lJ u ~

inehllrl~~

lh.E!lItam~~

of ttl" nO~illi 011 the.

-.
~1Ii1ll~::::_..r

cal"! find
n~lltr,

.major leU mIn r rhoI'd


(i

yaU,'

'In mMY glHt r.5l~lteii' It l', lJ t ntl.~e:ss1Hy ~a


pl,ii¥ a!! Qt 'ki1e 1'10,es o,f

II1",t~aiJ, rocus O~ u'~ hi !,;i'1er r:1W 19\'lfer n ctes, In'many r c:ki ,styles 111~' flue ~uw til

bane c:tlol'idl;

F'1i!lyin~rliyU'nm d'laJ'ds Or! Lhe (ll€rlrlt gul'liJr .reit!u!res t11e US:' oJ I)al't(\ chords up iU'1d, !;IhVIII'I the' mire. I'lngerbo rd, Mu 11 ,~~H1 eJ~n~ with Just a' few I=ItI~illor1S:tlll~ sectldfi1 f(ijfU s~ ~n Ili'i tWd grQur5 oQr f mill '5 ,of c:hord5. E and A. 'rIi;(ilse<r;110 ds iilr:e I;!mmtlall~' th - meshal'lB5 as tiel) • !rm.lol' and minor) and A (In~jO r nd, rn Inoi"1 t;:11&H~ tJV n III fl'g 1:, Thro~gl>l ttl ~ ~ISe<Q P II SI1IfUn,g. h()rr-e PC! j~an, ~vefY, mslClr or 'mll1Qf "hordatll!te fo.tll'1lti, L! 5irtg tl1 se S]1iiI'J;les,
ll'f~ ID<lJOI rhol 'SttP~ yo bJ @ I'i;! ~~~ rn IRli OJ -lill~-th,a:k d'ltm:L Wlu kn ~'(rfmm UH~'G 5rlllre FUT
1

fndl1tlJ1e6 tile stttd;y !;lr rnoslc h oory. PL,"\YING RHY 0-1 M G LlfTA"

IJ;;j

mi'Jd n1l.i1~h:: Ij

rer;;Qmmiilllc;1>eQ

as 1t Op~tlS;

11%lnY (I(JO~"!> [fI~

rl'liIl1\i' 00,,, lyl~S, liKe. 51Jr~ mrk, r gB~(!, ilnd pop IflUS i'& tl1e 111gl}t':f ' 1.f1l!.gs- i)T''2i 6Tn,ph<l sb:e~ ,(1=.1 8), lI1e I'IOb:5 tJ'f '~he cl'lo,rd §\.. nT<.ijl t:le sQund> '1;1 'rogctlle~~;S ,In,a t gga ·~111Qp· ,or ~!'ik,iHl~~;lLIltar p.ardor tMy m'iAy g tl til rtku hlt~d g~:El' at i;1 t rot! tan mpegglQ)

kings are ~Ia'yf!d,.. W[ll' Qmpllfi~t tlijsIDrfiOf1 'ltJ th,~c;k.C'1'D t 11!15Cl!.md (F g 7). In

u.simny

'.

a-,"arr~ ch md!i

E tid

Em1:II:!.lllshITl~rJ ts, Pr Jgft!S5['OllS

'l11el the 3rd fl1~t ~d' tJlf 1,IiVL~ J'lng i§.1.t1~ n' teo G" m:!l V u nQ~'!I'fWfn y,aur ~1i1~r01I:>~w.QlI'I4r mu:;,tlttntJl OJ $lia~p ~1~lf1ltllt,alO:,'i, ml lug ij p [tijr by l;) !1!i!~r >t fer ha1f;5-t.e'j)}. T'~ IOWUS"L h1)f~! the{ef,;lr • (;# ~!'1 be 'foLl~d.L till'" 4111 fr~t ol' 1I11? low E :;,~Ing- D.: QiJ~111!:lass [UIW ~f Ll~~ "C!V'lrt:1I~' Or;;l~he I;s~rl:11g, yeu match ItlL! -;v. ~ an rTl!lIjor sl'1i31p'ei with tll~ 'Hl'Sl rrl'l~er b~rrllfig llr~ ,I 4th fret ~F1g4).. Th~ "l:!ane l~i5J If '1ould He fm'l" 1 !lI!i;l'!J$ul1 gof '111 El' st~11g!:1 d'Ii'!1ld~y I:i~Mm1U1 4Ul Il. 4th iT t, 111~ 1:0 a ~ mf4jor Cnf.lrd:. A GI~ 1 .~~ miMI .t1Ord CilJJ b-iil cOll'liStrn ",d, ial1.19 81)1110 Fill ~ Gw Mi"lipr Imiltlrm, U5~l1g ,iiln IE 111imJf :slulpe ilba\le tlw lil'JnJ llJ.mlJ!' ba~m I the ,th fret. Us.'firm, e;lJtm pressUt BiJ I 11" f.J,;J"lIioll iJ M '10 l'Iot d,ef1 h YOLIr hOIhij~
for il

Wig ~

~ Ib, 'for·f;! G:#: O\i'lJor

For Inll f.! honl \1 • rrlulltm o ne: of tM~'1l1~SI: IiJS~~tJ l·v.i)!)rTi:f(lcJ'ns oftl1 ~ barrw rhcrd iis lhil'shuffie r11yLnm, ,iii \',12 rsatl I , roo klbll1GS !:ljCqJm lpWf1 p~tt~fI Th ~ fol1owil'l~: B\'1jI mt'f~ WrI'i2!f:pnl'lds !lain 'to a BI fJJ;'It [!'ll tmne ciwr;9 IGicatlol1t, using the E shElpe above a t!U1 fr I lJllIi1e, PI@IC'your lett hind ilrsl i1ng¢r j'li . t1 '6th ret of tlile 11:')\1'114 sft'llfl~Lhe nO:I€ ;~ (afl~1 ~ ,tJl~ a~PQ:iltl. (lJ.OI ji.llarp. [ ~mf ~i'd"h.;~' s' tliiil ~ ~itdJ 5J1 otll d IlE! I'ower d tl}l, Me re~~. Plac:' 'the flilg ',I'i1S:~of Uie left h nd '1'1 !tie A Wing, ,13th ft S1r,'llke 'tJTf.seo u"'~ itrlf1._gs tw I~ w1U1 lb~ pi irk, SI·~~tl1 tl1~ 4't11 f ng;~n::lf the ret!; i1f111cl tri !l11 ,tehtJ, fret of the ~ s[ri 11;8Wi' II~ ~ !lc:lI'r::llf1g 11'1.' fl UageriiI'! 111 IuW I3L1, :strl ke 'llies'1 e twa l'Dub!5 lwloo, tl1l1 11ft tile 4~llf~felt;; r to pr~paru

.~ ~ til a next htl.iQ,~kk


&lax~,

5th]k:~. (f-ig '91 Sho.Wb ~Ill:!i

sl'1luffl rnsve In tl10rd

linO'\! d ,jlIn¥where on II, 11 tll~ E., ""A, 0 0 Str11'l.g.


Th~re !li'fe many rJH'le:rWiifyS tn whk1,

ami i't nq~l I:g e

. an

SIJPPI1S~,n~J(t. that )to'u are jlskeJ1 'to playa ( ...--......-

r mlnur rJ1Drd 3i~fret


'Ye!l t
rr::l'F

rffim ~h" t s(;ijle lWiig til A !ltrlllg ~Gunds law·· fld'te-, :E.lT;(EllII5eyOli are! bulldlng ,(l10J:l:1 li'om'Oj r~@'l ~14 th~ '!Ht:.rITig, YQ],io-wlfi GliQDSt! EI A ramlly IA mrl10rl d101'd' hd~' 'WllI1'~l1e fJlst f1n~ 'r utr.:.ltll'l,g ;;I, a't~h~ ]rd ~r(!~ 'l1'1p. Cl'th'llr fl.n"T.~fS, form tI, ~ A rrnl nor chnrd 'hap" -.; 19' :<" -aIH)t'e l~l~'hantl (Fig 51. Tlli91!i at mll'lOI'
2) iha't Lh

rn'1(im dlont

k,Ot:lW'

a~~'
l~

_
~

I
~

~c.

n~1'f ~

:l',. flg:i (" '.flmr rtILJ~JJ I'> p~ 11111~ ~rh? I'Q~lhm

dlfJl'.;j',

<I M~it tl'ilol'd poslU1'!l1'l rnn bl2 adjllsiel1 Of !lilt 'r~d, cl~~t!l'Ig m~!o~rc:: llI"Iullen in 11'12 cll~,r~ p~t.l~t12S$lml. '.1ilinY 'IIVclI ~TU1'l,'1!'f1 !jomgfi rrum the hille.!i and mt'k i'~f)l'rlQlre Inctud ~ Iltlrng ciloree clusteir.; ~Il !tIe rlWl"m g!J1far part (Stolfi'lY MC}tldar, T-Bi:m Wglltl;Jj)'lTh~ AHma1i BrMF'Q "fS,~. . JMI'f~(~.,a,L1el\. atl!rryfJ01I'Hln~ ['lJv ~~ ; M~I1119 W'11h!lle • JUI'1[ r W~llsml BlI"ie5Brotflrs,). A.rlOll"ler m~<lIi§ Qf 'trea~n~ 1'11._ I~dlc nl'~'IJ"U1 Is l~yae1j.Un~.o'ntl r~'f1B\(il'!l ex{ul liiIol'(lS '1.lila1fJ5'l Ute etc;}rd, ,11{!~rd! 'ror ~a!'nple, ill ,PJIil)QII WiZ6ft1lLly U,l2 Who <lni1 'f1 $u!l"tJI'Mtlf)IlDr1a by ll1e Grateful .~~IlL S(?,P. F\S, 10, P 6B, 'l:Of ~.:l:f1~.p1 of ~Bli~.h t1i ISU of 1ipprofil~he5, MI!I[lY 0'1 UK m~slv-J;l~~~ti\le itH1d llF1l't ttlng

67

~u:n,iln!l
8 '~:e-+I~f(H!-------'H-;t1'ii"If-' -, HlfI11i."'i! '-----

n
!'I

---~Hr------I

f'rlr a unlv~r

<11nlljl

for 81 1.D111\i'l;'rl>~1n Ql;lr $Glll; whidl ~rl tle r ,I;[s;e~i3! O~I;~lif'1Q:ren tl1 Fle~k, "!lie !W.lrtl[lg ,~fitel"l ames l~"iQ • siUlr J m LJEh aSJ HlE;! 'low :E5tr~rr~ ~rollH:U~5' ti'ltl f1ta m ing 1"I00t'emr
5et (If fi!'l~rltl'g!o

:EMI r W~ N5 ,,~~

,eI'~ 'l,\~ro op

r sale

n pOSilll!;JfI 5C<lI~!i Fllg 12 gl~!.r,es~

gJH E hhnUy of l.1'[.~ feu

~lant:l,~M lh~ e:J<a1'lnpr~ Ilv~n 1!i~I' A mlll}or sOile,

b3~'

{fll:~rd& '1l11 ,~~~lesL.Elrts wi1:h ~hiE' :tnd '~ngBr

rj,~ r'l:itti!:!m. IJOI1i't

sfa nll'1ij 011thtl 5tll f,rtlt of ~~1 tow .E Sl'rirl~. Pla)t lile !;~ ~ e ~ttenW'r:I; !;If]d (jL!la~,indl!i"1g., wlt:l:1s'lMdy d(!Jwn"u!i'down"lI~' pk~ !ltf'aMt$, i'CIU w1U f-eeggj'ill!'G: li~~fli.lmlliar dliiHO"'ml·ra·so.;laI·ti·
natO r.8,lIlf Wl11;ln 'll1:l? h nds ere bel~r

wo-rry

abml~

s>p~M ~~ It wl11 d ve~filP


~QQtlI rna ,d,

I'erll~tahif;~~t n ) (
Ii --g ----!i

II" ---

---~'ri --'5r-~---

-ir--------I

~ -4ir-'<~I~

68

lead gul,ltl'r Irrm~, TtP rnlnor Ji!'f;}l1tilll:!nl~ S{;ille,J FIg 13, 15iI.IS~~ lf~r bllJ!esm. IpeJ>yM 1(!!f1d~ i'f~elf ~aliily fo elgl:i Irat1pn ilnd il!ml:l~1Ii£11nwllt TI'1"f!p'~,sitl~I['I~B!ven ~sfor ~Il~ ,0[1;. ln r ~~nlaIQ'J1jc1;;~'~11!. ~O'li ~.iji1 l'J;:i;lII:i~i'i'y mit1orpWrlteJto'I'I'IIC , 5 l'l(,J~ itale bV ~~ I!"It( tfie IQW r strl ng ~ln LJ:resa me W:a~1ll t y u us f 1t fn,r til l,mlv(!J:IO'llmIll!l1rs-cillel t~ p!,\,t1de a" niIDllng i1.~!e ~~d ,pel''i!~t~n1~.s ~1 Is ;:~J$CJ\'ill e
tISei~l!!Il~ }(jl~r k

YMW1IJepie ru, 11'1 Jq'Ee YOLlr fl r~ tl f1i' ir on <;1'l'l¥ 'ilPle Oil Ill!:!lew, ~trll'l:g.mel f,eptod uee tJ11lr1'!;l!url i'l6is 1r9'm fJg 13. 11! rnaiJOl'
g

m~1ody

frnp:rC)vlp;1 rlg 'tlr WrH]n:~


SflS~I~IUH!H~1P~f1Y ~

(rig,

MI, Jlhe

operl1lng'

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dHfi'!rel"li tenas f will l'l1v~, itltl hlt,lY pld the voll:illl'1 l:l:~ulJ ' l,~II,erijVeqlql!.I"d Irke. C~g!J5~ the way )rOL.Js\vlkl1 betw.e~I~ s~tbincJ$. ,i!1nd ~'Ilernlly millJ.: ' an Tnstrument 'IliClt fll, Ulie Vl(~y Y,OIJ m~·~~ mU:5f,. If tile< ~hQwgll'~ ~ <cli21iii@:-nlng\ ele-ctrOr'lI~9"

.seem:s jntlmld;dln~Y'ou'll be haJ'p to K!if.lV,,I tni'll lhes lfff,u:J. .oh:[n:1J11:!i iJlre ~.HnCll'1g.me ~:!~h!s:~ BI1{i most .Intlilt'l\r' ,~tc::! wLirg on, Electric insttulI11e'lll1l Wor,k tm ij few 1;ji1i,~·Ic: ISlelOimnl( pri!'lttpru, AfLIEJ' m.eS" re un~!eri;lood, .you'll b - ~mil~~d a'l w1m you C~n dp wl~n )'G'ur gUli.tl;1r'5 sound. llJey tral1S1orm til
n1e ·alertrlc" r,;!i.'Irl5'ot y'Qur
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f1 'IN lF1slfUn'1~n'11g'w It 145,VQ'P~' lhe vltJriitlJliIg$1 1'11"1gS" Into the

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pl(1\1J I n '~l:lfen'!e [3S:e.s:; 1!! ~5 mi1!!lWt'§, ~llfl [011'1ttlU~1il <l slrTlClIJ, to pl'emllite m 5€CDrnd ffel!u~11 Of ~n~ cy, S:OFTl~t1ra;\t~ t~fJarl1 as'[1 Wiil~bly,

resu Illhl'ID!· Ui tJI r~v~up the


I~ve~ Q f ~.UElHW ttl ro~i~I'oUf.. 'tWo 1'n d u~try,11~1j!.,I ntert'lef ni'lll tuMp "'.a it1 !.J.ite ~ ~lt

Q1e of mi:lny 1~¥Md vll1~e

8H1'b~[J~urnli. 'WI! I.5i ~Lmt! iilul:lll~lf! WHI, V"lrL(ag~ :!iltrBi~¢Is1.e,r pi(I«JplJ Ih0 [ n~ mjJus,t~ij tlllQ dose ~ lhR s:trln~,i1'1e¥ f~il!VQ V1!ry~tmil~ l11pgflet!., ilnd lj y~u_ plill'£ Jl'le bails tfll'1[g$ L1lf'1 ~he ~! rm1] ~t1U'I'1 bear tone Sl~~&t rj,l;Jt'es, ~y'Tte W!211, ~~:me: ~~(;'fI. ntlnsl tf~rlhr!o !l.i;lrl if the t;hiilTTTII OI~Ql 'l"il'! m'!5e lmlrum~'nr M~I1~ ,IN p,lckUps ,ani! dcla1y1'leci with ~&ft(§r n~... rNlB'1rlk tM~s wtlkh a~hjw tl1 (;j shlnF';S 11;'i1;'1 r;.at,e n1QI'Mil f~~l3ly. b hKrlMjjn~ 5tJ;ltt]11l tlndl1armonll:: <lC:(1JlC@Q/',

now,

ma.,k:lng mpre Inf:ormflll tin aVilHiill;lhll top~~y~~ c1~El:WJ'le~~, t1 an I;)IJTh:h~r>l\j; O!1I~ ~i1rl FlOW chQ~se fT.D11l tT!61Jl¥ 'l¥f.Ha,5 o'F 1l~lmbLI(~et'Sn~a~filt l!rltQ.~J'@lldr Ja2'1l B~$la pl~up h~l(Ji or sT!'lSl~tolts tn.·l1t in h~imb~lck.er hQlI~. WIH1't>(meS':t!nr~[over t]1t:~.'glit:illl':idJj~M~11 t:J01J1 ty~...;. 'M01I1~jr~!::kup1l ~]i~ ,cl'rt.$lgr'lcd
~·~a~,twrl1ath'c~ t!]

the- 'VJi:11;:m,e L~n~5j d11f~ruj,!!: Blltlaow foreql1eA ~y re~rtJ~t1se ,m mort) a~il,mU~ ~nla'se: or UlJ~ :59UIId ikllllci ]jt 611 1:!1IJilfl.l rvi':li l Ittlel r~ 1'h'es.'e l'I~ve 'i:l~~1~pe~ia~1y ~OPlJllir lif'L ~:aS$~$:,.~'l:h:er they ~'ltO'w .~nta'LQT ~epiL'1 OInd il\r~iclJlfl!ti~n

.Pi~Pl!: wLm s.oflal mii!PJI~~r[telds I~\l 'LIe; i3 [la~hgrIbE!!w1i t r wflld111ri}aH~1fl(:r~l1l1B$Lh~h:I~l'ootH1.ij,Ele'!:~u:a;fj t~'lI<'Yi'fIlO,1y l)il \ adj[j~~et1 dose 10 1J~it's-t!tl'1~ wlll'H.M o~ll! afremTrlG Sfrc!n,~ n'lI;lii'!!ITlIm'l pla~'IE'~,mal{ $.pE!rImenl w Il11 llIe !1ltFerent lOrles

an~"O'lthe t1o!y'";g~ails (:)r~Il,;~IiJ1'l'-~5.'igl'l h~s ~ ~I'I te mallie ~ I1U:n~'9uiC~llIng pi(k.llTJ '~l1at r~lall1l tbl1e ch! 5Ingle-~~II. It tll~ 1l<lJ.5, (~eJ1!.n l{l'!'tJ' tll:ntll];J do, ijl.thOl:!g~l [,iI'C:k!JP: flH'lk:ers '1'al°\,/:t! 'I!fl~d tpr, qliJiitf.l. iii w'tlUe. TI1apr()bl,ecm 1.5 .<l11)~ 1i!lljl tln:l~ y~u h~VE:l'
!ii a rebh~n O!I1Q%Qlll 111'1i1.1 ta!~ I21:To O!i:C1.I~~ t~)ijIl~ren~pve.:ii $C!]Tie rJ of 1I'1~' dllllrllYI t.a£ll&:tI ncl 'liIi1~ c'f the sll~lg~e'ffil t RM;lGI?I'It1YJ ,s~veHlI ebmPMles I·.~w ~e'reli!l5E~1 mot;[.E'rS m)]l impJ'tJv~'on '~lw~atI1er

,attempts, bu ,ifllQ'1 'lfn;e h~ve filllen hOrt' >iQept ojFle. (hrl5 mOOl IIk~ sm"lll1lic:lDphones, '~!11pllryt 9 the ounu .you 1 'N01.I'ltI hear wi h 'y€}I.,if ar iI~il1si lhli2 sLtl'fEl£e 01 [l1fe' f<lflim. Iffs ~triilt p'lt}:urs an i;im.atlg t1~,ee~ availal'ij " wi'!h p Instrumer'lt, Th'E! 1'e;,r;ul'lll1g St)I.LI"II(;1 si h'1lfm b~'an tlooras~.c Is t~rle ib:IJjt1nS~Y \I08~ tQ*I)~ p,est Q~d Ferli:lerrS~,yek ~re.ar~ liia ,illS fllill e4 as mQst flJ II-sil!mi' 11JJ111'b u r;:ken;. lt's hl1lflif t~ /J'IlEl,r5Hl'l8 1r,.s.tftlmM'l, il!r'ld m[il~r~e hllE!ll~e(ij wUhmagnetlr pFtkiJ!is, tlil what <l htstor.t:r.aJ ;;rchi ;;\I~m(,mit 'thi!i is, 12SP€ lanY' (;Qrnlflg ill 8. 'Prot! ,Oil unlql.! tQn~, ~ )1\il1'S oil t'I send l~e pi 'Q's'~lgngHo tlrne w1l11n mmputerE Inave tHO,u"'l'I't so .mUd, r"ecor,tllng Jl V\lt}f sep.male i!nlpll1fer. t:o . r at ~!f rw clf~cl:.S to layer lw •.~r fotally cit! rMt sl'.lL.lrid~, ' te mu;Tdw1'£ F\Jt))fliljJJlli~l'lgl c;QII~>~r .illrtlo~t ,LJselW, .. n'fW'here . t'1el;l,r <I mmiputer mOflltof, ~ru~l even ~~a:lf.sJngJ.~ '~ll IJ.IJIt P~Cf{UP C HO Ie E PlC~Lj~S n~mgJitl ~Hl 1!"!dl5p'eF'lI Ibl" p'ar~ Cr If]rlII'll{ p~ayer~ . tI_J,md. At dl ' ~Im; ~ Ll1ts wi'lLrn,lil, ~r, Kl'rlm@iiI h;'s 'rell2!!1s,Eld ror QUI gulluf we ll10S hallrr humlJu'k!!r5. "Tll~' ani v ·ry Wltrd medlum-prt [>d PIc.k~lps dcs"rgned flit 'f tile tliiS!llc Glb~of1 pAr lnil [11 dRlS 'tor' 1'1: a t !'S. "l"Id is mp'li;Iri@{lly ci v-elapll1g Ji.'!~ Ul~e 111 GltlSQfUi,UH~Yrespond well whe-I'l played cleal'1 Dr ul510rh1 h ~ '111.1 kUp~ al1d P~91Js, arrd hi'lV,," 01 V(!F§alll~ !iOLJ{ld Ul~t works in iiD"ly 111r..r~i('" ~tyl~ JJnflk~ AITt ,v ~ H~qRO N I(5 many hlgh~l""guLput I"'LJlTIl:lU~kers, 'Illelr sound ha~ ch:t<dl. di.lr4ty, arul J?id.lve 5)1 t sns u.til1:tft:a srnjllil Pf:~am]Jlttler in 1JI1i1' dyn.6lllllr.s, Til w!rrr1g ~'!IQ d~'iigl1(l(:I rnr the ~Irtill~ furU,er ~nll,l;nl15" llSfrwmenfs Ir uHJy~ USlli!lNy j,l@we.l'ed' by on ~.Ot more 9V!.:!F5Utillty \'ltilh tUnable stn ]"'(011 tOIlC'S fill u ({Jl1vt'!Ilien\ pltkup volt lJattHi ~.lh1!S.~ma:(:)l\l!'s til In:dfum,el'1t to c:itiil.'e long tllt:I1l.Ji 11 g ~)'Sl~I"llI.. ceres 0' .ch~ijlf~, af ['Hens wilhOHt I~SS of tOile Of ID;Ge.5ls.lv nelse. FlClrW€l:rfuJ lor;~'C;!i'lttl':l~ Cl[iI!:IJ:lt!fFl1J;J,Y ~ti In l!Ilq(J'C'f em' Ti1~ pWn~p1i w~ rno~e lor our Ila!o~ ar e F1iiHl'e llY UW ,Lanli! f;iU()1 MIJ~I (0!l1,110ny of Fa[[ Rlvl.!'r. M.\S!i~cf1bl!;~l'ls. TI'~ redtL!fE' g ven' h;'~fl L1ie IfLsU'tmn enl Its:elf~ a m~ ~ r!l! t!iipt!t.i~'llY' us~ru I I'f! ll'Ve htgh rklE'lity l[)n~ wllh a warm but u!;'tallad seund, iJlld i!rI! hUms~hll,atlon , WI!"Q. in~lvil\l!.Jl1l pl~K;LiPS . ;e m,ic"~rl-Eltllv~ly. ranc 1I111~ Combining til best of artlve enu P!!I" 1\Il1 i11~ li'ln !ilch with ItS o~'lil1preamp, I~h ~() $10 II'! f'tll'lalt~ nel.l'I'I"al y \V, Witl~(;)uL'lJ'le ~!n,ratlpn:!i f pilrnll~1 and serres POr,lf plclwlls have i'I ~om~whIilL IDwel oUlput Hum rm1 tpi;l.>itv~ by 1'$, iillUm LJ g" Ik III a m p I ft:lr eve~th Ins trut dtlenj~vl n!! ICi~'t:'-gj].n 'ii:Or1!'1edlcnS'. A(th.l'~ mkrs, b.a)!ls~ may b.f~1'l'lugged tubi:! amps Th~ uncolored sound of UU:~5 pltt~Il=lS rrW<lI1!ith<U ~ dlre~tly In.ti) mo' t mb:ing b .ard:sj rettm:l~I'5",.at1ld tomt1.t.l't,er t:qLlallzation mi!l be 11 'OOl'd to udJieve a desk d IOn l'tMI 111 1 '1\' ~ undnmls 'WI~tl0l.l.t ex~rniil pr ampltfl'C6Itl.atl!, pro~l!,trlr!g· a so much to'nElI content, detaiL amll1arlly tlli:lt NJlIill1Ziltion .::rOO t:lrv toft -, unwlorM by QOtwent!onillaUiplilit:ation W1'1kh all1pllfh t:in::u.HSrespnnc very well, crt'l]tli1~ maJ1Y .,orilc pos!.ibllJtll:1 rp~on~1'> W~1r loff~l:ls, fJqL.lf,lUz,~tlorlJand! d'r!tllf~1 pro~~ing, They are satr~rlllt1g [[I play 1"~JiiPollrJln~to sl.JbllE!fJft~ ()l t~11nrqJi ~1, pCl!i1o'erH.JI, e.xprE!'!i5lvl:! wav· If YOLI 11ke lJw ~oUl'1d 01 i1tllvg t;il~e.s 17~1 A(1~v~ (£irruit5 have l!Ol'fle a.ra\~rM{~ BlS WenT The ~qulrctl dnrnWilrll to l.J5~ balterlr;:s, Lalle Poor pr kups In il p so:.l\/ ~'{!i~I1' bOitbial'l s arn Ltl:oo''1veni~.rH, artd as tl:iJ Y ,rUi1 tlQ'Wtl. 'tIn! ale an xc "'[I nt cl1Q1 • We've. U5 tl m d~ls J-IIJ 3.9Sn l1u S.1i 3 t;lSo to!'1e.~rl];e In.;ii1;JiIJIli1 'm ma:/lds 'qym,lIlll rang~ iiritl gel fur brk.1gf." OItld neck p slllcn ..; re~p' ti'll' hr. rml~'y. II is @(J:lE']1.!iI~ 1:()malgpi!.ld·~COIUr1!;HI'1~ ~1.&~fd~1 "~ wi11eh ,!iI~ sm~II,. i1IfI1l11 a~tilv~ ~l'll!m~ otl.Ci'l h~Vlll @ SIR I NG s P"I\EAO AN Il PICKLJ P f'aClEPII:t:U $:~ni~ew·hil!t, ralrrYI 15rlUle 5rIZJIJ111:1 Ma 11)1 of tl1 iIdv'J,rft~~s g Of rradltl[m~n~i, !'enG'er grult1ilr tlrl;;;lg are slightly w'ld~r, 2%~ il' actlv SSr!l'r~n~ 1iile a'!,!iijilal1le 'tllmugn Otll r rni;ansllo~\.!oo b' t\>'i;ceefi outsid~ st:rtngs,~hliln GlbSOf1brldg ITtme'O" ~I'II:. aw il,am:~ \'ilIlJle,s- gl:ve pa!i~lv Instru men 1.5 da"I:lty ~nd n~atlv a[\~ oU, r }, WI114::]l meiil!Sure :2 'f.Ju In, Tl1e r",ckups mar:!e ~(!flf1.1tl!:l.n, amJ tT1i1l!Jj modem ilmpn~€fi fi '(JhJl'~ PQwgrfu1 fOI' thase- ~lL'Elrs M'U!e corl"~~pMdJ~l:tly-51%I~ed IP~leplex:il:S:. THis tr;;j~ho]pl FIg '(Ji'ruit~ ~ ,~~~~bl'lil'wi th rfJQl:swjtcl'~. Cli'Tt!'l:I'Hvl!' mQi1ifil$i, t:I'litt. fO~ Ihst ~ [\iceT Wi1e:l~ u~lf1g a G.It;)SOIl ~ypp' wirlllg in Pi4s.sive I!:lr~L.!Jr,y ,am prod W::'etOri es wt1 tC5l1a're ,®{ ." r (llLJ!mbutl(lf1g} pi 'kL.ij:) n f net h~.pated br'd~~ the Il!.!lsld mQM;llllter~stlng_toon tho:slil obll~inabl'" tl\l:Qwgfl Uw 19asJc strIngs wlll 'b~ slightlY wld' df til" P 'KLiP'S p,ol pi. ~12 ,an Will bails;. middle, and 'lf~ble knob':! fl2!ill:m on tlf'llvf! tI~lgn , w]ll~l:'l , l!nt:t qQJI,~ter'~11~!;Inhe Q~h~tstrlngs, uSually (IupUrntG ro]'1l.roj5 <llr aLfy fql!ll1d Or..l I1mp.lr.fl,er~'1 Ti:;l ClH1IIPrn'!!lil:t;la fOr 'l11is,m~",'w {jllimRairtles maW; Hr;rmtl.il::k~r:5" I·r yo u CI1tlOS.~'lo ll'1cSttJ]1.!'l tl'IjJ,~(l,I~ctfCltll~ 111}i'a~r Iri.5tru me!'1tl 'I_'ldth ~~r.rl:ler (.)1 e pl~r. : spaclngs_,. ;l ndFliltltJ~f -bs,· ~ tlth:l'ggSpre p Ui¢y wm tome wll!1r '1., ilrlJrt[on!; fo Flh n ·ssary wi rlllg: Il ilI¥iiltl~~lg whftl1,IIr n rr, .Wtli. u5(.1i1illY$lJmgWilere n lh~ 1:1 !l'l~lorUJr IliilS . tl1 . !I~tCJl'I 1:1, you fIIl'I' lire y' ur design mltldlii! of UUl two 1tradltlon~1 $paclflf, , B~IdgJt$ar i'Jl5lJ so that, ~fOIJ t;,\lfl ~IOlii~t:e' tl, pa(e.Mt!Ol~~ry '~rLl1a dr, Ii OiI,V'BHi3It~1 'wlll'y, hav .saddltl:!l tll.rt f,lf;E' ad:ju!la@01e-'or .!luli11" IliciiUg;., t;!aift."i'y, iiH'ld cOI1troI5" ~iIilEl[lh'1Ig: 'for nI..rr S'r.lliatl w..e d1m,@ tI brid,~11!llnd p~fdl.t~I~!:i Wl\T4:h l~IFlQ Plt.lUIP~ t~jlt 1111i1~lTIkkilll!l ra1'lgl? Wht'!f'I d'1cQSlfi,f;!; ytlu.r oompl:!lnenlS, l1t Thli1'.:;e alr€lr !ilfl lrlll'!restll1~ 'tona'i IlI:l~r.llBJlv,e, Tlle:y IltW usualll/ !lIme ICI taf,re'n,l!t nto £latium, rID'IlembfH'ij'i,g ll18l ih~'!itrl11gs: mounted withtrfl £p.f:dally m d '!o brW~ sMl1les. l1n.!~e work. get doser 'l!llg~Ii1BrEili the~IH; mil, r from Lil. t1rld~'

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The !C~ci'lIOIl i:l; a pl 'KJ,1PIn r~atlot! to tb(2'(~trlng$ is ,iJlill IIf1~orl<l[lt p~" 01', !1tlw It ~(~Lin1tJ~.'~J(J;:;"!l.P5,p.1~eer:Jnear ;!:It ~~ea,t ~heoInSbu rn en ' sound \/my 'I~n+gtl l.<ill1f:leU,tlS"
~1"1:l ner::k iiI~ !;i~'.5'~18r,' Thi!i V[Ul'ilt~s whitl'l itispla)led.
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dQtermln the If "'lU lile¥., fir pHCl1;t1It wl,~cr'a It V'lnmt~ii. 11'11S" l~ch' ~S ql'fl'ed ~I~e ~'~I.,~a t~l, ~ meil tha Sr t1u~~C!yge!'lerot~fj by 111 fo,!;I1I mgtl, of 1I'1.~s'i'rl!'lg, h HoW ve-r, .!iUI!'l~S ilL$"Ovl·bff;l~f trq FritctrQn:ll f ttli;~lf If:'n~llj tall d harm 'nics (lilelow}' H~rm~lIt6, .are m~rllplBp ~f the [m;rt1arrH~nl:irl cFr·ii1tJlJE'rncy. OIiltl glv: 'il Wfog IIi:& rim, ~'hl,ple):]

A srrinS;'!i l'El'llgf.hLInd tfl,rlSfott

K.NUl!lS' AN 0 5WIT' l"IE5 PLAt M~ NT Li'1tllil,ci:si eernmnn tr:amplalnlS abow~ t~Ui'F~l1der S'Irt;Ji!:J .cCl;5-terronc:eln:;the piarem~nt of I't!!, 'DlllmgiH1.Qh ill'ld ItlQU.!It;l, el «Dr willet,. iElli)ttl abe qlrec.[4y In t~wpatl1'ol Ul s p,1CI\If'lg t!~nd, ~~{j miilny pI8l:'!iI~~5'~«id~I'I'IL'I,IknOck tlmm tr<:! <In u Ill'Itl'ill'T~ d settlngl·Oth r lil¥~rsr us.Llall~1 those wil:1'I Ilglltor tijlu~ll, nrJ~U leo IQ,aHclls of tl1CilSIf'! mr'lllml~ CO:l'l\le.hI~t1tcr~ { li'~ll1g rapi,l:! ilQj I:Jsil11 ('nts, Th1s ls'.esfH~cla·lIy [rue' nf pl:;;i}leffi who k-e:eJil~Ilflirlit1l~ nngr I)fi tile lfolum"'':knOb :lo ·sl.:Vu-lr til

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IcWaif more Q'fJtote llam,oni(~1 il1:1d'

Ule'Jitlurtd Is N;lgb.t~'~ A pft:k~p 'IlIiilIlISes. 'ill narr.O~1IJs.fli~titm elf the~tflf!lg'S: lel1l!'th, ' hlid 1'1:; tpn wlU D.~I¥ COlillaitl 111,e vTbfrl'Uecrn; wl~I~'h occur.at ~l1at aml1 of'hhe !it(,Jng.~1~ups fil;1iJ.rlUl.e t:frIW.§e'.oor'1l~e·,i1' lal'g~ rat!o Qf lila 5tr-i!li?l~ShmmlCl.nta;, <llld less lof t11e! f.umfOllriTenlal, ' resuT tIT!'! IrI a :lOIllgt1t nme. rld~L:lps rpater ti," ne k tlfiv 'a 'strong :rlmr:lall'l'l ntal Oi'iltt!rJt OI,n'd0l!1!'e mlluro'niy ~a.$li:r. ~'J.L'!(au:s'e- lilt: £liillg 11i1S ~Icle'r [ql'l~ Qf mG},lIl''\''.m''H'l iiUi Its iI co nt~r thi'll1 nea r n.s I, mls" n. ,k p It:kl:l pi $; fl.Ji.~,iI sl;rol,ge I' '!ilg!'1a~!1''a11 In! ge r'll.tk'1.lpS. tf tWiUp.ld:t~'j;I.s ,,~ e~w~1 QU~pUt ar~ u~ :d. 111e n '~K: pkJ!:up 11 ds ttl b~ edJusted 'far,U1Qt" FrAJI'l'1 'll1re str1!'1iS tI121I'1,Ull:! ~rldse pl~i.I~ 'tp;r tile 'fr1No to h<1lll.'i!eqLloo ,t'QIL!ml:!.Cft~n ~ peJ,qJI'I wj,~ha higi'ler.~utpUi ls i.lJilelii In ,qr dg~ PQsoltion tD (omp~ mate rtf!' 'It'll!!, tlllt! malillY pt~Ku,1l mQJet5 c,ome I n !'leek Ei nd bfl:tJ~re ~~er~ro.ris \-\rm, aJ111ji1, ~ti1!cI

Once you 11t~ flF1~H iJ the) layOl..lt ad!I.iI:.1tl,e Sl'rnfl 'of l:Jcle eJtl~±~'Cinlq;.tomp,aF~me"t accor.dlrilgly, Be !!OUJ'1,l! to [eave rrn;lm , f'Ol th~ U1ItIl'U~ JiH::k (with plllJl~' fn lilface). Ir jtou: U1ln'k 'YO ' may W1iI!lt fo mb'liJsr 1(Elur ~Hctr-OHIICS bV i:iddlt1g_adt1~t1{'1nal wl~cl"les orkli[')bS ala lale-.r tlHt;f!', p',ro\,qLt~ Sp'~OO fI<Jt': 1112seas W!2II, I~ ioS wIse 'loIBave",_,rnpl . room aroun.d pctel,-tlgm r rS,"SQ thai If U1Q'jt l:I{l1::(Jn'l'~ ~Qr;D~"till"ld :i;plFJ r rr tA:etr 111:ILl f"1l1IJ!J ~1C11e~,tll,i.!V [ wQl1 L CCil'1ta l 'tI1· Wl11pal1lfi 11'1s sh1e:1!!.llIf1g Qlller CH
l

irompr;j!'1en~,
TI-l f,R E.lB, TRaNI!:: rorv1 fI,Pri Ewrs AN D WI n I NG

How to Solder
~~d rttigllU'lu!res C::JlIr patie;nl\:e, endl lIIll1i1£" but lt Isno! , dltnrul~t 40 ma!;fh~J',>lnd l'I'Ial1ybuTltl.~n;ilrid It wry ~1"11~~ blC, If YQ'u l'U.lV:e11M r soldered befo~ Uil{e sCim~ tl m~10 ]:I rndlte by sold ri'lig ~genlN saa'ps of Wir or IOl~ (.omp 1'1 nliiu BeH:ep JiI~~ g~l 51:.ITTle ~Xp~rh.il1!t:e an 11'1'1l::l;J'lEI'1lS"i" ~flltrum~FI't, 011 III fore warl<ll'1gOl1ill'l~ltlll'ii1gfrr plt.i, eab:1 • II~ <I vil1ta.g~ 1'1, Itar. Fc:irllJF'wte]~~11h!2'tJ,]ec1.r@Jfll: P.; ~15'111"ll!!1 elitd~lt" il1.strum ern jlF4i1_ml:'al:lllJel~ I ~r!e,,51'V' ami j:t 15 1"~Jd tQ it 11f:<llIy ruin tlIn~'~nlng. WILi1I:\<l,p .solde In~ L!!'chnlqlL:l as long as you: ~ill¢It! ' '~re,!:.a!Jttlcns, m~!1tr.qfl~d h re, m~!ik o,lt Ih' surface ·oUh ms'tnmlel1t \'!i![!, t'atd:r.manl or s,~r,i1J1 5it'l.e~ of thick pap ,r. It i$ iI'I~t IlJFI'OOlT:lf7'H:)" ~;s.mrJll blobs O'f iclphio1der to spatter or rip oU qJ .. sl'd .tiJlg II 011. ~H'IQ'"they dor!'1 get OI!rQI'!~'Wi!lll WlUl WoO~1 er fr"I.l!11i!5,'llin1ni1li!'I~, tI'I1old oo1"lta tlt1~ IthrUTwtal P'l'l~ rJ'l i:! ~Qrdetln~ irOn to anytl1J Ila; U1!Elrl S1101J~tJf'l' t..Jj 12Pl.un~, SiJth as fJrd(!s yO I;! t !'2.1~C.t~~ji!116t::Qm~ilrtn~lent. IL 15 verw ,a~llo lie FCicUSf'Ii1,pn wh~l !lOl,l ;are :$i:ild~rll11Eiar'll'J ~,U(jdBll'li.5mll umfng W09(J,

nU.~'

o ulput'S,

.,

~ef~re ,YvbdSfnf,l,

Imid . I:Jr an e.l~ nontes l:ompartm,ent

IlIlw1;I,Ys

~! Lit lnslru!'11 hi. let Iii, o'!i.slb'l ~q"dp seme rIFu~'Llln1ng Willi ~In, !1hdJkl!5~f'l1'e'I1'ts 'to! pil,t: LIp lot(lW;m. Ttlfs Is ~'p~e1il~1y truo{ tile brldg I;Ie !-!Piwhere it t:It~er ·11!;~ ,IA< of ln WI,n H'~I({~~ I"I'Qtloo:~hre!QI"I tr: Iffec:l. ~fYQU f1 rid 'Ih fJit brl.ll~ tirr;~1iiI ~ ar,ulilusabcly b~ISl'lt, pla~a yalJTS slIghtly f'lr~hel' from thp lultj~, tliah nonna!. When me.1S'I!ull"lg pickl.ll~ placQl'TIl2n'l an n ex~1 ng I rMrYlll~i1t.b~ .5lloln:l;Ultr,! l;he .$cal~ I~I'~j,

1Nh, n , ~nl:igout

n,

or

71-

from

Ey P .clac-l~QI"'I15 verclf rmpQrtilnl '~I' 50rderl~, ilnd th~ fume'S m -lilng sOlder ql:nt~ln fad, nd ,11K?,1!lklOe 2l'll'Q1C! 1L

fie<'it.lt ,brieflY wlth i3 ilijthlQ. Tlw llJL1lng will s~ulif"lk,i;m~",nd ttl J .(,dhta:~dloht,<Iil'l.d be tl~ In plac@.

~U.ac.h·~ ttl i;1 rompr:m nl ~o pull 111i!< aw~y ~r ITI ,5~nsi'tlv~' t i'ilIJfS (fee p 11. lect;rQf)h.:sTopts). Tiley wrJHk by. tHijgclippl'J'cI W th ~ ~ql'ldl<J(~orb~!'len U1~ sald~r-l[liflf am:!'t~e tOfi1'1'PO~~rit H~O!!s[n'k.o/ar~ Impd11.;:uli Vl.t[\'!efi 50kl:efLlifg '1:aI'El(JiLorsiresistor~, OF imytlliT'lg ei~'1J ,U !ru.5pt'!c:t coUld, ,I:jed~fI;'lag; !J by 11 '~'l, Medlti:ll~mtl~~ta~ 0I.fe Qftt'1'I L1,sed f~r 'l111l);~y~po~e, tl'pocl fly e ~ItiI,lan,u~~ Pilti I'lc:~ds, ~!!! I,eltl' ln ~~I;lt~ fG!r"(C.l"rJ'rAn~, pm:J'r 't£i rnmprmelTl:s Will I~ are a!!', ,ol:~l' I'tl pl(l(~; 50m flhll'lG rnote' rt.§h~wei 'h~ lfi better t~, iilvolQjl L'len~l!'1g ilri~lhg.l'i:FP~et a I!jE01\iJr ,,"p~ arC! ij n, e;;;~t!'II'~nh:t1 ~rre, ~Cir b ~Lt~fr1lial d r~s.rptLtr[J ~ lengtll df .Ii\rlpp tl (QPp~r wI t e 'li1i~y .bI~ sp lei~rl2d h, tp til c:r p,
WI¥,11~t;lj~[!T'lhg

~ heat link fli a ron'Ot:icHVH ml:ilte'~'lij'IU1irl 'IS'lernl~orfirUlY

Paul'le EIiH:tr1c Ciuit .. & Ban Wiring u Til "JollowiilJ~ s.e-cti®IFfd:B-5(rllsre5 the basks 'of pa~f>lv~ L~€ldilt ~utlar' and bass W,li'Ingi' ~<!i ~v~1Jag some opflons :fPf !.:I' 111 ,de;,lgn11'Jg)lmur awn i!1!ilrurn I1(S e,letlmA11~. Ills ilIjy t€!l, ·~il ifl!ir ("G! by a:rl'of 'll'ne.'p[]ssH~"illtl S', ml \\VI.n,d 'up wlm OJ glJi~ar run 'cf CQntrol~, t 'tjulrTng 'fM~ mll'illJt~$ il)~iwlt .11'lri~to Dbtain ill [!i!,~~.:1i sa 1.I1"ld.,' A 11 n e:tter sQlut Ion ~ La liy~llel1lil~1a~~yexplore'
tile o~~r~n:!:

111 y,~LJI ~~orksI1'lip 61'UiJi1nt;llh~

SOlJl'id$

tmU 'wcr'~

~,e5tf!Olf' your- ~l.JsIC,l'iM whl,ch 'Su1t yQur !!!mpillir and qther


e~iJlj:IrTrern"Vou can th!;l.f1flml!;! wlringwt'1lci1 <lllow~yp-u to ijtp~$S til ~ ~OlJncl:5~lHckJy r;rFld',efficl~lnt~y1n i,I I!Yfi $ffit'Ung;,ti)rIn a te onlhAg stud 0 wh~n! Lime t$linl1te"~ l'I' 1.5usoailli bust to p'lJrsLleqLtalll-v Oyl'lr q,uilmtily In '5iJ,Ie-~tlnjfg(JIiJl'1r1s, Oft~n I, vlng too 11'11 ~,n~1Gtmkes pr~ves' \.nje mollE! (nstL~Il:W1gil'll;! ICfI Pl'oi;l:ucilVll. AudILl,t:1l1t1Ry, li'l.e f~wer Wires ,a~tJ SWltdlf$ '!tolJr pJd;:ups' slgna'j. p~~as thr-augll, IIle! t::1~Elrei'lIs !I:me. :iO ,i;l. JlH1il:::loi.lS will' mot1iflcaUrm~ Wtllr.:l1, r qi.Jl~ OId~I'!jaf'l:aT
!:(im

In ~gt $eJl5tt1v~ co m pOtleftts whlcl1 are roo

sm!111 W fit a Ileal sin'lt. su 1l.!19,$!'r1,tlJll swi'i,'tli~s or pDt~ntiortl,eter 'lli~S'1 solcler as quttkly anc'! effi, 1(,!;l'itIYil:$: Pl{l5cSlbl~ln s~v~rn I ~ers If 1"1~!lS5m'Y. ~t'l'i1y(ll~ l, u)Itll ng U,p'
lw~at

tl"l 'me

Cb'lTI i:l-0MirH.

POt1e,ntii.

WJ12n a !iQ~durll'1g lp:l!1 l!i new, or 11a,~ lip, II !ll.lr.Isi be Unni2-dWI~hc1 ~ay~tsf meJh~~ ;srJI~~r '11,e t~m ~llt h~~{j ~ ffrst up. lJ11$ will 1«l~f1 '111e~Ip fr((lm Illln1lng and oRld]zlf1g, WI1l n WOliid iii f¢ It 1''' i" arm l\l~orl)f. Millnt Iii til , t1ilf11og ?It 'eglJll~r If'!terval~1 ~!'\d I~~~ptl1~ LIP dl1lan ~y, wlp lrig fr~gu nUy on if,

n~w

'Scl~ernall' 5,for ,~I'I'IIl1:aI'l$iJ.I[~1' and bass

mr;ilsl:~I1~Q ~gT1 ge,


e

B4dOF m9'rr,lng ~j,ler conn cti,QL1S, 'tin l~El surfacedo 1m jQlnoo Wl~1iii 'thlr:l ~aye_rpfsp'ld'el', TKils lnsures iii sliTm~,I~Ol"L4 Dr! srn:llU cOI1f1€dorn WiUl,a More If'l th~m(sut:rr as
potimltornet,er !lind :;WHd, tl.l~. Pl!il a lMln film Of.lt! Iclef . C~Oi5 the 1101:>10 tOVl!! I~ over. then I't~m l:l tl:'lhi 111m wtlll~ gentlY', p~l:'ltl'1g m etl,nn (:1WIwire' I F1to~pla'I!:r;', Q rl-ot wr'i'JP wll1E!~rQ kll'lQ 'ti;]~ ,e rugs dtorand' th n old ir In RIOIC!1. n~ wi'1 n )I'ou ,!~ . 'lp utrldQ1~1 ~f111i dilJR I ter I! wlll"~ kft\'l'I'l~,~I~' l'lfiwlt. and d IT1Il\" Um~'W m~I'I.c., ,!lQ[_ij'er at V,9u ~Vl1f:'1'1 Ui, c!'Jnn~ t1ql1nIJtlily PIiIUs: rrt!€. COflr1f:ldIO'Il!!l5I1Oul'~' b mad~ I.ffi!ng a~, IHtle"aduijl f;oJcl I;:~S f,lQ,'lS!l.P ~ r~ iiI(]llt'v12 <l 1'0'11d '\J rtl:ili:;t. J:.;a,rge b~Qbli' of !jQI'd~r di;) n~lt comilict a sI,!:o!f"1 iii 'ROY ~Ue.r ~II~n r.l lI'lE!ift (;elf1in~cti:LH"_ a /. teWe[ w11'l now tow I'd,iii ~ource 0'111E!at, mlkTl')1 It p:OSS;I~re10 dlllf:Kl b~1dQrto wherli1J1: ls r(lee~l!CI,A.11D'1'i1 :!;Clq1ef tf'! mCilat lt~ '0\'0."1'1 pace, W ItI'IO ut t:llOViiJ1g I:lfl iii, l~, ,t11i~ili!' maxim Uill SU~flSUl Il!'lq rmhductivity. " ~OId \'ltaJl to Il1slLil~1~ wltt! IllihW' fmr15. Il (Qm~ 111 ~ric;us di~ ,etl;(l, l~fi II, 1;)~lifig b~' ftl!' mD~t !l'i8trLjl'Tlel1t ~\tlrlf1jg pLjrp6st1~,1'0 05, It, lillp ~n !lIppreprlafe> ler.rgth QMer w~r~ b!fOt1~ it lli ~~I@[ed In pli5lc::a Sni~er iM (onnec11un, thl!:l1 fnld\ie HI€!. tlJblni'Oy·r fhll [Ilnnedtoll an"

It ult:!i are r~ii1~llily i:l-9',il.Ial~'I~ II], 'l111l"l1stnu:tlon Wl1!(h rnm~, Vl;Ull pj t1.l'~ a'f1d I pJ,CJ.;ti [l swr'~tll~5:, 't 1111'Ough on-ll [1~ ~s:rl W i'l;e5! ,~nd In bb!~kli t hEll iQtU, , en thuslc (;.'tJ!ctronlG;; They ,sn~ \iIi'en 'V!il'lrtll Shtdyillg l~ leOlTll hQw Itlf! basvcs prQ5e:tllted here are applted in Jj~ff'ere:n i r:lJdt~Ill~nts, 'We \l'LiJ11Irle~cr~b.@. $'Om~ af M~ ~f;I'Ililre ii'~~rp.~UF1,~ ~nilll option!), m"ld show how we "prior' '11them La ltlC wlrll\E;5 ustra 11'1 our twO,i IJtstn.uflef1ts.

-m:J'1' .... ElI1d p;rQ1JtHJ Th,~ :twq 12,1~'driCili (il}F'I(jIJ~[q.rs 'tl ~at tarry til!;! s,rgt:l 1 tr9tll,a prc!tYp 'ilIl'€;! dlvl!'1 tJ l11to -1'lQL"alld 'gl'Qy'n1f. Hat ml g~pi.lntlr~f~r rn tKetwo< sides cif griLiI Itlcal: lfi~'ull The 11C1:! ~lglili!l M"IS ~h"rlll~J~ ttlli1' IdIr~~~,A :!i~r~~L1I'~i.\!1'lLl1: tlw vpll;l f1'l RmI l·n~ an-rj /- . , mnlrol.i~~Fltl.lallY ttmchlng tnepart en tlw rJut.~~t j~~ wirlkli eonnects lQ th ·tllf B .of. 1Il.n~,lf'Thl OI'i.e,CQi] n.lector QrIlh~ C:O..~ I'IJ 1111 i J'ljJ!i tb1l i;lm,p~e dr'inilAlila,alll'l~h~·, 'h" 1
L

tel

s'l1tel(HI1,g; andtlO 1:'11e l1a rt of Wi,;'! tiqJlp IJl Jat.k ",11 iti'l ;(011 nec:1,S loa Ll1e' slee,!",e of tl1a

6'1.If1Q1lsconne

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~
.1

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i
'

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11P.lil1..s11r1nk h:!J'llng provlt1'f.!S


QJ

11~, ~r !all rf~(''lia~ In51 1.;01'11ad f

iii

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ami;! '6lom;:elslffi~H~j,j~, Plc~up· !ilille'~or.switch .5' work 'by selediltg which pl~U'~'.5 bOt s.lgi:!~l rc~ h III 1I'l@11_t ~~. ul I hI~'~!J'~PL.l~' i.li~!L Vr;., 11-1 ~ !i!11 CI t9ne CC!rltTO 1;5 m
'I~Ql'ttl~

eel i1Jl e ct·w Ilh ~ad'1 tlt ~lerJ'~11··slgna~ 1,1,

llfm· ftOr. IF tll~

hot

iJllIl .Wi'Jun~i

/.j
ground.

"

Wt:!'Fk.l:iV VaHably 5~lih::llt1gUle.lTot !ilgnal'~ lh .:>lrell gUl illf {il,e lJgl1ul.

WCjjlik,et;lfl),&

FQ r I) u rf'JOS~ of tr:l1lrlty;' '1M.:! ;Iill m ler to 110mht1t' ~rmeC1 ¥ U'lfl QutpU.l ]~(k 'as 'UFileOUtput (FIg -, p ]91

a,

or 6.1

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S ,'mok !Mil III wlrmll


i11;q:1iI1I!1

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o
~~ -0IVDLTil

'Sultt!(i .~,~l'lUl'11'buffifm:i, Tile: dIH,arel'lt?i2 JI'I !in u nd 15;rilll5'Qd P)I til! 1.>1' '1fmqu£,fI des ~tf.ll~:lt)C t)1F~ljgll Ul~ res l.s{~11 tt'!_§rQu,l'IIo, w 2-01< PlJts ~nCJIIN 1i11a~f!~f this 10 tlapp,~n, ss Wll~ mU~tipl:11!p ,'t:.ln ~' ,lrCI;I[L. Tll~ lilP r of i1t pm dgl@Tmln~ h01tIJ ~ ch ~ti1ges over i~ rilna'i:' tdrawlng lJelo1h1.Th-ir,,<lFlllllwl;l '~p s u5@Ci l!1strll.lmj<nls, A !iij<gm:'ltl"itnili: 0.1' aLilCl'tb ia:per Is deslfijned tl) 111c:reas-e Voo!ume. g1'&l 11:111 a rjy TI"I 'Iu lo\'!.IIil'f .~tll'Jge, anrJ mo' ~ qui, J~_ly In Jts LIppe n~~ ThiS r5, pe:r{;Srvecl br til!:! e:f1r ~' an eliefi Iti{illi!aS~ I" votUl1'1 eli ,aoS, w all' 1'11[l'~esensltlvtil Vij~1.! mQ ,c,IToiD1g_esIn q u f ·t~r'~W!'l !:Is, flW_cllq tlll,per p' t!;. rn tl1~ mo t liommdn i"flE'I'Or l..Iilll!! ill miJS'(~rvt'll Li me al111 tOrle! ,~,untrti'ls_
t:.,J:lt:'t

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1 rrn·r,lrlij ~'1' I'JWI i,~Ir.., 11.'1' I'll ,I rw"I(I~

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La.aJ
IUj'l'flrI

t.rriei:!r ta~!!'~ pats


I'Hlll1g' PotrdlOfll tr>Pii, Of p~S~' 1" I'hgpatls' !Uitt;; fl'lre elm:tr OOml'ljl,lmer:rt t h at ~:U'Ii.11to ttl e kK!etis,. S!ill ~e USri~ ttl
tOr1€ CI2InlifCClllli_ fJf.

theIr

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r!:$"I~i11'ly~ ,m('lli[st nlJy OV 'r

'th~ 1{$lumi2 anrj

pm:ent~01'11e~EJ .lQ\!It) !l'

rnn~1I1ns

5:(LI~]llH:rrwri3;r,

th~Jr (,Binge.They .lit t11!t best c:ilolc WI1l'i1 USIf1g


~ejjma\e'volLim ' ml1tro[~ ,(~I",E:adr pltk,up. as If'ley Pfovll,j p tw 11 th~ #Itkups tQI"I~:
j;l'

up

1,I1g~h ot, a ma1!l:triJI, cnlt!'!ri ft:! ·ttilt.~, I1lf.l~ llii nt~~UVie W to lll'e tl, W af elect.rldty, A eltfler ~na I[lf 'I11'i 'Lta k, itI,ppeillrl FIg as Lile W~'Ci Q!!lt:!*,j~ IJ.lIJ- rI U1e ~ors hOll~rlg, Til" I'!1hldl~' It:l,li r:O!1rlett~ tlil i'lI WIP r, ~M arrn l~e4 ~~the shail Ll]at [1"1t! iillloJl!'l ~he' re~lst'lve tIC.n:k. Whe:l'l 'i'l'IR _ . )c'l,(lper Is ~ cne e~d of mn ms;i5t1vetr~FJl." It mnke~ ~ fw-li', Bienrlcal abl'1lHtLIBI1 ~ :t11 lug ~t tl-]ijIt no. As th~ 1l~,iS,f l\.!JI1~t!.ll'l~ wlp f moves ilio G, ttl' track, flIU\tlnJ~ 11'It.1'~,a5il ~ ~e~L~1an&! belweet:llts -If,an" the First IUM. M ilIl"rNt~-lie> rmiis[-aIllg!'betw~!l h~' wl~er ile hl8li1Uh, Olh~ :"fnc:lof ttu~ lFGIt~ dru::r i'I e rl2~:II::11 _g ~ertl Wliii!n th e \rJlpt'!. "makes n ~1I'I'laCI wltl, it.

gnfd~h'\lI1nleJ'1d

wi ring m~m _dor

i~ rill

~ed;l~t

Wlp~

VI:.'!urn (1tI11trl:lls A. Pd'lel'1l1~mmi:i- ~ ~~Dnles~ Volume (Q ntrol I ~1ll1!1"I ,,) 111e hal sXgl'l~l flom a fJH::~!JipI~ wnne ,~i!iI to th!;llug ... Otci Ql,ernl(j of t11E'! ratk; ;z} 'lfle ground II colllfJ{;1cted to· ~11e t 1LJ!l!:, at I11E'!'lilt 1, . ~ " ml, 3) iilI,O d ttl~w ip~r conneds to ' h,1:l l::Iutpu1 ~d~wlng be~o"WL Whe~l the wir~ is ",nI'u'! Illl'ld, of tj1e 11'atk

conn df.lill 1,0 .ttie I'lckufs ho-t wfl'£4 1I, "I~n: I ptl5S£lj
hlI!,rmped'~r la, '~11e'Olllt~utfhtk, As 11, ~nafl 1,Ii;tu ~lied a I1d _IIw~ \o'''per I'IIHJV~ 1I0~\'n IlhE' L"a-ek;,retl.!itrrnce is IncT -_.!:ied tJ :illw~eI1 ti'l:~ ,~U::;,kutil:S Imral"l~ U'H~OIJt,lJt, en '~h tld[UnH~ ~~O~$. Sll'hl-Manoot1sly, res I ijln- '" l~ d~t:t~~$il!d 1::1 t ' 'I'i Ih~ OlJlpul a nLj'ir,numt ~Cllltl'lnut1ng 'to' lh d ~rlZ:ill§e 11"1vol U me.
:1\ -v;oll1ln,e ~Ol1bQ, w'irNl as In til d~WTl'Ig at ~11'iI1't~III'~lJrn d ~~n th~ vOlume tif1~1
[1"I$rUt'tlenl bile ol;!tp1.J

,":xl

anu

Value A P;(lte.l1tlgfh' 1 r~ vii!IUe refef$ ~o '~~eiJIT1Q:un:tof' te5~~tilnce19~~n lhe ellus"O'f lt5lr,~'k Re£h.t1li'1c~' ls expr~ed III pl]ms. (5ymholllZiN b~!tl1 ,gr'eek: Te:tt~r Oml!llFllP9bi used tn ~~~:clrl gL1it,m d tT(;1 b~es arc,e Ll'!~r!lHl~ or c 1M thtJUSiill'K'IS fff Ghms, m kil011ffi~r a!tlbr~vlatecll<. Tile l~'lfOI Ino ~ common WJ ue used a~El 25 OK a r'itl s COlt .2 ;~l{ p!c~" gl\1e ll'll [r''sU"LH'f]I!.rU iii '~HgHt!y Ciarker 5!J:!Jr~t1. and r 11,eSt oft n u,sed wllh sl!1gl~'con p~ckllps. 50f..l~,p.Qt5"being i;lrlg,1ll'l'r. are I::ii!st

lE!'hur
sends

even ~ U:lerr;.o @re :SE! par.aoo vofurn cOl1trols (or ~ar11 Pli:tku~, n yo LI wo U[(J u Re 'lifl 11'" '''I~·h] turn o"j2' 1'1 Ku.~ all
1I1~ WI1IY IJ;!CiWn

when It to gffi~lLIlld.

IJffdlng,lli'

wrtl1oU~ r.w ·'11 .loll1l,~e,

1i'tJillml!! M'I turn ~u""11 J wlt~l~ T1t:l1rmt

79

wlrc t'he ~r~~u.p'S' wire ttl ~~le hut \ Ip f, and 'lI1~!(iulpU'1 ~t:!I tha JJlp! Il!f'lod 'l:l'1 tl1~' tJ:adl: f~ n~, at
rlgll

I, P~t;IItPp t1'leM (C)ntrpLs; 'HScu~ (I 1i;l,t'~Qw,gt~ wi md 111111Is


pof!:i i:li'ld iii

~w,

u'~~el' mid5 il"l U'1ll' 51Jl!'ta1: A PQPIII Ii;!.r (19~rr:~ I a .,02,mfd. 1A!llh w1d_ rang~, rrllj~ra'i Ltm E!$. !lome it<w~:r~ruen~alloF1 ott 'OF wfll 11~I pfl.ll Ifl d'ete~TT1II1I"1fl.g 11101119 tc:h YQ!;i p fey. S.f!p@r.:afe·tOI1'Il'·,contrnls
A II ·11-,]1 lrr-rn [J I -up

wu;y, Tt'le Cill1!WI1"lg lmmt.'dlatel,y


b lu,w salJW~ iJ ~ln::ul! w111l1wo

1Fi11:1,d~' f(jP 9HI;;h

l"llay picku 13.

sepal'at· vo:rum~

~Cl]lile

\.ol.'lll1c p

pl!lL n'lTS'ls fl'l clrroTl I;IS d 11'1 F 'MeJ Jan b<m.es.

",r_ ]Jtll

jfll'r.d~ 1l1~'~Ir~ O'iCKIJI'Dn!"

a'p~C![Rr~o '~n" [t::kl.:lp'!o Il:o't p tI, e s~tl!e;t{:lr ~w1t-e1'i ~C'Jr


!~1:IiI, a ~ Its ~ot\'ll'iE!dldln

rlU r vajUti tno5en In!" ~~d', TI11s ls !:len 'bi attai;'htng 'lre

to

(;C)I1'!J'!J:Ij,HDWEIJ,P'~.,

Ind~f;':!7Ichl!!1t \fOliume ' arry ~Ill~ t


thEit
i',I

p1,(K-UP IS;1l lhe"

,r u t,

tts. ton knob will

olffecl <III ofU1e Ilckt:lp, ml1ll~n~ (0 tt. gfQtll"ldfi'Jg 1:11 1'1]~I1.1'i"G'l UtHl I ,5, ,~ \¥~ll as Its 1!i!~1u'Ii. ~rt cap~clt{lr.5

may

Ii mad, 'rrom dlf e re-Itl :l1121te:rlals., resu ILI ng ~n

m~refJt ~l:!afily I vets of U1 "~I.l nClthat I'liEi:5S s Ih rcu iji1l ttll:l'T1. 1111i', [~il1~ b ,,,~,,e;I~~fve 15t>"ill:~~ 1:-~rii!n~ IIIl¥.!<:' Tlle~ ~ ss 11
I;irl'tU'l"!and ~lnl.Jls~, Howa' l'; If'! -i:!~1i~ ~Ol'ltr~1 drr!l:!it, the :ijgl'ml wl1ll,h PCl$Sr,;!5 tl'1r()lIJgj1 lh~ n~i)d!of goes til groUl'l'd, so yow ~dItt tP1!lI" It, 'nd tN:!lit.:. Wor~ Q5 W II as mora e~lfell:EIY~ 11YF.l8S, u Irrult In 1'!1wl,1 h you w!1l near tJrl s,gnal Jil.ll~S'lj\'IgthHJJ,I ~h til (apEl~U:ol', use 1;1 hl~t) ,~uaHty 'lilpe Jlk.eIlolyeslet', polyplopolil'1 , Jjol¥st,y.t"'rtt!. or silv,Qr mir;:·'l. m }I 1J9Uilll¥ {€lsI I~sg thaI':!a doll.ar e.u:l:1! G1'11d th~4{i)lJllld I WOftl1 It. AvolCl tePillfit~fsUlil1. ai\i2 ~p rilied; tlte~e hEl\tCil' 1!lJ..t:i 11l'~5 ~-e!ed wJt.11 'r M~ -" .18
c

~h2l;lle $r~rla'is Ufij~ !i(lI,lfld !liuh'lll!Wtl~t

""'no

the track..lne zm~l~ frerquenG:l.es til'll Pfti~ fl1rCiiLllgll ltm c-a];liicllor are
s~f'lllnaeaslngly iQ;gfOYl1d, dar,k nlnll UU~, t'One Df I'll

IU1qu~iflGlE!Sto pass rJ1rou~1' 'ttl"i~ ( Ig 11), but bl{){'kbass fffi;juel'l j (tlri..I\N1I'1g elm'll'~ Po. lune ~ i'll!'CiI is m.ltle by mhnecLlflg t~1 'liot I to 11' .!litl' o'r il pa:cI~Of, ' I'Dd tln~ tiltl1f,!r 10 Ui,e w.lp~r '0"1',B ppL (!ira, I1g at ,rrglltj. ene tul 0 ~ r;lofs "racj.l; IS tl, n i<:.anne~:t~d giournlli. AS ~he wl~~;r t,~ ~ tl,m~ed f9w;:m:(th;; BrCiur:r~ i:'F'ld q'f
.a!1I~J,.!;!,~!;Qbt~

c; pa Li1 oro;.

I1

!gn

n U M. pen ENTI OM nJ!R5' DlJa~, ,Ot g'ang~a. PQLerilio rncu-rs, h..v~ lw~ j?lil1s t;Jl1 !;I, sln e ~,tTa¥tj ~J~eE:j;jjo,n ttl!, df em an QtMrer.Th II'rt!' ~eve~<I1 vOllrl[]J~tflns 'ot tlrLeo:ll!, Ijl!JL lW~ '~'pe!il a e espeda.lly u flll'I'lor
In Vl.lm
l'lIt

wlrln1g.

rn.siN rn "nt

hilt:, Ignill

Cap

T'tots tome

In (jJ'ffer"im'l

yalues,

Qgpre5s~i1. 11"1 rnll::tQf:aradl (ijtllJ,r~\lliJ t'!d rn I~).t~'pacH" li's t:I

In fun ~c r'IlrOls t:ai1g~ rr~i'l"l'fn::U.Jg'hly. .~5,tl\,l,JHr lilfd. The valu' YQ~ CI1Cl1!!JSIl!: ~i/'111 ,r:l:~term'F1.e wl1a

B
A htlilJ:l' (" IlIJ'tpUl I~Itlo,iJp t1 l 1'~[ilr;I

ftequ rtcle! make


<I

111 I«)n,

cMtrol will

aU~'nuat~. ,flSmf.!;l dipi'lC tprs will

da'rk"SClI14n{lll'llg ton

H m~l, p-tk!l1l110\ i 'il.1

,ontl'ul, wh,ile,~ .OJm'Fd ('ffipacUor wfU gr£:ll.J)'1(lfJusi the hlgl1 !it 'rr-equl2nrles.l~avlng !'1[j,051f the o

'8
1\'if.l

1101"ll~naf

BO

llnlh

wor1:; ll'1~ 511,n~ L1:JEl WN 1(ll.e~~r I.J; C<J11\lcl don l

\'J4Y!; II) '~IF' InlW [",nlH'1

I;)IJ~r [on Cf!I'1tr1C flat: Thes~ ~la\l@ two p~1't5 ~rlIV.at1:!.d ;;~Ilii!,ra fely b~ VAT! taUl,d krl~bs T1afl1g11l! 'shun rFig 12). Ttwy ilJ,ti s usel'ul I:lr 'Puttl nf;; tiM) llirroli In C1~ll1gl'l2 plil~ S-\.l h as vCillll11e ant;! 'fOI1e,

,t~~ drawTng;

t1ij\1jl a ~f1'~'e r' poslJioll 1n whl(2i1 bolh oof'l h'eCtiMS are, nTI~ue. [JPtlT 'Or1~{,tn"()n swftEh~§.ha\le a spcCi'ii[ arrangem nt frllf'tl1ls

1?e~ow'),

separat@
1ltr.,

t01112

kool1s;,

I" 12-Sf{j'Jek-cd knQfJS: sJ~/Jrt:H E5 ,I 111111!ItnJrn~n 1#,1'1.]1rnc rii! ~ ~r!I~, JP I klJ!'l'1 swftd[~es' 'Oir lI.5t!lJ11y LIS~d to. det'e-t'tllin _ .Iltch pJd4Y P is fewa:rd Til. ':!;Ie to Ilrle In a wide$ele(;ti(jil 131 s;, es, r~nm Implti: anteB 1I1El1 $wrtd~, ~e1l..~eflf!!tJ'IIi!j ~T~U~S ptEKup.botl111"1 pIWF,ilIJlel, ~tia~e pi(Ti:M,pllt) 111~11y rompl<!'l~ mOtl 'I !"iJ11Y pUlilnQr Cl'M[ij~'~WU'~I1!B:,' Tn~y,~~'worll!, time nUy, !caul Yfl.'U , ~n u~aIIY' dele mine their fUI1 ~fI b r l:'~llI mlnll"lg If) '" WdY ll1 e.1r m~tJhanJsm£ fDjiIk;~)l1f' r-111' ~GI"i'ti;l ts in li1~i Viilr1ow, '·wi'lcl1 Ro&l~OI16! o1!n~ l'I !!l2i"i!2rally c~me:w th in t- l U()11:S.:!;:Ort11a 5Y+ttll 5 I1r!V~ ,'n\ r, d n~;!l1sln~ i!T'Oi.lFnilthJl "wnnel1J,qn .. In \~'nl" ~~ l"!lthene~'d the Ihsl,l'1.Ict [JIlS, qr use yOur r(l~Jtrmaler ttl d~ rmbl 'thlil s(i!qlleru:e of conn dlam.

1'( KUP );El~r:TOR , .

Itrall

~F

wm,

It yol.l would l'ik:~ to W1r, ~lr t~wllctlesinto y.our 'Il5;tfum·nt, tM don'! W<lf:lt to d~UI i1ny m~t~ 11,oleS,!n f~, t:;of1!ild~r i\N1tt;11 pot!>, 1Ite'!>E"featlJfl!'" ElPDT swrt~h In a J' lJ5iiillg 01'1 ~he ba (it ,f ;~lC pot a ll:vat;eCl by I'U 11'111& fInd pu,s]1!r)1! on 1I" kil!;!b (tlle'i am ill,stl ~OWn.,iOIS ~!:i,S11·j;ll.!n pdt..s, '5_ Hg, '0, 7' ). A I!i

Dun-

'N

F-PH:A5 E. WI FUNG When Lwo fJ1C'k1J~5>lf ' W!rl:?(1 Qui ~ of ~11afl}, H means that 1:I1ehot
<lind grO!;Jnd lai!!lt:ls ilr" Iri~v~rs~d en on pil;:kul"l(drawl., al right), This causes U~Q.sigll mls ftom .e!!lt'I, ~,jr;l(L1:pto' m~v In ep pLl~ite D (Jlmetlom,f;ancell!!'l~ out Wl1ilt~vaf Is t,t1'n;, tJ,n 'I] b ~tll 5lgna'l Wl'lat is: r n ~ a . nln, tll.),ijly ton. '~Ilat 11a ' ill'i In~r~I1,g,'5dmW'I13~ ,\l~rJ~ qUii!rIt)! I'f tn,~plc:ktlps re wlretl fo 5e~!l'l,~~ VQlllm ,Il:h-Oitl!i<, or ,to.a blM d !JQII, '1t~~ Ing~ gU1Wl [;If ~ill, , und mijilYb~ dlal,ed In, Ali Uief 1Ni'lY~'()gJ ~ten ln~~r~sti1l'1grhalf~ulA tJolleacl flClnl JlIL1'1L1~ gf'pi1ase llOl;lOd iii to 3'1'1s:et~ i'I Il "murkl LNILI~ttlm pI\; !,IF th I uut ~p dtm ln Ui~ prla" SWlld'l, ~ D Or~UOII;j1 f.olir.Kltm t110111 111e si~EIJ hi'. LlJe pfcl,u..ip wMse leaflis Ill" . r 'I/! will ~i3I s tl'frougn thCl'l~a~ftlrl cuttIng ~fl ,~s ~""S'5fi'~uen I !" Th~ ~i.!'!Mhg IlJtLmcl 'W Ii have 'I,' S o'r GI'l~ pitlmp, 61'1dt.l'1 . phased tr J'IJ'a~ U1 ,two plC:kl.lp!5 tQg ther.111 vtilLlf Un~ ca~,tJjdl~,r. '(us.e ,,. tQ Jj,~mflC!~ wn I tfillferm'] ria tl1 fr~l",encY' ilIt wtl! ',h ~h pi; S!!tl l 11111 l1,egln , Use ii hl;gh·qu,~lIlY ca,pacJto.r for 111105wlrl!~,g,itS,'Y€;ILI Wlil Jle'lT the Ign-,I whkh pass,e$ 'lh~t:lLlBll It

thil enes bi2fEI\1Jr.

_ 'afu ur Il1lhe3·pil:!lhlp Gil'l.son SG EI!:ill Le.s Paul m6~ql!!<. n T.liIlm'Js'Hie rus'tom wlr-ll1g ~e used, a~ w!JIl'i' (J~5C:rib~d

For ou r

girl nar

w ,,,,,hQ'!ie 'a .3 posRl!1jIl'1 csWitl':'n p2lttt:t11'l

lll5f;ld

MI N I SWlTCHE"S

M]o~ S'l'1'*;liles are ,L,!, Wf~ I for :all ~il"!~ i!,if ,'!'J . r[11g,"l!CIp~1 . 1'Is, ll1e]l may b'e' LISOOltl !i\;\t,1 ~ h "t:w n I:Uffel lit qtp enc rs '[or ,11'~ ne n1Jol. g sWl h Dff cJ'1e' In a lilJmbu[ker) Qr for ~Tlll nu!'f1u fiuf1.1QS!1S. A b.ll$~~ one has U'iree hJ~~ In on S'w1kl1 p'a~ltl(l:n,1Ju~ Ggl1t~f lug oliln~rjs; he lugfl OlJt~ s.lde; inlh I:itll~rpo~1tI!!lrJ 1h~ center !1If!; ,orll'1gCis to the: II;I,g QI1UHJ OU"l'1!F S!~N~ .. '11115 ~,rillleJ iil single: pole, daub! ~ll''bWI'Or ~PDT wltth 1 ~ dr~wlf1~belpwl. two, nr ev~f,)four, .s-~ls:01 lu~ [}r~ putoll a ~ff"!gk'swit~h rn UffW nltlllJp!e fUf1 OM, Tl"fe~1! OO'~ 'Glill~d, d,nun'l pole, dQ~~[e Ittruw IClPDT~ tlmJ four pele, tlw III '~h tbw ~IlPl}ll swit~11 es

t~'

ron

on·1ii.J

rs~

"iii

r-e~el1hlel'y
1h~SE!~W!t~1~ ill5rl 'Clm~ 111 thr ~.pOl! tl rt wHilom:. Cln-off·
RO~ldt)t1lrl !1 tYPll~

HLlMtll:JCKEIl:

WlRlN

OPTIONS

ha~ a center

wh'~11

no C(.)IlI~et:tiQI11,S nu:u;[~, QtH::mrDI"I

~pl?S

101umlclu(''in~ p3cltlArs, wi1Jel'1 YDti win r-Qr,:a11.co.l'i'l.Biln tWtl ,sep<l'rate co r , usually, come W.ll;l' Im~r lead, plus 'sl.1liald (lriB ]<a-, P E:lll· 11)~~~ t[]n~l$t sf 'IMro 'Wlres" fur e,aa::t1 ttl,ll, ,ol1l.1 t~a

~llr~Jd is wi~fld~O,gn.:llJllid.
flJW!11bJ:!~~1;s-al'e Kto!'mall~ " I , ,Wtrnct ".r.th U'Ii12tWo 001-I'S I Ii .....I 's~rj~~.(ri!']I1!!'1§ ~l'lJ!if

~I'.Q

uliiU', ,ill n ~
ttl

1:1111; 1"~$lJ;.! nJrlg j'!lU


]'~lmbLl~;J~er:;

nd hils, U1S tr~~~e of, £I ~ lngllZ

,~Q

IL

l)uJ thil2"a_s$,of;:~ ru fled

paenor

tap

Tn the 'cilpEldMr

tap cll1!SNll::iecl8Ibrnte.

r;t't6maellitlrilly UiltjK !i~und, ,:m, atl1feu'e u\'l~,

t11e bils8l!!1 e D:ti~ pl'C1'Y!~e!21

~y
II. ;.;t'lllli .. ~
,

f1: tWl;i, of

l!1ri!

rCil<~rl~<;!(J
Wftl,

:~], e~pa[;lto[)N~P" i1 Ci~lI 1.5 ~ Gft:~1'1M", m~:tl~ 1cr a gQOO, 5~l1gl~·raU SLClli.!rlQ, ~11;l~ ver, ... e 'm~ , -~".,. \ ijim(:iUTn bif ~I'ii!i, ba:sS' ~~crIIst ' me y ~~ Fir! • ~I:,J i'1~~ ~1t"I",sertrl'!g ,01t es:~tm hi p.+'l ~1Ie;1 l/itlln Lll(! ~ PHlJUot) send l'A~SQme ,f Ule ,mU'~ .!il~n~I to gT'Ql.!nr;l~et [~qht~ '1@)lllles f.Qr tbl~ r~sjsl®t f'(Jng~ lrun~ J:llbo~i'l J K (ba~s boo.s~ Cllmt).!;t r-ol:npleu"iy
'~neJ"lL!i!lIlE!id' to a.b!E.lut I@K
L:Dtill~iJll~jl1

-'l~(~ Ill'!" ~ol~,erii.1~


,((')~~I'I'tf

i1~l- ,t1~rt1kLUblngr L~p~ o lzy'l<eerJ tttern from

u~el'~v:erea

1\;uJ~ !wrn

pkkt'p
B ru r.ILlLtl~

r.c(;W1~rHJY eontact~ngtll e;
.51li~ld~rlg m.Qthlilr P[lJ[.l\s cd Ul~ rill.3ctr'!Jn ks, llre

[. Ic:ill,Il'r

(J;F~~~CJei:Sll]:CCl~lsr Ir~llll',To ~~fd!'f'll~l2 U'le !~~~ VIi.\lI.Y~ftllF U,I;S re5M~r, t~ Wi!!"!;' ~h~ G~]1l:ill~lt@<I' tap eir('uU ii~

,bool.!! ~!!!I!1~lp !!1'~ Wl'~ ICllpilllUJr!<llp 00 ~~' ~'r{iH-u~ '5I'DT ~i.t{IL FuU ~~, 'IoIIUiiif! h In Il1!!:imo piHllijj~ !If :fwttth)

~~el fOI"!,cI a't1,o~'t The'F1'!'!li~


111~ t\N'9

~Us. In

ilI1urn'l;l~Kk.~r a I~o pligy(dcl; 5~.nl ~I n ll~Jg5Ung


~IHI"iI off

te:~N~ad,$ to tiE'rnp,Q~rll1tln~l:!iirt iJpJJ ~IJ'H·q,111 l~r (~i[] ~ I~ 'lle-!lt ~

sen

[t: QPltioJO~;

((I iI

Lap

Ottlc' of '1:11 iIlJ:i\!li~stor ~h~s~ ()'ptl.t1l1~ '[$ 1.:0 ~


'

lOneQf tIle tWo 011", ~'M1~HI':nl'ti (['!j l.e.!:iI S! cQU It~p', TI~iS [['I'\:I'OW~~

~"'I

:b~t a 500'1\ pot win wmli;' flne~ I~~ raHall \\'1 ~11'Moo t;!iI!P<l'Q;li~~ r, 'l,,..h~r~ i[~'1~ rcGs:15~mwl'll ~G, pl;u~
It!'!

",,,,11:;111

1\fmJ Ir1~ ~Il,(,1MO rOlll1t~'l::tttd 1t!,M1s \0 flit6un~" ,u.S'lJ~H}! 'l1u~:S ,I,~enn{i!i '~wm {~ .~5P~T' '~I6!!f1tlE!f l"lg. ,and wi fIl .~t,~O..~~i~ lug:; 'to ~'ouni!l (l;fr~~Ir;ng,031~lgfl~~I'n,,[jl'l~ .

leJe!'l~red

IIii tl,egwtfflJ tit blllo$S, ~!'IQ ad]LS1~l1e PQtef"llTbmEtm' 'I;JntlT th~ <I!1:10urlt lfb~S!ii-tloost rS' ~EiE!~Ellel1 f lIncU p 'tIl ~ L(;aS~ l~~m5'

$1,W't~~Oll I~I'~n. tt'l~ 11wmJJ LJ ~ki;Il1,r p '~otm~ rlom]:OlI, In til e otb!1!T It 'wn I

wm

p~t'~~~~fi ~~I'I~~ rJQfe!'~ro!!l~'hf!r ~tU1 fi! n31:stQ,r Qf ~11J! LL~ !ill 11ll\!~, 11'1[ii,fllir, '\lill ~nd, Y,F.u ha¥,e ~diL~VJ~'1 YQ:l.lr Si!ilUi!1~. ~u CQbdd Il.ist~sw~m wlf'e! 'tt}fi~r~~,lehtlom!efi;!r~ermillnel"!trv In ~Ia~~ ~rml I~~v~ ,;;I Vr.Hl~l)[e bas!: b~~fl ilCir y,(lll r ~r!1~l~oU ~~lJ rat!, In 'P~ t Ice,
j

'~I'!e

rn ultl m ~~~r hi 'f:n~ ~a-(efLJ,1fl'tlL IP m~\le ~l~.

El'&! ffi~.p.1<I ru'

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~t~a rfM 011 YelWr

!lalVe ij ~1!l!gle"f.lU tgne. 1111lll~p'~ens lleC.ilil!aSe, Wher1 U1~! : !'i\!~l::~l J$< enga~jl!~, ,on~ o'f th~ hlllm~tm:ke(!5 (01'1$ tr~!5 1'~ lead's wimt1 to f10t and .~ro:unet al:l i~ l'1@flTllll, afild ttne [!fl1~l!!r c:(jjl'~
1~1d"S. a ree ~:5t~ -g~ln11i:4iO 8)~[}lIf'!dCl J1.$l c rtur L01 r 1l1.e r,~I1!i nf·a 11umli'w !:'I~.i,;j'r ijpnrr;lI~r:\d to ,8ht

u,~·

'lQ\oY:~yer • mQ~l plilyel5 nne! OI"i)'Iil~p'j mil ~tQ h~ an d !ftj tl~ ,W~, IAfI'Lih ~hill' '\Uill'ia:li!Iii.' Viii!rslOf1 tt can be r:J 1m c-ult t~:CJlW Il:'klly 141 I ~p a rj~t amf)u~~lOf,:];lO@5LOne o~tto Iff ts lQ pe'i'mal'let~'liIy
I'J'iIDU 1'1i{ m,t! Flat~l"Iltk:lmetBr ll'ls'i~fe l[,~

el~tl'FMte-Scompa

I'Trtn{mt,

1!,"'I~el]tt'V~ plckAJ,p',r5! I~ l~ W:)irm~]l.' s' ~rii~ rRmj~o:Ai: l.l r~1;'UI~,


~t':lUl1d ~~.{j

lh U'I~ rofm fif a «1'r.!;'Wtll'lveil'~a d:ju'S'tatlll e trim pot. fJ; 10 Ol!ll a~IlIO·f<l:pt;r Gi~.wll ~ pfl:J:vli:le ~.5m!:lnl~lrelr!g~ of en ntwt p TiJ Il"1 f' d I a p D 'ipel"!;sl!'\g 'W~tI1Ul~ ~:a;p'1llt:lt(]fiil!j Ul'5'l~ti:Jr'ilf'l U,,~ lil!J!'I,cJh;-u~'l wlll ~.11~ a SCiLI,I'IQ d'.u.51Foig~nl,y ~ ~etw~~i1 ill.
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iIfed fa tt1e ,

~~I..md 'L;jt a StJfflll, - p:l(k~l', Instil/lice. [lt1~ Wf;lY t~l,:gt:t~ mUdl m~FE' [JlSe~bje 51ngll2"cG II wn e bl1;l ~ pf
ill

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~i"1,IJ~~H. I.Jnll~ ~cJI '10'11'111 !lIrr~d ~IW ~t1t!PIi!' tt'le t!,ehl~ Qf tllle. ~l!iet I('on ~$ It , nunflb ~ ck,~r ~t,tlllg, ()flly. hiJ~l.

ta f.lIJ ~d

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fa r the, g~{!~mdwlrE} of, 1t1 e t atl switdl lL1l'ilWil'lf6 i:lit rTght)_. A£ I~nOil
t@,O~

19 u~~

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d

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t{! P $(lU tIds

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may b~ IUI$"~d to ilIC~SS, two d,roa~V'l lIbCWi\!).. [IS


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ton

IT£! I, tl'l~~apJd

tor !j"~l'Itils:

oWll11~the

hl!h'i[;J. l'f'ifJql.H,,·nGj:l2;5 ~'EI,

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s,wlbtl'ler:l

am

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a;s,O!.bove, tJ~~ p~rn,u p loSes Illl' J1um·t~fi.c~ Ill)g

82

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I ~a,ra!leJ I

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tm rtgh~.

the rotls 'From ~rIB.!l to


.~l!r,l~ p~I'!!~~T IWlrdl

'f1115

.• 11iBIs!') '[!)leks lM tOO~"~M,plng r l Op.t!OllS .J'rnpilcltnrEElpplf1g. !Jut pr·ffillcl~ iJ 1.J~I1ID option wllun bum Iii ttl 1, aVOIdedil.t ,III c_al', ~.~fie>5-1'I<I ri.:! ~[el ~yl (110 :.. may[,)(! Iji/ie.d ti5~it1I'~ I Wltl1' CtlU ta 1'1$. as IClng i$ }lQu en fn~rta:~e tll1 of the! ~~lltd"~iI.

1 Pftl d U~~ a ltme th'~Uif slmHiiI r ~P th~ tolP p~' S"OUlld, ~ Lit \ Ihl!w(t I' II~m..lfp~lt~Ii d ~h trll'ler.

~(Jt'~ ~eSllli~i;lnfEe, lifeCll\1'eI)r ma~ll1l~ ttl~ sound hrlcNer as 1'I1e g ~olum~ knob Is h.nnli!d d(lWI1I, l~HTii!I.l"lcfnBouttne INs treml l!l.e t-dbte. ;(i!:cl'iJlf!On~f[){.Lllb;6I.rcwH !"J!'loWS to! a ~egr~ of tenesrlJ plng., i!jS you 111'81 el l tn ~ell b~''IlI:1;',lyhH"~ yo.l;I F Volume trUf'tl:ri] to m a lite th' ~ ,tone b ~lgJ1 tier C!r da rk:e:" a,5 '~" 'vbl lJine ~~ d aeSl~~i:l. U$:ing tf1 !.t. l!.Ime ~'I1t1,b ttl a~Ju~it t· r!JIl'l1QIn a n mb-i? ilImp ror Instanc,e, y.pu may FTi'id'U~t iii bl'l,ghtel S uml wltl1 ll1 ~e-l IDIN II' WO r~ ""!;illW til I~i::l fS'lqrttUcl'l •

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111- . a:ac:l'lofS'Jlfli!ll ViJI;rrlWl, ,~I for -[11].5i}~ 1f1th £ijnge Q:f IlO' 2,lO!llflP "fiH"~i 'for !:JLl.ltaf; er IiltH5JJptior bass, As wlth the

,~ Ilcll!.:1Ui

on-IEll WIRINC
OPTIONS TWo Pi£ku p~ !erle!i/ P I Llll~l A 4P'DT 'SWJtcI1 15 ].fs!t.'ful Wh~lie\!el:" • Vt,lfj,l t foo (~OI1S l1e~t1lQ be €JQ.I~'lb.ed from ii, sing ~ swltd,. Drlt) e~ii!ll11pl~ iilt r,lfll1 ~ 15 tb i;l1f', f tl1 ~ o U~t:R~'l:S f (]

~ 1,,'11 [Jlrt

Ii gl\<lUlld I,{'ml. rrom pL{kup (tt)! I ;u c ',~II~ I';rmm'rlh:m If'a'' tr~1n nill I I) f.~lles ftl11f1~i;ttr(>11 IL~l1 fl'CMI eoll ]

fi''llifTI

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:wrnplCI(IJPS ~~lweli:l'I! 't~le m~r~s~1 ector wai.C:i1ilillei1 d ktlC'tl and ser Ies c;:d nnrtur",'I'l'. Ttli!. slnows 'tar qLJlti>tiwal(I'1h1g tretl.l.'6i:ln llte hI~ln plLtll tl ~€!!E'-ttor8wncll .mlj a: pr~ 'l .!ierles sound, The t!l)l1e-haplrlgoptiPIl'5, (ijBS(11bedlln
,tq[J

lrm~,Gl)nr ..ols!t~e (apa !toes veluf;l d€!t~ml:Toes t:he. fre.<.]l.lency ,a1w11 i r:h ttl ~ tl'~ble 'by;pilS$' b~'~ln!t ~p1:rlrn mtatl0 FI £lIlG"WS flr:jeiurlln~411e e£red'. Begir1 'W~tI, iii (~padlor TIf'Ithe 1nldl:L~ of 'fli'll:'! 1t":"lllng.ol2'. Th~e VaTLiI,E'!S are,.ava;ndb'~ In s:iJver Tillt~cap'a~tt.nrs, ~ wen as s~me IDf tI1e oUler 11igh·q~allty.' t.l/P-[;S, i'jr(~ th(~.I'r USB IPlSl!rt;;tB t11Elt th, , HtnL'l \i1!'111 remafh dear ~l"Id L:I tal1l!d as tll.i!! 'ltolumell'1nob Is lur~'etl awn. 1'h ' r~ist,",r IS'" l red 111 w sertes wllll th •. ~OIpacill:)l' [131 iiI'llalFlua'tthe am ··unt flf 1 ,"bl p015~il1g ' llll'cH!Sh it. Al 00 t~$lstor Is -, gqoClJ~I""e ~.P!i~rt. To find ttl ~ r~~i.5fuf valLJ~ tl11:11 e t ,l,ll( YOLllr nne, U~~' (.pt:Jte,,~lom·1 .r I. mptlt"ilmy t:llpPI1!'Elln p]~al ottne re$IUor,.i1.5" (JescrlbQd a~~'e 1n tl1~ t1;:!11~ Cdpa~ltor liJp :5.e~flp!l1,p .'~:2.

E.
iI. PLrklip t 110!
II 1:11 ~RUp I w>~unJ It!uu

til, tlJl'l~d~<lpE.otor

srLlcll a~pv~ tni'lY ill 8 be us d to rn d'I{Ylh~ ~rr2~ S,Ol.ll'lt.'l 11'I1'Ili~ swl~Stl.

C Pickup" :it hQI I~ Ipl(;kup ~ 11F!J,1JiuJ It.·JLlI.Jj 1i0U.llLIt D hilI oltl (tlr ~!'rle-s 5QIll11t ~ P cJi.up , pa~dlLcIlflt aliI ~lu I &WII"(11 nr lTlmLJpo~ r fll'C1-Iupl P'H~II;~ htlllllJ.!1 (trl ~wtl~l ([ I;I~ !11;1 poll G ~1"lhJn,]1Ci.lP,iEIIE)t/~_$k1I" kI grnlmr;l

Aval 01 N,f, HEC1'R I c SHoe K< PI il:l'yl,ng an ~1el.'!tdG Il1strw FIlElAt flf~!iGtI'lfs 50m~ p'me iFIt1E1I~ frn ell1!.;;lrlC 5'h tJck.. This ean IDe-em w,r, e'rI. U,'f: rou'I'ldln ~ tn 110Ur aml'llTflr IS TJ1cun~'eh1 wmllhe .gmulO!1lng In il PA· 'I' I rn, or 11''1 oU'II€ oilnt1m,;;1'lp,s' ,rnpllfletS. WhCI"I·,ygur Ililll['J!i f 'tou(bll'lg \lour jl;,sttll!1umrS S'{lil'l~Str,H "'fly 'Our r r-mrl

wl1fleqecr fo

gtQlJlld), .ii!If1[J

YIil:U,rnm-e ~l1ll:l'wlilta.

"..:fIn an

Ell rnln i;I litis Tret3l-e t.css In ~ \(ololm@. Knoll CIne pnJt11, lin tha~ !blUet'! . eps pl'E;lY~rlifrolil U(,ir'!g~l~ vc,l~mU" rnn'fI~1 pntl1~ir lr,Jstrum!".ml iii IQ.5s of hehle 00' th~ knob Is tu fir'~d d'Q!;,\rn~ hfs lfo cal1~ed mostly l!I~"CEI pati'la I'lGe In tTl T a1)i1 U'J,~t n.lllli"W ~l1R mmpilifi r. Ofll!' 'uMloi1 I.!r 1D·1:l'IJY'Em 0xpel'l~ive Inw· pa Itllnro ct:Itj.l~> Jiowe-ver. ['lI 1,1i betP{ 'leIJle~...H fiW' lIO!rnnil ill P Flqd.t 1~i;lVeyour Lone fJ,ep~~delllqn Ei ~hl ,as tnlt$~ ~ave III vva;' ~f bel ng mt5p'l ace~.

is

O,ppg~II~11I-gmk!11t;£ed ropl'I.1flij, Ier ilistart[~,. III 'wound ml IdQ'I~· ls n·ate~! riiFld a, sli;i=~ble .'l11fl k PM$, 'tr;VI;:mgI1 WQLU t:J~ y, Or~Llrld·lcu;jp PQlGnlJiill ml'io~J!~(] o~C:l.!r 11 ~,t,)urI;!mp]lfl~r Iii lmprpper'(y wi re~, If Y!;:IU1;1 5r. i;I 3·Prtlll;g 'lUi ;:='~rol1g pl:UIjl' 4d~pter. or 11 ell;![llillGElI QU'lPeIs.yO!a ani! Illugwld lIE1"\l'J ant! Ul~ Wlre!ili l!I!rofr.e.(,1J~ A Illy 'ltm~ Lwo pfei'(~ oj eq:uIprnel1t h'i;rve ·.~rn '~ppe~l,te;&rouml~' a ptJtlllllllal ror~1l0[k eX:f~ts,

can

,cgrr:tCirlrnl eialler, 110.f1,er: r

A bet~r- oh.H~orr to wtre .1 srila.11 CilP dtor illld ~15tor across 'tIn:.'h9t Olofi (;iutput Ip·Q U1J \lolurn~ pot(sl (a'!
f1!;;,llt] , This hl@ Ills a small tlm.oun.ll::lf ITeMle,pa5t til

Is

10, fl@ljil B\l'eOTcilft!S. pWdl ro; :. an lne'Xpe tl5l'\fe em Uat t sl r ,t 1'1 ' ~nl F, or 11'Hd.~ F1!'lOre 1Il11f;l,5 ill ~hrl;e il'.il'!g plug on i:I . moll I1Qusln'g, and d S ""les, of nghl!i wlll"1::nltldiGlt~ ~vt1rlnar'1 Ciutl t~tl!1g1tjl.Jndoo, or tl,!slliS lead:! (~\il~rs~rl Te5~ all ~f ~kJ!Ql,ll[w In ~'C!lUt pr:dCtfcli! !l'P~Il.~. wtlen you !jID'tci a trte"cl'.'!i I'1IOWse ~tlI ~6Jm. arHii 11'Hlf'I~' lh"e V,e'.nLi~. if f~'u hlJ1\(1I!l:)otas l~fI tt;) j:)~my~rr ~~,f'll 'wl1Bf~ iEI 'gel'wttl[j'J t 5i~ pp II fl:!i" JIl e' power, 'i'1eek lt1 at UV g 'itH:'HttO:f Is ~rp'perly. grll;lwnl;j -{[ ~c Q ·gra1.ilm:lln,gstll'ke Qrwtl![f; plpe ..b 'fpr pllJlgglllg anything In,
j~

II 110linpUI B lILi!plJi (Int'l.d .mlt ~'U'pIJI' I' ix' ma


fe\'i'I!Ied !~. VOlLlilic put"]

As

Into :your

CM[!ilr.Ili:1r Ii restEtor

h.nlher pl'ec~.uiion. y'ou [".an wji'~ bi ~ml're S'a'fety d,'vl [!j).lit<lr wl1f:d1I WilT r~C:li.J·'· CinY.slmd{ Ilflat may Ci (ur, ll~&.st lI1J;OUj611 m.ntiitl 'Vi,tUl, Y9U:r ~t:rlf1~- \\I~ first ~nmU!1~ared thts; In Adt[a1'1 l(Jg~rs bQ~k.. t\l51ornl2cII~'1!l bUf Y
iii
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10 use ~~pper~," (;Qv~rUle-,s~~~&;il!"ld,b~ttOlli"l of. tl"l!~ CQmp~,rtll"l~rn[ wi'lhl.h~ 'rr;Jll.!')v!l!tcla'P~]ng, t!l!p'pf~c:e~ bv AI'11 to ! V~.ill', On tble $llii~~j r~a,lte $m~HWt;ls ~@-11~",d1 OMJ£l L11e
eem

pOi trn et1lT r :ciIrllDr

reC8.ss l,vhei'~ tI1e~~reM


ij,~fi s'aitiV

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tl,at f~U fiLl~rtlll!'ltl"s

J'!,l!JI~,fl'lStln'r!f1~ 'good mntad w~'tI,

tI,el!i~'E~s~rfar~ tl~ 'tITl~' c!j~'~'.r, elfl('{l' theta~Q .15'ln.D1ia~e..trim rro~md ll1e wiring c~mp"~ne'Nt a;nd Q!,ltplJt.Jacl':.l1C1let, ~ufll ra
If y-ey I;li(. ~iI,r~r Irn;h::Hlb~' ilbGUll @I ~ IJ!'Hiling :slhcJ~U0n, DOJll,O'T 'l~;;t 11 lJ'lr11QIItlIJllg 'lfOll! .$tl'iF'llg5 i,l (;IIlQ tm.l"lldlllr:J~ lQIJt'!hhli~H11E mlr, ~rtrleril::l·~· e:t~,"'W1U"l ~Ihe ~tl4ril' 11imd,i:1Gc~~q!1:@l1 e.!.Jr~el1fs w~1(~'ft~11I r!"(~mQrie iii!}l'IiIT1 ~C!f[~e ~lf1®' pas$: mroc~IY 111 rOTrgtll ~l~ Tl'u;;~rL al1d mea)' (l~' f:~:tal•.A fleHeJ 5[!J !Jiio!i'! lSI to ~ .(tJIi:ll't~t iI ¥(j ltrn ~t!i1rbetW8<!£:fl y'Ou.r ~trl ~1ifa lid t~~' :5~~:t~t:t(l!~ n pl~ ofitil.l:WI [i)milrlL, 'Te!l.t PrJ botl~ AC ·~F'!cl' Q:C:5{;lt~I1i~, Any VQr~~g~reent on t11i m !eIDr r~p, fC?SRI1'I1$a & !;I r1I~!;e:ro l.!~ p slmaUt>lrt .
f" RP IJ N IJ Atli D 5 HIE LE)I N C

:k;hlfll.Th~Y rnaz b,I:i1~t<J~,~~¥r,oolH~~(Dr tl'lEl' ~f1t>r,entitlr.iim T~f~ ,In the :S1'11~1~ln~ ,I~~a~ pr~"~Li1d itit(J110l~~. rte ~~e l\1fte_r U ~mt~,~f'lJ'iE'!tJ~o~ wtl, t'llpe, PI~ eo i!;f!i'!H 5{'Jl!;:J,~'l"loh1tJ taU 'Pf'1I"1~tUfi[l$ IJ "~W~~11(Gl"!gQr !itl~e~s-, ;iQ;lrLI~r a l!i!r~gtl1 ~f wln~ 16 lOne of tl1e~~JOlnb, and gtiiilci1 It.to:gr.oUlnd:,

Th Qmp:~f;1te' gft:ft:l th.~

tldl ng ct :a~I ~nlp

r:J:rl

~rd'li[n 'l11~

IUg(!)r lh~ g!JJ~putJ~~k '~Q ttl ~ UiiI,kJo of "i.lnl4rlh~pCJL~ nti~metel:S' ~mlt~ ground ~OIlr1ffiCtQt'li,lfllll ~n¥{;ViI~1th.E$tha~ 1'I1~v~ them, ,Boicl\cs Q~ patenllometef'S ~r~ thE! l'ilIOSfmnunon plar€!e :for lTIah<:11'1g;.gfQlJr'lCll ml1'lnelc:;ttrltiS TI"I the wifing. rrtJrn~!tRup ,~.e;;lds"
s~'!,rT~t:hEi'j,e~(.

i:'lleW0n1f~ t!otnpaHmf;)f1t .. r::u11 a wire hom lhe grp~1'l~

M~a~e~

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The SI11~1:ulMg 11"1 YC;;HlrrnWl.fl1.9@r'!t pro~~t~ '!;h1~ldTflg GOmRleteW !luf~~i,j!'ld5 .01:11 ~he h~t .Qf

lI'~ e,I~'t1QJ;[iC::S: frqm

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w,th gra!Jn~r
oUl.!i!!1}1

i!;!.J~"fmtll~Igt'l~tl~ inl~rr~Wl1~e, ~h~el~lng may b~ madl' tllQm (lei he$h.le'ba~kOO' ~oPlfe~ :foU

(FI~ 14), or tiV ~IlITl1f~n~ the ~t'lJnr,e IntG,fTCIr af tJii[~


~Iettrillillr:s

will,

a -s:p~llill~!1~rli!.';tl~

iDmp~rtmem

paint, IN'3n~'bI:~~h:r()u,g 'I 'ElniJI .5!!l rne .~IG!~~ '1'!1 ~


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(lW ll.lIlL.(Jj capuntur

taps we\le' mea a ,047mfLf In til

Wlrir1~s

TM. wlrl11fi!.we CIiOSi:fal r:ll.lr gult<Jr, IFIS 15·:11~ ~eatur"Sc i;1 wtde ral1g~ or 11UmhL.1rldng nd hlhg.If'-1.!iI1I lC11!!!'5,yet flls easy to liJi!:' mJ 'prCWld£!1i qukk 1lIt:C"e5S 5(,!UMds It uses <;I to
rJ;lll1blnatltm uf
i;I

three-position

]'J I;"lmp sw1tcll Cfor n -'d

pll;kLi~, bolll plclnJP~, ,UltJ brldgf:! pkkup ~{1le('11QIl5l as round Qf1 ITlany two-hun,bu~ker g~l[tan•• <.md d ht~lf1d knl)t1(or bi:lli1lnnl1g th~ soun ds of Llw two P[ckuil1 s, 111 e bien u k.r1 obi S
Dli1It,y El.l:live when th S-WJtdl ls lntnu mJc.ldl~ poslUoll, [loWlrrg the playt!r to dlul In it sounu pn lItE.' ~Ilfid k.n b, but still nave lnstant arc; ·s~ t1J'1I11 -I pickup ~I{]!,e. 130111 pfr;lli.li.lpi ]1~V 111epem1em LOr!e tall Lmls, 'ad, w I~ha pUsM-p ~IrlS'Wlkll 10 d ,actlviH 11J1lL'd G.I]liuHClIF lapis tor 1Ju~r~ plck.Llp5. A master Velum nlpl (. tip (Pllhols. {lllr tone F1Irols us
pi(k:Ll p, .Jm:l a

l'1e~J;!. Ltcl1uaWd i:llmo~t fUlly will; i1 5:k raslstor. This .sclUnCi a hss a sllgl.d' flF.lss·boo!il ~t a luw [r 'qUE:!tu:y. g~vlrlg It Jusl iii' lI'IUe ~x.lr.. dl1lpll1tlVL?r 1'J112' 501Imll.'lf the run lap. au~ lH[dg~'pl('k~lp 0;, tap' uses til .022.mfa mpa IUJr f 1 a bo 5t that &leniJ$; Uf1~nto tl,~ I11ldral"lg~ attel uatl!:d with e 331{ teS15'lOf, Wll1ch gives II a t10ticmllJJy fullN sound than tl1r! sTngl·-t 011 iJ1Uf1". The [:I!ene! pot ln Ihl~ wiring ~~iOmewtlOilunu5IJal s.lrlcfJ th~ down F1~•• ot I... ach !Jot's triJt:k, iUEl not sent to ground Ttlis ls because 11m pickup selector ~-Wlt,h ei1!.I!;a pkk.up's 51'Hal to 'th~ bl~l1d pot (!Ve11wnen LllE1ipiCKUp Is f; "lee tell illlmm On Ull!' swl1.r,11. If 111e blend put'S track!. w~resmuFlde(j, 1Lwm.lll(Jisuu E1U~r:L So u nd Wh~ I~ U, ~ ~wit(h Wr.J 5 nu lin til QI IT; Ir.ldll! the posHI[Jt1, Bccau~e of thls, UW' bll!l1t:1 pot only allenuat~ c til I klll'l wlU1 til • r >l.me: In 1L.!i tra k. sO Ii. d(]~ nOI ~Iull(;' blend [lilly to elUR"1 I'll KUP al n ,dru, ugl. II I v ry hard In 'l~1I h, lhe ~aLlr'ld 11115 has L~"\IObet1~m5, The til end pol i:idlmts tl'le 1:J\nl~nC'ta Iltlll? more §l1;IdUiflly, giving It a flner r<ln~~of oontrDI, ij~'Pe(lilIU)t arounu tin' r nter cllck, Also by not IHlVlllg enoth r pair of grounded potentiometers IT'!th (r, un"

.01 rrrf(j

di1rk~T t'Oil~ 011 off of OI1~Ythe highest frE!'1l.1enc:le~ on tl1e bridge sown!! lha'i wOf'kJi w II wtlh 111gl1"gaindistortion.

fur til" 11 r:k. 1he brld !;~. Th 1.5chg!ce ;allows a ~he Iled< pleJnJip, ultabllil for Jifi':j{, and ~ J61l1· s Cl1l7m1ri GI,psrltnr
frrr

ptl.:kl>lp. d

iSI1at drculLry (lM !C11~ .rapm:l1oT5 unci res1st.QI'S wired In place, 9mulI'u wireS (m bridge:

r~t5.

85

tlleeidl.ng h~hle
'(f&l

tOgfG!.Irl~,

tho: overiJ'lllollc

'o:r tht.J

gU1tilir 15

rar <I nd

I'll f)J'~ Gpe:n..

l:l...ss WI rl fig>
Ttlt' b s!! uses ill mud, simpler wlrltl;g (Fig 2:2), utuizlrig
,j

pidtu p hler!li I:Jcm mB5~~I' vol ume'. ~ nd sepa nate ton~ lrol. rontrcls ~or Nrn ph:::~lJp.,r you wlJ,Uld Ij~ to lise tile pl'(kup I 'Sfr~tOI' 'iwlkh from lhll;! guihlT'.5 wlring, YG~ miil,y wlw H as III 'lhtlt l;lrru It.. Apll ase 5wltd'1 (p 51 1 ("QIJ! d: als.r;.ll1e I.!Sl~'iJ on om:! 'e! the pkkLUI1~, givl ng i:I somewhat B1f,Q ustle -IIke sound Wl1ell
the blend oon'll'D1 rs'S!@t SUrJ1't[y orr"[e!t1ter, The two pjckillps 5elil!!sfpOJrnlTeT swUtf, (p fIl) [s i3iisil a gw1)oclt!~W:m. ror tJlill MSS, ttl ;}(o(rui'5 ~ U'llCkff, lbud~rsoune wl.ln.out'dl$hJrtllFlg Ih~ ~etHng elF! ltl ~ pl!:kUp Dl~nd am'Lrol. We- [ll'[~d rei r a simp ler wiring, as I~e Llm~ r~or tp,tCKUPS r.lIrk vercy well wllh our w ~~nplmets.,~II1ti1 lilllw a ror gi:!2al tilEal'tJf 5[Jn1Cvarl~tv Ihrough a

p~aYln!!lecfl11!q

lJ!:l'

",~, va IIUe~af ClU r ron~ co rurol OIPil.Citt;ln!< 1:1 re D .[147 mId 'For liI de~p rut ill U,e f1 ~J.:, Wl1i,cl1glv es j} gpcll;lflilg~rlityle tone wtnm T~II~d ofF 5l!tgl,tly, unCIa .O:!l.mfd alttle I;nldge-; wtlicl, leaves th~ mi~rjl1gtlj!' flu II ilImr p u I1dly ffi,VElnwhen rno.slol Ihe h1&11Lreble ,~ roUed off..

2,4 f!e-d,-anlc
rolif"timl;'n~
!(:)I' ,hiCl$,5'

86

Guitar wiring di.-gl'ilm

11. BMJ!.l" PU i lut B 'l{'~PIJ 11(;1 C N~k PI) ~rl~> mnnedor !) fjl lI~r~ ru ""111& mr,r\l'[ tr,r E ClU1'j:ltlt 1= Mll!>tur \lolUll't 1'''1 (j HllinJ pm ~I N~ICk 1QIl~ pUSch-pvl rot I Elr(i1~':!;'I anf' F'Wlo!1-f1~111 FlO I'

J .l-pl.kLEf'Sr:l~','Il'

,I<

l·pv:.lt![,n ~""I1ch f,ipd I'!.o IOr1~ ~IJfJ<lr-II~,t

L Neck ll1i1 \ dpa r tnr

M Ned:.tap rrl.i~1 N [l!ItIW' 1'1..1 Lnn!" C;BP,'IL Ill)r


D 8rld~L'rl tnp (<l~ldIDr p B tI.:J~' PU ia p 1 i.!:<Mnr ~ {.l'O'llfld m l)rIlJJ;:c

81

A Illldi!1,1.:!P I crl II N~l1': I'LJ hel


'~ QUtpW:L

D l:ittl'UnLl ttl bfi:rj,g~ E. Mi.i~.lf:f "(l!4IlH~ pot P 1>1 I1d pdt C; Nf'rIoI tf fW m II lirl<lg lonE' j'l{11 J Elllu!l(' IOno~ ml'o"1 L;}T
IN

-rl,

Lrillt !:jl~1i'lctLD'

SB

--

:--

--

-----

~-

---.-

Wood
Appendix
all

and
_

Tone"
_ _

.'

__ __

Qi' 1'1'''' mOsll11DllU1'1rm myllis <IbOLl~ ~I~cttl ~1t!:lUi is the'l t11u<lr S-I:)Ufl~ romw; Ml.[rel1t rrom t~~ el~c,trl::mr,ci~, Iild t~lat tl'1E: 'wocl U1t.ly.ue Maxie 'o!:i doesn't !i1ffl!t:i t'h tone. Mlimy P'" I;lJ.' iltfe: irurprlSt1d to l~trJ .n181 let~i:1rh: !;ltd ItiJlrs af, 1'f'1'~ d~ ~r ~\];D~d t tit 1lII,assum ~g U1li1t iln~~lh''!BIt1at ITIt,n:lem m~' Ii!.de of pr,astJc.h1 '~~"i.;,t"U,ema~fJul ~b1t1t n elettrl(",~!;Jlla;r ~~madtl a 1rDI'1'I,u5wally wo~, is aFlll1.~Bml IJ'iirt of It!! 51JUn!;l, 11 I, after all, ~bl~'t'11~ thing (hatt~e $trrlJtp iil"S ,i.iIbGhet:i to" liJrld tl1~ ~"'~~ It l~ 11 :lJl!S 11a 'fI ryth1ng Ito ,I1QWirth how U;]€ strh~gs y lj~ilIte'.anti hiiJllc:;rwhat iJ1eo~ler~I'otllt:!i ~:er'ilf'(';:',lusl how mudl lhl! terre fJm0S 'frQl"\l ti(un!11oad L1upem:ls a lo,t Q:r1 1'10\1'1,;' Illl~ l1i1~trum~]is ~~sed, Sl!ll'I1n.orbms- wltl~ dc:'ill!-S~lI ~ldlr1g t A pidu.tps pl'ayucl ftlrouS;l~ 11'1 mp.u'(ler wIll t{'ll!i~ mti of tl1 fl sound tfliUll,o.U. heLl. VLiI'1el~ tili2 ,InSl;r1J h1~m: 15 U 11 14g_g~d P Ti1rough .. r~pO)(, 1M 11P.OOE'l1 n(1 flarlg~, ttl wood, ,I" mOfli! r:lt UJ Unk 11::1 a IDfl~ ~flill n, .La 1.t1. tUCE! n~ IInk It.G; PIiiI fl 1;5ul~I~E1~. ~

e::tIl1s~~enlaeress tti Jr'farlb'tl, ~lijj Qttlets I,ave lar~ v~·~·latlon5-.Nelt'h~1i~ n r;"Slillr!ly bett,er,.111 Ii ally i:h:~perrjJ5 til"! wlla~ YQiJ want. omeUm~ an Il"!strtim~ht wltl, 'E'rI IIIl 1)1, tI~miillffikion.e\'.'111ha~'~ [;It~·w 'd~d c~ots·, S]d!2c1fk nores w:!1i·I, dM"l tin Of as w II 5:.'\'" l1ex', "'~lhll Q h~ul@J, I.iI ~exdtlr! g In ~tn.lIir:U:lnrWI~h le~~ ~OIT!liIl~' will so Urid oJ1sl$:!en.IY blan d en 'every note,
WQ:Qd affects jton ciHt ren'tlv cl~pel'ldrl'1g~Jil wnem It Is ~ an rnstn.rrrumt, [he body; 1$, tl'l~ 1~lrg,e.5t.piee-e by \I~lwtlf!, EJ.I''iD .Ib§ 1:'t"10$l; Imp,(~rf,!"t11t Clui11il!:y IS its ~TIft M 1 G:ulltilf b ofJ I, !i,IIK I1'lmfmb<:l key~,:vrllrillt .aU~eq4en~I~~ \i_ hkh, .n turn, II'1f1tl ."~ 1 OW tht! Sll'lil'lg S;elLlnti~, from. IlUiU:k I:hrou ll1 . 1~1~1i1. W~iil a sl!llJiI tlOd,Vr lnf~r'-e:s bl'~d fr;1F1g [.).\' rm~~~np 5, It lililS a c:onflp1le:l'l ~e:t!Of re san I'lte-s ~"'hich ~l\If~ l!1c 'llll'll; a gf~t d I f Illl ~~f<illi: ,er, orl
l:} r

ut

bOJilI@s '[ii'n I:{ 111a Ilgl1L ar h aW,SQlld iii possltJle wit!, 11qllt:.hlvt.\d-o ~U ..tone Al!!1 mb itS ~ iilld tile weSl;lil~ Will ~~

IJdlble'lhroug,fI Wh@t VP. ~~oiztJ!;mIG tar u'i!lld, The !>h!)p~ oT a. bod,W JIlIIUf1FG$il~ tQf1f;! ss ""'till!. Tw~ ,bndle-s, milld(!! or ~Joie S"iJim~Iop:EI},d' iilncJ ~rved tD ~h!>ame W(!I§h~ will sn1Jl'ld vety diftf!~eIl'Th l'f nne.ls larg~ and Itl'1i1~illid ~he ~~I.l~r t LEln,paa bu;t ~11[Ck,Tl'Irl.\lFirst \vitl rrn t a r io\'~r note, wlU1 . dii!f!p F'. more <llfj ~s,-Oflal1 00, WWi.~le·Ule 19~cT::mcl WIll. hiIil'lla ,11I~'e,F oos.Ql'ltlnt:e rutCi a shal'pr. m· r !ilDHlIlone. M'an. af th: ~11! tOlt ~ifQm pm~~c~"IMe ~a!li' resu'lts tl~~LYOu \~QYlcrexpe- t l1rlllct,lllIgout ~a,vrElet(l1l a ~IJI'[_iiill'} Y f,lro!hl'tl!& j;i tone Ih~~ ~ul'~ '.est berlti' .fitiel':l ElS '11PUwwe : \o~!lUI a Rrf1ngulI·e,d . t:~ck ,~rld m D f ~ ,rom~I' :if resoll@floo, bu,t at til" . ~p i'lS~ 01'5-91'111;1M h, SIJl5}~flil fli "<11'1 all"5n!ld bd~y, 'QI1i!' ~~ G!ttOt)!!ll1iiliJ.lrlil1Y se m ctnnerll1ltd~lll~ ri ~Me tela~liQn511'f<I!:letw-a 1'1 \I]tllighi and sU!ila:11:1I. 11 lSI lNli:l~1y~.e.I~~\I~d ~hal at t1 'iiJvicr b];)'~ty.1,(i.IJ~1 til1,&l rong~r, ab~Of~lr!g I,e£s.,",'~'the Iltrrngl> enr;Jr.~y,b1Ut I[tils ts I'Il:lt, alway' it)lJlo M 0I11yIJUl es wetv .,Io! ne® bl rI'm.lI2i!il rill nBI~rweigl'i UT;tstrwmet1t ~hat su Sliii'i I'lS biEi1I.l'll'fu ny, $on;le tli:nl25 ~'Il,e't'I 11 tter th;£!11 i] l,edvT~1 body of 1I1'C 5@.f[l.e'WDDtl. SUI ttBit1, l'lft, m[J'SI,H1liJJs., ~o1+'l!!!ifrom gQfid oriSlructrl::ln. a '~qlldoonn' rlol1l:ietweel'1 $trlllgs'al1d body, and ~1'IIl1lbHity.pf tl'le IrutrIJ!11nh ~ ,'rt..5 to In:(-era t we!l. r.nts iii ri1rlre (Qm~lI~ei.l 'i'I'Tilh s[mp)y adding I.v'lgh biJ,t u me'lI'lSOLJ 'rnl'l~t 5ul~sfan'tf~1' lJ'I~ln 'Irom a

ooJ:nfi:lrtgb.1

JIg ter<-welght I~

'lflJfiI1(!nt..

T11!!!n ~~]{ ~l~¥s ~ dmet., 0 rlr tQl~ tlllli n the bp.d~; bin,g ~trLJI[JIJJ;!I~ ,ag yvell ss f l10hnnl In @dgltron to hold1ng the 'l~rlS"lofioHI1 iiLrlnS"s, It termsa brJd.b'Vilbe-iM'€en t~~~ two i!:r!CS O'f'LlTe \I bl:allnG strin,gs, Po. ne:l1< tit l is ton rlexlble wTII booi'b e.hergy r1'Qm lh~~~rii'l'WlI n:il~blrJ~ mem lot ~n~ tlD'l~"Su~t~ll'!t6:(lJ n ~ wdlod ~& £htl'seI'l '(:OJ SU~i'lgtll ami slirrn s ali wel'l as re'!ion;lf1,(~. SLlf'ter nadS 1en ~I t'0 favor l\i0111trebli"t llnd o'0h5s

89

re~rrt(!lnt.. giMlng more of b~~11j <:Hi:dwlll ~mprbN~ l:l~ili1i ..

d¥r1am~cs and ~fJ.sIa In, :However, ne,~Ks til ~~ ~f.e. roo ,Surf ~T'I<:l¥ soulld hirrsfu and g:11i1I'ing to sum s, 111~ .stlfff1ifi.'~S bif,~ glv~n 1l,E;!{~ w!Jod m a¥-I~e ~ltered bV JI1 e 0 l~eF~li'lli.n ~f· fts.g~a1 n Vl:!meEiT grairt (~fol~wter9~lf1\l1'l) mak@s. s ~Hrre.r net"," ~hElI"l J1ori1CJlJtaJ gTElLn (flat 511wn). BlJll~er'fi VI~1l1uC61Jmls to 1rC(j\Oa~~ ~t1fftH~S~~n!!Clfter'WQOO,[:IIte m~l'l~~t'il' n motlt:lmt~ {l1e 5tnn.e&'5 of hllrq; rgc~ m~.p~~ m~~. JI.!1o'~1~er wa,y tq rfii:l~e· il srlpr~r n~!!k 1&. IOf ~()i.J r~lIl·. Q ,GillVyi:: it" lti[[~~ r. 01 un lily !'I~cjtt, ~

!".,

Be'l t:'l1.."V 'IE ~ 11 D1!:Oflil~' ~rm'P(ili1' W. O@!i lI~~ 111 ~f1 $A ~~'r~OI..l;:i tJ ~ r~ 'Iffi[tr~' ill s:LTI::ltm:ll:Us. thes~d e!iCtl pt.!~ns i!f~ Qf il~,e~$c1ty, S$lmewh,gt,~~u~~lj @nQ milflY ~vQQd $~edR:3' !laV,e Jill'ge \lal~.~i~tonsrn detlsi,l,y vlihh::l.l wfj!'i EljlJ'.'d '~lllIeJr'sound, {;et;;l!!l"f:lUy,. ~Gi'1;sl(r ri~,;:Wl wW SOUi'lL! sh~l'p@r ~md more p~L'"t1i~!lih,lliil,rt~lltti;!l1'· pitl':es will ~1eal r~r <I!'1ill 'mDFo~ m~ElI118·111~.

or

alm(:!l~ "Q I,~~~!i ~ciYF1:d1;iil:t'ler Itll~~1 nf112r a:t1e~, I.f ~QIJ h~v~' 'l~l 51'1%:111 t1;:if'!LiI~ iln~ a!tls~l!Wt~l~11!iM~ 1Q 1'l~Ve,m ~11inl'l!ar:I;~~I(;, I t::hOl:'ls"U l'9J5"LlfrWQO,d Il.~ rQclem~I"lI~ ill1d >P "\l'tf~l~l g~alFI •. o~!~Jita; lOr!

!HHW W r.U':J:~ is Mall (]g-s.~~r IW~O WlllUl1, m~~t"i111.S~"t;jQt] ,tOJ1~ Mard in many ot I:he,~I~s!lii' i~'\ol'1l (l1f~diri'l:1J,.lt Is .{'!fY dYt1.~mrc:. wl~l~ ~~~1reFlt G !ii!.!lstal!"l eveh In llgl'lter IiIl tes. Ma.1~f-!gii!ny 1~!J.5 !i~v.e.rai 51J~"
.5p

Oft~n F1e'm a Ie; rna~e Qf mcw~.th E! FI one plet;f). Qf woojjl t~nllll"<l.l~~· ~[J~hi.Gr~ lhT~. (~I'I.n:I<lk:e.i!l sNrQl1~er J'lfa!iEk wl'lid1 1,5 l~!j Ilkl!'tyto Wtil rp er twist wi~hl'lti mid ity c1"1t;1,rl.ijQ.~.lh~~ 5'0 l~~~ you tJie:rl.d 'lh~ ~tiaTttlElS' of fJ HfID-e1'l t WOQeiS';': b5tl'1 :vTSll~ Tly, at nd sO!'l:[eally. ltl H t'!ffk"Utrtli.lgI1 b'IDi:lV HlsW..Imenl U~'E!'necK wEiod iil!laQ·1:J·~tQJ'flL1ll ~i~i:;Jm(a;lJl P~lFt Qr ~he Md:y~ ~'L2PQ!1~lngOJ"! l~ii!' a ~\tldth tlftl1'e ®ntlfJr Ij)r~:h:l',~ I1d :[iif1 q~It"! bf sel,ec;t~d a~r~111lil~: m1~(;ii!u 5~ st'il! l'Ultlf is' $~ I~lpbnE fill 1rI!~h~ iIII-J;ilik b~ wa r~. lklt .. . ;11~9Sil~g1'l~g11[Y iglJl~ W~~dS, W~b~ wllh Mi;lMilT:tsm I)tF(I.!l" 'eya m,i:!~eVf~ry l:)~~!tjfu 1ned~5.Ol!<lt ar,: f~r Iw ~a bte' th n
th~ (1~~:r,,'5~ g~t..gra·lne~ ",w~r:r~ you ~1.siI;J~I~){Jlm;!1n tllE!'I::i~S:l:' 50LLr:'Iding ~T1~'lIJlm!l!..n~. N~KIt;,5. <'il~.~or blrq?j~y~ l~rUg~r mfJPcJ~ m

t;)1:l8!k ~ilL(J' ~v IU'] !l!l~tn~~d~rfB~~I;I~'Orltc quail Ue!i wi ih::11 g Fe lJ~t ~ d~~m'd Iqy tii1'P~'Plg"Qr1 InCJJ!,4l.dc.i!'1 d ~:l~()~s,w hene~er phi;.~ml~. .0 d r pi &tl (I I ~ilP~11i!' h.:iQ Q lj}p-"tom~ whlcb H;!vcilled ~ ~11l!W, bl'lghtkliuil!itywnlc.b tr&rr$l~ted lnto me Wne. pi ow l}~.5$, producll1,g a qu1(lt,atllculat~ Q'~t"'IiI~1!!. vult!] r~dl f1armon1[s.The m,ijlhogaliy We iJ~ed Irr 6ur f?jlJi1!trrb(l{~ i5 on Lh~ ng1'Ltwf;!ll~h1 ef'l d. []il" tl1{l 'Lo\i·oc){J':9rr'hngc. fl rll:il 11i1:!O·~h~~illl! re:stmiJ f'l~, Pll!tdJ~~lv temf'! Wltl1 <!.l'1'tsratter,tsHd:!l[y [[elaHed ml(lr':lI1g~., sUghtly rl;lurll:fet1 Lr~ti'I~ ~rHj wtJrm ml!lIJ[lw h13li~,

~r~,iW~h.i1S l~£!.S:2I,I'i~le':'~v,l.iise.d.ror th~ £

~,ml)l;;wJnglO~f our

can sornenrnes ~~ liUlmrJYLll1der tM~h!.lmb, as ttl I!: WOij<~ re!;rfl~11i;1 1];1 s QJnsl~~enUl!(, ~o 11 Id'illJl·ch~ ng€<$. W~lh lfISI~plf-;, t~l i.I'ni ~
~ffiiT rl~l Fe T9 md!;] ~6111 monty" '[iD~m in l'l1e!i~ tte!r vfirililiiffi.s.··:tDr Gr 11'1~WlJo!ilt W~ltl1 iltF@I'!·t tlie bMt

fm' ITeOO",.

CIl1~~~ tC':lld~sJt!1.~ !rtlrf~t 1'1~e:W.,~~"'dl~S Crl t~ ~wth1rJ i:ffied, J5.J~ inlp'i ~twd!,H<l~'ll~{lm r of t::ijrl:l~!'lUt:!!i!'~ CWI tHet' !;ltiJe o,f ~ 111 Q ku!.5S 'roo"cta rb.~t'I ti l:I~r, QT~phit.e, IJQ:!> n 'li~ry higll 5tr~ng~11 tiD weight fil~~ QI1~1 wlU I1Q'tlU!a~ly: .Ir'la.ea~e 1i'1iii: Slliffh1!S$.of.~ H11t'1!'1.r !1~t}tortb,Olrnb'ef .. r¢tI"!I~:~~~ I'fe ·fr[i;'j.·or fll~[~ rnl~ ~ntjh;lll" i1lf ~riilp..~1 ,,~. ~e,t~n~ to tlaie til ~ spnlt q!.l!i'lIi~I~.$,.gf" 5IJff~~ 11i?1:"1is i!~~tI iilbov!$ ~l,I'ltll In~r!lltHj.~d1m piltt ?ln~ ]CI~~T Sl,I'i<.t~.rn> ~aT'!be ~~lTlewl1 ~t °rl ngy'1Q th o~e ~~~edto Uil.~OOLJI1Ql6 ~;f tfadJJU;tn~~IleckwCilQd;5.

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MC)st of tM5~ 0115 ~r~ W~lel'1'1,rooT ilI't'ld dry to a hiir,d 'frr'il5I1, a R:ro~e~ wh1i:tl, IS cteslfjill::l1e!'lOt Sty1lii1llld Iml:t:J.lITJ :nt!l- Oils ~re ea y IIG! rilpJ'lly ad witH a t?it of polishing )!ield a llJsl10u!i f1rsh, Sln Ii! dlH r!1t oll~ 1'f1\1~dlnrenr:p]~r'!1 OIHon l'eqlolir,emel1ls, be !Art" ~ fQII!lw exactly 'the elltea:lol'ls ~n lha 'a':Jnt'llner iir1d taUt tQ ~ kf'f:lWI tlgeijolc j;!E!l'5()Il .<;thOu'! lbe '£1I.ff~re.r.1 blll11d:s an iJ ~echnlqyes,_ L " , ltmg ilil ls a gm~d' fin p,uif~oJleell tCi i1i,egJn wU, an~ on us!:!£! Ill/' maiiY SLJi:lilt I"Ilf}k:ers. "W'tJ'Lcg' dH !~~1SQ a p'-O~l.Llaf brflml, 80Ufl:~ Ui15~ f! otl is, a 'niiu::HliQna:1 fl n Ish ~tl L has ~ 510w tJ I1'II'lH U!l~e a'r'lel r qLIIrM mllr!!! wo'~k UUUi .!iQJlle' of 'tne mQ~e' tint uni fJ~ r,aryk In.d s.n\'o tof.(j tH W~J'l5 of ,ol.l <Ire 1,j!I\lf)Hy SlJrff,!I!1 F!' r.Of il rb:lQtI fln!sJ, un )four illstr!Jnl~l1t "~R~ndj(}g on ~h,e l1a'~Eln sscrr Lhe' WQo't! ~nd Hm, rn a tll:!J:fncl:ur~IJ"'5 su~tt 'i'!:iji,

1ryou l!]il~ .1'I1,;nxl~e~.It cernes In c£;lnvt:!nl~lll af,ol (i'ln for 5ll1t1lJti!r P fOj e<:'ls nJ.;o~),f LJ r i'=! !tar. TIi Y,gll rel:lIlIvelV exp t'[Sl'o:ze ~mcl-ecol(;l~I(;jtllly It'ld~lr(:'n lhle II, t1'!l. ~ijl'l1;ji. l!~ e '-alit wasteful rn ttJi;;1d tt.:5~ @,nel "11' ",uicke' t 'Flnisn Or ~ sll~rl10 term prQ,iers:L AI'll3fllimVeTV, .ll:unsltler VI,ljiJ'lg Ql'le _c;j,f t11"l flew r w8fer-ba~~~1 tacqu rs, S.a'fB,hean:hIQI', iill'!d~ill:i~'r tOI cl'fi! M):;I~ 'wlthr"lJt ",olluUfll:;' 'l11~ pfl!l£)uds ah~ ~teaQIi~ imp1'Q<iJlng',

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(mo~t a'flsll g'l1elJiI f illl.!lt al tI varri1:s;h !!:If l'aicqu 1') Elf1fO W.6mt 1:5 t~mpQr,a rlf}t MTJt Fro m dflill ~g t(jifI'J£t .try 'SLlS,!", ndillg' it Wit) iiIi mt~~n~:II:'I'di!ll,t'l;, on tmrn~~l'iill or aU 'Wa1I1!!1LIlnj em a golfbalh,~bl\! padolrtg d~lh; <l wa'i;J (j'~~otttll" ~ll~ OJ "I'ael' Wt..,rklng It:m,14 iln@l~ arli::f!IEJ'kit dme; Ih'"nnl!;"h is: sloWly !;IUUI up tJ~t'cIlijg~l r~p~a,tc;!d, a~:pUC'aUgi1 f ~06J'lli,. the ,l;=rl1all~, iln1! 011 rasijdU 15 'slf'llrlterJl!!lrf wittl ~ ,quick \(vl,,~, loi a ,ei· th WitJ1 a 1'I'ttll2 ~roo11ol. on rt

ttle rnnlsh

~s y,0u!"l1 '11' ~:S", "!'erKh pOIl1l11irig rii1qLi]((!9 Pl'6I(Uc;e. hI he ap! til apply ooa~li '1ul,lOkly anti ·1.ien1v wllhoLll1lT l'adidln.g ~Ioth U"dl'\~ 0i ({'!~\l'; 111 '( Ktu r d! &L1rffl c:e. TIlt! U@ihWe 1 t1 ~gge:;st 'Slmpl r fin hll'lg m~II~(d fl'lr 'Ll'! nQvl.~ Cd~u~t bonks, Qn l1n1.511IRg1~ more 1'1'1 brrnati on 0 n Ulislil -,Old ~ d t"'tlilt:esttngk' hnlql.l,€!.

Poly rlnishct~

MoClle.m (Il~mistr~~'f1Btlii pt'myltlet:1 us wi'll, new n ll!il111l~ !3rodl,J,c;ts 'frtlm whll:;'l~totlOGI,e V.QJrnlstles 1.JSln§, PQI¥ 1St ri pOlyvlfJ.YIS. tJoryu fl<tll "11 s, acryllL'i, an d otlif'r SVIl'LhwJ l~c01WJLm(1J!i tfJ,r,t ~V;ilI tt.ll:l'le Jilt most 11Qml\l"ElI'1ter sLbr.es, ThOUgh n~vt tlie 'licit ,;:11slce of ln~trurn 'flit lTIii,l.""fS, 'thm; Pfo-dl.1cts
l

prCV,I,ae

Highly P~.tli!(l1VI?I ~eryl ,t! hI' flnlshl

TIl
ijp pi

'l'lidl'e.ngejs to ~nd 'tile

~bre im~ Int~r~Ung1 PcEJtentl.sllylJ""5dJ.J11 ro~rLJds .~oJTIh1gout p


r~rti[E1 rly. (,e~ finlsl1c:$,' \il,'ii·tef ... ;b@'~el'il' fir; 1:sl'1e5; ~pQ}i;~riIFlis;f1~,

ir.atlon , :Spc[;lJ1ft,\/ 5lippne

rril;tllr 11116h fora 1'<1 "'lit'll t"EI i" I'~ t 11<11(:Ital i ,~u II [iF <ll)d 11

m~w fol'l1nu1atlon!i

ffJf;

·(r.oss~brfled111g~OrLl1fl and
--

!1iil(Jd11 tg and ~1"Ir.a1(tll1g. and \Ia~lt)ll ' fl' W 1fInlsf1M ar-e nm',i eEls.~1 tor fl t"(J ,

are l'liD~a~I'!t y:OUf p~~t JmM, 1M ~atll@ rifl g 111101'1'111:1 lIGI1 0 n l~'I s (omp 1131:: SL..libJ~(~. AIlL~ l!llk- WIt!1 XI!' rl 11~t1 wood1i\fl:lr~ers. Invarla ['y. they wlll b ' rn~U111E U'!i111 \'\IllIin . tQ s11i3P tilelr tayol"lta !f1fietl"1ildfl 0101'14h.' 1"11qu,~'
--

:~1'I5t~'lJ:me,fll n1aldhg ~'lLllpn4Qt1t

:~
Appendix
-

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..

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--

--

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--

TI1e k~ol~ !lQU US· 'a make yBl,It II'1.5UI:JFI'1Ielil jfill;lSit Iil,e ~;har~. ~uU r~ol ere ii' iQ!:.Ifc:eoi dill" g,~~~H'I~ hU~I'i;ft Itlil. With p t;a~U~eilI'nd ~(! le!J~ y.... $o~QIJ I~ b an hit 10 sharpen I/o U~ OM tOQIs so til Y ClIlrl S'hoQlVe. VOl;! oolJl~ always- ldlblflhfy, a t!i.IQ!J4w~Tker.ll1 ~11(! old r;J:oys lly a: batd patd: OI'l111!i arm fi'r:J1l1 te~tlli!~ 'I!he sharpness of hi lotlt'i. 0'1;'I1~1 l~1.l1'1 - llilioy ~(:!Cl(jy ID f;lCl~ w.orkl r1~ ll'r(n-v'ooi1l. .

s,aml'p~ I;ll:!f ill FlQ, rn ~rY ~!pillgILl d Lo a p~rrerUy fl crt wnace h.:l"iVtl akiiq been 1JS-ii:G1 ffH;~tlv,~,ly -fOri' sb·~I'p~lfltng. Il~i tl;HJ~ e A 011 a p.ow r, sai!lJ~~ may h 1Js'E'ldi 'fPr Ule In[tia1 il'rlrrt1rnJ§'st~ge5 IDUQwed ~~ pmgl ss very t'ni2~ Ijjl'stlrn>i:li sDndpapl;![ &ind flr::1al11'Q11ne ~mlili'y t:loth_ I 15pas lbl~ fa produce a ~vll1g ~~E: "'Y tllll<! l!'l1ret~od'~';,U'U::l~ap~rElinE!emery rlQI,h ~1:S;c Imv ti'l!= ~ql,la !'1~~~enf J;l (lIng :F:~t~ti~,~~~ .I t'i~!I;l~rI:51'11 amI e:iSli to

'WUJ.

SFIA RPfN

1N[. PROc:ItDU

RE

oV, ri1t1tlt ah~ tl1il"T'lg~mJQr beiluse It willlGS its t~nilplilJ' and ~Uickl!{ dull aga n, If 'rhere ls much JlQwer grfndlnl/llo be lonl.!. mol 'the blade lnwater often as you l:->rll'ldThe undf!llittle or Itle 'lalad eo.sil'i GJ Li ttl b(;1 fl..r acl'O~s rts et,me \'l·It! U1. L:oyll1l1 ~ .ijleule iIl'at 01' art a sll:gilltly It'lcr~ased ·t!'IJ!:]Ie,ON j'l~Ol(;K am;l-gtlrtd 11IWil)l lIj1t!~ you qtrrlevE!! Oat :i!.. ufqc· (ross I,ts WldV'J,-

1 11, blidr." I1i1'iiIiY nl'l-ed tEl 15@ g{C!t:1I'i1don lulf1dltn~ wtH:rel. o-ell ilrr~~." 'or C'~ I'~~Si n~' derr l'iic;lin~ Dn Ib ¢;cnuJj~}QFil.Db] not I'cir. 1iL'i; th~ bl-ar~~ [l Ii i;l 'Pi:JW r gtl nd ~F lal1,g tfr1 QW gh for ~t'~D

511i'lm~n tQ, llialll~ve been b~~IV di'llfif!~~d er ~I:msejj or to p rtll~.1'l!re 11~I\i!,l 1*1 ga~ tha t. ani! UIl.lih <;I$pei1~d A 'OO,I,,rr 'Il ~arll~rom:ltlm st~he ~~ oVte,f1,Il~OO' fCl'r .bliildes ~h;lt iutl,ll~;{ mhitl"r .;;Ill,ps. 01 ar \fel¥"dlbll.l... ""Frti}diUollfiil'i oU l<turlll1lS lik~ ~h~ j'nclTB . stong, wll'h::l:l "QmeS' 111 tnf!1diu:m al'l151 a fine g~iIt, 1~·i1!!'l 1111'1; rm~elial'V hl!>l'Ifrrg st-Of'1 U1St:.a tCr"i,ropa. eome bla ~a for !ilf
I

eom ' In \till'i@ty 01 slz~ and sh pes rJf!pemltng en trn sim and sf.lape·flf"tl~w blrid(! tie11lg sharp·en. d. ,~~rv, tl ('I'I$~I~,for Inswrrn:e, ~ffi~ (otllt;ar Qr cyllh~rr~~ stt:!l"Ie5.S~I'l'1~ .stOlfi ~ ati iJv~n~br~ Ill'll "~""btl1<it i ~ps.,~ d Hit rerl'L grnEl'e< en C'"oltll srd~ A s~!.lef'lce 01 stol"i.i;!S;;tr-e~,cr2ngraprf1e~ In the FQlliilI'!.v1l1g fiJ<5liiol1.A.grlr'ldlt1g:.s~: h~ 15uSI:.lp'llynee 5saf)' t~
StOf'l!illi

:l

NoW i1o!!'le El;e blade at slightJ1 na~~S!l!ilil'-aRgll1: ~ trl::i', t1 :gnir::} '!In, ~ me~i~m' s~~m~ (fnl1 • W.iilollhila, ~r s~ft Ar1tal1lias) wnW ~1'1 i:lV~~ F'~II!l1\~~ lle\le.t 11iJ.!lbeef'l acl11tl ~CI cras~ ~Il,. ~~<l(!I:!, Po ho1'1Il'Lg.Su1 ..J will h~I'P you t'lQlbI.a C'DiI)Ill ti!nt angn 'and ~rd tn cantrcllll1!g (h pr sur,.~

deli?fee

]s

a ni'll.tHi'I!ilIW like i'l hard Avkar as, hpn\i!t:h~ bm-d,e.If) a hll'.llil pollsl1fl!lth r at th~.s~me ..angl~fi er :Sill.ghUy l;l(roasecl by 1/.. ,''-'ClSI·ee. Tak,e tlme'b:rdo ,tl,ts c;al'l'ful1y.

em

II

aornd l?a!rtr: $.~ne for l~le~Hurn geU Arknn as stOf,1~ A ha rd Nf!:'Sll.5il;j S ~nnl(1ls usuaUy YS'edtc p~Odl.J _'~ .HM sha.vlrr"'!i'iiI~e on l~e t!:lQI i'ml tN I alh!i!r stroll, remGIl tl1 ltIei'l.l' buFtpt' wire
~l':J fIt'le' 001' In~tq;!l i~tti'
I

fin~ 's.tnne. p. wasjFjI~'LI tDl1e Is a S

To mmol!~ the I,., r I!~g~ bi:Jtr lI"I"tlf W;LJ~~i~ develbP~ or hdltll'1.0Ill'ng, pU.lI 1I1~ blade' along ij leather strop f!~ll:CkI,i E!ppl)l,1113 f-IJ ·~ur· Vl;ffil}! ilCroSS Hl!ill'"lI:!1ltler TI11S will pIC uc~ ,I fin· I' t:lollshe:il! sI1~VII(ge ;'" .

aml: iLlLIII final Po.ll.!iit1 f1 I'he I;}latie. All !itQI'1~Silif ~s dwltl'ia medIum I!!:! Ilgl1t g~~Qe 11ohll1g GIll.ijtl~,callv; nm&t :!:il~ilTfJ~~h~!il ]ipi~.~ r·equlr twos1;pf1~-medlum and fI't"I.~. N~,E!T t;!pe5 Qf dliilmotH':l wl1€!t5tOf1e'~ (~ramrC ~h!)rp.en ng ~torr So. ilifll:l Jii.Pilir1 w~tef 5ta!'leS ~I' also flOW ovail<lk!I'e.
I ~~

93

94

IS~1Ir]5b9;:~;~r
,J~L.".
.1.1

'1s