Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

Chapter 12



f) g) h)

Radiotelephony {RTF} provides the means by which pilots and ground personnel communicate with each other. Used properly the information and instructions transmitted are of vital importance in assisting in the safe and expeditious operation of aircraft. On the other hand, the use of non-standard procedures and phraseology can cause misunderstanding. Incidents and accidents have occurred in which a contributing factor has been the misunderstanding caused by the use of poor phraseology. The importance of using correct and precise standard phraseology can not, therefore, be over-emphasized. 12.2 TRANSMITTING TECHNIQUE 12.2.1 The following transmitting techniques will assist in ensuring that transmitted speech is clearly and satisfactorily received: a) Before transmitting listen out on the frequency to be used to ensure that there will be no interference with a transmission from another station. Be familiar with good microphone operating techniques. Use a normal conversational tone, speak clearly and distinctly. Maintain an even rate of speech not exceeding 100 words per minute. When it is known that elements of the message will be written down by the recipient, speak at a slightly slower rate. Maintain the speaking volume at a constant level.

A slight pause before and after numbers will assist in making them easier to understand. Avoid using hesitation sounds such as “er”. Depress the transmit switch fully before speaking and do not release it until the message is completed. This will ensure that the entire message is transmitted.

12.2.2 Be aware that the mother tongue of the person receiving the message may not be English. Therefore, speak clearly and use standard RTF words and phrases wherever possible. 12.2.3 One of the most irritating and potentially dangerous situations in radiotelephony is a “stuck” microphone button. Operators should always ensure that the button is released after a transmission and the microphone placed in a appropriate place that will ensure that it will not inadvertently be switched on. 12.3 Pilots, ATS personnel and other ground personnel shall be thoroughly familiar with the radiotelephony procedures.

b) c) d)


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Airports Authority of India 12.4 12.4.1 ICAO PHONETICS: Pronunciation of numbers: Pronunciation ZE-RO WUN TOO TREE FOW-er FIFE SIX SEV-en AIT NIN-er DAY-SEE-MAL HUN-dred TOU-SAND of Spelling

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1


November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform

Numeral or numeral element 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decimal Hundred Thousand 12.4.2 Pronunciation Alphabets
Letter A B C


Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu


12.5 TRANSMISSIONS OF NUMBERS IN RADIOTELEPHONY: 12.5.1 All numbers except as prescribed in 12.5.2, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
aircraft call signs AIC238 transmitted as Air India two three eight Jet Airways two four two flight levels FL 180 FL 200 flight level two zero zero headings 100 degrees 080 degrees heading zero eight zero wind direction and speed transmitted as transmitted as heading one zero transmitted as flight level one eight zero

Word Alfa Bravo Charlie


Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliett Kilo Lima Maik




May 31, 2004

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Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

200 degrees 70 knots

wind two zero zero degrees seven zero knots wind one six zero degrees one eight knots gusting three zero knots transmitted as runway visual range 600 1700 transmitted as RVR six hundred RVR one thousand seven hundred

160 degrees 18 knots gusting 30 knots

transponder codes



squawk two zero zero squawk four zero three transmitted as

4203 altimeter setting 1010 1000


STANDARD WORDS AND PHRASES The following words and phrases shall be used in radiotelephony communications as appropriate and shall have the meaning given below: WORD/ PHRASE

Let me know that you have received and understood this message

QNH one zero one zero QNH one zero zero zero


Yes. Permission for proposed action granted. I hereby indicate the separation between portions of the message. {TO be used where there is n o clear distinction between the text and other portion of the message.}

All numbers used in the transmissions of altitude, cloud height, visibility and runway visual range (RVR) information, which contain whole hundreds and whole thousands, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word HUNDRED or THOUSAND as appropriate. Combinations of thousands and whole hundreds shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of thousands followed by the word THOUSAND followed by the number of hundreds followed by the word HUNDRED. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
12.5.2 altitude 800 3400 12,000 cloud height 2200 4300 visibility transmitted as eight hundred three thousand four hundred one two thousand transmitted as two thousand two hundred four thousand three hundred transmitted as



I hereby indicate the separation between messages transmitted to different aircraft in a very busy environment.


Annul the previously transmitted clearance. Examine a system or procedure. {No answer is normally expected.} Authorized to proceed under the conditions specified.

May 31, 2004

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” b) As information: “Since communication is difficult. information) CONTACT CORRECT CORRECTION Establish communication with ….7 WORDS TWICE WILCO UNABLE SPEAK SLOWER STANDBY SAY AGAIN (or message indicated). of this message back to me exactly as received” RECLEARED “A change has been made to your 12. STANDBY is not an approval or denial.” CALL SIGNS Call signs for aeronautical stations 12. instruction. MAINTAIN VFR MONITOR NEGATIVE Listen out on (frequency) “NO” or “Permission not granted” or “That is not correct” or “Not capable” OVER “My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication OUT “This exchange of transmission is ended and no response is expected” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication READ BACK “Repeat all. 2004 12 .4 .7. action. or group of words twice. of your last transmission” “Reduce your rate of speech” “Wait and I will call you” Note: The caller would normally reestablish contact if delay is lengthy. every word.” Note: Under no circumstances to be used in reply to a question requiring “READ BACK” or a direct answer in the affirmative (AFFIRM) or negative (NEGATIVE) (clearances .Airports Authority of India CONFIRM I request verification of Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 last clearance and this new clearance previous thereof” REPORT REQUEST “Pass me following information” “I should like to know…” or “I wish to obtain…. Please send every word. “I can not comply with your request. or the specified part. or clearance” Note: UNABLE is normally followed by a reason (Abbreviation for “will comply“) “I understand your message and will comply with it. instruction.g. HOW DO YOU READ MAINTAIN What is the readability of my transmission? Continue in accordance with the condition(s) specified or in its literal sense.1 May 31. or group of words. in this message will be sent twice. e. or the following part. The correct version supersedes clearance or your part “Repeat all.” a) As a request: “Communication is difficult. True or Accurate An error has been made in the transmission is… DISREGARD GO AHEAD Ignore Proceed with your message Note: Not used whenever the possibility exists of misconstruing “GO AHEAD” as authorization for an aircraft to proceed.

agency.2. an aircraft should use the full call sign of both the aircraft and the ground station.8.5 registration marking of the aircraft c) The telephony designator of INDAIR May 31. followed by the last four characters of the 12.8 12.1. and provided that it will not be confusing.3 No reply is expected to such general calls unless individual stations are subsequently called upon to acknowledge receipt.8. 12. 12 . followed by the flight identification 12.1. followed by at least the last two characters of the call sign c) The telephony designator of the aircraft followed operating by the agency.2 Aircraft call signs identification 12.7.7. the name of the location or the call sign suffix may be omitted.7.1 An aircraft radiotelephony call sign shall be one of the following types: Type a) Character corresponding to the registration marking of the aircraft b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating Example VTEJP or CESSNA VTEJP INDAIR TEPJ ESTABLISHMENT AND CONDITION OF COMMUNICATIONS:12.7.2. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. aircraft call signs may be abbreviated as follows: Type a) The first character of the registration and at least the last two characters of the call sign b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating agency.8.4 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received. Unit or service Area control center Radar [in general] Approach Control Approach control radar Area Control Radar Aerodrome control Surface movement control Flight information service Apron control / management service Company dispatch Aeronautical Station DISPATCH RADIO INFORMATION APRON Call sign suffix CONTROL RADAR APPROACH APPROACH RADAR CONTROL RADAR TOWER GROUND the aircraft operating agency.2 When a ground station wishes to broadcast information to all aircraft likely to receive it. 12.1 Aeronautical stations are identified by the name of the location followed by a suffix. The suffix indicates the type of unit or service provided. flight No abbreviated form INDAIR PJ Example VJP or CESSNA VJP 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 809 12. 12.8.2 When satisfactory communication has been established.2 After satisfactory communication has been established. the message should be prefaced by the call “All Stations”. 2004 . and provided that no confusion is likely to occur.7.1 When establishing communications.

8 If a correction can best be made by repeating the entire message.g. It also serves as a check that the right aircraft.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. altimeter settings. Following items shall always be read-back: a) ATC route clearance. (the first word satisfactorily received) Say again all after …. SSR codes.8. the word “CORRECTION” shall be spoken. and c) Runway-in-use.2 An ATC route clearance is not an instruction to takeoff or enter an active runway. Air Traffic services: (aircraft call sign) “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE”. part of 12. take off on. 12.8. land on. the last correct group or phase repeated and then the correct version transmitted. Whenever possible a route clearance should be passed to an aircraft before start up. 12.9. cross taxi and back track on any runway. b) Clearances and instructions to enter. 2004 Aircraft reply: “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE. And ….5 The controller shall listen to the read-back to ascertain that the clearances has been correctly acknowledged by the flight crew and shall take immediate action to correct any discrepancies revealed by the read-back. important elements of the message should be spoken twice. 12. 12 .9. 12.8.6 .4 The flight crew shall read back to the air traffic controller safety-related parts of the clearances and instructions which are transmitted by voice. At times the word “DEPARTURE” or “ AIRBORNE” is used. 12. MEANING Repeat entire message Repeat specific item Repeat part of message Repeat message Repeat message part of passed when pilot is engaged in line up or take-off manoeuvres. Strict adherence to read back procedures ensures not only that the clearance has been received correctly but also that the clearance was transmitted as intended. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. whether issued by the controller or contained in ATIS broadcasts.6 When a station is called but is uncertain of the identification of the calling station.9 ISSUE OF CLEARANCE AND READ-BACK REQUIREMENTS: 12. 12.7 When an error is made in a transmission. PHRASE Say again Say again … [item] Say again all before …. will take action on the clearance. or when canceling a take-off clearance. The words “TAKE OFF” are used only when an aircraft is cleared for takeoff. level instructions. the calling station should be requested to repeat its call sign until identification is established. (the last word satisfactorily received) Say again all between …. (aircraft call sign)”.3 Read back requirements have been introduced in the interests of flight safety. and only that aircraft.9 When it is considered that reception is likely to be difficult.8. heading and speed instructions and.9.1 Controller should pass a clearance slowly and clearly since the pilot needs to write it down and wasteful repetition will thus be avoided.8. In any case controllers should avoid passing clearance to a pilot engaged in complicated manoeuvres and on no occasion should a clearance be May 31. 12. transition levels e.9. The stringency of the read back requirement is directly related to the possible seriousness of a misunderstanding in the transmission and receipt of ATC clearances and instructions. 12. the operator shall use the phrase “CORRECTION I SAY AGAIN” before transmitting the message a second time.5 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received.9. hold short of.

The phraseologies with * denote pilot transmission. users shall be familiar with.18 show the text of a complete message without call signs.10. 12.3 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during takeoff.10. 12.14 GROUPING OF PHRASEOLOGIES The phraseologies are grouped according to types of air traffic service for convenience of reference. If the aircraft is making a straight-in-approach.10 TAKE-OFF PROCEDURES: 12.10. ATC or other) as appropriate. 12. ATS personnel and other ground personnel will be expected to use appropriate subsidiary phraseologies which should be as clear and concise as possible and designed to avoid possible confusion by those persons using a language other than one of their national languages.10.15. 12. 12.11. 12. “LONG FINAL” report is made.6 When a pilot abandons the takeoff manoeuvre. a “FINAL“ report is made at 4NM from touchdown. controllers should not direct taxi instructions to pilots until the landing roll is completed. However.2 To reduce the potential for misunderstanding. as required. 12.10. 2004 no landing clearance is received at that time. All phraseologies shall be used in conjunction with call signs (aircraft. phraseologies from groups other than those referring specifically to the type of air traffic service being provided. Since misunderstandings in the granting and acknowledgement of take-off clearances can result in serious consequences.11. and use as necessary. inform the control tower that he is doing so and assistance or taxi instructions should be requested. 12. meticulous care should be taken to ensure that the phraseology employed during the taxi maneuvers can not be interpreted as a takeoff clearance. and when circumstances differ. 12. 12. In order that the phraseologies listed should be readily discernible in section 12.11.7 .10.3 “FINAL” report is made when an aircraft turns onto final within 4NM from touchdown. he should as soon as practicable. pilots. 12. call signs have been omitted. a “LONG FINAL” report is made at about 8 NM from touch down.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.11 FINAL APPROACH AND LANDING 12. 12 .13 GENERAL Most phraseologies contained in section 12. ground vehicle. They are intended to be exhaustive.2 If and when turn on to final is made at a greater distance.4 For traffic reasons it may be necessary for the aircraft to take-off immediately after lining up.5 In poor visibility. Unless otherwise advised pilots should remain on tower frequency until the runway is vacated. If May 31.11.12 AFTER LANDING Unless absolutely necessary. the controller may request the pilot to report when airborne.1 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during the last part of the final approach or during the landing roll. the take-off clearance shall include the designator of the departure runway when more than one runway is in use. 12.4 A pilot may request to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection from the ground.1 At busy aerodromes with separate GROUND & TOWER functions aircraft are usually transferred to TOWER at or approaching the holding position.

other than towtractors.14.This implies the need for the aircraft receiving the conditional clearance to identify the aircraft or vehicle causing the conditional clearance. with the exception of taxi instructions. Phraseologies for the movement of vehicles.identification . .15 includes phrases for use by pilots. 2004 12 .4.14.the clearance. the words “FLIGHT LEVEL” should precede the level figures. May 31. In all cases a conditional clearance shall be given in the following order and consist of 12. .brief reiteration of the condition For example: ‘’REPORT THE B747 ON SHORT FINAL IN SIGHT’’ ‘’ AIC102 BEHIND B747 ON SHORT FINAL LINE UP BEHIND ‘’ Note:. on the manoeuvring area are not listed separately as the phraseology associated with the movement of aircraft is applicable. shall not be used for movements affecting the active runway(s). ATS personnel and other ground personnel. and .2 hPa. except when the aircraft or vehicles concerned are seen by the appropriate controller and pilot. 12.1 Section 12. such as “behind landing aircraft” or “after departing aircraft”. Note: When communications between air traffic control units are conducted. . the figure should be followed by the word “FEET” as appropriate.8 .the condition. in which case the word “PROCEED” shall be substituted for the word “TAX I” when communicating with vehicles.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.3 If the level of an aircraft is reported in relation to standard pressure 1013. the English language shall be used for such communications. If the level of the aircraft is reported in relation to QNH/QFE.2 Conditional phrases.

2 GENERAL Description of levels (subsequently referred to as “(level)”) Level changes. d) e) f) g) h) *I) …to require action at a specific time or place j) k) l) . (number) FEET ABOVE (or MAINTAIN AT LEAST BELOW ) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST LEVEL (or FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE CHANGE FROM (name of unit) [AT (time or significant point)].1 12. or (number) FEET CLIMB (or DESCEND).to require action when convenient m) IMMEDIATELY. 2004 12 . AFTER PASSING (significant point) AT (time or significant point) WHEN READY (instruction). CONTINUE CLIMB ( OR DESCENT) TO (level) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT)[UNTIL PASSING (level)] WHEN READY CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO (level) EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time or Significant point) REQUEST DESCENT AT (time) May 31.1. STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (level)..9 .15.Airports Authority of India 12. iv) v) b) c) significant REPORT LEAVING (or REACHING.15 PHRASEOLOGIES CIRCUMSTANCES 12. or PASSING) (level) AT (number) FEET PER MINUTE [OR GREATER (OR LESS)].1. i) TO (level) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) …instruction that a climb (or descent) to a level within the vertical range defined is to commence ii) iii) TO REACH (level) AT (or BY) (time or point). followed as necessary.15.1 12.15. reports and rates a) b) a) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 PHRASEOLOGIES FLIGHT LEVEL (number).

TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). assigned clearance) RESUMED y) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). w) *x) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). or TO) (level) …when there is doubt that an aircraft can comply with a clearance or instruction …when pilot is unable to comply with a clearance or instruction p) IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE. TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORY. 2004 12 . (acknowledgement) …after ACAS “Clear of conflict” is annunciated (Pilot and controller interchange) …after the response to an ACAS resolution advisory is completed (Pilot and controller interchange) …after returning to clearance after responding to an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *t) u) *v) RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). *q) UNABLE.10 . RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). (acknowledgement).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 …to require an aircraft to climb or descend maintaining own separation and VMC n) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM (level)] [TO (level)] o) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATIN AND VMC ABOVE (or BELOW. acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). May 31. COMPLETED. …after modifying vertical speed to comply with an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *r) s) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). …when unable to comply with a clearance because of an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *z) aa) UNABLE.

STAND BY (frequency) FOR (unit call sign).An aircraft may be requested To “ STAND BY” on a frequency when it Is intended that the ATS unit will initiate communications soon and to “ MONITOR ” a frequency when information is being broadcast thereon. REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY. May 31.4 Change of call sign a) b) a) b) *c) *d) *e) f) … to instruct an aircraft to change its type of call sign …to advise an aircraft to revert to the call sign indicated in the flight plan 12.15.1. MONITORING (frequency). d) *e) f) g) *h) i) j) 12. c) IF NO CONTACT (instructions). NO REPORTED TRAFFIC LOOKING OUT. FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED. TRAFFIC IN SIGHT. WIND AT (level) (number) DEGREES (number) KNOTS.15.5 Traffic information … to pass traffic information … to acknowledge traffic information REQUEST CHANGE TO (frequency). 2004 12 . CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN TO (new call sign) [UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED].1. WHEN READY CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency). Note : . if any).1.15.Wind is always expressed by giving the mean direction and speed and any significant variations thereof.11 .Airports Authority of India 12.1.6 Meteorological conditions a) b) [SURFACE] WIND (number) DEGREES (speed) (units). TRAFFIC (information).3 Transfer of Control and/or a) b) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) [NOW]. AT (or OVER) (time or place) [or WHEN PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING] (level) CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).[ ADDITONAL] TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time) g) TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED (level(s)) [or LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) (other pertinent information. NEGATIVE CONTACT [reasons].15. REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN CALL SIGN (call sign) [AT(significant point)]. 12. MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency). Note :.

(third position) (distance) (units). followed by the mid point zone and ending with the rollout/stop end zone report end zone … in the event that RVR information on any one position is not available this information will be included in the appropriate sequence.CAVOK pronounced CAV-O-KAY.15. Note :. Note 2 :. 2004 12 . TEMPERATURE [MINUS ] (number) (and/or DEW-POINT [MINUS] (number)). QNH (number) [(units)]. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNITL (specify)].1. (third position) (distance) (units). RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units).Airports Authority of India c) d) e) … for multiple RVR observations f) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 VISIBILITY (distance) (units) [direction]. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (distance) (units).[(type)] and height of base) (unit) (or SKY CLEAR) CAVOK.7 Position reporting specific position c) a) b) c) a) b) c) … to omit position reports until a 12. RESUME POSITION REPORTING. REPORT PASSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR) VOR.12 . (aircraft type) REPORTED (description) ICING (or TURBULENCE) [IN CLOUD] (area) (time) REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS.8 Additional reports … to request a report at a specified place or distance May 31.1. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) RUNWAY (number) NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT REPORTED). Note 1 :. g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units).Where reports for three locations are given. provided that the reports are passed in the order of touchdown zone. midpoint zone and the roll-out/stop respectively. REPORT PASSING (significant point) REPORT (distance) FROM (name of DME station) DME. 12. h) i) j) k) l) m) n) n) PRESENT WEATHER (details).15.(second position) NOT AVAILABLE. the indication of these locations may be omitted. CLOUD (amount. QFE (number) [units)].(second position) (distance) (units).Multiple RVR observations are always representative of the touchdown zone.

Airports Authority of India …to request a report of present position d) e) 12. BRAKING ACTION [(location)] (measuring equipment used). or POOR or UNREALIABLE) [and/or BRAKING COEFFICIENT (equipment and number). WAS (reading ) AT (time). TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number).15. RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES.1. CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT). or ICE.1. or FROZEN SLUSH. a) May 31. or SLUSH. (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number]. FLOODED (depth). [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT. h) i) BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time) GOOD (or MEDIUM or POOR).10 Operational status of visual and nonvisual aids. or FROZEN RUTS AND RIDGES]. LANDING SURFACE (condition). or ICE UNDERNEATH. CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice). CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location).15. k) l) TOWER OBSERVES (weather information). PILOT REPORTS (weather information). BRAKING ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD. WATER PATCHES. or SNOW REMOVED (length and width as applicable). [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition). or COMPACTED SNOW. (specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency).13 . or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or WET SNOW. or SNOWDRIFTS. 2004 12 . b) (type) LIGHTING (unserviceability). or MEDIUM. (name of DME station) 12. or ICE AND SNOW. RUNWAY (number). or TREATED. or MEDIUM TO POOR.9 Aerodrome information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 REPORT DISTANCE FROM REPORT DISTANCE FROM DME. j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) (number) WET [or DAMP. (significant point).

RECLEARED (amended clearance details)[REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. e) ENTER CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) [AT (time)].2. VIA FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE. TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency).15.2. May 31. 12. f) LEAVE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE)[VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) (or CLIMBING.15. (aircraft call sign) CLEARED TO. RECLEARED (amended route portion) TO (significant point of original route) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. 12.14 . FROM (location) TO (location) TO (location) Followed as necessary by: I) II) III) IV) c) (route) DIRECT VIA (route and/or significant points). g) JOIN (specify) AT (significant point) AT (level) [A T (time)].2 12.3 Maintenance of specified levels a) b) MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)].15.2.1 AREA CONTROL SERVICES issuance of a clearance a) b) c) d) (name of unit) CLEARS (aircraft call sign).15. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point). or DESCENDING). (type of visual approach slope indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency).2 Indication of route and clearance limit a) b) 12. 2004 12 . VIA (distance DME ARC (direction) OF (name of DME station) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATIVE(S) IS / ARE (route) ADVISE.Airports Authority of India c) d) e) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state).

CROSS (number) DME [(direction)] OF (name of DME station) AT (or ABOVE. CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN (levels) (or ABOVE (levels). 12.5 Emergency descent 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 c) d) e) f) g) h) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point). 2004 12 . MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) Note : The term “MAINTAIN” is not to be used in lieu of “DESCEND” or “CLIMB” when instructing an aircraft to change level. or BELOW) (level). ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT IN THE VICINITY OF (or AT) (significant point or location) EMERGENCY DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM (level) (followed as necessary by specific instructions.15.6 If clearance cannot be issued immediately upon request 12.2.2. 12. b) a) CROSS (significant point) AT (time)[OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)] ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level).8 Instructions associated with flying a track (off set).15. clearance.15.15. traffic information etc. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of unit). or BELOW) (level) EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions).7 Separation instructions a) b) c) d) 12. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (time). parallel to the cleared route.2.4 Specification of cruising levels a) b) c) d) *a) b) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE.15 .2. MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE. CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or BEFORE) AT (level). MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED.15.2. MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)] DO NOT EXCEED MACH (number) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFF SET PROCEED OFF SET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF May 31. EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type of clearance) AT (time).

(type of app) RUNWAY (number) BY CIRCLING TO RUNWAY (level or h*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN ((type of approach) May 31. or REACHING (fix or significant point or level)) [BEFORE PROCEEDING ON COURSE]. f) g) CLEARED APPROACH RUNWAY (NUMBER)]. route. COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time).15.15. CLEARED (or PROCEED) VIA (designation) CLEARED TO (clearance limit) VIA (designation).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (route) (track) [CENTRAL LINE] [AT (significant point or time][UNTIL (significant point of time)] [UNTIL (significant point or time)] c) CANCEL OFFSET (instruction to rejoin cleared flight route or other information) 12.2 Approach instructions a) b) c) d) e) CLEARED VIA (designation). APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)] .3 APPROACH CONTROL SERVICES 12. (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. CLEARED CLEARED FOLLOWED (number). 2004 12 . f) 12.1 Departure instructions a) [AFTER DEPARUTE] TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO(level or signification point)(other instructions as required) b) c) d) e) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) significant point) (instruction) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) TO (level) [TO INTERCEPT (track. airway etc)] (standard departure name and number) DEPARTURE TRACK (three digits) DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or TRUE)] TO (or FROM) (significant point) UNTIL (time.16 .3. CLEARED VIA (or PROCEED VIA)(details of route to be followed).15.3.

name of facility or fix)[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTE(0r MINUTES ) EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE) (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 i) j) k) l*) m) n) o) *p) q) r) s) *t) *u) v) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)]. REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN REQUEST VMC DESCENT. MAINTAIN VMC.17 . REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT. 2004 12 .3. (or BETWEEN two prominent landmarks)). CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point. REPORT (significant point). [OUTBOUND. REQUEST (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. REQUEST (RNAV plain language designator). VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 12. *c) REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point.15. HOLD VISUAL [OVER] (position). ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE. or INBOUND]. REQUEST VISUAL APPROCH. CLEARED (number).3 Holding clearance … visual … published holding procedure over a facility or fix a) b) … when detailed holding clearance is required d) May 31. CLEARED (RNAV plain language designator). name of facility or fix) [ AINTAIN (or CLIMB or M DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] AS PUBLISHED EXPECT APPRAOCH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). REPORT VISUAL.

DELAY NOT DETERMINED (reasons).3. REVISED EXPECTED APPRAOCH TIME (time).4 12. 2004 12 .15.4.18 .4 Expected approach time 12.2 PHRASEOLOGIES FOR USE ON AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE AERODROME Identification of aircraft Acknowledgement by visual means a) b) c) SHOW LANDING LIGHTS ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER). ACKNOWLEDGE LIGHTS.1 12. BY FLASHING LANDING May 31. ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS.15.15.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 e) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN(or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [directions] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN (or OUTBOUND FURTHER TIME(number) MINUTES (0r MINUTES) EXPECT APPROACH necessary) f) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)]HOLD BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE)) AT (time) ( additional instructions if necessary) a) b) c) d) NO DELAY EXPECTED.4. CLEARANCE CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if 12.15. EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time).

… aircraft/ATC *a) b) a) b) c) *a) [aircraft location] REQUEST PUSHBACK.4.15.If multiple visibility and RVR observations are available. WIND (direction and speed). PUSHBACK APPROVED. EXPECT START UP AT (TIME) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION.6 To request time check and/or aerodrome … when no ATIS broadcast is available *a) b) *c) d) data for departure May 31.19 . START UP AT (time).3 Starting procedures … to request permission to start engines Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP. PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION.4.When local procedures so prescribe. RUNWAY (NUMBER). REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION. EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. (units) QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE (MINUS) (number).15. Note:. STAND BY. TOW APPROVED VIA (specified routing to be followed). HOLD POSITION. … ATC replies b) c) d) e) f) START UP APPROVED. 12. those that represent the roll out/stop end zone should be used for take off. STAND BY REQUEST TIME CHECK.15.4.15. 12.4.5 Towing procedure … ATC response b) c) d) 12. INFORMATION (ATIS identification). authorization for pushback should be obtained from the control tower. TIME (time).Airports Authority of India 12. EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason). *b) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP.4 Push-back procedures Note: . [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (OR RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) distance)(units)] [TIME (time)]. 2004 12 . REQUEST TOW [company name] (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO (location).

after landing AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel). 2004 12 . as requested.4. or specified route) TO (location. m) AIR TAXI VIA (director. AVIATION AREA) [STAND …for helicopter operations l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) CAUTION (dust.g. etc.15. GENERAL (number)]. … general *q) May 31. loose debris.. heliport. taxiing light aircraft. BACKTRACK APPROVED.20 . TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF …where aerodrome information is not available from an alternative source such as ATIS RUNWAY (number)].Airports Authority of India 12.7 Taxi procedures … for departure Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI (intentions]. f) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (followed g) by aerodrome information as applicable) [TIME (time)]. TAXI TO TERMINAL (or other location. TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT). *b) [aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy] [intentions].)]. h) i) j) TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway). active or inactive runway). …. operating or movement area. blowing snow. TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number). *d) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] e) REQUEST DETAILED TAXI [aircraft location](flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI … where detailed taxi instructions are required INSTRUCTIONS. k*) REQUEST AIR-TAXIING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate). e. *n) o) p) REQUEST BACKTRACK. c) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [TIME (time)]. [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI TO (destination on aerodrome). BACKTRACK RUNWAY (number). personnel.

TAXI WITH CAUTION. Note: The pilot will.8 Holding a) b) c) d) *e) *f) #HOLD (direction) OF (position. night.15.4. EXPEDITE TAXI (reason). FOLLOW vehicle). #HOLD SHORT OF (position). 2004 12 .4.). etc.10 Preparation for take off May 31.g. report “RUNWAY VACATED” when the aircraft is clear of the runway *e) a) RUNWAY VACATED UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reasons). #HOLD POSITION. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed). low visibility.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 r) s) t) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD. [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number)] or [CROSS RUNWAY (number)].If the control tower is unable to see the crossing aircraft (e.21 .15. (description of other aircraft or *bb) EXPEDITING. when requested. 12. the instruction should always be accompanied by a request to report when the aircraft has vacated and is clear of the runway.).4. GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft). # Require specific acknowledgement 12. *dd) SLOWING DOWN. TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT. HOLDING. runway number. cc) [CAUTION] TAXI SLOWER (reason). REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number) Note: . VACATE RUNWAY RUNWAY VACATED. *u) *v) w) x) y) *z) aa) GIVING WAY TO (traffic).9 To cross a runway *a) b) c) d) CROSS RUNWAY (number) [REPORT VACATED]. #HOLD (distance) FROM (position). 12. HOLDING SHORT. TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY.15. etc. EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC (aircraft type) (distance) MILES FINAL.

Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 b) c) d) *e) REPORT WHEN READY [FOR DEPARTURE]. CANCEL TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF (reasons).OFF. HOLD POSITION.4.16. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR VACATE RUNWAY[(instructions)]. STOPPING. [THAT IS] CORRECT (or I SAY AGAIN… (as appropriate). HOLDING. e) a) b) c) d) e) *f) …to cancel a take-off clearance … to stop a take-off after an aircraft has commenced take-off roll g) *h) … for helicopter operations i) *j) k) REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS. 2004 12 .off clearance f) g) #h) i) LINE UP. #When there is the possibility of confusion during multiple runway operations …if unable to issue take-off clearance …clearance to enter runway and await take. Note: Provisions concerning the use of conditional clearances are contained in section 12. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [REPORT AIRBORNE]. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [FROM LOCATION] (present position. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE. AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT or CLIMB) (instructions as appropriate). …conditional clearance …acknowledgement of a conditional clearance. runway and number). READY. …confirmation or otherwise of the read-back of conditional clearance 12. *k) (condition) LINING UP.15. STOP IMMEDIATELY (repeat aircraft call sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY (reasons). WAIT [reason]. ARE YOUR READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?. taxiway. LINE UP [AND WAIT].11 Take-off clearance …When more than one runway in use …when take-off clearance has not been complied with j) (condition) LINE UP. ARE YOU READY [FOR DEPARTURE]?. final approach and takeoff area. BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY. May 31.22 . LINE UP RUNWAY (number).

JOIN (position in circuit) (direction of circuit) (runway number)[SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number)] QNH [ (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC(detail)]: c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROCH.13 Entering an aerodrome traffic circuit … when right hand traffic circuit in use … when ATIS information is available *e) f) *a) (aircraft type). REPORT BASE (or FINAL. or LONG FINAL). d) JOIN RIGHT HAND (position in circuit) (runway number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)].12 Turn or climb instructions after take-off Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) b) c) d) e) f) … heading to be followed g) h) i) *a) b) REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN.Airports Authority of India 12. … when a specific track is to be followed 12. CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING (instructions).23 . WILL ADVISE LATER FOR RIGHT (or LEFT TURN. RUNWAY (number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units)[TEMPERATURE[MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE)(number) (units)][TRAFFIC (detail)]. MAKE LONG APPROCH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND).4.15. (position) (level) INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING. TRACK EXTENDED CENTRELINE (instructions) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions).4.14 In the circuit b) NUMBER … FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) 12. AIRBORNE (time) AFTER PASSING (level) (instructions). … to request airborne time REPORT AIRBORNE. Approach instructions May 31. 2004 12 .4. e. [aircraft type](position) (level) FOR LANDING. [additional instructions if required].4. RIGHT (or LEFT TURN APPROVED.15 a) b) c) d) MAKE SHORT APPROACH.g. JOIN (position in circuit) [RUNWAY (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)]. DOWNWIND / FINAL). 12.18. CONTINUE APPROCH [PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO AROUND].15. (position in circuit.15.

15. taxiway. LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location. GOING AROUND.Airports Authority of India 12.17 Delaying aircraft 12. other)].24 . other helicopter or aircraft)]. *g) h) REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons). a) *b) LEFT (or RIGHT) CIRCLING TURN TO 12. or code)]. [CAUTION (power lines.16 Landing … multiple runway operations … special operations …to make an approach along or parallel to a runway. CLEARED LOW APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. etc. Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) *e) f) CLEARED TO LAND.4. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway.15.4. GO AROUND.18 Missed approach May 31. descending to an agreed minimum level … to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection by persons on the ground. CLEARED TO LAND. ORBIT (RIGHT. 2004 12 . RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND. (location)). final approach and take-off area) [ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number. REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons). j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or CIRCLING APPROACH. CLEARED LOW PASS [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)].)]. runway center line.15. … for helicopter operations i*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN (or APPROACH. unlighted obstructions.4. a) b) c) CIRCLE THE AERODROME. extended runway centre line. [REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway. wake turbulence. CLEARED TOUCH AND GO. name. or LEFT)[FROM PRESENT POSITION]. MAKE FULL STOP. runway. MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT.

operating or movement area.5.when pilot requested visual inspection of landing gear Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) e) LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN. WHEELS APPEAR UP. RIGHT (or LEFT. AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust. EXPEDITE VACATING.Airports Authority of India 12.20 Runway vacating and communications after landing e) f) a) b) c) d) e) CAUTION JET BLAST.25 . personnel. loose debris. TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND. or specified route) TO (location heliport.4. AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel). h) AIR TAXI VIA (direct.4. CONTACT GROUND (frequency).19 Information to aircraft . … jet blast on apron or taxiway … propeller-driven aircraft slipstream 12. YOUR STAND (OR GATE)(designation).15.15.15. etc. 2004 12 . or CONVENIENT) LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency).15. RIGHT (or LEFT.1 CO-ORDINATION BETWEEN ATS UNITS Estimates and revisions a) ESTIAMTE (direction of flight) (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] (type) ESTIMATED (significant point)(time) (level) (or DESCENDING FROM (level) TO (level))[SPEED(filed TAS)] (route) [ (point of departure) TO (point of destination)] [RVSM May 31. 12.)]. as requested. or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN). taxiing light aircraft. … for helicopter operations f) g) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or) HELICOPTER PARKING POSITION (area). CAUTION SLIPSTREAM.5 12. blowing snow. or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP (or DOWN). WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency). CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE [FROM … wake turbulence ARRIVING (or DEPARTING) (type of aircraft) [additional information as required]. active or inactive runway).

3 Change of clearance a) b) c) d) REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary). e) 12. (aircraft call sign) UNABLE (alternative instructions). UNABLE (aircraft call sign). 12. FOR (aircraft call sign)] [DUE (reason)] (alternative clearance proposed). AGREED TO (alteration of clearance)OF (aircraft call sign). etc.15.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 status][REMARKS].5. (aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time or significant point)].4 Approval request a) APPROVAL REQUEST (aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM point) AT (time).In the event that flight plan details are not available the receiving station shall reply to b) NO DETAILS and transmitting station shall pass full estimate as in a). if any). b) c) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED [(restriction if any)]. 2004 12 . Note :. d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) (identification and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) [or FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction)ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED (figure) (other pertinent information. UNABLE (desired route..5. (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [AT (time)] [conditions/restrictions]. [SQUAWKING (SSR Code) [ESTIMATED] (significant point) (time) AT (level).receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are available) . (aircraft type) (destination).sending unit reply c) NO DETAILS. UNABLE (aircraft call sign)[TRAFFIC IS (details)]. (significant May 31. REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign).15. level.26 . IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)]?.15.2 Transfer of control a) b) c) d) e) 12. MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO (details of alteration proposed). … sending unit b) ESTIMATE (significant point) ON (aircraft call sign) …receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are not available) ….5.

27 . etc. HANDOVER (aircraft call sign)[SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] POSITION (aircraft May 31. The predetermined. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services.7 Expedition of clearance a) b) EXPEDITE EXPEDITE CLEARANCE CLEARANCE (aircraft (aircraft call call sign) sign) EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time). Radar handover RADAR position (level). affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system. The predetermined. [ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (level or route.15.). or time. 5.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system. or level) CLEARED TO AND ESTIMATING (clearance limit((time) AT (level) [EXPECTED APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY EXPECTED] CONTACT AT (time). d) 12.5 Inbound release INBOUND RELEASE (SSR (aircraft Code)] call (type) sign) FROM [SQUAWKING (departure point) RELEASED AT (significant point. 12. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services. 12. 2004 12 .

as appropriate.4 Termination of radar vectoring a) POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (signification point) (or OVER or ABEAM (signification point)). IDENTIFIED [position].16.1. HEADING IS GOOD.16.16 RADAR PHRASEOLOGIES Note: The following comprise phraseologies specifically applicable when radar is used in the provision of air traffic services.1 Failure of CPDLC 12. [RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN NAVIGATION]. 12. FLY HEADING (three digits). CONTINUE HEADING (three digits).1. RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (position of LEVEL(or May 31. TRANSIMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING.2 Position information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) 12.28 .6 PHRASEOLOGIES TO BE USED RELATED TO CPDLC [ALL STATIONS]CPDLC FAILURE (instructions) 12.15.1. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) [reasons]. WHEN ABLE PROCEED DIRECT (name) (signification point). 12. The phraseologies detailed in sections above for use in the provision of air traffic services are also applicable. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES [reasons]. FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits).3 Vectoring instructions LEAVE (signification point) HEADING (three digits).6.1 General radar phraseologies Identification of aircraft a) b) c) d) e) f) REPORT HEADING [AND FLIGHT ALTITUDE)]. NOT IDENTIFIED [reason]. CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING. when radar is used. STOP TURN HEADING (three digits). FLY HEADING (three digits).16. 2004 12 .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. 12.1.1 12. RADAR CONTACT [position)].16.16.15.

a) b) MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason]. REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED. MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED.1. 12. b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION [DIRECT] (significant point) [MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number) MILES].Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aircraft)(specific instructions).16. SPEED (number) KNOTS. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KNOTS[ OR GREATER (or LESS)]. MAINTAIN (number) KNOTS [OR GREATER (or OR LESS] [ UNTIL(significant point)]. the following phraseologies should be used: c) a) b) c) d) DUE TRAFFIC. NO ATC SPEED RESTRICTION.7 Position reporting … to omit position reports when under radar control a) b) c) d) 1`2. REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED. 2004 12 . FOR DELAY.16. 12. RESUME POSITION REPORTING. REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant point(s)). RESUME NORMAL SPEED. DO NOT EXCEED (number) KNOTS. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KNOTS. or (number) DEGREES PER SECOND) START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON THE COMMAND “NOW”.1.8 Traffic information and avoiding action a) May 31.1. d) e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW.1. STOP TURN NOW.When it is necessary to specify a reason for radar vectoring or for the above manoeuvres. ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) [reasons]. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point). FOR DOWNWIND (or BASE.16.16. or FINAL).6 Speed control a) *b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) REPORT SPEED. TRAFFIC (number) O’CLOCK (distance) (direction 12.29 .5 Manoeuvres … (in case of unreliable directional instruments on board aircraft) Note :. FOR SPACING. MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF. OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)].

OPPOSITE (or SAME DIRECTION). SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE May 31.30 . 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) … (if known) 8) 9) … to request avoiding action … when passing unknown traffic … for avoiding action *b) c) d) e) UNKNOWN. POSITION (position of aircraft). RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED (instructions). OVERTAKING. DO YOU WANT VECTORS?.1. IF NO TRANSMISSIONS RECEIVED FOR (number) MINUTES (or SECONDS) (instructions).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 of flight)[any other pertinent information].16. CLEAR OF TRAFFIC [appropriate instructions].16. SLOW MOVING. CLOSING. (level). WILL SHORTLY LOSE IDENTIFICATION (appropriate instructions or information). 2004 12 .11 Radar equipment degradation a) RADAR CONTROL TERMINATED [DUE (reasons)]. 12. 10) CLIMBING (or DESCENDING).9 Communications and loss of communications a) b) c) … if loss of communications suspected d) e) [IF] RADIO CONTACT LOST (instructions). (manoeuvre or SQUAWK) OBSERVED. (aircraft type). IDENTIFICATION LOST [reasons](instructions). CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEF).1.1. 12. REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions. REQUEST VECTORS. IF YOU READ (manoeuvre instructions or SQUAWK (code or IDENT)]. f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clockreference and distance).WILL CONTINUE RADAR CONTROL.10 Termination of radar service a) b) c) d) 12. FAST MOVING. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three digits) TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock reference and distance).16.

2. h) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. e) REPORT ESTABLISHED [ON ILS or LOCALIZER or GLIDE PATH]. YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM (significant point or TOUCHDOWN).2 12.31 .16.2 Vectoring for ILS and other pilotinterpreted aids … when a pilot wishes to be positioned a specific distance from touchdown … instructions and information *c) d) REQUEST (distance) FINAL.2. VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit).1 RADAR IN APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE Vectoring for approach a) b) c) d) e) a) b) VECTORING FOR (type of pilot. b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary) 12. POSITION (number) MILES FROM (fix). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (appropriate information as necessary). THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reasons]. TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio May 31. CLEARED FOR (type) APPROCH RUNWAY (number).16. VECTORING FOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number). 2004 12 . VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number) REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) IN SIGHT. i) i) k) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid) (reasons). 12. (type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions).interpreted aid) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.16. f) g) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) [REPORT ESTABLISHED).

2. CLIMB TO (altitude).2.2. (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN a) b) CHECK GEAR DOWN [AND LOCKED].4.4 Checks May 31. b) APPROACH INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE TERMINATED AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN.16. 2004 12 . 12. COMMENCE DESCENT NOW TO MAINTAIN A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH. REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH.2.16. OBSTACLE CLEARACNE ALTITUDE (number) FEET CHECK YOUR MINIMA [IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions)].3 Manoeuvre during independent and dependent parallel approaches … for avoidance action when an aircraft is observed penetrating the NTZ d) …for avoidance action below 400 ft above the runway threshold elevation where parallel approach obstacle surfaces (PAOAS) criteria is being applied 12. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER .16.4. YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER.4 SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH a) THIS WILL BE A SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number) TERMIANTING AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN. INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. e) CLIMB TO (altitude) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions) 12.32 . ILS RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER REEQUENCY IS (frequency).2.3 Position 12.16. OVER THRESHOLD.16. b) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN ALTITUDE SHOULD BE (number and units).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aid) [reasons].2.1 Provision of service 12. l) m) n) a) b) c) MAINTAIN (altitude) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION.4. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING (three digits)) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPRAOCH].16.2 Elevation a) 12. CLEARD FOR ILS APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT).4.

16. STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE WRONG INDICATION. SQUAWK NORMAL.3 To request the pilot to reselect the assigned mode and code 12. SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] IDENT.3. 12.8 To request emergency code SQUAWK MAYDAY (CODE SEVEN-SEVEN ZERO-ZERO] 12. May SQUAWK LOW. NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER. CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM (level).9 To request termination of transponder operation 12. SQUAWK STANDBY. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT.3. Note: .13 To request level check CONFIRM (level).3.16.5 To request the pilot to confirm the Code selected on the aircraft’s transponder 12. TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan). FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code).Other phraseologies for use in the area control radar service are given in the section containing approach control radar service phraseologies.16.16.2 To instruct setting of transponder a) b) To request reselection of aircraft identification 12.3 SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.3.3. a) *b) ADVISE TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY.1 To request the capability of the SSR equipment a) *b) *c) 12.16. APPROCH COMPLETED [CONTACT (unit)]. SQUAWK CHARLIE.3.16. SQUAWK (code) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] (code).5 Completion of approach Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) REPORT VISUAL. STOP SQUAWK.3. RESET MODE ‘S’ IDENTIFICATION.6 To request the operation of the IDENT feature a) *b) a) b) c) 12. SQUAWKING (code).12 To request termination of pressure altitude transmission because of faulty operation 12.3. CONFIRM SQUAWK (code). RESETTING (mode (code).Airports Authority of India .16.16.11 To request pressure setting check and confirmation of level 12.7 To request temporary suspension of transponder operation 12.3.10 To request transmission of pressure altitude 12. 2004 12 .16.

18.17 12.34 .17.1.17.Airports Authority of India 12. 12.2 Terrain alert (aircraft call sign) TERRAIN ALERT.18 AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE (ADS) PHRASEOLOGIES 12. 12. (suggested pilot action.1 ADS degradation May 31.1 Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ALERTING PHRASEOLOGIES Low altitude warning (aircraft call sign) (number) [(units)] LOW ALTITUDE WARNING.1 General ADS phraseologies ADS(or AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate instructions as necessary) 12. 2004 12 . [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY.18. if possible). QNH IS ALTITUDE IS (altitude)].

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