Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

Chapter 12

12.1

INTRODUCTION

f) g) h)

Radiotelephony {RTF} provides the means by which pilots and ground personnel communicate with each other. Used properly the information and instructions transmitted are of vital importance in assisting in the safe and expeditious operation of aircraft. On the other hand, the use of non-standard procedures and phraseology can cause misunderstanding. Incidents and accidents have occurred in which a contributing factor has been the misunderstanding caused by the use of poor phraseology. The importance of using correct and precise standard phraseology can not, therefore, be over-emphasized. 12.2 TRANSMITTING TECHNIQUE 12.2.1 The following transmitting techniques will assist in ensuring that transmitted speech is clearly and satisfactorily received: a) Before transmitting listen out on the frequency to be used to ensure that there will be no interference with a transmission from another station. Be familiar with good microphone operating techniques. Use a normal conversational tone, speak clearly and distinctly. Maintain an even rate of speech not exceeding 100 words per minute. When it is known that elements of the message will be written down by the recipient, speak at a slightly slower rate. Maintain the speaking volume at a constant level.

A slight pause before and after numbers will assist in making them easier to understand. Avoid using hesitation sounds such as “er”. Depress the transmit switch fully before speaking and do not release it until the message is completed. This will ensure that the entire message is transmitted.

12.2.2 Be aware that the mother tongue of the person receiving the message may not be English. Therefore, speak clearly and use standard RTF words and phrases wherever possible. 12.2.3 One of the most irritating and potentially dangerous situations in radiotelephony is a “stuck” microphone button. Operators should always ensure that the button is released after a transmission and the microphone placed in a appropriate place that will ensure that it will not inadvertently be switched on. 12.3 Pilots, ATS personnel and other ground personnel shall be thoroughly familiar with the radiotelephony procedures.

b) c) d)

e)

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Airports Authority of India 12.4 12.4.1 ICAO PHONETICS: Pronunciation of numbers: Pronunciation ZE-RO WUN TOO TREE FOW-er FIFE SIX SEV-en AIT NIN-er DAY-SEE-MAL HUN-dred TOU-SAND of Spelling

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

N O P Q R S T U

November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform

Numeral or numeral element 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decimal Hundred Thousand 12.4.2 Pronunciation Alphabets
Letter A B C

V W X Y Z

Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu

NO VEM BER OSS CAH PAH PAH KEH BECK ROW ME OH SEE AIR RAH TANG GO YOU NEE FORM or OO NEE FORM VIK TAH WISS KEY ECKS RAY YANG KEY ZOO LOO

12.5 TRANSMISSIONS OF NUMBERS IN RADIOTELEPHONY: 12.5.1 All numbers except as prescribed in 12.5.2, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
aircraft call signs AIC238 transmitted as Air India two three eight Jet Airways two four two flight levels FL 180 FL 200 flight level two zero zero headings 100 degrees 080 degrees heading zero eight zero wind direction and speed transmitted as transmitted as heading one zero transmitted as flight level one eight zero

Word Alfa Bravo Charlie

D E F G H I J K L M

Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliett Kilo Lima Maik

Pronuncia tion AL FAH BRAH VOH CHAR LEE or SHAR LEE DELL TAH ECK OH FOKS TROT GOLF HO TELL IN DEE AH JEW LEE ETT KEY LOH LEE MAH MIKE

JAI242

zero

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Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

200 degrees 70 knots

wind two zero zero degrees seven zero knots wind one six zero degrees one eight knots gusting three zero knots transmitted as runway visual range 600 1700 transmitted as RVR six hundred RVR one thousand seven hundred

160 degrees 18 knots gusting 30 knots

transponder codes

12.6
four

2400

squawk two zero zero squawk four zero three transmitted as

4203 altimeter setting 1010 1000

two

STANDARD WORDS AND PHRASES The following words and phrases shall be used in radiotelephony communications as appropriate and shall have the meaning given below: WORD/ PHRASE
ACKNOWLEDGE

MEANING
Let me know that you have received and understood this message

QNH one zero one zero QNH one zero zero zero

AFFIRM

Yes. Permission for proposed action granted. I hereby indicate the separation between portions of the message. {TO be used where there is n o clear distinction between the text and other portion of the message.}

All numbers used in the transmissions of altitude, cloud height, visibility and runway visual range (RVR) information, which contain whole hundreds and whole thousands, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word HUNDRED or THOUSAND as appropriate. Combinations of thousands and whole hundreds shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of thousands followed by the word THOUSAND followed by the number of hundreds followed by the word HUNDRED. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
12.5.2 altitude 800 3400 12,000 cloud height 2200 4300 visibility transmitted as eight hundred three thousand four hundred one two thousand transmitted as two thousand two hundred four thousand three hundred transmitted as

APPROVED BREAK

BREAK BREAK

I hereby indicate the separation between messages transmitted to different aircraft in a very busy environment.

CANCEL CHECK CLEARED

Annul the previously transmitted clearance. Examine a system or procedure. {No answer is normally expected.} Authorized to proceed under the conditions specified.

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“I can not comply with your request.” a) As a request: “Communication is difficult. True or Accurate An error has been made in the transmission is… DISREGARD GO AHEAD Ignore Proceed with your message Note: Not used whenever the possibility exists of misconstruing “GO AHEAD” as authorization for an aircraft to proceed. or clearance” Note: UNABLE is normally followed by a reason (Abbreviation for “will comply“) “I understand your message and will comply with it. e.” b) As information: “Since communication is difficult. MAINTAIN VFR MONITOR NEGATIVE Listen out on (frequency) “NO” or “Permission not granted” or “That is not correct” or “Not capable” OVER “My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication OUT “This exchange of transmission is ended and no response is expected” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication READ BACK “Repeat all. instruction.4 . HOW DO YOU READ MAINTAIN What is the readability of my transmission? Continue in accordance with the condition(s) specified or in its literal sense. or group of words. of this message back to me exactly as received” RECLEARED “A change has been made to your 12. action. STANDBY is not an approval or denial.7. every word. or the specified part.” Note: Under no circumstances to be used in reply to a question requiring “READ BACK” or a direct answer in the affirmative (AFFIRM) or negative (NEGATIVE) (clearances . or the following part.Airports Authority of India CONFIRM I request verification of Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 last clearance and this new clearance previous thereof” REPORT REQUEST “Pass me following information” “I should like to know…” or “I wish to obtain…. in this message will be sent twice.7 WORDS TWICE WILCO UNABLE SPEAK SLOWER STANDBY SAY AGAIN (or message indicated). of your last transmission” “Reduce your rate of speech” “Wait and I will call you” Note: The caller would normally reestablish contact if delay is lengthy. 2004 12 . or group of words twice. Please send every word.” CALL SIGNS Call signs for aeronautical stations 12.g.1 May 31. instruction. The correct version supersedes clearance or your part “Repeat all. information) CONTACT CORRECT CORRECTION Establish communication with ….

a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part.2. followed by at least the last two characters of the call sign c) The telephony designator of the aircraft followed operating by the agency.7. and provided that it will not be confusing.2 After satisfactory communication has been established.1 When establishing communications. an aircraft should use the full call sign of both the aircraft and the ground station.3 No reply is expected to such general calls unless individual stations are subsequently called upon to acknowledge receipt. 12. followed by the flight identification 12.7. agency.2 Aircraft call signs identification 12.8.2 When a ground station wishes to broadcast information to all aircraft likely to receive it. 2004 . flight No abbreviated form INDAIR PJ Example VJP or CESSNA VJP 12. Unit or service Area control center Radar [in general] Approach Control Approach control radar Area Control Radar Aerodrome control Surface movement control Flight information service Apron control / management service Company dispatch Aeronautical Station DISPATCH RADIO INFORMATION APRON Call sign suffix CONTROL RADAR APPROACH APPROACH RADAR CONTROL RADAR TOWER GROUND the aircraft operating agency.1 Aeronautical stations are identified by the name of the location followed by a suffix. the name of the location or the call sign suffix may be omitted.1.7.8.1.8.1 An aircraft radiotelephony call sign shall be one of the following types: Type a) Character corresponding to the registration marking of the aircraft b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating Example VTEJP or CESSNA VTEJP INDAIR TEPJ ESTABLISHMENT AND CONDITION OF COMMUNICATIONS:12.5 registration marking of the aircraft c) The telephony designator of INDAIR May 31. 12. the message should be prefaced by the call “All Stations”. 12.7.7.2 When satisfactory communication has been established.8 12.8. aircraft call signs may be abbreviated as follows: Type a) The first character of the registration and at least the last two characters of the call sign b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating agency. The suffix indicates the type of unit or service provided.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 809 12. 12 .2. and provided that no confusion is likely to occur. followed by the last four characters of the 12.4 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received.

12. cross taxi and back track on any runway.1 Controller should pass a clearance slowly and clearly since the pilot needs to write it down and wasteful repetition will thus be avoided.8. the operator shall use the phrase “CORRECTION I SAY AGAIN” before transmitting the message a second time.g.6 . And ….7 When an error is made in a transmission. In any case controllers should avoid passing clearance to a pilot engaged in complicated manoeuvres and on no occasion should a clearance be May 31. 12.4 The flight crew shall read back to the air traffic controller safety-related parts of the clearances and instructions which are transmitted by voice. Air Traffic services: (aircraft call sign) “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE”. level instructions. PHRASE Say again Say again … [item] Say again all before …. transition levels e. altimeter settings. land on. 12.8.6 When a station is called but is uncertain of the identification of the calling station.5 The controller shall listen to the read-back to ascertain that the clearances has been correctly acknowledged by the flight crew and shall take immediate action to correct any discrepancies revealed by the read-back. Strict adherence to read back procedures ensures not only that the clearance has been received correctly but also that the clearance was transmitted as intended. At times the word “DEPARTURE” or “ AIRBORNE” is used. The words “TAKE OFF” are used only when an aircraft is cleared for takeoff. (the first word satisfactorily received) Say again all after …. 12. SSR codes.9 ISSUE OF CLEARANCE AND READ-BACK REQUIREMENTS: 12.9.9.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.9 When it is considered that reception is likely to be difficult. heading and speed instructions and. and only that aircraft. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. (the last word satisfactorily received) Say again all between …. hold short of. MEANING Repeat entire message Repeat specific item Repeat part of message Repeat message Repeat message part of passed when pilot is engaged in line up or take-off manoeuvres.9. Whenever possible a route clearance should be passed to an aircraft before start up. (aircraft call sign)”. the word “CORRECTION” shall be spoken. 12. the last correct group or phase repeated and then the correct version transmitted.8.9. and c) Runway-in-use.5 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received. Following items shall always be read-back: a) ATC route clearance.2 An ATC route clearance is not an instruction to takeoff or enter an active runway.8. will take action on the clearance. important elements of the message should be spoken twice. the calling station should be requested to repeat its call sign until identification is established. 12 . The stringency of the read back requirement is directly related to the possible seriousness of a misunderstanding in the transmission and receipt of ATC clearances and instructions. 12. 2004 Aircraft reply: “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE. 12. or when canceling a take-off clearance. part of 12.9. take off on.8 If a correction can best be made by repeating the entire message.3 Read back requirements have been introduced in the interests of flight safety. b) Clearances and instructions to enter. whether issued by the controller or contained in ATIS broadcasts. It also serves as a check that the right aircraft.8. 12.

11.15. 12. If the aircraft is making a straight-in-approach.12 AFTER LANDING Unless absolutely necessary.11 FINAL APPROACH AND LANDING 12. 12.10. ATC or other) as appropriate. 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. and when circumstances differ. users shall be familiar with.10. the controller may request the pilot to report when airborne. If May 31. In order that the phraseologies listed should be readily discernible in section 12.1 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during the last part of the final approach or during the landing roll. 12. 12. Unless otherwise advised pilots should remain on tower frequency until the runway is vacated. 12. as required. 12.2 To reduce the potential for misunderstanding.1 At busy aerodromes with separate GROUND & TOWER functions aircraft are usually transferred to TOWER at or approaching the holding position.10.13 GENERAL Most phraseologies contained in section 12.2 If and when turn on to final is made at a greater distance. Since misunderstandings in the granting and acknowledgement of take-off clearances can result in serious consequences.4 A pilot may request to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection from the ground.10 TAKE-OFF PROCEDURES: 12.5 In poor visibility.11. phraseologies from groups other than those referring specifically to the type of air traffic service being provided. call signs have been omitted. ATS personnel and other ground personnel will be expected to use appropriate subsidiary phraseologies which should be as clear and concise as possible and designed to avoid possible confusion by those persons using a language other than one of their national languages. meticulous care should be taken to ensure that the phraseology employed during the taxi maneuvers can not be interpreted as a takeoff clearance.10. inform the control tower that he is doing so and assistance or taxi instructions should be requested. 12. 12. “LONG FINAL” report is made.18 show the text of a complete message without call signs. They are intended to be exhaustive. pilots. and use as necessary.4 For traffic reasons it may be necessary for the aircraft to take-off immediately after lining up.6 When a pilot abandons the takeoff manoeuvre.14 GROUPING OF PHRASEOLOGIES The phraseologies are grouped according to types of air traffic service for convenience of reference. ground vehicle. 2004 no landing clearance is received at that time. However.7 .11. The phraseologies with * denote pilot transmission. he should as soon as practicable. a “FINAL“ report is made at 4NM from touchdown. the take-off clearance shall include the designator of the departure runway when more than one runway is in use.3 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during takeoff. 12 .11. controllers should not direct taxi instructions to pilots until the landing roll is completed. 12.10.3 “FINAL” report is made when an aircraft turns onto final within 4NM from touchdown. 12. All phraseologies shall be used in conjunction with call signs (aircraft. 12. a “LONG FINAL” report is made at about 8 NM from touch down.10.

the English language shall be used for such communications.4.2 hPa. . .15 includes phrases for use by pilots. If the level of the aircraft is reported in relation to QNH/QFE.This implies the need for the aircraft receiving the conditional clearance to identify the aircraft or vehicle causing the conditional clearance. on the manoeuvring area are not listed separately as the phraseology associated with the movement of aircraft is applicable. Phraseologies for the movement of vehicles. in which case the word “PROCEED” shall be substituted for the word “TAX I” when communicating with vehicles.14.2 Conditional phrases.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.the clearance. other than towtractors.1 Section 12. Note: When communications between air traffic control units are conducted. May 31. and .3 If the level of an aircraft is reported in relation to standard pressure 1013. 2004 12 . the words “FLIGHT LEVEL” should precede the level figures. ATS personnel and other ground personnel. the figure should be followed by the word “FEET” as appropriate.8 . . shall not be used for movements affecting the active runway(s). except when the aircraft or vehicles concerned are seen by the appropriate controller and pilot. In all cases a conditional clearance shall be given in the following order and consist of 12.the condition. 12. such as “behind landing aircraft” or “after departing aircraft”.14.identification . with the exception of taxi instructions.brief reiteration of the condition For example: ‘’REPORT THE B747 ON SHORT FINAL IN SIGHT’’ ‘’ AIC102 BEHIND B747 ON SHORT FINAL LINE UP BEHIND ‘’ Note:.

Airports Authority of India 12. i) TO (level) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) …instruction that a climb (or descent) to a level within the vertical range defined is to commence ii) iii) TO REACH (level) AT (or BY) (time or point). STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (level). CONTINUE CLIMB ( OR DESCENT) TO (level) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT)[UNTIL PASSING (level)] WHEN READY CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO (level) EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time or Significant point) REQUEST DESCENT AT (time) May 31. followed as necessary. iv) v) b) c) significant REPORT LEAVING (or REACHING. or PASSING) (level) AT (number) FEET PER MINUTE [OR GREATER (OR LESS)].15. AFTER PASSING (significant point) AT (time or significant point) WHEN READY (instruction).1 12. or (number) FEET CLIMB (or DESCEND). 2004 12 .15.15.to require action when convenient m) IMMEDIATELY..2 GENERAL Description of levels (subsequently referred to as “(level)”) Level changes.1.1 12. reports and rates a) b) a) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 PHRASEOLOGIES FLIGHT LEVEL (number).9 .15 PHRASEOLOGIES CIRCUMSTANCES 12. d) e) f) g) h) *I) …to require action at a specific time or place j) k) l) . (number) FEET ABOVE (or MAINTAIN AT LEAST BELOW ) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST LEVEL (or FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE CHANGE FROM (name of unit) [AT (time or significant point)].1.

Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 …to require an aircraft to climb or descend maintaining own separation and VMC n) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM (level)] [TO (level)] o) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATIN AND VMC ABOVE (or BELOW. (acknowledgement). assigned clearance) RESUMED y) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). COMPLETED. …after modifying vertical speed to comply with an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *r) s) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORY.10 . 2004 12 . *q) UNABLE. acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). (acknowledgement) …after ACAS “Clear of conflict” is annunciated (Pilot and controller interchange) …after the response to an ACAS resolution advisory is completed (Pilot and controller interchange) …after returning to clearance after responding to an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *t) u) *v) RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). or TO) (level) …when there is doubt that an aircraft can comply with a clearance or instruction …when pilot is unable to comply with a clearance or instruction p) IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE. …when unable to comply with a clearance because of an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *z) aa) UNABLE. w) *x) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). May 31.

15. if any). TRAFFIC (information).6 Meteorological conditions a) b) [SURFACE] WIND (number) DEGREES (speed) (units).[ ADDITONAL] TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time) g) TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED (level(s)) [or LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) (other pertinent information.1. Note : . MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency). FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED.1.4 Change of call sign a) b) a) b) *c) *d) *e) f) … to instruct an aircraft to change its type of call sign …to advise an aircraft to revert to the call sign indicated in the flight plan 12.1.3 Transfer of Control and/or a) b) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) [NOW]. Note :. AT (or OVER) (time or place) [or WHEN PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING] (level) CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).Wind is always expressed by giving the mean direction and speed and any significant variations thereof. NO REPORTED TRAFFIC LOOKING OUT. STAND BY (frequency) FOR (unit call sign).11 . 12. CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN TO (new call sign) [UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED].15.Airports Authority of India 12. NEGATIVE CONTACT [reasons].5 Traffic information … to pass traffic information … to acknowledge traffic information REQUEST CHANGE TO (frequency). WIND AT (level) (number) DEGREES (number) KNOTS. May 31. TRAFFIC IN SIGHT. MONITORING (frequency). REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY. REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN CALL SIGN (call sign) [AT(significant point)].15.1. 2004 12 .15. d) *e) f) g) *h) i) j) 12. c) IF NO CONTACT (instructions).An aircraft may be requested To “ STAND BY” on a frequency when it Is intended that the ATS unit will initiate communications soon and to “ MONITOR ” a frequency when information is being broadcast thereon. WHEN READY CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).

CLOUD (amount. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (distance) (units). QNH (number) [(units)]. 12. the indication of these locations may be omitted. REPORT PASSING (significant point) REPORT (distance) FROM (name of DME station) DME.Multiple RVR observations are always representative of the touchdown zone.12 . provided that the reports are passed in the order of touchdown zone.(second position) (distance) (units). Note 2 :.15.15. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units). (third position) (distance) (units). REPORT PASSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR) VOR.1. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) RUNWAY (number) NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT REPORTED). h) i) j) k) l) m) n) n) PRESENT WEATHER (details).1. RESUME POSITION REPORTING.(second position) NOT AVAILABLE. 2004 12 .[(type)] and height of base) (unit) (or SKY CLEAR) CAVOK. TEMPERATURE [MINUS ] (number) (and/or DEW-POINT [MINUS] (number)). (third position) (distance) (units). g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units). QFE (number) [units)].CAVOK pronounced CAV-O-KAY.8 Additional reports … to request a report at a specified place or distance May 31. followed by the mid point zone and ending with the rollout/stop end zone report end zone … in the event that RVR information on any one position is not available this information will be included in the appropriate sequence. (aircraft type) REPORTED (description) ICING (or TURBULENCE) [IN CLOUD] (area) (time) REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS.7 Position reporting specific position c) a) b) c) a) b) c) … to omit position reports until a 12. Note 1 :. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNITL (specify)]. Note :.Where reports for three locations are given. midpoint zone and the roll-out/stop respectively.Airports Authority of India c) d) e) … for multiple RVR observations f) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 VISIBILITY (distance) (units) [direction].

or SLUSH.15. CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT).9 Aerodrome information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 REPORT DISTANCE FROM REPORT DISTANCE FROM DME. b) (type) LIGHTING (unserviceability). or ICE. CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice). TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number). a) May 31. BRAKING ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD.1. (significant point).13 . WAS (reading ) AT (time). or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or WET SNOW. k) l) TOWER OBSERVES (weather information). or POOR or UNREALIABLE) [and/or BRAKING COEFFICIENT (equipment and number). [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition). or MEDIUM TO POOR.Airports Authority of India …to request a report of present position d) e) 12. j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) (number) WET [or DAMP. or COMPACTED SNOW. WATER PATCHES. or ICE AND SNOW.1. [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT. or FROZEN RUTS AND RIDGES]. or SNOW REMOVED (length and width as applicable). RUNWAY (number). or MEDIUM. or TREATED. or SNOWDRIFTS.15. 2004 12 . LANDING SURFACE (condition). CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location). h) i) BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time) GOOD (or MEDIUM or POOR). or FROZEN SLUSH. or ICE UNDERNEATH. BRAKING ACTION [(location)] (measuring equipment used). (specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency). RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES. PILOT REPORTS (weather information). FLOODED (depth).10 Operational status of visual and nonvisual aids. (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number]. (name of DME station) 12.

e) ENTER CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) [AT (time)].3 Maintenance of specified levels a) b) MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)]. FROM (location) TO (location) TO (location) Followed as necessary by: I) II) III) IV) c) (route) DIRECT VIA (route and/or significant points). RECLEARED (amended route portion) TO (significant point of original route) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED].15. (type of visual approach slope indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency). f) LEAVE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE)[VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) (or CLIMBING. g) JOIN (specify) AT (significant point) AT (level) [A T (time)].1 AREA CONTROL SERVICES issuance of a clearance a) b) c) d) (name of unit) CLEARS (aircraft call sign).14 .15. 12.2 12.2. RECLEARED (amended clearance details)[REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. 12. or DESCENDING). 2004 12 . MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point).2 Indication of route and clearance limit a) b) 12. VIA FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE. VIA (distance DME ARC (direction) OF (name of DME station) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATIVE(S) IS / ARE (route) ADVISE.2.15. May 31.Airports Authority of India c) d) e) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state).15. (aircraft call sign) CLEARED TO.2. TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency).

EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type of clearance) AT (time).5 Emergency descent 12.2. 2004 12 . parallel to the cleared route. b) a) CROSS (significant point) AT (time)[OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)] ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level). MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) Note : The term “MAINTAIN” is not to be used in lieu of “DESCEND” or “CLIMB” when instructing an aircraft to change level. or BELOW) (level). clearance. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (time).6 If clearance cannot be issued immediately upon request 12. 12. ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT IN THE VICINITY OF (or AT) (significant point or location) EMERGENCY DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM (level) (followed as necessary by specific instructions. CROSS (number) DME [(direction)] OF (name of DME station) AT (or ABOVE. MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE.15.15. MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)] DO NOT EXCEED MACH (number) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFF SET PROCEED OFF SET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF May 31. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of unit).7 Separation instructions a) b) c) d) 12. 12.2.8 Instructions associated with flying a track (off set).4 Specification of cruising levels a) b) c) d) *a) b) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE. CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or BEFORE) AT (level).15. traffic information etc. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED.2.2. or BELOW) (level) EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions).15.15. CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN (levels) (or ABOVE (levels).2.15 .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 c) d) e) f) g) h) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point).

(type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. CLEARED (or PROCEED) VIA (designation) CLEARED TO (clearance limit) VIA (designation).15.15. CLEARED CLEARED FOLLOWED (number). route. 2004 12 . f) g) CLEARED APPROACH RUNWAY (NUMBER)].2 Approach instructions a) b) c) d) e) CLEARED VIA (designation). or REACHING (fix or significant point or level)) [BEFORE PROCEEDING ON COURSE]. (type of app) RUNWAY (number) BY CIRCLING TO RUNWAY (level or h*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN ((type of approach) May 31.1 Departure instructions a) [AFTER DEPARUTE] TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO(level or signification point)(other instructions as required) b) c) d) e) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) significant point) (instruction) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) TO (level) [TO INTERCEPT (track.15. APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)] .3.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (route) (track) [CENTRAL LINE] [AT (significant point or time][UNTIL (significant point of time)] [UNTIL (significant point or time)] c) CANCEL OFFSET (instruction to rejoin cleared flight route or other information) 12. f) 12.3 APPROACH CONTROL SERVICES 12. airway etc)] (standard departure name and number) DEPARTURE TRACK (three digits) DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or TRUE)] TO (or FROM) (significant point) UNTIL (time.16 . CLEARED VIA (or PROCEED VIA)(details of route to be followed).3. COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time).

REQUEST (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. REQUEST VISUAL APPROCH. *c) REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS. CLEARED (RNAV plain language designator). name of facility or fix)[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTE(0r MINUTES ) EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE) (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary).3 Holding clearance … visual … published holding procedure over a facility or fix a) b) … when detailed holding clearance is required d) May 31. name of facility or fix) [ AINTAIN (or CLIMB or M DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] AS PUBLISHED EXPECT APPRAOCH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point.17 .3. ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE.15. MAINTAIN VMC. (or BETWEEN two prominent landmarks)). REQUEST (RNAV plain language designator). REPORT (significant point). REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point. [OUTBOUND. REPORT VISUAL. REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN REQUEST VMC DESCENT. CLEARED (number). HOLD VISUAL [OVER] (position). MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION. or INBOUND]. VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 i) j) k) l*) m) n) o) *p) q) r) s) *t) *u) v) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)]. 2004 12 .

4.1 12. DELAY NOT DETERMINED (reasons).18 .3. ACKNOWLEDGE LIGHTS. EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time).15.15.4 Expected approach time 12.4. 2004 12 . REVISED EXPECTED APPRAOCH TIME (time). CLEARANCE CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 e) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN(or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [directions] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN (or OUTBOUND FURTHER TIME(number) MINUTES (0r MINUTES) EXPECT APPROACH necessary) f) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)]HOLD BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE)) AT (time) ( additional instructions if necessary) a) b) c) d) NO DELAY EXPECTED.15.15.4 12.2 PHRASEOLOGIES FOR USE ON AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE AERODROME Identification of aircraft Acknowledgement by visual means a) b) c) SHOW LANDING LIGHTS ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER). BY FLASHING LANDING May 31. ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS.

… ATC replies b) c) d) e) f) START UP APPROVED.4.15.If multiple visibility and RVR observations are available. 12. EXPECT START UP AT (TIME) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION.4.15.When local procedures so prescribe.15. STAND BY. those that represent the roll out/stop end zone should be used for take off. PUSHBACK APPROVED.15. EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason). … aircraft/ATC *a) b) a) b) c) *a) [aircraft location] REQUEST PUSHBACK. REQUEST TOW [company name] (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO (location). [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (OR RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) distance)(units)] [TIME (time)]. *b) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP. TOW APPROVED VIA (specified routing to be followed). (units) QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE (MINUS) (number).Airports Authority of India 12. authorization for pushback should be obtained from the control tower. START UP AT (time). INFORMATION (ATIS identification).4. EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. WIND (direction and speed). Note:.5 Towing procedure … ATC response b) c) d) 12.3 Starting procedures … to request permission to start engines Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP. RUNWAY (NUMBER). STAND BY REQUEST TIME CHECK.6 To request time check and/or aerodrome … when no ATIS broadcast is available *a) b) *c) d) data for departure May 31. TIME (time).4. PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION. HOLD POSITION. 12.4 Push-back procedures Note: .19 . REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION. 2004 12 .

after landing AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel).)]. …. … general *q) May 31. active or inactive runway). h) i) j) TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway). TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT). *b) [aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy] [intentions]. blowing snow. operating or movement area. e. BACKTRACK RUNWAY (number). BACKTRACK APPROVED.4. AVIATION AREA) [STAND …for helicopter operations l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) CAUTION (dust. f) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (followed g) by aerodrome information as applicable) [TIME (time)]. *d) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] e) REQUEST DETAILED TAXI [aircraft location](flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI … where detailed taxi instructions are required INSTRUCTIONS. c) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [TIME (time)]. *n) o) p) REQUEST BACKTRACK. [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI TO (destination on aerodrome). as requested. k*) REQUEST AIR-TAXIING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate).7 Taxi procedures … for departure Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI (intentions]. 2004 12 . or specified route) TO (location. taxiing light aircraft. m) AIR TAXI VIA (director. GENERAL (number)].g. TAXI TO TERMINAL (or other location.. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF …where aerodrome information is not available from an alternative source such as ATIS RUNWAY (number)].20 .15. loose debris. heliport. TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number). personnel.Airports Authority of India 12. etc.

HOLDING SHORT. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed). (description of other aircraft or *bb) EXPEDITING.If the control tower is unable to see the crossing aircraft (e. VACATE RUNWAY RUNWAY VACATED. 2004 12 .g. night. #HOLD POSITION.).15. etc. cc) [CAUTION] TAXI SLOWER (reason).10 Preparation for take off May 31. EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC (aircraft type) (distance) MILES FINAL. GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft). when requested. #HOLD (distance) FROM (position). report “RUNWAY VACATED” when the aircraft is clear of the runway *e) a) RUNWAY VACATED UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reasons).9 To cross a runway *a) b) c) d) CROSS RUNWAY (number) [REPORT VACATED]. FOLLOW vehicle).15. TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT. etc.4. # Require specific acknowledgement 12.). the instruction should always be accompanied by a request to report when the aircraft has vacated and is clear of the runway. 12. TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY. #HOLD SHORT OF (position). 12.8 Holding a) b) c) d) *e) *f) #HOLD (direction) OF (position. EXPEDITE TAXI (reason). [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number)] or [CROSS RUNWAY (number)].4. REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number) Note: .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 r) s) t) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD. *dd) SLOWING DOWN. Note: The pilot will. TAXI WITH CAUTION.15. runway number. HOLDING.4. low visibility. *u) *v) w) x) y) *z) aa) GIVING WAY TO (traffic).21 .

15.22 .OFF. LINE UP [AND WAIT]. …conditional clearance …acknowledgement of a conditional clearance. AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT or CLIMB) (instructions as appropriate). HOLD POSITION. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR VACATE RUNWAY[(instructions)]. ARE YOUR READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?. READY.16. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [REPORT AIRBORNE]. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [FROM LOCATION] (present position. taxiway.11 Take-off clearance …When more than one runway in use …when take-off clearance has not been complied with j) (condition) LINE UP. 2004 12 .4. WAIT [reason]. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY. Note: Provisions concerning the use of conditional clearances are contained in section 12. STOPPING.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 b) c) d) *e) REPORT WHEN READY [FOR DEPARTURE]. LINE UP RUNWAY (number). STOP IMMEDIATELY (repeat aircraft call sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY (reasons).off clearance f) g) #h) i) LINE UP. BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE. *k) (condition) LINING UP. …confirmation or otherwise of the read-back of conditional clearance 12. [THAT IS] CORRECT (or I SAY AGAIN… (as appropriate). ARE YOU READY [FOR DEPARTURE]?. runway and number). e) a) b) c) d) e) *f) …to cancel a take-off clearance … to stop a take-off after an aircraft has commenced take-off roll g) *h) … for helicopter operations i) *j) k) REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS. HOLDING. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE. final approach and takeoff area. #When there is the possibility of confusion during multiple runway operations …if unable to issue take-off clearance …clearance to enter runway and await take. May 31. CANCEL TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF (reasons).

4.15 a) b) c) d) MAKE SHORT APPROACH. RUNWAY (number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units)[TEMPERATURE[MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE)(number) (units)][TRAFFIC (detail)].23 .15.4.12 Turn or climb instructions after take-off Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) b) c) d) e) f) … heading to be followed g) h) i) *a) b) REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN. (position) (level) INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING. (position in circuit. 2004 12 . RIGHT (or LEFT TURN APPROVED. [additional instructions if required]. e.4. TRACK EXTENDED CENTRELINE (instructions) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions). CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING (instructions). JOIN (position in circuit) (direction of circuit) (runway number)[SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number)] QNH [ (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC(detail)]: c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROCH.4.15. MAKE LONG APPROCH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND). WILL ADVISE LATER FOR RIGHT (or LEFT TURN.15.18.Airports Authority of India 12. JOIN (position in circuit) [RUNWAY (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)]. d) JOIN RIGHT HAND (position in circuit) (runway number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)]. … to request airborne time REPORT AIRBORNE.14 In the circuit b) NUMBER … FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) 12.13 Entering an aerodrome traffic circuit … when right hand traffic circuit in use … when ATIS information is available *e) f) *a) (aircraft type). [aircraft type](position) (level) FOR LANDING. 12. CONTINUE APPROCH [PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO AROUND]. DOWNWIND / FINAL). AIRBORNE (time) AFTER PASSING (level) (instructions). REPORT BASE (or FINAL. … when a specific track is to be followed 12.g. Approach instructions May 31. or LONG FINAL).

15.15.18 Missed approach May 31. [REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway. REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons).4. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND.24 . descending to an agreed minimum level … to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection by persons on the ground. 2004 12 . CLEARED LOW APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. or LEFT)[FROM PRESENT POSITION]. etc. *g) h) REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons). extended runway centre line. [CAUTION (power lines. runway.15. other)]. or code)]. a) b) c) CIRCLE THE AERODROME. a) *b) LEFT (or RIGHT) CIRCLING TURN TO 12. taxiway. runway center line. (location)).)]. … for helicopter operations i*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN (or APPROACH. MAKE FULL STOP. name. CLEARED LOW PASS [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. GOING AROUND. MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT.Airports Authority of India 12.16 Landing … multiple runway operations … special operations …to make an approach along or parallel to a runway. CLEARED TO LAND.4.17 Delaying aircraft 12. LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location. final approach and take-off area) [ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number. other helicopter or aircraft)]. j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or CIRCLING APPROACH. GO AROUND.4. wake turbulence. Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) *e) f) CLEARED TO LAND. CLEARED TOUCH AND GO. ORBIT (RIGHT. unlighted obstructions.

or specified route) TO (location heliport. CONTACT GROUND (frequency). … jet blast on apron or taxiway … propeller-driven aircraft slipstream 12. CAUTION SLIPSTREAM.4. etc.4.15. personnel. blowing snow. 12. RIGHT (or LEFT. AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust.5. CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE [FROM … wake turbulence ARRIVING (or DEPARTING) (type of aircraft) [additional information as required].15. WHEELS APPEAR UP. RIGHT (or LEFT.15. 2004 12 . active or inactive runway). WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel). EXPEDITE VACATING.)].19 Information to aircraft .Airports Authority of India 12. or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP (or DOWN). … for helicopter operations f) g) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or) HELICOPTER PARKING POSITION (area). as requested. or CONVENIENT) LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency). or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN). TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND.when pilot requested visual inspection of landing gear Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) e) LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN.20 Runway vacating and communications after landing e) f) a) b) c) d) e) CAUTION JET BLAST. operating or movement area.15.5 12. loose debris.1 CO-ORDINATION BETWEEN ATS UNITS Estimates and revisions a) ESTIAMTE (direction of flight) (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] (type) ESTIMATED (significant point)(time) (level) (or DESCENDING FROM (level) TO (level))[SPEED(filed TAS)] (route) [ (point of departure) TO (point of destination)] [RVSM May 31. h) AIR TAXI VIA (direct.25 . YOUR STAND (OR GATE)(designation). taxiing light aircraft.

12. etc. UNABLE (aircraft call sign). MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO (details of alteration proposed).26 .In the event that flight plan details are not available the receiving station shall reply to b) NO DETAILS and transmitting station shall pass full estimate as in a). IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)]?. b) c) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED [(restriction if any)].5..5. AGREED TO (alteration of clearance)OF (aircraft call sign).15.3 Change of clearance a) b) c) d) REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary).4 Approval request a) APPROVAL REQUEST (aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM point) AT (time). (aircraft type) (destination). UNABLE (aircraft call sign)[TRAFFIC IS (details)].2 Transfer of control a) b) c) d) e) 12. REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign). … sending unit b) ESTIMATE (significant point) ON (aircraft call sign) …receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are not available) ….15. (significant May 31.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 status][REMARKS]. [SQUAWKING (SSR Code) [ESTIMATED] (significant point) (time) AT (level).receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are available) . (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [AT (time)] [conditions/restrictions]. (aircraft call sign) UNABLE (alternative instructions). e) 12. Note :. level.sending unit reply c) NO DETAILS. d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) (identification and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) [or FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction)ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED (figure) (other pertinent information. 2004 12 . FOR (aircraft call sign)] [DUE (reason)] (alternative clearance proposed).15. (aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time or significant point)].5. UNABLE (desired route. if any).

5.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system.15. d) 12. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services. or level) CLEARED TO AND ESTIMATING (clearance limit((time) AT (level) [EXPECTED APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY EXPECTED] CONTACT AT (time).5. [ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (level or route. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services. 12.15. 2004 12 . The predetermined.7 Expedition of clearance a) b) EXPEDITE EXPEDITE CLEARANCE CLEARANCE (aircraft (aircraft call call sign) sign) EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time).27 . 5.).5 Inbound release INBOUND RELEASE (SSR (aircraft Code)] call (type) sign) FROM [SQUAWKING (departure point) RELEASED AT (significant point.6 Radar handover RADAR position (level). HANDOVER (aircraft call sign)[SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] POSITION (aircraft May 31. etc. or time. affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system.15. 12. The predetermined.

1. HEADING IS GOOD. WHEN ABLE PROCEED DIRECT (name) (signification point). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) [reasons]. FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits).16. IDENTIFIED [position]. The phraseologies detailed in sections above for use in the provision of air traffic services are also applicable. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES [reasons]. 12.1. RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (position of LEVEL(or May 31.16.16 RADAR PHRASEOLOGIES Note: The following comprise phraseologies specifically applicable when radar is used in the provision of air traffic services.1.15.6.4 Termination of radar vectoring a) POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (signification point) (or OVER or ABEAM (signification point)). when radar is used. as appropriate.16. FLY HEADING (three digits).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.16. RADAR CONTACT [position)]. CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING. 12. NOT IDENTIFIED [reason].15. STOP TURN HEADING (three digits).28 .16. 2004 12 . [RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN NAVIGATION].3 Vectoring instructions LEAVE (signification point) HEADING (three digits). TRANSIMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING. CONTINUE HEADING (three digits).6 PHRASEOLOGIES TO BE USED RELATED TO CPDLC [ALL STATIONS]CPDLC FAILURE (instructions) 12.2 Position information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) 12. FLY HEADING (three digits).1 General radar phraseologies Identification of aircraft a) b) c) d) e) f) REPORT HEADING [AND FLIGHT ALTITUDE)]. 12.1 Failure of CPDLC 12.1.1 12.

FOR DELAY.1.8 Traffic information and avoiding action a) May 31. SPEED (number) KNOTS. STOP TURN NOW. d) e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW.5 Manoeuvres … (in case of unreliable directional instruments on board aircraft) Note :. 2004 12 . RESUME NORMAL SPEED.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aircraft)(specific instructions). a) b) MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason]. or FINAL).16.7 Position reporting … to omit position reports when under radar control a) b) c) d) 1`2. FOR DOWNWIND (or BASE. MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point).1. REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED. FOR SPACING. RESUME POSITION REPORTING. the following phraseologies should be used: c) a) b) c) d) DUE TRAFFIC. 12. b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION [DIRECT] (significant point) [MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number) MILES].16.16. NO ATC SPEED RESTRICTION. REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant point(s)).1. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KNOTS[ OR GREATER (or LESS)]. or (number) DEGREES PER SECOND) START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON THE COMMAND “NOW”.When it is necessary to specify a reason for radar vectoring or for the above manoeuvres. TRAFFIC (number) O’CLOCK (distance) (direction 12.6 Speed control a) *b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) REPORT SPEED. 12.16. REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED. DO NOT EXCEED (number) KNOTS. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KNOTS. MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED.29 . MAINTAIN (number) KNOTS [OR GREATER (or OR LESS] [ UNTIL(significant point)].1. ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) [reasons]. OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)].

16. WILL SHORTLY LOSE IDENTIFICATION (appropriate instructions or information). SLOW MOVING.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 of flight)[any other pertinent information]. 2004 12 . OPPOSITE (or SAME DIRECTION). REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions. CLOSING.1.16. RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED (instructions). SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE May 31. POSITION (position of aircraft). CLEAR OF TRAFFIC [appropriate instructions]. 12. 10) CLIMBING (or DESCENDING).10 Termination of radar service a) b) c) d) 12. f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clockreference and distance).16. IF YOU READ (manoeuvre instructions or SQUAWK (code or IDENT)]. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three digits) TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock reference and distance). 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) … (if known) 8) 9) … to request avoiding action … when passing unknown traffic … for avoiding action *b) c) d) e) UNKNOWN. 12. OVERTAKING. IF NO TRANSMISSIONS RECEIVED FOR (number) MINUTES (or SECONDS) (instructions). FAST MOVING.30 .9 Communications and loss of communications a) b) c) … if loss of communications suspected d) e) [IF] RADIO CONTACT LOST (instructions).11 Radar equipment degradation a) RADAR CONTROL TERMINATED [DUE (reasons)].1. DO YOU WANT VECTORS?. (level). (aircraft type). REQUEST VECTORS.WILL CONTINUE RADAR CONTROL. IDENTIFICATION LOST [reasons](instructions). (manoeuvre or SQUAWK) OBSERVED. CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEF).1.

31 .16.2. f) g) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) [REPORT ESTABLISHED). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits). VECTORING FOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number). 12.2 12. VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number) REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) IN SIGHT. CLEARED FOR (type) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). i) i) k) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid) (reasons).interpreted aid) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM (significant point or TOUCHDOWN). (type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions). THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reasons].Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (appropriate information as necessary). 2004 12 .16.2. b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary) 12. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.1 RADAR IN APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE Vectoring for approach a) b) c) d) e) a) b) VECTORING FOR (type of pilot. POSITION (number) MILES FROM (fix). VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit).2 Vectoring for ILS and other pilotinterpreted aids … when a pilot wishes to be positioned a specific distance from touchdown … instructions and information *c) d) REQUEST (distance) FINAL. e) REPORT ESTABLISHED [ON ILS or LOCALIZER or GLIDE PATH].16. h) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio May 31.

16. 2004 12 .2 Elevation a) 12. e) CLIMB TO (altitude) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions) 12.4.2. CLEARD FOR ILS APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT). b) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN ALTITUDE SHOULD BE (number and units). ILS RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER REEQUENCY IS (frequency).16.2.2. CLIMB TO (altitude). b) APPROACH INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE TERMINATED AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN. REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH.3 Manoeuvre during independent and dependent parallel approaches … for avoidance action when an aircraft is observed penetrating the NTZ d) …for avoidance action below 400 ft above the runway threshold elevation where parallel approach obstacle surfaces (PAOAS) criteria is being applied 12.16.3 Position 12. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING (three digits)) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPRAOCH]. YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER .2.32 .16. OVER THRESHOLD. (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN a) b) CHECK GEAR DOWN [AND LOCKED].2. OBSTACLE CLEARACNE ALTITUDE (number) FEET CHECK YOUR MINIMA [IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions)]. 12. COMMENCE DESCENT NOW TO MAINTAIN A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH. INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.1 Provision of service 12.16.4. l) m) n) a) b) c) MAINTAIN (altitude) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION.4.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aid) [reasons].4.16.2.4 Checks May 31.4 SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH a) THIS WILL BE A SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number) TERMIANTING AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN.

3. Note: . SQUAWK STANDBY.Other phraseologies for use in the area control radar service are given in the section containing approach control radar service phraseologies.16.7 To request temporary suspension of transponder operation 12.3. SQUAWK (code) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] (code). SQUAWKING (code). SQUAWK LOW. 12. STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE WRONG INDICATION.16. SQUAWK NORMAL. SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] IDENT. SQUAWK CHARLIE.3.3. a) *b) ADVISE TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY.3.5 To request the pilot to confirm the Code selected on the aircraft’s transponder 12. NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER.3.16.3. May 31. TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan).4.2 To instruct setting of transponder a) b) 12. CONFIRM SQUAWK (code). CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM (level). 2004 12 .13 To request level check CONFIRM (level).Airports Authority of India 12.16.11 To request pressure setting check and confirmation of level 12.3 To request the pilot to reselect the assigned mode and code 12.3.16.4 To request reselection of aircraft identification 12.6 To request the operation of the IDENT feature a) *b) a) b) c) 12.16.10 To request transmission of pressure altitude 12.33 .16.2. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT.3 SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.9 To request termination of transponder operation 12.16. RESETTING (mode (code).3.16. STOP SQUAWK.5 Completion of approach Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) REPORT VISUAL.16.3.3. RESET MODE ‘S’ IDENTIFICATION. APPROCH COMPLETED [CONTACT (unit)].16.16.3.3.1 To request the capability of the SSR equipment a) *b) *c) 12.8 To request emergency code SQUAWK MAYDAY (CODE SEVEN-SEVEN ZERO-ZERO] 12.12 To request termination of pressure altitude transmission because of faulty operation 12. FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code).16.16.16.

17. 12. if possible).34 . 12.18 AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE (ADS) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.18.2 Terrain alert (aircraft call sign) TERRAIN ALERT. 2004 12 .1 ADS degradation May 31.18.17.17 12.Airports Authority of India 12. (suggested pilot action.1 Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ALERTING PHRASEOLOGIES Low altitude warning (aircraft call sign) (number) [(units)] LOW ALTITUDE WARNING. QNH IS ALTITUDE IS (altitude)]. [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY.1.1 General ADS phraseologies ADS(or AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate instructions as necessary) 12.

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