Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

Chapter 12



f) g) h)

Radiotelephony {RTF} provides the means by which pilots and ground personnel communicate with each other. Used properly the information and instructions transmitted are of vital importance in assisting in the safe and expeditious operation of aircraft. On the other hand, the use of non-standard procedures and phraseology can cause misunderstanding. Incidents and accidents have occurred in which a contributing factor has been the misunderstanding caused by the use of poor phraseology. The importance of using correct and precise standard phraseology can not, therefore, be over-emphasized. 12.2 TRANSMITTING TECHNIQUE 12.2.1 The following transmitting techniques will assist in ensuring that transmitted speech is clearly and satisfactorily received: a) Before transmitting listen out on the frequency to be used to ensure that there will be no interference with a transmission from another station. Be familiar with good microphone operating techniques. Use a normal conversational tone, speak clearly and distinctly. Maintain an even rate of speech not exceeding 100 words per minute. When it is known that elements of the message will be written down by the recipient, speak at a slightly slower rate. Maintain the speaking volume at a constant level.

A slight pause before and after numbers will assist in making them easier to understand. Avoid using hesitation sounds such as “er”. Depress the transmit switch fully before speaking and do not release it until the message is completed. This will ensure that the entire message is transmitted.

12.2.2 Be aware that the mother tongue of the person receiving the message may not be English. Therefore, speak clearly and use standard RTF words and phrases wherever possible. 12.2.3 One of the most irritating and potentially dangerous situations in radiotelephony is a “stuck” microphone button. Operators should always ensure that the button is released after a transmission and the microphone placed in a appropriate place that will ensure that it will not inadvertently be switched on. 12.3 Pilots, ATS personnel and other ground personnel shall be thoroughly familiar with the radiotelephony procedures.

b) c) d)


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Airports Authority of India 12.4 12.4.1 ICAO PHONETICS: Pronunciation of numbers: Pronunciation ZE-RO WUN TOO TREE FOW-er FIFE SIX SEV-en AIT NIN-er DAY-SEE-MAL HUN-dred TOU-SAND of Spelling

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1


November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform

Numeral or numeral element 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decimal Hundred Thousand 12.4.2 Pronunciation Alphabets
Letter A B C


Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu


12.5 TRANSMISSIONS OF NUMBERS IN RADIOTELEPHONY: 12.5.1 All numbers except as prescribed in 12.5.2, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
aircraft call signs AIC238 transmitted as Air India two three eight Jet Airways two four two flight levels FL 180 FL 200 flight level two zero zero headings 100 degrees 080 degrees heading zero eight zero wind direction and speed transmitted as transmitted as heading one zero transmitted as flight level one eight zero

Word Alfa Bravo Charlie


Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliett Kilo Lima Maik




May 31, 2004

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Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

200 degrees 70 knots

wind two zero zero degrees seven zero knots wind one six zero degrees one eight knots gusting three zero knots transmitted as runway visual range 600 1700 transmitted as RVR six hundred RVR one thousand seven hundred

160 degrees 18 knots gusting 30 knots

transponder codes



squawk two zero zero squawk four zero three transmitted as

4203 altimeter setting 1010 1000


STANDARD WORDS AND PHRASES The following words and phrases shall be used in radiotelephony communications as appropriate and shall have the meaning given below: WORD/ PHRASE

Let me know that you have received and understood this message

QNH one zero one zero QNH one zero zero zero


Yes. Permission for proposed action granted. I hereby indicate the separation between portions of the message. {TO be used where there is n o clear distinction between the text and other portion of the message.}

All numbers used in the transmissions of altitude, cloud height, visibility and runway visual range (RVR) information, which contain whole hundreds and whole thousands, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word HUNDRED or THOUSAND as appropriate. Combinations of thousands and whole hundreds shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of thousands followed by the word THOUSAND followed by the number of hundreds followed by the word HUNDRED. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
12.5.2 altitude 800 3400 12,000 cloud height 2200 4300 visibility transmitted as eight hundred three thousand four hundred one two thousand transmitted as two thousand two hundred four thousand three hundred transmitted as



I hereby indicate the separation between messages transmitted to different aircraft in a very busy environment.


Annul the previously transmitted clearance. Examine a system or procedure. {No answer is normally expected.} Authorized to proceed under the conditions specified.

May 31, 2004

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” b) As information: “Since communication is difficult.” CALL SIGNS Call signs for aeronautical stations 12. True or Accurate An error has been made in the transmission is… DISREGARD GO AHEAD Ignore Proceed with your message Note: Not used whenever the possibility exists of misconstruing “GO AHEAD” as authorization for an aircraft to proceed. or group of words twice. 2004 12 .7. STANDBY is not an approval or denial. of your last transmission” “Reduce your rate of speech” “Wait and I will call you” Note: The caller would normally reestablish contact if delay is lengthy.” Note: Under no circumstances to be used in reply to a question requiring “READ BACK” or a direct answer in the affirmative (AFFIRM) or negative (NEGATIVE) (clearances .4 .1 May 31. information) CONTACT CORRECT CORRECTION Establish communication with …. action. of this message back to me exactly as received” RECLEARED “A change has been made to your 12. or the following part. or the specified part. instruction. Please send every word. or group of words. instruction. “I can not comply with your request. e. every word. MAINTAIN VFR MONITOR NEGATIVE Listen out on (frequency) “NO” or “Permission not granted” or “That is not correct” or “Not capable” OVER “My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication OUT “This exchange of transmission is ended and no response is expected” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication READ BACK “Repeat all.” a) As a request: “Communication is difficult.g. The correct version supersedes clearance or your part “Repeat all.7 WORDS TWICE WILCO UNABLE SPEAK SLOWER STANDBY SAY AGAIN (or message indicated). in this message will be sent twice. HOW DO YOU READ MAINTAIN What is the readability of my transmission? Continue in accordance with the condition(s) specified or in its literal sense. or clearance” Note: UNABLE is normally followed by a reason (Abbreviation for “will comply“) “I understand your message and will comply with it.Airports Authority of India CONFIRM I request verification of Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 last clearance and this new clearance previous thereof” REPORT REQUEST “Pass me following information” “I should like to know…” or “I wish to obtain….

2 When satisfactory communication has been established.2 Aircraft call signs identification 12.3 No reply is expected to such general calls unless individual stations are subsequently called upon to acknowledge receipt.8.1 When establishing communications. The suffix indicates the type of unit or service provided.2. agency. the message should be prefaced by the call “All Stations”. and provided that no confusion is likely to occur. 12.7. the name of the location or the call sign suffix may be omitted. 12 .2 After satisfactory communication has been established. 12.2 When a ground station wishes to broadcast information to all aircraft likely to receive it.8. 12.7. followed by the flight identification 12. followed by the last four characters of the 12.7. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. Unit or service Area control center Radar [in general] Approach Control Approach control radar Area Control Radar Aerodrome control Surface movement control Flight information service Apron control / management service Company dispatch Aeronautical Station DISPATCH RADIO INFORMATION APRON Call sign suffix CONTROL RADAR APPROACH APPROACH RADAR CONTROL RADAR TOWER GROUND the aircraft operating agency. aircraft call signs may be abbreviated as follows: Type a) The first character of the registration and at least the last two characters of the call sign b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating agency.2.8. 2004 .1.1 Aeronautical stations are identified by the name of the location followed by a suffix.1.8.7. followed by at least the last two characters of the call sign c) The telephony designator of the aircraft followed operating by the agency. an aircraft should use the full call sign of both the aircraft and the ground station. flight No abbreviated form INDAIR PJ Example VJP or CESSNA VJP 12.8 12.4 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 809 12.7.1 An aircraft radiotelephony call sign shall be one of the following types: Type a) Character corresponding to the registration marking of the aircraft b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating Example VTEJP or CESSNA VTEJP INDAIR TEPJ ESTABLISHMENT AND CONDITION OF COMMUNICATIONS:12. and provided that it will not be confusing.5 registration marking of the aircraft c) The telephony designator of INDAIR May 31.

8. important elements of the message should be spoken twice. the word “CORRECTION” shall be spoken. (aircraft call sign)”. 12.9 When it is considered that reception is likely to be difficult.8. 12.9. 2004 Aircraft reply: “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE. SSR codes. Following items shall always be read-back: a) ATC route clearance. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. Strict adherence to read back procedures ensures not only that the clearance has been received correctly but also that the clearance was transmitted as intended. PHRASE Say again Say again … [item] Say again all before …. b) Clearances and instructions to enter.9.9 ISSUE OF CLEARANCE AND READ-BACK REQUIREMENTS: 12. or when canceling a take-off clearance.1 Controller should pass a clearance slowly and clearly since the pilot needs to write it down and wasteful repetition will thus be avoided. will take action on the clearance. 12. MEANING Repeat entire message Repeat specific item Repeat part of message Repeat message Repeat message part of passed when pilot is engaged in line up or take-off manoeuvres. Whenever possible a route clearance should be passed to an aircraft before start up. cross taxi and back track on any runway. the operator shall use the phrase “CORRECTION I SAY AGAIN” before transmitting the message a second time. In any case controllers should avoid passing clearance to a pilot engaged in complicated manoeuvres and on no occasion should a clearance be May 31. Air Traffic services: (aircraft call sign) “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE”. 12.5 The controller shall listen to the read-back to ascertain that the clearances has been correctly acknowledged by the flight crew and shall take immediate action to correct any discrepancies revealed by the read-back.3 Read back requirements have been introduced in the interests of flight safety. It also serves as a check that the right aircraft. The stringency of the read back requirement is directly related to the possible seriousness of a misunderstanding in the transmission and receipt of ATC clearances and instructions. and c) Runway-in-use.8 If a correction can best be made by repeating the entire message. At times the word “DEPARTURE” or “ AIRBORNE” is used. 12. level instructions. part of 12.8.7 When an error is made in a transmission.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.8. the last correct group or phase repeated and then the correct version transmitted. the calling station should be requested to repeat its call sign until identification is established.4 The flight crew shall read back to the air traffic controller safety-related parts of the clearances and instructions which are transmitted by voice. take off on.9.6 .g.2 An ATC route clearance is not an instruction to takeoff or enter an active runway. 12. hold short of.5 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received. And …. whether issued by the controller or contained in ATIS broadcasts. 12. heading and speed instructions and.9. (the first word satisfactorily received) Say again all after …. (the last word satisfactorily received) Say again all between ….9. 12. and only that aircraft.8. altimeter settings.6 When a station is called but is uncertain of the identification of the calling station. transition levels e. 12 . land on. The words “TAKE OFF” are used only when an aircraft is cleared for takeoff.

12. Unless otherwise advised pilots should remain on tower frequency until the runway is vacated.10. 12.15.4 A pilot may request to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection from the ground. Since misunderstandings in the granting and acknowledgement of take-off clearances can result in serious consequences. 12. pilots.10. 12.10. “LONG FINAL” report is made. 2004 no landing clearance is received at that time. 12.2 To reduce the potential for misunderstanding. All phraseologies shall be used in conjunction with call signs (aircraft.14 GROUPING OF PHRASEOLOGIES The phraseologies are grouped according to types of air traffic service for convenience of reference. 12 .10. he should as soon as practicable. call signs have been omitted. 12. 12. ATS personnel and other ground personnel will be expected to use appropriate subsidiary phraseologies which should be as clear and concise as possible and designed to avoid possible confusion by those persons using a language other than one of their national languages.11. 12. If the aircraft is making a straight-in-approach. 12. The phraseologies with * denote pilot transmission.11.5 In poor visibility.10.11 FINAL APPROACH AND LANDING 12. the take-off clearance shall include the designator of the departure runway when more than one runway is in use.10.4 For traffic reasons it may be necessary for the aircraft to take-off immediately after lining up. In order that the phraseologies listed should be readily discernible in section 12. users shall be familiar with. and use as necessary. ATC or other) as appropriate. If May 31. 12. a “LONG FINAL” report is made at about 8 NM from touch down.13 GENERAL Most phraseologies contained in section 12. They are intended to be exhaustive. However.2 If and when turn on to final is made at a greater distance.3 “FINAL” report is made when an aircraft turns onto final within 4NM from touchdown.3 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during takeoff. 12. meticulous care should be taken to ensure that the phraseology employed during the taxi maneuvers can not be interpreted as a takeoff clearance.1 At busy aerodromes with separate GROUND & TOWER functions aircraft are usually transferred to TOWER at or approaching the holding position.7 . as required. the controller may request the pilot to report when airborne.11.1 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during the last part of the final approach or during the landing roll.10 TAKE-OFF PROCEDURES: 12.12 AFTER LANDING Unless absolutely necessary.18 show the text of a complete message without call signs.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. controllers should not direct taxi instructions to pilots until the landing roll is completed.11. phraseologies from groups other than those referring specifically to the type of air traffic service being provided. 12. and when circumstances differ.6 When a pilot abandons the takeoff manoeuvre. a “FINAL“ report is made at 4NM from touchdown. inform the control tower that he is doing so and assistance or taxi instructions should be requested. ground vehicle.

.This implies the need for the aircraft receiving the conditional clearance to identify the aircraft or vehicle causing the conditional clearance.the clearance.3 If the level of an aircraft is reported in relation to standard pressure 1013.2 hPa.14. May 31. 12. such as “behind landing aircraft” or “after departing aircraft”. 2004 12 . other than towtractors.8 . with the exception of taxi instructions. . Note: When communications between air traffic control units are conducted. Phraseologies for the movement of vehicles. the English language shall be used for such communications.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.2 Conditional phrases. the figure should be followed by the word “FEET” as appropriate. and .identification . on the manoeuvring area are not listed separately as the phraseology associated with the movement of aircraft is applicable. . shall not be used for movements affecting the active runway(s).14.4. ATS personnel and other ground personnel. If the level of the aircraft is reported in relation to QNH/QFE.15 includes phrases for use by pilots. in which case the word “PROCEED” shall be substituted for the word “TAX I” when communicating with vehicles. In all cases a conditional clearance shall be given in the following order and consist of 12. except when the aircraft or vehicles concerned are seen by the appropriate controller and pilot.1 Section 12.the condition.brief reiteration of the condition For example: ‘’REPORT THE B747 ON SHORT FINAL IN SIGHT’’ ‘’ AIC102 BEHIND B747 ON SHORT FINAL LINE UP BEHIND ‘’ Note:. the words “FLIGHT LEVEL” should precede the level figures.

CONTINUE CLIMB ( OR DESCENT) TO (level) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT)[UNTIL PASSING (level)] WHEN READY CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO (level) EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time or Significant point) REQUEST DESCENT AT (time) May 31. (number) FEET ABOVE (or MAINTAIN AT LEAST BELOW ) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST LEVEL (or FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE CHANGE FROM (name of unit) [AT (time or significant point)] require action when convenient m) IMMEDIATELY. or (number) FEET CLIMB (or DESCEND).2 GENERAL Description of levels (subsequently referred to as “(level)”) Level changes. iv) v) b) c) significant REPORT LEAVING (or REACHING.1. STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (level). d) e) f) g) h) *I) …to require action at a specific time or place j) k) l) . 2004 12 . AFTER PASSING (significant point) AT (time or significant point) WHEN READY (instruction).1 12. reports and rates a) b) a) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 PHRASEOLOGIES FLIGHT LEVEL (number).1.15 PHRASEOLOGIES CIRCUMSTANCES 12.1 12.9 . i) TO (level) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) …instruction that a climb (or descent) to a level within the vertical range defined is to commence ii) iii) TO REACH (level) AT (or BY) (time or point).15. followed as necessary. or PASSING) (level) AT (number) FEET PER MINUTE [OR GREATER (OR LESS)]..15.Airports Authority of India 12.

acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). …when unable to comply with a clearance because of an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *z) aa) UNABLE.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 …to require an aircraft to climb or descend maintaining own separation and VMC n) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM (level)] [TO (level)] o) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATIN AND VMC ABOVE (or BELOW. 2004 12 . TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORY.10 . RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). (acknowledgement). (acknowledgement) …after ACAS “Clear of conflict” is annunciated (Pilot and controller interchange) …after the response to an ACAS resolution advisory is completed (Pilot and controller interchange) …after returning to clearance after responding to an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *t) u) *v) RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). or TO) (level) …when there is doubt that an aircraft can comply with a clearance or instruction …when pilot is unable to comply with a clearance or instruction p) IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE. *q) UNABLE. w) *x) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). May 31. …after modifying vertical speed to comply with an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *r) s) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). COMPLETED. assigned clearance) RESUMED y) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions).

15.Wind is always expressed by giving the mean direction and speed and any significant variations thereof. CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN TO (new call sign) [UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED].1. NEGATIVE CONTACT [reasons]. Note : .5 Traffic information … to pass traffic information … to acknowledge traffic information REQUEST CHANGE TO (frequency). STAND BY (frequency) FOR (unit call sign).15. TRAFFIC IN SIGHT. REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY. 12.Airports Authority of India 12. Note :. REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN CALL SIGN (call sign) [AT(significant point)]. 2004 12 .4 Change of call sign a) b) a) b) *c) *d) *e) f) … to instruct an aircraft to change its type of call sign …to advise an aircraft to revert to the call sign indicated in the flight plan 12. WIND AT (level) (number) DEGREES (number) KNOTS. TRAFFIC (information). May 31. NO REPORTED TRAFFIC LOOKING OUT. if any).3 Transfer of Control and/or a) b) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) [NOW]. FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED.15. WHEN READY CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).11 . MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency). MONITORING (frequency).1.6 Meteorological conditions a) b) [SURFACE] WIND (number) DEGREES (speed) (units). AT (or OVER) (time or place) [or WHEN PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING] (level) CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).1.An aircraft may be requested To “ STAND BY” on a frequency when it Is intended that the ATS unit will initiate communications soon and to “ MONITOR ” a frequency when information is being broadcast thereon.1.[ ADDITONAL] TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time) g) TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED (level(s)) [or LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) (other pertinent information. d) *e) f) g) *h) i) j) 12. c) IF NO CONTACT (instructions).15.

12 . (third position) (distance) (units). QNH (number) [(units)]. 2004 12 . REPORT PASSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR) VOR. CLOUD (amount.CAVOK pronounced CAV-O-KAY. REPORT PASSING (significant point) REPORT (distance) FROM (name of DME station) DME.[(type)] and height of base) (unit) (or SKY CLEAR) CAVOK. provided that the reports are passed in the order of touchdown zone.8 Additional reports … to request a report at a specified place or distance May 31.Where reports for three locations are given. 12. Note 2 :. g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units).Multiple RVR observations are always representative of the touchdown zone. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNITL (specify)]. QFE (number) [units)].(second position) NOT AVAILABLE.15. (aircraft type) REPORTED (description) ICING (or TURBULENCE) [IN CLOUD] (area) (time) REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS. h) i) j) k) l) m) n) n) PRESENT WEATHER (details). RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units). (third position) (distance) (units). RESUME POSITION REPORTING. the indication of these locations may be omitted. TEMPERATURE [MINUS ] (number) (and/or DEW-POINT [MINUS] (number)). Note :. midpoint zone and the roll-out/stop respectively. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (distance) (units). Note 1 :. followed by the mid point zone and ending with the rollout/stop end zone report end zone … in the event that RVR information on any one position is not available this information will be included in the appropriate sequence.(second position) (distance) (units).1.1.7 Position reporting specific position c) a) b) c) a) b) c) … to omit position reports until a 12.15. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) RUNWAY (number) NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT REPORTED).Airports Authority of India c) d) e) … for multiple RVR observations f) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 VISIBILITY (distance) (units) [direction].

or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or WET SNOW.1. WAS (reading ) AT (time). CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location). or ICE AND SNOW. h) i) BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time) GOOD (or MEDIUM or POOR). a) May 31. or SLUSH. 2004 12 . [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT. WATER PATCHES. or ICE UNDERNEATH. FLOODED (depth). or SNOW REMOVED (length and width as applicable). LANDING SURFACE (condition). or COMPACTED SNOW. or FROZEN SLUSH. or POOR or UNREALIABLE) [and/or BRAKING COEFFICIENT (equipment and number). (name of DME station) 12. TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number). k) l) TOWER OBSERVES (weather information). BRAKING ACTION [(location)] (measuring equipment used).9 Aerodrome information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 REPORT DISTANCE FROM REPORT DISTANCE FROM DME. RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES. CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT).Airports Authority of India …to request a report of present position d) e) 12.1. or ICE. or FROZEN RUTS AND RIDGES].10 Operational status of visual and nonvisual aids.13 . PILOT REPORTS (weather information). (significant point). RUNWAY (number). (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number]. b) (type) LIGHTING (unserviceability). [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition). or TREATED. or MEDIUM. or SNOWDRIFTS. or MEDIUM TO POOR.15. CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice). (specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency). BRAKING ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD.15. j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) (number) WET [or DAMP.

g) JOIN (specify) AT (significant point) AT (level) [A T (time)].2 Indication of route and clearance limit a) b) 12. 12.Airports Authority of India c) d) e) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state).1 AREA CONTROL SERVICES issuance of a clearance a) b) c) d) (name of unit) CLEARS (aircraft call sign). VIA (distance DME ARC (direction) OF (name of DME station) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATIVE(S) IS / ARE (route) ADVISE.2. VIA FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE. May 31. RECLEARED (amended route portion) TO (significant point of original route) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point). or DESCENDING).15. 12. TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency). f) LEAVE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE)[VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) (or CLIMBING.2 12.3 Maintenance of specified levels a) b) MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)]. FROM (location) TO (location) TO (location) Followed as necessary by: I) II) III) IV) c) (route) DIRECT VIA (route and/or significant points).2. (type of visual approach slope indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency). e) ENTER CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) [AT (time)].2. 2004 12 .14 .15.15.15. RECLEARED (amended clearance details)[REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. (aircraft call sign) CLEARED TO.

8 Instructions associated with flying a track (off set). EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type of clearance) AT (time). clearance.2.6 If clearance cannot be issued immediately upon request 12.15. 12. ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT IN THE VICINITY OF (or AT) (significant point or location) EMERGENCY DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM (level) (followed as necessary by specific instructions.15.7 Separation instructions a) b) c) d) 12.2. 2004 12 . parallel to the cleared route. MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) Note : The term “MAINTAIN” is not to be used in lieu of “DESCEND” or “CLIMB” when instructing an aircraft to change level. MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)] DO NOT EXCEED MACH (number) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFF SET PROCEED OFF SET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF May 31. or BELOW) (level).4 Specification of cruising levels a) b) c) d) *a) b) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE.2.15 . CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN (levels) (or ABOVE (levels). MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED.2. MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE. 12. CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or BEFORE) AT (level). MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (time). CROSS (number) DME [(direction)] OF (name of DME station) AT (or ABOVE. or BELOW) (level) EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions).15. b) a) CROSS (significant point) AT (time)[OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)] ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level).15. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of unit).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 c) d) e) f) g) h) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point).5 Emergency descent 12.2. traffic information etc.15.

Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (route) (track) [CENTRAL LINE] [AT (significant point or time][UNTIL (significant point of time)] [UNTIL (significant point or time)] c) CANCEL OFFSET (instruction to rejoin cleared flight route or other information) 12.2 Approach instructions a) b) c) d) e) CLEARED VIA (designation).15. 2004 12 .15. APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)] . or REACHING (fix or significant point or level)) [BEFORE PROCEEDING ON COURSE].3.16 .1 Departure instructions a) [AFTER DEPARUTE] TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO(level or signification point)(other instructions as required) b) c) d) e) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) significant point) (instruction) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) TO (level) [TO INTERCEPT (track. f) 12. f) g) CLEARED APPROACH RUNWAY (NUMBER)]. (type of app) RUNWAY (number) BY CIRCLING TO RUNWAY (level or h*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN ((type of approach) May 31.3. airway etc)] (standard departure name and number) DEPARTURE TRACK (three digits) DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or TRUE)] TO (or FROM) (significant point) UNTIL (time. CLEARED VIA (or PROCEED VIA)(details of route to be followed). COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time).3 APPROACH CONTROL SERVICES 12. CLEARED CLEARED FOLLOWED (number). route.15. (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. CLEARED (or PROCEED) VIA (designation) CLEARED TO (clearance limit) VIA (designation).

name of facility or fix)[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTE(0r MINUTES ) EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE) (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). [OUTBOUND. or INBOUND]. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT.17 . REQUEST VISUAL APPROCH.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 i) j) k) l*) m) n) o) *p) q) r) s) *t) *u) v) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)]. MAINTAIN VMC. VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 12. CLEARED (RNAV plain language designator). name of facility or fix) [ AINTAIN (or CLIMB or M DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] AS PUBLISHED EXPECT APPRAOCH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). 2004 12 . ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE.3 Holding clearance … visual … published holding procedure over a facility or fix a) b) … when detailed holding clearance is required d) May 31. REQUEST (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. REPORT (significant point).15. REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN REQUEST VMC DESCENT. CLEARED (number).3. REPORT VISUAL. MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION. REQUEST (RNAV plain language designator). (or BETWEEN two prominent landmarks)). HOLD VISUAL [OVER] (position). *c) REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point.

4 12. ACKNOWLEDGE LIGHTS. DELAY NOT DETERMINED (reasons). BY FLASHING LANDING May 31.4.4 Expected approach time 12.18 . REVISED EXPECTED APPRAOCH TIME (time). EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time).15.2 PHRASEOLOGIES FOR USE ON AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE AERODROME Identification of aircraft Acknowledgement by visual means a) b) c) SHOW LANDING LIGHTS ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER). ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS. 2004 12 .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 e) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN(or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [directions] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN (or OUTBOUND FURTHER TIME(number) MINUTES (0r MINUTES) EXPECT APPROACH necessary) f) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)]HOLD BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE)) AT (time) ( additional instructions if necessary) a) b) c) d) NO DELAY EXPECTED. CLEARANCE CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if 12.15.

HOLD POSITION.15. TOW APPROVED VIA (specified routing to be followed). REQUEST TOW [company name] (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO (location). … aircraft/ATC *a) b) a) b) c) *a) [aircraft location] REQUEST PUSHBACK. STAND BY. Note:. 2004 12 . 12. those that represent the roll out/stop end zone should be used for take off.4 Push-back procedures Note: . authorization for pushback should be obtained from the control tower. EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason). INFORMATION (ATIS identification). EXPECT START UP AT (TIME) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. TIME (time). RUNWAY (NUMBER).19 .6 To request time check and/or aerodrome … when no ATIS broadcast is available *a) b) *c) d) data for departure May 31.4. REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION.4.4. PUSHBACK APPROVED. STAND BY REQUEST TIME CHECK. (units) QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE (MINUS) (number). PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION.3 Starting procedures … to request permission to start engines Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP. … ATC replies b) c) d) e) f) START UP APPROVED. *b) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP.15. EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (OR RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) distance)(units)] [TIME (time)].5 Towing procedure … ATC response b) c) d) 12.15.4. START UP AT (time).When local procedures so prescribe.Airports Authority of India 12.If multiple visibility and RVR observations are available. WIND (direction and speed). 12.15.

TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT). …. personnel.)]. *n) o) p) REQUEST BACKTRACK. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF …where aerodrome information is not available from an alternative source such as ATIS RUNWAY (number)].after landing AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel). … general *q) May 31. c) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [TIME (time)].20 . k*) REQUEST AIR-TAXIING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate). loose debris.15. *b) [aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy] [intentions]. GENERAL (number)].Airports Authority of India 12.7 Taxi procedures … for departure Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI (intentions]. operating or movement area. m) AIR TAXI VIA (director. blowing snow. e. AVIATION AREA) [STAND …for helicopter operations l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) CAUTION (dust. *d) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] e) REQUEST DETAILED TAXI [aircraft location](flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI … where detailed taxi instructions are required INSTRUCTIONS. h) i) j) TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway). BACKTRACK RUNWAY (number).4. heliport. BACKTRACK APPROVED. TAXI TO TERMINAL (or other location. as requested. active or inactive runway). or specified route) TO (location. 2004 12 . etc. taxiing light aircraft. [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI TO (destination on aerodrome).g.. TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number). f) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (followed g) by aerodrome information as applicable) [TIME (time)].

9 To cross a runway *a) b) c) d) CROSS RUNWAY (number) [REPORT VACATED].21 .4. cc) [CAUTION] TAXI SLOWER (reason).4.10 Preparation for take off May 31. HOLDING SHORT. when requested.15. REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number) Note: . (description of other aircraft or *bb) EXPEDITING. FOLLOW vehicle). *u) *v) w) x) y) *z) aa) GIVING WAY TO (traffic). Note: The pilot will.4. *dd) SLOWING DOWN. TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT. 12.g.).8 Holding a) b) c) d) *e) *f) #HOLD (direction) OF (position. # Require specific acknowledgement 12. the instruction should always be accompanied by a request to report when the aircraft has vacated and is clear of the runway. HOLDING. GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft). low visibility. TAXI WITH CAUTION. etc.If the control tower is unable to see the crossing aircraft (e. #HOLD (distance) FROM (position). 12.).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 r) s) t) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed).15. report “RUNWAY VACATED” when the aircraft is clear of the runway *e) a) RUNWAY VACATED UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reasons).15. TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY. [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number)] or [CROSS RUNWAY (number)]. runway number. EXPEDITE TAXI (reason). 2004 12 . VACATE RUNWAY RUNWAY VACATED. etc. #HOLD POSITION. EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC (aircraft type) (distance) MILES FINAL. #HOLD SHORT OF (position). night.

ARE YOU READY [FOR DEPARTURE]?.off clearance f) g) #h) i) LINE UP. CANCEL TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF (reasons). …conditional clearance …acknowledgement of a conditional clearance. ARE YOUR READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?. e) a) b) c) d) e) *f) …to cancel a take-off clearance … to stop a take-off after an aircraft has commenced take-off roll g) *h) … for helicopter operations i) *j) k) REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS.11 Take-off clearance …When more than one runway in use …when take-off clearance has not been complied with j) (condition) LINE UP. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE. HOLDING. taxiway. final approach and takeoff area.15. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [REPORT AIRBORNE]. WAIT [reason]. AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT or CLIMB) (instructions as appropriate). BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE.OFF.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 b) c) d) *e) REPORT WHEN READY [FOR DEPARTURE]. runway and number). STOPPING.4. *k) (condition) LINING UP. #When there is the possibility of confusion during multiple runway operations …if unable to issue take-off clearance …clearance to enter runway and await take. …confirmation or otherwise of the read-back of conditional clearance 12. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR VACATE RUNWAY[(instructions)]. STOP IMMEDIATELY (repeat aircraft call sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY (reasons). Note: Provisions concerning the use of conditional clearances are contained in section 12. [THAT IS] CORRECT (or I SAY AGAIN… (as appropriate). May 31. LINE UP [AND WAIT]. LINE UP RUNWAY (number). TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [FROM LOCATION] (present position. READY.16. HOLD POSITION.22 . 2004 12 .

e.18. … to request airborne time REPORT AIRBORNE.4.4. MAKE LONG APPROCH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND). RUNWAY (number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units)[TEMPERATURE[MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE)(number) (units)][TRAFFIC (detail)]. TRACK EXTENDED CENTRELINE (instructions) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions). 2004 12 . d) JOIN RIGHT HAND (position in circuit) (runway number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)]. AIRBORNE (time) AFTER PASSING (level) (instructions).Airports Authority of India 12.g.15.13 Entering an aerodrome traffic circuit … when right hand traffic circuit in use … when ATIS information is available *e) f) *a) (aircraft type). (position in circuit. CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING (instructions). DOWNWIND / FINAL).4.4.23 . [aircraft type](position) (level) FOR LANDING.12 Turn or climb instructions after take-off Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) b) c) d) e) f) … heading to be followed g) h) i) *a) b) REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN. (position) (level) INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING. or LONG FINAL). JOIN (position in circuit) [RUNWAY (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)].14 In the circuit b) NUMBER … FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) 12. RIGHT (or LEFT TURN APPROVED. [additional instructions if required]. 12. CONTINUE APPROCH [PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO AROUND]. … when a specific track is to be followed 12.15. WILL ADVISE LATER FOR RIGHT (or LEFT TURN. Approach instructions May 31.15. JOIN (position in circuit) (direction of circuit) (runway number)[SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number)] QNH [ (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC(detail)]: c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROCH. REPORT BASE (or FINAL.15 a) b) c) d) MAKE SHORT APPROACH.

4.)].17 Delaying aircraft 12.15.16 Landing … multiple runway operations … special operations …to make an approach along or parallel to a runway. CLEARED TO LAND. CLEARED TOUCH AND GO. name. other)].15. j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or CIRCLING APPROACH. ORBIT (RIGHT. CLEARED LOW PASS [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. a) b) c) CIRCLE THE AERODROME. wake turbulence. Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) *e) f) CLEARED TO LAND. 2004 12 . CLEARED LOW APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons). RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND.18 Missed approach May 31. [CAUTION (power lines.24 . taxiway. or code)].Airports Authority of India 12. MAKE FULL STOP. LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location. descending to an agreed minimum level … to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection by persons on the ground. *g) h) REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons). runway. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway. [REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway. a) *b) LEFT (or RIGHT) CIRCLING TURN TO 12. … for helicopter operations i*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN (or APPROACH. final approach and take-off area) [ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number. runway center line. etc. other helicopter or aircraft)].4.15. MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT. or LEFT)[FROM PRESENT POSITION]. GOING AROUND. GO AROUND. (location)).4. extended runway centre line. unlighted obstructions.

or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP (or DOWN). taxiing light aircraft. TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND. YOUR STAND (OR GATE)(designation).1 CO-ORDINATION BETWEEN ATS UNITS Estimates and revisions a) ESTIAMTE (direction of flight) (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] (type) ESTIMATED (significant point)(time) (level) (or DESCENDING FROM (level) TO (level))[SPEED(filed TAS)] (route) [ (point of departure) TO (point of destination)] [RVSM May 31. … jet blast on apron or taxiway … propeller-driven aircraft slipstream 12.15.15.Airports Authority of India 12. h) AIR TAXI VIA (direct.4. loose debris. active or inactive runway). CAUTION SLIPSTREAM.15. as requested.4.20 Runway vacating and communications after landing e) f) a) b) c) d) e) CAUTION JET BLAST. 2004 12 . WHEELS APPEAR UP.25 . AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust.)]. RIGHT (or LEFT. blowing snow. … for helicopter operations f) g) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or) HELICOPTER PARKING POSITION (area). or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN). or CONVENIENT) LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel). EXPEDITE VACATING.5 12.15. etc. operating or movement area. RIGHT (or LEFT. or specified route) TO (location heliport.when pilot requested visual inspection of landing gear Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) e) LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN.19 Information to aircraft .5. personnel. CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE [FROM … wake turbulence ARRIVING (or DEPARTING) (type of aircraft) [additional information as required]. 12. CONTACT GROUND (frequency). WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency).

sending unit reply c) NO DETAILS.receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are available) .5. (significant May 31.15. (aircraft call sign) UNABLE (alternative instructions). FOR (aircraft call sign)] [DUE (reason)] (alternative clearance proposed).2 Transfer of control a) b) c) d) e) 12. if any). (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [AT (time)] [conditions/restrictions]. Note :. IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)]?. UNABLE (desired route.15.. UNABLE (aircraft call sign).5. AGREED TO (alteration of clearance)OF (aircraft call sign). d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) (identification and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) [or FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction)ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED (figure) (other pertinent information. (aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time or significant point)]. 2004 12 . (aircraft type) (destination). REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign). e) 12.4 Approval request a) APPROVAL REQUEST (aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM point) AT (time).3 Change of clearance a) b) c) d) REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary). [SQUAWKING (SSR Code) [ESTIMATED] (significant point) (time) AT (level).In the event that flight plan details are not available the receiving station shall reply to b) NO DETAILS and transmitting station shall pass full estimate as in a). MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO (details of alteration proposed). … sending unit b) ESTIMATE (significant point) ON (aircraft call sign) …receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are not available) ….26 .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 status][REMARKS]. level. 12.5.15. etc. UNABLE (aircraft call sign)[TRAFFIC IS (details)]. b) c) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED [(restriction if any)].

15. etc.5. 12. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services.15.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system.5. 5.5 Inbound release INBOUND RELEASE (SSR (aircraft Code)] call (type) sign) FROM [SQUAWKING (departure point) RELEASED AT (significant point. 2004 12 . The predetermined. affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system. The predetermined.7 Expedition of clearance a) b) EXPEDITE EXPEDITE CLEARANCE CLEARANCE (aircraft (aircraft call call sign) sign) EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time).6 Radar handover RADAR position (level). internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services. or level) CLEARED TO AND ESTIMATING (clearance limit((time) AT (level) [EXPECTED APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY EXPECTED] CONTACT AT (time). or time.). 12. [ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (level or route.15.27 . d) 12. HANDOVER (aircraft call sign)[SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] POSITION (aircraft May 31.

12. HEADING IS GOOD. STOP TURN HEADING (three digits).1.2 Position information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) 12.16. WHEN ABLE PROCEED DIRECT (name) (signification point).28 .6.16.1 General radar phraseologies Identification of aircraft a) b) c) d) e) f) REPORT HEADING [AND FLIGHT ALTITUDE)].1 Failure of CPDLC 12.15. when radar is used.16. CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) [reasons].6 PHRASEOLOGIES TO BE USED RELATED TO CPDLC [ALL STATIONS]CPDLC FAILURE (instructions) 12. 2004 12 .1.4 Termination of radar vectoring a) POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (signification point) (or OVER or ABEAM (signification point)). CONTINUE HEADING (three digits). FLY HEADING (three digits). NOT IDENTIFIED [reason].16. RADAR CONTACT [position)]. IDENTIFIED [position].15. FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits).1.16 RADAR PHRASEOLOGIES Note: The following comprise phraseologies specifically applicable when radar is used in the provision of air traffic services. [RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN NAVIGATION]. RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (position of LEVEL(or May 31.3 Vectoring instructions LEAVE (signification point) HEADING (three digits). 12. 12. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES [reasons]. The phraseologies detailed in sections above for use in the provision of air traffic services are also applicable. as appropriate.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.16. TRANSIMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING. FLY HEADING (three digits).1.1 12.

1.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aircraft)(specific instructions).6 Speed control a) *b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) REPORT SPEED. b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION [DIRECT] (significant point) [MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number) MILES]. or FINAL).1. MAINTAIN (number) KNOTS [OR GREATER (or OR LESS] [ UNTIL(significant point)]. MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED. RESUME POSITION REPORTING. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KNOTS. 2004 12 .16. STOP TURN NOW.8 Traffic information and avoiding action a) May 31. or (number) DEGREES PER SECOND) START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON THE COMMAND “NOW”.1. REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant point(s)).16. REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED.16.29 . INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KNOTS[ OR GREATER (or LESS)]. OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)]. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point). FOR SPACING. 12.5 Manoeuvres … (in case of unreliable directional instruments on board aircraft) Note :. MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF. FOR DOWNWIND (or BASE.7 Position reporting … to omit position reports when under radar control a) b) c) d) 1`2.When it is necessary to specify a reason for radar vectoring or for the above manoeuvres. TRAFFIC (number) O’CLOCK (distance) (direction 12. a) b) MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason]. d) e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW. ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) [reasons].1. the following phraseologies should be used: c) a) b) c) d) DUE TRAFFIC. FOR DELAY. RESUME NORMAL SPEED. NO ATC SPEED RESTRICTION. SPEED (number) KNOTS. 12. DO NOT EXCEED (number) KNOTS. REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED.16.

Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 of flight)[any other pertinent information].9 Communications and loss of communications a) b) c) … if loss of communications suspected d) e) [IF] RADIO CONTACT LOST (instructions).WILL CONTINUE RADAR CONTROL. SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE May 31. 12. 12. DO YOU WANT VECTORS?. WILL SHORTLY LOSE IDENTIFICATION (appropriate instructions or information). 10) CLIMBING (or DESCENDING).30 . TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three digits) TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock reference and distance). SLOW MOVING.1. (aircraft type). f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clockreference and distance). OVERTAKING. IF YOU READ (manoeuvre instructions or SQUAWK (code or IDENT)].16. REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions.1. CLEAR OF TRAFFIC [appropriate instructions]. IDENTIFICATION LOST [reasons](instructions). 2004 12 . REQUEST VECTORS.11 Radar equipment degradation a) RADAR CONTROL TERMINATED [DUE (reasons)]. POSITION (position of aircraft).10 Termination of radar service a) b) c) d) 12. FAST MOVING. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) … (if known) 8) 9) … to request avoiding action … when passing unknown traffic … for avoiding action *b) c) d) e) UNKNOWN.1. CLOSING. CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEF). RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED (instructions). (level).16. IF NO TRANSMISSIONS RECEIVED FOR (number) MINUTES (or SECONDS) (instructions). (manoeuvre or SQUAWK) OBSERVED.16. OPPOSITE (or SAME DIRECTION).

TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits).2. i) i) k) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid) (reasons).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (appropriate information as necessary). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.2 12. THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reasons]. 2004 12 . VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit). (type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions).1 RADAR IN APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE Vectoring for approach a) b) c) d) e) a) b) VECTORING FOR (type of pilot.2. 12. POSITION (number) MILES FROM (fix).16.interpreted aid) APPROCH RUNWAY (number).16. YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM (significant point or TOUCHDOWN). VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number) REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) IN SIGHT. CLEARED FOR (type) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary) 12. TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio May 31. h) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. f) g) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) [REPORT ESTABLISHED).2 Vectoring for ILS and other pilotinterpreted aids … when a pilot wishes to be positioned a specific distance from touchdown … instructions and information *c) d) REQUEST (distance) FINAL. VECTORING FOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number). e) REPORT ESTABLISHED [ON ILS or LOCALIZER or GLIDE PATH].31 .16.

b) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN ALTITUDE SHOULD BE (number and units).2. l) m) n) a) b) c) MAINTAIN (altitude) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION.16. 12. (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN a) b) CHECK GEAR DOWN [AND LOCKED]. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING (three digits)) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPRAOCH]. 2004 12 .2. INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. COMMENCE DESCENT NOW TO MAINTAIN A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH.2.2. REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH. b) APPROACH INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE TERMINATED AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN. CLIMB TO (altitude).3 Position 12.32 .4 Checks May 31. e) CLIMB TO (altitude) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions) 12.16.2. YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER. CLEARD FOR ILS APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT). Manoeuvre during independent and dependent parallel approaches … for avoidance action when an aircraft is observed penetrating the NTZ d) …for avoidance action below 400 ft above the runway threshold elevation where parallel approach obstacle surfaces (PAOAS) criteria is being applied 12. OVER THRESHOLD.4 SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH a) THIS WILL BE A SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number) TERMIANTING AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN.1 Provision of service 12. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER .16.2 Elevation a) 12.4. OBSTACLE CLEARACNE ALTITUDE (number) FEET CHECK YOUR MINIMA [IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions)].Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aid) [reasons]. ILS RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER REEQUENCY IS (frequency).

SQUAWK (code) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] (code).3.3 SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.3.16. TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan).3. STOP SQUAWK.3.16.9 To request termination of transponder operation 12. 2004 12 . May 31. 12.10 To request transmission of pressure altitude 12. APPROCH COMPLETED [CONTACT (unit)]. SQUAWK LOW.1 To request the capability of the SSR equipment a) *b) *c) 12.5 To request the pilot to confirm the Code selected on the aircraft’s transponder 12. SQUAWK STANDBY.2.6 To request the operation of the IDENT feature a) *b) a) b) c) 12. a) *b) ADVISE TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY.3. Note: .16.3.16. SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] IDENT.16.16. CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM (level). SQUAWK CHARLIE.7 To request temporary suspension of transponder operation 12.16. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT.3.4 To request reselection of aircraft identification 12.16. CONFIRM SQUAWK (code).16.33 .3. NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER.Other phraseologies for use in the area control radar service are given in the section containing approach control radar service phraseologies.3.11 To request pressure setting check and confirmation of level 12.16.3 To request the pilot to reselect the assigned mode and code 12. FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code).16. RESET MODE ‘S’ IDENTIFICATION. STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE WRONG INDICATION.2 To instruct setting of transponder a) b) 12. SQUAWKING (code).16.13 To request level check CONFIRM (level).4.Airports Authority of India 12. SQUAWK NORMAL.16.8 To request emergency code SQUAWK MAYDAY (CODE SEVEN-SEVEN ZERO-ZERO] 12.3.5 Completion of approach Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) REPORT VISUAL. RESETTING (mode (code).12 To request termination of pressure altitude transmission because of faulty operation 12.16.

(suggested pilot action. AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE (ADS) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.2 Terrain alert (aircraft call sign) TERRAIN ALERT. if possible).1 General ADS phraseologies ADS(or AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate instructions as necessary) 12.Airports Authority of India 12.17 12.1 ADS degradation May 31. QNH IS ALTITUDE IS (altitude)]. 12.1 Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ALERTING PHRASEOLOGIES Low altitude warning (aircraft call sign) (number) [(units)] LOW ALTITUDE WARNING.34 . 2004 12 . [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY.17.18. 12.