Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

Chapter 12

12.1

INTRODUCTION

f) g) h)

Radiotelephony {RTF} provides the means by which pilots and ground personnel communicate with each other. Used properly the information and instructions transmitted are of vital importance in assisting in the safe and expeditious operation of aircraft. On the other hand, the use of non-standard procedures and phraseology can cause misunderstanding. Incidents and accidents have occurred in which a contributing factor has been the misunderstanding caused by the use of poor phraseology. The importance of using correct and precise standard phraseology can not, therefore, be over-emphasized. 12.2 TRANSMITTING TECHNIQUE 12.2.1 The following transmitting techniques will assist in ensuring that transmitted speech is clearly and satisfactorily received: a) Before transmitting listen out on the frequency to be used to ensure that there will be no interference with a transmission from another station. Be familiar with good microphone operating techniques. Use a normal conversational tone, speak clearly and distinctly. Maintain an even rate of speech not exceeding 100 words per minute. When it is known that elements of the message will be written down by the recipient, speak at a slightly slower rate. Maintain the speaking volume at a constant level.

A slight pause before and after numbers will assist in making them easier to understand. Avoid using hesitation sounds such as “er”. Depress the transmit switch fully before speaking and do not release it until the message is completed. This will ensure that the entire message is transmitted.

12.2.2 Be aware that the mother tongue of the person receiving the message may not be English. Therefore, speak clearly and use standard RTF words and phrases wherever possible. 12.2.3 One of the most irritating and potentially dangerous situations in radiotelephony is a “stuck” microphone button. Operators should always ensure that the button is released after a transmission and the microphone placed in a appropriate place that will ensure that it will not inadvertently be switched on. 12.3 Pilots, ATS personnel and other ground personnel shall be thoroughly familiar with the radiotelephony procedures.

b) c) d)

e)

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Airports Authority of India 12.4 12.4.1 ICAO PHONETICS: Pronunciation of numbers: Pronunciation ZE-RO WUN TOO TREE FOW-er FIFE SIX SEV-en AIT NIN-er DAY-SEE-MAL HUN-dred TOU-SAND of Spelling

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

N O P Q R S T U

November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform

Numeral or numeral element 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decimal Hundred Thousand 12.4.2 Pronunciation Alphabets
Letter A B C

V W X Y Z

Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu

NO VEM BER OSS CAH PAH PAH KEH BECK ROW ME OH SEE AIR RAH TANG GO YOU NEE FORM or OO NEE FORM VIK TAH WISS KEY ECKS RAY YANG KEY ZOO LOO

12.5 TRANSMISSIONS OF NUMBERS IN RADIOTELEPHONY: 12.5.1 All numbers except as prescribed in 12.5.2, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit separately. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
aircraft call signs AIC238 transmitted as Air India two three eight Jet Airways two four two flight levels FL 180 FL 200 flight level two zero zero headings 100 degrees 080 degrees heading zero eight zero wind direction and speed transmitted as transmitted as heading one zero transmitted as flight level one eight zero

Word Alfa Bravo Charlie

D E F G H I J K L M

Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliett Kilo Lima Maik

Pronuncia tion AL FAH BRAH VOH CHAR LEE or SHAR LEE DELL TAH ECK OH FOKS TROT GOLF HO TELL IN DEE AH JEW LEE ETT KEY LOH LEE MAH MIKE

JAI242

zero

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Airports Authority of India

Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1

200 degrees 70 knots

wind two zero zero degrees seven zero knots wind one six zero degrees one eight knots gusting three zero knots transmitted as runway visual range 600 1700 transmitted as RVR six hundred RVR one thousand seven hundred

160 degrees 18 knots gusting 30 knots

transponder codes

12.6
four

2400

squawk two zero zero squawk four zero three transmitted as

4203 altimeter setting 1010 1000

two

STANDARD WORDS AND PHRASES The following words and phrases shall be used in radiotelephony communications as appropriate and shall have the meaning given below: WORD/ PHRASE
ACKNOWLEDGE

MEANING
Let me know that you have received and understood this message

QNH one zero one zero QNH one zero zero zero

AFFIRM

Yes. Permission for proposed action granted. I hereby indicate the separation between portions of the message. {TO be used where there is n o clear distinction between the text and other portion of the message.}

All numbers used in the transmissions of altitude, cloud height, visibility and runway visual range (RVR) information, which contain whole hundreds and whole thousands, shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word HUNDRED or THOUSAND as appropriate. Combinations of thousands and whole hundreds shall be transmitted by pronouncing each digit in the number of thousands followed by the word THOUSAND followed by the number of hundreds followed by the word HUNDRED. The following examples illustrate the application of the procedure:
12.5.2 altitude 800 3400 12,000 cloud height 2200 4300 visibility transmitted as eight hundred three thousand four hundred one two thousand transmitted as two thousand two hundred four thousand three hundred transmitted as

APPROVED BREAK

BREAK BREAK

I hereby indicate the separation between messages transmitted to different aircraft in a very busy environment.

CANCEL CHECK CLEARED

Annul the previously transmitted clearance. Examine a system or procedure. {No answer is normally expected.} Authorized to proceed under the conditions specified.

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12 - 3

or clearance” Note: UNABLE is normally followed by a reason (Abbreviation for “will comply“) “I understand your message and will comply with it.” b) As information: “Since communication is difficult.1 May 31. True or Accurate An error has been made in the transmission is… DISREGARD GO AHEAD Ignore Proceed with your message Note: Not used whenever the possibility exists of misconstruing “GO AHEAD” as authorization for an aircraft to proceed. or the following part. of this message back to me exactly as received” RECLEARED “A change has been made to your 12.4 . e. Please send every word.7. STANDBY is not an approval or denial. MAINTAIN VFR MONITOR NEGATIVE Listen out on (frequency) “NO” or “Permission not granted” or “That is not correct” or “Not capable” OVER “My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication OUT “This exchange of transmission is ended and no response is expected” Note: Not normally used in VHF communication READ BACK “Repeat all.Airports Authority of India CONFIRM I request verification of Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 last clearance and this new clearance previous thereof” REPORT REQUEST “Pass me following information” “I should like to know…” or “I wish to obtain…. 2004 12 . every word. “I can not comply with your request. information) CONTACT CORRECT CORRECTION Establish communication with …. instruction. of your last transmission” “Reduce your rate of speech” “Wait and I will call you” Note: The caller would normally reestablish contact if delay is lengthy.” CALL SIGNS Call signs for aeronautical stations 12.” Note: Under no circumstances to be used in reply to a question requiring “READ BACK” or a direct answer in the affirmative (AFFIRM) or negative (NEGATIVE) (clearances .” a) As a request: “Communication is difficult. The correct version supersedes clearance or your part “Repeat all. action. or group of words. instruction. or the specified part.g. HOW DO YOU READ MAINTAIN What is the readability of my transmission? Continue in accordance with the condition(s) specified or in its literal sense. or group of words twice. in this message will be sent twice.7 WORDS TWICE WILCO UNABLE SPEAK SLOWER STANDBY SAY AGAIN (or message indicated).

7.2. the message should be prefaced by the call “All Stations”. The suffix indicates the type of unit or service provided. aircraft call signs may be abbreviated as follows: Type a) The first character of the registration and at least the last two characters of the call sign b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating agency.1 An aircraft radiotelephony call sign shall be one of the following types: Type a) Character corresponding to the registration marking of the aircraft b) The telephony designator of the aircraft operating Example VTEJP or CESSNA VTEJP INDAIR TEPJ ESTABLISHMENT AND CONDITION OF COMMUNICATIONS:12.1 Aeronautical stations are identified by the name of the location followed by a suffix. an aircraft should use the full call sign of both the aircraft and the ground station. 12. 12 .3 No reply is expected to such general calls unless individual stations are subsequently called upon to acknowledge receipt. followed by at least the last two characters of the call sign c) The telephony designator of the aircraft followed operating by the agency.7.7. and provided that no confusion is likely to occur. agency.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 809 12.7.8. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part.1 When establishing communications.2 When a ground station wishes to broadcast information to all aircraft likely to receive it. 2004 .2 When satisfactory communication has been established.4 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received.8.1. 12. the name of the location or the call sign suffix may be omitted.1.2.2 Aircraft call signs identification 12.8 12.8.8. 12.7. followed by the last four characters of the 12. Unit or service Area control center Radar [in general] Approach Control Approach control radar Area Control Radar Aerodrome control Surface movement control Flight information service Apron control / management service Company dispatch Aeronautical Station DISPATCH RADIO INFORMATION APRON Call sign suffix CONTROL RADAR APPROACH APPROACH RADAR CONTROL RADAR TOWER GROUND the aircraft operating agency. and provided that it will not be confusing.2 After satisfactory communication has been established. flight No abbreviated form INDAIR PJ Example VJP or CESSNA VJP 12.5 registration marking of the aircraft c) The telephony designator of INDAIR May 31. followed by the flight identification 12.

b) Clearances and instructions to enter. whether issued by the controller or contained in ATIS broadcasts. It also serves as a check that the right aircraft. part of 12. the calling station should be requested to repeat its call sign until identification is established. (aircraft call sign)”. Following items shall always be read-back: a) ATC route clearance. 12 . 12.4 The flight crew shall read back to the air traffic controller safety-related parts of the clearances and instructions which are transmitted by voice. Air Traffic services: (aircraft call sign) “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE”.9 ISSUE OF CLEARANCE AND READ-BACK REQUIREMENTS: 12.3 Read back requirements have been introduced in the interests of flight safety. 12. 12. In any case controllers should avoid passing clearance to a pilot engaged in complicated manoeuvres and on no occasion should a clearance be May 31.9 When it is considered that reception is likely to be difficult. will take action on the clearance.9.9.2 An ATC route clearance is not an instruction to takeoff or enter an active runway. 2004 Aircraft reply: “SQUAWK THREE FOUR TWO FIVE. transition levels e. The stringency of the read back requirement is directly related to the possible seriousness of a misunderstanding in the transmission and receipt of ATC clearances and instructions. or when canceling a take-off clearance. altimeter settings.1 Controller should pass a clearance slowly and clearly since the pilot needs to write it down and wasteful repetition will thus be avoided.7 When an error is made in a transmission. take off on.9. the word “CORRECTION” shall be spoken.8. land on. a repetition of the message shall be requested either in full or in part. 12. At times the word “DEPARTURE” or “ AIRBORNE” is used. heading and speed instructions and. Strict adherence to read back procedures ensures not only that the clearance has been received correctly but also that the clearance was transmitted as intended. (the first word satisfactorily received) Say again all after …. hold short of.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. 12.6 When a station is called but is uncertain of the identification of the calling station.8. the last correct group or phase repeated and then the correct version transmitted. level instructions. PHRASE Say again Say again … [item] Say again all before …. Whenever possible a route clearance should be passed to an aircraft before start up. 12. SSR codes. 12.8. important elements of the message should be spoken twice.8. And ….5 The controller shall listen to the read-back to ascertain that the clearances has been correctly acknowledged by the flight crew and shall take immediate action to correct any discrepancies revealed by the read-back.5 If there is doubt that a message has been correctly received. MEANING Repeat entire message Repeat specific item Repeat part of message Repeat message Repeat message part of passed when pilot is engaged in line up or take-off manoeuvres.g. and only that aircraft.9.8. the operator shall use the phrase “CORRECTION I SAY AGAIN” before transmitting the message a second time.9. 12.8 If a correction can best be made by repeating the entire message. and c) Runway-in-use. The words “TAKE OFF” are used only when an aircraft is cleared for takeoff. (the last word satisfactorily received) Say again all between …. cross taxi and back track on any runway.6 .

However.2 To reduce the potential for misunderstanding. ground vehicle. 12.13 GENERAL Most phraseologies contained in section 12. 12. 12.3 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during takeoff. 12. 2004 no landing clearance is received at that time. and use as necessary.1 At busy aerodromes with separate GROUND & TOWER functions aircraft are usually transferred to TOWER at or approaching the holding position. All phraseologies shall be used in conjunction with call signs (aircraft. meticulous care should be taken to ensure that the phraseology employed during the taxi maneuvers can not be interpreted as a takeoff clearance.10.2 If and when turn on to final is made at a greater distance.10 TAKE-OFF PROCEDURES: 12. as required. 12. The phraseologies with * denote pilot transmission.10.10. the take-off clearance shall include the designator of the departure runway when more than one runway is in use. 12. inform the control tower that he is doing so and assistance or taxi instructions should be requested. 12. a “LONG FINAL” report is made at about 8 NM from touch down. 12. ATS personnel and other ground personnel will be expected to use appropriate subsidiary phraseologies which should be as clear and concise as possible and designed to avoid possible confusion by those persons using a language other than one of their national languages. Since misunderstandings in the granting and acknowledgement of take-off clearances can result in serious consequences.1 Except for reasons of safety no transmission shall be directed during the last part of the final approach or during the landing roll.4 For traffic reasons it may be necessary for the aircraft to take-off immediately after lining up. 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12.10. 12 .3 “FINAL” report is made when an aircraft turns onto final within 4NM from touchdown. Unless otherwise advised pilots should remain on tower frequency until the runway is vacated.14 GROUPING OF PHRASEOLOGIES The phraseologies are grouped according to types of air traffic service for convenience of reference. the controller may request the pilot to report when airborne. and when circumstances differ.11 FINAL APPROACH AND LANDING 12.7 .15. controllers should not direct taxi instructions to pilots until the landing roll is completed. They are intended to be exhaustive. call signs have been omitted.18 show the text of a complete message without call signs. 12. In order that the phraseologies listed should be readily discernible in section 12.4 A pilot may request to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection from the ground.11.12 AFTER LANDING Unless absolutely necessary. he should as soon as practicable. users shall be familiar with. If May 31.6 When a pilot abandons the takeoff manoeuvre.11. a “FINAL“ report is made at 4NM from touchdown. pilots.10.11.5 In poor visibility. If the aircraft is making a straight-in-approach. “LONG FINAL” report is made. 12. phraseologies from groups other than those referring specifically to the type of air traffic service being provided. ATC or other) as appropriate.10. 12.11.

Note: When communications between air traffic control units are conducted. May 31.2 hPa. in which case the word “PROCEED” shall be substituted for the word “TAX I” when communicating with vehicles. .brief reiteration of the condition For example: ‘’REPORT THE B747 ON SHORT FINAL IN SIGHT’’ ‘’ AIC102 BEHIND B747 ON SHORT FINAL LINE UP BEHIND ‘’ Note:. and .identification . shall not be used for movements affecting the active runway(s).the clearance.3 If the level of an aircraft is reported in relation to standard pressure 1013. the figure should be followed by the word “FEET” as appropriate. In all cases a conditional clearance shall be given in the following order and consist of 12.14. except when the aircraft or vehicles concerned are seen by the appropriate controller and pilot.4. ATS personnel and other ground personnel. If the level of the aircraft is reported in relation to QNH/QFE.2 Conditional phrases. . with the exception of taxi instructions.14. Phraseologies for the movement of vehicles.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. 2004 12 .This implies the need for the aircraft receiving the conditional clearance to identify the aircraft or vehicle causing the conditional clearance.the condition. such as “behind landing aircraft” or “after departing aircraft”.1 Section 12.8 . on the manoeuvring area are not listed separately as the phraseology associated with the movement of aircraft is applicable. . the English language shall be used for such communications. the words “FLIGHT LEVEL” should precede the level figures.15 includes phrases for use by pilots. 12. other than towtractors.

(number) FEET ABOVE (or MAINTAIN AT LEAST BELOW ) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST LEVEL (or FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE CHANGE FROM (name of unit) [AT (time or significant point)].1. CONTINUE CLIMB ( OR DESCENT) TO (level) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT)[UNTIL PASSING (level)] WHEN READY CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO (level) EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time or Significant point) REQUEST DESCENT AT (time) May 31.15. followed as necessary. STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (level).2 GENERAL Description of levels (subsequently referred to as “(level)”) Level changes.15. d) e) f) g) h) *I) …to require action at a specific time or place j) k) l) . or (number) FEET CLIMB (or DESCEND). reports and rates a) b) a) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 PHRASEOLOGIES FLIGHT LEVEL (number). 2004 12 .15. iv) v) b) c) significant REPORT LEAVING (or REACHING.15 PHRASEOLOGIES CIRCUMSTANCES 12. AFTER PASSING (significant point) AT (time or significant point) WHEN READY (instruction). or PASSING) (level) AT (number) FEET PER MINUTE [OR GREATER (OR LESS)].1 12. i) TO (level) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) …instruction that a climb (or descent) to a level within the vertical range defined is to commence ii) iii) TO REACH (level) AT (or BY) (time or point).to require action when convenient m) IMMEDIATELY..Airports Authority of India 12.1.1 12.9 .

w) *x) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). …when unable to comply with a clearance because of an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *z) aa) UNABLE.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 …to require an aircraft to climb or descend maintaining own separation and VMC n) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM (level)] [TO (level)] o) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATIN AND VMC ABOVE (or BELOW. *q) UNABLE. COMPLETED. …after modifying vertical speed to comply with an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *r) s) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). (acknowledgement). assigned clearance) RESUMED y) (acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions). RETURNING TO (assigned clearance). May 31. TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). or TO) (level) …when there is doubt that an aircraft can comply with a clearance or instruction …when pilot is unable to comply with a clearance or instruction p) IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE. acknowledgement) (or alternative instructions) TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT). TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORY.10 . 2004 12 . (acknowledgement) …after ACAS “Clear of conflict” is annunciated (Pilot and controller interchange) …after the response to an ACAS resolution advisory is completed (Pilot and controller interchange) …after returning to clearance after responding to an ACAS resolution advisory (Pilot and controller interchange) *t) u) *v) RETURNING TO (assigned clearance).

15. WHEN READY CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency). if any).1. WIND AT (level) (number) DEGREES (number) KNOTS.4 Change of call sign a) b) a) b) *c) *d) *e) f) … to instruct an aircraft to change its type of call sign …to advise an aircraft to revert to the call sign indicated in the flight plan 12. May 31.5 Traffic information … to pass traffic information … to acknowledge traffic information REQUEST CHANGE TO (frequency). NEGATIVE CONTACT [reasons].Airports Authority of India 12. MONITORING (frequency).15. FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED.6 Meteorological conditions a) b) [SURFACE] WIND (number) DEGREES (speed) (units). Note : . d) *e) f) g) *h) i) j) 12. STAND BY (frequency) FOR (unit call sign).Wind is always expressed by giving the mean direction and speed and any significant variations thereof. TRAFFIC (information).15.1.An aircraft may be requested To “ STAND BY” on a frequency when it Is intended that the ATS unit will initiate communications soon and to “ MONITOR ” a frequency when information is being broadcast thereon.1. REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY. NO REPORTED TRAFFIC LOOKING OUT.15. REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN CALL SIGN (call sign) [AT(significant point)]. MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency). CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN TO (new call sign) [UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED]. TRAFFIC IN SIGHT.1.[ ADDITONAL] TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time) g) TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED (level(s)) [or LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) (other pertinent information. c) IF NO CONTACT (instructions).3 Transfer of Control and/or a) b) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) [NOW]. 12. 2004 12 . Note :.11 . AT (or OVER) (time or place) [or WHEN PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING] (level) CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency).

RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) RUNWAY (number) NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT REPORTED).Multiple RVR observations are always representative of the touchdown zone. Note :. (third position) (distance) (units).8 Additional reports … to request a report at a specified place or distance May 31. 2004 12 . CLOUD (amount. Note 1 :. TEMPERATURE [MINUS ] (number) (and/or DEW-POINT [MINUS] (number)).12 . h) i) j) k) l) m) n) n) PRESENT WEATHER (details). RESUME POSITION REPORTING. provided that the reports are passed in the order of touchdown zone. RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units). midpoint zone and the roll-out/stop respectively. (aircraft type) REPORTED (description) ICING (or TURBULENCE) [IN CLOUD] (area) (time) REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS. QFE (number) [units)].Where reports for three locations are given. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNITL (specify)]. followed by the mid point zone and ending with the rollout/stop end zone report end zone … in the event that RVR information on any one position is not available this information will be included in the appropriate sequence.7 Position reporting specific position c) a) b) c) a) b) c) … to omit position reports until a 12. the indication of these locations may be omitted.CAVOK pronounced CAV-O-KAY. g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (first position) (distance) (units). Note 2 :.15.1. (third position) (distance) (units). RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (distance) (units).(second position) NOT AVAILABLE. 12. REPORT PASSING (significant point) REPORT (distance) FROM (name of DME station) DME.15.Airports Authority of India c) d) e) … for multiple RVR observations f) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 VISIBILITY (distance) (units) [direction].1. REPORT PASSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR) VOR.(second position) (distance) (units).[(type)] and height of base) (unit) (or SKY CLEAR) CAVOK. QNH (number) [(units)].

WAS (reading ) AT (time). or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or WET SNOW. or FROZEN RUTS AND RIDGES]. (specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency).9 Aerodrome information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 REPORT DISTANCE FROM REPORT DISTANCE FROM DME. CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location). or SNOW REMOVED (length and width as applicable). or ICE. b) (type) LIGHTING (unserviceability). (significant point). RUNWAY (number).15. PILOT REPORTS (weather information). RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES. or POOR or UNREALIABLE) [and/or BRAKING COEFFICIENT (equipment and number). (name of DME station) 12. or SLUSH. CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice). j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) (number) WET [or DAMP. TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number). WATER PATCHES. or FROZEN SLUSH. or ICE AND SNOW.Airports Authority of India …to request a report of present position d) e) 12.1. (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number]. or ICE UNDERNEATH. BRAKING ACTION [(location)] (measuring equipment used).13 . a) May 31. 2004 12 . k) l) TOWER OBSERVES (weather information). [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition). BRAKING ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD. or COMPACTED SNOW. or MEDIUM. or SNOWDRIFTS. [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT. h) i) BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time) GOOD (or MEDIUM or POOR).1. CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT). or TREATED. or MEDIUM TO POOR.10 Operational status of visual and nonvisual aids. LANDING SURFACE (condition).15. FLOODED (depth).

15.2 Indication of route and clearance limit a) b) 12.15.2. 12. f) LEAVE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE)[VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) (or CLIMBING.1 AREA CONTROL SERVICES issuance of a clearance a) b) c) d) (name of unit) CLEARS (aircraft call sign). 2004 12 .15. VIA FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE. May 31. RECLEARED (amended clearance details)[REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]. 12. VIA (distance DME ARC (direction) OF (name of DME station) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATIVE(S) IS / ARE (route) ADVISE. FROM (location) TO (location) TO (location) Followed as necessary by: I) II) III) IV) c) (route) DIRECT VIA (route and/or significant points).14 . (type of visual approach slope indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency). g) JOIN (specify) AT (significant point) AT (level) [A T (time)]. (aircraft call sign) CLEARED TO.15.3 Maintenance of specified levels a) b) MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)]. TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency). RECLEARED (amended route portion) TO (significant point of original route) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED].2 12. e) ENTER CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) [AT (time)]. or DESCENDING).2. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point).Airports Authority of India c) d) e) Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state).2.

CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN (levels) (or ABOVE (levels).15. ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT IN THE VICINITY OF (or AT) (significant point or location) EMERGENCY DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM (level) (followed as necessary by specific instructions. MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)] DO NOT EXCEED MACH (number) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFF SET PROCEED OFF SET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF May 31. b) a) CROSS (significant point) AT (time)[OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)] ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level).2. 12.8 Instructions associated with flying a track (off set). MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED.2.2.5 Emergency descent 12.2. traffic information etc. parallel to the cleared route.15 . clearance. 12.15. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of unit). EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type of clearance) AT (time). or BELOW) (level). MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE. CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or BEFORE) AT (level). MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level) Note : The term “MAINTAIN” is not to be used in lieu of “DESCEND” or “CLIMB” when instructing an aircraft to change level.4 Specification of cruising levels a) b) c) d) *a) b) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE. MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (time).15.15. 2004 12 .7 Separation instructions a) b) c) d) 12.6 If clearance cannot be issued immediately upon request 12.15. or BELOW) (level) EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 c) d) e) f) g) h) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point). CROSS (number) DME [(direction)] OF (name of DME station) AT (or ABOVE.2.

15.1 Departure instructions a) [AFTER DEPARUTE] TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO(level or signification point)(other instructions as required) b) c) d) e) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) significant point) (instruction) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) TO (level) [TO INTERCEPT (track. airway etc)] (standard departure name and number) DEPARTURE TRACK (three digits) DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or TRUE)] TO (or FROM) (significant point) UNTIL (time. (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. or REACHING (fix or significant point or level)) [BEFORE PROCEEDING ON COURSE]. f) 12. CLEARED (or PROCEED) VIA (designation) CLEARED TO (clearance limit) VIA (designation). APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)] . CLEARED CLEARED FOLLOWED (number). f) g) CLEARED APPROACH RUNWAY (NUMBER)].Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (route) (track) [CENTRAL LINE] [AT (significant point or time][UNTIL (significant point of time)] [UNTIL (significant point or time)] c) CANCEL OFFSET (instruction to rejoin cleared flight route or other information) 12. CLEARED VIA (or PROCEED VIA)(details of route to be followed). route.2 Approach instructions a) b) c) d) e) CLEARED VIA (designation).3.3 APPROACH CONTROL SERVICES 12.15.16 . 2004 12 . COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time).3. (type of app) RUNWAY (number) BY CIRCLING TO RUNWAY (level or h*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN ((type of approach) May 31.15.

MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION.15. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT. REQUEST VISUAL APPROCH. REPORT VISUAL. REQUEST (RNAV plain language designator).17 . *c) REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS. (or BETWEEN two prominent landmarks)). REPORT (significant point). REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN REQUEST VMC DESCENT. 2004 12 .3. ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE. or INBOUND]. REQUEST (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)]. CLEARED (number). HOLD VISUAL [OVER] (position). MAINTAIN VMC. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point. name of facility or fix)[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTE(0r MINUTES ) EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE) (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary). [OUTBOUND.3 Holding clearance … visual … published holding procedure over a facility or fix a) b) … when detailed holding clearance is required d) May 31. CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point. VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY 12.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 i) j) k) l*) m) n) o) *p) q) r) s) *t) *u) v) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROCH [RUNWAY (number)]. CLEARED (RNAV plain language designator). name of facility or fix) [ AINTAIN (or CLIMB or M DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [direction] AS PUBLISHED EXPECT APPRAOCH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if necessary).

4 Expected approach time 12. EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time).15. ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS.18 .2 PHRASEOLOGIES FOR USE ON AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE AERODROME Identification of aircraft Acknowledgement by visual means a) b) c) SHOW LANDING LIGHTS ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER).1 12.4 12.15.3.15. ACKNOWLEDGE LIGHTS. DELAY NOT DETERMINED (reasons).4. 2004 12 .Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 e) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN(or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [directions] INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN (or OUTBOUND FURTHER TIME(number) MINUTES (0r MINUTES) EXPECT APPROACH necessary) f) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)]HOLD BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE)) AT (time) ( additional instructions if necessary) a) b) c) d) NO DELAY EXPECTED. CLEARANCE CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions if 12.15.4. REVISED EXPECTED APPRAOCH TIME (time). BY FLASHING LANDING May 31.

REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION. START UP AT (time). STAND BY REQUEST TIME CHECK. INFORMATION (ATIS identification). TOW APPROVED VIA (specified routing to be followed).4.15. 2004 12 .When local procedures so prescribe.4. authorization for pushback should be obtained from the control tower.5 Towing procedure … ATC response b) c) d) 12. EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. PUSHBACK APPROVED.3 Starting procedures … to request permission to start engines Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP. 12. [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (OR RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) distance)(units)] [TIME (time)].15. REQUEST TOW [company name] (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO (location). RUNWAY (NUMBER). STAND BY. … aircraft/ATC *a) b) a) b) c) *a) [aircraft location] REQUEST PUSHBACK. Note:. EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason). … ATC replies b) c) d) e) f) START UP APPROVED.Airports Authority of India 12. (units) QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE (MINUS) (number).19 .4. 12.4 Push-back procedures Note: . TIME (time). WIND (direction and speed). EXPECT START UP AT (TIME) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION. HOLD POSITION.If multiple visibility and RVR observations are available.15. PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION. *b) [aircraft location]REQUEST START UP.6 To request time check and/or aerodrome … when no ATIS broadcast is available *a) b) *c) d) data for departure May 31.15.4. those that represent the roll out/stop end zone should be used for take off.

TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF …where aerodrome information is not available from an alternative source such as ATIS RUNWAY (number)]. personnel. active or inactive runway). *n) o) p) REQUEST BACKTRACK. etc. f) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] (followed g) by aerodrome information as applicable) [TIME (time)]. c) TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [TIME (time)]. taxiing light aircraft. GENERAL (number)].after landing AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel).. BACKTRACK APPROVED. m) AIR TAXI VIA (director. heliport. blowing snow. *b) [aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy] [intentions]. as requested. TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT).4. AVIATION AREA) [STAND …for helicopter operations l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) CAUTION (dust. e. loose debris. operating or movement area. h) i) j) TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway). 2004 12 .15.7 Taxi procedures … for departure Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI (intentions].Airports Authority of India 12. …. or specified route) TO (location.20 .g. TAXI TO TERMINAL (or other location. BACKTRACK RUNWAY (number).)]. k*) REQUEST AIR-TAXIING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate). TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number). *d) (aircraft type][wake turbulence category if “heavy”] e) REQUEST DETAILED TAXI [aircraft location](flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI … where detailed taxi instructions are required INSTRUCTIONS. [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI TO (destination on aerodrome). … general *q) May 31.

etc.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 r) s) t) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD. Note: The pilot will.8 Holding a) b) c) d) *e) *f) #HOLD (direction) OF (position. 12.4. #HOLD POSITION.15. TAXI TO HOLDING POSITION [number] RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed). EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC (aircraft type) (distance) MILES FINAL. 12. night. 2004 12 . etc.21 . VACATE RUNWAY RUNWAY VACATED. #HOLD (distance) FROM (position).15. cc) [CAUTION] TAXI SLOWER (reason). [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number)] or [CROSS RUNWAY (number)]. EXPEDITE TAXI (reason). FOLLOW vehicle).g. (description of other aircraft or *bb) EXPEDITING. HOLDING.15. the instruction should always be accompanied by a request to report when the aircraft has vacated and is clear of the runway.9 To cross a runway *a) b) c) d) CROSS RUNWAY (number) [REPORT VACATED]. *u) *v) w) x) y) *z) aa) GIVING WAY TO (traffic). # Require specific acknowledgement 12.10 Preparation for take off May 31. report “RUNWAY VACATED” when the aircraft is clear of the runway *e) a) RUNWAY VACATED UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reasons). low visibility. HOLDING SHORT. TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT. *dd) SLOWING DOWN.). runway number. #HOLD SHORT OF (position). GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft). TAXI WITH CAUTION.).4.If the control tower is unable to see the crossing aircraft (e. REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number) Note: .4. TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY. when requested.

22 .4. runway and number). May 31. ARE YOUR READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?.15. #When there is the possibility of confusion during multiple runway operations …if unable to issue take-off clearance …clearance to enter runway and await take. WAIT [reason]. e) a) b) c) d) e) *f) …to cancel a take-off clearance … to stop a take-off after an aircraft has commenced take-off roll g) *h) … for helicopter operations i) *j) k) REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS. Note: Provisions concerning the use of conditional clearances are contained in section 12. LINE UP [AND WAIT]. AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT or CLIMB) (instructions as appropriate). final approach and takeoff area. …confirmation or otherwise of the read-back of conditional clearance 12.OFF. CANCEL TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF (reasons).11 Take-off clearance …When more than one runway in use …when take-off clearance has not been complied with j) (condition) LINE UP. HOLDING. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY. READY. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [REPORT AIRBORNE].off clearance f) g) #h) i) LINE UP. 2004 12 .16. TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR VACATE RUNWAY[(instructions)]. [THAT IS] CORRECT (or I SAY AGAIN… (as appropriate). LINE UP RUNWAY (number).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 b) c) d) *e) REPORT WHEN READY [FOR DEPARTURE]. *k) (condition) LINING UP. …conditional clearance …acknowledgement of a conditional clearance. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE. STOPPING. BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE. STOP IMMEDIATELY (repeat aircraft call sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY (reasons). taxiway. ARE YOU READY [FOR DEPARTURE]?. HOLD POSITION. CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [FROM LOCATION] (present position.

AIRBORNE (time) AFTER PASSING (level) (instructions). 2004 12 . JOIN (position in circuit) (direction of circuit) (runway number)[SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number)] QNH [ (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC(detail)]: c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROCH. (position) (level) INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING. REPORT BASE (or FINAL.12 Turn or climb instructions after take-off Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 *a) b) c) d) e) f) … heading to be followed g) h) i) *a) b) REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN. MAKE LONG APPROCH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND). 12.g. RUNWAY (number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units)[TEMPERATURE[MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE)(number) (units)][TRAFFIC (detail)]. [additional instructions if required].4.14 In the circuit b) NUMBER … FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) 12.23 . (position in circuit.Airports Authority of India 12. TRACK EXTENDED CENTRELINE (instructions) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions).15. d) JOIN RIGHT HAND (position in circuit) (runway number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number) QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)].13 Entering an aerodrome traffic circuit … when right hand traffic circuit in use … when ATIS information is available *e) f) *a) (aircraft type).4. or LONG FINAL).15.4.15 a) b) c) d) MAKE SHORT APPROACH. [aircraft type](position) (level) FOR LANDING. RIGHT (or LEFT TURN APPROVED.4. JOIN (position in circuit) [RUNWAY (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) (units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)]. Approach instructions May 31. … to request airborne time REPORT AIRBORNE. DOWNWIND / FINAL). e. CONTINUE APPROCH [PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO AROUND].18. … when a specific track is to be followed 12.15. WILL ADVISE LATER FOR RIGHT (or LEFT TURN. CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING (instructions).

17 Delaying aircraft 12. or LEFT)[FROM PRESENT POSITION]. etc. name. CLEARED TOUCH AND GO. a) *b) LEFT (or RIGHT) CIRCLING TURN TO 12. MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT. REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons). final approach and take-off area) [ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number. CLEARED LOW PASS [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)]. or code)]. a) b) c) CIRCLE THE AERODROME. CLEARED LOW APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)][(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)].18 Missed approach May 31. taxiway. (location)). GO AROUND. MAKE FULL STOP.15. *g) h) REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons). j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or CIRCLING APPROACH.24 . extended runway centre line.)]. other)]. descending to an agreed minimum level … to fly past the control tower or other observation point for the purpose of visual inspection by persons on the ground. CLEARED TO LAND.15. GOING AROUND.4. ORBIT (RIGHT. unlighted obstructions. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway. [REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway. Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) *e) f) CLEARED TO LAND.16 Landing … multiple runway operations … special operations …to make an approach along or parallel to a runway. RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND.4. wake turbulence.Airports Authority of India 12. runway center line. … for helicopter operations i*) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN (or APPROACH. runway. [CAUTION (power lines.15. LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location. 2004 12 . other helicopter or aircraft)].4.

personnel. or CONVENIENT) LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency). AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust.1 CO-ORDINATION BETWEEN ATS UNITS Estimates and revisions a) ESTIAMTE (direction of flight) (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] (type) ESTIMATED (significant point)(time) (level) (or DESCENDING FROM (level) TO (level))[SPEED(filed TAS)] (route) [ (point of departure) TO (point of destination)] [RVSM May 31. TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND. or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN).15. … jet blast on apron or taxiway … propeller-driven aircraft slipstream 12. RIGHT (or LEFT.when pilot requested visual inspection of landing gear Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) d) e) LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN.5. CONTACT GROUND (frequency). EXPEDITE VACATING. YOUR STAND (OR GATE)(designation). h) AIR TAXI VIA (direct.20 Runway vacating and communications after landing e) f) a) b) c) d) e) CAUTION JET BLAST. etc. blowing snow.5 12. WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency). operating or movement area. 12.4. … for helicopter operations f) g) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or) HELICOPTER PARKING POSITION (area).)]. taxiing light aircraft. active or inactive runway). 2004 12 .15. WHEELS APPEAR UP. or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP (or DOWN).15. CAUTION SLIPSTREAM. CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE [FROM … wake turbulence ARRIVING (or DEPARTING) (type of aircraft) [additional information as required].25 . as requested. RIGHT (or LEFT.4. loose debris.Airports Authority of India 12. AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel).15.19 Information to aircraft . or specified route) TO (location heliport.

AGREED TO (alteration of clearance)OF (aircraft call sign). if any). (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [AT (time)] [conditions/restrictions]. UNABLE (aircraft call sign).5.15.sending unit reply c) NO DETAILS. FOR (aircraft call sign)] [DUE (reason)] (alternative clearance proposed). IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)]?.receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are available) .3 Change of clearance a) b) c) d) REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary). (aircraft type) (destination). … sending unit b) ESTIMATE (significant point) ON (aircraft call sign) …receiving unit reply (if flight plan details are not available) …. Note :. [SQUAWKING (SSR Code) [ESTIMATED] (significant point) (time) AT (level).15.5..5. b) c) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED [(restriction if any)].4 Approval request a) APPROVAL REQUEST (aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM point) AT (time).26 . (aircraft call sign) UNABLE (alternative instructions). UNABLE (desired route.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 status][REMARKS].2 Transfer of control a) b) c) d) e) 12. (aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time or significant point)].In the event that flight plan details are not available the receiving station shall reply to b) NO DETAILS and transmitting station shall pass full estimate as in a). d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOONS(S) (identification and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) [or FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction)ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED (figure) (other pertinent information. (significant May 31. 12. MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO (details of alteration proposed). REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign). 2004 12 . e) 12. UNABLE (aircraft call sign)[TRAFFIC IS (details)]. etc.15. level.

or time. HANDOVER (aircraft call sign)[SQUAWKING (SSR Code)] POSITION (aircraft May 31.).6 Radar handover RADAR position (level). internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services.5 Inbound release INBOUND RELEASE (SSR (aircraft Code)] call (type) sign) FROM [SQUAWKING (departure point) RELEASED AT (significant point. internationally agreed AIRAC effective dates in addition to 14 days postage time shall be observed by the responsible air traffic services when submitting the raw information/data to aeronautical information services.7 Expedition of clearance a) b) EXPEDITE EXPEDITE CLEARANCE CLEARANCE (aircraft (aircraft call call sign) sign) EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time). 5.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system.15. or level) CLEARED TO AND ESTIMATING (clearance limit((time) AT (level) [EXPECTED APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY EXPECTED] CONTACT AT (time).5. affect charts and/or computer-based navigation systems which qualify to be notified by the Aeronautical Information Regulation and Control (AIRAC) system. 12. The predetermined. 12. etc. The predetermined. d) 12.5.15. 2004 12 .27 .15. [ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (level or route.

1 Failure of CPDLC 12.1. [RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN NAVIGATION].1. FLY HEADING (three digits).2 Position information a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) 12. FLY HEADING (three digits).4 Termination of radar vectoring a) POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (signification point) (or OVER or ABEAM (signification point)). 2004 12 . STOP TURN HEADING (three digits).16.1. RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (position of LEVEL(or May 31. as appropriate.15.16 RADAR PHRASEOLOGIES Note: The following comprise phraseologies specifically applicable when radar is used in the provision of air traffic services. 12. WHEN ABLE PROCEED DIRECT (name) (signification point).16. CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING. CONTINUE HEADING (three digits).1 12.1. 12.6 PHRASEOLOGIES TO BE USED RELATED TO CPDLC [ALL STATIONS]CPDLC FAILURE (instructions) 12. TRANSIMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING. RADAR CONTACT [position)]. IDENTIFIED [position].15.28 . HEADING IS GOOD. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES [reasons].3 Vectoring instructions LEAVE (signification point) HEADING (three digits). when radar is used.1 General radar phraseologies Identification of aircraft a) b) c) d) e) f) REPORT HEADING [AND FLIGHT ALTITUDE)].16. The phraseologies detailed in sections above for use in the provision of air traffic services are also applicable. FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) [reasons].16.16.6.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 12. NOT IDENTIFIED [reason]. 12.

SPEED (number) KNOTS. FOR DELAY. 2004 12 .16. or (number) DEGREES PER SECOND) START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON THE COMMAND “NOW”. TRAFFIC (number) O’CLOCK (distance) (direction 12.When it is necessary to specify a reason for radar vectoring or for the above manoeuvres. RESUME POSITION REPORTING.1.6 Speed control a) *b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) REPORT SPEED. b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION [DIRECT] (significant point) [MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number) MILES]. REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED. MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED. a) b) MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason]. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KNOTS[ OR GREATER (or LESS)]. REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED. 12. the following phraseologies should be used: c) a) b) c) d) DUE TRAFFIC. RESUME NORMAL SPEED.8 Traffic information and avoiding action a) May 31.1. MAINTAIN (number) KNOTS [OR GREATER (or OR LESS] [ UNTIL(significant point)]. d) e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW. MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF. OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)].7 Position reporting … to omit position reports when under radar control a) b) c) d) 1`2. NO ATC SPEED RESTRICTION.5 Manoeuvres … (in case of unreliable directional instruments on board aircraft) Note :.16. INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KNOTS. or FINAL). 12.16.1.1. DO NOT EXCEED (number) KNOTS. NEXT REPORT AT (significant point).Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aircraft)(specific instructions). REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant point(s)).29 . FOR SPACING. STOP TURN NOW. FOR DOWNWIND (or BASE. ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) [reasons].16.

10 Termination of radar service a) b) c) d) 12. REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions. (manoeuvre or SQUAWK) OBSERVED. 2004 12 . TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three digits) TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock reference and distance). CLEAR OF TRAFFIC [appropriate instructions].16. CLOSING. FAST MOVING. WILL SHORTLY LOSE IDENTIFICATION (appropriate instructions or information).9 Communications and loss of communications a) b) c) … if loss of communications suspected d) e) [IF] RADIO CONTACT LOST (instructions). CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEF). SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE May 31. IDENTIFICATION LOST [reasons](instructions). IF NO TRANSMISSIONS RECEIVED FOR (number) MINUTES (or SECONDS) (instructions).30 . POSITION (position of aircraft).1.1.16. (level).11 Radar equipment degradation a) RADAR CONTROL TERMINATED [DUE (reasons)].1. 10) CLIMBING (or DESCENDING). 12. 12. OPPOSITE (or SAME DIRECTION). DO YOU WANT VECTORS?. REQUEST VECTORS. SLOW MOVING.16.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 of flight)[any other pertinent information]. (aircraft type). 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) … (if known) 8) 9) … to request avoiding action … when passing unknown traffic … for avoiding action *b) c) d) e) UNKNOWN. RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED (instructions). OVERTAKING. IF YOU READ (manoeuvre instructions or SQUAWK (code or IDENT)].WILL CONTINUE RADAR CONTROL. f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clockreference and distance).

16. CLEARED FOR (type) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). 12. b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary) 12. f) g) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) [REPORT ESTABLISHED).16. h) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 (appropriate information as necessary). VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number) REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) IN SIGHT. (type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions).2 Vectoring for ILS and other pilotinterpreted aids … when a pilot wishes to be positioned a specific distance from touchdown … instructions and information *c) d) REQUEST (distance) FINAL.2. THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reasons].interpreted aid) APPROCH RUNWAY (number). TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio May 31. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits). VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit).31 . VECTORING FOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) TO INTERCEPT LOCALIZER (or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED.2 12. 2004 12 . e) REPORT ESTABLISHED [ON ILS or LOCALIZER or GLIDE PATH]. YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM (significant point or TOUCHDOWN).2.1 RADAR IN APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE Vectoring for approach a) b) c) d) e) a) b) VECTORING FOR (type of pilot. i) i) k) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid) (reasons).16. POSITION (number) MILES FROM (fix).

2.2. e) CLIMB TO (altitude) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions) 12.2. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING (three digits)) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPRAOCH].2 Elevation a) 12. OVER THRESHOLD.Airports Authority of India Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 aid) [reasons].32 .16. ILS RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER REEQUENCY IS (frequency).2.4 SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH a) THIS WILL BE A SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPRAOCH RUNWAY (number) TERMIANTING AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN. b) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN ALTITUDE SHOULD BE (number and units). COMMENCE DESCENT NOW TO MAINTAIN A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH.2. l) m) n) a) b) c) MAINTAIN (altitude) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION.16. INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) REPORT ESTABLISHED. YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER. (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN a) b) CHECK GEAR DOWN [AND LOCKED].4. 12. OBSTACLE CLEARACNE ALTITUDE (number) FEET CHECK YOUR MINIMA [IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions)].16.16.3 Manoeuvre during independent and dependent parallel approaches … for avoidance action when an aircraft is observed penetrating the NTZ d) …for avoidance action below 400 ft above the runway threshold elevation where parallel approach obstacle surfaces (PAOAS) criteria is being applied 12. REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH. b) APPROACH INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE TERMINATED AT (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN. TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER .3 Position 12. 2004 12 .2.4.4 Checks May 31.16.16.4. CLEARD FOR ILS APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT).4.1 Provision of service 12. CLIMB TO (altitude).

16.3. RESET MODE ‘S’ IDENTIFICATION.16. REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT.2 To instruct setting of transponder a) b) 12.Other phraseologies for use in the area control radar service are given in the section containing approach control radar service phraseologies.4.16.16.13 To request level check CONFIRM (level). SQUAWK CHARLIE. Note: .3.16.9 To request termination of transponder operation 12.8 To request emergency code SQUAWK MAYDAY (CODE SEVEN-SEVEN ZERO-ZERO] 12.33 .3. APPROCH COMPLETED [CONTACT (unit)]. 12.4 To request reselection of aircraft identification 12.3.3. SQUAWK STANDBY. RESETTING (mode (code).3 To request the pilot to reselect the assigned mode and code 12.16. CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM (level).16. SQUAWK LOW.1 To request the capability of the SSR equipment a) *b) *c) 12.16.16.Airports Authority of India 12. NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER.16.16.11 To request pressure setting check and confirmation of level 12.3. SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] IDENT.3.3.3.5 To request the pilot to confirm the Code selected on the aircraft’s transponder 12.3.10 To request transmission of pressure altitude 12. CONFIRM SQUAWK (code). SQUAWK NORMAL.16.3. TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan). FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code).3.12 To request termination of pressure altitude transmission because of faulty operation 12. SQUAWKING (code).16.6 To request the operation of the IDENT feature a) *b) a) b) c) 12. May 31. SQUAWK (code) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] (code).7 To request temporary suspension of transponder operation 12. STOP SQUAWK.3.16.5 Completion of approach Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 a) b) c) REPORT VISUAL. 2004 12 .16.2. STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE WRONG INDICATION. a) *b) ADVISE TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY.3 SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) PHRASEOLOGIES 12.

QNH IS ALTITUDE IS (altitude)].17.1 Manual of Air Traffic Services – Part 1 ALERTING PHRASEOLOGIES Low altitude warning (aircraft call sign) (number) [(units)] LOW ALTITUDE WARNING.17.1 ADS degradation May 31.1 General ADS phraseologies ADS(or AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate instructions as necessary) 12.17 12. 12.1.18. [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY.34 .2 Terrain alert (aircraft call sign) TERRAIN ALERT. 2004 12 . 12.18.18 AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE (ADS) PHRASEOLOGIES 12. (suggested pilot action.Airports Authority of India 12. if possible).

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