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1Data Leakage Detection AbstractWe study the following problem: A data distributor has given sensitive data to a set

of supposedly trusted agents (third parties). Some of the data are leaked and found in an unauthorized place (e.g., on the web or somebodys laptop). The distributor must assess the likelihood that the leaked data came from one or more agents, as opposed to having been independently gathered by other means. We propose data allocation strategies (across the agents) that improve the probability of identifying leakages. These methods do not rely on alterations of the released data (e.g., watermarks). In some cases, we can also inject realistic but fake data records to further improve our chances of detecting leakage and identifying the guilty party.

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A More Secure Steganography Method in Spatial Domain

Abstract This paper presents a new approach for hiding message in digital image in spatial domain. In this method two bits of message is embedded in a pixel in a way that not only the least significant bit of pixel is allowed to change but also the second bit plane and fourth bit plane are allowed to be manipulated, But the point is in each embedding process only one alternation in one bit plane is allowed to happen. As it is compared by the method LSB-Matching, the results shows this method has an acceptable capacity of embedding data and hardly is detectable for steganalysis algorithm. Keywords: Steganography; Steganalysis; Stego image; Cover image ;Bit plane; LSB-Matching 3 An Adaptive Steganographic Technique Based on Integer Wavelet Transform Abstract-Steganography gained importance in the past few years due to the increasing need for providing secrecy in an open environment like the internet. With almost anyone can observe the communicated data all around, steganography attempts to hide the very existence of the message and make communication undetectable. Many techniques are used to secure information such as cryptography that aims to scramble the information sent and make it unreadable while steganography is used to conceal the information so that no one can sense its existence. In most algorithms used to secure information both steganography and

cryptography are used together to secure a part of information. Steganography has many technical challenges such as high hiding capacity and imperceptibility. In this paper, we try to optimize these two main requirements by proposing a novel technique for hiding data in digital images by combining the use of adaptive hiding capacity function that hides secret data in the integer wavelet coefficients of the cover image with the optimum pixel adjustment (OPA) algorithm. The coefficients used are selected according to a pseudorandom function generator to increase the security of the hidden data. The OPA algorithm is applied after embedding secret message to minimize the embedding error. The proposed system showed high hiding rates with reasonable imperceptibility compared to other steganographic systems. Keywords-Steganography, adaptive algorithm, spatial domain, integer wavelet transform, discrete wavelet transform, optimum pixel adjustment algorithm. 4A Network Activity Classication Schema and Its Application to Scan Detection AbstractInternet trafc is neither well-behaved nor well-understood, which makes it difcult to detect malicious activities such as scanning. A large portion of scanning activity is of a slow scan type and is not currently detectable by security appliances. In this proof-of-concept study, a new scan detection technique is demonstrated that also improves our understanding of Internet trafc. Sessions are created using models of the behavior of packet-level data between host pairs, and activities are identied by grouping sessions based on patterns in the type of session, the IP addresses, and the ports. In a 24-h data set of nearly 10 million incoming sessions, a prodigious 78% were identied as scan probes. Of the scans, 80% were slower than basic detection methods can identify. To manage the large volume of scans, a prioritization method is introduced wherein scans are ranked based on whether a response was made and on the periodicity of the probes in the scan. The data is stored in an efcient manner, allowing activity information to be retained for very long periods of time. This technique provides insight into Internet trafc by classifying known activities, giving visibility to threats to the network through scan detection, while also extending awareness of the activities occurring on the network. Index TermsSecurity and protection, system management, trafc analysis.