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VMware Converter Users Manual

VMware Converter 3

VMware Converter Users Manual

VMware Converter Users Manual Version: 3.0 RC Revision: 20061228 Item: VMC-ENG-Q406-281

You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on our Web site at http://www.vmware.com/support/ The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates. If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to: docfeedback@vmware.com

2006 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Protected by one or more of U.S. Patent Nos. 6,397,242, 6,496,847, 6,704,925, 6,711,672, 6,725,289, 6,735,601, 6,785,886, 6,789,156, 6,795,966, 6,880,022, 6,961,941, 6,961,806, 6,944,699, 7,069,413; 7,082,598 and 7,089,377; patents pending. VMware, the VMware boxes logo and design, Virtual SMP and VMotion are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.

VMware, Inc. 3145 Porter Drive Palo Alto, CA 94304 www.vmware.com

VMware, Inc.

Contents

Contents 3
Preface 7 9

IntroductiontoVMwareConverter

MigrationwithVMwareConverter 9 VMwareConverterEditions 10 CloningandSystemReconfigurationofPhysicalMachines 10 HotandColdCloning 11 LocalandRemoteCloning 11 ExampleofRemoteHotCloning 11 ExampleofLocalColdCloning 13 CloningModes 14 VolumeBasedCloning 14 DiskBasedCloning 15 MigratingExistingVirtualMachinesandSystemImages 15 ConvertingVirtualMachines 15 ConfiguringVirtualMachines 15 ManagingTasks 15 WhatsNewforCustomersofP2VAssistantandVirtualMachineImporter 16 ForUsersofVMwareP2VAssistant 16 ForUsersofVMwareVirtualMachineImporter 16

SystemRequirements

17

ApplicationRequirements 17 MemoryRequirementsforColdCloning 18 PhysicalMachinesThatCanBeImported 18 VirtualMachinesandSystemImagesThatCanBeImported 18 SupportedDestinations 19 HowConvertingAffectsSettings 19 ChangestoVirtualHardware 20 TCP/IPPortsRequiredbyVMwareConverter 20

InstallingandUninstallingVMwareConverter

21

InstallingVMwareConverter 21 Uninstalling,Modifying,orRepairingVMwareConverter 22 InstallingVMwareConvertertoRuninInstallLessMode 23 AddingaLicense 23 PerformingaScriptedInstall 23

ImportingMachineswithVMwareConverter
SelectingtheProcedureforYourImport 25 ImportinginInstallLessMode 25 ColdCloningaPhysicalMachine 25 DetermingtheProceduretoFollow 26 StartingtheWizardforaConversion 26 Step1:SelectingYourSource 27
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SelectingaPhysicalMachineastheSource 27 SelectinganESXServerVirtualMachineastheSource 28 SelectingaStandaloneVirtualMachineastheSource 29 Step2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachine 30 ImportingYourSourceMachineasanESXServerVirtualMachine 31 ImportingYourSourceMachineasaWorkstationVirtualMachine 32 Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) CompletingtheImportTaskCreation 36

34

UsingtheConverterBootCDforLocalColdCloning

37

ColdCloningandtheConverterBootCD 37 StartingtheWizardforaConversion 37 Step1:SelectingYourSourceData 38 Step2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachine 39 ImportingYourSourceMachineasanESXServerVirtualMachine 39 ImportingYourSourceMachineasaWorkstationVirtualMachine 40 Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) CompletingtheImportTaskCreation 42 UsingpeTooltoModifytheConverterBootCD 42

40

ConfiguringVMwareVirtualMachines

45

StartingtheConfiguration 45 StartingtheWizardandGettingtoSourceSelection 45 SelectinganESXServerVirtualMachineastheSource 45 SelectingaStandaloneVirtualMachineastheSource 46 CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) 46 CompletingtheConfiguration 48

ManagingTasks

49

MultipleTasks 49 TaskView 49 TaskList 49 Toolbar 50 DetailsView 51 SummaryTab 51 TaskProgressTab 51 StartingandCancelingTasks 52 StartingaTaskfromtheTaskView(ForcingaQueuedTasktoRun) 52 CancelingaTask 52 DeletingaTask 52 LookingatProgressandtheLogs 53 ViewingaTasksProgress 53 ExportingandViewingtheLog 53 EditingTasks 53 EditingaTask 53 EditingaFailedTask 54 ManagingHowTasksRun 54 ControllingtheNumberofTasksRunningConcurrently 54 ChangingtheRunOrder 55 ChangingtheNumberofTasksDisplayedintheTaskList 55 ChangingWhichTasksAreDisplayedintheTaskList 55

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Contents

Glossary Index 65

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VMware Converter Users Manual

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Preface

Preface

ThisprefaceprovidesinformationabouttheVMwareConverterUsersManualandlinkstoVMwaretechnical supportandeducationalresources.

About This Book


Thismanual,theVMwareConverterUsersManual,providesinformationaboutinstallingandusingVMware Converter.

Revision History
Thismanualisrevisedwitheachreleaseoftheproductorwhennecessary.Arevisedversioncancontain minorormajorchanges. Table 2-1. Revision History
Revision 20061228 Description VMwareConverter3.0documentationtoaccompanytheinitialreleaseoftheproduct.

Toviewthemostcurrentversionofthemanual,seetheVMwareWebsite: http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/

Intended Audience
Thisbookisintendedforanyonewhoneedstoinstall,upgrade,oruseVMwareConverter.VMwareConverter userstypicallyincludepeoplewhodosoftwaredevelopmentandtestingorworkwithmultipleoperating systemsorcomputingenvironments:softwaredevelopers,QAengineers,trainers,salespeoplewhorun demos,andanyonewhowantstocreatevirtualmachines.Anothersetofusersincludesanyonewhoneedsto nonintrusivelycopyandtransformphysicalsystemsintoVMwarevirtualmachines,eitherlocallyor remotely.

Document Feedback
Ifyouhavecommentsaboutthisdocumentation,submityourfeedbackto: docfeedback@vmware.com

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VMware Converter Users Manual

Conventions
Thefollowingtypographicconventionsareusedinthismanual. Table 2-2. Conventions Used in This Manual
Style blueboldface(onlineonly) Monospace Monospace bold Italic <name> Elements Crossreferencesandlinks Commands,filenames,directories,andpaths Userinput Documenttitles,glossaryterms,andoccasionalemphasis Variableandparameternames

Technical Support and Education Resources


Thefollowingsectionsdescribethetechnicalsupportresourcesavailabletoyou.

Self-Service Support
UsetheVMwareTechnologyNetwork(VMTN)forselfhelptoolsandtechnicalinformation: Productinformationhttp://www.vmware.com/products/ Technologyinformationhttp://www.vmware.com/vcommunity/technology Documentationhttp://www.vmware.com/support/pubs VMTNKnowledgeBasehttp://www.vmware.com/support/kb Discussionforumshttp://www.vmware.com/community Usergroupshttp://www.vmware.com/vcommunity/usergroups.html FormoreinformationabouttheVMwareTechnologyNetwork,gotohttp://www.vmtn.net.

Online and Telephone Support


Useonlinesupporttosubmittechnicalsupportrequests,viewyourproductandcontractinformation,and registeryourproducts.Gotohttp://www.vmware.com/support. Customerswithappropriatesupportcontractsshouldusetelephonesupportforthefastestresponseon priority1issues.Gotohttp://www.vmware.com/support/phone_support.html.

Support Offerings
FindouthowVMwaresupportofferingscanhelpmeetyourbusinessneeds.Goto http://www.vmware.com/support/services.

VMware Education Services


VMwarecoursesofferextensivehandsonlabs,casestudyexamples,andcoursematerialsdesignedtobeused asonthejobreferencetools.FormoreinformationaboutVMwareEducationServices,goto http://mylearn1.vmware.com/mgrreg/index.cfm.

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Chapter 1 Introduction to VMware Converter

Introduction to VMware Converter

VMwareConverterprovidesaneasytouse,scalablesolutionformigrationsofmachines,bothphysicalto virtualandvirtualtovirtual.Optimizedformassmigration,VMwareConverterisequallyeffectivefor singlemachineconversions.Withitscomprehensivewizardsandtaskmanager,VMwareConverterimports virtualmachinesfaster,withfewermanualstepsrequiredandfewersourcehardwarelimitationsthanother methods.Withitsabilitytohotclone,Convertercanimportanewvirtualmachinewithnodowntimeonits sourcephysicalmachine. VMwareConvertercombinesandexpandsthefunctionalityavailableintheVMwareproductsP2VAssistant andVirtualMachineImporter.IteasesinteroperabilityamongVMwarehostedproducts(Workstation,ACE, VMwareServer,andVMwarePlayer),VirtualCentermanagedESXServer3.xand2.5.x,andunmanaged ESX Server3.x. Thischapterincludesthefollowingsections: MigrationwithVMwareConverteronpage 9 CloningandSystemReconfigurationofPhysicalMachinesonpage 10 MigratingExistingVirtualMachinesandSystemImagesonpage 15 ManagingTasksonpage 15 WhatsNewforCustomersofP2VAssistantandVirtualMachineImporteronpage 16

Migration with VMware Converter


WithVMwareConverteryouimportvirtualmachinesfromdifferentsourceformatsintooneofseveral VMwareproductdestinations.Usetheapplicationto: ConvertphysicalmachinesforuseacrossdifferentVMwareproductformats. ConvertvirtualmachinesforuseacrossdifferentVMwareproductformats. MovevirtualmachinesacrossdifferentVMwareproductplatforms. CreateVMwarevirtualmachinesfromthirdpartyformatslikeSymantecBackupExecSystemRecovery (formerlyLiveStateRecovery),NortonGhost,andMicrosoftVirtual ServerandVirtual PC. Reducethetimeneededtopopulatenewvirtualmachineenvironments. Migratelegacyserverstonewhardwarewithnoneedtoreinstalloperatingsystemsorapplication software. Performmigrationsacrossheterogeneoushardware. Proactivelyreadjustdisksizes,types,andpartitionstomaximizeutilizationofstorageresources. Startandmanagemultipleconcurrentmigrations. Viewaudittrail.

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VMware Converter Users Manual

source

destination
ESX Server 3.x host physical machines virtual machine

ESX Server 2.5.x host virtual machine

virtual machines

VMware Converter

VirtualCenter Server

Workstation 5 VMware Player VMware Server virtual machine

Workstation 4 GSX Server third-party images virtual machine

.sv2i

Figure 1-1. VMware Converter creates and migrates WMware ready virtual machines from a broad range of sources.

VMware Converter Editions


VMwareConvertercomesintwoeditions,StarterandEnterprise,tomeettheparticularneedofdifferentusers andusecases. Table 1-1. Differences Between Starter and Enterprise Editions
VMware Converter Starter Environment DesignedforsinglemigrationstoVMware productsuchasVirtualInfrastructure3, VMwarePlayer,WMwareWorkstation,and VMwareServer Freedownload VMware Converter Enterprise Designedformultipleconcurrentmigrations toVirtualInfrastructure3

License

LicensedasapartofSnS(Supportand Subscription)withVirtualCenter ManagementServer. LocalhotcloningtohostedproductsandESX Server;remotehotcloningtohostedproducts andESXServer;localcoldcloning(Converter BootCD)tohostedproductsandESXServer Multiple,concurrentmigrations.Taskediting

Cloning

Localhotcloningtohostedproducts (Workstation,VMwarePlayer,GSXServer, VMwareServer)andESXServer;remotehot cloningtohostedproductsonly Singlemigrationatatime Taskediting

Jobmanagement

Cloning and System Reconfiguration of Physical Machines


Cloningistheprocessofcreatingacloneddisk,wherethecloneddiskisavirtualdiskthatisanexactcopyof thesourcephysicaldisk.Thisinvolvescopyingthedataonaphysicalsourcemachinesharddiskand transferringthatdatatoatargetvirtualdisk(thenewcloneddisk).Systemreconfigurationistheprocessof adjustingthemigratedoperatingsystemtoenableittofunctiononvirtualhardware.Thisadjustmentis performedonthetargetvirtualdiskaftercloningandenablesthetargetvirtualdisktofunctionasabootable systemdiskinavirtualmachine. TheVMwareConverterwizardoutputsacompletelynewVMwarevirtualmachinebasedonasourcephysical machine.Themigrationprocessisnondestructive,soyoucancontinuetousetheoriginalsourcemachine.
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However,ifyouplantorunanimportedVMwarevirtualmachineonthesamenetworkasthesourcephysical machine,youmustmodifythenetworknameandIPaddressononeofthemachines,sothephysicaland virtualmachinescancoexistproperly.

Hot and Cold Cloning


VMwareConvertersupportshotcloningorcoldcloning.Hotcloning,alsocalledlivecloningoronlinecloning, entailscloningthesourcemachinewhileitisrunningitsoperatingsystem.Coldcloning,alsocalledoffline cloning,entailscloningthesourcemachinewhenitisnotrunningitsoperatingsystem.Incoldcloningthe userrebootsthesourcemachinefromaCDthathasitsownoperatingsystem,fromwhichtheVMware Converterapplicationruns.Coldcloningleavesnofootprintonthesourcemachine.

Local and Remote Cloning


Forlocalcloning,themigrationisperformedwiththeapplicationrunningonthesourcemachine.Withremote cloning,thesourcemachinecanbeaccessedwithouthavingtophysicallytouchit,aslongasitisrunning.

Example of Remote Hot Cloning


HereareillustrationsthatshowthegeneralstepsfollowedbyVMwareConverterafterauserhassetupa migrationtaskusingtheconverterwizardavailableontheapplication.Allthestepsintheillustrationsare automated.TheyareperformedbyConverterwithoutoperatorinvolvementaftertheuserhascreatedthetask withthewizard.Thisisanexampleofhotcloning,inwhichthephysicalmachinebeingclonedexperiencesno downtime. Remote hot cloning of a physical machine
VMware Converter running on Windows machine

source
running physical machine network

destination
ESX Server

source volumes

Figure 1-2. Initial state of source and destination machines.

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VMware Converter running on Windows machine

source
running physical machine 1 network

destination
3 ESX Server

agent

source volumes

2 snapshot

Figure 1-3. Preparing the source machine for a conversion. 1 2 TheConverterinstallstheagentonthesourcemachine. TheAgenttakesasnapshotofthesourcevolumes.
VMware Converter running on Windows machine

source
running physical machine network

destination
3 ESX Server

agent 4

VM volumes

source volumes

snapshot

Figure 1-4. Preparing the virtual machine on the destination machine. 3 4 Convertercreatesanewvirtualmachineonthedestinationmachine. TheAgentcopiesvolumesfromthesourcemachinetothedestinationmachine.
VMware Converter running on Windows machine

source
running physical machine reconfiguration customization (opt.) 5 source volumes snapshot 6 network

destination
ESX Server

agent

VM

Figure 1-5. Completing the conversion process. 5 6 TheAgentinstallstherequireddriverstoallowtheoperatingsystemtobootinavirtualmachine. TheAgentpersonalizesthevirtualmachine(forexample,changingtheIPinformation).

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VMware Converter running on Windows machine

source
running physical machine network

destination
ESX Server

VM 7 source volumes

Figure 1-6. Cleaning up. 7 Converterremovesalltracesfromthesourcemachine.

Example of Local Cold Cloning


HereareillustrationsthatshowthegeneralstepsfollowedbyVMwareConverterafterauserhassetupa migrationusingtheconverterwizardavailableontheBootCD.AftertheuserhasbootedfromtheConverter BootCDandusedtheapplicationonittodirectthecourseofthemigration,theremainingstepsareperformed byConverterwithoutoperatorinvolvementuntilrebootingthesourcemachinetoreturntoitsoriginal operatingsystem. Local cold cloning of a physical machine

source
physical machine network

destination
ESX Server

VMware Converter Boot CD 5 source volumes

Figure 1-7. Initial state of source and destination machines.

source
physical machine VMware Converter Boot CD Converter 1 source volumes image in RAM disk network

destination
3 ESX Server

2 copy

Figure 1-8. Preparing the source machine image. 1 2 UserbootsthesourcemachinefromtheCoverterBootCDandusesVMwareConvertertodefineandstart themigration. ConvertercopiesthesourcevolumesintoaRAMdisk.

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VMware Converter Users Manual

source
physical machine VMware Converter Boot CD Converter source volumes image in RAM disk network 3 4

destination
ESX Server

VM volumes

Figure 1-9. Preparing the virtual machine on the destination machine. 3 4 Convertercreatesanewvirtualmachineonthedestinationmachine. Convertercopiesvolumesfromthesourcemachinetothedestinationmachine.

source
physical machine VMware Converter Boot CD Converter source volumes network

destination
ESX Server

reconfiguratio
5

VM

(opt.) customization
6

image in RAM disk

Figure 1-10. Completing the conversion process. 5 6 Converterinstallstherequireddriverstoallowtheoperatingsystemtobootinavirtualmachine. Converterpersonalizesthevirtualmachine(forexample,changingtheIPinformation).

source
physical machine network

destination
ESX Server

VMware Converter Boot CD 7 5 source volumes

VM

Figure 1-11. Cleaning up. 7 UserremovesBootCDandrebootsthesourcephysicalmachinetoreturnittoitsownoperatingsystem. Thevirtualmachineisreadytorunonthedestinationmachine

Cloning Modes
VMwareConverterimplementstwocloningmodes:diskbasedcloningandvolumebasedcloning.

Volume-Based Cloning
VMwareConvertersupportsvolumebasedcloningforhotandcoldcloningandforimportationofexisting virtualmachines.Involumebasedcloning,allvolumesinthedestinationvirtualmachinearebasicvolumes, regardlessofthetypeinthecorrespondingsourcevolume.Sometypesofsourcevolumesareunsupported andareskippedduringcloning.

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Levelsofsupport: Hotcloningsupportsalltypesofsourcevolumes. Coldcloning(ConverterBootCD)supportsalltypesofdynamicvolumes,butdoesntsupport Windows NT 4faulttolerantvolumes. VirtualmachineimportingsupportsbasicvolumesandalltypesofdynamicvolumesexceptRAID.It doesntsupportWindows NT 4faulttolerantvolumes.OnlyMasterBootRecord(MBR)disksare supported.GUIDPartitionTable(GPT)disksarenotsupported.

Disk-Based Cloning
Convertersupportsdiskbasedcloningforcoldcloningandforimportationofexistingvirtualmachines. Diskbasedcloningtransfersallsectorsfromalldisks,preservingallvolumemetadata.Thedestinationvirtual machinereceivesexactlythesamevolumes,ofthesametype,asthoseofthesourcevirtualmachine. Diskbasedcloningsupportsalltypesofbasicanddynamicdisks.

Migrating Existing Virtual Machines and System Images


TheVMwareConverterwizardoutputsanewVMwarevirtualmachinebasedonasourcevirtualmachineor systemimage.Themigrationprocessisnondestructive,soyoucancontinuetousetheoriginalsourcevirtual machineorsystemimagewiththeproductusedtocreatethesourcevirtualmachine.Torunanimported VMwarevirtualmachineonthesamenetworkasthesourcevirtualmachine,modifythenetworknameand IPaddressononeofthevirtualmachinessothattheoriginalandnewvirtualmachinescancoexist.

Converting Virtual Machines


VMwareConverterletsyoumoveVMwarevirtualmachinesbetweenWorkstation,VMwarePlayer,ESX Server,GSXServer,andVMwareServer.ItalsoimportsvirtualmachinesfromMicrosoftVirtual Serverand Virtual PC.

Configuring Virtual Machines


ForVMwarevirtualmachineswhosediskshavebeenpopulatedbyrestoringfromabackupofaphysicalhost orbysomeotherdirectmeansofcopying,VMwareConverterpreparestheimagetorunonVMwarevirtual hardware.

Managing Tasks
VMwareConverterprovidesataskmanagerasanew,robusttoolformanagingmigrations.Thiscanbefora singleimportorformultiple,concurrentmigrations.Afteryoucreateataskusingtheconverterwizardtoset uphowyouwanttoimportamachine,usetheTaskViewofthemanagerto: Startorstopanimport Changetherunorder Forceaqueuedtasktorun Controlthenumberofjobsrunningsimultaneously Filtertheviewofwhattasksaredisplayed Editatask Viewatasksprogress Cancelatask Editandrestartafailedtask Deleteatask Viewanaudittrail

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Whats New for Customers of P2V Assistant and Virtual Machine Importer
VMwareConverterexpandsthefunctionalityavailabletousersofP2VAssistantandVirtualMachine Importer.HerearesomeofthenewfeaturesandcapabilitiesyougetwhenusingVMwareConverter.

For Users of VMware P2V Assistant


InmovingfromP2VAssistanttoVMwareConverter,youseemoreoptionsandabilitiesinmigratingphysical machines,alongwiththenewabilitytomigratevirtualmachines. VMwareConverterprovides: Single,centralmanagementconsoletoeasilydeploy,manage,andscheduleconversionswithouttheneed foraHelpervirtualmachine. Newhotcloningfunctionalityforcloningaphysicalmachinewhileitisrunning,withzeroserver downtimeforthesourcesystem. LocalcoldcloningfunctionalityusingthebootableVMwareConverterBootCD,withabroaderrangeof supportedsourceoperatingsystems. Remotecloningtoremovetheneedtowalktoandphysicallyinteractwitheachphysicalmachine. CustomtoolforaddingadditionalWindowsdriverstotheConverterBootCDISOimage. BroadhardwaresupportforphysicalmachinesascomparedtothepreviousgenerationP2VAssistant product. BlockbasedcloningtoenablesignificantlyfastercloningspeedsthanP2VAssistant2.xfilebasedcloning. FewermanualstepsforconversionascomparedtoP2VAssistant. Convertersupports: Multiplesimultaneousconversionsforahigherdegreeofscalability. CloningawidevarietyofWindowsoperatingsystemplatformsincludingWindows XP, Windows Server 003,Windows 2000,Windows NT4(SP6+),and64bitWindowsSupport(Windows XP andWindows Server 2003). ConversionofstandaloneVMwarevirtualmachinediskformats(VMwarePlayer,VMwareWorkstation, VMwareGSXServerandVMwareServer)acrossallVMwarevirtualmachineplatforms(including ESX Server 3.xandVirtualCenter 2.xmanagedserversastargethost). ConversionofthirdpartydiskimageformatssuchasMicrosoftVirtual PC,MicrosoftVirtual Server, SymantecBackupExecSystemRecovery(formerlyLiveStateRecovery),andNortonGhost 9(orhigher) toVMwarevirtualmachinediskformat.

For Users of VMware Virtual Machine Importer


InmovingfromVirtualMachineImportertoVMwareConverter,youseemoreoptionsandabilitiesin migratingvirtualmachines,alongwiththenewabilitytomigratephysicalmachines. VMwareConverterprovides: Single,centralmanagementconsoletoeasilydeploy,manage,andscheduleconversions. Multiplesimultaneousconversionsforahigherdegreeofscalability. Localhotcloningofphysicalmachinesforlivemigrationswithzeroserverdowntimeforthesource machine. Remotehotcloningofphysicalmachines. Imagecustomizationfeatureformodificationofthevirtualmachinesguestoperatingsystemproperties aftertheconversion.

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Chapter 2 System Requirements

System Requirements

ThischapterdescribestherequirementstobefulfilledbeforeoperatingVMwareConverteranddescribesthe compatibilitiesandinteroperabilitiesamongthesystemsonwhichandwithwhichitworks. Thechapterincludesthefollowingsections: ApplicationRequirementsonpage 17 MemoryRequirementsforColdCloningonpage 18 PhysicalMachinesThatCanBeImportedonpage 18 VirtualMachinesandSystemImagesThatCanBeImportedonpage 18 SupportedDestinationsonpage 19 HowConvertingAffectsSettingsonpage 19 TCP/IPPortsRequiredbyVMwareConverteronpage 20

Application Requirements
VMwareConverteranditsAgentrunonthefollowingMicrosoftWindowsoperatingsystems: Windows NTSP6+(withIE5orhigher) Windows2000 Windows200332bitand64bit WindowsXPProfessional32bitand64bit VMwareConvertercanruninvirtualmachinesthatusetheaboveasguestoperatingsystems. NOTE AlthoughVMwareConverteroperatesonWindowsonly,afterthemigrationyoucantransferthe virtualmachinetotheVMwaresupportedhostplatformofyourchoice.

Forconfiguringvirtualmachines,orforimportingthirdpartyimagesandVMwarehostedproductvirtual machines,theoperatingsystemonwhichConverterrunsmustbeequalto,orgreaterthan,theoperating systemonthesourcemachine,asshowninTable 21.

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Table 2-1. Operating system compatibility for configuring, importing VMware hosted products, or importing third-party images.
Operating system on source machine Windows NT Server Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows 2003 Compatible operating systems on the system running VMware Converter Windows NT Server X Windows 2000 X X Windows XP X X X X Windows 2003 X X X X

Spaceinformationandrequirementsforinstallation: Installersize24MB Installedfiles73MB Minimumbootdriverequirement(ifinstalledonbootdrive)120MB Minimumbootdriverequirement(ifinstalledonanotherdrive)105MB TheVMwareConverterBootCDrunsonitsowncopyofWindowsPreinstallationEnvironment(WinPE).

Memory Requirements for Cold Cloning


ForcoldcloningwiththeVMwareConverterBootCD(seeChapter 5,UsingtheConverterBootCDforLocal ColdCloning,onpage 37),thesourcephysicalmachinemustmeetcertainmemoryrequirements. TheminimummemoryrequirementonthephysicalmachineforrunningConverterBootCDis264MB.The recommendedmemoryis364MB. Table 2-2. Memory requirements for cold cloning with the Boot CD
If the source physical machines memory (m) is Lessthan264MB Greaterthanorequalto264MBbutlessthan296MB Greaterthanorequalto296MBbutlessthan364MB Then the Boot CD Cannotperformacoldclone. Canperformacoldclone,butcannotuseaRAMdisk. CanperformacoldclonewithaRAMdisk,althoughusing networkshareissuggested.TheRAMdisksizeismminus 264MB. CanperformacoldclonewithaRAMdisk. TheRAMdisksizeismminus264MB,uptoalimitof124MB.

Greaterthanorequalto364MB

Physical Machines That Can Be Imported


VMwareConvertercanhotcloneandreconfigureanyphysicalmachinerunninganoperatingsystemnoted intheprevioussection,ApplicationRequirements. Foracoldclone,theVMwareConverterBootCDcanbestartedfrom,andclone,machinesfittedoutwith storagecontrollersandnetworkadaptersthatMicrosoftlistsassupportedinWindows2003.Withthis requirementmet,Convertercanclonemachinesrunningoperatingsystemsnotedintheprevioussection.

Virtual Machines and System Images That Can Be Imported


VMwareConvertercanimportvirtualmachinescreatedwith: Workstation5.xandWorkstation4.x VMwarePlayer1.x ESXServer3.x ESXServer2.5.x(ifthevirtualmachineismanagedwithVirtualCenter2.x)

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Chapter 2 System Requirements

GSXServer3.x VMwareServer1.x VirtualCenter2.x MicrosoftVirtual PCversion7andlater AnyversionofMicrosoftVirtual Server VMwareConvertercanimportsystemimagesfromSymantecBackupExecSystemRecovery(formerly LiveStateRecovery)andNortonGhostversion9andhigher. Notethefollowinglimitations: Virtualmachinesmustbepoweredoffbeforeyouimportthem.Youcannotimportsuspendedvirtual machines. VirtualmachinesfromMacintoshversionsofVirtual PCarenotsupported. TheoperatingsystemonthesourceVirtual PCorVirtual ServervirtualmachinemustbeaWindows guestoperatingsystemsupportedbytheintendedVMwareplatform(forexample,VMware Workstation 4or5).SeetheVMwareWebsiteforalistofsupportedoperatingsystems: http://www.vmware.com/support/guestnotes/doc/index.html VMwareConvertersupportsVirtual PCandVirtual ServervirtualmachineswithmostWindows operatingsystemspriortoWindows NT 4.0forcloningonly.Itdoesnotsupportconfiguringformachines withearlierWindowsoperatingsystems. NOTE Virtual PCandVirtual ServervirtualmachineswithnonWindowsguestoperatingsystems(for example,LinuxandDOS)arenotcompatiblewithVMwareConverter.Thisistrueevenwhen thedestinationVMwareplatformotherwisesupportsthatguestoperatingsystem.

Supported Destinations
VMwareConvertercanoutputvirtualmachinesthatarecompatiblewith: Workstation5.xandWorkstation4.x VMwarePlayer1.x ESXServer3.x ESXServer2.5.x(supportonlybyimportingthroughaVirtualCenter2.xserverthatmanagesthe ESX Server) GSXServer3.x VMwareServer1.x VirtualCenter2.x NOTE Workstation4virtualmachinesarecompatiblewithVMwareGSXServer3.0,ESXServer2.x,and ACE1.x.

How Converting Affects Settings


TheVMwarevirtualmachinecreatedbytheConvertercontainsanexactcopyofthediskstatefromyour sourcephysicalmachine,virtualmachine,orsystemimage,withtheexceptionofsomehardwaredependent drivers(andsometimesthemappeddriveletters).Settingsfromthesourcecomputerthatremainidentical include: Operatingsystemconfiguration(computername,securityID,useraccounts,profilesandpreferences, andsoforth) Applicationsanddatafiles Eachdiskpartitionsvolumeserialnumber
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VMware Converter Users Manual

Becausethetargetandthesourcevirtualmachinesorsystemimageshavethesameidentities(name,SID,and soon),runningbothonthesamenetworkcanresultinconflicts.Toredeploythesourcevirtualmachineor systemimage,ensurethatyoudonotrunboththesourceandtargetimagesorvirtualmachinesonthesame networkatthesametime. Forexample,ifyouuseVMwareConvertertotesttheviabilityofrunningaVirtual PCvirtualmachineasa VMwarevirtualmachinewithoutfirstdecommissioningtheoriginalVirtual PCmachine,youmustresolve theduplicateIDproblemfirst.Youcanresolvethisproblembyusingtheoptionalcustomizationstepin VMwareConverterManager.

Changes to Virtual Hardware


MostmigratedapplicationsshouldfunctioncorrectlyintheVMwarevirtualmachinebecausetheir configurationanddatafileshavethesamelocationasthesourcevirtualmachine.However,applications mightnotworkiftheydependonspecificcharacteristicsoftheunderlyinghardwaresuchastheserialnumber orthedevicemanufacturer. Whentroubleshootingaftervirtualmachinemigration,noticethefollowingpotentialhardwarechanges: CPUmodelandserialnumbers(ifactivated)canbedifferentafterthemigration.Theycorrespondtothe physicalcomputerhostingtheVMwarevirtualmachine. Ethernetadaptercanbedifferent(AMDPCNetorVMXnet)withadifferentMACaddress.Each interfacesIPaddressmustbeindividuallyreconfigured. Graphicscardcanbedifferent(VMwareSVGAcard). Numbersofdisksandpartitionsarethesame,buteachdiskdevicecanhaveadifferentmodeland differentmanufacturerstrings. Primarydiskcontrollerscanbedifferentfromthesourcemachinescontrollers. Applicationsmightnotworkiftheydependondevicesthatarenotavailablefromwithinavirtual machine.

TCP/IP Ports Required by VMware Converter


Table 23liststheportsConverterusesintheconversionprocess. Table 2-3. Ports required by Converter
Communication Paths Converterapplicationtoremotephysicalmachine ConverterapplicationtoVirtualCenterServer ConverterapplicationtoESXServer3.x PhysicalmachinetoVirtualCenterServer PhysicalmachinetoESXServer3.x Port 445and139 902 902 902 902

IfyourVirtualCenterServersorESX Serversareconfiguredtolistenonport905,youwillhavetomake adjustmentsaccordingly.

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Chapter 3 Installing and Uninstalling VMware Converter

Installing and Uninstalling VMware Converter

ThischapterdescribesthebasicstepsforinstallingVMwareConverter,forboththeStarterandEnterprise editions. Thechapterincludesthefollowingsections: InstallingVMwareConverteronpage 21 Uninstalling,Modifying,orRepairingVMwareConverteronpage 22 InstallingVMwareConvertertoRuninInstallLessModeonpage 23 AddingaLicenseonpage 23 PerformingaScriptedInstallonpage 23

Installing VMware Converter


YoucaninstallVMwareConverterontoaphysicalmachineorvirtualmachine.Thetypicalsetupinstallsboth VMwareConverteranditsVMwareConverterAgent.However,youcanchooseacustominstallationtoinstall oneortheothercomponentbyitself. To install VMware Converter 1 MakesuretheConvertersystemrequirementshavebeenmet. SeeSystemRequirementsonpage 17. 2 3 DownloadthelatestversionofVMwareConverterfromtheVMwareWebsite: http://www.vmware.com Tostarttheinstaller,gotothefolderthatcontainstheinstallerfileyoudownloadedanddoubleclickthe file: VMware-p2v-3.x.x-<xxxxx>.exe Inthisexample,<xxxxx>isthenameofthebuild.ThisfileisontheapplicationCDorinthelocaldirectory towhichyoudownloadedtheinstaller. APreparingtoInstalldialogboxappearsmomentarilyandtheVMwareConverterinstallationwizard openswithaWelcomepage. Ifyouhaveanolderversionoftheapplicationinstalledonthemachine,youmustuninstallit.Inthiscase, beforetheWelcomepageappears,adialogboxappearsaskingifyouwanttouninstalltheprevious version.ClickYestocontinue.ClickNotoexittheinstallationwizard. 4 5 ClickNextontheWelcomepage. IntheEndUserLicenseAgreementpage,selectIacceptthetermsintheLicenseAgreement,andclick Next.

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SelectthelocationfolderforVMwareConverterintheDestinationFolderpageandclickNext. ThedefaultlocationisC:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Converter.Toinstallinanotherlocation,click Changeandbrowseforthenewlocation.

IfyouhaveaVMwareEnterpriselicense,addthelicensefileintheLicensingpageandclickNext. Youcanalsowaituntilafterinstallationandentertheinformationwhenyouhavetheapplication running.SeeAddingaLicenseonpage 23. IfyouareusingtheStarteredition,youdonotneedtoenteranything.

8 9

SelectaTypicalinstallationorCustominstallationandclickNext. IntheCustomSetuppage,choosewhichcomponentstoinstall,eitherConverterManagerorConverter Agentorboth,andclickNext. Ifyouinstallbothcomponentsyoucanmanagetheimportofphysicalorvirtualmachinestoany authorizedlocation. IfyouinstallonlyConverterManager,youcanusethatmachinetoimportonlyremotephysicalmachines. InstallingConverterAgentpreparesthelocalphysicalmachineforimport.WhenusedwiththeConverter Manager,italsoenablestheimportationofthefullrangeofmachinetypes.

10

IntheReadytoInstalltheProgrampage,clickInstall. Messagesappearthatindicatetheprogressoftheinstallation. IfyouclickCancelduringtheinstallation,theinstalledfilesarerolledbackandtheoperatingsystemis returnedtoitsoriginalstate.

11

WhenthewizarddisplaystheInstallationCompletedpage,clickFinish. TheRunVMwareConverternowcheckboxisselectedbydefault.Tofinishinstallationbutnotlaunch theapplicationatthistime,deselectthecheckboxbeforeclickingFinish. IfyoursystemisrunningWindows 2000orWindows NTandyouhaveinstalledConverterAgent,you mustrestartyoursystembeforeyoucanuseVMwareConverter.

Uninstalling, Modifying, or Repairing VMware Converter


InadditiontobeingabletousetheMicrosoftWindowsAddorRemoveProgramsutilityfromthecontrolpage touninstallVMwareConverter,youcanalsoremoveitusingtheVMwareConverterinstallerwizard. TheinstallerwizardhastheadditionalcapabilitytoallowyoutomodifyorrepairVMwareConverter. To uninstall, modify, or repair VMware Converter 1 TostarttheVMwareConverterinstaller,gotothefolderthatcontainstheinstallerfileanddoubleclick thefile: VMware-p2v-3.x.x-<xxxxx>.exe Inthisexample,<xxxxx>isthenameofthebuild.ThisfileisontheApplicationCDorinthelocaldirectory towhichyoudownloadedtheinstaller. TheConverterinstallationwizardopenswithaWelcomepage. 2 3 ClickNext. IntheProgramMaintenancepage,selectModify,Repair,orRemoveandclickNext. SelectModifytochangetheinstalledcomponentsofVMwareConverter.Thistakesyoutothe CustomSetuppageofthewizard,whereyoucanmakechanges.SeeStep 9inToinstallVMware Converteronpage 21. SelectRepairtohavethewizardverifyandreinstallanydamagedcomponentsoftheConverter. SelectRemovetouninstallVMwareConverter.

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IntheRemovetheProgrampage,youcanremoveallrelatedfilesandregistryentriescreatedbyVMware Converter,andremovethelicensefilefortheEnterpriseeditionifyouhaveit.ClickRemove. Alternatively,ifyouaremodifyingorrepairingVMwareConverter,thepagethatappearsistheReadyto ModifytheProgramortheReadytoRepairtheProgrampage,withoutanymentionoffiledeletion. WhenthewizardfinishesremovingorrepairingtheConverter,youmighthavetorestartyoursystem beforeyoucanuseVMwareConverter.Ifso,adialogboxappears. Youhavefinishedmodifying,repairing,orremovingVMwareConverter.

Installing VMware Converter to Run in Install-Less Mode


YoucanconvertarunningremotephysicalmachinewithouthavingVMwareConverterinstalledonthe machinefromwhichyoudirectthemigration.Thisiscalledinstalllessmode.ForthisyouhaveConverter Manageronanetworkshare,mountitfromthesystemfromwhichyoudirectthemigration,andrunthe executablefromthere. SeeImportinginInstallLessModeonpage 25.

Adding a License
IfyouhavenotidentifiedalicensefilefortheEnterpriseeditionwhenyouinstalledVMwareConverter,you candosolaterintheapplicationitself. To add an Enterprise license 1 2 3 4 LaunchtheVMwareConverterManagerapplicationbydoubleclickingontheConvertericon. ChooseAdministration>LicensingInformationinthemainmenu. ClickAddLicenseintheLicenseInformationdialogbox. Inthebrowser,findandselectthelicensefileandclickOpen. Ifthelicenseisvalid,theLicenseInformationdialogboxshowstheexpirationdateforit. 5 ClickClose.

To change an Enterprise license 1 2 3 4 LaunchtheVMwareConverterManagerapplication. ChooseAdministration>LicensingInformationinthemainmenu. ClickChangeLicenseintheLicenseInformationdialogbox. Inthebrowser,findandselectthelicensefileandclickOpen. Ifthelicenseisvalid,theLicenseInformationdialogboxshowstheexpirationdateforthechanged license. 5 ClickClose.

Performing a Scripted Install


Foradministratorswhowanttoperformapushinstall,youcaninstallConverterusingDeploymentConsole. TwoConverterjobs,distributeP2VInstalleranduninstallp2v,shouldbesetupastasksunder Job:System Jobs:Config Jobs. Usingdistributep2vinstallerlaunchesVMware-p2v-3.x.x-<xxxxx>.exe(where<xxxxx>isthenameofthe build).UsetheoptionslistedinTable 31.

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Table 3-1. Some scripted install command-line options


Option Action Denotespathtotheinstaller. Installsthelistedfeatures.ForConverter,theoptionsareP2VGUI, P2VAgent,andALL(casesensitive). Ifarebootisrequired,itwillbesuppressed. Quiet,noUI. Quiet,withprogressinformation,nouserinteraction. Setsthevalueofpropertytopropertyvalue. Preventstheinstallerfrombeingupgraded. UninstallsConverter,usingtheuninstallkeyforConverterfoundinthe registry.Tofindtheuninstallkey:inRegEdit,usethepath HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Uninstall,choosethetopkeyinthelistandusethe downarrowuntiltherightpaneshowstheinformationforVMware Converter. ListsMSIcommands.

INSTALLDIR=[path] ADDLOCAL=[feature(,feature. . .)] REBOOT=\REALLYSUPPRESS\ /qn /q PROPERTY=[property value] REMOTEINSTALL=1 msiexec /quiet/uninstall {[uninstall key]}

msiexec ?

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Chapter 4 Importing Machines with VMware Converter

Importing Machines with VMware Converter

ThischapterdescribeshowtocreateaVMwareConvertertasktoimportphysicalmachines,virtualmachines, andsystemimagesfromavarietyofsourcesintoavarietyofdestinationsusinglocalandremotehotcloning. Forlocalcoldcloning,seeChapter 5,UsingtheConverterBootCDforLocalColdCloning. Forconfiguringvirtualmachinesandsystemimages,seeChapter 6,ConfiguringVMwareVirtual Machines. SeeChapter 7,ManagingTaskstorunthemigrationafteryoucreatethetask. Thischapterincludesthefollowingsections: SelectingtheProcedureforYourImportonpage 25 StartingtheWizardforaConversiononpage 26 Step1:SelectingYourSourceonpage 27 Step2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachineonpage 30 Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)onpage 34 CompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36

Selecting the Procedure for Your Import


Withthreecategoriesofsourcemachinesandimages(physicalmachine,standalonemachine,ESXServer machine),andtwocategoriesofdestinations(standaloneWorkstationmachine,ESXServermachine),the procedureforyourconversioncanvaryfromjobtojob.UseTable 41,MenuofProceduresforConverting Machines,onpage 26tofindthecombinationofproceduresthatmatchesyoursourceanddestination machines.

Importing in Install-Less Mode


InstalllessmodeentailsconvertingarunningremotephysicalmachinewithouthavingtoinstalltheVMware ConverterManager(sometimescalledtheGUI)ontothemachinefromwhichyouareinitiatingthe migration.Torunininstalllessmode,temporarilyinstalltheConverterManageronamachineandcopythe filesintheinstalldirectorytoanetworkshare.Afterthisyoucanmountthenetworksharefromanother machineandruntheexecutablewithouthavetoinstallitonthatparticularmachine. AfterstartingtheConverterManagerfromthemountednetworkshare,followtheprocedureslistedfora remotephysicalmachineassourceinTable 41,MenuofProceduresforConvertingMachines,onpage 26.

Cold Cloning a Physical Machine


SeeChapter 5,UsingtheConverterBootCDforLocalColdCloning,onpage 37forinstructionsonusing theVMwareConverterBootCDtocoldclonealocalphysicalmachine.

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Determing the Procedure to Follow


Table 41liststheproceduresforconvertingthethreecategoriesofsourcestothetwocategoriesof destinations.Useittonavigatethroughthecombinationofproceduresspecifictoyourneed.
.v

Table 4-1. Menu of Procedures for Converting Machines


Source VMware Standalone Virtual Machine (Workstation or VMware Server) Destination ESX Server or VirtualCenter Server Virtual Machine StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectingaPhysicalMachineasthe Sourceonpage 27 ImportingYourSourceMachineasan ESXServerVirtualMachineonpage 31

Physical Machine

StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectingaPhysicalMachineasthe Sourceonpage 27 ImportingYourSourceMachineasa WorkstationVirtualMachineonpage 32

Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) onpage 34 CompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36 Standalone Virtual Machine1 StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectingaStandaloneVirtualMachine astheSourceonpage 29 ImportingYourSourceMachineasa WorkstationVirtualMachineonpage 32 StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectingaStandaloneVirtualMachine astheSourceonpage 29 ImportingYourSourceMachineasan ESXServerVirtualMachineonpage 31

Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) onpage 34 CompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36 ESX Server or VirtualCenter Virtual Machine StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectinganESXServerVirtualMachine astheSourceonpage 28 ImportingYourSourceMachineasa WorkstationVirtualMachineonpage 32 StartingtheWizardforaConversionon page 26 SelectinganESXServerVirtualMachine astheSourceonpage 28 ImportingYourSourceMachineasan ESXServerVirtualMachineonpage 31

Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional) onpage 34 CompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36


1

IncludesVMwareWorkstation,MicrosoftVirtualPCandVirtualServer,andSymantecBackupExecServerRecovery (formerlyLiveStateRecovery)andNortonGhost 9andhigherimages.

ForinformationonthirdpartysourcemachinesandimagessupportedbyVMwareConverter,seeVirtual MachinesandSystemImagesThatCanBeImportedonpage 18.

Starting the Wizard for a Conversion


FollowthesestepstostarttheVMwareConverterwizardfromtheVMwareConverterapplication. To start the wizard 1 2 3 LaunchtheVMwareConverterapplication. ClickImportMachineintheupperleftpartofthetoolbar. ClickNextontheWelcometotheVMwareConverterImportWizardpage. TheSourcepageintroducestheTableofContentspane.Convertercombinesitsproceduresunderthree sections(Steps):Step1:Source,Step2:Destination,andStep3:Customization.Whenyouproceed toasection(Step),thatsectionexpandstodisplaythenamesofthepagesthewizardleadsyouthrough. WhenyouarefinishedwiththatStepsection,thenextexpands. ContinuewithStep1:SelectingYourSourceonpage 27.
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Step 1: Selecting Your Source


Afteryoustartthewizard,youhavethreecategoriestochoosefromforthesourceforconvertingyourvirtual machine.Dependingonyoursource,gotooneofthefollowingsections: SelectingaPhysicalMachineastheSourceonpage 27 SelectinganESXServerVirtualMachineastheSourceonpage 28 SelectingaStandaloneVirtualMachineastheSourceonpage 29

Selecting a Physical Machine as the Source


Followthesestepsifyoursourcesystemisalocalorremotephysicalmachine,oraremotephysicalmachine ifyouarerunningininstalllessmode.. Ifthemachineislocal,youmusthaveinstalledtheVMwareConverterAgentonitbeforestartingthe conversion. To select the source physical machine and choose the disks to import 1 OntheSourcepage,clickNexttogototheSourceTypepage.

2 3

SelectthePhysicalcomputerradiobuttonontheSourceTypepage,andclickNext. Foraremotemachine,typeitsnameorIPaddress(orchooseamachinefromthedropdownlist). TypetheDOMAIN\usernameandPasswordfortheremotemachineontheSourceLoginpage,andclick Next. Foralocalmachine,selecttheThislocalmachinebutton(theauthorizationissettothecurrentuserin thiscaseandcannotbechanged)andclickNext.

Choosethediskstoimportbyfollowingtheremainingstepsinthisprocedure. Forhotcloningofaphysicalmachine,VMwareConverterenablesvolumebasedcloningonly.

Deselectanyvolumesyoudonotwanttoimport. Ifyoudeselectthesystemvolumeoractivevolume,awarningappearsbeforeyougotothenextpage.

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Whendoingvolumebasedcloning,Converternormallyskipsthepageandhibernationfiles,because theyarelargeanddonotcontainanyinformationthatauserwouldordinarilywanttocopy.However, youhavetheoptiontonotignorethesefiles.Whendoingdiskbasedcloning,Convertercannotprovide anoptiontoskipthesefiles. 6 SpecifythevolumesizeyouwantintheNewDiskSpacedropdowncombobox,andclickNext. Thechoicesare: MaintainSize(<sizefromTotalSizecolumn>)Choosetokeeptheoriginalvolumesize. Min[imum]Size(<sizefromUsedcolumn,plusalittleadditional>)Choosetoimportjusttheused portionfromthevolume,withasmallamountofspaceadded. <TypeSizeinGB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeingigabytes. <TypeSizeinMB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeinmegabytes. Typinginavaluelessthantheminimumsizeresultsinawarningmessage.

ContinuewithStep2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachineonpage 30.

Selecting an ESX Server Virtual Machine as the Source


FollowthesestepsifyoursourcesystemisavirtualmachinefromVMwareESX Serverormanagedby VirtualCenter. To select the source ESX Server virtual machine and choose the disks to import 1 2 3 OntheSourcepage,clickNexttogototheSourceTypepage. SelecttheESXServerorVirtualCentervirtualmachineradiobuttonontheSourceTypepage,andclick Next. OntheSourceLoginpage,typeinorchoosetheESXServerorVirtualCenterServercontainingthevirtual machineyouwanttoimport. TheESX/VCServerdropdownboxispopulatedwiththeidentifiersorlocationsofthelast10systems loggedinto.Youcantypeinanewidentifier. IfyouchoseanESXServermachine,proceedtothenextstep.IfyouchoseaVirtualCenterserver,goto Step 6.

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4 5 6

ChoosethevirtualmachineyouwanttoimportfromthelistofthosefoundontheESXServermachine youloggedonto. ClickNextandgotoStep 7. SpecifythesourceforyourvirtualmachineintheVirtualCentervirtualmachineinventorybrowser,and clickNext. YoucansearchthebrowserthroughoneoftwoviewsoftheinventorythedefaultHosts&Clusters viewortheVirtualMachines&TemplatesviewintheViewdropdownbox.

Toimportalldisksunchanged,makesuretheImportalldisksandmaintainsizeradiobuttonisselected ontheSourceDatapageandclickNext.Importalldisksandmaintainsizeistheonlychoiceifthevirtual machineyouareimportinghasaLinuxguestoperatingsystem. Otherwise,selecttheSelectvolumesandresizetosaveoraddspaceradiobuttonandfollowthe remainingstepsinthisprocedure.

Deselectanyvolumesyoudonotwanttoimport. Ifyoudeselectthesystemvolumeoractivevolume,awarningappearsbeforeyougotothenextpage.

SpecifythevolumesizeyouwantintheNewDiskSpacedropdowncombobox,andclickNext. Thechoicesare: MaintainSize(<sizefromTotalSizecolumn>)Choosetokeeptheoriginalvolumesize. Min[imum]Size(<sizefromUsedcolumn,plusalittleadditional>)Choosetoimportjusttheused portionfromthevolume,withasmallamountofspaceadded. <TypeSizeinGB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeingigabytes. <TypeSizeinMB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeinmegabytes. Typinginavaluelessthantheminimumsizeresultsinawarningmessage.

ContinuewithStep2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachineonpage 30.

Selecting a Standalone Virtual Machine as the Source


Followthesestepsifyoursourcesystemisalocalorremotestandalonevirtualmachine(thatis,onethatisa virtualmachinefromVMwareWorkstation 4or5,VMwarePlayer,VMwareServer,VMwareGSX Server, MicrosoftVirtual PC,MicrosoftVirtual Server,oraSymantecBackupExecSystemRecovery[formerly LiveStateRecovery]orNortonGhost 9orhigherimage). To select the source standalone virtual machine and choose the disks to import 1 2 3 4 OntheSourcepage,clickNexttogototheSourceTypepage. SelecttheStandalonevirtualmachineradiobuttonontheSourceTypepage,andclickNext. BrowseforthesourcevirtualmachineorimagefromtheSelectVirtualMachinepage,andclickNext. InthefilebrowserselectthefileforthemachineyouwanttoimportandclickOpen. YoucanfilterthetypesoffilesshownbyusingtheFilesoftypedropdownbox.Filetypechoicesare: VMwareWorkstationFiles(*.vmx,*.vmtn) MicrosoftVirtualServerFiles(*.vmc) SymantecBackupExecSystemRecoveryFiles(*.sv2i) AllSupportedFiles TheVMwareConverterinspectsthefile. IfthesourcevirtualmachineisWindows NTSMP,theVMwareConvertermightrequirefilesfromservice packsorhotfixes.Inthiscase,theNewVirtualMachineReconfigurationpageappears.Otherwise, proceedtoStep 7.
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NOTE

IfyouarerunningVMwareConverteronasystemrunningMicrosoftWindows 2000orlater, andyouareimportingaMicrosoftWindows NT4.0virtualmachineorimage,awarning messageadvisesthattheimportprocesswillupgradeanyNTFSpartitionsintheresulting virtualmachinetoanewerversionoftheNTFSfilesystem.Toavoidupgradingyourfilesystem, clickNointhedialogboxandclickCancelinthewizardpagetoendtheimport.Runthe ConverterfromacomputerrunningWindows NTtoimportthevirtualmachineorimage.

Thewizardshowswhichfilesitrequires.TheNextbuttonremainsdisableduntileveryitemhasacheck besideit. 5 SelecttherowintheFilecolumn,insertthemediacontainingthatfile,andclickHaveDisk.Or,ifyou havethefileavailableonyoursystemornetwork,clickHaveDiskandbrowsetoselectthefile. Theimporterreadsthefile,andputsacheckmarkintherowifsuccessful. 6 Repeatthisforeachrequiredfile,andwhenfinished,clickNext. Ifthesourcevirtualmachineyouveselectedispasswordprotected,theVirtualMachineLoginpage appears. 7 TypethepasswordandclickNext. Ifthesourcevirtualmachineisnotpasswordprotected,thewizardskipsthispageandpresentsthe SourceDatapage. 8 Toimportalldisksunchanged,makesuretheImportalldisksandmaintainsizeradiobuttonisselected ontheSourceDatapageandclickNext. Ifyouarecreatingalinkedclone,youmustusetheImportalldisksoption.Importalldisksistheonly choiceifthevirtualmachineyouareimportinghasaLinuxguestoperatingsystem. Otherwise,selecttheSelectvolumesandresizetosaveoraddspaceradiobuttonandfollowthe remainingstepsinthisprocedure. 9 Deselectanyvolumesyoudonotwanttoimport. Ifyoudeselectthesystemvolumeoractivevolume,awarningappearsbeforeyougotothenextpage. 10 SpecifythevolumesizeyouwantintheNewDiskSpacedropdowncombobox,andclickNext. Thechoicesare: MaintainSize(<sizefromTotalSizecolumn>)Choosetokeeptheoriginalvolumesize. Min[imum]Size(<sizefromUsedcolumn,plusalittleadditional>)Choosetoimportjusttheused portionfromthevolume,withasmallamountofspaceadded. <TypeSizeinGB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeingigabytes. <TypeSizeinMB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeinmegabytes. Typinginavaluelessthantheminimumsizeresultsinawarningmessage. ContinuewithStep2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachine.

Step 2: Choosing a Destination for the New Virtual Machine


AfteryouhavespecifiedyoursourceusingthepagescollectedunderStep1,choosefromtwocategoriesof virtualmachineforyourdestination.Dependingonyourdestination,gotooneofthefollowingsections: ImportingYourSourceMachineasanESXServerVirtualMachineonpage 31 ImportingYourSourceMachineasaWorkstationVirtualMachineonpage 32

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Importing Your Source Machine as an ESX Server Virtual Machine


FollowthesestepsifyouareimportingthevirtualmachinetoruninESXServerorinESXServermanagedby VirtualCenter. To select the destination for your converted virtual machine 1 2 3 ClickNextontheDestinationheaderpagetomovetotheDestinationTypepage. SelecttheVMwareESXServerorVirtualCentervirtualmachineradiobuttonandclickNext. IntheDestinationLoginpage,logontoitsdestinationserverandclickNext. ESXorVirtualCenterServerLoginIdentifywhichserverreceivesthenewvirtualmachineandhowto gainaccesstothatserver.Choosethedestinationserverfromthosepresentedinthedropdownboxor typeinthenameoftheserverifitisnotlisted.Typeyourusernameandthepasswordforthedestination server. IfyouchoseanESX Server,continuewiththenextstep.IfyouchoseaVirtualCenterserver,gotoStep 5. 4 IntheVirtualMachineNamepage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine,andclick NextandgotoStep 8. IfavirtualmachinewiththesamenameexistsintheESX Server,VMwareConverterdisplaysawarning messageandasksyoutoselectanothername. 5 6 IntheVirtualMachineNameandFolderpage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine. BecauseyouhaveselectedaVirtualCenterserverasthedestination,youmustchooseafolderwithinthe VirtualCenterinventory.ClickNext. UnlikeanESX Serverhost,theVirtualCenterinventorymightcontainmultiplehosts,clusters,and datacenters. 7 SpecifytheresourcesfortheimportedvirtualmachineintheHostorClusterpageandclickNext. Youselectthehost,cluster(forVirtualCenterServersonly),orresourcepoolwithinahostorclusterfrom whichtorunthevirtualmachine.Ifyouselectaclusterinmanualmode,gotothenextsteptochoosea hostonthatcluster.Otherwise,gotoStep 9. 8 9 IntheHostpage,choosethespecifichostforthevirtualmachine(clusterinmanualmodeonly)andclick Next. Specifythedatastoreforthevirtualmachinesconfigurationfilesanddisks,andclickNext. Alldatastoresandtheiravailablespaceappearinthispanel.Youmustchooseadatastoreordatastores bigenoughtocontaintheselecteddisks. Todistributethedisksoverseveraldatastores,clickAdvanced>>toseethelistofdisksandthevirtual machineconfigurationfile.Choosethedatastoreforeachdiskandfilefromthedropdownmenus.If thereisnotenoughspace,anerrormessageappearsstatingtherequiredamount.

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10 MapthevirtualmachinesnetworkadapterstoaVirtualCenternetworkintheNetworkspage,andclick Next. TheNetworkspaneldisplaysindropdownmenusthenetworksavailableatthedestinationlocation.The numberofadapterstomapcanbesetinadropdownmenuaswell. ContinuewithStep3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)on page 34.Ifyoudonotwanttocustomizethenewvirtualmachine,youmustgothroughtheCustomization pageinStep3toindicatethatyoudonot.

Importing Your Source Machine as a Workstation Virtual Machine


FollowthesestepsifyouareimportingthevirtualmachinetoruninWorkstation4or5,VMwarePlayer, VMwareServer,VMwareACE1.x,orGSXServer. To select the destination for your converted virtual machine 1 2 3 ClickNextontheDestinationheaderpagetomovetotheDestinationTypepage. SelecttheVMwarestandalonevirtualmachineradiobuttonandclickNext. IntheVMName&Locationpage,typeanamefortheimportedvirtualmachineandbrowsetoenterthe destinationlocation. Ifthesourceisaremotephysicalmachine,youseeaConnectAsbutton.Specifyanetworkmountable locationaccessibletoboththesourcemachineandthemachinerunningtheConverterapplication. 4 Selectthetypeofvirtualmachineyouwanttocreate:onethatworkswithWorkstation5x0,VMware Server,andVMwarePlayer,oronethatworkswithWorkstation 4.x,VMwareACE 1.x,and GSX Server 3.x.

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ClickNext.

IfyouareimportinganonWorkstationvirtualmachine,continuewiththenextstep.Ifyouaredoinga WorkstationtoWorkstationconversion,gotoStep 7. 6 Selecttheimportoptionsforafullclone,ifavailable,andclickNext.gotoStep 8. Dependingonthetypeofsourceanddestination,youmighthaveoptionsinhowyouallocatediskspace forthenewvirtualmachine: Toallocateallthediskspaceforthisclone,selecttheAllocatealldiskspacenowforbetter performanceradiobutton.Thisoptiongivessomewhatbetterperformanceforyourvirtualmachine. Ifyouselecttheotherradiobutton,thevirtualdisksfilesstartsmallandgrowasneeded,untilthey reachthesizeofthesourcedisksfromwhichtheywerecloned. TosupportvirtualdisksonFATfilesystems,ensurethattheSplitdiskinto2GBfilescheckboxis selected.

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ForWorkstationtoWorkstationconversions,selecttheimportoptionsforthenewvirtualmachineonthe VirtualMachineOptionspageandclickNext. Dependingonthetypeofsourceanddestination,youmighthavetwochoicesforthewayinwhichthe importercreatestheclone: CreateafullcloneCreatesaVMwarevirtualmachinewithnodependenciesontheoriginalvirtual machineorsystemimage.Toallocateallthediskspaceforthisclone,selecttheAllocatealldisk spacenowforbetterperformanceradiobutton.Ifyouselecttheotherradiobutton,thevirtualdisks filesstartsmallandgrowasneeded,untiltheyreachthesizeofthesourcedisksfromwhichthey werecloned. TosupportvirtualdisksonFATfilesystems,selecttheSplitdiskinto2GBfilescheckbox. NOTE TheAllocatealldiskspacenowforbetterperformanceoptioncreatesadiskfilethatcan belargerthantheusedspaceofthesource.Forexample,thesourcediskmightbea16GB diskofwhichonly2GBisusedforthefile,butimportingthefilewiththeAllocateoption createsa16GBdisk.Takethisintoaccountwhenyoulookatfreespacebeforeyouimport.

CreatealinkedcloneCreatesaVMwarevirtualmachinethatsharesthevirtualdiskofthesource virtualmachineorsystemimage. LinkedclonesareusefulforproofofconceptonanonVMwareimagesuchas.sv2iand.vmc. NOTE Forlinkedclones,thevirtualmachinecreatedbytheimporteriscorruptedifthesourceis modifiedaftertheimport.ThisistrueforlinkedclonesimportedfromVirtualPCand VirtualServermachinesandfromLiveStateimages.InthecaseofVirtualPCandVirtual Serversourcevirtualmachines,theactofpoweringthesourcevirtualmachinesonin Virtual PCorVirtual Servermodifiesthem,andcorruptsthelinkedclones.

8 9

IntheDestinationNameandLocationpage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine (cannotbegreaterthan80characters. BrowseortypethepathofthelocationwhereyouwanttocreatetheVMwarevirtualmachineandclick Next.

10 Mapthevirtualmachinesnetworkadapterstoabridged,hostonly,orNATnetworkintheNetworks page,andclickNext. ContinuewithStep3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)on page 34.Ifyoudonotwanttocustomizethenewvirtualmachine,youmustgothroughtheCustomization pageinStep3toindicatethatyoudonot.

Step 3: Customizing the Guest Operating System of the New Virtual Machine (optional)
ThisstepenablesyoutoinstallVMwareToolsandcustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachine,install VMwareToolsonly,orneitherinstallVMwareToolsnorcustomizethevirtualmachineidentity. Customizingincludestheabilityto: Changethecomputerinformationforidentifyingthevirtualmachineonanetwork. Enterserverlicenseinformation. Changethetimezoneforthevirtualmachine. Modifythepropertiesforeachnetworkinterface. To customize the identity of the new virtual machine 1 OntheCustomizationpage,selectCustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineandclickNext. Thetableofcontentsexpandstoshowthetopicsinthissectionofinstallation.

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IntheComputerInformationpage,enterthenewcomputernameandrelatedinformationandclickNext. ComputerNameAuniquenametoidentifythevirtualmachineonthenetwork.Validcharacters includeAZ,az,09,andthehyphen.Underscoreisnonstandard,butVMwareConverterpermitsits use.Thereisa63characterlimit. OwnerNameValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit. OrganizationValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit. GenerateNewSecurityID(SID)Selecttogenerateanewsecurityidentity. LocationofSysprepFilesIftheapplicationhasdeterminedthislocation,thetexteditboxshows it.Ifthisfieldisblank,youmustspecifyavalidlocationbeforegoingtothenextpanel.

EntertheWindowslicensinginformationforthisvirtualmachine,ifnecessary,ontheWindowsLicense page,andclickNext. YoucanleavetheProductIDfieldblankandmovetothenextpage. TheIncludeServerLicenseInformationcheckboxappliesonlytoMicrosoftWindows 2000Serverand MicrosoftWindows 2003Serveroperatingsystems.TheServerLicenseModeradiobuttonsaredisabled ifthecheckboxisnotselected.

ChooseatimezonefromthedropdownboxintheTimeZonepageandclickNext. Ifnetworkinterfacesneedtobeset,theNetworkInterfaceSettingspageappears.Continuewiththenext step.Iftheydonotneedtobeset,thepagedoesnotappear.GotoStep 8.

Tocustomizeyournetworkadaptersettings,choosetheadapterontheNetworkInterfaceSettingpage andclickCustomize. Ifyouprefertousethedefaultsettings,clickNextandgotoStep 8. TheResetAllbuttonisenabledifoneormorenetworkadapterhasbeenmodified.Clickthisbuttonto returnallsettingsforalladapterstothedefault.

UsetheNetworkPropertiesdialogboxtomodifythepropertiesofeachnetworkadapteryouwantto change. GeneraltabSelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainanIPaddressautomaticallyortoentertheIP addressesmanually.SelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainaDNSserveraddressautomaticallyorto entertheDNSserveraddressesmanually. DNStabSpecifytheDNSconnectionsbyenteringDNSsuffixes.ForeachDNSsuffixyouenter, clickAdd.IfyouareenteringmultipleDNSsuffixes,useMoveUpandMoveDowntospecifythe orderinwhichavirtualmachineistousetheconnections. WINStabSpecifytheprimaryandsecondaryWINSaddressesbytypingtheIPaddressesinthe entryboxes.

7 8

ClickOKtoreturntotheNetworkInterfaceSettingpage,andclickNext. OntheWorkgrouporDomainpageselecthowthevirtualmachineparticipatesinanetwork,andclick Next. WorkgroupValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09,space,andthehyphen.Maximumlengthis15 characters. WindowsServerDomainThetextboxmusthaveavalue.ValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09, space,period(dot),andthehyphen.Eachlabeldelineatedbyadotcanbe63characterslong,andthe wholetextstringcanbeupto254characterslong.Ausernameandpasswordarealsorequired.

ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36.

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To customize the identity of the new virtual machine and to install VMware Tools on it (ESX Server and VirtualCenter destinations only) 1 2 OntheCustomizationpageselectInstallVMwareToolsandclickNext. FollowthestepsinTocustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineonpage 34.

ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36. To install VMware Tools only (ESX Server and VirtualCenter destinations only) OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisselectedandtheCustomize theidentityofthenewvirtualmachinecheckboxisnotselected.ClickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36. To skip customization and not install VMware Tools OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisdeselectedandclickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 36.

Completing the Import Task Creation


ThefinalpageintheconversionwizardistheReadytoCompletepage.Somedifferencesexistdependingon whethertheconvertedvirtualmachineisforusewithESXServerorifthesourcemachineisaremoteone. ClickFinishtoclosethewizardanddisplaytheTaskViewwiththeconversionjobinthetasklist.Youcan viewtheprogressintheTaskProgresstab. UsersoftheEnterpriseandStartereditionsofVMwareConvertercanreturntoaqueuedjobandeditthe settings.SeeChapter 7,ManagingTasks.Startereditionuserscanconvertonlyonemachineatatime, however. To complete the task creation if the destination machine is an ESX Server machine Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.Tohavethenewvirtualmachinepowered onaftertheconversioniscompleted,selectPoweronthenewVirtualMachineaftercreation.ClickFinish. To complete the task creation if the source machine is remote Ifthesourcemachineisremote,itmustberebootedtoremovetheVMwareConverterAgentinstalledonit. 1 2 Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.ClickFinish. OntheWarning:RebootSourceMachinedialogbox,clickYestorebootthesourcemachine.

To complete the task creation for all other cases Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.ClickFinish.

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Chapter 5 Using the Converter Boot CD for Local Cold Cloning

Using the Converter Boot CD for Local Cold Cloning

Thischapterdescribeshowtocoldclonealocalphysicalmachinetoavarietyofdestinations.Coldcloning withtheVMwareConverterBootCDisavailableintheEnterpriseeditiononly. Forlocalandremotehotcloning,seeChapter 4,ImportingMachineswithVMwareConverter. Forconfiguringvirtualmachinesandsystemimages,seeChapter 6,ConfiguringVMwareVirtual Machines. Thischapterincludesthefollowingsections: ColdCloningandtheConverterBootCDonpage 37 StartingtheWizardforaConversiononpage 37 Step1:SelectingYourSourceDataonpage 38 Step2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachineonpage 39 Step3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)onpage 40 CompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 42 UsingpeTooltoModifytheConverterBootCDonpage 42

Cold Cloning and the Converter Boot CD


Becausethesourcephysicalmachineinacoldclonecannotberunningitsoperatingsystemthedefinitionof acoldclonetheoperatingsystemonwhichtorunVMwareConverterhastocomefromsomewhereelse. ThisisthefunctionoftheBootCD.BootingfromtheCDrunsVMwareConverteronitsowncopyofWinPE, whichusesthephysicalmachinesmemoryfordriversandsuchduringthecloningtask.Rebootingthe physicalmachineafterthemigrationremovesalltraces.

Starting the Wizard for a Conversion


FollowthesestepstostarttheVMwareConverterimportwizardfromtheVMwareConverterBootCD. To boot off the CD, set options, and start the application 1 2 3 InserttheConverterBootCDinthesourcemachineandrestartthecomputer. Within10seconds,pressanykeytobootintotheoperatingsystemontheCD. Optionally,intheNetworkConfigurationdialogbox,changethelocationforthetemporaryfiles, includingthelogs. Bydefault,temporaryfilesarestoredinRAMdisk.AftertheVMwareConverterapplicationislaunched, thedirectoryfortemporaryfilescannotbemodified. 4 TheVMwareConverterapplicationlaunches.

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To specify a static IP address or map network drives 1 2 3 4 ChooseAdministration>NetworkConfigurationinthemainmenu. SelecttheappropriateradiobuttonontheNetworkPropertiestabtoenterthestaticaddresses.Click Apply. ClicktheNetworkDrivestabandmapthedrivestothenetworkshare. ClickConnect. Ifnecessary,entertheDOMAIN\usernameandpasswordtoconnecttoaspecificnetworkshareandclick OK. 5 ClickOKtoreturntotheapplication.

To start the wizard 1 2 ClickImportMachineintheupperleftpartofthetoolbar. ClickNextontheWelcometotheVMwareConverterImportWizardpage. TheSourcepageintroducestheTableofContentspane.Convertercombinesitsproceduresunderthree sections(Steps):Step1:Source,Step2:Destination,andStep3:Customization.Whenyouproceed toasection(Step),thatsectionexpandstodisplaythenamesofthepagesthewizardleadsyouthrough. WhenyouarefinishedwiththatStepsection,thenextexpands. ContinuewithStep1:SelectingYourSourceData.

Step 1: Selecting Your Source Data


Afteryoustartthewizard,younextcanchoosewhichofthesourcemachinesvolumestoimportandto indicatethesizeyouwantthemtobeinthenewvirtualmachine.Youcanalsoimportalldisksunchanged. To choose the disks or volumes to import 1 2 OntheSourcepage,clickNexttomoveontotheSourceDatapage. Toimportalldisksunchanged,makesuretheImportalldisksandmaintainsizeradiobuttonisselected ontheSourceDatapageandclickNext.Thisistheonlychoiceifthevirtualmachineyouareimporting hasaLinuxguestoperatingsystem. Otherwise,selecttheSelectvolumesandresizetosaveoraddspaceradiobuttonandfollowthe remainingstepsinthisprocedure. 3 Deselectanyvolumesyoudonotwanttoimport. Ifyoudeselectthesystemvolumeortheactivevolume,awarningappearsbeforeyougotothenextpage. 4 SpecifythevolumesizeyouwantintheNewDiskSpacedropdowncombobox,andclickNext. Thechoicesare: MaintainSize(<sizefromTotalSizecolumn>)Choosetokeeptheoriginalvolumesize. Min[imum]Size(<sizefromUsedcolumn,plusalittleadditional>)Choosetoimportjusttheused portionfromthevolume,withasmallamountofspaceadded. <TypeSizeinGB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeingigabytes. <TypeSizeinMB>Choosetoenteraspecificsizeinmegabytes. Typinginavaluelessthantheminimumsizeresultsinawarningmessage. ContinuewithStep2:ChoosingaDestinationfortheNewVirtualMachineonpage 39.

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Step 2: Choosing a Destination for the New Virtual Machine


AfteryouspecifyyoursourcedatausingthepagescollectedunderStep1,choosefromtwocategoriesof virtualmachineforyourdestination.Dependingonyourdestination,gotooneofthefollowingsections: ImportingYourSourceMachineasanESXServerVirtualMachineonpage 39 ImportingYourSourceMachineasaWorkstationVirtualMachineonpage 40

Importing Your Source Machine as an ESX Server Virtual Machine


FollowthesestepsifyouareimportingthevirtualmachinetoruninESXServerorinESXServermanagedby VirtualCenter. To select the destination for your converted virtual machine 1 2 3 ClickNextontheDestinationheaderpagetomovetotheDestinationtypepage. SelecttheVMwareESX ServerorVirtualCentervirtualmachineradiobuttonandclickNext. IntheDestinationLoginpage,logontoitsdestinationserverandclickNext. ESXorVirtualCenterServerLoginIdentifywhichserverreceivesthenewvirtualmachine,andhowto gainaccesstothatserver.Choosethedestinationserverfromthosepresentedinthedropdownboxor typeinthenameoftheserverifitisnotlisted.Typeyourusernameandthepasswordforthedestination server. IfyouchoseanESX Server,continuewiththenextstep.IfyouchoseaVirtualCenterserver,gotoStep 5. 4 IntheVirtualMachineNamepage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine,andclick NextandgotoStep 8. IfavirtualmachinewiththesamenameexistsintheESX Server,VMwareConverterdisplaysawarning messageandasksyoutoselectanothername. 5 6 IntheVirtualMachineNameandFolderpage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine. BecauseyouhaveselectedaVirtualCenterserverasthedestination,youmustalsochooseafolderwithin theVirtualCenterinventory.ClickNext. UnlikeanESX Serverhost,theVirtualCenterinventorymightcontainmultiplehosts,clusters,and datacenters. 7 SpecifytheresourcesfortheimportedvirtualmachineintheHostorClusterpageandclickNext. Youselectthehost,cluster(forVirtualCenterServersonly),orresourcepoolwithinahostorclusterfrom whichtorunthevirtualmachine.Ifyouselectaclusterinmanualmode,gotothenextsteptochoosea hostonthatcluster.Otherwise,gotoStep 9. 8 9 IntheHostpage,choosethespecifichostforthevirtualmachine(clusterinmanualmodeonly)andclick Next. Specifythedatastoreforthevirtualmachinesconfigurationfilesanddisks,andclickNext. Alldatastoresandtheiravailablespaceappearinthispanel.Youmustchooseadatastoreordatastores bigenoughtocontaintheselecteddisks. Todistributethedisksoverseveraldatastores,clickAdvanced>>toseethelistofdisksandthevirtual machineconfigurationfile.Choosethedatastoreforeachdiskandfilefromthedropdownmenus. 10 MapthevirtualmachinesnetworkadapterstoaVirtualCenternetworkintheNetworkspage,andclick Next. TheNetworkspaneldisplaysindropdownmenusthenetworksavailableatthedestinationlocation.The numberofadapterstomapcanbesetinadropdownmenuaswell.

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ContinuewithStep3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional).If youdonotwanttocustomizethenewvirtualmachine,youmustgothroughtheCustomizationpageinStep 3toindicatethatyoudonot.

Importing Your Source Machine as a Workstation Virtual Machine


FollowthesestepsifyouareimportingthevirtualmachinetoruninWorkstation 4or5,VMwarePlayer, VMwareServer,orGSX Server. To select the destination for your converted virtual machine 1 2 3 4 ClickNextontheDestinationheaderpagetomovetotheDestinationTypepage. SelecttheVMwarestandalonevirtualmachineradiobuttonandclickNext. IntheVMName&Locationpage,typeanamefortheimportedvirtualmachineandbrowsetoenterthe destinationlocation. Selectthetypeofvirtualmachineyouwanttocreate:onethatworkswithWorkstation5x0,VMware Server,andVMwarePlayer,oronethatworkswithWorkstation 4.x,VMwareACE 1.x,and GSX Server 3.x. ClickNext. Selecttheimportoptionsforafullclone,ifavailable. Dependingonthetypeofsourceanddestination,youmighthaveoptionsinhowyouallocatediskspace forthenewvirtualmachine: Toallocateallthediskspaceforthisclone,selecttheAllocatealldiskspacenowforbetter performanceradiobutton.Thisoptiongivessomewhatbetterperformanceforyourvirtualmachine. Ifyouselecttheotherradiobutton,thevirtualdisksfilesstartsmallandgrowasneeded,untilthey reachthesizeofthesourcedisksfromwhichtheywerecloned. TosupportvirtualdisksonFATfilesystems,ensurethattheSplitdiskinto2GBfilescheckboxhas beenselected. NOTE TheAllocatealldiskspacenowforbetterperformanceoptioncreatesadiskfilethatcan belargerthantheusedspaceofthesource.Forexample,thesourcediskmightbea16GB diskofwhichonly2GBisusedforthefile,butimportingthefilewiththeAllocateoption createsa16GBdisk.Takethisintoaccountwhenyoulookatfreespacebeforeyouimport.

5 6

7 8 9

ClickNext. IntheDestinationNameandLocationpage,enterthenameyouwanttoassigntothevirtualmachine (cannotbegreaterthan80characters). BrowseortypethepathofthelocationwhereyouwanttocreatetheVMwarevirtualmachineandclick Next.

10 Mapthevirtualmachinesnetworkadapterstoabridged,hostonly,orNATnetworkintheNetworks page,andclickNext. ContinuewithStep3:CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional).If youdonotwanttocustomizethenewvirtualmachine,youmustgothroughthefirstpageinStep3toindicate thatyoudonot.

Step 3: Customizing the Guest Operating System of the New Virtual Machine (optional)
ThisstepenablesyoutoinstallVMwareToolsandcustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachine,install VMwareToolsonly,orneitherinstallVMwareToolsnorcustomizethevirtualmachineidentity.

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Customizingincludestheabilityto: Changetheinformationforidentifyingthevirtualmachineonanetwork. Enterserverlicenseinformation. Changethetimezoneforthevirtualmachine. Modifythepropertiesforeachnetworkinterface. To customize the identity of the new virtual machine 1 OntheCustomizationpageselectCustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineandclickNext. Thetableofcontentsexpandstoshowthetopicsinthissectionofcustomization. 2 IntheComputerInformationpageenterthenewcomputernameandrelatedinformationandclickNext. ComputerNameAuniquenametoidentifythevirtualmachineonthenetwork.Validcharacters includeAZ,az,09,andthehyphen.Underscoreisnonstandard,butVMwareConverterpermitsits use.Thereisa63characterlimit. OwnerNameValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit. OrganizationValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit. GenerateNewSecurityID(SID)Selecttogenerateanewsecurityidentity. LocationofSysprepFilesIftheapplicationhasdeterminedthislocation,thetexteditboxshows it.Ifthisfieldisblankyoumustspecifyavalidlocationbeforegoingtothenextpanel. 3 EntertheWindowslicensinginformationforthisvirtualmachine,ifnecessary,ontheWindowsLicense page,andclickNext. YoucanleavetheProductIDfieldblankandmovetothenextpage. TheIncludeServerLicenseInformationcheckboxappliesonlytoMicrosoftWindows 2000Serverand MicrosoftWindows 2003Serveroperatingsystems.TheServerLicenseModeradiobuttonsaredisabled ifthecheckboxisnotselected. 4 ChooseatimezonefromthedropdownboxintheTimeZonepageandclickNext. Ifnetworkinterfacesneedtobeset,theNetworkInterfaceSettingspageappears.Continuewiththenext step.Iftheydonotneedtobeset,thepagedoesnotappear.GotoStep 8. 5 Tocustomizeyournetworkadaptersettings,choosetheadapterontheNetworkInterfaceSettingpage andclickCustomize. Ifyouprefertousethedefaultsettings,clickNextandgotoStep 8. TheResetAllbuttonisenabledifoneormorenetworkadapterhasbeenmodified.Clickthisbuttonto returnallsettingsforalladapterstothedefault. 6 UsetheNetworkPropertiesdialogboxtomodifythepropertiesofeachnetworkadapteryouwantto change. GeneraltabSelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainanIPaddressautomaticallyortoentertheIP addressesmanually.SelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainaDNSserveraddressautomaticallyorto entertheDNSserveraddressesmanually. DNStabSpecifytheDNSconnectionsbyenteringDNSsuffixes.ForeachDNSsuffixyouenter, clickAdd.IfyouareenteringmultipleDNSsuffixes,useMoveUpandMoveDowntospecifythe orderinwhichavirtualmachineistousetheconnections. WINStabSpecifytheprimaryandsecondaryWINSaddressesbytypingtheIPaddressesinthe entryboxes. 7 ClickOKtoreturntotheNetworkInterfaceSettingpage,andclickNext.

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OntheWorkgrouporDomainpageselecthowthevirtualmachineparticipatesinanetwork,andclick Next. WorkgroupValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09,space,andthehyphen.Maximumlengthis15 characters. WindowsServerDomainThetextboxmusthaveavalue.ValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09, space,period(dot),andthehyphen.Eachlabeldelineatedbyadotcanbe63characterslong,andthe wholetextstringcanbeupto254characterslong.Ausernameandpasswordarealsorequired.

ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 42. To customize the identity of the new virtual machine and to install VMware Tools on it (ESX Server and VirtualCenter destinations only) 1 2 OntheCustomizationpageselectInstallVMwareToolsandclickNext. FollowthestepsinTocustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineonpage 41.

ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 42. To install VMware Tools only (ESX Server and VirtualCenter destinations only) OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisselectedandtheCustomize theidentityofthenewvirtualmachinecheckboxisnotselected.ClickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 42. To skip customization and not install VMware Tools OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisdeselectedandclickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheImportTaskCreationonpage 42.

Completing the Import Task Creation


ThefinalpageintheconversionwizardistheReadytoCompletepage.Somedifferencesexistdependingon whethertheconvertedvirtualmachineisforusewithESXServerorifthesourcemachineisaremoteone. ClickFinishtoclosethewizardanddisplaytheTaskViewwiththeconversionjobinthetasklist.The conversionstartsimmediately.YoucanviewtheprogressintheTaskProgresstab.BecauseBootCDdoesnot supportconcurrentimports,youcanconvertonlyonemachineatatime.SeeChapter 7,ManagingTasks. To complete the import task creation if the destination machine is an ESX Server machine Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.Tohavethenewvirtualmachinepowered onaftertheconversioniscompleted,selectPoweronthenewVirtualMachineaftercreation.ClickFinish. To complete the import task creation for all other cases Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.ClickFinish.

Using peTool to Modify the Converter Boot CD


VMwareprovidespeToolasacustomtoolforaddingWindowsdriverstotheConverterBootCDISOimage, alongwithothermodifications.UsingpeTool,youcanaddstoragedevicedriversandnetworkdevicedrivers. Thisoperationtakestheform: petool -i <Conv_boot_cd.iso> -n <driver_folder_path> toaddanewnetworkdrivertotheISOimage. YoucanaddexecutablebinariesandVNCpackagesandperformtheotheractionslistedinTable 51,peTool Options,onpage 43.

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Table 5-1. peTool Options


Option Action Producehelpmessage Specifyimagefile SpecifiestheWinPECDimagetobemodified.Anexample: -i c:\coldclone.iso.TheoriginaloftheISOimageissavedwitha.bak extension.Inthisexample,itwouldbesavedascoldclone.bak.

-h [--help] -i [--image]

-b [--binary]

Addbinaryfiles Foraddingexecutablebinaries.Mustbefollowedbyoneormorefullpaths andnamesofbinaryfiles.Thebinaryfileiscopiedtothe\Programs directory.

-B [--start_binary]

Addbinaryfilesandautomaticallystart Similarto-b,exceptthattheaddedbinariesexecuteautomaticallywhen WinPEbootsupthesystem.

-v [--vnc]

AddVNCpackage SpecifiesaVNCpackagetobeadded.Itisfollowedbyanexecutable binarywiththeVNCpackageyouwanttostartup (%<relative_path&filename>,thesameformatasdescribedin-P),and, optionally,followedbya%<predefined_VNC_password>.Forexample, -v c:\RealVNC%vnc4.exe%123.ThiscopiestheVNCpackageat c:\RealVNCandstartsthe vnc4.exe undertheRealVNC directoryafter bootup.ThepasswordforVNCis123. Ifyousetthisoption:thefirewallwillbeturnedoff,andthepressanykey tobootfromCDoptionduringbootupwillberemoved.

-p [--package]

Addsoftwarepackages Thismustbefollowedbyoneormorefullpathsandnamesofsoftware packages.Thepackagesarecopiedtothe\Programsdirectory.

-P [--start_package]

Addsoftwarepackagesandautomaticallystart Specifiesanexecutablebinary,insidethepackage,thatyouwanttostart afterbootup.Theformatis -P <software_package_directory>%<relative_path&filename>. Forexample,ifthepackageyouaddisinsideadirectorycalled c:\RealVNCandtheexecutablebinaryyouwanttostartupisvnc4.exe undertheRealVNC directory,specify-P c:\RealVNC%vnc4.exe.

-f [--disable_firewall] -d [--storage_driver]

Disablefirewall DisablesthefirewallafterWinPEbootsup. Addstoragedevicedrivers Mustbefollowedbyoneormorefulldirectorypathsthatcontainthe targetdevicedrivers.TheoriginalConverterBootCDISOimagedoesnot containthesedrivers.Usethisoptiontospecifythedriversfromonesyou alreadyhave.

-n [--network_driver]

Addnetworkdevicedrivers Mustbefollowedbyoneormorefulldirectorypathsthatcontainthe targetdevicedrivers.

-t [--tmp]

Specifyatemporarydirectory SpecifiesthetemporarydirectoryforpeTool.Ifthedirectorydoesnotexist, peToolcreatesit.Withoutthisoptionspecified,peToolchoosesthedefault tempfileindicatedbyWindows.

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Chapter 6 Configuring VMware Virtual Machines

Configuring VMware Virtual Machines

FollowtheproceduresinthischapterifyouhaveVMwarevirtualmachineswhosediskshavebeenpopulated byrestoringfromabackupofaphysicalhostorbysomeotherdirectmeansofcopyingavirtualmachines disks.ConfiguringsuchmachineswithVMwareConverterenablesthemtobootinVMwareproducts. Thischapterincludesthefollowingsections: StartingtheConfigurationonpage 45 CustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)onpage 46 CompletingtheConfigurationonpage 48

Starting the Configuration


Forconfiguration,thesourcecannotbeaphysicalmachine.Configurationcanbedoneonlyonfilesfroma VMwarestandalonevirtualmachineorfromanESX ServerorVirtualCentervirtualmachine.

Starting the Wizard and Getting to Source Selection


FollowthesestepstostarttheVMwareConverterconfigurationwizardfromtheVMwareConverter application. To start the wizard 1 2 3 LaunchtheVMwareConverterapplication. ClickConfigureMachineintheupperleftpartofthetoolbar. ClickNextontheWelcometotheVMwareConverterConfigureWizardpage.

ContinuewithSelectinganESXServerVirtualMachineastheSource,orSelectingaStandaloneVirtual MachineastheSourceonpage 46.

Selecting an ESX Server Virtual Machine as the Source


To select the source ESX Server virtual machine to configure 1 2 3 StartthewizardandclickNexttogototheSourceTypepage. SelecttheESXServerorVirtualCentermachineradiobuttonontheSourceTypepageandclickNext. OntheSourceLoginpage,typeinorchoosetheESXServerorVirtualCenterServercontainingthevirtual machineyouwanttoconfigure. TheESX/VCServerdropdownboxispopulatedwiththeidentifiersorlocationsofsystemsthathave beenloggedintopreviously.Youcantypeinanewidentifier. IfyouchoseanESXServermachine,proceedtothenextstep.IfyouchoseaVirtualCenterserver,goto Step 6.

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4 5 6

ChoosethevirtualmachineyouwanttoconfigurefromthelistofthosefoundontheESXServermachine youloggedonto. ClickNextandgotoCustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional).. SpecifythesourceforyourvirtualmachineintheVirtualCentervirtualmachineinventorybrowser,and clickNext. YoucansearchthebrowserthroughoneoftwoviewsoftheinventorythedefaultHosts&Clusters viewortheVirtualMachines&TemplatesviewintheViewdropdownbox.

ContinuewithCustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)..

Selecting a Standalone Virtual Machine as the Source


FollowthesestepsifyoursourcesystemisastandaloneVMwarevirtualmachine(thatis,onethatisavirtual machinefromVMwareWorkstation 4or5,VMwarePlayer,VMwareServer,orVMwareGSX Server). To select the source standalone virtual machine to configure 1 2 3 4 StartthewizardandclickNexttomoveontotheSourceTypepage. SelecttheStandalonevirtualmachineradiobuttonontheSourceTypepage,andclickNext. BrowseforthesourcevirtualmachineorimagefromtheSelectVirtualMachinepage,andclickNext. Inthefilebrowser,selectthefileforthemachineyouwanttoconfigureandclickOpen. ThefiletypechoicesarelimitedtoVMwareWorkstationFiles(*.vmx). Ifthesourcevirtualmachineyouveselectedispasswordprotected,theVirtualMachineLoginpage appears. 5 TypethepasswordandclickNext. Ifthesourcevirtualmachineisnotpasswordprotected,thewizardskipsthispageandpresentsthe Customizationpage. ContinuewithCustomizingtheGuestOperatingSystemoftheNewVirtualMachine(optional)..

Customizing the Guest Operating System of the New Virtual Machine (optional)
ThisstepenablesyoutoinstallVMwareToolsandcustomizetheidentityoftheconfiguredvirtualmachine, installVMwareToolsonly,orneitherinstallVMwareToolsnorcustomizethevirtualmachineidentity. Customizingincludestheabilityto: Changethecomputerinformationforidentifyingthevirtualmachineonanetwork. Enterserverlicenseinformation. Changethetimezoneforthevirtualmachine. Modifythepropertiesforeachnetworkinterface. To customize the identity of the configured virtual machine 1 OntheCustomizationpage,selectCustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineandclickNext. Thetableofcontentsexpandstoshowthetopicsinthissectionofinstallation. 2 OntheComputerInformationpage,enterthenewcomputernameandrelatedinformation,andclick Next. ComputerNameAuniquenametoidentifythevirtualmachineonthenetwork.Validcharacters includeAZ,az,09,andthehyphen.Underscoreisnonstandard,butVMwareConverterpermitsits use.Thereisa63characterlimit. OwnerNameValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit.
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OrganizationValidcharactersincludeallprintablecharacters;63characterlimit. GenerateNewSecurityID(SID)Selecttogenerateanewsecurityidentity. LocationofSysprepFilesIftheapplicationhasdeterminedthislocation,thetexteditboxshows it.Ifthisfieldisblankyoumustspecifyavalidlocationbeforegoingtothenextpanel. 3 EntertheWindowslicensinginformationforthisvirtualmachine,ifnecessary,ontheWindowsLicense page,andclickNext. YoucanleavetheProductIDfieldblankandmovetothenextpage. TheIncludeServerLicenseInformationcheckboxappliesonlytoMicrosoftWindows 2000Serverand MicrosoftWindows 2003Serveroperatingsystems,andtheServerLicenseModeradiobuttonsare disabledifthecheckboxisnotselected. 4 ChooseatimezonefromthedropdownboxintheTimeZonepageandclickNext. Ifnetworkinterfacesneedtobeset,theNetworkInterfaceSettingspageappears.Continuewiththenext step.Iftheydonotneedtobeset,thepagedoesnotappear.GotoStep 8. 5 Tocustomizeyournetworkadaptersettings,chooseanadapterontheNetworkInterfaceSettingpageand clickCustomize. Ifyouprefertousethedefaultsettings,clickNextandgotoStep 8. TheResetAllbuttonisenabledifoneormorenetworkadapterhasbeenmodified.Clickthisbuttonto returnallsettingsforalladapterstothedefault. 6 UsetheNetworkPropertiesdialogboxtomodifythepropertiesofeachnetworkadapteryouwantto change. GeneraltabSelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainanIPaddressautomaticallyortoentertheIP addressesmanually.SelectwhethertouseDHCPtoobtainaDNSserveraddressautomaticallyorto entertheDNSserveraddressesmanually. DNStabSpecifytheDNSconnectionsbyenteringDNSsuffixes.ForeachDNSsuffixyouenter, clickAdd.IfyouareenteringmultipleDNSsuffixes,useMoveUpandMoveDowntospecifythe orderinwhichavirtualmachineistousetheconnections. WINStabSpecifytheprimaryandsecondaryWINSaddressesbytypingtheIPaddressesinthe entryboxes. 7 8 ClickOKtoreturntotheNetworkInterfaceSettingpage,andclickNext. OntheWorkgrouporDomainpageselecthowthevirtualmachineparticipatesinanetwork.ClickNext WorkgroupValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09,space,andthehyphen.Maximumlengthis15 characters. WindowsServerDomainThetextboxmusthaveavalue.ValidcharactersincludeAZ,az,09, space,period(dot),andthehyphen.Eachlabeldelineatedbyadotcanbe63characterslong,andthe wholetextstringcanbeupto254characterslong.Ausernameandpasswordarealsorequired. ContinuewithCompletingtheConfigurationonpage 48. To customize the identity of the configured virtual machine and to install VMware Tools on it (ESX Server and VirtualCenter only) 1 2 OntheCustomizationpageselectInstallVMwareToolsandclickNext. SelectCustomizetheidentityofthenewvirtualmachineandclickNext.

ContinuewithTocustomizetheidentityoftheconfiguredvirtualmachineonpage 46.

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To install VMware Tools only (ESX Server and VirtualCenter only) OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisselectedandtheCustomize theidentityofthenewvirtualmachinecheckboxisnotselected.ClickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheConfiguration.. To skip customization and not install VMware Tools OntheCustomizationpage,ensurethattheInstallVMwareToolscheckboxisdeselectedandclickNext. ContinuewithCompletingtheConfiguration..

Completing the Configuration


ThefinalpageintheconfigurationwizardistheReadytoCompletepage.Differencesexistdependingon whethertheconvertedvirtualmachineisforusewithESXServer. ClickFinishtoclosethewizardanddisplaytheTaskViewwiththeconversiontaskinthetasklist.Youcan viewtheprogressintheTaskProgresstab. Userscanreturntoaqueuedtaskandeditthesettings.SeeChapter 7,ManagingTasks. To complete the conversion if the machine is an ESX Server machine Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.Tohavethevirtualmachinepoweredonafter theconversioniscompleted,selectPoweronthenewVirtualMachineaftercreation.ClickFinish. To complete the conversion for all other cases Reviewthesummaryofthesettingsforthenewvirtualmachine.ClickFinish.

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Chapter 7 Managing Tasks

Managing Tasks

VMwareConverterprovidesataskmanagerformanagingmigrationsandconfigurations.Thiscanbefora singleimport,orformultiple,concurrentmigrationsintheEnterpriseedition.Afteryouhavecreatedatask usingtheconverterwizardtosetuphowyouwanttoimportorconfigureamachine,youcanusetheTask ViewofVMwareConverterManagertomanagetheorderoftasksandtolimitthenumberofconcurrenttasks, toeditthetasks,tolookattheprogressofatask,andmore. Thischapterincludesthefollowingsections: MultipleTasksonpage 49 TaskViewonpage 49 StartingandCancelingTasksonpage 52 LookingatProgressandtheLogsonpage 53 EditingTasksonpage 53 ManagingHowTasksRunonpage 54

Multiple Tasks
TheEnterpriseeditionofVMwareConvertercanrununlimitedmultipleconcurrentconversions,butyoucan limitthenumber.Whiletasksarerunning,youcancontinuetoaddnewtaskstothequeue,edittasksthat haventstartedorhavebeencancelled,andfixtasksthatfailed.

Task View
TheupperhalfofthetaskmanagerwindowistheTaskView.Inityouseethetasklist,containinginformation aboutthevarioustasks,andthetoolbar,withwhichyoucanstartthewizardsandmanagethetasksinthelist.

Task List
Thetasklistpresentsthefollowing: IDUniquesystemgeneratedidentifierforthetask. DescriptionBriefexplanationofthetask,basedonhowyousetitupintheconverterwizard.Import aphysicalmachineisanexample. SourceIPaddress,location,orotherdescriptorofthesourcemachineorimage. DestinationIPaddress,location,orotherdescriptoroftheconvertedvirtualmachine. ProgressPercentageofcompletionthatataskhasattained. StatusStateofthetask.Fivepossiblestatesexist: InProgress(Running)Intheprocessofimportingorconfiguringamachine.

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Queued#<>Thetaskisscheduledtorunassoonaspossible,initiallybasedonIDnumberand maximumnumberofconcurrenttasksallowed.Thepositioninthewaitingqueueisindicatedafter the#. FailedThetaskwasunsuccessfulduetosomeerror. CompletedThetaskwassuccessful. CancelledTherunningorqueuedtaskwascancelledbytheuserofthesystem. StartTimeDateandtimestampwhenthetaskstartedrunning. EndTimeDateandtimestampwhenthetaskwascompleted,cancelled,orfailed. Clickonanyoftheheadersinthetasklisttosortthelistbythatattribute.

Toolbar
Thetoolbarcontainscommandsandbuttonsforyoutouse: ImportMachineClickingthisinvokestheimportwizard.SeeChapter 4,ImportingMachineswith VMwareConverter,onpage 25. ConfigureMachineClickingthisinvokestheconfigurationwizard.SeeChapter 6,Configuring VMwareVirtualMachines,onpage 45. CancelTask(icon)SeeCancelingaTaskonpage 52. StartTask(icon)SeeStartingaTaskfromtheTaskView(ForcingaQueuedTasktoRun)onpage 52. DeleteTask(icon)SeeDeletingaTaskonpage 52. FilterBy:SeeChangingtheNumberofTasksDisplayedintheTaskListonpage 55. RunOrderSeeChangingtheRunOrderonpage 55.

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Chapter 7 Managing Tasks

Figure 7-1. The Converter Task Manager showing the TasK View and the Details View.

Details View
WhenyouselectataskinthetasklistoftheTaskView,youcanseedetailsofthatparticulartaskintheDetails Viewinthelowerhalfofthescreen.TheDetailsViewconsistsoftwotabs:SummaryandTaskProgress.

Summary Tab
TheSummarytabappearsbydefaultwhenyouselectataskinthetasklist.Itshowsasummaryoftheoptions anddetailspertainingtotheselectedtask,asconfiguredinthewizard.Theinformationfallsintothree categories:Sourcesysteminformation,destinationsysteminformation(notusedinConfigureMachine tasks),anddestinationcustomization. AnEditlinkappearsintheupperleftcorneroftheSummarytab.Youcanuseittoreopentheimportor configurewizardtomakemodificationstothetask.Thislinkisavailableonlyifthetasksstatusisqueued, failed,orcancelled.SeeEditingaTaskonpage 53.

Task Progress Tab


TheTaskProgresstabdisplaysthestepsinvolvedintheconversionforthattask,andthestatusofeachstep. Forataskthatisrunning,thetabshowswhichstepiscurrentlyinprogressandthetimeremainingforthat steptocomplete.Atthebottomisanestimatedtimetocompletionforthewholetask.

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Figure 7-2. The Task Progress tab.

Starting and Canceling Tasks


Ifnoothertasksareinqueue,ataskstartsimmediatelyafterfinishingthestepsintheconversionwizard.If thereareothertasksinqueue,ataskisputattheendofthequeueandcanrunassoonasitisable.Insome casesthatcanbeimmediately,dependingonthesettingofthenumberoftasksthatcanrunconcurrently.See ControllingtheNumberofTasksRunningConcurrentlyonpage 54. Youcanchangetherunorderforqueuedtasks,seeChangingtheRunOrderonpage 55.Youcanalsoforce aqueuedtasktorun.Seebelow.

Starting a Task from the Task View (Forcing a Queued Task to Run)
Ifyouwanttooverridetheorderofthequeuedtasks,orifyouwantoverrideanylimitonthenumberoftasks thatcanberunconcurrently,youcanforceaqueuedtasktorunfromthetoolbar. ForStartereditionusers,youcanforceonlythefirsttasktorun. To force a task to run ChoosethetaskinthetasklistoftheTaskViewandclicktheStartTaskbutton( )inthetoolbar.

Canceling a Task
Youcancancelataskinthequeueoroneinprogress.Afterataskhasbeencancelled,itlosesitsplaceinthe queue,displaying fortheStartTimeinthetasklistandthetimeofcancellationintheEndTimecolumn. Cancelingataskinprogressdoesnotsuspendit.Cancelingataskbacksoutoftheconversionandreverts thesourcemachinetoitsoriginalstate.Ifyouwanttocontinuethetasklater,youcaneditthetask,butyou mustrestartfromthebeginning.SeeEditingaTaskonpage 53. To cancel a specific task 1 ChoosethetaskinthetasklistoftheTaskView. Shiftclickorcontrolclicktochoosemorethanonetask. 2 Clickthecancelbuttoninthetoolbar( ).

Deleting a Task
Thedeletecommandremovesataskfromthetasklist.Thecommandworksonanytaskexceptforonein progress.Arunningtaskmustbecancelledbeforeitcanbedeleted. Itisalsopossibletoclearalltasksfromhistory,exceptforthosecurrentlyrunning. To delete a specific task 1 ChoosethetaskinthetasklistoftheTaskView. Shiftclickorcontrolclicktochoosemorethanonetask. 2 Clickthedeletebuttoninthetoolbar( ).

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To clear all tasks from history 1 2 ChooseAdministration>ClearAllTasksinthemainmenu. ClickOKintheverificationdialogbox.

Looking at Progress and the Logs


VMwareConverterdisplaystheprogressoftasksintheTaskViewandtheDetailsView. Ifproblemsarisethatcausethetasktofail,youcanreviewinformationinthelogs.Also,ifyougointoedita failedtask,theeditwizardshowstheparticularproblemareas.SeeEditingaFailedTaskonpage 54.

Viewing a Tasks Progress


AlthoughyoucangetageneralsenseofatasksprogressbylookingatitsrowinthetasklistoftheTaskView, youcangetamorecompletepicturebyviewingtheTaskProgresstabintheDetailsView. To view a tasks progress in the Detail View Choosetherowinthetasktableforthetaskyouwanttoview.TheTaskProgresstabforthattasksappearsin theDetailView.SeeTaskProgressTabonpage 51.

Exporting and Viewing the Log


YoumustexportthelogtextfiletoreaditortobeabletosendacopytoVMwaretechnicalsupport. To export a copy of the log file 1 2 3 ChooseFile>ExportLogsinthemainmenu. SavethelogtextfilesintheplaceyouwantusingtheExportLogsdialogbox. Openthelogfilewithatexteditor.

ThefollowingdescribetherecommendedlogsforyoutolookatandtosendintoVMwaresupport,if necessary. UFADlogs: %WINDIR%\Temp\vmware-temp\vmware-converter* %WINDIR%\vmware-temp\vmware-converter*(inWindowsNT) Clientlogs: %TEMP%\vmware-temp\vmware-client* SendtheseintosupportusingFile>ExportLogs.ForConverterBootCD,mapanetworkdriveusingthe networkconfigurationtool(seeChapter 5,UsingtheConverterBootCDforLocalColdCloning,onpage 37) anduseFile>ExportLogs. Thesealsoarethelocationsontheremotemachineifyouarerunningaremotehotclone.Tosendtheselogs fromaremotemachinetoVMwaresupport,youmustmanuallyzipthemandsendthemin.

Editing Tasks
Onlytaskswithstatusesofqueued,completed,failed,orcancelledcanbeedited.

Editing a Task
Aslongasataskisnotinprogressyoucanusetheeditingwizardtochangeconversionsettings.Afteryou editatask,itgoestotheendofthequeue.Tomovethetaskbackupthequeue,usetheRunOrderbuttonin thetoolbar.SeeChangingtheRunOrderonpage 55.

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To edit a queued or cancelled task from the Summary Tab 1 Choosetherowinthetasklistforthetaskyouwanttoedit. TheTaskProgresstabforthattaskappearsintheDetailView. 2 3 4 ClickontheSummarytabtodisplayit. ClicktheEditlinkintheSummarytabtolaunchtheConvertereditwizard. Selectthepagelinkthatcontainstheinformationorsettingsyouwanttoedit. Repeatasnecessary. Forminoreditsyouneeddealwiththespecificpagesonly,andnottheunaffectedones.However,inthe caseofamajoreditthatis,oneinwhichyouchangethesourceordestinationVMwareConverter resetsalltheremainingpagesintheproceduretotheirdefaults.Youmustgothrougheachremaining pagetocompletetheimporttaskcreation. 5 ClickFinish.

Editing a Failed Task


Editingafailedtaskhasafewdifferencesfromeditingaqueuedorcancelledtask. To edit a failed task 1 Choosetherowinthetasktableforthetaskyouwanttoedit. TheTaskProgresstabforthattaskappearsintheDetailView. 2 3 ClickontheSummarytabtodisplayit. ClickontheEditlinkintheTaskProgresstabtolaunchtheConvertereditwizard. Forplacesinwhichproblemsoccur,thetableofcontentsdisplayswarningiconsbesidethepagename, whichappearsinred.Theeditwizardtakesyoudirectlytothefirstpagewithaproblem.Alllinksbeyond thefirsterroraredisableduntilyouhavedealtwithit. 4 5 6 Selectthepagelinkthatcontainstheinformationorsettingsyouwanttoedit. Repeatasnecessary. ClickFinish.

Managing How Tasks Run


VMwareConverterprovidesavarietyofoptionsforhowyoucanviewtasks,andmanagetherunningofthem inthequeue.

Controlling the Number of Tasks Running Concurrently


IntheEnterpriseeditionofVMwareConverter,youcansetthenumberoftasksthatcanrunatatime.The defaultisUnlimited.However,youcansetthemaximumtobeanywherefrom0to255.Ifyousetthe maximumto0,everytaskthatjoinsthequeuemustbestartedmanually. IfyouareusingtheStarteredition,themaximumis1.Runningconcurrenttasksisnotanoption. To set the number of tasks that can run concurrently 1 2 3 ChooseAdministration>MaximumConcurrentTasksinthemainmenu. IntheMaximumConcurrentTasksdialogbox,chooseortypethenumberyouwant,ifyoudonotselect Unlimited. ClickOK.

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Changing the Run Order


Youcanchangetheorderoftasksinthequeue.Whenyouareintheprocessofchangingtherunorder,queued tasksdonotstartrunning. To change the run order 1 2 ClicktheRunOrderbuttoninthetoolbar. IntheRunOrderdialogbox,choosethetaskyouwanttomoveinthequeue,andusetheupordown arrowbuttontochangeitsposition. Youcanalsochangeataskspositionbydragginganddroppingit. Shiftclickorcontrolclicktochoosemorethanonetask. 3 ClickOK.

Changing the Number of Tasks Displayed in the Task List


AfterusingVMwareConverterforalengthoftimethenumberoftasksarchivedcangrowtobeverylarge.To minimizeclutterinthetasklistyoucanlowerthenumberofoftasksthatappear. Tasksinprogressandtasksinqueuetorunarenotaffectedbythisselection.Theyarealwaysdisplayedinthe tasklist. To limit the number of archived tasks displayed in the Task View 1 2 ChooseView>TasksDisplayedinthemainmenu. Choosethelevelofdisplayyouwant,usingtheTasksDisplayeddialogbox,andclickOK. Choicesaretoshowalltasksrunin: thelastweek(defaultsetting) thelasttwoweeks thelastthreeweeks thelastmonth thepast SeealsoDeletingaTaskonpage 52.

Changing Which Tasks Are Displayed in the Task List


Anotherwayyoucandisplaytasksinthetasklististofilterthetasksbystatus.Theoptionsare: <NoFilter> InProgress Queued Cancelled Failed Completed To filter the tasks displayed in the Task View 1 2 3 ChoosetheFilterBydropdownboxinthetoolbar. Choosethetypeoftaskyouwanttofilterby. Youcanchoosemorethanonestatustofilterby. Thedropdownboxdisplays<Multiple>whenyouaredone.

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Ifyoufilteroutqueuedorinprogresstasks,awarningmessageatthebottomoftheDetailViewremindsyou thattheyarenotbeingdisplayed. Ifyouhavealreadylimitedthenumberoftasksdisplayed,anyfilteryouchooseisappliedontopofthatsubset oftasks.

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Glossary

Glossary

ACEManager(VMwareACEManager) TheprogramusedbyaVMwareACEadministratortocreateandupdateprojects,virtualmachines,and packages.SeealsoVMwareACE. BIOS(basicinput/outputsystem) FirmwarethatcontrolsmachinestartupandmanagescommunicationbetweentheCPUandother devices,suchasthekeyboard,monitor,printers,anddiskdrives. bridgednetworking Inhostedproducts,atypeofnetworkconnectionbetweenavirtualmachineandthehostsphysical network.Withbridgednetworking,avirtualmachineappearstobeanadditionalcomputeronthesame physicalEthernetnetworkasthehost.Seealsohostonlynetworking,NAT(networkaddresstranslation).

child Amanagedentitygroupedbyafolderobjectoranothermanagedentity.Seealsofolder. clone (n.)Aduplicateofavirtualmachine.(v.)Tomakeacopyofavirtualmachine.Whenacloneiscreated, VirtualCenterprovidesanoptionforcustomizingtheguestoperatingsystemofthatvirtualmachine. Hostedproductsdistinguishbetweenfullclonesandlinkedclones.Seealsofullclone,linkedclone. coldcloning InVMwareConverter,cloningalocalphysicalmachinewhileitisrunninginWinPEfromtheVMware ConverterBootCD,notfromitsownoperatingsystem.Seealsohotcloning. concurrentmigrations InVMwareConverter,theTaskManagersabilitytodirecttheconversionandmigrationofmultiple virtualmachinesatthesametime. configuration Seevirtualmachineconfiguration. ConverterBootCD(VMwareConverterBootCD) InVMwareConverter,themeansbywhichausercanperformalocalcoldcloneofaphysicalmachine. WhenthephysicalmachineisbootedfromtheConverterBootCD,theConverterapplicationrunson WinPE,notthemachinesoperatingsystem,andusesaRAMdiskforitsoperations,leavingnofootprint onthephysicalmachine. currentvirtualmachine (1)Avirtualmachineofthelatestversionsupportedbytheproductinuse.Seealsolegacyvirtualmachine. (2)Inhostedproducts,thevirtualmachinethathasfocusintheserviceconsole.

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customization Theprocessofapplyingnewcharacteristicvaluestoavirtualmachineasitisbeingdeployedfroma templateorclonedfromanotherexistingvirtualmachine.Customizationoptionsincludechangingthe newvirtualmachineidentificationandnetworkinformation.

datastore Virtualrepresentationsofcombinationsofunderlyingphysicalstorageresourcesinthedatacenter.A datastoreisthestoragelocation(forexample,aphysicaldisk,aRAID,oraSAN)forvirtualmachinefiles. destination InVMwareConverter,themachinetowhichoneimportsavirtualmachine,whethermigratedor convertedfromaphysicalmachine. destinationvirtualmachine InVMwareConverter,themigratedvirtualmachineatitsfinallocation. DHCP(DynamicHostConfigurationProtocol) Acommunicationsprotocolthatenablesdynamicaddressing.Thesoftwarerelievesadministratorsofthe taskofassigninganIPaddresstoeachdevicethatconnectstoanetwork. diskmode Apropertyofavirtualdiskthatdefinesitsexternalbehavior(howthevirtualizationlayertreatsitsdata) butiscompletelyinvisibletotheguestoperatingsystem.Availablemodesvarybyproductandinclude persistentmode(changestothediskarealwayspreservedacrosssessions),nonpersistentmode(changes areneverpreserved),undoablemode(changesarepreservedattheusersdiscretion),andappendmode (similartoundoable,butthechangesarepreserveduntilasystemadministratordeletestheredologfile). DNS(DomainNameSystem) AnInternetdataqueryservicethattranslateshostnamesintoIPaddresses.AlsocalledDomainName ServerorDomainNameService.

Ethernetswitch Aphysicalswitchthatmanagesnetworktrafficbetweenmachines.Aswitchhasmultipleports,eachof whichcanbeconnectedtoamachineortoanotherswitchonthenetwork.SeealsoVMotion. EULA(enduserlicenseagreement) Thesoftwarelicensethatdetailsanyrestrictionsplacedonusers.

FAT Acronymforfileallocationtable. file Acontainerforrawdata,suchastextoranimage. folder Amanagedentityusedtogroupothermanagedentities.Foldertypesaredeterminedbythekindsofchild entitiestheycontain.Seealsochild. fullclone Acompletecopyoftheoriginalvirtualmachine,includingallassociatedvirtualdisks.Seealsolinked clone.

growabledisk Atypeofvirtualdiskinwhichthediskspaceisnotpreallocatedtoitsfullsize.Itsfilesstartoutsmallin sizeandgrowasdataiswrittentothedisk.

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Glossary

guestoperatingsystem Anoperatingsystemthatrunsinsideavirtualmachine.Seealsohostoperatingsystem.

host (1)Aphysicalcomputercapableofrunningvirtualmachines.Alsocalledthehostmachineorhost computer.(2)InVMwareConverter,thephysicalcomputeronwhichtheVMwareConvertersoftwareis installed. hostagent Softwarethat,wheninstalledonavirtualmachinehost,performsactionsonbehalfofaremoteclient. hostbasedlicensing InESXServersoftware,oneoftwomodesforlicensingVMwaresoftware.Licensefilesresideonthehost andfeatureavailabilityistiedstrictlytothehostinwhichthefileresides.Seealsoserverbasedlicensing. hostedproducts VMwareproducts(includingWorkstation,VMwarePlayer,VMwareServer,VMwareACE,andLab Manager)thatrunasapplicationsonphysicalmachineswithoperatingsystemssuchasMicrosoft WindowsorLinux.Bycomparision,ESXServerisabaremetalproduct,whichprovidesathinsoftware layer(thehypervisor)thatenablesittorundirectlyonthephysicalmachine. hostonlynetworking Inhostedproducts,atypeofnetworkconnectionbetweenavirtualmachineandthehost.Withhostonly networking,avirtualmachineisconnectedtothehostonaprivatenetwork,whichnormallyisnotvisible outsidethehost.Multiplevirtualmachinesconfiguredwithhostonlynetworkingonthesamehostare onthesamenetwork.Seealsobridgednetworking,ConverterBootCD(VMwareConverterBootCD), NAT(networkaddresstranslation). hostoperatingsystem Anoperatingsystemthatrunsonthehostmachine.Seealsoguestoperatingsystem. hotcloning InVMwareConverter,cloningalocalorremotephysicalmachinewhileitisrunninginitsownoperating system.Seealsocoldcloning. hotfix Aninstallablefilethatresetsauserspassword,renewsanexpiredvirtualmachine,orenablesa copyprotectedvirtualmachinetorunfromanewlocation.

legacyvirtualmachine Avirtualmachinesupportedbytheproductinusebutnotcurrentforthatproduct.Forexample,in Workstation5,youcanuseandcreatevirtualmachinesforuseinWorkstation4.x,GSXServer3.x,orESX Server2.x,butnewWorkstation 5features(suchasclones,multiplesnapshots,andteams)arenot compatiblewiththelegacyvirtualmachines. licensefile Atextfiledeterminingthelicensemodeandentitlementtolicensedfeatures. licensekey Anencryptedblockoftextwithinalicensefile,determiningentitlementtoonespecificlicensedfeature. licensemode ThemethodusedforlicensingVMwaresoftware.AlicensefilecanbelocatedonanESXServerhostor onalicenseserver.VirtualCenterServerusesserverbasedlicensing.ESXServerlicensingcanbe serverbasedorhostbasedattheoptionofthesystemadministrator.Seealsohostbasedlicensing, serverbasedlicensing.

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linkedclone Acopyoftheoriginalvirtualmachinethatmusthaveaccesstotheparentvirtualmachinesvirtualdisks. Thelinkedclonestoreschangestothevirtualdisksinaseparatesetoffiles.Seealsofullclone. localcloning MakingacopyofavirtualmachineresidinginthesystemonwhichVMwareConverterisrunning,or makingacopyofthephysicalmachineitselfforconversiontoavirtualmachine.Seealsoremotecloning. LUN(logicalunitnumber) Anidentifierforadiskvolumeinastoragearray.

migration Theprocessofmovingavirtualmachinebetweenhosts.UnlessVMotionisused,thevirtualmachine mustbepoweredoffwhenyoumigrateit.SeealsomigrationwithVMotion,migrationwithVMware Converter. migrationwithVMotion Theprocessofmovingavirtualmachinethatispoweredonandhasmetselectedrequirements,including theactivationofVMotiononboththesourceandtargethosts.Whenyoumigrateavirtualmachineusing VMotion,theoperationsofthevirtualmachinecancontinuewithoutinterruption.Seealsomigrationwith VMwareConverter. migrationwithVMwareConverter Theprocessofmovingavirtualmachinethatispoweredofffromalocalorremotehost,while reconfiguringthefileformat,ifnecessary,toaccommodatethedestinationmachine.Seealsomigration withVMotion. NAT(networkaddresstranslation) Inhostednetworking,atypeofnetworkconnectionthatenablesyoutoconnectyourvirtualmachinesto anexternalnetworkwhenyouhaveonlyoneIPnetworkaddressandthataddressisusedbythehost computer.IfyouuseNAT,yourvirtualmachinedoesnothaveitsownIPaddressontheexternalnetwork. Instead,aseparateprivatenetworkissetuponthehostcomputer.Yourvirtualmachinegetsanaddress onthatnetworkfromtheVMwarevirtualDHCPserver.TheVMwareNATdevicepassesnetworkdata betweenoneormorevirtualmachinesandtheexternalnetwork.Itidentifiesincomingdatapackets intendedforeachvirtualmachineandsendsthemtothecorrectdestination.Seealsobridgednetworking, ConverterBootCD(VMwareConverterBootCD),hostonlynetworking. NIC(networkinterfacecard) Anexpansionboardthatprovidesadedicatedconnectionbetweenacomputerandanetwork.Alsocalled anetworkadapter.

P2VAssistant(VMwareP2VAssistant) AproductthatenablesuserstoconvertphysicalmachinestoVMwarevirtualmachines.Supersededby VMwareConverter.SeealsoVMwareConverter. physicaldisk Inhostedproducts,aharddiskinavirtualmachinethatismappedtoaphysicaldiskdriveorpartition onthehostmachine.Avirtualmachinesdiskcanbestoredasafileonthehostfilesystemoronalocal harddisk.Whenavirtualmachineisconfiguredtouseaphysicaldisk,VirtualCenterdirectlyaccessesthe localdiskorpartitionasarawdevice(notasafileonafilesystem).Seealsovirtualdisk. physicalnetwork Anetworkofphysicalmachines(pluscabling,switches,routers,andsoon)thatareconnectedsothatthey cansenddatatoandreceivedatafromeachother.Seealsovirtualnetwork.

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Glossary

provisioning TheprocessofcreatingafunctioningvirtualmachinebyassigningresourcessuchasCPU,memory,and virtualhardwareandthendeployingasystemimage.

rawdisk Seephysicaldisk. remotecloning MakingacopyofavirtualmachineoraphysicalmachineaccessedoverthenetworkbyVMware Converter.Seealsolocalcloning.

SAN(storageareanetwork) AlargecapacitynetworkstoragedevicethatcanbesharedamongmultipleVMwareESXServerhosts.A SANisrequiredforVMotion. server (1)Asystemcapableofmanagingandrunningvirtualmachines.(2)Aprocesscapableofacceptingand executinginstructionsfromanotherprocess. serverbasedlicensing AmodeoflicensingVMwaresoftwareinwhichalllicensekeysareadministeredbyalicenseserver, whichmanagesacentrallicensepool.Featureentitlementischeckedoutandreturnedondemand.See alsohostbasedlicensing. source InVMwareConverter,themachinefromwhichoneimportsorcreatesavirtualmachine. sourcevirtualmachine InVMwareConverter,thevirtualmachinetobeimported,atitsoriginallocation. standalonevirtualmachine AvirtualmachinethatrunsinWorkstation,VMwareServer,andVMwarePlayer.Sourcevirtualmachines fromMicrosoftVirtual PC,MicrosoftVirtual Server,andSymantecBackupExecSystemRecoveryimages arealsoconsideredstandalones.Seealsosourcevirtualmachine.

task Amanagedobjectrepresentingthestateofalongrunningoperation. TCP(TransmissionControlProtocol) Areliabletransferprotocolusedbetweentwoendpointsonanetwork.TCPisbuiltontopoftheInternet Protocol(IP).SeealsoTCP/IP(TransmissionControlProtocol/InternetProtocol). TCP/IP(TransmissionControlProtocol/InternetProtocol) Asetofprotocols,thedefactolanguageoftheInternet,designedtoenablecommunicationbetween networksregardlessofthecomputingtechnologiesthattheyuse.TCPconnectshostsandprovidesa reliableexchangeofdatastreamswithguaranteeddelivery.IPspecifiestheformatofpacketsandhandles addressing. template Amasterimageofavirtualmachine.Thistypicallyincludesaspecifiedoperatingsystemanda configurationthatprovidesvirtualcounterpartstohardwarecomponents.Optionally,atemplatecan includeaninstalledguestoperatingsystemandasetofapplications.Settingavirtualmachineasa templateprotectsanylinkedclonesorsnapshotsthatdependonthetemplatefrombeingdisabled inadvertently.TemplatesareusedbyVirtualCentertocreatenewvirtualmachines.Seealsolinkedclone.

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virtualdisk Afileorsetoffilesthatappearsasaphysicaldiskdrivetoaguestoperatingsystem.Thesefilescanbeon thehostmachineoronaremotefilesystem.Seealsogrowabledisk,physicaldisk. virtualhardware Thedevicesthatmakeupavirtualmachine.Thevirtualhardwareincludesthevirtualdisk,removable devicessuchastheDVDROM/CDROMandfloppydrives,andthevirtualEthernetadapter. virtualmachine Avirtualizedx86PCenvironmentinwhichaguestoperatingsystemandassociatedapplicationsoftware canrun.Multiplevirtualmachinescanoperateonthesamehostsystemconcurrently. virtualmachineconfiguration Thespecificationofwhichvirtualdevices,suchasdisksandmemory,arepresentinavirtualmachineand howtheyaremappedtohostfilesanddevices.InVMwareConverter,VMwarevirtualmachineswhose diskshavebeenpopulatedbyrestoringfromabackuporbysomeotherdirectmeansofcopyingundergo configurationtoenablethemtobootinVMwareproducts.Seealsovirtualmachine. virtualmachineconfigurationfile Afilecontainingavirtualmachineconfiguration.This.vmxfileiscreatedwhenyoucreatethevirtual machine.Itisusedtoidentifyandrunaspecificvirtualmachine. virtualmemory Anextensionofasystemsphysicalmemory,enabledbythedeclarationofapagefile. virtualnetwork Anetworkconnectingvirtualmachinesthatdoesnotdependonphysicalhardwareconnections.For example,youcancreateavirtualnetworkbetweenavirtualmachineandahostthathasnoexternal networkconnections.YoucanalsocreateaLANsegmentforcommunicationbetweenvirtualmachines onateam.Seealsolegacyvirtualmachine,template. VirtualSMP Thetechnologythatenablesavirtualmachinetodosymmetricmultiprocessing.VirtualSMPenablesyou toassigntwovirtualprocessorstoavirtualmachineonanyhostmachinethathasatleasttwological processors. VMotion AfeaturethatenablesyoutomoverunningvirtualmachinesfromoneESXServersystemtoanother withoutinterruptingservice.Itrequireslicensingonboththesourceandtargethosts.VMotionis activatedbytheVirtualCenteragent,andVirtualCenterServercentrallycoordinatesallVMotion activities.SeealsomigrationwithVMotion. VMwareACE Anassuredcomputingenvironmentthatgivessecurityadministratorstheabilitytoprotectcritical companyresourcesagainsttheriskspresentedbyunmanagedPCs.Endusersinstallasimpleclient programthatenablesthemtorunavirtualmachine.VMwareACEofferscompletecontrolofthe hardwareconfigurationandnetworkingcapabilitiesofanunmanagedPC,transformingitintoan ITcompliantPCendpoint.VMwareACEcanbeusedinternallyorremotelyandcanbeconnectedor disconnectedfromthetrustednetwork.SeealsoACEManager(VMwareACEManager). VMwareConverter Softwarethatenablesuserstoconvertphysicalmachinestovirtualmachinesandtomigratevirtual machinesbetweenVMwareproducts.VMwareConvertercanperformmassmigrationsandcreate VMwarevirtualmachinesfromanumberofthirdpartyformats. VMwareInfrastructure Asoftwaresuite,includingESXServerandVirtualCenter,thatvirtualizesservers,storage,and networkingandenablesmultipleunmodifiedoperatingsystemsandtheirapplicationstorun

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Glossary

independentlyinvirtualmachineswhilesharingphysicalresources.Thesuitedeliverscomprehensive virtualization,management,resourceoptimization,applicationavailability,andoperationalautomation capabilities.SeealsoEthernetswitch. VMwarePlayer FreesoftwarethatenablesPCuserstoeasilyrunanyvirtualmachineonaWindowsorLinuxPC.VMware PlayerrunsvirtualmachinescreatedbyVMwareWorkstation,GSXServer,orESXServerandalso supportsMicrosoftvirtualmachinesandSymantecLiveStateRecoverydiskformats. VMwareServer AfreevirtualizationproductforWindowsandLinuxservers.Itenablesuserstoquicklyprovisionnew servercapacitybypartitioningaphysicalserverintomultiplevirtualmachines. VMwareTools Asuiteofutilitiesanddriversthatenhancestheperformanceandfunctionalityofyourguestoperating system.KeyfeaturesofVMwareToolsincludesomeorallofthefollowing,dependingonyourguest operatingsystem:anSVGAdriver,amousedriver,theVMwareToolscontrolpanel,andsupportforsuch featuresassharedfolders,draganddropinWindowsguests,shrinkingvirtualdisks,time synchronizationwiththehost,VMwareToolsscripts,andconnectinganddisconnectingdeviceswhilethe virtualmachineisrunning.

Workstation(VMwareWorkstation) Virtualizationsoftwareforsoftwaredevelopers,testers,andenterpriseITprofessionals.VMware WorkstationrunsmultipleoperatingsystemssimultaneouslyonasinglePC.UserscanrunWindows, Linux,NetWare,orSolarisinfullynetworked,portablevirtualmachineswithnorebootingorharddrive partitioningrequired.VMwareWorkstationincludesmemoryoptimizationandtheabilitytomanage multitierconfigurationsandmultiplesnapshots.

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Index

A
adding an Enterprise license 23 adding drivers to the Converter Boot CD 42 Agent, See VMware Converter Agent

controlling number of tasks running 54 converting machines menu of procedures 26 physical machine 27 customizing the guest operating system 34, 40, 46

B
Boot CD cloning with 13, 37 importable physical machines 18 memory requirements 18

D
datastores 31, 39 deleting a task 52 destination ESX Server 31, 39 two categories 30, 39 Workstation or other standalone 32, 40 Details View, the 51 disk-based cloning 15 DNS, specifying the connections 35, 41, 47 drivers, adding to the Converter Boot CD 42 duplicate ID 20

C
canceling a task 52 changing an Enterprise license 23 changing number of tasks displayed 55 changing the run order 55 choosing destination 30, 39 clearing all tasks from history 52 clones full 34 linked 34 cloning by edition 10 cold, defined 11 defined 10 disk-based 15 example 11 example of local 13 hot, defined 11 local, defined 11 modes 14 physical machine 11 physical machine, cold 37 remote, defined 11 volume-based 14 clusters,specifying for destination 31, 39 cold cloning defined 11 example 13 memory requirements 18 with Boot CD 13, 37 completing import task creation 36, 42 configuration, starting 45 configuring VMware virtual machines 45

E
editing failed task 54 task 53 Enterprise edition adding a license 23 changing a license 23 differentiators from Starter edition 10 errors, viewing in the logs 53 ESX Server as destination 31, 39 as source 28 ESX Server support 18 exporting the log 53

F
failed task, editing a 54 FAT file systems 33, 40 filtering tasks displayed 55 folder, location of application 22 forcing a queued task to run 52

G
GSX Server support 19 guest operating system, customizing 34, 40, 46 GUID Partition Table (GPT) disks 15

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H
host system requirements 17 hosted product virtual machine as source 29 hot cloning defined 11 example 11

VMware Converter can run on 17

P
P2V Assistant 9 physical machine as source 27 cold cloning 37 physical machines that can be imported 18 ports required for conversion 20 procedures for converting machines 26 progress, viewing 53 push install 23

I
import options for a standalone virtual machine 34 installing VMware Converter 21 install-less mode 25 Inventory view Hosts & Clusters 29, 46 Virtual Machines & Templates 29, 46 ISO image, modifying with peTools 42

R
remote cloning defined 11 example 11 removing VMware Converter 22 repairing VMware Converter 22 resources, specifying 31, 39

J
jobs, managing 15, 49

K
knowledge base, accessing 8

S
scripted install 23 settings affected by conversion 19 source ESX Server 28 standalone virtual machine 29 space requirements, minimum 18 standalone virtual machine as source 29 Starter edition 10 starting the wizard for cold clone 37 for configuration 45 for conversion 26 to edit a task 54 Summary Tab, the 51 support supported destinations 19 supported sources 18 Symantec Backup Exec System Recovery 19 system images that can be converted 18 system reconfiguration 10 system requirements 17

L
license, adding 23 live cloning. See hot cloning local cloning defined 11 example 13 with Boot CD 13 log exporting and viewing 53 location of 53

M
managing jobs 15 managing jobs with the Task View 15, 49 Master Boot Record (MBR) disks 15 maximum number of tasks 54 memory requirements for Boot CD 18 minimum space requirements 18 modes of cloning 14

N
network, same for source and destination machines 11 new features in VMware Converter 16 Norton Ghost 19

T
table of contents pane 26, 38 task completing import creation 36, 42 editing 53 editing failed 54 Task List 49 task manager
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O
offline cloning. See cold cloning operating system compatibility issues 17 system that Boot CD runs on 18

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Index

canceling a task 52 changer number of tasks displayed 55 changing run order 55 clearing all tasks from history 52 deleting a task 52 Details View 51 filtering tasks by status 55 forcing a queued task to run 52 number of concurrent tasks 54 starting and cancelling tasks 52 Summary tab 51 Task Progress tab 51 Task Progress tab, the 51, 53 Task View, managing migrations with 15, 49 tasks filtering display of 55 maximum concurrent 54 run order 55 TCP/IP ports 20 technical support resources 8 toolbar 50

editions 10 installing 21 removing 22 repairing 22 uninstalling 22 uses 9 VMware Converter Agent VMware Converter Boot CD cold cloning with 13 modifying ISO image 42 VMware Player support 18 VMware Server support 19 VMware Tools 34, 40, 46 volume-based cloning 14

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whats new in VMware Converter 16 Windows cold clone requirements for Boot CD 18 operating systems that VMware Converter runs on 17 Windows Server Domain 35, 42 WINS, specifying the addresses 35, 41, 47 wizard table of contents pane 26, 38 Workstation as destination 32, 40 as source 29 Workstation support 18

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uninstalling older versions before installing 21 uninstalling VMware Converter 22 user groups, accessing 8 uses for VMware Converter 9

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Version support 18 viewing a tasks progress 53 viewing the log 53 virtual disks on FAT file systems 33, 40 virtual hardware CPU issues 20 disk device issues 20 Ethernet adapter issues 20 graphics card issues 20 virtual machine destination on same network as source 11, 15 Virtual Machine Importer 9 virtual machines configuring VMware 45 that can be converted 18 Virtual PC support 19 Virtual Server support 19 VirtualCenter support 19 VMware community forums, accessing 8 VMware Converter default location of application folder 22

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VMware Converter Users Manual

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