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# Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal

## Department of Chemical Engineering Ch-303: Heat Transfer-I

Q.1 Answer the following Multiple Choice questions: (a) In general the thermal conductivity of substance is: (i) independent of temperature (ii) a strong function of pressure (iii) strongly temperature dependant (iv) independent of pressure (b) A predominant mode of heat transfer in electrical transmission lines is: (i) conduction (ii) natural convection (iii) forced convection (iv) radiation One face of a copper plate 3 cm, thick is maintained at 400 0 C whereas the other is kept at 1000 C. The thermal conductivity of the plate is 300W/mK. The rate of heat transfer per unit area through the plate would be: (i) 300 W (ii) 3kW (iii) 30 kW (iv) 3 MW (d) With increase in temperature, the thermal conductivity of gases: (i) Decreases (ii) Increases (iii) Remains constant (iv) First increases and then decreases (e) Heat transfer takes place according to: (i) Fourier Law (ii) Zeroth Law of thermodynamics (iii) Second law of thermodynamics (iv) Rittingers law A furnace is to be designed for a maximum wall temperature of 5000 C. The hot gas temperature on one side of the wall is 10000 C and the temperature on the other side is 300 C. The value of h for hot side and cold side are 232.6 and 348.9W/m 2. 0C respectively. Calculate the permissible thermal resistance per m2 area of the metal wall. A composite wall consists of 1.5 mm of steel sheet and 10mm of plywood separated by 2 cm of glass-wool in between. Calculate the rate of heat flow if the temperatures on the steel and plywood sides are 250 C and -150 C respectively. k for steel = 23.23 W/m . 0 C k for plywood = 0.052 W/m . 0 C k for glass wool = 0.014 W/m . 0 C

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An annealing chamber has a composite wall made of a 17 cm thick firebrick layer (k=1.1W/m 0 C) and a 13 cm thick ordinary brick layer (k=0.70 W/m0C). The inside and outside surface temperatures of the walls are 400 0 C and 450C respectively. Calculate the heat loss from 25 m 2 of furnace wall. Also determine the temperature between the ordinary brick and the fire brick layers. A 10-cm O.D. steam pipe carrying saturated steam at 1373 kPa (1.373 MN/m 2) is lagged to 20 cm diameter with magnesia (k= 0.07 W/mK) and further lagged with laminated asbestos of thermal conductivity of 0.08 W/mK. The whole pipe is further protected by a layer of canvas. If the temperature under the canvas is 20 0 C, find the steam condensed in 12 hours on 150 meters length of pipe. Neglect thermal conductivity effect of pipe material. At 1373 kPa, T the saturation temperature of steam=467.14 K hfg= Latent heat of steam = 1963.14 kJ/Kg Show that the heat transfer rate through a wall heated by hot gases on one side and cooled by water on the other side (neglecting radiation) is: T1 T2 Q= -----------------------------------------[(1/Ah1)+ (x/KA) + (1/Ah2) ] Where T1 and T2 are the fluid temperatures on each side of the wall and h 1 and h2 are the corresponding heat transfer coefficients for the x thick wall.

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An insulated pipe of 50mm outside diameter (=0.8) is laid in a room at 300 C. If the surface temperature is 2500 C and the convective heat transfer coefficient is 10 W/m2K, calculate the heat loss per unit length of pipe.

## Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal

Q.1 Department of Chemical Engineering Ch-303: Heat Transfer-I 1. Name he process in which maximum heat transfer is desirable with minimum possible heat exchange area: (i) Outer space vehicle (ii) Walls of a building (iii) steam pipe (iv) Any one of the above 2.Name the process in which heat transfer is undesirable and its flow has to be protected (i) Gas turbine blades (ii) Steam pipes (iii) Wall of internal combustion engine (iv) outer space vehicle 3. Name the method by which the heat transfer takes place due to direct molecular communication without any appreciable displacement of the system(i) Forced convection (ii) Natural convection (iii) Conduction (iv ) radiation 4. heat transfer in liquids by conduction process is due to (i) elastic impact (ii) molecular diffusion of kinetic energy (iii) both (i) & (ii); (iv) none of these 5. Heat transfer by conduction process can be carried out in (i) solids (ii) liquids (iii) gases (iv) any one of the above 6. Unit of heat flux is (i) W/m0k (ii) W/m2 (iii) W/m2k (W/m0k (iv) none of these 7. The unit of thermal conductivity is (i) W/m0k (ii) W/m2 (iii) W/m2k (iv) none of these 8. Thermal conductivity is maximum for (i) pure metals (ii) alloys (iii) liquids (iv) gases 9. Point out which is not true (i) Thermal conductivity is always higher in purest form of a metal (ii) Alloying of metals causes an appreciable increase in thermal conductivity (iii) Mechanical forming or heat treatment of metals causes considerable variation in thermal conductivity (iv) Thermal conductivity of annealed sheet is higher than hardened steel. 10. When the heat transfer occurs through a series of resistances, the overall resistance is equal to (i) average of all resistances (ii) sum of all resistances (iii) the minimum resistance present in series (iv) the maximum resistance present in series. 11. A sphere, a cube and a thin circular plate all made of same material having the same mass are places in an enclosure of 4000C. What of these objects will attain steady state condition due to this temperature? (i) Sphere (ii) cube (iii) circular plate (iv) All will heat at the same rate. 12. Temperature distribution during heat conduction in steady state is governed by (i) thermal conductivity (ii) thermal diffusivity (iii) thermal storage capacity (iv) all of the above.