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te je Section A . 1 (a) (4) Add Al metal to Fe(1r)/Fe(III) solution, “fetal doposit/icon to -displgced/areen P2121) fadee/ a SEE ee ee eee eek. Cqety >. sol D Toitiet Te gg ee eecchenteet cell sind al’ ana eyes Fe_as electrodes with a suitable electrolyte Seoe wemuk, 8d NACh(ag) a $F due ta! a to re/curcent flows! from Fe to AL see! > Fe only oe ena oleate: a ho mark or Set up 2 electrochemical cells, one with Al & (cu) ; . as electrodes, the other with Fe & (Cu) as electrodes 3 Gyperlans ons and with a suitable electrolyte a) the first mentioned electrochemical cell has a a higher voltage a tens Het Uy 1 cuingleto ox Add the metals intoldil) acia! {bo not accept HNO, & ©. H,S0,) wm = ho mes HW ho marie Al will give gas bubbles! at a faster rate qQ) 3) Hethed Wrs {method - 1 mark obserudtion, cdvrect ohservation - 1 mark diagram only - 0 mark} fo Meal : (44) Anodized aluminium provided a(protectiv ' a The paint coated on iron can be scratcheé e Al toe dm odake off) easily/the oxide layer on aluminium is impervious Beyer wotich preeh to oxygen (water a co 1 Thas corrosion occurs more readil fro eres a - Lena eadli onty Po A Mredepel MM Corodgn (b) (4) pollute the sea/harmful to aquatic species (eish, plants, etc.) Pesenrus / damage - 1 (no not accept affect aquatic lives) 1 L n_iron (it) ca(oH), + 2HcL + CaCl, + 2H,0 1 or, Ca(OH), + 2H’ 4 Ca’ + 21,0 OH = ho mark, (iii) No. of moles of HCl discharged ‘in 1 minute = 0.5 x 20 a s310) cl> No. of moles of Ca(OH), required for neutralization = 10/2 a =5 The:mass of Ca(OH), required per minute =5 x (40 +16 x2 41 X2) - = 370 g. 1 (no unitin final answer, deduct. 1 mark) 32. (iv) calclum ton forms a nunber of insoluble salts/ Tiguid' waste ay contain sulphuric acid (sulphate logy /slaked Lime is (slightly soluble) reaction rate With acid is slow, /-Wasedy Yeuuts faster. / na? dees not Com Wwisleble salt. tc » (ii) ede otf CH (a) breaking large/long-chained molecules into smaller/ short-chained ones. (Do not accept breaking down of crude o1l/petroleum) Rocks broken Soaket with porcelars | AI20y paraftin ' Coy) ! t— Gaseous Produc ) petrelemm Guaction - (Hear) 2D marks J mari, > Sag Me ieee Diageam showing cracking © 44) “hia Nentin No labelling of paraffin oil/petroleum fractioyy) "(->> No-indigarion-of-heating mabe, No indilaeign of a suitable catalyst “4open/closed system* — weed not mark - att aa Guy (iv) Diagram showing collection of gas over water Gelget with gee syringe (at) (1) cracks the test tube se, f (2) remove the aliSes/cubS before stop heating. nit, NO catalyse Sone mark 2 1) (-1) (1) ° 1 1 1 (Do not accept removal of cork) reneve-the tube — ne mark’, No, all compounds with C=C or C=C bonds/all unsaturated (C(ompeundnydrocarbons/all alkenes can decolorise bromine. a) OR OR OR (ih) Pak O) muse 44 Felevant to), (Bo not, accept substitution of alkanes) Compunds’ cith denble bond ~ burning of fuel/petrol because it generates energy for the moving car/makes the car move - charging of the car battery because it converts mechanical energy into chemical energy/ 5 energy is stored up in the battery = discharging of the car battery because it converts chemical energy to electrical energy/the light (radio) works. = converting CO into CO; in a catalytic converter changes harmful gases into unharmful ones (1) ~ Corrosion/rusting of the car body because it cause damage to the car. OR - (incomplete) burning of fuel produces ¢/co which are pollutants/harmful/poisonous QR - burning of fuel produces S0,/lead compounds/NO, which are pollutants/harmful/poisonous (2) ~ GSE BLCoting the car body/use fibre glass/ aluminium car body OR - regular tuning of the car engine/use catalytic converter/use unleaded petrol/use S free petrol {Do not accept use of gas filter) 2 br 0 4 wet @ = ne mark, Other Compennds / R.A). =n0 wrk, 1 1 qa) m a) am am qa) 1 1 a m (a, a) 1 5 (e) wm a - —+—{Warer) pred not label t—— (0 drvpter) Diagram showing a suspended oil droplet 2 showing less than 3 detergent particles dissolved in” vq-fugs the bil droplet (4) AEH Sil drop not suspended (a) Dy parong labelling of oll/water 6 (iy (2) The hydrophobic end/hydrocarbon taj) of detergent dissolve in oil and the hydrophilic end/anionic olves in water 1 Agitation breaka the oil into small droplets, the repulsion of like charges disperses the oil droplets formed. No, because the oppositely charged ions attract/stick combine together/coagulate, thus reduces the net_amount_of 1 Active Species present in the solution/weakens the cleaning 1 effect. : (Do not accept react together) Yes, because either kind of detergents can form micelles with oil independently/work independently/ a) each kind of detergent work on a particular kind of a dirt, therefore will enhance/not affect the cleaning action. (1) — . 6