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Rogelio Mangahas Rogelio Mangahas is a Palanca first prize winner for his collection of poems, "Mga Duguang Plakard"

and for his critical essay on Edgardo M. Reyes's novel, "Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag." He co-authored and edited Manlilikha, an anthology of poems, considered by some critics as a monumental achievement in modern Filipino poetry in the 1960s. He worked as editor-in-chief of Phoenix Publishing House and of SIBS Publishing House and taught Filipino language and literature at De La Salle University, University of the East, UP Manila and St. Scholastica's College. He served as a consultant for literature at the Cultural Center of the Philippines and country editor of Tenggara, a literary journal of Southeast Asia published in Malaysia . He was a recipient of 'Poet of the Year' award from SWP and Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtas from UMPIL (Writers Union of the Philippines). He was born on May 9, 1939 in Palasinan, Cabiao, Nueva Ecija. Rolando Tinio, National Artist This great Filipino poet was a National Artist for Theater and Literature and was in the first group of inductees into the Palanca Hall of Fame in 1995. A native of Tondo, Manila, he was born in 1937 and died in 1997.

EXAMPLE OF POETRY TRANSLATION BY ROLANDO TINIO:

Tagalog-English translation of Florante at Laura excerpt Efren Abueg


Unang antolohiya ng kanyang mga katha ang BUGSO, ngunit marami na ring librong pinamatnugutan si Efren Abueg, tulad ng Mga Piling Akda ng KADIPAN (1964), Mga Agos sa Disyerto (edisyong 1965, 1974 at 1993), MANUNULAT: Mga Piling Akdang Pilipino (1970) at Parnasong Tagalog ni Abadilla (1973). Kinilala ang kanyang kakayahan sa pagsulat ng maiikling kuwento sa pagkakaloob sa kanya ng anim na Taunang Gawad Carlos Palanca (1959, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1967, at 1974); unang gantimpala sa timpalak ng KADIPAN (1957), Pang-alaalang Gawad Balagtas (1969); pangatlong gantimpala sa timpalak ng Pilipino Free Press (1969) at Mangangatha sa Tagalog (1992) ng Unyon ng Manunulat ng Pilipinas. Sa nobela naman, nagwagi siya sa timpalak ng Liwayway (1964, 1965, at 1967) at sa sanaysay ay nakamit niya ang unang gantimpala sa timpalak ng KADIPAN noong 1958. Kasama sa maraming teksbuk sa Filipino ang kanyang mga nagkagantimpalang akda, aktibo siya sa pagtuturo ng wika at panitikan sa MLQ University (1965-1972), Philippine College of Commerce (1971-72), Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (1974-77), Ateneo de Manila University (1977-78) at sa kasalukuyan, propesor siya sa De La Salle University. Naging pangulo ng Kapisanan ng mga Propesor sa Pilipino (KAPPIL, 1986-88), at Linangan ng Literatura ng Pilipinas (Literary League of the Philippines) at direktor ng Philippine Folklore Society.
Virgilio Senadren Almario, better known by his pen name, Rio Alma, is a Filipino artist, poet, critic, translator, editor, teacher, and cultural [1] manager. He is a National Artist of the Philippines. Growing up in Bulacan among peasants, Almario sought his education in Manila and completed his degree in A.B. Political Science at the University of the Philippines. A prolific writer, he spearheaded the second successful modernist movement in Filipino poetry together with Rogelio G. Mangahas and Lamberto E. Antonio. His earliest pieces of literary criticism were collected in Ang Makata sa Panahon ng Makina (1972), now considered the first book of literary criticism in Filipino. Later, in the years of martial law, he set aside modernism and formalism and took interest in nationalism, politics and activist movement. As critic, his critical works deal with the issue of national language. Aside from being a critic, Almario engaged in translating and editing. He has translated the best contemporary poets of the world. He has also translated for theater production the plays of Nick Joaquin, Bertolt Brecht, Euripedes and Maxim Gorki. Other important translations include the famous works of the Philippines' national hero, Jos Rizal, namely Noli Me Tangere and El filibusterismo. It was deemed as the best translation by the Manila Critics Circle. Almario has been a recipient of numerous awards such as several Palanca Awards, two grand prizes from the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the Makata ng Taon of the Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, the TOYM for literature, and the Southeast Asia Write Award of Bangkok.

SHORT BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION IN ENGLISH Rolando (Santos) Tinio is famous for being a playwright, poet and translator. He was born in Tondo. Date of birth: March 5, 1997. Died in Manila in on July 7, 1997. Belonged to the antiRomantic group of Tagalog poets known as the Bagay (Object) group who describe things and avoid giving interpretations. The Grandmother describes a senile, cranky grandmother; this poem gives a glimpse into the ways of a typical Filipino household at dusk when the Angelus prayer is announced. TAGALOG TRANSLATION OF BIOGRAPHY Si Rolando (Santos) Tinio ay kilala bilang mandudula, makata at tagapagsalin Isinilang siya sa Tondo. Araw ng kapanganakan: Marso 5, 1997. Namatay sa Maynila noong Hulyo 7, 1997. Nabibilang sa grupong Bagay ng mga antiRomantikong makatang Tagalog na naglalarawan ng mga bagay at umiiwas sa pagbibigay ng mga kuru-kuro. Ang Lola ay naglalarawan ng isang matandang ulyanin at bugnutin; ang tulang ito ay nagbibigay ng isang sulyap sa mga gawi ng isang pangkaraniwang tahanang Pilipino sa dapit-hapon sa pagtugtog ng orasyon. POETRY COLLECTIONS BY ROLANDO TINIO: Sitsit sa Kulilig (Whistling at Cicadas, 1972); DunungDunungan (Pedantry, 1975); Kristal na Uniberso (Crystal Universe, 1989); Trick of Mirrors (1993)

He was an instructor at the Ateneo de Manila University from 19691972. He only took his M.A. in Filipino in 1974 in the University of the Philippines. In 2003, he was appointed Dean of the College of Arts and Letters in the said university. On June 25 of the same year, [2] he was proclaimed National Artist for Literature. Almario is also the founder and workshop director of the Linangan sa Imahen, Retorika, at Anyo (LIRA), an organization of poets who write in Filipino. Award-winning writers and poets such as Roberto and Rebecca Aonuevo, Romulo Baquiran Jr., Michael Coroza, Jerry Gracio, and Vim Nadera are but some of the products of the LIRA workshop.

The Palanca Awards or Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature is the Philippines' most prestigious and most enduring literary awards and is dubbed as the "Pulitzer [1] Prize" of the Philippines. It is one of the Philippines' most [2] prestigious and long-running award giving bodies. The Palanca Awards was established in 1950 to inspire [3] Filipino writers to improve their literary works. In the 1960s the Palanca Awards Committee started to fund the publication of Palanca plays and production fund were [4] committed on 1975. In 2009, it added a category for Poetry [2] for children in both Filipino and English.

Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature Awarded for Country First awarded Official website Excellence in literary works Philippines 1950 www.palancaawards.com.ph

The Palanca Awards or Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature is the