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1.DEVELOP RATIONAL NUMBER CLASS IN JAVA.USE JAVADOC COMMENTS FOR DOCUMENTATION.

YOUR IMPLEMENTATION SHOULD USE EFFICIENT REPRESENTATION FOR A RATIONAL NUMBER,I.E.(40/80)SHOULD BE REPRESENTED AS(1/2)
PROGRAM: import java.util.Scanner; public class Rational { private int numerator; private int denominator; public Rational(int numerator,int denominator) { if(denominator==0) { throw new RuntimeException("Denominator is zero"); } int g=gcd(numerator,denominator); if(g==1) { System.out.println("No Common Divisor for Numerator and Denominator"); this.numerator=numerator; this.denominator=denominator; } else { this.numerator=numerator/g; this.denominator=denominator/g; } } public String toString() { return numerator+"/"+denominator; } private static int gcd(int m,int n) { if(0==n) return m; else return gcd(n,m%n); } public static void main(String[]args) { Scanner scanner=new Scanner(System.in); System.out.print("Enter Numerator:"); int numerator=scanner.nextInt(); System.out.print("Enter Denominator:");

int denominator=scanner.nextInt(); Rational rational; rational=new Rational(numerator,denominator); System.out.println("Efficient Representation for the rational number:"+rational); } }

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2.DEVELOPE DATE CLASS IN JAVA SIMILAR TO THE ONE AVAILABLE IN JAVA.UTIL PACKAGE.USE JAVADOC COMMANDS.
PROGRAM: import java.util.*; public class Datedemo { public static void main(String args[]) { Date date=new Date(); System.out.println("Today is "+date); } }

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3.IMPLEMENT LISP-LIKE LIST IN JAVA.WRITE BASIC OPERATIONS SUCH AS CAR,CDR AND CONS.IF L IS A LIST [3,0,2,5] ,L.CAR() RETURNS 3,WHILE L.CDR() RETURNS [0,2,5].
PROGRAM: import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.Arrays; import java.util.Collections; import java.util.List; import java.util.StringTokenizer; import java.util.logging.Logger; public class LispCommands { private String[] tokenList; private static Logger LOGGER=Logger.getLogger(LispCommands.class.getName()); public LispCommands() { } private void car() { LOGGER.info(tokenList[0]); } private void cdr() { List<String>list=Arrays.asList(tokenList); ArrayList<String>slist=new ArrayList<String>(list); slist.remove(0); display(slist); } private void cons(String args) { List<String>arrayList=new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList(tokenList)); arrayList.add(args); Collections.reverse(arrayList); display(arrayList); } private void parse(String args) { ArrayList<String>tokenList=new ArrayList<String>(); if(args!=null){ StringTokenizer tokens=new StringTokenizer(args,"[]"); while(tokens.hasMoreElements()) { StringTokenizer commaTokens=new StringTokenizer(tokens.nextToken(),","); while(commaTokens.hasMoreElements())

{ String token=commaTokens.nextToken(); if(token!=null && !token.trim().equals("")) { tokenList.add(token.trim()); } } } } this.tokenList=tokenList.toArray(new String[0]); } private void display(Object result) { System.out.println(); if(result instanceof String) { LOGGER.info(result.toString()); } else if(result.getClass().getName().equals("java.util.ArrayList")) { LOGGER.info(result.toString()); } } public static void main(String[] args) { LispCommands L=new LispCommands(); L.parse("[3,0,2,5]"); L.car(); L.cdr(); L.cons("7"); } }

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4.DESIGN A JAVA INTERFACE FOR ADTSTACK.DEVELOP TWO DIFFERENT CLASSES THAT IMPLEMENT THIS INTERFACE,ONE USING ARRAY AND THE OTHER USING LINKEDLIST.PROVIDE NECESSARY EXCEPTION HANDLING IN BOTH THE IMPLEMENTION.
PROGRAM: public class ADTArray implements ADTStack { Object[] array; int index; public ADTArray() { this.array=new Object[128]; this.index=0; } public Object pop() { index--; return array[index]; } public void push(Object item) { array[index]=item; index++; } public static void main(String[] args) { ADTStack stack=new ADTArray(); stack.push("Hi"); stack.push(new Integer(100)); System.out.println(stack.pop()); System.out.println(stack.pop()); } } public class ADTList implements ADTStack { private StackElement top; private int count=0; public void push(Object obj) { StackElement stackElement=new StackElement(obj); stackElement.next=top; top=stackElement; count++; }

public Object pop() { if(top==null) return null; Object obj=top.value; top=top.next; count--; return obj; } class StackElement { Object value; StackElement next; public StackElement(Object obj) { value=obj; next=null; } } public static void main(String[] args) { ADTStack stack=new ADTList(); stack.push("Hi"); stack.push(new Integer(100)); System.out.println(stack.pop()); System.out.println(stack.pop()); } } public interface ADTStack { public void push(Object item); public Object pop(); }

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5.DESIGN A VEHICLE CLASS HIERARCHY IN JAVA.WRITE A TEST PROGRAM TO


DEMONSTRATE POLYMORPHISM

PROGRAM: import java.io.*; class Vehicle { String regno; int model; Vehicle(String r,int m) { regno=r; model=m; } void display() { System.out.println("registration no:"+regno); System.out.println("model no:"+model); } } class Twowheeler extends Vehicle { int noofwheel; Twowheeler(String r,int m,int n) { super(r,m); noofwheel=n; } void display() { System.out.println("Two wheeler tvs"); super.display(); System.out.println("no of wheel"+noofwheel); } } class Threewheeler extends Vehicle { int noofleaf; Threewheeler(String r,int m,int n) { super(r,m); noofleaf=n; } void display() { System.out.println("Three wheeler auto"); super.display();

System.out.println("no of leaf"+noofleaf); } } class Fourwheeler extends Vehicle { int noofleaf; Fourwheeler(String r,int m,int n) { super(r,m); noofleaf=n; } void display() { System.out.println("Four wheeler car"); super.display(); System.out.println("no of leaf"+noofleaf); } } public class Vehicledemo { public static void main(String arg[]) { Twowheeler t1; Threewheeler th1; Fourwheeler f1; t1=new Twowheeler("TN74 12345",1,2); th1=new Threewheeler("TN74 54321",4,3); f1=new Fourwheeler("TN34 45678",5,4); t1.display(); th1.display(); f1.display(); }}

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6.DESIGN CLASSES FOR CURRENCY,RUPEE AND DOLLAR.WRITE A PROGRAM THAT RANDOMLY GENERATES RUPEE AND DOLLAR OBJECTS AND WRITE THEM INTO A FILE USING OBJECT SERIALIZATION.WRITE ANOTHER PROGRAM TO READ THAT

FILE,CONVERT TO

RUPEE IF IT READS A DOLLAR,WHILE LEAVE THE VALUE AS IT IS IF IT READS A RUPEE.


PROGRAM: import java.io.Serializable; public abstract class Currency implements Serializable { protected static final Double DOLLAR_RUPEE_EXCHAGERATE=44.445D; public Currency(Double money) { super(); this.money=money; } protected Double money; public abstract Double getValue(); public abstract String getPrintableValue(); } public class Rupee extends Currency { public Rupee(Double amount) { super(amount); } public Double getValue() { return this.money; } public String getPrintableValue() { String strValue="Object Name : Rupee \n INR : Rs"+getValue() +"\n----------------------------------\n"; return strValue; }} public class Dollar extends Currency { public Dollar(Double money) { super(money); } public Double getValue() { return (this.money * DOLLAR_RUPEE_EXCHAGERATE); }

public String getPrintableValue() { String strValue="Object Name : Dollar \n USD :$" +this.money+"\n INR : Rs"+ getValue() + "\n-----------------\n"; return strValue; } }

import java.io.File; import java.io.FileNotFoundException; import java.io.FileOutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.ObjectOutputStream; import java.util.Random; public class StoreCurrency { public static void main(String[] args)throws FileNotFoundException,IOException { Currency currency=null; ObjectOutputStream out=new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(new File("currency.dat"))); Random random=new Random(); for(int i=0;i<10;i++) { int decide=random.nextInt(); Double value=(random.nextDouble()*10); if((decide%2)==0) { currency=new Rupee(value); } else { currency=new Dollar(value); } out.writeObject(currency); } out.writeObject(null); out.close(); } import java.io.File; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.ObjectInputStream;

public class ReadCurrency { public static void main(String[] args)throws IOException,ClassNotFoundException { Currency currency=null; ObjectInputStream in=new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream(new File("currency.dat"))); while((currency=(Currency)in.readObject())!=null) { System.out.println(currency.getPrintableValue()); } in.close(); } }

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7.DESIGN A SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR USING EVENT-DRIVEN PROGRAMMING PARADIGM OF JAVA.


PROGRAM:

import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; // class CalcFrame for creating a calcul // ator frame and added windolistener to // close the calculator class CalcFrame extends Frame { CalcFrame( String str) { // call to superclass super(str); // to close the calculator(Frame) addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() public void windowClosing (WindowEvent we) { System.exit(0); } }); } } // main class Calculator implemnets two // interfaces ActionListener // and ItemListener public class Calculator implements ActionListener, ItemListener { // creating instances of objects CalcFrame fr; MenuBar mb; Menu view, font, about; MenuItem bold, regular, author; CheckboxMenuItem basic, scientific; CheckboxGroup cbg Checkbox radians, degrees; TextField display; Button key[] = new Button[20]; // creates a button object array of 20 Button clearAll, clearEntry, round; Button scientificKey[] = new Button[10]; // creates a button array of 8 // declaring variables boolean addButtonPressed, subtractButtonPressed, multiplyButtonPressed; boolean divideButtonPressed, decimalPointPressed, powerButtonPressed; boolean roundButtonPressed = false; double initialNumber; // the first number for the two number operation double currentNumber = 0; //the number shown in the screen while it is being pressed

int decimalPlaces = 0; public static void main (String args[]) { // constructor Calculator calc = new Calculator(); calc.makeCalculator(); } public void makeCalculator() { // size of the button final int BWIDTH = 25; final int BHEIGHT = 25; int count =1; // create frame for the calculator fr = new CalcFrame("Basic Calculator"); // set the size fr.setSize(200,270); fr.setBackground(Color.blue);; // create a menubar for the frame mb = new MenuBar(); // add menu the menubar view = new Menu("View"); font = new Menu ("Font"); about = new Menu("About"); // create instance of object for View me //nu basic = new CheckboxMenuItem("Basic",true); // add a listener to receive item events // when the state of an item changes basic.addItemListener(this); scientific = new CheckboxMenuItem("Scientific"); //add a listener to receive item events //when the state of an item changes scientific.addItemListener(this); // create instance of object for font me // nu bold = new MenuItem("Arial Bold"); bold.addActionListener(this); regular = new MenuItem("Arial Regular"); regular.addActionListener(this); // for about menu author = new MenuItem("Author"); author.addActionListener(this); // add the items in the menu

view.add(basic); view.add(scientific); font.add(bold); font.add(regular); about.add(author) // add the menus in the menubar mb.add(view); mb.add(font); mb.add(about); // add menubar to the frame fr.setMenuBar(mb); // override the layout manager fr.setLayout(null); for (int row = 0; row < 3; ++row) { for (int col = 0; col < 3; ++col) { // this will set the key from 1 to key[count] = new Button(Integer.toString(count)); key[count].addActionListener(this); // set the boundry for the keys key[count].setBounds(30*(col + 1), 30*(row + 4),BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[count].setBackground(Color.yellow); // add to the frame fr.add(key[count++]); } } // Now create, addlistener and add to fr // ame all other keys //0 key[0] = new Button("0"); key[0].addActionListener(this); key[0].setBounds(30,210,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[0].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[0]); //decimal key[10] = new Button("."); key[10].addActionListener(this) key[10].setBounds(60,210,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[10].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[10]); //equals to key[11] = new Button("="); key[11].addActionListener(this); key[11].setBounds(90,210,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[11].setBackground(Color.yellow);

fr.add(key[11]); //multiply key[12] = new Button("*"); key[12].addActionListener(this); key[12].setBounds(120,120,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[12].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[12]); //divide key[13] = new Button("/"); key[13].addActionListener(this); key[13].setBounds(120,150,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[13].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[13]); //addition key[14] = new Button("+"); key[14].addActionListener(this); key[14].setBounds(120,180,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[14].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[14]); //subtract key[15] = new Button("-"); key[15].addActionListener(this); key[15].setBounds(120,210,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[15].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[15]); //reciprocal key[16] = new Button("1/x"); key[16].addActionListener(this); key[16].setBounds(150,120,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[16].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[16]); //power key[17] = new Button("x^n"); key[17].addActionListener(this); key[17].setBounds(150,150,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[17].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[17]); //change sign key[18] = new Button("+/-"); key[18].addActionListener(this); key[18].setBounds(150,180,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[18].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[18]); //factorial key[19] = new Button("x!"); key[19].addActionListener(this);

key[19].setBounds(150,210,BWIDTH,BHEIGHT); key[19].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(key[19]); // CA clearAll = new Button("CA"); clearAll.addActionListener(this); clearAll.setBounds(30, 240, BWIDTH+20, BHEIGHT); clearAll.setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(clearAll); // CE clearEntry = new Button("CE"); clearEntry.addActionListener(this); clearEntry.setBounds(80, 240, BWIDTH+20, BHEIGHT); clearEntry.setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(clearEntry); // round round = new Button("Round"); round.addActionListener(this); round.setBounds(130, 240, BWIDTH+20, BHEIGHT); round.setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(round); // set display area display = new TextField("0"); display.setBounds(30,90,150,20); display.setBackground(Color.white); // key for scientific calculator // Sine scientificKey[0] = new Button("Sin"); scientificKey[0].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[0].setBounds(180, 120, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[0].setVisible(false); scientificKey[0].setBackground(Color.yellow); fr.add(scientificKey[0]); scientificKey[1] = new Button("Cos"); scientificKey[1].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[1].setBounds(180, 150, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[1].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[1].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[1]); // Tan scientificKey[2] = new Button("Tan"); scientificKey[2].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[2].setBounds(180, 180, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[2].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[2].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[2]);

// PI scientificKey[3] = new Button("Pi"); scientificKey[3].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[3].setBounds(180, 210, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[3].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[3].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[3]); // aSine scientificKey[4] = new Button("aSin"); scientificKey[4].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[4].setBounds(220, 120, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[4].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[4].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[4]); // aCos scientificKey[5] = new Button("aCos"); scientificKey[5].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[5].setBounds(220, 150, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[5].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[5].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[5]); // aTan scientificKey[6] = new Button("aTan"); scientificKey[6].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[6].setBounds(220, 180, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[6].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[6].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[6]); // E scientificKey[7] = new Button("E"); scientificKey[7].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[7].setBounds(220, 210, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[7].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[7].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[7]); // to degrees scientificKey[8] = new Button("todeg"); scientificKey[8].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[8].setBounds(180, 240, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT); scientificKey[8].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[8].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[8]); // to radians scientificKey[9] = new Button("torad"); scientificKey[9].addActionListener(this); scientificKey[9].setBounds(220, 240, BWIDTH + 10, BHEIGHT);

scientificKey[9].setBackground(Color.yellow); scientificKey[9].setVisible(false); fr.add(scientificKey[9]); cbg = new CheckboxGroup(); degrees = new Checkbox("Degrees", cbg, true); radians = new Checkbox("Radians", cbg, false); degrees.addItemListener(this); radians.addItemListener(this); degrees.setBounds(185, 75, 3 * BWIDTH, BHEIGHT); radians.setBounds(185, 95, 3 * BWIDTH, BHEIGHT); degrees.setVisible(false); radians.setVisible(false); fr.add(degrees); fr.add(radians); fr.add(display); fr.setVisible(true); } // end of makeCalculator public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) String buttonText = ae.getActionCommand(); double displayNumber = Double.valueOf(display.getText()).doubleValue(); // if the button pressed text is 0 to 9 if((buttonText.charAt(0) >= '0') & (buttonText.charAt(0) <='9) if(decimalPointPressed) { for (int i=1;i <=decimalPlaces; ++i) currentNumber *= 10; currentNumber +=(int)buttonText.charAt(0)- (int)'0'; for (int i=1;i <=decimalPlaces; ++i) { currentNumber /=10; } ++decimalPlaces; display.setText(Double.toString(currentNumber)); } else if (roundButtonPressed) { int decPlaces = (int)buttonText.charAt(0) - (int)'0'; for (int i=0; i< decPlaces; ++i) displayNumber *=10; displayNumber = Math.round(displayNumber); for (int i = 0; i < decPlaces; ++i) { displayNumber /=10; } display.setText(Double.toString(displayNumber));

roundButtonPressed = false; else { currentNumber = currentNumber * 10 + (int)buttonText.charAt(0)-(int)'0'; display.setText(Integer.toString((int)currentNumber)); } } // if button pressed is addition if(buttonText == "+") { addButtonPressed = true; initialNumber = displayNumber; currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // if button pressed is subtract if (buttonText == "-") { subtractButtonPressed = true; initialNumber = displayNumber; currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // if button pressed is divide if (buttonText == "/") { divideButtonPressed = true; initialNumber = displayNumber; currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // if button pressed is multiply if (buttonText == "*") { multiplyButtonPress; initialNumber = displayNumber; currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false } if (buttonText == "1/x") { // call reciprocal method display.setText(reciprocal(displayNumber)); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // if button is pressed to change a sign if (buttonText == "+/-") {

// call changesign meyhod to change the // sign display.setText(changeSign(displayNumber)); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // factorial button if (buttonText == "x!") { display.setText(factorial(displayNumber)); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; // power button if (buttonText == "x^n") { powerButtonPressed = true; initialNumber = displayNumber; currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // now for scientific buttons if (buttonText == "Sin") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.sin(Math.PI * displayNumber/180))); else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.sin(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } if (buttonText == "Cos") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.cos(Math.PI * displayNumber/180))); else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.cos(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } if (buttonText == "Tan") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.tan(Math.PI * displayNumber/180)));

else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.tan(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } if (buttonText == "aSin") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.asin(displayNumber)* 180/Math.PI)); else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.asin(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } if (buttonText == "aCos") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.acos(displayNumber)* 180/Math.PI )); else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.acos(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } if (buttonText == "aTan") { if (degrees.getState()) display.setText(Double.toString(Math.atan(displayNumber)* 180/Math.PI )); else { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.atan(displayNumber))); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } } // this will convert the numbers display // ed to degrees if (buttonText == "todeg") display.setText(Double.toString(Math.toDegrees(displayNumber))); // this will convert the numbers display // ed to radians if (buttonText == "torad") display.setText(Double.toString(Math.toRadians(displayNumber))); if (buttonText == "Pi") { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.PI));

currentNumber =0; decimalPointPressed = false; } if (buttonText == "Round") roundButtonPressed = true; // check if decimal point is pressed if (buttonText == ".") { String displayedNumber = display.getText(); boolean decimalPointFound = false; int i; decimalPointPressed = true; // check for decimal point for (i =0; i < displayedNumber.length(); ++i) { if(displayedNumber.charAt(i) == '.') { decimalPointFound = true; continue; } } if (!decimalPointFound) decimalPlaces = 1; } if(buttonText == "CA") { // set all buttons to false resetAllButtons(); display.setText("0"); currentNumber = 0; } if (buttonText == "CE") { display.setText("0"); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } if (buttonText == "E") { display.setText(Double.toString(Math.E)); currentNumber = 0; decimalPointPressed = false; } // the main action if (buttonText == "=") { currentNumber = 0;

// if add button is pressed if(addButtonPressed) display.setText(Double.toString(initialNumber + displayNumber)); // if subtract button is pressed if(subtractButtonPressed) display.setText(Double.toString(initialNumber - displayNumber)); // if divide button is pressed if (divideButtonPressed) { // check if the divisor is zero if(displayNumber == 0) { MessageBox mb = new MessageBox ( fr, "Error ", true, "Cannot divide by zero."); mb.show(); } else display.setText(Double.toString(initialNumber/displayNumber)); } if(multiplyButtonPressed) display.setText(Double.toString(initialNumber * displayNumber)); // if power button is pressed if (powerButtonPressed) display.setText(power(initialNumber, displayNumber)); // set all the buttons to false resetAllButtons(); } if (buttonText == "Arial Regular") { for (int i =0; i < 10; ++i) key[i].setFont(new Font("Arial", Font.PLAIN, 12)); } if (buttonText == "Arial Bold") { for (int i =0; i < 10; ++i) key[i].setFont(new Font("Arial", Font.BOLD, 12)); } if (buttonText == "Author") { MessageBox mb = new MessageBox ( fr, "Calculator ver 1.0 beta ", true, "Author:Inder Mohan Singh."); mb.show(); } } // end of action events public void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent ie) { if (ie.getItem() == "Basic")

{ basic.setState(true); scientific.setState(false); fr.setTitle("Basic Calculator"); fr.setSize(200,270); // check if the scientific keys are visi // ble. if true hide them if (scientificKey[0].isVisible()) { for (int i=0; i < 8; ++i) scientificKey[i].setVisible(false); radians.setVisible(false); degrees.setVisible(false); } } if (ie.getItem() == "Scientific") { basic.setState(false); scientific.setState(true); fr.setTitle("Scientific Calculator"); fr.setSize(270,270); // check if the scientific keys are visible. if true display them if (!scientificKey[0].isVisible()) { for (int i=0; i < 10; ++i) scientificKey[i].setVisible(true); radians.setVisible(true); degrees.setVisible(true); } } } // end of itemState // this method will reset all the button // Pressed property to false public void resetAllButtons() addButtonPressed = false; subtractButtonPressed = false; multiplyButtonPressed = false; divideButtonPressed = false; decimalPointPressed = false; powerButtonPressed = false; roundButtonPressed = false; }

public String factorial(double num)

{ int theNum = (int)num; if (theNum < 1) { MessageBox mb = new MessageBox (fr, "Facorial Error", true, "Cannot find the factorial of numbers less than 1."); mb.show(); return ("0"); } else { for (int i=(theNum -1); i > 1; --i) theNum *= i; return Integer.toString(theNum); } } public String reciprocal(double num) { if (num ==0) { MessageBox mb = new MessageBox(fr,"Reciprocal Error", true,"Cannot find the reciprocal of 0"); mb.show(); } else num = 1/num; return Double.toString(num); } public String power (double base, double index) { return Double.toString(Math.pow(base, index)); } public String changeSign(double num) { return Double.toString(-num); } } class MessageBox extends Dialog implements ActionListener { Button ok; MessageBox(Frame f, String title, boolean mode, String message) { super(f, title, mode); Panel centrePanel = new Panel(); Label lbl = new Label(message); centrePanel.add(lbl); add(centrePanel, "Center");

Panel southPanel = new Panel(); ok = new Button ("OK"); ok.addActionListener(this); southPanel.add(ok); add(southPanel, "South"); pack(); addWindowListener (new WindowAdapter() { public void windowClosing (WindowEvent we) { System.exit(0); } }); } public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) { dispose(); } }

OUTPUT:

8.WRITE A MULTI-THREADED JAVA PROGRAM TO PRINT ALL NUMBERS BELOW 100,000 THAT ARE BOTH PRIME AND FIBONACCI NUMBER

PROGRAM: MULTITHREAD.JAVA import java.io.*; import java.util.*; class MyThread1 extends Thread { private PipedReader pr; private PipedWriter pw; MyThread1(PipedReader pr,PipedWriter pw) { this.pr=pr; this.pw=pw; } public void run() { try { int i; for(i=1;i<10;i++) { int j; for(j=2;j<i;j++) { int n=i%j; if(n==0) { break; } } if(i==j) { pw.write(i+"\n"); } } pw.close(); } catch(IOException e) { } } } class MyThread2 extends Thread { private PipedReader pr;

private PipedWriter pw; MyThread2(PipedReader pr,PipedWriter pw) { this.pr=pr; this.pw=pw; } public void run() { Try { int f1,f2=1,f3=1; for(int i=1;i<10;i++) { pw.write(f3+"\n"); f1=f2; f2=f3; f3=f1+f2; } pw.close(); } catch(IOException e) { } } } class Multithread { public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception { ArrayList list1=new ArrayList(); ArrayList list2=new ArrayList(); PipedWriter pw1=new PipedWriter(); PipedReader pr1=new PipedReader(pw1); MyThread1 mt1=new MyThread1(pr1,pw1); System.out.println("Prime Numbers:"); mt1.start(); int item1; while((item1=pr1.read())!=-1) { char ch1=((char)item1); System.out.print(Character.toString(ch1)); list1.add(Character.toString(ch1)); } pr1.close(); PipedWriter pw2=new PipedWriter(); PipedReader pr2=new PipedReader(pw2);

MyThread2 mt2=new MyThread2(pr2,pw2); System.out.println("Fibonacci Numbers:"); mt2.start(); int item2; while((item2=pr2.read())!=-1) { char ch2=((char)item2); System.out.print(Character.toString(ch2)); list2.add(Character.toString(ch2)); } pr2.close(); System.out.println("Elements common to both lists are:"); list1.retainAll(list2); for(int i=0;i<list1.size();i++) { System.out.print(list1.get(i)); } } }

OUTPUT:

9.DEVELOP A SIMPLE OPAC SYSTEM FOR LIBRARY USING EVEN-DRIVEN AND CONCURRENT PROGRAMMING PARADIGMS OF JAVA.USE JDBC TO CONNECT TO A BACK-END DATABASE.

PROGRAM: Event driven: import java.sql.*; import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; import javax.swing.*; public class Datas extends JFrame implements ActionListener { JTextField id; JTextField name; JButton next; JButton addnew; JPanel p; static ResultSet res; static Connection conn; static Statement stat; public Datas() { super("Our Application"); Container c=getContentPane(); c.setLayout(new GridLayout(5,1)); id=new JTextField(20); name=new JTextField(20); next=new JButton("Next BOOK"); p=new JPanel(); c.add(new JLabel("ISBN",JLabel.CENTER)); c.add(id); c.add(new JLabel("Book Name",JLabel.CENTER)); c.add(name); c.add(p); p.add(next); next.addActionListener(this); pack(); setVisible(true); addWindowListener(new WIN()); } public static void main(String args[]) { Datas d=new Datas(); try { Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"); conn=DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:odbc:custo"); stat=conn.createStatement();

res=stat.executeQuery("Select * from stu"); } catch(Exception e) { System.out.println("Error"+e); } d.showRecord(res); } public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) { if(e.getSource()==next) { try { res.next(); } catch(Exception ee) { } showRecord(res); } } public void showRecord(ResultSet res) { try { id.setText(res.getString(2)); name.setText(res.getString(3)); } catch(Exception e) { } } class WIN extends WindowAdapter { public void windowClosing(WindowEvent w) { JOptionPane jop=new JOptionPane(); jop.showMessageDialog(null,"Database","Thanks",JOptionPane.QUESTION_MESSAG E); } } } OUTPUT:

CONCURRENT PROGRAM: import java.sql.*;

import java.sql.DriverManager.*; class Ja { String bookid,bookname; int booksno; Connection con; Statement stmt; ResultSet rs; Ja() { try { Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver"); con=DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:odbc:co"); } catch(Exception e) { System.out.println("connection error"); } } void myput() { try { stmt=con.createStatement(); rs=stmt.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM opac"); while(rs.next()) { booksno=rs.getInt(1); bookid=rs.getString(2); bookname=rs.getString(3); System.out.println("\n"+ booksno+"\t"+bookid+"\t"+bookname); } rs.close(); stmt.close(); con.close(); } catch(SQLException e) { System.out.println("sql error"); } } } class prog1 { public static void main(String arg[])

{ Ja j=new Ja(); j.myput(); } }

OUTPUT:

10.DEVELOP MULTI-THREADED ECHO SERVER AND A CORRESPONDING GUI CLIENT IN JAVA

PROGRAM: import java.net.*; import java.io.*; public class EchoServer { ServerSocket m_ServerSocket; public EchoServer() { try { m_ServerSocket=new ServerSocket(12111); } catch(IOException ioe) { System.out.println("Could not create server socket at 12111.Quitting"); System.exit(-1); } System.out.println("Listening for clients........"); int id=0; while(true) { try { Socket clientSocket=m_ServerSocket.accept(); ClientServiceThread cliThread=new ClientServiceThread(clientSocket,id++); cliThread.start(); } catch(IOException ioe) { System.out.println("Exception encountered on accept.Ignoring.Stack Trace:"); ioe.printStackTrace(); } } } public static void main(String[] args) { new EchoServer(); } class ClientServiceThread extends Thread { Socket m_clientSocket; int m_clientID=-1; boolean m_bRunThread=true; ClientServiceThread(Socket s,int clientID)

{ m_clientSocket=s; m_clientID=clientID; } public void run() { BufferedReader in=null; PrintWriter out=null; System.out.println("Accepted Client :ID-"+m_clientID+":Address-"+m_clientSocket.getInetAddress().getHostName()); try { in=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(m_clientSocket.getInputStream())); out=new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(m_clientSocket.getOutputStream())); while(m_bRunThread) { String clientCommand=in.readLine(); System.out.println("Client Says:"+clientCommand); if(clientCommand.equalsIgnoreCase("quit")) { m_bRunThread=false; System.out.println("Stopping client thread for client:"+m_clientID); } else { out.println(clientCommand); out.flush(); } } } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { try { in.close(); out.close(); m_clientSocket.close(); System.out.println("....Stopped"); } catch(IOException ioe) { ioe.printStackTrace();

} } } } }

import java.net.*; import java.io.*; public class EchoClient { public static void main(String[] args) { if(args.length==0) { System.out.println("Usage:EchoClient <serverName>"); return; } Socket s=null; try { s=new Socket(args[0],12111); } catch(UnknownHostException uhe) { System.out.println("Unknown Host:"+args[0]); s=null; } catch(IOException ioe) { System.out.println("Cant connect to server at 12111.Make sure it is running"); s=null; } if(s==null) System.exit(-1); BufferedReader in=null; PrintWriter out=null; try { in=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s.getInputStream())); out=new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(s.getOutputStream())); out.println("Hello"); out.flush();

System.out.println("Server Says:"+in.readLine()); out.println("This"); out.flush(); System.out.println("Server Says:"+in.readLine()); out.println("is"); out.flush(); System.out.println("Server Says:"+in.readLine()); out.println("a"); out.flush(); System.out.println("Server Says:"+in.readLine()); out.println("Test"); out.flush(); System.out.println("Server Says:"+in.readLine()); out.println("Quit"); out.flush(); } catch(IOException ioe) { System.out.println("Exception during communication.Server probably closed connection."); } finally { try { out.close(); in.close(); s.close(); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } } } OUTPUT: