Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Law of Readiness related to law of maturation refers to the conditions that determine what will actas satisfiers and

annoyers. When someone is ready to perform an act to do so is satisfying. When someone is ready to perform some act, not do so is annoying. An interference with goal-directed behavior causes frustration and making someone to do something he does not want to do is frustrating. states that other things being equal, when the individual is ready to act, to do is satisfying and not to do is annoying. Law of Exercise Responses are connected to situations simply because theyoccur frequently in those situations states that response to a situation may be strongly connected with the situation depending on the number of times it has been so connected and to the average strength and duration of the connection Law of Effect Responses are selected and connected to situations or are disconnected from situations depending upon the consequences they produce states that the association between a stimulus and a response will strengthen or weakened depending on whether a satisfier or an annoyer follows the response The greater the satisfaction or discomfort experienced, the greater the degree to which the S-R bond will be strengthened or loosened Law of Apperception Refers to the application of past experiences in forming a new connection or integrating past experiences with new situation Law of Association A new connection is formed trough the association of the past and the new situations. Law of Use and Disuse Explains that the use of the connection strengthens the response; The connection weakens when not used Law of Frequency and Recency

States that the more frequently the connection is exercised, the stronger the connection will be. Law of Intensity The more intense or vivid the exercise, the stronger the connection; States that if the stimulus (experience) is real, the more likely there is to be a change in behavior (learning) Law of Primacy States that the first learned act will be better remembered than the acts later States that the state of being first, often creates a strong, almost unshakeable impression Emotion Defined Came from the Latin word, movare which means to stir up, agitate, upset or move Also derived from the Latin word emovere which means to move out State of consciousness having to do with the arousal of feelings different from other mental states like cognition and awareness of physical sensation Aspects of Emotions Salivary gland secretion is impeded Muscle tension and tremor Pilomotorresponses or goose pimples Gastrointestinal disturbances Metabolic rate increases Glandular activities increases Galvanic Skin Response Changes in blood pressure, volume and composition Respiration Pupillary response Theories of Emotions WillamJames Theory The emotional experience occurs after bodily changes. Perception of situation awareness of situation reaction Carl Lange Theory Bodily changes occurs before emotional experience Perception motor reaction visceral arousal -emotion Canon-Bards Theory (Hypothalamic Theory) The hypothalamus is the control centre of the neural activities involved in the emotion

Perception hypothalamic arousal emotion-visceral arousal Cognitive Theory Emotions are interpretations of stirred-up bodily states Emotions that are being experienced depends on the situation Hedonistic Theory The negative and positive emotions are the essence of the emotion and these feelings distinguish one emotion from the other Dana-Canon Theory Emotion and thinking happen at the same time Activation Theory The more you act, the more emotion you display. The behavior is aroused to different degrees Central Theory (Somatic Theory) Claims that the cerebral cortex is the center of emotion. Emotions come after thinking

Motive Something that incites the organisms to action or that sustains and gives direction to action once the organism has been aroused Drive A physiological condition which impels the organism to become active Goal Refers to a substance, object or situation capable of satisfying a need and toward which motivated behavior is directed Need and Want Need A lack of something required for the survival, health or well-being of the individual A state or condition which indicates the lack of something vital or desired which the organism will strive to obtain. Want Indicates an existing need

Classification of Motives Physiological or Survival Motives Functions of Emotions Motivate us in our learning process Directly related to normal body function Enhance and enrich our actions. Hunger It has the power to release our tension and energy. Thirst It achieves signification. Recovery from fatigue Inspires us to height of glory, creativeness or ambition Temperature Affects bodily process that may disrupt certain Maintaining proper elimination behavioral patterns. Avoidance of Pain Psychological or Social Motives Motivation defined Derived from the word motive which means the inner Arises as a result of interaction with other people state that energizes, activates or moves and that which Affectional drive directs behaviors towards our goal Need for security and safety the activation of goal-oriented behavior Sex urge Need for affiliation Types of Motivation Gregariousness Intrinsic Motivation Dependency comes from rewards inherent to a task or activity itself Social approval Ego-integrative or Personal Motives Extrinsic Motivation comes from outside of the performer Motives built around the self Recognition Motive, Drive, Goal Power drive

Achievement drive Autonomy Defensiveness drive