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FORMULAS OF BINARY COMPOUNDS --

Quiz

Question 1.

Which of the following is the correct formula for a compound of potassium and sulfur?

a) KS
b) K2S
c) KS2
d) K3S2
e) K2S3

Question 2.

Which of the following is the correct formula for a compound of calcium and oxygen?

a) Ca2O
b) CaO
c) CaO2
d) Ca3O2
e) Ca2O3

Question 3.

Which of the following is the correct formula for a compound of germanium and
oxygen?

a) GeO4
b) GeO2
c) GeO
d) Ge3O2
e) Ge2O

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
FORMULAS OF TERNARY COMPOUNDS --
Quiz

Question 1.

The formula of the sulfate of thorium is Th(SO4)2. What is the formula of the chlorate of
thorium with the same oxidation number?

a) ThClO3
b) Tl2(ClO3)3
c) Th(ClO3)2
d) Tl2ClO3
e) Th(ClO3)4

Question 2.

If the formulas of barium selenate and zirconium selanate are BaSeO4 and Zr(SeO4)2,
what is the formula of zirconium nitrate?

a) Zr(NO3)2
b) Zr3(NO3)2
c) Zr2(NO3)3
d) ZrNO3
e) Zr(NO3)4

Question 3.

Thorium fluoride is ThF4. What are the formulas of thorium iodate and thorium sulfate?

a) Th(IO3)4, ThSO4
b) Th2(IO3)3, ThSO4
c) Th2(IO3)3, Th(SO4)2
d) Th(IO3)2, Th(SO4)2
e) Th(IO3)4, Th(SO4)2

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
GENERAL QUESTIONS ON OCTET RULE
VALENCE ELECTRONS, AND BOND TYPES --
Quiz

Question 1.

Elements of Groups IA and VIIA of the periodic table tend to form ions with ___
charges.

a) -1 and +1
b) +1 and -7
c) +7 and -7
d) -1 and +7
e) +1 and -1

Question 2.

Ionic compounds are formed when:

a) more than two electrons are involved.


b) electrons are shared between atoms.
c) nonpolar bonds result.
d) atoms have similar electronegativities.
e) electrons are transferred between atoms.

Question 3.

Elements in Groups IIA and VIA of the periodic table tend to form ions with ___
charges.

a) +2 and -6
b) +2 and +6
c) +2 and -4
d) +2 and +2
e) +2 and -2

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
ELECTRON DOT SYMBOLS -- Quiz

Question 1.

Consider the following elements and arrange them in order of increasing number of
electrons depicted in electron dot symbols. Which one occupies the intermediate position
in the series?
P Se Si I B

a) P
b) I
c) Si
d) Se
e) B

Question 2.

Consider the following elements and arrange them in order of increasing number of
electrons depicted in electron dot symbols. Which one occupies the intermediate position
in the series?
Ga Br Se Li Ca

a) Ga
b) Li
c) Se
d) Br
e) Ca

Question 3.

Consider the following elements and arrange them in order of increasing number of
electrons depicted in electron dot symbols. Which one occupies the intermediate position
in the series?
Si Mg Cl Ga S

a) Si
b) Ga
c) Cl
d) Mg
e) S

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES HAVING ONLY SINGLE BONDS --
Quiz

Question 1.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for PH2PH2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)

a) III
b) II
c) IV
d) V
e) I

Question 2.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for CH3NH2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)

a) III
b) IV
c) I
d) V
e) II

Question 3.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for NH2OH?

I) II)

III) IV) V)

a) III
b) II
c) IV
d) V
e) I

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES HAVING DOUBLE
BONDS -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for HNNH?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) V
b) III
c) I
d) IV
e) II

Question 2.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for OCS?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) V
b) I
c) III
d) IV
e) II

Question 3.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for CS2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) I
b) III
c) V
d) IV
e) II

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES INVOLVING TRIPLE
BONDS -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for HCN?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) III
b) II
c) I
d) IV
e) V

Question 2.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for CO?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) II
b) V
c) I
d) IV
e) III

Question 3.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for C2H2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) IV
b) II
c) I
d) V
e) III

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES OF NEUTRAL
SUBSTANCES INVOLVING RESONANCE
FORMS -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for SO2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) V
b) IV
c) II
d) III
e) I

Question 2.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for O3?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) I
b) IV
c) II
d) V
e) III

Question 3.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for SO3?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) IV
b) IIII
c) II
d) V
e) I

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES INVOLVING ODD
ELECTRON SPECIES -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for NO2?

I) II)

III) IV) V)

a) IV
b) V
c) I
d) II
e) III

Question 2.

Which of the following is an acceptable Lewis structure for NO?

I) II)

III) IV) V)

a) III
b) V
c) I
d) II
e) IV

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LEWIS STRUCTURES OF IONS
INVOLVING ONLY SINGLE BONDS -- Quiz

Question 1.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for BrO3-?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) IV
b) II
c) V
d) I
e) III

Question 2.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for ClO2-?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) IV
b) III
c) V
d) I
e) II

Question 3.

Which of the following is the correct Lewis structure for ClO3-?

I) II)

III) IV) V)
a) III
b) I
c) II
d) V
e) IV

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
MULTIPLE BONDS -- Quiz

Question 1.

Which of the following species has at least one double bond?

a) CO2
b) N2
c) CN-
d) C2H2
e) CH4

Question 2.

Which of the following molecules has the shortest nitrogen to nitrogen bond?

a) N2
b) N2O4
c) N2H4
d) N2O

Question 3.

Which of the following species has a triple bond?

a) C22-
b) H2CO
c) C2H4
d) CO2
e) NH3

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
OCTET RULE VIOLATIONS -- Quiz

Question 1.

Consider the following species. Which contain an odd number of electrons?


O O2- O22- O2- O3

a) 2, 3 and 4
b) only 2
c) 2 and 3
d) only 4
e) only 3

Question 2.

Which of the following does not conform to the Lewis octet rule?

a) CH4
b) SO3
c) CO2
d) BF3
e) CO

Question 3.

Consider the following species. Which contain an odd number of electrons?


NO2 CO O3- O22- SO2

a) all of them
b) 2 and 5
c) 2, 4 and 5
d) 1 and 3
e) 2 and 4

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
RESONANCE STRUCTURES -- Quiz

Question 1.

The oxalate ion, C2O42- has a single bond between the carbon atoms and each carbon
atom is bonded to two oxygen atoms. Write a resonance form conforming to the Lewis
octet rule and determine the number of double bonds in this species.

a) two
b) three
c) zero
d) one

Question 2.

Ozone O3 consists of a central oxygen atom bonded to the two other atoms. Write a
resonance form conforming to the Lewis octet rule and determine the number of double
bonds in this species.

a) one
b) three
c) zero
d) two

Question 3.

Write resonance structures for NO2- and NO3-. Based on these structures one can
conclude that

a) NO2- has shorter bonds than NO3-


b) both have the same bond length
c) NO2- has longer bonds than NO3-

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
BOND ORDER -- Quiz

Question 1.

Write resonance structures for CO32-. Based on these structures one can conclude that
the bond order of the C - O bond is:

a) 1
b) 1/2
c) 1 1/3
d) 2/3
e) 1 2/3

Question 2.

Write resonance structures for NO2-. Based on these structures one can conclude that the
bond order of the N - O bond is:

a) 2/3
b) 1
c) 1 1/2
d) 1 2/3
e) 1 1/3

Question 3.

Write resonance structures for SO2. Based on these structures one can conclude that the
bond order of the S - O bond is:

a) 2/3
b) 1
c) 1 1/2
d) 1 2/3
e) 1 1/3

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
LATTICE ENERGY -- Quiz

Question 1.

Consider the following ionic substances and arrange them in order of increasing lattice
energy.
CaO CaS MgO

a) MgO > CaO > CaS


b) MgO > CaS > CaO
c) CaO > CaS > MgO
d) CaS > CaO > MgO

Question 2.

Consider the following ionic substances and arrange them in order of increasing lattice
energy.
NaI KI LiCl

a) LiCl > NaI > KI


b) LiCl > KI > NaI
c) NaI > KI > LiCl
d) KI > NaI > LiCl

Question 3.

The ionic radii of some ions are: Na+, 0.095 nm; K+, 0.133 nm; Ca2+, 0.099 nm; Ni2+, 0.069
nm; Ba2+, 0.135 nm; Ag+, 0.126 nm; S2-, 0.184 nm; Br-, 0.195 nm; O2-, 0.140 ; Cl-, 0.181
nm. Consider the following compounds and arrange them in order of increasing lattice
energy and select the compound which is of intermediate value in the series.
KCl NaBr AgCl NiS CaS

a) KCl
b) NaBr
c) CaS
d) NiS
e) AgCl

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
TYPE OF HYBRID ORBITAL IN A SINGLE
SPECIES – Quiz

Question 1.

What types of hybrid orbitals are involved in bonding of XeF4?

a) dsp3
b) sp2
c) sp
d) d2sp3
e) sp3

Question 2.

What types of hybrid orbitals are involved in bonding of ClF3?

a) d2sp3
b) sp3
c) sp
d) dsp3
e) sp2

Question 3.

What types of hybrid orbitals are involved in bonding of ClO4-?

a) d2sp3
b) dsp3
c) sp2
d) sp3
e) sp

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
SHAPES OF MOLECULES - SELECTIONS
FROM A LIST -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following molecules is nonlinear?

a) SO2
b) CO2
c) C2H2
d) HCN

Question 2.

Which of the species in the following list is trigonal planar?


1) ClF3
2) BF3
3) ClO3-
3) GeCl3+
5) SiH3-

a) 2 and 4
b) 3 only
c) 1 and 3
d) 3 and 5
e) 1 only

Question 3.

Which of the species in the following list is square planar?


1) BF4-
2) SF4
3) XeF4
3) SiF4
5) PCl4-

a) 3 only
b) 4 only
c) 2 and 3
d) 1 and 4
e) 1 only

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
IDENTIFY SHAPES OF MOLECULE -
SINGLE EXAMPLE -- Quiz

Question 1.

Draw the Lewis formula for GaI3. What term describes the shape of this species?

a) T-shaped
b) tetragonal pyramid
c) square planar
d) planar trigonal
e) trigonal pyramid

Question 2.

Draw the Lewis formula for XeF4. What term describes the shape of this species?

a) see-saw
b) tetragonal pyramid
c) octahedral
d) square planar
e) tetrahedral

Question 3.

Draw the Lewis formula for PF3. What term describes the shape of this species?

a) T-shaped
b) tetragonal pyramid
c) square planar
d) trigonal pyramid
e) planar trigonal

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
CHANGES IN MOLECULAR SHAPE IN A
HYPOTHETICAL CHEMICAL REACTION --
Quiz
Question 1.

In the following oxidation reaction the shape of the reactant is ______ and the shape of
the product is ______:

SF4 SF42+ + 2 e-
a) see-saw, tetrahedral
b) T-shaped, square planar
c) tetrahedral, square pyramid
d) square planar, T-shaped
e) tetrahedral, see-saw

Question 2.

The shape of the reactant containing germanium in the following reaction is ______ and
that of the product is ______:

GeCl3+ + Cl- GeCl4


a) trigonal planar, tetrahedral
b) trigonal pyramid, tetrahedral
c) trigonal planar, square planar
d) T-shaped, tetrahedral
e) trigonal pyramid, square planar

Question 3.

The shape of the reactant containing boron in the following reaction is ______ and that
of the product is ______:

BF3 + F- BF4-

a) trigonal planar, tetrahedral


b) trigonal pyramid, tetrahedral
c) trigonal planar, square planar
d) T-shaped, tetrahedral
e) trigonal pyramid, square planar

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
NUMBER OF LONE PAIRS OF
ELECTRONS IN SPECIES -- Quiz

Question 1.

Draw the Lewis formula for BrF5. How many lone pair(s) of electrons are there in the
valence shell of the central atom?

a) zero
b) four
c) two
d) one
e) three

Question 2.

Draw the Lewis formula for SiCl4. How many lone pair(s) of electrons are there in the
valence shell of the central atom?

a) four
b) three
c) one
d) zero
e) two

Question 3.

Draw the Lewis formula for XeF4. How many lone pair(s) of electrons are there in the
valence shell of the central atom?

a) zero
b) four
c) one
d) two
e) three

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
SELECTION OF THE BOND ANGLE OF A
SINGLE SPECIES -- Quiz

Question 1.

The bond angles in SnCl3- are:

a) exactly 109.5o
b) exactly 120o
c) slightly less than 90o
d) slightly less than 109.5o
e) exactly 90o

Question 2.

The bond angles in IF2+ are:

a) slightly less than 90o


b) exactly 120o
c) exactly 109.5o
d) slightly less than 109.5o
e) exactly 90o

Question 3.

The bond angles in XeF4 are:

a) exactly 109.5o
b) exactly 120o
c) slightly less than 109.5o
d) exactly 90o
e) slightly less than 90o

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project
SELECTION OF SPECIES HAVING A
GIVEN BOND ANGLE -- Quiz
Question 1.

Which of the following has bond angles of approximately 120o?


1) ClF3
2) BF3
3) ClO3-
4) SF4
5) GeCl4

a) 2 only
b) 1 and 4
c) 4 only
d) 5 only
e) 2 and 3

Question 2.

Which of the following has bond angles of approximately 120o?


1) ClF3
2) BF4-
3) GeCl3+
4) PF5
5) GeCl4

a) 3 and 4
b) 1 and 4
c) 4 and 5
d) 1 and 5
e) 2 and 3

Question 3.

Which of the following has bond angles of approximately 90o?


1) NF3
2) BF3
3) ClO4-
4) SF4
5) PCl5

a) 4 and 5
b) 1 and 4
c) 3 and 5
d) 1 and 3
e) 2 and 3
© 1995, R.J. Tatz
The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project

POLARITY OF MOLECULES -- Quiz

Question 1.

Consider the following molecules and select those that are polar.
1) PCl3
2) PCl5
3) ClF3
4) ClF5

a) 1, 3 and 4
b) 2 and 3
c) 2 and 4
d) 1 and 3
e) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Question 2.

Consider the following molecules and select those that are nonpolar.
1) SiF4
2) SiH2F2
3) SiH4
4) SiHF3

a) 1 and 3
b) 2 and 3
c) 3 only
d) 2 and 4
e) 1 and 4

Question 3.

Consider the following molecules and select those that are polar.
1) ClF
2) ClF3
3) ClF5

a) 1, 2 and 3
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 and 3
d) 1 and 2
e) only 3

© 1995, R.J. Tatz


The Ohio State University Dept. of Chemistry BETHA Project