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INSITITUTE OF BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY BIZTEK Modernism In Pakistan

Submitted To: Ms Benish Nida Institute of Business and Technology Gulshan Campus, Karachi Submitted By: MBA 2nd(Summer)Semester Fahad Abbas Bm-25078 Abdul Shakoor Bm-25095 Noor-us-Saba Bm-25052 Shazia Bashir Bm-25069
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LETTER OF ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Dear Reader, We would like to thank ALLAH Almighty, for finally making our efforts worthwhile. We also like to thank Ms Benish Nida course instructor, Business Communication, biztek, Karachi for her amiable support and guidance in completing this report. It is due to her that, we had the opportunity of learning how to carry out and conduct a report. This report about Modernism in Pakistan; this will help us in enhancing research and creative skills in the practical scenario.

Sincerely, Fahad Abbas Abdul Shakoor Noor-us-Saba Shazia Bashir

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Institute of Business and Technology (Biztek)Gulshan-e-Iqbal,Karachi, Pakistan

To Whom It May Concern


Dear Madam, Presented here is the report on Modernism In Pakistan as a part of the requirement of the course Progress report M.B.A (semester Two). This report follows the guidelines given in the course outline provided by biztek it has been reviewed and duly approved our course instructor. The report provides flaws present Modernism and Pakistani Cultural Changes for a New Generation. Your feedback is vital for the credibility and worthiness of this research report. Please do not hesitate to contact us for any additional information or question.00923452837521 Thank You Yours Truly Fahad Abbas Abdul Shakoor Noor-us-Saba Shazia Bashir

Teacher Comments

1.0 Executive 2.0 History

Summary------------------------------------------------------------02

of Modernism-----------------------------------------------------03-05 2.1 Introduction of modernism------------------------------------------05-06 2.2 Post-modernism-------------------------------------------------------06-07 2.3 Purpose of Report--------------------------------------------------------07 2.4 Current situation In Pakistan--------------------------------------------07 is fashion--------------------------------------------------------------08-09 3.1 New Trend of Fashion Change -------------------------------------09-10 3.2 Karachi life style------------------------------------------------------11-12 3.3 Islamabad Life Style--------------------------------------------------12-14 Modernism Effect On?----------------------------------------------15-16 4.1 Modernism Change Organization---------------------------------------16 4.2 Modernism and organization Effectiveness------------------------17-18 4.3 Modernism and Employee Effectiveness--------------------------18-19 ---------------------------------------------------------------20-21

3.0 What

4.0 Why

5.0 Questionnaire 6.0 Graphical

Presentation----------------------------------------------------22-23

7.0 Conclusion-----------------------------------------------------------------------24 8.0 Bibliography---------------------------------------------------------------------25

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"On or about December 1910 human nature changed." when human relations change there is at the same time a change in religion, conduct, politics, and literature."

Modernism, in its broadest definition, is modern thought, character, or practice. More specifically, the term describes both a set of cultural tendencies and an array of associated cultural movements, originally arising from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The term encompasses the activities and output of those who felt the "traditional" forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social and political conditions of an emerging fully industrialized world. Modernism changed in every area, such as culture, fashion, industry, business. It gave opportunities to investors, engineers and designers and also provided the employment opportunities. It has a disadvantage too, it made people lazy, I mean people wants more facilities. Computer age made people not more creative. Now the trend is to be change the life style of Pakistani culture and Pakistan now moving towards modernization ,and adoption or new organization cultural changes And these things change the Pakistans people life and create new opportunities for new generation. Pakistan media is the fastest way to change in our values and Pakistan fashion industry is on a growth stage and Pakistan in 2015 at a high fashion industry rate.

Modernism in Pakistan 2009

"On or about December 1910 human nature changed." when human relations change there is at the same time a change in religion, conduct, politics, and literature." This intentionally provocative statement was hyperbolic in its pinpointing of a date, but almost anyone who looks at the evolution of Western culture must note a distinct change in thought, behavior, and cultural production beginning sometime in the late nineteenth century and coming to full fruition sometime around the Second World War. This change, whether art, technology, philosophy or human behavior, is generally called Modernism. Modernism designates the broad literary and cultural movement that spanned all of the arts and even spilled into politics and philosophy. Like Romanticism, Modernism was highly varied in its manifestations between the arts and even within each art. The dates when Modernism flourished are in dispute, but few scholars identify its genesis as being before 1860 and World War II is generally considered to mark an end of the movement's height.

Modernist art initially began in Europe's capitals, primarily London, Milan, Berlin, St. Petersburg, and especially Paris; it spread to the cities of the United States and South America after World War I; by the 1940s, Modernism had thoroughly taken over the American and European academy, where it was challenged by nascent Postmodernism in the 1960s. Modernism's roots are in the rapidly changing technology of the late nineteenth century and in the theories of such late nineteenth-century thinkers as Freud, Marx, Darwin, and Nietzsche. Modernism influenced painting first (Impressionism and Cubism are forms of Modernism), but in the decade before World War I such writers as Ezra Pound, Filippo Marinetti, James Joyce, and Guillaume Apollinaire translated the advances of the visual arts into literature. Such characteristically modernist techniques as stream-of-consciousness narration and allusiveness, by the late 1930s, spilled into popular writing and became standard. The movement's concerns were with the accelerating pace of society toward destruction and meaninglessness. In the late 1800s many of society's certainties were undermined.

Modernism in Pakistan 2009

Marx demonstrated that social class was created, not inherent; Freud boiled down human individuality to an animalistic sex drive; Darwin provided evidence that the Bible might not be literally true; and Nietzsche argued that even the most deeply-held ethical principles wre simply constructions. Modernist writers attempted to come to terms with where humanity stood after its cornerstones had been pulverized. The movement sifted through the shards of the past looking for what was valuable and what could inspire construction of a new society.

World War I
Modernism took place over many decades, and almost no facet of life in the West was not profoundly transformed by the changes that took place between 1860 and 1939. But if Modernism centered around one historical event, it was the unthinkable catastrophe that became known later as World War I. In the years leading up to World War I, the modernist writers thought of themselves as rebels, ruthlessly breaking apart all of the societal certainties of the Victorian age. The American modernists sneered at American middle-class acquisitiveness, while the British modernists chafed at the smug, self-assured conservatism of the Victorian and Edwardian age. Modernist writers broke convention by writing frankly about sex, by insulting religion, and by arguing passionately that the poor were not poor simply because of a moral failing.

Media Adaptations
Historically, most modernist works have not translated well into film or television adaptations. Of the modernist writers, it is Hemingway whose work has been most often filmed. Hollywood produced two versions of A Farewell to Arms, one in 1932 (starring Gary Cooper and Helen Hayes, directed by Frank Borzage) and the other in 1957.

Technology
In very real terms, the entire world and the way that humans understood that world changed between 1860 (when the modernist period is generally understood to have begun) and 1940. In 1860 the idea of travelling at a mile a minute was but a dream, as was the notion of human beings flying. The photograph was new; moving pictures, much less moving pictures that talked were only fantasies.

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Electrical signals being sent through wires was a possible dream, but the idea that voices could be transmitted was fantastic. The idea that voices could be transmitted without wires, through the air, was utterly preposterous. In 1940 the world was a different place. Machines allowed people to see moving, talking pictures; to travel at more than one hundred miles an hour; to fly through the air;.....

Modernism is a time in our history when traditional values began to change and literature became an outlet for the troubled and rebellious souls. Modernism attempted to rethink science, art, culture, ethics, philosophy and psychology. It attempted to the find new or hidden meaning in the human experience and had to deal with coming to terms with new ideas. Actually, the word modernism refers to the characteristics of the modern time and it is a new thought or practice which is called as modernism. Time after the 20th century, the modernism deliberated departure from tradition to modern. Modernism is a artistic and cultural movement with its roots in mid-19th century France, generally defined by new forms of art, architecture, music and literature emerging in the decades before 1914 as artists rejected 19th century artistic traditions such as romanticism. Modernity actually refers to the modern age. It is the changed world, everything is changed from traditional to modern; traditional culture changed to modern culture. After Second World War the concept of modernism developed, reengineering, change, such term aroused. Firstly Europe culture entered in to the modernity, the style, living standard everything changed. We can give the example of fashion; its also an important part of the modernity.

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Modernism changed in every area, such as culture, fashion, industry, business. It gave opportunities to Investors, engineers and designers and also provided the employment opportunities. It has a disadvantage too; it made people lazy, I mean people wants more facilities. Computer age made people not more creative. Modernism, in its broadest definition, is modern thought, character, or practice. More specifically, the term describes both a set of cultural tendencies and an array of associated cultural movements, originally arising from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The term encompasses the activities and output of those who felt the "traditional" forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social and political conditions of an emerging fully industrialized world. Modernism rejected the lingering certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and also that of the existence of a compassionate, all-powerful Creator. This is not to say that all Modernists or Modernist movements rejected either religion or all aspects of Enlightenment thought, rather that Modernism can be viewed as a questioning of the axioms of the previous age.

Term used to characterize developments in architecture and the arts in the 1960s and after, when there was a clear challenge to the dominance of modernism; the term was applied predominantly from the 1970s to architecture and somewhat later to the decorative and visual arts. It was first used as early as 1934 by Spanish writer Federico de Onis, although it was not then used again until Arnold Toynbee's A Study of History in 1938 (published after World War II); Toynbee and others saw the 'post-modern' phenomenon in largely negative terms, as an irrational reaction to modernist rationalism.

The term was used sporadically thereafter in the fields of literary criticism and music. In the 1970s, however, it came into wide use in connection with architecture to denote buildings that integrate modernism with a selective eclecticism, often of classical or Neo-classical origin.
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In painting the term took hold later, peaking in the mid-1980s in the USA to describe work that offered a more biting critique of current cultural values than that offered in architecture. If the attachment of the label itself is ignored, however, the developments may be perceived as continuous with the antimodernism of the 1960s, which readily related to the growing pluralism in art and architecture that came to be associated with Post-modernism from the early 1980s.

Differences between Modernism and Postmodernism


Modernism is an encompassing label for a wide variety of cultural movements. Postmodernism is essentially a centralized movement that named itself, based on socio-political theory, although the term is now used in a wider sense to refer to activities from the 20th Century onwards which exhibit awareness of and reinterpret the modern. Postmodern theory would assert that the attempt to canonise Modernism "after the fact" is doomed to undisambiguable contradictions.

Our aim is to find out the causes of why organizational cultural is to be change, we found some results is because of adoption of western cultural, society impact, international relationship. We saw that Pakistan in future fashion industry and organization sector at a high growth rate.

Pakistani is a Islamic country after 1970 Pakistani people move towards cultural changes Now the trend is change Pakistan moving towards adoption of new fashion ,western life style , high living standard ,these thing happen due to media causes, international relationship TV dramas ,Indian films. New generation wants to change in life style, living standard; they dont want to follow the tradition. In Pakistan we have a lot of fashion industry, fashion designing institute, and fashion designer who promote modernism and fashion industry, people of Pakistan adopt new cultural values That is benefit for us because it is requirement of any nation to change there life style with the change of global world In future Pakistan fashion industry growth rate is much higher and conservative mind people also move to adopt modern culture.

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Fashion refers to the styles and customs prevalent at a given time. In its most common usage, "fashion" exemplifies the appearances of clothing, but the term encompasses more. Many fashions are popular in many cultures at any given time. Important is the idea that the course of design and fashion will change more rapidly than the culture as a whole. Fashion designers create and produce clothing articles.

Areas of fashion
Fashion as social phenomena is common. The rise and fall of fashion has been especially documented and examined in the following fields:

Architecture, interior design, and landscape design Arts and crafts Body type, clothing or costume, cosmetics, personal grooming, hairstyle, and personal adornment Dance and music Forms of address, slang, and other forms of speech Economics and spending choices, as studied in behavioral finance Entertainment, games, hobbies, sports, and other pastimes Etiquette Fast fashion Management, management styles and different ways of organizing Politics and media, especially the topics of conversation encouraged by the media Philosophy and religion: although the doctrines of religions and philosophies change very slowly if at all, there can be rapid changes in what areas of a religion or a philosophy are seen as most important and most worth following or studying.

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Social networks and the diffusion of representations and practices Sociology and the meaning of clothing for identity-building Technology, such as the choice of computer programming techniques Hospitality industry, such as designer uniforms custom made for a hotel, restaurant, casino, resort or club, in order to reflect a property and brand.

of these fields, costume especially has become so linked in the public eye with the term "fashion" that the more general term "costume" has mostly been relegated to only mean fancy dress or masquerade wear, while the term "fashion" means clothing generally, and the study of it. This linguistic switch is due to the so-called fashion plates which were produced during the Industrial Revolution, showing novel ways to use new textiles. For a broad cross-cultural look at clothing and its place in society, refer to the entries for clothing, costume and fabrics. The remainder of this article deals with clothing fashions in the Western world.

Fashion, by description, changes constantly. The changes are more rapidly in other aspects like the fields of human activity (language, thought, etc). For some, modern fast-paced changes in fashion embody many of the negative aspects of capitalism: it results in waste and encourages people qua consumers to buy things unnecessarily. Other people enjoy the diversity that changing fashion can apparently provide, seeing the constant change as a way to satisfy their desire to experience "new" and "interesting" things. Note too that fashion can change to enforce uniformity, as in the case where so-called Mao suits became the national uniform of mainland China.

At the same time there remains an equal or larger range designated "out of fashion". (These or similar fashions may cyclically come back "into fashion" in due course, and remain "in fashion" again for a while.) In the past, new discoveries and lesser-known parts of the world could provide an impetus to change fashions based on the exotic: Europe in the eighteenth or nineteenth centuries, for example, might favor things Turkish at one time, things Chinese at another, and things Japanese at a third.
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Globalization has reduced the options of exotic novelty in more recent times, and has seen the introduction of non-Western wear into the Western world. Fashion houses and their associated fashion designers, as well as high-status consumers (including celebrities), appear to have some role in determining the rates and directions of fashion change. The impact of this influence depends on many things like economic status. Media An important part of fashion is fashion journalism. Editorial critique and commentary can be found in magazines, newspapers, on television, fashion websites, social networks and in fashion blogs. At the beginning of the 20th century, fashion magazines began to include photographs and became even more influential than in the past. In cities throughout the world these magazines were greatly sought-after and had a profound effect on public taste. Talented illustrators drew exquisite fashion plates for the publications which covered the most recent developments in fashion and beauty.

Media, social, political, and cultural influences have a significant effect on how fashion is viewed. In the United States in 2009, there was considerable interest and discussion in the media on the clothing choices of Michelle Obama, First Lady. The majority of articles praised her sense of fashion, irrespective of how her clothing selections fit within the larger realm of current trends in contemporary fashion. The political and cultural popularity of an individual can play a role equal or greater than artistic factors in how their sense of fashion is viewed by the media.

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Lifestyle of Karachi is uniquely cosmopolitan. In Karachi, loud music booms from clubs and restaurants with names like Cafe New York, Nacho Nanas and TGIF. Teen-agers in Western clothing hang out in shopping plazas, sipping soft drinks and share their love to the city and its unique lifestyle. During weekends thousands of citizens from all walks of life visit beaches. At weekends going to Suzi Water Park, Paradise Point, Sandspit, Hawks Bay, Cape Mount, French Beach, Sonera Point, Gidani and Sonmiani is a particular holiday entertainment. While Clifton Beach, Kemari Boat Riding, Boating Basin, Safari Park, any more..

Karachi is a shoppers paradise. If you have the power to purchase you can get finest products at the most reasonable prices in Karachi. Crockery, Wooden , steel and Plastic furniture, paintings, crystal works, marble products, steel goods, finest jeweler, classical stitched clothing, glassware, automobile, watches, best textile products and much more. Karachi's unique multicultural, multiethnic, mutilinguistic and different life styles make today's Karachi a symbol of pride for every dweller of the city. It is a city where dreams come true, City of Lights and Charms. Wealthy citizens past their leisure times at five star hotels, clubs and Gymkhanas. While city's 80% middle class usually have less time for recreational activities, but whenever there is time they pass it at beaches, parks and eating outdoors specially at American Fast Foods. Poor people enjoy weekly donkey race between Lyari and Clifton and enjoy some cheap but tasty food. Unique Climate also plays its important role in a karachiite life style.

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T-shirts and shalwar kameez. Shorts in boys are very common during summers. Mature citizens wear formal dresses like suits shalwar kameez with waistcoat and in women Sari and shalwar kameez are daily clothing. During functions and marriages brides normally wear heavy zari work silk suits, while their grooms wear Sherwani or Suits. Guests also love to wear in competition of brides and grooms. Heavy gold jewelry is women's loveliest and sometimes only obsession.

Welcome to Islamabad, the national capital of Pakistan!


Like many capitals of the world Islamabad is remarkably different from the rest of Pakistan. For one thing it is a city of tree-lined avenues, parks, playgrounds and gardens. There is a significant number of exports mostly from the diplomatic community who contribute to a growing number of carpet and handicraft stores, not to mention foreign brands in grocery shops and a variety of restaurants serving international dishes from American to Thai, Italian to Lebanese. It can be a deceptively boring and sleepy town, but with a bit of caution, prudence and imagination anyone can experience fun and thrill not found elsewhere: Paragliding from the Margalla Hills Going up in a hot air balloon Booking a window seat on an air safari to view five of the highest mountains and glaciers in the world Taking daytrips to visit and have a picnic at a couple of UNESCO World Heritage sites Going for a camel ride at one of the parks Visiting museums and galleries for art and photo exhibits Attending festivals and melas (bazaars)

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Watching plays and live performances by traditional, classical, and contemporary musicians/dancers Shopping and dining

This site is all about Islamabad Lifestyle: shopping, dining, recreation, music and art scene, etc. It is dedicated to residents and visitors of Islamabad who want to share or know where to eat, shop, hang out, and simply chill. Read restaurant reviews. Find out when and where the next sale or mela or exhibit is happening.

Fashion Pakistan
Fashion Pakistan is an online web portal for fashion fans that are eager to know about Pakistani fashion, lifestyles, livings, products, accessories, costumes, libas, and Pakistani clothes for men's wear, women wear, children wear and the prodigy of Pakistani culture. If you have liking for eastern culture, traditions & fashions then you are at right place because Fashion Pakistan is the exact locale for what you like. Eastern fashions are mainly represented by indian & pakistani fashions. Pakistani fashions are quiet close to eastern fashion as compared to other regional fashions due to aptitude and brilliance of Pakistani artists, beauticians, fashion designers who are noteworthy for providing exclusive fashion designs, boutiques, outlets, labels, dress makers, dress designers, embroiderers, graphic artists, fashion illustrators, interior designers, jewelers who are famous for providing extinctive & fabulous designs for Pakistani Jewlery, fashion based clothes & apparel manufacturers, fashion models, photographers & fashion based jewelry designers. In order to fulfill the needs of our beloved fashion fans, Fashion Pakistan provide you with coverage to Pakistani fashion shows & events that are occurring to promote fashions for all. You can also use online shopping services provided by leading Pakistani boutiques, outlets & fashion labels along with fashion tips & guides submitted by top Pakistani fashion designers, artists & stylists through Fashion Pakistan.
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Fashion Pakistan has arranged a photo gallery for you containing pictures & photos of fashion shows, events, models featuring latest designs. In order to enjoy cars & automobile services Fashion Pakistan has organized a section for you named as Pakistan Motors to satisfy your needs to buy cars online and interact with dealers who provide services to sell cars online at reasonable rates. You can also view Pakistani maps and listings of leading fashion schools & colleges who are providing fashion designing courses through Fashion Pakistan. Stay intact with entertainment & fashion news to keep yourself update with latest fashion trends.

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Why Modernism Effects on Organizational culture


Organizational culture is an idea in the field of Organizational studies and management which describes the psychology, attitudes, experiences, beliefs and Values (personal and cultural values) of an organization. It has been defined as "the specific collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organization and that control the way they interact with each other and with stakeholders outside the organization. Organizational values also known as "beliefs and ideas about what kinds of goals members of an organization should pursue and ideas about the appropriate kinds or standards of behavior organizational members should use to achieve these goals. From organizational values develop organizational norms, guidelines or expectations that prescribe appropriate kinds of behavior by employees in particular situations and control the behavior of organizational members towards one another.

Pakistan Corporate culture is the total sum of the values, customs, traditions and meanings that make a company unique. Corporate culture is often called "the character of an organization" since it embodies the vision of the companys founders. The values of a corporate culture influence the ethical standards within a corporation, as well as managerial behavior. and Pakistan cultural adopt new technique of business dealing for the causes of international relationship.

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In Pakistan senior management may try to determine a corporate culture. They may wish to impose corporate values and standards of behavior that specifically reflect the objectives of the organization. In addition, there will also be an extant internal culture within the workforce. Work-groups within the organization have their own behavioral quirks and interactions which, to an extent, affect the whole system. Roger Harrison's four-culture typology, and adapted by Charles Handy, suggests that unlike organizational culture, corporate culture can be 'imported'.

Organization consultants custom tailor established social science theory and methods to organizations seeking to improve profitability, productivity, morale and/or quality of work life. Examples of activities which are facilitated by OD consultants are: Teambuilding Goal Setting Group Facilitation Creative Problem solving Strategic Planning Leadership Development Management Development Career Management Conflict Resolution Developmental Education Interpersonal Communication Human Resources Management Managing Workforce Diversity Organization Restructuring High Involvement Work Teams Sociotechnical Systems Design Technical Training Total Quality Management

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Modernism effected on Organization effectiveness strategies such as those shown below when there are needs for assessment, planning, growth, quality improvement, teamwork and other organizational changes.

Pakistan Adopt Some New Business Techniques.


Action Research - An assessment and problem solving process aimed at improved effectiveness for the entire organization or specific work units. The consultant helps the client organization identify the strengths and weaknesses of organization and management issues and works with the client in addressing problem opportunities. Conflict Management - Bringing conflicts to the surface to discover their roots, developing a common ground from which to resolve or better manage conflict. Consultants serve as facilitator in a conflict situation or train employees to better understand and manage conflict. Executive Development - One-on-one or group developmental consultation with CEO's to improve their effectiveness. Goal Setting - Defining and applying concrete goals as a road map to help an organization get where it wants to go. (Can also be applied to employee development.) Group Facilitation - Helping people learn to interact more effectively at meetings and to apply group guidelines that foster open communication, participation and accomplishment. Managing Resistance to Change - Helping clients identify, understand, and begin to manage their resistance to planned organizational change. Organizational Restructuring - Changing departmental and/or individual reporting structures, identifying roles and responsibilities, redesigning job functions to assure that the way work gets done in the organization produces excellence in production and service. Project Management - The general management of specific work, blending diverse functions and skills, usually for a fixed time and aimed at reaching defined outcomes. Self-Directed Work Teams - Developing work groups to be fully responsible for creating a well defined segment of finished work.

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Sociotechnical Systems Design - Designing and managing organizations to emphasize the relationship between people's performance, the workplace environment and the technology used to produce goods and services in order to effect high level productivity. Strategic Planning - A dynamic process which defines the organization's mission and vision, sets goals and develops action steps to help an organization focus its present and future resources toward fulfilling its vision. Teambuilding - Improving how well organization members help one another in activities where they must interact. Total Quality Management - Through work process analysis, teambuilding, defining quality and setting measurable standards, the consultant assists the organization in becoming more cost effective, approach zero-defects and be more market-driven.

Consultants use employee effectiveness strategies such as those below when there are needs for employee improvement in skill, commitment and leadership. Career Counseling - Focused attention on goal setting, career selection and job seeking help individuals make career decisions. Coordination & Management of Multi-Disciplinary Consultants - One or several different technical specialists team up with an OD consultant to design and install new equipment, work processes, work methods, or work procedures. Creative Problem Solving - Organization members use practical problem solving models to address existing problems in a systematic, creative manner. Customer Service Training - Creating interpersonal excellence in public contact positions where the individual and the organization are expected to meet or exceed customer expectations. Developmental Education - Training in basic math, reading, writing and grammar. Interpersonal Communication Skills - Increased skill in exchanging needed information within the organization and providing feedback in a non-threatening, non-judgmental way. Human Resource Management - Managing the function of hiring, compensation, benefits and employee relations toward systematic goals of the organization's morale and productivity. Labor Relations - Facilitation of conflict, planning and problem-solving among management and workforce union representation.
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Leadership Development - Training in select areas which change managers to leaders. Includes visioning, change management and creative problem solving. Management Development - Training in various management skill areas with particular focus on performance management, communications and problem solving. Outplacement - Providing individual and group job search skills and services to employees who have been affected by corporate downsizing. Typically paid for by the employer. Sales Training - Training in the art of selling a product or service. Stress Management - An individual growth workshop designed to arm and activate healthy responses to stress. It enables participants to maximize positive stressors and minimize the negative, both for themselves and others. Technical Training - Training in a specific technical area, such as computers. Time Management - An opportunity for individuals and organizations to effect higher levels of productivity with the time they are allotted. Training Evaluation - Systematic controlled inquiry grounded in sound statistical practice, assessing online training effectiveness and/or business impact. Assessment focuses on course relevance, transfer and cost value. Workforce Diversity - Facilitating understanding between groups toward the goal where differences among people in an organization become the strengths for competitive advantage, productivity and work satisfaction.

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Q1) what do u thinks about modernism in Pakistan? ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Q2) Are you in favor of modernism? a. Yes b. No Q3) Do you think that Pakistan organization cultural is change? a) Yes b) No c) I dont know Q4) Do you want to change in organizational culture? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Q5) Do you want to promote modernism in Pakistan? a. Yes b. No Q6) if yes or No why? ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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Q7) Do you think that this organizational culture which occurs in Pakistan Is change day by day? a) Yes b) No Q8) Do you think that the modernism in Pakistan can increase our country Growth rate and Economics Development? a) Yes b) No c) I dont Know Q9) Do you think that the modernism in Pakistan create a change for new generation? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Q10) personal Information Name: ____________________ Age: ____________________ Qualification: ______________ Occupation: _______________

HAVE A NICE DAY

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Modernism in Pakistan

Karachi islamabad Lahore Interior

Pakistan Organization graph

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 10 25 30 35 2009 2008 2007 2006

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Results of Questionnaire

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q7 Q8 Q9 90 83 85 60 85 75 75 70 Q9 Q8 Q7 Q5 Q4 Q3 Q2 Q1

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We would like to conclude on a special regarding note Pakistan organizational culture is vital role play in a society because of modernism, and modernism is a major source of change in Pakistan society and cultural change, in future Pakistan fashion and business industry growth stage is a major source of earning for Pakistan.

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http://www.articlesbase.com/publishing-articles/what-is-modernism-269796.html http://www.odnetwork.org/odnc/whatis.htm http://www.answers.com/topic/post-modernism-4 http://www.bookrags.com/studyguide-modernism/further.html Book: Lawson, Emily and Price, Colin. The psychology of change management. The McKinsey Quarterly, 2003 Special Edition: Organization.

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