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Cu 1 c phn ng trao i trong dung dch:

A + B C + D

A) ch cn iu kin C ( hoc D) kt ta hoc bay hi. B) Ch cn iu kin A l axt mnh hn C hoc B l mt baz mnh hn D. C) Ch cn C km phn li hn A hoc D km phn li hn B. D) Ngoi cc iu kin a, b, c cn phI thm iu kin A v B u tan trong nc. p n D Cu 2 iu ch HCl bng cch dng mt axt khc y HCl ra khi mui clorua, ta c th dng: A) H2SO4 long B) HNO3 C) H2SO4 m c D) H2S p n C Cu 3 Ngi ta c th dng H3PO4 iu ch kh HBr t mt mui brmua l v: A) H3PO4 l mt axt mnh hn HBr. B) H3PO4 l mt cht c tnh xi ha mnh. C) H3PO4 t bay hI v khng c tnh xi ha cn HBr l mt cht kh v c tnh kh. D) H3PO4 l mt axt yu hn HBr. p n C Cu 4 Trong cc phn ng sau : (1) Zn + CuSO4 ZnSO4 + Cu (2) AgNO3 + KBr AgBr + KNO3 (3) Na2CO3 +H2SO4 Na2SO4 + CO2 + H2O (4) Mg +H2SO4 MgSO4 + H2 Phn ng no l phn ng trao i? A) Ch c 1, 2

B) Ch c 2, 3 C) C 4 phn ng. D) Ch c 1, 4. p n B Cu 5 Trong cc phn ng sau: 1) Cl2 + 2NaBr Br2 + 2NaCl. 2) 2NH3 + 3Cl2 N2 + 6HCl. 3) Cu +HgCl2 Hg +CuCl2. Phn ng no l phn ng trao i? A) Khng c phn ng no c. B) C 3 phn ng. C) D) Ch c 1, 2. Ch c 1, 3.

p n A Cu 6 Cho cc phn ng sau: (1) H2SO4 long + 2NaCl Na2SO4 + 2HCl. (2) H2S + Pb(CH3COO)2 PbS + 2CH3COOH. (3) Cu(OH)2 + ZnCl2 Zn(OH)2 + CuCl2. (4) CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 CaCO3 + 2HCl. Phn ng no c th xy ra c? A) Ch c 1, 3. B) Ch c 2, 3. C) Ch c 2. D) Ch c 3, 4. p n C Cu 7 Cho cc cp hp cht nm trong cng dung dch. (1) H2SO4 long +NaCl. (2) BaCl2 +KOH. (3) Na2CO3+ Al2(SO4)3. (4) CaCl2 +NaHCO3. Nhng cp no c th tn ti trong dung dch( khng cho kt ta hoc kh) ? A) Ch c 1, 2, 4. B) Ch c 2, 3, 4.

C) Ch c 1, 2, 3. D) Ch c 1, 3, 4. p n A Cu 8 Cho 4 anion Cl Br SO4 2, CO3 2 v 4 cation: Ag +, , , Ba , NH4 , Zn . Ly 4 ng nghim, mi ng cha mt dung dch c mt anion v mt cation chn trong 8 ion trn( cc ion trong 4 ng khng trng lp). Xc nh cp ion cha trong mi ng bit rng cc dung dch y u trong sut( u khng c kt ta). A) ng 1: Ag + + Br ng 2: Zn2+, SO42, + ng 3: Ba + Cl , ng 4: NH4+, CO32-. B) ng 1: Ba2+ + Br-, ng 2: NH4+, CO32-, ng 3: Ag++ SO4-, ng 4: Zn2+, Cl-. C) ng 1: Zn2+ + SO42-, ng 2: Ba2+, CO32-, ng 3: Ag+ +Br-, ng 4: NH4+, Cl-. D) ng 1: Ag+ + Cl-, ng 2: Ba2+, SO42ng 3: Zn+ + CO32-, ng 4: NH4+, Br-. p n B Cu 9 Ngi ta c th dng H2SO4 m c iu ch HCl t mt clorua ch khng th dng H2SO4 long l v: A) H2SO4 m c mnh hn H2SO4 long. B) H2SO4 m c c tnh xi ha mnh hn H2SO4 long. C) H2SO4 m c ht nc. D) H2SO4 m c l mt cht lng kh bay hi, ht H2O cn HCl l cht kh tan nhiu trong nc. p n D Cu H2S cho phn ng vi CuCl2 10 H2S + CuCl2 CuS + 2HCl l v: A) H2S l axt mnh hn HCl. B) HCl tan trong nc t hn H2S. C) CuS l hp cht rt t tan. D) H2S c tnh kh mnh hoen HCl.
2+ + 2+

p n C Cu Cho cc phn ng sau : 11 (1) BaCl2 +Na2CO3 BaCO3 + 2NaCl (2) CaCO3 +2NaCl Na2CO3 +CaCl2 (3) H2SO4 dd +2NaNO3 2HNO3 + Na2SO4 (4) Pb(NO3)2 + K2SO4 PbSO4 +2KNO3 Phn ng no c th xy ra ? A) Ch c 1, 2. B) Ch c 1, 2, 4. C) Ch c 1, 3, 4. D) Ch c 2. p n C Cu Cho 4 anion Cl-,SO42-CO32-,PO43-vaf 4 cation Na+, 12 Zn2+,NH42+ ,Mg2+.Cho 2 ng nghim, mi ng cha 1 dung dch, mi dung dch cha 2 anion v 2cation trong 8 ion trn (cc ion trong 2 ng khng trng lp ). Xc nh cc ion c th c trong mi dung dch bit rng 2 dung dch ny u trong sut . A) ng 1: Cl-, CO32-, Na+, Zn2+. ng 2:SO42-, PO43-, Mg2+, NH4+ B) ng 1:Cl-, PO43-, NH4+, Zn2+ ng 2:CO32-, SO42-, Mg2+, Na+ C) ng 1:CO32-, PO43-, NH4+, Na+. ng 2 :Cl-, SO42-, Mg2+, Zn2+ D) ng 1: Cl-, SO42-, Mg2+, NH4+ ng 2: CO32-, PO43-, Zn2+, Na+ p n C Cu M l mt kim loi nhm IIA( Mg, Ca, Ba). Dung dch mui 13 MCl2 cho kt ta vi dung dch Na2CO3, Na2SO4 nhng khng to kt ta vi dung dch NaOH. Xc nh kim loi M A) Ch c th l Mg. B) Ch c th l Ba. C) Ch c th l Ca.

D) Ch c th l Mg, Ba. p n B Cu 0,5 lt dung dch A cha MgCl2 v Al2(SO4)3. Dung dch A 14 tc dng vi dung dch Nh4OH d thu c kt ta B. em nung B n khi lng khng i thu c cht rn nng 14,2g. Cn nu cho 0,5 lt dung dch A tc dng vi dung dch NaOH d th thu c kt ta C. em nung C n khi lng khng i th c cht rn nng 4g. Tnh nng mol ca MgCl2 v ca Al2(SO4)3 trong dung dch A( Mg=24, Al=27). A) B) C) D)

C MgCl 2 = C Al 2 (SO4 )3 =0,1 M. C MgCl 2 = C Al 2 (SO4 )3 =0,2 M. C MgCl 2 = 0,1, C Al 2 (SO4 )3 =0,2 M. C MgCl 2 = C Al 2 (SO4 )3 =0,15 M.

p n B Cu 100 ml dung dch A cha Na2SO4 0,1M, K2SO4 0,2M phn 15 ng va vi 100 ml dung dch B cha Pb(NO3)20,1M v Ba(NO3)2 . Tnh nng mol ca Ba(NO3)2 trong dung dch v khi lng cht kt ta thu c sau phn ng gia 2 dung dch Av B.Cho Ba=137,Pb=207. A) 0,1M;6,32 g B) 0,2M;7,69g C) 0,2M;8,35g D) 0,1M;7,69g p n B Cu 1000ml dung dch X cha 2 mui NaA v NaB vi A v B 16 l 2 halogen( nhm VIIA thuc 2 chu k k tip ca bng h thng tun hon) khi tc dng vi 100 ml dung dch AgNO3( lng va ) cho ra 3,137g kt ta. Xc nh A, B v nng mol ca NaA v NaB trong dung dch X. Cho F=19, Cl=35,5; Br=80, I=127, Ag=108. A) A l F, B l Cl, C NaF =0,015M, C NaCl =0,005M B) A l Br, B l I, C NaBr =0,014M, C NaI =0,006M

C) A l Cl, B l Br, C NaCl =0,012M, C NaBr =0,008M D) A l Cl, B l Br, C NaCl =0,014M, C NaBr =0,006M p n D Cu 100ml dung dch A cha AgNO3 0,06M v Pb(NO3)2 0,05M 17 tc dng va vi 100 ml dung dch B cha NaCl 0,08M v KBr. Tnh nng mol ca KBr trong dung dch B v khi lng cht kt ta to ra trong phn ng gia 2 dung dch A v B. Cho bit AgCl, AgBr, PbCl2, PbBr2 u t tan. Ag=108, Pb=207, Cl=35,5, Br=80. A) 0,08M, 2,458g. B) 0,016M, 2,185g. C) 0,008M, 2,297g. D) 0,08M, 2,607g. p n D Cu Mt dung dch CuSO4 tc dng va vi dung dch 18 Ba(OH)2 d cho ra 33,1g kt ta. Tnh s mol CuSO4 v khi lng cht rn thu c sau khi nung kt ta trn n khi lng khng i. Cho Cu=64, Ba=137. A) 0,1 mol, 33,1g. B) 0,1 mol, 31,3g. C) 0,12 mol, 23,3g. D) 0,08 mol, 28,2g. p n B Cu Mt lt dung dch A cha MCl2 v NCl2( M v N l 2 kim 19 loi kim th nhm IIA thuc chu k k tip ca bng HTTH). Khi cho 1 lt dung dch A tc dng vi dung dch Na2CO3 d, ta thu c 31,8g kt ta. Nung kt ta ny n khi lng khng i( MCO3 thnh MO + CO2 ) thu c mt cht rn c khi lng 16,4g. Xc nh 2 kim loi N, M v nng mol ca mi mui trong dung dch A. Cho Be=9, Mg=24, Ca=40, Sr=87. A) Mg, Ca, C MgCl 2 =0,08M, CCaCl 2 =0,15M. B) Mg, Ca, C MgCl 2 =0,2M, CCaCl 2 =0,15M.

C) Ca, Sr, C SrCl 2 =0,15M, CCaCl 2 =0,2M. D) Mg, Ca, C MgCl 2 =0,15M, CCaCl 2 =0,20M. p n B Cu Mt hn hp MgO v Al2O3c khi lng 5,5g. Cho hn hp 20 tc dng vi dung dch NaOH d . Ha tan cht rn cn li sau phn ng vi dung dch NaOH trong dung dch HCl d c dung dch A .Thm NaOH d vo dung dch A , c kt ta B . Nung B n khi lng khng i , khi lng B gim i 0,18g so vi khi lng trc khi nung .Tnh s mol MgO v Al2O3 hn hp trc khi nung .Cho Mg=24, Al=27. A) 0,01 mol MgO, 0,05 mol Al2O3. B) 0,01 mol MgO, 0,04 mol Al2O3. C) 0,02 mol MgO, 0,10 mol Al2O3. D) 0,03 mol MgO, 0,04 mol Al2O3. p n A Cu 100 ml dung dch A cha MCl2 0,10M v NCl2 phn ng 21 va vi 200 ml dung dch Na2SO4 0,09M cho ra kt ta c khi lng l 3,694g . Xc nh M , N v nng mol ca NCl2 trong dung dch A bit rng Nv M l 2 kim la thuc nhm IIA thuc 2 chu k k tip ca bng HTTH. Mg=24, Ca=24, Sr=87, Ba=137. A) M l Sr , N l Ba, C BaCl 2 =0,08M. B) M l Ba , N l Sr, C SrCl 2 =0,08M. C) M l Mg, N l Ca, CCaCl 2 =0,05M. D) M l Ca , N l Sr, C SrCl 2 =0,06M. p n A Cu 250 ml dung dch A cha Na2CO3 v NaHCO3 khi tc dng 22 vi H2SO4 d cho ra 2,24 lt CO2(ktc). 500ml dung dch A vi CaCl2 d cho ra 16g kt ta. Tnh nng mol ca 2 mui trong dung dch A. Cho Ca=40. A)

C Na 2CO3 = 0,08M, C NaHCO 3 = 0,02M

B) C) D)

C Na 2CO3 = 0,04M, C NaHCO 3 = 0,06M C Na 2CO3 = 0,16M, C NaHCO 3 = 0,24M C Na 2CO3 = 0,32M, C NaHCO 3 = 0,08M

p n D