Sie sind auf Seite 1von 22

gravity mass of freefall (50 person) weight of freefall (50 person) mass of freefall (22 person) weight of freefall

(22 person) Number of persons mass of persons weight of persons Area pressure on area self weight vertical acceleration (Y) transversal acceleration (X) longitudinal acceleration (Z)

= = = = = = = = = = = = = =

9.8067 4750 11645.46 3987 9774.828 222 16815 164899.7 123.268 1337.733 116942 5.783 7.296 0.981

N/m kg N kg N persons kg N m N/m kg m/s m/s m/s

No. 1

load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform

Fx 0 0 0 0 N N N N

Fy -11645.5 N -9774.83 N -11645.5 N -9774.83 N

Fz 0 0 0 0 N N N N

Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Pressure

-1337.73 N/m

gravity mass of freefall (50 person) weight of freefall (50 person) mass of freefall (22 person) weight of freefall (22 person) Number of persons mass of persons weight of persons Area pressure on area Trim 10 by bow Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan Freefall 22 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan Live loads in muster point platform Weight of persons * cos 10 Area Pressure on area Trim 10 by stern Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan Freefall 22 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan List 30 kanan Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 30 Fx = W sin 30 F resultan Freefall 22 persons Fy = W cos 30

= = = = = = = = = =

9.8067 8500 20839.238 5802 14224.618

N/m kg N kg N

No. 1

222 persons 16815 kg 164899.66 N m 123.26798 1337.7332 N/m

= = =

20522.643 3618.6956 20839.238

N N N

No. 1

2 = = = 14008.514 2470.0791 14224.618 N N N

= = =

162394.46 123.26798 1317.41

N m N/m

No. 1

2 = = = 20522.643 3618.6956 20839.238 N N N

= = =

14008.514 2470.0791 14224.618

N N N

No. 1

2 = = = 18047.309 10419.619 20839.238 N N N

3 a

= =

12318.881 7112.3092

N N

No.

Fx = W sin 30 F resultan List 30 kiri Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 30 Fx = W sin 30 F resultan Freefall 22 persons Fy = W cos 30 Fx = W sin 30 F resultan Live loads in muster point platform Weight of persons * cos 10 Area Pressure on area self weight vertical acceleration (Y) transversal acceleration (X) longitudinal acceleration (Z)

14224.618

2 = = = 18047.309 10419.619 20839.238 N N N

3 b

= = =

12318.881 7112.3092 14224.618

N N N

No. 1

2 = = = = = = = 142807.3 123.26798 1158.5109 116942.01 5.783 7.296 0.981 N m N/m kg m/s m/s m/s

Trim 10 by bow load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Trim 10 by stern load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform List 30 kanan load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform List 30 kiri load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Trim 10 by bow + list 30 kiri load item Fx Fy Fz Mx Fx 10419.62 N 7112.309 N 10419.62 N 7112.309 N Fy -18047.3 N -12318.9 N -18047.3 N -12318.9 N Fz -10419.6 N -7112.31 N -10419.6 N -7112.31 N Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm Fx -10419.6 N -7112.31 N -10419.6 N -7112.31 N Fy -18047.3 N -12318.9 N -18047.3 N -12318.9 N Fz 0 0 0 0 N N N N Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm Fx 0 0 0 0 N N N N Fy -20522.6 N -14008.5 N -20522.6 N -14008.5 N Fz -3618.7 N -2470.08 N -3618.7 N -2470.08 N Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm Fx 0 0 0 0 N N N N Fy -20522.6 N -14008.5 N -20522.6 N -14008.5 N Fz 3618.696 N 2470.079 N 3618.696 N 2470.079 N Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm

Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Trim 10 by stern + list 30 kiri load item Platform 1 freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform

10419.62 N 7112.309 N 10419.62 N 7112.309 N

-38570 N -26327.4 N -38570 N -26327.4 N

3618.696 N 2470.079 N 3618.696 N 2470.079 N

Nm Nm Nm Nm

Fx 10419.62 N 7112.309 N 10419.62 N 7112.309 N

Fy -38570 N -26327.4 N -38570 N -26327.4 N

Fz -3618.7 N -2470.08 N -3618.7 N -2470.08 N

Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Pressure

-14224.6 N/m

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz

-14224.6 N/m

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz

-1158.51 N/m

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz

-1158.51 N/m

My

Mz

Pressure

Nm Nm Nm Nm

Nm Nm Nm Nm -2475.92 N/m

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Pressure

-2475.92 N/m

No. 1

3 4 5 6 7

load item Platform 1 (SF = 1.1) freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) I - beam (SF = 1.1) freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Falling reach the max lowering speed (50 persons) Falling reach the max lowering speed (22 persons) Abrupt brake to stop Freefall 50 persons Abrupt brake to stop Freefall 22 persons

Fx 0 0 0 0 N N N N

Fy -22923.161 N -15647.08 N -22923.161 N -15647.08 N -3918.5276 -2674.7408 -69109.313 -47173.204 -95951.001 -65495.025 N N N N 0 0 0 0

Fz N N N N

Mx Nm Nm Nm Nm

My Nm Nm Nm Nm

Mz Nm Nm Nm Nm

Pressure

-1471.51 -5596.2374 N -3819.9258 N -98698.327 N -67370.317 N -104294.56 -71190.243 FREEFALL 50 PERSON = 0.3 f = 5121.151 N

50 22 Percepatan W SIN 35 - f W SIN 35 - N W SIN 35 - W COS 35 m g SIN 35 - m g COS 35 g SIN 35 - g COS 35 g (SIN 35 - COS 35) a Gaya ketika meluncur F freefall 50 persons F freefall 50 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 F freefall 22 persons F freefall 22 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 Gaya akibat berhenti mendadak Kecepatan awal (V0) Jarak yang ditempuh sebelum akan berhenti (S) S = V0 t + 0.5 a t a t Waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk menempuh jarak tersebut (t) Kecepatan akhir (V1) = V0 + a t Lama waktu pengereman (t) F t = m (V1 - V0) F freefall 50 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 F freefall 22 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 = = = = = = = ma ma ma ma ma a 3.214939 m/s N N N N N N N N

w sin = = ma = 6831.744 = 3918.528 = 5596.237 = ma = 4663.268 = 2674.741 = 3819.926

11953 N

= 35 m= w= 8500 kg 20839.24 N

= = = = = =

0 m/s 5 m 10 1.763655 5.670043 0.1 m sec m/s sec

w cos 17070.5 = FREEFALL 22 PERSON

= 0.3 f = 3495.638 N

= = = = = =

120488.4 N 69109.31 N 98698.33 N 82243.97 N 47173.2 N 67370.32 N

w sin =

8159

= 35 gravity mass of freefall (50 person) weight of freefall (50 person) mass of freefall (22 person) weight of freefall (22 person) Number of persons mass of persons weight of persons Area pressure on area Percepatan setelah lepas Asumsi Koefisien gesekan Sudut kemiringan F ketika jatuh freefall (50 persons) Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 freefall (22 persons) Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 Asumsi jarak akan terhenti a x t Lama untuk menempuh 1 meter Kecepatan awal Kecepatan akhir asumsi Lama waktu terhenti F ketika terhenti Freefall (50 persons) Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 Freefall (22 persons) Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 9.8067 m/s 8500 kg 20839.24 N 5802 kg 14224.62 N 222 prsns 16815 kg 164899.7 N 123.268 m 1337.733 N/m 3.214939 m/s 0.3 35 6831.744 3918.528 5596.237 4663.268 2674.741 3819.926 N N N N N N m= w= 5802 kg 14224.62 N

w cos 11652.13 N =

5 m 10 m 1.763655 s 0 m/s 5.670043 m/s 0.1 s 120488.4 69109.31 98698.33 82243.97 47173.2 67370.32 N N N N N N

Pressure

N/m

a No. 1

Trim 10 by bow + list 30 kiri load item I - beam (SF = 1.1) freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Falling reach the max lowering speed (50prsn) Falling reach the max lowering speed (22prsn) Abrupt brake to stop Abrupt brake to stop Trim 10 by stern + list 30 kiri load item I - beam (SF = 1.1) freefall (50 person) freefall (22 person) Live loads in muster point platform Falling reach the max lowering speed (50prsn) Falling reach the max lowering speed (22prsn) Abrupt brake to stop Abrupt brake to stop gravity mass of freefall (50 person) weight of freefall (50 person) mass of freefall (22 person) weight of freefall (22 person) Percepatan W SIN 35 - f W SIN 35 - N W SIN 35 - W COS 35 m g SIN 35 - m g COS 35 g SIN 35 - g COS 35 g (SIN 35 - COS 35) a Gaya ketika meluncur F freefall 50 persons F freefall 50 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 F freefall 22 persons F freefall 22 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = ma ma ma ma ma a 4.8215742 ma 10245.8452 5876.77537 8392.90503 ma 6993.69338 4011.41773 5728.89823 = = = = = Fx 22923.1613 15647.0802 N N Fy -34036.4875 -23232.906 N N Fz -3980.56518 -2717.08696 N N Mx Nm Nm My Nm Nm Mz Nm Nm -2723.51302 Pressure Fx 22923.1613 15647.0802 N N Fy -34036.4875 -23232.906 N N Fz 3980.56518 2717.08696 N N Mx Nm Nm My Nm Nm Mz Nm Nm -2723.51302 Pressure

2 3 4 5 6 b No. 1

2 3 4 5 6

9.8067 N/m 8500 kg 20839.2375 N 5802 kg 14224.6184 N

FREEFALL 50 PERSON = f= 0.1 6828.2016

w sin =

47812 N

m/s N N N N N N N N = m= w= 8500 83356.95 kg N 35

w cos = 68282.016 FREEFALL 22 PERSON = f= 0.3 0

Gaya akibat berhenti mendadak Kecepatan awal (V0) = 0 Jarak yang ditempuh sebelum akan berhenti (S) = 1 S = V0 t + 0.5 a t a t = 2 Waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk menempuh jarak tersebut (t) = 0.64405146 Kecepatan akhir (V1) = V0 + a t = 3.10534191 Lama waktu pengereman (t) = 0.1 F t = m (V1 - V0) F freefall 50 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 F freefall 22 persons Fy = F sin 35 Fz = F cos 35 Number of persons mass of persons weight of persons Area pressure on area Trim 10 by bow Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan Freefall 22 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan Live loads in muster point platform Weight of persons * cos 10 Area Pressure on area Trim 10 by stern Freefall 50 persons Fy = W cos 10 Fz = W sin 10 F resultan

m/s m m sec m/s sec

w sin =

= = = = = = = = = = =

65988.5157 N 37849.4577 N 54054.6275 N 45042.9845 N 25835.5945 N 36897.0528 N 222 prsns 16815 kg 164899.661 N 123.267975 m 1337.73318 N/m w cos = 0 m= w= 5802 0 kg N

35

= = =

20522.6427 3618.69562 20839.2375

N N N

= = =

14008.5144 2470.07905 14224.6184

N N N

= = =

162394.464 N 123.267975 m 1317.41001 N/m

= = =

20522.6427 3618.69562 20839.2375

N N N

Pressure

N/m

Pressure

N/m

Design Criteria

Load Case

Safety Factor

Von Misses Stress

Based on the Tensile Yield Stress

LC01 LC02 (a) LC02 (b) LC03 LC02&03 (a) LC02&03 (b)

NOTE: Load case 01 Load case 02 (a) Load case 02 (b) Load case 03 Load case 02 & 03 (a) Load case 02 & 03 (b)

lifeboat loads on I -beam and Platform + Live loads on muster point platform Full loaded lifeboat given to I - beam and platform + Live loads on muster pooint platfor

Full loaded lifeboat given to I - beam and platform + Live loads on muster pooint platfor (SF = 1.1) Full loaded lifeboat given to I - beam and platform + falling reach the maximum muster point (SF = 1.1) Full loaded lifeboat given to I - beam and platform + falling reach the maximum muster point during trim 10 by bow and list 30 (SF = 1.1) Full loaded lifeboat given to I - beam and platform + falling reach the maximum muster point during trim 10 by stern and list 30

SMYS Steel (N/m )


2

Permissible Value

COMPUTED (N/m2)

UC

Remark PASS

2.350E+08

2.350E+08

1.500E+08 3.400E+08 1.360E+08 3.780E+08 4.42E+08 4.46E+08

0.638 1.447 0.579 1.609 1.881 1.898

FAIL PASS FAIL FAIL FAIL

er point platform ds on muster pooint platform during trim 10 by bow and list 30

ds on muster pooint platform during trim 10 by stern and list 30 + falling reach the maximum lowering speed + abrupt brake to stop + live loads on + falling reach the maximum lowering speed + abrupt brake to stop + live loads on + falling reach the maximum lowering speed + abrupt brake to stop + live loads on

PUNCHING SHEAR CALCULATIONS


American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) ASD 9th edition Chapter E

BUCKLING STRUCTURE (COLUMN) CALCULATIONS

I . Punching Shear (Vp) Vp = f sin where : f = nominal axial, in-plane bending, or out of plane bending stress in the brace (punching shear for each kept separate) f AX = 3.00 ; axial stress f IPB = 3.00 ; in-plane banding stress f OPB = 3.00 ; out-of-plane banding stress d = brace diameter = 273.00 mm D = Chord diameter = 273.00 mm = d/D = 1.00 = D / 2T = 9.04

t = brace thickness, in mm = 15.10 mm T = chord thickness = 15.10 mm = t/T = 1.00 = 30

mm deg

Therefore, the acting punching shear is as follows: (Vp)AX = 1.50 (Vp)IPB = (Vp)OPB = 1.50 1.50

II . Allowable Punching Shear (Vpa) Vpa = Qq Qf Fye / 0.6 Qf = 1.0 - A2 Fye = where : = = = 0.03 0.045 0.021 for brace axial stress for brace in-plane bending stress for brace out-of-plane bending stress 235 Mpa

2035.2 `

The value of Qf for each component of bracing loading: Qf for axial stress; Qf = Qf = -1123243 -1684864 Qf for in-plane bending stress; Qf for out-of-plane bending; Qf = -786269.5

Table 1. Value for Qq

The value of Qq for each component of bracing loading: Qq for axial stress;
Qq = (1.10 + 0.20/) = 1.12

Qq for in-plane bending stress;


Qq = (3.72 + 0.67/) = 4.39

Qq for in-plane bending stress;


Qq = (1.37 + 0.67/)Q = 2.04

Because value of > 0.6, so value of Q must be used; (see table 1.)
Q =

Resume allowable punching shear Component Vpa (Mpa)

Axial Stress In-Plane Bending Stress Out-of-Plane Bending Stress

-54507026 -320472211 -69496432

III. Unity Check for Punching Shear For combined axial and bending stresses in the brace, the following interaction equation should be satisfied:

where the arcsin term is in radians

2.209E-08

4.158E-08

PASS

TIONS
RESUME

th edition Chapter E

Type of Joint and Geometry K gap T&Y w/o diaphragms Cross w/ diaphragms

Axial Tension

Table 1. Value for Qq Type of Load in Brace Member Axial Compression (1.10 + 0.20 / )Qg (1.10 + 0.20 / )

In-Plane Bending

(3.72 + 0.67 / )

(1.10 + 0.20 / )

(0.75 + 0.20 / )Q

(1.10 + 0.20 / )

1.68 0.4 0.238095

2.748296 0.4 0.145545

Out-of-Plane Bending

(1.37+ 0.67 / )Q