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Philippine Normal University

College of Education
Department of Professional Education

Professional Education 2
Quiz

Name: _____________________ Yr. & Section: ________ Date: ___________

I. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Write only the letter of your answer before each
number.

_____1. The Swiss philosopher, natural scientist and developmental


psychologist, well known for studying children, his theory of Cognitive
Development and Genetic Epistemology.
a. Sigmund Freud
b. Jean Piaget
c. Erik Erikson

_____2. The word Infant derives from the Latin _____, meaning unable to speak.
a. in-fante
b. in-fanse
c. in-fans

_____3. A substage of sensorimotor where in children begins a period of trial-


and-error experimentation.
a. Coordination of Reactions
b. Secondary Circular Reactions
c. Tertiary Circular Reactions

_____ 4. What do you call the infant scheme that was elaborated, modified and
developed by Jean Piaget in 1962?
a. adaptation
b. organization
c. equilibration

_____ 5. Piaget’s term to describe the manner by which cognitive structures


change.
a. assimilation
b. adaptation
c. accommodation

II. ENUMERATION.

1-4 Stages of Cognitive development


5-6 according to Jean Piaget adaptation consist of
7-8 describe an Infant

III. MATCHING TYPE. Match Column A to Column B. Then match Column B to


Column C.

COLUMN A

___1. 12-18 months


___2. 0-1 month
___3. 4-8 months
___4. 18-24 month
___5. 1-4 months
___6. 8-12 months

COLUMN B

___a. Invention of New Means through Mental Combinations


___b. Tertiary Circular Reactions
___c. Primarily Circular Reactions
___d. Reflexive Stage
___e. Secondary Circular Reactions
___f. Coordination of Reactions

COLUMN C

u. The substage involve in coordinating sensation and new schemes.


v. Children begin a period of trial-and-error experimentation.
w. Children begin exploring the environment around them and will often imitate
the observed behavior of others.
x. In this substage the infant can do simple reflex activities such as grasping,
sucking etc.
y. During this substage, the child becomes more focused on the world and
begins to intentionally repeat an action in order to trigger the response in the
environment.
z. Children begin to develop symbols to represent events or objects in the world.
Philippine Normal University
College of Education
Department of Professional Education

Professional Education 2
Quiz

KEY TO CORRECTION
(Infancy:Adaptation)
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. b
2. c
3. c
4. a
5. c

II. ENUMERATION

1-4
* Sensorimotor Stage
* Preoperational Stage
* Concrete Operational Stage
* Formal Operational Stage
5-6
* Assimilation
* Accommodation
Or * Equilibration
7-8
*Describe an Infant the way she or he looks etc.

III. MATCHING TYPE

COLUMN A COLUMN B

1. b a. z
2. d b. v
3. e c. u
4. a d. x
5. c e. y
6. f f. w
Philippine Normal University
College of Education
Department of Professional Education

Written Report
In
Professional Education 2
(Child an Adolescent
Development)
Infancy:
Introduction about Infant
Biography of Jean Piaget
Stages of Cognitive Development
Substages of Sensorimotor
First Adaptation

Submitted by:
Irish M. Tuazon
II-3

Submitted to:
Professor Conchita Arce Ochave Manuel

INFANCY
IV. Introduction about Infant

The word Infant derives from the Latin in-fans, meaning unable to
speak. It is commonly used as a slightly more formal word for baby (the
youngest category for child). A new born infant is known as a neotate (neonatal)
after the final stage of gestation. Feeding is done by breastfeeding or with
special industrial milk, “infant formula”. As infant age, and their appetites grows,
many parents choose from a variety of baby foods to feed the child. Infants are
incontinent, therefore diapers are generally used by industrialized countries.
Babies learn to signal to the parents when it is time to urinate or defecate by
turning or making some noises. Parents have to pay attention to the baby’s
action so they can learn the signals. Babies cannot walk, although more mature
infants may crawl; baby transport may be perambulator (stroller or buggy) or on
the back or in front of an adult in a special bag, cloth or board. Infants cry as a
form of basic instinctive communication to their parents when in need of feeding
or when in discomfort. As is in that case with most other young children, infants
are usually treated as special person. Their social presence is different from the
adults, and they may be the focus of attention.

V. Biography of Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget (August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980) was a Swiss


philosopher, natural scientist and developmental psychologist, well known for his
work studying children, his theory of cognitive development and for his
epistemological view called "genetic epistemology". Jean Piaget was born in
Neuchâtel, Switzerland on August 9, 1896. His parents are Arthur Piaget and
Rebecca Jackson. By the end of his career, he had written over60 books and
many hundreds of articles. He died in Geneva, September 16, 1980 one of the
most significant psychologist of the twentieth century.

VI. Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development


Stages of Cognitive Development
1. Sensorimotor Stage (Birth-2 years old)
► The first stage of Piaget’s theory last from birth to approximately age of
two. Children experience the world through movement, senses and learn
object permanence.
SUBSTAGES OF SENSORIMOTOR STAGE:
a. Reflexive Stage
►0-1 month
►In this substage the infant can do simple reflex activities such as
grasping, sucking etc.
b. Primarily Circular Reactions
►1-4 months
►The substage involve in coordinating sensation and new schemes. For
example, a child may suck his or her thumb by accident and then later
intentionally repeat the action. These actions are repeated because the
infant finds them pleasurable.
c. Secondary Circular Reactions
►4-8 months
►During this substage, the child becomes more focused on the world and
begins to intentionally repeat an action in order to trigger the response in
the environment. For example, a child will purposely pick up a toy in order
to put it in his or her mouth.
d. Coordination of Reactions
►8-12 months
►During this substage, the child starts to show clearly intentional actions
the child may also be combine schemas in order to achieve a desired
effect. Children begin exploring the environment around them and will
often imitate the observed behavior of others. The understanding of the
objects also begins during this time and children begin to recognize
certain objects as having specific qualities. For example, a child might
realize that a rattle will make a sound when shaken.
e. Tertiary Circular Reactions
►12-18 months
►Children begin a period of trial-and-error experimentation. For example,
a child may try out different sounds or actions as a way of getting attention
from caregiver.
f. Invention of New Means through Mental Combinations
►18-24 months
►Children begin to develop symbols to represent events or objects in the
final sensorimotor substage. During this time children begin to move
towards understanding the world through mental operations rather than
purely through actions.
2. Preoperational Stage (2-7 years old)
►Acquisition of motor skills.
3. Concrete Operational Stage (7-11 years old)
►Children begin to think logically about concrete events.
4. Formal Operational Stage (11 years old onwards)
►Developmental of abstract reasoning.

VII. First Adaptation

Piaget’s stated that we can form cognitive structures because we have


inherited a method of intellectual functioning that enables us to respond to our
environment. At the heart of this method are two psychological mechanisms,
adaptation and organization. Because we use these the same two mechanisms
constantly throughout our lives from birth through adulthood, Piaget named them
Functional Invariants.

Piaget believed that adaptation consist of:


► Assimilation
-Piaget’s term to describe the manner in which we incorporate data
into our cognitive structures.
► Accommodation
- Piaget’s term to describe the manner by which cognitive
structures change.
► Equilibration
-Piaget’s term to describe the balance between assimilation and
accommodation.

Organization and Adaptation are inseparable; they are two sides of the
same coin. Every intellectual act is related to other similar acts, which introduces
Piaget’s notion of schemes.

►Schemes
-Piaget’s term to describe the patterns of behavior that infants use
to interact with their environment.