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Title: Computer Network and Communication Name: Kenneth Lee Zhen Kang I/C No: 951218-10-6435 Date: 3.9.



Introduction A computer network is a system of interconnected computers and peripheral devices. While, computer communication is a process in which two or more computers or devices transfer data, instructions and information.


Mobile Computing 2.1 Definition Using a computing device while in transit. Mobile computing implies wireless transmission, but wireless transmission does not necessarily imply mobile computing. Fixed wireless applications use satellites, radio systems and lasers to transmit between permanent objects such as buildings and towers. 2.2 Specification, services, and frequencies of Mobile Computing

The Xda Zinc is O2s first PDA phone with built-in QWERTY keyboard and runs on Windows Mobile 5.0. It is a triband PDA phone (900/1800/1900 MHz), and supports GPRS and 3G (non-HSDPA) data connectivity. Pros: - sliding QWERTY keyboard. - wide range of connectivity options including Bluetooth A2DP. - faster CPU than similar class PDA phone, i.e. Dopod 838 Pro. Cons: - soft keys make typing difficult sometimes. - 3G does not support faster HSDPA speeds.

- non-standard 2.5mm audio jack. - average battery life. O2 Xda Zinc Specifications: - Intel XScale PXA 270 (520MHz) - Microsoft Windows Mobile 5.0 - 128MB ROM, 64MB RAM (expandable via miniSD) - 2.8 LCD (320240) - front camera for video calls and 2-megapixel back camera - Triband GSM 900/1800/1900 MHz with speakerphone - 3G, GPRS, Infrared, USB, Bluetooth (A2DP), Wifi (802.11b/g) - 1,300mAh Li-Polymer battery; 5 hrs talktime, 22 hrs standby - 109 x 58 x 22.6 mm, 175 g


Internet Technology and Services 3.1 VoIP VoIP, voice information is converted into digital packets and sent over the Internet, and then converted back into analog signals before reaching the phone receiver at the other end. With hardware based VoIP phone services, your phone has been fitted with an adapter that connects to your high-speed Internet connection. When you make a call, it goes through your local telephone company to a VoIP provider, and then over the Internet to the called party's local telephone company. There are also software based VoIP phone services, where you use a microphone headset plugged into your computer and make calls, which are routed through

your cable modem, by using the keyboard. VoIP can also be run over a private data network. The big advantage of VoIP is that voice information sent over the Internet avoids using the fixed circuitry of traditional telephony networks avoiding the tolls charged by traditional telephone service. This is why VoIP service providers can offer features such as free long-distance calls. The big disadvantage of VoIP is quality of service. While in theory because packets are sent over the best route at the time rather than through fixed routes, VoIP services would be reliable and consistent, in reality problems such as packet loss, bandwidth and plain old Internet outages make VoIP quality and reliability inconsistent.


BLOG A blog is often a mixture of what is happening in a person's life and what is happening on the Web, a kind of hybrid diary/guide site, although there are as many unique types of blogs as there are people. People maintained blogs long before the term was coined, but the trend gained momentum with the introduction of automated published systems, most notably Blogger at Thousands of people use services such as Blogger to simplify and accelerate the publishing process. Blogs are alternatively called web logs or weblogs. However, "blog" seems less likely to cause confusion, as "web log" can also mean a server's log files.


Type of network 4.1 PAN

A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network organized around an individual person. Personal area networks typically involve a mobile computer, a cell phone and/or a handheld computing device such as a PDA. You can use these networks to transfer files including email and calendar appointments, digital photos and music. Personal area networks can be constructed with cables or wirelessly. USB often link together a wired PAN while wireless PANs typically use Bluetooth or sometimes infrared connections. Bluetooth PANs are also called pioneers. Personal area networks generally cover a range of less than 10 meters (about 30 feet).


VPN A virtual private network (VPN) is a network that uses a public telecommunication infrastructure, such as the Internet, to provide remote offices or individual users with secure access to their organization's network. A virtual private network can be contrasted with an expensive system of owned or leased lines that can only be used by one organization. The goal of a VPN is to provide the organization with the same capabilities, but at a much lower cost. A VPN works by using the shared public infrastructure while maintaining privacy through security procedures and tunneling protocols such as the Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). In effect, the protocols, by encrypting data at the sending end and decrypting it at the receiving end, send the data through a "tunnel" that cannot be "entered" by data that is not properly encrypted. An additional level of security involves encrypting not only the data, but also the originating and receiving network addresses.


WLAN A wireless LAN (or WLAN, for wireless local area network, sometimes referred to as LAWN, for local area wireless network) is one in which a mobile user can connect to a local area network (LAN) through a wireless (radio) connection. The IEEE 802.11 group of standards specify the technologies for wireless LANs. 802.11 standards use the Ethernet High-bandwidth allocation for wireless will make possible a relatively low-cost wiring of classrooms in the United States. A similar frequency allocation has been made in Europe. Hospitals and businesses are also expected to install wireless LAN systems where existing LANs are not already in place. Using technology from the Symbiotic Networks, Ltd., a wireless LAN adapter can be made to fit on a Personal Computer Memory Card Industry Association (PCMCIA) card for a laptop or notebook computer.


WIMAX What is popularly known as WiMax is actually a long range wireless networking standard. Through WiMax, users can receive high speed internet in even the most remote areas, where no other form of connectivity is available. It is an excellent alternative to satellite internet. It is based on the IEEE 802.16 WAN standard; it signals are as far reaching as quite a number of miles. At 75mbps it is much faster than Wi-Fi and it operates between 2-66 GHz.

A WiMax station is responsible for deploying signaling in an area. To receive these signals one has to install an antenna, newer, better ones are in development that will be indoors or built in and will eventually eliminate the need for outdoor antennas. Simply a subscription is required to receive the service. All equipment

used for WiMax, is certified by the WiMax forum. It is not as yet an alternative to Wi-Fi due to its high costs. 5.0 Conclusion Computer networks and communication give many advantage and very convenient to us. We can do our business and share information easily to the whole world. We also can use network to communication to each other and share problem together. Now mobile computing also can use satellites, radio systems and lasers to transmit between permanent objects such as buildings and towers. Reference