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Part B

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American Academy Larnaca Year 5 Test


Science Chemistry Topic C1a.6 Making changes Tuesday 11 October 2011 Time: 20 minutes

Part B Preparing calcium chloride Use the following information to answer questions 17 to 19. Excess calcium carbonate reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to form a solution of the salt calcium chloride. The word equation for the reaction is calcium carbonate + hydrochloric acid calcium chloride + carbon dioxide + water 17. What will be observed during this reaction? A B C D 18. a very bad smell a change in colour bubbles of gas a solid precipitate forming

During this reaction the dilute hydrochloric acid is A B C D evaporated thermally decomposed reduced neutralised

19.

Heat is given out during the reaction. This shows that the reaction A B C D is exothermic is endothermic could be exothermic or endothermic is neither exothermic nor endothermic

20.

The test for carbon dioxide is that it A B C D relights a glowing splint turns universal indicator blue turns limewater milky burns when a lighted splint is applied

21.

Anhydrous calcium chloride can be used to dry gases. The water is removed when the anhydrous calcium chloride reacts with it. This reaction is an example of A B C D neutralisation reduction hydration hydrogenation

Part B 22. The formula of hydrochloric acid is A B C D 23. HCL Hcl HCl2 HCl

Potassium bromide is a soluble salt. Which of these processes must be used to form a sample of solid potassium bromide from a solution of the salt? A B C D hydration evaporation condensation filtration Firework display

24.

The magnesium burns in air to form a white ash. Which row of the table correctly identifies the ash and the chemical change the magnesium undergoes?

Part B 25. The word equation for the action of heat on the potassium nitrate in the firework is potassium nitrate potassium nitrite + oxygen This change is A B C D thermal decomposition hydration neutralisation dehydration Hazardous chemicals 26. A cylinder of chlorine gas is labelled with these two hazard symbols.

Which row of the table is correct? Salts 27. Lead nitrate solution is reacted with potassium iodide solution. A precipitate of lead iodide is formed. A pure, dry sample of the lead iodide could be obtained from the reaction mixture by A B C D evaporating filtering, then drying filtering, then washing, then drying washing, then filtering, then drying

Part B 28. KNO3 is the formula of a salt. The name of this salt is A B C D 29. potassium nitride potassium nitrogen oxide potassium nitrate potassium nitro-oxide

The balanced equation for the reaction of calcium carbonate with hydrochloric acid is A B C D CaCO3 + HCl CaCl + H2O + CO2 CaCO3 + HCl2 CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 CaCO3 + 2HCl CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 CaCO3 + H2Cl CaCl + H2O + CO2 Salt preparations

Use the following information to answer questions 30 and 31. Copper sulphate can be prepared by reacting excess copper oxide with warm dilute sulphuric acid. 30. What should be observed during the reaction? A B C D 31. the liquid turning blue a white suspension bubbles of gas a brown solid forming

Which of these statements about this preparation are correct? 1 2 The reaction taking place is oxidation Pure copper sulphate can be obtained by evaporation of the mixture of copper oxide and copper sulphate solution 1 only 2 only both 1 and 2 neither 1 nor 2

A B C D 32.

Copper oxide reacts with warm dilute hydrochloric acid to form copper chloride. The correct balanced equation for the reaction is A B C D 2CuO + 2HCl 2CuCl + H2 + O2 CuO + H2Cl CuCl + H2O CuO + 2HCl CuCl2 + H2O 2CuO + 2HCl Cu2Cl2 + H2O

Part B 33. Potassium chlorate is a salt. Its formula could be A B C D KCl K2O K2CO3 KClO Baking with flour

34.

Flour is used in baking. It contains carbohydrates. Carbohydrates in flour A B C D are artificial additives are only present in small amounts provide the body with fibre provide the body with energy

35.

By law, flour manufacturers must add calcium carbonate (additive E170) to all flour produced in the United Kingdom. The most likely reason for this is that calcium carbonate A B C D makes the flour keep better improves the colour of the flour provides calcium for healthy bones improves the taste

Part B 36. In baking, the formation of carbon dioxide makes cakes rise. The carbon dioxide is formed from A B C D 37. phosphoric acid carbohydrates sodium carbonate sodium hydrogencarbonate

Which row of the table shows other uses of carbon dioxide?

Indigestion tablets Indigestion tablets react with hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Many types of indigestion tablets contain magnesium hydroxide. Sara gradually added magnesium hydroxide powder to some warm, dilute hydrochloric acid until excess magnesium hydroxide was present. 38. Sara would observe A B C D 39. the mixture finally turning blue bubbles the mixture finally turning cloudy a pungent gas

The term excess means A B C D more than enough to react readily available a precipitate is formed not all of the acid reacts

Part B 40. The chemical equation for the reaction of magnesium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid can be represented by wMg(OH)2 + xHCl yMgCl2 + zH2O Which row shows values of w, x, y and z that give a balanced equation?