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Activity No.

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ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES

Name: _________________________________________________ Score: ____________


Section: ____________________Group No._______ Date Performed: ____________

Electrolytes are compounds that conduct electricity in water-based solutions. Ionic compounds
are chemical compounds in which ions are held together in a lattice structure by ionic bonds. These ionic
compounds are generally solids with high melting points and conduct electrical current. Electrolytes are
divided into three substances: Acids, Bases, and Salts. Not all electrolytes conduct electricity with the
same degree. Nonelectrolytes are compounds that do not conduct electric currents in water based
solution. Most molecular (covalent) compounds are nonelectrolytes. They are non electrolytes because
they are nonionic, which means there are no positively and negatively charged ions in solution to
conduct the electrical charges. A simple apparatus can be use in determining the relative conductivity of
several solutions.

I. Objectives
In this activity, you should be able to
1. define electrolytes, strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes and non-electrolytes,
2. classify substances as strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes and non-electrolytes and;
3. relate the importance of electrolyte balance in the body.

II. Materials and Chemicals


Materials
Electric Conductivity Apparatus
Small brush
Wash bottle

Chemicals
50 mL of the following solutions/samples in a party cup:
sugar
salt
vinegar
muriatic acid
soap
rubbing alcohol
monosodium glutamate (MSG)
distilled water

ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES


Student Worksheet
III. Procedure
Note: Clean the electrode using the brush and distilled water in the wash bottle before and
after using it in different samples to avoid contamination.
1. Dip the electrode of the apparatus in the distilled water
2. Observe what will happen to the bulb.
3. Record your observation and fill in table below
4. Repeat procedure 1-3, instead of distilled water, use the following:
a. Sugar solution
b. Salt solution
c. Vinegar solution
d. Muriatic acid
e. Soap solution
f. Rubbing alcohol
g. Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
Caution: Muriatic acid is very corrosive. Avoid contact with skin.

Classification
Bulb Major composition of
(strong electrolytes,
Samples (bright light, dim light, particles
weak electrolytes and
no light up) (ions or molecules)
non-electrolyte)
1. Distilled Water
2. Sugar solution
3. Salt solution
4. Vinegar
5. Muriatic acid
6. Soap solution
7. Rubbing alcohol
8. MSG solution

ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES


Student Worksheet
IV. Questions
1. On your own words define the following based on your observation.
a. electrolyte - _________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
b. strong electrolyte - ___________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
c. weak electrolyte - ____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
d. non-electrolyte - _____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
2. Explain the following briefly:
a. the bulb lighted up with electrolytes. ______________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________
b. the bulb did not light up with non-electrolytes.______________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

4. Would pure crystalline table salt, NaCl(s), conduct electric current? Explain your answer.
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

V. Generalization
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

ELECTROLYTES AND NON-ELECTROLYTES


Student Worksheet