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Line size based on Economic Velocity

Formula

Where

Output

Input

d = Inside diameter of pipe (mm)


Q = Flow Rate (LPM)
Ev = Economic Velocity (m/s)

309.33
9000
2
Prepare By

Nitin Kumar

0.1503

Commercial Wrought Steel Pipe Data


Schedule Wall Thickness - Per ASA B36.10 - 1950
Nominal Pipe Size =
Outside Diameter, in.
Outside Diameter, mm.

1
1.3150
33.401

1.5
1.9000
48.260

2
2.3750
60.325

3
3.5000
88.900

4
4.5000
114.300

6
6.6250
168.275

8
8.6250
219.075

S40
In mm
X80
In mm
160
In mm
XX
In mm

0.133
3.378
0.179
4.547
0.250
6.350
0.358
9.093

0.145
3.683
0.200
5.080
0.281
7.137
0.400
10.160

0.154
3.912
0.218
5.537
0.343
8.712
0.436
11.074

0.216
5.486
0.300
7.620
0.438
11.125
0.600
15.240

0.237
6.020
0.337
8.560
0.531
13.487
0.674
17.120

0.280
7.112
0.432
10.973
0.718
18.237
0.864
21.946

Pipe Wall Thickness, inches


0.322
8.179
0.500
12.700
0.875
22.225
0.906
23.012

S40
X80
160
XX

26.645
24.308
20.701
15.215

40.894
38.100
33.985
27.940

52.502
49.251
42.901
38.176

77.927
73.660
66.650
58.420

102.260
97.180
87.325
80.061

154.051
146.329
131.801
124.384

Pipe Inside Diameter, mm


202.717
193.675
174.625
173.050

S40
X80
160
XX

0.00056
0.00046
0.00034
0.00018

0.00131
0.00114
0.00091
0.00061

0.00216
0.00191
0.00145
0.00114

0.00477
0.00426
0.00349
0.00268

0.00821
0.00742
0.00599
0.00503

Pipe Cross-sectional Flow Area,


0.01864 0.03228
0.01682 0.02946
0.01364 0.02395
0.01215 0.02352

Wrought Steel Pipe Data

kness - Per ASA B36.10 - 1950


10
10.7500
273.050

12
12.7500
323.850

14
14.0000
355.600

16
16.0000
406.400

18
18.0000
457.200

20
20.0000
508.000

22
22.0000
558.800

24
24.0000
609.600

0.500
12.700

0.500
12.700

0.500
12.700

0.500
12.700

0.500
12.700

0.500
12.700

330.200

381.000

431.800

482.600

533.400

584.200

Pipe Cross-sectional Flow Area, m2


0.05087 0.07297 0.08563
0.04817 0.06996
0.03661 0.05196

0.11401

0.14644

0.18292

0.22346

0.26805

Pipe Wall Thickness, inches


0.365
0.375
9.271
9.525
0.500
0.500
12.700
12.700
1.125
1.312
28.575
33.325

Pipe Inside Diameter, mm


254.508 304.800
247.650 298.450
215.900 257.200

Prepare By

Nitin Kumar

TYPICAL "K" VALUES FOR PIPE FITTINGS


K

Nitin's Notes

9.70
8.50
4.60
2.30
0.21

100% wide open position


---' ????
100% wide open position
100% wide open position
100% wide open position

VALVES:
Globe, Open
Typical Depressuring, Open
Angle, Open
Swing Check, Open
Gate, Open
SCREWED FITTINGS:
180o close return
Branch-Flow Tee
90o Standard Elbow
Through-Flow Tee
45o Elbow

1.95
1.72
0.93
0.50
0.43

MITERED FITTINGS:
90o Single-Miter Elbow
60o Single-Miter Elbow
90o Double-Miter Elbow
90o Triple-Miter Elbow
45o Single-Miter Elbow

1.72
0.93
0.59
0.46
0.46

FABRICATED FITTINGS:
Through-Flow Tee

0.50

w/ flow in all 3 branches

WELDED FITTINGS:
Branch-Flow Tee
45o Branch-Flow Lateral
90o Long-Sweep Elbow
Through-Flow Lateral
180o Return
Through-Flow Tee
90o Elbow
o
45 Elbow

1.37
0.76
0.59
0.50
0.43
0.38
0.32
0.21

w/ flow in all 3 branches


w/ flow in all 3 branches

CONTRACTION OR EXPANSION:

0.000

0.200

d/d'
0.400

0.600

0.800

--0.500
--1.000

--0.460
--0.950

0.210
0.380
0.900
0.740

0.135
0.290
0.500
0.410

0.039
0.120
0.110
0.110

Contraction (ANSI)
Contraction (Sudden)
Expansion (ANSI)
Expansion (Sudden)

w/ flow in all 3 branches


w/ flow in all 3 branches

w/ flow in all 3 branches


w/ flow in all 3 branches

E
Q
D

Re
Re. rough

0.05
10440
0.3334

0.05
7100
0.30323

0.05
2700
0.203

0.05
540
0.78

0.05
450
0.78

0.05
100
0.35

665730.1 497793.8 282768.5 14718.46 12265.38 6074.286


0.00015 0.000165 0.000246 6.41E-05 6.41E-05 0.000143
0.0145

0.015

0.017

0.025

0.025

0.03