Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

GROUNDING BASIC CONCEPTS FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA.

FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA. GROUNDING PART 5 Through the bonding connections

GROUNDING PART 5

Through the bonding connections made to electrical equipment a fault current path is established. A ground fault is an unintentional connection between an ungrounded (hot) conductor and a grounded noncurrent-carrying part of electrical equipment. In a solidly grounded system the fault current path creates a low impedance, high current circuit which causes the overcurrent device protecting the circuit to funtion automatically and deenergize the circuit.

In industrial applications the NEC permits the use of an impedance grounded system under specific condition of use and supervision. This system purposely impedes the ground fault current in order that overcurrent devices do not automatically open the circuit. Alarms or indicating devices are required on these systems to alert operators of a fault in the system.

Fault Current Path: An electrically conductive fault current path that

Path: An electrically conductive fault current path that is permanent and electrically continuous has the capacity

is permanent and electrically continuous has the capacity to carry the maximum fault current likely to be imposed on it, and has low enough impedance to facilitate operation of the overcurrent device under fault conditions.

operation of the overcurrent device under fault conditions. Solidly Grounded: The grounded conductor is grounded

Solidly Grounded: The grounded conductor is grounded without inserting a resistor or impedance device. The picture below represents a solidly grounded system.

is grounded without inserting a resistor or impedance device. The picture below represents a solidly grounded

GROUNDING BASIC CONCEPTS FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA.

FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA. Impedance Grounded: An impedance grounded system is

Impedance Grounded: An impedance grounded system is one in which a grounding impedance, usually

a resistor, limits the ground-fault current to a low value. The NEC permits this grounding method for 3-

phase ac systems of 480 volts to 1000 volts under specific conditions of installation, supervision and use.

specific conditions of installation, supervision and use. A piece of equipment that is grounded without inserting

A piece of equipment that is grounded without inserting a resistor or impedance device is an example of a

piece of equipment that is grounded with which manner of grounding technique?

Select an answer.

Fault Current Pathequipment that is grounded with which manner of grounding technique? Select an answer. Solidly Grounded Impedance

Solidly Groundedthat is grounded with which manner of grounding technique? Select an answer. Fault Current Path Impedance

Impedance Groundedequipment that is grounded with which manner of grounding technique? Select an answer. Fault Current Path

GROUNDING BASIC CONCEPTS FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA.

FROM THE NEC (ON-LINE TUTORIAL), COMPILE BY JAVIER MENDOZA. The correct answer is Solidly Grounded .

The correct answer is Solidly Grounded. A circuit is solidly grounded if it is grounded with no resistance or impedance.

This terms presented in this course represent key terms used in the NEC related to the grounding of electrical systems. The usage of these terms builds throughout the course. The terms taught in each section are shown below.

System Grounding

Equipment Grounding

Bonding

Grounded Conductor

Equipment Grounding Conductor

Bonded/Bonding

Grounding Electrode

Grounding Electrode

Main Bonding Jumper

Grounding Electrode Conductor

Grounding Electrode Conductor

Equipment Bonding Jumper

Grounding Electrode System

 

Fault Current Path

   

Solidly Grounded

   

Impedance Grounded

This

drawing

(at right)

of a

Grounded

Electrode

System

illustrates

all the

concepts

covered in

this

tutorial.

Click the

underlined

terms to

see their

definitions.

System illustrates all the concepts covered in this tutorial. Click the underlined terms to see their