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INSTRUCTIONMANUALFORTHECULTIVATIONOF SPIRULINAFORPERSONALCONSUMPTION SpirulinaPlatensiscanbecultivatedforpersonaluseina basin.Therearemanywaysofbuildinganadequatebasin depending on variables according to local conditions: out ofplasticcovers,hardclay,lowwalls.

. It is generally useful, to install a greenhouse or at least a roof on the basin to protect it from the bad weather to minimizetheriskofcontamination.Theroofcanbemade ofwhiteortranslucentplastic,orothersolutionsmakingit possibletoletpassapartofthelight.

To cultivate Spirulina it is necessary to recreate the close culturemediuminwhichthemicroalgaegrowsnaturally. The culture medium is a controlled salt solution in water that provides to Spirulina all the necessary chemical elementsessentialforitscultivation. ThepHoftheculturemediumshouldbebetween8.0and 11(BASIC).

Thecompositionsoftheculturemediumorsolution,fora basinofdimension4m2whichmayberealizedinasmall spaceareasfollows


Concentration CHEMICAL COMPONENTS (g/l) Sodium Hydrogen carbonate Sea salt Potassium Nitrate Magnesium Sulphate Ammonium (monobasic) Urea Iron Sulphate Phosphate NH4PO4. 12 H2O CO(NH2)2 FeSO4. 7H2O 0.08 0.015 0.005 NaHCO3 NaCl KNO3 MgSO4. 7 H2O 8 5 2 0.16

ThematerialusedforthecultivationofSpirulinaconsists ofthebasicstocksofSpirulinawhichcomesfromnatural layers. The basic stocks can be procured from scientific agencies or Spirulina farms. These stocks multiply in the culturemediumbythemselves. Also periodical control of the morphology of Spirulina maybenecessarytoexcludemutageneffectduetochange

in the chemical composition of the culture solution and becauseoftheenvironmentalfactors. Spirulina are the carbon consuming microalgae that consume carbon dioxide as in photosynthesis; one can increase the influx ofCarbon dioxide,C02 bycomposting underthegreenhousecontiguoustothebasin. TheidealtemperatureforSpirulinaCultivationisbetween 35and37Centigrade. The water level of the basin should be controlled and it should be a minimum of 20 cm. Water should be added whennecessarynotimpactingthechemicalcompositionor pHoftheculturemedium. Agitation of the water of the basin is necessary to homogenize and ensure a good distribution of lighting amongallthefilamentsofSpirulina. One can agitate various ways manually, with a clean brushorawheel,4timesperday,for2minutes. Spirulina is harvested by skimming the surface of the basin and to initially filter Spirulina in a filter such as a mosquitonet.Itisfurtherfilteredinafilterofdimensions of60microns.

Spirulina collected after filtration and reduced in fine powderisstoredinplastic. Though Spirulina can be consumed fresh, it can also be used after slight drying. It is better to consume Spirulina within6hoursofitsharvestbutcanbepreservedforlater consumptionforaperiodofuptooneyearbydryingitin thesunorinasolardrier. To store Spirulina for a much longer time, it is vacuum driedandpackedairtightwhereitsustainsitsnutritional qualitiesforfiveyears.

IntergovernmentalInstitutionfortheuseofMicroalgaeSpirulinaAgainstMalnutrition

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