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NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL

SHINRYOCORPORATION
1|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

STUDYONTHEPERFORMANCEOF25,50,75AND100mmSPRING
ISOLATORFOR700RTCHILLER

OBJECTIVE
The objective of this wiiteup is to analyze the effect of vaiious ueflection of spiing
vibiation isolatoi to be applieu to the 7uu RT Chillei which is installeu on an uppei
stiuctuial flooi.

DESIGNDATA

The following uata aie obtaineu fiom Besign Biawings anu Technical Bata fiom supplieis:
1. Flooi Slab of the Chillei Plant Room is Suumm
2. The laigest span of the slab on the Chillei Plant Room is 1um x S.4SSm.
S. The weight of the 7uuRT Yoik Chillei, Nouel YKKCKSB9SCNu is 14,796 kg.
4. A 4.Sm x 2.Sm x u.Sm conciete plinth is useu to uistiibute the equipment loau.
S. Pait plan of Chillei Plant Room showing location of the equipment.
6. Pioject Refeiences showing similai installations anu vibiation isolatoi useu.

ANALYSIS
The Chillei is locateu on a Suumm flooi slab anu is sitting on top of a beam, the system can
be consiueieu as SingleBegiee0fFieeuom (Case 1). Bowevei, it is still possible that the
system will behave as a TwoBegieeofFieeuom since the location is on the uppei flooi
hence iigiuity of the slab is to be taken into consiueiation.
CALCULATIONS
Case1(SingleDegreeofFreedom)
The system will be analyzeu as a SingleBegiee0fFieeuom system taking into
consiueiation that the equipment is on top of stiuctuial beam anu a conciete plinth.
Theiefoie the slab is assumeu as iigiu.

Diagram

NaturalFrequencyoftheChillerandSpringIsolator

The natuial fiequency of the NassSpiing follow the ielationship |Noise anu vibiation
Contiol Engineeiing 2
nu
Eu., vei anu Beianek, 2uu6j

nm
=
1S.8
o
st


Chiller
RigidSlab

nm

k
F
F
x
m
NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
2|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

Foi ueflection
st
= 2S mm, f
nm
= S.16 Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= Su mm, f
nm
= 2.2S Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= 7S mm, f
nm
= 1.82 Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= 1uu mm, f
nm
= 1.S8 Bz

EquipmentDisturbingFrequency
f
d
is assumeu at the 1S% of the 3000rpm Chillei, thus

d
=
Suuu 1S%
6u

f
d
= 7.S hz

ForceTransmissibility
Calculating the Foice Tiansmissibility (T
f
), the iatio of the magnituue of the foice Fs
tiansmitteu to the slab to that of the excitation foice F anu the iesonance fiequencies,
f
c
. |Noise anu vibiation Contiol Engineeiing 2
nu
Eu., vei anu Beianek, 2uu6j
Foice Tiansmissibility:

I
]
=
1
__

d

nm
]
2
-1_

Isolation Efficiency:
I = 1 - I
]

Substituting the equations with the values fiom above:
Foi ueflection
st
= 2S mm, T
f
=21.6%, I=78.4%
Foi ueflection
st
= Su mm, T
f
=9.7%, I=90.3%
Foi ueflection
st
= 7S mm, T
f
=6.3%, I=93.7%
Foi ueflection
st
= 1uu mm, T
f
=4.6%, I=95.4%

Resonance fiequency will occui at f
d
=f
nm

Case2(TwoDegreeofFreedom)
The sytem is analyzeu as a TwoBegiee0fFieeuom since the location of the equipment is
on the uppei flooi. Foi a conseivative calculation, the effect of the beam on the
suppoiting slab is ignoieu.

Diagram


Chiller
Slab

nm

nx

k
k
x
F
F
x
m
m
x

NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
3|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

NaturalFrequencyoftheChillerandSpringIsolator
The natuial fiequency of the NassSpiing follow the ielationship |Noise anu vibiation
Contiol Engineeiing 2
nu
Eu., vei anu Beianek, 2uu6j

nm
=
1S.8
o
st


Foi ueflection
st
= 2S mm, f
nm
= S.16 Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= Su mm, f
nm
= 2.2S Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= 7S mm, f
nm
= 1.82 Bz
Foi ueflection
st
= 1uu mm, f
nm
= 1.S8 Bz

EquipmentDisturbingFrequency

f
d
is assumeu at the 1S% of the 3000rpm Chillei, thus

d
=
Suuu 1S%
6u

f
d
= 7.S hz

NaturalFrequencyofConcreteSlab
The following ielationships can be useu to calculate the fiist natuial fiequency |Theoiies
anu Application of Plate Analysis, Szilaiu, 1974j

ns
=

2n

Wheie:
= n
2
_
1
o
2
+
1
b
2
]
_

m

_

m
= _
Eb
3
12(1 - u
2
)

g
q

f
ns
= fiist natuial fiequency (Bz)
a = span length = 9.000m=29.6ft
b = span wiuth = 3.255m=10.7ft
E = uynamic mouulus of elasticity = 1.2SE
st

h = Slab Thickness = 300mm=1ft
= Poissons Ratio, 0.2
g = giavitational acceleiation, 32.2ft/sec
2
q = weight pei unit aiea of the slab

anu, Static Nouulus of Elasticity using A.C.I. expiession:
E
st
= SS
c
1.5
'
c


Assuming that,

c
= Bensity of conciete = 150lb/ft
3

f
c
= Compiessive Stiength of conciete = 5000psi

NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
4|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

The following aie calculateu,


E
st
= SS - 1Su
1.5
Suuu

=4287 x1u
S
lbin
2

E = 1.2SE
st
=1.2S x 4287 = SSS9 x1u
S
lbin
2
q = weight pei unit aiea = Bensity of Conciete x Slab Thickness
= 1Su lbft
S
x 1ft = 1Su lbft
2
= 1.u4 lbin
2

Theiefoie:

= n
2
_
1
o
2
+
1
b
2
] _
Eb
3
12(1 -u
2
)

g
q

= n
2
_
1
(29.6 12)
2
+
1
(1u.7 12)
2
] _
SSS9 1u
3
12
3
12(1 - u.2
2
)

S2.2 12
1.u4

= S71.S9

So,

ns
=
S71.S9
2n
= S9.14

ForceTransmissibility
Calculating the Foice Tiansmissibility (T
f
), the iatio of the magnituue of the foice Fs
tiansmitteu to the slab to that of the excitation foice F anu the iesonance fiequencies,
f
c
. |Noise anu vibiation Contiol Engineeiing 2
nu
Eu., vei anu Beianek, 2uu6j

Foice Tiansmissibility:
I
]
=
F
s
F
= _
1 - R
2
(1 - R
2
)(1 - R
2
0
2
) -
R
2
H
_
Isolation Efficiency:
I = 1 - I
]

anu, Resonance Fiequencies,

_

c

nm
]
2
= P _

P
2
- 0
2


P =
1
2
(1 + 0
2
+ H)

Wheie,

R =

d

ns
=
7.S
S9.14
= u.127

0 =

ns

nm




NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
5|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

m
s
= Weight of Plinth + Weight of Slab
= (2.Sm x 4.Sm x u.SSm + 9m x S.2SSm x u.Sm) x 24uukgm
S

= Su,S42kg
m =14,796kg fiom Yoik Technical Bata
H =
m
m
s
=
14796
SuS42
= u.484
Foi 25mmueflection
0 =
S9.14
S.16
= 18.716

Thus,
I
]
= _
1 - u.127
2
(1 - u.127
2
)(1 -u.127
2
18.716
2
) -
u.127
2
u.484
_

T
f
= u.214 = 21.4%
I =10.214
=u.786 = 78.6%
P =
1
2
(1 + 18.716
2
+ u.484) = 17S.87

_

c
S.16
]
2
= 17S.87 _

17S.87
2
- 18.716
2


f
c
= 59.18hzand3.16hz



Foi 50mmueflection
0 =
S9.14
2.2S
= 26.47

Thus,
I
]
= _
1 - u.127
2
(1 - u.127
2
)(1 -u.127
2
26.47
2
) -
u.127
2
u.484
_

T
f
= u.u97 = 9.7%
I = 1u.u94
= u.9uS = 90.3%
P =
1
2
(1 + 26.47
2
+ u.484) = SS1.uu

_

c
2.2S
]
2
= SS1.uu _

SS1.uu
2
- 26.47
2


f
c
= 59.16hzand2.23hz

NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
6|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

Foi 75mmueflection
0 =
S9.14
1.82
= S2.416

Thus,
I
]
= _
1 - u.127
2
(1 - u.127
2
)(1 -u.127
2
S2.416
2
) -
u.127
2
u.484
_

T
f
= u.u6S = 6.3%
I =10.063
=u.9S7 = 93.7%
P =
1
2
(1 + S2.416
2
+ u.484) = S26.14

_

c
1.82
]
2
= S26.14 _

S26.14
2
- S2.416
2


F
c
= 59.15hzand1.82hz



Foi 100mmueflection
0 =
S9.14
1.S8
= S7.4S

Thus,
I
]
= _
1 - u.127
2
(1 - u.127
2
)(1 -u.127
2
S7.4S
2
) -
u.127
2
u.484
_

T
f
= u.u46 = 4.6%
I = 1u.u9S
= u.9S4 = 95.4%
P =
1
2
(1 + S7.4S
2
+ u.484) = 7u1.27

_

c
1.S8
]
2
= 7u1.27 _

7u1.27
2
- S7.4S
2


F
c
= 59.15hzand1.58hz

NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
7|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

FINDINGS
Foice Tiansmissibility anu Isolation Efficiency:
Foi both Cases 1 anu 2, 2Smm ueflection tiansmissibility is above 1u% oi the
efficiency is below 9u%. Foi the iest of the isolatois (Su, 7S anu 1uumm ueflection)
the foice tiansmissibility of the spiing is below 1u% oi the efficiency is above 9u%
which is within the iueal level.

Resonance Fiequency:
Foi Case 1, iesonance will not occui as the uistuibing fiequency (f
d
) of the chillei is
not equal to the natuial fiequency (f
nm
) of the massspiing system (tiue on 2S, Su, 7S
anu 1uumm ueflections). Resonance will only occui when these fiequencies equate.

Foi Case 2, the uistuibing fiequency (f
d
) of the Chillei falls within the two iesonance
fiequencies (f
c
) calculateu foi 2S, Su, 7S anu 1uumm anu uoes not equate to the low
anu high iesonance fiequency calculateu.

Pievious similai installations:
































Project M&E
Consultan
t
Chiller
Make
Capacityof
Chiller
Vibration
Isolation
Locationof
Plant
Room
Project
Status
ION
Orchard
Squire
Mech/
Acviron
Carrier 1,000TRx5,
500TRx2
2static
deflection
7
th
storey Completed
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Square
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deflection
Basement
1
Completed
Changi
Airport
Terminal3
CPG Carrier 1,000TRx6 2static
deflection
Basement
2
Completed
National
Instituteof
Education
Parsons
Brinckerh
off
Trane 900TRx3 TraneStd
NonSkid
Neoprene
Pad
Ground
Level
Workin
Progress
Biopolis
DCSPlant
Nihon
Sekkei/
Acviron
Trane 2,000TRx
10
TraneStd
NonSkid
Neoprene
Pad
Ground
Level
Completed
Changi
Business
ParkDCS
Plant
Nihon
Sekkei
Trane 2,000TRx4 TraneStd
NonSkid
Neoprene
Pad
Basement
1
Completed
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DCSPlant
Vincent
Han&
Associates
Trane 2,000TRx4 TraneStd
NonSkid
Neoprene
Pad
Ground
Level
Completed
NATIONALUNIVERSITYHOSPITAL
SHINRYOCORPORATION
8|P a g e Piepaieu By: Ainel Bongai

Baseu on the calculation iesults, the chillei plant ioom slab inuicates that the configuiation
is iigiu as the calculateu tiansmissibility on a twouegieeoffieeuom is almost similai
to the tiansmissibility baseu on a singleuegieeoffieeuom.

CONCLUSION

Foi the 7uuRT chillei installeu on uppei flooi stiuctuial slab of 9m x S.2SSm anu slab
thickness of Suumm, a minimum of Summ ueflection of vibiation isolatoi is sufficient.
Also, baseu on the pievious installation iefeiences as well as the PB specifications,
Summ ueflection isolatoi is iequiieu.
Theiefoie, it is iecommenueu that Summ ueflection will be useu in this type of installation.