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|| shrI hari vAyu gurubhyO namaH || Sree Moolaramo Vijayate http://groups.yahoo.com/group/vishwamadhvasangha/message/4119 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/vishwamadhvasangha/message/4120 http://groups.yahoo.

com/group/vishwamadhvasangha/message/4121 Source: Shri U S Pantulu, C-12, Officers Quarters, BEML Nagar, Kolar Gold Fields, 563115. Thanks to Sri G R Rao for providing this book for referal. Request TO READERS: These postings are meant for beginners. Upakarma done under the guidance of revered Achar is highly recommended. I would greatly appreciate any correction & please post it to the list ASAP if any. To expiate the sins of wrong intonation, lack of devotion during the chanting of mantras & not being seated properly during the chanting of mantra, this upakarma is performed. The mantras lose their potency & do not fetch any merit if upakarma is not performed. It is a compulsory ritual. All brahmins must sit through the entire ritual & take part in it. In upakarma, puja is performed to the sata rishis to whom Vedic mantras were revealed & to the devathas who are the abhimanidevathas of those mantras. Then the yajnopavita is worn.

PREFACE: Upakarma is one of the important annual vedic, rituals prescribed by our elders. The ritual includes propitating sages, seeking their bleesings & wearing a new Yagnopaveetha. It is a SAMOOHIKA (group) ritual, to invoke the blessings of Gods/Sages for general well being of entire society. It was the practice to conduct the ritual under the guidance of a scholor well versed in Vedas, in a public place like temple, Matha or River bank. This posting is intended as "SELF INSTRUCTION MANUAL" for performing the ritual at one's home itself. 1. Materials required for this rituals are: Kalasa - 1; Panchapatre with Uddarane - 2; Arghya Patre - 1 Plates - 2 (1 big + 1 small) Asana, Mudradharana set with Gopichandana, Ganapathi idol, light, stand with vicks, Agarbatti stands, Harati Plate.

New Yajnopaveeta, flowers, Agarbathis, Camphor, Turmeric Powder, Kumkuma, Betal Nuts, Betal Leaves, fruits, curd, Tila, Jaggery, Tulasidala, Sandal Paste, Akshate, rice & Darbha For Neivedhya-- Rice Flour, freshly cooked.

2. a. The whole ritual is to be commenced after having proper head bath & wearing 'Madibatte' or Silk Dhothi. Karta should be bare chested, sitting on an asana. b. Only those whose father is not alive, are authorised to offer Tarpana after wearing a new Yajnopaveetha. c. This ritual is to be done early hours in morning before breakfast. d. This ritual is only for those who are ordained by Upanayana. e. Yajnopaveetha of a single strand is for bachelors. Yajnopaveetha of more than one is for Grihasthas. As per some literature: First- Third strand---- Eligibility to do dailly rituals for Grihasthas Fourth- Fifth strand---- For progenies & their welfare. However, on the above different explainations exist in various texts. Upakarma ritual consists of Utsarjanam, Upakarma In Utsarjanam, Karta seeks pardon for acts of omission in not following vedic rituals regularly in prescribed forms. He prays for new energy & rejuvenation of his strengths. This aspect is integrated in Sankalpa mantras. 3. The following are dates of the annual ritual. For Rigvedis: In Lunar month of Sravana, on Sravana nakshatra Day of Sukla paksha For Yajurvedis: Sravana Pournami Day 4. Upakarma ritual as per old customary practice of Rigvedis is to be started with Panchakavya-- Drinking as cleanser, mixture of five products from holy cow such as Milk, Ghee, Curd, traces of urine & cow dung. This is not mandatory for Yajurvedis. However in present times, the entire ritual is only optional.

5. a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

The ritual sequence is as follows: Sankalpam Ganapathi pooja Rishi Pooja Yajnopaveetha dharana Jeerna Yajnopaveeta Visarjana Pitru Tarpana Samaptham

6.1: On Upakarma day, Karta should perform morning prayers, Soutcha vidhi, Tulasi Vandana, Govanadana, Vayudeva Suprabhatam & after ablution, a kalasa full of running water should be brought. Keeping right palm on the kalasa, recite: Kalasya Mukhe VishnuH kante rudraH samasrita moole tatra stitho brahmah madhye matru ganaH smritha vishnuvyadi kalasa devathabyo namaH gangecha yamune chaiva godavari saraswathi narmade sindhu kaveri jalesmin sannidham kuru Put Tulasidala in the kalasa, if the karta had Guru upadesha, mentally with devotion recite three times "Om Vasudevaya namaH" (Mudra dharanaM has to be done while reciting Vishnu namas & followed by recitation of Panchayudha Stothram & Bhootochatanam) Transfer water from Kalasa into Panchapatre. Then perform Achamana (pouring sacred water using Uddarane in right hand & drinking the same gently) two times, sitting facing east, reciting 24 Vishnu nAmas. After that do Pranayama

If the karta has to perform Anganyasa/Karanyasa, the method of performing it is as follows: *** Anganyasa/Karanyasa ***gAyatryAH gAyatrI chandaH (touch your mouth) vishvAmitra R^iShiH (touch your head) | savitAdevatA (touch your heart) | agnirmukhaM brahmAshiraH (touch your mouth) | brahmAshiraH (touch your head) | viShNurhR^idayaM (touch your heart) | rudraH shikhA (touch your tuft) | pR^ithivI yoniH | prANApAnavyAnodAna samAnasaprANA | raktavarNAH sAMkhyayAyana sagotrA gAyatrI chaturvi shatyaxarA tripadA ShaTkuxiH paMcha shirShopanayane viniyogaH***

***Do PranayamaH - praNavasya praNavasya prabrahma R^ishhiH | paramaatmaa devataa | daivii gayatrii chha.ndaH | praaNaayaame viniyogaH || OM bhuuH | OM bhuvaH | OM svaH | OM mahaH | OM janaH | OM tapaH | OM satyaM | OM tatsaviturvareNyaM | bhargo devasya dhiimahi dhiiyo yo naH prachodayaat.h | omaapo jyotiiraso amR^itaM brahma bhurbhuvaHsvarom.h ||*** [A married man should hold the nose in all His five fingers while performing this and bachelors and saints/seers should hold through three fingers i.e. index, thumb and small fingers. This praaNaayaamaH has three parts to perform and it is called rechaka, pUraka and kumbhaka. To start with one has to leave the air from right side of the nose (1 unit of time) that is called rechaaka, secondly one has to inhale the air from left side of nose (2 units of time) i.e. called pUraka and finally holding the air for 3 units of time i.e. called wearing is called kumbaka. ***tatsavituH -- a~NguShThAbhyAM namaH -- Rub your fore finger against the back of your thumb (both hands) vareNyaM-- tarjanIbhyAM namaha-- Rub thumb against front of fore finger. bhargo devasya --- madhyamAbhyAM namaH - Rub thumb against front of middle finger dhImahi -- anAmikAbhyAM namaH --- Rub thumb against front of ring finger dhiyo yo naH-- kaniShThikAbhyAM namaH--- Rub thumb against front of little finger prachodayAt.h--- karatalakarapR^iShThAbhyAM namaH - Rub each hand against opposite elbow to wrist tatsavituH-- hR^idayAya namaH -- Touch heart with right hand vareNyaM-- shirase svAhA -- Touch head with right hand bhargo devasya-- shikhAyai vaShaT.h --- Touch tuft & snap your fingers dhimahi - kavachAya hum.h --- Fold hands dhiyo yonaH - nethrabhyam vauShaT.h --- Touch eyes & snap fingers prachodayAt.h -- astrAya phaT.h --- snap your fingers bhUrbhuvaH suvarom.h iti digbandadhaH --- snap fingers around your head*** 7. SANKALPA: Then do Desakalocharana as follows: Sree Govinda Govinda Sree maha vishno Rajnayah pravartha Manasya Adya Brahmanah dvitiya paradhe, swetha varaha kalpe, vaivasvata manvantare, aShTAviMshatitame kaliyuge, prathama pade,

**jambudweepe, bharata varshe, bharata khande, Dandakaranye, Godavai Dakshinateere, Salivahana Sake, Bhoudhavatare Rama kshetre, ** Swagruhe (own house) or ** appropriate location .....**
Asmin vartamana, vyavaharika chandramanena ...........year (vyaya nAma samvatsara), dakshinayane, varsha rutho, Sravana mAse, Sukla pakshe.........Thithou Vasare Shubha nakshatre, Shubha yoga, Shubha Karana, Evam Guna, Viseshana Visistayam, Shubha Thithau Arundhati Sameta Kasyapadi Sapta Rishi Antargata (Rigvedis) or prajapatyadi Nava Rishi Antargata (Yajurvedis) Bharathi Ramana Mukhya pranAntargata Sree Vedavyasa Preranaya Sree Vedavyasa Preetyartham Mama, Sarvesham Maha jananamcha Adhita nam chanda deenam yata yamata nirasardham Utsarjanardham karma thadha Adhyesya mananam chanda deenam virya vatva sidhyardham, Sriman..... (tell your name) Sarmanam.....Gothrasya, Asmaka Sakutumbanam, Kshema, Sthairya, Vijaya, Abhaya, Ayur Arogya Eishwaryabhi Vridhyaradham Dharma Artha, Kama Moksha Chaturvidha Phala purushartha Sidhyartham, Satsantana Sowbhagya putra poutra Sidhyartham poorva janma krita samasta papa parihardham, budhi jnana bhakthi sakthi vairagya yoga sidhyartham Bharathi ramana Mukhya pranatargata, Sree Madhwa Vallabha Janardhana Vasudeva Preranaya Sree Madhwa Vallabha Janardhana Vasudeva Preethyartham, Sroutha, Smartha Nithya Karmaanushtana yogyata Sidhyartham, Yagnopaveetha Abhimantrana, Dharanam Thadhanga Ganapathi poojam thatha Rishi poojan Karishye... 8. GANAPATHI POOJA: Adhou Nirvignardham Ganapati Poojyam karishye Recite Shloka: Suklam bharadharam Vishnum Sasivarnamam Chaturbhujam prasanna Vadanama Dhyayet Sarva vignopa santaye Keep a Ganapathi idol or Tumeric paste cone on a broad betal leaf, opposite to you. Sree Ganadhi patheya namaH --- Dhyayami Dhyanam Samarpayami ----- Put Akshathas Avahayami Asanam Samarpayami --- Put Akshathas Padayo Padyam Samarpayami --- Take water, uddharne full & leave in the Arghya patre Hastayo Arghyam Samarpayami- do same as above Mukhe Achamaniyam Samarpayami ---- do same as above Madhuparka Snanam karishyami -- with a flower, pour water on idol Suddodhaka Snanam samarpayami - do same as above Vastra Yugmam Samarpayam --- Put Akshatas on idol

Abharanardham Akshaatan Samarpayami --- do same as above Yagnopaveetam Samarpayami ---- do same as above Srigandham lepayami -----Put some sandal paste Samasta parimala putra Pushpani poojayami----- put flowers Recite the following: Om Ganapateya namaH , Om Ekdantaya namaH, Om Soorpakarnaya namaH, Om Gajananaya namaH, Om Vakratundaya namaH, Om Vignahartre namaH Dhoopam Aghrapayami --- Light Agarbathis Deepam Darsyami ---- Light lamp Nivedyam Samarpayami --- A plantain or jaggery piece or freshly cooked food to be offered. Hold a flower in right hand, keeping left hand fingers on the right arm, show Nivedyam to lord. Recite the following: Om pranaya svaha, Om Apanaya svaha, Om Vyanaya svaha, Om udanaya svaha, Om Samanaya svaha Put two drops of water (with the flower) on the neivedyam. Chant Madhya Madhye pAniyam Samarpayami Tamboolam Samarpayami --- Give Tamboolam Sarvopacharam Samarpayami ---- Do Sarvopachara Maha Niranjanam Samarpayami --- Light camphor, with bell ringing, Do harathi Mantrapushpam Samarpayami - Give flowers Pradakshina Namaskaran samarpayami --- Do Pradakshina & then Prostrate Recite the following taking flowers in hand, with folded hands, Vakratunda mahakaya koti surya sama prabha | Nirvighnam kurumedeva sarvakaryeshu sarvada || Leave flowers at the the idol. Then recite Anaya yadha sakti maya krita dhyana vahanadi shodasopachara poojaya, Shri Ganapati Antargata Vishwambharah Suprasanna Shri Bharati ramana mukhya prana supreeto varado bhavatu Leave some water & akshata in Arghya patre Atah Ganapati Pooja Samapathah ||

9.

RISHI POOJA: RIGVEDIS:

Take a plate, spread rice on it uniformly & put one dharba. This is the seat for the Rishis being invoked. Arrange 8 betal nuts (not powder) separately on the rice, in the plate. Put flower petals on each nut. Recite the following Kasyapam--- Avahayami Atrim----- Avahayami Bharadvaja---Avahayami Vishwamitram---- Avahayami Gowthamam-----Avahayami Jamadagnim-----Avahayami Vasistam ------Avahayami Arundhatim -----Avahayami After the above, recite the following. Asanam samarpayami--- Put some Akshatas on the betal nuts. Padayo padyam Samarpayami--- spray water with a flower Hastayo arghyam samarpayami---- 3 times water to be left in the Arghya patre Snapayami----Put water with flower on the 8 nuts Achamaniyam Samarpayami---- 3 times water to be left in the Arghya patre Vastram Samarpayami---- Put Akhatas on the nuts Yagnopaveetam Samarpayami--- Put Akshatas on the nuts Gandham Samarpayami---- Put Sandal paste on the nuts Puspani Samarpayami----- Put flowers on the nuts. Put flowers & akshatas on each nut calling the name of each Rishi For example: Om Kasyapaya namaH

After the names of eight rishis are chanted, as above, offer Dhoopa, Deepa, & lighted camphor & neivedya. Nivedya for the rishis is 3 spoonful of fried rice flower mixed with 1 1/2 spoonful of curd. After the above, offer flowers, Akshatas. Chant the following: Kasyapadi Rishibhyo namaH Mantra puspanjalim Samarpayami Anaya Poojaya Kasyapaadi Rishinam

antargata Sree Bharati Ramana mukhya prana antargata Sree vedavyasa priyatam prito Bhavatu. After the above, offer Rishi Tarpana. Keeping the yajnopaveeta in *GARLAND* position. While offering Tarpana, the right hand four fingers (excluding thumb) should be folded. Take few akshatas in right hand palm. Pour water on the palm with uddarne & guide Akshatas & water on the arghyapatre slightly inclining towards left. Chant name of each Rishi & offer Tarpana individually. Tarpayami || Atha Rigveda Rishi Pooja SamaptaH || RISHI POOJA: YAJURVEDIS Incase of Yajurvedis, nine different Rishis have to be invoked (Avahayami). Their names are as under: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Prajapathi Kanda Rishim Somam Kanda Rishim Agnim Kanda Rishim Vishwam Devan Kanda Rishim Samhitir Devatha Upanishada Yagnakir Devatha Upanishada Varunir Devatha Upanishada Brahmana Swayambhoovam Upanishada Sata Sathpatim Example *Kasyapa"

Avahana, Pooja, Dhoopa, Deepa, Harati, Naivedhya, Nivedana are similar to that of Rigvedis. Howerver, Neivedya for the Rishis will be 3 spoonful fried rice, jaggery & some sesame seeds mixture. After Nievidya, offer flowers, Akshatas. Chant the following: Prajapathyadi Rishibhyo namaH Mantra Pushpanjali Samarpayami Anaya Poojaya Prajapatyadi Rishinam Antargata Sree Bharati Ramana Mukhya prAnan antargata Sree Vedavyasa Priyatam Prito bhavatu. Take water, Akshatas in right hand & leave in Arghyapatre.

After the above, offer Rishi Tarpana. Keeping the Yajnopaveeta in *GARLAND* position, chanting the names of Rishis individually. Example: Prajapathi Kanda Rishim Tarpayami || Atha Yajurveda Rishi Rooja SamaptaM || 11. NUTANA YAGNOPAVEETA DHARANA: After smearing Kumkum/Turmeric, new Yagnopaveeta should be kept on a brass/copper/silver plate. Take the plate in left hand, close yagnopaveeta with Right hand palm & recite the Gayathri mantra 3 times, Start & end with OM. After that, put Akshatas on yagnopaveeta. Chant the following: Omkara Agni-- Naga Soma, Pithru, Prajapathi, Vayu, Surya Viswa devan Navarantu Ghanyasami Rig, Yajur Sama Adharva vedan grandhau nyasami Show the Yajnopaveeta towards Sun, Recite the following: Udutyam jatavedasam deva vahanti kesava drise viswaya suryam Sprinkle water on the yajnopaveeta & chant: brahmane namaH, Vishnuve namaH, Rudraya NamaH. After this chant 12 namas of Lord Vishnu & do Achamana. Then wear each strand of Yajnopaveeta, reciting the following: Om yagnopaveetam param pavithram prajapatheh yat sahajam purasthath ayushya margyam prati muncha subhram yagnopaveetam bala mastu tejah. Recite Gayathri Mantram 10 times. Jeerna yajnopaveeta visarjane 12. Remove old Yagnopaveeta down waist without touching feet. Recite the following: Upavitam bhinna tamtum jeernam kasmala dooshitam visrujami jale brahman vartcho dheergha ayurastu me. Old yajnopaveetha should be disposed in a secluded place or on upper branches of a green tree.

There is a practice at this stage recite Purusha suktham, Vishnu Sahasranamam, & selected verses from Bhaghavat Gita & Dwadasha stothram. 13. Finally, pithru Tila tarpana should be offered to all Pithrus. 14. SAMAPTHAM: After Tarpana recite: Yasya smrithyacha Namaktyo tapah pooja kriyai deeshu. nyunam sampoornatam yati sandhyovande te matchyutam mantra heenam kriya heenam bhakthi heenam ramapathe yat krityantam to maya deva paripoornam tadastu me anena yadha shakthi mayakrita utsarjana yajnopaveeta dharanena bhaghavan Sri Madhwacharyanam hrit kamala madhya nivasi ananta kalyana guna pari poorna kshirabdi sayi nirdhoshajnana anandatmaka vayu Hanumad bheema Madhwantargata masa niyamaka vrisha sametha Sravana Sridhara Roopathmaka, chaturmasa niyamaka dharani sametha bhuvarah Roopatmaka Shri Vedavyasa priyatham Supreeto Varado Bhavathu. Leave water & Akshathas into the Arghya patre. DO ACHAMANA again recite: Madhye mantra tantra swara varna lopa dosha prayashchitartham nama traya mantra japan karishye. 3 times AchyutayanamaH, Ananthaya namaH, Govindaya namaH. Achytanantha Govindo bhyonamaH kayena vatcha manase yandreiyairva bhudhyatmanam prakrute (anushtute) svabhavath karome yadyat sakalam parasmye sriman narayaneti Samarpayami

Shree Moola rama vijayate

Source: SadAcara Sangrahah by Vidwan T Vishnumurthy Acharya (collection of dailly rituals & festivals in a year with Explainations in English). Published by Sri Krishna Sri Raghavendra Trust ( Unit of Sri Pejawar Matha), 17 Raghavaiah Road, T Nagar, Chennai 600 017 (divrAchamya, prANAnAyamya, deshakAladInucchArya)

srautasmArtanityakarmAnuShThAnayogyatAsidhdyarthaM )jAtAshauche jAtAshauchashudhdyarthaM, mR^itAshauche - mR^itAshauchashudhdyarthaM) yaGYopavItadhAraNamahaM kariShye (iti sa~Nkalpya devArpitaM upavItaM gR^ihItvA dashavAraM gAyatrIM japet.h Do sankalpa as shown above & holding yajnopavita in the hands. Japa. syonA pR^ithivItyasya medhAtithiH pR^ithivI gAyatrI | OM syo_nA pR^i'thivi bhavAnR^ixa_ra ni_veshanI | yacchA' naH_ shar'ma sa_prathaH | OM | (iti mantreNa bhUmau nixipya samarpya pAtre nidhAya ) Chanting this mantra, keep the sacred thread on the floor. Then offering keep them in a tray. Meaning of the mantra: O Goddess Earth, you become the seat for us without any thorns. Give us allround & everlasting happiness. TANTU DEVATASSVAHANAM: Invoking the presiding deities of the thread to be present. OMkArognishcha nAgashcha somaH pitR^iprajApatI | vAyusUryau vishvedevA ityetAstantudevatAH || OM bhuH OMkAramAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH OMkAramAvAhayAmi | Om svaH OMkAramAvAhayAmi | OM bhUrbhuvaH svaH OMkAramAvAhayAmi | Om bhU agnimAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH agnimAvAhayAmi | OM svaH agnimAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuvaH svaH agnimAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH nAgamAvAhayAmi | Om bhuvaH nAgamAvAhayami | OM svaH nAgamAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH nAgamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH somamAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH somamAvAhayAmi | OM svaH somamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUrbhuva svaH somamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH pitR^inAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH pitR^inAvAhayAmi | OM svaH pitR^inAvAhayAmi | OM bhUrbhuva svaH pitR^inAvAhayAmi OM bhU prajApatimAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH prajApatimAvAhayAmi | OM svaH prajApatimAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH prajApatimAvAhayAmi | Do10 Gayatri

OM bhUH vAyumAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH vAyumAvAhayAmi | OM svaH vAyumAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH vAyumAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH sUryamAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH sUryamAvAhayAmi | OM svaH sUryamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUrbhuvaH svaH sUryamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH vishvAndevAnAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH vishvAndevAnAvAhayAmi | OM svaH vishvAndevAnAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH vishvAndevAnAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH brahmANamAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH brahmANamAvAhayAmi | OM svaH brahmANamAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH brahmANamAvAhayAmi | OM bhUH viShNumAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH viShNumAvAhayAmi | OM svaH viShNumAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH viShNumAvAhayAmi OM bhUH rudramAvAhayAmi | OM bhuvaH rudramAvAhayAmi | OM svaH rudramAvAhayAmi | OM bhurbhuva svaH rudramAvAhayAmi | AvAhitadevatAbhyo namaH | dhyAyAmi ......ShoDashopachArapUjAM samarpyAmi | (iti tantvAdidevatA AvAhya ShoDashopachArapUjAM kuryAt.h) Offer puja to the presiding dieties of the treads. OM de_vasya' tvA savi_tuH pra'sa_ve.ashvino'rbA_hubhyA'M pU_ShNo has'tAbhyAM | OM | (iti mantreNa yaGYopavItaM uddhR^itya) uttering this mantra lift the thread from the ground. Meaning of the mantra: I take this with the permission of savitrdevata, from the hands of pusadevata lying on the shoulders of Asvini devatha. sUryadarshanam.h : OM udva_yaM sama'sa_spari_ jyoti_Shpashya'nta utta'ram.h | de_vaM de'va_trA sUrya_maga'nma jyoti'rutta_mam.h | (iti mantreNa sUryaM darshayitvA, lokanyAsaM kuryAt.h ) Holding the tread in the hands show it to the sun (if sun is not seen, as at dawn, show in the direction of sunrise (east) & do lokanyasa). dhAranaM: (wearing the thread): yaGYopavItamityasya mantrasya parabrahma R^iShiH | triShTup.h ChandaH | paramAtmA devatA | upavItadhAraNe viniyogaH | OM ya_GNo_pa_vI_taM pa'ra_maM pa_vi'traM pra_jApa'te_ryatsa'hajaM purastA't.h|

A_yu_Shya'magryaM' prati'mu~ncha shu_bhraM ya'GNopavI_taM bala'mastu_ tejaH' | OM | (iti trivAramuktvA dhArayet.h | Achamya dashavAraM gAyatrIM japet.h ) Utter the mantra thrice & wear the thread. Do Acamana & then 10 Gayatri japa. Meaning: The sacred thread is great & very pure. It came to existence along with the birth of four faced Brahma & therefore is the oldest. May this thread, which is pure & derived from yajnanaamakaparamaatma, give us long life, strength & lustre. Wearing the sacred thread is quite essential for any religious performance. This fresh wearing is a must after birth & death pollusion is over. A bachelor wears one & a married person wears two. jIrNopavItavisarjanaM : Removal of the old thread upavItaM bhinnatantuM jIrNAM kashmaladUShitam.h | visR^ijAmi jale brahmavarcho dIrghAyurstu me || (iti mantreNa jIrnopavItaM visR^ijya Achamya) Uttering this mantra, remove the old thread (slide it down the chest, thighs & legs). Cut the knots in the sacred thread & throw it into the well. Then do Acamana & nAmatrayajapa) .

bhAratIramaNa mukhyaprANAntargata shrii kR^iShNArpanamasthu