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Unit 1

Massage Therapy
Pre-reading Activities

Structure of the Passage

Intensive Study

Expressions & Patterns

After-reading Activities
Anatomical words
Skull, Skeleton,
Muscular system, Nurve system,
Thorax: Heart, Lung, Rib, Artery, Vein
Abodomen: Liver, Spleen, Stomach,
Intestine, Appendix
Urogenital system
Vessel Capillary / Lymph
Intensive Study

Massage Therapy for Health and Fitness


1. Massage affects the body as a whole. To understand
how massage therapy works, some of the physiological effects of
massage need to be briefly exmained.

2. Massage is known to increase the circulation of blood


and flow of lymph. The direct mechanical effect of rhythmically
applied manual pressure and movement used in massage can
dramatically increase the rate of blood flow. Also, the stimulation
of nerve receptors causes the blood vessels (by reflex action) to
dilate, which also facilitates blood flow.
Intensive Study

Massage Therapy for Health and Fitness


3. A milky white fluid called lymph carries impurities and
waste away from the tissues and passes through gland-like
structures spaced throughout the lymphactic system that act as
filtering valves. The lymph does not circulate as the blood does,
so its movement depends largely on the squeezing effect of
muscle contractions. Consequently, inactive people fail to
stimulate lymph flow. On the other hand, the stimulation caused
by vigorous activity can be outstripped by the increased waste
produced by that activity. Massage can dramatically aid the
movement of lymph in either case.
Intensive Study

Massage Therapy for Health and Fitness


4. For the whole body to be healthy, the sum of its parts –
the cells – must be healthy. The individual cells of the body are
dependent on an abundant supply of blood and lymph because
these fluids supply nutrients and oxygen and carry away wastes
and toxins. So, it is easy to understand why good circulation is so
important to our health and why massage can be so beneficial for
the entire body due to its effect on circulation alone.
Intensive Study

Massage Therapy for Health and Fitness


5. Massage is also known to:
-- Cause changes in the blood. The oxygen capacity of the
blood can increase 10-15% after massage.
-- Affect muscles throughout the body. Massage can help
loosen contracted, shortened muscles and can stimulate weak,
flaccid muscles. This muscle “balancing” can help posture and
promote more efficient movement. Massage doest not directly
increase muscle strength, but it can speed recovery from the
fatigue that occurs after exercise. In this way, it can be possible to
do more exercise and training, which in the long run strengthens
muscles and improves conditioning. Massage also provides a
gentle stretching action to both the muscles and connective
tissues that surround and support the muscles and many other
parts of the body, which helps keep these tissues elastic.
Intensive Study

Massage Therapy for Health and Fitness


-- Increse the body’s secretions and excretions. There is a
proven increase in the production of gastric juices, saliva, and
urine. There is also an increase excretion of nitrogen, inorganic
phosphorus, and sodium chloride (salt). This suggests that the
metabolic rate (the utilization of absorbed material by the body’s
cells) increases.
-- Affect the nervous system. Massage balances the nervous
system by soothing or stimulating it, depending on which effect is
needed by the individual at the time of the massage.
-- Enhance skin condition. Massage directly improves the
function of the sebaceous (oil) and sweet glants which keep the
skin lubricated, clean, cooled. Tough, inflexible skin can become
softer and more supple.
Expressions and Patterns

massage n. & v. 推拿 ,按 摩

massagist
按摩师
adv. all parts or aspects considered; altogether
as a whole 总体 上

FOR EXAMPLE:
the body as a whole 全身
the book as a whole 整本 书

Now you try:

尽管 我不 喜欢其 中的 女演员 ,但 整部戏 还是值 得欣


赏。
I disliked the actress but enjoyed the play as a whole.

on the whole: one the whole, a happy marriage


can expect sunny weather, on the whole
circulation n. 循环

FOR EXAMPLE:
blood circulating through the body

Gossip tends to circulate quickly.

Please circulate these fliers.


lymph n. 淋巴

FOR EXAMPLE:

lymphatic system
adv. in a rhythmic manner
rhythmically 有节 奏地

FOR EXAMPLE:

椅子有 节奏的 前后 摇摆

The chair rocked


rhythmically back and forth
dramatically adv. in a very impressive manner
引人 注目 地,动 人地

FOR EXAMPLE:

Your performance will improve dramatically.

a dramatic sunset
receptor n. 感受器, 受体
dilate v. To make wider or larger; cause to expand.

FOR EXAMPLE:

His pupils were dilated.


v. make easier
facilitate 推动 ,促 进

FOR EXAMPLE:

You could facilitate the process by sharing


your knowledge.
tissue n. 薄的纱 织品 , 薄纸 , 棉纸 , [ 生 ] 组织

[ 生 ] 组织 薄纸 , 棉纸 薄的 纱织品
gland n. 腺体

FOR EXAMPLE:

The thyroid gland

甲状腺
v. be contingent on
depend on 视… 而定 ;依赖 于

FOR EXAMPLE:
(Para. 3)…its movement depends largely on
the squeezing effect of muscle contractions.
Now you try:

你的 成绩 取决于 平时 作业的 完成 情况。

Your grade will depends on your homework.


squeeze v. 压榨

FOR EXAMPLE:

squeeze an orange

squeeze a confession out of a suspect

squeeze through a crowd


contraction n. 收缩

FOR EXAMPLE:

sign a contract

The pupils of the patient's eyes contracted

dilate
outstrip v. 超过、胜 出

FOR EXAMPLE:
(Para. 3)…the stimulation…can be
outstripped by the increased waste…
Now you try:

这辆 车胜 过了所 有其 他同一 级别 的车。

This car outstripped all others in its


class.
nutrient n. 营养, adj. 有营养 的
flaccid Lacking firmness, resilience, or muscle tone
Lacking vigor or energy

FOR EXAMPLE:
flaccid muscles

flaccid management
fatigue n. 劳累
elastic adj. 有弹性 的
n. 橡皮筋

FOR EXAMPLE:
an elastic spirit
secretion n. 分泌; 分泌物

secretion of hormones
saliva, mucus, tears, bile
excretion n. 排泄, 去除废 物
gastric adj. 胃的

FOR EXAMPLE:

gastric juices
saliva n. 唾液
urine n. 尿
nitrogen n. 氮
phosphorous n. 磷
sodium chloride n. 氯化钠

NaCl
sooth Adj. 柔软 的, 抚慰 的

soothe, v. 抚慰
sebaceous Adj. 油脂的

词根 sebum, 皮脂
lubricate v. 使润 滑

FOR EXAMPLE:

lubricate the key


New Words & Expressions

Massage Secretion
Circulation Excretion
Lymph Gastric
Receptor Saliva
Squeeze Phosporous
Contraction Sebaceous
Outstrip Lubricate
Nutrient Supple
Dilate Filtering valve
Flaccid Sodium chloride
Elastic
After-reading activities

► How to compose an article?


Summay of reading A
After-reading activities
Su
mm
ary
Massage therapy affects the body as a
whole. It can increase the circulation of
blood and flow of lymph, which provide the
cells a more abundant supply of nutrients
and oxygen and a more efficient cleaning of
wastes and toxins. It can also increase the
oxygen capacity of the blood, balance the
musclular system and nurve system, and
increase the secretions and excretions.
Massage can enhance skin conditions as
well.
After-reading activities -- exercises

Comprehension of the Text


Ex. 1 & 2.

Vocabulary
Ex. 3 , 4 , 5.

Structure
Ex. 6.
Vocabulary
Ex. 3. Fill in the blanks in the words or expressions given
below. Change their forms where necessary.

as a whole be known apply to act as

depend on on the other hand be beneficial to in the long run


Vocabulary
Ex. 4. Build up your vocabulary: match the following two
groups of words and phrases.

lanugosmallpox vaccine old tuberculin (OT)


bottle-fed infant gestational age precocious child
skimmed milk hydrophobia vaccine
BCG vaccine brest-fed infant
Vocabulary
Ex. 5. Build up your vocabulary: work out the meaning of the
following words with the help of the suffixes given.

-oma (swelling, tumor)


-e (an instrument)
-itis (inflammation)
-oid (resembling)
-emia (blood condition)
Structure
Ex. 6. Translate the following sentences into Chinese, paying
special attention to the partciples used.
Reading B
Ten Least Wanted Foodborne Pathogens
Vocabulary
► foodborne adj. 靠食物传播的,食源的
airborne, waterborne
foodborne pathogens
airborne illness
Vocabulary
► culprit n. 罪犯,事故的原因
main culprit
Vocabulary
► diarrhea n. 腹泻,痢疾
acute diarrhea
chronic diarrhea
Vocabulary
► poultry n. 家禽
poultry farm
Vocabulary
► botulism n. 肉毒中毒。由梭状芽孢杆菌引
起的一种严重的有时致命的食物中毒。
Vocabulary
► listeriosis n. 李斯特菌病,症状有发烧,
脑炎等
Vocabulary
► ingest v. 咽下,摄食。 eat
Vocabulary
► hygiene n. 卫生
personal hygiene
Vocabulary
► toxoplasmosis n. 弓形体病,症状有发热
,淋巴结肿大,脏器损伤等
Vocabulary
► retardation n. 减速,阻滞;迟钝

mental retardation, 智力缺



Vocabulary
► impairment n. 损伤,减弱,损害

an injury that impaired my hearing;


a severe storm impairing communications
Vocabulary
► septicemia n. 败血症
septic + emia

腐败 的 , 败血病
的 , 脓毒 性的

aseptic adj. 无菌的


aseptic room
Vocabulary
► yersiniosis n. 小肠结膜炎,由耶尔辛菌引起
Vocabulary
► BAC abbr . bacterium, bacteria; 细菌
Vocabulary
► E.coli abbr . Escherichia coli; 大肠埃希菌
Vocabulary
► 菌名的书写原则
属名 (首字 母大 写,斜 体) + 种名 (小写 ,斜体 )
如 Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aures,
Streptococcus pneumonia
在文章 中第 一次出 现, 必须 用全拼 ,后 面重复 出现 时
,属名 缩写 为首字 母, 中间加 ” .” 。如 E.coli
注意 :沙门 氏菌血 清型 写法特 殊不 用斜 体,如
Salmonella enterica 比较 Salmonella Typhimurium
只分属 不分 种时写 作 Salmonella spp.

species
Vocabulary
► Campylobacter jejuni
► E.coli
► Clostridium botulinum
► Listeria monocytogenes
► Salmonella spp.
► Staphylococcus aures
► Shigella spp.
► Toxoplasma gondii
► Vibrio vulnificus
► Yersinia enterocolitica