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NV-College

Directions Warning: There are more than one version of the test.

 Test time 180 minutes for Part I and Part II together. We recommend that you spend no Resources more than 90 minutes on Part I. Part I: ”Formulas for the National Test in Mathematics D”, and your personalized green-booklet. Please note that calculators are not allowed in this part. Part II: Calculators and ”Formulas for the National Test in Mathematics D”, and your personalized green-booklet.

Test material:

The test

Score and

mark levels

The maximum number of points you can receive for each solution is indicated after each problem. If a problem can give 2 ”Pass”-points and 1 ”Pass with distinction”- point this is written (2/1). Some problems are marked with ¤, which means that they more than other problems offer opportunities to show knowledge that can be related to the criteria for ”Pass with Special Distinction” in Assessment Criteria 2000. Lower limit for the mark on the test

Pass (G): 17 points

Pass with distinction (VG): 35 points of which at least 10 ”Pass with distinction”- points.

Pass with special distinction (MVG) : 40 points: In addition to the requirements for ”Pass with distinction” you have to show most of the “Pass with special distinction” qualities that the ¤-problems give the opportunity to show. You must also have at least 20 ”Pass with distinction”- points.

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page 1 of 24

NV-College

Part I No calculator may be used in this part.

This part consists of 9 problems that must be solved without the aids of any calculator. Your solutions to part I must be written on a separate sheet of paper which shall be handed in before having access to your calculator. Note that you may start working on the part two, on a separate sheet of paper, without using any calculator.

1.

Find the antiderivative (primitive) function F(x) of f x = the initial condition F(0) = 10 .

(

)

Suggested solution:

f

()

x

=

10

4

x

+

6

x

7

+ ⇔

 Answer: F ( ) x = 2 x + x + x + 5 3 2 7 10 F () x = 10 x 4 + 1 + x 6 + 1 1 + 7 x C + ⇔ F(x) 4 + 1 1 + 1

=

10

4

x

2

5

x

6

+ x +

+

3

2

x

+

7

7

which satisfies

x

+

C

[2/0]

[1/0]

[1/0]

F

()0

10

= ⇔ F

()0

=

2(0) 3()0

5

+

2

+

7()0

+ C = ⇔ C = ⇔ F x = x + x + x +

7

10

10

(

)

2

5

3

2

2.

Evaluate

2

1

(

8x

3

+

4x

Suggested solution:

+

1

)

dx

2
(8
1)
x
3 +
4
x
+
dx
=
37
1

2

1

(

8

x

3

+

4

x

+

1

)

dx

= ⎜

8 x

3

+

1

3

+

1

+

4

1

x

+

1

1

+

1

+

x

2

1

=

⎛ ⎛ 8 x

⎜ ⎜

⎝ ⎝

⎜ ⎜

4

4

+

4

2

x

2

+ x ⎟ ⎟

⎟ ⎠

2

1

=

(

2

4

x

2

1

(8

3

x

+

4

x

+

1)

dx

=

2(2) 2(2)

4

+

2

+

(2) (2()1 2()1 ()1

4

+

2

+

)

=

32

+ +

8

2

 + 2 x 2 + x 5 − = 37

)

2

1

10

[2/0]

[1/0]

[1/0]

3. Derivate the following functions

a.

b.

c.

y = 3cos5x

=

f x

(

(

)

)

4

x

3

x

2

e

+ 1

=

(

3x

g

x

) 100

Suggested solution:

a) y = 3cos5x y′ = −3× 5 sin 5x = −15 sin 5x

b)

f

(

x

)

=

4

x

3

e

x

Define two new functions:

Use the derivative a product

4

u x

and

v

g(x)= u v

Answer y′ = −15 sin 5x

3 x

e

. Therefore f (x) =

4

x

3 x

e

g(x)= u′⋅v + u v

[1/0]

[2/0]

[2/0]

[1/0]

u

v

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page 2 of 24

NV-College
 ⎧ u ⎪ ⎨ ⎪ v ⎩ 4 ≡ x ≡ e 3 x ⇔ u ′= 4 ⇔ v ′= 3 x e 3 3 x ⇔ f ′ (x) = u u ′⋅ + ⋅′= v v 4 x 3 ⋅ e 3 x + 3 4 x ⋅ 3 e x = 3 x ⋅ e 3 x ( 4 + 3 x) Answer f (x) = 4 x ⋅ 3 e x ⇔ f ′ (x) = 4 x 3 ⋅ e 3 x + 3 4 x ⋅ e 3 x = x 3 ⋅ 3 e x ( 4 + 3 x) g ( x ) = ( 3x 2 + 1 ) 100 Make a change of variable: z ≡ (3 2 x + 1) , then use the chain rule: dg = dz ⋅ ⎧ ⎪ ⎪ dg ⎪ g = z ⇔ ⎩ ⎪ dz ( 2 1 ) + ⇔ ⎨ z ≡ 3 x 100 dz dx 6 = x = 100 99 z ⇔ dg dx = dz dx ⋅ dg dz = 6 x ⋅ ( 100 z 99 ) = 600 x ⋅ z 99 = dx 600 x ⋅ ( 3 dx 2 x + Answer g ( x ) = ( 3x 2 + 1 ) 100 ( ⇔ g′ x ) ( = 600x ⋅ 3x 2 + 1 ) 99 π Calculate ⋅ sin π + 6 + π ⋅ 2 π − ⋅ Only answer is required y = π 2 sin π 3 cos 3 π cos π 6 ⋅ sin π + π 6 + π ⋅ 2 π − ⋅ = ⋅ 1 + π 6 + π ⋅ ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ − 1 ⎞ ⎟ − π ⋅ − ⎠ ( 1) 2 sin π 3 cos 3 π cos π π 1 3 2 6 2 π π π 12 + π π 13 π π 2 − + π = 2 π + = = 6 6 6 6 6 π π π 12 + π π 13 π Answer: y = + π 2 6 − + π = 2 π + = = 6 6 6 6

c)

4.

Suggested solution:

y π

=

y = +

dg

dz

1

) 99

[2/0]

[2/0]

[2/0]

[2/0]

5. We know that sin(56.0°) 0.829

Use the information above to calculate all solutions of the equation sin 5x 0.829 . [1/2]

Suggested solution:

sin 5

sin 56

x

= 0.829

°≈

0.829

5

5

x

x

=

=

56

180

°+ n

360

°

°− °+ ⋅

56

n

360

°

=

5

x

5

x

=

56

124

°+ n

°+ n

360

°

360

°

n

N

5

5

x

x

=

=

56

124

°+ n

°+ n

360

°

360

°

n

N

⎪ ⎩

x

x

56

°

5

+

°

n

= n

5

124

= +

360

5

360

°

5

°

⎧ x
=
11.2 °+ n ⋅
72
°
n
∈ N
x
=
24.8 °+ n ⋅
72
°

n

N

x

x

=

=

11.2

24.8

°+ n

°+ n

72

°

72

°

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n

[1/1]

N

[0/1]

page 3 of 24

NV-College

6. The points P and Q lie on a unit circle as illustrated in the figure below.

Which one of the following alternatives a-e represents the coordinates of the point Q .

a) (cosα, sinα )

b) (sinα, cosα )

c)

d) (cosα, sinα )

e) (sinα, cosα)

(sinα,

cosα )

1,5
1,0
P
0,5
α
0,0
-0,5
-1,0
Q
-1,5
-2,5
-2
-1,5
-1
-0,5
0
0,5
1
1,5
2
2,5

[0/1]

Suggested solution:

The coordinates of the point P is (cosα, sinα ), but the point Q lies at angle α + 90° . Therefore, using cos(α + 90°) = −sinα , and sin(α + 90°) = cosα , we may conclude that x-coordinate of point Q is cos(α + 90°) = −sinα , and its y-coordinate is: sin(α + 90°) = cosα . Therefore, alternative d is the

7. The graph of the trigonometric function f (x) = Acos(ax) is illustrated in the figure below. The slope of tangent to the curve of the function at the point P is 3 .

Answer: Alternative c: (sinα, cosα )

(sinα,

cosα )

a) Use the information in the figure to find the values of the constants A , and a .

 [0/3] b) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve. [0/3]
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
f(x), y

x

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page 4 of 24

NV-College

Suggested solution:

A =−

36

π

, a =

π

6

,

f

() x =−

36

π

cos ⎜ ⎛ ⎝

π

6

18
3
x ⎟ ⎞
,
y
= 3 −
x
− 3
π

Using the graph we may realize the period of the function is T = 12 rad .

This is due to the fact that when the curve of the cosine function for the

first time crosses the x-axis it is at a quarter of its period, i.e.

T

4

= 3

f

()

x

=

A

cos

(

ax

)

C

+ ⇔

a T = 2

T

= 12

π

a

12

=

2

π

a =

π

6

According to the problem and the figure the slope of the tangent at the point P is 3 . The x-coordinate of the point P is 1. therefore:

= f 1 = 3

k

f

()

x

a =

()

=− ⋅ ⋅ sin

A

a

π

6

(

ax ⇔− A ⋅ ⋅ sin

6

)

π

π

6

1 ⎟= 3 ⇔− A

π

6

1

2

3

= ⇔

A

π

12

3

=− ⇔ A =−

36

π

The equation of the function is therefore

 () x =− 36 cos ⎜ ⎛ ⎝ π x ⎟ ⎞ ⎠ f π 6

. The equation

of the tangent to the function may be written as: y = 3x + m . The function and its tangent to it at a given point share the point, and therefore coordinates of the point must satisfy their equations. The x-coordinate of the point, according to the graph is x = 1.

f =−
()
1
cos ⎜
() 1
⎟=− cos ⎜ ⎟=− ⋅ =−
.
π
6
π
6
π
2
π

36

π

36

π

36

1

18

y

 18 18 = 3 + ⇔− x m π = ⋅ 3 1 + m ⇔ m =− π 3 − ⇔ = y

18

3 x − − 3

π

 Answer: The equation of the tangent to the curve of the function f () x =− 36 cos ⎜ ⎛ π x ⎟ ⎞ at the point − 18 ⎞ ⎟ is y = 3 − x 18 − 3 . π ⎝ 6 ⎠ ⎛ ⎜ 1, ⎝ π ⎠ π

Tangent to the function

5
36
π
f
(
x
)
=−
cos ⎜
x ⎟
π
6
0
-5
18
3
y
= 3 x
− 3
-10
− π
-15
-20
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
f(x), y

x

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page 5 of 24

NV-College

G-alternative to problem #7

f

(x) = 2 sin x

at

x =

π

6

.

Find the equation of the tangent to the function

Suggested solutions:

The function

They both pass the point

f (x) = 2 sin x and its tangent

y = kx + m

at

x =

π

6

share

[3/0]

π
• The slope of the tangent at x =
is equal to f ′(x)
6
π
π
3
f
()
x
=
2 sin
x
⇔ f ′
()
x
=
2
cos
x
k
=
f ′ ⎜ ⎛
⎟= ⎞ 2
cos
⎜ ⎛
⎟ ⎞ =
2
=
3
k = 3
6
6
2
⎛π
π
1
The y-coordinates of the point is:
f ⎜
⎟= 2
sin
⎜ ⎛
⎟= ⎞ 2 ⋅
= 1
6 ⎠
6
2
y =
x
+
m
π
π
π
3
+
m
= 1 ⇔
m
= 1 −
3
f ⎜ ⎛
⎟= ⎞ 1
6
6
6
 Answer: The equation of the tangent to the function f (x) = 2 ⋅ sin x at x = π is 6 y = 3 ⋅ x + 1 − π 3 ⋅ 6 . This is illustrated in the figure below (a graphical

confirmation.)

π
3,0
y =
3 ⋅ x +
1
3
6
2,0
f
()
x
=
2 ⋅ sin x
1,0
0,0
-1,0
-2,0
-3,0
0,00
0,52
1,05
1,57
2,09
2,62
3,14
3,67
4,19
f(x), y(x)

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page 6 of 24

NV-College

8. Show that

tan

x

sin

x

1

 = 3 x cos x + cos 2 x .

sin

[0/3/¤M1¤M3¤M5]

Suggested solutions:

Separate the fraction to two terms:

tan

x

sin

x

tan x

sin x

=

sin

3

x

sin

3

x

sin

3

x

sin

x

cos

x

.

Replace tan x by its equivalent:

Simplify the second term.

Multiply and divide the first term by cos x .

Multiply and divide the second term by cos x .

The common denominator of both resulted fractions is sin x cos x

sin

Simplify the resulted fraction by canceling out (1cos x) from the

Replace

tan

x =

2

2

x

by its equivalent 1

2

x

=

(1

cos x)(1

+

cos x)

.

cos

numerator and denominator:

sin x

 tan x − sin x = tan x − sin x = sin 3 x sin 3 x sin 3 x 1 1 ⋅ = −

=

3

x

 1 = sin x − 1 sin 2 x sin 3 x ⋅ cos x sin 2 x = 1 − cos x = ( 1 − cos x ) sin 2 x ⋅ 2

cos x

sin

cos x

=↵

=↵

 sin 2 x ⋅ cos x sin 2 x ⋅ cos x ( 1 − cos x ) ( 1 − cos x)( ⋅ 1 + cos x) ⋅ cos x

=

 cos x cos x ⋅ cos x 1 = 1 ( 1 + cos x) ⋅ cos x cos x + cos 2 x

[0/1]

 [0/2/¤M1¤M3¤M5] QED G-Alternative to Problem #8 Find sin(3x) in terms of sin x and cos x . [3/0]

Suggested solutions:

(

sin 3

x

)

=

(

sin 2

(

() ()

()

sin

2

x

2

x

=

sin

x

()] ()

() ()

=

=

()x

x

sin

x

3sin

3

x

= 2sin( )cos

2sin( )cos

3sin(

=

=

+

x

x

x

x

[

) 1

=

sin 2

x

cos

x

cos

x

2

()

x

sin

2

+

cos

(x)]

+

2

[

cos

x

sin

3

)

)

()

x

+

2

cos 2

x

x

(

)

x

sin

sin

()

() ()

(x)

sin

=

3sin( )

x

Using:

(

sin 3

x)

= 3sin( ) 4sin

x

3

(x)

 sin(α + β ) = sin()α cos(β )+ cos()α sin(β ) sin(2α)= 2sin()α cos(α) cos 2 (α) = cos 2 ()α − sin 2 ()α sin 2 α+ cos 2 α= 1

3sin( )cos

x

sin

3

()x

=

2

()

x

sin

3

3sin( )

x

()

x

4sin

3

(x)

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page 7 of 24

NV-College
 9. a. Find the constants a and b if the minimum value of the function y = a − bsin(4x + 53°) is − 3 , and its maximum value is 12 . [0/2/¤] b. Find the constants p and q if the minimum value of the function y = p sin(2x −13°)− 2q is 3 , and its maximum value is 5 . [0/2/¤]

[2 nd version of the problem] Find the constants p and q if the minimum value of

the function y = p sin(2x 13°)2q is 3 , and its maximum value is 4 .

[0/2/¤]

Suggested Solutions:

a.

a = 4.5

b = 7.5

We may use the fact that sin-function is a bounded (limited) function, i.e. 1 sinθ 1. Therefore, the minimum value of y = a bsin(4x + 53°) is

y

min

= a b

, and its maximum value is y

max

= a + b . Therefore:

a b =− 3

a

+ b = 12

y

y

a = 4.5

=

=

a

a

b =− 3

+ b = 12

b

⇔ =

b.

min

max

9

12

3

2a = 9 a = = 4.5

2

b

⇔ =

7.5

−/+ +/= −

a

− ⇔ =

a

a

b

b

b

12

12

4.5

a + b = 12

p = 1

q =− 2

a = 4.5

b = 7.5

We may use the fact that sin-function is a bounded (limited) function, i.e. 1 sinθ 1. Therefore, the minimum value of y = p sin(2x 13°)2q is

y

min = − p

2q

, and its maximum value is y

max =

p

2q

. Therefore:

y

y

min

max

=− p

=

p

2

2

q

q

=

=

5

3

+

p

p

2

2

q

q

=

=

3

5

p

/

2

q

+

p

/

2

q

= +

3

5

4q = 8

8

q = − = −

4

2

q =− 2

2

p q =

(b) Second version of the problem

2)

5

⇔ − ⋅−

p

2

(

5

= ⇔

p

+ = ⇔

4

5

p

= −

5

4

=

1

p = 0.5

q =− 1.75

p = 1

q =− 2

We may use the fact that sin-function is a bounded (limited) function, i.e. 1 sinθ 1. Therefore, the minimum value of y = p sin(2x 13°)2q is

y

min = − p

y

y

2q

, and its maximum value is y

max =

p

2q

. Therefore:

2

3

min

max

 p =− − 2 q = 3 = p − 2 q = ⇔

q =−

1.75 ⇔ − ⋅−

p

2

q

=

4

p

2

(

1.75)

4

+

p

p

2

q

q

=

=

4

7

q = − = −

4

⇔ − 4q = 7

4

3.5

⇔ =

p

0.5

1.75

p

2

q

+

+

3.5

p

/

2

q

4

= ⇔

p

/

= ⇔

= +

3

p = 0.5

q =− 1.75

p

= −

4

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page 8 of 24

NV-College

Second method:

Suggested Solutions:

a.

a = 4.5

b = 7.5

The amplitude of the function y = a bsin(4x + 53°) is b , while its symmetry line is b . In general

Amplitude =

y

max

y

min

2

b

⇔ =

 12 ( −− 3 ) = 12 + 3 = 15 2 2 2

b

= 7.5

Symmetry line

= y

max

amplitude a = y

b.

p = 1

q =− 2

max

b = −

12

7.5

a = 4.5

a = 4.5

b = 7.5

Similarly, The amplitude of the function y = p sin(2x 13°)2q is p , while its symmetry line is 2q . In general

Amplitude =

y

max

y

min

2

p

=

5

3

2

= = ⇔

1

2

2

p

=

1

Symmetry line

= y

max

amplitude ⇔ − q = y