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522 BOOK REVIEWS

5. Linear Shift Registers—Introduction, finite state machines, shift registers,


characteristic polynomials and periodicity, randomness, security.
6. Non-linear Algorithms—Introduction, intractability and NP-completeness,
shift registers with non-linear feedback, some examples using more than one register.
7. Some Block Cipher Systems—Introduction, some examples of cipher feedback
systems, block cipher systems, applications of a block cipher.
8. Applying Cipher Systems—Introduction, key structure, key management,
Example 8.1: a strategic asynchronous telegraph system, Example 8.2: a portable
tactical on/ofT line system, Example 8.3: an on-line electronic fund transfer system.
9. Speech Security Systems—Introduction, basic concepts, Fourier analysis, some
properties of speech, voice message transmission, voice scrambling, analogue to
digital (A/D) converters, use of A/D and D/A converters.
10. Public Key Cryptography—Introduction, formal definition, a system due to
Merkle and Hellman, the RSA system, another system, authentication.
The initiated will know that I am a tyro in these matters; I thought a good test of
the quality of the writing would be to give Chapter 1 a fairly detailed reading, and
skim over the rest. I found Chapter 1 fascinating. The reader is carried along and
familiarised with all the various terms and concepts of the subject before rigorous
definitions are given in a later chapter. It is very nicely done, with a lacing of non-
trivial but attackable exercises, and a complete example of cryptanalysis to end the
chapter.
The text is visually pleasant, there are lots of good diagrams, even some
photographs; the style is good and even witty at times—very refreshing.
JAMES WIEGOLD

GROUP THEORY I
(A Series of Comprehensive Studies in Mathematics, 247)

By MICHIO SUZUKI: pp. 434. DM.118.-; US$55.00. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982.)

This is a translation by the author of Volume 1 of his Japanese-language text


Gunron, published by Iwanami Shoten. The aim of the two volumes is to present an
exposition of the theory of finite simple groups as it was in the mid-seventies
(starting from scratch, a remarkably tall order). In the preface to the English edition,
Professor Suzuki points to the enormous progress in the classification problem, the
zenith coming in 1980; unfortunately for the group-theoretical public, he does not
feel that the time is yet ripe for a third volume dealing with these advances. Some
changes have been introduced into the English version to accommodate the new
status of the theory.
The present volume consists of three chapters on fairly general group theory, as
can be seen from the table of contents:
1. Basic Concepts—The definition of a group and some examples; subgroups;
cosets; normal subgroups, factor groups; homomorphisms, isomorphism theorems;
automorphisms; permutation groups, G-sets; operator groups, semidirect products;
general linear groups.
2. Fundamental Theorems—Theorems about p-groups; theorems of Sylow;
subnormal series, Schreier's refinement theorem; the Krull-Remak-Schmidt
BOOK REVIEWS 523

theorem; fundamental theorems on abelian groups; generators and relations;


extensions of groups and cohomology theory; applications of cohomology theory,
the Schur-Zassenhaus theorem; central extensions, Schur's multiplier; wreath
products.
3. Some Special Classes of Groups—Torsion-free abelian groups; symmetric
groups and alternating groups; geometry of linear groups; Coxeter groups; surveys of
finite simple groups; finite subgroups of two-dimensional special linear groups.
The author begins by stating quite clearly what is needed for an understanding of
his book: the general theory of fields, Zorn's lemma, linear algebra and the like. The
exposition starts at a leisurely pace with the definition and most elementary
properties of groups. It is done so nicely that I cast away my doubt as to the
appropriateness of such simple material in a book of this sort: it will repay reading
by dedicated beginners. The pace soon hots up, and Chapters 2 and 3 contain a great
deal of material, with back-up in the form of numerous examples, historical remarks
and a host of exercises. Indeed, this is yet another among the by now large number of
texts that working group theorists, young and old, will want to have on their
shelves—and I do not doubt that the same will go for Volume 2, when the English
version arrives.
The English is good, with only the rare linguistic oddity (which it is churlish to
mention!).
JAMES WIEGOLD

REPRESENTATIONS OF REAL REDUCTIVE LIE GROUPS


(Progress in Mathematics, 15)

By DAVID A. VOGAN, JR.: pp.754. $35.00. (Birkhauser, Boston, 1981.)

This book deals with recent developments in the theory of representations of


reductive Lie groups largely from an algebraic point of view. Although the origins of
this theory are in the study of unitary representations, the methods developed
by Harish-Chandra necessitate going outside this class to consider continuous
representations on Banach spaces. Additionally, many representations have been
constructed which are believed to be unitary, but have not yet been proven so to be;
until they are, they must be dealt with by the more general theory. Banach space
representations are, of course, of interest in their own right since they arise naturally
in many situations (non-unitary induction, for example).
Let G be a real reductive Lie group, K a maximal compact subgroup, and g the
complexified Lie algebra of G. A continuous representation of G is called admissible
if its restriction to K has finite multiplicities. The space of smooth /C-finite vectors of
an admissible representation forms a representation of both K and g, called the
associated Harish-Chandra module. If the original representation is unitary and
irreducible, it is a theorem of Harish-Chandra that it is admissible, and determined
up to unitary equivalence by its associated Harish-Chandra module. This passage
from representations of G to the associated Harish-Chandra modules opens up the
way to study the group representations by algebraic methods.
The book begins with a preliminary Chapter 0 describing the precise class of
groups to be dealt with, together with the correspondence between admissible
representations and Harish-Chandra modules. The chapter ends with a description