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English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Achene
CaEpøtUc s¶Üt EdlmanRKab;EtmYyKt; . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

(q.v.) EdlmineRbH b¤EbkecjRKab; .


International.

Acid
GasIut CasarFatuKImIEdlman pH tUcCa 7 CaBaküpÞúy Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk

nwg)as EdlCasmasFatuEdl manGIuy:ug GIuRdUEsn (ed.), Images Asia - Source:


Forestry Compendium (Global
Module), CAB International.
eRcInCagTwk .
Acid Rain
CasarFatubMBulGasIut EdlFaøk;mkCaTMrg;xus² CaTMrg; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

esIm (ePøóg G½BÞ rW RBil) b¤ TMrg;s¶Üt (]sμ½n b¤FUlItUc²) 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
_____________________________ Source: Dictionary of
Forestry (1998) published by the Society of American
Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD 20814-
2198. Not for further reproduction.
Acid Soil
dIEdlmanRbtikmμ eRkam pH esμI 7.0 . vamanGIuy:ug Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

GIuRdUEsneRcInCagTwk . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Acuminate
ragravRsYc . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Aerobic
1. karRtUvkarGuksIuEsn : rs;enA b¤ekIteLIgenATIkEnøg Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

EdlmanGuksIuEsn . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
2. karpþl;eGayGuksIuEsn: man b¤pþl;nUvGuksIuEsn .
Afforestation
kardaMduHéRBeQIeLIgvij enAtMbn;EdlBImunminmanéRBeQI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

rW dIEdlminmanéRBeQIduHlUtlas; . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Agroforestry,
Agro-forestry CaeQμaHénRbB½n§eRbIR)as;dI nigbec©kviTüa EdlRbePTeQI Source: Terminology for
Integrated Resources Planning

RtUv)aneRbIR)as;sMrab;karRKb;RKgdI dUcCadMNaMksikmμ stV and Management, Choudhury,


K.; Jansen, L. (ed.); 1999;
FAO/UNEP.
kñúgTMrg;CakarerobcM .
Agrosilviculture
TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYmman edImeQI nig dMNaMksikmμ . Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Agrosilvopastoralism
TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYmman edImeQI dMNaMksikmμ nigkar Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

ciBa©wmstV . Gtßn½ydUc agrosilvopasture 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Alkali
kal;süÚmkabUNat rW b:UtasüÚmkabUNat EdlmanCatilVIg Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;

1
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

éRb EdlmanenAtMbn; arid nig semiarid . Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;


American Geological Institute.

1. sMedAeTAelIsUluysüúg Edlman pH BI 7 eTA 14 .


Alkaline (Alkalic) Source: Environmental Word-
List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,

sarFatuTaMgLay Edlpþl;nUvGIuy:ugGIuRdUEsneRcIn . Mekong Secretariat. - Source:


Dictionary of Geological Terms;
Bates,R; Jackson, J. (ed.);
2. manKuNPaBCa)as CYnkalmanelIfμsMrab;begáItePøIg . 1983; American Geological
Institute.
Alkaline soil
dIEdlman pH >7.0 pÞúyBIdIGasIut . vamaneRcInGIuy:ug Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

GIuRdUlIs CagGIuyu:gGIuRdUEsn . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Alley cropping
kardaMRbePTdMNaMCaGahar cMNIstV rW dMNaMepSgeTot Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

enAcenøaH RbePTeQI . n½ydUcBakü alley farming, avenue 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

cropping, hedgerow intercropping .


Alluvial
l,b; Pk; : Edlmankkl¥iteRcIn EdlnaMmkedaysarTwkhUr Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Altitude
cMgaytamExSRtg; ¬bBaÄr¦rvagcMnuc nigépÞcMnuceKal Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;

(datum surface) CaTUeTAKWkMritépÞTwksmuRT . emIl :


Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Environment Words, Glenda
elevation. kMritkMBs;tMbn;eFobnwgkMritkMBs;épÞTwksmuRT . Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia
Aluminium, aluminum
GaluymIjÚm EdlmannimitþsBaØa Al . Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Ammonia
1. ]sμ½nQYl : Kμankøin nig gayrlaykñúgTwk . eRbIR)as; Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

kñúg TUTwkkk karplitCI sarFatupÞúH nigpøasÞik . rUbmnþ : Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
NH3 2.sUluysüúgGamUBaJak; eRbI eFIVCafñaMsMGatpÞH nig

vaynP½NÐ .
1. minRtUvkarGuksIuEsn : rs;enAedayminRtUvkarGuksIuEsn
Anaerobic Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

CaBiessminRtUvkarGuksIuEsnsMrab;emtab:UlIs Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
(metabolism) 2. xVHGuksIuEsn : KμanGuksIuEsn .

1. mYyqñaM : ekIteLIgerogral;mYyqñaM 2. sMrab;ry³eBlmYy


Annual Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.

2
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

qñaM rW RbcaMqñaM 3. RbePTeQI Edlgab;bnÞab;BIry³eBlmYy ©1993-2005 Microsoft


Corporation.

rdUv: rukçCati Edlpáa Epø niggab;enAkñúgeBllUtlas;EtmYy


rdUv .
= siT§ikab;RbcMaqñaM Allowable Annual Cut or Annual
Annual allowable cut http://www.nrcan-
rncan.gc.ca/cfs-

Allowable Cut (AAC): brimaNeQIh‘ub EdlGnuBaØateGay e.html#04


scf/science/prodserv/glossary_

kab;CaRbcaMqñaMenAkñúgtMbn;Cak;lak;NamYy . AAC RtUv)an


eRbIR)as;sMrab;Cac,ab;kñúgkar RbmUlpléRbeQI edIm,IFana
nUvkarpÁt;pÁg;eQIRbkbedaynirnþ_PaB . (cMnaM :BaküTMag
BIrenHRtUv)aneRbI) Possibilité annuelle de coupe (PAC)
Annual rainfall
brimaNsrubénTwkePøógEdlFøak;enAtMbn;NamYy enAerog Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk

ral;qñaM . (ed.), Images Asia.

Arid
tMbn; EdlmankMritTwkePøóg ticCag 25.4 centimetres (10 Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

inches) EdlTamTarnUvRbB½n§FarasaRsþ sMrab;kardaMduHdMNaM


International.

dUcCa tMbn;ekþA EdlrukçCatminGacpþl;pl)an edayEtkMrit


sItuNðPaB .
Axil
emIlBakü: Axillary Plants: mMupÁMú EdlekItBITgsøwk nigEmk Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

ekøók . International.

Axillary
zitenACaG½kS bgðajBITMrg; rukçCatizitCaG½kS leaf axil Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Alula Axillary lobe (n½ydUc)


International.

1.CaTUeTA KWCaRbB½n§eGkULÚsI Edlmanb¤sSI duHlUtlas;


Bamboo forest Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

eRcInCageK 2. TMrg;éRB Edlmanb¤sSIduHlb; EdlmankMBs; and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. -
5 m nigkenSamsøwkenAcenøaH 3. tMbn; Edlman b¤sSIduHCit² Environmental Word-List, Erik
Skoglund, 1990, Mekong
KñaeRcInlayCamYyRbePTepSg²eTot Secretariat. - Source:
Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Bark
sMbk ³ CaEpñkxageRkArbs;edIm Edlmansrés Source: The dictionary of
cambium Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American

3
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

ekItBIcMEnkekasikarén phellogen . Foresters.

1. dImanCatimanCati)as Edlman pH >7.0


Basic soil Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Berry
emIlBakü : Fruit Strictly speaking CaEpøsac; EdlmanRKab; Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

tUc² dUcCa TMBaM)ayCU Epøeb‘rICaedIm . International.

Biennial
rukçCati EdlRtUvkarry³eBlBIrqñaM sMrab;xYbCIvitrbs;BYkva. Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Bi-pinnate
EcksøwkCacMEnk : sMedAeTAelIsøwk EdlRtUv)anEckCacMEnk Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Bloom
Pruinose Bloom ( n½ydUc) rIk (páa) EdlmanBN’s rW exov . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

cMeBaH RbePT Odonata eBjv½y manEpøeRcIn EmkeRcIn søwk International.

eRcIn CaBiessePT Prunus . karekIncMnYneRcInya:grh½s


Bole
edIm tYedImeQI kUneQI Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Branch
EmkeQI 1. CaEpñkTIBIr rbs;edIm n½ydUcBakü limb emIl Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

burl, knot 2. karKNnaral;cMnucTaMgGs;enAkñúgkmμviFIkMuBüÚT½r


of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Edl logic(al) RtUv)andak;bBa¢ÚlGaRs½yeTAelIkar sMerc
citþrbs; logic(al) 3. ePøIg emIl incident command system.
Broadleaf
RbePTeQI EdlmansøwkFM EdlmanlkçN³pÞúyBIrukçCatisøwk Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

m¢úl . 2006.

Bud
RtYy 1. EpñkxageRkA rbs;Bnøk EdlkarBar cataphylls nig Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Bnøk embryonic EdldMeNIrkar apical meristem nig International.

primordial søwkenAdMNak;kalxus²Kña 2. b:HBnøkbgáat;

eTAnwgCalikarsMbk énedImTMrg -emIl graft


Buttresses, buttress
roots edImrwgmanCatieQI rW b¤sKl; EdlmantYnaTITb;edIm Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

4
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

CaBiess sMrab;edImeQIFM²enAtMbn;éRBRtUBic .
Calcareous soil
dI EdlsMbUredaykal;süÚmkal;bUNat CaCO3 nigsarFatu Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

kabUnepSgeTot edIm,IemIleXIjsarFatuenH eKGaceRbI ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
0.1M HCl cMNaM dITaMgenH PaKeRcInmanBI 10 eTA 1000g kg

esμI 1 CaCO3
Cambium
CalikarrukçCati : CaRsTab;ekasikarrukçCatiragsIuLaMg Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

enAkñúgrWs nigedIm EdlekItmanenAkñúg CalikarfμIsMrab; Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
begáIn CalikarnaMC½r xylem nig phloem nigsMbkeQI .
Canopy
kenSamsøwk : karpþMúKñarbs; søwk nigEmk emIl Forest http://www.nrcan-
rncan.gc.ca/cfs-
canopy, Couvert forestier scf/science/prodserv/glossary_
e.html#123
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html
Capsule
Epøs¶Üt (EpøKY) EdleRbHEbkenAeBlTMu nigmanftCaeRcIn . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Charcoal
TMrg;énkabUn EdlTajykBIcMehHminsB rWmineBjelj Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

(incomplete combustion)énrukçCati rWstV dUcCa q¥wg rW eQI .


of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
CITES CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Source: Forestry Compendium
Species (Global Module), CAB
International.
Class
emIlBakü: Classification Taxonomy: CaRkumsaBagÁkary Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

EdlmanzitenACafñak; rW phylum. bnÞab;BIRkumKW lMdab; . International.

Clay
dI\dæ 1. dI EdlmanGgát;p©it < 0.002 mm (0.00008 in) emIl Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
soil separates. 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Clear cut
karkab;pþÜlTaMgRsug : karkab;sMGat : viFIsaRsþRKb;RKg http://www.nrcan-
rncan.gc.ca/cfs-

éRBeQI EdlTak;Tgnwgkarkab;edImeQIQrTaMgGs; . scf/science/prodserv/glossary_


e.html#17

karkat;sMGat GacRtUv)aneFIVCabøúk Cyr rW dMu² . Coupe à


blanc clearcutting clearfelling (n½ydUc); clear felling

(n½ydUc) karkab;edImeQITaMgGs; sMKal; 1. karduHlUtlas;

5
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

edayRKab; CaFmμCati nig kardaMkUneQI 2. karkat;RtUv)an


eFIVeLIgCaRkum rW dMu rW CaCYr 3. karRKb;RKg eQIQr EdlduH
lUtlas; karlUtlas; nigTinñpleQIQrRtUv)an kab;TaMg
Gs; 4. viFIsaRsþminesμIGayu (kareRCIserIsCaRkum)
= karkab;sMGat karkab;TaMgRsug kardkhUtTaMgRsug
Clear felling Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORD-
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Clear-cutting
karkab;sMGat KWCakarkab;edImeQI EdlmanTaMgGs;ecjBI Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

tMbn; . karkab;sMGatRtUv)aneRbIR)as; edIm,ICMnYydl; International.

RbePTrukçCati EdlTamTarBnøWxøaMgkñúgkarduHlUtlas;eGay
)anl¥ .
1. bMEbkGVImYy karEck rW karEjk 2. skmμPaBEckrW Ejk
Cleavage Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Climate
GakasFatu Ca)atuPUtry³eBlEvgénFatuGakas . Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

karRbmUlsßiti GMBIFatuGakas sMrab;tMbn;Cak;lak;NamYy 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

enAkMLúgeBlmYyCak;lak; .
Coarsely toothed
CaCaysøwkEdlmanragdUceFμj . CaysøwkragdUcrNa . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Community forestry
1. RbB½n§énkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI EdlRkummnusS enAkñúgPUmi Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

nigshKmn_ cUlrYmRKb;RKgéRBeQI nigeFIVEpnkaréRBeQI 2006. - The Development of


Community Based Natural
Resource Management
. shKmn_éRBeQIPaKeRcIn enATTYlykeyab; nig esvaBI (CBNRM) in Cambodia,
CBNRM Learning Institute,
mRnþIrdæ)aléRBeQI kñúgkarbegáItEpnkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI . 2005.

2. CaBakü Edlmann½yTUlMTUlay EdlrYmnUvRbB½n§RKb;RKg

tamEbbRbéBNI dUcCakmμviFIbegáItedayshKmn_ rW
rdæaPi)al . shKmn_éRBeQI RtUv)aneRbIedIm,Ibgðaj
nUvTMrg;énkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI edayshKmn_mUldæan .

6
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Compact plantation
cMkarsþúk ³ rYmbBa©ÚlTaMgrukçCatiFM nigtUc EdlduHlUtlas; Source: Terminology for
Integrated Resources Planning

CaRbB½n§erobry nigeTogTat; . rukçCati edImeQI EdlduH and Management, Choudhury,


K.; Jansen, L. (ed.); 1999;
FAO/UNEP.
lUtlas;mineTogTat; nigmintamreboberobry b:uEnþGac
eGaycUleTARbmUlTinñn½y)anenAkñúgtMbn;enaH k_RtUv)an
cat;CacMkarsþuk .
Compound
søwksmas EdlsøwkmYyRtUv)anEckCasøwkeRcIntUc² Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Casnøwk² . manlkçN³sMEb:t edaytMerob CaKUenAelI International.

Caysøwk . PaKeRcInCaRbePTRKYsar Fabaceae


1. ragdUcekan 2. énekan : manTMrg;Caekan .
Conical Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Coniferous forest
CaéRBébtgCanic© EdlmanBBYkrukçCatisøwkm¢úl dUcCaRsl; Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

. rukçCatisøwkm¢úl rW manEpøragdUcekan KWRbePTeQI Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Definition of
EdlmansøwkesþIgdUcm¢úl nigmanEpøCaekan EdlmandUcCa Digital Species Production
Team, 2006.
Rsl; firs, junipers, larches, spruces, nig yews . lMdab; :
Coniferales
Construction wood
eQIeRbIR)as;sMrab;karsagsg; dUcCa karsg;pÞH nig s<an . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Coppice
duHExñgeLIgvij 1. karplitnUvedImfμIBIrWs rW Kl; 2. karkat; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

edIm (rukçCatisøwkFM) enAKl; edIm,IeGayvaduHBnøkfμIeLIgvij 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

3. rukçCati EdlduHExñgeLIgvij 4. Bnøk EdlduHecjBIExñg

enAKl;rbs;eQI Edl)ankat; emIl epicormic branch,


regeneration method, stool, sucker, vegetative
propagation.
Coppice with
standarts (system) = eFIVeGayduHExñg CaRbB½n§ EdledImRtUv)aneRCIserIs nig Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

rkSa eGaymanlkçN³sþg;da edaymanGayu nigxYbxus² and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Kña .
Cotyledon
kUTIeLdug CaGMuRb‘Íy:ugrbs;søwk EdlrkSanUvGahar cMNaM Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American

7
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

kUTIeLdugCalkçN³rbs;rukçCati EdlmanRKab; dUcCa Foresters.

Spermatophyta –emIl dicotyledon, monocotyledon.


Crookedness,
crooked minRtg; edImeQI EdledImmanlkçN³ekag http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

Cambodia Tree Seed Project ³KMeragRKab;BUCeQIkm<úCa


CTSP Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Cutting
karkab;rMlM 1. karkab;rMlM edImeQInimYy² rW eQIQr Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

2.kareFIVeGayduHeLIgvij tamry³Bnøk Emk rW EpñkepSg²


1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

rbs;rukçCati edIm,IbegáItrukçCatifμI² emIl air layering,


vegetative propagation.
Damping off
CMgWrbs;kUneQI : eFVIeGaykUneQIgab; edaysarkardk;Twk Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

EdleFIVeGaymanpSiteRcInRbePTekItelIrukçCati . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
DBH, diameter at
breast height Ggát;p©itenAkMBs;Rtwm edImRTUg (dbh) – Cakarvas;Evg Ggát; http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

p©itCalkçN³bTdæan EdlmankMBs;RbEhl 4 1/2 feet BIdI


. 1. enARtg;TICMral karvas;RtUv)aneFIVeLIg BIkMBUlénTYl
2. DBH Gacvas;Ggát;p©itenAelIsMbkeQI emIl diameter

inside bark, diameter outside bark .


Deciduous forest
éRBCMruHsøwk éRBel,aH CaéRB EdlmanedImeQICMruHsøwkrbs; Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for

vaCaFmμCati . CarukçCati EdlduHlUtlas;ry³eBleRcInqñaM Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),


1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project. - Environmental Word-
. éRB EdlCMruHsøwk rbs;vaCaerogral;qñaM enArdUvRtCak; rW List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,
Mekong Secretariat.
rdUvR)aMg pÞúyBIéRBébtgCanic© . rukçCati éntMbn;GakasFatu
bgÁÜr RbePTeQIxøwm EdlCMruHsøwkrbs;vaenAeBlRtCak; .
Deforestation
karkab;bMpøajéRBeQI : kab;sMGatéRBeQI sMrab;kareRbI http://www.nrcan-
rncan.gc.ca/cfs-

R)as;ry³eBlEvg . kab;ykecjnUv ral;edImeQIQr TaMg scf/science/prodserv/glossary_


e.html#22

Gs; . emIlBakü afforestation, reforestation, regeneration


Digitate
ykecjBIkMBUltamTisedAxus²Kña Rsedognwgkarlayéd Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.

8
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Dioecious
rukçCati EdlmanpáajI nigeQμalzitenAelIedImEtmYy emIl Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
bisexual, monoecious, staminate, strobilus, taxon. of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Direct sowing, direct
seeding 1. karsab rW )acRKab;BUCedayéd rW ma:sIun enAtMbn;NamYy Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

2. BRgayRKab;BUC enAelItMbn;mYy edIm,IdaMduHéRBeQI


International.

(broadcast seeding USA, broadcast sowing Cw = sowing


in situ)
Disease(s)
emIl : Disorder CMgW CakarbMpøajlkçN³citþsaRsþ nigdMeNIr Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

karKImICIvrbs;Pavrs; . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Doubly toothed
CaysøWk EdlmaneFμjDub Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Drainage
1. karbgðÚr: dMeNIrkarbgðÚrsarFaturav BIGIVmYy 2. RbB½n§lU :Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

bMBg;lU rWTueya EdlnaMTwkkxVk;ecj 3. karykvtßúravecj Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
tamry³karbgðÚr
Drupe
Epøsac; Epørwg Edlmansac;enAkñúgftEpø nigmanRKab;mYy rW Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

eRcIn . International.

1. CaRbePTéRBel,aH EdlminsUvmanePøóg . 2. éRBel,aH Species Production Team,


Dry deciduous forest Source: Definition of Digital

EdlenAtMbn;raMgs¶Üt rW Bak;kNþalraMgs¶Üt . 2006.

Dry season
kMLúgeBlRbcaMqañM EdlminmanePøóg rW mankMritTab . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

pÞúyBIBakü wet- or rainy season. 2006.

Durability
lT§PaB EdlGacFn;)anry³eBlyUr CaBiessminmankar Source: Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

bMpøaj rWxUcxat. Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Dyestuff(s)
ral;sarFatu EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;eFIVBN’ rWl½kç rWcMraj;yk Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003.

BN’ rW l½kç .
Ecology
karsikSanUvsrIragÁmanCIvitTaMgGs;enAkñúgtMbn; nigbrisßan Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

rbs;BYkva . International.

Elevation
ry³kMBs;éntMbn; : kMBs;tMbn;eFobnwgnIvU:TwksmuRT enAkMrit Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

9
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

1,000 feet x<s;CagkMritTwksmuRT . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Elliptic
søwkrageGlIb EdlmancMnukkNþalrIkFM nigcugTaMgsgçag Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

esμIKña . International.

Elliptical
eGlIb (n½ydUc) = dUceGlIb Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Endemic
1. CaRbéBNI (edImkMeNIt) rWmanlkçN³tMbn; rW TItaMgCak; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

lak; pÞúyBIBakü exotic 2. CaCMgW EdlqøgeTAelIrukçCatienA 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

kñúgtMbn;TaMgmUl 3. cMnYnrukçCati stV rW vIrus EdlrgnUvCMgW


mankMritTab emIl epidemic
Environmental
Amplitude KWCaEdneGkULÚsIu EdlRbePTGacrs;)an . ktþabrisßan Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

rbs;rukçCatidUcCa: ry³kMBs; kMritTwkePøóg sItuNðPaB 2006.


kMritBnøW pH CaedIm .
Erosion control
karRKb;RKgkarhUreRcaH ³ karkarBardIRbqaMgnwgkarhUrnUvfμ Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

rWRsTab;dI sarFatuciBa¢wmepSg² edaysarTwk xül; rW Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Definition of
Twkkk. karRKb;RKgkarhUreRcaH GacRtUv)aneFIVeLIgtam Digital Species Production
Team, 2006.
ry³kar daMduHrukçCati EdlmanrWseRCA eRbIR)as;KMrbrukçCati
rW ksag nUvfñak;² enAtMbn;PñM .
Even-aged
edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña manlMdab;fñak;GayuEtmYy Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Even-aged stand(s)
edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña manlMdab;fñak;GayuEtmYy Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

emIl stand 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Evergreen forest
RbePTéRB EdlmanedImeQI GacrkSasøwkrbs;BYkvaenAkñúg Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

ry³eBleBjmYyqñaM . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
FA (Forestry
Administration) 1. rdæ)aléRBeQI 2. rdæ)aléRBeQI (RtUv)aneRbIR)as;enAkñúg Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

10
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

RbeTskm<úCapgEdr )
Family
emIlBakü: Taxonomy CaRkuménePT (genera) énPav³rs; Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

EdlzitenAkñúglMdab;cMNat;fñak; EdlTak;TgKña . International.

1. bec©keTséRBeQI EdlGnuvtþelI kardaM RKb;RKg


Farm forestry Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigeRbIR)as;dI sMrab;kardaduHéRBeQI emIl : agroforestry 2. 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
karGnuvtþkarRKb;RKgéRBeQI enAelIdIPUmi CaTUeTA manrYm Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
bBa¢Últic rW eRcIn nUvkarGnuvtþkñúgksidæan . ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Fence
rbg 1. CBa¢aMgb¤sSI eQI rW Edk Edldak;CMuvij sYnc,ar Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003. - Source:

valERs cMkar rW GaKar edIm,IkMueGaymnusS rW stVcUl rW Terminology of Forest Science,


Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
ecj 2. enAelIma:sIunEkécñeQI EdlkMnt; nUvTTwg rW kMras; ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
rbs;vtßú rW eQI EdlRtUvEkécñ .
Fiber(s)
srésr 1. CaBakü EdleRbIsMedA eTAelIekasikaeQI eRcIn Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

Cagsrésr vessel nig parenchyma . 2. CaBaküeRbIsMrab; and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
eQI CaTUeTA 3.srésesþIg Evg EdlmanenAkñúgedIm Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Finely toothed
søwk EdlmanEKmsøwktUc ragdUceFμjrNa . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
First class wood
eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna Source: Definition of Digital
1988 Species Production Team,

PñMeBj ) CaRbePTl¥TIBIr bnÞab;BIeQIRbNit EdlRtUv)an 2006.

cat;Tukfa manKuNPaBx<s;CageK .
Fodder
cMNIstV CasarFatuTaMgLay EdlstV Bahn³ nigstVéRB Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

GacsIu)an . International.

Fodder tree
RbePTrukçCati CacMNIstVenAkñúgRsuk . Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Follicle
1.rUg fgtUc Rbehag 2. EpøKYrs¶Üt: EpøeTals¶Üt EdleRbH Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

tambeNþay edIm,IbeBa©jRKab; . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

11
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Forest plantation
cMkareQI forestry planting (n½ydUc) edImeQIQr EdlRtUv Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

)anbegáIt edaykardaM rW )acRKab;edaymnusS 1. cMkarGac of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
manduHrukçCatiRsTab;eRkam EdlduHedayFmμCati 2. GacGa
Rs½y eTAelIeKalbMNgénkarRKb;RKg cMkarGacCa cMkar
suT§ rW cMruHRbePT minesμIKña nUvkMritGayu nigRsTab;
3. cMkarGacRtUv)andaMduH enAkñúgxYbry³eBlxøI sMrab;CIvma:s;

famBl nigplitkmμsréseQI enAxYbEvg sMrab;plitkmμ


eQIh‘ub rW tMélepSgeTot .
forestry, forestry profession (n½ydUc) CMnaj Tak;Tgnwg
Forestry Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

viTüasaRsþ sil,³ nigkarGnuvtþ RKb;RKg eRbIR)as; GPirkS ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
éRBeQI nigedaymankareRbIR)as;Fn;Fan Edlman
RbeyaCn_dl;mnusS nigRbkb edaynirnþPaB eTAtameKal
bMNg tMrUvkar nigtMél cMNaM PaBFMeFgénCMnaj éRBeQI
rYmman CIvsaRsþ brimaN karRKb;RKg nigviTüasaRsþsgÁm
EdlGnuvtþnUv karRKb;RKg nigGPirkSéRBeQI varYmman
CMnaj ksirukçkmμ ]sSah_kmμ éRBeQI minEmn]sSah_kmμ
éRBeQI nigstVéRB karkMsanþ CaedIm emIl agroforestry,
forester.
Fragrance(s)
1. køinRkGUb : køin EdlbeBa©jedayrukçCati 2. PaBRkGUb : Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

manlkçN³RkGUb 3. TwkGb; : vtßú Edlmankøinxus²Kña dUcCa Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
TwkGb; EdlmankøinsMrab;burs
Fruit
CasrIragÁEdlpÞúknUvRKab; énRbePTrukçCati Edlmanpáa Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

edaymanGUvarITMu . ]TahrN_³ Epøsac; rW EpøKYr . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Fruit tree
RbePTedImeQI Edlpþl;Epø EdlRtUv)andaMduH . mandUcCa Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

sVay KUeln savma:v emon xñúr rWFuern . eQIhUbEpøRtUv)an 2006.


daMduHenAkñúgcMkar sYn nigeRkaypÞH .

12
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Fruit type
BaküsMedAeTA elIrUbragTUeTA nigTMrg;rbs;Epø . ]TahrN_ Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

RbePTEpøKYr nigEpøsac;CaedIm . 2006.

Fuelwood
eQIfamBl Gus Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Gene ecological
zone tMbn;eGkULÚsIuEsn tMbn;EdlmanlkçN³eGkULÚsIudUcKña Source: CTSP, 2003: Forest
Gene Conservation Strategy -

ehIy manlkçN³esenTicrbs;RbePT dUcKña (Graudal et Gene Conservation Strategy,


Species Monographs, Gene
Ecological Zonation, Species
al., 1997) . enAkm<úCa mantMbn;eGkULÚsIuEsn 7 RtUv)aneFIV Site Matching Model. (CD-
ROM).
GtþsBaØaN edayeyageTAtam bioclimate rukçCati
rUbsaRsþ nigdI .
genus, generic (KuNnam); genera (Bhuvcn³) emIl :
Genus Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
Taxonomy; Nomenclature; Systematics; Classification; International.

Genus novum ePT CacMNat;fñak; énsrIragÁrs; Edlman


lkçN³xus²Kña BIePTmYyeTAmYy CaTUeTA vamanRbePT
mYy rWeRcIn kñúgkareFIVcMNat;fñak;ePT én rbs;RKYsarbs;
RbePT .
germination, germinate (TMrg;epSg²Kña) dMNuH 1. KWCakar
Germination Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

cab; epþImlUtlas; rbs;RKab; s<r rW eks CaTUeTA dMNuHsM 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

edAelI karduHcak;ecjBIsMbkRKab; s<r rW CBa¢aMgekasika


eks nigmanelceLIgnUv radicle, plumule, thallus, rW hypha
2. karbnþBUC edaykUneQI tamry³kardaMRKab;

girdling - viFIsaRsþsMlab;edImeQI edaykarkat;sMbk


Girdling http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

edImCMuvij varYmmankareRbIR)as;fñaMsMlab;rukçCati fñaMKImI


pgEdr emIl band girdling.
Glabrous
Kμaneram rW TMEBk . pÞúynwgBakü pubescent rW hirsute . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Globular
1. rages<ó : ragmUl dUc)al; 2. manragmUl Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft

13
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Corporation.
Growth rings, annual
rings rgVg;lUtlas; rgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . emIl³ growth rings. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c
Gum(s)
C½r CaBakü eRbIsMrab;rukçCati rW edImeQIEdl GacTajyk Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

CatiC½r)an nigCasarFatu EdlmanTMrg;KImI saMujaMu RtUv)an International.


cat;TukfamankMrit kabUnGIuRdatb:UlIEmx<s; . énC½r Edl
GacrlaykñúgTwk)an dUcCaC½rGakasüa (gum arabic) –
kareRbIR)as;CacMbgnUvC½r EdlrlaykñúgTwk KWCa»sf
nigkarplitRkdas . sMKal; : enA USA, oleoresin KWsMedA
eTAelI 'gum' emIl natural resin, wood gum
=alkali soil. CadI EdlmanCaGMbileRcIn EdlGacb:HBal;
Halomorphic soil Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

dl;karlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati . dIsMbUreTAeday NaCl . and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Hardboard
engineered wood composite finger joint ( n½ydUc); Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

flakeboard ( n½ydUc); glulam (n½ydUc); hardboard (n½ydUc 1998, The Society of American
); Foresters.

insulation board (n½ydUc); laminated veneer lumber

(n½ydUc); medium-density fiberboard (n½ydUc); particle

board (n½ydUc); plywood (n½ydUc) plitBIeQI EdleRbIkav

bitP¢ab;Kña nigCaplitpl EdlmanlkçN³esdækic© Cag


eQIGarrwg emIl hollow-core construction; RbePTénvisVkmμ
eQIEdlrYman karP¢ab;BIeQImYyeTAmYy edayma:sIun
nigkav sMKal; dMeNIrkarenH Gacplitkþa )anRKb;RbEvg
TaMgGs; emIl particle board –CaRsTab;eQIRtUv)anbitkav
edIm,IeGayrwgmaMu nigEvg PaKeRcInRtUv)aneRbICa Fñwm rWkþa .
cMNaM srésreQIGacTajykBIkMeTceQI eday "karpÞúH"
EdlekItmaneLIgtamry³kareRbIsMBaF kþaEdlplitman
dg;sIuetTab edaykareRbIkMedA .
Hardwood
eQIxøwm CaeQIrukçCatisøwkFM nigCMruHsøwk edImeQI Edlman http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

14
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

eQIxøwmeRcInzitenAkñúgRkum Angiospermae 2. Ca xylem én


Angiospermae –sMKal; eQIxøwm manPaBxus²Kña TaMgTis

Qr nigedk b:uEnþ vamansrés vessels nig rays cMNaM


eQIrbs;eQIxøwm GacmanrUbsaRsþrwm rWTn; emIl softwood,
lumber _____________________________ Source:
Dictionary of Forestry (1998) published by the Society of
American Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198. Not for further reproduction.
Hazard(s)
1. EdlGacmaneRKaHfñak; : GIV²TaMgGs; EdlGacbNþal Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

eGaymaneRKaHfñak; 2. kMritgayrgeRKaHfñak; edaystVl¥it Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source: The
nigePøIgeqH rbs;eQIQr 3. )at;bg;»kas rW karreRKaHfñak; dictionary of Forestry, John
A.Helms (ed.), 1998, The
Society of American Foresters.
- Source: World Book 2004
(Deluxe), 2003.
Heartwood
xwømeQI eQIEpñkkNþalrbs;edImeQI rWEmk EdlmanGayu Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

cas; exμA nigrwgCageQI EdlenACMuvijva . 1. ekasikaeQI Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
xøwmminmanvtßúrs;eT nigminmandMeNIrkaRbtikmμGIVTaMgGs;
2. PaBTak;Taj nigRss;s¥atmanenAelIeQIxøwm edaysarva

manBN’exμACag eQIRsay .
Hectare (ha)
xñatEm:RténtMbn; : EdlesμInwg 100 ares rW 10,000 Em:Rtkaer Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

(2.471 acres). Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Hemispherical
GDÆeKal 1. mYycMehogénEpndI : CaBiessBak;kNþal Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

xageCIg rW xagt,ÚgeGkVaT½r rW enAxaglic rW ekItExS Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
meridian 2. Bak;kNþalEsV‘ rW vtßú EdlmanragmUl
Herbicide
fñaMsMlab;rukçCatitUc² , fñaMsMlab;esμA CaRbePTfñaM EdleRbI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

sMrab;sMlab; rW RKb;RKgkarlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
High forest
éRBmanedImeQIx<s; EdlduHecjBIkUneQItUc² niglUtlas; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

CaedImeQIx<s; nigkenSamsøwkCit²Kña emIl low forest 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Humic soil
dI EdlekItmkBImemak . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

15
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


2006.
Humid
sMeNIm RH (GkSkat;); Tak;TgnwgsMeNIm (manTMrg;xus² Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Kña) CabrimaNTwk EdlhYteTAkñúgxül; . CaTUeTA RtUv)an International.

kMNt;faCasMeNIm .
Humus
memak CasarFatuexμA rWetñat EdlmansmasFatusaMuBaJaMu Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eRbIsMrab;bMEbksMNl;rukçCati nigstV enAelIépÞdI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

n½ydUcnwgBakü soil organic matter .


Hybrid
kUnkat; GIuRb‘Ít CakUnkat; Edl)anmkBIem)aBIepSgKña Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

sMKal; BaküenH eRbIsMrab;RbePT Edl)anbgáat;Kña TaMgkñúg 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

RbePT dUcKña nigeRkARbePT . emIl allele, cross-


pollination, F1, F2, genotype, heterosis, heterozygous,
species hybrid.
Hydromorphic soil
1. CaGnulMdab;éndI intrazonal EdlrYman 7 RkumFM²rbs;dI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

BYkvabegáItnUvTMrg; enAeRkamlkçx½NÐ EdlminRbB½n§bgðÚrTwk 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
CaMTwk rabesμI dk;Twk 2. = hydrogenetic soil dIEdlvivtþn_ Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
edaysaPaKRKb;RKgrbs;Twk EdlbegáItnUvGtisuxumR)aN ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
dl;dI .
Inflorescence
kBa©úMpáa emIl : Flower The flowering portion of a plant; the Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
flowerhead. International.
Insecticide
fñaMeRbIR)as;edIm,IkMcat;stVl¥it . fñaMsMlab;stVl¥itxøH k_Gac Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

eRbIR)as;sMrab;kMcat; éc keNþó BIgBag nigstVl¥itepSg International.


eTot .
= éRBlicTwk rW kMraléRBRtUv)anRKbdNþb;edayTwk
Inundated forest Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

]TahrN_ éRBlicTwkenAkm<úCa dUcCaéRbekagkag nig 2006.


éRBlicTwkCMuvijbwgTenøsab .
Irrigation
karpþl;TwkeTAelItMbn; NamYy: pÁt;pÁg;TwkenAtMbn;raMgs¶Üt Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

CaBiess CaBiessCYyrukçCatieGayduHlUtlas; . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

16
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Source: Definition of Digital
Resources Species Production Team,
2006.
Janka side hardness
= PaBrwg Cakarvas;EvgPaBrwgmaMu Fn; sMedAeTAelI ]sSah_
Source:
http://www.hampshirehardwood

kmμ
Janka hardness .
Janka vas;EvgnUvbnÞúkEdlGac s.com, 2006

TTYl)ankñúgGgát;p©it 0.444-inch énr)aEdk eTAkñúgeQI


EdlmanGgát;p©itBak;kNþalr)a . karvas;Evg Janka KW
GaRs½yeTAelIkMritmFüméneQIGar EdlGacpþl;nUvkMrit
xus²Kña .
Juvenile
xusBIv½yCMTg; EdlkMNt;edaylkçN³xageRkA b:uEnþminTan; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

GaceFIVkarbgáat;)an emIl immature 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Kingdom
CacMNat;fñak;x<s;bMput énvtßúFmμCati : EdlmandUcCa stV Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

rukçCati Er: EdlenAkñúgPavrs; EdlRtUv)anEbgEckedayGñk Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
viTüasaRsþ .
Lanceolate
ragdUcbnÞHes<ó . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Late wood
ekasikaeQI EdlplitenAcugrdUvénkarlUtlas; EdleFIV Source: www.ncforestry.org,
2006

eGaymansñamBN’exμA énrgVg;lUtlas;RbcaMqñaM . RtUv)an


ehApgEdr fa summerwood
Lateral root
rWsryag BnøkrWs CarWstUc² EdlduHecjBIrrWsEkvrbs; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

edImeQI . RbsinmntYnaTITb; edImeQI eGaymanlMnwg . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

1. C½reQI: sarFaturavBN’sRsedogTwkedaHeKa Edlman


Latex (plural latices) Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

enAkñúgedImekAs‘U EdlC½rrbs;vaRtUv)anykmkplit ekAs‘U Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
eRkt 2. karlay kMeTcpøasÞic enAkñúgTwk : ekAs‘UyWt rW
)aøsÞic polymer enAkñúgTwk eRbIsMrab;plit fñaMlabpÞH kav
nigplitpepSg²eTot .
= eQμaHviTüasaRsþénRbePT nigePT edayeyagtamkar
Latin name Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

17
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

TTYlsÁal;cMNat;fñak;CaGnþrCati .
1. ExSry³TTwg : ExSkat;TTwgEpndICaBIesμIKña TaMgxageCIg
Latitude Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

nigt,ÚgeGkVaT½r 2. tMbn;énépÞEpndI : tMbn; épÞEpndI Edl Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
enACitExSTTwg .
Leaf
søwk Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society
of American Foresters, 5400
Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Leaf arrangement
kartMerobrbs;søwk Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Leaf margin
EKmsøwk Caysøwk Gacrelag ekag ragTwkrlk rW maneFμj Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Leaf shape
TMrg;søwk rUbragsøwk ]TahrN_ søwkGacmanrageGlIb mUl Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

niges<ó søwkxøHtMerobt²Kña = leafshaped parts of one leaf . 2006.

Leaf tip
kMBUl rW cug rbs;søwk EdlGacmanlkçN³RsYc rW Tal . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Leaflet
snøwk Epñkénsmassøwk emIl Source: Forestry Compendium
: Planthopper Insect of the (Global Module), CAB

suborder Homoptera, family Cicadellidae, EdlsIu International.

tamry³karCBa¢k;rukçrs rW C½rrbs;edIm nigsøwk .


Legume
RbePTrukçCatikñúgRKYsar Fabaceae (Leguminosae); Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Epørbs;rukçCati Legume International.

Light demanding
rukçCati EdlRtUvkarBnøWxøaMg edIm,IduHlUtlas; . dUcCaRbePT Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

Rsl;søwkBIr pinus spp. CaRbePT RtUvkarBnøWxøaMg . 2006.

= branch EmkeQI EmktUc² CaEpñk Edlman søwk páa nigEpø Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
Limb Source: Environment Words,

(ed.), Images Asia.


Limestone
fμEdlpSMBIkal;süÚmkabUNat . Source: Dictionary of
Geological Terms; Bates,R;
Jackson, J. (ed.); 1983;
American Geological Institute.
Linear
zitenACabnÞat; . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

18
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Living fence(s)
rbgrs; edImeQIRtUv)andaMCarbg rW CYy edIm,IkMNt;RBM Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

karBarstV RBil nigRbePTrukçCatI EdlGaceRbICafamBl 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

nigcMNIstV n½ydUc live fence


Loam
l,ay CavaynPaBdI EdlrYmman brimaNesμI²Kña én xSac; Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

xSac; Pk; nig\dæ . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Log
kMNat;eQI karkat;eQImUl karkab;edImeQI EmkRkas; Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

bnÞab;BIkarkat;tMrwm nigkarqøgKña . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Longitude
ExSry³beNþay 2. tMbn; EdlzitenACitExSry³beNþay
1.
Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

NamYy Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Lumber
lumber sawnwood ( n½ydUc) plitpleQIGar Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

)anmkBIedImeQI sMKal; muxkat;eQIGarRtUv)ankat;enATMhM of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Cak;lak; TaMgkMras; nigRbEvgmuxkat;eQIxøwmRtUv)ankat;tMrUv
tamkarpliteRKOgsgðarwm rW plitplepSgeTot muxkat;
eQIRsay mankMras;BI 1 eTA 5 inches EdleRbIkñúgkar
sagsg; nigkarlk;dUr n½ydUc : sawnwood, sawtimber.
Luxury wood
eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna 1988 Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

PñMeBj ) CaeQIRbNit EdlmanKuNPaBx<s;bMput . 2006.

Mangrove forest
éRBekagkag CaéRBEdlduHlUtlas;enACit eqñrsmuRT Edl Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

manBBYkeQIRtUBikduH edayman Rhizophora,Laguncularia, 2006.


nig Avicennia duHlb; nigkEnøgEdlEtgrknUvTwkeCar nig
nac .
maturity, maturation (n½ydUc) PaBeBjv½y edImeQI Edl
Maturation Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

manGayuesμIKña nigGaceFIVkarbnþBUC)an ehIymankarlUt ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
las;kMBs;xøaMg Gacdl;kMBs;GaceFIVBaNiC¢kmμ)an . emIl
juvenile phase, old-growth forest, overmature, pole,

19
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


sapling.
Mature
n½ydUc) PaBeBjv½y Source:
adjective of maturity, maturation (
Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

edImeQI EdlmanGayuesμIKña nigGaceFIVkarbnþBUC)an ehIy ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
mankarlUt las;kMBs;xøaMg Gacdl;kMBs;Gac eFIVBaNiC¢kmμ
)an . edImeQIGacmin manGayuesμIKña ehIykareBjv½y
k_minGacdUcKñaEdr . emIl juvenile phase, old-growth
forest, overmature, pole, sapling.
Modulus of elasticity
kMritGacbt;Ebn)an karvas;Evg karxUcRTg;RTayrbs;eQI Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

edayeRbI bnÞúkesμIKña edIm,ItMrg;eQIkñúgkMritmYy EdlGacbt; ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
)an sMKal; PaBbt;Ebn)anrbs;eQI KWCaPaBrwgrbs;eQI
modulus of elasticity (E) = normal stress/normal strain –
n½ydUc Young's modulus (of elasticity), coefficient of
elasticity -emIl modulus of rigidity, modulus of rupture,
moment of inertia of cross section.
Modulus of rupture
karvas;EvgnUvkMritTMgn;x<s;bMput EdlsréseQIminGac Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

RTRTg;)an edayeRbInUvbnÞúk EdleFIVeGayeQIekag of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
emIl modulus of elasticity, modulus of rigidity.
Monoecious
cMnYnRbePT rW RbePT EdlmantYnaTI CapáajI nigeQμal Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

enAkEnøgxusKña enAelIrukçCatiEtmYy emIl bisexual, of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
dichogamy, dioecious, strobilus. 20814-2198.
Natural regeneration
karduHlUtlas;edayFmμCatirbs;rukçCati edaysarRKab; Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

karduHBnøk kUneQI nigExñg . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Nectar
Twkdm rW CavtßúFatuedImsMrab;plitTwkXμMú . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Needle
søwk conifer: søwkRsYc EdlmanenAelIRbePTeQI conifer . Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Neutral
CasarFatu EdlminEmnCaGasIut rW )as . man pH esμI 7 Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia.

20
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Neutral soil
dINWt CaRbePTdI Edlman pH esμI 7.0 . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Nitrogen
nIRtUEsn ]sμ½nKμanBN’ nigkøin eRbIR)as;sMrab;plit Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

Gam:UBaJak; eKOgpÞúH nigCI . nimitþsBaØa N Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Nitrogen fixation
karpþl;GasUt KW Ca karpøas;bþÚrFatunIRtUEsn (N2) Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

BIbriyakas eTAeGaysarBagÁkayrs; kñúgkareRbIR)as; . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
sMKal; karpþl;GasUt symbiotic RtUv)aneFIVeLIgtamry³
)ak;etrI EdlmanenAelIkMBkrWs rukçCati legumes GaceFIV
eLIg edayBBYkmIRkUsarBagÁkay Cak;lak;minmankMBkrWs
nigminEmnCa legumes nigBBYkvarICati dUcCasarayCaedIm
Nut
Epøs¶Üt EpøEdlmineRbH manRKab;EtmYy Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Nutrient
sarFatu rW smasFatuKImI EdlRtUv)aneRbICaGahar rW Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

layCamYysarFatuepSgeTot edIm,IbegáItCaGahar . International.

Nutrition
sarFatuciBa©wm 1. karEkécñGahar : dMeNIrkarRsUbyk Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Gahar edImrkSasuxPaB nigduHlUtlas; 2. viTüasaRsþ International.


Gahar: viTüasaRsþ EdlTak;TgnwgGahar nig\T§iBlrbs;va
eTAelIsuxPaB 3. Gahar : Gahar sarFatuEr: vitamins
nigsarFatucBa©wmepSgeTot Edlman
Obovate
emIl : Ovate Ovate ragdUcCas‘ut EdlmanEpñkTTwgFM Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

enAxageRkamEpñkkNþal . CaBaküeRbIsMrab;BiBN’naBI International.


søwk ragdUcCas‘ut rW Bgman;
Obtuse
ril rW manragmUlenAkMBUl rWcug . Source:
www.knowledgebank.irri.org,
2006
Oil
eRbg 1. sarFatu EdlGacduteqH EdlTTYl)anBIRbPB Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for

rukçCati stV Er: eRbgmansßanrav enAkMritsItuNðPaBFmμta Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),


1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.Source: Environmental
nigrlayenAkñúgsarFatusrIragÁ 2. sarFaturav Edlrelag Word-List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,

21
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

EdldutedIm,IbegáItkMedA Mekong Secretariat. - Source:


Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Images Asia.
Operculum
snÞHRKb EdlmanenAkñúg Esø nigpSit Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Opposite
pÞúyKña QmKña : sMedAelIEpñkrbs;rukçCati dUcCasøwk rW páa Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

EdlduHlUtlas;enAelIedImEtmYy b:uEnzitenAmçagmñak; . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Orchard
cMkar 1. cMkareQIhUbEpø : dI EdleQIhUbEpøRtUv)andaM Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

sMrab;lk; 2. EpøeQIdaMduHsMrab;BaNiC¢kmμ RKb;eQIhUbEpø Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
EdldaMsMrab;eKalbMNgBaNiC¢kmμ .
Order
emIlBakü: Taxonomy; Family; Class KWCacMNat;fñak;enA Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

eRkam class nig xagelI family ]TahrN_ ³ Lepidoptera . International.

Ornamental plant
rukçCati EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;karEtglMGr (dUcCa sYnc,ar Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

nigtampøÚv) 2006.

Ovary
GUva:rI GUEv CasrIragÁmYyrbs;eksjI EdlpÞúkGUvul Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

nigvivdþeTACaEpø of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Ovate
ovate, ovoid ( TMrg;epSg²Kña) ragmUlRTEvg ragdUcs‘ut Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

emIl : Obovate Egg-shaped in outline. International.

ovate, ovoid (TMrg;epSg²Kña) ragmUlRTEvg ragdUcs‘ut


Ovoid Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

emIl: Obovate Egg-shaped in outline. International.

Palmate
ragdUcCa)atéd CaBiesssMedAeTAelIsøwk . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Panicle
Panicle, paniculate ( KuNnam) cegáam KYr k,alRKab;BUC Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Parkland system
kardaMduHdMNaM CacenøaH eRkamedImeQI EdlduHenAq¶ayBIKña Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

emIlBakü agroforestry . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.

22
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Particle board
kþakMeTceQI Caplitpl eQI)anmkBIkarbitkav nUvkMeTc Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

eQIeGayeTACa kþa sMrab;eRbIR)as; . of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
Peduncle
Tg GacCaTgpáa rW Epø . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Perennial
perennial, perennating (KuNnam) rukçCati EdlmanGayu Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

elIsBI 2 qñaMcab;BIeBlduH . International.

Pesticide(s)
fñaMsMlab;stVl¥it CasarFatuKImI EdleRbIsMrab;RKb;RKgcMnYn Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

stVl¥it rW eFIVeGaymanrbYs emIl nontarget species, ofGrosvenor


American Foresters, 5400
Lane, Bethesda, MD
slurry, target species. 20814-2198.
Petiole
n½ydUc); leafstalk (n½ydUc) Leaf-stalk
petioule, leaf-stalk (
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

(n½ydUc) Tg KWCaEpñk EdlsøwkRtUv)anP¢ab; eTAnWgEmk rW


International.

edIm . stVl¥it : cegáHrbs; Rsemac XμúM nig»ma:l


pH énsUluysüúg enAkñúgdI sMKal; pH RtUv)akMNt;eday
pH (Soil) Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

mFümrbs; kBa©k; rW Rkdasvas; pH kMritsUluysüúgrbs; of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
TwkeRkamdI 0.01 M CaCl2, or 1 M KCl emIl soil reaction..
Phosphorus
pUsVr 1. sarFatuKImI EdlGaceqH nigmanBnøW eRbIsMrab;eFIV Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

eQIKUs kaMRCYc eRKOgsMrab;GuC rW dut CI nimitþsBaØa P Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Phylum
cMNat;fñak; stV nigrukçCatieTARkum EdlbegáIt)an Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

CacMnYnfñak; (classes) CaeRcIn . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Pinnate
tMerobCalkçN³qøas;Kña dUcCasøwk peas, Lucaena, Albizia Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
etc. Pinnate-compound leaf Feather-compound leaf International.

(n½ydUc) emIl : Pinnate leaf Bak;kNþalCaysøwk Edlman


ragRsYc Pinnate-lobed leaf, Feather-lobed leaf (n½ydUc)
Pith
CaCalikaenAkñúgedIm : CalikakNþalénedIm rbs;rukçCati Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

mansrés Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.

23
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Planar
1. énFNImaRtrbs;épÞrab 2. rabesμI Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Plantation
cMkar cMkareQI :CaedImeQIRtUv)andaMedaykUn rW RKab;pÞal;. Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

forest plantation (n½ydUc); forestry planting (n½ydUc) CaeQI


1998, The Society of American
Foresters - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Qr EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaysib,nimiμt cMnaM 1. cMkareQIGac Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
maneQIduHRsTab;eRkam EdlekItedayFmμCati 2.eyageTA ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
elIeKalbMNgRKb;RKg cMkarGacCaÉkRbePT rW suT§ nigcMruH English Khmer Technical
Glossary for Agriculture, Men
EdlRtUv)ankat;tMrwm nigmanfñak;Gayuxus²Kña nigGacman Sarom (ed.), 1999, Cambodia-
IRRI-Australia Project.
stVéRBrs;nUvkñúgenaHpgEdr 3. cMkarGacmanxYbry³eBlxøI
sMrab;CIvma:s; famBl plitkmμsrés nigxYbry³eBlEvg
sMrab;plikmμeQIh‘ub nigeKalbMNgepSgeTot . emIl :
Leafhopper 1. eQIQr EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaysib,nimμit 2.

= Artificial crop éRBeQI EdlRtUv)andaMduHedaymnusS tam

ry³karsabRKab; rW kUneQI 3. tMbn; EdldMNaMRtUv)andaMduH


Planting
kardaMduH kardaMduHeLIgvij dMenIrkardaMduH edIm,IFanakarlUt Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

las; plitkmμ nigkarbgáat; . International.

=Plinthosols (PT) dIpøIntUs‘ul CadI EdlmansarFatu


Plinthic soil Source: http://www.fao.org,
2006

petroplinthic enAkMrars; 50 cm BIépÞRsTab;elIdI rW plinthic

enAkMras; 50 cm BIépÞdI rW plinthic kMras; 100 cm BIépÞdI


enAeBlépÞdImanCati albic rW stagnic enAkñúgdI
= plowing karP¢ÜrdI 1. eFIVeGaydImanragCaKnøg : eFIVkar
Ploughing Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

bMEbkdI nigRtlb;cuHeLIg 2. kat;GIVmYy : kat;GIVmYytam Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
ry³karP¢Ür 3. eFIVkarsMGat : P¢ÜrsMGatRBil EdlRKbenAelI
pøÚv 4. kardaMGIVmYyenAeRkamdI : kardak; dUcCaCI rW dMNaM
edayeRbIR)as;karP¢Úr

24
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Plywood
kþabnÞH plitplEdl)anmkBI karbitedaykarnUvRsTab; Source: Dictionary of Forestry
(1998) published by the Society

eQIesþIgCab;Kña . CabnÞH EdlbegáIteLIgedaykarbitkav of American Foresters, 5400


Grosvenor Lane, Bethesda, MD
20814-2198.
énRsTab; veneers cMNaM : kþabnÞH RtUv)anpSMBIvIna BIbI bYn rW
R)aMsnøwk
Pod
Epøs¶Üt EdleRbHEbk EpøKYr dUcCaRbePT legumes (sENþk) Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

EdleRbHEbk enAeBlTMu . International.

Pollen
lMGg 1. RKab;lMGg . 2. emSAsMrab;karbgárkMeNIt : emSA Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

Edlplitedaypáarbs;rukçCati EdlmanpÞúk nUvekasikabnþ 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source: Encarta
Dictionary Tools.
BUCeQμal vaRtUv)annaMeday xül; stVl¥it eTArukçCatiepSg Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
eTot EdlvaRtUv)anbgárkMeNIt Corporation.

Pollination
dMeNIrlMGg karnaMlMGgeTAelITMrpáajI edIm,IbgárkMeNIt Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

cMnaM enAkñúgBBYk angiosperms TMrenHCaépÞrbs; stigmatic 1998, The Society of American


Foresters

cMeBaH gymnosperms TMrCakMBUlrbs; ovule emIl


controlled pollination, fertilization, receptivity.
Post(s)
begÁal CaTUeTAragmUl rWRCug sMrab;Tb;GaKar nigrbgCaedIm Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Precipitation
tu)at 1. ral;TMrg;rav rW rwgrbs;Twk EdlFøak;BIbriyakasmk Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

elIépÞEpndI EdlrYmman rlwm ePøóg RBil RKab;RBil dMuRBil 1998, The Society of American
Foresters

dMuTwkkk RKab;Twkkk cMnaM plEck tu)at eTAnwgkarMhYt


mansar³sMxan;sMrab;r)a:yrbs;rukçCati 2. karvas;Evg
brimaN RtUv)anKitCa GIug (inches) sg;TIEm:Rt
(centimeters) rWmIlIEm:Rt (milliliters) énCMerArbs;Twkrav

EdlFøak;mkelItMbn; nigeBlevlaCak;lak;NamYy emIl


precipitation gauge, recording rain gauge.
Propagation
kardaM rWbNþúHnUvrukçCatifμI BIRKab; Bnøk karkat; rWbMe)A . Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
(ed.), Images Asia.
Protein
RbUetGIun CasmasFatuGasUt kabUn GIRdUEsn GuksIuEsn Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

nigGatUms‘ulpY . vaCaEpñksar³sMxan;én protoplasm International.

25
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

énekasikars; . GasUt x 6.25 = protein.


Provenance
tMbn;edImkMeNIt rbs;RbPBRKab;BUC eks rW propagules – Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

emIl geographic race, local seed source. 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Pulpwood
eQImUl kMeTceQI rW sMNl;eQI EdleRbIR)as;sMrab;plit Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

kmμeQI . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters
Radial
ragCakaM kat;CakaMrgVg; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters
Railway sleeper(s)
= Crosstie (USA) =railroad tie (USA).eQIdak;epþk ² Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

enAtampøÚvrfePøIg edImRTRTg;pøÚvEdk . and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Recalcitrant
mankarBi)akkñúgRKb;RKg rW Tukdak; KWsMedAeTAelIkarbnþBUC Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

rbs;rukçCati RKab;BUC recalcitrant mankarlM)akkñúgkarTuk Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.According to
dak; . Cambodian Forestry Law (No.
35, 25th June 1988, Phnom
Penh) the second best wood
classification. Only Luxury class
wood is considered to be of
higher quality.
Reforestation
n½ydUc) karbegáItKMrbéRBeQI
reforestation, reafforestation (
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

TaMgedayFmμCati (edayRKab; Exñg rW kUnduHBIrWs) rW 1998, The Society of American


Foresters

sib,nimμit (edayRKab;pÞal; rW daMkUn) –sMKal;


karsþaréRBeQI KWCakarrkSaRbePTéRBeGaymanRbePTdUc
edImvij bnÞab;BIkarkab; emIl afforestation, deforestation,
dibble, hoedad, J-root, stand establishment.
Regeneration
method n½ydUc)
regeneration method single tree selection (
Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

viFIsaRsþkab;edImeQI edIm,ITTYl)annUvcMNat;fñak;GayufμI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters

tamry³karkab;sMGat rW kab;Gs;rlIg kab;TukBUC


kab;TukCaCMrk kab;eRCIserIs nigkarduHExñg n½ydUc
reproduction method -see biological legacy, harvesting
method, irregular, variable retention harvest system;
viFIsaRsþeFIVeGayduHeLIgvij EckCa 4 KW : coppice, even-

26
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


aged, two-aged, and uneven-aged.
Resin
C½reQI 1. karbeBa©jC½r rbs;RbePTedImeQI rW edaykarsIu Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

bMpøajBIstVl¥it EdlCaplitplGuksIutkmμ rW 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.&Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
polymerization én terpenes EdlrYmman l,ayGasIut Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
aromatic nig esters EdlrlaykñúgTwk b:uEnþk_Gacrlaykñúg ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
Gal;kul rW sUluysüúgsrIragÁ . Cr½manenAelIeQI Edlrs; Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
EdlGacRtUv)anecaHyk nigGacpøas;bþÚrsarFatuKImIya:g Images Asia. - Source: English
Khmer Technical Glossary for
elOn 2. sarFaturavs¥it EdlhUrenAkñúgedImeQI edaynaM Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia

sarFatuciBa©wm CaBiessenAkñúgRsl; nigedImekAs‘U 3. GgÁ Project.Source: Environmental


Word-List, Erik Skoglund, 1990,
Mekong Secretariat.
Faturwg rwgmFüm rW ravføa srIragÁ Edl)anmkBI rukçCati .
1. RbePTéRB EdlduHenAtMbn;dIesIm tamdgTenø sÞwg
Riparian forest Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

tMbn;TwkeCar 2. éRB EdlzitenAtambeNþalTenø rW sÞwg 2006.


3. RbePTéRB EdlduHlUtlas; enAtamRbPBTwk bwg sÞwg

nigBwgBak;elIrWs edIm,IduHcak;dl;RbPBTwk
Root
emIl : Aerial root Descending portion of a plant rWsrbs; Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

rukçCati EdlCaEpñk EdlsarFatuciBa©wm nigTwkRtUv)anRsUb International.


yk .
Rostrum, rostrate (KuNnam); beak (n½ydUc); snout (n½ydUc) Tools.
Rostrate Source: Encarta Dictionary

1. EpñkragdUccMBuH 2. cMBuHén Hemiptera CaEsñg weevils


Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source: Forestry
(Curculionidae). (sMKal; : enAkñúgstþviTüa cMBuHKW CaEsñg Compendium (Global Module),
CAB International.
Rbdab;karBarcgáarbs;stVsøab)
Rotation
dMeNIrvilCMu rgVilCMu xYb - cMnYnqñaM http://www.nrcan-
rncan.gc.ca/cfs-

EdlrukçCatiRtUvkarkñúgkareBjv½y rW lUtlas;dl;TMhM Edl scf/science/prodserv/glossary_f


.html#98
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
cg;)an . xYbenAkñúgRbB½n§esμIGayu kMLúgeBl rvagkarduH sts/gloss.html#c
http://www.nrcan-
eLIgvij nigkarkab;cugeRkag sMKal; xYbGacGRs½ynwg rncan.gc.ca/cfs-
scf/science/prodserv/glossary_
lkçN³vinicä½ydUcCa TMhMmFüm Gayu kMeNInmaDRbcaMqñaM e.html#81

27
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

nigkMritlUtlas; RBmTaMglkçx½NÐ CIvsaRsþ emIl financial


maturity, soil rent(al) Rotation: cMnYnqñaM Edl)aneRKagTuk

kñúgkardaMduHeLIgvijnUvedImeQI bnÞab;BIkarkab;RbmUlpl .
Saline soil
dImanCatiéRb rW GMbil CadI nonsodic EdlmanCatiGMbil Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigGacman\T§iBleTAkarlUtlas;rbs;dMNaM cMNaM kMrit 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

eRCobTab GacTajykMritcrnþGKIÁsnI BIdI)ankñúgkMrit t 4


dS m-1 (at 25oC or 77oF) rukçCatigayrgeRKaHenAkMritBak;

kNþalénCatiGMbil nigRbePTEdlFn; GacFn;nwgkMritéRb


dl;eTA BIrdgénkMritdIRbePTenH (dS = decisiemen)
Salt tolerance
EdlFn; nwgCatiéRb rW GMbil KWCalT§PaBrbs;rukçCati Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

GacFn;nwgdImanCaéRbx<s; . dUcCaRbePT edImekagkag 2006.


CaedIm
Sand
dIxSac; 1. dIEdlmanGgÁt;p©it BI 0.05 eTA 2.00 mm (0.002 Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eTA 0.08 inch) . lkçN³dI EdlCadIxSac; KWmankMritxSac; 1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
85 PaKry rWGaceRcInCagenH nigmanPaKrydIPk;pgEdr Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
CamYynwg 1.5 én\dæ EdlminelIsBI 15 PaKry . 2. Ca ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
bMEnk dI EdlmanTMhMtUcCag RKYs nigFMCadIPk; Edlman Environment Words, Glenda
Kupczyk-Romanczuk (ed.),
Ggát;p©it 1/16 eTA 2mm 3. CadMufμ EdlmanTMhMtUc²Edlman Images Asia.
PaK eRcInenAsmuRTxSac; nigeqñrxSac; .
Sapling
kUneQIb:unefñal edImeQImankMBs; 4 1/2 feet nigGgát;p©it 4 http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

inches . kUneQIb:unefñal TMhMFMCakUneQIbnþic EttUcCag

eQIb:unbegáal emIl mature.


Sapwood
RsTab;edImeRkAbg¥s; EdlmanenAkñúgedImeQI Edlrs; nig Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

pSMBI ekasikars; nigCaPñak;garnaMykTwk eTAEpñkxagelI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters

edImeQI . eQITn; rW Rsay manlkçN³Rsal nigBN’


RsalCageQIxøwm . emIl sap, translocation.
28
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Savanna
savanna, shrub savanna ( n½ydUc) CavalesμAtMbn;TMnab Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

tMbn;RtUBi rW GnuRtUBi EdlmanedImeQIduHCadMu² . emIl 1998, The Society of American


Foresters
derived savanna, prairie, savanna woodland.
Sawn wood
emIl : Round wood eQIGar tambeNþay GacmanépÞmUl Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

rW minmUledayFmμCati GacmansMbk rW minmansMbk International.

Scientific name
eQμaHLataMgrbs;srIragÁ EdleRbIR)as;kñúgcMNat;fñak; . Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Second class wood
eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQIkm<úCa (elx 35 éf¶ 25 Exmifuna Source: Definition of Digital
1988 Species Production Team,

PñMeBj ) CaRbePTl¥TIbI bnÞab;BIeQIRbNit nigeQIelxmYy 2006.

EdlRtUv)an cat;Tukfa manKuNPaBx<s;CageK .


Sediment
kkr 1. sarFatul¥it enAkñúgvtßúrav Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Seed
RKab; RKab;BUC 1. EpñkmUl EdlTMu manGMRb‘Íy:ug sMbkRKab; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigCalikasarFatuciBa©wm 1998, The Society of American


Foresters
Seed storage
viFIsaRsþénkarkarBarRKab;BUC edayrkSadMNuHenAkñúgry³ Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

eBlCak;NamYy . karrkSaTukRKab;BUCGacrYmman dMeNIr 2006.


karkñúgkarsMgYt rWkareRbIR)as;TUTwkkkCaedIm .
1. edImeQI EdlRtUv)anTuksMrab; pþl;RKab;BUC 2. viFIsaRsþ Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
Seed tree Source: The dictionary of

bnþBUC edayFmμCati emIl regeneration method. 1998, The Society of American


Foresters

1. kUneQItUc² EdlduHBIRKab; nigduHlUtlas;CaeQIb:un


Seedling Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

efñal . cMNaM PaBxusKñarvagkUn eQI nigeQIb:unefñal International.


minTan;RtUv)ankMNt;c,as;enAeLIgeT . enA\NÐa nigEpñkxøH
énGaeRhVc vamankMBs;CagmYyEm:Rt enAkaNada Ggát;p©it
dbh man 1 cm. 2. kñúgkarGnuvtþenA kñúgfñal kUneQImin

RtUv)andaMeLIgvijeT
Semi-arid
tMbn;Bak;kNþalraMgs¶Üt sMedAelItMbn;TTYl kMritePøógRbcaM Source:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semi-arid,

29
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

qñaMTab (25 eTA 50 cm /10 eTA 20 in) nigsMbUresμAduHeRcIn . 2006


vaRtUv)anpþl;niymn½yeday Köppen climate classification.
Semi-evergreen
forest éRBBak;kNþaleRsag 1. éRB EdlmanedImeQIduHlayKña : Source: Environment Words,
Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk

CaéRBeRsag nigéRBel,aH rW CMruHsøwkduHlayKña 2. éRBCMruH (ed.), Images Asia. - Source:


Forestry Compendium (Global
Module), CAB International.
søwk rukçCatiCMrusøwkrbs;va Caerogral;qñaM
Sepal
emIl : Calyx In flowers Rtbkpáa CaEpñkEdlEck Rtbk Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

nigRsTab;páa EdlenAxageRkam . CYnkarminGacEbgEck International.


)anrvagRtbk nigRsTab;cMeBaHRbePTrukçCatixøH .
Set(s)
kUneQIlμmsMrab;daMduH: kUneQI EdlsmRsb Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

nigmanGayulμmsMrab;daM ]TahrN_ kUneQI Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Shade demanding
= Fn;nwgmøb; : CasmtßPaBrukçCatikñúgduHlUtlas;enAeRkam Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

møb; 2006.

Shade tolerance,
shade tolerant: Fn;nwgmøb; CasmtßPaBrukçCatikñúgduHlUtlas;enAeRkammøb; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Shallow
mineRCA: cenøaHrvagépÞelI nig)ateRkamtUc rW ceg¥ót . Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Shelterwood
eQIpþl;CMrk eQIr)aMg 1. karkat;eQIpþl;CMrk: RbB½n§ Edl Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

edImRtUv)aneRCIserIs sMrab;ry³eBlxøI edIm,IkarBareQI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
EdleTIbduHfμI 2. shelterwood systems, strip cutting Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
(n½ydUc): karkab;edImeQI edayTuknUvRbePTeQIxøH edIm,I ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
pþl;møb;dl;kUneQItUc²CMnan;eRkay duHlUtlas; cMNaM :
kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ GacrYmman bIRbePTénkarkat; : (a) kar
erobcM edayeRCIserIs KW kat;edIm,ITTYl)annUvplitkmμ
30
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

RKab;BUC (b) kardaMduH edayerobcMfñal nigbegáItnUvfñak;


GayufμI (c) karkab;edImeQI edIm,IeGayeQIduHlUtlas;kat;
bnßykarRbKYtRbECg karkat;RtUv)aneFIVCaÉksNæaneTAelI
eQIQrmYy CadMu² nigCaCYr . 3. RbB½n§eQICMrkCa bnÞH rW
qñÚt : RbB½n§enH KW kat;CabnÞH rW qñÚt² edIm,IkarBarxül;
Shelterwood systems
(silviculture) eQIpþl;CMrk eQIr)aMg 1. karkat;eQIpþl;CMrk: RbB½n§ Edl Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

edImRtUv)aneRCIserIs sMrab;ry³eBlxøI edIm,IkarBareQI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

EdleTIbduHfμI 2. shelterwood systems, strip cutting


(n½ydUc): karkab;edImeQI edayTuknUvRbePTeQIxøH edIm,I

pþl;møb;dl;kUneQItUc²CMnan;eRkay duHlUtlas; cMNaM :


kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ GacrYmman bIRbePTénkarkat; : (a) kar
erobcM edayeRCIserIs KW kat;edIm,ITTYl)annUvplitkmμ
RKab;BUC (b) kardaMduH edayerobcMfñal nigbegáItnUvfñak;
GayufμI (c) karkab;edImeQI edIm,IeGayeQIduHlUtlas;kat;
bnßykarRbKYtRbECg karkat;RtUv)aneFIVCaÉksNæaneTAelI
eQIQrmYy CadMu² nigCaCYr . 3. RbB½n§eQICMrkCa bnÞH rW
qñÚt : RbB½n§enH KW kat;CabnÞH rW qñÚt² edIm,IkarBarxül
Shifting cultivation
ksikmμBencr ; kaingin (n½ydUc); kumri (n½ydUc); ladang Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

(n½ydUc); parcelero (n½ydUc); shamba (n½ydUc); taungya


1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

(n½ydUc) CakardaMduH manlkçNCargVilCMu EdlGnuvtþenA

tMbn;RtUBik edayeFIVkarkab;éRBeQI dut nigbnÞab;mk daMduH


dMNaMksikmμry³eBl BImYyqñaM rW eRcInqñaM rYcpøas; eTAkEnøg
epSg eTot edayeRbIviFIsaRsþdUcKañenH
1. ksikmμBencrmaneQμaHCaeRcIndUcCa chena (RsIlgáa),

kaingin (hVIlIBIn), kumri (\NÐa), ladang (ma:eLsI)u ,

parcelero (eBrUrIkU), shamba (eknya:), nig taungya (PUma)

31
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

2.RbsinkarGnuvtþenAkEnøgCak;lak;d_EdrenH vaRtUv)an
ehAfa bush fallow system (eRcInenAGaRhic) emIl slash
and burn, transhumance.
Shrub
culøRBwkS CarukçCatiEdlanCaeQI nigmanTMhMtUc CagedIm Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eQI nigmankarFn;x<s; xusBIBBYkesμA emIl brush tree 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Shrub land
tMbn; EdlmaneQIduHlUtlas; CaRbePTrukçCati EdlxusBI Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

edImeQI KW BBYkrukçCatitUc² EdlmanrWseRcIn CMnYseGay 2006.

edImEtmYy .
Silt
dIPk; 1. dI EdlmanGgát;p©it 0.002 eTA 0.05 mm (0.00008 Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eTA 0.002 in) 2. vaynPaBdI mandIPk; 80 PaKry < 12 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

PaKryén\dæ emIl sand


Silvicultural system
RbB½n§rukçvb,kmμ 1. CaKMerag RbRBwtþkmμ kñúgdaMduH EfrkSa Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

RbmUlpleQI sMKal; RbB½n§enH eyageTAtam cMnYnfñak; 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source:
Terminology of Forest Science,
Gayu (karduHExg PaBesμIGayu nigminesμIGayu) rW viFIsaRsþ Technology Practice and
Products, F.C.FORD-
eFIVeGayduHeLIgvij (clear-cutting, seed tree, shelterwood, ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
selection, coppice, coppice with reserves) used.
2. eKalkarN_GnuvtþRbB½n§rukçvb,kmμ EdleQIRtUv )anEfTaM
nigRbmUlpl
Silviculture
rukçvb,kmμ Casil,³ nigviTüasaRsþkñúgRKb;RKgkardaMduH Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

lUtlas; smasFatu suxPaB nigKuNPaBrbs;eQI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

edIm,IbMeBjtMrUvkar GñkRKb;RKg nigsgÁm .


Agrosilvopastoralism, silvopastoralism (n½ydUc):
Silvopastoralism Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

TMrg;énksirukçkmμ EdlrYman edImeQI dMNaMksikmμ 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

nigkarcBa©wmstV n½ydUc agrosilvopasture –emIl


silvopastoralism.
Site
tMbn; TItaMg TIkEnøg KWCakarRbmUlpþúMKañ énPavrs; Gakas http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

Fatu zanelxa niglkçN³dI rbs;tMbn; . site class, site

32
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

index ( n½ydUc) a classification of site quality, bgðajeday


edImeQIQe EdlmankMBs;x<s; nigmankMeNInmaDx<s; .
site preparation ground clearance (n½ydUc) karkab;sMGat

edayéd rW ma:sIun edIm,ICMrujeGayrukçCati CMnan;eRkaylUt


las; cMnaM kareFIV RbRBwtþkmμ rYmman kardut kar)aj;fñaMKImI
karkab; kareRsacTwk karras; nigkardaMduHrukçCati edIm,I
begáIt nUvlkçx½NÐsmRsbsMrab;karlUtlas;rbs;RbePT
KuNPaBtMbn; KWCaplitPaBrbs;tMbn; EdlsMKal; kMritlUt
las;maDrbs;RbePT n½ydUc site productivity.
Sodic soil
dImansUlüÚm 15 PaKry EdlGacedaHdUr)annigelIsBI 50 Source: 2006
http://www.fao.org,

PaKry énsUlüÚm nigma:ejsüÚm enAkMrit 50 cm BIépÞdI


Softwood
eQITn; eQIes<at CaedImeQIenAkñúgRkum gymnosperm Edl http://www.dnr.state.md.us/fore
sts/gloss.html#c

rYmman BBYkRsl; hemlocks, larches, spruces, firs, nig


junipers . eQITn;EtRtUv)anehAfa conifers eTaHbIman

RbePTxøH dUcCa junipers nig yews minmanEpøCalkçN³


ekank_eday . cMnaM 1. BaNiC¢kmμeQITn; CaRbePTlMdab;
Coniferales 2. eQITn; manlkçN³dUcKña nigsrésnMaC½r

tambeNþayeQI emIl hardwood, lumber, nonpored


wood.
Soil chemistry
1.bNþMúsarFatuKImI rW lkçN³KImIrbs;dI 2. viTüasaRsþ Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

EdlsikSaBIlkçN³KImIrbs;dI 2006.

Soil hydrology
karsikSaGMBIkMritTwkkñúgdI : viTüasaRsþsikSaBIsarFatu r)a:y Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

kareRbIR)as; nigclnarbs;TwkenAkñúgdI Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Soil improvement
dMeNIrkar rW lT§pl EdleFIVeGay dImanplitPaBkan;Et Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for

x<s;sMrab;karlUtlas;rbs;dMNaM dUcCakarbEnßm CI RbB½n§ Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),


1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.
eRsacRsBCaedIm .

33
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Soil morphology
lkçN³rUbrbs;dI EdlmandUcCa TMrg; vaynPaB CaedIm . Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for
Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),
1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project.
Species (biology
RbePT sp (GkSkat;); sp. (GkSkat;); spp (GkSkat;); spp. Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

(GkSkat;) emIl : Classification; Genus; Species complex


International.

RbePTmYyénstV rW rukçCati GkSkat; sp. (Ékvcn³) or spp.


(Bhuvcn³) RbsinenA 'spp.' enAeRkayeQμaHePT mann½yfa

maneRcInCagmYyRbePT enAkñúgePTenH .
Specific gravity
plEck éndg;sIuet (TMgn;eQIkñúgmYyxñatmaD ) éneQI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eTAnwgdg;sIuetTwk enAkMrit 4°C (39.2oF) 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

1. begÁaltUc Edle)aHelIdI : begÁaledateTAelIdICacMNaM Tools.


Stake(s) Source: Encarta Dictionary

GIVmYy 2. begÁalsMrab;rgbnÞúk: RtUv)andak;enAelIreTH Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
sMrab;pÞúknUv dMueQI
stalk, stipitate (KuNnam); stipe (TMrg;epSg²Kña) Stem
Stalk Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

(TMrg;epSg²Kña) Tg edIm emIl : Tiller; Shoot


International.

Stamens
ekseQμal : CasrIragÁbnþBUCeQμal rbs;páa Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

EdlmanbMBg;eks nigeksenAkñúgenaH . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Starch
CatiemSA Cakarlayén polysaccharides nigman glucose Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

EdlbegáItCaGaharbMrugsMrab;rukçCati cMNaM CatiemSAman 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

enA kñúgeQIRsay EdleFIVeGayvagayrgkarvayRbhal


BIstVl¥it
Stem
edIm tYedIm emIl bole, branch, burl, tree. Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Stipule
KuNnam) xñaysøwk CaEpñtUc EdlduHenA
Stipule, stipulate (
Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

Kl;Tgsøwkrbs;rukçCati EdlmansøwktUc² enAelIEmk enA International.

eBlvaRCuH .

34
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Stone
drupe, drupelet (sub-term); stone fruit ( n½ydUc) Epørwg Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

EdlmanRKab;rwgEtmYy rW eRcIn International.

Subphylum
CacMNat;fñak;Rkum rvag phylum nig class Source:
wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/web
wn
Tangential
1. éntg;süg;. 2. muxkat;tg;süg; Edlkarkat;min kat;tam Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

EpñkkNþarbs;eQI 2006.

Tannins, gallo-tannins (n½ydUc); gallotannins (n½ydUc);


Tannin Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

tannic acids (n½ydUc) sarFaturav EdlmanlkçN³saMujaMu


International.

mankñúgsøwk sMbk Epø rWs rWEpñkepSgeTot . BYkvamannaTI


Ca situ prophylactics enAkñúgCalikarrukçCati . BBYkvaRtUv
)an eRbIsMrab; BaNiC¢kmμeTotpg .
Tap root, taproot (n½ydUc) rWsEkv 1. rWsTImYyrbs;rukçCati
Taproot Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

EdlduHecjBI radicle 2. rWssMxan; duHecjBIrukçCati 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Taungya
KsikmμBencr manGtßn½ydUcBakdUcCa; kaingin, kumri, Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

lading , parcelero, shamba, taungya KWCakardMaduHCavdþ


1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

EdlRtUv)anGnuvtþenAtMbn;RtUBik enAkEnøg EdlGñkdaMduH


kab;edImeQIdut nigdaMdMNaMksikmμsMrab;ry³eBlmYy rW
eRcInqñaM muneBlpøas;bþÚreTAkEnøgepSgeTot
edIm,IeFIVskmμPaBd_Edr enH . 1. ksikmμBencrmaneQμaH
edImkMeNItCaeRcIn dUcCa chena (RsIlgáa), kaingin
(hVIlIBIn), kumri (\NÐa), ladang (ma:eLsIu), parcelero (eb:rU

rIkU), shamba (eknya:) nig taungya (PUma) 2. RbsinebI


GnuvtþenAkEnøg EdlmanCMrkCak;lak; nigvdþeTogTat;
enaHRbB½n§RtUv)anehAfa bush fallow system (eRcInenAGa
eRhVc) CaTMrg;énxYbvilCMu – emIl slash and burn,
transhumance .

35
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Taungya agroforestry
1.KWCakardMaduHCavdþ EdlRtUv)anGnuvtþenAtMbn;RtUBikenA Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

kEnøg EdlGñkdaMduH kab;edImeQIdut nigdaMdMNaMksikmμ 1998, The Society of American


Foresters. - Source: World
Book 2004 (Deluxe), 2003.
sMrab;ry³eBlmYy rW eRcInqñaM muneBlpøas;bþÚreTAkEnøgepSg
eTot edIm,IeFIVskmμPaBd_Edr enH . 2. CaRbB½n§daMduHrbs;
PUma EdléRBRtUv)ankab; nigdutsMrab;kardaMduH ry³eBl
mYyeTABIrqñaM eTIbTukecal eGayduHéRBeLIgvij .
Taungya system = agri-silviculture, taungya method, taungya Source: Terminology of Forest
(silviculture)
kardaMduHedImeQI layCamYydMNaMksikmμ Science, Technology Practice
and Products, F.C.FORD-
ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters.
Taxonomic Position
1. RkuménsarBagÁkay: viTüasaRsþcat;fñak;rukçCati stV Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

nigmIRkUsrIragÁ CaBYk rW Rkum EdleyageTAtamlkçN³ . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
karcat;fñak;fμI²enH KWEp¥kelIlkçN³esenTic 2.
eKalkarN_ énkarcat;fñak; 3. sikSaBIcMNat;fñak;
Taxonomy
cMNat;fañk; karcat;fñak;sarBagÁkary rYmmankareFIV Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

GtþsBaØaN nigkardak;eQμaHCaedIm . emIl morphology, 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
phylogeny, taxon, variety
Terete
relag ragsIuLaMg nigragRsYc ]TahrN_ edImrbs;esμA Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Thinning
karkab;rMelaH karkab;edayEpñknUvRbePTeQI EdlminTan; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

eBjv½y begáItnUvpleQI tamry³karepþatCasMxan;eTAelI 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

eQImYy² thinning crown thinning (n½ydUc); free thinning


(n½ydUc); mechanical pulp (n½ydUc); mechanical thinning

(n½ydUc); selection thinning (n½ydUc); thinning from above

(n½ydUc); thinning from below (n½ydUc) kareFIVRbRBwtþkmμ

edImeQI edaykat;bnßydg;sIuetrbs;edIm
edIm,IbegáInkarlUtlas; eFIVeGaymansuxPaBl¥ nigkat;

36
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

bnßyGaRtasøab; karkab;rMelaHrYmman : a) karrMelaHeday


sarFatuKImI : edImeQI Edlmincg;)anRtUv)an sMlab;eday
fñaMsMlab;rukçCati dUcCa edIkekag rW xUcRTg;RTayCaedIm b)
rMelaHkenSamsøwk : kat;bnßynUvkenSamsøwk Edllb;
edImeGayrukçCatiepSg² duHlUtlas;)anl¥ n½ydUc thinning
from above, high thinning c) karkab;rMelaHedayesrI :

kab;edImeQI edIm,IbegáIt cenøaHsmRsbsmsMrab;karlUt


las; d) karkab;rMelaHEpñkeRkam : kab;edImeQIenARsTab;
eRkam edIm,IeFIVeGayRsTab;elIduH)anl¥ n½ydUc thinning
from below e) karrMelaHedayemkanic: karedIm Edlman

Gayu esμI nigmiesμIKña CaCYr² edayeRbIcenøaHmYyCak;lak; -


n½ydUc geometric thinning f) kab;rMelaHedayeRCIserIs :
edImeQIRtUv)ankab; cMeBaHRbePT EdlmankenSamsøwklb;
edIm,IeGayeQIxageRkamlUtlas; n½ydUc dominant
thinning.
Timber
1.eQI nigedImeQIQr 2. eQI EdlGacykmk eRbICaeQI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

Gar CagkareRbICa eQIfamBl . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
To harden off
eFIVeGayrukçCatisaMunwglkçx½NÐxageRkA : eFIVeGayrukçCati Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

smRsbnwglkçx½NÐxageRkA dUcCa PaBRtCak; xül BnøW Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
muneBlykvaeTAdaMduHenAxageRkA .
To season
karsMgYtmuneBleRbIR)as; karsMgYteQImuneBleRbIR)as; Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.
Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Trade Name
= søaksBaØa (yIeha) énRbePTeQI fñaMsMlab;stVl¥it Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigplitplepSg²eTot EdleRbIelIplitpl 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

edayGñkplit . plitplmYyGacmanyIehaeRcIn .
crosswise: bnÞat;BuH
Transverse Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

37
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference


Microsoft®Encarta®2006.
©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Tree
emIl : Shrub KWCaedImeQIFM manCatieQI mantY edImmYy rW Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

BIr nigmanEmk (PaBxusKñarvagKum<RBwkS nigedImeQItUc International.

enAminTan;manPaBCak;lak;enAeLIyeT )
Tree nursery, nursery
fñalbNþúHkUneQI Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

CakEnøgEdlbegáItsMrab;bNþúHkUneQItUc² EdlrYmTaMgkar 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

bNþúHedaymanrWs nigkñúgfg; sMrab;kardaMduH .


EdlmankUneQI rW fñalsab rW manTaMgBIr . emIlBakü
field nursery .

1. cenøaHedImeQI CacenøaH EdledImeQIRtUv)andaM BImYyeTA Tools.


Tree spacing Source: Encarta Dictionary

mYy 2. karerobCacenøaHénedImeQI . Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation. - Source:
cenøaHedImeQIGacRtUv)ansMrYlenA edaykarkab;rMelaH . Definition of Digital Species
Production Team, 2006.
Trifoliate
trifoliolate, EdlmansøwkcMnYnbI Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB
International.
Two-aged stand
tMbn;daMduH edImeQI Edlmanfñak;GayuBIrxus²Kña Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
Two-aged system
kareFVIRbRBwtþikmμ eQI rWRKb;RKgeQIeGaymanfñak;GayucMnYn Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

BIr . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Umbellate
Cacegáampáa EdlmanragdUcq½Rt : k,alpáa EdlmanragdUc Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

q½Rt EdlpáamYy² manTgxøI ² Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
Uneven-aged
eQI EdlmanGayuxus²Kña cMNat;fñak;Gayucab;BIbIeLIgeTA Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigcMruHcMNat;fañk; . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.
Uneven-aged stand
eQI EdlmanGayuxus²Kña cMNat;fñak;Gayucab;BIbIeLIgeTA Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

nigcMruHcMNat;fañk; . 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

Uneven-aged system selection cutting (n½ydUc); selection Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),
Uneven-aged system Source: The dictionary of

38
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

n½ydUc) kareFIVEpnkar daMduHeQIeGaymanlMdab;


felling (
1998, The Society of American
Foresters.

GayueRcIn CagbI fñak;xus²Kña emIl regeneration method


(4. uneven-aged methods, single tree selection and group
selection).
Untoothed
bnÞHsøwk Edlrelag nigKμaneFμjenACaysøwk . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Valve
1. EpñkénRKab; EdlmanEpøKYr : karEcksMbkRKab; rW Epø Source: Encarta Dictionary
Tools.

eGayecjBIKña 2. snÞHbMBg;eks: snÞH EdledIrtYnaTICa Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
KMrb bMBg;eks 3. EpñkénCBa¢aMgekasika: manBIrEpñk ehIy
silica minGaceCobcUl)an EdlvamanlkçN³Ca KMrbrbs;

RbGb; .
Vegetative
propagation karbnþBUCedaysrIragÁ eday\tePT EdlmandUcCa Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

BnøkExñg bMe)A karbNþúHkMNat;Emk kardaMCalikar 1998, The Society of American


Foresters.

nigkarpSaMEmk . emIl ³ asexual reproduction, clone,


coppice, cutting, scion, topophysis.
Veneer
vIna CasnøwkeQIesþIg ² EdlrYmbBa¢ÚlKña eGaymankMras; Source: The dictionary of
Forestry, John A.Helms (ed.),

Rkas; tamry³karkat; CacMNit² edayrNa emIl peel, 1998, The Society of American
Foresters.
peeler.
Vessel
srés TMrg;énbMBg;nMaTwk enAkñúgrukçCati ekItmancMeBaH Source:
Tools.
Encarta Dictionary

rukçCatimanpáa nigBBYk ferns EdlnaMTwk nigsarFatuEr: Edl Microsoft®Encarta®2006.


©1993-2005 Microsoft
Corporation.
rlay qøgkat;rukçCati begáItCaEpñk énCalikar xylem .
1. dI EdlminGaceRbIR)as;)an BIeRBaHrukçCatiminGac duHlUt Glenda Kupczyk-Romanczuk
Wasteland Source: Environment Words,

las;)an elIkElg EtesμA edaymankarbMBul nigsarFatu (ed.), Images Asia. - Source:


English Khmer Technical
Glossary for Agriculture, Men
BuleRcIneBk . 2. dI EdlKμankardMaduH dITeT KμanrukçCati . Sarom (ed.), 1999, Cambodia-
IRRI-Australia Project.
eRkamkarukran RKb;RKgminRtwmRtUv dI]sSah¾kmμCaedIm .
Water stress
emIl: Wilt Stress KWkarrgeRKaHedaysarTwkminRKb;RKan; Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

sMrab;tMrUvkarrbs;rukçCati . Gacmanry³eBlxøI rW Evg . International.


Waterlogged
karCaMTwk kardk;Twk : dI EdllicTwkCaRbcaM rW mYyry³ . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.

39
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

RsTab;fμ rWdI\dæ GackarBarTwk BIkareRCob cUlkñúgdI . dI


EdlCaMTwkGacCa]bsKÁdl;karlUtlas;rbs;rukçCati
Wavy
sMedAeTAelIbnÞHsøwk EdlmanCaysøwk Tn;rag ehIyekag Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,
2006.
Whorled
ragCargVg;vil Rkumsøwkya:gticbI P¢ab;nwgG½kSragCagrgVg; rW Source: Forestry Compendium
(Global Module), CAB

KUCxüg . CaBakü sMedAelIelIkartMerob rbs;søwk International.

CMuvijEmk .
Windbreak
r)aMgkarBarxül; 1. kardaMedImeQICar)aMg sMrab;Tb;Tl;xül; Source: Terminology of Forest
Science, Technology Practice

eQIGacduHedayFmμCati rW sib,nimiμt 2. edImeQIdaMCaCYr and Products, F.C.FORD-


ROBERTSON, 1971, Society of
American Foresters. - Source:
sMrab;rkSa elOnxül; The dictionary of Forestry, John
A.Helms (ed.), 1998, The
Society of American Foresters.
Winged
Edlmansøab : RbePT Edlmansøab . RKab;eQICaeRcIn Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

mansøabsMrab;BRgayRKab;BUC tamxül; . dUcCaRKYsar 2006.

Dipterocarpaceae
Wood
eQI 1. sarFaturwgmansrés zitenAeRkamsMbk rbs;edImrW Source: English Khmer
Technical Glossary for

Emk . manPaBrwgmaMu nigCaGñknaMykTwkeTAeGayCalik Agriculture, Men Sarom (ed.),


1999, Cambodia-IRRI-Australia
Project. - Source: Terminology
edIm nigrWs . 2. CaRkumeQI EdlduHlUtlas; Cit²Kña man ofPractice
Forest Science, Technology
and Products,
tUc FM EtmanlkçN³tUcCagéRB . BaküfatMbn;éRB ( wood F.C.FORD-ROBERTSON,
1971, Society of American
land) KWmann½ydUc woods EdlRtUv)aneRbIR)as;tamtMbn; . Foresters

sMPar³ rW sarFatu EdlplitkñúgedIm nigEmkénedImeQI .


Wood classification
RbB½n§cMNat;fñak;RbePTeQI eyagtamlkçN³vinicä½y . Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

cMNat;fñak;eQIkm<úCa (eyagtamc,ab;éRBeQI 2006.

énRbeTskm<úCa elx 35, 25 mifuna 1988 PñMeBj)


cat;fñakdUcxageRkaym : a) eQIRbNit b) eQIelxmYy c)
eQIelxBIr d) eQIelxbI e) eQIminmancMNat;fñak;
Wood properties
sarFatu EdkTak;TajGñkeRbIR)as;eQI dUcCa PaBFn; BN’ Source:
http://www.farmforestline.com.a

dg;sIuet sréseQI nigkareRbIR)as; . GñkeRbIR)as;xøH u, 2006

40
English-Khmer Forestry Glossary

Word Definition Reference

cab;GarmμN_ eTAelI karcMlgGKÁIsnI PaBFn; nigPaBrwg .


Wood Vessel
CabMBg; EdlmanCatieQI mannaTInaMTwk enAkñúgrukçCati rW Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

naMyknUvsarFatu Er:Edlrlayqøgkat;rukçCati . 2006.

Wooden tools
sMPar³ EdlmanCatieQI rW plitmkBIeQI . ]TahrN_ Source: Definition of Digital
Species Production Team,

sMPar³ksikmμ EdleFIVBIeQI dUcCa n½gÁl dgrNa nigcb . 2006.

41