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Assignment 4

UW-UAE ChE 220/CivE 224 Fall 2011 (Due: Sunday Oct 30st/ 2011 at 4:00 PM

1. The following brightness measurements were obtained from 31 paper samples produced on the
same paper machine under identical operating conditions: 59.6 59.1 60.1 61.5 59.4 62.3 61.2 59.3 61.2 60.3 82.1 65.2 65.7 60.7 58.8 62.8 63.2 60.9 63.1 63.2 61.6 58.2 64.1 62.1 61.5 60.9 60.6 59.8 63.1 60.0 62.8

Carefully analyze the data. What can you say about the distribution of the measurement? Find a 99% confidence interval for the brightness of paper produced on the machine. (Assume a typo for 82.1; do you remove it from the set? Analyze the data with and without this value)

2. A rivet is to be inserted into a hole. A random sample of n = 15 parts is selected, and the hole diameter is measured. The sample standard deviation of the hole diameter measurements is s = 0.008 millimeters. Construct a 99% lower confidence bound for 2. 3. An engineer who is studying the tensile strength of a steel alloy intended for use in golf club shafts knows that tensile strength is approximately normally distributed with = 60 psi. a random sample of 12 specimens has a mean tensile strength of x = 3250 psi. a) Test the hypothesis that mean strength is 3500 psi. Use = 0.01. b) What is the smallest level of significance at which you would be willing to reject the null hypothesis (this is P-value)? c) Explain how you could answer the question in part (a) with a two-sided confidence interval on mean tensile strength. 4. The life in hours of a battery is known to be approximately normally distributed, with standard deviation = 1.25 hours. A random sample of 10 batteries has a mean life of x = 40.5 hours. a) Is there evidence to support the claim that battery life exceeds 40 hours? Use = 0.05. b) What is the P-value for the test in part (a)? c) What is the -error for the test in part (a) if the true mean life is 42 hours? d) Explain how you could answer the question in part (a) by calculating an appropriate confidence bound on life. 5. A company is formulating a new shampoo and is interested in foam height (in mm). Foam height is approximately normally distributed and has a standard deviation of 20 mm. The company wishes to test H0: = 175 mm versus H1: > 175 mm, using the results of n = 10 samples. a) Find the type I error probability if the critical region is x > 185 . b) What is the probability of type II error if the true mean foam height is 195 mm? 6. By law, toxic organic compounds in fish must be monitored. A new technique is developed to chemically extract trace organic compounds from fish specimens. To test the method, five uncontaminated fillets of fish were injected with 20mg of toxins. The data below give the amount of toxin compound recovered: 19, 16, 17, 19, and 20. Test

Assignment 4

UW-UAE ChE 220/CivE 224 Fall 2011 (Due: Sunday Oct 30st/ 2011 at 4:00 PM

the hypothesis that the amount of toxins detected by the method is 20mg, against the alternative that it is not, at the 5% significance level.