Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

10 Things you can do when Windows XP won't boot 10 Things you can do when Windows XP won't boot : When

your computer hardware appears to power up okay, but the Windows XP operating system won't boot properly, you have to begin a troubleshooting expedition that includes getting into the operating system, determining the problem, and then fixing it. To help you get started on this expedition, here are 10 things you can do when Windows XP won't boot. Use a Windows startup disk : One of the first things you should reach for when troubleshooting a Windows XP boot problem is a Windows startup disk. This floppy disk can come in handy if the problem is being caused when either the startup record for the active partition or the files that the operating system uses to start Windows have become corrupted. To create a Windows startup disk, insert a floppy disk into the drive of a similarly configured, working Windows XP system, launch My Computer, right-click the floppy disk icon, and select the Format command from the context menu. When you see the Format dialog box, leave all the default settings as they are and click the Start button. Once the format operation is complete, close the Format dialog box to return to My Computer, double-click the drive C icon to access the root directory, and copy the following three files to the floppy disk:

Boot.ini NTLDR

After you create the Windows startup disk, insert it into the floppy drive on the afflicted system and press [Ctrl][Alt][Delete] to reboot the computer. When you boot from the Windows startup disk, the computer will bypass the active partition and boot files on the hard disk and attempt to start Windows XP normally. Use Last Known Good Configuration : You can also try to boot the operating system with the Last Known Good Configuration feature. This feature will allow you to undo any changes that caused problems in the CurrentControlSet registry key, which defines hardware and driver settings. The Last Known Good Configuration feature replaces the contents of the CurrentControlSet registry key with a backup copy that was last used to successfully start up the operating system. To use the Last Known Good Configuration feature, first restart the computer by pressing [Ctrl][Alt][Delete]. When you see the message Please select the operating system to start or hear the single beep, press [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options menu. Select the Last Known Good Configuration item from the menu and press [Enter]. Keep in mind that you get only one shot with the Last Known Good Configuration feature. In

other words, if it fails to revive your Windows XP on the first attempt, the backup copy is also corrupt. Use System Restore : Another tool that might be helpful when Windows XP won't boot is System Restore. System Restore runs in the background as a service and continually monitors system-critical components for changes. When it detects an impending change, System Restore immediately makes backup copies, called restore points, of these critical components before the change occurs. In addition, System Restore is configured by default to create restore points every 24 hours. To use System Restore, first restart the computer by pressing [Ctrl][Alt][Delete]. When you see the message Please select the operating system to start or hear the single beep, press [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options menu. Now, select the Safe Mode item from the menu and press [Enter]. Once Windows XP boots into Safe mode, click the Start button, access the All Programs | Accessories | System Tools menu, and select System Restore. Because you're running in Safe mode, the only option on the opening screen of the System Restore wizard is Restore My Computer To An Earlier Time, and it's selected by default, so just click Next. Then, follow along with the wizard to select a restore point and begin the restoration procedure. Use Recovery Console : When a Windows XP boot problem is severe, you'll need to use a more drastic approach. The Windows XP CD is bootable and will provide you with access to a tool called Recovery Console. To boot from the Windows XP CD, insert it into the CD-ROM drive on the problem system and press [Ctrl][Alt][Delete] to reboot the computer. Once the system begins booting from the CD, simply follow the prompts that will allow the loading of the basic files needed to run Setup. When you see the Welcome To Setup screen, press R to start the Recovery Console. Youll then see a Recovery Console menu. It displays the folder containing the operating systems files and prompts you to choose the operating system you want to log on to. Just press the menu number on the keyboard, and you'll be prompted to enter the Administrators password. Youll then find yourself at the main Recovery Console prompt. Fix a corrupt Boot.ini : As the Windows XP operating system begins to load, the Ntldr program refers to the Boot.ini file to determine where the operating system files reside and which options to enable as the operating system continues to load. So if there's a problem rooted in the Boot.ini file, it can render Windows XP incapable of booting correctly. If you suspect that Windows XP won't boot because Boot.ini has been corrupted, you can use the

special Recovery Console version of the Bootcfg tool to fix it. Of course, you must first boot the system with the Windows XP CD and access the Recovery Console as described in #4. To use the Bootcfg tool, from the Recovery Console command prompt, type Bootcfg /parameter

Where /parameter is one of the required parameters listed in the table below. Parameter Description : /Add Scans the disk for all Windows installations and allows you to add any new ones to the Boot.ini file. /Scan Scans the disk for all Windows installations. /List Lists each entry in the Boot.ini file. /Default Sets the default operating system as the main boot entry. /Rebuild Completely re-creates the Boot.ini file. The user must confirm each step. /Redirect Allows the boot operation to be redirected to a specific port when using the Headless Administration feature. The Redirect parameter takes two parameters of its own: [Port Baudrate ] | [UseBiosSettings]. /Disableredirect Disables the redirection. Fix a corrupt partition boot sector : The partition boot sector is a small section of the hard disk partition that contains information about the operating system's file system (NTFS or FAT32), as well as a very small machine language program that is crucial in assisting the operating system as it loads. If you suspect that Windows XP won't boot because the partition boot sector has been corrupted, you can use a special Recovery Console tool called Fixboot to fix it. Start by booting the system with the Windows XP CD and accessing the Recovery Console as described in #4. To use the Fixboot tool, from the Recovery Console command prompt, type Fixboot [drive]:

Where [drive] is the letter of the drive to which you want to write a new partition boot sector. Fix a corrupt master boot record : The master boot record occupies the first sector on the hard disk and is responsible for initiating the Windows boot procedure. The master boot record contains the partition table for the disk as well as a small program called the master boot code, which is responsible for locating the active, or bootable, partition, in the partition table. Once this occurs, the partition boot sector takes over and begins loading Windows. If the master boot record is corrupt, the partition boot sector can't do its job and Windows won't boot. If you suspect Windows XP won't boot because the master boot record has been corrupted, you can use the Recovery Console tool Fixmbr to fix it. First, boot the system with the Windows XP CD and access the Recovery Console as described in #4. To use the Fixmbr tool, from the Recovery Console command prompt, type Fixmbr [device_name]

Where [device_name] is the device pathname of the drive to which you want to write a new master boot record. For example, the device pathname format for a standard bootable drive C configuration would look like this: \Device\HardDisk0

Disable automatic restart : When Windows XP encounters a fatal error, the default setting for handling such an error is to automatically reboot the system. If the error occurs while Windows XP is booting, the operating system will become stuck in a reboot cyclerebooting over and over instead of starting up normally. In that case, you'll need to disable the option for automatically restarting on system failure. When Windows XP begins to boot up and you see the message Please select the operating system to start or hear the single beep, press [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options Menu. Then, select the Disable The Automatic Restart On System Failure item and press [Enter]. Now, Windows XP will hang up when it encounters the error and with any luck, it will display a stop message you can use to diagnose the problem. Restore from a backup : If you can't seem to repair a Windows XP system that won't boot and you have a recent backup, you can restore the system from the backup media. The method you use to restore the system

will depend on what backup utility you used, so you'll need to follow the utility's instructions on how to perform a restore operation. Perform an in-place upgrade : If you can't repair a Windows XP system that won't boot and you don't have a recent backup, you can perform an in-place upgrade. Doing so reinstalls the operating system into the same folder, just as if you were upgrading from one version of Windows to another. An in-place upgrade will usually solve most, if not all, Windows boot problems. Performing a Windows XP in-place upgrade is pretty straightforward. To begin, insert the Windows XP CD into the drive, restart your system, and boot from the CD. Once the initial preparation is complete, youll see the Windows XP Setup screen (shown earlier in Figure A). Press [Enter] to launch the Windows XP Setup procedure. In a moment, youll see the License Agreement page and will need to press [F8] to acknowledge that you agree. Setup will then search the hard disk looking for a previous installation of Windows XP. When it finds the previous installation, youll see a second Windows XP Setup screen This screen will prompt you to press R to repair the selected installation or to press [Esc] to install a fresh copy of Windows XP. In this case, initiating a repair operation is synonymous with performing an in-place upgrade, so youll need to press R. When you do so, Setup will examine the disk drives in the system. It will then begin performing the in-place upgrade. Keep in mind that after you perform an in-place upgrade or repair installation, you must reinstall all updates to Windows.

Make Your Windows XP Run Faster Than Never Before Posted by dangtruong in Windows on 10 9th, 2007 | 8 responses (35 votes, average: 4.06 out of 5)

These are some tricks that make use of programs listed in this guide and nothing will happen even if you go.

DISABLE INDEXING SERVICES Indexing Services is a small little program that uses large amounts of RAM and can often make a computer endlessly loud and noisy. This system process indexes and updates lists of all the files that are on your computer. It does this so that when you do a search for something on your computer, it will search faster by scanning the index lists. If you dont search your computer often, or even if you do search often, this system service is completely unnecessary. To disable do the following: 1. Go to Start 2. Click Settings 3. Click Control Panel 4. Double-click Add/Remove Programs 5. Click the Add/Remove Window Components 6. Uncheck the Indexing services 7. Click Next OPTIMISE DISPLAY SETTINGS Windows XP can look sexy but displaying all the visual items can waste system resources. To optimise: 1.Go to Start 2. Click Settings 3. Click Control Panel 4. Click System 5. Click Advanced tab 6. In the Performance tab click Settings 7. Leave only the following ticked: - Show shadows under menus - Show shadows under mouse pointer - Show translucent selection rectangle - Use drop shadows for icons labels on the desktop - Use visual styles on windows and buttons DISABLE PERFORMANCE COUNTERS Windows XP has a performance monitor utility which monitors several areas of your PCs performance. These utilities take up system resources so disabling is a good idea. To disable: 1. download and install the Extensible Performance Counter List( 2.Then select each counter in turn in the Extensible performance counters window and clear the performance counters enabled checkbox at the bottom.button below.

SPEEDUP FOLDER BROWSING You may have noticed that everytime you open my computer to browse folders that there is a slight delay. This is because Windows XP automatically searches for network files and printers everytime you open Windows Explorer. To fix this and to increase browsing significantly: 1. Open My Computer 2. Click on Tools menu 3. Click on Folder Options 4. Click on the View tab. 5. Uncheck the Automatically search for network folders and printers check box 6. Click Apply 7. Click Ok 8. Reboot your computer IMPROVE MEMORY USAGE Cacheman Improves the performance of your computer by optimizing the disk cache, memory and a number of other settings. Once Installed: 1.Go to Show Wizard and select All 2.Run all the wizards by selecting Next or Finished until you are back to the main menu. Use the defaults unless you know exactly what you are doing. 3.Exit and Save Cacheman 4.Restart Windows OPTIMISE YOUR INTERNET CONNECTION There are lots of ways to do this but by far the easiest is to run TCP/IP Optimizer. 1. Download( and install 2. Click the General Settings tab and select your Connection Speed (Kbps) 3. Click Network Adapter and choose the interface you use to connect to the Internet 4. Check Optimal Settings then Apply 5. Reboot OPTIMISE YOUR PAGEFILE If you give your pagefile a fixed size it saves the operating system from needing to resize the page file. 1. Right click on My Computer and select Properties 2. Select the Advanced tab 3. Under Performance choose the Settings button

4. Select the Advanced tab again and under Virtual Memory select Change 5. Highlight the drive containing your page file and make the initial Size of the file the same as the Maximum Size of the file. Windows XP sizes the page file to about 1.5X the amount of actual physical memory by default. While this is good for systems with smaller amounts of memory (under 512MB) it is unlikely that a typical XP desktop system will ever need 1.5 X 512MB or more of virtual memory. If you have less than 512MB of memory, leave the page file at its default size. If you have 512MB or more, change the ratio to 1:1 page file size to physical memory size. RUN BOOTVIS IMPROVE BOOT TIMES download from( BootVis will significantly improve boot times 1. Download and Run 2. Select Trace 3. Select Next Boot and Driver Trace 4. A Trace Repetitions screen will appear, select Ok and Reboot 5. Upon reboot, BootVis will automatically start, analyze and log your systems boot process. When its done, in the menu go to Trace and select Optimize System 6. Reboot. 7. When your machine has rebooted wait until you see the Optimizing System box appear. Be patient and wait for the process to complete REMOVE THE DESKTOP PICTURE Your desktop background consumes a fair amount of memory and can slow the loading time of your system. Removing it will improve performance. 1. Right click on Desktop and select Properties 2. Select the Desktop tab 3. In the Background window select None 4. Click Ok REMOVE FONTS FOR SPEED Fonts, especially TrueType fonts, use quite a bit of system resources. For optimal performance, trim your fonts down to just those that you need to use on a daily basis and fonts that applications may require. 1. Open Control Panel 2. Open Fonts folder 3. Move fonts you dont need to a temporary directory (e.g. C:\FONTBKUP?) just in case you need or want to bring a few of them back. The more fonts you uninstall, the more system resources you will gain. DISABLE UNNECESSARY SERVICES

Because Windows XP has to be all things to all people it has many services running that take up system resources that you will never need. Below is a list of services that can be disabled on most machines: Alerter Clipbook Computer Browser Distributed Link Tracking Client Fast User Switching Help and Support (If you use Windows Help and Support leave this enabled) Human Interface Access Devices Indexing Service IPSEC Services Messenger Netmeeting Remote Desktop Sharing (disabled for extra security) Portable Media Serial Number Remote Desktop Help Session Manager (disabled for extra security) Remote Procedure Call Locator Remote Registry (disabled for extra security) Remote Registry Service Secondary Logon Routing & Remote Access (disabled for extra security) Server SSDP Discovery Service (Unplug n Pray will disable this) Telnet TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Upload Manager Universal Plug and Play Device Host Windows Time Wireless Zero Configuration (Do not disable if you use a wireless network) Workstation To disable these services: Go to Start and then Run and type services.msc Doubleclick on the service you want to change Change the startup type to Disable TURN OFF SYSTEM RESTORE System Restore can be a useful if your computer is having problems, however storing all the restore points can literally take up Gigabytes of space on your hard drive. To turn off System Restore: Open Control Panel Click on Performance and Maintenance Click on System

Click on the System Restore tab Tick Turn off System Restore on All Drives Click Ok DEFRAGMENT YOUR PAGEFILE Keeping your pagefile defragmented can provide a major performance boost. One of the best ways of doing this is to creat a separate partition on your hard drive just for your page file, so that it doesnt get impacted by normal disk usage. Another way of keeping your pagefile defragmented is to run PageDefrag. This cool little app can be used to defrag your pagefile, and can also be set to defrag the pagefile everytime your PC starts. To install: Download( and Run PageDefrag Tick Defrag at next Reboot, Click Ok Reboot SPEEDUP FOLDER ACCESS DISABLE LAST ACCESS UPDATE If you have a lot of folders and subdirectories on your computer, when you access a directory XP wastes a lot of time updating the time stamp showing the last access time for that directory and for ALL sub directories. To stop XP doing this you need to edit the registry. If you are uncomfortable doing this then please do not attempt. Go to Start and then Run and type regedit Click through the file system until you get to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Cur rentControlSet\Control\FileSys tem Right-click in a blank area of the window on the right and select DWORD Value Create a new DWORD Value called NtfsDisableLastAccessUpdate Then Right click on the new value and select Modify Change the Value Data to 1 Click OK DISABLE SYSTEM SOUNDS Surprisingly, the beeps that your computer makes for various system sounds can slow it down, particularly at startup and shut-down. To fix this turn off the system sounds: Open Control Panel Click Sounds and Audio Devices Check Place volume icon in taskbar Click Sounds Tab Choose No Sounds for the Sound Scheme Click No Click Apply Click OK

IMPROVE BOOT TIMES A great new feature in Microsoft Windows XP is the ability to do a boot defragment. This places all boot files next to each other on the disk to allow for faster booting. By default this option in enables but on some builds it is not so below is how to turn it on. Go to Start Menu and Click Run Type in Regedit then click ok Find HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\M icrosoft\Dfrg\BootOpt imizeFunction Select Enable from the list on the right Right on it and select Modify Change the value to Y to enable Reboot IMPROVE SWAPFILE PERFORMANCE If you have more than 256MB of RAM this tweak will considerably improve your performance. It basically makes sure that your PC uses every last drop of memory (faster than swap file) before it starts using the swap file. Go to Start then Run Type msconfig.exe then ok Click on the System.ini tab Expand the 386enh tab by clicking on the plus sign Click on new then in the blank box typeConservativeSwapfileUsage =1 Click OK Restart PC MAKE YOUR MENUS LOAD FASTER This is one of my favourite tweaks as it makes a huge difference to how fast your machine will feel. What this tweak does is remove the slight delay between clicking on a menu and XP displaying the menu. Go to Start then Run Type Regedit then click Ok Find HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\ Select MenuShowDelay Right click and select Modify Reduce the number to around 100 This is the delay time before a menu is opened. You can set it to 0 but it can make windows really hard to use as menus will open if you just look at them well move your mouse over them anyway. I tend to go for anywhere between 50-150 depending on my mood MAKE PROGRAMS LOAD FASTER

This little tweak tends to work for most programs. If your program doesnt load properly just undo the change. For any program: Right-click on the icon/shortcut you use to launch the program Select properties In the target box, add /prefetch:1 at the end of the line. Click Ok Voila your programs will now load faster. IMPROVE XP SHUTDOWN SPEED This tweak reduces the time XP waits before automatically closing any running programs when you give it the command to shutdown. Go to Start then select Run Type Regedit and click ok Find HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\ Select WaitToKillAppTimeout Right click and select Modify Change the value to 1000 Click OK Now select HungAppTimeout Right click and select Modify Change the value to 1000 Click OK Now find HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop Select WaitToKillAppTimeout Right click and select Modify Change the value to 1000 Click OK Now find HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Cur rentControlSet\Control\ Select WaitToKillServiceTimeout Right click and select Modify Change the value to 1000 Click OK SPEED UP BOOT TIMES I This tweak works by creating a batch file to clear the temp and history folders everytime you shutdown so that your PC doesnt waste time checking these folders the next time it boots. Its quite simple to implement: 1. Open Notepad and create a new file with the following entries:

RD /S /q C:\Documents and Settings\UserName without quotes\Local Settings\History RD /S /q C:\Documents and Settings\Default User\Local Settings\History RD /S /q D:\Temp\ <Deletes temp folder, type in the location of your temp folder 2. Save the new as anything you like but it has to be a .bat file e.g. fastboot.bat or deltemp.bat 3. Click Start then Run 4. Type in gpedit.msc and hit ok 5. Click on Computer Configuration then Windows Settings 6. Double-click on Scripts and then on Shutdown 7. Click Add and find the batch file that you created and then press Ok SPEED UP BOOT TIMES II When your PC starts it usually looks for any bootable media in any floppy or cd-rom drives you have installed before it gets around to loading the Operating System from the HDD. This can waste valuable time. To fix this we need to make some changes to the Bios. 1. To enter the bios you usually press F2 or delete when your PC starts 2. Navigate to the Boot menu 3. Select Boot Sequence 4. Then either move your Hard drive to the top position or set it as the First Device 5. Press the Escape key to leave the bios. Dont forget to save your settings before exiting Note: Once this change has been made, you wont be able to boot from a floppy disc or a CDrom. If for some strange reason you need to do this in the future, just go back into your bios, repeat the steps above and put your floppy or CD-rom back as the First Device SPEED UP BOOT TIMES III When your computer boots up it usually has to check with the network to see what IP addresses are free and then it grabs one of these. By configuring a manually assigned IP address your boot time will improve. To do this do the following: 1. Click on Start and then Connect To/Show All Connections 2. Right-click your network adapter card and click Properties.

3. On the General tab, select TCP/IP in the list of services and click Properties 4.I n the TCP/IP properties, click Use the following address and enter an IP address for your PC. If you are using a router this is usually 192.168.0.xx or 192.168.1.xx. If you are not sure what address you could check with your ISP or go to Start/run and type cmd and then ipconfig/all. This will show your current IP settings which you will need to copy. 5. Enter the correct details for Subnet mask, Default gateway and DNS Server. Again if you are not sure what figures to enter use ipconfig/all as in stage 4. FREE UP MEMORY I found this useful app via FixMyXP. ClearMem Is an Excellent Tool for speeding up your XP Computer (especially if your system has been on for awhile and you have a lot of applications open). What it does, is it Forces pages out of physical memory and reduces the size of running processes if working sets to a minimum. When you run this tool, the system pauses because of excessive high-priority activity associated with trimming the working sets. To run this tool, your paging file must be at least as large as physical memory. To Check your Paging File: 1. Go to your control panel, then click on System, then go to the Advanced Tab, and Under Performance click Settings then the Advanced Tab 2. On the Bottom you should see Virtual Memory and a value. This is the value that must be at least as large as how much memory is in your system. 3. If the Virtual Memory Value is smaller than your system memory, click Change and change the Min Virtual Memory to a number that is greater than your total system memory, then click Set and Reboot. 4. Once you have rebooted install ClearMem ENSURE XP IS USING DMA MODE XP enables DMA for Hard-Drives and CD-Roms by default on most ATA or ATAPI (IDE) devices. However, sometimes computers switch to PIO mode which is slower for data transfer a typical reason is because of a virus. To ensure that your machine is using DMA: 1. Open Device Manager 2. Double-click IDE ATA/ATAPI Controllers 3. Right-click Primary Channel and select Properties and then Advanced Settings 4. In the Current Transfer Mode drop-down box, select DMA if Available if the current setting is PIO Only

ADD CORRECT NETWORK CARD SETTINGS Some machines suffer from jerky graphics or high CPU usage even when a machine is idle. A possible solution for this, which, can also can help network performance is to: 1. RightClick My Computer 2. Select Manage 3. Click on Device Manager 4. DoubleClick your network adaptor under Network Adapters 5. In the new window, select the Advanced tab 6. Select Connection Type and select the correct type for your card and then Reboot REMOVE ANNOYING DELETE CONFIRMATION MESSAGES Although not strictly a performance tweak I love this fix as it makes my machine feel faster. I hate the annoying are you sure? messages that XP displays, especially if I have to use a laptop touchpad to close them. To remove these messages: 1. Right-click on the Recycle Bin on the desktop and then click Properties 2. Clear the Display Delete Confirmation Dialog check box and click Ok If you do accidently delete a file dont worry as all is not lost. Just go to your Recycle Bin and Restore the file. DISABLE PREFETCH ON LOW MEMORY SYSTEMS Prefetch is designed to speed up program launching by preloading programs into memory not a good idea is memory is in short supply, as it can make programs hang. To disable prefetch: 1. Click Start then Run 2. Type in Regedit then click Ok 3. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Cur rentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters\ 4. Right-click on EnablePrefetcher and set the value to 0 5. Reboot.

Change the Picture That Appears on the XP Startup Screen You're not stuck with XP's default splash logo on the startup screen; use any picture or logo of your choosing. One of the nice things about XP is how malleable it is. Don't like the way it looks? No problem; change it. Take my splash screen, please! The techniques in this hack work only with versions of XP before SP2. If you have SP2, they won't work, and they could harm your system. If you have SP2 and want to change your boot screen, your best bet is to use downloadable software, such as Style XP from Tgtsoft at

Many people, myself included, would prefer to see a more interesting splash screen (also called the startup screen) than the default gives you on startup. You can change your splash screen to any of hundreds that have been created, or make one of your ownfor example, with your picture or company logo on it. To choose from already created splash screens, go to and click Boot Screens. You'll find more than 1,000 of them, organized by categories such as Sports, TV/Movies, and so on. I live in wintry but civilized New England, and during the winter I like to imagine myself in a far wilder place, so I use a picture of wolves in the wilds of Alaska for my splash screen. You can see it pictured in Figure 1-2. Nice way to greet the new day, don't you think?

Figure 1-2. My startup screen, which lets me imagine myself in the wilds of Alaska

Once you've found the image you want to use as your splash screen, download it. It will be downloaded as a .zip file. I create a general folder for all my boot screen files, called C:\Bootscreens, and then for each boot screen I download I create a new folderin this instance, C:\Bootscreens\Wild.

It's possible that something will go wrong with your new boot screen, so before making the change, create a system restore point by choosing Control Panel Performance and Maintenance System Restore and following the instructions. If something goes wrong, you can revert to that restore point. Unzip the contents of the .zip file into the folder. There will be one or more files, including ReadMe files. The boot screen itself, however, will be named ntoskrnl.exe. If you have XP Service Pack 1 installed, you might have to use a different file, named ntoskrnlSP1.exe, which might also be in the downloaded .zip file. Check the documentation of the file you download to make sure. If you're not sure if you have Service Pack 1 installed, it's easy to find out. Rightclick My Computer and choose Properties General. Your version of the operating system will be displayed. If you have Service Pack 1, it will say so on that screen. The ntoskrnl.exe file is an executable file that contains the XP boot screen. During the boot process, XP executes this file, found in C:\Windows\System32, which in turn displays the boot screen graphic. So, to change your boot screen, replace your existing ntoskrnl.exe file with the one you just downloaded. But wait: there's more. Never download and use a boot screen that is packaged inside a .exe file rather than a .zip file, and that you install by running an installation program. Always use .zip files and install the boot screens manually, instead of using an installation program. Many boot screen installation programs that change your boot screen contain spyware that they install on your PC without telling you, so stay away from them. For details about how to detect and kill spyware, see [Hack #34] .

You might think that all you have to do is copy the new ntoskrnl.exe over the existing one and then restart your computer for the changes to take effect. That's not quite the case, though. First you have to get around a feature of Windows XP that protects system files from being overwritten. Windows File Protection automatically replaces certain files with the original XP version of the file if they've been replaced, and ntoskrnl.exe is one of those files. However, if you make the change in Safe Mode, Windows File Protection won't kick in and you can safely copy the file. Windows File Protection protects many other files, not just ntoskrnl.exe. Also included are .dll, .exe, .fon, .ocx, .sys, .tff, and, depending on your system, other file types such as .ax, .cpl, .cpx, .dll, .exe, .inf, .rsp, and .tlb. Reboot your PC and press F8 immediately to get into Safe Mode. Now go to the C:\Windows\System32 folder and find the ntoskrnl.exe file. Copy it to another folder or rename it as a backup so that you can revert to it when you no longer want to use your new boot screen, or if something goes wrong when you install the new screen. Now copy the new ntoskrnl.exe file into C:\Windows\System32. (If you have to use the ntoskrnlSP1.exe file, rename it to ntoskrnl.exe first, and then copy it over.)

Reboot your computer again but don't go into Safe Mode this time. Now your new splash screen will appear every time you start your PC. To revert to your old splash screen, repeat the steps, copying your original ntoskrnl.exe file over your new one. 1.3.1. Choose from Multiple Splash Screens on Startup Depending on my mood, I might not want to be greeted by huskies every morning. There are times when I want to be greeted by the normal startup screen, and other times when I want to see Andy Warhol's famous painting of Marilyn Monroe, or Al Pacino from the movie Scarface, which are all available from So, I've made a startup menu that lets me choose which graphic should be my startup screen. To create a startup menu, first download all the screens you want to use. Then rename the ntoskrnl.exe or ntoskrnlSP1.exe of each so that the filename describes the screenfor example, ntospacino.exe, ntosmonroe.exe, and ntosspongebob.exe. Copy them into C:\Windows\System32. Don't touch the existing ntoskrnl.exe file there; you'll keep that as one of your options. Because you're not changing that file, you don't have to boot into Safe Mode to make any of these changes. Following the instructions in [Hack #1], create a multiboot screen by editing your boot.ini file. In the [operating systems] section of the boot.ini file, create a new entry for each screen from which you want to choose. Copy the existing primary XP entry and append /kernel=newbootscreenfilename.exe to the end of it, where newbootscreenfilename.exe is the filename of the boot screen you want to use for that entry. Also edit the description so that it describes the boot screen. For example, if the primary entry is: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition" /fastdetect

you would create this entry for the SpongeBob startup screen: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="SpongeBob Startup Screen" / fastdetect /kernel=ntosspongebob.exe

Create as many entries as you want in the [boot loader] section. My boot.ini file looks like this: [operating systems] multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition" /fastdetect multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="SpongeBob Startup Screen" / fastdetect /kernel=ntosspongebob.exe multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Pacino Startup Screen" / fastdetect /kernel=ntospacino.exe multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Marilyn Monroe Startup Screen" /fastdetect /kernel=ntosmonroe.exe

Whenever you start up XP now, you'll be able to choose from your normal startup screen or any of the others you've put on the menu. If you have a laptop, for example, you might set up a menu that lets you choose a businesslike startup screen at work and a more entertaining one at home. 1.3.2. Build a Startup Screen from Any Graphic So far, this hack has shown you how to use a startup screen that someone else built. But you're not limited to that; you can turn any graphic into a startup screen using BootXP (downloadable from It's shareware and free to try, but it costs $7.95 if you decide to keep using it. The program will convert graphics from many different formats to a boot screen graphic, then use it as your boot screen, or build a boot menu for you so that you can choose from multiple boot screens. That way, you don't have to edit the boot.ini file yourself. It's a surprisingly simple program to use. Select a graphic that you want to use as a boot screen, and then click a button to convert it to the 640 480-pixel, 16-color bitmap startup screen standard. Preview the graphic, and if it's what you want, tell the program to set it as your boot screen. The program provides a variety of options, including choosing a different progress bar that alerts you that XP is loading, restoring your original startup screen, or randomizing your boot screen so that it randomly selects one you've created each time you boot. You can also use the program to download already created startup screens from

Hide Your Hardisk Partition The partition "samsOoL Laptop (C:)" is the one that we will hide. For those who has more that one partition, you can choose which one you want to hide

1. Go to Start > Run > gpedit.msc (to open group policy) 2. Click User Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Windows Explorer. 3. Right click on "Hide these specified drivers in My Computer". Click on Properties. 4. Select Enable and then select the particular partition you want to hide. (e.g. C:)

Finally, you can see in you My Computer window. The partition is gone!! Reset WinXP Admin Pass with ONLY DOS note : quotes (") are just for highlighting the word 1. click on start, enter "cmd" and press enter 2. enter "net user" or "net users" you will see the list of users that are created on current running os 3. type "net user" "user name" "*" you will see that windows will now ask you to enter new password for that particular account! magic! no any type of super user privileges needed! see the commands below: If the administrator account user name is "admn" then command to change it's password will be...

net user admn * Keyboard Shortcuts

When speed counts, the keyboard is still king. Almost all the actions and commands you can perform with a mouse you can perform faster using combinations of keys on your keyboard. These simple keyboard shortcuts can get you where you want to go faster than several clicks of a mouse. You'll work faster on spreadsheets and similar documents, too, because you won't lose your place switching back and forth between mouse and keys. Here are some of the most useful keyboard shortcuts: Copy. CTRL+C Cut. CTRL+X Paste. CTRL+V Undo. CTRL+Z Delete. DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin. SHIFT+DELETE Copy selected item. CTRL while dragging an item Create shortcut to selected item. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item Rename selected item. F2 Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word. CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph. CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph. CTRL+UP ARROW Highlight a block of text. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document. SHIFT with any of the arrow keys Select all. CTRL+A Search for a file or folder. F3 View properties for the selected item. ALT+ENTER Close the active item, or quit the active program. ALT+F4 Opens the shortcut menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously. CTRL+F4 Switch between open items. ALT+TAB Cycle through items in the order they were opened. ALT+ESC Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop. F6 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer. F4 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. SHIFT+F10 Display the System menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR Display the Start menu. CTRL+ESC Display the corresponding menu. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name Carry out the corresponding command. Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu Activate the menu bar in the active program. F10 Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu. RIGHT ARROW Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu. LEFT ARROW Refresh the active window. F5 View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer. BACKSPACE

Cancel the current task. ESC SHIFT when you insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive Prevent the CD from automatically playing. Use these keyboard shortcuts for dialog boxes: Move forward through tabs. CTRL+TAB Move backward through tabs. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB Move forward through options. TAB Move backward through options. SHIFT+TAB Carry out the corresponding command or select the corresponding option. ALT+Underlined letter Carry out the command for the active option or button. ENTER Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box. SPACEBAR Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons. Arrow keys Display Help. F1 Display the items in the active list. F4 Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box. BACKSPACE If you have a Microsoft Natural Keyboard, or any other compatible keyboard that includes the Windows logo key and the Application key , you can use these keyboard shortcuts: Display or hide the Start menu. Display the System Properties dialog box. +BREAK Show the desktop. +D Minimize all windows. +M Restores minimized windows. +Shift+M Open My Computer. +E Search for a file or folder. +F Search for computers. CTRL+ +F Display Windows Help. +F1 Lock your computer if you are connected to a network domain, or switch users if you are not connected to a network domain. + L Open the Run dialog box. +R Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. Open Utility Manager. +U Helpful accessibility keyboard shortcuts: Switch FilterKeys on and off. Right SHIFT for eight seconds Switch High Contrast on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +PRINT SCREEN Switch MouseKeys on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK Switch StickyKeys on and off. SHIFT five times Switch ToggleKeys on and off. NUM LOCK for five seconds Open Utility Manager. +U

Keyboard shortcuts you can use with Windows Explorer: Display the bottom of the active window. END Display the top of the active window. HOME Display all subfolders under the selected folder. NUM LOCK+ASTERISK on numeric keypad (*) Display the contents of the selected folder. NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN on numeric keypad (+) Collapse the selected folder. NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN on numeric keypad (-) Collapse current selection if it's expanded, or select parent folder. LEFT ARROW Display current selection if it's collapsed, or select first subfolder. RIGHT ARROW