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Virtues of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Question: How do the first ten days of the Month of Dhul Hijjah differ from other days of the year? Answer: The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are Days of virtue and righteous deeds. The Muslim must understand the value of his life, increase his worship of Allaah and persist in doing good deeds until the moment of death. Allaah says: And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty. (al-Hijr [15]:99) The mufassireen (commentators) said: The certainty means death. Among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, which Allaah has preferred over all the other days of the year. Ibn Abbaas ( ) reported that the Prophet ( ) said: No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah). The people asked: Not even Jihaad? He ( ) replied: Not even Jihaad, except that of a man who goes out risking his life and his property [for Allaahs sake] and does not return with any of those things. [Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol. 2, pp. 45-46, no. 86)] In another narration, Ibn Abbaas ( ) reported that the Prophet () said: There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these days [i.e., first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah]. The people asked: Not even Jihaad for the sake of Allaah? He ( ) said: Not even Jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who goes out to fight at the expense of his life and his property, and does not return with any of these things. [Reported by Ahmad (1/224, 338 & 346), Aboo Daawood (no. 2438), at-Tirmidhee (no. 757), Ibn Maajah (no. 1727), Ibn Hibbaan (no. 324), Ibn Abee Shaybah (no. 19540), at-Tabaraanee and others). In another narration, Ibn Abbaas ( ) also reported that the Prophet ( )said: There is no deed more valuable in the sight of Allaah, nor greater in reward, than a good deed done during the ten days of Sacrifice (Ashr al-Adhaa). He was asked: Not even Jihaad for the sake of Allaah? He ( ) said: Not even Jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who goes out to fight at the expense of his life and his property, and does not return with any of these things. [Reported by adDaarimee (no. 1774) and al-Bayhaqee in Shuab al-Eemaan (3/354/3752); its Isnaad is Hasan as stated in Irwaa al-Ghaleel (3/398).] These texts and others indicate that these ten days are better than all the other days of the year, with no exceptions, not even the last ten days of Ramadaan. But the last ten nights of Ramadaan are better, because they include Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power), which

is better than a thousand months. Thus the various reports may be reconciled. [See Tafseer Ibn Katheer (5/412).] The immense virtue of these ten days is based on many things: 1. Allaah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit. Allaah says: By the dawn; by the ten nights. (al-Fajr [89]:1-2). Ibn Abbaas, Ibn al-Zubayr, Mujaahid and others of the earlier and later generations said that this refers to the first ten days of DhulHijjah. Ibn Katheer said: This is the correct opinion. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (8/413).] 2. The Prophet ( ) testified that these are the best days of this world, as we have already quoted above from authentic hadeeths. The days are also in the most sacred month of Dhul-Hijjah as affirmed in the authentic hadeeths. 3. The Prophet ( ) encouraged people to do righteous deeds because of the virtue of this season for people throughout the world, and also because of the virtue of the days for the Hujjaaj (pilgrims) to the Sacred House of Allaah. 4. The Prophet ( ) commanded us to recite a lot of Tasbeeh (Subhaanallaah), Tahmeed (Al-hamdu Lillaah), Tahleel (Laa ilaaha illal-laah) and Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar) during this time. Abdullaah ibn Umar () reported that the Prophet ( ) said: There are no days greater in the sight of Allaah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel (Laa ilaaha illal-laah), Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar)and Tahmeed (Al-hamdu Lillaah). (Reported Ahmad (2/75 & 131), al-Bayhaqee in Shuab al-Eemaan (3/354/3750-51) and atTabaraanee in al-Kabeer (no. 11116) from Ibn Abbaas ( .) Arnaoot graded it Saheeh in his Taleeq of Musnad Ahmad but said that the Isnaad is daeef (weak) due to the presence of Yazeed ibn Abee Ziyaad. Al-Albaanee also discussed it in Irwaa al-Ghaleel (3/398-9) and mentioned the weakness of Yazeed ibn Abee Ziyaad. 5. These ten days include Yawm Arafah (the Day of Arafah), on which Allaah perfected His Religion. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years. 6. These ten days include the days of Hajj. 7. These days also include Yawm al-Nahar (the Day of Sacrifice), the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.

Among the righteous deeds which the Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are fasting, recitation of the Quraan, dhikr, performing Tahajjud, charity and general good deeds.

Adapted from Islam Q&A: Sheikh Muhammad Saalih Al-Munajjid