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AS/OCT2009/CHM110

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE COURSE CODE EXAMINATION TIME

INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY CHM110 OCTOBER 2009 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. This question paper consists of two (2) parts: PART A (20 Questions) PART B (7 Questions)

2.

Answer ALL questions from all two (2) parts: i) ii) Answer PART A in the Objective Answer Sheet. Answer PART B in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page.

3.

Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the invigilator. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of: i) ii) iii) iv) the Question Paper a one - page Appendix an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty an Objective Answer Sheet - provided by the Faculty

4.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO


This examination paper consists of 11 printed pages
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PART A (30 MARKS)

1.

The number of significant figures in 123.00 is A. B. C. D. 4 5 6 7

2.

Which units below is not SI unit? A. B. C. D. kg m C cd

3.

The density of cough syrup is 0.95 g/cm3. What is the volume of a sample of cough syrup that has a mass of 12.5 g?

A. B. C. D.
4.

13.16 cm3 0.01316 cm3 11.88 cm3 0.01188 cm3

A 0.02 rhol of AI2(S04)3 contains I II III IV A. B. C. D. 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.06 mol mol mol mol of of of of oxygen atoms. aluminium ions. sulphur atoms. sulphate ions.

I and II II, III and IV II and III I, III and IV

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5.

A 0.25 mol of magnesium chloride, MgCI2 is dissolved in a beaker of distilled water. How many chloride ions are produced in the water? A.

B. C.
D.

4.515 x10 23 6.02 x10 2 3


3.01 x 1023

1.505 x10 2 3

6.

A volume of 25.0 cm3 of 0.2 M HCI reacted completely with 0.265 g of X 2 C0 3 as shown below: 2HCI + X 2 C0 3 - 2XCI + C0 2 + H 2 0 Calculate the relative atomic mass of element X. A. B. C. D. 106 46 183 23

7.

The frequency of the third line in the Balmer series is A. B. C. D. 1.12x10 15 s- 1 . 6.91 x10 14 s" 1 . 1.12x1014s\ 2.67x1013s\

8.

Which series of lines in the atomic emission spectrum of hydrogen occurs in the visible region? A. B. C. D. Lyman series Paschen series Balmer series Brackett series

9.

Which of the following is not true of the emission spectrum of hydrogen? A. B. C. D. It provides information for measuring the ionization energy for the hydrogen atom. It shows the frequencies of radiation emitted by excited atoms when they lose energy. It is obtained when hydrogen atoms are subjected to an electrical discharge. It consists of a series of lines, each series converging to a limit at the low frequency end.

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10.

Which of the following pairs is isoelectronic? A. B. C. D. S2- and CI CI" and Ar Mg 2+ andS 2 " CI" and Ne

11.

Which of the following ions contains five unpaired electrons? A. B. C. D. Sc Cr3+ Fe2+ Fe

12.

The element with the lowest ionization energy is A. B. C. D. sodium. aluminium. phosphorus. sulphur.

13.

Which of the following statements about the elements in the periodic table is true? A. B. C. D. The The The The atomic radius increases when the nucleon number increases. effective nuclear charge increases when going down the group. number of non-metals exceeds the number of metals. metallic character of the elements increases when going down the group.

14.

Analysis of an unknown compound showed that it has a high melting point and is brittle. It is an insulator in the solid state but it conducts electricity when melted. Which of the following substances would have these characteristics? A. B. C. D. HCI Al KBr SiF4

15.

In which of the following pairs do the molecules have similar shapes? A. B. C. D. AICI3 and BCI3 AICI3 and PCI3 BF3 and NH3 C0 2 and S0 2

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16.

When the molecules H 2 0, CH4 and NH3 are arranged in order of increasing bond angle, the correct sequence is A. B. C. D. H 2 0, CH4, NH3. H 2 0, NH3, CH4. NH3, H 2 0, CH4. CH4, NH3, H 2 0.

17.

What type of hybridization does the beryllium in the BeCI2 molecule undergo? A. B. C. D. sp sp2 sp3 sp3d

18.

Why is water molecule polar? A. B. C. D. The The The The oxygen atom has two lone pairs of the electrons. molecules are bonded together by hydrogen bonds. hydrogen and oxygen atoms have different electronegativities. hydrogen and oxygen atoms are covalently bonded.

19.

In which of the following does nitrogen undergo oxidation? A. B. C. D. NO -> N0 2 N0 3 " - N0 2 N0 3 " -> HN0 2 NH0 2 - NO

20.

How many electrons are being transferred in the following redox reaction? S2032" + 5H 2 0 ^ 2 S 0 4 2 " + 10H+ A. B. C. D. 2 3 5 8

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PART B (70 MARKS)

QUESTION 1 a) Express the answers in scientific notation with the correct number of significant figures:

i) ii) iii)
b)

765.4^(5.03-2.127) 6.5701 + 3.7 - 3.46 9.5 x 8.3675


(3 marks)

Using different balances, three different students weighed the same object. They reported the following masses: i) ii) iii) 1.611 g 1.60 g 0.001611kg

How many significant figures does each value have? (3 marks) c) Perform the following conversion: i) ii) d) 375 mm3 to m3 1468gtoug

(2 marks) The density of mercury is 13.55 mg/cm3. What is the density of mercury in the unit of kg/L? (2 marks)

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QUESTION 2 a) Write the correct formula for the following compounds: i) ii) Lead(ll) iodate Hydrogen cyanide (2 marks) b) Write the correct IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: i) ii) c) K 2 Cr 2 0 7 N203

(2 marks) Nicotine is a compound containing carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. Its molar mass is 162 g/mol. A sample of 1.50 g of nicotine is found to contain 1.11 g of carbon and 8.70% by mass of hydrogen. Determine the molecular formula of nicotine. (4 marks) Calculate the percent composition by mass of N, H, S and O in (NH4)2S04. (2 marks)

d)

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QUESTION 3 a) Calculate the molarity of the following solutions: i) ii) A 25 cm3 of 10.6 M HN0 3 solution is mixed with water and made up to 1.5 dm3. A 36.7 g of NaCI is dissolved in 150 cm3 water. (4 marks)

b)

The reaction between hydrazine (N2H4) with hydrogen peroxide (H202) is shown by the following reaction: N2H4 + H 2 0 2 -> N2 + H 2 0 If 0.347 mol of hydrazine (N2H4) reacted with 0.854 mol of hydrogen peroxide (H202). i) Write the balanced equation for the reaction. (1 mark) ii) Determine the limiting reactant. (2 marks) iii) Calculate the mass of N2 that could be produced from the reaction. (11/2 marks)

iv)

Calculate the number of moles of the excess reactant that remained after the reaction had completed. (11/2 marks)

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QUESTION 4 a) When 1.15 g of sodium were heated in excess oxygen, 1.31 g of sodium oxide were obtained. Calculate the percentage yield of sodium oxide. (4 marks) Calculate the wavelengths of the following lines in the line of spectrum hydrogen: i) ii) Second line in the Paschen series Last line in the Balmer series (3 marks) c) State the Pauli Exclusion Principle. (1 mark) d) i) ii) Define the term electron affinity. How does the electron affinity change as we move from left to right across the period of the periodic table? (2 marks)

b)

QUESTION 5 a) Three elements P, Q and R have the electronic configurations as shown in the table below: Element P Q R Electronic configuration 1s22s1 1s22s22p63s23p4 1s22s22p5

With the help of Lewis structure, show how the bond between the following elements are formed: i) ii) Element P and element R Element Q and element R (2 marks) b) What is the name of the group of element P? (1 mark) c) Which element exists as a diatomic molecule? (1 mark)

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d)

The element R can form an oxide with the formula R 2 0. i) ii) Predict and draw the geometric shape of the molecule R 2 0. Molecule R 2 0 can form a bond with H+ ion. Name the bond. (3 marks)

e)

Name the bonds that are broken when the following process occur: i) ii) iii) NaCI(s) - NaCI(l) Water steam > C0 2 (s) - * C02(g) (3 marks)

QUESTION 6
19

a)

The nuclear symbol for an element is 9 G. i) Write the electronic configuration for atom G in terms of sub-shell notation. (1 mark) How many neutrons are there in atom G? (1 mark) iii) How many electrons are there in ion G? (1 mark) iv) State the group and period numbers of element G. (2 marks) v) Give the set of quantum numbers (n, I, m and s) for the unpaired electrons of the element G. (1 mark)

ii)

b)

By using electronic configuration and energy state (ground, excited and hybrid state) of valance electron of carbon, show how sigma (a) and pi (n) bonds are formed in ethene, C2H4. (2 marks) Draw with labels the orbitals overlap of all atoms involved in ethene, C2H4. (2 marks)

c)

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AS/OCT2009/CHM110

QUESTION 7 a) Determine the oxidation state (number) for the underlined element:
i) ii) S20 3 2 -

iii) b)

V0 2 +

H3PO4

(3 marks) The following redox reaction is conducted in an acidic solution: Mn0 4 " + CIO3" i) - Mn2+ + CI0 4 "

Balance the equation for the above redox reaction by using the ion-electron method. (5 marks) Identify the reducing agent. (1 mark)

ii)

iii)

State the product of the reduction process. (1 mark)

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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APPENDIX 1

AS/OCT 2009/CHM110

TABLE OF ATOMIC NUMBER AND MASS NUMBER


Atomic Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 35 50 36 53 56 78 79 80 Constants: Avogadro's Number, NA= 6.023 x 1023 mol"1 Rydberg Constant, RH = 1.097 x 107 m"1 or 2.18 x 10"18 J Light velocity, c = 3.00 x 108 ms"1 Planck Constant, h = 6.63 x 10"34 J s
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Element Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulphur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Bromine Tin Krypton Iodine Barium Platinum Gold Mercury

Symbol H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S CI Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Br Sn Kr I Ba Pt Au Hg

Mass Number 1.0 4.0 6.9 9.0 10.8 12.0 14.0 16.0 19.0 20.2 23.0 24.0 27.0 28.1 31.0 32.1 35.5 39.9 39.1 40.1 45.0 47.9 50.9 52.0 54.9 55.8 58.9 58.7 63.5 65.4 79.9 118.7 83.8 126.9 137.3 195.1 197.0 200.6

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