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Palawan Sun Online || Issue 18 || Jan.

15-21, 2002 Page 1 sur 3

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Year 8 Issue 19
January 15-21, 2002 Opinion:
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ANALYSIS:

A History of Three Warnings


Opinion: By Dr. Jose Antonio Socrates

NAPOCOR, PPA, EIRA.. Whats AUTHOR’S NOTE: The PRC will of course
next? deny it but China may be intent on building a
(The Ex-pat) new base in the Kalayaan Island Group north
of Mischief Reef and closer to Palawan: at the
A History of Three Warnings southern edge of the potentially oil rich Reed
(Analysis) Bank, the largest geologic structure of the
Spratlys.

FROM THE EDITOR: We aborted publishing


Dr. Socrates’ “A Risky Bill of Opportunity” that
Other Stories: started last week to give way to his latest
study on the same issue. Interested
Cases filed on Calauit shooting individuals can request a copy of such article
incident at the Office.

Ortega wants special audit of FIRST PART: DIVIDING THE PARACELS


Capitol
Far northwest of the Spratlys and only 150
Minority slams Council over miles from China’s Hainan Island, the Paracels
budget measure is the second largest archipelago in the South
China Sea. The islands are in two clusters, a
SPECIAL REPORT: western “crescent group” and an eastern
Sovereignty to Surrender “Amphitrite Group”. Before the Second World
War, China, Japan and the French in Vietnam,
had various disputes over the Paracels. France
OUT FROM THE COLD: made a formal claim on December 1931 and
Hagedorn Speaks Out (Last Part) in July 1938 formally declared its occupation
of the whole archipelago. In March 1939,
Task Force on Real Property Tax however, conquering Japanese forces seized
Collection formed control of the Paracels; but were forced to
surrender them to the Republic of China
PCSD slaps suit against Ivy government in 1945 by General Douglas Mac
Michelle construction Arthur. In November 1946 a naval contingent
of the Republic of China formally repossessed
the Paracels. In response the French sent a
PAF member injured in a battleship but failed to persuade the Chinese
vehicular accident to withdraw. Instead they left two officers and
27 soldiers, 14 of them Vietnamese in Pattle
Suspected drug pusher caught by Island, of the Crescent Group. One thing led
authorities to another until by January 1947, a post-war
division with the French controlling the
PCSDS strengthens security over Crescent Group from Pattle Island and the
Calauit Chinese the Amphitrite Group from Woody
Island. These were pre-Mao Tze Tung times.
Shortly after Mao Tze Tung proclaimed the
DOLE-Region IV extends financial
People’s Republic of China in October 1949,
support to local PRESEED
the forces of Chiang Kai Shek retreated to
beneficiarys
Taiwan, abandoning also their bases in the
Spratlys and the Paracels. Woody Island in the
Young robbers caught in the act Amphitrite Group of the Paracels was almost

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immediately occupied by the Chinese People’s


Liberation Army. In October 1950, France
formally handed over the control of Pattle
Island to the Vietnamese, although French
Search this site: GO personnel continued to operate on the island
until 1956. In September 1951 the French
Republic of Vietnam claimed the Paracels and
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the Spratlys but did not station any military
forces there. Then in August 1955, the PRC
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dispatched its first survey team to the
Amphitrite and began to settle demobilized
Fonttype: change font: soldiers in some of the Paracel Islands. The
Amphitrite of the Paracels and the Spratlys
were unoccupied then but the PRC did not
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move into the Spratlys even though in 1951
China had asserted its claim to both the
Spratlys and the Paracels.
This Chinese move in the Paracels, however,
provoked the South Vietnamese Government
to occupy Robert Island of the Crescent Group
in the Paracels and to send an expedition to
the Spratlys. The Republic of China (Taiwan)
also set up a military garrison in Itu Aba, the
largest island of the Spratlys. It was also
during this time that Tomas Cloma made his
personal claim to the Spratlys, but officially,
the Philippine Government was not interested.

When in 1957 China protested Vietnam’s


move in Robert Island, Saigon was already in
control also of two other islands of the
Crescent Group: Pattle and Money Islands.
The three South Vietnamese held islands are
on the western side of the Crescent Group.
Then in August 1958 Saigon took over
Duncan Island in the eastern sector of the
Crescent, thus facing the Amphitrite Group.
Two weeks later the PRC government
declared its sovereignty over the whole of the
Paracels. They were supported by North
Vietnam. Inexplicably, however, the troops of
the Republic of Vietnam pulled out of Robert,
Duncan and Money Islands, leaving only one
platoon of soldiers on Pattle Island. Chinese
fishermen moved in, then in the subsequent
years Vietnam was preoccupied with chasing
and occasionally detaining “illegal fishermen”
off the Paracels much as the Philippines is
now similarly preoccupied with in the
Spratlys.
China was preoccupied with other concerns
but steadily built up its presence in their
Amphitrite Group. When in 1972 Richard
Nixon visited Mao Tze Tung in Beijing and
with American recognition of the People’s
Republic of China, Japan too turned away
from the Taiwan government in favor of the
China in the mainland.
The PRC will of course deny it but China may
be intent on building a new base in the
Kalayaan Island Group north of Mischief Reef
and closer to Palawan: at the southern edge
of the potentially oil rich Reed Bank, the
largest geologic structure of the Spratlys.

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